"War - notes - 20 December 1965 (also a statement for Secretary"
UN Secretariat Item Scan - Barcode - Record Title Page 2 Date 12/06/2006 Time 2:23:23 PM S-0868-0001-02-00001 Expanded Number S-0868-0001-02-00001 Title Items-in-Peace-keeping operations - India/Pakistan - Indo-Pakistan War - notes - 20 December 1965 (also a statement for Secretary-General's departure from the Sub-continent, 15 September 1965) Date Created 15/09/1965 Record Type Archival Item Container S-0868-0001: Peace-Keeping Operations Files of the Secretary-General: U Thant • India/Pakistan Print Name of Person Submit Image Signature of Person Submit SECRET NOTES ON INDO/PAKISTAN DISPUTE, 20 DECEMBER 1965 Ambassador Parthasarathi of India saw me today and asked me if rumours about General Nimmo's termination of assignment were correct. I explained to him that General Nimmo wrote to Ralph Bunche about ten days ago expressing his intention to be relieved of his duties. Ralph Bunche brought this letter to my attention and I decided to ask General Nimmo to come to New York for consultations. Nimmo arrived here last week but due to pressure of work I have not been able to see him. I told Ambassador Parthasarathi that my present intention is to ask General Nimmo to be my Military Advisor for a certain length of time, since I have decided to send General Hikhye to Gaza to take over the Force Commander's duties from General Sarmento when the latter's term of service expires on 19 January 1966. In the absence of a suitable successor for General Thimayya in Cyprus, I propose to send General Nimmo to Nicosia as Commander of the United Nations Force in Cyprus for a few weeks. Ambassador Parthasarathi reacted very negatively to these proposed steps and he told me that Indian public opinion would be highly aroused if General Nimmo were to be withdrawn from Kashmir at this time, since both the Government and people of India knew that Pakistan had been pressing the Secretary-General to terminate the services of General Nimmo for the last one year or so. He argued that at such a delicate stage in Indo/Pakistan relations, it would be very unwise to terminate General Nimmo's services in UNMOGIP. For Cyprus he suggested that General MacDonald, who is now Head of UNIPOM, should be sent back to Nicosia, since he had a rich experience of UNFICYP. I told him that it would be very difficult for me to withdraw General MacDonald from UNIPOM, as Pakistan would interpret such a step as due to Indian pressure. I told him that I would see General Nimmo today and ask him how strong his feeling was for retirement. I would be able to make an assessment of the situation only after I had talked to General Nimmo and I told him that it would be extremely difficult for me to extend General Nimmo's contract for a further one year partly because of his age and partly because of Pakistan's representations to me in the course of one year or so. Ambassador Parthasarathi suggested that if not for one year, General Nimmo should be kept in UNMOGIP for at least three or four months, which will be the crucial period in Indo/Pakistan relations. I told him . ••* V - 2 - that I would "keep this in mind. I also informed him of my proposed appointment of General Rikhye as Commander of UHEF and asked him to transmit this information to his Government. He promised to do so. I saw General Nimmo immediately after Ambassador Parthasarathi left and I asked him the reason behind his letter sent to Ralph Bunche. He told me that he was aware of Pakistan's attitude towards him, although his relations with Pakistani military officers were "normal". But he knew that Pakistan Government had made repeated demarches to me about his removal. So in order to avoid any embarrassment on the part of the Secretary-General, he had to write to Ralph Bunche in order to facilitate the Secretary-General's decision. Personally he would like to serve for some more time in UNMOGIP, although he is 72 years old. However, he left it to me for any future assignment or termination of his services at the expiry of his present term. I informed him of the Indian Permanent Representative's reaction to these so-called rumours. After General Nimmo left, I asked Ralph Bunche to sound out informally the Pakistani Permanent Representative, what his Government's reaction would be if I were to renew General Nimmo*s appointment for a further period of six months instead of the normal one year. Ralph Bunche reported to me in the evening that he had conveyed my message to the Pakistani Permanent Representative and his reaction was not so negative as he feared. In any case, the Pakistani Permanent Representative told Ralph Bunche that he would transmit this message to his Government and would let him know as soon as he received word from Rawalpindi. I told C.V. to ask the Director of Personnel to prepare the necessary documents appointing General Rikhye as Commander of UNEF for a period of one year with the same status of D-2, with the necessary post allowance entitling him to get the same pay and emoluments as an under-secretary, although his status will not be that of an under-secretary. I also told him to advise General Rikhye to try to get to Gaza on or about l6 January 1966 so that he may have a few days overlapping with General Sarmento before his term terminates on 19 January 1966. Statement for Secretary General's Departure On leaving the Subcontinent for United Nations Headquarters in New York I wish, first of all, to pay my respects to the governments and peoples of India and Pakistan and'to express my sincere thanks to the two governments for the warm hospitality extended to me and my aides. I also want to restate my deep concern, both as Secretary General of the United Nations and as citizen of a sister Asian country, for their present troubles and my desire to assist in the resolution of their problems, I need hardly reiterate the fact that happier future relations between the two nations are vital to the welfare of both countries and to the peace of the world, I am now returning to New York to report to the Security Council. As I stated at the outset of my mission, that will, be the first public statement of substance which I shall make on this critical situation, I would, however, like here to say that even if an end to the fighting has not yet been achieved, that is no reason for any cessation of the \«/ efforts of all men of good will to achieve it, I believe that/the last week the desire of both sides to stop fighting and find a peaceful solu- ^ tion to their problems has become stronger, I find evidence of this in the replies of both governments to my appeal and to that limited extent, I am encouraged. For myself, I shall continue to work toward^a cease-fire and a peaceful solution to this tragic problem in the light of the very frank and useful talks I have had in both countries in the last few days, I look forward to the cooperation and support of both governments and of public opinion in this effort and I dare to express the hope and the belief that we may soon see better days, New Delhi, 15 September 1965,