“Preg” Check and Cull Replacement Heifers Early - County

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“Preg” Check and Cull Replacement Heifers Early - County Powered By Docstoc
					                              Choctaw/Pushmataha County

    June 2003                                                                                                        June, 2003

                                                     “Preg” Check and Cull
       Inside this issue:
                                                    Replacement Heifers Early
    Oklahoma is Cattle         2
    Country                          Many Oklahoma ranchers choose to breed the replacement heifers about a month
                                     ahead of the mature cows in the herd. In addition, they like to use a shortened 45 to
    Short Term Calf Removal    3     60-day breeding season for the replacement heifers. The next logical step is to deter-
                                     mine which of these heifers failed to conceive in their first breeding season.
    New Bee Keeping Club       3
                                    This would be an ideal time to call and make arrangements with your local veterinar-
                                    ian to have those heifers evaluated for pregnancy. By two months after the breeding
    Livestock Compensation        3 season ends, those experienced with palpation should have no difficulty identifying
    Program (LCP-II)                which heifers are pregnant and which heifers are not pregnant (open). Those heifers
                                    that are determined to be “open” after this breeding season, should be strong candi-
    Herbicide Spray Con-          4 dates for culling. Culling these heifers immediately after pregnancy checking serves
    tainer Program
                                    three very useful purposes.
    Forestry Field Tour           4 1) Identifying and culling open heifers early will remove sub-fertile females from the
                                        herd. Lifetime cow studies from Montana indicated that properly developed heifers
                                        that were exposed to fertile bulls, but DID NOT become pregnant were often sub-
    Lane Ag Center Field Day      5     fertile compared to the heifers that did conceive. In fact, when the heifers that
                                        failed to breed in the first breeding season were followed throughout their life-
                                        times, they averaged a 55% yearly calf crop. Despite the fact that reproduction is
                                        not a highly heritable trait, it also makes sense to remove this genetic material
                                        from the herd so as to not proliferate females that are difficult to get bred.
         Benefits of Soil Testing   2) Culling open heifers early will reduce winter costs. If the rancher waits until next
•       Take advantage of nutrients     spring to find out which heifers do not calve, the winter eventually help pay the
        already in the soil.            bills. This is money that can better be spent in properly feeding cows that are
                                        pregnant and will be producing a salable product the fall.
•       Identify nutrients that are
        lacking in the soil.        3) Identifying the open heifers shortly after (60 days) the breeding season is over will
                                        allow for marketing the heifers while still young enough to go to a feedlot and be
•       Reduce fertilizer applica-      fed for the choice beef market. The grading change of two years ago has a great
        tions by applying only what
        is needed.
                                        impact on the merchandising of culled replacement heifers. “B” maturity carcasses
                                        ( those estimated to be 30 month of age or older) are no longer allowed to be graded
•       Provided a proper balance       choice. Therefore, it is imperative to send heifers to the feedlot while they
        of plant nutrients.
                                        are ;young enough to be fed for 4 to 5 months and not be near the “B” maturity age
•       Adjust soil pH to an opti-      group. Auction barn order buyers will be especially leery of heifers that may be
        mum level.                      near 18 to 20 months of age, because of the risk of “B” maturity beef that receives a
•       Reduce chances of excess        considerable discount when harvested at the packing plant.
      nutrients getting into water
      sources.                       Certainly the percentage of open heifers will vary from ranch to ranch. Do not be con-
                                     cerned, if after a good heifer development program and adequate breeding season, that
                                     you find that 10% of the heifers still are not bred. These are the very heifers that you
                                     want to identify early and remove from the herd. If just makes good economic business
                                     sense to identify and cull non-pregnant replacement heifers as soon as possible.
 PAGE 2                                                  AG NEWS                                                  JU NE 20 03

     Oklahoma is Cattle Country
Oklahoma plays an important role in an industry that is extremely huge and complex. Oklahoma, along with Kansas,
Nebraska and Texas, has a diverse cattle industry with large components of all the major live animal production sectors.
As is clear from the following lists, Oklahoma ranks in the top ten states for cow-calf production, stocker production and
feedlot production.

Top Ten States: All Cattle and Calves, January 1, 2003             Top Ten States: Cattle on Feed, January 1, 2003

Rank      State         1,000 head % of National Total             Rank      State         1,000 head % of National Total

1.   Texas              14,000                   14.6              1. Texas                2,640           20.6
2.   Kansas             6,350                    6.6               2. Nebraska             2,260           17.6
3.   Nebraska           6,200                    6.5               3. Kansas               2,240           17.5
4.   Oklahoma           5,400                    5.6               4. Colorado             1,040            8.1
5.   California         5,250                    5.5               5. Iowa                  980             7.6
6.   Missouri           4,500                    4.7               6. California            490             3.8
7.   South Dakota       3,700                    3.8               7. South Dakota          365             2.8
8.   Iowa               3,600                    3.7               8. Oklahoma              355             2.8
9.   Wisconsin          3,300                    3.4               9. Idaho                 300            2.3
10. Colorado            2,650                    2.8            10. Arizona                 289            2.3
Top Ten Totals           54,950                  57.2              Top Ten Totals          10,959        85.5

                                          through                  Top If no
Top Ten States: Beef Cows, January 1, 2003 the flowering stage.Ten States: full bloom March 25 should be
                                                                                    Estimated Feeder Supply Out-
                                          further freezes are experienced,         thinned to final fruit spacing by
Rank State                                                         side of           January 1, 2003
                         1,000 head of % of National Total need extensiveFeedlots,June 4. The earlier the fruit is
                                          peach trees will
1. Texas                 5,489            thinning to achieve adequate fruit
                                                 16.7              Rank State              1,000 greater National Total
                                                                                   thinned, the head % is the effect on
                                          size. Fruit thinning should be done      fruit size. Fruits should average no
2. Missouri              2,116                    6.4              1. Texas                4,320            14.8
                                          prior to pit hardening. Peaches          closer than 6 to 8 inches apart on
3. Oklahoma              2,042                    6.2              2. Oklahoma
                                          have reached this stage when the                 2,390
                                                                                   the branches. Varieties8.2 should be
4. Nebraska              1,934            pit resists the knife blade.Kansas
                                                  5.9              3.              thinned in the order they ripen, i.e.
                                                                                           2,090             7.2
                                          “Cresthaven” variety which ripens        earlier varieties first. Fruit can be
5. South Dakota          1,686                    5.1              4. Missouri
                                          about August 10 in Stillwater                    1,695             5.8
                                                                                   thinned by hand picking the small
6. Kansas                1,525            reaches pit hard stage about 70
                                                  4.6              5. Nebraska     fruits from the trees or by striking
                                                                                           1,540             5.3
                                          days after full bloom. Therefore,        the branches with a padded stick to
7. Montana               1,402                    4.3                                      1,145
                                                                   6. South Dakota dislodge the fruit.
                                          “Cresthaven” trees which were in                                   3.9
  Peach trees are rapidly passing
8. Kentucky              1,120                    3.4              7. Iowa                 1,120             3.8
9.   Tennessee          1,106                     3.4              8. Minnesota              940            3.2
10. Iowa                  992                     3.0              9. Wisconsin              890            3.1
Top Ten Total           19,412                   58.9           10. Tennessee                793
                                                                   Top Ten Total          16.883           58.0
A careful look at these lists also reveals something about the complex flows of animal and distribution of cattle produc-
tion around the country. Beef cattle productions occur all across the country in a wide variety of production environ-
ments. Animals tend to move towards the center of the country as they move toward feedlot finishing and generally be-
come more concentrated geographically. This is evident in the lists above where the top ten cattle feeding states have
nearly 86% of total cattle feeding while the top ten cow-calf states represent less than 60% of the total. Stocker produc-
tion is also more concentrated in the middle of the country but is somewhat harder to see. However, the list of top ten
states of estimated feeder supply indicates some significant movements of cattle after weaning. For example, Missouri
drops to fourth while Oklahoma moves from third to second. Oklahoma has 6.2% of beef cows but has 8.2% of feeder cat-
tle, which indicates movement of cattle into Oklahoma. By contrast, Montana, which ranks seventh in beef cows, does
not even appear on the feeder supplies list, which indicates large movement of feeder cattle out of Montana after wean-
JU NE 2 00 3                                                        AG NEWS                                                                     PAGE 4

Short Term Calf Removal
Short-term calf removal is the term that                    Treatment       No.       %pregnant    Calf
describes the temporary physical separa-                    ’’              Cow       at palpation A.D.G.                   New Bee
tion of the calf from its mother. This
removes the nursing stimulus from the                       Control            101         87.1        1.60                 Keeping
                                                            Removed             86         93.0        1.63
cow for about 2 days. The care of the
calf during that 48 hours is actually
                                                            Those cows that calve in the BCS 6 or fatter
quite simple. Most producers will make                      can be expected to return to estrus early in
                                                                                                            Contact Jennifer
certain that calves have access to some                     the breeding season and should have high           Morphis @
“sweet” feed and plenty of fresh drinking
water. The calves will eat very little
                                                            rebreeding rates. Although not harmful, the      (580)317-9210
                                                            practices of early weaning, short-term calf
during this time. Removal of calves for                     removal, or feeding extra feed will NOT show     for more infor-
48 hours has shown to improve rebreed-
ing rates of moderately conditioned
                                                            significant advantages for these cows. There-         mation.
                                                            fore producers will want to continue their
(BCS=5) cows by 4-8%. (See table 1.)                        normal lactating cow supplementation programs until green
This improvement although, seemingly                        grass provides the nutrients that these cows need. Concerns
small in magnitude is large compared to                     about calf health and growth are dispelled by comparing the
the out-of-pocket investment. Short-                        average daily gain over the entire seven months of calf nursing.
term calf removal can be used at the                        Those that were removed from the cows for 48 hours grew as
first of the breeding season or in the                      rapidly and had similar weaning weights as those who were
middle or both depending on the labor                       never removed from their mothers.
situation. Short term calf removal is not
a powerful enough stimulus to “jump
start” very thin cows. Those that are in                    Livestock Compensation Program (LCP-11)
a body condition score of a 4 or less may                   Sign-up for the 2003 Livestock Compensation Program (LCP) began
need to have the calves weaned com-                         on April 1st and ends in early June 2003. Eligible producers of cat-
pletely to allow the cow to recycle early                   tle, sheep, goats, buffalo, beefalo, and catfish should report the num-
in the upcoming breeding season.                            ber of livestock owned at least 90 days on June 1, 2002, to their
Table 1. Summary of 3 trials comparing                      headquarter county for assistance if they have not already done so.
48 hour short term calf removal to cow/                     Grown cows and bulls will be reported in one category. Heifers and
calf pairs that were traditionally suck-                    steers (over 500 lbs.) will be reported in another category. It is very
led. (Simms, et al. 1982 KSU Cattle-                        important to have an accurate count when you report. If you have
man’s Day)                                                  sold or lost livestock owned on June 1, 2002, receipts will be required
                                                            at time of signup. Call your headquarter county for more informa-
                                                            tion or to make an appointment to signup. Note: We still do not
                                                            know when they will authorize payment to those of you who
                                                            have already applied for LCP-II.

 The Choctaw/Pushmataha County Ag Newsletter is one way of communicating educational information to the interested citizens of each

 Choctaw County                  Pushmataha County                      EDITOR
 415 E Rena                      306 SW “B” St.
 Hugo, OK 74743                  Antlers, OK 74523                      _______________________________
 580/326-3359                    580/298-5563                           Myrl Redman, Extension Ed., Agriculture

  Lenice Thomas                  Jennie Simpson
                                                                              Prepared by Lenice Thomas

 The Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to all eligible persons regardless of race, color, national origin, religion,
 sex, age, disability, or status as a veteran, and is an equal opportunity employer.
Herbicide Spray Container Program Expanded for Summer 2003
The Choctaw/Pushmataha County OSU Cooperative Extension Service is very pleased to announce that
the Herbicide Spray Container Program has been greatly expanded for the summer of 2003. Instead of
having the collection on just one day in the local communities, it has been expanded from June 1st thru
August 1st. This will give producers 2 full months to rinse the barrels or containers and drop them off at
four collection sites at their convenience. Thanks to the cooperation of the local feed stores they will be
an empty van trailer that will be set aside just for rinsed spray container collection. The collection pro-
gram will be run on the “honor system”. It is the responsibility of the producer to triple rinse the con-
tainers (barrel or 21/2 gallon jug) to remove the label and the lid. If we get too many un-rinsed and dirty
containers we will discontinue the program. With everyone cooperating we hope that this program will
be even more successful at removing and recycling spray containers. The feed stores that are participating
in this program are:

Antlers Agri-Supply             Red River Cooperative            Dennis Feed and Auto            Griffin Feed
Store 110 NW I                  West of City                     Highway 2                       8 miles west,
Antler, Ok                      Hugo, OK                         Clayton, Ok                     1/2 miles south
                                                                                                 Antlers, Ok

  Integrating Timber, Wildlife, and Range Management on Private Forest Lands

                                                 June 21, 2003

                             Pushmataha Wildlife Management Area

                                                  Clayton, Ok

A forestry field tour sponsored by: OSU Extension Forestry and Wildlife, Oklahoma Woodland Owners Associa-
tion, Oklahoma Center for the Advancement of Science and Technology.

The Pushmataha Forest Demonstration Area was established in 1982 to evaluate forage responses to a variety of
timber harvest and prescribed fire regimes, and to determine possible forest management alternatives for large-
scale application on Wildlife Management Areas. The site offers a unique opportunity for visitors to compare the
results of 22 years of management under a variety of scenarios.

Speakers will include: Dr. Terry Bidwell, State Range Specialist for the OSU Extension and professor of Range Ecol-
ogy, Jack Waymire, Sr. Biologist for the Pushmataha, Gary Sherrer and Yourman Wildlife Management Areas, and
Kenneth Hitch RREA Extension Specialist at OSU.

Registration for the tour will be $8.00, and will include all handouts and lunch. Completed registrations are due at
the OSU Extension Forestry and wildlife Office no later than June 16, 2003. If you have any questions please feel
free to contact Kenneth Hitch at (405) 744-5443.

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