What Region of Georgia is shown on the map below? A. Costal Plain B. Piedmont C. Valley and Ridge D. Appalachian Plateau What is the main reason an entrepreneur would start their own business? A. Make a profit B. Increase interest rates C. Increase their income tax D. Create additional revenue sources for state and federal governments What effect did Mary Musgrove have on the early development of Georgia? A. She wrote letters to the colonists to keep their spirits up B. She worked in a factory that made clothing for the colonists C. She served as an interpreter between Oglethorpe and Tomochichi D. She waged a war against the early Georgia colonists Who was the FIRST explorer to enter present-day Georgia? A. Ferdinand Magellan B. Ponce de Leon C. Hernando de Soto D. Francisco Pizarro Georgia’s first settlement was made near the present city of.. A. Athens. B. Atlanta. C. Macon. D. Savannah. The first step in the juvenile justice process is… A. a probable cause hearing. B. an adjudicatory hearing. C. a dispositional hearing. D. the juvenile is taken into custody (intake). Georgia was NOT settled in order to provide…… A. a defensive border between British Carolina (South Carolina) and Spanish Florida B. more land and power for Great Britain. C. a place to offer religious freedom. D. a short route to the West Indies. The removal of the Cherokee from Georgia is remembered as the A. Long Journey Home B. Trail of Tears C. Trail to the West D. Indian Trail Journey Why were people from Africa brought to Georgia? A. To help fight off enemies B. To produce silk C. To start a colony D. To perform labor on plantations What was the name of Roosevelt’s program to fight the Depression? A. The TVA B. The CCC C. The Economic Stimulus Plan D. The New Deal Which Amendment outlawed slavery? A. 12th B. 13th C. 14th D. 15th What happened to Leo Frank after his trial? A. He was sentenced and put to death. B. He was taken from jail and lynched. C. He spent the rest of his life in prison. D. He was found guilty, but was later freed. The infamous Confederate prisoner of war camp during the Civil War was located near what Georgia city A. Savannah B. Atlanta C. Louisville D. Andersonville Which statement BEST describes a “land grant university,” such as the University of Georgia? A. The college was established as an agricultural college to improve farming. B. The college was a public university with free tuition to state residents. C. The land for the college was donated by the federal government. D. The land could not be used for any purpose other than a college. Who was credited with taking the first steps toward helping the Cherokee to read by developing a written language? A. Elias Boudinot B. Sequoyah C. John Ross D. Alexander McGillivray Between 1789 and 1840, which two large church denominations spread across Georgia? A. Methodist and Baptist. B. Baptist and Jewish. C. Episcopal and Methodist. D. Episcopal and Catholic. All the records from the Yazoo land fraud were burned in public in Georgia’s capital city of A. Savannah. B. Louisville. C. Atlanta. D. Athens. Who was one of the two first African Americans to be admitted to the University of Georgia? A. Charlayne Hunter B. Maynard Jackson C. Rosa Parks D. Andrew Young What is the main goal of special- purpose governments? A. to bring government closer to the people B. to provide a single (special) service to the citizens of an area C. to save taxpayers money D. to consolidate services Which Union general led the “March to the Sea,” which devastated much of Georgia on a path from Atlanta to Savannah? A. William T. Sherman B. John M. Schofield C. William S. Rosecrans D. Ulysses S. Grant What was the main agricultural product grown in Georgia throughout the 1800’s? A. Rice B. Tobacco C. Cotton D. Corn What effect did the development of Eli Whitney’s cotton gin have on Georgia? A. There was growing dependence on cotton B. There was growing dependence on slavery C. Distinct social classes formed D. All of the above Many local governments need funds in order to operate. How do states generate that revenue? A. They require monthly donations to certain charities B. They impose taxes and fees on local residents C. They look to the federal government for assistance D. They hold fundraisers to raise money for different government sectors What is the primary function of Georgia’s Legislative Branch, known as the General Assembly? A. Make laws for the state of Georgia B. Interpret laws for the state of Georgia C. Enforce Laws for the state of Georgia D. Veto proposed laws What effect did the 1996 Olympic Games have on Georgia? A. Generated large amounts of money for the city of Atlanta and the state of Georgia and showed the rest of the world that the city had a first class transportation system and facilities to accommodate such an important event B. It proved that the economy in the South had improved C. It showed that even though it was the smallest Olympics in history, it gave the city an economic boost D. Atlanta was widely considered to be the worst host city for the Olympics Most of Georgia’s revenue goes to provide A. interest. B. new roads. C. services for its citizens. D. salaries for government employees. Georgia is divided into five regions. Which region is an area of gently rolling hills, usually located near the base of a nearby mountain range? A. The Coastal Plain B. The Piedmont C. The Appalachian Mountains D. The outer Coastal Plain Which power of Georgia’s governor is NOT included in the state constitution? A. signing bills from the legislature into law B. serving as commander-in-chief of the Georgia National Guard C. preparing an annual budget for consideration by the General Assembly D. representing Georgia in meetings with federal officials or other state’s governors What river forms the boundary between Georgia and South Carolina and is shown on the map below? A. Chattahoochee River B. Savannah River C. Mississippi River D. Blue Ridge River Which voting qualification was designed to prevent African Americans from voting? A. literacy test B. party affiliation C. identification number D. residency requirement What did de Soto’s soldiers bring to the Americans that proved disastrous to Native Americans A. Horses B. European diseases, such as small pox and malaria, that Native Americans had no immunity C. Exotic foods D. A new monetary system What impact did the boll weevil beetle have on Georgia’s farmers? A. Cotton crops dropped by almost 75 percent B. Many farmers moved to nearby towns to work in textile mills C. Some farmers moved north to look for work in the industrial cities there D. All of the Above The term separation of powers refers to the designation of certain powers to A. the federal government and certain powers to the state government. B. each of the three branches of the government. C. state and municipal government. D. the people. Which statement does NOT explain how a good transportation network provides jobs? A. It creates markets outside the area. B. It makes it easier to travel to work. C. It increases the need for truck drivers. D. It increases the number of local businesses. Which issue did Eugene Talmadge support? A. integration B. states’ rights C. the New Deal D. white supremacy How old must a person be to vote in Georgia today? A. 16 B. 18 C. 21 D. 25 Which statement does NOT describe the North’s position on states’ rights? A. States should obey the laws passed by Congress. B. All political decisions should be made to benefit the entire country. C. The interests of the national government should take precedence over the states. D. Politicians from states like Maine or New York cannot relate to the needs of states like Georgia and South Carolina. If someone asked you what region of the United States you lived in, what would be your response? A. Southwestern B. Northeastern C. Southeastern D. Northwestern Prior to European contact, the correct order of the evolution of Native American cultures is: A. Archaic, Woodland, Paleo, Mississippian B. Woodland, Mississippian, Paleo, Archaic C. Paleo, Archaic, Woodland, Mississippian D. Mississippian, Woodland, Archaic, Paleo What items, which Great Britain had to import from France, Russia, and Spain, did Oglethorpe promise to produce in Georgia A. White potatoes, yams, and corn B. Wheat, rice, and wine C. Tropical fruit and spices D. Cotton, dyes, and silk What effect did the end of the French and Indian War have on Georgia A. It had no effect on Georgia B. It allowed Georgia to grow C. It established peace with Spanish settlers D. It gave Britain all of North America west of the Mississippi River When fighting broke out in Georgia in March 1776 it marked the end of what? A. The 2nd Continental Congress B. The Patriot’s Control C. Royal Period of Georgia’s Government D. The Council of Safety and Commissions Three delegates from Georgia signed the Declaration of Independence. They included all the following Except: A. Button Gwinnett B. Austin Dabney C. George Walton D. Lyman Hall What city became Georgia’s capital after Augusta? A. Atlanta B. Albany C. Savannah D. Louisville What did President Lincoln do after the Union’s success at the Battle of Antietam? A. He declared the war was over and the North had won B. He signed the Emancipation Proclamation that made all slaves in rebellious states forever free C. He stated that slaves everywhere were free D. He allowed the South back into the Union In order to keep freedmen from participating in the political system and society, secret organizations of whites formed. Which of the following organizations was considered the most dangerous to African Americans? A. The Ku Klux Klan B. The White League C. Union Leagues D. Nights of Mary Phagan Georgia's Constitution of 1877 put the county unit system in place. What effect did this new system have on Georgia’s counties? A. It gave rural counties an advantage in elections to the state legislative because now counties with the greatest population would not control the legislature B. It gave urban counties an advantage I elections to the state legislature C. It ensured that counties with the population would be in control of the legislature D. It did not favor one county over the other What decision was reached n Plessy v. Ferguson? A. Separate but equal facilities were illegal B. Public places must be open to all races C. Separate but equal facilities were constitutional D. The Supreme Court would not tolerate discrimination Three systems of beliefs contributed to WWI. Which of the three belief systems defines the strong sense of pride or loyalty Europeans felt toward their country? A. Imperialism B. Nationalism C. Militarism D. Isolationism How did the rural electrification help families in the rural areas of Tennessee, Alabama, Georgia, and North Carolina? A. It provided them with electricity, by giving loans to build power lines B. It formed a partnership with the private power companies to provide them with electricity C. It put an end to privately owned electric companies D. It regulated the price of electricity How did the restaurant owner, Lester Maddox respond to the passing of the Civil Rights Act? A. He complied with the act and served all B. He complied somewhat with the act, he served African Americans but only at the counter C. He publicly accepted the act, but privately refused to serve AA D. He publicly refused to served AA and later closed his restaurant rather than integrate. Which term describes a city with its own government? A. megalopolis B. municipality C. town D. village Use the chart below to answer the following question: The largest source of Georgia’s income comes from? A. fees. B. sales taxes. C. the lottery. D. state income taxes. Use the chart below to answer the following question: What percent of Georgia’s revenue comes from sources other than income or sales taxes? A. 10 percent B. 15 percent C. 20 percent D. 25 percent What are the dominant political parties in Georgia today? A. Independent, Democratic, and Republican B. Federalist and Democratic-Republican C. Republican and Independent D. Democratic and Republican What right is NOT given to United States citizens in the U.S. Constitution? A. freedom of religion B. the right to a fair trial C. the right to bear arms D. the right to an education Which is NOT a legal responsibility of citizenship? A. paying taxes to the state and national governments B. serving on a jury to determine guilt or innocence C. mandatory service in one of the branches of the US military D. obeying the laws and paying fines What is the process by which a person from another country can become an American citizen? A. emigration B. immigration C. naturalization D. nationalization Which person CANNOT vote in Georgia? A. a naturalized citizen B. a person who is blind C. a person over the age of 90 D. a person serving a sentence for a felony Which requirement is NOT necessary to vote in Georgia? A. a resident of Georgia and the county in which you are voting B. a registered member of a political party C. 18 years of age before the election D. a citizen of the United States The geography theme that describes how humans use, affect, and are affected by their environment is known as A. regions B. location C. movement D. human/environmental interaction Which is NOT a type of account offered by banks? A. checking B. stock market C. money market D. savings What is an advantage of a savings account over a checking account? A. Savings accounts provide more protection for your money. B. Savings accounts can be used to guarantee loans. C. Savings accounts pay a higher rate of interest. D. Savings accounts are easier to acquire. What did the 14th amendment guarantee? A. The right for ex-slaves to vote B. Citizenship to all persons C. Citizenship and equal rights to all persons born in the US, except Native Americans D. Citizenship and equal rights to all persons born in the US How long is the term of a member of the Georgia state supreme court? A. 2 years B. 4 years C. 6 years D. 8 years What is NOT part of due process? A. the right to a speedy public trial B. the right to be free on bail before a trial C. the right to have a lawyer present during questioning D. the right to remain silent so as not to incriminate oneself How many justices serve on the Georgia state supreme court? A. 5 B. 7 C. 9 D. 11 Besides the boll weevil, Georgia cotton farmers have been hurt primarily by A. tornadoes. B. droughts. C. frosts. D. fires. What are the most serious criminal crimes called? A. misdemeanors B. insurrections C. felonies D. tort Delinquent juveniles are those who A. commit traffic offenses. B. are neglected or abused by parents or guardians. C. are under seventeen years of age and who commit acts that would be crimes if they were committed by adults. D. are under eighteen years of age and who commit acts that would not be considered crimes if they were committed by adults In a dispositional hearing, the judge A. determines the punishment. B. determines guilt or innocence. C. advises the juvenile of his/her rights. D. hears the charges against the juvenile. What is NOT a method of solving conflicts peacefully? A. collaboration B. compromise C. mediation D. war What is the maximum number of consecutive years that a Georgia governor may serve as the state’s chief executive officer A. 4 B. 6 C. 8 D. 10 The purpose of the Georgia constitution is to A. ensure freedom, liberty, justice, peace, and happiness for all of the citizens of Georgia. B. administer those rights assigned to the states by the U.S. Constitution. C. make laws, enforce laws, and collect revenue for Georgia’s citizens. D. protect and benefit all the people of Georgia How many articles are in Georgia’s state constitution? A. 8 B. 11 C. 13 D. 15 To whom does the Georgia constitution give the right to control the government? A. politicians B. legislature C. governor D. voters Which qualification is NOT a requirement to be elected governor of Georgia? A. A governor must be at least 30 years old before taking office in Georgia. B. A governor must be a resident of Georgia for at least 6 years prior to taking office. C. A governor must have an advanced degree or advanced education prior to taking office. D. A governor must have been a citizen of the U.S. for at least 15 years prior to taking office. What are two ways the Georgia constitution and the United States Constitution are similar? A. They are the same length. B. They both have preambles and a bill of rights. C. They both focus on city and county government. D. They have been amended the same number of times. According to the system of checks and balances, the judicial branch does NOT have the power to A. appoint state judges. B. declare a law unconstitutional. C. declare acts of the governor unconstitutional. D. prevent executive acts through issuing injunctions Which is NOT a requirement to serve in the Georgia senate? A. must be at least 30 years old B. must be a citizen of the United States C. must be a citizen of Georgia for at least two years D. must be a resident of the district you represent Which is NOT a requirement to serve in the Georgia house of representatives? A. must be at least 21 years old B. must be a citizen of the United States C. must be a natural born citizen of Georgia D. must be a resident of the district from which elected for one year How many legislators serve in Georgia’s house of representatives? A. 100 B. 145 C. 180 D. 200 How many people serve in the Georgia’s state senate? A. 56 B. 60 C. 65 D. 70 What is the correct sequence for a bill to become a law? 1. The bill is assigned to a committee. 2. Copies of bills are given to the legislator. 3. The governor may sign the bill. 4. The bill is sent to full chamber. A. 2-1-4-3 B. 1-2-4-3 C. 2-4-1-3 D. 4-2-1-3 Which statement BEST describes Georgia’s transportation infrastructure today? A. Georgia has a strong transportation infrastructure including over 1,200 miles of interstate highways, over 5,000 miles of railroad track, and over 260 airports. B. Georgia has been held back because it has less than 1,000 miles of interstate, 12,000 miles of federal and state high ways, and only 8 regional airports. C. Georgia has a weak transportation structure because there are limited interstate highways, federal and state highways, and less than 2,500 miles of railroad tracks. D. Georgia has an outstanding transportation infrastructure involving over 25,000 miles of state and federal highways, over 1,500 miles of interstate, and over 320 airports The term that means to “redraw the boundaries of election districts” is A. realignment. B. reapportionment. C. reconstruction. D. redistricting. Which international business did NOT have its beginnings in Georgia? A. Coca-Cola B. Delta Airlines C. Home Depot D. Microsoft What was the ruling of the U.S. Supreme Court in Brown v. Board of Education? A. Schools would be segregated and kept separate. B. The separate-but-equal policy was unconstitutional. C. Black schools would get more money for books and teachers. D. Blacks could only attend white schools if there was space available. Which term best describes Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s methods for bringing about social change? A. unity. B. democracy. C. compromise. D. nonviolence. Which was NOT given as a reason for changing the Georgia state flag of 1956 by those who opposed it? A. It represented the past instead of looking toward the future. B. It damaged Georgia’s tourist industry. C. It was hard for students to draw. D. It was a symbol of slavery In what area did Herman Talmadge make his greatest contributions as governor? A. attracting new business B. voting rights C. tax reform D. education The purpose of the Sibley Commission was to A. study the problem of school integration. B. develop a plan for securing jobs for blacks. C. set up a series of meetings to bring blacks and whites together. D. make recommendations for desegregation in public transportation Who was the first black mayor of Atlanta? A. Hamilton Holmes B. Maynard Jackson C. Sam Massell D. Andrew Young Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech is associated with A. the Montgomery bus boycott. B. the march on Washington, D.C. C. his “Letter from the Birmingham Jail.” D. a eulogy given at the funeral of Martin Luther King, Sr. Andrew Young helped establish “citizenship schools,” which taught A. young blacks their rights of citizenship. B. nonviolent organizing strategies to potential leaders. C. the art of campaigning to black potential political leaders. D. the basic principles found in the U.S. Constitution to high school students. Which was NOT a cause of the Great Depression? A. borrowing more money than could be repaid B. speculating in the stock market C. overproducing farm products D. failing to save money How did laissez-faire cause the depression to be worst in American history? A. The United States gave businesses too many loans. B. The United States overextended its trade agreements. C. The United States government encouraged people to invest in the stock market. D. The United States government did not do anything to help solve the country’s economic problems. Which New Deal program was responsible for such projects in Georgia as Roosevelt State Park in Pine Mountain, Tybee Island’s seawall, Augusta’s Savannah River Levee, and Macon’s airport? A. CCC B. NYA C. TVA D. WPA The racial unrest brought about by the Leo Frank case resulted in the creation of a chapter of the Ku Klux Klan who called themselves the Knights of A. Columbus. B. Leo Frank. C. Mary Phagan. D. Stone Mountain. The immediate cause of the riot that occurred in Atlanta in 1906 was the A. the killing of a black family. B. blacks being denied the right to vote. C. the election of Hoke Smith as governor. D. stories of black violence against whites in the Atlanta newspapers.
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