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									UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR
    CALABAR – NIGERIA




      CALENDAR
        2011 – 2015




             1
                                                   ADDRESSES

The University Postal Address:                      The University of Calabar
                                                           P.M.B. 1115, Calabar, Nigeria

Cables & Telegrams:                                        Unical, Calabar

Telephone/Fax:                                      00234-087-223969,
                                                           00234-04665150

E-mail:                                                    vcunical@yahoo.com

Abuja Office:
                                                           Plot 222
                                                           Fort Lammy Crescent
                                                           Zone 6, Wuse
                                                           Abuja – Nigeria

          Telephone/Fax:                            00234-09-5237773

          Solicitor:                                       Kanu G. Agabi Chambers

          Auditors:                                        Messrs Peat, Marwick, Ani,
                                                           Oguride & Co.

Overseas Offices of the National
Universities Commission                                    U.S.A.
                                                           Office of the Education Attache
                                                           Embassy of Nigeria
                                                           2010 Massachusetts Ave., N.W.
                                                           4th Floor
                                                           Washington, D.C. 20036

                                                           England
                                                           The Education Attache
                                                           Nigeria Universities Commission
                                                           180 Tottenham Court Road
                                                           London WIP, 9LE
                                                           England.

Correspondence:
       All Communications should be addressed to:

                           The Registrar
                           University of Calabar
                           P.M.B. 1115
                           Calabar, Nigeria.




                                                       2
                                     C O N T E N T S

Address           …       …     …        …       …       …    …     …   ii
Visitor and Principal Officers …         …       …       …    …     …   1
Historical Background …         …        …       …       …    …     …   2
University of Calabar Decree 1979        …       …       …    …     …   7
The Council of the University …          …       …       …    …     …   27
Deans, Provost and Directors of Institutes (2010/2011) …      …     …   28
Members of Senate, 2010/2011 Session …           …       …    …     …   29
Committees of the University …           …       …       …    …     …   33
General Information       …     …        …       …       …    …     …   43
         Academic Organization and Programmes            …    …     …   43
         Departmental Requirements       …       …       …    …     …   46
         Academic Regulations Governing First Degree Programmes     …   68
         Schedule of Charges    …        …       …       …    …     …   84
         General Studies Programme       …       ….      …    …     …   93
         The University Library …        …       …       …    …     …   104
         The University Bookshop         …       …       …    …     …   108
         The University of Calabar Farm Limited …        …    …     …   109
         The University Health Services Department       …    …     …   109
         University of Calabar Guest House       …       …    …     …   110
         The Computer Centre …           …       …       …    …     …   110
         Internal Audit Unit    …        …       …       …    …     …   111
The Graduate School …           …        …       …       …    …     …   112
Institute of Education …        …        …       …       …    …     …   178
Institute of Oceanography       …        …       …       …    …     …   191
Institute of Public Policy & Administration      …       …    …     …   196
Faculty of Agriculture …        …        …       …       …    …     …   219
         Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension …       …   220
         Department of Animal Science …          …       …    …     …   233
         Department of Crop Science      …       …       …    …     …   253
         Department of Forestry and Wildlife Resources Management   …   266
         Department of Soil Science      …       …       …    …     …   277
Faculty of Allied Medical Sciences       …       …       …    …     …   294
         Department of Medical Laboratory Science        …    …     …   295
         Department of Nursing Science …         …       …    …     …   303
         Department of Radiography       …       …       …    …     …   310
         Department of Environmental Health Science …         …     …   314
Faculty of Arts …         …     …        …       …       …    …     …   329
         Department of English and Literary Studies      …    …     …   329
         Department of History and International Studies …    …     …   340
         Department of Modern Language and Translation Studies      …   354
         Department of Linguistics       …       …       …    …     …   372
         Department of Religious Studies and Philosophy …     …     …   384
         Department of Theatre Arts      …       …       …    …     …   414
Faculty of Basic Medical Science         …       …       …    …     …   434
         Department of Anatomy …         …       …       …    …     …   434
         Department of Biochemistry      …       …       …    …     …   441
         Department of Physiology        …       …       …    …     …   449
         Department of Pharmacology …            …       …    …     …   460
Faculty of Clinical Sciences    …        …       …       …    …     …   463
         Department of Pathology         …       …       …    …     …   463
         Department of Chemical Pathology        …       …    …     …   464
         Department of Community Medicine        …       …    …     …   465
         Department of Anesthesiology …          …       …    …     …   465
         Department of Family Medicine …         …       …    …     …   465
         Department of Paediatrics       …       …       …    …     …   466
                                                 3
        Department of Haematology       …      …      …       …      …    470
        Department of Ophthalmology …          …      …       …      …    470
        Department of Internal Medicine        …      …       …      …    470
        Department of Surgery …         …      …      …       …      …    471
        Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology      …       …      …    481
        Department of Psychiatry        …      …      …       …      …    481
        Department of Radiology         …      …      …       …      …    481
        Department of Medical Microbiology/Parasitology       …      …    482
Faculty of Education …          …       …      …      …       …      …    483
        Department of Adult and Continuing Education …        …      …    484
        Department of Curriculum and Teaching …       …       …      …    534
        Department of Educational Administration and Planning …      …    561
        Department of Educational Foundation, Guidance & Counselling …    571
        Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education…           …    577
        Department of Vocational and Special Education…       …      …    592
Faculty of Law …        …       …       …      …      …       …      …    649
Faculty of Management Sciences          …      …      …       …      …    665
        Department of Accounting        …      …      …       …      …    665
        Department of Banking and Finance      …      …       …      …    689
        Department of Business Management …           …       …      …    696
        Department of Marketing         …      …      …       …      …    711
Faculty of Sciences     …       …       …      …      …       …      …    727
        Department of Botany …          …      …      …       …      …    727
        Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry      …       …      …    736
        Department of Genetics and Biotechnology      …       …      …    747
        Department of Geology …         …      …      …       …      …    755
        Department of Maths/ Statistics and Computer Science …       …    766
        Department of Microbiology      …      …      …       …      …    795
        Department of Physics …         …      …      …       …      …    809
        Department of Zoology and Environmental Biology       …      …    833
Faculty of Social Sciences      …       …      …      …       …      …    850
        Department of Economics         …      …      …       …      …    850
        Department of Geography and Environmental Science …          …    865
        Department of Political Science …      …      …       …      …    897
        Department of Sociology         …      …      …       …      …    909
Non Teaching Units      …       …       …      …      …       …      …    922
        Estate Unit     …       …       …      …      …       …      …    922
        Works Department        …       …      …      …       …      …    923
        Academic Division       …       …      …      …       …      …    924
        Physical Planning Unit …        …      …      …       …      …    925
        Academic Planning Unit          …      …      …       …      …    928
Staff List      …       …       …       …      …      …       …      …    930
        Index …         …       …       …      …      …       …      …   1662
Indexing Consultant: Prof. O. O. Lawal




                                                4
Change this Picture etc




                          5
Alhaji (Dr.) Muhammadu Kabir Umar
         The Emir of Katagum
              Chancellor




               6
    DR. ROLAND EHIGIAMUSOE
Pro Chancellor and Chairman of Council




                  7
PROFESSOR JAMES E. EPOKE
      Vice Chancellor




           8
PROFESSOR AUSTIN I. OBIEKEZIE
 Deputy Vice Chancellor (Academic)




                9
PROFESSOR S. J. UTSALO
Deputy Vice Chancellor (Administration)




                        10
11
MR. OBOT M. NSEOBOT
           Bursar




            12
DR. (MRS) MARGARET EDEM
         Librarian




            13
                      VISITOR

 His Excellency, Dr. Goodluck Ebele Jonathan, GCFR
President and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces
              Federal Republic of Nigeria.

 PRINCIPAL OFFICERS OF THE UNIVERSITY

                   CHANCELLOR
                  His Royal Highness
     Alhaji (Dr.) Muhammadu Kabir Umar, CON
                 The Emir of Katagum


                PRO-CHANCELLOR
               Dr. Roland Ehigiamusoe
 BSc. (Hons) Ibadan, Msc. (Manchester) PhD (Salford)


               VICE-CHANCELLOR
              Professor James E.Epoke
      B.Sc (Nig), M.S C.(London), Ph.D (Lagos)

         Deputy Vice Chancellor (Academic)
            Professor Austin I. Obiekezie


       Deputy Vice Chancellor (Administration)
              Professor Simon J. Utsalo


                    REGISTRAR

              Dr. (Mrs.) Julia D. Omang
              B.A (Hons) PGDE, Ph.D


                     BURSAR
                 Mr. O. M. Nseobot
         B.Sc., MBA, MSc., CAN, AMNIM


           UNIVERSITY LIBRARIAN
            Dr. (Mrs) Margaret B. Edem
       B.A(Hons) Calabar, MLS,Ph.D (Ibadan)




                         14
                                     HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

         University of Calabar grew out of the Calabar campus of University of Nigeria, which began
functioning during the 1973 academic session with 154 students and a small cadre of academic,
administrative and professional staff. In April 1975, the Federal Military Government of Nigeria
announced that as part of the National Development Plan, seven new universities were to be established at
various locations in the country. The University of Calabar was one of the seven universities set up under
this programme.
         Located in Calabar, an ancient city with a long tradition of culture and contact with western
civilization, the already developed area of the University occupies a 17-hectare site on the eastern side of
the town, between the Great Qua River and the Calabar River. Additional land has been acquired on both
sides of the Great Qua River for the development of the University.
         Academic activities actually commenced in the 1973/74 session, in what was then a campus of the
University of Nigeria (UNN), Nsukka. However, the new autonomous Institution started academic work
with the Faculties of Arts, Science and Social Sciences in October 1976 with an initial enrolment of 896
students. Of this number, 406 students were carried over from the University of Nigeria. The teaching,
administrative and technical staff either transferred from the University of Nigeria or newly recruited,
numbered about 156. At the beginning of the 1977/78 academic year, the Department of Education,
formerly a part of Faculty of Arts, was upgraded to the Faculty of Education. In 1978/79 academic year,
the College of Medical Sciences was added, while the Faculty of Law, established during the 1979/80
academic year began offering courses in October 1980. The Faculty of Agriculture was established during
the 1980/81 academic year. Since then the University has been experiencing impressive growth.
         The University now has one Graduate School, ten Faculties, and three Institutes. These are: the
Faculties of Agriculture, Arts, Education, Law, Management Sciences, Sciences, Social Sciences, Allied
Medical Sciences, Basic Medical Sciences, Clinical Sciences, Institute of Education, Institute of
Oceanography, and Institute of Policy and Administrative Studies. Academic programmes of the
University aim at laying a sound and broad undergraduate foundation upon which further intellectual and
professional pursuits can be based at the Graduate School level.
         As any other university in the country, the University of Calabar places great premium not only on
learning, but also on character. The emphasis on character is to help provide the nation with learned
Nigerian men and women with a sense of responsibility, crying out against machiavelianism, bribery,
nepotism, and other forms of corruption. To encourage good character, the University established an
annual Pro-Chancellor’s prize for the best-behaved student of the graduating class.
         As a Federal Institution, the University strives to bring about an atmosphere conducive to patriotic
interaction between people from all parts of the world including Nigerians from all States and language
groups. Therefore, all States of the federation are represented in the student population of the Institution.
         On academic programming, the University adopts a flexible and forward-looking attitude. Thus,
from its inception, the University adopted the four-year integrated degree programme based on the
semester, and course system in the Faculties. The University also makes conscious use of local materials
for instructional purposes, in the sincere effort to make her programmes relevant to the needs of Nigeria.
Though not responsible to the Cross River State in which it is located, the University is responsive to the
genuine aspirations and interests of her immediate community and interacts freely with that community
through her programmes in Adult and Continuing Education, comprehensive health scheme, as well as
symposia, seminars and workshops organized frequently on and off-campus.
         Founded at the peak of the cultural renaissance of the country, and situated in an area of the
country distinguished for her rich culture, the University prides itself as a significant academic custodian
of the rich culture of the people through the performances of the Department of Theatre Arts, which has
established an enviable record for itself within Nigeria and abroad.
         Founded in 1975 under the National Higher Education Expansion Programme of the Federal
Military Government, the University of Calabar ranks among the leading and largest of Nigeria’s second
generation universities. It witnessed phenomenal physical, academic and staff growth in its first decade of
existence. Those were the halcyon days of the petroleum revenue boom, the third quinquennial National
Development Plan.
         From its nucleus on the Duke Town Campus, the University rapidly expanded into a busy
academic community that is housed in a vast constellation of modern academic blocks, students’
residential halls and staff quarters. The student population rose from 896 in 1976, spread in the Faculties of
                                                     15
Arts, Science and Social Sciences to over 30,000 full-time and part-time degree and diploma students in
the 2001/2002 session. By the 2003/2004 session, some Diploma programmes were phased out. Currently,
the student population stands at about 40,645.

University of Calabar Logo/Motto/Song
Logo:

Base: Manilla – traditional local currency

Inserts:         (i)     Cowries – Another traditional local currency
                 (ii)    Palm fruit bunch – one of the major products of the area
                 (iii)   Book - knowledge

Colours:         (i)     Green – Agricultural Revolution
                 (ii)    Blue – Water Resources

Interpretation: Invest knowledge in the development of the natural Aquarian and forest resources of the
                Region.

Motto:           Knowledge for Service

University of Calabar Song

1.       Neath and broad expanse of Nigeria’s sky
         Stands a school with a vision bright
         Ever holding the banner of knowledge high,
         We’ll go forward by wisdom’s might.

     Chorus:     All hail to thee, Alma Mater
                 We have come from near and far
                 To unite in Calabar
                 We’ll work to build our Alma Mater
                 University of Calabar.

2.       May our quest for knowledge in every field,
         Have its purpose to serve mankind.
         With the fervent hope that our efforts yield
         Fruit for all who will come behind.

3.       Mighty God, from whom all knowledge comes
         Let thy wisdom us o’er flow:
         May the knowledge gained in our campus here
         Guide our steps as we onward go.


Vision, Mission, Philosophy and Objectives of the University

Vision, Mission, Philosophy and Objectives of the University

a)       Vision of the University
         To be a centre of excellence producing globally competitive graduates andf contributing
         significantly to development through research.
b)       Mission of the University
         To produce high quality graduates and scholars in local areas of learning with theoretical, practical
         and entrepreneurial skills for the world of work in a conducive environment through quality
         research and teaching.


                                                        16
c)     Philosophy of the University
       The University is grounded on the pursuit of knowledge for enlightenment, freedom, and service
to humanity.



University of Calabar Aims and Objectives
         As indicated in Decree No. 80 of 28th September, 1979, which gave legal backing to its
establishment, the objectives of the University are:

(a)     “To encourage the advancement of learning and to hold out to all persons without distinction of
        race, creed, sex or political conviction, the opportunity of acquiring a higher and liberal education.
(b)     To provide courses of instruction and other facilities for the pursuit of learning in all its branches,
        and to make those facilities available on proper terms to such persons as are equipped to benefit
        from them.
(c)     To encourage and promote scholarship and conduct research in all fields of learning and human
        endeavours.
(d)     To relate its activities to the social, cultural and economic needs of the people of Nigeria.
(e)     To undertake any other activities appropriate for a University of the highest standards”.


        2011 – 2015 STRATEGIC PLAN
        In recognition of the fact that planning is central to the success of any organization, barely a month
        after taking over as the Vice Chancellor of the University of Calabar on the 1 st of December, 2010,
        Prof. James Epoke inaugurated a committee to develop a strategic plan for the University. This
        was necessitated by the challenges on ground and the need to chart a course for the University in
        the next five years. The committee in undertaking its responsibility adopted a participatory
        approach in the strategic planning process, which produced a logical framework for moving the
        University in the following strategic directions in the next five years.

        S/N    STRATEGIC DIRECTIONS                           OBJECTIVES
        1      Provide adeguate power and water supply        To provide stable 24 hour water and
                                                              power supply.
        2      Establish and maintain a disciplined and       To maintain an efficient disciplined and
               motivated workforce                            motivated workforce.
        3      Reduce and eliminate examination               To attain zero tolerance for examination
               misconduct among staff and student             misconduct in the University.
        4      Release student results and certificates       To achieve 100% computerization of
               timely                                         student records. To release results and
                                                              certificates timely.
        5      Provide adequate ICT facilities for            To attain 100% digitalization of all the
               computerization and networking of the          processes in the University (Library,
               University system                              Registry, Bursary, etc).
        6      Increase funding of research and               To significantly improve the quality of
               availability of instructional materials        research and instructional delivery.
        7      Improve staff mix in line with NUC             To recruit and retrain staff in areas of
               guidelines                                     need in the University.
        8      Provide      and      maintain      adequate   To provide and maintain adequate
               infrastructure for teaching, learning,         infrastructure for teaching, learning,
               research and community service                 research and community service.

Strategies for Stated Objectives
        The mission of the University of Calabar shall be achieved through:
a)      Creation of Centres of excellence.
b)      Controlling and checking losses through brain drain.
c)      Strengthening and sustaining academic freedom and autonomy.
d)      Revamping, renovating, and maintaining international standards of infrastructures and facilities.
                                                     17
e)      Establishing and stabilizing the rich cultural heritage of the South-Eastern section of Nigeria
        which is the location of the University.
f)      Keeping abreast of global trends and changes.


c)      Philosophy of the University
        The philosophy of the University of Calabar is to:
        a) create a citizenry imbued with a high sense of duty and responsibility to the Nigerian nation
            with character development receiving as much attention as academics.
        b) establish a conducive campus atmosphere for the cultivation of healthy social interactions
            among groups from all parts of Nigeria and elsewhere.
        c) make conscious use of local materials for instructional purposes in an effort to make her
            programme relevant to the needs of Nigeria.

d)      Objectives
        The mission and philosophy of the University of Calabar as enunciated above cannot exist in
        isolation but must take cognizance of the Nigerian national objectives as pertains to Higher
        Education.

        National Objectives
        The Nigerian national objectives for Higher Education seek to, among others, encourage learning,
        develop high level manpower, generate and disseminate knowledge, undertake research on
        national and local development problems, maintain the national cultural heritage and render public
        service. These objectives that sum up to teaching, research and service are expected to be attained
        through a University System that will produce people of special motivation and qualification
        equipping the individual to develop to his/her full potential for the service of self and the nation.

University of Calabar Aims and Objectives
In line with the overall philosophy of Nigerian education, the University of Calabar, a second generation
university, aims at providing specialized manpower needed for nation-building, promotion of economic
and social well-being of the nation, self-reliance and self-sufficiency. Specifically, the objectives of the
University as stated in University of Calabar Decree No. 80 of 28th September, 1979 are to:
   a) Encourage the advancement of learning and to hold out to all persons without distinction of race,
       creed, sex or political conviction, the opportunity of acquiring a higher and liberal education.
   b) Provide courses of instruction and other facilities for the pursuit of learning in all its branches, and to
       make those facilities available on proper terms to such persons as are equipped to benefit from them.
   c) Develop new science and technology-related areas such as Forestry, Engineering and Marine
       Sciences as well as Dentistry.
   d) Encourage and promote scholarship and conduct research in all fields of learning and human
       endeavour.
   e) Relate its activities to the social, cultural and economic needs of the people of Nigeria.
   f) Encourage and promote greater access of women to all Faculties in the University.
(g) Mount and promote consultancy services to embrace the immediate and farther communities around
       the University.
(h) Revamp and develop post-graduate work that would broaden the areas in which such graduate
       students can be of better service to the nation.
(j) Achieve and maintain staffing quotas in order to meet NUC Full-Time Equivalent (FTE)
       requirements and staff/student ratio guidelines.
(j) Undertake cost-recovery and cost-saving measures as a means of reducing direct cost of government
       spending on the University and increase internally-generated revenue percentage.
(k) Promote income-generating and fund-raising activities, including endowment to supplement
       government funding.
(l) Redirect efforts in internal administration of the University to encourage deserving staff at all levels
       to benefit from moral boosting incentives such as Staff Development Schemes, Conference and
       Workshop participation, Sabbatical and other leaves.
(m) Develop and improve campus facilities for sports, entertainment and other extra-curricular activities.

                                                       18
(n)   Enhance the general outlook of the campus by re-planning trading posts (kiosks) to achieve a cleaner
      environment, controlled traffic, and classroom facilities.
(o)   Immediately decongest the Duke Town Campus.
(p)   Put in place an efficient, reliable Security System which, among other things, shall monitor and
      control the movement of hawkers, traffic, activities around public halls, lecture rooms, and
      Administrative buildings and offices.
(q)   Undertake any other activities appropriate for a university of the highest standard.

Strategies for Stated Objectives
The mission of the University of Calabar shall be achieved through:
 (a) Creation of Centres of excellence.
 (b) Controlling and checking losses through brain drain.
 (c) Strengthening and sustaining academic freedom and autonomy.
 (d) Revamping, renovating, and maintaining international standards of infrastructures and facilities.
 (e) Establishing and stabilizing the rich cultural heritage of the South-Eastern section of Nigeria which
      is the location of the University.
 (f) Keeping abreast of global trends and changes.

Planning and Development
         Detailed planning work for the University of Calabar began in December 1976, by an inter-
disciplinary team of planners led by Project Group International Limited, in accordance with the guidelines
evolved by the National Universities Commission’s Academic Planning Group. The master plan that has
been developed sets out a framework for the development of a new academic campus for 10,000 students,
students housing for 10,000 students and as much housing as possible on a site within a few minutes’ walk
of the existing campus. Other principal criteria evolved in the master plan include the development of a
new campus on a 50 hectare site that is closely integrated with the existing campus on the West, the
Teaching Hospital on the North and the Great Qua River on the East.
         The physical development of the University had to focus initially, on the expansion of the facilities
at the existing campus site in order to meet academic requirements. Several interim buildings had to be
constructed at the same time as work on the main campus was progressing. At present, several definitive
halls of residence, a students’ centre, senior staff quarters and an elementary school have been completed
on the west bank campus. Conscious effort is being made to complete the various academic buildings on
the main campus. However, the Teaching Hospital, College of Medical Sciences, a definitive Library, and
the Faculties of Arts and Science buildings have been completed.




                                                     19
                               UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR DECREE 1979
                                            Decree No. 80
                                       (28th September, 1979)

                              THE FEDERAL MILITARY GOVERNMENT
                                          hereby decrees as follows:
                  Constitution and functions of the University and its constituent Bodies, etc.

1. There is hereby established the University of Calabar (hereafter in this Decree referred to as “the
   University”) which shall be a body corporate with perpetual succession and a common seal.
2. The University may sue or be sued in its corporate name.
3. The objects of the University shall be-

      a. To encourage the advancement of learning and to hold out to all persons without distinction of
         race, creed, sex or political conviction the opportunity of acquiring higher and liberal education;
      b. To provide courses of instruction and other facilities for the pursuit of learning in all its branches,
         and to make those facilities available on proper terms of such persons as are equipped to benefit
         from them;
      c. To encourage and promote scholarship and conduct research in all fields of learning and human
         endeavour;
      d. To relate its activities to the social, cultural and economic needs of the people of Nigeria; and
      e. To undertake any other activities appropriate for a university of highest standard.

4. The University shall consist of –
      (a) A Chancellor;
      (b) A Pro-Chancellor and a Council;
      (c) A Vice-Chancellor and a Senate;
      (d) A body to be called Congregation;
      (e) A body to be called Convocation;
      (f) The campuses and colleges of the University;
      (g) The faculties, schools, institutes and other teaching and research units of the University;
      (h) The persons holding the office constituted by Schedule 1 to this Decree other than those
          mentioned in paragraphs(a) to (c) above;
      (i) All graduates and undergraduates; and
      (j) All other persons who are members of the University in accordance with provisions made by
          statute in that behalf.

5. Schedule 1 to this Decree shall have effect with respect to the principal officers of the University therein
   mentioned.

6. Provision shall be made by statute with respect to the constitution of the following bodies, namely the
   Council, the , Congregation and Convocation.

(I)     For the carrying out of its objects as specified in section 1 of this Decree the University shall be
        empowered;
  (a)   to establish such campuses, colleges, faculties, institutes, schools, extra-mural departments and other
        teaching and research units within the University as may from time to time seem necessary or
        desirable subject to the approval of the National Universities Commission;
  (b)   to institute professorships, readerships, lectureships and other posts and    offices and to make
        appointments thereto;
  (c)   to institute and award fellowships, scholarships, exhibitions, bursaries medals, prizes and other titles,
        distinctions, awards and forms of assistance;
  (d)   to provide for the discipline and welfare of members of the University;
  (e)   to hold examinations and grant degrees, diplomas, certificates and other distinctions to persons who
        have pursued a course of study approved by the University and have satisfied such other
        requirements as the University may lay down;
  (f)   to grant honorary degrees, fellowships or academic titles;
                                                       20
  (g) to demand and receive from any student or any other person attending the University for the purpose
      of instruction such fees as the University may from time to time determine subject to the overall
      directive of the Commissioner;
  (h) subject to section 19 of this Decree, to acquire, hold, grant, charge or otherwise deal with or dispose
      of movable and immovable property wherever situate;
  (i) to accept gifts, legacies and donations, but without obligation to accept the same for a particular
      purpose unless it approves the terms and conditions attaching thereto;
  (j) to enter into contracts, establish trusts, act as trustee, solely or jointly with any other person, and
      employ and act through agents;
  (k) to erect, provide, equip and maintain libraries, laboratories, lecture halls, halls of residence,
      refectories, sports ground, playing fields and other buildings or things necessary or suitable or
      convenient for any of the objects of the University;
  (l) to hold public lectures and to undertake printing, publishing and book selling;
  (m) subject to any limitations or conditions imposed by statute, to invest any moneys appertaining to the
      University by way of endowment, whether for general or special purposes, and such other moneys as
      may not be immediately required for current expenditure, in any investments or securities or in the
      purchase or improvement of land, with power from time to time to vary and such investments, and to
      deposit any moneys for the time being uninvested with any bank on deposit or current account;
  (n) to borrow, whether on interest or not and if need be upon the security of any or all of the property
      movable or immovable of the University, such moneys as the council may be from time to time in its
      discretion find it necessary or expedient to borrow or to guarantee any loan advances or credit
      facilities;
  (o) to make gifts for any charitable purpose;
  (p) to arrange for the general welfare of children of members of staff;
  (q) to do anything which it is authorized or required by this Decree or by statute to do; and
  (r) to do all such acts or tings, whether or not incidental to the foregoing powers, as may advance the
      objects of the University.

(II) Subject to the provisions of this Decree and of the statutes and without prejudice to section 7.(2) of
         this Decree, the powers conferred on the University by subjection (1) above shall be exercisable on
     behalf of the University by the council or by the or in any other manner which may be authorized by
     statute

(III) The power of the University to establish further campuses and colleges within the University shall be
     exercisable by statute and not otherwise.

(IV) a. The chancellor shall, in relation to the University take precedence before all other members of the
        University and when he is present shall preside at all meetings of convocation held for conferring
        degrees.

  b. The pro-chancellor shall, in relation to the University, take precedence before all other members
     of the University except the chancellor and except the Vice-Chancellor when acting as chairman of
     congregation or convocation and the pro-chancellor shall, when he is present, be the chairman at all
     meetings of the council.

(V) a. Subject to the provisions of this Decree relating to the visitor, the council shall be the governing
      body of the University and shall be charged with the general control and superintendence of the
      policy, finances and property of the University, including its public relations.

   b. There shall be a committee of the council, to be known as the finance and general purposes
      committee, which shall be subject to the directions of the council, exercise control over the property
      and expenditure of the University and perform such other functions of the council as the council may
      from time to time delegate to it.

 (3) Provision shall be made by statute with respect to the constitution of the finance and general purposes
     committee.


                                                     21
 (4) The council shall ensure that proper accounts of the University are kept and that the accounts of the
     University are audited annually by an independent firm of auditors approved by the council and that
     an annual report is published by the University together with certified copies of the said accounts as
     audited.
 (5) Subject to this Decree and the statutes, the council and the finance and general purposes committee
     may each make rules for the purpose of exercising any of their respective functions or of regulating
     their own procedure.
 (6) Rules made under subsection (5) above by the finance and general purposes committee shall not come
     into force unless approved by the council; and in so far and to the extent that any rules so made by the
     committee conflict with any directions given by the council (whether before or after the coming into
     force of the rules in question), the directions of the council shall prevail.
 (7) There shall be paid to the members respectively of the council, of the finance and general purposes
     committee and of any other committee set up by the council allowances in respect of traveling and
     other reasonable expenses, at such rates as may from time to time be fixed by the council.
 (8) The council shall meet as and when necessary for the performance of its functions under this Decree,
     and shall meet at least three times in every year.
 (9) If requested in writing by any five members of the council, the chairman shall within twenty-eight
     days after the receipt of such request call a meeting of the council. The request shall specify the
     business to be considered at the meeting and no business not so specified shall be transacted at that
     meeting.

VI. (a) Subject to section 5 of this Decree and sub-sections (3) and (4) below, and to the provisions of this
        Decree relating to the visitor, it shall be the general function of the Senate to organize and control
        the teaching by the University, the admission (where no other enactment provides to the contrary)
        of students and the discipline of students, and to promote research at the University.

      (b) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1) above and subject as there mentioned, it shall
          in particular be the function of the to make provision for:-
          a. The establishment, organization and control of campuses, colleges, faculties, departments,
              schools, institutes and other teaching and research units of the University, and the allocation of
              responsibility for different branches of learning;
          b. the organization and control of courses of study at the University and of the examinations held
              in conjunction with those courses, including the appointment of examiners, both internal and
              external;
          c. the award of degrees, and such other qualifications as may be prescribed, in connection with
              examinations held as aforesaid;
          d. the making of recommendations to the council with respect to the award to any person of an
              honorary fellowship or honorary degree or the title of professor emeritus;
          e. the establishment, organization and control of halls of residence and similar institutions at the
              University;
          f. the supervision of the welfare of students in the University and the regulation of their conduct;
          g. the granting of fellowships, scholarships, prizes and similar awards in so far as the awards are
              within the control of the University; and
          h. determining what descriptions of dress shall be academic dress for the purposes of the
              University, and regulating the use of academic dress.

(3)        The Senate shall not establish any new campus, college, faculty, department, school, institute or
           other teaching and research units of the University, or any hall of residence or similar institution at
           the University, without the approval of the council.

(4)        Subject to this Decree and the statutes, the Senate may make regulations for the purpose of
           exercising any function conferred on it either by the foregoing provisions of this section or
           otherwise or for the purpose of making provision for any matter for which provision by regulations
           is authorised or required by this Decree or by statute.

(5)        Regulations shall provide that at least one of the persons appointed as the examiners at each final
           or      professional examination held in conjunction with any course of study at the University is
                                                        22
           not a teacher at the University but is a teacher of the branch of learning to which the course relates
           at some other university of high repute.

(6)        Subject to a right of appeal to the council from a decision of the Senate under this subsection, the
           Senate may deprive any person of any degree, diploma or other award of the University which has
           been conferred upon him if after due enquiry he is shown to have been guilty of dishonourable
           scandalous conduct in gaining admission into the University or obtaining          that award.

7) (a) The Vice-Chancellor shall, in relation to the University, take precedence before all other members of
        the University except the chancellor and, subject to section 4 of this Decree, except the pro-
        chancellor and any other person for the time being acting as chairman of the council.

 (b)       Subject to sections 5, 6 and 13 of this Decree, the Vice-Chancellor shall have the general function,
           in addition to any other functions conferred on him by this Decree or otherwise, of directing the
           activities of the university, and shall to the exclusion of any other person or authority be the chief
           executive and academic officer of the University and ex-officio chairman of the Senate.

                              Transfer of Property, etc. to the University
8) (a) All property held by or on behalf of the provisional council shall, by virtue of this subsection and
       without further assurance, vest in the University and be held by it for the purposes of the
       University.

      (b) The provisions of Schedule 2 to this Decree shall have effect with respect to, and to matters arising
           from, the transfer of property by this section and with respect to the other matters mentioned in
          that schedule.

                                           Statutes of the University
9) (a) Subject to this Decree, the University may make statutes for any of the following purposes, that is
       to say      –
          i. making provision with respect to the composition and constitution of any authority of the
             University;
         ii. specifying and regulating the powers and duties of any authority of the University, and
             regulating any other matter connected with the University or any of its authorities;
       iii. regulating the admission of students where it is done by the University and their discipline and
             welfare;
        iv. determining whether any particular matter is to be treated as an academic or a non-academic
             matter for the purposes of this Decree and of any statute, regulation or other instrument made
             thereunder; or
         v. making provision for any other matter for which provision by statute is authorised or required by
             this Decree.

      (b) Subject to section 22(6) of this Decree, the Interpretation Act 1964 shall apply in relation to any
          statute made under this section as it applies to a subsidiary instrument within the meaning of
          section 27(1) of that Act.

(3)        The statute contained in Schedule 3 to this Decree shall be deemed to have come into force on the
           commencement of this Decree and shall be deemed to have been made under this section.

(4)        The power to make statutes conferred by this section shall not be prejudiced or limited in any way
           by reason of the inclusion or omission of any matter in or from the statute contained in Schedule 3
           to this Decree or any subsequent statute.

10) (a) The power of the University to make statutes shall be exercised in accordance with the provisions
        of this section and not otherwise.

       (b) A proposed statute shall not become law unless it has been approved –


                                                        23
          i.   at a meeting of the Senate, by the votes of not less than two-thirds of the members present and
               voting; and
        ii.    at a meeting of the council, by the votes of not less than two-thirds of the members present and
               voting.

    (c)     A proposed statute may originate either in the Senate or in the council, and may be
           approved as required by subsection (2) above by either one of those bodies before the other.

   (d) A statute which –
       i. makes provision for or alters the composition or constitution of the council, the Senate or any
          other authority of the University; or
      ii. provides for the establishment of a new campus or college or for the amendment or revocation of
          any statute whereby a campus or college is established, shall not come into operation unless it
          has been approved by the Federal Executive Council.

  (e)      For the purposes of section 1 (2) of the Interpretation Act 1964, a statute shall be treated as being
           made on the date on which it is duly approved by the council after having been duly approved by
           the Senate, or on the date on which it is duly approved by after having been duly approved by the
           council, as the case may be or, in the case of a statute falling within subsection (4) above, on the
           date on which it is approved by the Federal Executive Council.

11) A statute may be proved in any court by the production of a copy thereof bearing or having affixed to
    it a certificate purporting to be signed by the Vice-Chancellor or the registrar to the effect that the copy
    is a true copy of the state of the University.

12) (a) In the event of any doubt or dispute arising at any time as to the meaning of any provision of a
        statute, the matter may be referred to the visitor, who shall take such advice and make such
        decision thereon as he shall think fit.

   (b) The decision of the visitor on any matter referred to him under this section shall be binding upon
       the authorities, staff and students of the University, and where any question as to the meaning of
       any provision of a statute has been decided by the visitor under this section, no question as to the
       meaning of that provision shall be entertained by any court of law in Nigeria. Provided that
       nothing in this subsection shall affect any power of a court of competent jurisdiction to determine
       whether any provision of a statute is wholly or partly void as being ultra vires or as being
       inconsistent with the Constitution of the Federation.

   (c) The foregoing provisions of this section shall apply in relation to any doubt or dispute as to whether
       any matter is for the purpose of this Decree an academic or a non-academic matter as they apply in
       relation to any such doubt or dispute as is mentioned in subsection (1) above: and accordingly the
       references in subsection (2) to any question as to the meaning of any provision of a statute shall
       include references to any question as to whether any matter is for the said purposes an academic or
       a non-academic matter.

13) (a) The Head of State of Nigeria shall be the visitor of the University.

   (b) The visitor shall as often as the circumstances may require, not being less than once every five
       years, conduct a visitation of the University or direct that such a visitation be conducted by such
       persons as the visitor may deem fit and in respect of any of the affairs of the University.

   (c) It shall be the duty of the bodies and persons comprising the University.
        i. to make available to the visitor, and to any other persons conducting a visitation in pursuance
           of this section, such facilities and assistance as he or they may reasonably require for the
           purposes of visitation; and
       ii. To give effect to any instructions consistent with the provision of this Decree which may be
           given by the visitor in consequence of a visitation.


                                                        24
14) (a) If it appears to the council that a member of the council (other than the Pro-Chancellor or the Vice-
         Chancellor) shall be removed from office on the ground of misconduct or inability to perform the
         functions of his office or employment, the council shall make a recommendation to that effect
         through the Commissioner to the Federal Executive Council and if the Federal Executive Council,
         after making such enquiries (if any) as may be considered appropriate, approves the
         recommendation it may direct the removal of the person in question from office.

   (b) It shall be the duty of the Commissioner to use his best endeavours to cause a copy of the
       instrument embodied under subsection (1) above to be served as soon as reasonably practicable on
       the person to whom it relates.

15) (a) If it appears to the council that there are reasons for believing that any person employed as a
        member of the academic or administrative or professional staff of the University, other than the
        Vice-Chancellor, should be removed from his office or employment on the ground of misconduct
        or of inability to perform the functions of his office or employment, the council shall –
          i. Give notice of those reasons to the person in question;
        ii. Afford him an opportunity of making presentations in person on the matter to the council; and
    (b) If he or any three members of the council so request within the period of one               month
beginning with the date of the notice, make arrangements-
        i. For a joint committee of the council and the Senate to investigate the matter and to report on it
             to the council; and
       ii. For the person in question to be afforded any opportunity of appearing before and being heard
             by the investigating committee with respect to the matter; and if the council, after considering
             the report of the investigating committee, is satisfied that the person in question should be
             removed as aforesaid, the council may so remove him by an instrument in        writing signed
             on the directions of the council.

   (c) The Vice-Chancellor may, in a case of misconduct by a member of the staff which in the opinion
       of the Vice-Chancellor is prejudicial to the interests of the University, suspend such a member and
       any such suspension shall forthwith be reported to the council.

   (d) For good cause, any member of staff may be suspended from his duties or his appointment may be
       terminated by council; and for the purposes of this subsection “good cause” means-
          i. Conviction for any offence which the council considers to be such as to render the person
             concerned unfit for the discharge of the functions of his office; or
         ii. Any physical or mental incapacity which the council, after obtaining medical advice,
             considers to be such as to render the person concerned unfit to continue to hold his office; or
        iii. Conduct of a scandalous or other disgraceful nature which the council considers to be such
             as to render the person concerned unfit to continue to hold his office; or
        iv. Conduct which the council considers to be such as to constitute failure or inability of the
             person concerned to discharge the functions of his office or to comply with the terms and
             conditions of his service.

   (e) Any person suspended pursuant to subsection (2) or (3) above shall be on half pay and the
        councilshall before the expiration of a period of three months after the date of such suspension
        consider the case against that person and come to a decision as to-
         i. Whether to continue such a person’s suspension and if so on what terms (including the
             proportion of his emoluments to be paid to him);
        ii. Whether to reinstate such a person in which case the council shall restore his full emoluments
             to him with effect from the date of suspension;
       iii. Whether to terminate the appointment of the person concerned in which case such a person
             will not be entitled to the proportion of his emoluments withheld during the period of
             suspension; or
       iv. Whether to take such lesser disciplinary action against such person (including the restoration
             of such proportion of his emoluments that might have been withheld) as the council may
             determine; and in any case where the council, pursuant to this section, decides to continue a
             person’s suspension or decides to take further disciplinary action against a person, the council
                                                     25
               shall before the expiration of a period of three months from such decision come to a final
               determination in respect of the case concerning any such person.

      (f) It shall be the duty of the person by whom an instrument of removal is signed in pursuance of
          subsection (1) above to use his best endeavours to cause a copy of the instrument to be served as
          soon as reasonably practicable on the person to whom it relates.

   (g) Nothing in the foregoing provisions of this section shall prevent the Council from making
       regulations for the discipline of other categories of staff and workers of the University as may be
       prescribed.

16) (a) If, on the recommendation of the Senate, it appears to the Vice-Chancellor that a person appointed
         as an examiner for any examination of the University ought to be removed from his office or
         appointment, then, except in such cases as may be prescribed, he may, after affording the examiner
         an opportunity of making representations in person on the        matter to the Vice-Chancellor,
         remove the examiner from the appointment by an instrument in writing signed by the Vice-
         Chancellor and, subject to the provisions of regulations made in pursuance of section 6(5) of this
         Decree, the Vice-Chancellor may, on the recommendation of the Senate, appoint an appropriate
         person as examiner in the place of the examiner removed in pursuance of this subsection.

   (b) It shall be the duty of the Vice-Chancellor, on signing an instrument of removal in pursuance of
       this section, to use his best endeavours to cause a copy of the instrument to be served as soon as
       reasonably practicable on the person to whom it relates.

17) (a) Subject to the provisions of this section, where it appears to the Vice-Chancellor that any student of
         the University has been guilty of misconduct, the Vice-Chancellor may, without prejudice to any
         other disciplinary powers conferred on him by statute or regulations, direct –
          i. that the student shall not, during such period as may be specified in the direction, participate
              in such activities of the University, or make use of such      facilities of the University, as my
              be so specified; or
         ii. that the activities of the student shall, during such period as may be specified in the direction,
              be restricted in such manner as may be so specified; or
        iii. that the student be rusticated for such period as may be specified in the direction or
        iv. that the student be expelled from the University.

   (b) Where a direction is given under subsection (1) (c) or (d) above in respect of any student, the
       student may, within the prescribed period and in the prescribed manner, appeal from the direction
       to the council; and where such an appeal is brought the council shall, after causing inquiry to be
       made in the matter as the council considers just, either confirm or set aside the direction or modify
       it in such manners as the council thinks fit.

  (c)     The fact that an appeal from a direction is brought in pursuance of the last foregoing subsection
          shall not affect the question of the direction while the appeal is pending.

  (d)     The Vice-Chancellor may delegate his powers under this section to a disciplinary board consisting
          of such members of the University as he may nominate.

  (e)     Nothing in this section shall be construed as preventing the restriction or termination of a student’s
          activities at the University otherwise than on the grounds of misconduct.

  (f)     It is hereby declared that a direction under subsection (1) (a) above may be combined with a
          direction under subsection (1) (b) above.

                                          Miscellaneous and General
18)       No person shall be required to satisfy requirements as to any of the following matters, that is to
          say, race (including ethnic grouping), sex, place of birth or of family origin or religious or political
          persuasion, as a condition of becoming or continuing to be a student at the University, the holder
                                                        26
          of any degree of the University or of any appointment or employment at the University, or a
          member of any body established by virtue of this Decree; and no person shall be subjected to any
          disadvantage or accorded any advantage in relation to the University by reference to any of those
          matters:
                   Provided that nothing in this section shall be construed as preventing the University from
          imposing any disability or restriction on any of the aforementioned person where such person
          willfully refuses or fails on grounds of religious belief to undertake any duty generally and
          uniformly imposed on all such persons or any group of them which duty, having regard to its
          nature and the special circumstances pertaining thereto, is in the opinion of the University
          reasonably justifiable in the national interest.

19)       Without prejudice to the provisions of the Land Use Decree 1978, the University shall not dispose
          of or charge any land or an interest in any land (including any land transferred to the University by
          the Decree) except with the prior written consent, either general or special, of the Federal
          Executive Council:
                  Provided that such consent shall not be required in the case of any lease or tenancy at a
          rack-rent for a term not exceeding twenty-one years or any lease or tenancy to a member of the
          University for residential purposes.

20)       Except as may be otherwise provided by statute or by regulations, the quorum and procedure of
          any body of persons established by this Decree shall be such as may be determined by that body.

21) (a) Any body of persons established by this Decree shall, without prejudice to the generality of the
        powers of that body, have power to appoint committees, which need not consist exclusively of
        members of that body, and to authorize a committee established by it –
         i. To exercise, on its behalf, such of its functions as it may determine;
        ii. To co-opt members, and may direct whether or not co-opted members (if any) shall be entitled
        to vote in that committee.

      (b) Any two or more such bodies may arrange for the holding of joint meetings of those bodies, or for
          the appointment of committees consisting of members of those bodies, for the purpose of
          considering any matter within the competence of those bodies or any of them, and either of dealing
          with it or of reporting on it to those bodies or any of them.

  (c)     Except as may be otherwise provided by statute or by regulations, the quorum and procedure of a
          committee established or meeting held in pursuance of this section shall be such as may be
          determined by the body or bodies which have decided to establish the committee or hold the
          meeting.

  (d)     Nothing in the foregoing provisions of this section shall be construed as –
            i. enabling statutes to be made otherwise than in accordance with section 10 of this Decree; or
           ii. enabling the Senate to empower any other body to make regulations or to award degree or
               other qualifications.

(e)       The pro-chancellor and the Vice-Chancellor shall be members of every committee of which the
          members are wholly or partly appointed by the council (other than a committee appointed to
          inquire into the conduct of the officer in question); and the Vice-Chancellor shall be a member of
          every committee of which the members are wholly or partly appointed by the Senate.

22) (a) The seal of the University shall be such as may be determined by the council and approved by the
        chancellor; and the affixing of the seal shall be authenticated by any member of the council and by
        the Vice-Chancellor, registrar or any other person authorised by statute.

      (b) Any document purporting to be a document executed under the seal of the University shall be
          received in evidence and shall, unless the contrary is proved, be deemed to be so executed.



                                                      27
  (c)    Any contract or instrument which, if made or executed by a person not being a body corporate,
         would not be required to be under seal may be made or executed on behalf of the University by
         any person     generally or especially authorised to do so by the council.

  (d)    The validity of any proceedings of any body established in pursuance of this Decree shall not be
         affected by any vacancy in the membership of the body, or by any defect in the appointment of a
         member of the body or by reason that any person not entitled to do so took part in the proceedings.

  (e)    Any member of any such body who has a personal interest in any matter proposed to be
         considered by that body shall forthwith disclose his interest to the body and shall not vote on any
         question relating to that matter.

  (f)    Nothing in section 12 of the Interpretation Act 1964 (which provides for the application, in
         relation to subordinate legislation, of certain incidental provisions) shall apply to statutes or
         regulations made in pursuance of this Decree; but the power conferred by this Decree to make
         statutes or regulations shall include power to revoke or vary any statute (including the Statute
         contained in Schedule 3 of this Decree) or any regulation by a subsequent statute or, as the case
         may be, by a subsequent regulation, and statute and regulations may make different provisions in
         relation to different circumstances.

 (g)     No stamp or other duty shall be payable in respect of any transfer of property to the University by
         virtue of section 8, section 19 or Schedule 2 of this Decree.

        i. Any notice or other instrument authorized to be served by virtue of this Decree may, without
           prejudice to any other mode of service, be served by post.

23) (a) In this Decree, unless the context otherwise requires –
         “CAMPUS” means any campus which may be established by the University;
         “COLLEGE” means any college which may be established by the University;
         “The COMMISSIONER” means the Federal Commissioner charged with responsibility for
           higher education;
         “THE COUNCIL” means the council established by this Decree for the University;
         “GRADUATE” means a person on whom a degree (other than an honorary degree) has been
          conferred by the University;
         “NOTICE” means notice in writing;
         “OFFICE” does not include the visitor;
         “PRESCRIBED” means prescribed by statute or regulations;
         “PROFESSOR” means a person designated as a professor of the University in accordance with
          provisions made in that behalf by statute or by regulations;
         “PROPERTY” includes rights, liabilities and obligations;
         “THE PROVISIONAL COUNCIL” means the provisional council appointed for the
          University by the Federal Executive Council with effect from 1st June 1976;
         “REGULATIONS” means regulations made by the Senate or Council;
         “THE SENATE” means the of the University established pursuant of section 2(1) (c) of this
           Decree.
         “THE STATUTES” mean all such statutes made by the University under section 9 of this
          Decree and in accordance with the provisions of section 10 of this Decree, and “the statutes”
           means all such statutes as are in force from time to time;
         “TEACHER” means a person holding a full time appointment as a member of the teaching or
           research staff of the University;
         “UNDERGRADUATE” means a person in statu pupillari at the University, other than –
            i. a graduate; and
           ii. a person of such description as may be prescribed for the purposes of this definition.
         “THE UNIVERSITY” means the University of Calabar as incorporated and constituted by this
          Decree.



                                                     28
      (b) It is hereby declared that where in any provision of this Decree it is laid down that proposals are
          to be submitted or a recommendation is to be made by one authority to another through one or
          more intermediate authorities, it shall be the duty of every such intermediate authority to forward
          any proposals or recommendations received by it in pursuance of that provision to the appropriate
          authority; but any such intermediate authority may, if it thinks fit, forward therewith its own
          comments thereon.

24)       This Decree may be cited as the University of Calabar Decree 1979.


                                                 SCHEDULES

SCHEDULE 1                                                                   Section 2 (2)

                                     Principal Officers of the University

                                             The Chancellor
The Chancellor shall be appointed by the Head of State of Nigeria.
1) The Chancellor shall hold office for a period of five years.
2) If it appears to the Visitor that the Chancellor should be removed from his office on Grounds of
   misconduct or of inability to perform the functions of his office, the Visitor may by notice in the
   Gazette remove the Chancellor from office.

                                       The Pro-Chancellor
3) (a) The pro-chancellor shall be appointed or removed by the Federal Executive Council on the
       recommendation of the Commissioner.

   (b) Subject to the provisions of this Decree, the Pro-chancellor shall hold office for a           period of
four years beginning with the date of his appointment.

                                             The Vice-Chancellor
4) (a) Subject to the provisions of this paragraph, the Vice-Chancellor shall be appointed or removed from
       office by the Supreme Military Council after consultation with the University Council.

  (b)     The Vice-Chancellor shall hold office for four years in the first instance and shall be eligible for
          re-appointment for a second term of three years, thereafter he shall no longer be eligible for
          appointment until at least four years have elapsed since he last held office as Vice-Chancellor.

  (c)     Subject to this paragraph, the Vice-Chancellor shall hold office on such terms as to emoluments
          and otherwise as may be specified in this instrument of appointment.

                                   Other Principal Officers of the University
5) (a)    There shall be a registrar, who shall be the chief administrative officer of the University and shall
          be responsible to the Vice-Chancellor for the day-to-day administrative work of the university
          except as regards matters for which the bursar is responsible in accordance with sub-paragraph (3)
          below.

  (b)     The person holding the office of registrar shall by virtue of that office be secretary to the council,
          the Senate, Congregation and Convocation.

  (c)     There shall be a bursar, who shall be the chief financial officer of the University and shall be
          responsible to the Vice-Chancellor for the day-to-day administration and control of the financial
          affairs of the University.

  (d)     There shall be a librarian who shall be responsible to the Vice-Chancellor for the administration of
          the University library and the co-ordination of all library services in the University and its


                                                       29
        campuses, colleges, faculties, schools, departments and institutes and other teaching or research
        units.

  (e)   The officers aforesaid shall be appointed in such manner as may be specified by statute and shall
        hold office for such period and on such terms as to the emoluments of their offices and otherwise
        as may be specified.

  (f) Any question as to the scope of the responsibilities of the aforesaid office shall be determined by
      the Vice-Chancellor.

                                      Resignation and Re-appointment

6) (a) Any officer mentioned in the foregoing provision of this Schedule may resign his office-
         i. in the case of the Chancellor, by notice to the Head of State; and
        ii. in any other case, by notice to the council and the council shall immediately notify the
            Commissioner in the case of the Vice-Chancellor.

 (b) Subject to paragraph 4 above, a person who has ceased to hold an office so mentioned otherwise
     than by removal for misconduct shall be eligible for re-appointment to that office.


SCHEDULE 2                                                                  Section 8 (2)

                                        Transitional Provisions as to
                                         Property, Functions, etc.

                                       Transfer of Property to University
1) Without prejudice to the generality of section 8(1) of this Decree -
    i. the reference in that subsection to property held by the Provisional Council shall include a reference
       to the right to receive and give a good discharge for any grants or contributions which may have
       been voted or promised to the Provisional Council;
   ii. all debts and liabilities of the provisional council outstanding shall become debts or liabilities of the
       University.

2) (a) All agreements, contracts, deeds and other instruments to which the Provisional Council was a party
       shall so far as possible and subject to any necessary modifications, have effect as if the University
       had been a party thereto in place of the Provisional Council.

  (b) Documents not falling within sub-paragraph (1) above, including enactments, which refer whether
      specially or generally to the Provisional Council, shall be constructed in accordance with that sub-
      paragraph so far as applicable.

  (c) Any legal proceedings or application to any authority pending by or against the Provisional Council
      may be continued by or against the University.

                                          Registration of Transfers
3) If the law in force at the place where any property transferred by this Decree is situated provides for
   the registration of transfer of property of the kind in question (whether by reference to an instrument of
   transfer or otherwise), the law shall, so far as it provides for alterations of a register (but not for
   avoidance of transfers, the payment of fees or any other matter) apply with the necessary modifications
   to the transfer of the property aforesaid; and it shall be the duty of the body to which any property is
   transferred by this Decree to furnish the necessary particulars of the transfer to the proper officer of the
   registration authority and of that officer to register the transfer accordingly.

                                        Transfer of Functions, etc.
4) (a) The first meeting of the Council shall be convened by the Pro-Chancellor on such date and in such
        manner as he may determine.
                                                      30
  (b) The persons who were members of the Provisional Council shall be deemed to constitute the council
      until the date when the council set up under Schedule 3 of this Decree shall have been duly
      constituted.

  (c) The first meeting of the Senate as constituted by this Decree shall be convened by the Vice-
      Chancellor on such date and in such manner as he may determine.

  (d) The persons who were members of the Senate immediately before the coming into force of this
      Decree shall be deemed to constitute the Senate of the University until the date when the as set up
      under Schedule 3 of this Decree shall have been duly constituted.

  (e) Subject to any regulations which may be made by the Senate after the date on which this Decree is
      made, the faculties, faculty boards and students of the University immediately before the coming
      into force of this Decree shall on that day become faculties, faculty boards and students of the
      University as constituted by this Decree.

  (f) Persons who were deans or associate deans of faculties or schools or members of faculty boards shall
      continue to be deans or associate deans or become members of the corresponding faculty boards,
      until new appointments are made in pursuance of the statutes.

  (g) Any person who was a member of the staff of the University as established or was otherwise
      employed by the provisional council shall become the holder of an appointment at the University
      with the status, designation and functions which correspond as nearly as may be to those who
      appertained to him as a member of that staff or as such employee.

SECTION 3                                                                Section 9 (3)

                                  University of Calabar Statute No. 1

                                         Arrangement of Articles

Article
   The Council
   The Finance and General Purposes Committee
   The Senate
   Congregation
   Convocation
   Organisation of Faculties and Branches thereof
   Faculty Boards
   Dean of the Faculty
   Selection of Certain Principal Officers
   Creation of Academic Posts
   Appointment of Academic Staff
   Appointments of Administrative and Professional Staff
   Interpretation
   Citation

                                               The Council
1) (a) The council shall consist of –
       i. The Pro-Chancellor;
       ii. The Vice-Chancellor and the deputy Vice-Chancellor;
       iii. Six persons representing a variety of interests and broadly representative of the whole Federal
            Executive Council;
       iv. Four persons appointed by the Senate from among the members of that body;
       v. One person appointed by congregation from among the members of that body;


                                                    31
      vi. The Permanent Secretary, Federal Ministry of Education or, in his absence, such member of his
           Ministry as he may designate to represent him; and
      vii. One person to represent the armed forces of the Federation and the Nigeria Police Force

 (b) Any member of the council holding office otherwise than in pursuance of paragraph (1) (a), (b),     (g)
    or (h) above may, by notice to the council, resign his office.

 (c) A member of the council holding office otherwise than in pursuance of paragraph (1) (a), (b), (g) or
        (h) above shall, unless he previously vacates it, vacate that office on the expiration of the period
     of four years beginning with effect from 1st of August in the year in which he was appointed.

 (d) Where a member of the council holding office otherwise than in pursuance of paragraph (1) (a), (b),
     (g) or (h) above vacates office before the expiration of the period aforesaid, the body or person by
     whom he was appointed may appoint a successor to hold office for the residue of the term of his
     predecessor.

 (e) A person ceasing to hold office as a member of the council otherwise than by removal for misconduct
     shall be eligible for re-appointment for only one further period of four years.

 (f) The quorum of the council shall be five at least one of whom shall be a member appointed pursuant to
     paragraph 1 (c), (f), (g) and (h) above.

 (g) If the pro-chancellor is not present at a meeting of the council, such other member of the council
     present at the meeting as the council may appoint in respect of that meeting shall be the chairman at
     the meeting and subject to section 4 of the Decree and the foregoing provisions of this paragraph, the
     council may regulate its own procedure.

 (h) Where the council desires to obtain advice with respect to any particular matter, it may co-opt not
     more than two persons for the purpose; and the persons co-opted may take part in the deliberations of
     the council at any meeting but shall not be entitled to vote.

                                The Finance and General Purposes Committee
2) (a) The finance and general purposes committee of the council shall consist of –
        i. The Pro-Chancellor, who shall be the chairman of the committee at any meeting at which he is
             present;
        ii. The Vice-Chancellor and deputy Vice-Chancellor;
        iii. Six other members of the council appointed by the council, two of whom shall be selected from
             among the four members of the council appointed by the Senate and one member appointed to
             council by the congregation.
        iv. The Permanent Secretary, Federal Ministry of Education or, in his absence, such member of his
             Ministry as he may designate to represent him.
        v. The quorum of the committee shall be five.
        vi. Subject to any directions given by the council, the committee may regulate its own procedure.

                                                    The Senate
3) (a) The Senate shall consist of –
        i. The Vice-Chancellor and the deputy Vice-Chancellor;
        ii. The deans of the several faculties;
        iii. The directors of the several institutes;
        iv. The professors;
        v. The librarian;
        vi. The persons for the time being holding such appointments on the staff of the University as may
             be specified by the Vice-Chancellor; and
        vii. Such teachers (of senior lecturer rank and above and not being more than two in respect of
             each faculty) as may be elected from among the members of each faculty, the total number
             thereof to be determined from time to time by the Senate.


                                                    32
   (b) The Vice-Chancellor shall be the chairman at all meetings of the Senate when he is present; and in
       his absence such other member of the Senate present at the meeting as the Senate may appoint for
       that meeting, shall be the chairman at the meeting.

   (c) The quorum of the Senate shall be one-quarter (or the nearest whole number less than one quarter);
       and subject to paragraph (2) above, the Senate may regulate its own procedure.

   (d) An elected member may, by notice to the Senate, resign his office.

   (e) Subject to paragraph (7) below, there shall be election for the selection of elected members which
       shall be held in the prescribed manner on such day in the month of May or June in each year as the
       Vice-Chancellor may from time to time determine.

   (f)   An elected member shall hold office for the period of two years beginning with 1 st August in the
         year of his election, and may be a candidate at any election held in pursuance of paragraph (5)
         above in the year in which his period of office expires, so however that no person shall be such a
         candidate if at the end of his current period of office he will have held office as an elected member
         for a continuous period of six years or would have so held office if he had not resigned it.

   (g) No election shall be held in pursuance of this article in any year if the number specified in the
       certificate given in pursuance of paragraphs (9) below does not exceed by more than one the figure
       which is thrice the number of those elected members holding office on the date of the certificate
       who do not vacate office during that year in pursuance of paragraph (6) above; but for the
       avoidance of doubt it is hereby declared that no person shall be precluded from continuing in or
       taking office as an elected member by reasons only of a reduction in the total of non-elected
       members occurring on or after 30th April in any year in which he is to continue in or take office as
       an elected member.

  (h)    If so requested in writing by any ten members of the Senate; the Vice-Chancellor, or in his absence
         a person duly appointed by him, shall convene a meeting of the Senate to be held not later than the
         tenth day following that on which the request was received.

  (i)    In this article “total of non-elected members’ means as respects any year, such number as may be
         certified by the Vice-Chancellor on the 30th April of that year to be the number of persons holding
         office as members of the Senate on the day otherwise than as elected members.

                                                  Congregation
4) (a)   Congregation shall consist of –
         i. the Vice-Chancellor and the deputy Vice-Chancellors;
         ii. the full time members of the academic staff;
         iii. the registrar;
         iv. the bursar; and
         v. every member of the administrative staff who holds a degree of any university recognized for
              the purposes of this statute by the Vice-Chancellor, not being an honorary degree.

  (b)    Subject to section 4 of the Decree, the Vice-Chancellor shall be the chairman at all meetings of
         congregation when he is present; and in his absence such other member of congregation present at
         the meeting as congregation may appoint for that meeting, shall be the chairman at the meeting.

  (c)    The quorum of t he congregation shall be one-third (or the whole number nearest to one-third) of
         the total number of members of the congregation or fifty, whichever is less.

  (d)    A certificate signed by the Vice-Chancellor specifying –
         i. the total number of members of congregation for the purpose of any particular meeting or
             meetings of congregation; or
         ii. the names of the persons who are members of congregation during a particular period; shall
             be conclusive evidence of that number or, as the case may be, of the names of those persons.
                                                     33
     (e) Subject to the foregoing provisions of this article, congregation may regulate its own procedure.

     (f)   Congregation shall be entitled to express by resolution or otherwise its opinion on all matters
           affecting the interest and welfare of the University and shall have such other functions in addition
           to the function of electing a member of the council, as may be provided by state or regulations.

                                               Convocation
5) (a) Convocation shall consists of –
        i. the officers of the University mentioned in Schedule to the Decree;
        ii. all teachers within the meaning of the Decree; and
        iii. all other persons whose names are registered in accordance with paragraph (2) below.

      (b) A person shall be entitled to have his name registered as a member of convocation if –
          i. he is either a graduate of the University or a person satisfying such requirements as may be
              prescribed for the purpose of this paragraph; and
          ii. he applies for the registration of his name in the prescribed manner and pays the prescribed
              fees; and regulations shall provide for the establishment and maintenance of a register for the
              purposes of this paragraph and, subject to paragraph (3) below, may provide for the payment
              from time to time of further fees by persons whose names are on the register and for the
              removal from the register of the name of any person who fails to pay those fees.

     (c) The person responsible for maintaining the register shall, without the payment of any fees, ensure
         that the names of all persons who are for the time being members of convocation by virtue of
         paragraph (1) (a) or (b) above are entered and retained on the register.

     (d)   A person who reasonably claims that he is entitled to have his name on the register shall be
           entitled on demand to inspect the register, or a copy of the register at the principal offices of the
           University at all reasonably times.

     (e)   The register shall, unless the contrary is proved, be sufficient evidence that any person named
           therein is, and that any person not named therein is not, a member of convocation; but for the
           purpose of ascertaining whether a particular person was such a member on a particular date, any
           entries in and deletions from the register made on or after that date shall be disregarded.

     (f)   The quorum of convocation shall be fifty or one- third (or the whole number nearest to one-third)
           of the total number of members of convocation, which ever is less.

     (g) Subject to section 4 of the Decree, the chancellor shall be chairman at all meetings of convocation
         when he is present, and in his absence the Vice-Chancellor shall be the chairman at the meeting.

     (h) Convocation shall have such functions, in addition to the function of appointing a member of the
         council, as may be provided by statute.

                                Organisation of Faculties and Branches thereof
6)         Each faculty shall be divided into such number of branches as may be prescribed.

7) (a) There shall be established in respect of each faculty a faculty board, which subject to the provision
        of this statute, and subject to the directions of the Vice-Chancellor, shall-
       i. regulate the teaching and study of, and the conduct of examinations connected with, the
            subjects assigned to the faculty;
       ii. deal with any other matter assigned to it by statute or by the Vice-Chancellor or by the Senate,
            and
       iii. advice the Vice-Chancellor or the Senate on any matter referred to it by the Vice-Chancellor or
            the .

     (b)   Each faculty board shall consist of –
                                                       34
        i. the Vice-Chancellor;
        ii. the persons severally in charge of the branches of the faculty;
        iii. such of the teachers assigned to the faculty having the prescribed qualifications as the board
             may determine and
        iv. such persons whether or not members of the University as the board may determine with the
             general or special approval of the Senate.

  (c)   The quorum of the board shall be eight members or one-quarter (whichever is greater) of the
        members for the time being of the board; and subject to the provisions of this statute and to any
        provision made by regulations in that behalf, the board may regulate its own procedure.



                                         The Dean of the Faculty
8) (a) The dean of a faculty shall be a professor elected by the faculty board and such dean shall hold
        office for a term of two years. He will be eligible for re-election for another term of two years after
        which he may not be elected again until two years have elapsed.

  (b)   If there is no professor in a faculty, the office of the dean of the faculty shall be held in rotation by
        members of the faculty holding the ranks of reader or senior lecturer on the basis of seniority as
        determined by the Senate.

  (c)   The dean shall be the chairman at all meetings of the faculty board when he is present and he shall
        be member of all committees and other boards appointed by the faculty.

  (d)   The dean of a faculty shall exercise general superintendence over the academic and administrative
               affairs of the faculty. It shall be the function of the dean to present to convocation for the
        conferment of degrees persons who have qualified for the degrees of the University at
        examinations held in the branches of learning for which responsibility is allocated to that faculty.

  (e)   There shall be a committee to be known as the committee of deans consisting of all the deans of
        the several faculties and that committee shall advise the Vice-Chancellor on all academic matters
        and on particular matters referred to the University council by Senate.

  (f)   The dean of a faculty may be removed from office for good cause by the faculty board after a vote
        would have been taken at a meeting of the board, and in the event of a vacancy occurring
        following the removal of a dean, an acting dean may be appointed by the Vice-Chancellor
        provided that at the next faculty board meeting an election shall be held for a new dean.

  (g)   In this article, “good cause” has the same meaning as in section 15(3) of the Decree.

                                 Selection of Certain Principal Officers
9) (a) When a vacancy occurs in the office of the registrar, bursar, librarian, or director of works, a
       selection board shall be constituted by the council and shall consist of –
       i. The Pro-Chancellor;
       ii. The Vice-Chancellor;
       iii. Two members appointed by the council, not being members of the Senate; and
       iv. Two members appointed by the Senate.

  (b)   The selection board, after making such inquiries as it thinks fit, shall recommend a candidate to the
        council for appointment to the vacant office; and after considering the recommendation of the
        board the council may make an appointment to that office.

                                       Creation of Academic Posts
10)     Recommendations for the creation of posts other than those mentioned in article 9 of this Statute
        shall be made by the Senate to the council through the finance and general purposes committee.
                                     Appointment of Academic Staff
                                                      35
11)       Subject to the Decree and the statutes, the filling of vacancies in academic posts (including newly
          created ones) shall be as prescribed from time to time by statutes.

                           Appointment of Administrative and Professional Staff
12) (a) The administrative and professional staff of the University, other than those mentioned in article 9
        of this Statute, shall be appointed by the council or on its behalf by the Vice-Chancellor or the
        registrar in accordance with any delegation of powers made by the council in that behalf.

      (b) In the case of administrative or professional staff who have close and important contacts with the
          academic staff, there shall be Senate participation in the process of selection.

                                                 Interpretation
13)       In this Statute, the expression “the Decree” means the University of Calabar Decree 1979 and any
          expression defined in the Decree has the same meaning in this Statute.

14)       The Statute may be cited as University of Calabar Statute No. 1.
          MADE at Lagos this 28th day of September 1979.

                                       GENERAL O. OBASANJO
                                 Head of the Federal Military Government,
                                 Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces,
                                       Federal Republic of Nigeria


                                       EXPLANATORY NOTE
        (This note does not form part of the above Decree but is intended to explain its purport)
       The Decree provides for the establishment and incorporation of the University of Calabar and
makes comprehensive provisions for its due administration.




                                                      36
                          THE COUNCIL OF THE UNIVERSITY
                       COUNCIL MEMBERS (CONSTITUTED IN 2009)

1.    Dr. Roland Ehigiamusoe (Pro-Chancellor)                            - Chairman

2.    Professor James E. Epoke (Vice-Chancellor)                         - Member

3.    Professor Austin I. Obiekezie (Deputy Vice-Chancellor[Academic])   - Member

4.    Professor Simon J. Utsalo (Deputy Vice-Chancellor[Admin])          - Member

5.    Chief Richard M. Otazi                                             - Member

6.    Barrister Hentry Idahagbon                                         - Member

7.    Dr (Mrs) Ezinwa Uzuegbunam (Rep. of Federal Ministry of Edu.)      - Member

8.    Professor Emeka E. Okwueze (Senate Representative)                 - Member

11.   Professor Celestine Oyom Bassey (Senate Representative)            - Member

12.   Professor. S. O. Abang (Senate Representative)                     - Member

13.   Professor Alphonsus E. Udoh (Senate Representative)                - Member

14.   Prof. Louisa Etubom Bassey Uwatt (Congregational Representative)   - Member

15.   Dr. Chike Ekeopara (Congregational Representative)                 - Member

16.   Mr. Kennedy Dike (Convocation Representative)                      - Member

17.   Dr. (Mrs.) Julia D. Omang ( Registrar)                             - Member/Secretary




                                                37
                         PROVOST DEANS, AND DIRECTORS OF INSTITUTES.

Provost, College of Medical Sciences -   Prof. S. J. Etuk
Dean of Graduate School           -      Prof. Francis E. Bisong
Deans of Faculties
Agriculture                        -     Prof. M. G. Solomon
Allied Medical Sciences            -     Prof. Mildred John
Arts                               -     Prof. Francis Angrey

Basic Medical Sciences            -      Prof. Atim B. Antai


Clinical Sciences                 -      Prof. E. U. Udoma

Education                         -      Prof. (Mrs.) Eno M. Ukpong

Law                               -      Prof. K. S. A. Ebeku

Management Sciences               -      Prof. E. J. Etuk

Sciences                          -      Prof. Ani Nkang

Social Sciences                   -      Prof. Eugene J. Aniah

Dean, Students’ Affairs            -     Prof. Eyong U. Eyong

Director of Institutes

Education                         -      Prof. A. J. Isangedighi

Institute of Oceanography          -     Prof. U. I. Enin

Public Policy and
Administration                     -     Dr. C. C. Ikeji


                         MEMBERS OF SENATE: UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR
                                      2010/2011 SESSION

Prof. James Epoke             -          Vice Chancellor
Prof. A. I. Obiekezie         -          Deputy Vice Chancellor (Acad.)
Prof. S. J. Utsalo            -          Deputy Vice Chancellor (Admin.)
Prof. Francis E. Bisong       -          Dean, Graduate School
Prof. S. J. Etuk              -          Provost, College of Medical Sciences
Prof. (Mrs.) M. G. Solomon    -          Dean, Faculty of Agriculture
Prof. Francis Angrey          -          Dean, Faculty of Arts
Prof. Mildred John            -          Dean, Faculty of Allied Medical Sciences
Prof. (Mrs.) Atim B. Antai    -          Dean, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences
Prof. E. U. Udoma             -          Dean, Faculty of Clinical Sciences
Prof. (Mrs.) Eno M. Ukpong    -          Dean, Faculty of Education
Prof. K. S. A. Ebeku          -          Dean, Faculty of Law
Prof. E. J. Etuk              -          Dean, Faculty of Management Sciences
Prof Ani Nkang                -          Dean, Faculty of Sciences
Prof. Eugene J. Aniah         -          Dean, Faculty of Social Sciences
Prof. Eyong U. Eyong          -          Dean, Student’s Affairs
Revd. Prof. Imo E. Umoinyang -           Director, Institute of Education
Prof. U. I. Enin              -          Director, Institute of Oceanography
                                                    38
Prof. B. N. Ekwueme           -       Director, UNICALCONS
Prof. Eze B. Eze              -       Director, CES
Dr. C. C. Ikeji               -       Ag. Director, Institute of public policy and administration
Dr. C. Ekeokpara              -       Ag. Director, Centre for General Studies & Comm. Skills
Dr. R. C. Okoro               -       Ag. Director, Information Communication Technology
Dr. Enu D. Bette              -       Coordinator, Sandwich

                                       FACULTY OF ARTS
Prof. I. Asouzu               -       Dept. of Philosophy
Prof. G. O. Ozumba            -       Head, Department of Philosophy
Prof. Imeyen A. Noah          -       Dept. of Modern Lang. & Trans. Studies
Prof. A. Uduigwomen           -       Dept. of Philosophy
Prof. Ebele Eko               -       Dept. of English & Lit. Studies
Prof. E. M. Uka               -       Dept. of Rel. Cultural Studies
Prof. F. M. Mbon              -       Dept. of Rel. & Cultural Studies
Prof. Chris Nwamuo            -       Head, Dept. of Theatre & Media Studies
Prof. Princewill I. Alozie    -       Dept. of Rel. Studies/Philosophy
Prof. Dele Orisawayi          -       Dept. of English & Literary Studies
Dr. (Mrs.) Stella I. Ekpe     -       Dept of English & Literary Studies
Prof. I. R. Amadi             -       Head, Dept. of History & Inter. Studies
Prof. M. M. Okon              -       Head Dept. of Linguistics & Comm.
Prof. Stella Effa-Attoe       -       Dept of History & Int. Studies
Prof. E. A. Offiong           -       Head, Dept of Rel. & Cultural Studies
Prof. H. O. Anyanwu           -       Dept of Rel. & Cultural Studies
Prof. C. O. Ijiomah           -       Dept of Philosophy
Prof. Udobata Onunwa          -       Dept of Rel. & Cultural Studies
Prof. J. N. Ogu               -       Dept of English & Lit. Studies
Prof.(Mrs) G. E. Okereke      -       Dept of English & Lit. Studies
Prof. L. O. M. Enendu         -       Dept of Theatre & Media Studies
Dr. Bassey O. Oben            -       Ag. Head of Modern Lang. & Trans. Studies
Dr. Ndubuisi C. Osuagwu       -       Ag. Head of English & Lit. Studies
Dr. Samuel L. Agada           -       Dept of Ling. & Comm. Studies

                                  FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE
Prof. S. O. Abang             -      Dept of Agric Econs. & Ext.
Prof. Ivara E. Esu (OFR)      -      Department of Soil Science
Prof. U. C. Amalu             -      Department of Soil Science
Prof. E. A. Agiang            -      Dept of Animal Science
Prof. A. E. Eneji             -      Department of Soil Science
Prof. Mrs. S. B. A. Umoetok   -      Dept of Crop Science
Prof. B. I. Okon              -      Dept of Animal Science
Prof. U. E. Umoren            -      Dept of Animal Science
Dr. A. O. Angba               -      Ag. Head, Dept. of Agric. Econs & Ext.
Dr. John Shiyam               -      Ag. Head, Dept. of Crop Science
Dr. O. S. Bello               -      Ag. Head, Dept. of Soil Science
Dr. A. A. Ayuk                -      Ag. Head, Dept of Animal Science
Prof. E. I. Inah              -      Head, Dept. of For. & Wildlife Res. Mgt

                                   FACULTY OF EDUCATION
Prof. (Mrs) Akon. E. O. Esu   -      Dept. of Curriculum & Teaching
Prof. D. N. Nwachuku          -      Dept. of Edu. Found. Guid & Couns.
Prof. A. J. Isangedighi       -      -DO-
Prof. (Mrs) H. M. Denga       -      -DO-
PROF. E. A. Uwe               -      -DO-
Prof. O. O. Lawal             -      -DO-
Prof. R. A. E. Iheanacho      -      -DO-
Prof. C. G. Asagwara          -      -DO-
                                                 39
Prof. D. I. Denga           -     -DO-
Prof. (Mrs.) Arit E. Obot   -     -DO-
Prof. Monday T. Joshua      -     -DO-
Prof. L. O. Ogunjimi        -     Dept. of Human Kinetics & Health Educ.
Prof. C. A. Ajibola         -     -DO-
Prof. Obinna T. Enukoha     -     Dept. of Curr. & Teaching
Prof. (Mrs) Jane Omojuwa    -     -DO-
Prof. I. M. Kalu            -     -DO-
Prof. Louisa Uwatt          -     -DO-
Prof. S. C. Uche            -     -DO-
Prof. (Mrs.) S. J. Umoh     -     -DO-
Prof. (Mrs) C. I. Oreh      -     Dept. of Adult & Cont. Education
Prof. R. B. Etor            -     -DO-
Prof. Florence Obi          -     Dept. of Voc. & Special Education
Prof. E. E. Anejo           -     -DO-
Dr. M. U. Ojuah             -     Ag. Head, Dept. of Adult & Cont. Edu.
Dr. Ajayi Omoogun           -     Ag. Head, Dept. of Curr. & Teaching
Dr. U. I. Udofia            -     Ag. Head, Dept. of Edu. Admin & Planning
Dr. (Mrs) Anthonia Inaja    -     Ag. Head. Dept of Edu. Found. Guid & Couns
Dr. C. Chukwurah            -     Ag. Head, Dept. of Voc & Special Edu.
Dr. (Mrs) V. C. Emeribe     -     Ag. Head, Dept. of Human Kinetics & Health. Educ.

                                   FACULTY OF LAW
Prof. Kingsly I. Iqweike    -     Faculty of Law.
Dr. E. E. Alobo             -     Ag. Head, Dept. of Pub. & Int. Law
Dr. E. E. Udoaka            -     Ag. Head, Dept. of Private Law

                            COLLEGE OF MEDICAL SCIENCES
Prof. Itam H. Itam          -    Dept of Obst. & Gynaecology
Prof. P. E. Ebong           -    Dept of Biochemistry
Prof. Obiora Onuba          -    Department of Surgery
Prof. O. O. Bassey          -    Head, Dept. of Surgery
Prof. A. A. Otu             -    Department of Surgery
Prof. E. O. Nkposong        -    Department of Surgery
Prof. Ayi E. Archibong      -    Department of Surgery
Prof. Rowland Ndoma-Egba    -    -DO-
Prof. Akanimo Essiet        -    -DO-
Prof. E. N. U. Ezedinachi   -    Department of Medicine
Prof. C. O. Odigwe          -    -DO-
Prof. Ima- Obong Ekanem     -    Dept. of Pathology
Prof. Owoidoho Udofia       -    Dept. of Psychiatry
Prof. A. D. Ekanem          -    Dept. of Obst. & Gynaecology
Prof. Eric I. Archibong     -    -DO-
Prof. E. E. J. Asuquo       -    Dept. of Obst. & Gynaecology
Prof. A. A. Asindi          -    Department of Paediatrics
Prof. M. Meremikwu          -    -DO-
Prof. A. M. Udosen          -    -DO-
Prof. Emmanuel Ekanem       -    -DO-
Prof. G. C. Ejezie          -    Dept. of Med. Lab. Sciences
Prof. (Mrs) A. E. Asuquo    -    -DO-
Prof. Maisie Etuk Udo       -    -DO-
Prof. A. A. Alaribe         -    -DO-
Prof. M. F. Useh            -    -DO-
Prof. Lydia Abia-Bassey     -    -DO-
Prof. E. K. Uko             -    -DO-
Prof. C. A. Usoro           -    -DO-
Prof. A. E. Udoh            -    -DO-
                                            40
Prof. V. Braide                 -      Dept. of Pharmacology
Prof. E. E. Osim                -      Dept. of Physiology
Prof.A. E. Eno                  -      -DO-
Prof. A. O. Emeribe             -      Dept. of Haematology
Prof. E. U. Essien              -      Dept. of Biochemistry
Prof. Edisua Itam               -      -DO-
Prof. Esua O. Udosen            -      -DO-
Prof. (Mrs.) N. Eneobong        -      -DO-
Prof. Atim I. Eshiet            -      Dept. of Anaesthesiology
Dr. O. E. Essien                -      Ag. Head, Dept. of Internal Medicine
Dr. A. U. Etiuma                -      Ag. Head, Dept. of Surgery
Dr. John E. Ekabua              -      Ag. Head, Dept. of Obst. & Gynaecology
Dr. Michael E. Eyong            -      Ag. Head, Dept. of Paediatrics
Dr. Paul .C . Inyang-Etoh       -      Ag. Head, Dept. of Med. Lab. Scs.
Dr. Pius Udia                   -      Ag. Head, Dept. of Pharmacology
Dr. F. E. Uboh                  -      Ag. Head, Dept. of Biochemistry
Dr. Idongesit I. U. Akpabio     -      Ag. Head, Dept. of Nursing Science
Dr. (Mrs.) M. A. Eluwa          -      Ag. Head, Dept. of Human Anatomy
Dr. A. O. Obembe                -      Ag. Head, Dept. of Physiology
Mr. Nneoyi Egbe                 -      Ag. Head, Dept. of Radiography
Dr. Grace B. Inah               -      Ag. Head, Dept. of Radiology
Dr. N. C. Osuchukwu             -      Ag. Head, Dept. Public. Health Sciences
Dr. Ubleni Emanghe              -      Ag. Head, Dept. of Med. Micro & Para.
Dr. Wilfred O. Ndifon           -      Ag. Head, Dept. of Community Medicine
Dr. Teresa Edentekhe            -      Ag. Head, Dept. of Anaethesiology
Dr. Uduak Asana                 -      Ag. Head, Dept. of Ophthalmology
Dr. Ita B. Okokon               -      Ag. Head, Dept. of Family Medicine
Prof. Owoidoho Udofia           -      Head, Dept. of Psychiatry
Dr. Marcus Inyama               -      Ag. Head, Dept. of Haematology
Dr. H. C. Okpara                -      Ag. Head, Dept. of Chem. Pathology

                              FACULTY OF MANAGEMENT SCIENCES
Prof. D. O. Mbat                -    Dept. of Banking & Finance
Dr. Akambom I. Asuquo           -    Ag. Head, Dept. of Accounting
Dr. (Mrs) A. I. Offiong         -    Ag. Head, Dept. of Banking & Finance
Dr. B. J. Inyang                -    Ag. Head, Dept. of Business Management
Dr. E. B. Ebitu                 -    Ag. Head, Dept. of Marketing

                              FACULTY OF SCIENCE
Prof. O. D. Ekpa                -    Dept. of Pure & Applied Chemistry
Prof. M. I.Dosunmu              -    -DO-
Prof. E. J. Ekpe                -    -DO-
Prof. J. O. Ofem                -    -DO-
Prof. Aniekan E. Edet           -    Dept. of Geology
Prof. E. B. Akpan               -    Department of Geology
Prof. C. S. Okereke             -    -DO-
Prof. S. J. Ekwere              -    -DO-
Prof. E. O. Esu                 -    -DO-
Prof. S. P. Antai               -    Department of Microbiology
Prof. Bene Madunagu             -    Department of Botany
Prof. Zsolt Lipcsey             -    Dept. of Maths/Stat/Comp. Sc.
Prof. E. E. Okwueze             -    Dept. of Physics
Prof. F. W. Mbipom              -    -DO-
Prof. A. I. Menkiti             -    -DO-
Prof. M. U. Onuu                -    -DO-
Prof. E. J. Uwah                -    -DO-
Prof. F. N. I. Morah            -    Dept. of Pure & Applied Chemistry
                                                 41
Prof. E. J. Usua           -         Dept. of Zoology & Env. Biology
Prof. Joe Asor             -         -DO-
Prof. S. B. Ekanem         -         -DO-
Prof. (Mrs) E. A. Uyoh     -         Dept. of Genetics & Biotechnology
Dr. A. T. Owolabi          -         Ag. Head, Dept. of Botany
Prof. S. O. Udo            -         Dept. of Physics
Dr. Victor Obianwu         -         Ag. Head, Dept. of Physics
Dr. C. A. Edem             -         Ag. Head, Dept. of Pure & Applied Chemistry
Prof. B. I. Ita            -         Dept. of Pure & Applied Chem.
Dr. E. E. Oku              -         Ag. Head, Dept. of Zoology & Env. Biology
Dr. Utip B. Ekaluo         -         Ag. Head, Dept. of Genetics & Biotechnology
Dr. I. O. Isaac            -         Ag. Head, Dept. of Maths/Stats/Comp. Sc.
Dr. Josiah Lennox          -         Ag. Head, Dept. of Microbiology
Dr. T. N. Ngange           -         Ag. Head, Dept. of Geology

                               FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES
Prof. G. A. Ugal           -       Dept. of Sociology
Prof. J. O. Charles        -       -DO-
Prof. J. U. Obot           -       Dept. of Geo. & Environ. Science
Prof. R. O. Sule           -       -DO-
Prof. M. O. Ebong          -       -DO-
Prof. J. E. U. Ndebbio     -       Department of Economics
Prof. J. G. Ottong         -       Department of Sociology
Prof. C. O. Bassey         -       Dept. of Political Science
Prof. S. P. Agi            -       -DO-
Dr. Friday S. Ebong        -       Ag. Head, Dept. of Economics
Dr. James Okoro            -       Ag. Head, Dept. of Political Science
Dr. Simon Odey Ering       -       Ag. Head, Dept. of Sociology
Dr. D. D. Eni              -       Ag. Head, Dept. of Geo. & Reg. Planning

                               INSTITUTE OF OCEANOGRAPHY
Prof. S. Holzloehner       -        Institute of Oceanography
Prof. Ekom R. Akpan        -        -DO-

                           LIBRARY
Prof. E. E. Nkereuwem      -    Library

                                     SABBATICAL LEAVE
Prof. B. O. Asuquo         -         Dept. of Animal Science
Prof. A. I. Essien         -         Dept. of Animal Science
Prof. C. A. Ajibola        -         Dept. of Human Kinetics & Health Education
Prof. C. S. Okereke        -         Dept. of Geology
Prof. M. O. Nyong          -         Dept. of Economics
Prof. Agwunobi             -         Dept. of Animal Science
Prof. Francis E. Asuquo    -         IOC

                                     LEAVE OF ABSENCE
Prof. Effiom E. Antia      -         Institute of Oceanography
Prof. O. E. Antia-obong    -         Dept. of Paediatrics
Prof. S. W. Petters        -         Department of Geology
Prof. U. J. Ibok           -         Dept. of Pure & Applied Chemistry
Prof. Offiong E. Offiong   -         Dept. of Pure & Applied Chemistry
Prof. E. E. Enoobong       -         Dept. of Genetics & Biotech.
Prof. Zana Akpagu          -         Dept. of Modern Lang.& Trans. Studies
Prof. Anthony Emeribe      -         Dept. of Med. Lab. Science
Prof. Etete Peters         -         Dept. of Medicine
prof. Eka I. Braide        -         Dept. of Zoology & Envirn. Biology
                                               42
Prof. P. D. Ekwere             -        Dept. of Surgery

                                   FACULTY REPRESENTATIVES
Dr. C. A. Eneji                -      Fac. of Agric. For & Wildlife Res. Mgt.
Dr. Chinyere L. Ochulor               Faculty of Arts
Dr. Bassey A. Okon             -      -DO-
Dr. U. U. Bassey                      Faculty of Education
Dr. I. N. E. Woruji            -      Faculty of Law
Dr. C. O. Ndifon                      -DO-
Dr. P. B. Udoh                 -      Faculty of Science
Dr. A. B. Udoimuk              -      -DO-
Dr. C. O. Nku                  -      Faculty of Basic Med. Scs.
Dr. Theresa Ekanem                    -DO-
Dr. J. J. Udo                  -      Faculty of Clinical Scs.
Dr. Anthonia Adindu            -      Faculty of Allied Med. Scs.
Dr. J. O. Akpotuzor            -      -DO-
Dr. P. K. Bessong              -      Faculty of Management Scs.
Dr. E. I. Akpan                -      -DO-
Dr. A. Afangideh               -      Faculty of Social Sciences
Dr. C. N. Odock                       -DO-

                                         OTHER OFFICERS
Mr. Obot M. Nseobot            -        Bursar
Dr. (Mrs.) Julia D. Omang      -        Registrar & Secretary to Senate
Prof. P. N. Asuquo             -        Director Academic Planning
Dr. (Mrs) Margaret Edem        -        University Librarian

                        SENATE EXAMINATIONS MISCONDUCT COMMITTEE

Prof. A. I. Menkiti                -    Chairman
Prof. E. E. Osim                   -    Member
Prof. A. I. Obiekezie              -    Member
Prof. D. O. Mbat                   -    Member
Prof. Zsolt Lipcsey                -    Member
Dr. C. O. Ndifon                   -    Member
Mrs. Chukwuka Icha                 -    Secretary

                         SENATE STUDENTS DISCIPLINARY COMMITTEE

Prof. F. E. Bisong                 -    Chairman
Prof. A. A. Asindi                 -    Member
Prof. B. N. Ekwueme                -    Member
Barr. (Mrs.) Asari E. Young        -    Member
Mrs. Chukwuka I. Icha              -    Member & Secretary

               ANTI-CORRUPTION AND TRANSPARENCY MONITORING UNIT

Prof. C. O. Odigwe                 -    Chairman
Prof. E. E. Okwueze                -    Member
Prof. Susanne Umoh                 -    Member
Mr. Dele Olowojoba                 -    Member
Dr. A. Agiang                      -    Member
Barr. Eno Abia                     -    Member
Mr. Okpo Usani                     -    Member
Mr. Godwin Mbeke                   -    Member
Ms Comfort Oko                     -    Member
Mr. Matthew Agbor                  -    Member
                                                    43
Mrs. Glory Egong                    -     Member & Secretary
Prof. O. D. Ekpa                    -     Member

DIRECTORATE OF RESEARCH

Prof. E. N. U. Ezedinachi           -     Director

One Co-ordinator from each Faculty or Institute
A representative from each of the ten faculties
A representative from each of the three institutes

Terms of Reference

     1. To identify significant key research areas that seek to resolve existing problems that are relevant to
        Nigeria in general and Cross River State in particular.

     2. To identify sources of funding research from both local and international agencies and
        communicate same to the University of Calabar Community and to guide them through workshops
        and seminars to acquire relevant skills for research proposal preparation and application.


                                 COMMITTEE OF THE UNIVERSITY

                       STATUTORY COUNCIL COMMITTEES/MEMBERSHIP

1.       FINANCE AND GENERAL PURPOSES COMMITTEE
         (Constituted by Council in accordance with Section 5(2) of the University of Calabar Decree No. 8
         of 1979)

     MEMBERSHIP
Pro-Chancellor/Chairman of Council                         - Chairman
Vice-Chancellor                                            - Member
Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic)                          - Member
Barr. Henry Idahagbon                                      - Member
Dr. (Mrs) Ezinwa Uzuegbunam                                - Member
Prof. (Mrs) Louisa Etebom Bassey Uwatt                     - Member
Bursar                                                     - Member
Mr. Kennedy Dike                                           - Member
Registrar                                                  - Member/Secretary

In Attendance
Director of Audit
University Librarian

Quorum
5 Members of the Committee

Terms of Reference
      The Finance and General Purposes Committee shall, subject to the directives of the Council, exercise
control over the property and expenditure of the University and perform such other functions of the
Council as Council may from time to time delegate to it.


2.       UNIVERSITY TENDERS BOARD

    MEMBERSHIP
Vice-Chancellor                                            - Chairman
                                                      44
Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Admin.)                        - Member
Deputy Vice Chancellor (Acad.)                         - Member
Librarian                                              - Member
Director, Interna Audit                                - Member
Director, Health Services                              - Member
Director, ICT                                          - Member
Director of Physical Planning                          - Member
Bursar                                                 - Member
Director, CES                                          - Member
Director of Works                                      - Member
Registrar                                              - Member/Secretary


In Attendance
Director of Works
Director of Physical Planning

Quorum
A quorum shall consist of five members of the Board.

Terms of Reference
Subject to either Council’s or Finance and General Purposes Committee’s directive, the University
Tenders Board shall-
  1. Determine the procedure for tendering and award of contract;
  2. Arrange for the registration of contractors eligible to tender for contracts within the Committee’s
     powers of award; and
  3. Authorize the award of all contracts involving a sum not greater than N500,000.00.

3.      APPOINTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS COMMITTEE (ACADEMIC)

MEMBERSHIP
Vice Chancellor                                        - Chairman
DVC Academic                                           - Member
Deans of Faculties                                     - Member
Provost, College of Medical Sciences                   - Member
Directors of Institutes                                - Member
Dean, Graduate School                                  - Member
Librarian                                              - Member
Registrar                                              - Member
Deputy Registrar Estab .                               - Secretary
In Attendance
Head of Department whose business is being discussed

Quorum
One-third of membership

Terms of Reference
  1. To consider and make all appointments and promotions of academic staff, provided that the Vice-
      Chancellor, in collaboration with the appropriate Heads of Departments should have the power to
      make temporary appointments to the academic staff for a period not exceeding one year; and
  2. To decided the points in the appropriate salary scale at which members of the academic staff shall
      be placed on appointment or on promotion in accordance with the regulations made from time to
      time.

4.      APPOINTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS COMMITTEE
        (ADMINISTRATIVE AND PROFESSIONAL STAFF)


                                                  45
    MEMBERSHIP
Vice-Chancellor                                        - Chairman
DVC (Admin)                                            - Member
Registrar                                              - Member
Bursar                                                 - Member
Librarian                                              - Member
Director Of Works                                      - Member
Dep. Registrar Estab                                   - Secretary

In Attendance
Head of Departments whose business is to be discussed by the Committee

Terms of Reference
 1. To consider and make all appointments to and promotions within the Administrative and
     Professional Grades provided that the Vice-Chancellor in consultation with the appropriate Head of
     Department, shall have power to make temporary appointments to the Administrative and
     Professional Grade for a period not exceeding one year;
 2. To decide the point in the appropriate salary scale at which a member of the Administrative and
     Professional Staff shall be placed on first appointment or on promotion, in accordance with the
     regulations approved from time to time.

5.     LABOUR RELATIONS COMMITTEE

        MEMBERSHIP
Pro-Chancellor/Chairman of Council                     - Chairman
Vice-Chancellor                                        - Member
Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Administration)                - Member
Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic)                      - Member
Mr. Kennedy Dike                                       - Member
Prof. Celestine Oyom Bassey                            - Member
Prof. Alphonsus Ekpe Udoh                              - Member
Bursar                                                 - Member
Registrar                                              - Member
Bar, Henry Idahagbon                                   - Member
Dr. (Mrs) Ezinwa Uzuegbunam                            - Member
Head of Legal Unit                                     - Member
Mr Dele Olowojoba                                      - Member

6.     DISCIPLINARY COMMITTEE

        MEMBERSHIP
Barr. Henry Idahagbon                                  - Chairman
Prof. C. O. Bassey                                     - Member
Dr, (Mrs) Ezinwa Uzuegbunam                            - Member
Prof. A. E. Udoh                                       - Member
Dr. Chike Augustine Ekeopara                           - Member
Registrar                                              - Member/Secretary

7.     COMMITTEE ON CONTISS 5 AND BELOW

        MEMBERSHIP
Registrar                                              - Chairman
Chief D. Ulasi                                         - Member
Prof. Emeka E. Okwueze                                 - Member
Dr. (Mrs) Louisa Etebom Bassey Uwatt                   - Member
Director, Health Services                              - Member
Director, Physical Planning                            - Member
                                                  46
University Librarian                           - Member
One Representative from each Faculty           - Member
Director of Works                              - Member
Head of Junior Establishment                   - Member

8.     CENTRE FOR EDUCATIONAL SERVICES BOARD

        MEMBERSHIP
Vice-Chancellor                                - Chairman
Registrar                                      - Member
Director (CES)                                 - Member
Prof. Celestine Oyom Bassey                    - Member
Administrative Officer                         - Secretary

9.     COLLEGE OF MEDICAL SCIENCES BOARD

        MEMBERSHIP
Pro-Chancellor/Chairman of Council             - Chairman
Vice-Chancellor                                - Member
Provost, College of Medical Sciences           - Member
Registrar                                      - Member
Chief D. Ulasi                                 - Member
Prof./Alphonsus Ekpe Udoh                      - Member
Chief Medical Director, UCTH                   - Member
Chairman, Med. Advisory Committee, UCTH        - Member
CRS Commissioner for Health                    - Member
Deputy Provost                                 - Member
The 3 Deans of Faculties in the College        - Member
College Accountant                             - Member
Director of Physical Planning                  - Member
College Secretary                              - Secretary


OTHER COMMITTEES OF COUNCIL

1.     PROJECT MONITORING AND IMPLEMNTATION COMMITTEE

        MEMBERSHIP
Chief Otazi, Moses Richard                     - Member
Vice-Chancellor                                - Member
Registrar                                      - Member
Barr. Henry Idahagbon                          - Member
Dr. Chike Augustine Ekeopara                   - Member
Director of Physical Planning                  - Member
Director of works                              - Member
Deputy Registrar (Development Division)        - Secretary

2.     UNICAL CONSULTANCY SERVICE BOARD

        MEMBERSHIP
Pro-Chancellor/Chairman of Council             - Chairman
Vice-Chancellor                                - Member
Registrar                                      - Member
Prof. Louisa Etebom Bassey Uwatt               - Member
Prof. Alphonsus Ekpe Udoh                      - Member
Director (UCS)                                 - Member
Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Administration)        - Member
                                          47
Administrative Officer                             - Secretary

3.     UNICAL STAFF SCHOOL REPRESENTATIVE

        MEMBERSHIP
Prof. Emeka E. Okuweze

4.     JOINT COUNCIL-SENATE ENDOWMENT COMMITTEE

        MEMBERSHIP
Mr. Kennedy Dike                                   - Chairman
Chief Moses Otazi                                  - Member
Dr. (Mrs) Louisa Etebom Bassey Uwatt               - Member
Prof. Celestine Oyom Bassey                        - Member
Four members from Senate                           - Members

5.     INTERNATIONAL SECONDARY SCHOOL REPRESENTATIVE
       Prof. (Mrs) Louisa Etebom Bassey Uwatt

6.     COUNCIL REPRESENTATIVE ON DUE PROCESS
       Chief Moses Otasi


7.     Senate Research Grant Committee
       Prof. E. E. Okwueze (Physics. Dept.)        - Chairman
       Provost, CMS                                - Member
       Dean, Graduate School                       - Member
       Dean. Agric.                                - Member
       Dean, Arts                                  - Member
       Dean, Allied Med. Science                   - Member
       Dean, Basic.Med. Science                    - Member
       Dean, Clinical Science                      - Member
       Dean, Education                             - Member
       Dean, Law                                   - Member
       Dean, Mgt. Science                          - Member
       Dean, Sciences                              - Member
       Dean, Social Science                        - Member
       Director., IOE)                             - Member
       Director., IPPA)                            - Member
       Director., IOC)                             - Member
       Rep., Fac.of Agric.                         - Member
       Rep., Fac. of Arts                          - Member
       Rep., Fac. of Education.                    - Member
       Rep., Fac. of Science.                      - Member
       Rep., Fac. of Soc. Science                  - Member
       Rep., Fac. of Law                           - member
       Rep., Fac. of Clin. Science.                - Member
       PAR, Dev. Div.                              - Secretary
       AA, Dev. Div.                               - Member
       Conf. Sec., Dev. Div.                       - Member

8.     Central Admission Committee
       Vice-Chancellor                             - Chairman
       DVC Academic                                - Member
       DVC (Admin.)                                - Member

                                              48
Dean, Grad. School                     - Member
Provost, CMS                           - Member
Dean, Agric.                           - Member
Dean, Arts                             - Member
Dean, Education                        - Member
Dean, Basic Med. Science               - Member
Dean, Clin. Science                    - Member
Dean, Allied Med. Science              - Member
Dean, Law                              - Member
Dean, Mgt. Science                     - Member
Dean, Sciences                         - Member
Dean, Social Science                   - Member
Director, IOE                          - Member
Director, IOC                          - Member
Direcotr, IPPA                         - Member
Director, Acad. Planning               - Member
(Sub-Dean, Agric.)                     - Member
(Sub-Dean, Arts)                       - Member
Sub-Dean, Educ.)                       - Member
(Sub-Dean, Law)                        - Member
(Sub-Dean, Bas. Med. Sc.)              - Member
(Sub-Dean, Ald. Med. Sc.)              - Member
(Sub-Dean of Clinical Sciences)        - Member
(Sub-Dean, Sciences)                   - Member
(Sub-Dean, Soc. Sc.)                   - Member
(Sub-Dean, Mgt. Sc.)                   - Member
Registrar                              - Member
All Heads of Departments               - Memb
Dep. Registrar [Acad.]                 - Secretary




                                  49
10.     Student’s Welfare Board
        Dean, Student Affairs                           - Chairman
        Dr. (Mrs.) Eno P. Ebong                         - Member
        Dr. C. A. Ajibola                               - Member
        Mr. E. Archibong                                - Member
        Mr. Richard I. Ita                              - Member
        Mr. Okon Usani                                  - Member
        Mr. Kingsley Odey                               - Member
        Bldr. Alderton Ewa                              - Member
        Mr. Iwuala Kelechi                              - Member
        Mr. Okoi Arikpo Ettah                           - Member
        Mr. Nsimene Ekpo                                - Member
        Mr. Cyprian Ntui                                - Member
        Mr. Dele Olowojoba (Dep. Reg.)                  - Secretary
12.     Academic Planning Committee
        There is no existing one; the University has never had any. Instead, the Academic   Planning
Unit has an Accreditation Committee which consists of the following       members:
        DVC Academic                                     - Chairman
        Director of Academic Planning                    - Member
        All Deans of Faculties/Directors of Institutes   - Members
        Representatives from all Faculties               - Members
        The Secretary of the Committee is provided by the Registrar




                                                   50
16 a) Unical Printing Press Board
      Vice-Chancellor                                            Chairman
      Librarian                                                  Member
      Prof. D. O. Mbat                                           Member
      Prof. C. S. Okereke                                        Member
      Director CES                                               Member
      Bursar                                                     Member
      Barr. (Mrs.) Uba E. Eta                                    Secretary

b)     Unical Bookshop
       Leased to a private investor

c)     Motor Vehicle Loans
       Barr. E. B. Iniama*                                      - Sole Administrator

d)     Unical Sports Council
       Dr. Eta Edim Eta                                         - Chairman
       Dr. S. B. C. Iheanacho                                   - Vice-Chairman
       Dir. of Works                                            - Member
       Dir. of Hlth. Services                                   - Member
       Director, CES                                            - Member
       Dir. of Sports                                           - Member
       Bursar                                                   - Member
       Dr. Charles B. O’Neil                                    - Member
       DOS, SUG                                                 - Member
       Secretary to be nominated by Unical Director of Sports

e)     Library Committee
       Vice-Chancellor/Representative                           - Chairman
       University Librarian                                     - Member
       Representatives of various Faculties/Institutes          - Member
       Representative of Graduate School Students               - Member
       PAR (Development Division)                               - Secretary
       Terms of Reference
       To advise the University Librarian on the formulation of library policy and on the development of
              the library as a centre of learning and research.
       To provide information and feed-back to and from the faculties on practical ways to enhance the
              quality of library provision and service.
       To advise in the preparation of estimates, the allocation of funds and the planning of major
              additions to physical facilities and services.
       To advise on the making of regulations governing the use of the library.


f)     Graduate School Board
       Membership
       Dean, Graduate School                                           - Chairman
       Dean, Fac. of Agric.                                            - Member
       Provost, Coll. of Med. Science                                  - Member
       Dean, Fac. of Law                                               - Member
       Dean, Fac. of Basic Med. Science                                - Member
       Dean, Faculty of Science                                        - Member
       Dean, Faculty of Allied Med. Science                            - Member
       Dean, Faculty of Social Science                                 - Member
       Dean, Faculty of Mgt. Science                                   - Member
       Dean, Faculty of Education                                      - Member
       Dean, Faculty of Arts                                           - Member
       Dean, Fac. of Theology, CIWA)                                   - Member
                                                  51
Director, Institute of Education)          - Member
Director, Institute of Oceanography        - Member
Director, IPPA                             - Member
University Librarian                       - Member
Chair, Fac of Mgt Sc Grad Committee        - Member
Chair, Fac of Ald Med.Sc Grad Comt         - Member
Chair, Fac of Law Grad. Comt.              - Member
Chair, Fac of Sc. Grad. Comt.              - Member
Chair, Fac of Soc. Sc. Grad. Comt.         - Member
Chair, Fac of Arts Grad. Comt.             - Member
Chairman, Fac of Agric. Grad. Comt.        - Member
Rep. University Library                    - Member
Director, Acad. Planning                   - Member
Academic Sec., Graduate School             - Secretary




                                      52
                                     GENERAL INFORMATION

                        ACADEMIC ORGANISATION AND PROGRAMMES

        The University of Calabar offers the following academic programmes and confers
degrees/diplomas/ certificates in the respective Faculties, Institutes and the College of Medical Sciences:

Faculty of Agriculture
Departments
  Agric. Econs & Extension                      -        B.Sc., PGD, M.Sc., Ph.D
  Animal Science                                -        B.Sc., PGD, M.Sc., Ph.D
  Crop Science                                  -        B.Agric, PGD,M.Sc., Ph.D
  Forestry & Wildlife Resource Management       -        B.Agric, PGD, M.Sc., Ph.D
  Soil Science                                  -        B.Agric, PGD, M.Sc, Ph.D

Faculty of Allied Medical Sciences
Departments
  Medical Lab. Science                          -        B.M.L.S
  Environmental/Public Health Science           -        B.Sc, MPH, Ph.D
  Nursing                                       -        B.N.Sc., M.Sc, Ph.D
  Radiography                                   -        B.Sc, M.Sc., Ph.D

Faculty of Arts
Departments
  English & Literary Studies                    -        B.A., PGD, M.A., Ph.D
  History & International Studies               -        B.A., PGD, M.A., Ph.D
  Modern Lang. & Trans. Studies                 -        B.A., PGD, M.A., Ph.D
  Linguistics                                   -        B.A., PGD, M.A., Ph.D
  Religious & Cultural Studies                  -        B.A., PGD, M.A., Ph.D
  Philosophy                                    -        B.A., PGD, M.A., Ph.D
  Theatre & Media Arts                          -        B.A., PGD, M.A., Ph.D

Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences
Departments
  Anatomy                                       -        B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D
  Biochemistry                                  -        B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D
  Physiology                                    -        B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D
  Pharmacology                                  -        B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D

Faculty of Clinical Sciences
Departments
  Pathology                                     -        MB,BCh., Fel. Nat. PostGrad.
                                                         Collge, Fel. West African College,
                                                         Ph.D
   Chemical Pathology                           -        MB,BCh., Fel. Nat. PostGrad.
                                                         College, Fel. West African College,
                                                         Ph.D
   Community Medicine                           -        MB,BCh., Fel. Nat. PostGrad.
                                                         College, Fel. West African College
   Anaesthesiology                              -        D.A, MB,BCh., Fel. Nat.
                                                         PostGrad. College, Fel. West
                                                         African College
   Family Medicine                              -        MB,BCh., Fel. Nat. PostGrad.
                                                         College, Fel. West African College
   Paediatrics                                  -        MB,BCh., Fel. Nat. PostGrad.
                                                         College, Fel. West African College
   Haematology                                  -        MB,BCh., Fel. Nat. PostGrad.
                                                    53
                                                        College, Fel. West African College,
                                                        Ph.D
  Ophthalmology                                -        MB,BCh., Fel. Nat. PostGrad.
                                                        College, Fel. West African College
  Internal Medicine                            -        MB,BCh., Fel. Nat. PostGrad.
                                                        College, Fel. West African College
  Surgery                                      -        MB,BCh., Fel. Nat. PostGrad.
                                                        College, Fel. West African College
  Obst./Gynaecology                            -        MB,BCh., Fel. Nat. PostGrad.
                                                        College, Fel. West African College
  Psychiatry                                   -        MB,BCh., Fel. Nat. PostGrad.
                                                        College, Fel. West African College
  Radiology                                    -        MB,BCh., Fel. Nat. PostGrad.
                                                        College, Fel. West African College
  Med. Microbiology/Parasitology               -        MB,BCh., Fel. Nat. PostGrad.
                                                        College, Fel. West African College,
                                                        Ph.D
Faculty of Education
Departments
  Adult & Continuing Education                 -        Certificate, B.Ed., PGD, M.Ed.,
                                                        Ph.D
  Curriculum and Teaching                      -        B.A., B.Sc.(Ed), PGD, M.Ed.,
                                                        Ph.D
  Edu. Admin. and Planning                     -        B.Ed., PGD, M.Ed., Ph.D
  Edu. Foun., Guid & Counselling               -        B.Ed., PGDE., M.Ed., MLS, Ph.D
  Human kinetics & Health Education            -        B.Ed., PGDE., M.Ed., Ph.D
  Vocational and Special Education             -        B.Ed., PGD, M.Ed., Ph.D

Faculty of Law
  Jurisprudence & Int’l Law                    -        LL.B, LL.M, Ph.D
  Private Law                                  -        LL.B, LL.M, Ph.D

Faculty of Management Sciences
Departments
  Accounting                                   -        B.Sc., PGD, M.Sc., Ph.D
  Banking and Finance                          -        B.Sc., PGD, M.Sc., Ph.D
  Business Management                          -        B.Sc., PGD, M.Sc., Ph.D
  Marketing                                    -        B.Sc., PGD, M.Sc., Ph.D

Faculty of Science
Departments
  Botany                                       -        B.Sc., PGD, M.Sc., Ph.D
  Chemistry                                    -        B.Sc., PGD, M.Sc., Ph.D
  Genetics & Biotechnology                     -        B.Sc., PGD, M.Sc., Ph.D
  Geology                                      -        B.Sc., PGD, M.Sc., Ph.D
  Maths Stat. & Computer Sc.                   -        B.Sc., PGD, M.Sc., Ph.D
  Microbiology                                 -        B.Sc., PGD, M.Sc., Ph.D
  Physics                                      -        B.Sc., PGD, M.Sc., Ph.D
  Applied Geophysics
       (b)      Electronics & Computer Tech.
       (c)      Pure Physics
  Zoology & Env. Biology                       -        B.Sc., PGD, M.Sc., Ph.D

Faculty of Social Sciences
Departments
  Economics                                    -        B.Sc., PGD, M.Sc., Ph.D
  Geography & Environmental Science            -        B.Sc., PGD, M.Sc., Ph.D
                                                   54
   Political Science                            -        B.Sc., PGD, M.Sc., Ph.D
   Sociology                                    -        B.Sc., PGD, M.Sc., Ph.D
Institute of Education
Departments
   Education Technology                         -        Diploma
   Environmental Education                      -        Diploma
   Extension/Distance Learning                  -        Diploma

Institute of Oceanography
Departments
  Fisheries and Aquaculture                 -            PGD
Institute of Public Policy & Administration
Departments
  Local Government and Rural Development                 -       DPA,
  Personnel Mgt. & Labour Stud.             -                    Dip.
  Policy and Admin Studies                  -                    Dip.

                                 DEPARTMENTAL REQUIREMENTS

In addition to satisfying the minimum entry requirements of the University, prospective entrants are
expected to meet the following Departmental requirements:

A. FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE
   Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension
   i. The UME candidates are admitted into a five-year degree programme of the Department of
      Agricultural Economics and Extension. The UME entry requirements are credit passes in
      SSCE/GCE O-Level in five subjects (which should include, Chemistry, Mathematics, English
      Language, Biology or Agricultural Science and any other subject) in not more than two sittings. At
      least a pass in Physics is required. However, a candidate with a pass in English Language or
      Mathematics may be allowed by to remedy the deficiency and must pass it during the first year of
      study.

   ii. The Second mode of admission is through the remedial programme. Candidates who have
       successfully passed the University of Calabar Remedial Science Programme may also be admitted
       into first year of the degree programme. Direct Entry Students with requisite qualification are also
       admitted to do four years for the B.Agric. Programme.

   iii. Apart from the UME and Remedial programme, students may be admitted from other Departments
        in the Faculty in their final year. To be eligible for transfer into the Department of Agricultural
        Economics and Extension, candidates must satisfy the following requirements, as applicable:

   iv. Remedial candidates must have credit passes in Economics and mathematics;

   v. Candidates on inter-departmental transfer must have a minimum CGPA of 2.50 in addition to an
        average of a B-grade in Agricultural Economics and Extension courses;
   vi. Candidates on inter-faculty transfer must have a minimum of CGPA of 3.00 plus B-grades in
        Mathematics and Economics; and
   vii. Candidates transferring from other Universities must have an equivalent of Second Class Upper
        division at the time of the transfer.

   POST GRADUATE:
   i. Candidates who hold a First Degree either in Agriculture, Agricultural Economics, Economics or a
       related discipline with a good Second Class Honours Degree from the University of Calabar or any
       other University recognised by Senate may apply for admission
   ii. Candidates will be required to register for and pass a total of 30 credit hours of course work at the
       6000 level. Candidates will take a total of 18 credit units of compulsory courses and a total of 12
       credit units of electives from two of the given option areas namely:
                                                    55
          Agricultural Economic Development and Policy
          Farm Management/Production Economics
          Agricultural Marketing and Co-operatives
          Agricultural Finance and Business Management
          Resource Economics

Ph.D DEGREE
      a) Candidates for admission into the Ph.D programmes must hold a Masters Degree in
         Agricultural Economics or a related discipline.
      b) In addition to completing the course work for the Masters Degree in Agricultural
         Economics, the candidate shall complete 12 credit hours of course work at the 7000 level
         and pass with a minimum grade of B.
      c) Ph.D students in Agricultural Economics and Agricultural Extension must pass a
         comprehensive examination in Economic Theory, Quantitative Methods and one chosen
         option area.

Department of Animal Science
  a) Admission of students into the Department is through the Joint Matriculation Examination and
      Remedial Programme of the University of Calabar which is aimed at rectifying Student’s
      deficiencies before embarking on the full programme.
  b) To qualify for admission into degree course in Bachelor of Agriculture with specialization in
      Animal Sciences, the candidate must satisfy general requirements as outlined in the JAMB
      Brochure Guidelines for Admission for first degree courses in Nigerian Universities (obtainable
      from the Joint Admission Matriculation Board). The candidate must as well fulfill the Faculty
      and Departmental requirements prescribed below:
            i. Obtaining a score in Joint Matriculation Examination of not less than the Minimum
                Score required by the Department;
           ii. Possessing one of the following qualifications:
               West African School Certificate or NECO with passes at Credit Level in at least five
                 subjects including English Language,      Mathematics, Agriculture Science or
                 Biology, Chemistry and Physics,
               General Certificate of Education with passes at Ordinary Level in at least five
                 subjects including English Language, Mathematics, Agricultural Science or
                 Biology, Chemistry and Physics.
  c) The Department also admits candidates who have successfully remedied all their deficiencies.
      Remedial students are not allowed to matriculate until they have completely remedied their
      deficiencies. Candidates who fail to remedy such deficiencies after one session are required to
      withdraw from the University.
  d) Candidates seeking admission into the Post Graduate (PGD) or Master’s degree (M.Sc.)
      Programme in Animal Science should hold a First Degree in Agriculture, Agricultural
      Education, Biological Sciences, Biochemistry or any other related discipline with a minimum
      of a good Second Class Honours Degree of the University of Calabar or any other University
      recognised by Senate .

   Department of Crop Science
    (a) JME REQUIREMENT
        The JME candidates are admitted into the five-year degree programme. The JME entry
        requirements are credit passes in SSCE/GCE O/L/NECO in five subjects which should
        include English Language, Mathematics, Chemistry, Agricultural Science or Biology and
        Physics.
    (b) JAMB DIRECT ENTRY REQUIREMENT
        Two      ‘A’    level    passes    in   chemistry      and     one      of     Agricultural
        Science/Biology/Botany/Zoology, Mathematics, Physics, Geology, Geography and
        Economics. Candidates admitted through direct entry are exempted from the year one
        programme and thus their programme has a duration of four years starting from year two.
    (c) REMEDIAL ADMISSION


                                               56
     Candidates who have successfully passed the University of Calabar Remedial Science
     programme may also be admitted into the first year of the degree programme.

Department of Forestry and Wildlife Resources Management
a) JOINT ADMISSION MATRICULATION BOARD
   A Candidate may qualify for admission into the Department of Forestry and Wildlife
   Resources Management, by satisfying the following:
   i. Obtaining a score in Joint Matriculation Examination     of    not     less   than   the
       minimum score required by the Faculty;
   ii. Possessing one of the following qualifications:
        West African School Certificate with passes at Credit level in at least five subjects
          including English Language, Mathematics, Agricultural Science or Biology,
          Chemistry and Physics;
        General Certificate of Education with passes at ordinary level in at least       five
          subjects including English Language, Mathematics, Agricultural Science or Biology,
          Chemistry and Physics;
        Senior Secondary School Certificate with credits in at least five subjects including
          English language, Mathematics, Agricultural Science or Biology, Chemistry and
          Physics.

b) REMEDIAL PROGRAMME
   The Department of Forestry and Wildlife Resources Management runs a one-year Remedial
   Programme to enable candidates make up for their deficiencies. There are two categories of
   remedial admissions:
       Candidates who satisfy the requirements in Section (a) ii above i.e have five ‘O’ level
          credits and at least a minimum acceptable score in the Joint Matriculation
          Examination, but have a pass in English and Mathematics are allowed to remedy these
          subjects preparatory to being admitted into the Department.
       Candidates who did not satisfy the Joint Admission Examination requirements but
          have three credits at ‘O’ level GCE or Senior Secondary School Certificate, one of
          which must be a science subject, are admitted to the one year remedial course. In
          addition, the candidate would have attempted two other science subjects.

Department of Soil Science
 1) Admission of students into the Department of Soil Science in the Faculty of Agriculture is
      through the Joint Matriculation Examination, and the Remedial Programme of the
      University of Calabar which is aimed at rectifying student deficiencies before embarking
      on the full programme.
 2) To qualify for admission into the degree programme, a candidate must satisfy the general
      University requirements as outlined in the JAME Brochure Guidelines for admission to
      First Degree Courses in Nigerian Universities (obtainable from the Joint Admissions
      Matriculation Board). The candidate must also fulfill the Faculty and Departmental
      requirements prescribed below:
      a) DIRECT ENTRY: International students holding advanced ‘A’ Level GCE,
          London/Cambridge GCE, with passes in the three basic Sciences plus English
          Language can also be admitted into the Bachelor’s Degree Programme. Possession of a
          National Diploma in Agriculture (Upper Credit) or three passes at ‘A’ Level GCE in
          General Agriculture plus two basic science subjects including English Language
          qualifies one for a Direct Entry (DE) admission.

      b) JOINT ADMISSION MATRICULATION BOARD: A candidate may
          i. Qualify for admission into the Faculty of Agriculture and Department of Soil
              Science by satisfying the following:
              Obtain a score in the University Matriculation Examination (UME)
              of not less than minimum score required by the Faculty.
              Possessing one of the following qualifications:


                                          57
                          a.   West African School Certificate with passes at Credit Level in at least five
                               subjects including English Language, Mathematics, Agricultural Science
                               or Biology, Chemistry and Physics.
                          b.   General Certificate of Education (GCE) with passes at ordinary ‘O’ level
                               in at least five subjects including; English Language, Mathematics,
                               Agricultural Science or Biology, Chemistry and Physics.
                          c.   Senior Secondary School Certificate with credits in at least five subjects
                               including English Language, Mathematics, Agricultural Science or
                               Biology, Chemistry and Physics.

              c) GRADUATE ADMISSIONS:
                 Graduate (M.Sc and Ph.D) admissions are coordinated by the Graduate School of the
                 University of Calabar. But candidates must possess a good Bachelor’s degree or
                 Master’s Degree, as the case may be, in any of the Agric-based courses of the
                 University of Calabar or any other recognised University before being considered for
                 admission. At the time of considering the admission, suitable Supervisor(s) are given to
                 the candidate.

B.   FACULTY OF ALLIED MEDICAL SCIENCES
     Department of Medical Laboratory Science
     WAEC, GCE or Senior Secondary School Certificate with credit level passes in Physics,
     Mathematics, Chemistry, Biology and English at not more than 2 sittings together with a relevant
     pass in the Joint Matriculation Examination (JME). Pass in General Certificate of Education at
     Advanced Level in Chemistry, Physics, Biology (or Zoology).

     Department of Environmental Health Science
     Admission to the programme is open to graduates of the University of Calabar or other universities
     recognized by the Senate and applicants should hold at least a second class honours (upper
     Division, 21) degree (or its equivalent ) in the health sciences (including health education);
     adequate background in biomedical sciences, biological sciences; M.B..B.Ch and B.D.S. (Bachelor
     of Dental Surgery) DVM or their equivalents or sociology with adequate background in
     biomedical sciences. The department expects eligible applicants to attend a personal interview as
     part of the selection process.

     Department of Nursing
     (a) UME ENTRY
          Candidates must have an appropriate pass in the UME examination of the Joint Admission
          and Matriculation Board (JAMB). In addition, the candidate must hold the
          WASC/SSCE/GCE O/L or its equivalent with credits in at least 5 subjects (at not more than
          2 sittings) including English Language, Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics and Physics.

     (b)      DIRECT ENTRY
           i. Candidates must possess the Advanced level GCE or Higher School Certificate in at least 2
              science subjects, chosen from Biology/Zoology, Physics and Chemistry. In addition
              candidates must have credits in 5 other subjects in O’Level GCE/SSCE including
              Mathematics, Chemistry, Biology, Physics and English language.
           ii. Already trained nurses must possess the Registered Nurse certificate (RN) of the Nursing &
               Midwifery Council of Nigeria (N&MCN) and in addition hold the GCE/SSCE/WASC or
               its equivalent; with credits in at least 5 subjects (at not more than 2 sittings) including
               English Language and at least 2 science subjects chosen from Biology, Physics, Chemistry
               and Mathematics.
           iii. Direct entry candidates will be placed at the 200 level of study. The non-nursing qualified
               direct candidates will be expected to sit for at least 2   professional examinations like
               the UME candidates (that is, General Nursing and Midwifery or Psychiatric Nursing).
               Duration:
                UME - 5 years             Direct Entry     - 4 years


                                                   58
     Department of Radiography
     The minimum entry requirements for admission into the College of Medical Sciences are
     applicable. This includes five ‘O’ level (SSCE of GCE/WASC or NECO) credits in Physics,
     Chemistry, Biology, English Language and Mathematics, plus a pass in the Joint Admission
     Matriculation Examination, provided the cut-off point is made.

C.   FACULTY OF ARTS
     Department of English and Literary Studies
     JME candidates need to fulfill the regular University requirement of five credits at O’Level
     including English Language and English Literature. Direct Entry candidates must satisfy UME
     requirements and:
        Two ‘A’ Level passes to include Literature in English and one other Arts subject
            (excluding African Languages)
        NCE (merit) in English Literature and English Language
        Diploma in English Studies and Communication from the University of Calabar.
        Related Diploma from the Faculty of Arts.

     Department of History and International Studies
     Prospective degree candidates must satisfy both the general University entry requirements and the
     specific Faculty and Departmental requirements.
     (a)      Candidates for the four-year (8 semester) B.A. Programme, admitted through JAMB
              University Matriculation Examination, must possess O/Level, NECO or other equivalent
              Certificate with credit level passes in at least five subjects taken at not more than two
              sittings. The five subjects must include English Language and History or Government.
     (b)      Candidates for the Three-Year (6-semester) B.A. Programme, that is, Direct Entry (D.E)
              candidates, must possess one of the following:
        Diploma in History or in any other related discipline obtained from the University of
            Calabar or from any other institutions recognized by the University of Calabar with an
            overall pass of at least merit level.
        GCE. A/Level Certificate with a minimum of two subjects, including History or
            Government with at least a ‘D’ Grade pass in each subject.
        The National Certificate in Education (NCE) with merit level passes in at least two subjects
            that should include History or Government.
        In all cases, D.E. candidates must posses the University minimum entry requirements and
            the specific Faculty and Departmental entry requirement stated in (a) above.

     Department of Modern Languages and Translation Studies
     Admission requirements are in compliance prescribed by the Joint Admission & Matriculation
     Board as well as those of the Faculty of Arts and the University at Large.

     In Addition to the general entry requirements, a candidate for the 4-year programme (UME)
     should possess five (5) ‘O’ level credits in 5 subjects including English Language and one other
     Arts subject. Knowledge of French, Spanish or German is only an advantage, but not a
     requirement.

     For Direct Entry (3 year programme) a candidate is required to possess any of the following:
        5 ‘O’ Level credit passes in 5 subjects including English Language, plus 2 ‘A’ level passes
            in two subjects, one of which must be in French.
        4 ‘O’ Level credit passes in 4 subjects including English Language plus 3 ‘A’ level passes
            in 3 subjects one (1) of which must be in French.
        5 ‘O’ Level credit passes in 5 subjects including English language plus 2 merit or credit
            passes in NCE, one of which must be in French.
        5 ‘O’ Level credit passes in 5 subjects including English Language, plus Diploma in
            Language Studies at credit or merit level.


     Department of Linguistics
                                                59
       Requirements for the four-year programme are in accordance with those of JAMB as well as
       University and the Faculty of Arts– five credits including English Language and one other Arts
       subject. For Direct Entry, the candidates must, in addition to general entry requirements, possess
       any of the following:
       i. Two NCE subjects with at least a merit in Linguistics, any Nigerian or Foreign Language
           OR
      ii. University/College Diploma or Certificate in TEFL (Teaching of English as a Foreign
           Language).
     iii. University/College Diploma in Studies in a Nigerian Language

      Department of Religious Studies and Philosophy
      a) Regulations for the M.A. Degree in Religious Studies:
           Admission to the programme is open to candidates with a B.A. (Second Class Lower or
             above) in Religious Studies, Theology (or in related disciplines namely: Moral
             Philosophy, Church History and Canon Law etc) from the University of Calabar or other
             Universities recognized by .
           The duration of the M.A. programme is a minimum of two semester (one academic year)
             or a maximum of four semesters (two academic years). Part-time students may not take
             less than four semesters, and not more than six semesters to complete their degree.
      b) Admission into the Ph.D programme in Religious Studies is in accordance with the general
          university requirements for a higher degree in the University of Calabar. Candidates with
          M.A. or M.Phil Degrees from the University of        Calabar and other recognised Universities
          may be considered for admission.

      Department of Theatre & Media Arts
      a) To obtain a B.A. Honours in Theatre Arts and Media Studies, the student admitted by
             University Matriculation Examination (U.M.E.) of the Joint Admissions and Matriculation
             Board (JAMB) goes into the Four-year Programme.
      b) To obtain a B.A. Honours in Theatre Arts and Media Studies, the student admitted by Direct
             Entry through J.A.M.B. also, effectively joins at Year II of the Four-Year Programme, which
             point is regarded as his Year-I. The background and entry qualifications of the D.E.
             candidates differ according to their previous qualifications:
           i. Any other two-year Diploma in Theatre or other related studies from an
                approved/recognized post-secondary or equivalent institution within or outside Nigeria, at
                least at Merit level.
          ii. Other related (i.e cognate) studies equivalent to the D.T.A. may include Diploma in
                Journalism, Radio and TV Studies, Textile and Design Studies, or Musical Studies.
        iii. A GCE A/L Certificate with a minimum of three subjects, including English Literature
                with at least a ‘D’ Grade pass.
         iv. The National Certificate in Education (N.C.E.) in Three major subjects, including
                Literature-in-English at least at Merit level pass.
          v. The I.J.M.B. Certificate in Three relevant subjects including Literature in English with at
                least ‘D’ grade pass.
         vi. A Two-year OND in Mass Communication from an approved/recognized University or
                Polytechnic with at least a       2.75GPA at Merit Level.
        vii. In all cases above, candidate must possess five credit level passes in English Language and
                Literature-in-English and any other three           relevant and approved subjects in the
                G.C.E. O/L, NECO, (WA) SSCE or equivalent examination, but obtained at not more than
                two sittings.

D.    FACULTY OF BASIC MEDICAL SCIENCES
      Department of Anatomy
      B.Sc. Programme: Entry qualification for the B.Sc. Course in Anatomy is WASC or its equivalent
      with credits in: Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics and English Language. The
      qualifications should be obtained in not more than two sittings.
      M.Sc. Programme: The programme is open to candidates with Bachelors degree with first or
              second class honours in Anatomy of the University of Calabar or any other degree deemed
                                                  60
            equivalent by the University of Calabar, candidates with qualifications in medicine and
            surgery (MBBCH), Dentistry (B.Ds) or Veterinary Medicine (DVM) are also eligible.
     Ph.D Programme: Has been in place since the 2004/2005 Academic Session.


     Department of Biochemistry
     The UME entry requirements for the B.Sc. (Hons) degree programme in biochemistry are five
     credits at ordinary level SSCE or School Certificate (SC)/GCE which should include credit passes
     in the following subjects: Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics, English Language obtained
     at not more than two sittings. The course shall last for four years.

     Department of Physiology
     ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS FOR MBBCh: Candidates for the six year MBBCh Programme
     of the College of Medical Sciences must have credits in English Language, Physics, Chemistry,
     Biology, Mathematics and any one other subject at WASC Examination or its equivalent. In
     addition, the candidate must take and pass the competitive national J.M.E. for entry into Nigerian
     Universities as well as the aptitude test conducted by the University.
             Also, candidates may be admitted into the second year of the six-year programme who
     hold GCE A/L Certificate or its equivalent in Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Zoology, Botany, or
     holders of a minimum of Second Class (Hons) in one of the following subjects: Physics,
     Chemistry, Biology, Zoology, Botany, Biochemistry, Physiology, Anatomy or Microbiology or
     Holders of DVM.

     ADMISSION REQUIREMENT FOR B.Sc. (HONS) PHYSIOLOGY: The entry qualifications for
     the four-year B.Sc. degree programme are as follows:
             West African School Certificate or an equivalent qualification with credits in the
     following subjects: English Language, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology and one other
     subject. The candidate must also take and pass the competitive national J.M.E. for entry into
     Nigerian Universities and the university aptitude test.

     ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS FOR POSTGRADUATE DIPLOMA IN PHYSIOLOGY: In
     addition to having ‘O’ Level requirement for admission into University of Calabar, the candidates
     for admission into Post graduate-diploma in Physiology must have any of the following
     qualifications:
     (a)     NIST Final Certificate or equivalent in Physiology/Pharmacology (at credit level or above)
     (b)     B.Sc. 2nd Class Hons. Degree in any related science discipline (e.g. Biology).
     (c)     Pass degree, 3rd class Hons. Degree or Second Class Hons. Lower division in Physiology
             with a low GPA.

     ADMISSION REQUIREMENT FOR M.Sc. PROGRAMME IN PHYSIOLOGY: Admission into
     the programme is open to graduates of the University of Calabar or other Universities recognised
     by who hold at least a second class honours degree in physiology or related discipline. It is also
     open to holders of M.B.B.Ch., DVM or BVM or a pass at credit level in Postgraduate Diploma in
     Physiology.

     ADMISSION REQUIREMENT FOR Ph.D PGROGRAMME IN PHYSIOLOGY:
     The programme is open to any candidate who has the following qualifications:
     i.     Master’s degree in Physiology with a minimum of 3.0 grade point average.
     ii.    Outstanding performance during the M.Sc. Physiology programme. Such a candidate may
            be allowed to advance from M.Sc. to Ph.D. on the recommendation of the Departmental
            and Graduate Committees to the Graduate School Board and after approval by the of the
            University.

     Department of Pharmacology
     Not avilable

E.   FACULTY OF CLINICAL SCIENCES
                                                61
Department of Pathology
Not available

Department of Chemical Pathology
a) UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMME: The minimum entry requirements for the BMLS
    degree programme are:
     i) The West African School Certificate or its equivalent (GCE ‘O’ Level) with credit
         passes in English Language, Mathematics, Chemistry, Physics, Biology and any one
         other subject.
     ii) A Candidate with the Part IV Professional IMLT diploma may be considered for
         admission, provided such candidate in addition possesses and shows evidence of general
         education by satisfying the pre-requisite for the 4-year Programme as in paragraph (1) or
         any other qualifications acceptable to the University.

(b)     3 YEAR PROGRAMME: As in (a) (i) above
        and in addition, Advanced level passes in Physics, Chemistry and Biology (or Zoology) or
        equivalent qualification. Preference will be given to candidates with good grades and who
        passes three subjects (‘A’ Level GCE) in one sitting.

(c)     POST GRADUATE: See post graduate handbook

Department of Community Medicine
Not available

Department of Anaesthesiology
Not available

Department of Family Medicine
Not available

Department of Paediatrics
Does not offer degree courses, but plays a major role in servicing and training of students   within
the Faculty of Clinical Sciences

Department of Haematology
Not available

Department of Ophthalmology
Not available

Department of Medicine
The Department accepts students who have successfully undergone the pre-clinical years and
passed Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry at the 2nd MB Examination. During their
remaining 3 years, they rotate through the Department 4 times (M1, M2, M3, M4) The first 2
postings, M1 and M2, last 15 weeks. During this period, emphasis is on history taking and physical
examination during clinical bedside teaching. There are also 2 hours per week structured
classroom lectures that go on simultaneously. This is the Clinical Year 1 of the 4 – year Medical
School Programme.

In the 2nd Clinical Year (5/6), Phase II, the third Medical posting exposes the students to
undergraduate psychiatry, and they rotate through the Infectious Diseases Hospital. They also get
more grounding in Clinical medicine by way of further bedside teaching and regular
seminars/tutorials.
In the final year (6/6),Phase III, students consolidate all they have acquired in the curriculum by
further tutorials, seminars and review lectures in Clinical Medicine and Therapeutics.



                                            62
     The curriculum has undergone a major revision with a view to increasing its relevance to national
     and international needs. The average total number of students per class is 150
     POSTGRADUATE TRAINING: The Department in collaboration offers this with National and
     West African Postgraduate Medical Colleges. There are at present 30 resident doctors at various
     stages of the postgraduate programme. Over the last five years, the Department has successfully
     trained 7 Consultants, and most have joined the staff.

     Department of Surgery
     Students are admitted into a six-year programme of studies in Surgery and Medicine, leading to
     the award of the MB, BCH degree. To qualify for admission, students must obtain a pass at Credit
     Level in five subjects including Chemistry, Biology, English Language, Physics and Mathematics.
     A good pass at the JAMB is also mandatory for admission. Students who are already graduates in
     any of the Sciences or who hold A-Level passes in Biology, Chemistry and Physics are also
     usually considered for direct admission into the degree course in medicine and Surgery. There is
     no admission through the remedial programme in any Faculty of the College of Medical Sciences.

     Department of Obstetrics/Gynaecology
     Not available

     Department of Psychiatry
     Not available

     Department of Radiology
     Not available

     Department of Medical Microbiology/Parasitology
     Does not offer degree courses, but plays major role in servicing and training of   students   within
     the Faculty of Clinical Sciences


F.   FACULTY OF EDUCATION
     Department of Adult and Continuing Education
     (a) ENTRY THROUGH UME: Candidates seeking admission through this route need 5 Credits
          obtained from the Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination including English at not
          more than two sittings or its equivalent in relevant subject areas in addition to an acceptable
          pass in the University Matriculation Examination (UME).
     (b) DIRECT ENTRY: Candidates holding the following qualifications are eligible to apply
          through direct entry.
             Merit in relevant Diploma in Education
             Merit in two subjects taken at N.C.E. level.
             Terminal Examinations in International Baccalaureate from a recognized institution
             Higher Secondary School certificate credits or equivalent in three subjects.
     (c) ENGLISH LANGUAGE REQUIREMENT: In all cases, whether by Direct Entry or UME, a
          credit in English Language at the Senior Secondary School Certificate or General Certificate
          Examination or its equivalent is required.

     Department of Curriculum and Teaching
     WASC/GCE(O/L) with passes at credit level in at least five subjects obtained at not more than two
     sittings. Teachers Grade II certificate with passes at credit/merit levels in at least five subjects
     including English Language and a subject in the relevant area and at least a pass in Mathematics (4
     years programme).

     N.C.E. holders must have passes in two relevant subjects at credit or merit level in addition to
     ‘O’Level passes at credit level in three other relevant subjects. At least a pass in Mathematics at
     O’Level is also required (3-year post NCE)

     Department of Educational Administration and Planning
                                                 63
(a)   NCE with an overall pass at Merit level or above provided the candidate also has at least
      three credits in GCE or its equivalent and a pass in Mathematics.
(b)   Diploma in Education or in any other area provided the candidate also has at least three
      credits at ‘O’Level including credit in English and pass in Mathematics at
      GCE/WAEC/NECO.
(c)   Teachers Grade II certificate with a minimum of five passes at merit level including English
      language and at least a pass in Mathematics.
(d)   General Certificate of Education or its equivalent with at least five credits in two sittings
      including credit in English and at least a pass in Mathematics, holders of NCE/Diploma will
      spend three academic years while all others will spend four academic years full time or four
      and five years respectively if part-time.

Department of Educational Foundations, Guidance and Counselling
(a)   UME FOUR-YEAR DEGREE PROGRAMME: Candidate must satisfy the general
      admission requirement for undergraduate studies. That is candidate must obtain at least
      five O’ Level credits of Teachers’ Grade II certificate merits or better including English
      Language credit A third sitting is allowed for the satisfaction of English Language credit.

        A candidate is required to obtain an ‘O’Level credit pass or an approved equivalent in the
        area he chooses to read as his/her teaching subject. A candidate who chooses any area of
        science, Agriculture or Economics as a teaching subject must obtain O’ Level Credit or
        Teachers’ Grade II Merit pass in Mathematics.

(b)     THREE YEAR DIRECT ENTRY PROGRAMME: Candidate must satisfy the general
        admission requirement for undergraduate studies in addition obtaining one of the
        following.
        i.   At least two ‘A’ Level papers in addition to three other ‘O’ Level credits of Teacher
             Grade II merit including credits in English Language obtained in not more than one
             sitting. A second sitting is allowed for the satisfaction of the English Language
             requirement. At least a pass in ‘O’ Level Mathematics is required for candidates with
             Arts or Social Science teaching subjects, while those with Science teaching subjects
             must have atleast an ‘O’ Level credit pass in Mathematics.
        ii. A recognised Diploma with a minimum of Merit or better, including English
             Language obtained in one sitting. A second sitting is allowed for the satisfaction of
             the English Language requirement. At least a pass in ‘O’ Level Mathematics is
             required for candidates with Arts or Social Science teaching subjects, while those
             with Science teaching subjects must have at least an ‘O’ Level credit Pass in
             Mathematics.
        iii. NCE with at least an ‘O’ merit pass in one of the major subjects in addition to at least
             four other ‘O’ Level credits or teachers’ Grade II merits obtained at not more than
             one sitting. At least a pass in ‘O’ Level Mathematics is required for candidates with
             Arts or Social Science teaching subjects, while those with Science teaching subjects
             must have at least an ‘O’ Level Credit Pass in Mathematics.
        iv. NCE with at least two merit passes in two major subjects in addition to at least three
             other ‘O’ Level credits, or teachers’ Grade II merits obtained at more than one sitting.
             At least a pass in ‘O’ Level Mathematics is required for candidates with Arts or
             Social Science teaching subjects, while those with Science teaching subjects must
             have at least ‘O’ Level Credit pass in Mathematics.
        v. NCE with at least ‘O’ Level merit passes in three major subjects in addition to at
             least two other ‘O’ Level credits or Teachers’ Grade II merits obtained at not more
             than one sitting. At least a pass in ‘O’ Level Mathematics is required for candidates
             with Arts or Social Science teaching subjects, while those with Science teaching
             subjects must have at least an ‘O’ Level credit pass in Mathematics.

Department of Vocational & Special Education
(a)   A credit in English Language and a Pass in Mathematics at the SSCE (Secondary School
      equivalent) are required for Special Education in addition to an acceptable pass in Joint
                                            64
             Matriculation Examination are qualifications for admission into the four (4) year degree
             programme into any of the Universities.
     (b)     DIRECT ENTRY – Any of the following qualifications for admission:
             i.   A pass at merit (lower credit) level in a relevant Diploma programme. A credit in
                  English Language is required.
             ii. Two (2) passes in relevant subject areas at Advanced Level with SC/GCE ‘O’Level
                  credit passes in three other subjects at not more than two (2) sitting OR
             iii. Three (3) passes in relevant areas in the NCE with GCE ‘O’Level credit passes in
                  two other subjects in not more than two (2) sittings.
             iv. Passes in two (2) major subjects in relevant areas in the NCE with GCE ‘O’Level
                  credit or its equivalent in three (3) other subjects for those taking courses in
                  Education. A pass in General English at the NCE level is acceptable in place of GCE
                  ‘O’Level/SSCE.
             v. Two passes at the IJMB (Interim Joint Matriculation Examination) or Cambridge
                  Moderated Schools Basic Studies Terminal Examinations in International
                  Baccalaureate from a recognised institution with school certificate credits or the
                  equivalent in three other subjects (subject to University requirements).
             vi. Three passes in (v) above with a school certificate credit or its equivalent in two other
                  subjects. The qualification in (iv) above should apply to students in colleges of
                  Education to qualify for admission into the B.Ed. Degree programme.
             vii. English Language and Mathematics required: In all cases, whether by Direct Entry or
                  JAMB, a credit in English Language and a pass in Mathematics at the senior or
                  school certificate/secondary equivalent are required for Vocational and Special
                  Education.

G.   FACULTY OF LAW
     There are two modes of entry into the Faculty, i.e. the Joint Matriculation Entry mode and the
     Direct Entry Mode.
     (a) JOINT MATRICULATION ENTRY MODE: A candidate for admission into the Faculty of
           law must posses at least S.S.S. Certificate or G.C.E. O/Level with credit passes in at least
           five (5) subjects, including English Language and English Literature obtained at not more
           than two sittings. Such a candidate must also have an acceptable pass in the JME.
     (b) DIRECT ENTRY MODE: A candidate for admission into the Faculty of Law must possess:
           i.   A first degree certificate from the Faculty of Arts or Social or Management Sciences, or
                other acceptable first degree certificate or their equivalent.
           ii. Three (3) papers at principal or advanced level in the Higher School Certificate or
                G.C.E. together with credits in English Language and English Literature in the S.S.S.
                Certificate Examination or G.C.E. O/Level or their equivalent; or
           iii. Two (2) papers at Principal or Advanced Level Higher School Certificate or G.C.E.
                plus credit in three (3) other papers, including English Language and English Literature
                in the S.S.S. Certificate Examination or G.C.E. O/Level or other equivalent.

H.   FACULTY OF MANAGEMENT SCIENCES
     Department of Accounting
      a) The basic admission requirements for UME candidates are Five Credit Passes including
          English Language, Mathematics and Economics in Senior Secondary School Certificate
          Examination (SSCE) or its equivalent in not more than two sittings. The UME candidates
          are admitted to pursue a four - year B.Sc. Programme in Accounting with a maximum of six
          years in the consultancy degree programme students have minimum of five years and a
          maximum of seven and a half years.

      b)   The Direct Entry candidates should, in addition to meeting the basic admission requirements
           stated above, possess an Upper credit in the Ordinary National Diploma     (OND)         in
           Accounting, University of Calabar Diploma in Business Administration       (DBA),      with
           3.50 or any other equivalent qualification that may be accepted by the Department. The
           candidates will pursue a three year degree programme in Accounting. The Direct Entry


                                                 65
          Consultancy students have a minimum of four years and a maximum of six years to spend
          on the programme.

     Department of Banking and Finance
     (a)   The basic admission requirements for UME candidates are Five Credit Passes including
           English Language, Mathematics and Economics in the Senior Secondary School
           Certificate Examination (SSCE) or its equivalent in not more than two sittings. The UME
           candidates shall pursue four year B.Sc. Programmes in Banking and Finance.
     (b)   The Direct Entry candidates should, in addition to meeting the basic admission
           requirements stated above, also possess an Ordinary National Diploma (OND) in Banking
           and Finance, University of Calabar Diploma in Business Administration; IJMB; or any
           other equivalent qualification that may be accepted by the Department. The candidates
           will pursue a three-year degree Programme in Banking and Finance.

     Department of Business Management
     The Department offers a Bachelor of Science degree in Business Management to two sets of
     students for both regular and evening degree programme(s);
     (a) FOUR (4) YEAR UME OR FIVE (5)-YEAR EVENING PROGRAMME: Candidates for
           either the four (4)-year UME regular or the five (5)-year evening programmes must have
           obtained five (5) credit passes including English Language, Mathematics and Economics in
           the Senior Secondary Certificate Examination (SSCE) or its equivalent obtained at not more
           than two (2) sittings. The Four (4)-year regular candidates are admitted through the Joint
           Matriculation Examination (UME) while those for five-year evening programmes come
           through the Internal Competitive Examination.
     (b) THREE (3) YEAR REGULAR OR FOUR (4)-YEAR EVENING DIRECT ENTRY
           PROGRAMME: Candidates for the three (3)-year regular or four (4)-year evening Direct
           Entry Programmes must in addition to meeting the requirements stated above also posses the
           University of Calabar Diploma in Business Administration at merit level and above; OR
           National or Ordinary Diploma (ND or OND) in the relevant field at upper credit level and
           above from a recognised institution. Candidates with the Higher National Diploma (HND)
           and a lower credit in the relevant field, and equally those holding a University degree may
           also apply. Academic transcripts are required in all cases for the Direct Entry Admission.
     N/B:The Department does not accept IJMB or ‘A’ Level Papers or NCE for Direct Entry
     Admission.

     Department of Marketing
     (a) The Bachelor of Science Degree in Marketing either as a four (4)-year UME or a Five (5)-
          year UME Evening Programme is available.            Candidates for the 4-year regular or the
          five (5)-year evening programme must obtain five (5) credit passes including English
          Language, Mathematics and Economics in Senior Secondary Certificate Examination
          (SSCE) or its equivalent obtained at not more than two (2) sittings.
     (b) THREE (3) REGULAR OR FOUR (4) YEAR EVENING DIRECT ENTRY
          PROGRAMME: Candidates for the three (3)-year Regular or four (4)-year evening
          Programme must in addition to meeting the requirements stated above possess the
          University of Calabar Diploma in Business Administration at merit level or above, or the
          National Ordinary Diploma (ND or OND) in the relevant field at Upper Credit Level or
          above, from recognised institutions. Candidates with the Higher National Diploma (HND)
          and a Lower Credit in the relevant field, and equally those holding a University Degree may
          also apply. Academic Transcripts must be produced in all cases for the Direct Entry
          Admission.
     N/B: The Department does not accept IJMB or ‘A’ Level papers or NCE forDirect Entry
     Admission.

I.   FACULTY OF SCIENCE
     Department of Botany



                                                66
The department offers a 4-year B.Sc. Degree Programme to students admitted through the
University Matriculation Examination (UME) or through Post-Remedial Science placement, and a
3-year B.Sc. Programme to Direct Entry students.
(a) THE 4-YEAR PROGRAMME: The basic requirements for the 4-year degree programme
      are a pass at credit level in the following subjects: English Language, Mathematics, Biology,
      Chemistry and Physics.
(b) THE 3-YEAR PROGRAMME: The Direct Entry candidates must in addition to meeting the
      basic entry requirements stated, also possess A-levels in three subjects Biology, Physics and
      Chemistry. For the Post Pre-Degree placement, the candidates must have successfully
      remedied (passed with the acceptable grade) the deficiencies through the Pre-Degree
      Programme of the University to qualify for enrolment in the Department.

Department of Chemistry
(a) There are three modes of admission into the undergraduate degree programme of the
     department. A candidate can enter into the three-year degree programme by Direct Entry.
     The minimum direct entry requirements are passes in at least two of the following subjects
     at advanced level or the equivalent: Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics plus SSCE/GCE
     O/L pass at credit level in Chemistry, English Language, Mathematics and any other two
     Science Subjects.
(b) The JME candidates are admitted into the four-year degree programme. The JME entry
     requirements are passes in SSCE/GCE O/L in five subjects at credit level which should
     include Chemistry, English Language, Mathematics, Physics and Biology. However, a
     candidate with a pass in English Language or Mathematics (but not in both of them) may be
     admitted and allowed to remedy the deficiency during the first year of study.
(c) The third mode of admission is through the Remedial Programme. Candidates who have
     successfully gone through the University of Calabar Pre-Degree Programme may also be
     admitted into the Department.

Department of Genetics and Biotechnology
(a) For the Four-year Degree Programme in Genetics and Biotechnology, candidates must past
     at credit level in the School Certificate Examination or its approved equivalent in 5 subjects
     namely English, Biology, Chemistry, Elementary Mathematics and Physics, or six credits
     with one pass which must be remedied internally in the first year.
(b) For the three-year degree programme, passes at ‘A’ level MME/GCE in Botany/Zoology,
     Biology and Chemistry are required (for NCE merit and above). A credit level pass in
     Physics or Mathematics is also required at ‘O’ level.
(c) Students from other departments in the University wishing to transfer to the Department of
     Genetics and Biotechnology must have a CGPA of at least 2.70

Department of Geology
(a) DIRECT ENTRY REQURIEMENTS: Direct Entry, Advanced Level GCE passes or
      equivalent in any two of the following: Geography, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and
      Geology, Botany or Zoology, Ordinary level credits in Mathematics and any other two
      science subjects.
(b) THE JME ENTRY REQUIREMENTS: Are five credits at ordinary level SSS3/GCE which
      should include: Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics. Candidates with a pass in
      English Language but with six credits may be considered for admission. University of
      Calabar Post Pre-Degree Candidates who satisfy the JME entry requirements are also
      eligible.
The Department runs a 4-year degree programme for admissions through JME and a 3-year degree
programme for Direct Entry admissions.

Department of Mathematics/Statistics and Computer Science
(a) UME CANDIDATES: In addition to the general entry requirements approved for admission
    to Nigerian Universities, candidates must have passed SSCE/GCE ‘O’ Level or its equivalent
    at Credit level in Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry or Biology in addition to an acceptable
    pass in UME. A credit in Further Mathematics will be an advantage.
                                            67
(b) POST PRE-DEGREE CANDIDATES: Students who have successfully completed the
    University’s one year Pre-Degree Science Programme are qualified to be admitted into the
    B.Sc. degree programme in Mathematics/Statistics or Computer Science. In particular,
    qualified Post Pre-Degree Candidates must have:
       i. Passed all the five (5) subjects: Mathematics, English Language, Biology, Chemistry
            and Physics, which they registered for in the Pre-Degree Year.
       ii. Obtained a minimum grade of ‘C’ in the ‘O’ Level course(s) not passed at credit level
            in the SSCE/GCE O/L.
       iii. Scored a minimum of 15 points
(c) DIRECT ENTRY CANDIDATES: Direct Entry candidates must have:
       i. Two A/Level papers in science subjects including Mathematics.
       ii. NCE with at least a merit in Mathematics and one other science subject.
       iii. Diploma in Computer Science or Diploma in Statistics with Computer Application
            from University of Calabar or any other recognised University.
       iv. OND/HND with a merit pass in any of the following: Computer Science, Engineering,
            Mathematics/Statistics. All Direct Entry candidates must satisfy the requirement in (a)
            above.

Department of Microbiology
(a) The basic entry requirements are SSCE/GCE passes at credit level in the following: English
    Language, Mathematics, Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and any other subject
(b) Direct Entry students should in addition to meeting the basic admission requirements stated
    above, also possess ‘A’ level passes in 3 of the above listed science courses.

Department of Physics
(a) Applied Geophysics
      There are three modes of admission into the undergraduate programme in Applied
      Geophysics.
           A Three Year-Programme by Direct Entry: The minimum entry requirements for
            Direct Entry are passes in A-Level or the equivalent in Physics and either Chemistry
            or Mathematics, plus WASCE/SSCE/GCE ‘O’ Level/NECO passes at Credit level
            in Physics, English Language, Mathematics and any other two science subjects.
           JME candidates are admitted into a four-year degree programme. The minimum
            entry requirements for JME candidates include Credit Level passes in
            WASCE/SSCE/GCE ‘O’ Level/NECO in five subjects which should include
            Physics, English Language, Mathematics, Biology/Chemistry. Candidates with a
            pass (P7) in English Language may be allowed to remedy the deficiency during the
            first year of study by taking and passing it in the UNICAL Pre-Degree English
            examination. However, such candidates must have six credits in at most two sittings.
           The third mode of admission is through successful completion of the University of
            Calabar Pre-Degree Programme, with at least a ‘C’ grade in Physics and
            Mathematics.

(b)   Electronics & Computer Technology
      There are three modes of admission into the Undergraduate Degree Programme of
      Electronic and Computer Technology.
        i. A four-year programme by Direct Entry. The minimum entry requirements for Direct
            Entry are passes in the A-Level or its equivalent in Physics or either Chemisry or
            Mathematics, plus SSCE/GCE O/L passes at Credit level in Physics, English
            Language, Mathematics and two science subjects.
        ii. JME candidates are admitted into a five-year Degree programme. Admission
            requirements include Credit level passes in SSCE/GCE O/L in five subjects which
            include Physics, English Language, Mathematics, Biology/Chemistry. Candidates
            with pass in English Language may be allowed to remedy the deficiency during the
            first year of study by taking and passing the Pre-Degree English examination. Such
            candidates must have six Credits in at most two sittings.


                                            68
            iii. The third mode of admission is through successful completion of the Pre-Degree
                 Programme of the University of Calabar.

     (c)    Pure Physics
            There are three modes of admission into the three undergraduate degree programme of
            Pure Physics.
            i.   A three-year programme for Direct Entry. The minimum entry requirements are
                 passes in A level or its equivalent in Physics and either Chemistry or Maths plus
                 WASCE/GCE ‘O’ Level/NECO passes at credit level in Physics, English Language,
                 Maths and two science subjects.
            ii. A four-year programme in which students are admitted into a four-year Degree
                 programme. Admission requirements include Credit level passes in Maths,
                 Biology/Chemistry. Candidates with pass (P.7) in English Language, may be allowed
                 to Remedy the deficiency during the first year of study by taking the UNICAL Pre-
                 Degree English examination. Such candidates must have six credits in at least two
                 sittings.
            iii. A four-year programme by UNICAL Pre-Degree science programme. This mode of
                 admission is through successful completion of the Unical Pre-Degree Science
                 programme with at least a C grade in Physics and Maths.

     Department of Zoology and Environmental Biology
     (a)   For a 4-year degree programme, candidates for the degree of B.Sc. (Zoology and
           Environmental Biology) must pass, at credit level, the School Certificate Examination or
           its equivalent in 5 subjects including Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics and English.
           Admission is also based on an acceptable pass in the University Matriculation
           Examination (UME) and the University of Calabar Aptitute Test.
     (b)   For the 3-year degree programme, passes at ‘A’ Level UME/CGS/NCE in Botany or
           Zoology or Biology and Chemistry (for NCE, merit and above) are required. ‘O’ Level
           credits/NCE (or equivalent) in Physics or Mathematics (see also JAMB Brochure). From
           1999/2000 session, entry requirement became credit passes in Science and Mathematics
           plus English in SSS Final Examination or at the School Certificate (SC), General
           Certificate of Education, Ordinary level and any other subject as may be required by the
           Faculty.

     Marine Biology Programme
     (a)    FOUR YEAR PROGRAMME: To qualify for admission into the 4-year programme, all
            candidates must posses at least 5 credits in SSCE/GCE (O/L) at not more than two
            sittings. Credit passes are required in English and Mathematics and in the core science
            subjects: Chemistry, Physics, Biology depending on eventual area of specialization.
            Candidates with P7 in English Language, but who have a total of six credits including the
            above science subjects will be considered for admission. Final selection for admission
            into Year One of the 4-year programme shall be through a competitive qualifying
            examination administered by the University.
     (b)    DIRECT ENTRY (3-YEAR PROGRAMME): Candidates for direct entry shall be
            required to satisfy the minimum University requirements for admission into degree
            programmes in addition to the following conditions:
                i. Hold Bachelors degree in relevant science (Biology, Chemistry, Physics,
                     Mathematics and Environmental Protection and Resource Management [EPM])
                     from the University of Calabar or from any other recognised institution.
                ii. Hold a Diploma of the Institute of Oceanography or of any other recognized
                     institutions in the relevant disciplines. Minimum GPA for admission shall be 2.75
                     on a 4-point scale or 3.30 on a 5-point scale.
                iii. Possess the HSC/GCE (A/L) with passes in three science subjects at the required
                     grades.
                iv. Posses HND in the relevant science disciplines.

J.   FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES
                                                69
Department of Economics
A candidate may enter the NUC degree programme either through the University Matriculation
Examinations (UME) or by Direct Entry. While the UME candidates spend four (4) years on the
programme, the Direct Entry candidates spend three (3) years.
    a. To be admitted into the four (4)-year UME programme, an applicant would have satisfied
       the following conditions in addition to the general entry requirements approved for
       admission into Nigerian Universities: Credit passes in five (5) subjects including English
       Language, Mathematics, Economics and a pass in a science subject in SSCE or
       WAEC/GCE Ordinary Level or its equivalent obtained at not more than two (2) sittings.
    b. Applicants who seek admission to pursue a degree under the three (3)-year
            i. Direct Entry programme must in addition to meeting the requirements stated
               above also possess the University of Calabar Diploma in Applied Economics at
               credit level or above, or must have passed the GCE or the Higher School
               Certificate Examination or its equivalent at the Advanced Level. Candidates with
               a Higher National Diploma (HND) in the relevant field, and those with a
               University degree may also apply.
           ii. N/B: The Department does not accept IJMB for Direct Entry admissions

Department of Geography and Regional Planning
   1) 4 – YEAR PROGRAMME: Candidates must have a credit in Geography and at least a
      pass in Mathematics at the senior secondary certificate level in addition to the university
      entry requirements of five credits, including a credit in English Language.
   2) DIRECT ENTRY: 3 – YEAR PROGRAMME: In addition to the general university entry
      requirements for candidates, direct entry applicants who seek admission to pursue a degree
      in geography and environmental science under the 3 – year programme must have passed
      the general certificate of education or the higher school certificate examination or its
      equivalent subject at the advanced level.

Department of Political Science
B.Sc Political Science
  (a) DIRECT ENTRY:
        Two GCE Advanced Level papers in Government and any one of the following:
             Economics, Geography and Mathematics.
        At least a pass in Mathematics (‘O’ Level)
        Three GCE (O’Level) or SSCE Credits including English Language.

 (b)   ENTRY THROUGH UME:
        Must have taken Government and at least one other Social Science subject
          (Economics, Geography, Psychology and Sociology)
        Five credits including English Language, Government and one other social science
          subject, i.e Economics, Geography, Psychology and Sociology.
        At least a pass in Mathematics

Bachelor in Public Administration
   a) THE FIVE-YEAR PROGRAMME: 5 credit passes in SSCE/GCE O Level, NECO
       including English Language with at least, a pass (P7) in Mathematics    in not more than
       two sittings.
   b) THE FOUR-YEAR PROGRAMME: 5 credit passes in SSCE/GCE ‘O’
       Level, NECO including English Language with at least, a pass in Mathematics in not more
       than two sittings. Posses a Diploma from a recognised institution in any of these relevant
       fields: Public Administration, Personnel Management, Applied Economics, Political
       Science, Social Works, Business Administration, Law, Mass Communication, Philosophy,
       etc. OR Hold ND, HND, NCE or equivalent qualifications from other institutions
       recognised by the University in relevant course.

Department of Sociology


                                           70
     (a)     Entry into the degree programme could be obtained either through the University
             Matriculation Examination (UME) or Direct       entry (DE). Students with acceptable
             score points (above 200) as determined by the (central Admissions Board) in the joint
             Matriculation Examination are expected to have Five ‘O’ Level credits in relevant arts or
             Social Science subjects: English Language, Government, History, Economics, Geography,
             Christian Religious Knowledge and at least a (P7 or P8) in Mathematics.

     (b)     For the Direct Entry (3 years), the department accepts a Diploma essentially in Social
             Work, GCE (A/L), and OND with good grades of credit and above from recognized
             institutions in relevant fields apart from social work, such as community development,
             criminology, political science/public administration, public/local government
             administration. In addition, the Department accepts at least a pass (P7 or P8) in
             Mathematics, and credits in five other relevant Social Sciences/Arts ‘O’ Level subjects.

             The department runs a full time degree programme in Sociology with no consideration for
             part time students.

     Bachelor in Social Works (BSW)
     (a)     4-YEAR PROGRAMME
          i. Diploma in Social Work of the University with a pass at the credit or high merit level, or
             an equivalent qualification from a recognized University. In addition to the above, the
             candidate must also possess the basic qualification of at least five (5) credits at the
             GCE/WASC/SSE level in one sitting, or in two sittings, one of which must be English
             Language, with at least a Pass in Mathematics.
             OR
         ii. Five (5) papers in GCE/WASC/SSCE including at least 2 papers at the Advanced Level
             (A-Level): the ‘O’Level papers must include a credit in English and at least a Pass in
             Mathematics.
             OR
        iii. Practicing professionals with Diploma in Social Work, or its equivalent (e.g. Social
             Welfare, Social Development, Youth Development, Rural Development, Community
             Development), Theatre Arts Certificate in Nursing, H.Sc., OND, Public Admin.,
             Philosophy, English, DBA with at least five (5) years post qualification experience.

     (b)     FIVE (5)-YEAR PROGRAMME
             At least (5) credits at the GCE/WASC/SSCE Level in one sitting or in 2 sittings, one of
             which must be English, and at least a pass in Mathematics.
             Duration of Course:
             4 YEARS:         Four years (Educational Consultancy)
             5 YEARS:         Five Years (Educational Consultancy)

K.   INSTITUTE OF EDUCATION
     Department of Education Technology
     a) THE FOUR-YEAR PROGRAMME (NOW HOSTED IN DEPARTMENT OF
         CURRICULUM & TEACHING) JAMB REQUIREMENTS: 5 Credit passes in SSCE/GCE
         O’Level, NECO in not more than two sittings with at least a pass in Mathematics. OR
         Teacher Grade II certificate with a minimum of five passes at merit level or above including
         English Language and at least a pass in Mathematics, in not more than two sittings. AND a
         Pass in the UME at the appropriate level in relevant subjects. Candidates for specialization in
         the sciences must have a credit level pass in Mathematics.
     b) THE THREE-YEAR PROGRAMME DIRECT ENTRY REQUIREMENTS: NCE with
         overall pass at Merit level or above, provided the candidate also has at least three other
         credits at GCE or its equivalent, including English Language and a pass in Mathematics. OR
         Diploma in Education or in any other area approved by the University of Calabar, provided
         the candidate also has at least three O’ level credits including a credits in English and a pass
         in Mathematics at GCE/WASC/NECO or its equivalent.
         OR
                                                 71
      c)   Advanced equivalent level GCE or IJMB in at least two principal papers or ACE at Merit
           level provided the candidate also has at least three other credits at ordinary level GCE or its
           equivalent including credit in English Language and at least a pass in Mathematics. Pass the
           UME at the appropriate level in relevant subjects. Candidates for specialization in the
           sciences must have a credit level pass in Mathematics.

      Department of Environmental Education (Moved to Department of Curriculum & Teaching)
      a) Admission is opened to two categories of candidates, depending on their entry qualifications.
          i) THE THREE (3)-YEAR PROGRAMME: For admission into the three (3)-                 year
             degree programme, candidates must:
              Satisfy the minimum University requirements for entry into degree programmes, that
                  is they must possess at least 5 credits in SSCE/GCE O/L, NECO or TC II, including
                  English language in not more than two sittings, AND
              Possess a Diploma from a recognised institution in any one of these relevant fields:
                  Environmental Education, Public Administration, Personnel Management, Applied
                  Economics, Political Science, Social Works, Business Administration, Law, History,
                  Theatre Arts, Mass Communication, Philosophy, Religion, English and Literary
                  Studies, Languages and Linguistics, Computer Science and RN/RM Nursing and
                  Midwifery, Accountancy, Education, Adult Education, Health Statistics and Health
                  Administration, as well as other related discipline. OR
              Hold the advance Level GCE

           ii) THE FOUR (4)-YEAR PROGRAMME: For admission into the (4) four-year degree
               programme, candidates must:
               a. Satisfy the minimum qualifications specified in a(i). That is, they must possess at least
                   5 credits in SSCE/GCE O’Level, NECO or TC II merit in two relevant subjects
                   including English Language in not more than two sittings.
               b. Pass the UME at the appropriate level.

      Department of Extension/Distance Learning
      Not available


13.   INSTITUTE OF PUBLIC POLICY & ADMINISTRATION
      a) The following Diploma programmes which are of two-year duration on full-time            basis are
          offered in the Institute:
           Diploma in Public Administration (DPA)
           Diploma in Personnel Management (DPM)
           Diploma in Local Government Administration (DLG)

      b)   B.Sc. degree programme in Policy and Administrative Studies is also offered For admission
           into the above diploma programmes, candidates must possess a minimum of four (4) credits
           in the GCE O/L, SSCE, NECO, TC II examinations and a pass in English Language in not
           more than two      sittings. Candidates who desire to proceed to the B.Sc., Policy and
           Administrative Studies programme at the completion of their diploma must, however, possess
           Credit in English Language and at least a Pass in Mathematics while in the diploma
           programme.




                                                  72
         ACADEMIC REGULATIONS GOVERNING FIRST DEGREE PROGRAMMES

                                               SECTION I
                                              DEFINITIONS

In these regulations the following terms shall have the meanings assigned to them below:
1.1      Course: An aggregate of teaching, evaluation and examination offered by a particular Department
         under an approved title, e.g THA 1011 Introduction to Theatre.
1.2      Course work: Comprises the total of teaching/practicals, tests and examinations that is taken into
         account when assessing a student’s performance towards the award of a degree or diploma.
1.3      Core Course: A course which is designated by the appropriate Departmet/Faculty as a
         compulsory requirement for graduation.
1.4      Elective Course: A course chosen under advice, from outside the Department or the Faculty in
         cognate area.
1.5      Optional Course: A compolimentary course chosen under advice or as prescribed within the
         students’ discipline to enable the student to complete the total number of credit hours required for
         graduation.
1.6      Credit Hours: Each one-hour lecture or tutorial period that a class meets during a week. Thus a
         class that meets three times a week will normally be assigned three credit hours per semesters. A
         three-hour Laboratory, studio, classroom or theatre practical class shall normally be the equivalent
         of one credit hour.
1.7      Calendar Year: Combination of a standard session and a long vacation normally extending from
         September 30th to October 1.
1.8      Long Vacation: The period between the beginning of July and end of September.
1.9      A Standard Session/Academic Year: Is normally a 9 month or 36 weeks period beginning in
         October and ending in June.
1.10     Semester: Is normally one half of a session or academic year.
1.11     Academic Discipline: Special area of study normally housed in a Department e.g Botany in the
         Department of Biological Sciences.
1.12     Programme: Series of courses taken over a prescribed period of study leading to recognised
         qualification (Certificate/Diploma/Degree, etc.).
1.13     Year of Study: That point within a programme, at which a student’s standing may be identified
         within the prescribed period of study.
1.14     Subject: In the MBB.Ch. Programme, a subject may include more than one course and a subject
         mark is the average of the course marks.
1.15     A Resit Examination: An examination which the student is required to take having previously
         been adjudged to have failed. This applied to MBB.Ch. and non-degree programmes.
1.16     A Repeat Examination: An examination which the student is required to take again after
         repeating the source as a result of failing a previous examination.
1.17     Supplementary Examination: An examination given to a student who has been excused by
         Senate on grounds acceptable to it from the normally scheduled one.
1.18     Board of Examiners: All members of a Department or Faculty holding academic appointments
         above the rank of Graduate Assistant.
1.19     A Pass Grade: A pass grade is a grade of E or above.
1.20     A Fail Grade: A fail grade is a grade of F.
1.21     Probation: A status granted to a student whose Cmulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) at the
         end of the session falls below 1.00. Such a student shall be required to repeat only the failed
         courses of the previous year and will be credited with the grades earned during the first attempt
         and during Probation Year. At the end of the probation year, the student’s CGPA will be
         calculated based on the two sets of results.
1.22     Withdrawal: When a student’s CGPA falls below 1.0 after probation, he will be required to leave
         the University.
1.23     Concurrent: A cross-listed course between two or more Departments.
1.24     Audited Course: An enrichment course which carries no grade.

Note: In the regulations which follow the masculine gender is used for both masculine and feminine.


                                                     73
                                               SECTION II

                                ORGANISATION OF PROGRAMMES

2.1. A programme of studies shall be provided leading to a Bachelor’s Degree to be denoted by the
     letters B.A, B.N.Sc., B.M.L.S. which may be awarded with Honours or as Pass degree. The
     MBB.Ch., may be awarded only as an unclassified Pass degree.

2.2. Instruction shall, for all programmes, except the MBB.Ch., be organised in courses and students
     shall be required to take an approved combination of courses by Senate on the recommendation of
     the Board of the appropriate Faculty, as may from time to time, be determined. Regulations
     governing the MBB.Ch. degree are separately detailed in this publication. Each course shall
     normally be assigned 3 credit hours. There shall be four levels of courses organisation numbered
     1000-1999, 2000-2999, 3000-3999, and 4000-4999 in four year programmes. Departments where
     programmes last five will have an additional level. The first digit indicates year of study. The two
     middle digits indicates area of study. The last digit indicates the semester in which the course is
     offered.
        for First Semester Courses
        for Second Semester Courses
        for First or Second Semester Course and
        for whole Year Courses
       Course number shall be prefixed by a three character discipline code e.g. BIO, CHM, GEO, HIS,
       THA, POS.

2.3. Appropriate prerequisites may be prescribed. Such prerequisites courses may be carried for suitably
     qualified students by Senate in the recommendation of the appropriate Faculty Board.

2.4. A student may also be deemed to have fulfilled a pre-requisite if he audits and obtains the minimum
     grade of pass in the course. The grade shall be used in computing his CGPA.

2.5. A concurrent requirement will be satisfied if the student has taken the course from a cross listed
     Department and passed. Otherwise he must register for the course within the same session and pass
     it.

2.6. A student who on admission is required to remedy a deficient subject shall be expected to pass the
     subject at the end of the session, failing which he must withdraw from the University. No
     opportunity for a Resit examination shall be allowed.

2.7. Students shall normally be required to register for a minimum of 10, and a maximum of 16 or such
     prescribed number of courses in each academic session or prescribed period of study for the degree.

2.8. The total minimum number of courses required for the award of a degree shall be approved by
     Senate on the recommendation of the appropriate Faculty. A student is dully registered if he submits
     the registration cards to the Faculty and Department within the period stipulated for registration.

                                               SECTION III
                           CHECKING OF CREDENTIALS (SCREENING)
3.1. Soon after registration of freshmen and before final year examinations, students will be required to
     present the originals of their credentials to the Academic Division for verification. Final year students
     will be expected to present the substantive certificates (not statements of results). Any student found
     to have made false claims shall be expelled.
3.2. The maximum period for a degree in any one programme shall be 50% above the number of years
     stipulated above. A student who spends one year in excess of the approved minimum period of study
     for a degree course the names in each class arranged alphabetically.



                                                     74
3.3. Each student registered for any degree programme of the University, except Nigeria Certificate of
     Education and degree holders, must register for the following General Studies Courses:

            GSS 1101/1102       -        Use of English
            GSS 1111/1112       -        Nigerian People and Culture
            GSS 1121/1122       -        Philosophy and Logic
            GSS 2111/2112       -        History and Philosophy of Science
            GSS 3111/3112       -        Application of Computers
        *      Entrepreneural    Studies.

3.4. The minimum credit hours required for graduation shall be 120 and the maximum 144, except for
     Law, Medical Laboratory Science and Agriculture where the minimum shall be 150 and the
     maximum 180. More credit hours may be offered subject to approval by Senate.

3.5. At least 9 credit hours shall be left open as electives for each students during a programme of study.


                                               SECTION IV
                      ORGANIZATION AND CONDUCT OF EXAMINATIONS

Examination Malpractice
 4.1. Types of Malpractice by Students
         i. Copying with co-operation
        ii. Copying without co-operation (Giraffing)
      iii. Preparation and use of extraneous materials
       iv. Impersonation
        v. Courier (smuggling of question papers out of examination halls)
       vi. Reading of notes/textbooks in toilet during the relevant examination.
      vii. Writing on lap, dresses or other materials
     viii. Plagiarism, act of using somebody else’s work without acknowledgement
       ix. Evidence of pre-knowledge of examination questions
        x. Smuggling in or out answer scripts after examinations.

 4.2. Types of Malpractice by Lecturers/Staff
        i. Leaking of questions to students
       ii. Helping students to answer questions during examination
      iii. Allowing students to substitute freshly written answer scripts for the ones      used       during
           examination.
      iv. Inflation or change of marks by course lecturer in order to pass a particular
           candidate/candidates.
       v. Requesting Senate to correct already approved grades based on false claims.
      vi. Conscious alteration of grades/raw scores by compilers of results or typist/lecturers/head of
           department, etc.
     vii. Non-submission or destruction of answer scripts in order to enable a student to qualify for a
           special resit or supplementary examination if a grade is        certain in the examination.
    viii. Writing of thesis/projects for students by lecturers.
      ix. Superisors/Lecturers aiding and abetting plagiarism.

General
4.3   Any other acts considered by Senate and Vice-Chancellor to be classified as          examination
      malpractice.

Pre-Examination Stage
4.4    It shall be the responsibility of each Faculty to organize and conduct examinations for courses
       taught by the Department in the Faculty in accordance with directives laid down from time to time
       by the Faculty Board and Senate. Each Department shall nominate an Examinations Officer (not
                                                     75
        below) Lecture 1 status for the time tabling, invigilation and the physical arrangements for all
        examination in the Department. The academic supervision shall rest with the Head of Department
        and Chief Examiner in a particular course during the session. There shall be a Faculty Examination
        Committee which shall consist of each Departmental Examinations Officer plus the Sub Dean (as
        Chairman) and the Dean (Ex-Officio): It shall be responsible for the coordination of timetables,
        physical arrangements, invigilation and discipline for all examinations in the Faculty, the results of
        which shall be reported back to the Board of Examiners.

4.5     In order to be admitted to an examination in a course unit, a student must have been registered for
        that course. He must have satisfied any University and Faculty requirements regarding the
        performance of all assignments connected with the subject taught, the payment of fees, and the
        75% mandatory attendance at lectures/practicals. It shall be the responsibility of each student to
        ensure that he is registered for the appropriate examinations and to ascertain the dates, times and
        places of the examinations for which he is registered. A student shall be at examination venue at
        least 30 minutes before the advertised time for the examination. A student required to supply his
        own pen, pencils, rulers and such other items.

4.6     The Time-Table Committee which should comprise the Academic Planning Unit and the Sub-
        Deans should start its work of making the Time-Table/Allocation of rooms for examinations early.
        This would help reduce the clashing of lectures and examinations. The registry shall be solely
        responsible for the issuing of answer booklets/sheet during examinations. Departments, through
        the invigilator will collect all used and unused materials. The Chief Examiner will ensure that such
        materials are returned to the registry at the end of each examination session. No staff or student
        shall take away or keep any unused answer booklet or sheet for whatever reason. The duration of
        every examination should normally be 3 weeks to allow for judicious use of available space. The
        following shall be bodly inscribed on every answer booklets: “THE PENALTY FOR
        EXAMINATION MALPRACTICE IS EXPULSION”.

Examination Invigilation Stage
4.7   A candidate shall be admitted up to 30 minutes after the start of the examination but he shall not
      be allowed extra time. If a candidate arrives later than 30 minutes after the start of examination,
      the invigilator may at his discretion admit him if he is satisfied that the candidate had good reason
      for his lateness. The invigilator shall present a written report of the circumstance to the Chief
      examiner who shall inform the Departmental board of Examiners which shall decide whether to
      accept the candidate’s paper or not. Similarly, the invigilator should present a written report if he
      uses his discretion to disallow the student from the examination.

4.8     The candidates must produce their identity cards and fee clearance cards on entry of every
        examination and leave them prominently displayed on the desk for inspection by the invigilator
        throughout the examination. This is mandatory. The invigilator shall see that each student signs the
        attendance sheep provided by the Department in duplicates. Each Faculty Finance Officer shall
        ensure that students writing examinations have their fee clearance card.

4.9     The Chief Invigilator shall draw the attention of the candidates to the examination regulations
        especially the PENALTY inscription written on the answer booklet. A candidate may be permitted
        by the invigilator to leave the examination provided that:
          a) He/She does not do so within the first one hour except in cases of emergency. In the event of
              a candidate being taken ill. The invigilator must send the sick    candidate along with an
              examination attendant and a written note to the Medical Centre and send a copy of such a
              note to the Department.
          b) A student who leaves the examination room shall not be readmitted unless throughout the
              period of his absence he has been continually under the supervision of an invigilator or a
              person duly appointed by him.

4.10    No student shall communicate with any other person during examination except with the
        invigilator, and only when absolutely necessary. In addition, no student shall make noise or cause
        disturbance during an examination.
                                                     76
4.11    No book, paper, printed or written document or any other aid may be taken into an examination
        room by any candidate except as may be stated in the rubric of an examination paper. Any
        candidate found in possession of such items shall be reported in writing to the Chief Examiner
        who shall inform the Departmental Board which shall determine whether or not to accept the
        student’s script or make any other recommendations to the Faculty Board of examiner. Each
        candidates shall be required to deposit at his own risk any handbag, briefcase or similar articles at
        a space provided for such purpose before the start of an examination.

4.12    No student shall, directly or indirectly, give assistance to any other student or permit any other
        student to copy from or otherwise use his papers. Similarly, a student shall not directly or
        indirectly accept assistance from any student or any other unathorised person.

4.13    If any candidate is found to infringe or is suspected of infringing sub-sections above or indeed
        suspected to have engaged in any of the acts listed as examination malpractice, the invigilator shall
        apprehend the candidate concerned. Within the period of the examination, such a student shall be
        made to submit a written report on the incident to the Chief Invigilator before his script is
        collected. The Invigilator shall submit a written report to the Chief Examiner immediately after the
        examination. The Chief Examiner shall cause the circumstance to be investigated by the
        Departmental Examination Malpractice Committee and shall report to the Departmental Board of
        Examiners which may subsequently recommend to the Faculty Board of Examiners what action
        should be taken in the case. The Faculty, after establishing a prima facie case shall immediately
        report the matter to the Senate Committee on Examination Malpractice, attaching all exhibits and
        making recommendations based on its findings. The Senate Committee shall immediately look
        into the case, inviting the parties concerned for interview, giving opportunities for cross-
        examination, and finally sending a recommendation to Senate or Chairman of Senate.

4.14    Each student shall write his registration number; not his name, distinctly at the appropriate place
        on the cover of every answer booklet or separate sheet attached to the answer booklet.

4.15    A student shall not mutilate or remove from the examination room any paper or other materials
        supplied except the question paper.

4.16    At the end of the time allotted, the Invigilator shall instruct all students to stop writing. They must
        comply. Non-compliance shall be treated as examination malpractice.

4.17    The Invigilator shall put the answer sheets serialy in sealed envelopes. Each envelope must be
        signed by each Invigilator and the seal must go over the signatures. The Chief Invigilator shall
        return the sealed envelopes to the Chief Examiner or any one appointed by the latter. It shall be the
        responsibility of the Chief Examiner in each Department to collect and sign the examination
        scripts.

Notes:
a) The Registry shall lock up rooms reserved for examination prior to the actual examination,after having
   duly completed all necessary arrangements. No student shall be permitted to do “their last minute
   reading” in those rooms.
b) During the examinations, any lecturer whose course is being written shall be in the examination hall to
   answer questions raised by students.
c) The Invigilator shall take charge of the attendance sheets which shall be signed by each student at the
   beginning of the examination and after submission of answer scripts. The sheet shall be signed in
   duplicate copies one of which shall be enclosed with the answer scripts submitted to the heads of
   Department/Chief Examiners.

Post Examination Stage
4.18   Marks/grades for all courses shall be approved in the first instance in meetings of the
       Examinations Board of the Department of Primary registration. The recommendations of the
       Departmental Examinations Board shall be considered at a duly convened meeting of the Faculty
                                                     77
        Board of Examiners. The Faculty Board shall make its recommendations to Senate through the
        Dean of Faculty.

Appointment and Duties of the Examination Officer
4.19  There shall be an Examination Officer appointed for each Department/programme. The
      Examination Officer shall not be below the rank of Lecturer 1 status.

4.20    The appointment shall be for 2 academic sessions subject to reappointment for a period of another
        2 years.

4.21    The Head of Department, through the Dean of Faculty applies to the Vice-Chancellor of approval
        after which the Registrar issues the letter of appointment.

4.22    It shall be the responsibility of the Examination Officer in each Department to prepare a summary
        result sheet for all students registered in his Department for each year of study on a separate sheet,
        showing for each candidate the following:
           a. Registration number or any other identification approved by Senate;
           b. Courses taken and grades obtained;
           c. Weighted average and class of degree in the case of Final Year students.

4.23    These sheets shall be prepared under strict confidentiality and signed by the Chief Examiner and
        deposited with the Dean not later than 24 hours before the date fixed for the Faculty Board of
        examiners meeting.

4.24    The Dean shall be Chairman of the Faculty Board of Examiners. At least three days’ notice (or the
        meeting including any meeting called to consider resit results), must be sent by the Faculty
        Officer to each member.

4.25    No student shall be informed of the result of any examination by any individual until has been
        approved by Senate.

4.26    Once the examination results are approved by Senate, they shall be published on the Notice Board
        by the Deans of Faculties. It shall be the responsibility of the Registrar to issue individual
        statements of results to students.

4.27    Official transcript of results be signed by the registrar. Transcripts may only be issued on the
        request of students to institutions of higher learning and to institutional sponsors under
        confidential cover. Students currently enrolled in programes will apply for their transcript through
        their Heads of Departments.

Absence from Examinations
4.28  No student shall be excused from taking the whole or any part of any examinations except on the
      strength of a Medical Certificate supplied, or endorsed by the Director of Health Services. In such
      cases, the facts, supported by the evidence, shallbe submitted to the Board of Examiners by the
      Head of Department which Board shall make recommendations to Senate for appropriate action.

4.29    An application by a student, or, if he is incapacitated, by a person acting on his behalf, for
        exemption from any examination on medical grounds shall be submitted to the Faculty
        Examinations Board, through the Head of Department as soon as possible and normally not later
        than seven (7) days after the date of the examination, providing relevant evidence. The Faculty
        Board of Examiners shall there-upon consider all the evidence submitted to it including oral
        evidence, where appropriate and make recommendations through the Faculty Board to Senate. The
        decision of Senate on such recommendations shall be final.


                                               SECTION V
                      OPERATIONAL GUIDELINES ON MEDICAL REPORT
                                                     78
                                   FROM OUTSIDE THE UNIVERSITY

5.1        Any student whose illness has started before he travels out of Calabar must obtain a referral note
           from the Director of Health Services (or his representative), University of Calabar, to the Medical
           Centre or Private Doctor of his choice.

5.2        Any student wishing to receive treatment within Calabar but not in the University of Calabar
           Medical Centre shall also collect a referral note from the Direcotr of Health Services (or his
           representative), University of Calabar Medical Centre.

5.3        Whether or not a student falls under rules 1 and 2, the Medical Certificate submitted after
           treatment must indicate date of admission, discharge and probable period of convalescence.

5.4        If the student had any operation, the Surgeon must state clearly the exact surgery performed and
           this must be attached to the Medical Certificate.

5.5        When submitting items 3 and 4, a photocopy of the referral note issued in section 1 and 2 should
           be attached.

5.6        If any doubt or difficulty arises in respect of the interpretation of the aforesaid clauses or
           implementation, the Director of Health Services shall refer to the Chairman of Senate for final
           determination.

5.7        Any student who fails to satisfy the above conditions shall not be entitled to claim the benefits of
           Medical Certificate.

5.8        For effective health surveillance, all new students shall undergo a medical examination on
           admission, supervised by the director of Health Services of the University or his representative.
           All new students shall be registered with the Health Services department (Medical Centre), be
           certified medically fit and obtain clearance to that effect before Matriculation.


                                                 SECTION VI
                                   EXAMINATIONS AND EXAMINERS

6.1        The setting and marking of all examinations shall be the responsibility of the Head of Department
           as the Chief Examiner and every lecturer who has taught the course.

6.2        Categories of examinations shall include practical, teaching, laboratory and theatre practice, orals
           and written papers.


                                                 SECTION VII
                                   DUTIES OF INTERNAL EXAMINERS
      a)   Set and participate in the moderation of examination questions.
      b)   Invigilate all examinations
      c)   Grade all examinations and keep copies of both the percentage score and the letter grade.
      d)   Consider and approve examination results for submission to the Faculty SERVC.
      e)   In the case of final year examinations, internal examiners along with external examiners shall
           consider and forward examination results to the Faculty ERVC and SERVC before Faculty Board
           approves them.

       Every course shall have no fewer than two examination namely: the lecturer who taught the course
        and the internal moderator.

                                                       79
        Where there is a conflict, the Departmental Board of Examiners shall resolve it.

        Moderation schedules shall be prepared and distributed by the Head of Department (Chief
         Examiner) before marking begins.

        They shall prepare marking schemes for the course which shall, in the case of final year courses,
         be sent to the External Examiner.


                                                 SECTION VIII
                                                   APPEALS
8.1       A student may appeal to the Registrar for the re-marking of his Examination scripts        on     the
          payment of N400.00 (four hundred naira) no person can appeal for the reassessment          of     the
          scripts of some other student.

8.2       A group appeal by all candidates involved in a particular course examination cannot        be
          entertained.

8.3       For an appeal to be valid, notice in writing of such an appeal must be lodged with the registrar
          within four weeks after Senate has approved the relevant results.

8.4       Applications for reassessment when submitted shall be sent by the Registrar to the Dean of the
          Faculty concerned who should try to find an internal assessor. Only when there is a problem would
          an External Assessor be used.

8.5       Effort shall be made to minimize reassessment cases. Students shall not be made to know who the
          assessors are. When sending script to assessors for reassessment the     composition shall be as
          follows:
             i. Some scripts from the highest scoring students and some scripts from the lowest scoring
                candidates in the course.
            ii. A couple of scripts whose scores are round the petitioner’s scores
          iii. The petitioner’s scripts
           iv. Marking scheme used to assess the scripts by the lecturer.

8.6       There shall be no indication to the assessor which scripts belong to the petitioner.

8.7       After the reassessment, only the petitioner’s script would be affected by any change       in grade;
          the other sample scripts would retain their original grades.

8.8       The external assessor shall be paid a fee of N100.00.

8.9       Final year students’ scripts shall not be reassessed; it is for this purpose that External Examiners
          are appointed.

8.10      The result of the reassessment shall carry the comments and signature(s) of the assessor(s) when
          a reassessment exercise results in favour of students, i.e change in       later grades.
           i. such results shall be presented to Senate for approval and change of earlier record
          ii. the appeal fee shall be refunded to the student(s)

8.11      If a reassessment exercise does not result in favour of the student, the result shall be   sent    to
          the Registrar for communication to the student concerned.

8.12      If a major change in grade occurs following a reassessment, the lecturer who taught     the
          courses and graded the scripts shall be asked to explain to Senate why the major change occurred.
          Senate shall not encourage frivolous changes in grades already approved by it.


                                                        80
                                    SECTION IX
              GRADING SYSTEM FOR ALL EXAMINATIONS EXCEPT FOR M.B.B.Ch

9.1       In weighing the work done for the award of degrees the following computations will              be
          adopted:

        Percentage         Letter Grade             Grade Point                 Description
          Mark
       70% & above              A                          5                    Excellent
         60 – 69                B                          4                    Very Good
         50 – 59                C                          3                      Good
         45 – 49                D                          2                       Fair
         40 – 45                E                          1                       Pass
          0 – 39                F                          0                       Fail

          Classification of Degrees
9.2       All degrees except for M.B.B.Ch shall be classified as follows:

          Grade Point Average                 Class of Degree
          4.50 – 5.00                         First Class (Hons)
          3.50 – 4.49                         Second Class (Hons) Upper Division
          2.40 – 3.49                         Second Class (Hons) Lower Division
          1.50 – 2.39                         Third Class (Hons)
          1.00 – 1.49                         Pass
          0.99 and less                       Fail

           i                ii          iii         iv               v             vi            vii
      Credit Units      Percentage    Letter       Grade          Grade       Cumulative       Class of
                          Scores      Grades       Point           Point      Grade Point      Degree
                                                   (GP)          Average        Average
                                                                  (GPA)         (CGPA)
Vary according to        70 – 100         A          5         Derived by     4.50 – 5.00     First Class
contact hours.            60 – 69         B          4         multiplying    3.50 – 4.49      2nd Class
Hours assigned to                                              i and iv.                        Upper
each course per          50 – 59          C          3         and            2.40 – 3.49      2nd Class
week per semester                                              dividing by                      Lower
And according to         45 – 49          D          2         total credit   1.50 – 2.39      3rd Class
work load carried        40 – 44          E          1         unit           1.00 – 2.39        Pass
by students               0 – 39          F          0                        0.99     and        Fail
                                                                              below

9.3       The yearly cumulative system shall supersede the weighted system as a basis for determining the
          Class of Degree. The CGPA in the Fourth (or Final) year now determines the class of degree as
          seen in the above table.


                                         SECTION X
                            LATE SUBMISSION OF RESEARCH PROJECT

10.1      A student who fails to submit his final year research project/term paper in time for it to get to the
          External Examiner shall be deemed as not having fulfilled the requirement of the course and so
          shall earn mandatory grade of “F”.

10.2      The course shall be regarded as a repeat course and the student shall then submit the project at the
          next available opportunity.

                                                  SECTION XI
                                                         81
       DETERMINATION OF PASS, PROBATION, WITHDRAWAL AND REPEAT COURSE
                                PERFORMANCES

        Pass
11.1    A student shall have passed the examination if he obtains a pass grade of E (1.00 point) or above
        in the 5 (five) courses or the number of courses as required by the     appropriate Faculty.

       Resit
11.2   Resit as contained in the University Examination regulations of 1985 Governing First       Degree
Programmes is hereby abolished for students admitted from 1990/91 session.

        Probation
11.3    A status granted to a student whose Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) at the end of the
        session falls below 1.00. Such a student shall be required to repeat only the failed courses of the
        previous year and will not take on any new course. The student shall be credited with the grades
        earned during the first attempt and during the probation year. At the end of the probation year, the
        student’s CGPA will be calculated based on the two sets of results.

        Withdrawal
11.4    At the end of the probation year, a student whose CGPA is below 1.00 shall be required to
        withdraw from the programme.

        Repeating Failed course(s)
11.5    Subject to the conditions for withdrawal and probation, a student may be allowed to repeat the
        failed course at the next available opportunity, provided that the total number of credit hours
        carried during that semester does not exceed 24. A student repeating any course shall retain the
        grades earned. The grade points earned at all attempts shall count towards the CGPA.

        Final Year of Study
11.6    There shall be examination in not fewere than 10 courses given during the final year of study one
        of which would be general paper of project, or both.

11.7    A candidate who fails to obtain the necessary minimum requirement of a degree may be permitted
        by Senate to re-enroll in the University for a further period of studies not exceeding 50% of the
        total approved duration of his programme including any probation and/or suspension of study year
        including a sickness period covered by medical report approved by Senate.

                                SECTION XII
         REVISED REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE AWARD OF M.B.B.Ch DEGREE

        The M.B.B.Ch degree shall be earned after successful completion of Parts I-IV examinations as
        detailed below.
12.1    The normal duration of this programme is 6 academic years for candidates admitted with GCE
        O/L WASC/SSSC Or 5 academic years for those admitted with GCE A/L HSC or degrees.

12.2    Students and staff shall be made aware of existing examination regulations from the beginning.

12.3    Students shall be exposed to Pre-medical (if they are admitted with GCE A/L HSC or degree) and
        finally clinical programmes.

        Pre-Medical
12.4    The pass mark in each course in the pre-medical year is 40%. A student shall repeat all failed
        courses. No student shall be allowed to carry more than two-failed courses to the pre-medical year.
        Those with more than 2 failed courses shall change programmes. Students who do not pass the
        failed course within one year of the pre-clinical year shall change programmes.

        Part I
                                                    82
12.5    No student shall be allowed into Part I MBB.Ch Examination who has not passed all the pre-
        clinical courses. The subjects of the Part I Examination shall be:
           Anatomy
           Biochemistry
           Physiology
           Neurosciences

12.6    All pre-clincal candidates shall take the Part I examination at the end of their third Semester after
        admission to the course, in April.

12.7    Candidates who fail in one or two subjects in the first attempt shall resit these in July. Candidates
        who fail the resit examination shall repeat one semester and resit all subjects in April. Candidates
        who fail in any subject(s) a third time shall be asked to withdraw.

12.8    Candidates who fail in three or four subjects at the first examination shall repeat two semesters and
        resit all subjects in April.

12.9    Candidates who score an aggregate of less than 120 marks in the 4 subjects following the repeat of
        semesters as above shall be asked to withdraw.

12.10   Candidates who fail in any of the subjects following repeat of 2 semesters as above and whose
        aggregate score in the 4 subjects is less than 120 marks who resit the failed subject(s) for the third
        time shall be asked to withdraw.

        Assessments
12.11   The final assessment of candidates shall be composed of results obtained during the course from
        continuous assessment, the form of which is the departmental responsibility, as approved by
        College Academic Board and College Assembly, and final examination composed of two written
        papers and a practical oral examination in each subject.

12.12   The relative weighing of continuous assessment to the final examination shall be 40% continuous
        assessment to 60% final examination.

12.13   No final examination marks shall be divulged to candidates. Transcripts shall only show pass (P)
        fail (F) or distinction (D) grades.

        Schedule of Examinations
12.14   Final Pre-Clinical examination (Part I) shall normally be held at the end of the third semester in
        April. Resit examinations shall normally be held in July.

        Part II
12.15   No candidate will be allowed to proceed to the clinical course (Phase I clinical) and Part II
        examination until he has completed requirements of the Part I. Candidates for Part II examination
        shall be examined in two subjects namely: Laboratory Medicine (including Pathology, Chemical
        Pathology, Haematology and Medical Microbiology and Parasitology) Pharmacology

        The examination shall take place in June of the year following the Part I examination. Candidates
        shall submit themselves for examination in the two subjects on the first occasion.
            i. Candidates who fail to satisfy the examiners in one subject will be allowed to proceed to
                 the Phase II clinical course and resit the referred subject in     August/September of the
                 same year.
            ii. Candidates who fail to satisfy the examiners in the resit examination shall be required to
                 repeat the year and retake the two subjects the following June for        the last time.
            iii. Candidates who fail to satisfy the examiners in the two subjects shall be required       to
                 repeat the year and resit the examination in the two subjects in June of the following
                 year.


                                                     83
            iv. Candidates who fail to satisfy the examiners in one subject of the repeat will     be
                allowed to proceed to the Phase II clinical course and resit the referred subject      in
                August/September of the same year for the last time. Candidates who fail the examination
                for the third would be required to transfer to a B.Sc. Programme in Medical Sciences, or
                withdraw.
            v. Candidates who fail to satisfy the examiners in the two subjects after      repeating  the
                course shall be required to transfer to B.Sc Programme in Medical Science or withdraw.

        Part III
12.16   No candidates will be allowed to take Part III examination until he/she has passed in both subjects
        of the Part II examination.

2.17    Candidates for Part III shall be examined in two subjects namely:
           Paediatrics, and
           Obstetrics and Gynaecology
        The examination shall take place 12 months after the 1st Part II Examination of the appropriate
        class. Candidates must submit themselves for examination in both subjects in the first occasion.

12.18   Candidates who fail to satisfy the examiners in either or both subjects shall be allowed to proceed
        to the Phase III clinical course and resit the referred subject(s) 3 months later. Candidates who fail
        the resit shall not be allowed to take the examination until they have done a mandatory two months
        posting in the failed subjects.

12.19   They will not be allowed to proceed to the final stage of M4S4 Community Health and General
        Practice postings until they have completely cleare O & G and Paediatric (Part III).

        Part IV
12.20   Candidates for Part IV shall be examined in three subjects namely:
          Medicine (including sub-specialty subjects)
          Public Health, and
          General Practice

12.21   Candidates who fail any subject(s) shall be required to resit those subjects in August/September of
        the year.

12.22   Candidates who fail again shall repeat those subject(s) once more in May/June of the following
        year after undergoing a mandatory 2 month ‘Clinical Posting’ in each of the failed subjects. Any
        subsequent attempt shall be with the approval of the Senate on the recommendation of Academic
        Staff Assembly.

        Part II, III and IV Assessments
12.23   Continuous Assessment will form 40% of the total marks obtainable. In Medicine, Surgery and
        General Practice the continuous assessment shall include marks scored from “clinical skills”
        examination at the end of the M2/S2/GP posting, and this examination shall constitute 50% of the
        continuous assessment marks in these subjects.

12.24   The Final Examination will form 60% of the total marks obtainable. The examination in each
        subject shall be held in 3 part, namely; two written papers, practical/clinical and oral examinations,
        except in medicine and surgery, which shall have three written papers (including a paper each, in
        medical and surgery specialties).

12.25   In continuous assessment, at least one-half (1/2) of the marks available shall be from
        practical/clinical tests.

12.26   One written paper shall be on objective (MCQ) of an agreed pattern.



                                                     84
12.27   The other written paper(s) shall be of essay-type. The 60 marks available at the exams shall be
        distributed as follows:
                 Paper I (MCQ)                  -       10 marks
                 Paper II                       -       5 marks
                 Clinical/Practical             -       25 marks
                 Orals                          -       10 marks

                In Medicine/Surgery only
                Paper I                          -        10 marks
                Paper II                         -        10 marks
                Paper III                        -        5 marks
                Clinical/Practicals              -        25 marks
                Orals                            -        10 marks

12.28   Candidates shall have obtained a minimum of 50% of the marks available in practical/clinical
        examination, to be considered as having passed in the subject in the Part III and IV examinations.
        Candidates shall also have obtained a minimum of 50% of the total marks available in the subject,
        to be considered as having passed in the subject in Parts II, III and IV.

12.29   Candidates shall be required to have completed to the satisfaction of the Departments concerned
        such period of approved practical/clinical course work as defined in the syllabuses.

12.30   Paper III of Part IV examination comprises sub-specialties in Medicine and in Surgery.

        Part III Examinations
12.31   The Part III Examinations shall take place in August at the end of clinical phases II course and
        consists of Paediatrics and Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

        Part IV Examinations
12.32   The Part IV Examinations shall take place in May/June following 2 weeks revision in which all
        subjects at the Part IV Examinations shall be taught. The Part IV Examination shall consist of
        Medicine, Surgery, Community Health and general practice.

        Project and Dissertation
12.33   Every student shall participate in group projects of not more than five people and write a report on
        the research done as part of continuous assessment for the MBB.Ch degree. The Department of
        Community Health shall arrange supervision and determine the format of the presentation of the
        dissertation, which shall be bound in hard cover. The research materials shall be evaluated in the
        Community Health Departent.

        General
12.34   Candidates who fail to present themselves for examination in any subject without prior permission
        shall be deemed to have failed the examination in that subject.

12.35   A student shall have a minimum of 75% attendance in practical/clinical classes to be allowed to
        appear for examinations. Failure to attain 75% attendance in practical/clinical classes in any
        subject shall be regarded as a failure at the examination in that subject.

12.36   In cases of ill-health certified by the Director of University Health Services, a decision on
        individual basis will be taken by Senate on the recommendation of the Academic Staff Assembly.

12.37   Candidates shall normally be allowed three attempts in any of the four professional examinations.

12.38   Resit/Repeat candidates shall not be credited with distinctions.

12.39   The continuous evaluation score at the first sitting of an examination shall apply to the second
        attempt at the examination.
                                                     85
12.40   Further evaluation tests shall be given to determine evaluation scores in subsequent attempts at the
        examination. Absence from examination: General University Regulations shall apply.

12.41   Transcripts shall only show pass (P), fail (F) or distinction (D) grades. No final examination marks
        shall be divulged to candidates.

12.42   Any section of these regulations may, from time to time, be altered by Senate on recommendation
        of the Academic Staff Assembly.

                                             SECTION XIII
                                          MISCELLANEOUS

        Readmission after Withdrawal
13.1    The provision that a student who has been asked to withdraw may seek re-admission after one year
        to repeat the year is no longer in operation.

        Aegrotat
13.2    Before can approve the award of an aegrotat degree on the recommendation of a Faculty Board of
        Examiners, the candidate must have:
        (a)     Produced satisfactory medical evidence of his inability to take the appropriate
        examination.
        (b)     Secured not less than 2.25 grade point average throughout his period of study.
        (c)     Completed not less than 65% of the course unit credit hours required by the
        particular Faculty.

        Suspended Studies
        The maximum period of suspended studies shall NOT be more than two academic years.


                                            SECTION XIV
                                          INTERPRETATION

14.1    These regulations do not exclude special request from Departments in respect of exceptional cases,
        and the Faculty Board of Examiners need not explain to candidates the reasons for the exercise of
        its discretion in applying these regulations.

        In the event of any disagreement arising from the interpretation of these regulations or any matter
        concerning examinations, the decision of the Dean/Provost shall be operative, but they shall
        submit a report of any such decision to the next meeting of the Faculty Board which shall have the
        power to confirm, or alter the Dean’s/Provost’s decision. Such decision by the Faculty Board may
        be made the subject of an appeal to Senate, the decision of which shall be final.




                                                    86
                                 SCHEDULE OF CHARGES

        Where charges are indicated per semester, students may opt to pay the whole session's charges and
obtain clearance at the beginning of the session. Charges payable are determined from time to time by the
Governing Council of the University. Examples of charges paid in the 2011/2012 Academic session are
reproduced in following Tables .


         2011/2012 SUMMARY OF CHARGES – REGULAR STUDENTS (UNDERGRADUATES)

Fresh Students
    Category          Full Charges           60 %                 40%             Portal Charge
Science                     40,800.00        71,560.00             13,240.00              2,250.00
Non-Science                 40,300.00          27,260.00           13,040.00              2,250.00
Medical                     44,800.00          29,960.00           14,840.00              2,250.00

Returning Students
Science                    28,600.00           17,940.00           10,660.00             1,750.00
Non-Science                28,100.00           17,640.00           10,460.00             1,750.00
Medical                    32,600.00           20,340.00           12,260.00             1,750.00

Returning Students
Science                    31,100.00           19,440,.00          11,660.00             1,750.00
Non-Science                30,600.00            19,140.00          11,460.00             1,750.00
Medical                    35,100.00            21,840.00          13,260.00             1,750.00




                 2010/2011 SCHOOL CHARGES FOR UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS
                                    (FRESH STUDENTS)

S/N    DESCRIPTION                                 SESSION        1ST              2ND
                                                                  SEMESTER         SEMESTER
1.     Tuition                                     Free           Free             Free
2.     Medical Referral                                  500.00        300.00           200.00
       Medical Charges                                   800.00        480.00           320.00
       Medical Exams (including X-Ray)                 1,500.00        900.00           600.00
3.     Library Charges                                 1,000.00        600.00           400.00
4.     Examinations:
       i. MB BCh STudents                              5,000.00        3,000.00         2,000.00
       ii. Other Students                              2,000.00        1,200.00           800.00
5.     Games                                           1,500.00        1,000.00           500.00
6.     Lab/Studio
       Science Studnets                                1,500.00          900.00           600.00
       Non-Science Students                            1,000.00          600.00           400.00
       Medical Students                                2,500.00        1,500.00         1,000.00
7.     Sanitation                                        500.00          300.00           200.00
8.     Result Verification                             1,250.00          800.00           450.00
9.     I.D Card                                          300.00          180.00           120.00
10.    Screening – 1st Year Students                     750.00          500.00           250.00
11.    Caution                                           500.00          300.00           200.00
12.    Students’ Union Dues                              500.00          300.00           200.00
13.    Students’ Welfare Insurance Scheme               1,000.0          600.00           400.00
14.    Students’ Affairs Record’s dues                   300.00          200.00           100.00
15.    Students’ Handbook                                300.00          180.00           120.00
16.    Security Charges                                1,200.00          800.00           400.00
17.    General Rehabilitation/Hostel Maintenance       2,000.00        1,200.00           800.00
18.    Non-Refundable Acceptance                       2,500.00        1,500.00         1,000.00
19.    Endowment                                       1,000.00          600.00           400.00
20.    Utility                                         2,000.00        1,200.00           800.00
21.    Nigeria Youth Aids Programme                      200.00          100.00           100.00

                                                     87
22.       ICT Training & IT Facilities (payable once)    5000.00               5000.00            -
          Database Fund
23.       Development Levy                               2000.00               2000.00            -
24.                                                     10,000.00              6000.00     4,000.00
Total     Science                                       40,800.00             27,560.00   13,240.00
          Non-Science                                   40,300.00             27,260.00   13,040.00
          Medical                                       44,800.00             29,960.00   14,840.00


                    2011/2012 SCHOOL CHARGES FOR UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS
                          (RETURNING STUDENTS – EXCLUDING FINAL YEAR)

                                                         - - - -.- - - - -
                                                                                  1ST ND
      S/N DESCRIPTION                                     SESSION                     2 SEMESTER
                                                                             SEMESTER
        1. Tuition                                               Free             Free          Free
        2. Medical Referral                                    500.00           300.00        200.00
           Medical Charges                                     800.00           480.00        320.00
        3. Library Charges                                     500.00           300.00        200.00
        4. Examinations:
           i. MB Bch Students                                 5,000.00         3,000.00     2,000.00
           .. Other Students
           ii.                                                2,000.00         1,200.00       800.00
       5. Games                                               1,000.00           600.00       400.00
       6. lab/Studio
          Science Students                                    1,500.00           900.00       600.00
          Non-Science Students                                1,000.00           600.00       400.00
          Medical Students                                    2,500.00         1,500.00     1,000.00
       7. Sanitation                                           1000.00           600.00       400.00
       8. Result Verification                                 1,000.00           600.00       400.00
       9. I.D Card                                              500.00           300.00       200.00
      10. Screening
      11. Caution
      12. Students' Union Dues                                  500.00          300.00        200.00
      13. Students' Welfare Insurance Scheme                  1,000.00          600.00        400.00
      14. Students' Affairs Record's Charges                    100.00           60.00         40.00
      15. Students' Handbook
      16. Security Charges                                    1,000.00          600.00        400.00
      17. General Rehabilitation Hostel Maintenance           2,000.00         1,200.00       800.00

      18. Non-Refundable Acceptance
   19.     Endowment                                          1,000.00           600.00       400.00
   20.     Utility/Development Levy                          12,000.00         7,200.00      1200.00
    21     Nigeria Youth Aids Programme/ Database             2,200.00         2,100.00       100.00
      .
  Total    Fund
           Science                                           28,6000.00       17,940.00    10,660.00
           Non-Science                                        28,100.00       17,640.00    10,460.00
           Medical                                            32,600.00       20,340.00    12,260.00

           e-transact/portal Charges N1,750.00




                        2011/2012 SCHOOL CHARGES FOR UNDERGADUATE STUDENTS
                                         (FINAL YEAR STUDENTS)



                                                        88
S/N     DESCRIPTION                                 SESSION         1ST            2ND
                                                                    SEMESTER       SEMESTER
1.      Tuition                                     Free            Free           Free
2.      Medical Referal                                    500.00        300.00         200.00
        Medical Charges                                    800.00        480.00         320.00
3.      Library Charges                                    500.00        300.00         200.00
4.      Examinations:
        i. MB BCh STudents                             5,000.00         3,000.00       2,000.00
        ii. Other Students                             2,000.00         1,200.00         800.00
5.      Games                                          1,000.00           600.00         400.00
6.      Lab/Studio
        Science Studnets                               1,500.00           900.00         600.00
        Non-Science Students                           1,000.00           600.00         400.00
        Medical Students                               2,500.00         1,500.00       1,000.00
7.      Sanitation                                      1000.00           600.00         400.00
8.      Result Verification                            1,000.00           600.00         400.00
9.      I.D Card                                          500.00          300.00         200.00
10.     Screening                                         500.00          300.00         200.00
11.     Project Supervision                            2,000.00         1,200.00         800.00
12.     Students’ Union Dues                              500.00          300.00         200.00
13.     Students’ Welfare Insurance Scheme               1,000.0          600.00         400.00
14.     Students’ Affairs Record’s Charges                100.00           60.00          40.00
15.     Students’ Handbook
16.     Security Charges                               1,000.00           600.00        400.00
17.     General Rehabilitation/Hostel Maintenance      2,000.00         1,200.00        800.00
18.     Non-Refundable Acceptance
19.     Endowment                                      1,000.00           600.00         400.00
20.     Utility                                        2,000.00         1,200.00         800.00
21.     Nigeria Youth Aids Programme                     200.00           100.00         100.00
22.     Database Fund                                  2,000.00         2,000.00              -
23.     Development Levy                              10,000.00         6,000.00       4,000.00
Total   Science                                       31,100.00        19,440.00      11,660.00
        Non-Science                                   30,600.00        19,140.00      11,460.00
        Medical                                       35,100.00        21,840.00      13,260.00


        e-transact/Portal Charges N1,750.00




                 2011/2021 SUMMARY OF CHARGES – POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL

CATEGORY – ARTS, EDUCATION ARTS, SOCIAL SCIENCES                                   PORTAL
                                                                                   CHARGE
                              Nigerian                       Foreign
New Students         Part Time        Full-Time      African       Non-African
M.A/M.Ed               71,300.00 81,300.00           171,300.00      301,300.00        2,250.00
(With Studio)
M.A/M.Ed               69,300.00   79,300.00         169,300.00       299,300.00       2,250.00
(Without
Studio)


Returning Students
M.A/M.Ed               67,800.00   77,800.00         167,800.00       297,800.00       2,250.00
(With Studio)
M.A/M.Ed               65,800.00   75,800.00         175,800.00       293,300.00       2,250.00
(Without
Studio)



                                                      89
CATEGORY- AGRICULTURE, BASIC MEDICAL SCIENCES & SCIENCE
New Students
M.Sc &         74,300.00    84,300.00  174,300.00   304,300.00                                2,250.00
Ph.D

Returning Students
M.Sc &               71,800.00       81,800.00       171,800.00        349,300.00             2,250.00
Ph.D

CATEGORY- LAW AND MASTERS IN BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION (MBA)
New Students
M.Sc/LLM,      69,300.00   84,300.00   169,300.00  332,800.00                                 2,250.00
Ph.D

Returning Students
LLM,M.Sc,&           66,800.00       81,800.00       166,800.00        346,800.00             2,250.00
Ph.D

MBA
New Students            109,300.00                  259,300.00       409,300.00             2,250.00
Returning Students      106,800.00                  256,800.00        406,800.00            2,250.00

MPA/MPAS
New Students            94,300.00                 229,300.00          474,300.00              2,250.00
Returning Students      91,800.00                 226,800.00          471,800.00              2,250.00

POST GRADUATE DIPLOMAS

PGDM,PGDE,PGDEE,        81,300.00       231,300.00             476,300.00          2,250.00
PGDPA,PGD ECONS,
PGD AGRIC.ECONS,
PGD CROP SCIENCE.



PGD COASTAL ZONE MGT, 81,800.00         139,080.00             286,080.00          2,250.00
PGD FISHERIES/AQ, PGD
GEOLOGY,PGD MED.
MICRO/PARA.,PGD
MICROBIOLOGY, PGD
BIOCHEMISTRY, PGD
HAEMATOLOGY, PGD
PHYSICS, PGD CHEMISTRY.



                           CES SCHOOL CHARGES SCHEDULE FOR 2011/2012
                                          NEW STUDENTS
                                       UNDER-        UNDER-     FIRST                           SECOND
              ITEMS
                                    GRADUATE        GRADUATE SEMESTER                          SEMESTER
                                                    Non-Science
                                   Science Students              60%                               40%
                                                     Students
                                          N             N         N                                N
Tuition                                  25,000.00    25,000.00 15,000.00                         10,000.00
Medical Referral                                 500.00           500.00           300.00              200.00
Medical Fee                                      800.00           800.00           480.00              320.00
Medical Exam (X-Ray)                         1,500.00           1,500.00           900.00              600.00
Library Fee                                  1,000.00           1,000.00           600.00              400.00
Examination Fee                              2,000.00           2,000.00       1,200.00                800.00


                                                     90
   Games Fee                                     1,000.00           1,000.00      600.00           400.00
   Laboratory/Studio:
   Science Students                              1,500.00                         900.00           600.00
   Non-Science Students                                             1,000. 00     600.00           400.00
   Sanitation                                    1,000.00           1,000.00      600.00           400.00
   Result Verification (Payable once)            1,000.00           1,000.00      600.00           400.00
   I.D. Card (Yearly)                              500.00             500.00      300.00           200.00
   I.D. Card (Replacement)                         400.00             400.00      240.00           160.00
   Screening Fee                                   500.00             500.00      300.00           200.00
   S.U.G.                                          500.00             500.00      300.00           200.00
   Caution Deposit (Refundable)                    500.00             500.00      300.00           200.00
   Students’ Handbook                              300.00             300.00      180.00           120.00
   Student Affairs Record                          100.00             100.00       60.00            40.00
   Security Fee                                  1,000.00           1,000.00      600.00           400.00
   General Rehabilitation                        2,000.00           2,000.00     1,200.00          800.00
   Acceptance Fee                                2,000.00           2,000.00      300.00           200.00
   Endowment Fee                                 1,000.00           1,000.00      600.00           400.00
   Utility Fee                                   2,000.00           2,000.00     1,200.00          800.00
  Students’ Welfare Insurance Scheme             1,000.00           1,000.00       600.00           400.00
   NYAP                                            200.00             200.00       120.00            80.00
   Result Computerization                          500.00             500.00       300.00           200.00
   Data Base Fund                                2,000.00           2,000.00       300.00           200.00
   ICT Training                                  5,000.00           5,000.00     3,000.00         2,000.00
   Prospectus
   Administrative Charge
   Development Levy                             10,000.00          10,000.00     6,000.00         4,000.00
   TOTAL
   Science Students                         64,800.00                           38,880.00        25,920.00
   Non-Science Students                                            64,300.00    38,580.00        25,720.00

   Portal/e-transact Charges                     2,250.00           2,250.00     2,250.00



                                CES SCHOOL CHARGES SCHEDULE FOR 2011/2012
                                          RETURNING STUDENTS

                                          UNDER-                 UNDER-           FIRST           SECOND
                   ITEMS
                                         GRADUATE               GRADUATE        SEMESTER         SEMESTER
                                                                Non-Science
                                        Science Students                          60%               40%
                                                                 Students
                                               N                     N              N                 N
Tuition                                       25,000.00             25,000.00      15,000.00         10,000.00
Medical Referral                                 500.00                500.00         300.00            200.00
Medical Fee                                      800.00                800.00           480.00            320.00
Medical Exam (X-Ray)                           -                     -              -                 -
Library Fee                                    1,000.00              1,000.00           600.00            400.00
Examination Fee                                2,000.00              2,000.00       1,200.00              800.00
Games Fee                                      1,000.00              1,000.00           600.00            400.00
Laboratory/Studio:
                                                           91
 Science Students                             1,500.00                              900.00        600.00
 Non-Science Students                                           1,000. 00           600.00        400.00
 Sanitation                                   1,000.00           1,000.00           600.00        400.00
 Result Verification (Payable once)           -                 -               -             -
 I.D. Card (Yearly)                               500.00             500.00         300.00        200.00
 I.D. Card (Replacement)                          400.00             400.00         240.00        160.00
 Screening Fee                                    500.00             500.00         300.00        200.00
 S.U.G.                                           500.00             500.00         300.00        200.00
 Caution Deposit (Refundable)                 -                  -              -             -
 Students’ Handbook                           -                  -              -             -
 Student Affairs Record                           100.00             100.00          60.00         40.00
 Security Fee                                 1,000.00           1,000.00           600.00        400.00
 General Rehabilitation                       2,000.00           2,000.00       1,200.00          800.00
 Acceptance Fee                               2,000.00           2,000.00           300.00        200.00
 Endowment Fee                                1,000.00           1,000.00           600.00        400.00
 Utility Fee                                  2,000.00           2,000.00       1,200.00          800.00
Students’ Welfare Insurance Scheme            1,000.00           1,000.00           600.00        400.00
 NYAP                                           200.00             200.00           120.00         80.00
 Result Computerization                         500.00             500.00           300.00        200.00
 Data Base Fund                               2,000.00           2,000.00           300.00        200.00
 ICT Training                                 -                  -              -             -
 Teaching Practice/Industrial Attachment        500.00             500.00         300.00        200.00
 Project Supervision (Final Year Only)**      2,000.00           2,000.00       1,200.00        800.00
 Development Levy                            10,000.00          10,000.00       6,000.00      4,000.00
 TOTAL
 Science Students                            57,000.00                         34,200.00     22,800.00
 Non-Science Students                                           56,500.00      33,900.00     22,600.00
 Final year Only** (Science)                 59,000.00                         35,400.00     23,600.00
 Final Year Only** (Non-Science)                                58,500.00      35,100.00     23,400.00
 Portal/e-transact Charges                    1,750.00           1,750.00       1,750.00




                          CES CHARGES SCHEDULE FOR 2011/2012 SESSION (NEW STUDENTS)

     PROGRAMMES                              NIGERIANS           FOREIGN STUDENTS
                                                                 African   Non-African
     Remedial Science
       (Tuition)                                   10,000.00     75,000.00    127,500.00
       (Other Charges)                             21,350.00     21,350.00     21,350.00
                                                   31,350.00     96,350.00    148,850.00

     DIPLOMA
     Science Lab. Tech. (SLTP)
       (Tuition)                                   10,000.00     75,000.00    127,500.00
       (Other Charges)                             21,350.00     21,350.00     21,350.00
                                                   31,350.00     96,350.00    148,850.00
     Science Lab Tech      (Tuition)               10,000.00     75,000.00    127,500.00
     Proficiency Others    (Other Charges)         21,350.00     21,350.00     21,350.00
                                                   31,350.00     96,350.00    148,850.00
     Public Administration (DPA)
       (Tuition)                                   10,000.00     75,000.00    127,500.00

                                                           92
  (Other Charges)                         20,850.00    20,850.00      20,850.00
                                          30,850.00    95,850.00     148,350.00
Local Government Admn. (DLG)
  (Tuition)                               10,000.00    75,000.00     127,500.00
  (Other Charges)                         20,850.00    20,850.00      20,850.00
Personnel Management (DPM)
  (Tuition)                               10,000.00    75,000.00     127,500.00
  (Other Charges)                         20,850.00    20,850.00      20,850.00
                                          30,850.00    95,850.00     148,350.00
Environmental Education (DEE)
  (Tuition)                               10,000.00    75,000.00     127,500.00
  (Other Charges)                         20,850.00    20,850.00      20,850.00
                                          30,850.00    95,850.00     148,350.00

UNDERGRADUATE
B.Sc Env. Prot. & Res. Mgt. (EMP)
  (Tuition)                               25,000.00   150,000.00     255,000.00
  (Other Charges)                         20,850.00    20,850.00      20,850.00
                                          45,850.00   170,850.00     275,850.00
B.Sc Management
  (Tuition)                               25,000.00   150,000.00     255,000.00
  (Other Charges)                         20,850.00    20,850.00      20,850.00
                                          45,850.00   170,850.00     275,850.00
B.Sc Accounting
  (Tuition)                               25,000.00   150,000.00     255,000.00
  (Other Charges)                         20,850.00    20,850.00      20,850.00
                                          45,850.00   170,850.00     275,850.00
B.Sc Banking & Finance
  (Tuition)                               25,000.00   150,000.00     255,000.00
  (Other Charges)                         20,850.00    20,850.00      20,850.00
                                          45,850.00   170,850.00     275,850.00
B.Sc Marketing
  (Tuition)                               25,000.00   150,000.00     255,000.00
  (Other Charges)                         20,850.00    20,850.00      20,850.00
                                          45,850.00   170,850.00     275,850.00
B.Sc Marine Science
  (Tuition)                               25,000.00   150,000.00     255,000.00
  (Other Charges)                         21,350.00    21,350.00      20,850.00
                                          46,850.00   171,350.00     275,850.00
B.Ed Env. Education
  (Tuition)                               15,000.00   150,000.00     255,000.00
  (Other Charges)                         20,850.00    20,850.00      20,850.00
                                          35,850.00   170,850.00     275,850.00




                         CES SCHOOL CHARGES SCHEDULE FOR 2011/2012
                                      NEW STUDENTS (DIPLOMA)
ITEMS                       SCIENCE        NON-          FIRST          SECOND
                            STUDENTS       SCIENCE       SEMESTER       SEMESTER
                                           STUDENTS      60%            40%
Tuition                     15,000.00      15,000.00     9,000.00       6,000.00
Medical Referal             500.00         500.00        300.00         200.00
Medical Fee                 800.00         800.00        480.00         320.00
Medical Exam (x-Ray)        1,500.00       1,500.00      9,000.00       6,000.00
Library Fee                 1,000.00       1,000.00      600.00         400.00
Examination Fee             2,000.00       2,000.00      1,200.00       800.00
Games Fee                   1,000.00       1,000.00      600.00         400.00
Laboratory Studio
Science Students             1,500.00                   900.00          600.00
                                              93
Non-Science Students                     1,000.00    600.00         400.00
Sanitation                   1,000.00    1,000.00    600.00         400.00
Result Verification          1000.00     1000.00     600.00         400.00
ID Card (Yearly)             500.00      500.00      300.00         200.00
ID Card (Replacement)        400.00      400.00      240.00         160.00
Screening Fee                500.00      500.00      300.00         200.00
S.U.G.                       500.00      500.00      300.00         200.00
Caution Deposit              500.00      500.00      300.00         200.00
(Refundable)
Students Handbook            300.00      300.00      180.00         120.00
Students Affairs Record      100.00      100.00      60.00          40.00
Security Fee                 1000.00     1000.00     600.00         400.00
General Rehabilitation       2000.00     2000.00     1200.00        800.00
Endowment Fee                1000.00     1000.00     600.00         400.00
Acceptance Fee               2000.00     2000.00
Utility Fee                  2000.00     2000.00     1200.00        800.00
Students Welfare Insurance   1000.00     1000.00     600.00         400.00
Scheme
NYAP                         200.00      200.00      120.00         80.00
Result Computerizaation      500.00      500.00      300,00         200.00
Data Base Fund               2OOO.OO     2000.00     1200.00        800.00
ICT Training
Prospectus
Admission Charge
Development Levy             10,000.00   10,000.00   6,000.00       4,000.00
TOTAL
Science Students             49,800.00               29,880.00      19,920.00
Non-Science Students                     49,300.00   29,580.00      19,720.20
Portal /e-transact Charges   2250.00     2250.00     2250.00

                          CES SCHOOL CHARGES SCHEDULE FOR 2011/2012
                                  RETURNING STUDENTS (DIPLOMA)
S/N   ITEMS                        SCIENCE      NON-          FIRST            SECOND
                                   STUDENTS     SCIENCE       SEMESTER         SEMESTER
                                                STUDENTS      60%              40%
1     Tuition                      15,000.00    15,000.00     9,000.00         6,000.00
2     Medical Referal              500.00       500.00        300.00           200.00
3     Medical Fee                  800.00       800.00        480.00           320.00
4     Medical Exam (x-Ray)
5     Library Fee                  1,000.00     1,000.00      600.00           400.00
6     Examination Fee              2,000.00     2,000.00      1,200.00         800.00
7     Games Fee                    1,000.00     1,000.00      600.00           400.00
8     Laboratory Studio
      Science Students             1,500.00                   900.00           600.00
      Non-Science Students                      1,000.00      600.00           400.00
9     Sanitation                   1,000.00     1,000.00      600.00           400.00
10    Result Verification
11    ID Card (Yearly)             500.00       500.00        300.00           200.00
12    ID Card (Replacement)        400.00       400.00        240.00           160.00
13    Screening Fee                500.00       500.00        300.00           200.00
14    S.U.G.                       500.00       500.00        300.00           200.00
15    Caution Deposit (Refundable) 500.00       500.00        300.00           200.00
16    Students Handbook
17    Students Affairs Record      100.00       100.00        60.00            40.00
18    Security Fee                 1000.00      1000.00       600.00           400.00
19    General Rehabilitation       2000.00      2000.00       1200.00          800.00
20    Endowment Fee                1000.00      1000.00       600.00           400.00
21    Acceptance Fee               2000.00      2000.00
22    Utility Fee                  2000.00      2000.00       1200.00          800.00
23    Students Welfare Insurance   1000.00      1000.00       600.00           400.00
      Scheme
24    NYAP                         200.00       200.00        120.00           80.00
25    Result Computerizaation      500.00       500.00        300,00           200.00
                                               94
26    Data Base Fund               2OOO.OO      2000.00       1200.00          800.00
27    ICT Training
28    Prospectus
29    Admission Charge
30    Development Levy             10,000.00    10,000.00     6,000.00         4,000.00
      TOTAL
      Science Students             47,000.00                  28,200.00        18,800.00
      Non-Science Students                      46,500.00     27,900.00        18,600.20
31    Portal /e-transact Charges   1,750.00     1,750.00      1,750.00

                  CES SCHOOL CHARGES SCHEDULE FOR 2011/2012
                                       PRE-DEGREE PROGRAMME
S/N   ITEMS                               NON-SCIENCE   FIRST SEMESTER    SECOND
                                          STUDENTS      60%               SEMESTER 40%
1     Tuition                             15,000.00     9,000.00          6,000.00
2     Medical Referal                     500.00        300.00            200.00
3     Medical Fee                         800.00        480.00            320.00
4     Medical Exam (x-Ray)                1,500.00      900.00            600.00
5     Library Fee                         1,000.00      600.00            400.00
6     Examination Fee                     2,000.00      1,200.00          800.00
7     Games Fee                           1,000.00      600.00            400.00
8     Laboratory Studio
      Science Students                    1,500.00      900.00            600.00
      Non-Science Students
9     Sanitation                          1,000.00      600.00            400.00
10    Result Verification                 1000.00       600.00            400.00
11    ID Card (Yearly)                    500.00        300.00            200.00
12    ID Card (Replacement)               400.00        240.00            160.00
13    Screening Fee                       500.00        300.00            200.00
14    S.U.G.                              500.00        300.00            200.00
15    Caution Deposit (Refundable)        500.00        300.00            200.00
16    Students Handbook                   300.00        180.00            120.00
17    Students Affairs Record             100.00        60.00             40.00
18    Security Fee                        1000.00       600.00            400.00
19    General Rehabilitation              2000.00       1200.00           800.00
20    Endowment Fee                       1000.00       600.00            400.00
21    Acceptance Fee                      2000.00       2000.00
22    Utility Fee                         2000.00       1200.00           800.00
23    Students Welfare Insurance Scheme   1000.00       600.00            400.00
24    NYAP                                200.00        120.00            80.00
25    Result Computerizaation             500.00        300,00            200.00
26    Data Base Fund                      2000.00       1200.00           800.00
27    ICT Training
28    Prospectus
29    Admission Charge
30    Development Levy                    10,000.00     6,000.00          4,000.00
      TOTAL
      Science Students                    49,300.00     29,580.00         19,720.00
      Non-Science Students
31    Portal /e-transact Charges          2,250.00      2,250.00




                          CENTRE FOR GENERAL STUDIES (CGS)
                          SUMMARY OF CGS CHARGES 2011/2012

A.      Designated Bank: ZENITH BANK, Calabar

                                               95
B.     Charges:
       1.     1st Year – (5 courses) @ N200.00 per course = N1,000.00
       2.     Direct Entry – (7 courses) @ N200.00 per course = N1,400.00
       3.     Returning students – N200.00 per course.

This payment includes N50.00 Departmental charges per course otherwise:
        1.     1st Year – (5 courses) @ N150 per course = N750.00
        2.     Direct Entry – (7 courses) @ N150.00 per course = N1,050.00
        3.     Returning students (N150.00) per course


PAYMENT OF SCHOOL CHARGES
        Both new and returning students are to note that school charges must be paid in any of the
designated banks and then proceed to the Database with the print out for online registration.

A.      Students on Regular University Programmes
        Faculty                                       Banks
Basic/ Clinical Medical Sciences              ECOBANK
Allied Medical Sciences                       FINBANK
Social Sciences/Sciences                      FINBANK
Arts                                          ECOBANK
Agriculture and Science                       UBA
Law                                           STERLING BANK
Management Sciences                           WEMA BANK
Education                                     ZENITH BANK
Sciences                                      ACCESS
Postgraduate School Programmes                Spring Bank (Enterprise Bank)

B.       Students on CES Consultancy Programme
Faculties                                            Banks
Social Sciences                              FINBANK
B.Sc Marine Sciences                         Access Bank
Pre- degree                                  Sterling Bank
Institutes (IOC & IPPA)                      WEMA Bank
Management Sciences                          WEMA Bank
Education/IOE                                ZENITH Bank
SANDWICH                                     ECOBANK

The bank draft, which must be drawn on any of the Banks listed above, should be made payable to
UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR. Students MUST write their names, Departments and Registration
Numbers on the reverse side of the bank draft. They must, in addition, make photocopies of both sides of
the draft and attach same to the original bank draft for payment on arrival.

MODE OF PAYMENT
Students are required to present the bank draft to National Universities Commission Data Base (NUCDB)
which will issue them with University receipts/PIN with which they will be allowed to register.
Registration for all programmes in the University is done on-line, powered by NUC data base/Zellence
Communications. Parents and guardians as well as sponsors are encouraged to pay the charges all at once
where possible.The University often makes adequate arrangements to receive the charges even before the
commencement of the session to reduce the congestion usually experienced at the beginning of session.
Persons who are willing to take advantage of this arrangement are encouraged to do so. Please note that
any student who fails to pay his/her school charges will normally not be allowed to register and will be
prevented from benefiting from lectures.

New students are often required to bring along the following:
    Letter of admission from JAMB and / or UME Notification of Result Slip;
    Six recent passport photographs
                                                  96
       Birth Certificate or Sworn Declaration of Age
       Certificate of State/Local Government of Origin
       Certificate (s) on which the admission was based e.g '0' level, IJMB, 'A’ level, etc.
       Three file jackets.

CHARGES MUST BE PAID IN FULL FOR EACH SEMESTER OR YEAR AS THE CASE MAY BE. NO
PERMISSION SHALL BE GRANTED FOR NON-PAYMENT OF APPROPRIATE CHARGES. ALL CHARGES
SHALL BE PAID AT DESIGNATED BANKS.


                                 GENERAL STUDIES PROGRAMME

Background
The Centre for General Studies and Communication Skills at the University of Calabar came into existence
in 1979 following the Federal Government’s call for all Nigerian universities to establish “a compulsory
course on national awareness in university curriculum”.

Section five (5) of the revised National Policy on Education titled “Higher Education including
Professional Education” succinctly states that, as part of a general progrmme of all-round improvement in
university education, students would be made to take a course in history of ideas and the philosophy of
knowledge or some other such suitable course as may be determined. Also of historical importance is the
University of Nigeria Law of 1961 (E. N. L. Number 21 of 1961), status six (6). By this law the College of
General Studies was among the thirty-six (36) colleges listed for establishment. When the University of
Calabar was a campus of the University of Nigeria it had to adhere to this prescription and General Studies
was one of the programmes which it ran.

From whatever angle one views the roots of General Studies programmes in Nigerian institutions of higher
learning, the objectives point to a direction which is virtually similar to them: to do away with the
parochial-type mode of education where emphasis is placed on a one-track specialization in a single field.
In other words, the inception of the General Studies programme is in line with the quest for a broad
spectrum of knowledge.

The emergence of the National Universities Commission (NUC) has added further impetus to, and
emphasis on, the relevance of General Studies in the scheme of university education in Nigeria. Currently,
there is an attempt to merge benchmarks and minimum academic standards on General Studies in Nigerian
universities with a proposal to increase the number of courses and make the General Studies programme
run throughout the duration of the degree programme.

Objectives
    The objectives of the General Studies programme in the University of Calabar include:
 a) Assistance to individuals to understand and promote the cultural heritage of Nigeria, in particular,
     and African traditions in general.
 b) Encouragement of breadth and depth of learning on a continuous basis.
 c) Strengthening of a sense of national awareness, spirit of patriotism, loyalty and understanding.
 d) Differentiation between patriotism and ethnicity; shun of clannishness when national unity and
     patriotism are threatened.
 e) Encouragement of integration of scientific, technological and humanistic outlooks in the lives and
     attitudes of the individual.
 f) Equipment of the individual with the basic tools of communication and critical thinking.
 g) Provision of a broad-based inter-disciplinary education which no single discipline within the
     university system can solely afford to provide.
 h) Production of university graduates with analytical and critical minds in a dynamic world.
 i) Development of the intellectual capacities of individuals to understand, appreciate and promote
     peaceful co-existence.




                                                    97
Overall, the goal of the General Studies programme in the University of Calabar is to produce “well-
grounded, morally and intellectually capable graduates with vision in an environment of peace and social
cohesion”.

Introduction
The Centre for General Studies and Communication Skills offers a programme of study which is aimed at
stimulating and broadening the student’s awareness and knowledge in relevant fields outside his
immediate area of specialization. In this way, the student is brought to understand more closely the
significance of the linguistic, cultural, social, historical, physical, scientific and technological environment
in which he exists.

The courses offered are made to span a vast area and varieties of knowledge: from the Nigerian historical,
political and sociological situation, information on the pure sciences to critical, analytical and logical
reasoning.
Furthermore, there is an indepth focus on the use of the English language – its role as a second language
used for study in Nigerian higher institutions of learning, and a concrete approach towards the
development of effective communication skills in the language. There is also provision for training in
computer awareness.

With this rich academic background, a graduate of the University of Calabar is made to achieve the wider
educational objectives of the Nigerian university system.

Regulations
To obtain a first degree in any of the disciplines in the University of Calabar, a student must take and pass
all the General Studies courses offered by the Centre for General Studies and Communication Skills.

Currently, there are seven (7) such courses: Use of English and Communication Skills I, Use of English
and Communication Skills II, Citizenship Education, Philosophy and Logic, History and Philosophy of
Science, Introduction to Coputers and Computer Applications. The first five courses are offered to students
in their first year of study (that is to say, their year of admission) while the last two are offered in the
second year of study.

Each course carries two (2) credit hours. To graduate, therefore, a student is required to successfully
complete fourteen credit hourse of General Studies courses.

For Direct Entry students, the requirement for first and second year students equally apply, for although
they gain admission into the second year class, their year of admission remains their first in the system.

Whenever there is a doubt, students are strongly advised to seek the counsel of their Academic Advisers,
who are appointed by department to guide them.

In addition to Academic Advisers, the Centre has a Co-ordinator for each General Studies course. Students
are equally advised to seek clarification from the appropriate Co-ordinator on, or solutions to any problem
which they might encounter with any of the courses. Any problem which a Co-ordinator cannot handle is
normally brought to the attention of the Director, Gentre for General Studies and Communication Skills.

The Codes, titles and credit hours of the seven courses currently offered by the Centre are as follows:

FIRST YEAR (UME AND DIRECT ENTRY)
1) GSS 1101: Use of English and Communication Skills I                      2 Credit hrs.
2) GSS 1102: Use of English and Communication Skills II                     2 Credit hrs.
3) GSS 1111 and GSS 1112: Citizenship Education                             2 Credit hrs.
4) GSS 1121 and GSS 1122: Philosophy and Logic                              2 Credit hrs.
5) GSS 1131 and GSS 1132: History and Philosophy of Science                 2 Credit hrs.

SECOND YEAR/DIRECT ENTRY
1) GSS 2111: Introduction to Computers                                      2 Credit hrs.
                                                      98
2) GSS 2112: Computer Applications                                       2 Credit hrs.
3) Entrepeuneural Studies                                                2 Credit hrs.

Each course is taught by teams of lecturers assigned to groups of students, usually based on the students’
departments or programmes. Each team of lecturers is made up of experts drawn from the relevant
disciplines. All lecturers are appointed upon strong recommendations from the relevant academic
departments.

The second year courses are basically designed to ensure that every student of the University of Calabar
becomes properly aware of the computer and acquires competence in its usage. The first semester course,
Introduction to Computer, is basically a computer awareness course, while the second semester
component, Computer Applications, offers students sustained practical demonstration on the use of
computers. All teaching in the second semester course is done in the computer laboratory, where students
have access to, and can practice with, computers.

Schedule of General Studies Courses
In recognition of the peculiarities of departments in terms of the number of courses which their students
must offer each semester of their first year, and taking into account certain obvious logistic constraints,
three of the first year GSS courses have been made available both in the first and second semesters. Their
descriptions, objectives and contents remain, however, the same, irrespective of when they are offered
(whether in the first or second semester).

In the same way, departments and programmes have been grouped based on when their students are
required to offer the courses – whether in the first or second semesters. Details of available General
Studies courses, semesters in which they are offered, and departments whose students must offer them, are
given in the Table below:

FIRST YEAR (UME AND DIRECT ENTRY)

                                 FIRST SEMESTER
               Courses                        Departments/Programmes
     GSS 1101: Use of English and All departments and programmes
     Communication Skills I
     GSS 1111: Citizenship         All departments and programmes in:
     Education                     Faculties of Arts, Education, Law, Management
                                   Sciences, Social Sciences and Institutes      of
                                   Education, Oceanography, and Public Policy and
                                   Administration.
     GSS 1121: Philosophy and      As in GSS 1111: Citizenship Education above,
     Logic                         plus Faculty of Agriculture.
     GSS 1131: History and         All departments and programmes in: Faculties of
     Philosophy of Science         Basic Medical Sciences, Allied Medical Sciences,
                                   Clinical Sciences, Sciences, Institutes of
                                   Education,      Oceanography, Public Policy and
                                   Adminitration and Adult Education (CES).
                                SECOND SEMESTER
               Courses                        Departments/Programmes
     GSS 1102: Use of English and All departments and programmes
     Communication Skills I I
     GSS 1112: Citizenship         All departments and programmes in: Faculties of
     Education                     Basic Medical Sciences, Allied Medical Sciences,
                                   Clinical Sciences, and Adult Education (CES)
     GSS 1122: Philosophy and      As in GSS 1112: Citizenship Education above,
     Logic                         except departments and programmes in Faculty
                                   of Agriculture
     GSS 1132: History and         All departments and programmes in:Faculties of
     Philosophy of Science         Agriculture, Arts, Law, Science, Management
                                                    99
                                        Sciences, Social Sciences and Education.
     GSS     Entrepeuneural             All Departments.
     Studies

Note carefully that with the exception of GSS 1101 and 1102, which must be done by every first year
student in the first and second semesters (as indicated), all the other courses are done only once – either in
the first semester or in the second semester.

Those with codes ending in “1” are taught in the first semester and are available to students from some
departments who can only do the courses in the first semester because of the peculiar circumstances of
those departments. The courses with codes ending in “2” are taught in the second semester to students
from those departments for whom it is convenient to do so. Departments are not allowed to unilaterally opt
out of or into any semester with respect to the existing schedule of General Studies courses for their
students. Departments are required to dsicuss their problems with the Centre which would then find ways
to remedy the situation without upsetting the system.

In the scond year, students from all the departments and programmes are required to do the two available
GSS courses at the same time. Thus GSS 2111: Introduction to Computers is taken by all second year
(including Direct Entry) students in the first semester, while in the second semester, they take GSS 2112:
Computer Applications, irrespective of their departments or programmes.

At the moment, Faculty of Agriculture students, however, do the computer courses in their third year.


                             COURSE DESCRIPTIONS AND CONTENTS

GSS 1101:        USE OF ENGLISH AND COMMUNICATION SKILLS I
FIRST SEMESTER
Course Description:
The course is designed to assist students by inculcating in them appropriate work habits and high level
skills required to cope with university work, especially in a milieu where the English language is used as
the medium for instruction and communication. Put differently, the course is designed to improve reading,
listening, speaking, writing – including note-taking, studying and examination skills as well as the use of
the library. The desire is to effectively teach English for academic purposes.

Course Objectives
Following from the above, therefore, we can summarize the objectives of English for Academic Purpose
(EAP) as follows:
  a) Arousal in students the awareness of the language, such as will enable them to decipher fact from
      opinion, identify the truth and be able to make sound judgement whenever any material, written or
      oral, is presented before them.
  b) Improvement of the students’ ability to organize their thoughts in sentences and paragraphs and
      thereby becoming efficient in both written and oral communication.
  c) Enhancement of the reading and listening skills of the students.
  d) Enhancement of students’ ability in the use of the mechanics of writing such    as punctuation,
      spellings, etc.

The objectives stated above can be achieved through:
 a) A deliberate effort on the part of the student to improve his/her English language ability in the
      areas of speaking, listening, reading and writing, through adequate exposure to various settings.
 b) Programmed instructions by the lectures and students’ own systematic        practice, particularly a
      prompt response to assignments and practicals.
 c) The following are English for Academic Purposes (EAP) tasks:
               Describing
               Defining
               Comparing and Contrasting
               Classifying
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               Reporting
               Explaining
               Arguing a poing of view
               Interpreting
               Giving directions
               Group discussion

 d)   The following are the basic language activities
              Reading
              Listening
              Speaking
              Writing
              Study skills and use of the library

       Course Outline
       a) Introduction:   General instruction regarding EAP and study skills
       b) Reading: Speed and Techniques
                       Speed reading
                       Scanning
                       Skimming
                       Reading impediments

       c) Reading:        Comprehension
                             Preparation
                             For required information
                             Locating specific written information

       d) Reading:    for Evaluation
                           Constructively
                           Critically
                           Creatively
           Text analysis for language, functions, description, definition, exemplification, comparison,
              cause and       effect, etc.

       e) Reading: Vocabulary Development
                         Using the dictionary
                         Understanding word meaning
                         Understanding collocation
                         Word analysis and relations
                         Intensive and extensive reading


Listening
                                 -       for note-taking
                                 -       for vocabulary development and structural patterns

       7.       Speaking
                                 -       Vowels
                                 -       Consonants
                                 -       Intonations
                                 -       Stress
                                 -       Making a presentation
                                 -       Principles and techniques of public presentation
                                 -       Speaking process

       8.       Writing
                                 -       Forms: description, exposition, narration, argument
                                                   101
                                  -    Essay: types, structure
                                  -    Letters: Types, corrections and distinguishing
                       features
                                -      Introduction to academic writing (detailed treatment
                       in the second semester)
       9.      Study skills
                                -      Note-taking
                                -      Note-making
                                -      Techniques for note-taking/making
                                -      Study reading
                                -      Study time and methods
       10.     Grammar and Communication
                                -      Phrases and content
                                -      Clauses and content
                                -      The sentence: elements, types, structure
       11.     Spelling and punctuation
                                -      Overview
                                -      Sound spelling
                                -      Using the dictionary
                                -      Punctuation
       12.     Library skills
               i.      The library: meaning, purposes, functions and types
               ii.     Finding materials in the library
               iii.    Reference materials in the library
               iv.     The catalogue
               v.      Classification
               vi.     Library rules and regulations
               vii.    Functional arrangement of the library

              Note:
              1.      The library skills component carries twenty (20) marks. Lectures for
              this component will take one hour each week in the last five weeks               before
       examination.
              2.      Assignments and tests carry 30 marks while the semester
              examination carries 50 marks.
              3.      Each student should endeavour to acquire the core texts and at least
              two novels.




GSS 1111 & GSS 1112: CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION
      The Course
               Citizenship Education was designed by the National Universities Commission (NUC) to
      replace the Nigerian Heritage which was taught to all undergraduates in Nigerian Universities. The
      course is designed to introduce all fresh undergraduates in the university to the socio-cultural,
      economic and political complexities of the Nigerian nation.
               Major emphasis is placed on the peoples of Nigeria and the problems and challenges of
      cultural diversity; patterns of social, economic, political and religious organisations, as well as
      constitutional development and the problems of nation- building in Nigeria.
               Recently, efforts have been made to focus on such areas as rights and obligations, arms of
      government and sustainable development. The approach is thematic rather than chronological,
      with the overall aim to awaken national integration.
               The following topics are currently treated in the course:
      1.       The Nigerian Constitution
      2.       Ethics and Discipline in National Life
      3.       Rights and Obligations
                                                  102
        4.      Nation-Building in Nigeria
        5.      Arms of Government
        6.      Citizenship
        7.      Ethnic Pluralism and National Identity in Nigeria
        8.      Psychology and Human Behaviour
        9.      Culture and Peoples of Nigeria
        10.     Women and Development in Nigeria
        11.     Sustainable Development
        12.     Federalism and Revenue Allocation
        13.     Nigeria and Constitutional Development

GSS 1121 & GSS 1122: PHILOSOPHY AND LOGIC
A.    PHILOSOPHY SECTION
      A historical survey approach to the scope, notions, branches and problems of Philosophy
              The main aim of this section is to introduce the beginner to the historical origins of
      philosophic thought, specifically, to present to the learner the problems that have been the focus of
      philosophers at various periods of its development.

        Outline
        1.      What is Philosophy?
                a.      Traditional and latest branches of philosophy
                b.      Philosophical systems
                c.      Philosophy and the good life

        2.      History of Philosophy
                A general run down of the problem that was central to each period is given.
                Philosophers specific are used to illustrate attempts to address the problem.
                A.      Ancient Period
                        i.      Thales
                        ii.     Anaximander
                        iii.    Anaximenes
                        iv.     Heraclitus
                        v.      Parmenides


                         a.       Shift in Focus
                                  The Sophists and what they stand for in the history of
                 Philosophy will be articulated. Individual Sophists will be
                 mentioned without much details. However, Protagoras will                        be given
        attention as representative.
                         b.       Socrates
                         c.       Plato – theory of forms and briefly his political history
                         d.       Aritotle – in relation to Plato’s theory of forms


                B.       Medieval Period
                         a.    Existence of God
                               i.       Thomas Aquinas
                               ii.      Anselm
                               iii.     Augustine

                C.     Modern Period
                       a.       Rationalism – the instructors will explain the claims and
                mention the representatives of the rationalist school – Rene
                Decartes, Baruch Spinoza and Leibniz. A discussion of
                Descartes’ approach suffices.


                                                     103
                    b.       Immanuel Kant will be discussed as this pertains to his
            attempt to reconcile empiricism and rationalism. Attempts                          will   be
     made to expose his theory of categorical imperative.

     3.      Existentialism -         The instructors will discuss the general features of
                     existentialism as well as mention the representatives.
             A discussion of Satre and Camus suffices.

     4.      African Philosophy

     5.      African Political Philosophy

     6.      Violence

B.   LOGIC SECTION
     This section aims to expose students to the basic concerns of logic. Discussion in this respect will
     centre on the theoretical content of logic, the nature of arguments, the history and development of
     logic, Laws of thought – in order to equip students to deal with inductive-deductive or any other
     reasoning. The instructors are expected to expose students to the following:
     1.      What is Logic?

     2.      History and Development of Logic

     3.      Laws of Thought

     4.      What is an Argument?
             a.      Componenets of Arguments
                     i.      Inferences
                     ii.     Propositions
                     iii.    Premises
                     iv.     Conclusion
             b.      Types of Arguments
                     i.      Deductive and Inductive
             c.      Evaluation of Arguments
                     i.      Validity and Invalidity
                     ii.     Soundness and Unsoundness
                     iii.    Correct and incorrect inductive arguments
     5.      Fallacies – Formal and informal – Give examples

     6.      Definitions

     7.      Categorical propositions
             i.     Types of Categorical propositions
             ii.    Quality and quantity
             iii.   Square of opposition

     8.      Elementary Logical Operators
             i.     Negation
             ii.    Conjunction
             iii.   Disconjunction
             iv.    Conditional statement
             v.     Biconditional
             vi.    Constants of punctuation

     9.      Truth Tables
             i.     Truth Table Construction
             ii.    Truth Table test of validity
                                                   104
        10.     Formal proof Rules of Influence
                (Only the nine and ten rules)

        11.     Elementary introduction to quantification theory.


GSS 1131/1132:         HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE
      Course Description
      The course is designed to introduce students to the basic historical and philosophical facts about
      science. Focus should expand to include the elements of the environment, technology, health,
      nutrition and diseases.

        Course Objectives
        During and on completion of the course students should be able to:
        a.      Exhibit elementary knowledge of the origin, growth and development of the     sciences;
        b.      Examine the contributions of philosophy to the growth and development of      the
        sciences, including mathematics;
        c.      Justify the concept and need for environmental sustainability;
        d.      Establish the interrelationship among the sciences, arts, technology,  environment,
        health and society;
        e.      Develop an interest in scientific and technological approach to daily  problems.

        Course Context
        A.     History of Science
               -       The Universe, man (origin and nature, the cosmic environment;
               galaxies, planets, solar systems, etc.)
               -       History of science including medicine and Mathematics in the
               ancient world (Africa, Greece, Arab, Inca, Aztec).
               -       History of Science 16th century to the present.

        B.      Philosophy of Science
                -        Positivism, rationalism, Anarchic philosophy, etc and their
                relationship with science, mathematics, medicine, politics,
                technology, etc.

        C.      Relevance to Nigeria
                -      Science and technology in Nigeria
                -      Technology transfer
                -      Science technology-society interaction

        D.      Environment
                -      Sustainability and renewability
                -      Pollution
                -      Energy

        E.      Health, Nutrition and Diseases including
                -       Awareness
                -       Preventive health practices
                -       Newer and common diseases, etc.

GSS 1102:     USE OF ENGLISH AND COMMUNICATION SKILLS II
      Introduction
              The focus of the Second Semester work shall be on writing, with reading as required for
      academic writing, as well as the application of the library skills learnt during the First Semester.
              Students will be guided to select topics from their areas of specialization, structure and
      present research information in accordance with the specifications of their disciplines.
                                                   105
Course Objectives
        The objectives are to consolidate and advance on the work of the previous Semester by:
1.      Enabling students to develop appropriate skills in producing mini-research      reports
based on requirements of their disciplines.
2.      Training in using appropriate language and process of composition
3.      Training students on the application of other language skills in information    retrieval,
evaluation and presentation for effective writing.
4.      Exposing students to various other forms of writing which they are bound to
        encounter after graduation.

Course Outline
1.     The process of research writing I
       -        Guide students in selecting topics either individually or in groups
       -        Discuss the thesis statements, including qualities of a good thesis
       statement
       -        Discuss and guide students in compiling a working bibliography
2.     Advanced Reading
       -        Discuss registers, with particular emphasis on the students’
       disciplines
       -        Select appropriate materials for reading.
3.     Advanced Reading for Research
       -        Information
       -        Scanning
       -        Skimming
       -        For required information
       -        Locating specific information
4.     Reading for Note-making for Research
       -        Techniques of note-making
       -        Types of notes

5.      Proceed to stage II of the mini-research writing
        -       Guide students as they make oral presentation in class of what has
        been read on their selected topics.
        -       Students make and present note-slips
6.      Writing: Structuring paragraphs of the following thought patterns:
        -       Description
        -       Definitions
        -       Exemplification
        -       Classification
        -       Comparison and contrast
        -       Cause and effect
        -       Generalisation and quantification
        -       Interpretation of data
7.      Writing: Structuring paragraphs of the following types:
        -       Introduction
        -       Transition
        -       Conclusion
8.      Proced to stage III of the mini-research project
        -       Write the first draft
        -       Revise it if necessary
9.      Advanced writing
        -       Writing of Abstracts
        -       Writing of Reports: layout, structure, tenses.
10.     Proceed to stage IV of the mini-research
        -       Write the final draft
        -       Type and submit
                                            106
        11.     Writing: Official letters and memos

Notes: 1.Lecturers should liaise with departments to have a clear idea of academic writing required.
2.The mini-research will account for twenty (20%) percent and the centrally conducted assessment will
account for the remaining twenty (20%) percent allocated to continuous assessment.

GSS 2111:      INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTERS
DEFINITION, BRIEF HISTORY, GENERATIONS
The modern day computers classification; digital, analog and hybrid computers. The microcomputers,
hardware, input, processing and output units. Software and peripherals. Storage devices: ROM, RAM,
Hard disk, diskettes. Binary numbers, Memory ratings bits, nibbles and bytes. Programming Languages
machine, language, high level and low level languages, characteristics and examples.

Fundamentals of BASIC programming: Definitions, constants, variables and strings; data types, coding of
data, programme algorithm and flowcharting; rules for coding.

Programme statements: Input, processing and output statements; controls in output statements. Other
programme statements assignment, declarative repetitive loop and transfer of control statements. Examples
of simple programmes. Computer networking definition, advantages and network topologies. E-mails,
websites, browsing.

GSS 2112:       COMPUTER APPLICATIONS
Safety precautions in computer laboratories. Identification of Hardware components – Keyboard, mouse,
CPU, monitor and printers. Support electronic peripherals – UPS, voltage stabilizers, etc. Booting up the
system – cold boot and warm boot. Windows start up environment-start button, the pull-down menu.
Loading the DOS and characteristics of the DOS screen. Keyboard – identification of the keys. How to use
the keyboard (in DOS mode) – typing in small and capital letters, use of backspace, space bar and arrow
keys. Editing by use of insert and delete keys. DOS commands and function of ENTER key. Diskettes –
handling and formatting, copying of files from hard disk on to diskettes. The BASIC editor – loading on to
the RAM, characteristics of the editor screen. Running some small scale programs – saving programmes
on hard disc and diskettes. Loading of programs from diskettes on to RAM. Use of software packages and
work processing – Microsoft word, etc. Printing and saving of documents. Sending and receiving E-mails;
browsing the Internet. Shutting down the computer.



                                    THE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY
The University of Calabar Library was established in October 1973, as a Library of the Calabar Campus of
the University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Since its inception, it has been shifted from one site to another in search
of adequate accommodation.

By August 1978, the University of Calabar Library had acquired over 40,000 volumes of books and 11,000
volumes of bound journals. The volumes of books and journals acquired were greatly influenced by the
increase in the number of disciplines being taught in the University. There was a problem coping with
growth in the collection because, like other units of the University, the Library had for a long time been
faced with acute shortage of space. However, the situation was slightly ameliorated by September 1978
when the Library was transferred to the former students’ refectory. As would be expected, the refectory
building, designed for an entirely different purpose, was far from being a satisfactory library. But in terms
of space, it marked an improvement on the facilities, which were available before.

Undoubtedly, by this severe limitation, it took the vision and exemplary dedication of a group of scholars
who ensured that a definitive library was built to take care of problems of space and exponential growth in
collection development. These scholars most especially interested and involved in the planning and
implementation of the University of Calabar Library complex included late Professor Donald Ekong, the
Vice-Chancellor and very effective instrument for Library development; Professor Ulo K. Enyenihi;
Ambassador (Professor) Okon Edet Uya, the then Deputy Vice-Chancellor, and Chief N. O. Ita, the
University Librarian at the time who ensured that a suitable architectural edifice was put in place and
                                                    107
located at the epicenter of Faculty buildings, most of which have now been rehabilitated, completed and
commissioned.
 The central location of the Library places it at the vortex of library and information services to the entire
 University community. The definitive library complex has since 1985 been existing at its permanent site
 in the University. It is to be noted that the uncompleted state of the University of Calabar Library building
 can partly be attributed to eventual lack of funds. This is because when the Library was conceptualized,
 the economy of the country as a whole was buoyant and building materials were relatively cheap; hence
 the permanence inherent in its gigantic structure designed and implemented to house at least a million
 volume stock. The new Library complex has, therefore, provided the much-needed space required for
 professional services and study facilities. The Library has been steadily developing over the years and it is
 expected to continue with its rapid growth.

Library holdings to date include over 136,000 volumes of books, 9,166 volumes of bound journals, 300
current titles of journals, 37,000 pamphlets/magazines and newspapers. In terms of physical facilities, the
total space available for reading is 23,000 sq. metres. The total seating capacity for now is 2,046 readers.
This is likely to increase in response to the continued growth of student population and the eventual
completion of the building. When in 1975 the University of Calabar started operating as an autonomous
University, the student population was nowhere compared to what it is now. The University Library is now
expected to provide services for over 30,000 staff and students of the University.

The Library Building
As stated earlier, the University of Calabar Library is a building which was put into use without being
completed. For instance, large portions of it were requisitioned and used for non-library purposes such as
lecture halls, classrooms and departmental offices. The influx into the building of a large student
population has resulted in over-use and misuse of facilities, thereby causing stress to the structure of the
building itself. At the 49th meeting of the Library Committee, it was decided that the rather heavy student
population be relocated to lecture pavilions. It was hoped that at the end of the 2003/2004 session, there
would be full compliance so that there could be meaningful reduction in the population of non-users of the
Library.

The University’s Master Plan (1977) proposes that the University Library should be a major building
complex on campus and that, apart from its conventional function, would house an Audio-visual Centre,
viewing rooms, and University Press located at the basement of the building. The National Universities
Commission (NUC) Standards Guide to Universities (1978) and its twin document Procedural Guide for
the Unviersities (1978) existed in the same year, the University Librarian at the time, Chief N. O. Ita,
wrote his brief, and it is most probable he used those two cited documents. His professional expertise was
therefore greatly harnessed to write the brief in 1978 for the building. His brief to the Architect was
comprehensive. Chief Ita’s numerous suggestions and subsequent corrections of the architectural drawing
led to the final imposing structure. Chief Ita’s effort did not go unnoticed in the literature as an expatriate
staff of the Library, Kwasitsu (1987) published a comprehensive history of future development of the
University of Calabar Library. Indeed, in the International Library Review Journal (LIBRI) where
Kwasitsu’s article appeared, the University of Calabar Library is described as “a purpose-built Library
that heralded a new era of Library architecture not only in Nigeria but Africa as a whole.” It is highly
significant that the building occupies an important place in the history of the University of Calabar
Library, because the need for such a building had become imperative to cope with teaching and learning
activities as well as increased student population. Chief Ita’s brief for the building was based on the
philosophy of open-access librarianship.

The chosen architect for the building was Femi Popoola of Lagos. However, the actual construction
contract was awarded to Reynolds Construction Company (RCC). The building has an “H” shape
structure, is 5-floor high with each of the two wings measuring 120m by 17.525m. The two wings are
separated by a space of 30m and are linked in the middle by a central service court 20m wide. They are
also linked at each end of each floor by a covered walk way. The conveniences which were located on all
floors, worked for a while when students were not many. However, in the 1995/96 academic session, when
the population of students grew out of proportion with the facilities available, the conveniences were
misused and sometimes subjected to outright abuse. During the Petroleum Trust Fund (PTF)
rehabilitilation programme in the Library, the opportunity was seized to get rid of the old conveniences
                                                     108
within the Library and transfer them to a nearby location tucked out of sight outside the building with a
complement of supervisory staff for janitorial services. At the basement of the library, there are allocated
spaces for a Printing Press, Microfilming area, a large store, rare book collection, stack rooms, a small
museum, photo-copying service and a canteen which could accommodate up to eighty persons.


Facilities
As the University Library could not be completed at once, all the necessary facilities were not installed
before its occupation. For instance, the lift, standby electricity generator, audio-visual and bindery
equipment for the basement, air-conditioning and other electrical fittings were not installed and are still
awaiting activation.

The 23,000-square-metre floor space makes the University of Calabar Library one of the largest library
building in Africa. Its capacity to hold more than one million books actually doubles the standard set by
NUC for such buildings. It is expected that equipments would be made available to enhance proper
services.
        The following problem area still require solutions:
a.      Air-conditioning: The building is centrally air-conditioned but this is yet to be switched on for
        logistic reasons; hence the provision of about 70 ceiling fans, which, it was hoped, would
        reasonably make air circulate inside. The Faculty of Law and its students association (LAWSAN)
        have significantly contributed electric ceiling fans and some standing fans to further improve the
        learning environment in the Law Library. The University Authorities have constantly ensured
        proper lighting in the entire Library Building by replacing bad tubes at fairly regular intervals. The
        number of existing fans in the Library is grossly inadequate, at only 30% of provision for them.
b.      Power Supply: The building certainly requires a stand-by generator of its own as there is irregular
        supply of electricity from the Power Holding Company of Nigeria (PHCN) and the augmented
        service from the University generating plant. The Audio-visual and Bindery equipment for the
        basement was not installed and is still awaiting activation and more chairs and reading tables have
        also been provided for students largely due to the Education Tax Fund Intervention Scheme.
c.      Automation: In the early part of the 1990s, the Library acquired a computer donated by NUC for
        its Tin-Lib Software. For a long period, the one computer constituted what the Library had by way
        of automation, having thus recorded bibliographic details of its acquisitions and converted this
        from the usual card catalogue. The pace of development in Information Communication
        Technology (ICT) has been poor. For instance, since 1985 the Library Complex has had no
        telephone, fax or intercom facilities. This has made contact with staff and users difficult. Indeed,
        there has been a lot of frustration for staff and users. However, with the advent of the ETF Library
        Intervention Scheme, the Library has been able to acquire 12 more computers to enhance
        information services.

In addition, the Library received a boost when in 2004 a distinguished alumnus of the University of
Calabar, Dr. A. B. C. Ojiako, donated an Information Technology Centre to the University Library. This
ensured that the Library was now connected to the Internet. Recently, the University of Calabar Library
was selected as one of the 3 regional pilot centres for e-learning, usually referred to as the Virtual Library
Project (VLP) by the National University Commission (NUC). With the Internet facility now in place, it is
possible for staff and students to access the well over 980 journal titles that have been digitalized for the
project. Efforts are continuing to ensure that NUC provides the necessary infrastructure for effective
implementation of the Scheme in the University of Calabar.

Staffing
The University of Calabar Library is undoubtedly one of the most well-staffed university libraries in
Nigeria. It has a total staff strength of 162, of which 21 are academic librarians (9 Ph.D holders, 4 on staff
development pursuing doctorate degrees and others with Masters degree). It was a worthy legacy of the
founding University Librarian that staff who were recruited were of the most qualitative status to serve the
academic community.

At the early stages of the functioning of the University Library, specifically in the 1970s and 1980s, it was
renowned for having a sizeable number of expatriate staff. But gradually, this dwindled and by 1996, no
                                                    109
expatriate staff existed again in the Library having been replaced by Nigerians who are properly qualified
to work in the University Library. The Library also had other complement of staff, such as those on
sabbatical placement from other university libraries and fresh graduates participating in the NYSC scheme,
as well as recently absorbed staff from the Okuku campus of the University of Calabar.

Significant progress has been recorded in staff motivation, such as the granting of staff development to
deserving staff; promotions on regular basis for academic and non-academic Library staff; establishment
of staff welfare shceme for Library staff; constitution of sports men and women who are athletes and
footballers for University staff games. In this respect, the University of Calabar Library won the NUSSA
games trophy as overall winner and since 1998 the Library is yet to be displaced as Champion of the Staff
Games. The trophy is still held in the Library since no other department has surpassed Library staff
performance.

Funding
The 1980s through 1993 were years of financial drought for Library acquisitions due to poor funding. The
downturn in the economy implied less money being voted for Library services and this in turn led to
dependence on donated materials. However, in view of the Federal Government/ASUU agreement (1993)
that 10% of each University’s subvention should be allocated to Library Development Fund (LDF), library
acquisitions improved tremendously. In the University of Calabar, the Library had been lucky to have
Vice-Chancellors who were always mindful of the critical importance of the Library in the academic
activities of the institution. Even though since 1998 funding had been inadequate, the Library had held its
ground with regular acquisitions of books and journals with the exception that only one copy of each book
could be afforded.

Generally, the outlook is good in that the books and journals the Library holds are up-to-date in the
2002/2003 range of publications and this position has helped considerably in the various accreditation
exercises that the University had between 1999-2003.

In order to augment inadequate funding, the Management of the University Library succeeded in attracting
donations from external agencies as follows:
     Gained World Bank Publications depository status. The Collection is current with 2000, 2001 and
        2003 publications, although mainly in the Social Sciences;
     Education Tax Fund: The Library has successfully retired the 2001 grant and has executed the
        2002 projects, a delay occasioned by the six-month industrial action in Nigerian Universities. The
        2003 project proposal was geared towards library computerization;
     Book donations are being received from various sources including the Brothers Aid International
        (BAI), The Rotary International, World Bank and Indigenous Nigerian Authors;
     The University Library is a participant in the UNESCO Federal Ministry of Education Virtual
        Library Project.

Professional Challenges
        In the past 25 years, a number of professional challenges have emerged:
   a) The University Library has gained membership of an international consortium for information
        resource sharing. This emanated from the Standing Conference of African University Librarians
        West Africa (SCAULWA), held in Legon, Ghana, in November 2003. The idea was to share
        information resources from learned journals and books not held by each institution. Other
        members are Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, UNAAB, Abeokuta, and the University of Ilorin,
        Ilorin;
   b) To facilitate greater access to the collection during the accreditation exercises, the professional
        staff of the Library have embarked upon listing of books and journals held in the various subject
        libraries. For instance, the Law Library Holdings up to November 2003 have been bound as a
        volume in order to facilitate access to the Law collections. In December 2003, the Medical Library
        Holdings, including her specialties of Paediatric Nursing and Surgery, were also prepared as
        bound volumes. The latent objective is to eventually produce Library holdings in most subject
        areas that are usual targets for accreditation exercises.

Research and Development
                                                   110
In 1986, Librarians in the University of Calabar gained academic status at par with academic (Teaching)
colleagues. Assessment for promotion has been based mainly on academic publications, research and
professional practice. The emphasis on publications became pronounced as Librarians were actively
engaged in teaching Use of Library Skills, Bachelors and Masters degrees in Library Science. Librarians
had access to and were awarded Senate Research Grants, Staff Development/Study Fellowships. They
were also active in all Faculty Boards of the University gaining effectively from interaction with lecturers
in respect of their various information needs.

The University of Calabar Library staff have published widely in books and refereed journals as well as
attended numerous conferences in Nigeria and abroad. Particularly note-worthy in this regard have been
the publications of Mr. N. O. Ita, Profs. Olu Lawal, and. E. E. Nkereuwem, Dr. U. S. Edem, Dr. (Mrs.) J. I.
Iwe, Mr. U. U. Ekpe, Dr. Udofia I. Udofia, Dr. (Mrs) Mfon E. Etuk, Mr. Okon Edet Ani, Mrs. Aniebet I.
Ntui, Mr. Eric T. Ofre, Mr. B. A. Bassey, Mr. Emmanuel U. Atseye, Mr. Jacob E. Esin, and Mrs. Eucharia
U. Okwueze. Taken together, these represent significant academic contributions in the different areas of
Library Sciences and Library Management.

Conclusion
With hindsight, the past 25 years have truly been eventful years for the University of Calabar Library. The
alignment of Library acquisitions policy with changes in the curricula of the institution has greatly aided
research and provided an added impetus to the learning environment. The pronouncement of the Visitor to
the University at its 21st convocation in 2004 that the University Library building would be completed with
Federal Government grant is quite heart-warming and capable of placing the University in the highest rank
of academic excellence. The Internet connectivity and enhancement of the Library Information
Technology Centre would add greatly to more qualitifative research output.

The opening hours of the Library are as follows:

Opening Hours:
During Semester:
       Monday – Saturday        8.00am – 10.00pm
       Sunday                   1.30pm – 6.00pm
During Vacation:
       Monday – Friday          8.00am – 6.00pm
       Saturday                 8.00am – 1.00pm


                                  THE UNIVERSITY BOOKSHOP
The University of Calabar Bookshop first existed as a part of the University of Nigeria, Nsukka, and later
as part of the University of Ibadan Bookshop. It was only in June 1980 that the University of Calabar
bookshop became autonomous with books worth over N70,000.00.

However, it was only in July 1980 that the Unical bookshop started to operate in earnest, as a self-
accounting service unit of the University.

The University bookshop was one of the four subsidiaries of a proposed holding company. The others
were University of Calabar Farm Limited, Unical Laundries Limited and the University Hotels Limited.

The bookshop sells text-books, professional books, stationery, t-shirts, handbags, etc. It serves the
university community, the general public, including educational institutions. The bookshop is open for
business from 7.30am to 4.30pm on Mondays to Fridays.


                        THE UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR FARM LIMITED
Initially conceived to be one of the subsidiaries of a holding company, the University of Calabar Farm
Limited was floated with N50,000.00 on March 21, 1983. The total assets of the farm, which in 1984
amounted to some N130,000.00 rose to N2 million after two years of operation. The assets include stocks,
buildings, equipment and machinery.
                                                   111
The farm produces day-old chicks for sale to farmers in the state and beyond. Sales at the first year of
operation amounted to N83,000.00 and increased to N465,000 during the second year of operation, that is,
as at June 30, 1986.

The farm at present has a hatchery unit producing 21,000 day-old chicks per month. The layer unit
produces 7,750 kilogrammes of broiler per month while the broiler unit produces 7,500 kilogrammes of
broiler meat per month. And the feedmill produces 450 tonnes of poultry feeds per month.
The University of Calabar Farm Limited is a deliberate effort by the university to go into a giant profitable
poultry venture, the success of which would mean a significant contribution to the protein needs, not only
of the university community, but of the general public.


                       THE UNIVERSITY HEALTH SERVICES DEPARTMENT
At the planning stage of the University of Calabar, the technocrats took cognizance of the inadequate
health facilities in Calabar in the mid seventies. A Health Services Department was therefore envisioned
as one of the service departments in the new university. The immediate objectives were to provide prompt
medical attention to sick students and staff and thereby, minimize malingering, loss of man hours if staff
were to go out for treatment and to save cost as treatment was to be free. Staff and students initially
patronized a private clinic in town while construction work in the medical centre was going on . Late in
1976, the centre opened for business. It was then an 8– bed facility which boasted an operating theatre, a
laboratory, a pharmacy, medical records, consulting rooms and ancillary administrative units. Qualified
personnel were recruited in the respective areas. An environmental sanitation unit was created in the
department to attend to the physical sanitation of the campus. The department has continued to render both
primary and secondary health care to the university community as envisaged while extending such services
to the host community as part of the university’s corporate social responsibility.

The core staff of the department are doctors, nurses, laboratory scientists, pharmacy personnel, medical
records staff and a compliment of auxiliary staff (drivers, administrative staff, etc). The staff disposition
is attached as ‘Annex I’. The medical center offers a 24 – hour service which includes out-patient
consultation on week days up to 4.00 pm each day. Thereafter, there is a doctor, pharmacist and laboratory
scientist on call. Very ill patients are admitted for closer attention while illnesses which are beyond the
level of care provided in the center are promptly referred to the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital
or similar institutions for the required specialized level of care. In its thirty years of existence, the center
has acquitted itself creditably. Judging by statistics, thousands of patients have been successfully treated.
These include staff, students, and others who are fee-paying patients. The Community health unit renders
maternal and child welfare as well as school health services. Immunization against yellow fever,
meningitis and Hepatitis B is offered whenever the vaccines are available. No doubt, mortalities have been
recorded in the center. At all events, every effort is put in to ensure that none dies who would have lived.
In order to step up awareness in the community, the department carries out enlightenment programmes
from time to time. In response to the high prevalence of hypertension and its sequel in the university
community, the department in 2004 embarked upon an office to office blood pressure check. Those with a
raised blood pressure were referred to the Medical Centre for treatment and follow up.

In addition to routine clinical duties, the centre runs a genetic counseling service on sickle cell disease.
This service is accessible to sickle cell patients and carriers and is of particular importance to partners in
courtship as the knowledge of their genotype would avert the harrowing experience of raising sicklers.
Another special service is voluntary counseling and testing for HIV/AIDS. The American government
through her agencies Family Health International (FHI) and Global HIV/AIDS Initiative in Nigeria
(GHAIN) has established a Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) centre in the medical centre. Re-
branded “Heart to Heart Center”, people are encouraged to voluntarily come forward and know their HIV
status. More and more clients are accessing the service in a friendly environment where confidentiality is
assured. As a measure of confidence of her personnel and laboratory the medical centre has been listed for
a World Health Organization sponsored clinical trial of a new anti-malarial drug, which would soon
commence. We are open to such collaboration as it exposes the staff, and opens new vistas for the centre.



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                                              DIRECTORATE

                                                AUDIT UNIT


Establishment
This unit was set up in 1981 in the Vice Chancellor’s office to carry out internal audit functions for the
university.

Internal Auditing
This is the independent appraisal activity carried out by specially assigned staff of the organisation to
review the operations of the subsystems as a service to management. This function is performed by
measuring and evaluating the effectiveness of the other controls within the system. The controls operate in
the areas internal control and internal check.

Internal control is the whole system of control, financial and otherwise instituted by the management to
ensure that work is carried out in an orderly manner and that the books of accounts are well kept and that
the assets are safeguarded. Inetrnal check operates in such a way that the function of one person is
independently proved by the function of another or is complementary to the function of another.

Educational/Professional Qualification of Staff
To be appointed an Internal Auditor II (the starting point of the employment of the auditor) one must
possess either a B.Sc. (Hons) degree or an HND both in Accounting. One so appointed can further develop
oneself professionally as either a Chartered Accountant, ACA or a Certified Accountant, CAN.

In addition to this qualification, the internal auditor should possess “auditor-like” qualities, such as
firmness, ability to handle facts and figures and courage to withstand pressure of those who may hate
controls and transparency.

Special Projects Previously Undertaken
This unit initiated and produced the Unical staff list (for the first time) that contains the names of all staff
of the university. Now it is possible to know how many staff there are, where to find each of them, where
they come from and their academic qualifications from this publication. A similar publication has also
been made for the pensioners.

Staff Strength
Presently, the unit has 12 technical staff (trained in Accounting) ranging from the rank of Internal Auditor
II to the rank of Director of Audit. In addition, the unit has 10 support staff who are pool staff sent from
the Central Registry and who can be easily transferred from the unit to some other departments.

Functions of the Unit
        The functions of the unit are performed in six sections and these are:
   a) The Administration Section which is headed by the Director of Audit who coordinates the
         activities of all the other sections of the unit.
   b) The Prepayments Audit Section has the duty of processing claims and vouchers before they are
         paid.
   c) The Post Audit Section verifies and confirms claims and vouchers after they have              been
         paid.
   d) Assets Verification Section confirms the existence a nd continued existence of assets brought into
         the university.
   e) Systems/Salaries and Pension Audit Section appraises the effectiveness of the         university’s
         subsystems. It also checks and confirms staff salary figures before they are paid.
   f) Faculty and Computer Audit section audits students’ payment of school charges in order to
         discover which student has not paid his/her fees.
Reporting
The Financial Rules and Regulations approved by the Governing Council require the Director of Audit to
report to the Vice-Chancellor and copies sent to the Pro-Chancellor, Registrar and Bursar. These Rules and
                                                     113
Regulations also require that the Director of Audit shall have access to all books and records of the
University to enable him report appropriately.

To be able to report properly, input reports are received from the subordinate officers of the unit, example;
Deputy Director of Audit, Chief Internal Auditor, Principal Internal Auditors, Senior Internal Auditors,
Internal Auditors I and II.

                                             GRADUATE SCHOOL.

Pursuant to the University of Calabar Decree of 1979, in which is enshrined the desire to “encourage and
promote scholarship and conduct research in all fields of learning and human endeavour, and to relate its
activities to the social, cultural, and economic needs of the people of Nigeria”, graduate education began
quite early at the University of Calabar. It became the pattern in all faculties that once an undergraduate
programme had taken roots, a graduate programme soon followed.

Graduate studies began in the 1978/79 session when the Board of Postgraduate Studies was set up to
organize graduate-level courses and research and admit students. The History department blazed the trail
that session by enrolling 7 students. Between 1979 and 1981/82, a total of 66 students had enrolled in
various graduate programmes in all the existing faculties, except law and agriculture. The first group of
graduands, totaling 8, took their Masters degree in November 1982 from the departments of Biochemistry,
Chemistry, and Geography and Regional Planning. Students’ enrolment in 1991/92 stood at about 1,000
distributed in all faculties and institutes and by 2001/2002 was at about 2000. The Catholic Institute of
West Africa in Port Harcourt became affiliated to the University of Calabar in 1988, under the directive of
the National Universities Commission, thereby awarding University of Calabar higher degrees in various
theological disciplines.

Graduate education at the University of Calabar aims primarily at fostering original, creative, and scholarly
research ability. This is through course work, and problem-focused research, which is designed to buttress
a sound knowledge and the application of fundamental principles towards an improved understanding and
development of the nation’s rich natural, social and cultural endowments. To date, a total of 3381 Masters
degrees and 338 Ph.D’s have been awarded to deserving students.

                      DEGREE AND DIPLOMA PROGRAMMES OFFERED
1. Faculty of Agriculture
      Agricultural Economics and Extension: PGD, M.Sc., M.Phil, Ph.D
      Animal Science: M.Sc., M.Phil, Ph.D
      Crop Science: PGD, M.Sc., M.Phil, Ph.D
      Soil Science: M.Sc., M.Phil, Ph.D
      Forestry and Wild Life Res. Mgt. PGD, M.Sc, Ph.D

2. Faculty of Arts
     English and Literary Studies: M.A., M.Phil, Ph.D
     History & International Studies: M.A., M.Phil, Ph.D
     Linguistics: M.A., M.Phil, Ph.D
     Religious Studies and Philosophy: M.A., M.Phil, Ph.D
     Theatre Arts: PGD, M.A., M.Phil, Ph.D
     Modern Languages and Translation Studies: MA, M.Phil, Ph.D

3. Faculty of Education
     Adult and Continuing Education: M.Ed., M.Phil, Ph.D
     Educational Administration and Planning: M.Ed., M.Phil, Ph.D
     Curriculum and Teaching: PGDEE, M.Ed., M.Phil, Ph.D
     Educational Foundations, Guidance and Counselling: PGDE, M.Ed., M.Phil, Ph.D
     Vocational and Special Education: M.Ed., M.Phil, Ph.D
     Human Kinetics and Health Education: M. Ed., Ph.D
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4. Faculty of Law: LL.M, M.Phil, Ph.D

5. Faculty of Management Science
    Accounting: M.Sc., M.Phil, Ph.D
    Banking and Finance: M.Sc and M.Phil, Ph.D
    Business Management: PGD, MBA, M.Phil, Ph.D
    Marketing: M.Sc., M.Phil, Ph.D.

6. Faculty of Science
     Botany: M.Sc., M.Phil, Ph.D
     Genetics/Biotechnology: M.Sc., M.Phil, Ph.D
     Geology: M.Sc., M.Phil, Ph.D, PGD in Applied Geology
     Mathematics/Statistics & Computer Science: PGD, M.Sc., M.Phil, Ph.D
     Microbiology: M.Sc., M.Phil, Ph.D, PGD
     Physics; M.Sc., M.Phil, Ph.D., PGD.
     Pure and Applied Chemistry: M.Sc., M.Phil, Ph.D, PGD in Applied Chemistry
     Zoology: M.Sc., M.Phil, Ph.D, PGDFAQ

7. Faculty of Social Sciences:
     Economics: PGD, M.Phil, M.Sc., Ph.D.
     Geography and Regional Planning: PGD, M.Sc., M.Phil, Ph.D.
     Political Science: PGDPA, MPAS, M.Sc., MPA, M.Phil, Ph.D.
     Sociology: M.Sc., M.Phil, Ph.D.

COLLEGE OF MEDICAL SCIENCES
8. Faculty of Allied Medical Science
     Anaesthesiology: PGD
     Chemical Pathology: PGD, M.Sc., M.Phil, Ph.D
     Environmenal Health Sciences: M.Sc., M.Phil, Ph.D
     Haematology:
     Medical Microbiology/Parasitology: PGD, M.Sc., M.Phil, Ph.D

9. Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences
    Anatomy: PGD, M.Sc., M.Phil, Ph.D
    Biochemistry: M.Sc., M.Phil, Ph.D, PGD
    Food Science and Nutrition: PGD, M.Sc., M.Phil, Ph.D
    Physiology: PGD, M.Sc., M.Phil, Ph.D

10. Catholic Institute of West Africa:
     M.A., M.TH., Ph.D.

Regulations Governing The Graduate School:
Article 1:      The Graduate School
      (a) The academic unit responsible for the co-ordination and quality control of graduate studies at
           the University of Calabar shall be known as The Graduate School.
      (b) Graduate Studies shall include all academic and professional curricula which require student
           achievement beyond the undergraduate level in any field, generally leading to a postgraduate
           Diploma or Certificate, a Masters, or Doctorate degree (M.A., M.Ed., M.Sc., or Ph.D).

Article 2:     The Graduate School Board:
The Graduate School Board shall be the governing body of the Graduate School.
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(a)   Membership of The Graduate School Board shall consist of the following members:
      (i)   Dean of the Graduate School – Chairman
      (ii)  Deans of Faculties and the Provost of the College of Medical Sciences
      (iii) Director of Academic Planning (ex officio member).
      (iv) The Chairman of each Faculty Graduate Committee
      (v)   Directors of Institutes/Divisions offering graduate programmes.
      (vi) The University Librarian (ex officio member)
      (vii) Academic Secretary of the Graduate School (Secretary)

(b)   Terms of Reference:
      The Graduate School Board shall make recommendations to Senate on the following:
      (i)    The establishment of graduate programmes, fields and subjects of studies.
      (ii)   Regulation of priorities and co-ordination of graduate studies.
      (iii)  Regulations relating to graduate Studies.
      (iv)   The award of University Graduate Scholarships.
      (v)    Fostering the development of co-operative and multi-disciplinary graduate work
             between the different sections of the university.
      (vi)   Admission of Graduate Faculty Members.
      (vii)  Establishment of criteria for graduate supervisors in the university

(c)   The Functions:
      The functions of the Graduate School Board shall be:-
           i. To co-ordinate graduate programmes of the university including planning administration
              and admissions to programmes of study.
          ii. To recommend on the provision of appropriate facilities for Graduate work,        and to
              regulate disbursement of funds allocated for graduate work.
        iii. To regulate and enhance the quality of graduate instruction and research in the university.
              This will include educational exchange and contact within         Nigeria and outside,
              where necessary.
         iv. To monitor and evaluate the progress of graduate work in all academic departments.
          v. To prepare and submit estimates for the recurrent and capital requirements of the school
              on an annual and quinquinnial basis.
         vi. To encourage the publication of the outcomes of graduate studies in form of journals,
              monographs and books.
        vii. To publicise the graduate activities of the university extensively, with a view to attracting
              enrolment and financial support from government, industrial and other bodies.
       viii. To execute other functions as the Vice-Chancellor/ may from time to time direct.
         ix. To submit a report to Senate once a year.

(d)   The Meeting of the Graduate School Board:
        i. The Graduate School Board shall meet once a month as stipulated in the
             University Calendar.
       ii. The regular meeting of the Board shall be after at least seven days advanced
             notice with published agenda which shall include the introduction of business     from the
           floor.
      iii. A special meeting of the Board may be called at short notice by the Dean but
             the purpose of such a meeting shall be specified and such business shall be the business of
           the day.
      iv. A special meeting of the Board may be called on a written request to the
             Dean by at least five members of the Board drawn from at least three
             faculties, including the College of Medical Sciences, provided that the other
             terms specified in Article 2(d) (iii) are met.
       v. One third or the largest whole number less than 331/3% of the total
             membership of the Graduate School Board shall constitute a quorum for the
             transaction of business.



                                                 116
Article 3:       The Graduate Faculty:
  (a) Membership: Membership of the Graduate Faculty shall be open to the following categories        of
        full-time academic staff.:
           (i)                   Professors and Readers at the University of Calabar.
           (ii) Senior Lecturers with relevant teaching experience and academic distinction, as
                 ascertained from their published works.
           (iii) Other academic staff who meet at least two of the following requirements:
                 Doctorate degree or its equivalent
                 Rank of Lecturer I or higher
                 Significant publications/or experience in their fields of specialty
                 Responsibilities of the Graduate Faculty: The responsibilities of the Graduate Faculty
                     shall include:
                  i) Teaching on a regular and continuing basis in the graduate programme of their
                       departments;
                  ii) Supervising theses and dissertations;
                  iii) Serving as advisors to graduate students;
                  iv) Serving on examination panels for graduate students;
                  v) Serving on the Joint Committee on Graduate Instruction        (JCGI)  in     cross-
                       disciplinary programmes requiring joint faculty action.

Article 4:      Officers of the Graduate School:
        The Officers of the Graduate School shall include the Dean, Deputy Dean and the Academic
        Secretary.
(A) The Dean of the Graduate School:
  (i) Tenure of Office:
        (a) Without prejudice to the right of the Vice-Chancellor to appoint the first    Dean, the Office
             of the Dean of the Graduate School be an elective one, open to all Professors in the
             University except those on visiting status.
        (b) The tenure of office for the Dean shall be two years in the first instance.
        (c) A serving Dean may seek re-election but no Dean may serve more than two consecutive
             terms.
        (d) The Dean shall be elected by members of Senate from among the eligible Professors.
   (ii) Duties:
        (a) The Dean shall preside at meetings of the Graduate School.
        (b) Supervise the day-to-day administration of the Graduate School

(B)     The Deputy Dean of the Graduate School:
   (i)  Qualification and Tenure
        (a) The rank of a Deputy Dean shall be the same as that of the Dean.
   (ii) Duties
        (a) In the absence of the Dean, the Deputy Dean shall oversee the day-to-day     running of the
             Graduate School.
        (b) He/She shall deputise for the Dean in his absence.
        (c) He/She shall undertake any other activities assigned by the Dean.

(C)      The Academic Secretary of the Graduate School:
         The Secretary shall hold at least the rank of Senior Assistant Registrar. He/She shall work under
         the direction of the Dean.

Article 5:       Other Boards
        Any Faculty organizing graduate programmes shall have constituted a Faculty Board and a
        Departmental Board for graduate studies unless where the meeting for the Departmental Board has
        been specifically varied by .
A).     Faculty Graduate Committee:
    (a) Membership of the Faculty Graduate Committee shall include all the academic staff who meet
           the qualifications specified in Article 3


                                                   117
      (b)     There shall be a Chairman, elected by the membership, and his tenure of           office shall be
              two years.
      (c)     The Chairman may be re-elected for a second term.
      (d)     The Deans of Faculties or Provost of the College of Medical Sciences shall not serve as
              Chairman.
      (e)     The Dean’s Office or the office of the Provost as applicable, shall provide the Faculty Graduate
              Committee a Secretary and other facilities required for         carrying out its responsibilities.

B.          Duties of the Faculty Graduate Committee:
      (a)    To co-ordinate graduate work in the faculty, including examinations.
      (b)    To communicate the problems facing graduate studies at the faculty level to     the     Graduate
             School.
      (c)    To recommend candidates to Graduate School for admission.
      (d)    To make recommendation of candidates for the award of grants and       fellowships and the
             award of higher degrees and graduate diploma to the Graduate School or Board.
      (e)    To recommend to the Graduate School Board students for extension of graduate         scholarships
             and those who need to undertake part of their work in other institutions in Nigeria and abroad.
      (f)    To recommend external examiners to the Graduate School Board.
      (g)    To carry out any other functions assigned to it by the Graduate School Board

C.        Departmental Graduate Committee:
      (a) Membership and Governance:
             i) The membership shall consist of all staff with responsibilities in the departmental graduate
                  programme
             ii) There shall be a Chairman elected by the membership.
             iii) The Office of the Head of Department shall provide the Departmental Graduate
                  Committee with secretarial services and other needed materials required for carrying out
                  its responsibilities.
     (b) Duties of the Departmental Graduate Committee:
             i) To co-ordinate graduate programmes in the department.
             ii) To collaborate with other disciplines and sub-disciplines in the faculty in running inter-
                  disciplinary degree programmes.
             iii) To review applications for graduate admission and make appropriate recommendation to
                  the Faculty Graduate Committee.
             iv) To constitute internal examiners and the Supervisor(s) as required by the Graduate School
                  Regulations.
             v) To recommend external examiners to the Faculty Graduate Committee.
             vi) In addition to already existing roles, the Faculty Chairman shall communicate matters
                  emanating from Graduate School Board/ Vetting Committee to the Chairperson of the
                  Departmental Graduate Committee within one week.

                           REGULATIONS GOVERNING GRADUATE STUDIES

1.01        Section I:      General:
            Each Graduate Faculty/College/Institute may, consistent with these regulations, make further
            regulations for the detailed organization of graduate work and research within the
            Faculty/College/Institute, subject to the approval of Senate.

            Matters requiring the approval of Senate shall first be considered by the Departmental and Faculty
            Graduate Committees and recommended to the Graduate School Board which may, if approved,
            recommend to Senate.

1.02        Programme of Studies
            A programme of studies shall be provided leading to the award of certificates, diplomas and post-
            graduate degrees as may be approved by Senate. The Masters degree may be denoted by the
            letters: M.A.; M.Ed.; M.P.A.;MPAS; M.B.A.; M.P.H.; M.Sc.; LL.M., the Master of Philosophy
            by M.Phil, and the doctorate degree by Ph.D.
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Section II:     APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION INTO GRADUATE PROGRAMMES.

GENERALREGULATIONS
Courses may be offered full-time or part-time. All programmes begin with coursework and end with a
project for Graduate Diploma or thesis for Masters and Ph.D degrees. For full-time studies in most
programmes, the postgraduate diploma lasts for one calendar year, the Masters degrees last for 2 years and
the Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) programmes extend over a minimum of 3 years. Part-time programmes
take a much longer time. Candidates with Masters degree from recognized universities may credit the
relevant courses towards the Ph.D programme, provided the quality of the grade is acceptable to the
Graduate School. Candidates are required to have a minimum CGPA of 3.0 on a 5-point scale and 2.75 on
4-point scale for Masters programmes and 4.00 on a 5-point scale and 3.00 on a 4-point scale for Ph.D
programmes.

B. SPECIAL INFORMATION FOR MPhil/Ph.D CANDIDATES
The MPhil/Ph.D option is available for all programmes. Candidates may be admitted into the MPhil/PhD
programme in exceptional circumstances where the CGPA in the Masters degree is lower than the
minimum required B (60%) average or 4.00 on a 5-point scale. The MPhil/Ph.D option will also be
available to candidates interested in pursuing PhD programmes in fields different from but relevant to that
in which they obtained their Masters degree. A terminal MPhil degree will be awarded if the candidate
fails to make the minimum required to transit to the Ph.D programme.

C. MODE OF APPLICATION
Interested candidates are to first log on to our website http://www.unicalonline.edu.ng to access the
prospectus for the complete description of available courses.

Thereafter, candidates are required to pay a non-refundable fee of N10,000 application form (subject to
review) by E-tranzact at any bank as will be provided by the Graduate School. A printout will be issued at
the bank with a Confirmation Order number. Candidates would then enter their Confirmation Order
number and their email or mobile phone numbers on the website to access the form. Follow the steps by
providing your data as prompted and ensure that your form is submitted. YOU ARE TO PRINT OUT A
COPY OF YOUR FORM BY CLICKING ON PRINT button after submission. Please bring a copy of the
printed form and photocopies of your credentials to the screening.


The current designated banks include: Enterprise Bank (former Spring Bank), First Bank Plc, UBA Plc,
Sterling Bank Plc, Syke Bank, Zenith Bank, First City Monument Bank, Ecobank Plc. These may however
change with time on the directives of the Graduate school Board. Candidates are required to contact the
Graduate school for updates.


D. CONCEPTNOTE
As part of the admission requirements, candidates for Masters, MPhil/Ph.D and Ph.D degrees are expected
to submit a CONCEPT NOTE outlining the candidate’s research proposal or statement of research interest.
The concept note which provides a synopsis of the candidate’s research intent must not be longer than one
and a half pages for Masters and three pages for Doctoral candidates. Candidates for all PGD programmes
as well as MBA, MPAS and MPA degrees are excluded from submission of concept note.The concept
note will be useful in determining candidate’s preparedness and suitability for the programme as well as
identifying supervisors for the prospective candidates.


E. TRANSCRIPTS
Candidates are to ensure that their academic transcripts are forwarded by their previous institutions to the
Secretary, Graduate School, University of Calabar, P.M.B. 1115, Calabar, Cross River State, on or before
deadline as may be announced by the Graduate school Board.


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F. ADMISSION SCREENING EXERCISE
All candidates shall be required to take part in the Admission screening exercise which will be announced
by the Graduate School as follows: Part A – Written (Use of English Language and General Knowledge);
Part B – Oral interview in the respective Departments (based on subject area).

The Graduate School in collaboration with Departmental Graduate Committee shall screen and
recommend candidates for admission

The candidates’ forms accompanied by validated transcripts shall be sent to the Head of Departments into
which the candidate seeks admission for processing and recommendation using Graduate School
predetermined criteria for eligibility.

The Head of Department in consultation with the Departmental Graduate Committee shall determine the
eligibility of candidates based on laid down Graduate School criteria.

3.01    Section III:     Provisional Admission of Graduate Students
        The following will be qualified to seek admission as graduate students:
        (a) Those who hold a first degree with first or second class honours of the University of Calabar,
             with CGPA not lower than 3.00/5.00 or 2.75/4.00 for Masters Degree and 4.00/5.00 or
             3.00/4.00 for Doctorate degree.
        (b) Those who hold an equivalent degree from another university or any other equivalent
             qualifications, provided that in any case where there is doubt about equivalence,         the
             Graduate School may seek the guidance of the Registrar of the University.
        (c) Those who hold any other qualification which, together with relevant experience, is deemed
             by Senate to be equivalent to(a) or (b) above.

3.02    Candidates with degrees from non-English speaking universities who seek registration as graduate
        students at the University of Calabar shall either fulfill the general university requirements in
        English Language or produce a certificate from a recognized University certifying that the
        candidate’s knowledge of English, if necessary, is satisfactory.

4.01    Registration
        The provisional admission offered to a student may be confirmed when he produces evidence of
        the following documents required for registration:
           Original evidence of qualification
           Academic transcript from previous institution(s)
           NYSC discharge certificate (where applicable)
           Evidence of sponsorship for institutionally sponsored candidates.
           Written permission of employers for part-time studies.

4.02    Registration Status:
        Registration may be part-time or full-time
        (a)     Part-time Registration:
                Students on part-time studies shall not normally register for more than 3 (three) course
                units or less than 2 (two) course units per semester.

        (b)     Full-time Registration:
                Students on full-time studies shall not normally register for more than 5 (five) course units
                or less than 4 (four) course units per semester, Full-time workers must not register
                        for full-time studies.

        (d)     Change of Registration Status:
                A student may change his registration status from full-time to part-time or from part-time
                to full-time by obtaining the permission of his/her Head of      Department            and
                completing the required forms for change of registration status   within     the   normal
                registration period.


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4.03   Late Registration:
       a. Students shall register within a prescribed period.
       b. Students are allowed two weeks beyond the prescribed period for late registration on payment
          of late fee of N15,000.00.
       c. A student who fails to complete registration requirements prescribed in (b) shall be required
          to apply to Senate for permission to register. He shall in   addition pay a late registration
          fee of (N15,000.00).

4.04   Withdrawal of Registration:
       a. A fully registered student may withdraw his/her registration, without any   penalty, within
          the first three weeks of the Semester.
       b. A student who withdraws his/her registration after three weeks of the beginning of the
          semester shall lose 50% of his/her tuition fee for the semester.
       c. A student who withdraws his/her registration after 6 weeks of the beginning of the semester
          shall lose his/her tuition fee for the semester.
       d. The provisions of (a) and (c) above do not affect the non-refundable deposit required of all
          candidates applying for admission into the University of       Calabar.

4.05   Full Registrations status:
       (a)      Registered graduate students shall pay such fees as shall be prescribed from
       time to time.
       (b)      At the end of the semester of provisional registration, a registered graduate     student
       will be deemed to have achieved a full registration status.
       (c)      All graduate students are required to renew their registration each semester in   the
       Graduate School until they finally graduate.

5.0    Section V:      Masters Degree Regulations

5.01   Eligibility and Procedures:
       Course of advanced studies and/or research which may be full-time or part-time, leading to the
       Masters degree may be organized by Faculty Graduate Committees.

        The following will be eligible to take courses and/or undertake research as candidates for the
        Masters degree under the appropriate Faculty/ :
       (a) First degree: first or second class honours degree;
       (b) Candidates for the Masters programme must present and defend a concept note to the
           Department
       (c) They must write and pass a qualifying examination and must attend an interview.
       (d) The candidates must have achieved CGPA not lower that 3.0 on a 5 point scale; 2.75 on 4
           point scale on their Bachelors programme.
       (e) A holder of Postgraduate diploma in relevant field may be admitted into a Masters
           programme.
       (f) Holders of HND with a minimum of upper credit or an equivalent professional qualification
           may be admitted to a Masters degree programme provided the candidate has a Post Graduate
           Diploma relevant to the degree in view, with at least one (1) reference letter from a former
           Head of Department or a lecturer of the senior cadre

5.02   a)   The Academic Secretary of the Graduate School shall submit each application to the Head of
            the relevant Department who shall, after consultation with the Departmental Graduate
            Committee, make recommendation to the appropriate Faculty/College Committee concerning
            the admissibility of each candidate and shall advise the Faculty Graduate Committees as to
            whether the applicant’s suggested field of study or research is such that the department is in a
            position to provide facilities and continuous supervision.




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       (b)     The department shall recommend the appointment of one supervisor for each student.
             However, in exceptional cases arising from the multi-disciplinary nature of the subject, or
             for some other reason, two supervisors may be      appointed.
       c)    Sufficient reason must also be given for the recommendation or otherwise of each of the
             candidates.
       d)    A candidate for the Masters degree shall pay, apart from the registration fee, such additional
             fees as may be determined from time to time by Senate through the Graduate School Board.
       e)    Graduate students who reside in the University shall be charged for accommodation at a rate
             to be determined from time to time.

5.03   Programme Duration

5.04   Full-Time students:
       After registration, every full-time candidate for the Masters degree shall pursue his studies and/or
       research for not less than three semesters, and not more than five semesters to complete the degree
       programme; provided that Senate may in exceptional circumstances, on the recommendation of a
       Faculty Graduate Committee duly endorsed by the Committee of Supervisor(s), extend a student’s
       course by not more than one semester.

5.07   Part-Time Students:
        (a) After registration, every part-time candidate for the Masters degree shall pursue his studies
              and/or research for not less than four semesters and not more than six semesters to complete
              the degree programme; provided that Senate may, on the recommendation of the Faculty
              Graduate Committee duly endorsed by the Committee of Supervisor(s), extend the maximum
              period by not more than two semesters.
        (b) For the purpose of this Regulation, a member of the staff of the University of Calabar, other
              than a Graduate Assistant, who wishes to read for a Masters degree shall be regarded as a
              part-time candidate, unless he/she is on leave for research.
        (c) A part-time candidate for the Masters degree shall satisfy his Department that he/she can
              meet the following additional conditions:
               i. Where the study will be undertaken at least partly during normal working hours, or
                  where laboratory or other facilities will be used, or     where the study forms part of
                  his/her normal duties, the applicant shall present his employer’s written permission to
                  undertake that course.
              ii. Ready access to satisfactory library facilities should be available to  the    applicant;
                  and
             iii. Arrangements shall be made for regular consultation which shall normally take place at
                  least every semester.
5.08   Course Load:
       Candidates for the Masters degree programme shall normally be required to register for and pass a
       minimum of 30 (inclusive of 6 credits for thesis) and maximum of 36 credit hours (inclusive of 6
       credits for thesis).

5.09   Termination of Studentship
        (a) Senate shall, upon the request of the Graduate School Board, authorize the Secretary of the
            Graduate School to remove a student’s name from the          Graduate School Register if
            he/she fails to satisfy the Graduate School that he/she is making satisfactory progress.
        (b) A student’s name may also be removed from the register for non-payment of             fees, or
            for failure to observe regulation in force.
        (c) A student’s name once removed from the register may be restored only with the consent of
            Senate.

5.10   Graduate Examination
       (a) A candidate for the Masters degree shall be examined by written, oral and/or practical
           examination.
       (b) Each Faculty Graduate Committee shall make recommendations to Senate through the
           Graduate School concerning the appointment of examiners provided that each candidate
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              shall be examined by not less than three examiners, one of whom shall be a person of high
              academic and/or professional standing from outside the university.

6.0     Section VI:     Doctorate Degree Regulations
6.01    Courses of study and research, which may be full-time or  part-time,          leading     to    the
        Doctorate Degree may be organized by Faculty Graduate Committees.

6.02    The following will be eligible to seek registration as candidates for the Doctorate Degree:
        (a)     Candidates with a first degree; First or second class honours and a Masters degree in the
                relevant area of proposed study.
        (b)     An overall GPA of 4.0 on a 5-point grading system and 3.0 on a 4-point grading system
                or better and adjudged to have demonstrated good research ability in their
                dissertation/thesis as determined by the external examiners’ report on the performance of
                candidate in the oral defence and content of thesis. Candidate must have recorded at least a
                B grade (60%) or “Very Good” in the assessment of the external examiner.

        (c)     Candidates for Ph.D admission must present a written statement of research interest on the
                proposed area of research and pass an interview to be conducted by the Departmental/
                Faculty Graduate Committee. The interview will largely be drawn from the concept notes
                presented by the candidates in the process of application. An interview may be conducted
                by telephone or by teleconferencing if candidates are not within the country.

        (d)     Doctoral candidates who did not take part in the qualifying examination required for
                admission at the Masters degree level will be required to undertake this examination to
                determine their suitability for doctoral admission.
        (e)     The qualifying exam will comprise the use of English Language, subject matter
                proficiency in area of specialization and basic ICT competence.
        (f)     Candidates may be admitted into the MPhil/ PhD programme in exceptional circumstances
                where the CGPA in the Masters degree is lower than the minimum required B (60%)
                average or 4.00 points.
        (g)      The MPhil/Ph.D option will also be available to candidates interested in pursuing PhD
                programmes in fields different from but relevant to that in which they obtained their
                Masters degree.
        (h)     The eligible field of study appropriate for admission into the MPhil/PhD programme will
                be as determined by the Departmental Graduate Committee.
        (i)     The Graduate School shall be officially notified of programmes deemed eligible by
                Departments for admission into their respective MPhil/PhD programmes.
        (j)     A 60% (B grade) average shall be the minimum required to transit from MPhil to PhD.
        (k)     An MPhil degree will be awarded if the candidate fails to make the minimum required.

        (l)     Two reference letters - one of which must be from a former Head of Department and/or
                Supervisor.

6.03    Candidates who obtained their last qualifying degree more than seven years before      the date
        of application may not be considered for admission without the express permission of Senate.

6.04    All applications for registration shall be made to the Secretary of the Graduate School and
        accompanied by the appropriate registration fee.

6.5 (a) The Secretary of the Graduate School shall submit each application to the relevant Head of
        Department who shall make recommendations to the appropriate Faculty Graduate Committee
        concerning the admissibility of each applicant and shall advise the Faculty Graduate Committee
        as to whether an applicant’s suggested field of study or research is such that the department is in
        a position to provide facilities and continuous supervision. The department shall recommend the
        appointment of supervisor(s) for each student admitted.



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       (b) When the approvals of the Graduate School and Senate have been obtained,          the applicant’s
           name and field of study shall be added to the register of students for the doctorate degree.

       (c) Neither the Faculty Graduate Committee nor the Graduate School, nor the Senate shall be
           obliged to give reasons for accepting or rejecting an application for admission.

       (d) A registered candidate for the doctorate degree shall pay, apart from his registration fee, such fee
           or fees as may be prescribed from time to time by Senate through the Graduate School Board.
           Where a candidate for the doctorate degree has transferred from the status of a candidate for the
           degree of Masters his date of registration may be backdated to the date he registered as a
           candidate for the Masters degree, provided he pays for that period, any difference in fees and
           establishment charges between those payable by candidates for the Masters degree and those
           payable by candidates for the doctorate degree.

6.06     Credit for Work Done at Masters Level:
         Candidates who earned the degree of Masters from the University of Calabar, may on the
         recommendation of their Faculty Graduate Committee, validated by the transcripts of their Masters
         course work, obtain credit waiver of up to 24 credit hours, provided that they remain in the same
         specialised field of study and score a grade of (B) or better.

6.07     Candidates who earned the degree of Master from other universities, may on the basis of the
         recommendation from their Faculty Graduate Committee, validated by the transcripts of their
         Masters course work, obtain credit waiver of up to 18 credit hours, provided they remain in the
         same specialised field of study and score a grade of 3.0 or better in each course for which credit is
         granted. All students in this category asking for waivers should accompany the application with a
         handbook from their universities.

6.08     Candidates who hold the degree of Masters from other universities but whose transcripts either do
         not show the quality of grades acceptable to the University of Calabar or their university policy
         does not permit the release of performance in each course unit, shall not qualify for credit. It is the
         responsibility of candidates who seek credit for Masters work done in this or other universities to
         apply for such credit during the first semester of registration. No such application may be
         entertained after the first year of registration at the University of Calabar.

6.09     Full-Time Students: After registration, every full-time candidate for the doctorate degree shall
         pursue his studies and research for not less than six semesters, and not more than ten semesters to
         complete the degree programme; provided that Senate may on the recommendation of a Faculty
         Graduate Committee duly endorsed by the Supervisor(s), extend a student’s course by not more
         than four semesters, provided:
           (a) That a candidate already holding an approved higher degree may present his thesis for
                examination before the completion of four semesters;
           (b) (that where a candidate for the doctorate degree transferred from the status of     a
                candidate for the Masters degree, any period of registration for the Masters degree shall
                count toward his period of registration for the doctorate degree;

6.10     Part-time Students
         After registration, every part-time student for the Doctorate degree shall pursue his studies and
         research for not less than 10 semesters and not more than 14 semesters to complete the degree
         programme; provided:
         (a)      That a candidate already holding an approved higher degree may not present        his
         thesis for examination before the completion of four semesters.
         (b)      That where a candidate for the Doctorate degree transferred from the status of
                  a candidate for the Masters degree, any period of registration for the Masters degree shall
                  count toward his period of registration for the Doctorate degree. Members of staff of the
                  University of Calabar who wish to read for the Doctorate degree shall be regarded as part-
                  time students for the purpose of these regulations.


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6.11   Course Load
       (a) Candidates for the Doctorate degree are normally required to take and attain the required
           level of performance in the prescribed course(s) for which they         received credits, if any.
       (b) Candidates possessing the Masters degree may          be granted credit for not more than 24
           credits of course work.
       (c) Applicants for registration for part-time study leading to the Doctorate        degree,       shall
           comply with the conditions laid down for part-time study for the Masters degree.
       (d) Unless a Faculty Graduate Committee permits otherwise, candidates shall reside and study
           for at least four semesters in the university, provided that in no case may permission be given
           for less than        three semesters of residence.
       (e) A committee of not less than two (2) supervisors shall be appointed by the department
           through the Faculty Graduate Committee to guide and direct the study of each student
           registered for the Doctorate degree. One of these shall be Chief Supervisor.
       (f) The Faculty Graduate Committee shall, on the recommendation of the candidate’s
           supervisors prescribe a course of study and research which may include course work. The
           student’s subject area for thesis shall be approved by the Graduate School Board.

6.12   (a) Senate shall, upon the request of the Graduate School Board, authorise the Secretary of the
           Graduate School, to remove a student’s name from the Graduate Register if the student fails
           to satisfy the Graduate School Board that he/she is making satisfactory progress.
       (b) A student’s name may also be removed from the register for non-payment of fees, or for
           failure to observe regulations in force.
       (c) A student’s name once removed from the register may be restored only with the consent of
           Senate.

6.13   Doctoral Candidacy: Candidates registered for the doctoral programme may be admitted to the
       status of candidacy after satisfactorily meeting the following   requirements:
       (a) Completing the prescribed course units for 36 credit hours, including credits       earned
       through the degree of Masters.
       (b) Passing the comprehensive examinations.
       (c) A candidate for the Doctorate degree shall be examined by a thesis, and by a written or
            practical examination provided always that an oral examination both on the material of the
            thesis and general knowledge of the field in which the subject for research has been chosen,
            shall form part of the overall examination. Each Faculty Graduate Committee shall
            recommend the length and manner of examination which must be approved by Senate on the
            recommendation of the Graduate School.

7.0    Section VII: Diploma Programme Regulations
       Course of study and/or research which may be Full-Time or Part-Time leading to the award of
       Diploma may be organized by Faculty/College/Institute. The following are the general
       requirements:

       (i)     Candidates for admission into the Postgraduate diploma programmes must write and pass
               a qualifying examination.

       (ii)    The third class degree shall be the minimum requirement for admission into any Post
               Graduate Diploma in the University.

       (iii)   Lower credit shall be the minimum required for admission into Postgraduate Diploma
               programmes for candidates with HND qualification.

       (iv)    The Departmental Graduate Committee will determine programmes (Bachelors degree,
               HND and Professional Certificates) considered eligible for admission into their respective
               postgraduate diploma programmes. The list of eligible programmes must be submitted to
               the Graduate School and updated whenever necessary.

7.01   Post Graduate Diploma in Education:

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        The following will be eligible to register as candidates for the Postgraduate Diploma in Education
        (PGDE):
        Registered graduate students who:
        (a) Possess degree awarded by the University of Calabar, or
        (b) Possess an equivalent degree from other recognised universities, and
        (c) Present evidence of specialization in secondary school teaching subject in the arts, sciences,
              or social sciences.

Residency Requirements: Graduate students who reside in the university halls shall be charged for
       accommodation at a rate to be determined from time to time by the university.

Graduate Diploma in Management (GDM):
      The following will be eligible to register as candidates for the GDM:
      (a)     Candidates with university degree who have at least 3 years Post-graduate
              industrial/administrative experience and have been recommended/sponsored    by their
              employers;
      (b)     Applicants who hold HND or equivalent professional qualification and have at least 5
              years administrative/managerial experience and have the recommendation/sponsorship of
              their employers/sponsors.

7.04    Post-graduate Diploma in Public Administration:
        The following will be eligible to register as candidates for the Post-graduate Diploma in Public
        Administration (PGDPA).
        (a) Holders of approved university degree or equivalent, and
        (b) Candidates who, though not possessing university degree, have served at     least 5 years in
             an executive position in the public or private sector. Such candidates should be sponsored
             by their employers.

7.05    Post-Graduate Diploma in Applied Microbiology (PGDAM)
        The following will be eligible to register as candidates for the PGDAM:
        (a) Holders of B.Sc. (Hons) degree with at least a second class lower in Biology,        Botany,
        Biochemistry or Zoology; and
        (b) Candidates with Higher National Diploma (HND) with at least an upper        credit pass.

7.06    Post-Graduate Diploma in Applied Chemistry (PGDAC)
        The following will be eligible to register as candidates for the PGDAC:
        (a) Holders of B.Sc. (Hons) degree with at least a         second class lower division in Chemistry,
             Biochemistry and Chemical Engineering, or
        (b) Holders of HND in Chemical Technology with             at least an upper credit pass.

7.07    Post-Graduate Diploma in Physics (PGDP)
        Holders of the following qualifications will be eligible to register as candidates for the PGDP:
        (a) A minimum of credit at HND final examination or its equivalent
        (b) Third class or pass degree in Physics
        (c) At least second class lower degree in Educational Physics.

7.08    Post-Graduate Diploma in Aquaculture (PGDA)
        The following will be eligible to register as candidates for the PGDA:
        (a) Holders of a first degree in Zoology, Biology, Fisheries or Aquaculture;
        (b) Holders of HND upper credit at least in Fisheries and Aquaculture with two             years
        post-qualification experience.


                  REGULATIONS GOVERNING GRADUATE EXAMINATIONS

Section I:       Definitions
In these regulations the following terms shall have the meaning assigned to them below:
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Course Unit: An aggregate of teaching, evaluation and examination offered by a particular department
under a published title. Each course unit shall normally be assigned 3 credit hours.

Course Work: Items in addition to the end of semester or resit examination(s) that are taken into account
when assessing candidate’s performance in a course unit.

Subject: An academic discipline studied in one department. A subject may include more than course unit
and a subject mark is the average of the course unit marks.

Year of Studies: The combination of course units taken by a student in a particular session.
Course: A series of course units leading to a recognised qualification.
Core Course Unit: A course unit which is designated by the appropriate departments as the basic
requirement for a particular degree.
Credit Hours: A credit hour is defined as a series of at least ten one-hour lectures, tutorials or a series of
at least ten three-hour laboratory practical classes, or an equivalent amount of other assigned study or
practical experience, or any combination of these.
A Resit Examination: An examination which the student is required to take having previously been
adjudged to have failed it.
Supplementary Examination: An examination given to a student who has been excused by Senate, on
grounds acceptable to it, from the normally scheduled one.
Board of Examiners: All members of a department of faculty, holding academic appointment in the rank
of Graduate Faculty.

Section II: Organisation and Conduct of Semester Examinations
2.01     Organisation of Examination
It shall be the responsibility of the Graduate Faculty to organize and produce examinations for course units
taught by the departments in the Faculty/College/Institute, in accordance with these regulations and other
directive laid down from time to time by Senate.
The Academic supervision of examinations shall rest with the Head of Departments, Chief Examiner, in
consultation with members of staff teaching a particular course unit during the session.

2.02    Conduct of Examinations
(a)     In order to be admitted to an examination a student must have been registered for the course and
for each and every course unit. He must have satisfied any University and Faculty requirement(s)
regarding attendance, the performance of all assignments connected with the subject taught, and the
payment of fees.

(b)     All courses shall be examined at the termination of the course unit and candidates will  be
credited with the number of credit hours assigned to the course unit for which they have passed the
examination.

        (c)     Each student shall obtain from the Graduate School an examination card which shall show
                only his/her registration number and/or any other       identification approved by Senate

        (d)     All examinations including Seminar papers shall be moderated by external examiners duly
                appointed by Senate.

        (e)     It shall be the responsibility of each student to ensure that he is registered for the
                appropriate examinations, to ascertain the dates, times and places of the examinations for
                which he/she is registered.

        (f)     A student shall be in the examination room at least 30 minutes before the scheduled time
                for the examination. A student is required to supply his/her own pens, pencils, rulers, and
                such other items as may be specified in the      Examination instructions.



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(g)     The student shall be admitted up to 30 minutes after the start of the examination but he/she
        shall not be allowed extra time. If a student arrives later than 30 minutes after the start of
        the examination, an invigilator may by his discretion admit him if he is satisfied that the
        student had good reason for his lateness. The invigilator shall present a written report of
        the circumstances to the department’s Examinations Officer who shall inform the
        Departmental Graduate Committee of Examiners which shall decide whether to accept the
        student’s paper or not.

(h)     The student must produce the registration and identity cards on entry to every examination
        and leave them prominently displayed on the desk for the         inspection      of      the
        invigilator throughout the examination. It shall be the duty     of the invigilator to enter
        in the register, an accurate record of the registration number, (not the name) of every
        candidate attending the examination.

(i)     A student may be permitted by the invigilator to leave the examination room
during the course of an examination provided that:
            i. No student shall be allowed to leave the examination room during the       first
                hour of the examination except in cases of emergency. In the      event     of  a
                candidate taking ill the invigilator must complete the appropriate form and send
                the sick candidate along with an          examination attendant to the Medical
                Centre. The student must hand his script to the invigilator before leaving.
           ii. A student who leaves the examination room shall not be readmitted unless
                throughout the period of his/her absence he/she has been continually under the
                supervision of an invigilator or person duly appointed as an invigilator.

(j)     No student shall communicate with any other student or with other person(s),
        except with the invigilator when essential. In addition, no student shall make
        any noise or cause any disturbance during an examination.

(k)     No book, paper, printed or written document, or other aid may be taken into an
        examination rook by any student, except as may be stated in the rubric of any examination
        paper. Any candidate found in possession of such items shall be reported in writing to the
        Departmental Board which shall determine whether or not to accept the student’s script or
        make any other recommendations to the Faculty Board of Examiners.

(l)      Each student is required to deposit, at his own risk, any handbag, briefcase or
similar article at a location provided for the purpose before the start of an
examination.

(m)     No student shall directly or indirectly, give assistance to any other student, or permit any
        other student to copy from his/her papers. Similarly a student must not directly or
        indirectly accept assistance from any student or anyother unauthorized person.

(n)     If any student is found to infringe on, or is suspected of infringing on (j) and/or (k) above,
        or in anyway cheats or disturbs the conduct of examination, the invigilator shall warn the
        student forthwith. The student concerned shall, however, be allowed to continue with the
        examination provided he causes no disturbance. The invigilator shall submit a written
        report to the Departmental Chief Examiner who will cause the circumstances to be
        investigated and will report to the Departmental Board of Examiners which may
        subsequently recommend to the Faculty Board of Examiners what action should be taken
        in the case.

(o)     Each student shall write his registration number, not his name, distinctly at the appropriate
        place on the cover of every answer booklet or separate sheet      attached to the answer
        booklet.



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       (p)    Except for the printed question paper, a student shall not remove from the
       examination room, or mutilate, any paper or other material supplied.

       (q)     At the end of the time allotted, the invigilator shall instruct all students to stop writing, and
               they must comply.

       (r)     The invigilator shall put the answer sheets serially in sealed envelopes. Each
               envelope must be signed by each invigilator. The Chief Invigilator shall return the sealed
               envelopes to the Chief Examiner and obtain a receipt for same. It shall be the
               responsibility of the Chief Examiner in each department to collect and sign for the
               examination scripts.

2.03   Consideration and Communication of Examination Results
       (a) Marks/grades for all course units shall be considered in the first instance by the
            Departmental Graduate Committee under the Chairmanship of the Chief Examiner.The
            recommendations of the Departmental Graduate Examination Committee shall be
            considered at a duly convened meeting of the Faculty Graduate Examination Committee
            which shall make its recommendations to the Graduate School Board.
       (b) The Chairman, Faculty Graduate Committee shall submit examination results               on
            approved format, considered appropriate for each examination.
       (c) No student shall be informed of the result of any examination by any           individual until it
            has been approved by Senate.
       (d) Official transcript of results shall be signed by the Dean of Graduate School and
            countersigned by the Secretary of the Graduate School. Transcripts may only be issued to
            institutions of higher learning and to institutional sponsors under confidential cover.

2.04   Absence from Examinations
       (a) No student shall be excused from taking the whole or any part of any examinations except
            on the strength of a medical certificate supplied, or recognised by the Director of University
            Medical Services that he is unfit to take the examination. In such cases, the facts, supported
            by the evidence, shall be submitted to the Graduate School Board by the faculty which board
            shall make recommendations to Senate for appropriate action.

       (b)   An application by a student, or if he is incapacitated, by a person acting on his behalf, for
             exemption from any examination on medical grounds shall be submitted to the Graduate
             School through the Head of Department as soon as possible and normally not later than
             seven days after the date of the examination providing full relevant evidence. The Graduate
             School Board shall, thereupon consider all the evidence submitted to it including oral
             evidence, where appropriate, and make recommendations to. The decision of on such
             recommendations shall be final.

2.05   Examiners and marking Scripts
       The setting, and marking of examination papers shall be the duty of the Chief Examiner, the
       internal examiners, as well as the external examiners.

2.06   Appointment and Duties of Internal Examiners
       (a) Appointment of Internal Examiners:
           The Internal Examiners shall have the qualification of Graduate Faculty. The Chief
           Examiner shall be the Head of Department.
       (b) Duties of Internal Examiners
           (i) They shall participate in the setting and moderation of examination questions and in
                 the invigilation and grading of all examinations.
           (ii) Internal examiners, along with external examiners, shall consider and approve
                 examination results for submission through the Graduate School Board to Senate.
           (iii) There shall be no fewer than two internal examiners for each course unit.

2.07   Appointment and Duties of External Examiners
                                                    129
        (a)     Appointment: External Examiners shall be nominated by departments and their names,
                qualifications, addresses, along with their rank and area of specialization, sent for approval
                by Senate through the Graduate School Board. The External Examiner is normally a senior
                academic member of an outside university or equivalent institution, and the appointment is
                normally for a maximum period of three (3) consecutive years on a yearly basis.

                External examiners may be appointed for dissertation/project examination only.

        (b) Duties of External Examiners:
            (i) To moderate all examination question papers. They shall satisfy             themselves as to
                    the appropriateness of the examination questions as having regard to the approved
                    syllabus for the course and the level of examination.
            (ii) To mark, or to revise the marking of the scripts, and projects, or such portions of the
                    scripts of candidates.
            (iii) To participate in practical and oral examination, where such examinations are given,
                    after consultation with the relevant Internal Examiners in the subject.
            (iv) To attend Departmental Board of Examiners and participate in the determination of
                    results.
            (v) To submit a written report on each candidate’s project/thesis on a format approved by
                    Senate.
            (vi) To submit to the Vice-Chancellor a written report on each course work examination
                    moderated by them.
            (vii) In case of any disagreement between an internal examiner and an external examiner
                    over marks or other related matter, the views of the external examiners shall prevail.
2.08    Appeals
        (a)    A student may appeal through his/her Head of Department to the Dean of the Graduate
               School for a reassessment of his/her Examination script on payment           of a fee of
               N1000.00 per course unit.
        (b)    If the appeal results in a significant improvement (i.e. a change in letter grade) on the
               student’s original grade, the appeal fee shall be refunded to the appellant.
        (c)    No person can appeal for the reassessment of the scripts of some other student.
        (d)    A group appeal by all candidates involved in a particular course examination         shall not
               be entertained.
        (e)    For an appeal to be valid, notice in writing of such an appeal must be lodged        with the
               Graduate School within four weeks of the publication of the relevant         result.

Section III:      Grading System for all Examinations

3.01    Grading System for Higher Degrees
        Examination grades shall be reported with the following designations:

        (i)       Score           letter grade             Point           Verbal equivalent

               70 – 100              A                     5.00            Excellent
               60 – 69               B                     4.00            Very Good
               50– 59                C                     3.00            Good
               45 – 49               D                     2.00            Pass
               40 – 44               E                     1.00            Fail
               Below 40              F                     0.00            Bad fail
          No marks assigned          I                     Nil             Incomplete

        (ii)      The minimum pass grade for each course unit in the Graduate Progamme shall be “C”.

        (iii)     Failure to satisfy all the requirements for a course unit and remove all incomplete
                  grades by the end of the fourth week of the succeeding semester will earn a candidate an
                  F grade.


                                                     130
       (iv)    A candidate who does not sit for an examination because of ill-health or any other reason
               that is not covered by a certificate/document acceptable to Senate        shall be awarded
               an F grade.

       (v)     M.Sc.: The minimum cumulative grade point average for graduation in the Masters
               programme shall normally be 3.00/5.00, provided no fail grade is recorded.

       (vi)    The minimum cumulative grade point average for graduation in the Doctorate degree
               programme shall normally be 4.00/5.00. Superior grades (A) may be applied to offset (C)
               grades, provided that the required minimum cumulative grade point average is attained by
               the candidate.

3.02   Classification of Degrees and Diplomas
       (i)     All graduate degrees shall be awarded without classification.

3.03   Change of Registration
       In assessing a candidate’s work for a change of registration from a Masters programme to a Ph.D
       programme, superior grades (A, B) may be applied to offset pass grades (C, provided that the
       required minimum cumulative grade point average is attained by the candidate.

Section IV:    Determination of Pass, Credit, Resit, Repeats and Withdrawal Performances

4.01   Pass
       A student shall have passed the examination if he obtains a pass grade of (C) or above in each
       course unit prescribed for the graduate programme.

4.02   Resit
       (i)     A student shall have failed the examination if he obtains a grade below C in one or more
               course units. Such a student shall resit the failed course unit(s).
       (ii)    A student has one chance to resit and pass the failed course unit(s).
       (iii)   The highest grade which a student shall have registered for a resit examination is ‘B’ for
               Ph.D candidates and ‘C’ for Masters degree          candidates.

4.03   Repeat
       A student who resits a failed course unit(s) and fails to pass, may be allowed to repeat   the
       course.

4.04   Supplementary
       The actual grade obtained for each course unit shall be   registered.

4.05   Withdrawal from University
       A student shall have failed the examination and shall be required to withdraw from the University
       if:
       (a)     he/she fails all the prescribed course units for full-time or part-time students, as   the
               case may be, at the end of the first semester;
       (b)     a full time student obtains 3 or more failing grades at the end of the second     semester
       whether or not the failing grades are the aggregate of all failures obtained during one academic
       year, and fails to obtain an overall Grade Point Average of 3.00;
       (c)     a part-time student obtains 2 or more failing grades at the end of the second     semester
       whether or not the failing grades are the aggregate of all failures obtained during one academic
       year and fails to obtain an overall Grade Point Average of 3.00.

4.06   Repeating the year with Special Permission of Senate
       Senate may allow a student to repeat the year if he/she is unable to follow the full programme and
       examinations provided this inability is supported by appropriate medical certificates acceptable to
       Senate. The grades obtained for each course unit during that year shall be registered as such.


                                                   131
Section V:      Other Examinations

5.01    Comprehensive Examinations
        There shall be a Comprehensive Examination at the end of the coursework for the Ph.D, to be
        conducted in a manner prescribed by the department and approved by Senate.

5.02    Doctoral Theses
        (a) Two External Examiners shall be appointed per doctoral thesis based on the area of
            specialization and expertise in relation to the thesis to be examined. They shall be expected to
            send in a written report on the thesis to be examined before the date of examination. The report
            shall be submitted to the Graduate School within one month from the date of receipt of the
            theses. The two examiners must confirm the suitability of the thesis for examination. One of
            the examiners will be required to come down to conduct the oral examination. He shall be
            expected to submit a written report after the examination.
        (b) An Internal Examiner shall be expected to be knowledgeable in the field where the thesis has
            been written He shall submit an independent report to the Dean of Graduate School after
            the oral examination. He/ She shall complete and sign a joint report with the external
            examiner after the oral examination. He/she shall serve as the Graduate School Representative.
            The report on reaching the Dean of Graduate School shall be further transmitted to the head of
            the unit concerned in the Graduate School for vetting purposes.

        Masters Theses
        a) An external examiner shall be appointed per masters thesis. He/ She shall be required to make
           a written report on the suitability of the thesis for the award of the degree before the date of the
           examination. The report shall be submitted within one month from the date of receipt of the
           thesis. Where the thesis is deemed unsuitable for the degree in view the candidate shall rewrite
           the thesis to an acceptable standard before an oral examination is conducted.
        b) The requirement governing the nomination of an internal examiner for the Ph.D shall also hold
           for the Masters thesis.

        The Head of Department shall be the Chief Examiner provided he/she is not the candidate’s
        Supervisor, spouse or parent.

      Procedure for External Examination
(i) At least eight weeks before an oral examination, the candidate in consultation with Supervisor(s) shall
      submit through the Head of Department an application for examination to the Departmental Graduate
      Committee (the Committee shall verify and ascertain the readiness of candidate) for external
      examination.
(ii) Application shall be sent to the Faculty Graduate Committee for consideration and recommendation
      to the Graduate School.
(iii) On approval, the candidate shall submit 4 typed soft-bound copies of the thesis to the Head of
      Department at least 6 weeks to the examination.
(iv) The Head of Department shall send copies of the thesis (3 copies for Ph.D and 2 copies for Masters
      thesis) to the Graduate School for onward forwarding to the External Examiner(s) and Graduate
      School Representative respectively.
(v) A candidate whose work has been referred back for improvement shall present himself for re-
      examination within two semesters and may not present himself for re-examination more than once.
(vi) Copies of a successful thesis/dissertation, bound in a prescribed manner, shall be deposited as follows
      through the Graduate School:
            One copy with the Secretary of the Graduate School
            Two copies with the University Library; and
            One copy with the Department in which the candidate has worked.

(vii) The effective date for award of degrees and postgraduate diploma shall be the date of Senate and
      Board approval, respectively.



                                                     132
                                 GRADUATE PROGRAMMES

A.   General Programme Regulations
     Courses may be offered full-time or part-time. All programmes begin with course work and end
     with a project (for Diploma) or thesis (for Masters and Ph.D degrees). For Full-time studies in
     most programmes, the post-graduate Diplomas and Masters programmes last at least one calendar
     year, (the Masters programme in Management Studies lasts at least two years).

     The Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) programme extends over a period of at least three years. The
     part-time programmes in Education last for at least three vacations. Candidates with disciplinary
     deficiencies may be allowed to remedy them by taking and passing appropriate undergraduate
     courses with a grade approved by the relevant department within one additional year or semester
     of preliminary studies. Such grades will not count as graduate credit. Candidates with Masters
     degree from a recognised university may credit the relevant courses towards the Ph.D Programme
     provided the quality of the grades is acceptable to the Graduate School. The course work for all
     programmes ends with comprehensive examination.

B.   Programmes Available

I.   Higher Degree Programmes

1.   Faculty of Agric
     PGDA, M.Agric, Ph.D

2.   Faculty of Arts
     M.A., MPhil, and Ph.D. programmes are available in the following areas:
     (i)     English and Literary Studies: African Literature (African Oral Literature, Modern African
             Literature, Literature of the African Diaspora).
     (ii)    History: West African History (Social, Economic and Political); East and Central African
             History, African Diaspora History, Imperialism, Historical Methods (Oral Tradition).
     (iii)   Languages and Linguistics
             (a)     Languages: French Language and Language Teaching, Translation, French
                     Literature and Culture, African Francophone Literature.
             (b)     Linguistics: M.A. Programme is available in the following areas: Descriptive
                     Linguistics, Comparative Linguistics, Applied Linguistics.
     (iv)    Theatre Arts: The Department offers Master of Fine Arts (M.F.A.) programmes in the
             following fields: Theatre Directing and Theatre/Studio Administration Programmes are
             run on full time basis only.

3.   Faculty of Social Sciences:
     M.B.A. is offered in the Department of Management Studies; M.Sc. and Ph.D programmes are
     available in all other Departments of the Faculty of Social Sciences.
     (i)     Economics: Development Economics: Mathematics Economics: Economic and Social
             History of Nigeria; Public Finance and Monetary Economics Programmes are on full-time
             basis only.
     (ii)    Geography and Regional Planning:
             Specializations are in Climatology, Urban Geography, Geomorphology, Transport/
             Industrial Geography.
     (iii)   Management Studies: The Programme offered is Master of Business Administration
             (MBA). The Preliminary year Programme is on full-time basis only.
     (iv)    Political Science: Comparative Politics, Political Behaviour, Political Economy,
             International Relations; Political Theory/Philosophy. The following programmes are also
             offered: Master of Public Administation (MPA); M.Sc. in Policy Studies, and M.Sc. in
             Public Planning and Management.
     (v)     Sociology: The following programmes are offered: Development Sociology, Industrial
             Sociology, Demography and Social Anthropology. The Programmes are on full-time basis
             only.
                                               133
4.    Faculty of Education
      Regular Programmes: M.Ed. and Ph.D Programmes are available in the following areas during the
      session:
           Curriculum Studies
           Educational Administration and Planning
           Educational Foundations
           Guidance and Counselling

5.    Faculty of Science
      (a) M.Sc. and Ph.D Programmes are available in the following areas:
              (i)     Biological Sciences: Parasitology, Genetics, Microbiology and Entomology.
              (ii)    Chemistry: Analytical Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry,
                      Physical Chemistry and Process Metallogy.
              (iii)   Geology: Mineralogy and Petrology: Petroleum Geology/Sedimentology,
                      Micropaleontology: Marine Geology; Applied Geochemistry; Engineering
                      Geology; Hydrogeology; Exploration Geophysics.
              (iv)    Physics: Geo-environmental physics (General and Applied Geophysics,
                      Atmospheric Physics, Meteorology; Applied Engineering Physics (Applied
                      Acoustics, Communications Vacuum Physics and Material Science); Theoretical
                      Physics (Solid State, Nuclear and Plasma Physics).
      (b) M.Sc. Programme in Applied Mathematics is available in the Department of
          Mathematics/Statistics:

6.    College of Medical Sciences:
      M.Sc. and Ph.D programmes are offered in the Department of Biochemistry; M.Sc. in the
      Departments of Anatomy, and Biochemistry; M.Sc. in the Departments of Anatomy, Medical
      Microbiology and Parasitology; and Master of Community Health (MCH) in the Department of
      Community Health.
      (i)     Anatomy: Field of Research interest include Congenital Malformations (Teratology),
              Histology, Physical Anthropology (Sexing of Bones), Advanced          Cell     Biology,
              Embryology and Comparative Anatomy. Programmes are only on full-time basis.
      (ii)    Biochemistry: The following areas of specialization are offered: Clinical Biochemistry,
              Nutritional Biochemistry, Biochemical Toxicology, Metabolism, Biochemical
              Endocrinology, Lipid Biochemistry.
      (iii)   Community Health:        The programme offered is Master of Community Health
              (M.C.H.) with specialization in:
               Community Health Education
               Primary Health Care
               Epidemiology

      (iv)   Medical Microbiology/Parasitology areas of research include: Clinical    Bacteriology,
      Medical Mycology and Medical Parasitology.

      The College of Medical Sciences also organizes Inter-Departmental M.Sc. Programme in Nutrition
      and Food Science, co-ordinated by the Department of Biochemistry. Areas of Specialization are:
              Nutrition
              Food Science

II.   Postgraduate Diploma Programmes:
      These are offered by the Faculties of Education and Management Sciences.

1.    Postgraduate Diploma in Education (PGDE)
      This programme prepares graduate teachers without teaching qualifications for effective service in
      the Secondary Schools and Colleges in Nigeria. Postgraduate Diploma in Education (PGDE)
      courses are organized in the regular session.


                                                134
2.   Postgraduate Diploma in Public Administration (DPA): The Department of Political Sciences
     offers courses leading to the award of the Diploma in Public Administration (DPA). The Diploma
     in Public Administration (DPA) programme is designed for persons with at least 5 years
     executive/managerial positions in the public and private sector and others who wish to increase
     their theoretical and practical knowledge of the complexities of modern public administration.



                                  SCHEDULE OF COURSES

FOR A COMPLETE DESCRIPTION OF COURSES UNDER GRADUATE SCHOOL, CONTACT
 THE GRADUATE SCHOOL PROSPECTUS OR VISIT THE GRADUATE SCHOOL WEBSITE
                        AT www.unicalonline.edu.ng.


Adjust all the graduate school aspect




                                              135
                         CATHOLIC INSTITUTE OF WEST AFRICA (CIWA)
                                     PORT HARCOURT

This great institute established in 1981 in Port Harcourt is affiliated to the University of Calabar through
the Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies.

The Catholic Institute of West Africa (CIWA) Port Harcourt is a higher ecclesiastical Institute founded in
1981 for the study of Theology and other related disciplines within the socio-cultural context of West
Africa. The institute was established and is owned by the Association of Episcopal Association of
Anglophone West Africa (AECAWA). It is open to all citizens of West Africa and beyond, irrespective of
religion, gender, ethnic origin and social class. CIWA graduate programmes is applicable for admission
into the graduate programmes of other related disciplines.

Objective
The institute is a special Theology mainly for holders of First degree in Theology from recognized
institutes of research and related disciplines as well as in other human sciences.

It is responsible for the training of academic personnel in theological and related disciplines for seminaries,
other ecclesiastical institutions of learning, pastoral institutions ministry and catechetical centres. The
institute is expected to promote fruitful dialogue, faith and reason, between Gospel and culture and
between Christian thought and modern sciences. Courses and programmes are organized with these
objectives in view.

Institute’s Research Thrust
Aware of the importance of theological education in the formation and integral development of human
person, the institute endeavours to inculturate the timeless and placeless Word of God and the Wisdom of
the past ages (including African worldview) into the present African way of life thereby serving as the
midwives of the African culture and modernity, hence, the expected birth of an authentic African religious
culture and way of life. This process of inculturation is both a methodology and a theological thrust which
the institute uses to drive home the divine message to its adverse audience in the sub-region and beyond.

In the same way, the Institute endeavours to contextualize the divine message to address itself specifically
to every context, be it political, economic, legal, warfare, etc in fulfillment of the Biblical injunction on
Christians, to be the salt of the earth (Mt. 5:13). The other related disciplines are expected to carry out their
researches with the same thrust.

Programme Organization
Admission: Admission to the programme is open to candidates who hold at least a Second Class Lower
Division Bachelor’s degree with B or 2.75 grade point average in the envisaged discipline.

Departments: The Institute has, meanwhile, for its theological faculty two main departments – Department
of Biblical Theology/Dogmatic Theology and Liturgy and the Department of Pastoral Theology, Moral
Theology and Canon Law. Philosophy is a unit on its own. It is envisaged that these units within the
departments will in the near future become departments on their own to promote independent research and
specialization.

Semester Courses: Each unit offers a minimum of six courses per semester for Masters and Doctorate
candidates.

                                      INSTITUTE OF EDUCATION

Course No.                 Course Title                                           Credit Hours
PGE 5011          Educational Tests and Measurements                                     3
PGE 5112          Teaching Practice                                                      3
PGE 5021          Research Methods and Case Study                                        3
PGE 5022          Special Research Project                                               3
PDE 5611          School and Society                                                     3
                                                      136
Course No.                Course Title                                 Credit Hours
PDE 5312        Philosophical Foundations of Education                        3
PDE 5212        History of Nigerian Education                                 3
PDE 5111        Curriculum and Instruction                                    3
PDE 5121        Special Teaching Methods in Science                           3
PDE 5141        Special Teaching Methods in Mathematics                       3
PDE 5131        Special Teaching Methods in Social Science                    3
PDE 5151        Special Teaching Methods in Language Arts                     3
PDE 5412        Educational Administration and Supervision                    3
PDE 5022        Special Research Project                                      3

         POST-GRADUATE DIPLOMA IN ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION (PGDEE)

Course No.                           Course Title                      Credit Hours
PGDEE 5111      Environmental Education I                                   3
PGDEE 5211      Planning and Process                                        3
PGDEE 5311      Curriculum and Instruction                                  3
PGDEE 5411      Community Education                                         3
PGDEE 5511      Research Methods in Education                               3
PGDEE 5612      Environmental Education II                                  3
PGDEE 5712      Nigerian Environment                                        3
PGDEE 5812      Community Health                                            3
PGDEE 5912      Environmental Perceptions and Human Behaviour               3
PGDEE 5922      Project                                                     3

                               INSTITUTE OF OCEANOGRAPHY

Course No.                           Course Title                      Credit Hours
FAQ 5021      Fish Breeding and Fingerling Production                        3
FAQ 5031      Pond and Cage Construction and Maintenance                     3
FAQ 5041      Advanced Fish Nutrition                                        3
FAQ 5051      Aquaculture Economics and Extension                            3
AMD 6001      Fish Pathogens and Diseases                                    3
FAQ 5002      Aquaculture (Field) Practical Project                          3

M.Sc./Ph.D Degree Courses
Course No.                          Course Title                       Credit Hours
FAQ 5021 Structure and Functions of the Marine Ecosystem I                   3
FAQ 5011    Anatomy Physiology of Fishes                                     3
FAQ 5001    Physical and Chemical Oceanography                               3
FAQ 5031    Fish Population Dynamics and Stock Assessment                    3
FAQ 5001    Current Topics in Fisheries and Aquaculture                      3
FAQ 5000    Research Project                                                 3
FAQ 5012    Fish Reproductive Biology and Early Stages                       3
FAQ 5002    Advanced Aquaculture                                             3
FAQ 5032    Statistics and Sampling Techniques for Fisheries Biology         3
FAQ 5022    Structure and Functions of the Marine Ecosystem II               3
FAQ 5042    Fish Pathogens and Diseases                                      3
FAQ 6000    Research Project                                                 3
FAQ 6002    Advanced Fish Nutrition                                          3
FAQ 6003    Fish Processing and Gear Technology                              3

              INSTITUTE OF PUBLIC POLICY AND ADMINISTRATION (IPPA)

Course No.                           Course Title                      Credit Hours
IPA 5001     Public Policy Analysis and Decision-Making I                    3
IPA 5001     Public Policy Analysis and Decision-Making II                   3
                                                137
Course No.                            Course Title                              Credit Hours
IPA 5011      Local Government and Intergovernmental Relations                        3
IPA 5012      Public Financial Management                                             3
IPA 5021      Public Administration in Nigeria                                        3
IPA 5022      Advanced Rural Development                                              3
IPA 5031      Advanced Public Personal Administration                                 3
IPA 5032      Public Corporations                                                     3
IPA 5041      Organisation Theory                                                     3
IPA 5042      Comparative Public Administration                                       3
IPA 5051      Advanced Local Government Accounting and Auditing                       3
IPA 5052      Nigerian Foreign Policy                                                 3
IPA 5062      Health and Welfare Administration                                       3
IPA 5072      Nigerian Public Finance                                                 3
IPA 5082      Project Report                                                          3
IPA 5061      Quantitative Analysis and Research Methods                              3
IPA 5022      Rural Development                                                       3




                                    INSTITUTE OF EDUCATION
                                   BACKGROUND INFORMATION

The Institute of Education is an academic unit of the University of Calabar established by statute in 1987.
The statute was revised in 2002. By statute the main functions of the Institute now include the following:

i.      Acting in advisory and consultative capacity to the Ministries charged with responsibility for
        Education in matters pertaining to education, and collaborating with the Ministries both in the
        planning and extension of educational facilities and in the provision, either by itself or in
        conjunction with other bodies, of suitable courses of study and instruction.

ii.     Provision of teaching, research and training, leading to the award of Diplomas and Certificates in
        Environmental Education and Extension Services.

iii.    Conducting and promoting research and acting as a coordinating agency for research in all matters
        pertaining to education and the development of education.

iv.     Providing education centres for the promotion of educational interest of persons concerned with or
        interested in education.

v.      Recommending to senate the award of degrees, diplomas and certificates.

vi.     Promoting the training of teachers and other persons engaged in educational vocational work.

vii.    Undertaking Consultancy Services for Governments, International Organizations, Local,
        Authorities and Private.

vii.    Providing and coordinating courses, conferences and lectures for persons concerned with or
        interested in education.

ix.     Advising on the establishment and maintenance of professional Library services in the Institute
        and in affiliated institutions.

x.      Serving on State and National bodies responsible for educational policy such as the Joint
        consultative Committee on Education (JCC), National Education Council (NEC), HERDC, NCCE
        etc.
                                                    138
1.   GOVERNING BOARD
     The Institute of Education shall have a Governing Board which shall consist of the following:
      a) The Vice-Chancellor
      b) The Director of the Institute
      c) The Dean, Faculty of Education
      d) One External Member of Council
      e) Dean of Graduate School
      f) A representation from the Cross River State Ministry of Education
      g) One member of the Senior staff of the Institute elected by the Academic Board of the
           Institute
      h) The University Librarian
      i) The Director of Academic Planning
      j) Secretary of the Institute shall be the Secretary of the Board.

2.   TENURE
     Tenure of the Board is three years.

3.   THE MEETING OF THE BOARD
     The Board shall meet at least twice in a year and at any other time at the request of the Vice
     Chancellor, the Director of the Institute or any six other members.

4.   FUNCTIONS OF THE BOARD
     Subject to the control and direction of the Council and any regulation made by the Senate, the
     functions of the Governing Board shall be as follows:

     i)      To give policy directives necessary for the functioning of the Institute
     ii)     To present to the University Council through the Vice Chancellor all proposals involving
             finance and administration
     iii)    To receive annual reports on the Institute
     iv)     To approve on the recommendation of the Professional and Academic Board the budget
             and prgrammes of the Institute.
     v)      To submit to Council and where necessary the Senate minutes of the meting of the
             Governing Board.
     vi)     To approve on the recommendations of Instituted Professional and Academic Board, the
             granting of the status of Associated Institution to any Institution.
     vii)    To carry out any other functions conferred upon the Institute by the University Law or
             Statute or by the Council and Senate.

5.   ACADEMIC AND PROFESSIONAL BOARD
     There shall be an Academic and Professional Board for the Institute of Education which shall
     comprise:
     a)      The Director of the Institute as Chairman
     b)      The Unit Co-ordinators in the Institute
     c)      All Research and teaching staff of the Institute from the rank of Asst Research Fellows.
     d)      Heads of Departments within the Faculty of Education or their representatives
     e)      A representative of the Librarian
     f)      Representative of the Faculty of Arts, Social Sciences, Sciences and Agriculture.
     g)      Representative Graduate School
     h)      One representative each of the affiliated bodies with the Instituted.
     i)      The Senior Administrative Officer in the Institute shall serve as the Secretary.

     The Academic and Professional Board shall meet at least once a month in each semester and at any
     time at the request of the Director or any here members in writing to the Director. The quorum for
     the meeting of the Academic and Professional Board shall be he Director of the Institute and one
     third of the membership.
                                                 139
6.      FUNCTIONS OF THE ACADEMIC AND PROFESSIONAL BOARD
        Subject to the control and direction of the Governing Board and any regulations made be the
        Senate, the Academic and Professional Board shall have the following functions:

        a)   To supervise the training of candidates for the examination of the Institute or of other
             professional bodies
        b)   To recommend to Senate for approval, courses and syllabus of study with the Institute
        c)   To recommend to Senate the award of Diplomas and Certificate
        d)   To arrange for student's practical field experience with Schools, Industries, Government
             parastatals, International Organizations and other accredited Institutions.
        e)   To regulate the conduct of Institute's Examinations
        f)   To recommend to Senate the appointment of External Examiners.
        g)   To organize and execute the extension programmes of the Institute.
        h)   To appoint committees as may be deemed expedient
        i)   To deal with any matter referred to it by the Governing Board or Senate
        j)   To report its proceedings to the Governing Board where necessary.

ADMINISTRATION
The Institute of Education is administered by the Director who is responsible to the Vice-Chancellor. The
Director is the Chairman of the Academic and Professional Board of the Institute, the Secretary of the
Institute's Governing Board and also the Ex-officio member of all Boards and Committees appointed by
the Governing Board or the Academic and Professional Board.

The academic staff of the institute are research staff and are designated as Research Assistants, Assistant
Research Fellows, Research Fellows II, Research Fellows I, Senior Research Fellows, Readers and
Professors. All academic staff from the rank of Assistant Research Fellows are as of right, members of the
Academic and Professional Board.

The Academic and Professional Board is the general policy making body subject to the authority of the
Governing Board and Senate. It handles all matters of general interest to students and staff. There are
unit coordinators that handled specified functions and are responsible to the Director. There are also
Academic Advisers who handle students' academic and personal problems. The Institute Officer oversees
all administrative matters involving staff and students and such other functions as assigned by the Director
or directed by the Registry.

All staff and students have unrestricted access to the Director, however, students are urged to first discuss
their problems with officials designated to handle such problems. Academic Advisers, Examinations
officer and Coordinators as well as the Institute officer are always ready to help students solve their
problems.

                                       UNITS IN THE INSTITUTE

The Institute has for now three units as follows:
 (a)     Research and Publications Unit
 (b)     Conferences, Seminars /workshop Unit
 (c)     Diploma Programmes Coordinating Unit

Institute Programmes
A.      Certificate Programmes
        i.      Certificate in Science Education (CSE)
        ii.     Certificate in Mathematics Education (CME)
        iii.    Certificate in Educational Technology (CET)
        iv.     Certificate in English Language Education (CEL)
        v.      Theatre and Performing Art Education (TPE)


                                                     140
B.       Diploma Programmes
         i.     Ordinary Diploma in Education (DED)
         ii.    Diploma in Library Science (LSD)
         iii.   Diploma in Environmental Education (DEE)
         iv.    Diploma in Educational Technology (DET)

Duration of Diploma Programmes
The duration for each Diploma Programme is two academic Calendars/years, made up of four semesters.

Admission Requirements for Diploma Programmes
For a candidate to be qualified for any of the Institute's Diploma Programmes he/she must posses any of
the following:

i.   Senior Secondary School Certificate or equivalent with at least four credits in relevant subjects
     including at least a pass in English Language and Mathematics in at most two sittings.

ii. Teachers Grade Two Certificate (TCC II) with at least four credits or merits including at least a pass in
    English language, Mathematics in only one sitting.

iii. Any other qualification acceptable to the University of Calabar for a Diploma Programme admission.

Requirements for Graduation
Students must have done all courses as required and completed and submitted their projects. They must
also have completed a six-week intemship/Industrial Training (IT) programme in a relevant establishment.
Maximum credit units per semester is 18 units.

CODE
DED = Diploma in Education
LSD = Library and Information Science Diploma
DPB = Diploma in Primary and Basic Education
DET = Diploma in Educational Technology
DEE = Diploma in Environmental Education

Diploma Programmes:

Diploma in Library Science

Programme Objective:
The objective of the Diploma in Library and information Science (Dip.Lib) programme is to train serving
Library Assistants and Attendants and other qualified candidates who wish to rise to middle management
positions in different libraries, in the country. The programme is also available to holders to Teacher Grade
II and NCE Certificate. The need for well equipped and effectively managed libraries in our schools and
colleges has long been recognized. What have been lacking are suitably trained and qualified personnel to
organized and run these libraries. The programme will provide teachers with the basic professional
knowledge and practical skills needed to develop, equip and run libraries and media centers in our schools
and colleges.




                                                    141
                        COURSE STRUCTURE AND DESCRIPTION
                                    YEAR ONE

           1ST SEMESTER                                  2ND SEMESTER
 Course       Course title      Credit Hr    Course        Courses title         Credit Hr
  Code                                        Code
DED1001   Communication            2        DED1002   Basic concepts and            2
          Skills                                      process in Test &
                                                      Measurement
          Child Psychology I:      2        DED1012   Instructional                 2
DED1021   Growth &                                    Methodologies and
          Development                                 Microteaching
          Introduction to          2        DED1022   Child Psychology II:          2
DED1031   Computer                                    Behaviour and
                                                      Learning
          Introduction to          2        DED1012   Introduction to               2
DED1041   Philosophy and                              Projectual
          Logic
LSD1101   Introduction to          2        LSD       The role of Libraries in      2
          Library &                               1   the Educational process
          Information Science               142

LSD1151   Introduction to          2        LSD       Circulation of Library        2
          Physical                                1   Materials & Reference
          Bibliography, Book                152       Service
          Selection and
          Acquisition
          Two courses from         6                  Two course from areas         6
          Area of                                     of Specialization
          Specialization
                                   18                                               18

                                        YEAR TWO

           1ST SEMESTER                                   2ND SEMESTER
 Course       Course title      Credit Hr    Course        Courses title          Credit Hr
  Code                                        Code
DED2001   Introduction to          2        DED2002   Teaching                          2
          Research and                                Practice/Internship
          Statistics
          Computer                 2        LSD2102   Cataloguing and                   2
DED2031   Application                                 Indexing II
          Non-projectuals and      2        LSD2112   Classification II                 2
DET2001   Low Cost
          Technology
LSD2101   Elements of Library      2        LSD2122   Project in Library                2
          Administration                              Science
LSD2111   Classification I         2                  Two Courses from Area             6
                                                      of Specialization
LSD2121   Cataloguing and          2                                                 18
          Indexing I
          Two courses from         6
          Area of
          Specialization
                                   18

                                            142
                          DIPLOMA IN EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY

   a) Rationale
      Diploma in Educational Technology (DET) is designed to provide opportunities for school leavers
      who desire to make a career in the education industry or in education courses capable of
      generating self employment. The programme also serves as a feeder for the Bachelor's degree in
      Educational technology.

   b). Programme Objectives
        The programme is designed to:
       i)      Produce young generation of skilled educators for Nigerian educational system.
       ii)     train middle class but skilled manpower for primary and junior secondary schools in
               Nigeria; and serve as feeder for the Bachelor's degree in Educational Technology



COURSE STRUCTURE AND DISTRIBUTION
  Year    Semester    Core    Required                 Teaching      Elective       Total
                      Courses Courses                  Subjects
ONE (1)       1st.       8        4                        6             -            18
              2nd        4        8                        6             -            18
           ST      nd
         1 and 2        12       12                       12             -            36

TWO (2)         1st.           2             6             6             -            18
                2nd            8             -             6             4            18
            1ST and 2nd       22            18            24             8            72




                                                 143
The following course structure will apply:
                                                                         YEAR ONE

                   1ST SEMESTER                                                             2ND SEMESTER
  Course              Course title           Credit Hr   Course Code                        Courses title                   Credit Hr
   Code
DED1001       Communication Skills              2        DED1002         Basic concepts and process in Test & Measurement      2
 DED1011      Use of Library                    2        DED1012         Instructional Methodologies and Microteaching         2

 DED1031      Introduction to Computer          2        Required Courses

 DED1041 Introduction to Philosophy             2        DED1022         Child Psychology II: Behaviour and Learning           2
            and Logic
Required Courses                                         DED1012         Introduction to Ware                                  2
DED1021        Child psychology I: Growth       2        DET 1022        Print Technologies and Library Studies                2
              and Development
DED1001       Introduction to Educational       2        DET             Introduction to Projectuals                           6
              Technology                                 1032
              Two course from areas of          6                        Two courses in a Teaching Subject
              Specialization
                                                18                                                                             18
                                                                       YEAR TWO

                   1ST SEMESTER                                                             2ND SEMESTER
 Course               Course title           Credit Hr     Course Code                          Courses title               Credit Hr
  Code
DED2001      Introduction to Research and       2        DED2012             Teaching Practice/Internship                       2
             Statistics
             Computer Application               2        DET 2002            Project in Educational Technology                  2
DED2031
                   Required Courses                      Required Courses
             Non-projectuals and Low            2                            Two courses from Area of Specialization            6

                                                                             144
DET2001     Cost Technologies
            Photography and             2    Elective   Two Restrcted Elective                    2
DED 2011    Broadcasting Technologies
DED 2031    Adult Basic and Literacy    2
            Education
            Two courses from Area of    6
            Specialization
Elective    One course in Restrcted     2
            Elective
                                        18                                                        18

Restricted Elective Courses

DED 2011    Introductory Guidance and   2    DET 2112   Technologies for Distance Learning        2
            Counselling
DED 2021    School Librarianship        2    DPB 2032   Introduction to Special Needs Learners    2
                                             DPB 2042   Administration of Pre-primary and Basic   2
                                                        Education




                                                        145
DIPLOMA IN ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION (DEE)

INTRODUCTION
Diploma in Environmental Education (DEE) was introduced as an academic programme in the Institute of
Education by NCF/WWF and the University of calabar to meet the yearning of the people toward
environmental conservation and awareness, in order to subvert the increasing impacts of environmental
deterioration in our societies. The Ordinary Diploma in Environmental Education is a two-year (Four-
Semesters) programme designed for secondary school leavers or holders of the school certificate or
equivalent qualifications.

OBJECTIVES
The Ordinary Diploma in Environmental is designed to:
 i) Produce a crop of middle manpower that will assist in policy formulation and implementation of
      environmental conservation matters and sustainable development;
 ii) Develop low level professionals that will take curriculum initiatives and assist in the teaching and
      learning of Environmental Education in Nigerian Educational system;
 iii) Provide expertise that will educate urban and rural dwellers on the      subject of Environmental
      Conservation, Management and Sustainable Development;
 iv) Fill manpower requirement in Environmental Protection Agencies, Nature Conservation
      Organizations and National Parks;
 v) Ensure the availability or resource persons that will develop materials for the Advancement of
      Environmental Conservation and Protection.

                               ENVIORNMENTAL EDUCAION
                            COURSE STRUCTUE AND DISTRIBUTION

                                              YEAR ONE

              1ST SEMESTER                                        2ND SEMESTER
 Course           Course title       Credit Hr     Course           Courses title        Credit Hr
  Code                                              Code
DED1001       Communication               2       DED1002      Basic concepts and             2
              Skills                                           process in Test &
                                                               Measurement
 DED1011      Use of Library              2       DED1012      Instructional                  2
                                                               Methodologies and
                                                               Microteaching
DED1021        Child psychology I:        2       DED1022      Child Psychology II:           2
              Growth and                                       Behaviour and
              Development                                      Learning
DED1031       Introduction to             2       DET 1032     Introduction to                2
              Computer                                         Projectuals
DED1041       Introduction to             2       DED1012      Planning and Process in        2
              Philosophy and                                   Environmental
              Logic                                            Education
DPP 1101      Introduction to             2       DEE 1302     Man and Environmental          2
              Environmental                                    Behaviour
              Education
              Two course for areas        6                    Two courses in a               6
              of Specialization                                Teaching Subject
                                         18                                                  18

                                              YEAR TWO


                                                  146
            1ST SEMESTER                                   2ND SEMESTER
 Course      Course title        Credit Hr    Course         Courses title        Credit Hr
  Code                                         Code
CORE COURSES
DED2001 Introduction to             2        DED2002    Teaching                     2
        Research and                                    Practice/Internship
        Statistics
        Computer                    2        DEE 2302   Introduction to              2
DED2031 Application                                     Environmental Impact
                                                        Assessment
           Non-projectuals and      2        DEE 2402   Project in                   2
DET2001    Low Cost                                     Environmental
           Technology                                   Education
DEE 2301   Practicum in             2                   Two Courses from Area        6
           Environmental                                of Specialization
           Education
DEE 2311   Education for            2
           Sustainable
           Development
           Two courses from         6
           Area of
           Specialization
                                    18                                               18
      RESTRICTED ELECTIVES
DED 2011 Introductory         2              DET 2112   Technologies for             2
         Guidance and                                   Distance Learning
         Counselling
DED 2021 School Librarianship 2              DPB 2032   Introduction to Special      2
                                                        Needs Learners
                                             DPB 2042   Administration of Pre-       2
                                                        primary and Basic
                                                        Education


AREAS OF SPECIALIZATION:
1.   ENGLISH LANGUAGE (ENG) COURSES
     i)    ENG 1001 Introduction to English Structure
     ii)   ENG 1101 Introduction to Literature
     iii)  ENG 1002 Basic Grammar
     iv)   ENG 1102 Literacy Criticism
     v)    ENG 2101 English Studies Method
     vi)   ENG 2001 Introduction to Oracy Skills
     vii)  ENG 2002 English Composition, Stylistic Semantics
     viii) ENG 2102 English Comprehension and Language Evaluation


2.    CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS KNOWLEDGE (CRK) COURSES
      i)    CRS 1101 History and Religion of Israel
      ii)   CRS 1111 Introduction to the Study of Religion
      iii)  CRS 1222 History of Christianity in West Africa up to 18th Century
      iv)   CRS 1232 Introduction to Comparative Study of Religion
      v)    CRS 2111 Early Church History
      vi)   CRS 2121 General Christian Ethics of Religion
      vii)  CRS 2212 New Testament
      viii) CRS 2222 Methodology of Religions Studies

                                             147
3.   AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE (AGS) COURSES
     i)    AGS 1101 Introduction to Agricultural Sciences
     ii)   AGS 1111 Agricultural Economics and Extension
     iii)  AGS 1102 Principles of Soil Science
     iv)   AGS 1112 Introduction to Animal Science
     v)    AGS 2101 Crop Production
     vi)   AGS 2111 Livestock Production and Management
     vii)  AGS 2102 Agricultural Science and Environment
     viii) AGS 2112 Practical

4.   PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION (PHE) COURSES
     i)    PHE 1101 Foundation of Health Education
     ii)   PHE 1201 Theory and Techniques of Games and Sports
     iii)  PHE 1302 Organization and Administration of Games and Sport
     iv)   PHE 1402 Introduction to Nutrition Science and Safety Education
     v)    PHE 2101 Introduction to Exercise Physiology and Sociology of Sports
     vi)   PHE 2201 School Health Education
     Vii)  PHE 2301 Psychology of Coaching, Officiating and Management
     viii) PHE 2401 Communicable and Non-Communicable Diseases

5.   INTEGRATED SCIENCE (ISC) COURSES
     i)    ISC  1101 Fundamental of Living Things
     ii)   ISC  1011 Man and Energy
     iii)  ISC  1012 Environment and Population
     iv)   ISC  1112 Management of Natural Resources
     v)    ISC  2011 Process of Life
     vi)   ISC  2111 Man and Environmental Resources
     vii)  ISC  2112 Man and Machine
     viii) ISC  2212 Introductory Ecology

6.   MATHEMATICS (MTH) COURSE
     i)    MTH 1001 Basic Concept of Mathematics
     ii)   MTH 1001 Mathematics Methods
     iii)  MTH 1011 Algebra and Trigonometry I
     iv)   MTH 1012 Algebra and Trigonometry II
     v)    MTH 2010 Statistics and Probability
     vi)   MTH 2002 Co-ordinate Geometry
     vii)  MTH 2011 Mathematics Methods II
     viii) MTH 2011 Vector Algebra

7.   ECONOMICS (ECS) COURSES
     i)    ECS 1101 Introduction to Monetary and Financial Institutions
     ii)   ECS 1111 Principles of Economics
     iii)  ECS 1102 Methods of Teaching Economics
     iv)   ECS 1112 Principles of Economics II
     v)    ECS 2101 Mathematics for Economics
     vi)   ECS 2111 Macro Economics I
     vii)  ECS 2102 Introductory Micro Economics
     viii) ECS 2112 Macro Economics II

8.   GEOGRAPHY (GEO) COURSES
     i)   GEO 1001 Introduction to Physical Geography
     ii)  GEO 1011 Introduction to Human Geography
     iii) GEO 1022 Introduction to Regional Geography 1
     iv)  GEO 1032 Introduction to Map Work 1
     v)   GEO 2001 Physical Geography 2
     vi)  GEO 2011 Human Geography of Tropical Africa
                                          148
        vii)    GEO      2022    West Africa (Nigeria)
        viii)   GEO      2032    Map Work II

9.      POLITICAL SCIENCE (POS) COURSES
        i)    POS 1101 Introduction to Political Science
        ii)   POS 1111 Introduction to Political Economy
        iii)  POS 1012 Introduction to Political Science
        iv)   POS 1112 Nigerian Government and Polities
        v)    POS 2011 The Politics of Pollution
        vi)   POS 1111 Public Policy Analysis
        vii)  POS 2112 The Military in Politics
        viii) POS 2212 Organizational Theory

10.     SOCIAL STUDIES (SOS) COURSES
        i)    SOS 1061 Foundations of Social Studies
        ii)   SOS 1011 Culture and the Environment
        iii)  SOS 1062 Economy and the Environment
        iv)   SOS 1072 Development and its Impact on Environment
        v)    SOS 2061 Man and Social Change
        vi)   SOS 2071 Impact of Social Problems on Environment
        vii)  SOS 2062 Science Technology and the Environment
        viii) SOS 2072 Political Influence on the Environment



COURSE DESCRIPTION
LIBRARY SCIENCE (LSD) COURSES

LSD 1101 INTRODUCTION TO LIBRARY SCIENCE
Introduction to the basic principles of library science, types Libraries and the Library in the Society.
Definition of the library;
     i. as an educational agency;
    ii. as an information agency;
   iii. as a recreational agency
Types of Libraries:
Types and characteristics of library resources. Outline view of major functions: collection, processing,
organization, storage and retrieval of resources.

The Library in the Society
The social, political and cultural setting within which libraries operate. The impact of the public library on
the spread of literacy and knowledge intellectual freedom and the issue of censorship. Outline history of
libraries from the earliest times to the present.

LSD 1051 INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICAL BIBLIOGRAPHY, BOOK SELECTION AND
              ACQUISITION
Description of the book as a physical object. Overview of paper and paper making. Outline history of
printing from the earliest times to the present. Problems of book preservation with special reference to the
tropics.     It also examines theory and practice of book selection. Factors affecting book selection in
different libraries. Processes of book acquisition. Problems of serials    acquisition. Acquisition of non-
print materials. Criteria for weeding. The publishing industry and the book trade with special reference to
Nigeria. Copyright and the problems of book piracy.

LSD 2111 CLASSIFICATION I
Outline view of the universe of knowledge and the structural inter-relationships of the different branches
of that universe. The nature of classification. The function of classification in the ordering of knowledge.
Brief history of classification. Introduction to Library classification. History and development of the major
classification schemes. Evaluation of each of the schemes and their appropriateness in different libraries.
                                                    149
LSD 2121 CATALOGUING AND INDEXING 1
This course introduces students to descriptive cataloguing of library materials, the structure and forms of
the library catalogue, and the use of cataloguing tools. It considers the relevance of cataloguing codes and
introduces students to AACR II. Further descriptive cataloguing. Application of A.A. C.R. II Content
analysis and subject indexing.

LSD 1152 CIRCULATION OF LIBRARY MATERIALS AND REFERENCE SERVICES
Strategies for the control and protection of library resources. Different charging systems. Reservations and
other counter processes. It also surveys general reference sources such as: encyclopedias, dictionaries,
handbooks, concordances, abstracts, indexes, and bibliographies, their organization and use. The art of
handling reference enquires. Literature search technique.

LSD 1142 THE ROLE OF LIBRARIES IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS.
Library is a storehouse of information and a reservoir of cultural achievements of a given society and the
world at large from one period of time to the next. This course will examine the custodial and initiation
role of the library in Nigeria society to enhance the education of individual youths and adults into self-
directed learning processes such as cultural, sociological philosophical, psychological, economic and
literacy.

LSD 2101 ELEMENTS OF LIBRARY ADMINISTRATION
Practical aspects of the organization and administration of libraries. Budgeting and budget control.
Personnel selection, recruitment and management. Problems in the administration of different types of
libraries public national academic, school and special libraries.

LSD 2112 CLASSIFICATION 11
Practical classification of library materials using Dewey, Library of Congress and U.D.C. Subject analysis.
Alphabetization. Evaluation of the major schemes: L.C.D.C and U.D.C. Practical classification of library
materials using a chosen scheme. Classification of non print materials.

LSD 2132 MEDIA LIBRARIANSHIP
Other media as complimentary to the book medium in the transmission information. Type of media, their
selection, acquisition, organization and use in libraries and media centers.

LSD 2141 SCHOOL LIBRARIANSHIP
The school library within the school setting. Relationship of the school librarian or teacher/librarian with
the school administration. School library accommodation. School library resources and equipment. The
role of the school library in the teaching process. Practical administration of the school library.

LSD 1251 SOCIOLOGY OF LIBRARIANSHIP
An examination of social structure and social institutions. Problems of         social organization; group
dynamics. Libraries and social development.

LSD 1171 CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT
This course aims at providing teacher librarians with a practical and functional approach to curriculum
planning, its organization, instruction, principles of learning and teaching as is related to Nigerian
education, with consideration of the needs of students in the Nigerian secondary school, in addition to the
methods of evaluating the curriculum.

LSD 2102 CATALOGUING AND INDEXING II
More descriptive and subject cataloguing. Cataloguing of non-print materials. Catalogue maintenance.
Further content analysis and subject indexing. Types of indexes.

LSD 2122 PROJECT
 Individual study by the student of an approved topic chosen from any area of library science and
conducted under a project supervisor.


                                                   150
LSD 2152 SPECIAL LIBRARIES
The position of special libraries within the parent organizations. Types of special libraries. Special library
resources. Organization and administration of special libraries.

LSD 2131 RESEARCH TECHNIQUES
Procedure and techniques of project writing are taught to learners. They are also exposed to simple and
relevant methods of analyzing data and reporting research.

EDC 2142 GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING
The principles and philosophy that underlie the practice of guidance and counseling are studied.
Fundamentals of guidance are also examined with a bias in the educational and vocational uses of the
library in Nigeria.

EDC 1162 GENERAL TEACHING METHODS
An experience-based approach to methods of teaching, in which students develop lesson plans, units of
study objectives and evaluative techniques in instruction; the use of materials and the construction of
visual aids by the prospective teacher librarian.


ENG 1101 ENGLISH ORACY SKILLS
Oral communication skills, which are basic to language development are studied. The relevance of
listening and speaking skills is emphasized. Students are also exposed to the techniques of making
effective use of these skills as well as imparting them to others.

ENG 1102 ENGLISH LITERACY SKILLS
This course inculcates the reading and writing aspects of communication skills in English. Components
and types of reading are taught as well as reading comprehension strategies. Students are also introduced
to various aspects of the writing skill such as summary, essays, letters, reports, minutes of meetings etc.
PRE-PRIMARY AND BASIC EDUCATION (DPB) COURSES

DED 1001 Communication Skills
The Course is designed to equip the students with effective verbal, written and non-verbal communication
skills, using English as the lingua franca and the official communication medium. Interest in literary
works. Comprehension and competence in both oral and written English shall be emphasized.

DEB 1011 Use of Library
Focus shall be on the development and use of relevant library skills including the location and
identification of library materials. The use of the internet for sourcing of materials shall also be
emphasized.

DED 1021 CHILD PSYCHOLOGY I: GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT
Child growth and development from conception to childhood period. Pre-natal and Post-natal
developmental processes, Early environmental needs and needs satisfaction. Attachment social
development, and early environmental experiences.

DED 1031 Introduction to Computers:
Types, functions, programmes, operations and possibilities of computers, their historical development,
internet utility for different purposes including education, business, politics, government and industries
shall be exposed in order to create computer awareness, appreciation and utilization skills.

DED 1041 Introductory Philosophy and Logic
The rudiments of oriental and western philosophies, reasoning and logic as applied to daily life and living
and to technologies shall be emphasized.

DPB 1001 Introduction to Pre-Primary and Basic Education
This course is designed to acquaint students with the background, meaning and differences between pre-
primary and basic education. Forms of basic education, planning and execution of community based
                                                    151
education. Curriculum and techniques in pre-primary education including adult literacy and basic
education shall form the focus.

YEAR ONE        SECOND SEMESTER COURSES

DED 1002 Introductory Tests and Measurement
Basic Concepts of Tests and Measurement in Education. Elementary test construction and administration.
Elements of descriptive statistics used in reporting learners progress and performance.

DED 1012 Instructional Methodologies and Microteaching
The rudiments of instructional methods, class management and teaching skills shall form the focus of this
course. The microteaching mode with focus on introduction, test of entry behaviour, use of instructional
materials, questioning, repetition and relevant pedagogic skills shall also be emphasized as rudimentary
requirements for effectiveness in teaching behaviour. Students should carry out microteaching practices.

DED 1022 Child Psychology II: Behaviour and Learning
Concept of learning, learning readiness conditioning and learning processes. Critical periods in learning,
learning activities and problems children encounter.

DPB 1002 Infant Teaching Modes (Music, Dance, Drama, Arts) and Sensory Organs.
This course involves the use of music, recitation, dance and other arts e.g aids in teaching and learning at
pre-primary schools. Selection of some local/cultural dance and equipment in school and learning
situation.

DPB 1012 Foundations of Pre-Primary and Basic Education
The historical, philosophical, psychological, sociological and cultural background of pre-primary and basic
education shall form the focus of this course. The elements of western and oriental philosophies shall be
introduced as sustainable foundations for pre-primary and basic education.

DED 2001 Introductory Research Methods and Statistics
The rudiments of research and elementary statistics, research designs, methods, instruments, population,
sampling techniques, long essay reports format leading to choice of acceptable topics shall be the focus,
especially as related to Educational Technology.

DPB 2001 Mathematics Curriculum and Methods
This course is designed for students to remedy their deficiencies in mathematics and to lay a foundation for
further work in mathematical computation and problems solving especially at pre-primary and primary
level. Emphasis is on the processes which would facilitate pupils understanding of basic mathematical
concept taught.

DPB 2011 English Language and Reading Curriculum and Methods
Language and reading, methodology of teaching language, reading and writing at pre-primary level.
Problems associated with these activities at this level and various approaches to the situation. The issue of
literacy in the local language. The methodology of the local language, and the selection of the suitable
texts for reading in both English and the local language.

DPB 2021 Science Curriculum and Methods
This course is designed to equip students with the basic concepts in pre-primary/primary science. Theories
in science. Scientific experiment for the pre-primary and primary children with emphasis on science
process skills-the meaning and value of science to the society. Components of science, rationale of science
education for children. Science learning centres and how to make them. Living and non-living things,
states of matter, air and its constituents, water and solvent.

EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY (DET) COURSES

DED 1001 Communication Skills


                                                    152
The course if designed to equip the students with effective verbal, written and non-verbal communication
skills, using English as the lingua franca and the official communication medium. Interest in literary
works, comprehension and competence in both oral and written English shall be emphasized.

DED 1011 Use of Library
Focus shall be on the development and use of relevant library skills including the location and
identification of library materials. The use of the internet for sourcing of materials shall also be
emphasized.

DED 1031 Introduction to computers
Types, functions, programmes, operations and possibilities of computers, their historical development,
internet utility for different purposes including education business, politics, government and industries
shall be exposed in order to create computer awareness, appreciation and utilization skills.

DED 1041 Introductory Philosophy and Logic
The rudiments of oriental and western philosophies, reasoning and logic as applied to daily life and living.
Technologies pre-primary and basic education shall be emphasized.

DET 1001 Introductory to Education and Technology
The general background to education and technology, their history and interrelationships shall be
examined to bring out their salient features, purposes, values and influences. Specific areas and problems
of education and technology as related to the state and the country shall be closely examined.

DED 1002 Basic Concepts and Processes in tests and Measurement
Basic concepts of tests and measurement in education and elementary test construction and administration
shall be the focus of this course. Elements of descriptive statistics used in reporting learner's progress and
performance, shall also be emphasized.

DED 1012 Instructional Methodologies and Microteaching
The rudiments of instructional methods, class management and teaching skills shall form the focus of this
course. The microteaching mode with focus on introduction test of entry behaviour, use of instructional
materials, questioning, repetition and relevant pedagogic skills shall also be emphasized as rudimentary
requirements for effectiveness in teaching behaviour. Students should carry out microteaching.
DET 1012 Instructional Wares
The categories, functions, structures, strategies, values and problems associated with instructional wares
especially as related to primary and junior secondary schools shall be examined closely. Comparative
effectiveness of each category of instructional wares shall be studied.

DET 1022 Print Technologies and Library Studies
The historical and practical background of prints and book production, storage, classification, care, repairs
and their technologies shall be studied. The implications of books, writing and library to modern
developments and information technologies shall also be emphasized along with the rudiments of
intellectual property rights and copyright laws.

DET 1032 Introduction to Projectuals
Emphasis shall be on the nature, types, uses, functioning and utilization strategies of projectuals. Relevant
hardware's and software, their manipulation, production, care and storage, classroom use an sitting
arrangements for maximum effectiveness shall be examined.

DET 2001 Non-Projectuals and Low-Cost Technologies
Basic design tools and principles necessary for improvisation of non-projectuals, their utilization and
evaluation strategies, the Circle of Improvisation and the Cone of Experience are important. Practice
application of the design tools and principles for production of non-projectuals and low-cost is mandatory.
Students should produce instructional packages to reflect their teaching subject.

DED 2001 Introductory Research and Statistics


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The rudiments of research and elementary statistics, research designs, methods, instruments, population,
sampling techniques, long essay reports and report format leading to choice of acceptable topics shall be
the focus, especially as related to educational technology.

DED 2011 Introductory Guidance and Counseling
Focus on individual, group, family, school, industrial, career and non-school counseling settings, basic
principles, occupational choice, psychological testing and applications within the face-to-face situations
shall be emphasized.

DED 2021 School Librarianship
Examines the school library with the school setup. Relationship of he school librarian or teacher/librarian
with the school administration. School library accommodation, resources and equipments. The role of the
school library in the teaching process. Practical administration of the school library.

DED 2031 Introduction to Special Needs Learners
The categories, problems, concepts and prospects of aspects in the regular class shall be examined. Basic
concepts of special education, characteristics, causes and learning processes of each category of the
exceptional child and the role of the educational technologist are also important.
DED 2002 Teaching Practice/Internship
Teaching practice including internship for practical field, experience in school setting, under close
supervision of both the departmental and co-operating staff for a minimum of six weeks.

DET 2002 Projects in Educational Technology
Mini and major instructional packages, long essays and individual written project reports as an amalgam of
the course will be mandatory. Bound project reports or long essays on approved topic under close
supervision will also be a mandatory requirement.

DET 2012 Photography and Broadcasting Technologies
The theory, practice and technologies involving simple photographic and broadcasting processes and
products, dark room processes, skills and ethics, types of photography, scripting for the radio, television
and production of short albums and video/CD will be encouraged.

DET 2412 Technologies for Distance Education
The distance learning models and technologies in different African and non-African countries shall be
studied using the comparative approaches to emphasize the historical background, philosophies, the
problem and merits. NOUN structure, problems advantages, technologies and possibilities in the light of
the current socio-political problems in Nigeria shall be examined in detail.

ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION (DEE) COURSES

DEE 1101 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION
The course introduces students to the concept of Environmental Education as a new discipline in the
school curriculum as well as its relevance to the society. It examines some global environmental problems
and their implications for human survival.

DEE 1201 FOUNDATIONS OF ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION
The course aims at introducing students to the genesis of Environmental education from the Industrial
Revolution to date. It covers the Historical Philosophical Psychological as well as the sociological
foundations of Environmental Education.

DEE 1301 COMMUNITY AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
This course will expose students to, the concepts of community and rural development, social and political
organization of communities, problems and solutions associated with their communities, and the
approaches to environmental conservation and sustainable development in communities.

DEE 1401 EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT


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The course is designed to expose the learners to the basic elements of sustainable development. In essence,
the course is aimed at development in individuals the tenets of sustainability of resources in our
environment for human existence. Issues such as the concept of sustainable development objectives, basic
principles, benefits, and problems are examined.
In addition the course exposes the learner to the different environmental resources and how they can be
sustainable managed. Solution to some major environmental problems are also emphasized.

DEE 1102 PLANNING AND PROCESS IN ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION
Planning and process is a course designed to equip students with skills in understanding group dynamics
and various strategies for effective environmental management. Essentially the course will focus on
different ways and means of solving the multifarious human and environmental problems that plaque the
world today. It is hoped that at the end the student will have a change of attitude, a large vision, creative
imagination and empathy for the environment.

DEE 1202 CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION IN ENVIRONMENTAL
EDUCATION
The course is designed to:
1. introduce the prospective environmental education to the basic concepts and principles involves in
   environmental education curriculum development, implementation and evaluation;
2. examine the various instructional theories and their to environmental education (EE) curriculum at the
   formal and non-formal settings:
3. justify the role of individual differences in EE curriculum and sustainability practices, and
4. expose the prospective environmental education to the strategies of environmental education
   programme proposals using the curriculum development and evaluation strategies.

DEE 1302 MAN AND ENVIRONMENT BEHAVIOUR
The course examines how human-being perceive the physical environment and how such perception
affects their behaviour towards it. The attitude of man towards the use of resources in the community
environment is also ascertained.

DEE 1402 PEDAGOGY OF ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION
Pedagogy of Environment Education is a scientific and systematic approach of imparting knowledge,
values and skills to learners. The course provides learners with requisite broad-based knowledge of other
social problems, skills and tools to learning and teaching in environmental education. The course is
conceived as an intervention and ongoing process meant to help institutions and individuals to become
more responsive to human conditions, individual integrity, cultural and biographical conditions that
influence their lives in complex environment.

DEE 2101 INDUSTRIAL ATTACHMENT/TEACHING
The course is designed to expose students to practical problems of Environmental Education and
sustainable development for six weeks so that the knowledge acquired in this direction can be fully applied
within the referent situation.

DEE 2201 COMMUNICATION AND MASS MEDIA ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION
The course introduces one to the techniques, characteristics and problems of communication, with
emphasis on forms processes and styles of human symbolic communication. It would focus on the
functions, purpose and strategies of effective communication in environmental education.

DEE 2301 PRACTICUM IN ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION
Practicum in environmental education is designed to practically expose students to the functioning of the
physical environment with its attendant socio-cultural influences by human activities. Basically, the course
is intended to arose a strong feeling of concern for practical environment problems and solutions. The
ultimate aim is to protect the biosphere for the benefit of man.

DEE 2401 RESEARCH METHODS IN ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION
The main goal of this course is to introduce environmental educators to the various methods of conducting
valid researches in the field of environment education and to adequately evaluate scientific and unscientific
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evidences. Upon completion of the course, each student is expected to demonstrate understanding of the
techniques used in identifying environmental education research problems, formulating hypotheses,
constructing and using data gathering instruments, and employing appropriate statistical procedures to
analyze and interpret environmental research data.

DEE 2102 SEMINAR IN ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION
The course focuses on seminar and workshop skills based on environmental education and sustainable
development processes. Emphasis is also on independent exploration of local environmental problems
ways of creating awareness among the people.

DEE 2202 MANAGEMENT OF NATURAL ECOSYSTEMS
Promotion of environmental management strategies and their operational guidelines form the focus of the
course. The features purposes and management strategies of ecosystem should emphasize diversity,
aesthetics, compromise, team work principles of wildlife management and control including the
application of some related theories.

DEE 2302 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA)
The course is designed to introduce students to the concept of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA). It
presents an overview of development and the environment as well as the impact of Human Activities on
the environment. The framework for environmental management and the objectives, principles, basic
concepts methods and application of environmental impact assessment are adequately emphasized.

DEE 2402 PROJECT IN ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION
This course requires students to write their projects on any aspect of the environment and it is akin to an
independent study project. The theme of the project shall bear relevance to environmental conservation
and sustainable development, which may be either local or global concern. But more importantly, it shall
emphasize the awareness and educational components.

AREA OF SPECIALIZATION

1. ENGLISH LANGUAGE COURSES

ENG 1001 Introduction to English Structure:
The course focuses on competent knowledge of communication skills in English, learning of English and
interest in literacy work thus preparing them for further studies in English Language.
ENG 1002 Basic English Grammar, Phonology and Morphology:
The course is designed to help students develop a confident and competent know ledged of communication
skills in English, develop interest in literary work while preparing them for further studies in the subject.

ENG 1011 Introduction to Literature:
The course shall expose students to the nature of literature and equip them with the techniques necessary
for literary appreciation.

ENG 1012 Introduction to Literary Criticism:
The course shall nurture in students interest for literary works, expose them to different genres of
literature, both African and European, show the relationship between literature and the society, equip them
with skills necessary for appraisal of literary texts.

ENG 2001 English Studies Method:
The course is designed to give students general background information on the nature of language and how
it is acquired. It also includes units of language like grammatical structures and lexis. The teaching of
literature to children is also incorporated. The course outlines techniques for assessing and evaluating
achievement in language as well as error remediation, teaching strategies and suitable materials for basic
level of education.

ENG 2002 English Composition, Stylistic and Semantics:


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This course covers three areas. English composition, which exposes students to various facets of
composition writing processes and formats, stylistics which exposes students to the study of style in
different genres, through the oral or written medium; and semantics which exposes students to the study of
language in relation to meaning.

ENG 2001 Introduction to Oracy Skills:
The course is designed to further help students develop confidence and competence in communication
skills in English Oracy, equip them on various strategies for evaluating materials for teaching English
Language, develop interest in literary works and be prepared for further studies in English.

ENG 2012 English Comprehension, Language Evaluation and Testing:
The course inculcates in students effective comprehension strategies and summary skills. It also enhances
their language performance, evaluation and equips them with language testing skills.

2. RELIGIOUS STUDIES (CRS) COURSES

CRS 1101 HISTORY AND RELIGION OF ISRAEL
The course makes a critical study of the Book of Genesis in particular and the Pentateuch in general with
the exception of Leviticus and Deuteronomy. religious emphasis. The course also studies in addition
historical accounts contained in the Books of Joshua. Judges and 1 Samuel. The origin of David to the fall
of Samaria in 587 B. C should also be studies along with the book of II Samuel and I and II Kings, Amos
and Hosea.

3. AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE (AGS) COURSES

AGS 1101 INTRODUCTION TO AGRIC SCIENCE
This course aims at introducing the students to the general concepts of Agriculture. Besides crop
production, animal science and soil science, other areas exists which will not only enhance the study of the
aforementioned areas but deals with general and specific matters relating to agriculture.

AGS 1111 INTRODUCTION TO AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
This course looks at the basic economics principles and how they apply to Agriculture. It also takes a look
at marketing-an important segment of modern agriculture and extension services

AGS 1102 INTRODUCTION TO SOIL SCIENCES
This course entails a detailed study of the soil in relation to its origin, formation, characteristics,
components among others.

AGS 1112 INTRODUCTION TO ANIMAL SCIENCES
This course is an introduction to animal science. It will look at the importance and ecological distribution
of animals as well as other aspects of animal anatomy and physiology.

AGS 2101 CROP PRODUCTION
This course deals with detailed study of such selected crops as cereal, legumes, tubers and roots, oils and
fibers, edible fruits, beverages and vegetables. It explains factors affecting crop production, classification
of Agricultural produce

AGS 2101 LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION AND MANAGEMENT
This course deals with the production and management of monogastric and polygastric animals.

AGS 2102 AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE & ENVIRONMENT
This course introduces students basically to agricultural production and ecology. It will assess critically the
relationship of various agricultural practices and ecological systems and their relatedness.

 AGS 2112 PRACTICAL AGRICULTURE
In this course, students are expected to own and manage a plot of land planting crops they have studied. It
should also look at animal maintenance among other.
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4. PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION (PHE) COURSES

5. INTEGRATED SCIENCE (ISC) COURSES

ISC 1101 FUNDAMENTALS OF LIVING THINGS
The course intends to acquaint students with the basic fundamentals of living organisms. The structure of
the cells, nucleus, chromosomes and genes, important cell processes and elementary genetics.

ISC 1011 MAN AND ENERGY
The course aims at introducing the students into some basic principles regarding man and energy, the
understanding of the meaning, sources, uses and the importance of energy in our everyday life. Alternative
sources of energy such as fossil fuels synthetic solar etc would also be treated.
The course also introduces students to the basic concepts of work and energy force, it also examines
conductors, insulators measurement of energy using simple calculations.

ISC 1012 POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT
This course is intended to acquaint the students with the knowledge of how population impacts on the
environment and vice versa as well as developing strategies on sustainable use of the environment by the
populace.

ISC 1112 MANAGEMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES
This course is designed to promote natural resource management strategies. It also highlights various
techniques of managing the entire ecosystem with a view to ensuring sustainable development. Some
emphasis is also placed on biodiversity; aesthetics and wildlife conservation as this promote tourism.

 ISC 2011 PROCESSES OF LIFE
The basic concepts about life processes would be treated during this course with emphasis on practical
examples and observation.

  ISC 2111 MAN AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES
                Students are expected to:
  i.    Explain the concept of resources
 ii.    Identify the various resources used by man
iii.    Understand the sustainable use of the resources of the environment.


ISC 2112 MAN AND MACHINE
This course intends to treat the various meanings, types and uses of simple machines, and compound
machines; as classes of levers, pulleys, axles and wheels machine planes and wedges, ie the various forms
of machines including their applications would be treated in the discussion of the general principles and
mode of operation, certain terms generally employed alongside effects of machines on human capacity,
like mechanical advantage, efficiency and simple calculation.

6. MATHEMATICS (MTH) COURSES

MTH 1001 BASIC CONCEPTS IN MATHEMATICS:
Sets and set operation; laws of algebra of sets; one-one correspondence, countable and uncountable sets;
cardinality of sets; binary relations, binary operations; menstruation; geometry; elementary statistics;
matrices; determinants and its application; number bases other than 10 shall be focused upon.


MTH 1002 MATHEMATICS METHODS
The shall focus on elements of philosophy of mathematics teaching and learning, works of Bruner, Gagne,
Piaget, Ausubel; Taxonomy of objectives and lesson presentation, introduction to questioning techniques,
teaching of concepts, principles., skills and proofs; laboratory approaches to teaching mathematics; lesson
assessment; diagnosis and remediation of difficulty in mathematics learning; problems of teaching/learning
mathematics.
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MTH 1011 ALGEBRA AND TRIGONOMETRY I
Real numbers; laws of indices; surds; logarithms; linear and quadratic polynomials (definitions and
operations); reducible and irreducible polynomials, division algorithm; remainder and factor theorem;
cyclic polynomials; properties of angles and triangles; polygons (types, properties and area of regular
polygon), congruent triangles, definition of tagonometric ratios and inter-relationship between them, the
general angle, negative and small angles shall be emphasized in the course.

MTH 1012 ALGEBRA AND TRIGONOMETRY II
The course intends to examine the theory of quadratic equations; algebraic and graphic solutions to
simultaneous equations; exponential equation; linear and quadratic in-equalities; partial fractions, curve
sketching and polynomial functions; permutation and combination; Binomials theorem; arithmetic and
geometric progression; compound, half and multiple angles; identities involving single angles and inverse
trigonometric functions; graphs of simple trigonometric functions; and general solution of trigonometric
equations.

MTH 2001 STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY
The course is designed to cover the nature and purpose of mathematical statistics, tabular and graphical
presentation of data, measures of central tendency, measures of dispersion; z-score; correlation rank order
and Pearson product moment; random experiment; probability laws; random variables- discrete and
continuous distributions; estimation of parameters; confidence internal; hypotheses testing and decision; t-
test; analysis of variance; goodness of fit (X2) test; non-parametric tests.

MTH 2002 CO-ORDINATE GEOMETRY
The course shall focus on points and lines; equation of a straight line, intersection of lines, internal division
of a line segment; distance from a point to a line between two parallel lines, pairs of straight lines, angle
bisector, area of triangle and quadrilaterals; equation of circle and parabola in Cartesian form; scale
drawing and loci.

MTH 2011 MATHEMATIC METHODS II
The course shall focus on evaluating the adequacy of a mathematics textbook, progressive nature of
mathematics and its implication for teaching; individual differences in the classroom causes and care;
ways of motivating students to learn mathematics; classroom management in mathematics lesson; learning
aids definitions and types; criteria for selecting and uses; learning aids from local materials; teaching
triangles; geometrical constructions; signed numbers, percentages, profit and loss, linear equations and
solutions to quadratic equations.

.MTH 2012 VECTOR ALGEBRA
The following topics shall be examined in vectors; localized vector, free vector, equality of vectors, like
and unlike vectors; triangle, parallelogram, polygon laws, resultant vectors; parallel vectors, scalar
multiple of a vector, commutative and distributive laws, component of a vector; rectangular component
vectors, unit vectors, magnitude or modulus of a vector, position vectors, collinear point, direction cosines,
angle between two vectors; scalar product, application to geometry, the sine of the angle between two
vectors; area of a parallelogram; parallel vectors; non-commutative law of gross product and copular
vectors; vectors; volume of tetrahedron; triple vector product; application of vectors to geometry and line
matrices.

7.      ECONOMICS (ECS) COURSES

8.       GEOGRAPHY (GEO) COURSES

GEO 1011 INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN GEOGRAPHY
The students at the end of this course should understand the definition and the basic components of human
geography: describe resources in their region and explain the settlement and economic activities of
mankind.

GEO 1022 INTRODUCTION TO REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY
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The course will exposed students to the components of their regions and the outside world. It will expose
students to Scope of Regional Geography, Theory of the Earth, Human and physical setting, Africa, North
and South America, Europe, Asia and Australia.

GEO 1032 INTRODUCTION TO MAP WORK
This course will expose students to how to read, interpret and prepare maps of their local environment.

GEO 2001 PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY 2
Students are expected to:
a)   identify and explain the rock types in their environment;
b)   identify the landforms and explain their processes of formation;
c)   discuss the effect of climate on the environment;
d)   identify the types soil within their locality;

GEO 2011 GEOGRAPHY OF TROPICAL AFRICA
      The course will examine the physical setting of Africa and the socio-economic activities.

GEO 2022 WEST AFRICA (NIGERIA)
      The students are expected to:
     Understand the physical setting of West Africa and Nigeria in Particular.
     Know and explain the resources and the Socio-economic development of the region.

GEO 2032 MAP WORK 2
Students are expected to know the basic principles of producing map of their villages. It will cover
reasons for mapping, Principles of mapping, Principles of mapping, Type of map or classification of maps,
Photographs and their use in Geography, Interpretation of relief, Qualitative analysis, Quantitative analysis
and Interpretation of drainage

9.      POLITICAL SCIENCE (POS) COURSES

POS 1101 INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL SCIENCE 1
This course is to provide and introduce participants towards having an initial knowledge of the political
process and science as a field of study. It provides the framework for understanding government,
governance, the societal structure as the context of operation and human interactions to ensure a steady
polity.

POS 1111 INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL ECONOMY
This course is to examine the societal economic structure as its being influenced by political decisions
making process. The political and economic institutions constitute the super-structures. It is to provide the
elementary basic for a more advance study of the economic and political institutional arrangement and
their relationship.

POS 1102 INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL SCIENCE II
Introduction to political science II is designed to offer participants more advanced information and
knowledge of the political process and institutional arrangements that facilitate governance.

POS 1112 NIGERIAN GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS
1.    The mode of production and characteristic of the Nigerian state.
2.    Colonial policies in Nigerian system and concept of political development.
3.    The economic endowment of Nigeria political system.
4.    Pre-independent and independent political activities in Nigeria.
5.    Contradictions in Nigeria political system from 1964 to 1970.
6.    Coalition government and consequences for Nigerian Political System.
7.    Political instability and political order in Nigeria.
8.    Nigeria and the wider world.
9.    Nigeria political culture, the military and Nigeria political system.


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 POS 2101 THE POLITICS OF POLLUTION
The course introduces students to politics of pollution. It discusses the nature of the state and the role of
power in environmental management of pollution. Attempts are made to identify different approaches to
analyzing pollution policy issues, critical evaluation of control strategies, and problem associated with
control in the face of capitalist accumulation, production processes and the radical demand for structural
transformation of national-and international economic relations in the face of increasing pollution.

POS 2201 PUBLIC POLICY ANALYSIS
This is an introductory survey into basic concepts, tools, and the problems of public policy analysis. The
course is to expose students to a body of knowledge called policy studies. Public policy will be introduced
as both a process and as an end result designed to resolved some problems in the society.

POS 2102 THE MILITARY IN POLITICS
The military in politics is to expose students to the political culture and military intervention in politics, the
sociology of the armed forces, why the military have got themselves mixed up with politics, their
objectives and the general characteristics of the military.

POS 2202 ORGANIZATION THEORY
The course will introduce students to organization theory, concept of bureaucracy, Classical organization
approach; Neo-classical organization approach, Administration and administrative behaviour in a political
institution and Decision making in an organization

10.     SOCIAL STUDIES (SOS) COURSE

SOS 1011 CULTURE AND ENVIRONMENT
The course is preoccupied with the study of the relationship between culture and the environment,
highlighting the impacts of various cultural patterns on the entire environment. It then proceeds to examine
certain human cultural practices that are environmentally friendly and those that are environmentally
unfriendly and the resultant effect of this on the ecological balance.

SOS 1061 FOUNDATION OF SOCIAL STUDIES

      To equip students with the rudiments of social studies
      To expose students towards knowing the trend of social studies education.
      Make students appreciate the dependable role of social studies as instrument for national
development.

SOS 1062 ECONOMY AND THE ENVIRONMENT
This essence of the course is to expose the students to the judicious use of natural resources in order to
conserve the environment. It examines the meaning and purpose of economy, the use of natural resources
of the biophysical environment to sustain economy, the constituent elements of economy and the effects of
economic activities on environment.

SOS 2061 MAN AND SOCIAL CHANGE 3 CREDIT HOURS
This course examine how man influences man. The concept of social change, theories of social change and
variables that produce change are explored. The implications of social change in Nigeria, and especially in
the emerging social institutions are studied.

SOS 2072 SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT
i. Proper understanding of the meanings of science and technology
ii Practical approach to the study, (teaching and learning) of science; especially, natural science.
iii. Importance of sciences in society.
iv. Procedure of practical application of scientific knowledge to resolve social and material problems of
     life-development of technology.
v. Practical approach to the study of social studies.
iv. For the purpose of realizing the above objective of the course, the content that follows is here
     proposed.
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SOS 1072 DEVELOPMENT AND ITS IMPACT ON ENVIRONMENT
The students are to be introduced to the various concepts of development. The emphasis is laid on the
physical or infrastructural development as well as material development. The impact of such developments
on environment will be examined.

REGULATIONS GOVERNING EXAMINATIONS

1. The general University regulations governing the conduct of examinations and the tone of examination
   environment should apply.

2. Resit Exam:
   Students who fail to reach prescribed standards may resit. However, students may be given the
   opportunity to revisit and master the subject matter that was failed before the resit is conducted.

   Therefore:
a. First Semester Resit Examination take place during the secondary semester examinations period in
   normal circumstances.

b. Second semester Resit Examinations shall take place three months after the second semester or
   preferably one week before the opening date for the next academic session.

3. Failing Resit Courses.
   There shall be no repeat of courses “repeat of year” students who fail resit courses shall carry the “fail”
   grade, i.e have the “ Fail grades recorded for them.

4. Withdrawal from Programme:
   Students may be allowed to complete their courses unless they withdraw voluntarily. Given the short
   duration of the programme and the emphasis on skills acquisition and development, withdrawal is not
   recommended.

The grading system for Diploma Programmes.
Distinction     4.50 - 5.00
Credit          3.50 - 4.49
Merit           2.40 - 3.49
Pass            1.00 - 2.39




                                  INSTITUTE OF OCEANOGRAPHY
                                           PART ONE

                                       GENERAL INFORMATION

ESTABLISHMENT
The Institute of Oceanography (IOC), University of Calabar, is charged with the responsibility of carrying
out research in its mandate areas as well as providing instruction and training for future managers of the
marine/aquatic ecosystem. It was the first institute to be established in the University of Calabar in the
1982/83 academic session.

Vision
The vision of the institute is to become a leading aquatic sciences institution in Africa and in the world,
fully equipped with the best personnel and infrastructure to promote development and management of
aquatic resources including all facets of aquaculture.


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Mission
The institute has the mandate for research into various facets of the aquatic sciences including sustainable
management and exploitation of aquatic resources. The focus of our research programmes is the Nigerian
coastline, nearshore and coastal areas while recognizing the inter-linkages and inter-dependencies of the
various aquatic systems. Through cooperation with other national and international institutions involved in
similar work, we seek to continually update our capabilities. Our training programmes are geared towards
production of medium and high-level manpower equipped to address aquatic environmental issues in the
country and sub-region.

Aims and Objectives
The objective of the institute is to provide education and carry out research in oceanography. Its aims
include teaching and research in marine sciences and production of the much required medium and high
level marine scientists, functions which most other universities in the country are not currently performing.

Functions
       The functions of the institute include but not limited to the following:
    i. Provision of undergraduate and postgraduate teaching, research and training in aquatic science
       leading to the award of diplomas, certificates, Masters and Doctorate degrees in the different areas
       of marine sciences;
   ii. Training for the award of postgraduate diplomas in Fisheries and Aquaculture, Coastal          Zone
       Management, Marine Meteorology and Fish Diseases;
 iii.  Provision of certificate courses in Water Pollution and Coastal Zone Management;
  iv.  Provision of specialist courses whether leading to university distinction or not for       persons
       from the industry or government;
   v.  Carrying out research with particular reference to the Aquatic/Marine sciences and
       undertaking of consultancy services for government, international organizations, local authorities
       and the private sector;
  vi.  Undertaking of extension services in Fisheries and Aquaculture, Marine Sciences and in this
       respect provision of short term courses, workshops, conferences, symposia and seminars for
       practicing Fisheries and Aquaculture practitioners, marine policy officers and managers of coastal
       environments, etc;
 vii.  Undertaking the publication of a journal of Aquatic Sciences and policy; and
viii.  Assistance to the relevant departments in the university in the teaching and research at the
       postgraduate and undergraduate levels.

Scope of Activities
The activities of the institute include basic and applied research in the following areas:
         Biological Oceanography
         Marine Chemistry
         Marine Geology
         Fisheries and Aquaculture
         Physical Oceanography
         Aquatic Microbiology and Fish Diseases.

Researches in fresh- and brackish-waters quality, nypa palm management and utilization, and fisheries, are
also carried out.

Academic Programmes

Diploma in Marine Science
The Institute also offers a Diploma Programme in Marine Science. The course is designed to prepare
candidates for science based academic programmes and to produce qualified middle-level manpower for
the marine and fisheries industry. The practical nature of the programme will equip the graduands for
active participation in the fisheries and aquaculture business, and employment in the marine sector.

The duration of the programme is normally two sessions (four semesters) for full time students.


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It is open to candidates with the following qualifications:
    a. Credit passes in four subjects in WASC/GCE/SSC/NECO including Physics,
    b. Chemistry, Mathematics and Biology or Agricultural Science at not more than two sittings;
    c. At least a pass in English Language.

Post-Graduate Diploma (PGD) Programmes

PGD in Fisheries and Aquaculture
The postgraduate diploma in fisheries and aquaculture is designed to equip students with the necessary
tools for aquaculture practice. The course is also beneficial for fisheries extension officers and other field
personnel in aquaculture related enterprises. The duration of the programme is twelve months.

Admission is open to holders of first degrees in zoology, biology, fisheries or aquaculture. Holders of
HND in fisheries and aquaculture and relevant science subjects with at least two years post-qualification
experience are also eligible.

PGD in Coastal Zone Management
The postgraduate diploma in Coastal Zone Management (CZM) Programme is an international twelve
month programme. It is designed to provide students with a wide range of theoretical and practical skills
on coastal issues with emphasis on coastal ecosystems, fisheries, ecology, law and social sciences relevant
for coastal planning and management.

The course is beneficial for universities and institutes involved in research and nature conservation,
governmental and non-governmental organizations dedicated to coastal systems and resource management,
consultancy outfits and agencies involved in environmental impact assessment/monitoring and
organizations providing aids for environmental management and conservation.
Admission Requirements
(i)     B.Sc. degree in natural sciences, environmental science and engineering
(ii)    HND in natural sciences, environmental science and engineering with at least two     years
post-qualification      cognate experience.

                INSTITUTE OF PUBLIC POLICY AND ADMINISTRATION (IPPA)

Introduction
The Institute of Public Policy and Administration is a group of scholars and students pursuing the broad
objectives of improving public policies through research and the training of public service personnel.
Public policy questions, the focus of IPPA research and training, often require knowledge of many
academic disciplines for their solution. The institute thus has an interdisciplinary staff of political
scientists, economists, anthropologists, sociologists, geographers, historians, lawyers, educators, health
administrators and management experts who are building up and making available an accurate body of
knowledge about the determinants, processes and consequences of public choices made in our country.

Functions of the Institute
  a. The Institute was established by statute during the 1983/84 academic year. The statute was revised
       and updated in 2001 and mandates the institute to carry out the following functions:
  b. To provide undergraduate and postgraduate teaching and research on Public Policy Studies and
       Administration leading to undergraduate and graduate diplomas and degrees in Public
       Administration, Policy Studies, Public Planning and Management;
  c. To provide specialist courses whether leading to university distinction or not for government and
       local government employees and persons in the private sector under such conditions as may be
       prescribed by the appropriate authorities;
  d. To recommend to Senate the award of Fellowships and other distinctions;
  e. To conduct research with particular reference to administration and policy studies and to undertake
       consultancy service for government, local government authorities and the private sector;
  f. To undertake extension services and in this respect to provide short term courses, workshops,
       conferences, symposia and seminars for practicing public officers;


                                                    164
   g.   To undertake the publication of a Journal of Public Policy and Administration Studies and other
        academic publications;
   h.   To assist other departments and faculties in teaching functions of the university at the post-
        graduate and undergraduate levels;
   i.   To perform any other functions that the Senate may from time to time deem fit to assign the
        institute.

Mission of the Institute
The mission of IPPA is statutorily determined. The statute directs the university, through the institute, to
establish a leading centre of Policy and Administrative Studies, capable of creating and communicating
policy relevant knowledge to a diversified public and provide policy and administration skills to the
Nigerian public service as well as the private sector. In pursuance of these goals:
   i. An interdisciplinary group of policy analysts, both at professional and training levels, has been
         assembled;
   ii. A methodology capable of establishing a system of standards, rules and procedures for policy
         inquiry is in place and is subjected to analysis, criticism and revalidation;
   iii. Policy-relevant knowledge is emerging and it is being communicated by a variety of means,
         including seminars and publications, to a wide range of the public; and
   iv. Interdisciplinary co-operation in the policy and administration enterprise is actively pursued.

Programmes Offered in the Institute

Currently, IPPA offers the under-listed programmes:
   a.   Diploma in Public Administration (DPA)
   b.   Diploma in Personnel Management (DPM)
   c.   Diploma in Local Government Administration (DLG)
   d.   Diploma in Tourism Management (DTM)
   e.   Diploma in Law (Dip Law)
   f.   Diploma in Business Administration (DBA)
   g.   Bachelor of Science in Policy and Administrative Studies (Transfered to the Department of
        Political Science)
   h.   Post-Graduate Diploma in Public Administration (PGDPA)
   i.   Post-Graduate Diploma in Local Government Administration (PGDLGA)
   j.   Master in Policy and Admin. Studies (MPAS) (Transfered to the Department of Political Science)

Purpose of the Programmes
The programmes which are available on full-time bases are designed for persons in executive managerial
positions in the public and private sectors, who wish to increase or improve their theoretical knowledge
and practical skills. They are also designed for those who may wish to equip themselves for entry into such
positions. Graduates of the programmes reaching acceptable academic standards may be admitted into
Bachelor of Science, Policy M Administrative Studies (B.Sc. – PAS) of the institute and other degree
programmes in the University.

Admission Requirements
For admission into the above Diploma programmes, candidates must possess a minimum of four (4) credits
in the GCE O/L, SSCE, NECO, TC II examinations and a pass in English Language in not more than two
sittings. Candidates who desire to proceed to the B.Sc., Policy and Administrative Studies programme at
the completion of their Diploma must, however, possess Credit in English Language and at least a Pass in
Mathematics while in Diploma programme.




                                                   165
Programme Structure/Course Outline
DPA Programme
                                                      YEAR ONE
                      1ST SEMESTER                                                        2ND SEMESTER
  Course                 Course title               Credit Hr    Course                Courses title                 Credit Hr
   Code                                                           Code
DPA1001     Introduction to Public Policy              3        DPA1002    Budget and Budgeting Process                 3
DPA1021     Introduction to Public Administration      3        DPA1021    Introduction to Personnel                    3
                                                                           Administration
DED1031     Constitutional Development in Nigeria      3        DED1022    The Nigerian Rural Society                   3

DED1041     The Machinery of Govt. and Govt.           3        ED1042     Government and Politics in Nigeria           3
            Regulations
DPA1051     Introduction to Nigerian Political         3        DPA1052    Industrial Relations and Management          3
            Economy
DPA1071     Communication for Middle Level              3       DPA1062    Field Data Collection: Organisation and      3
            Management                                                     Analysis
                                                                DPA 1072   Local Government in Nigeria                  3


                                                      YEAR TWO
                      1ST SEMESTER                                                         2ND SEMESTER
  Course                  Course title              Credit Hr    Course                Courses title                 Credit Hr
   Code                                                           Code
DPA2001     Public Policy Analysis & Decision-         3        DPA2002    Public Finance & Public Financial            3
            making                                                         Management
DPA2021     Public Administration in Nigeria           3        DPA2022    Rural Development                            3
DPA1031     Theories of Public Administration          3        DED2032    Public Corporations                          3
DPA1041     Constitutional and Administrative Law      3        ED2042     Development Administration                   3

DPA1051     Theories of Organisation                   3        DPA2052    Nigerian Foreign Policy                      3

DPA1061     Development Economics and Planning          3       DPA2062    Health and Welfare Administration            3

                                                                DPA 2082   Human Resources Management                   3
                                                                DPA 2072   Project                                      3


                                                                            166
                                                     YEAR ONE
                     1ST SEMESTER                                                        2ND SEMESTER
  Course                Course title               Credit Hr    Course                Courses title                 Credit Hr
   Code                                                          Code
DPA1001    Introduction to Public Policy              3        DPA1002    Budget and Budgeting Process                 3
DPA1021    Introduction to Public Administration      3        DPA1021    Introduction to Personnel                    3
                                                                          Administration
DED1031    Constitutional Development in Nigeria      3        DED1022    The Nigerian Rural Society                   3
DED1041    The Machinery of Govt. and Govt.           3        ED1042     Government and Politics in Nigeria           3
           Regulations
DPA1051    Introduction to Nigerian Political         3        DPA1052    Industrial Relations and Management          3
           Economy
DPA1071    Communication for Middle Level              3       DPA1062    Field Data Collection: Organisation and      3
           Management                                                     Analysis
                                                               DPA 1072   Local Government in Nigeria                  3

                                                     YEAR TWO

                     1ST SEMESTER                                                        2ND SEMESTER
  Course                Course title               Credit Hr    Course                Courses title                 Credit Hr
   Code                                                          Code
DPA2001    Public Policy Analysis & Decision-         3        DPA2002    Public Finance & Public Financial            3
           making                                                         Management
DPA2021    Public Administration in Nigeria           3        DPA2022    Rural Development                            3
DPA1031    Theories of Public Administration          3        DED2032    Public Corporations                          3
DPA1041    Constitutional and Administrative Law      3        ED2042     Development Administration                   3
DPA1051    Theories of Organisation                   3        DPA2052    Nigerian Foreign Policy                      3
DPA1061    Development Economics and Planning         3        DPA2062    Health and Welfare Administration            3
                                                               DPA 2082   Human Resources Management                   3
                                                               DPA 2072   Project                                      3




                                                                           167
DLG PROGRAMME
                                                                    YEAR ONE
                       1ST SEMESTER                                                      2ND SEMESTER
 Course                  Course title                   Credit Hr     Course              Courses title                  Credit Hr
  Code                                                                 Code
DLG1001    Introduction to Public Policy                    3        DLG1002   Budget and Budgeting Process                 3
DLG1021    Introduction to Public Administration            3        DLG1021   Introduction to Personnel                    3
                                                                               Administration
DLG1031    Constitutional Development in Nigeria            3        DLG1022   The Nigerian Rural Society                   3
DLG1041    The Machinery of Govt. and Govt.                 3        DLG042    Government and Politics in Nigeria           3
           Regulations
DLG1051    Introduction    to   Nigerian    Political       3        DLG1052   Industrial Relations and Management          3
           Economy
DLG1071    Communication for Middle Level                   3        DLG1062   Field Data Collection: Organisation and      3
           Management                                                          Analysis
                                                                     DLG1072   Local Government in Nigeria                  3

                                                                    YEAR TWO
                       1ST SEMESTER                                                      2ND SEMESTER
  Course                  Course title                  Credit Hr     Course              Courses title                  Credit Hr
   Code                                                                Code
DLG2001      Public Policy Analysis & Decision-             3        DLG2002   Public Finance & Public Financial            3
             making                                                            Management
DLG2021      Public Administration in Nigeria               3        DLG2022   Rural Development                            3
DLG1031      Theories of Public Administration              3        DLG2032   Public Corporations                          3
DLG1041      Constitutional and Administrative Law          3        DLG2042   Development Administration                   3
DLG1051      Theories of Organisation                       3        DLG2052   Nigerian Foreign Policy                      3
DLG1061      Development Economics and Planning             3        DLG2062   Health and Welfare Administration            3
DLG 2081     Local Government Accounting and                         DLG2082   Human Resources Management                   3
             Auditing
                                                                     DLG2072   Project                                      3

DTM PROGRAMME
                                                                    YEAR ONE
                       1ST SEMESTER                                                        2ND SEMESTER
  Course                   Course title                 Credit Hr     Course                Courses title                 Credit Hr
   Code                                                                Code
DTM1001      Introduction to Tourism                       3         DTM1112   Tourism & Community Development                  3
                                                                                168
DTM1021    Introduction to Economics of Tourism      3        DTM1122    Tourism & Environmental Aesthetics            3
DTM1031    Introduction to French                    3        DTM1132    Communication in English II                   3
DTM1041    Communication in English Language I       3        DTM1142    Introduction to French                        3
DTM1051    Introduction to Econ-Tourism              3        DTM1152    Introduction to Recreation & Leisure          3
DTM 1061   Public Relation and Tour Guide            3        DTM1162    History of Tourism in Nigeria                 3
DTM1071    Techniques for Library Use                3        DTM1172    Tourism Politics & Transportation             3
DTM 1081   Computer Application Course               3        DTM1062    Field Data Collection,, Organization &        3
                                                                         Analysis

DTM PROGRAMME
                                                                        YEAR TWO
                     1ST SEMESTER                                                   2ND SEMESTER
  Course                Course title              Credit Hr    Course                 Courses title                Credit Hr
   Code                                                         Code
DTM2001    Tourism & Psychology                      3        DTM2112    Marketing Special Events Tourism             3
DTM2111    Tourism & World View                      3        DTM2122    NGOs & Tourism Development                   3
DTM2121    Tourism Administration & Support          3        DTM2132    Tourism & Modernization
           Service
DTM2131    Sustainable Development & Tourism         3        DTM2142    Tourism & International Relations            3
           Industry
DTM2141    Cultural Heritage & Tourism               3        DTM2152    Tourism,     Politics   &      National      3
                                                                         Development
DTM 2151   Comparative Tourism System                         DTM1162    Field Experience Report
DTM2161    Recreation Resource Development            3       DTM2072    Project




                                                                          169
COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

DPA/DPM/DLG 1001: INTRODUCTION TO PUBLIC POLICY
Introductory overview of the several frameworks, models and approaches to policy. Significance of public
policy. Nigeria’s public policy and decision-making processes and environment. Focus on specific policy
issues in the social, economic and political sphere of the Nigerian community, especially some of the
topics on policy initiatives in the country. Conflicts and influences in policy processes, choices and
implementation.

DPA/DPM/DLG 1021: INTRODUCTION TO PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
Indigenous systems of social administration, control and justice in Nigeria prior to 1900. British colonial
administration from 1900 to 1960. Administrative/judiciary connections up to the end of Native
Administration at the federal, state and local levels and from 1960 to present.

DPA/DPM/DLG 1031: CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF NIGERIA
The major constitutional landmarks that have determined the evolution of the Nigerian state especially
since the mid-nineteenth century, features of each constitution and how it facilitated or impeded the
growth of governance in Nigeria.

DPA/DPM/DLG 1041: THE MACHINERY OF GOVERNMENT AND GOVERNMENT
 REGULATIONS
A theory of government rules and regulations. Rules and regulations in historical perspective – pre-
colonial, colonial and post-colonial systems of rules and regulations. General orders; financial regulations;
civil service regulations; bureaucracy and its formal rules; the civil service rule and regulations.
Substantive rules governing appointments, severance and discipline in Nigerian Civil Service. Rules and
regulations governing entitlements – medical, maternity, leave, pensions, etc. Establishment circulars, the
open reporting systems and their problems.

DPA/DPM/DLG 1051: INTRODUCTION TO NIGERIAN POLITICAL ECONOMY
This course is designed to enable students to have basic insights into Nigeria’s contemporary political
economy. In part I, the pre-colonial mode of production and social formations and sources of change, trade
and state formation are examined.

In part 2, the evolution of the Nigerian state through British imperialism and colonialism together with the
impact of the incorporation on Nigerian societies are examined. Also examined are the political and
economic structures that promote and sustain imperialist control with a view to understanding the nature of
development and under-development in Nigeria. The concluding part calls for critical assessments of the
relationship of neo-colonialism, economic dependence and class formation to choice of development
strategies, policy outputs and patterns of political change in Nigeria in the period from 1960 to the present.

DPA/DPM/DLG 1071: COMMUNICATION FOR MIDDLE LEVEL MANAGEMENT
Theoretical and institutional aspects of governmental expenditures. Analysis of the effects of fiscal,
monetary and debt management policies on the level of employment, prices and rate of economic growth
and development. Sources of public revenue. Principles and methods of taxation. Nigerian taxation law
and regulations. Principles and types of budgeting and financial control. The role of audit, financial
relationships of federal, state and local governments; independent sources of local government finance.

DPA/DPM/DLG 1012: INTRODUCTION TO PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT
Bureaucracy in the public and private sectors. Principles and theories of managerial organization with
particular reference to the public service, administration and reform, discipline, motivation and incentives
of staff training and development and manpower planning. Personnel relations, role models and
responsibilities of a “professionalized” civil service.

DPA/DPM/DLG 1022: NIGERIAN RURAL SOCIETY
Nigeria is largely a rural society, proper understanding of the people of Nigeria’s various communities,
their political, social economic and cultural organizations is required for effective programmes of rural
development and national integration. Students are introduced to the Nigerian rural society to enable them
                                                    170
appreciate the similarities and differences among Nigerian peoples for better understanding and productive
interactions.

DPA/DPM/DLG 1042: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS IN NIGERIA
Emergence, character and implications of the political economy of the Nigerian state (with particular
reference to political structures and processes). A critical survey and analysis of federalism, leadership,
fellowship, interest groups, minority, communal and ruling class politics in Nigeria. Parties and elections,
constitutionalism, systemic change and development. Crisis, conflict and the civil war; military rule and
political instability. Continuity and change in the first, second, third and fourth republics (some enduring
issues of the fiscal crisis, inter-governmental relations, public policy, etc).

DPA/DPM/DLG 1052: INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS & MANAGEMENT
Students are here introduced to the classical theories of administration and structures of organization,
leading to a consideration of the different schools. Max Webber and modern theorists are considered. The
course also deals with the problems of political office holders and career civil servants, and of political
parties and public administration. Nigeria, Britain, USA and France provides the principal focus of study.

DPA/DPM/DLG 1062: FIELD DATA COLLECTION: ORGANIZATION AND
        ANALYSIS
The techniques of data gathering in social sciences; field entry and administration; note-taking; field
summaries. The use of secondary resources-library, newspaper and government documents analysis:
structure of field report.

DPA/DPM/DLG 2001: PUBLIC POLICY ANALYSIS & DECISION-MAKING
Introductory over-view of the several framework, models, and approaches to policy analysis. Significance
of public policy analysis. Nigeria’s public policy and decision-making process and environment. Focus on
specific policy is in the social, economic and political sphere: the Nigerian community, especially some of
the topical policy initiatives in the country. Conflicts and influences on the policy processes, choices and
implementation.

DPA/DPM/DLG 2031: THEORIES OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
Intellectual development of public administration. The classical, scientific, human relations, systems and
structural-functional theories; forms or managerial and administrative organizations; decision-making in
public bureaucracy, ethics of public administration; public interest.

DPA/DPM/DLG 2041: CONSTITUTIONAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Meaning of, and distinction between constitutional law, parliamentary acts and administrative laws and
regulations. Relations between the executive, legislature and judiciary; their operations and mutual
influence. “Judicial” powers and functions of public administrators. Administrative accountability to the
executive and legislative arms of government. Doctrine of ultra vires: government liability of public
servants for acts committed in the course of official duties. The role and powers of ombudsman.

DPA/DPM/DLG 2051: THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION
Students are here introduced to the classical theories of administration and structures of organization
leading to a consideration of the criticisms of them in the light of modern theories and their different
schools. Max Weber and modern theorists are considered. The course also deals with the problems of
“politics and administration”, including the constitutional and organizational relationships of political
officials and career civil servants, and of political parties and public administration. Nigeria, Britain,
United States of America and France provides the principal focus of study.

DPA/DPM/DLG 2061: DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS AND PLANNING
Examines the economic issues of poverty, inequality and unemployment in the Third World. Emphasizes
the effect of the external environment viz; trade, technology and technology transfer, international division
of labour; strategic and structural dependence; industrialization and planning; transnational corporations;
international capital flows; Third World debt; north – south dialogue; south-south cooperation; prospects
for a new international economic order; and other relevant changes that have implications for developing
economics such as perestroika and glaspost; and the role of women in development.
                                                    171
DPA/DPM/DLG 2002: PUBLIC FINANCE AND PUBLIC FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT
Institutional bases of government revenue and expenditure. Sources of public revenue. Principles and
methods of taxation. Nigerian taxation laws. Budgeting: principles and types of financial control. Audit-its
role in financial management. Fiscal and monetary management and their effects on wages, prices and
level of employment. Federal systems and the financial relationships. State and local governments: their
independent sources of revenue.

DLG 2081:       LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTING AND AUDITING
Structure of local government accounts in Nigeria; purposes and methods of keeping accounts; rules of
accounting; materials, wages and overhead costs of local governments. Principles and practice of auditing;
auditing procedures and techniques; audit report, queries and surcharges. A case of selected audit reports
in Akwa Ibom and Cross River States.

DPA/DPM/DLG 2022: RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Theories, concepts and approaches to the study of rural development: fundamental features of rural
societies in Africa; their ecological systems, patterns of development, structure and functions; a
comparative analysis of policies, strategies for functions; a comparative analysis of policies as strategies
for rural development in Nigeria; implications of national development policies and programmes for rural
development.

DPA/DPM/DLG 2032: PUBLIC CORPORATIONS
A review of the types and nature of public corporations and state-owned companies in Nigeria: rationale
for their establishment: organizations’ finances and management: relations with governments: their
suitability as instruments of socio-economic development in the new African states.

DPA/DPM/DLG 2042: DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION
Development administration: its meaning, rationale and theories. Development paths (socialist and
capitalist), their principles, concepts and practices. Modernization and underdevelopment. Dependency
and development theories, their utilities and limitation. Development administration in Nigeria: tools,
pattern, methods, processes and machinery. The National Development plans (1945-1985). Effect of
chosen path: A critique towards new frontiers in development administration.

DPA/DPM/DLG 2052: HEALTH AND WELFARE ADMINISTRATION
An overview of health care delivery system in Nigeria. The development of organized health care services
within the changing conditions of Nigeria. Traditinal medicine and the role of traditional healers in
contemporary modern medicine. Social, economic and political factors of health care administration.
Approaches to health care policy decisions such as Primary Health Care and National Health Insurance,
etc. Politics of health care delivery system at the local, state and federal government levels.

DPA/DPM/DLG 2082: HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
Theory of motivation. Motivation maintenance theory. Preference/expectancy theory. Reinforcement
theory. Theories X and Y. Analysis of job satisfaction, motivation and performance. Career planning and
development. Employee benefits and managerial decision-making.

DPA/DPM/DLG 2072: PROJECT
Each student is required to write a project. The project shall be supervised by a lecturer assigned to the
student, and will count for 6 semester hours of credit. Three copies of the approved project must be
submitted to the supervisor for grading. No student can get a Diploma in IPPA without a completed and
grade project.




                                                   172
                                     FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE

History
         Greater reliance on agriculture as the basis for Nigeria's sustainable development in the 1990's and
decades ahead is sine qua non. This is because of the unique role agriculture plays in national
development. Agriculture supplies raw materials to many industries. It acts as foreign exchange earner as
well as feeding the teaming population. On this basis, agricultural research and education, which are
designed to equip the sector and to provide the needed skilled manpower, have to be encouraged, financed
and research findings/information disseminated in order to meet the expected goal. It is in realization of
the above that the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Calabar, was established with the first batch of
students in the 1981/82 academic year.
         At inception, seven departments were proposed, however, five are fully operational as at 2002.
These are:
         1)      The Department of Animal Science
         2)      The Department of Crop Science
         3)      The Department of Agricultural Economics & Extension
         4)      The Department of Soil Science
         5)      The Department of Forestry and Wild1ife Resources Management
         The Department of Food Technology and Nutrition is proposed and may take off in the near
future .
         The faculty runs a five-year programme of studies, which prepares students for the degree of
Bachelor of Science in Agriculture. In the 1986/87 academic session, the faculty evolved a new
curriculum leading to the award of Bachelorof Agriculture (B. Agric.) with a lot of emphasis on practical
training. This was in consonance with the need to professionalise Agriculture. The first three years are
devoted to academic training which consists largely of courses required by all students in Agriculture.
The fourth year is used solely for practical training. The final (fifth) year is devoted to specialized
training in various options in Agriculture. Projects are also carried out in the respective disciplines.
         In 1990, the Faculty had to re-align its courses in order to meet the stipulated NUC minimum
academic standards. This has led to the inclusion of new courses, like Forestry and Home Economics. A
new syllabus has been prepared along this line. The minimum number of credit hours required for
graduation is 199 comprising complete course work, i.e. a minimum of 163 credit hours 36 credit hours
of practical work.

Admission Regulation and Entrance Requirements
         Admission of students into all the departments in the faculty is through the University
Matriculation Examination and the Remedial Programme of the University of Calabar which is aimed at
rectifying student deficiencies before embarking on the full programme.
         To qualify for admission into any degree course in the Faculty of Agriculture, a candidate must
satisfy the general University requirements as outlined in the JAMB Brochure Guidelines for admission to
First Degree Courses in Nigerian Universities (obtainable from the Joint Admission Matriculation Board).
The candidate must as well fulfill the faculty and departmental requirements prescribed below:
1.       DIRECT ENTRY through direct: The Faculty of Agriculture does not admit students             entry:
However, proposals, to do so are in the pipeline:
2.       JOINT ADMISSION MATRICULATIOPN BOARD A                          candidate     may      qualify     for
         admission into the Faculty of Agriculture by satisfying the following:
         a)       Obtaining a score in University Matriculation Examination of not less than
                  the minimum score required by the faculty.
         b)       Possessing one of the following qualifications:
                  i.      West African School Certificate with passes at Credit level in at least
         five subjects including: English Language, Mathematics, Agricultural                        Science
or Biology, Chemistry and Physics.
                  ii.     General Certificate of Education with passes at ordinary level in at
         least five subjects, including: English Language, Mathematics,
         Agricultural Science, Biology, Chemistry and Physics.
                                                     173
iii.    Senior Secondary School Certificate with credits in at least five                        subjects
        including: English Language, Mathematics, Agricultural                  Science     or   Biology,
        Chemistry and Physics.



         DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AND EXTENSION
History of the Department
The Agricultural Economics and Extension programme was one of the B.Sc Degree Prorammes, which
took off during the 1981/82 session. The approved curriculum of the programme continued to be operative
until the 1988/89 session when it was replaced by a revised version. The approved revised prospectus
includes courses on Introduction to Quantitative Agricultural Economics, Research Methods, and
Introduction to Econometrics, which were not available in the earlier prospectus.


ACADEMIC PROGRAMMES

Undergraduate
The department operates a bifurcate undergraduate programme. Students in the department are exposed to
both Agricultural Economics and Agricultural Extension courses. The aim is to give the students a strong
foundation in these two very important sub-disciplines of Agriculture. Students in the department are
expected to choose one of the options (Agricultural Economics or Agricultural Extension) after their Year
IV programme.

Objectives
   1 To develop students’ skills in analyzing and solving agricultural problems using economics &
       Extension rationale/principles.
   2 To equip students with necessary skills to take up jobs both in the private and public sectors of the
       Nigerian economy.
   3 To train students to be able to conduct advanced research in the dual area of Agricultural
       Economics and Extension.
   4 To train and equip students with skills in technology transfer.
   5 To train and equip students with skills to become job creators and self-employed.

Postgraduate
The Postgraduate programmes in the department are in the areas of Agricultural Economics and
Agricultural Extension. The department runs a post-graduate Diploma, Masters and Ph.D in the two
options.

Objectives
The major objectives of the graduate programme in the Department of Agricultural Economics and
Extension are to:
    1. train Agricultural Economists/Extensionists and equip them with analytical tools for finding
        solutions to economic problems of agriculture.
    2. produce individuals capable of undertaking research and teaching in the field of agricultural
        economics and extension for employment in research organisations and higher institutions of
        learning.
    3. equip, train graduates of Agricultural Economics to become self-employable as agricultural
        management consultants, agricultural marketing specialists, publishers of agricultural business
        bulletins and journals, etc.

Admission Requirements
Undergraduate (UME, Remedial, Transfer & Direct Entry)
The UME candidates are admitted into a five-year degree programme of he Department of Agricultural
Economics and Extension. The UME entry requirements are credit passes in SSCE/GCE O-Level in five
subjects (which should include: Chemistry, Mathematics or Physics, English Language, Biology or
Agricultural Science and any other subject) in not more than two sittings. At least a pass in Physics is
                                                    174
required. However, a candidate with a pass in English Language or Mathematics may be allowed by
Senate to remedy the deficiency and is required to pass it during the first year of study.

The second mode of admission is through the remedial programme. Candidates who have successfully
passed through the University of Calabar remedial Science programme may also be admitted into first year
of the degree programme. Direct entry students with requisite qualification are also admitted to do four
years for the B. Agric. programme.

Transfer
Apart from the UME and remedial programme, students may be admitted from other departments in the
faculty in their final year. To be eligible for transfer into the Department of Agricultural Economics and
Extension, candidates must satisfy the following requirements, as applicable:
    a. Remedial candidates must have credit passes in Economics and Mathematics;
    b. Candidates on inter-departmental transfer must have a minimum CGPA of 2.50 in addition to an
         average of a B-grade in Agricultural Economics and Extension courses.

a)        Post Graduate (PGDE)

Entry Requirement:

i.    Candidates must have a Bachelor’s degree (at least a third class) in Agriculture and related disciplines.

ii.   Higher National Diploma (HND) (Lower Credit) in Agriculture and related disciplines.

b)        M.Sc. Degree
Candidates who hold a first degree either in Agriculture, Agricultural Economics, Economics or a related
discipline with a good Second Class Honours degree from the University of Calabar or any other
university recognized by the Senate may apply for admission. Candidates will be required to register for
and pass a total of 30 credit hours of course work at the 600 level. Candidates will take a total of 18 credit
units of compulsory courses and a total of 12 credit units of electives from two of the given option areas,
namely:
          Agricultural Economic Development and Policy
          Farm Management/Production Economics
          Agricultural Marketing and Co-operatives
          Resource Economics

c)        Ph.D. Degree

 i)    Candidates for admission into the Ph.D. programmes must hold a masters degree in Agricultural
       Economics or a related discipline.

 ii) In addition to completing the course work for the masters degree in Agricultural Economics, the
     candidate shall complete 12 credit hours of course work at the 700 level and pass with a minimum
     grade of B.

 iii) Ph.D students in Agricultural Economics and Agricultural Extension must pass a comprehensive
      examination in Economic Theory, Quantitative Methods and one chosen option.

COURSE OUTLINE
Undergraduate - Year One
                                                 YEAR ONE

                   1ST SEMESTER                                             2ND SEMESTER
Course                Course title           Credit Hr      Course              Courses title           Credit
 Code                                                        Code                                        Hr

                                                      175
BIO1101      Introductory Biology I              3       BIO1102        Introduction to Biology II        3
CHM1011      Introductory Chemistry              3       CHM1022        Organic Chemistry I               3
MTH 1011     Elementary Mathematics &            3       MTH 1352       Co-ordinate Geometry &            3
             Statistics                                                 Calculus
ECS1101      Introduction     to    Micro-       3       PHY1102        Introduction Physics II           3
             economics
GSS 1101     Use of English I                    2       ECS1102        Introduction to Macro-            3
                                                                        Economics
PHY1101      Introductory Physics                3       GSS1102        Use of English                    2
GSS1011      Philosophy and Logic                2       GSS 1112       Citizenship Education             2


 COURSE DESCRIPTION
 BIO 1101:        INTRODUCTORY BIOLOGY
 Cellular basis of live, General structure and functions of plant cells and cellular organelles, plant cell
 division, heredity, diversity in plant cells and habitats, morphology, general characteristics. Life cycles
 and range of forms of Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, Bryophytes, Lichens and Pteridophytes.
 General structure of animal cell, Functions of animal cells and cellular organelles, animal cells types and
 division. Forms, functions and life history of invertebrates using selected examples from classes of
 invertebrates such as Protozoa, Coelenterates, Arthropods, Platy helminthes, Ashelminthes, Annelids and
 Molluses.

 CHM1 1011: INTRODUCTORY CHEMISTRY
 Atoms, sub-atomic particles, inscapes, Avogadros’ number, the mole concept, chemical formulae, the
 laws of chemical combinations, equations and calculations, state of matter, gases, liquids and solids,
 chemical thermodynamics, energetics and thermo chemistry, buffers, chemical equilibrium and
 equilibrium constants solubility, products, chemical kinetics, electrochemistry, nuclear binding energy
 fission and fusion.

 MTH 1111:         ALGEBRA AND TRIGONOMETRY
 Algebra and trigonometry, real number system, real sequence and series, sets and subsets, unit intersection,
 complements, empty and universal sets, venn diagram, one way correspondence between sets, quadratic
 functions and equations, solution of linear equations, simple properties of determinants, inches and
 binomial d theorem, transformation equations of the straight line and application to simple regression
 equations, permutations and combinations circular measure, trigonometric functions of angles, addition
 and factor formulae, complex numbers, moments and couples, relative velocity, calculus, elementary
 functions of simple real variable graphs of simple functions, the differentiations of simple algebraic
 exponential and log functions, differentiations of a sum, product of a quotient function of rules, implicit
 differentiation, definite and indefinite integral to areas and volumes.

 PHY 1101:      INTRODUCTORY PHYSICS I
 Mechanics, units, dimensions, the S.I. Kinetics. Motion with constant acceleration, force, work, energy,
 momentum, centre of mass, elastic and inelastic collusions, impulsive force, equilibrium. Heat: atoms and
 molecules, temperature and thermal capacity, properties of gases, kinetic theory, specific heats, first law of
 thermo-dynamics.
 Waves: The electromagnetic spectrum, velocity and characteristics of light, sound elementary acoustics.
 The Bel Haygen’s principle, reflection, refraction, morrows, prisms, lenses, the eye polarization.

 ECS 1101: INTRODUCTION TO MICROECONOMICS
 The nature of Economic Science: The methodology of Economics Elementary principle of
 microeconomics, demand, supply, price determination. Types of Markets: Competitions, Oligopoly,
 monopoly.

 GSS 1101: USE OF ENGLISH
 Writing English and effective communication study skills. Language skills. Writing of essay answers.
 Instructions of Lexis, sentence construction, outlines and paragraphs. Collection and organization of
 materials and logical presentation. Punctuation and logical presentation of papers, use of the wrong
 phonetics, art of public speaking and oral communication.
                                                     176
GSS 1121:        PHILOSOPHY AND LOGIC
Nature of logic, aims of logic, why do logic – the usefulness of logic, law of thought. Premise and
conclusion indicators. Informal fallacies, kinds sand uses of definitions in logic, inductive and deductive
logic, elementary logical iterators. The concept of philosophy and its latest dimensions, the question of the
origin of philosophy. The fundamental problems of philosophy. Lonians, Plato and Aristotle, Thomas
Aquinas, and St. Augustine. Modern period: Bene: Descartes, John Locke. Contemporary positivism,
existentialism.

CHM 1022: ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II
Historical survey of the development and importance of organic chemistry, Nomenclature and classes of
organic compounds, Homologous series, Functional groups, isolation and purification of organic
compounds, Qualitative and quantitative organic chemistry, stereochemistry: Determination of structure of
organic compounds, Electronic theory in organic chemistry, Saturated hydrocarbons. Unsaturated
hydrocarbons. Periodic table and periodic properties, alency forces, structure of solid. The chemistry of
selected metals and non-metals
        Qualitative analysis, chemical equations and storchiometry.

COURSE OUTLINE
                                                  YEAR TWO

                 1ST SEMESTER                                          2ND SEMESTER
  Course            Course title           Credit Hr     Course             Courses title          Credit
   Code                                                   Code                                      Hr
AGR2101       Intro. To Agric. Bio-           3         AGC2302     Cytology and Genetics            3
              Chemistry
AGA2101       Principles of Animal            3         CHM2422     Analytical Chemistry              3
              Production
AGC2101       Principles     of     Crop      3         AGA2202     Anatomy and Physiology of         3
              Production                                            farm Animals
AGS2101       Principles of Soil Science      3         AGE2202     Introduction to Agric.            3
                                                                    Economics
AGX2101       Intro. To Agric. Ext. &         2         AGR2202     Introduction to Agric.            3
              Rural Sociology                                       Engineering
AGC2201       Botany      and    Crop         3         AGS2202     Intro. To Pedology & Soil         2
              Physiology                                            Physics
                                                        AGR2302     Introduction to Forestry          3
                                                        AGR2402     Principles of Food Science        3
                                                                    and      Technology

COURSE DESCRIPTION

AGR 2001:       INTRODUCTION TO AGRICULTURE
Definition of Agriculture: The origin, scope and importance of Agriculture to man, Food supply situation
in the world, trend distribution, Characteristic features of Tropical Agriculture and how production is
affected. Farming system practices, land tenure, Land use, Types, forestry, Fish farming and wild life
Agriculture.

AGR 2101:      INTRODUCTION TO AGRICULTURAL BIO-CHEMISTRY
Structure, properties and Biological pigments, Vitamins, amino acids, Peptides, Proteins enzyme,
Coenzymes. Hormones. Plant growth factors, Purines, Pyrimidines, Nucleotides and Nucleic acid and
porphyrins. Enzyme, nature, classification, inhibition, activation, control of activity, specificity, active
sites and mechanisms of action. Intermediary metabolism, biological oxidations and bioenergetics.

AGR 2101: PRINCIPLES OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION
History of Animal Agriculture, classification and distribution to important world breeds of cattle, sheep,
goats, pigs, poultry and rabbits, climate and other factors affecting the livestock industry in Nigeria
management practices and systems and effects on behaviour and handling of animals.
                                                       177
AGC 2101: PRINCIPLES OF CROP PRODUCTION
Development of crop production: Cultural practices from major crops, importance of crop rotation, water
and soil conservation. Irrigation, drainage, fertility maintenance and pest control. Weeds and their impact
on crop production. Basic mendelian genetics. Harvesting, processing and storage of Agricultural
products.

AGC 2101: PRINCIPLES OF SOIL SCIENCE
Physical, chemical and biological properties and processes of soils. Soil moisture, air and temperature,
soil classification and survey. Role and use of lime, fertilizer, organic matter and manure. Soil-plant
relationship with emphasis of functions of essential elements in plants, their availability, requirements and
deficiency symptoms.

AEX 2101: INTRODUCTION TO AGRIC. EXTENSION AND RURAL SOCIOLOGY
Definition, objective and philosophy of Agricultural Extension. The institutional setting of Agricultural
Extension Basic concepts and principles of Rural Sociology to the understanding of rural situation.
Importance of rural communities and institutions, social stratification, social processes and social
stratification, social processes and social changes in rural areas. The rural revolution and social
transformation, changing rural-urban problems. Elimination of rural-urban distribution and the future of
rural communities.

AGC 2201: BOTANY AND CROP PHYSIOLOGY
Botanical and other methods of classification of cultivated crops with particular reference to tropical crops.
External and internal structure of plants. Reproduction in plants, pollination, fertilization and fruit
formation. Physical and chemical phenomena in the living functions of plants. Environmental influences
on crop growth. Variation in photosynthetic capacities and factors affecting them, yield maximization.
Storage and mobilization of reserves.

AGA 2202: ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF FARM ANIMALS
Anatomy and physiology of domestic animals such as cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, rabbits and poultry.
Anatomy and physiology of the cell, cell types, animal tissues, nervous system, skeletal system. Muscle
bone, circulatory system, reproductive, digestive, special senses and other systems of farm animals
Elements of environmental physiology and animal behaviour. Growth and bio-energetics.

AGE 2202: INTRODUCTION TO AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
The nature of economics and economic problems, scope and method, price theory and functions of the
market with particular reference to Agriculture. Concepts of demand, supply, price determination and
elasticity are handled. Emphasis is also placed on the structure and changes in the Nigerian Agriculture as
well as agriculture problems, the National Income and Income Employment Theories. Types of Market
structures investment, interest rate, inflation, international trade commodity agreements and balance of
payments, money and banking.

AGR 2202: INTRODUCTION TO AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING
Definition, areas of specialization and roles of Agricultural Engineering in national economy. Prospects
and job opportunities. Work, power energy heat and basic electricity, Machines of efficiency. Weather,
rainfall, soil and water conservation. Drying and storage moisture content. Introduction to tools and
workshop practice.

AGS 2202: INTRODUCTION TO PEDOLOGY AND SOIL PHYSICS
The soil, its origin and formation, soil morphological characteristics, soil components, soil forming rocks
and minerals, weathering of rocks and minerals. Profile description, soil survey, soil mapping. Soil
classification. Properties and management of Nigerian soils. Classification of soil separates, soil texture,
surface area of particles, aggregation, soil structure, and stability, porosity, soil water relations, soil and the
hydrologic cycle. Soil temperature and conduction of soil erosion.

AGR 2302: INTRODUCTION TO FORESTRY


                                                       178
               Renewable natural resources, availability distribution and potential. The important forest trees and
               wildlife (Wildlife emphasis on Nigerian species). Classification, morphology and distribution of important
               forest trees. Forest and games reserves in Nigeria silviculture, a forestation characteristics of manor timber
               and their uses, Felling and log transportation.

               AGR 2402: PRINCIPLES OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
               Scope and definition of food science and technology. Food habits. Food poisoning and its prevention.
               Principles of food processing and preservations. Deterioration and spoilage of foods, other post harvest
               changes in food.
               Contamination of foods from natural sources. Composition and structures of Nigerian/West African food,
               factors contributing to texture, colour, aroma and flavour of food. Cost, traditional and ethnic influences
               of food preparation and consumption pattern.

               COURSE OUTLINE:YEAR THREE

                                1ST SEMESTER                                           2ND SEMESTER
                 Course             Course title         Credit Hr     Course               Courses title           Credit
                  Code                                                  Code                                         Hr
               AGA3101       Non-Ruminant  Animal            3        AGA3202       Ruminant Animal Production        3
                             Production
               AGC3101       Field Crop Production           3        AGA3302       Intro to Animal Genetics and      3
                                                                                    Breeding
               AGC3201       Principles     of  Crop         3        AGC3302       Tree Crop Production              3
                             Production
               AGE3101       Intro       to     Farm         3        AGX3202       Extension Education               3
                             Management & Prod.
                             Econs
               AGR3101       Introduction to    Farm         2        AGC3302       Farming Systems                   3
                             Mechanics
               AGS3101       Soil    Chemistry    and        3        AGR3302       Introduction to Fisheries and     2
                             Micro-Biology                                          Wildlife
               GSS2111       Computer Application I          3        AGS3402       Computer Appl. &                  3
                                                                                    experimental Designs
                                                                      GSS2112       Computer Application II           3

               COURSE DESCRIPTION
               AGA 3101 NON-RUMINANT ANIMAL PRODUCTION
               Management practices involved in breeding stock, nutrition, housing equipment, disease control measures
               and handling of various species of farm livestock. Health management of stock, processing and
               marketing of poultry, pigs and rabbits.

               AGC 3101: FIELD CROP PRODUCTION
               Cultural operations for major field crops like yam, cassava, cocoyam, plantain, maize, rice, cowpea and
               vegetables. Approved varieties, production practices, harvesting, utilization, processing, storage and
               economic aspects of some selected arable crops.

               AGC 3201: PRINCIPLES OF CROP PROTECTION
               Effects of diseases, pests, fungi, bacteria, viruses and nematodes and weeds on crops. Principles and
               methods of diseases, pests and weed control. Major pest, diseases, bacteria, viruses and nematodes.
               Classification of chemical used in crop protection, mode of application, problems of usage, toxicity safety
               and their ecological and environmental hazards.

AGE 3101: INTRODUCTION TO FARM MANAGEMENT AND PRODUCTION ECONOMICS
            Introduction, definition of applied terms and relevant economic principles guiding resource use are
            emphasized. These include: factor, factor-product and product-product relations.
            Analysis of farm records, farm planning and evaluation of partial budget, total budgets and enterprise
            budgets.

                                                                     179
AGR 3101: INTRODUCTION TO FARM MECHANICS
Goals and Principles of Farm Mechanization: Basic Mechanics. Workshop tools. Principles of internal
combustion engines and electric motor. Study of farm machinery sued for tillage practices, ploughs,
harrows, cultivators, farm power transmission system.
Harvesting and processing equipment (Sprayers and Dusters) Equipment for livestock (automatic feed
conveyors, watering equipment: milking and milk handling equipment meat processing equipment) water
lifting and irrigation equipment. Surveying instruments using on the farm operating principles selection
and maintenance procedures of farm machinery. Farm machinery costing and records. Workshop and
building materials used on the farm.

AGS 3101: SOIL CHEMISTRY AND MICROBIOLOGY
Plant nutrition activities of cautions and their absorption by plants, mechanisms of absorptions – plant-soil
inter-phase. Micro-organisms occurring in soils, bio-chemical activities of microbial population,
contributions to soil fertility, formation, properties of soil organic matter, microbial transformation of N, P,
S, Fe and other minerals, isolation of organisms concerned, transformation of hydrocarbons and
pesticides, Rhizosphere effect and mycorrhizal association, ecological interactions.

AGA 3202: RUMINANT ANIMAL PRODUCTION
Types and Breeds of Ruminants: Breed characteristics, and specific climate adaptation. Nutritional
requirements, feeding, housing and sanitation. Practical animal Husbandry techniques and field problems
on management. Feeding: health care practices and slaughtering of Pigs and Poultry.

AGA 3302: INTRODUCTION TO ANIMAL GENETICS AND BREEDING
Objectives and History of Genetics, genetic principles and problems in breeding Animals for disease
resistance and increased production. Genetic code, Mendelism. Fundamental principles of inheritance,
quantitative and qualitative characteristics and their inheritance. Different types of gene actions, values
and means, repeatability.

AGA 3302: TREE CROP PRODUCTION
Analysis of origin, distribution, soil and climatic requirements of tropical plantation crops such as cocoa
oil palm, rubber coffee coconut mango, sugar cane bananas plantation, citrus, kola, cashew, production
practices, improvement, harvesting, utilization processing and economic aspects of some selected tree
crops.

AEX 3202: EXTENSION EDUCATION
Definition, nature and element of communication process. Principles of analyzing communication
problems in extension. The meaning of the concepts of teaching, learning and motivation. Steps and
principles of teaching and learning. Extension teaching methods. Preparation and use of teaching
materials and aids.

AGR 3302: FARMING SYSTEMS
Introduction, definition of applied term, description and analysis of the various components of the system,
major farming systems in the tropics with emphasis on African Traditional Farming System, appraisal of
the competitive factors and functions affecting the system.

AGR 3402: INTRODUCTION TO FISHERIES AND WILDLIFE
The important fishes and wildlife to West Africa with emphasis on Nigerian species. Classification
evolution, morphology and basic structure of fishes. The adaptation of fish to aquatic life. Life cycle of
principal species of fishes and wildlife. Significance of fishes and wildlife in the life of Nigerians. The
fish and wildlife industries in Nigeria. Fundamental principles of fish and wildlife management and
production.

AGR 3502: COMPUTER APPLICATIONS AND EXPERIMENTAL DESIGNS
Experiments, experimental procedures, causes and control of experimental error. Analysis of variance, one
way and multiple way classification. Factorial experiments. Split-plot designs and analysis of results.



                                                     180
Problems solving methods and algorithm development designing. Coding, debugging and documenting
programmes using techniques of COBOL, FORTRAN AND SPSS. Computer organization, programming
algorithm development. Applying computer to problems solving in Agriculture.

COURSE OUTLINE: YEAR FOUR
                   1ST SEMESTER                                            2ND SEMESTER
  Course               Course title            Credit Hr     Course             Courses title          Credit
   Code                                                       Code                                      Hr
AGR4100       Non-Ruminant Management             4         AGA4200     Ruminant Management              4
              Techniques                                                Techniques
AGC4100       Horticultural and Permanent         5         AGC4200     Arable Crop Production            4
              Crop Production                                           Techniques
AGE4100       Farm      Management      and       3         AEX4200     Farm Survey and Extension         3
              Accounts I                                                Practices II
AGS4100       Soil        Sampling      and       2         AGS4200     Agricultural Meteorology          1
              Description, Drainage and Soil
              Fertility
AGR4100       Farm Design and Agric.              2         AGR4202     Workshop Practices                2
              Mechanization Practices
AGX4100       Farm Survey & Extension             2         AGS4300     Soil Conservation and Land        3
              Practices I                                               Use Planning
                                                            AGE4300     Farm Management &                 4
                                                                        Accounting II

COURSE DESCRIPTION
AGA 4100: NON-RUMINANT MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES
      Animal Husbandry practices of cattle, sheep and goats.                  Health care practices and
      processing of livestock products.

AGC 4100: HORTICULTURE AND PERMANENT CROPS PRODUCTION TECHNIQUES
Crop Husbandry practices from local and exotic vegetables suited to the ecological zone. Pre-nursery and
field operations of major permanent crops including oil palm, cocoa, rubber and citrus. Post-harvest
treatment of farm produce.

AGC 4200: ARABLE CROPS PRODUCTION TECHNIQUES
Arable crop production practices for the major crops in the ecological zone, including establishment,
cultural practices and harvesting: of maize, cassava, yams, cocoyam, plantains, rice, cowpeas and melon.
Post-harvest treatments of the crops.

AGE 4100: FARM MANAGEMENT AND ACCOUNTS
This course involves one credit hour of in-class work and two credit hours of out-of-class work for 2
semesters. Major emphasis in the in-class work is in the area of record keeping, developing budgets
(partial and total) feasibility studies and analyzing a variety of market information. The out of class work
deals with actual data collection based on the students’ interest as well as reviewing the records, budgets
and profitability of the Faculty of Agriculture farms (Crops and Animals). The student as well are, during
this phase is exposed or attached to either a farm, bank or relevant Agricultural firm to have a working
knowledge of its performance.

AEX 4200: FARM SURVEY AND EXTENSION PRACTICES
        Sample villages in the neighbourhood of Calabar are selected and students study the      socio-
economic and technical components of farming system in the area.
Designing of questionnaires and actual conduct of the survey. During the year the students will go out in a
group once a week and work with their clientele farmers to study the farming operations and field
management on the spot. Survey will last for 10weeks. Design of teaching aids and audio-visuals in
extension Education.

AGS 4100: SOIL SAMPLING AND DESCRIPTION, DRAINAGE AND SOIL FERTILITY

                                                      181
Soil profile descriptions, soil moisture measurements, types and importance of fertilizer. Applications rate
and methods for various crops. Safety and environmental factors affecting their efficiency. Deficiency
symptoms.

AGS 4200: AGRIC. METEOROLOGY
Elements of climate and their measurement, processing and analysis of rainfall, air and soil temperature,
humidity evapotranspiration data. Analysis of long-term records of weekly, monthly and annual rainfall
data. Climatic effects on agricultural productivity.

AGS 4300: SOIL CONSERVATION AND LAND USE PLANNING
Identification of types of soil erosion and other forms of land degradation, and their control. Practical
training in agronomic practices of soil conservation. Purpose and justification for land use planning. Land
use planning and management for rain-fed agriculture, forestry, irrigation and for non-agricultural projects.

AGR 4100: FARM DESIGN AND AGRIC MECHANIZATION PRACTICES
Simple land survey techniques and survey equipment. Land development and tillage operations.

AGR 4200: WORKSHOP PRACTICES
Procedure and practices in Agric. Mechanics workshop. Workshop tool, safety and maintenance of farm
equipment, fault finding and repairs.

COURSE DESCRIPTION: AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
                              YEAR FIVE
                  1ST SEMESTER                                           2ND SEMESTER
  Course             Course title          Credit Hr     Course               Courses title          Credit
   Code                                                   Code                                        Hr
AGE5101       Seminar                          2        AGE5100       Research Project                 4
AGE5201       Fundamentals            of       3        AGE5112       Agric. Cooperative               2
              Econometrics
AGE5301       Production Economics             3        AGE5122       Agric. Business Management        2
AGE5401       Agric.      Policy      &        3        AGE5132       Agric. Development                2
              Development
AGE5501       Farm Accounting                  3        AGE5142       Agric. Finance                    2
AGE5601       Research                         3        AGE5152       Livestock Economics               2
              Methods/Statistics
AGE5701       Agric. Marketing                 2
AGE5501       Programme planning      &        3
              Evaluation

                                        COURSE DESCRIPTION
A.       FIRST SEMESTER
AGE 5101: RESEARCH METHODS, MEASUREMENT & SCALING AND STATISTICS
Defining a research problem; developing hypothesis and objectives; principles of research design;
questionnaire preparation and collection of data, sampling and sample design, measurements of variables;
statistical theory, statistical methods for data analysis, presentation of research findings.

AGE 5201: FUNDAMENTALS OF ECONOMETRICS
Elementary discussions in productions, simple regression models, its assumptions and consequences for
violations. Problems of estimation with bad data. Multiple regression, statistical demand analysis,
statistical production and cost analysis. Methods and application of econometrics to Agricultural problems.

AGE 5301: PRODUCTION ECONOMICS
Basic economic principles in resource, utilization and allocation enterprise combination: forms of
production functions, and their characteristics. Management of resource productivity. The decision
making process, depreciation techniques, asset fixity, kinds and functions of farm records and accounts,
basic principles of accounting, nature of simple farm accounts, farm planning and analysis farm budgets,
farm records, inventory the balance sheet journal entry, income statement etc.

                                                    182
AGE 5401: AGRICULTURAL POLICY
Meaning of Agricultural Economic Development. Place of Agriculture in Economic Development. Inter-
relationship between Agricultural and Industrial Development. Factors affecting economic Development.
Obstacles to economic development. Nigerian Agricultural policies and programmes. Integrated Rural
Development.

AGE 5501: FARM ACCOUNTING
Basic principles of accounting, nature of simple farm accounts: farm planning and analysis farm budgets,
farm records, inventory the balance sheet journal entry, income statement etc.

AGE 5601: RESEARCH METHODS
The concept and principle of evaluation and research applied to problems in Agricultural Economics.
Measurement & scaling, descriptive & inferential statistical techniques. Techniques and procedures for
conducting investigation. Selecting a problem and developing plans for a study.

AGE 5401: AGRICULTURAL POLICY DEVELOPMENT
Meaning of Agricultural Economic Development. Place of Agriculture in Economic Development. Inter-
relationship between Agricultural and Industrial Development. Factors affecting economic Development.
Obstacles to economic development. Nigerian Agricultural Policies and programmes. Integrated Rural
Development.

B.       SECOND SEMESTER
AGE 5100: RESEARCH PROJECT
It is expected that a student must undertake and complete a research project under a supervisor.

AGE 5112: AGRICULTURAL CO-OPERATIVES
Definition and introduction to philosophy, basic and distinguishing characteristics of co-operative
organizations. Types, organizational, procedures, financing and business management of Agric. Co-
operatives their limitations and potential contribution, structure and conduct performance of different types
of markets. The community boards, supply and demand elasticity and their effect on marketing decisions
of Agricultural products.

AGE 5122: AGRIC. BUSINESS MANAGEMENT
The scope of Agricultural Business Management, types of Agricultural Business Management and
Organizations. Enterprise selection: Production planning, public policies affecting Agricultural Business
Farm Growth. Organization of large scale farms, Legal organizations and tax strategies. Economics of
Agricultural Processing, Marketing management, principles of Agriculture Finance, Principles of farm
credit capital needs of Agricultural Industries sources of loan funds and collateral security for loans, Credit
Agencies and Government Credit Policies and approaches to efficient credit management, farm
Accounting, inventory, Balance Sheet, Cash book, Cash Book Analysis.

AGE 5401: AGRIC. MARKETING
Integrated analysis of major, marketing decisions including products, advertising, distribution and sales
policies. Marketing research application of statistical and other quantitative concepts to marketing
management problems.

AGE 5122: AGRIC. FINANCE
The scope of Agricultural Business Management, types of Agricultural Business Management and
Organizations: Enterprise selection: Production planning, public policies affecting Agricultural Business
Farm Growth, Organization of large scale farms, Legal organizations and tax strategies. Economics of
Agricultural processing, Marketing management. Principles of Agriculture Finance, principles of farm
Credit, Capital needs of Agricultural industries sources of loan funds and collateral security for loans,
Credit Agencies and Government Credit Policies and approaches to efficient credit management, Farm
Accounting, Inventory, Balance sheet, Cash book, Cash Book Analysis.

AGE 5152: LIVESTOCK ECONOMICS


                                                     183
Importance of livestock in the Nigerian Economy. Consumption and consumer patterns of livestock
products. Micro and economic principles in animal production, Agricultural production functions
including data collection and analysis.
Marketing theory in relation to livestock production Application of economic theory and quantitative
analysis. Capital investment and depreciation of capital: The economics of egg. Meat and milk
production, livestock feed economics, input/output relationship in livestock production

AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION UNIT:
                                              YEAR FIVE

                 1ST SEMESTER                                          2ND SEMESTER
  Course             Course title         Credit Hr     Course              Courses title         Credit
   Code                                                  Code                                      Hr
AEX5101       Seminar                         2       AEX5100       Research Project                4
AEX5601        Research        Methods,       3       AEX5132       Rural/Community                 3
              Measurement and Scaling                               Development
              and Statistics
AEX 5701      Theory & Practice of            3       AEX5142       Social & Technological           3
              Extension Administration                              Change in Agriculture
              & supervision
AEX 5501      Programme Planning &            3       AEX5152       Agric. Laws, Policies and        2
              Evaluation                                            Reforms
AEX 5401      Diffusion and Adoption of       2       AEX5162       Comparative Extension            2
              Agric. Technology                                     Systems
AEX 5301      Psychology in Extension         2       AEX5122       Gender and Rural Youth           2
                                                                    Development Studies
AEX 5201      Agric.    Communication         2       AGE5112       Agric. Cooperative               2
              &Information Technology
AGE 5701      Agric. Marketing       &        2
              Cooperative

COURSE DESCRIPTION
FIRST SEMESTER
AGE 5101: SEMINAR
Discussion and presentation of various topics in Agricultural Economics, the student is also expected to
prepare and participate in all seminars and present a seminar in the course and also submit a hard copy of
the seminar work to the department.

AEX 5601:         RESEARCH METHODS, MEASUREMENT & SCALING AND STATISTICS
Defining a research problem; developing hypothesis and objectives; principles of research design;
questionnaire preparation and collection of data, sampling and sample design, measurements of variables;
statistical theory, statistical methods for data analysis, presentation of research findings.

AEX 5701:        THEORY & PRACTICE OF EXTENSION ADMINISTRATION AND
SUPERVISION
Concepts of Administration, Extension administration, management etc. theory and principles of
extension administration by Henri Fayol, Management Schools of thought and their application to
extension work (Administration theory).– Relationship between extension and other organizations or
agencies – Functions and Responsibilities of extension administrators/directors including planning,
organization, supervision and coordination – Organization/administration of extension services at village,
division, state and federal levels. The frame work and approach towards management – The perspectives
on management and organization – Staff recruitment, selection, placement and supervision. Staffing
process and training in Extension organization, training of Extension leaders in Extension. Office
management in extension, principles of morale and motivation; implication for Extension staff
development and promotion, discipline, assessment (appraisal of extension work, extension workers’
training and types of training, bureaucracy in extension administration; extension administration in the
ADPs in Nigeria. Problems of extension administration in Nigeria.

                                                  184
AEX 5501:       PROGRAMME PLANNING AND EVALUATION
Concepts – plan, planning, programme, programme development etc. Types, sources, characteristics and
levels of planning, Assumptions and importance of programme planning. Planning needs and needs
assessment, motivation – i.e. hierarchy of human needs (Maslow). Involvement – levels, method: -
individuals – Group. Reasons for involvement, problem identification. Stages/models of programme
planning – situation analysis, solution (Objectives – levels of objectives, uses, importance, characteristics
of good objectives) execution, evaluation and reconsideration. Practical application and design of plan of
work and calendar of work – i.e. planning a programnme or project. Practical application and design of
plan of work and calendar of work – i.e. planning a programme or project. Evaluation – meaning, types,
differences between evaluation and monitoring. Concept of evaluation in agricultural extension,
programmes monitoring and Evaluation. Steps in evaluation (standards, criteria, indications and
judgment), Barriers to evaluation. SWOT and PERT analysis. Budget development and fiscal control –
meaning, types of budget, how to prepare budget, etc.

AEX 5401: DIFFUSION AND ADOPTION OF AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY
Concepts of diffusion and adoption, process of diffusion and adoption. Theories of Diffusion & Adoption.
Factors affecting adoption – Farmers related and technology related. Stages of Adoption (AIETA),
adoption rate and adopters categories and diffusion curves. Abandoned and Sustainable adoption.
Elements of diffusion. The innovation decision. Characteristics of innovation.

AEX 5301: PSYCHOLOGY OF EXTENSION
Instructional Objectives: At the end of the courses students are to among other things, understand the
concepts of psychology, extension teaching and learning strategies. Farmers’ personalities and
determinants of personalities. Developmental Psychology and there characteristics features. Intelligence,
attitudes, behavioural patterns, values and decision concepts, motives, motivation and its theories, needs,
teaching – learning process. Theories of learning, application of psychological concepts in teaching –
learning.

AEX 5201: AGRICULTURAL COMMUNICATION & INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Meaning and concepts of communication and information technology. Elements of communication and
their characteristics.  Importance of communication in extension. Models of communication.
Communication and behavioural change. Influence of communication on rural development.
Communication processes in extension. Development communication systems. Importance of
development communication in agricultur Modern information technologies relevant in agriculture and
extension service. Problems and prospects of use of modern information technology. Indigenous
knowledge system. Advantages and disadvantages of use of indigenous knowledge system in agriculture.

SECOND SEMESTER

AEX 5200:      RESEARCH PROJECT
It is expected that as final year students must undertake and complete a research project under a
supervisor.

AEX 5132:         RURAL/COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
Sociological economic and related policy perspectives as they relate to rural development. The theories of
community; community as a unit of social change. The micro and macro approaches to social change;
Dimensions of innovations; approaches to community development; community development and other
developments (agriculture, and rural developments); model of rural/agricultural development and their
relevance to Nigerian situation; processes and methods of community development/agricultural
developments; problems of institutions and infrastructural community case studies on community
development in Nigeria and other developing countries; Features of communities in Nigeria; assessment of
rural community development in Nigeria; challenges of rural community development in Nigeria; lessons
learnt in rural community development over the years; community leadership and rural livelihoods.

AEX 5412:       Social & Technological Change in Agriculture
Understanding technological change; basic sociological concepts of change; technological change and
societies; general principles in introducing technological change. Technological change in Nigerian
                                                    185
agricultural development; obstacles of agricultural change; Reducing resistance to change; ethical
consideration in introducing technology change; agricultural engineers and public extension system.
Impact of technological change in agriculture, role of extension workers in technology transfer, technology
change and indigenous technology systems.

AGE 5152: AGRARIAN LAWS AND REFORMS
General concepts and sources of law. Property ownership, acquisition and disposition in general setting
(types of land ownership). Land tenure system and small scale farmers in Nigeria. Restrictions on the use
and ownership of land: contracts; landlords and tenant relationship; Agency law; sales commercial papers
(Banks) torts right in the use of water (the riparian right): pure food produce and legal environment (Food
and drug laws). Partnership, concurrent/co-ownership of properties; will, gifts and policies relating to
agricultural insurance fishing training – research – Extension, bush burning, marketing and export and
import of commodities. Factors affecting agrarian laws.

AEX 5162: COMPARATIVE EXTENSION SYSTEM
Extension education strategies and organization in selected countries. Historical revolution of Agricultural
extension system. Comparison of extension systems – Cooperative, Ministry, University based,
commodity based. Animation rurale, T & V, Integrated RuralDevelopment, community based, etc. their
objectives, target group, focus, problems and prospect, source of funding, etc. alternative extension
approaches/systems. Private/public/NGO extension system. Contemporary issues in agricultural extension
system.

AEX 5122: GENDER & RURAL YOUTH DEVELOPMENT STUDIES
Concept, philosophy, principles of Rural Youth Agricultural Extension Programmes, characteristics of
Agricultural Extension Workers and club leaders. Initiators and aims of setting up rural youth clubs; youth
programmes in Nigeria and the world; evolution, administration, programme planning and organization of
rural youth agricultural extension programme, the problems etc. Educational activities used to promote
rural youth agricultural extension programmes. Gender issues and programmes in Nigeria. gender
mainstreaming in agricultural extension, evaluation of gender participation in agricultural extension.
Problems associated with gender studies in Nigeria. Concept of leadership, types, characteristics,
principles of leadership in agricultural extension programmes.


                               DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL SCIENCE
Historical Background
The Department was created in January 1986 during the 1985/86 academic session. Prior to this, it existed
along with other departments as a single unit of agriculture. The undergraduate programme was developed
to give the Students the breadth of training, the basic concepts and principles, the practical experience and
discipline on which they can build and adopt throughout their career. Since the inception, the student and
staff population had been on the increase. Also training facilities like laboratories and farm infrastructure
have been developed to meet the modern training needs in the various areas of animal science.
The Department has grown beyond the initial degree (B. Agric.) Programme and now offers programmes
for PGD, M. Sc. and Ph. D. degrees in the various specialties in animal sciences (Animal Breeding and
Genetics, Animal Nutrition and Biochemistry, Animal Physiology and Health, Animal Production and
Management, and Meat Science).

The graduate programme provides training especially in the areas of research to enable the beneficiaries to
take up challenges of training others as well as make gainful self-employment in livestock
production/husbandry.

Vision and Mission
The vision and mission of the founding fathers of the department were to produce trained young men and
women who would provide the leadership needed in all aspects of animal production. The curriculum so
developed provides a good balance of subjects in the physical, biological, and social sciences and
humanities. Theses afford the undergraduates the opportunity to learn how to diagnose and solve practical
problems of livestock development programmes.


                                                    186
Admission Requirements
UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMME
Admission of students into the Department is through the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination
(UTME), Direct Entry and the Remedial Programme of the University of Calabar, which is aimed at
rectifying student’s deficiencies before embarking on the full programme.

To qualify for admission into degree course in Bachelor of Agriculture with specialization in Animal
Science, the candidate must satisfy general requirements as outlined in the Joint Admission and
Matriculation Board (JAMB) brochure Guidelines for Admission for First Degree Courses in Nigerian
Universities (obtained from JAMB). The candidates must as well fulfill the Faculty and Department
requirements prescribed below:

DIRECT ENTRY
A candidate may qualify for direct admission into the Department by possessing either HND/OND/NCE
(at Distinction or Credit Level) Certificate in Agricultural Science or related Science courses, in addition
to the basic departmental requirements (Credit passes in at least five O/L subjects including English
Language, Mathematics, Agricultural Science or Biology, Chemistry and Physics.). Candidates with B. Sc.
in a related discipline (as stipulated by the Department) may also be considered for admission.

JOINT ADMISSION AND MATRICULATION BOARD
A candidate may qualify for admission into the Department by satisfying the following:
(a) Obtaining a score on the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) of not less than the
    Minimum score required by the Department.
(b) Possessing one of the following qualifications:
    i) West African School Certificate or NECO with passes at Credit in at least five subjects including
        English Language, Mathematics, Agricultural Science or Biology, Chemistry and Physics.
    ii) General Certificate of Education with passes at Ordinary Level in at least five subjects including
        English Language, Mathematics, Agricultural Science or Biology, Chemistry and Physics.

REMEDIAL PROGRAMME
The Department also admits candidates who have successfully remedied all their deficiencies. Remedial
students are not allowed to matriculate until they have completely remedied their deficiencies. Candidates
who fail to remedy such deficiencies after one session are required to withdraw from the University.

POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME
Objectives
The implementation of the Bachelor of Agriculture (B. Agric.) Degree Programme in Nigerian University
has resulted in de-emphasizing specialization at the first degree level. A Graduate Programme in Animal
Science will therefore seek to:

  (a) Train and equip the students with the fundamental principles of the various aspects of animal
      production, livestock nutrition and biochemistry, livestock breeding and Genetics, livestock
      physiology, livestock production and Management, livestock behaviour, meat science and wildlife
      domestication/conservation and management.
  (b) Train students in modern research methods in various aspects of Animal Science.
  (c) Train students who will take up the challenge of training others in tertiary institutions.
  (d) Train students to use the knowledge acquired for gainful self-employment in livestock production
      and eventually ensure the effective and efficient implementation of the livestock farming, breeding
      and feed manufacturing programmes.
  (e) The Programme is suitable for graduates of Animal Science and holders of other certificates
      registrable by the Nigerian Institute of Animal Science (NIAS), with appropriate academic
      background for higher career opportunities.

POST GRADUATE DIPLOMA
Admission Requirements
Candidates seeking admission into the Post Graduate Diploma (PGD) Programme in Animal Science need
to possess a first degree with an acceptable cumulative grade point average (CGPA) in a NIAS registrable
discipline. Example, Bachelor of Agriculture (Animal Science) or related disciplines as may be approved
                                                   187
by the Departmental Post Graduate Programme Board, University of Calabar Graduate School Board and
the University Senate. Such first degree must come from a University recognized by the University of
Calabar Senate. With permission from the Graduate School Board, candidates having first degree with
lower CGPA plus sufficient relevant work experience as may be prescribed by the Departmental Post
Grade Board could be admitted.
Duration

The PGD Programme in Animal Science is run on full-time basis. The Programme duration will usually be
2 to 3 Semesters.
Course Work

Candidates shall be required to register for and pass a total of 30 credit units of courses at the PGD 6000
level.

Thesis
Candidates shall be expected to undertake a research project from one of the areas of specialization offered
in the department. The PGD Thesis shall be based on the Research Project approved by the Departmental
and Graduate School Boards.

MASTER’S PROGRAMME
Admission Requirements
Candidates seeking admission into the Master’s degree (M. Sc.) Programme in Animal Science should
hold a first Degree with an acceptable Second Class Honours cumulative grade point average (CGPA) in a
NIAS registrable discipline. Example, Bachelor of Agriculture (Animal Science) or related disciplines as
may be approved by the Departmental Post Graduate Programme Board, University of Calabar Graduate
School Board and the University Senate. The first Degree should be obtained from the University of
Calabar or any other University recognized by the Senate.

Duration
Full-time students on M. Sc. Programme will be required to complete the Programme in a minimum of 3
Semesters and a maximum of 5 Semesters. Students on Part-time Programme will be expected to spend a
minimum of 4 Semesters and a maximum of 6 Semesters.
Course Work

Candidates shall be required to register for and pass a total of 30 credit units of courses at the 6000 level.
Thesis

Candidates shall be expected to undertake a research project from one of the areas of specialization offered
in the department. The M. Sc. Thesis shall be based on the Research Project approved by the Departmental
and Graduate School Boards.

DOCTORAL PROGRAMME IN ANIMAL SCIENCE
Admission Requirements
Candidates seeking admission into the Doctor of Philosophy (Ph. D.) degree Programme in Animal
Science should possess a Master’s Degree in Animal Science or in a NIAS registrable discipline. The M.
Sc. Degree should be obtained from the University of Calabar or any other University recognized by the
Senate.
Duration

Candidates on full-time students on Ph. D. Programme shall be expected to complete the Programme in a
minimum of 6 Semesters and a maximum of 10 Semesters. Part-time students shall be required to spend a
minimum of 10 Semesters and a maximum of 14 Semesters.
Course Work

Candidates will be expected to take minimum of 12 credit units of courses at the 7000 level selected from
courses listed by the Department.
Thesis
                                                      188
Candidates will undertake research work in any of the four areas of specialization as approved by the
Departmental and Graduate School Boards. Such work should be of high standard and publishable.

Areas of Specialization
   i. Animal Production and Management with sub-specializations in Poultry Production, Ruminant
        Animal, Cattle (Beef and Dairy) Production and Micro-livestock (Rabbit, grasscutter, snail)
        Production.
   ii.     Animal Breeding and Genetics
   iii.    Agricultural Biochemistry and Animal Nutrition
   iv.     Animal Physiology

COURSE OUTLINE
Undergraduate Programme
                                               YEAR ONE

                 1ST SEMESTER                                         2ND SEMESTER
   Course             Course title           Credit       Course           Courses title          Credit
    Code                                      Hr           Code                                    Hr
 BIO1101       Introductory Biology I          3        BIO1102      Introduction to Biology II     3

 CHM1011       Introductory Chemistry                   CHM1022      Organic Chemistry I            3
 MTH1111       Algebra and Trigonometry           3     MTH 1352     Co-ordinate Geometry &         3
                                                                     Calculus
 ECS1101       Introduction to Micro-             3     PHY1102      Introduction Physics II        3
               economics
 PHY1101       Introductory Physics I             3     ECS1102      Introduction to Macro-         3
                                                                     Economics
 GSS 1101      Use of English I                   2     GSS1102      Use of English                 2
 GSS1121       Philosophy and Logic               2     GSS 1112     Citizenship Education         2
               Total Credit Number of             19                 Total Credit Number of        19
               Hours                                                 Hours

                                                  YEAR TWO

                1ST SEMESTER                                         2ND SEMESTER
   Course            Course title           Credit       Course           Courses title           Credit
    Code                                     Hr           Code                                     Hr
 AGR2001       Intro. To Agriculture          3        AGC2302     Cytology and Genetics            3
 AGR2101       Introduction to Agric.         3        CHM2122     Inorganic Chemistry              3
               Biochemistry
 AGA2101       Principles of Animal           3        AGA2202     Anatomy and Physiology of         3
               Production                                          farm Animals
 AGC2101       Principles    of     Crop      3        AGE2202     Introduction to Agric.            3
               Production                                          Economics
 AGC2201       Botany      and      Crop      3        AGS2202     Intro. To Pedology & Soil         3
               Physiology                                          Physics
 AGE2101       Intro. To Agric. Ext. &        3        AGR2202     Introduction to Agric.            2
               Rural Sociology                                     Engineering
 AGS2101       Principles     of     Soil     3        AGF2302     Introduction to Forestry          3
               Science
               Total Credit Number of        21        AGR2402     Principles of Food Science        3
               Hours                                               and Technology
                                                                   Total Credit Number of           21
                                                                   Hours

                                              YEAR THREE

                1ST SEMESTER                                         2ND SEMESTER

                                                       189
   Course           Course title           Credit      Course            Courses title          Credit
    Code                                    Hr          Code                                     Hr
 AGA3101      Non-Ruminant Animal            3        AGA3202     Ruminant Animal                 3
              Production                                          Production
 AGA3201      Agricultural                   2        AGA3302     Intro. to Animal Breeding &        3
              Biochemistry     and                                Genetics
              Methods
 AGC3101      Field Crop Production          3        AGC3302     Tree Crop Production               3

 AGC3201      Principles   of  Crop                   AGR3302     Farming Systems                    2
              Protection
 AGE3101      Intro. to Farm Mgt. &          3        AGR3302     Introduction to Fisheries &        2
              Prod. Econs                                         Wildlife
 AGR3101      Introduction to  Farm          3        AGR3402     Introduction to Fisheries &        3
              Mechanics                                           Wildlife
                                             3        AGE3202     Extension Education                2
 AGS3101      Soil Chemistry and             3        AGR3502     Statistics and Experimental        3
              Micro-Biology                                       Designs
 GSS2111      Introduction          to       2        GSS2112     Computer Application II            2
              Computers
 GSS3101      Entrepreneurship Dev. I        2        GSS3102     Entrepreneurship Dev. II          2
              Total Credit Number of        24                    Total Credit Number of            23
              Hours                                               Hours


                                              YEAR FOUR
                1ST SEMESTER                                          2ND SEMESTER
   Course            Course title           Credit      Course             Courses title           Credit
    Code                                     Hr          Code                                       Hr
 AGA4100      Non-Ruminant         Mgt.       3        AGA4200     Ruminant Mgt. Techniques          3
              Techniques
 AGA4101      Animal             Health          1     AGA4202     Animal Health                     1
              Management                                           Management
 AGC4100      Horticultural          and         5     AGC4200     Arable Crop Production            4
              Permanent Crop Prod.                                 Techniques
              Techniques
 AGE4100      Farm Management and                3     AGE4200     Farm Survey and                   3
              Accounts I                                           Extension Practices II
 AGS4100      Soil      Sampling    and          2     AGS4200     Agricultural Meteorology          1
              Description, Drainage and
              Soil Fertility
 AGR4100      Farm Design and Agric.             2     AGS4300     Soil Conservation and             3
              Mechanization Practices                              Land Use Planning
              Total Credit Number of             16    AGR4202     Workshop Practices                2
              Hours
                                                       AGR4102     Viva                             3
                                                                   Total Credit Number of           20
                                                                   Hours

                                                  YEAR FIVE

                1ST SEMESTER                                             2ND SEMESTER
Course Code         Course title           Credit Hr    Course Code           Courses title              Credit
                                                                                                          Hr
AGA5200       Seminar                            2      AGA5100        Research Project                    4
AGA5201       Applied Animal Breeding            2      AGA5112        Non-Ruminant Animal                 2
                                                                       Production
AGA5301       Non-Ruminant Production            3      AGA5122        Ruminant Animal Nutrition            2
AGA5401       Ruminant Production                3      AGA5132        Animal Health                        3
AGA5501       Feeds and Feeding                  3      AGA5142        Processing of Livestock              3

                                                      190
                                                                    Products
AGA5601    Animal Experimentation          3        AGA5152         Pasture Management &      3
           & Research Techniques                                    Utilization
AGA5701    Animal Reproduction             2        *AGA5152        Livestock Economics       3
AGA5801    Micro-livestock                 3        *AGA5152        Agric. Business Math. &   3
           Production                                               Finance
*AGE5501   Programme Planning &            3                        Total Credit Number of    21
           Evaluation                                               Hours
*AGC5201   Field Crop Husbandry            3
           Total Credit Number of         24
           Hours
                  *Elective Courses: Students should take one elective per semester




                                                191
    POST GRADUATE PROGAMMES
    Post Graduate Diploma

                                 1ST SEMESTER                                                                        2ND SEMESTER
  Course Code                           Course title                   Credit Hr         Course Code                         Courses title                   Credit
                                                                                                                                                              Hr
AGA PGD 6111         Poultry Production                                   2         AGA PGD 6112             Animal Nutrition                                  2
AGA PGD 6121         Applied Animal Breeding                              2         AGA PGD 6122             Sheep and Goat Production                         2
AGA PGD 6131         Beef and Dairy Cattle Production                     2         AGA PGD 6132             Feed mill Technology and Feed Formulation         2
AGA PGD 6141         Feeds and Feedstuffs                                 3         AGA PGD 6152             Animal Health and Diseases Management             3
AGA PGD 6151         Animal Experimentation, Biostatistics and            3         AGA PGD 6162             Animal Products and Processing Technology         2
                     Research Techniques
AGA PGD 6001         Seminar                                              2         AGA PGD 6172             Pasture and Range Management                      2
AGA PGD 6171         Anatomy and Physiology of Farm Animals               2         AGA PGD 6000             Project                                           6
                     Total Credit Number of Hours                         16                                 Total Credit Number of Hours                     21
Courses offered are based on areas of specialization, but with a minimum of 15 credit hours per Semester.


    MASTERS PROGRAMME

                   1ST SEMESTER                                              2ND SEMESTER                                           3RD SEMESTER
Course Code              Course title           Credit Hr   Course Code            Courses title            Credit     Course                Courses title   Credit
                                                                                                             Hr         Code                                  Hr
AGA6001         Biostatistics                          3    AGA 6102       Advance Sheep, Goat and            3       AGA 6900          Research Project       6
                                                                           Rabbit Production
AGA6101         Animal     Behaviour   and             3    AGA 6112       Advance Animal Beef and            3
                Environmental Physiology                                   Dairy Cattle Production
AHA6111         Advance Pig and Poultry                3    AGA 6122       Animal Products and                3
                Production                                                 Processing
AGA6201         Biochemical Genetics                   3    AGA 6202       Micro-livestock Production         3
                                                                           & Management
AGA6221         Animal Breeding                        3    AGA 6212       Population Genetics                3
AGA6121         Feeds and Feeding                      3    AGA 6222       Quantitative Genetics              3
AGA6321         Instrumentation           in           3    AGA 6302       Animal Nutrition                   3
                Agricultural Biochemistry
AGA6800         Seminar                                3    AGA 6312       Feed Formulation for Farm          3
                                                                           Animals

                                                                               192
AGA6801       Computer Programming               3       AGA 6322        Biochemistry of Hormonal       3
                                                                         Action
AGA6301       Advance       Courses     in       3       AGA 6332        Growth and Development         3
              Carbohydrate, Lipid, Energy
              Nutrition and Metabolism
AGA6311       Advance Courses in Protein,        3       AGA 6342        Reproduction in Farm           3
              Minerals, Vitamins Nutrition                               Animals
              and Metabolism
AGA6401       Animal Health and Diseases         3       AGA 6502         Nutritional Toxicology        3
AGA6501       Aspects     of    Livestock        3       AGA 6602         Advances in Livestock         3
              Products                                                    Products Technology
              Total Credit Number of            15                        Total Credit Number of       15                 Total Credit Number of      6
              Hours                                                       Hours                                           Hours
                                                   Grand Total for the three Semesters                                                                36

   DOCTORAL PROGRAMME

                 1ST SEMESTER                                               2ND SEMESTER                                   3RD SEMESTER
Course Code           Course title           Credit Hr   Course Code             Courses title        Credit    Course          Courses title         Credit
                                                                                                       Hr        Code                                  Hr
AGA7101       Environmental         Animal       3       AGA7101         Rumen Physiology and           3      AGA 6900        Research Project         6
              Physiology                                                 Metabolism
AGA7201       Artificial Insemination            3       AGA7201         Advance Animal Breeding        3
AGA7211       Intermediary Metabolism            3       AGA7211         Recent Advances in Animal      3
                                                                         Production
AGA7221       Reproductive Physiology            3
AGA7311       Feed Resources and Storage         3
              Procedures
                                                 3
AGA7401       Advance Techniques in              3
              Animal Breeding
              Total Credit No. of Hours         15                        Total Credit No. of Hours    15                 Total Credit No. of Hours        6
                                             Grand Total for the three Semesters                                                                           18
   Candidates are required to take a minimum of 6 Credit Hours per Semeste



                                                                              193
                FACULTY INTRODUCTORY COURSES.

AGR 2001: INTRODUCTION TO AGRICULTURE
The course exposes students to definition of agriculture; The origin, scope and importance of agriculture to
man; Food supply situation in the world; Trend of distribution; Characteristic features of tropical agriculture
and how production is affected. Farming system practices; land tenure; land use types; Forestry, Fish, Farming
and Wildlife agriculture.

AGR 2101: INTRODUCTION TO AGRICULTURAL BIOCHEMISTRY
This course covers Structure, properties of biological pigments; vitamins; amino acid, peptides, proteins,
enzymes, coenzymes, hormones, plant growth factors, Purine, pyrimidine, nucleotide and nucleic acid and
porphyrines. Enzymes: nature, classification, inhibition, activation, control of Activity; Specificity; Active sites
and mechanisms of action; Intermediary metabolism; Biological oxidation and bioenergetics.
AGF 2102: INTRODUCTION TO FORESTRY
The course entails renewable natural resources, availability, distribution and potentials. Important forest trees
and wildlife (wildlife emphasis on Nigerian species). Classification, morphology and distribution of important
forest trees. Forest and game reserves in Nigeria. Silviculture, afforestation; characteristics of major timber and
their uses. Felling and log transportation.
AGR 2202: INTRODUCTION TO AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING
In this course, students are exposed to definitions; areas of specialization and role of agricultural engineering in
national economy. Prospects and job opportunities. Work, power, energy, heat and basic electricity. Simple
machines and principles of hydraulic theory. Machines efficiency. Weather, rainfall, soil and water
conservation. Drying and storage, moisture content. Introduction to tools and workshop practice.
AGR 2402: PRINCIPLES OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
The course covers: Scope and definition of Food Science and Technology; food distribution and marketing.
Food and its functions, food habits, food poisoning and its prevention, Principles of food processing and
preservation. Deterioration and spoilage of food, contamination of food from natural sources. Composition and
structures of Nigerian/West African food; factors contributing to texture, colour, aroma and flavour of food.
Cost, tradition and ethnic influences of food preparation and consumption pattern.
AGR 3101: INTRODUCTION TO FARM MECHANICS
In this course, students are expected to cover the following: Goals and principles of farm mechanization. Basic
mechanics, workshop tools, principles of internal combustion engine and electric motor. Farm machinery used
for tillage practices; ploughs, harrows, cultivators, farm power transmission systems; harvesting and processing
equipment (sprayers and dusters). Equipment for livestock (automatic feed conveyers, watering equipment),
water lifting and irrigation equipment; and surveying equipment used in the farm; operating principles,
selection and maintenance procedures of farm machinery. Farm machinery costing and records; workshop and
building materials used in the farm.
AGR 3302: FARMING SYSTEMS
The course exposes the students to: Introduction and definition of applied terms. Description and analysis of
the various components of the system: major farming systems in the tropics with emphasis on African
traditional farming systems. Appraisal of the competitive factors and functions affecting the system.
AGR 3402: INTRODUCTION TO FISHERIES AND WILDLIFE
The course covers the important fishes and wildlife of West Africa with emphasis on Nigerian species.
Classification, evolution, morphology and basic structure of fishes. The adaptation of fish to aquatic life. Life
cycle of principal species of fish and wildlife. Significance of fishes and wildlife in the life of Nigerians. The
fish and wildlife industries in Nigeria. Fundamental principles of fish, wildlife management and production.
AGR 3502: STATISTICS AND EXPERIMENTAL DESIGNS
The course covers: Experiments, experimental procedures, cause and control of experimental error; analysis of
variance, one way and multiple ways classification; factor experiments, split-plot designs and analysis of
results. Regression analysis, correlation analysis, Mean comparison techniques and calculator application.




                                                       194
        AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AND EXTENSION COURSES

AGE       2101:       INTRODUCTION           TO      AGRICULTURAL           EXTENSION          AND      RURAL
                 SOCIOLOGY
This course entails: Definition, objective of Agricultural Extension, Institutional setting of Agricultural
Extension. Basic concepts and principles of rural sociology to the understanding of rural situations. Importance
of rural communities and institutions, social stratification, social processes and social changes in rural areas.
The rural revolution and social transformation, changing rural-urban problems and Elimination of rural-urban
distribution and the future of rural communities.
AGE 2202: INTRODUCTION TO AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
The course covers: The nature of economics and economic problems; scope and method; price theory and
functions of the market with particular reference to agriculture. Concept of demand,               supply, price
determination and elasticity are handled. Emphasis is also placed on the structure and changes in the Nigerian
Agriculture as well as agricultural problems. The national income and employment theories. Types of market
structures, investment, interest rate, inflation, international trade, Commodity agreements and balance of
payments. Money and banking.
AGE 3101: INTRODUCTION TO FARM MANAGEMENT AND
              PRODUCTION ECONOMICS
The following areas are emphasized in this course: Introduction, definition of applied terms and relevant
economics principles guiding resources use are emphasized. These include: farm planning and evaluation of
partial budget, total budget and enterprise budget. Production, apportionment of production cost to different
farm cost enterprises, linear programming.
AGE 3202: EXTENSION EDUCATION
This course entails definition, nature and elements of communication process. Principles of analyzing
communication problems in extension. The meaning of the concept of teaching, learning and motivation. Steps
and principles of teaching and learning. Extension teaching methods. Preparation and use of teaching materials
and aids. A general introduction of the use of rnathematics involving micro-economic problems of agriculture.
Brief introduction to the role of Theory, Micro-economics and the role of mathematics in resolving problems is
introduced. Special emphasis on the theory of consumer behaviour, utility functions, indifference curves,
maximization of utility, ordering and compensated demand functions as well as the theory of the farm firm and
market equilibrium are quantified and dealt with.
AGE 3402: AGRICULTURAL MARKETING
This is a course with a two-prong perspective: the theory and the practical aspects. For the theoretical aspects,
the following areas are emphasized. The systems approach in the study of marketing structures, conduct and
performance of different markets. Controlled markets and the relevance to Nigerian marketing institutions;
Supply and demand elasticities and their effect in marketing decisions, and agricultural products.
The practical aspect involves the use of sample using native forecasting models on the data collected (sample)
from different markets around Calabar Municipality, Studies are arranged in various groups for the purpose of
this project.
AGE4100: FARM MANAGEMENT AND ACCOUNTING
This course involves two credit hours of in-class work and one other credit of out of class work for two
semesters. Major emphasis in the in-class is in the area of record keeping, developing budgets (partial and
total) feasibility studies and analyzing a variety of market information. The out of class work deals with actual
data collection based on the students interest as well as reviewing the records, budgets and profitability of the
Faculty of Agriculture Farms (Crops and Animals), the students as well during this phase are exposed or
attached to either farm, bank or relevant agricultural firm to have a working knowledge of its performance.
AGE 4200: FARM SURVEY AND EXTENSION PRACTICES
In this course, sample villages in the neighbourhood of Calabar are selected and students study the socio-
economic and technical components of farming systems in the area. Designing of questionnaires and actual
conduct of the survey. During the year the students will go out in a group once a week with their clientele
farmers to study the farming operations and field management on the spot. Survey will last for 24 weeks.
Design of teaching aids and audio-visuals in Extension Education is emphasized.
AGE 5001: PROGRAMME PLANNING AND EVALUATION
The course involves definition and principles of planning. The planning process, systems, and levels of
planning. Advanced techniques in programme planning, operation and evaluation of extension, including use
of research findings and preparation of reports. Professional improvement of extension workers. The role of


                                                      195
specialists in extension. Extension programme analysis and procedures for systematic evaluation of rural
development projects.
AGE 5122: AGRICULTURAL BUSINESS MANAGEMENT AND FINANCE
Scope of agricultural business and management; types of agricultural business management and organizations,
enterprise selection; production planning; public policies affecting agricultural business, farm growth;
Organization of large scale farms; legal organizations and tax strategies. Economics of agricultural processing;
marketing management, principles of agricultural finance; principles of farm credit; capital needs of
agricultural industries, sources of loan funds and collateral security for loans; credit agencies and government
credit policies and approaches to efficient credit management; Farm accounting; inventory; balance sheet, cash
book and cash book analysis.
AGE 5152: LIVESTOCK ECONOMICS
The course covers the importance of livestock in the Nigerian economy, Consumption and consumer patterns
of livestock products; micro- and macro- economics in animal production; agricultural production functions,
including data collection and analysis. Marketing theory in relation to livestock production, application of
economic theory and quantitative analysis. Capital investment and depreciation of capital; the economics of
egg, meat and milk production. Livestock feed economics, input/output relationship in livestock production.

ANIMAL SCIENCE COURSES

AGA 2101: PRINCIPLES OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION
In this course, students are exposed to history of animal agriculture, classification and distribution of important
world breeds of cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, poultry and rabbits. Climate and other factors affecting the livestock
and poultry industries in Nigeria. Management practices and systems, and effects on behaviour and handling of
animals.
AGA 2202: ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF FARM ANIMALS
The course cover: Anatomy and physiology of farm animals such as cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, rabbits and
poultry. Anatomy and physiology of the cell, types, animal tissues, nervous system, skeletal system, muscle,
bone, circulatory system, reproductive, digestive, special senses and other systems of farm animals. Elements
of physiology and environmental behaviour. Growth and bio-energetics.
AGA 3101: NON-RUMINANT ANIMAL PRODUCTION
This course covers: Management practices involved in breeding stock, nutrition, housing, equipment, disease
control measures and handling of various species of farm livestock. Health management of stock, processing
and marketing of poultry, pigs and rabbits.
AGA 3201: AGRICULTURAL BIOCHEMISTRY AND METHODS
This course covers: Metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins, vitamins and minerals. Chemistry and
mode of action of enzymes and hormones. Composition, chemistry and analysis of selected agricultural
products. Prerequisite: AGR 2101.
AGA 3202: RUMINANT ANIMAL PRODUCTION
This course covers: Types and breeds of ruminants. Breed characteristics and specific climatic adaptations.
Nutritional requirements, feeding, housing and sanitation. Practical animal husbandry techniques and field
problems on management. Feeding, health care practices and slaughtering of ruminant animals (cattle, sheep
and goats).
AGA 3302: INTRODUCTION TO ANIMAL BREEDING AND GENETICS
The course exposes students to objectives and history of genetics, genetic principles and problems in breeding
animals for disease resistance and increased production. Different types of gene actions, values and means,
repeatability, heritability.
AGA 4100: NON-RUMINANT MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES
This course covers animal husbandry practices and exposure to herd problems on management and feeding of
swine, poultry and rabbits. Breed identification, feeding of non-conventional feed and forages. Wing banding,
debeaking in birds, ear notching and castration in pigs. Vaccination procedures. Hatchery operations.
Restraining techniques and handling.
AGA 4101: ANIMAL HEALTH MANAGEMENT I
In this course, students will be involved in practical aspects of different systems of animal handling and
restraining: identification of common diseases of farm animals (non-ruminants) with particular reference to
poultry, swine and rabbits. Participation in post-mortem operation, routine health operations e.g. Deworming,
drenching drug administration, vaccination etc, meat inspection and certification.
AGA 4200: RUMINANT MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES
                                                       196
The course entails animal husbandry practices of cattle, sheep and goats. Health care practices and processing
of livestock products. Management Systems in cattle, tethering and zero grazing. Identification and
management of dairy breeds. Milking procedures, processing of livestock products, dehorning, hoof trimming
and castration. Feed and feeding systems. Identification of forages, hay and silage making.
AGA 4202: ANIMAL HEALTH MANAGEMENT II
In this course, students will be involved in practical aspects of different systems of animal handling and
restraining: identification of common diseases of farm animals (ruminants) with particular reference to cattle,
sheep goats and grasscutters. Participation in post-mortem operation, routine health operations e.g.
Deworming, drenching drug administration, vaccination etc, meat inspection and certification.

                                  CROP SCIENCE COURSES

AGC 2101: PRINCIPLES OF CROP PRODUCTION
Development of crop production. Cultural practices for major crops including soil and water conservation,
irrigation and drainage, fertility maintenance and pest control. Weeds and their impact on crop production.
Basic mode-media genetics. Harvesting, processing and storage of agricultural products.
AGC 2201: BOTANY AND CROP PHYSIOLOGY
Botanical and other methods of classification of cultivated crops, with particular reference to tropical crops.
Study, of the internal and external structures of plants, including plant cell, plant tissue, plant root, stem, leaf,
flower, seed and fruit. Reproduction in plants, including pollination, fertilization and fruit formation. Physical
and chemical hormones in the living functions of plants. Environmental influences in crop growth, variations in
photosynthetic capacities on factors affecting their yield maximization. Storage and mobilization of reserves.
AGC 2302: CYTOLOGY AND GENETICS
Concept of Mendelian genetics; monohybrid and dihybrid inheritance; modification of dihybrid ratios and
epistasis. Co-dominance and incomplete dominance, probability and chi square test; sex determination and sex-
linked genes. Cell theory; instrumentation and techniques in cytology; prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Cell
organelles, structures and functions, chromosomes structure of karyotype and number; Cell division.
AGC 3101: FIELD CROP PRODUCTION
The origin, characteristics and production of major field crops in Nigeria. Climatic and soil requirements,
fertilization, culture, rotation, harvesting and storage of crop products.
AGC 3201: PRINCIPLES OF CROP PROTECTION
Effects of diseases, pests fungi, bacteria, viruses and nematodes and weeds on crops and man. Definition of key
terms and terminologies. Major pests, diseases, bacteria, viruses and nematodes of crops. Classification of
major pests and pathogens, assessment of crop losses, stages in disease development. Factors that affect pest
infection/disease spread and development. Methods of isolating micro-organisms and establishment of
pathogenecity.
AGC 3202: TREE CROP PRODUCTION
Analysis of origin, distribution, soil and climatic requirements of tropical plantation crops, such as cocoa, oil
palm, rubber, kola, cashew production practices, improvement, harvesting, utilization, processing and
economics of some selected tree crops. Economic pests of these crops and their control.
AGC 4100: HORTICULTURAL AND PERMANENT CROPS PRODUCTION
               TECHNIQUES
Crop husbandry practices for local and exotic vegetables suited to the ecological zone. Pre-nursery, nursery and
field operations of major permanent crops including the oil palm, rubber, cocoa and citrus. Post-harvest
treatment of farm produce, identification and management of pests and pathogens and weeds associated with
these crops. Estimation of pest and disease incidence and survey.
AGC 4200: ARABLE CROP PRODUCTION TECHNIQUES
Arable crop production practices for the major crops in the ecological zone, including establishment, cultural
practices and harvesting of maize, cassava, yam, cocoyam, plantain, rice, cowpea and melon. Post-harvest
treatment of the crops. Identification and management of pests, diseases and weed associated with these crops.
AGC 4400: INSECT PEST MANAGEMENT
The course will give a basic knowledge of the insects and the relationships existing between crops, animals as
insects. Pest Management, principles and methods of control of insects of agricultural, household and
veterinary importance will be treated.

                                          SOIL SCIENCE COURSES


                                                        197
AGS 2101: PRINCIPLES OF SOIL SCIENCE
Physical, chemical and biological properties and processes of soils. Soil moisture, air and temperature; Soil
survey and classification; roles and use of lime, fertilizers, organic matter and manure. Soil-plant relationship
with emphasis on functions of essential elements in plants, their availability, requirements and deficiency
symptoms.
AGS 2202: INTRODUCTION TO PEDOLOGY AND SOIL PHYSICS
The soil, its origin and formation; soil morphological characteristics, soil components, soil forming rocks and
minerals. Weathering of rocks and minerals. Profile description, soil survey, mapping and soil classification.
Properties and management of Nigerian soils. Classification of soil separates, soil texture, surface area of
particles; aggregation, soil structure, and stability, porosity, soil water relations, soil and the hydrologic cycle.
Soil temperature and conduction of soil erosion.
AGS 3101: SOIL CHEMISTRY AND MICROBIOLOGY
Plant nutrition, activities of cations and their absorption by plants, mechanism of absorption plant-soil
interphase. Micro-organisms occurring in soils, bio-chemical activities of microbial population. Contributions
to soil fertility, properties of soil organic matter; microbial transformations of N, P, S, Fe and other minerals;
isolation of organisms concerned; transformations of hydrocarbons and pesticides. Rhizosphere effect and
mycorrhizai association; ecological interactions of degraded soils. Water pollution and soil degradation.
AGS 3201 SOIL DEGRADATION AND AMELIORATION
Definition of soil degradation. Causes, detrimental effects and control, acidic and saline soils. The development
of restricted drainage negative effects and remedies. Classification, processes and factors of water and wind
erosion. Principles, classification, design of terraces. Vegetated water ways, selected mechanical conservation
structures, wind-breaks and shelters. Physical characteristics of degraded soils. Water pollutions and soil
degradation.
AGS 4100: SOIL SAMPLING, DESCRIPTION, DRAINAGE AND SOIL FERTILITY
Methods of taking soil samples for various purposes, soil profile descriptions, soil moisture measurements,
types and importance of fertilizers, application rates and methods for various crops. Safety and environmental
factors affecting their efficiency; deficiency symptoms.
AGS 4200: AGRICULTURAL METEOROLOGY
Elements of climate and their measurements, processing and analysis of rainfall, air and soil temperature,
humidity, evaporation and evapo-transpiration data. Analysis of long-term records of weekly, monthly and
annual rainfall data. Climatic effects on agricultural productivity.


AGS 4300: SOIL CONSERVATION AND LANDUSE PLANNING
Field identification of types of soil erosion and other forms of land degradation and their control: Practical
training in biological, mechanical, gully and wind erosion control. Tillage and husbandry practices for soil
conservation. Purpose and justification of land use planning. Land use planning and management for rain-fed
agriculture, forestry; irrigation, and for non-agricultural projects.




                    DEPARTMENT OF CROP AND HORTICULTURAL SCIENCES

HISTORICAL BAKGROUND

The Department of Crop Science and Horticulture, University of Calabar, came into existence in 1986/1987
academic year when the former Department of agronomy was split into two new departments namely, Crop
Science and Horticulture and Soil Science Departments. Since then, the Department has continued to carry our
effectively tripartite roles of teaching, research and community service.

The academic programme for undergraduates that runs for five years is designed to impact on students modern
agricultural techniques in Crop Husbandry, Horticulture, Crop Protection, and Plant Genetics/Breeding and
Farm Mechanization.
The first set of students admitted into the Department for a B.Agric programme graduated in 1992.

PHILOSOPHY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF CROP AND HORTICULTURAL SCIENCES
                                                        198
To meet the need for increased crop productivity through effective training of manpower. This is translated
into:

i)   The Vision
      The vision of the Department of Crop and Horticultural Sciences is to constitute a formidable base for
      improved crop production and development through effective teaching, research and collaborative
      research networking to prepare students with interest to take up farming as a career in addition to
      academic pursuit.
ii) The Mission
      The mission of Department of Crop and Horticultural Sciences is to provide students with improved
      knowledge of basic principles of crop production and Horticulture and impact on them the current
      improved crop production techniques. It is also the responsibility of the Department to conduct research
      into genetic improvement of crops, agronomy of crop production, horticulture, crop protection, storage,
      processing and utilization of the crops.
iii) The Goals
       The goals of the Department of Crop and Horticultural Sciences are to carry out teaching and research
       on crop production and development with the aim of graduating students both at undergraduate and
       postgraduate levels with enough crop production techniques and research capabilities towards increased
       crop productivity for food security and economic enhancement.

                                         THE SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES
     1. To teach the students basic principles:- theory and practice of crop production, horticulture, protection,
        crop improvement and utilization
     2. To prepare students for professional academic careers through research work.
     3. To equip graduates with the relevant skills for employment in agricultural sector, schools, or engage in
        gainful self-employment in agribusiness.


                                                  COURSE OUTLINE
                                                   YEAR ONE

                    1ST SEMESTER                                          2ND SEMESTER
       Course          Course title           Credit        Course           Courses title           Credit
        Code                                   Hr            Code                                     Hr
     BIO1101      Introductory Biology I        3         BIO1102      Introduction to Biology II      3

     CHM1011      Introductory Chemistry          3       CHM1022      Organic Chemistry I                3
     MTH1111      Algebra              and        3       MTH1352      Co-ordinate Geometry &             3
                  Trigonometry                                         Calculus
     ECS1101      Introduction to Micro-          3       PHY1102      Introduction Physics II            3
                  economics
     GSS 1101     Use of English I                3       ECS1102      Introduction to Macro-             3
                                                                       Economics
     PHY1101      Introductory Physics            3       GSS1102      Use of English                   3
     GSS1121      Philosophy and Logic            3       GSS 1112     Citizenship Education             3
                  Total Number of Credit          21                   Total Number of Credit           21
                  Hours                                                Hours
                                                       YEAR TWO
                  1ST SEMESTER                                          2ND SEMESTER
  Course             Course title         Credit Hr       Course           Courses title            Credit
   Code                                                    Code                                      Hr
AGR2001         Introductory       to         3          AGC2302     Cytology and Genetics            3
                Agriculture
AGR2101         Intro. To Agric. Bio-         3          CHM2422     Analytical Chemistry             2
                Chemistry
AGA2101         Principles of Animal          3          AGA2202     Anatomy and Physiology of        3
                Production                                           farm Animals
AGC2101         Principles   of  Crop         3          AGE2202     Introduction to Agric.           3
                Production                                           Economics

                                                         199
AGE2101       Principles    to    Agric.        3          AGR2202       Introduction to Agric.            3
              Extension and Rural                                        Engineering
AGS2101       Principles of Soil Science        3          AGS2202       Intro. To Pedology & Soil         3
                                                                         Physics
AGC2201       Botany     and       Crop         3          AGR2302       Introduction to Forestry          2
              Physiology
                                                           AGR2402       Principles of Food Science        2
                                                                         and      Technology
              Total Number of Credit            21                       Total Number of Credit            21
              Hours                                                      Hours

                                                        YEAR THREE

                 1ST SEMESTER                                               2ND SEMESTER
  Course            Course title            Credit Hr       Course             Courses title             Credit
   Code                                                      Code                                         Hr
AGA3101       Non-Ruminant Animal               3          AGA3202       Ruminant Animal Production        3
              Production
AGC3101       Field Crop Production             3          AGA3302       Intro to Animal Genetics and      3
                                                                         Breeding
AGC3201       Principles   of   Crop            3          AGC3202       Principles of Horticulture        3
              Production
AGE3101       Intro to Farm Mgt. &              3          AGC3302       Tree Crop Production              3
              Prod. Economics
AGR3101       Introduction to   Farm            2          AGX3202       Extension Education               3
              Mechanics
AGS3101       Soil    Chemistry  and            3          AGC3302       Farming Systems                   2
              Micro-Biology
GSS2111       Computer Programme I              3          AGR3602       Introduction to                   3
                                                                         Biotechnology
                                                           AGR3302       Introduction to Fisheries and     2
                                                                         Wildlife
                                                           AGS3402       Experimental Design              3
                                                           GSS2112       Computer Application II          3
              Total Number of Credit            21                       Total Number of Credit           25
              Hours                                                      Hours

                                                        YEAR FOUR

                  1ST SEMESTER                                                2ND SEMESTER
  Course             Course title            Credit Hr       Course              Courses title            Credit
   Code                                                       Code                                         Hr
AGA4100       Non-Ruminant                          4       AGA4200        Ruminant Management              4
              Management Techniques                                        Techniques
AGC 4101      Permanent            crops            2       AGC4200        Arable Crop Production              4
              production Techniques                                        Techniques
AGC4100       Horticultural           and           3       AEX4200        Farm Survey and Extension           3
              Permanent             Crop                                   Practices II
              Techniques
AGE4100       Farm Management and                   2       AGS4200        Agricultural Meteorology            1
              Accounts
AGR4100       Farm Design and Agric.                2       AGR4202        Workshop Practices                  2
              Mechanization Practices
AGS4100       Sampling and Description,             2       AGS4300        Soil Conservation and Land          3
              Drainage and Soil Fertility                                  Use Planning
              Total Number of Credit             16         AGE4300        Farm Management &                   4
              Hours                                                        Accounting II


N/A:   (1)   Attendance at Farm Practice is mandatory
       (2)   Students will submit a report on completion of each training area.

                                                           200
                                                    YEAR FIVE
                  1ST SEMESTER                                            2ND SEMESTER
  Course             Course title          Credit Hr     Course              Courses title            Credit
   Code                                                   Code                                         Hr
AGC5101       Seminar                          2        AGC5100       Research Project                  4
AGC5201       Crop physiology                  3        AGC5112       Seed production system            2
AGC5301       Plant Breeding                   3        AGC5122       Weed Science                      2
AGC 5401      Vegetable and                    3        AGC5132       Crop Protection                   2
              Horticultural Crops
AGC 5601      Field Experimentation            3        AGC5142       Processing and storage            2
                                                                      of agric. Prod
AGS 5501      Soil Testing & Plant             3        AGS5112       Soil Fertility & Plant            2
              Analysis                                                Nutrition
AGS 5301      Soil Physics                     2        AGA5152       Pasture Management & Utiliz
                                                                      ation
AGA5501       Feeds and Feeding                3        AGA5501       Feeds and Feeding
AGE 5401      Agric. Policy &                  3        AGE5112       Agric. Cooperative &
              Development                                             Marketing
              Total Number of Credit           25                     Total Number of Credit            26
              Hours                                                   Hours

Electives to be chosen from other Departments. Students are required to take any one of the
courses listed above.
.

AGC 5601: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND FIELD EXPERIMENTATION
Research proposal, Defining a research problem, Developing hypothesis and objectives, Principles of research
design,        Normal           distribution,     Experimental           layout,         Sampling         in
experimentation, Sampling and measurement, Data collection, and Descriptive data presentation. Analysis of
co-variance, Correlation, Regression analysis, DMRT, and Test of significant differences (LSD) in comparing
means.


SECOND SEMESTER

AGS 5100: RESEARCH PROJECT
Students are expected to choose and execute special projects under the supervisor of
Academic Staff. The project lasts for 2 semesters.

AGC 5122: WEED SCIENCE
Characteristics, classification and biology of weeds. Importance of weeds on Nigeria Agriculture, principles
and methods of weed control viz, mechanical, biological,chemical etc. classification, chemistry
formulation, selectivityapplication and mode of action of herbicides, storage, safety and environmental
consideration in their usage.

AGC 5132: CROP PROTECTION
Effect of diseases, pest and weeds on plants. Principles and methods of disease, pest and weed control
classification of chemicals used in plant protection, mode of application, problems of usage, toxicity, safety
and their econological and environmental hazards.

AGC 5142: PROCESSINGAND STORAGE OFAGRICULTURE PRODUCTS
Concepts of size reduction, separation, cleaning, grading and sorting. Handling and conveying of equipment.
Psychometric charts, principles of drying and equipment for agriculturalproducts. Harvesting, handling
techniques and Transportation to minimize losses. Simple drying and storage methods.

AGS 5112: SOIL FERTILITY AND PLANT NUTRITION
Fertility in tropical soils, Soil organic matter; its properties and maintenance limning and its soil-
plant relationships; nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus and sulphur contents of soils. The soil as a plant nutrient
medium; fertilizers and fertilizer management their manufacture sources, applications, methods, rates and
timing:      handling     and     storage of fertilizers. Crop     growth      and     response      to     soil
                                                       201
nutrients; major, secondary and trace elements in crop nutrition; nutrient absorption, maintenance and loss in
soil fertility in extensive and intensive agriculture Role of legume.
AGS 5152: AGRICULTURAL ECOLOGY
Meaning of Agricultural Ecology, types of Agro ecology, ecological effects of pollution (air, water and land).
Natural resources management and conservation, environmental restoration. Environmental Impact of
assessment: Scope and limitations.
AGE 5112: AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVES AND MARKETING (Elective)
Definition and introduction to philosophy, basic anddistinguishing characteristics of cooperative organizations.
Types, organizational procedures, financing and Business
Management of Agricultural Cooperatives, their limitations and potential contributions, structure conduct
performance of different types of markets. The commodity boards; Supply and demand elasticities and their
effects on marketing decisions of agricultural products.


DEPARTMENT OF FORESTRY AND WILDLIFE RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
History of the Programmes Sub-Discipline/Discipline
The first proposal for the establishment of the department was submitted to the Faculty Board in 1997/98
academic session.

The Faculty Board approved the proposal in 2000 and forwarded it to the committee of Deans. The Committee
of Deans approved and presented it to Senate.

Senate approval was given in 2002. An NUC visitation team came in September, 2002 to ascertain the state of
readiness, inspected facilities and endorsed the commencement of the department. The department was created
and an Acting Head of Department appointed on 1st October, 2002. The 1st set of academic staff (4) were
drawn from the staff of the department of Crop Science who were professionals in Forestry & Wildlife.
Students. And (22) students were admitted through the University of Calabar Remedial (Agriculture)
programme in 2002/2003 academic session. In the 2004/2005 academic session the Department had students
up to the third year, totaling 80 students. By 2010, the department had about 180 students and had graduated
about 49 students.

Furthermore, the department has made a dramatic improvement in the number and quality of staff, academic
and non – academic staff. Currently, the Department has 14 academic staff, 1 Professor, 1 Reader, 2 Senior
Lecturers, 5 Lecturer 1, and 4 Lecturer 11.

In the area teaching and research, the department has about 15 hectares of Forestry Teaching and Research
Farm and a Wild Domestication Unit, where grasscutters and snails are reared. In addition the department
has10 hives for the production of bee products, and a forest nursery stocked with both indigenous and exotic
plant species. The department has also made a great achievement as the post graduate programme in Forestry
and Wildlife Resources Management was approved by Senate in the 2010/2011 academic session. The
department commenced the postgraduate programme with the admission of eleven (11) students: six (6) M.Sc
and five (5) PGD.

The Philosophy behind Forest and Wildlife Resources Management
The guiding principle behind Forest and Wildlife Resources Management is to create awareness among our
young people and the rural dwellers that forest resources when wisely used can improve and sustain one’s per
capital income and contribute to the Gross Domestic Product of Nigeria. Throughout the five-year course of
study, the lectures would consciously make efforts to produce competent human resources that will sustainably
manage the forest resources at our disposal.
The overall philosophy is to train students to acquire scholastic competence and technical skills to enable them
apply themselves well as forest and wildlife resources managers in the development of the Nigerian economy.

The Objectives of Training in Forest and Wildlife Resources Management
   a) Carry out tripartite roles of teaching researching and disseminating information through publication of
      papers for the benefit of mankind;
                                                      202
    b) Draw up good and flexible forest and wildlife resources management plans that will stimulate the
       interest of stakeholders to manage their resources on sustainable basis.
    c) Provide the students with the relevant skills to carry out independent research in forest and wildlife
       resources and produce useful results or guidelines for the modification of management plans when the
       needs arise;
    d) Compete very well in the job markets for positions that call for using skills in resource management
       and perform well when such positions are entrusted to them;
    e) Advise community forest and woodlot owners on how best they can use their forest and wildlife
       resources to improve their standard of living on sustainable basis and
    f) Usefully apply the skills they have acquired to establish and operate private enterprises of their own.

ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS
Requirements For Direct Entry
Two “A” level passes in Chemistry and Biology or Agricultural Science or Zoology or Botany.
Special consideration (Waiver): Calabar accepts NCE/OND in Agriculture. Forestry, Wildlife or Fisheries
Management from recognized institutions into 200 level. Calabar accepts HND in Forestry, Wildlife and
Fisheries Management from recognized institutions into 300 level.

Ume Admission
Five O’ level Credit passes in English, Chemistry, Mathematics, Biology and one of Physics, Economics,
Further Mathematics, Statistics and Geography.
Special consideration (Waiver) Calabar requires 5 Credit passes at not more than two (2) sittings to include
English Language, Biology/Agricultural Science, Chemistry, Mathematics and any one of Geography, Physics
and Economics.

Ume Subjects
Chemistry, Biology or Agricultural Science and Mathematics or Physics.

Pre-Degree Programme
The Faculty of Agriculture runs a One-Year Pre-degree Programme to enable candidates make up for their
deficiencies. There are two categories of remedial admissions.
1)      Candidates who satisfy the requirements in section (2) above, i.e have five ‘O’ level credits and at least
        a minimum acceptable score in the Joint Matriculation Examination but have a pass in English and
        Mathematics are allowed to remedy these subjects preparatory to being admitted into the Faculty.

NOTE:
All direct entry applications must be made through the Joint Admission and Matriculation Board (JAMB).
Joint Admission And Matriculation Board
1) A candidate may qualify for admission into the Faculty of Agriculture by satisfying the following:
    (a) Obtaining a score in Joint Matriculation Examination of not less than the minimum score required by
        the Faculty.
    (b) Possessing one of the following qualifications:
         i. West African School Certificate with passes at credit level in at least five subjects including
              English, Mathematics, Agricultural Sciences or biology, Chemistry and Physics.
        ii General Certificate of Education with passes at ordinary level in at least five subjects including:
              English Language, Mathematics, Agricultural Science or Biology, Chemistry and Physics.
        iii Senior Secondary School Certificate with credits in at least five subjects including: English
              Language, Mathematics, Agricultural Science or Biology, Chemistry and Physics.

COURSE OUTLINE
Forestry And Wildlife Resources Management
                                                  YEAR ONE
                    1ST SEMESTER                                            2ND SEMESTER
     Course             Course title           Credit      Course              Courses title             Credit
      Code                                      Hr          Code                                          Hr
   BIO1101        Introductory Biology I         3       BIO1102        Introduction to Biology II         3
   CHM1011        Introductory Chemistry         3       CHM1022        Organic Chemistry I                3
   MTH1111        Algebra and Trigonometry       3       MTH1352        Co-ordinate Geometry &             3
                                                        203
                                                                         Calculus
  ECS1101       Introduction to       Micro-        3      PHY1102       Introduction Physics II                 3
                Economics
  GSS 1101      Use of English I                    2      ECS1102       Introduction to Macro-                  3
                                                                         Economics
  PHY1101       Introductory Physics I              3      GSS1102       Use of English                           2
  GSS1121       Philosophy and Logic                2      GSS 1112      Citizenship Education                    2
                Total Number of Credit              19                   Total Number of Credit Hours            19
                Hours

                                                    YEAR TWO
                1ST SEMESTER                                             2ND SEMESTER
  Course           Course title           Credit Hr       Course            Courses title               Credit
   Code                                                    Code                                          Hr
AGR2001      Introductory        to            3         AGC2302      Cytology and Genetics               3
             Agriculture
AGR2101      Intro. To Agric. Bio-             3         CHM2422      Analytical Chemistry                2
             Chemistry
AGA2101      Principles of Animal              3         AGA2202      Anatomy and Physiology of           3
             Production                                               farm Animals
AGC2101      Principles    of Crop             3         AGE2202      Introduction to Agric.              3
             Science                                                  Economics
AGE2101      Introduction to Agric.            3         AGR2202      Introduction to Agric.              2
             Extension and Rural                                      Engineering
             Sociology
AGC2201      Botany      and  Crop             3         AGS2202      Intro. To Pedology & Soil           3
             Physiology                                               Physics
                                               3         AGF2102      Introduction to Forestry            3
                                                         AGR2412      Principles of Food Science          2
                                                                      and Technology
             Total number of Credit            18                     Total Number of Credit             22
             Hours                                                    Hours

                                                    YEAR THREE

               1ST SEMESTER                                              2ND SEMESTER
  Course          Course title            Credit Hr       Course            Courses title              Credit
   Code                                                    Code                                         Hr
AGF3101      Non-Ruminant Animal               2         AGF3102      Forest Management Concepts         2
             Production                                               and Analysis
AGF3201      Field Crop Production             2         AGF3202      Wood Formation and                  2
                                                                      General Properties of Wood

AGF3301      Principles     of    Crop         2         AGF3302      Forest & Wildlife Policy,           3
             Production                                               Law and Administration
AGF3401      Intro to Farm Mgt. &              3         AGF3402      Forest Products and                 2
             Prod. Economics                                          Marketing Dynamics
AGF3501      Forest soils and Land Use         3         AGF3502      Forest Economics                    3
             Survey
AGF3601      Forest     Ecology    and         3         AGF3602      Forest Biometrics Forest            3
             Conservation      (Natural                               Biometrics
             Ecosystems)
GSS2111      Introduction            to        3         GSS2112      Computer Application II             3
             Computers
GRP3391      Climatology           and         3
             Biogeography
             Total Number of Credit            21                     Total Number      of    Credit     18
             Hours                                                    Hours


                                                    YEAR FOUR

                                                         204
              1ST SEMESTER                                          2ND SEMESTER
  Course         Course title            Credit Hr     Course          Courses title               Credit
   Code                                                 Code                                        Hr
AGF4101    Forest Taxonomy and              3         AGF 4102   Wood Technology and                 3
           Species Preservation and                              Utilization
           Wildlife Classification
AGF4201    Plant Propagation and            3         AGF4202    Wildlife Capture and                3
           Nursery Techniques                                    Domestication
AGF4301    Sliviculture            and      3         AGF 4302   Forest & Wildlife Biometrics        3
           Management of Natural &
           Artificial Forests
AGF4401    Forests Inventory and            3         AGF 4402   Forest and Wildlife                 3
           Mensuration Practices                                 Ecological Survey
AGF4501    Ground Forest surveying          3         AGF 4502   Park and Zoo Design and             3
           Techniques                                            Management
AGF4601    Forest Civil and Logging         3         AGF 4602   Aerial Photo-Interpretation of      2
           Operations                                            Vegetation           Wildlife
                                                                 Composition and Mapping
AGF4701    Agroforestry Practices           3
           Total Number of Credit           21                   Total Number      of     Credit    17
           Hours                                                 Hours

                                                 YEAR FIVE

              1ST SEMESTER                                          2ND SEMESTER
  Course         Course title            Credit Hr     Course          Courses title               Credit
   Code                                                 Code                                        Hr
AGF5100    Seminar                          2         AGF 5102   Forest and Wildlife                 4
                                                                 Biometrics
AGF5101    Forest Entompgy                  2         AGF 5202   Wood Processing and                 2
                                                                 Quality Control
AGF5201    Forest Biological Erosion        2         AGF 5302   Forest Pathology and                2
           and Fire Control                                      Entomology
AGF5301    Forest     and    Wildlife       3         AGF 5402   Forest Genetics and Tree            2
           Management Practices                                  Improvement
AGF5401    Extension and Community          3         AGF 5502   Range Ecology and Multiple          2
           Forests Development                                   Land Use Management
AGF5501    Environmental      Impact        3         AGF 5602   Forest Mensuration                  2
           Assessment in Natural
           Forest Ecosystems
AGF5601    Forest Soils                     2         AGF 5112   Wildlife Management and             3
                                                                 Utilization
AGF5111    Wildlife Protection and          2         AGF 5132   Fish/Wildlife Ecology and           3
           Conservation                                          Population Dynamics
AGF5311    Egocentric Behaviour of          2         AGF 5200   Final Year Forest Resource          4
           Tropical                                              Project Final Year Forest
           Wildlife in Response to                               Resource Project
                    Environment
           Total Number of Credit           21                   Total Number of Credit             22
           Hours                                                 Hours




                                                     205
COURSE DESCRIPTION

YEAR THREE (FIRST SEMESTER) FORESTRY AND WILDLIFE OPTIONS

AGF 3101:         ELEMENTARY FOREST SURVEY: 2                   UNITS: 50% THEORY AND 50%
                  PRACTICAL.
          Maintenance of ground survey equipment, compasses, tapes, chains, range poles and survey pins.
Determination of simple angles – 900, 600 on a plane with the aid of compasses, open survey involving forest
tracts, roads, an rivers, scaling, plotting and mapping.

AGF 3201:        FOREST INVENTORY AND MENSURATION: 2 UNITS 25% THEORY
                 AND 75% PRACTICAL.
         Definition of forest inventory, justification for tree measurement and cost consideration determination
of horizontal distance by pacing and chaining. Principles and measurement of standing trees, Determination of
wood content by cord, weight and cubic volume, common sampling designs – sample random, systemic and
stratified sampling for discrete variables and problems.

AGF 3301:       SILVICS, THE FOUNDATIONS OF SILVICULTURE: 2 UNITS, 70%
                THEORY AND 30% PRACTICAL.
        Environmental factors affecting forest vegetations with emphasis on soil, water, temperature and light,
also included are the atmospheric, biotic, fine and environmental complex factors, concepts of ecologic
adaptations and evolution.

AGF 3401:       PRINCIPLES OF WILDLIFE AND PARK MANAGEMENT: 3 UNITS 25%
                THEORY AND 75% PRACTICAL.
       Principles and concepts of wildlife management including forest resources, population analysis and
manipulation of habitat, analysis and design.

AGF 3501:       FOREST SOILS AND LAND USE SURVEY: 3 UNITS, 25% THEORY
                AND 75% PRACTICAL.
        The genesis of forest soils, upland forest soils and hydronorphic forest soils, physical and chemical
properties of forest soils, relationship of vegetation to soils, forest soils issues in soils conservation and
management with special reference to the tropics.

AGF 3601:        FOREST ECOLOGY AND CONSERVATION (NATURAL
                 ECOSYSTEMS: 3 UNITS, 20% THEORY AND 80% PRACTICAL.
        The concept of forest ecology, plant communities – synecology component of ecology; analysis and
description of plant communities, plant succession and soil conservation; vegetation and natural ecosystems
and the classification thereof, readings in forest soils and forest land management.


YEAR THREE (SECOND SEMESTER) FORESTRY AND WILDLIFE OPTIONS

AGF 3102:        FOREST MANAGEMENT CONCEPTS AND ANALYSIS: 2 UNIT 70%
                 THEORY AND 30% PRACTICAL
        Renevability and sustainability of forest resources; the Malthusian equation and its implication in
forest management. The foundations of forest management with special interest in site, stocking and spacing.
Forest yield and forest growth, regulations structures of forest and determination of annual cut, definition and
implication of rotation age.

AGF 3202:       WOOD FORMATION AND GENERAL PROPERTIES OF WOOD: 2
                UNITS 50% THEORY AND 50% PRACTICAL.
        The plant and origin of wood: tree growth and cell differentiation, fiber lengths of tropical timber
species in Nigeria; properties of wood – physical, mechanical and (Chemical & Biological)

AGF 3302:       FOREST AND WILDLIFE POLICY, LAW AND ADMINISTRATION: 3
                UNITS, 80% THEORY AND 20% PRACTICAL
                                                     206
        Forest and Wildlife Policy in Nigeria, drawing, Gross River State as a case study. the search for forest
law and regulations that will stabilize the forest resources base in Cross River State, Inter – relationship
between forest and wildlife resources administration and the executive council in various states of the
Federation of Nigeria.

AGF 3402:        FOREST PRODUCTS AND MARKETING DYNAMICS: 2 UNITS, 50%
                 THEORY AND 50% PRACTICAL
         Economics of forest utilization, wood products and uses, the lumber industry, veneer and plywood,
wood furniture, rail wood lilies, sawdust, shavings and wood as fuel; chemically derived products such as pulp
and paper; cellulose derive products such as fibers. Carbonization and destructive distillation of wood, mirror
forest products in Cross River State.

AGF 3502:        FOREST ECONOMICS: 3 UNITS, 70% THEORY AND 30% PRACTICAL
         The role of forest products in the Nigerian Economy; demand for and supply forest products; price and
quantity determination; marketing agencies and their function of forest products; centers of influence in the
forest economy of Nigeria, the forest capital and workability.

AGF 3602:      FOREST BIOMETRICS: 3 UNITS 30% THEORY AND 70% PRACTICAL.
       Application of basic biometric techniques to problems of Forest Resources Management, Distribution,
sampling and Tests of hypotheses.


YEAR FOUR: PRACTICAL YEAR (FIRST SEMESTER)

AGF 4101:        FOREST TAXONOMY AND SPECIES PRESERVATION AND
                 WILDLIFE CLASSIFICATION: 3 UNITS, 25% THEORY AND 75%
                 PRACTICAL
        Identification of Nigerian tree species using botanical classification and the use of herbarium
techniques in the preservation of Nigerian flora, classification and identification of indigenous wildlife. Visit to
National park.

AGF 4201:       PLANT PROPAGATION AND NURSERY TECHNIQUES: 3 UNITS, 30%
                THEORY AND 70% PRACTICAL.
        Principles and techniques of plant propagation, propagating structures such as media, fertilizers, soil
mixtures and containers, vegetative propagation, Aratomic and physiological basis of propagation, grating and
budding. Selection of nursery sites, development of nursery and permanent and temporary nurseries, irrigated,
nurseries.

AGF 4301:        SILVICULTURE AND MANAGEMENT OF TURAL & ARTIFICIAL
                 FORESTS: 3 ITS, 25% THEORY AND 75% PRACTICAL
         Tropical Forest formations, distribution and major silviculture features, aforestation on re-forestation
methods, natural & artificial establishment of new genetic pools, silviculture systems, high forest and coppice
forest methods, intermediate cutting involving things, release and improvement cutting, pruning and salvage of
forest stands.




                                                       207
AGF 4401:      FOREST INVENTORY AND NSURATION PRACTICES: 3 UNITS, 25%
               THEORY AND 75% PRACTICAL
        Closed traverse survey, Theoretical basis for using specific instruments in measuring tree heights –
sunto clinometers, hypsometers and relascope, timber cruising strip and plot sampling methods; magnitude of
inventory – 5%, 10%, volume computations and projections, the significance of form class.

AGF 4501:        GROUND FOREST SURVEY TECHNIQUES: 3 UNITS, 25% THEORY
                 AND 75% PRACTICAL
        Closed traverse survey involving forest fields, villages and towns, insertion of control points and
description thereof, insertion of care topographic features, the use of ground positioning survey to establish
control points, plotting and mapping and computations of angular closure error.

AGF 4601:       FOREST CIVIL AND LOGGING OPERATIONS: 3 UNITS, 20% THEORY
                AND 80% PRACTICAL.
        Logging planning and cost control, Felling and bucking, logging gradient to minimize erosion,
skidding, hauling and transport facilities, marking and peeling of logs, peeling devices and maintenance of
logging equipment and tools. Construction of logging roads and bridges.

AGF 4701:      AGRO FORESTRY PRACTICES: 3 UNITS 20% THEORY AND 80%
               PRACTICAL.
       Natural agroforestry in natural forest stands; studies to reveal the natural interaction, biotic factors, the
most favoured biological entity: integration of various agricultural crops with forest trees in carefully
determined combinations, yields and their relationship with the combined crops.

YEAR FOUR: PRACTICAL YEAR (SECOND SEMESTER)

AGF 4102:      WOOD TECHNOLOGY AND UTILIZATION: 3 CREDITS, 25%
               PRACTICAL
        Wood identification using structural features, wood conversion in wood workshop, wood colour, heart
and sap wood, wood density; physical properties of wood – bending strength, compression strength, resistance
to impact, wood borers and fungi attacks; and wood shrinkage and movement, working properties – blunting,
sawing, machining, nailing and gluing, wood flexibility in design and construction, practical project in wood
construction.

AGF 4202:       WILDLIFE CAPTURE AND DOMESTICATION: 3 UNITS, 25%
                THEORY AND 75% PRACTICAL.
        Techniques of capturing wildlife especially the dangerous ones, training in the use of fire arms, storage
and handling, bullet loading and trigger release, fire arms lock, control and carrying, wildlife maintenance,
feeding, succulent fruit, protein grass, animal feed etc.

AGF 4302:       FOREST & WILDLIFE BIOMETRICS (PRACTICAL APPLICATION OF
                EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN); 3 UNITS, 20% THEORY AND 80%
                PRACTICAL
        Application of simple biometrics techniques to Forestry and Wildlife management problems, sampling
analysis and predictions.




                                                       208
AGF 4402:        FOREST/WILDLIFE ECOLOGICAL SURVEY: 3 UNITS, 20% THEORY
                 AND 80% PRACTICAL.
        Wildlife population assessment, carrying capacities in reserved areas and regulatory dynamics to
provide a base for income generation, sustainability strategies for the rare fauna species, selected terrestrial and
aquatic project areas.

AGF 4502:     PARK AND ZOO DESIGN AND MANAGEMENT: 2 UNITS, 20%
              THEORY AND 80% PRACTICAL.
       National parks, Principles, purposes and objectives, public participation in park design and
management, resource information base for planning, landscape architecture , Zoo Planning, Design and
Development.

AGF 4602:      AERIAL PHOTO-INTERPRETATION OF VEGETATION/WILDLIFE
               COMPOSITION AND MAPPING: 2 UNITS, 20% THEORY AND 80 %
               PRACTICAL
       Orientation and study of aerial photographs, stereoscopic parallax, mapping from aerial photographs,
and remote sensing techniques; delineation of land forms and physiographic features from aerial photos.


YEAR FIVE: FINAL YEAR (FIRST SEMESTER)

AGF 5100:     SEMINAR: 2 UNTS
      Each students is expected to prepare and deliver a seminar in the final year.

AGF 5101:       FOREST ENTOMOLOGY: 2 UNITS 30% THEORY AND 70%
                PRACTICAL
        The structure, physiology and development of insects, insects classification, defoliating, bank boring,
wood boring and sap sucking insects, insect pest control using: biological, physical, chemical and cultural
treatment upgrade input on pathology.

AGF 5201:        FOREST BIOLOGICAL EROSION AND FIRE CONTROL: 2 UNITS, 20%
                 THEORY AND 80% PRACTICAL
        Preservation of man-caused fires, Hazard reduction and fire suppression, soil care and control of
erosion on cultivated lands. Rate of spread in different vegetations, seasons and effect on wildlife.

AGF 5301:         FOREST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES: 4 UNITS 25% THEORY AND
                  75% PRACTICAL.
         Forest Management planning and drawing of management plans for the ecological zones or specific
forest locations; organization of the forest with reference to administrative controls, forest resources valuation.

AGF 5401:       EXTENSION AND COMMUNITY FORESTS DEVELOPMENT: 2 UNITS
                50% THEORY AND 50% PRACTICAL
        Forest education in rural communities, methodology and techniques, vegetation control and non-timber
products, community legislation and control; organization and community forest administration, financing
processes and man power development.

AGF 5501:        ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT IN NATURAL FOREST
                 ECOSYSTEMS: 2 CREDIT HOURS, 40% THEORY AND 60%
                 PRACTICAL.
         Definition of the type of natural ecosystems forest operation; logging forest plantation development,
forestry nursery development, Access routes and forestry villages establishment etc. general description of the
area, soil type, vegetation, wildlife composition, slopes, water courses or lakes, ground map covering the
operational area silviculture prescription to prevent erosion, water silation and maintenance of drainage; soil
and wildlife conservation and control, preservation of rare flora and fauna.

AGF 5601:       FOREST SOILS; 2 UNITS, 30% THEORY AND 70% PRACTICAL.


                                                       209
         Understanding of soil dynamics and influence upon forest composition, stand regeneration, tree vigour
and tree growth rate; forest soil physical, chemistry and micro-biology, soil moisture movement forest nursery,
soil management, forests soil fertility determination, maintenance and improvement with special reference to
tropical conditions.

AGF 5111:         WILDLIFE PROTECTION AND CONSERVATION: 2 CREDITS HOURS,
                  30% THEORY AND 70% PRACTICAL.
         Protection of wildlife against poachers, diseases and pests, genetic and environmental control, use of
fire, control of pesticides and their adverse effects on the reproductive system of wildlife.

AGF 5311:       EGOCENTRIC BEHAVIOUR OF TROPICAL WILDLIFE IN RESPONSE
                TO ENVIRONMENT: 2 CREDIT HOURS, 70% THEORY AND 30%
                PRACTICAL


YEAR FIVE: FINAL YEAR (SECOND SEMESTER)

AGF 5102:       FOREST AND WILDLIFE BIOMETRICS: 2 CREDITS HOURS, 305
                THEORY AND 70% PRACTICAL
        Practical concept in the design and analysis of experiments on tree crops and wildlife. Survey
techniques as they relate to forestry problems. Processing of resources inventory and mensuration data for
management purposes. Application of multivariate analysis to forestry and wildlife, basic techniques in survey
sampling and design.

AGF 5202:        WOOD PROCESSING AND QUALITY CONTROL: 2 CREDIT HOURS,
                 30% THEORY AND 70% PRACTICAL, INVESTIGATIVE COURSE.
         Biological assessment of timber species for continuation and wildlife domestication; seed provenance
and site quality control in wood extraction.

AGF 5302:       FOREST PATHOLOGY AND ENTOMOLOGY: 2 CREDIT HOURS, 30%
                THEORY AND 70% PRACTICAL.
         Pathological virus, bacteria, fungi and other timber species, root, stem and folar diseases, stem
diseases, dieback and wilts, caused by mistletoes, lichens and climbers. The pathogens of timber species in
Nigeria.

AGF 5402:       FOREST GENETICS AND TREE IMPROVEMENT: 2 CREDIT HOURS,
                20% THEORY AND 80% PRACTICAL.
       Mendelism, sex chromosomes and sex linkage, inheritance, chemical basis of heredity, life cycles and
reproduction, techniques of grating and budding.

AGF 5502:       RANGE ECOSYSTEM AND MULTIPLE LAND USE MANAGEMENT: 2
                CREDIT HOURS, 30% THEORY AND 70% PRACTICAL
Integrated use of land for wildlife, fisheries and forestry, Dynamic planning to accommodate human residence,
small scale and commercial crop production, general agricultural land use management, construction of
management tables.

AGF 5112:       WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT AND UTILIZATION: 3 CREDIT HOURS,
                30% THEORY AND 70% PRACTICAL
Principles of wildlife management, habitat analysis, evaluation and improvement practices. Animal behaviour
and predators, problems, capturing and utilization of wild animals, taxidermy.

AGF 5312:      FISH/WILDLIFE ECOLOGY AND POPULATION DYNAMICS: 2
               CREDIT HOURS, 30% THEORY AND 70% PRACTICAL.
The niche concept, adaptation of animals and fish to specialized habitats, wildlife productivity, fish and animal
census methods in different habitats. The importance of population structure and tables of population ecology.

AGF 5200:       FINAL YEAR RESEARCH PROJECT - 4 CREDIT HOURS, 20%
                                                      210
                 THEORY AND 80% PRACTICAL.
Data collection and collation, analysis and interpretation, presentation, before an External Examiner. Proposed
elective course to be taken from Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension.

AGE 5601 THEORY AND PRACTICE OF EXTENSION ADMINISTRATION.
Course contents: Definition, theory and principles of administration organization and administration of
Extension services at village, divisional, state and federal levels.Relationship of Extension with other agencies.
The functions and responsibilities of extension administrators including planning, organizing, supervising,
coordinating, budgeting and personal management. Decision making and problems of extension administration
in Nigeria. Training and development of extension leaders.

AGE 5132
Course content: philosophy, objectives and History of efforts in community development Basic educational
process, concept of group interaction, community organization and organization matrix.the young farmers
clubs and the history, programme development, administration, organization and maintenance, junior and adult
local leaders, their role in club work. Other club activities, problems of growth work.



                                    DEPARTMENT OF SOIL SCIENCE
                                          INTRODUCTION.
In a developing country like Nigeria, regular review of curricula at undergraduate and postgraduate levels in
universities are required, to prepare again regular, graduating students for emerging national and global issues.
Soil Science is both basic and applied science, with its own set of tools and techniques. It is also basically an
environmental science which has hitherto been restricted to solving agricultural problems. On a wider
perspective, Soil Science is fundamental to environmental programmes such as environmental conservation
and forestry; environmental impact assessment; erosion, flood and coastal area management; pollution control
and environmental health; drought and desertification control, soil engineering; research institutions and
universities, etc.

Need for Review of the Curriculum
 (i)     To implement the directives from the Federal Government of Nigeria, National University
         Commission and Senate of the University of Calabar to reflect on the national development goals
         and policies.
 (ii)    To satisfy the yearning of the Department of Soil Science since 1999 to broaden the scope of soil
         science discipline to cover agronomy and environmental science in line with regional/global needs
         and trend.
 (iii)   To develop soil scientists that will meet the manpower needs of the Federal and State Governments
         in the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources, Ministry of Environment and Housing,
         Universities, Research Institutions, Oil Companies, etc.
 (iv)    The curriculum adopts a holistic approach to the study of soil, not only for agronomic productivity
         but also for addressing relevant environmental and engineering issues.
 (v)     To increase number of students entering research based programme in “Soil Science and
         Environmental Science” in the Department of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of
         Calabar.

The feedback from our past graduating students in governments, industries, private sector, has given the
Department concern to take up the directive on curriculum review seriously so as to re-position the Department
to meet the present and the future challenges in soil environment. Against this background, the Board of
Examiners of the Department of Soil Science met on February 12, 2007 and reviewed the Departmental
curriculum with the following modifications:

  (i)     Title of the programme has been changed from “Bachelor of Agriculture (Hons) Degree in Soil
          Science” to “Bachelor of Agriculture (Hons) Degree in Soil and Environmental Sciences”, to reflect
          the relevance of the subjects to agronomy and environmental science.
  (ii)    Increase in credit hours from two hundred and five (205) for Bachelor Degree in Soil Science to two
          hundred and ten (207) for Bachelor Degree in Soil and Environmental Sciences.
                                                      211
COURSE OUTLINES
                                                           YEAR ONE

                1ST SEMESTER                                                 2ND SEMESTER
   Course          Course title                  Credit         Course          Courses title              Credit
    Code                                          Hr             Code                                       Hr
 BIO1101     Introductory Biology I                3          BIO1102     Introduction to Biology II         3

 CHM1011     Introductory Chemistry I                 3       CHM1022     Organic Chemistry I                   3
 MTH1111     Algebra and Trigonometry                 3       MTH1352     Co-ordinate Geometry &                3
                                                                          Calculus
 PHY1101     Introductory Physics I                   3       PHY1102     Introduction Physics II               3
 AGE1101     Introduction                to           3       AGE1102     Introduction            to
             Microeconomics                                               Microeconomics II
 GSS 1101    Use of English I                         3       GSS1102     Use of English II                     3

 GSS1121     Philosophy and Logic                    3        GSS 1112    Citizenship Education              3
 AGR1001     Introduction to Agriculture             3        AGR1102     Introduction to Forestry            3
             Total Number of Credit                  21                   Total Number of Credit             24
             Hours                                                        Hours
                                                 TOTAL                                                       45

                                                          YEAR TWO
               1ST SEMESTER                                                 2ND SEMESTER
  Course          Course title                Credit Hr       Course           Courses title              Credit
   Code                                                        Code                                        Hr
AGA2101     Principles of Animal                 3           AGC2302     Genetics and Cytology              3
            Production
AGC2101     Principles     of     Crop           3           CHM2422     Analytical Chemistry               2
            Production
AGR2001     Introductory            to                       AGA2202     Anatomy and Physiology of          3
            Agriculture                                                  farm Animals
AGR2101     Intro. To Agric. Bio-                3           AGE2202     Introduction to Agric.             3
            Chemistry                                                    Economics
AGE2101     Principles    to    Agric.           3           AGR2202     Introduction to Agric.             3
            Extension and Rural                                          Engineering
AGS2101     Principles of Soil Science           3           AGS2202     Pedology & Soil Physics            3
AGC2201     Botany      and       Crop           3           AGF2112     Introduction to Forestry           2
            Physiology
GSS2111     Introduction            to           3           AGR2402     Principles of Food Science         2
            Computers                                                    and      Technology
                                                             GSS 2112    Computer Applications              3
            Total Number of Credit               24                      Total Number      of    Credit     24
            Hours                                                        Hours
                                                TOTAL                                                       45

                                                          YEAR THREE
               1ST SEMESTER                                                 2ND SEMESTER
  Course          Course title                Credit Hr       Course           Courses title              Credit
   Code                                                        Code                                        Hr
AGA3101     Non-Ruminant      Animal             3           AGS3202     Soil Resources org. Agric          3
            Production                                                   Degradation, Rehabilitation
                                                                         and Management
AGC3101     Field Crop Production                3           AGA3302     Animal Genetics and                3
                                                                         Breeding
AGC3201     Principles  of  Crop                 3           AGC3302     Tree Crop Production               3
            Production
AGE3101     Intro to Farm Mgt. &                 3           AGE3302     Agric. Info., Extension            3
            Prod. Economics                                              Education & Communication
                                                             212
AGR3101    Introduction to   Farm          3         AGR3402      Introduction to Fisheries and    2
           Mechanics                                              Wildlife
AGS3101    Soil    Chemistry  and          3         AGC3302      Farming Systems                  2
           Micro-Biology
GSS2111    Intro. Computer I               3         AGR3502      Experimental Design              3
GLG 1001   Physical geology                3         GSS2112      Computer Application             3
           Total Number of Credit         24                      Total Number of Credit           25
           Hours                                                  Hours
                                         TOTAL                                                     43

                                                   YEAR FOUR
              1ST SEMESTER                                             2ND SEMESTER
  Course         Course title            Credit Hr      Course            Courses title            Credit
   Code                                                  Code                                       Hr
AGS4100    Non-Ruminant          Mgt.          3       AGA4200     Ruminant Management               3
           Techniques                                              Techniques
AGC4100    Horticulture and Permanent          5       AGC4200     Arable Crop Production               4
           Crop Techniques                                         Techniques
AGE4100    Farm Management and                 3       AEX4200     Farm Survey and Extension            2
           Accounting                                              Practices II
AGR4100    Farm Design and Agric.              2       AGS4200     Agricultural Meteorology             1
           Mechanization Practices
AGS4100    Sampling and Description,           3       AGR4200     Agricultural Engineering             2
           Drainage and Soil Fertility                             Workshop
AGS4200    Soil/Water Analysis and             2       AGS4300     Soil Conservation and Land          3
           Interpretation                                          Use Planning
           Total Number of Credit           18         AGR4102     VIVA                                3
           Hours

                                                   YEAR FIVE
              1ST SEMESTER                                             2ND SEMESTER
  Course         Course title            Credit Hr      Course            Courses title            Credit
   Code                                                  Code                                       Hr
AGS5101    Seminar papers on Soil and          2       AGS5100     Research Project on Soil and      4
           Envir. Sciences                                         Envir. Sciences
AGS5201    Soil Genesis, Survey and            3       AGS5112     Soil Fertility & Plant               3
           Land use Planning                                       Nutrition
AGS 5301   Soil     Chemistry     and          3       AGS5122     Irrigation and drainage              3
           Mineralogy
AGS 5401   Soil     Chemistry     and          3       AGS5202     Soil Microbiology &                  3
           Mineralogy                                              Biochemistry
AGS5501    Soil /Plant Analysis &              3       AGS5802     Soil Pollution & Mgt.                3
           Instrumentation
AGS5601    Soil       and      Water           3       AGS5902     Management of Tropical              2
           Conservation                                            Soils
AGS5701    Research     Methods    &           2       AGS5602     Soils & Waste Management            3
           Scientific Writing                                      & Control
AGS5801    Environmental      impact           3       AGS5802     Agricultural systems analysis       3
           Assessment Studies                                      and simulation
AGS 5701   +Environmental Pollution            3       AGS5502     +Tropical Ecology &                 2
           & Climate change                                        Agroecosyetem
AGS 5901   + Environmental Law              2          Ags 5702    +Environmental Economic              2
           Total Number of Credit           28                     Total Number of Credit              26
           Hours                                                   Hours
                                          TOTAL                                                        48




                                                      213
                DESCRIPTION OF COURSES



AGS 2101         PRINCIPLES OF SOIL SCIENCE AND ENVIRONMENT (3 UNITS)
Concepts of soil: composition of the earth-crust and its environment, pedogenic factors and their interactions,
major components of soils. Introduction to inorganic components of soils (origin and nature of rocks). Soil
physics: soil as a three-phase dispersed system, definition of physical quantities, the solid phase, soil texture,
classification systems, specific surface, bulk density, particle density. Chemistry of clay minerals; soil acidity
and effects on the soil environment; liming and liming materials. Agricultural chemicals and soil: fertilizers,
pesticides, etc. Soil Microbiology and Biochemistry: Major groups of micro-organisms, soil organic N
compounds. Enzymes and their roles in the soil. Environment: components of and processes, in physical
environment, key concepts, the nature and implications of the interactions between physical and human
environments. Environmental changes brought about by Homo sapiens since the discovery and use of fire and
the associated environmental hazards.


AGS 2202:        PEDOLOGY AND SOIL PHYSICS                                         (3 UNITS)
Soil Genesis/Formation: Inorganic components of soils; rocks and minerals, primary minerals, secondary
minerals, clay minerals. Weathering of rocks and minerals: types of weathering, types of parent materials. Soil
formation and profile development: processes and factors of profile development; nomenclature and
identification of soil horizons: master and sub-horizons and layers, transitional and combination horizons,
suffix symbols, soil catena concept. Soil Physics: Concepts of Soil Physics. Physical & rheological properties
of the soil. Stoke’s law and particle size analysis; Basic hydrology: soil water content, & methods of its
determination; soil water storage, concept of equivalent depth, soil water potentials, soil moisture characteristic
and use, available water capacity, saturated water flow in soils, Darcy’s law.


AGR 3101         INTRODUCTION TO AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION (3 UNITS)
Goals and principles of agricultural mechanization. Basic mechanics; force, distance, time, velocity,
acceleration, etc. Principles of internal combustion engines, and electric motor. Farm power transmission
system. Farm machinery used for tillage operations. Equipment for planting and sowing, crop protection,
water lifting and irrigation, harvesting and processing. Livestock equipment: automatic feed connector,
watering, milking and milk, and meat processing. Agricultural machinery costings and Records. Surveying
instruments/equipment used on the farm. Materials used for farm building. Workshop materials/equipment.

AGS 3101          SOIL CHEMISTRY & MICROBIOLOGY                                     (3 UNITS)
Clay minerals: composition and chemical nature of clay minerals, soil colloids and ion exchange phenomenon,
soil reaction, soil as a buffer, nutrient elements: forms and their availability in soils, functions in plants,
deficiency symptoms, fertilizers and calculations involving rates of application. Soil mineralogy: crystal
chemistry and mineral structures: types of and properties of bonding; Structural classification of soil minerals;
minerals in soil environment. Clay mineralogy; phyllosilicates, allophanes, imogolites; Mineral separation and
identification: fractionation and analytical methods; applications of clay minerals in industry, agriculture and
environmental management. The role and functions of macro organism in the soil – termites, rats, human,
millipedes, ants, earthworms, etc. Methods of studying the soil microbial population, factors influencing
microbial growth, microbial nutrition, autotrophy and heterotrophy, inter-relationships between soil organisms,
symbiosis, proto-cooperation, commensalisms, amensalism, predation, parasitism and competition. Organic
matter: composition and functions, the C/N ratio compost and composting and other forms of organic source.
Impact of soil organism and natural symbiosis in organic systems, composting. Soil physical processes and
conservation. Soil organic inputs, dynamics and management.


AGS 3101:        SOIL DEGRADATION REHABILITATION                                            (3 UNITS)
Definition of soil degradation , Causes, detrimental effects and control . Soil quality concepts: resilience and
rehabilitation; Soil physical degradation; extent in Nigeria and their causes, e.g. deforestation, water and wind
erosion, mining, water-logging, etc.; Soil chemical degradation; extent in Nigeria, depletion of soil nutrients
and organic matter, causes of chemical degradation and ameliorative measures; Soil biology degradation;
                                                       214
extent in Nigeria and causes, Pudding and soil piping. Soil restoration and reclamation practices. Remediation
of contaminated Soils Microbial and chemical techniques to reclaim contaminated soils; Use of vetiver grass.
Emerging technologies such as intrinsic remediation , bio-augmentation etc; Chemical techniques; sorption of
non-ionic organic contaminant by soil.


AGS 3202:        SOIL DEGRADATION AND REHABILITATION                                (3 UNITS)
Definition of soil degradation: causes, detrimental effects and control. Soil quality concepts: resilience and
rehabilitation; Soil physical degradation: extent in Nigeria and their causes, e.g. deforestation, water and wind
erosion, mining, water-logging, etc.; Soil chemical degradation: extent in Nigeria, depletion of soil nutrients
and organic matter, causes of chemical degradation & ameliorative measures; Soil biological degradation:
extent in Nigeria and causes; puddling and soil piping. Soil restoration and reclamation practices. Remediation
of contaminated soils: Microbial and chemical techniques to reclaim contaminated soils; use of vetiver grass.
Emerging technologies such as intrinsic remediation, bio-augmentation etc; chemical techniques; sorption of
non-ionic organic contaminant by soil.
Nature of the soil and evaluation of soil. Soil processes and reaction. Soil fertility assessment and
maintenance.

AGR 3502: EXPERIMENTAL DESIGNS                                                 (3 UNITS)
Descriptive Statistics: Measures of central tendency; summary statistics; measures of dispersion. Probability
and sampling distributions: normal distribution; Student’s t-distribution; F-distribution; x2-distribution.
Sampling: Simple Random Sampling; Stratified Sampling; Cluster Sampling; Independent Samples and Paired
observation. Estimation and Hypothesis Testing: Bias, Precision, Accuracy; Type I and Type II Errors; Chi-
Square Analysis and Contingency Tables, Correlation Analysis: Types of Correlation, etc. Test of
significance; Comparisons of Correlations, Simple Correlation Analysis.


AGR 4100: FARM DESIGN & AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION PRACTICE                                               (2
                                                                                              UNITS)
Farm Design: principles and techniques. Surveying and mapping, use of instruments/equipments, and the
design procedures. Agricultural mechanization practice: operations and equipment used. Tillage operations,
sowing and planting operations, herbicides and fertilizer distribution operations, Harvesting and processing
operations, Handling, Transport, and storage operations. Visit to mechanized agricultural farms.

AGS 4100:        SOIL SAMPLING DESCRIPTION                                            (3 UNITS)
Methods of taking soil samples for various purposes and physical, chemical, biological and mineralogical
studies. Soil profile description: soil depth, boundary between horizons, texture by feel, soil colour,
consistence. Soil structure determination: aggregate stability by mean weight diameter, water stable aggregates.
Soil strength determination using shear box method and penetrometer(s). Other soil sampling techniques, Tools
and equipment for field work. Cadastral/Land surveying; definitions and types of surveying. Field Surveying:
Measurements, mistakes, errors correction, obstacles etc, staking and right angles. Calculations of areas by
Simpson’s and Trapezoidal rules, squares etc. Levelling Instruments: Differential and profile levelling.
Contours – Establish contours with simple devices, Map work, scale, reading interpreting map. Land Levelling:
Constructing Terraces. Processing and Analysis of soil, water and plant samples. Lab methods of soil
analysis. Interpretation of soil analysis results. Soil fertility and Fertilizers: Primary & Secondary Nutrients,
etc.

AGS 4200:        SOIL/WATER ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION                                  (2 UNITS)
Laboratory determination of physical, chemical, biological properties of soils. Identification of minerals and
rocks; soil moisture content determinations using different methods (gravimetric, volumetric, gypsum blocks,
etc.), saturated hydraulic conductivity. Water sampling, analysis and interpretation of results. Drinking,
industrial and irrigation water standards. New methods of soil analysis, assessment of soil productivity rating,
special topics in soil and environmental science: term papers based on reviews of previous works;
interpretation and discussion of analytical data.


AGR 4200: AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING WORKSHOP                                       (2 UNITS)
                                                      215
Terminologies in Agricultural Engineering workshop. Layout of agricultural engineering Workshop.
Workshop act, procedures and practice. Workshop tools: identification, use and safety precautions, repairs and
maintenance. Farm equipment/machines: identification of the equipment and their component parts, functions
and breakdown maintenance. Fault detection in farm equipment: likely possible causes and remedies. General
repairs and maintenance of farm equipment. Farm machines test and driving operations.

AGS 4300: SOIL CONSERVATION & LAND USE MANAGEMENT                                      (3 UNITS)
Field identification of types of soil erosion and other forms of land degradation and their control. Practical
training in biological, mechanical, gully and wind erosion control. Tillage and husbandry practices for soil
conservation. Purpose and justification of land use planning. Land use planning and management for rainfed
agriculture, forestry, irrigation, and for non-agricultural projects.
AGS 4200: AGRICULTURAL METEOROLOGY                                              (1 UNIT)
Elements of climate and their measurements, processing and analysis of rainfall, air and soil temperature,
Humidity, evaporation and evapotranspiration data. Analysis of long term records of weekly, monthly and
annual rainfall data., Use of software such as CLIMGEN in climatic data estimation and generation. Climate
effects on agricultural productivity. Introduction to the Climate System.

AGS 4500         DRAINAGE IRRIGATION PRACTICES                                   (2 UNITS)**
This will be carried out alongside crop production. Students will be exposed to different types of irrigation and
drainage practices. A short field trip to Basin town or specific places where commercial practices are
demonstrated is part of the course. From hand watering can to pressurized overhead sprinkler, drip and
surface irrigation to be demonstrated. Drainage materials and designs, vegetative waterways, and various
drainage techniques to be illustrated.

AGS 5101: SEMINAR                                                                  (2 UNITS)
Discussion and presentation of various topics in Soil Science and Environmental Science. The student is also
expected to prepare and participate in all seminars and present a seminar in the course. The goal is to equip the
student with necessary skills in literature review and paper presentation. Use of up-to-date audio visuals are
encouraged, including the use of multimedia projector and Microsoft Power Point presentations.

AGS 5201 - SOIL GENESIS, SURVEY AND LAND-USE PLANNING                                  (3 UNITS)
Reactions and processes of soil genesis: weathering and end-products of inorganic and organic fractions;
eluviation and illuviation of bases, silica, aluminium, iron, clay and organic matter; development of pans,
nodules and concretions; progressive soil development; soil orders and the genesis of their diagnostic horizons.
Soil survey: scales and kinds of soil survey, soil mapping units, soil survey operations. Understanding what we
see in terms of soil genesis: concept of benchmark soils, defining soil series. Soil survey reports: land
evaluation, land-use planning, introduction to Geographic Information Systems. Pedology: essence of soil
classification, types of soil classification (natural and technical), basic characteristics of the USDA Soil Orders
and their FAO (WRB) equivalents, basic problems associated with the soil orders, management of soil orders
for agricultural and other purposes, profile characteristics of major soil orders in Nigeria. Soil classification in
relation to land use suitability for rainfed and irrigated agriculture, land capability, productivity indices.
Presentation of soil survey results and information.

AGS 5301         SOIL PHYSICS & MECHANICS                                                       (3 UNITS)
Soil physical properties and their relevance. Determinations of soil physical properties. The soil as a system.
Soil water potentials: the soil water characteristics, infiltration, water flow in soils; Steady and non-steady state
flow, continuity equation, Darcy Richards equation, transport of solute and nutrients in soil; Physics of rainfall:
amount, intensity, kinetic energy, momentum. Soil temperature and heat movement. Climatic factors affecting
plant growth: Demonstration of transport models. Soil structure, aggregate stability, factors affecting soil
structure, surface residue management. Engineering/Index Properties of Soils: Soil particles, soil density,
moisture contents, moisture – density relations, consistency, etc. Soil compressibility, shearing strength and
stress analysis. Soil compaction and stabilization. Soil aeration.

AGS 5401        SOIL CHEMISTRY                                                (3 UNITS)
Basic concepts: law of mass action and equilibrium constant – solubility product, dissociation of strong and
weak electrolytes, equilibrium constant and ion exchange in soils, equilibrium and constant free energy
relationship. Solid phase: origin and distribution of charge on soil colloid surface, point of zero charge,
                                                        216
electrical characteristics of soil/water interface, double layer theory; mechanism of cation and anion fixation in
soils. Liquid phase: composition, concentration, activities and activity coefficients. Fertilizers: chemistry of
fertilizer, manufacture and use. Soil acidity. Chemical factors affecting plant growth: growth expressions,
Mitscherlich’s law of diminishing returns, Liebig’s of the minimum. Soil and plant factors that affect N
availability to plants. Behaviour of P fertilizers and their availability in soils. Fixation and release of nutrients.
Chelating agents.

AGS 5501         SOIL TESTING, PLANT ANALYSIS & INSTRUMENTATION (3 UNITS)
Soil and plant sampling and sample preparation. Theories and procedures for chemical analysis of soil and
plant materials. Analysis of soil and plant for major elements and the interpretation of data. Determination of
pH. Principles of instrumentation. Operations and maintenance of major analytical instruments; flame
photometer, calorimeter, spectrophotometer, photometers, amino acid analyser, IRU UVR, pH meters,
conductivity bridges, gas systems for monitoring analytical procedures; features and functions of a soil testing
laboratory. Students need to be fully exposed to the theory and functionality of each of the
instrument/equipment used for soil, water and plant analyses; ranging from weighing balances to Atomic
Absorption Spectrophotometer.

AGS 5601: SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION                                             (3 UNITS)
Soil erosion and conservation: agents & types of soil erosion (wind, water, glacial, etc); mechanisms of water
and wind erosion, Elements of the hydrologic cycle. Factors affecting soil erosion. mechanical, biological and
agronomic control measures. Design of open channels for erosion control. Conservation Agriculture. Soil Loss
tolerance. Measurements of soil erosion/ modelling: The Universal Soil loss Equation (USLE), the modified
universal soil loss equation (MUSLE), the revised universal soil loss equation (RUSLE), WEPP, and other
models. Soil erosion research methods. Harvesting of agricultural water: rainwater harvesting, dams, ponds,
wells, etc. Water conservation and management. Desertification and control measures.

AGS 5701        RESEARCH METHODS & SCIENTIFIC WRITING                          (2 UNITS)
Principles of scientific experimentation; major experimental designs; treatment arrangements. Sampling
methods: grid systematic, random, cluster, judgement. Sampling procedures and their criteria. Data
information gathering, Qualitative/Quantitative methods of data collection. Methods of extrapolation of
remote data. Scientific writing: Principles of effective communication and technical writings. Preparation of
manuscripts for oral presentation and publications.     Simple Linear Regression: Assumptions and pitfalls;
Least Squares Estimation of parameters; Test of Significance and R2 Comparing Regression models
(*Introduction to Multiple Regression & parametric modelling). Introduction Analysis of Variance: The Simple
One-Factor Model; Two-Factor Models; Interactions in Analysis of Variance. Principles of Scientific
Experimentation. Experimental Designs.

AGS 5801         + ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT                                            (3 UNITS)
Meaning and theory of Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs). Types of Environmental Assessment. The
context of environmental analysis: policy framework, social context, institutional framework, legal framework,
building institutional capacity etc. Process of environmental impact assessment: project proposal, initial
environmental examination, screening, scoping, EIA study, prediction & mitigation, management, review,
decision making, monitoring, auditing, public participation. Environmental Impact Assessment format.
Environmental Impact Assessment reports. Project mandatory study activities.

AGS 5771: +ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION & CLIMATE CHANGE                                          (3 UNITS)
Environment and comfort : The range of human comfort conditions of the environment : air, light, sound and
temperature, Conditions of the natural environment and the sources of natural and artificial change. Human
vulnerability to environmental changes. The Nigeria Environment: Oil Spillage in Nigeria history & other
hazards. Disasters caused by natural hazards & consequences, Energy, air land, marine and freshwater
pollution. Tolerable limits of substances in the environment. Dealing with air pollution: Indoor, outdoor,
urban air pollution. Use of pesticides and fertilizers: Agriculture in a changing climate. Climate Change &
Global Warming phenomena. Population, globalization and environmental change. Pollutants Effects on
natural vegetation and on evolution; ozone/CO2 interactions and the determination of critical loads; effects of
CO2 at low temperatures; effect of climate change on evolution.

AGS 5901:        +ENVIRONMENTAL LAW                                                   (2 UNITS)
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An interdisciplinary programme; background to environmental law; analyses contemporary developments and
debate in the study of the emergence of environmental problems and the development of policy responses to
them.      Federal Environment Protection Agency (FEPA) and States environmental protection policies.
Nigerian Laws relating to forestry, wildlife, water, pollution, waste management, and gas flaring, Land use
policies/law in Nigeria. Environmental Governance – Regulation and Planning. Cleaner Production & eco-
efficiency. The ISO 9000 and ISO 14000 series. Emission Standards and integrated pollution control.


AGS 5100         RESEARCH PROJECT                                                           (4 UNITS)
A project to be carried out by the student under the supervision of senior members(s) of the Department. The
student will be required to investigate, in some depth, a selected problem in soil science or agronomy and
present a dissertation that will be defended before an external examiner in partial fulfilment of the requirements
of the award of B. Agric. (Hons) Degree in Soil Environmental Science.

AGS 5112          SOIL FERTILITY AND PLANT NUTRITION                                          (3 UNITS)
Fertility of tropical soils; soil organic matter, its properties and maintenance; liming and its soil-plant
relationships. Nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and sulphur contents of soils. The soil as a plant nutrient
medium, fertilizers and fertilizer management; their manufacture, sources, applications, methods, rates and
timing. Handling and storage of fertilizers. Crop growth response to soil nutrients. Major, secondary and trace
elements in crop nutrition; nutrient absorption, maintenance and loss in soil fertility, in extensive and intensive
agriculture. Application of the principles of soil fertility to soil management – fertilizer application, mulching,
green manuring & composting. Methods of evaluating soil fertility. Farming systems. Soil management in
shifting cultivation areas. Role of legumes in soil fertility enhancement.

AGS 5122         IRRIGATION & DRAINAGE                                               (3 UNITS)
Definition of irrigation, reasons for irrigation, irrigation worldwide and in Africa. Irrigation principles &
terminologies; basic soil-water-plant relations; sources & quality of water for irrigation; diversion works; water
harvesting & storage. Delivery and application systems. Irrigation scheduling: evapotranspiration
measurement and predictions using different models. Types of irrigation systems; components, advantages and
disadvantages of various irrigation types.         Vegetative waterways and erosion control. Plants water
requirements, system uniformities and irrigation efficiencies. Fertigation and its application in tropical soils.
Agricultural drainage: reasons for drainage, surface and subsurface drainage systems. Drainage coefficients
and porosity; problems of subsurface drainage. Darcy’s equation, rational formula for drainage design.

AGS 5202:       SOIL MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY                               (3 UNITS)
Decomposition of organic residues in soils; legume bacteriology; transformations of sulphur, iron, manganese
in soils, decomposition of pesticide. Biological nitrogen fixation: symbiosis (including grain-legumes, trees,
Azolla, pasture/forage) and non symbiotic. Biochemistry of nitrogen fixation (symbiotic and non symbiotic),
methods of measuring biological nitrogen fixation (BNF). Legume bacteriology, inoculation, mycorrhiza,
methods of studying microbial ecology-antibiotic resistance and selectable markers, serology, gene typing and
other methods of molecular biology. Biochemistry of nitrification, denitrification and nitrate reduction;
biochemical transformation of phosphorus, sulphur, hydrocarbons and pesticides (including herbicides).
Biochemical processes in the rhizosphere.

AGS 5802:        SOIL POLLUTION AND POLLUTION MANAGEMENT (3 UNITS)
What is soil pollution? Sources of air, water, land and soil pollution. Sewage and sewage sludge. Heavy
metals and radio nuclides (Mg, Cd, Pb, Zn F) and their hazardous levels in soil & environment. Hydrocarbon
and oil spillage. Fate of pesticides, herbicides and other pollutants. Acid rain and its impacts. Effects of
pollution on humans, plants and animals. Erosion and transport of pollutants from terrestrial to aquatic
environments. Microbial environment of soil and sediments. Controlling land, air and water pollutions. Non-
point pollution control. Rehabilitation of lands after oil spills. Reclamation of other polluted soils
environments using different approaches.

 AGS 5902:    MANAGEMENT OF TROPICAL SOILS                                        (2 UNITS)
Soil Management Techniques; Soil Quality Management: Soil quality and health. Potential, problems and
management of major soil orders in Nigeria, use of soil classification in soil management and extrapolation of
agronomic research results. Strategies in soil quality maintenance. Environmental soil chemistry: soil
                                                       218
physicochemical reactions in relation to agriculture, forestry and ecosystem health; Solution chemistry of
nutrients and pollutants: hydrolysis and, polymerization, dissolution-precipitation, complexation, ion-pair
formation; Surface chemistry of nutrients and pollutants: anion, molecular adsorption; Chemistry of N, P, K,
and Microelements in soils.

A GS 5602:      SOILS & WASTE MANAGEMENT & CONTROL                             (2 UNITS)
Types of waste and wastes generation origin. Organic and inorganic wastes, sewage, agricultural and industrial
wastes. Urban and peri-urban wastes disposal system. Waste treatment and control. Toxiclogy of wastes.
Problems of waste; control of communicable diseases. Introduction to environmental health, health education.
Land reclamation, environmental quality.

AGS 5802:        AGRICULTURAL SYSTEMS ANALYSIS AND SIMULATION (3 UNITS)*
Systems dynamics: definition, types of systems, causal and flow diagrams, Behaviour of systems, homeostasis,
heterostasis, chaos, Simulation of biology systems; Models: what is a model? Types of agricultural models,
methods of modelling, validating models, analysis, construction of simple models using DYNAMO, for
population growth, predator- prey systems, nitrogen cycle, pesticide transport and nutrient leaching.
Demonstration of some soil/crop models and decision support tools e.g. QUEFTS and NuMaSS, CERES,
EPIC, SWIM, SUNDIAL, RUSLE, CENTURY, SOILPAR, SPAW, etc to estimate soil parameters. Setting up
and maintaining databases; FAOSTAT, SOTER.

AGS 5702:        +ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS
Introduction. Environmental resources. Economic aspects of natural resources utilisation and management.
Economics of land, soil and water use/productivity. Land and soil resources assessments. Physical and human
resources economics. The economics of sustainable environmental development. Short and long term
sustainability. Risk and hazards management.


                             FACULTY OF ALLIED MEDICAL SCIENCES

Historical background of the Faculty
The Faculty of Allied Medical Sciences is one of the three faculties in the College of Medical Sciences of the
University of Calabar.

Vision and mission.
Our vision is to become a centre of excellence in research in medical sciences and in the training of
paramedical personnel who will be sought after not only in Nigeria but also in other nations of the world. Our
mission is to produce exceptionally well-trained personnel for health service that are well equipped not only
with skill but also with sound scientific knowledge which will enable them to innovate and invent for the good
of our health service.


                       DEPARTMENT OF MEDICAL LABORATORY SCIENCE

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
Medical Laboratory Science Programme in University of Calabar
The Medical Laboratory Science Programme commenced under the Department of Chemical Pathology of the
University of Calabar in 1983 with a pioneer intake of 10 students admitted through the University
Matriculation Examination (UME). The person in charge of the Department then was designated Co-ordinator.

The pioneer students of the programme were enrolled for a four- year study programme leading to the award of
the degree of Bachelor of Science in Medical Laboratory Technology (B. Sc MLT). Our programme was the
first of its kind east of the Niger. The first batch of students (8) graduated in 1987. From this humble
beginning, the programme has grown from year to year. Subsequently, the programme was granted full status
as a Department in 1998. The total number of students in the programme as at the 2003/04 session stood at
400. The success story of the programme in the University of Calabar has encouraged other institutions to
commence theirs.

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In line with the National Universities Commission (N.U.C) requirement that professional courses be made five-
year programmes, and in response to our experience that four years was insufficient for proper training, the
Senate of the University of Calabar in 1993, upgraded the programme to a five-year degree programme to take
effect from the beginning of the 1995/96 academic-year. The degree nomenclature was also changed to
Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Sciences (BMLS). The first batch of BMLS graduates completed their studies
in the 2000/20001 session. The last set of students in the four-year programme graduated at the end of the
1997/1998 session.

PHILOSOPHY OF THE PROGRAMME
 a) To provide an in-depth scientific background to enrich the practice of Medical Laboratory Science.
 b) To produce Medical Laboratory Scientists with professional and scientific competence and sufficient
    management ability, who can:
    (i) Perform effectively in hospital diagnostic services, preventive and public health services, research
          and academics.
    (ii) Function independently or in collaboration with other members of the health-care team.
    (iii) Be the vanguard for the production of biological and diagnostic reagents and be able to design and
          fabricate laboratory equipment.

ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS
WAEC, GCE or Senior Secondary School Certificate with credit level passes in Physics, Mathematics,
Chemistry, Biology and English at not more than two sittings, together with a relevant pass in the Joint
Matriculation Examination (JME). Pass in General Certificate of Education at Advanced Level in Chemistry,
Physics, Biology (or Zoology).


Structure of the Progamme
The programme is designed to include a period of formal studies in the University, Industrial Training, planned
visits and projects work.
Year 1
Study of basic sciences: Students are required to take lectures and examination in Physics, Chemistry, Biology
and Mathematics. Courses in General Studies; [(a) and (b) are undertaken in two semesters]

Year 2
         (a)    Basic Medical Sciences (1st and 2nd semester)
                Anatomy, Physiology, and Biochemistry.
         (b)    Introduction to Medical Laboratory Science and Introduction to Medical Parasitology.

Year 3
Courses in discipline closely related to Medical laboratory Science.
1st Semester: Courses are taken in Pharmacology, Medical Physics, Electronics and Biometry.
2nd Semester: Mainframe courses in Medical Laboratory Science (students undertake laboratory posting in
each of the two semesters and are also examined.

Year 4
Courses in Medical Laboratory Science for the first Semester. The second Semester is devoted entirely to
Clinical Laboratory practice which carries 18 credit units.

Year 5
Mainframe courses and project for both Semesters. (All long vacations from year 3 onwards are devoted to
Mandatory Clinical Laboratory Practice.

COURSE OUTLINE
                                                 YEAR ONE
                  1ST SEMESTER                                         2ND SEMESTER

                                                     220
   Course               Course title             Credit       Course               Courses title             Credit
    Code                                          Hr           Code                                           Hr
 BIO1101         Introductory Biology I            3        BIO1102         Introduction to Biology II         3

 CHM1011         Introductory Chemistry I           3       CHM1022         Organic Chemistry                   3
 MTH1111         Algebra and Trigonometry           3       PHY1102         Introduction Physics II             3

 PHY1101         Introductory Physics I             3       GSS1122         Philosophy and Logic                3
 GSS 1101        Use of English I                   3       GSS1102         Use of English II
 GSS1131         History & Philosophy of            3       GSS 1112        Citizenship Education               3
                 Science
 BIO2031         Introductory     Cytology          3
                 Genetics
                 Total Number of Credit            21                       Total Number of Credit             18
                 Hours                                                      Hours

All year one courses are offered by the relevant departments in the Faculty of Science and the Centre for General Studies.

                                                        YEAR TWO

                    1ST SEMESTER                                                2ND SEMESTER
   Course              Course title              Credit     Course Code            Courses title               Credit
    Code                                          Hr                                                            Hr
 ANA2011         Gross Anatomy                     2        ANA2022           Histology II                       2
 ANA2021         Histology                         2        BCM2053           Biochemistry of Proteins           3
 ANA2031         Embryology/Medical                3        PHS 2042          Renal Physiology, Body             3
                 Genetics                                                     Fluid and Temperature
                                                                              Regulation
 BCM2031         Carbohydrate                       2       PHS 2052          Respiratory System                    2
                 Biochemistry
 BCM2021         Enzymes and Intro. to              2       MLS2012           Introduction to Med. Lab.             2
                 Metabolism                                                   Science
 PHS 2011        Introduction to Physiology         2       MMP 2012          Medical Microbiology and              3
                                                                              Parasitology
 PHS 2021        Blood and Cardiovascular           2
                 Physiology
                 Total credit hours                18                         Total credit hours                    18

The relevant departments in the Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences in the College of Medical Sciences offer all year two
courses except MLS 2012 and MMP 2012..

                                                        YEAR THREE

                    1ST SEMESTER                                                2ND SEMESTER
  Course               Course title              Credit     Course Code            Courses title               Credit
   Code                                           Hr                                                            Hr
 MLS 3021        Biomedical Electronics            3        GSS 1152          Computer       Applications        3
                                                                              (offered by   the   Centre
                                                                                       for       General
                                                                              Studies)
 MMP 3011        General Microbiology               3       PTH 3012          General Pathology                     3
 PHM 3011        Pharmacology (offered by           3       MLS 3032          Laboratory Posting                    3
                 Pharmacology
                 Department)
 MLS 3011        Medical          Laboratory        2       MLS 3022          Instrumentation                       4
                 Science Ethics
 MLS 3031        Medical Physics                    3       CHP 3012          Immunology I                          3
 MLS 3041        Biometrics (offered by             3       MLS 3012          Laboratory     Management             3
                 Mathematics Department)                                      and Organization
 MLS 3051        Laboratory Posting                3
                 Total credit hours                20                         Total credit hours                    19

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(Year three marks the beginning of the professional training. Core Courses are handled by qualified and registered
Medical Laboratory Scientists).

                                                      YEAR FOUR

                                              1ST SEMESTER
                        Course                   Course title                  Credit
                         Code                                                   Hr
                      CHP 4011        Basic Chemical Pathology                   3
                      MMP4011         Basic Medical Parasitology Med.            3
                                      Entomology
                      HEM4011         Basic Haematology                          3
                      HEM4021         Basic Blood Group Serology                 3
                      PTH 4011        Basic Histopathology                       3
                      MMP4021         Virology                                   2
                      MMP4031         Basic Bacteriology/ Mycology               3
                      CHP 4021        Immunology II                              3
                                      Total credit hours                         23


MLS 4012 – Posting of each student to all four sections of Laboratory work (In-Built Internship/Industrial
Attachment) for the whole Semester - 18 Credit units.
During this period students are engaged to perform routine analysis of patient samples under the supervision of
their teachers and technical staff. Assessment of student performance is based on 1. Attendance, 2. Daily work
record – showing ability to follow proper analytical procedure and accuracy of results obtained from analysis,
3. End of posting examination in each unit, 4. Written examinations at the end of all postings (two papers), 5. A
five-hour practical examination

CHEMICAL PATHOLOGY (Specialty)
                                                      YEAR FIVE

                  1ST SEMESTER                                              2ND SEMESTER
   Course            Course title              Credit       Course Code        Courses title           Credit
    Code                                        Hr                                                      Hr
 CHP 5011      Chemical pathology I              3         CHP 5012       Endocrinology                  3
                                                           CHP 5022       Toxicology                     3
                                                           CHP 5032       Advanced Chemical              3
                                                                          Pathology Techniques
                                                           CHP 5042       Seminar                         2
                                                           CHP 5000       Project                         3
                                                           CHP 5002       Laboratory Posting              3
                                                                          Total credit hours             17


HISTOPATHOLOGY
                                                      YEAR FIVE

                  1ST SEMESTER                                              2ND SEMESTER
   Course            Course title              Credit       Course Code        Courses title           Credit
    Code                                        Hr                                                      Hr
 PTH 5051      Research Methodology              2         PTH 5042       Seminar                        2
 PTH 5001      Laboratory Posting.               3         PTH 5000       Project                        3
 PTH 5000      Project                           3         PTH 5012       Cytogenetics                   3
 PTH 5011      Histopathology I                  3         PTH 5022       Advanced     Histopatholoy     3
                                                                          Technique/Embalment
 PTH 5021      Histopathology II                  3        PTH 5032       Museum Techniques              3
 PTH 5031      Histopathology III                 3        PTH 5002       Laboratory Posting             3
 PTH 5041      Exfoliative Cytology               3
               Total credit hours                20                       Total credit hours             17

                                                           222
HAEMATOLOGY/B.G.S (Specialty)
                                                  YEAR FIVE


                  1ST SEMESTER                                          2ND SEMESTER
   Course            Course title           Credit    Course Code          Courses title           Credit
    Code                                     Hr                                                     Hr
 HEM5011       Histopathology I               3       HEM 5000       Project                         3
 HEM5021       Histopathology II              3       HEM5042        Seminar                         2
 MEM5031       Blood Group Serology I         3       HEM5012        Cytogenetics                    2
 HEM5041       Blood Group Serology II        3       HEM5022        Advanced     Hematological      3
                                                                     Technique/Embalment
 HEM5051       Research Methods               2       HEM 5032       Advanced Blood Group             3
                                                                     Serology Techniques
 HEM5000       Project                        3       PTH 5002       Laboratory Posting               3
 HEM5001       Laboratory Posting             3

               Total credit hours            20                      Total credit hours              17


MICROBIOLOGY (Specialty)
                                                  YEAR FIVE

                  1ST SEMESTER                                          2ND SEMESTER
  Course             Course title           Credit    Course Code          Courses title           Credit
   Code                                      Hr                                                     Hr
 MMP5011       Medical Microbiology I         3       MMP5012        Medical Mycology                3
 MMP5021       Medical Microbiology II        3       MMP 5022       Pharmaceutical                  3
                                                                     Microbiology and Advanced
                                                                     Techniques
 MMP5031       Advanced     Parasitology/     3       MPP5042        Seminar                          2
               Epidemiology
 MMP5041       Public              Health     3       MPP 5000       Project                          3
               Microbiology
 MMP5000       Project                        2       MPP5032        Microbial Genetics               3
 MMP5001       Laboratory Posting             3       MPP 5002       Laboratory Posting               3
 MMP5051       Research Methods               2
               Total credit hours            20                      Total credit hours              17



                                    DEPARTMENT OF NURSING SCIENCE

                          BACHELOR OF NURSING SCIENCE PROGRAMME
                                       (Established 1993)

Introduction
The Nigeria public places a high value on health and therefore demands access to high quality health care as a
guaranteed right. In response to this, there is need for highly qualified nursing manpower. Nurses must become
better educated if they are to keep pace with new findings and improved technology.

Technological advancement and innovation, increasing computerization, and the complexities of today’s
clients, require a radical change in nursing knowledge, skills and attitudes. This demands that the practicing
professional nurse has a science-based education with a strong liberal arts background. The Bachelor of
Nursing Science in the University of Calabar offers this liberal and professional education for nurses. The
curriculum prepares the nurse to understand the multivariate factors involved in health promotion and
maintenance, make rational judgments and use analytic problem solving processes in caring for clients in a
variety of settings.


                                                     223
Philosophy of the Programme
The objectives of the University of Calabar serve as a guide for the philosophy of the B. N. Sc. programme.
The programme also takes cognizance of the philosophy of education, healthcare and nursing in Nigeria.

Programme Objectives
      The objectives of the programme are
    To prepare professional nurse/midwive/psychiatric nurse practitioners capable of assuming
      professional responsibility in any case setting.
    To advance public welfare through the preparation of competent polyskilled nurse practitioners who
      will provide safe, acceptable, effective and high quality health services to individuals, families and
      communities.
    To contribute to the national health manpower needs by producing an adequate number of
      academically and professionally qualified nurses, midwives and psychiatric nurses capable of giving
      care in health care agencies, industries and communities.
    To improve the standard of nursing care by providing continuing education for nursing personnel.
    To increase research awareness among nurses and provide a focus for the development and
      maintenance of high professional standards in nursing.
    To uphold the academic standards stipulated by the University of Calabar

Admission Requirements
U. M. E. Entry
Candidates must have an appropriate pass in the UME examination of the joint Admission and Matriculation
Board (JAMB). In addition, the candidate must hold the WASC/SSCE/GCEO/L or its equivalent with Credit in
at least 5 subjects (at not more than 2 sittings) including English Language, Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics
and Physics.
Direct Entry
(a)      Candidate must possess the Advanced level GCE or Higher School Certificate in at least 2 science
         subjects, chosen from Biology/Zoology, Physics and Chemistry. In addition candidates must have
         credit in 5 other subjects in ‘O’ Level GCE/SSCE including Mathematics, Chemistry, Biology, Physics
         and English Language.
(b)      Already trained nurses must possess the Registered         Nurse certificate (RN) of the Nursing &
         Midwifery Council of Nigeria (N&MCN) and in addition hold the GCE/SSCE/WASC or its
         equivalent; with credit in at least 5 subjects (at not more than 2 settings) including English Language,
         Biology, Chemistry and Mathematics.
         Direct entry candidates will be placed at the 200 level of study. The non-nursing qualified direct
         candidates will be expected to sit for at least 2 professional examinations like the UME candidates
         (that is, General Nursing and Midwifery or Psychiatric Nursing).

        Duration of the Course:
        UME                     - 5 YEARS
        Direct Entry    - 4 YEARS

STRATEGIES FOR IMPLEMENTING THE B.N.Sc PROGRAMME

Programme Structure
Programme implementation consists of theory and practice with courses organized into units. One course unit
in one contact hour per week (theory/tutorial) and three contact hours per week (practical/clinical). There are 5
levels of courses and nursing courses are prefixed with the letters NSC. Courses will comprise
core/compulsory courses, which must be taken and passed, required courses and elective courses which are
taken to enrich and increase student’s total units. In line with the University regulation, students shall be
required to register for not less than 15 credits units and not more than 24 units per semester. Permission can
however be obtained from Senate to carry 27 credit units in the final year.

Each semester is made up of periods of classroom teaching, clinical teaching and practice in hospital and
primary health care settings. All clinical postings are compulsory. Students also have planned visits to some
industries, communities and health care agencies in some courses. Care studies and projects are integral
components of the programme
                                                      224
The programme curriculum is both modular, and integrated and is implemented as such. Students must fulfill
the requirements at the lower level before they can proceed to the higher level. Each semester from Part II to
Part V is made up of periods of classroom teaching and clinical practice (direct patient care in the hospital and
primary healthcare settings). The programme has two types of students: first those who come in through the
Universities Matriculation Examination (U.M.E) - these undergo a Generic programme for five years after
which they sit for and pass two professional nursing examinations and register with the Nursing and Midwifery
Council of Nigeria (N & MCN) as General Nurses and Midwives or psychiatric Nurses. The second type of
students are those who come in through Direct Entry either as already trained nurses or with Advanced level
GCE and spend four years. The later are expected to sit for and pass professional examinations in General
Nursing and Midwifery or Psychiatric Nursing. The students undergoing a Generic programme are expected to
meet the prescribed professional clinical requirements; they must spend part of the long vacation periods for
clinical postings and must meet all professional requirements before sitting for the professional examinations.
All Clinical postings are compulsory. Students also have planned visits to some industries, communities and
health care agencies in some courses. Care studies and projects are integral components of the programme.

NOTE:     Registered Nurse (RN) or the final qualifying examination for general nursing must be taken and
          passed before attempting the midwifery and psychiatric programmes or degree examination.

PART I
This is the Preliminary year for students, who come in through UME. Courses taken are in basic sciences
(Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics) and General studies (GSS). In preparation for Part II, Students
also have lectures in History of Nursing in the second semester and Foundations of Nursing during the long
vacation. Students are to submit photocopies of their credentials and pay for W.A.E.C verification. This is a
requirement of the N & MCN for indexing. Only verified certificates are accepted by N & MCN for indexing
before the end of the second semester. Indexing fee of N4,000.00 per student payable in bank draft should be
sent along with completed indexing form, 4 passport photographs and verified credentials to the N & MCN.
Late indexing attracts a fine of N10,000.00 per school. All fees are subject to review by the Council from time
to time.

PART II
Students take courses in Medical Sciences (Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry, Parasitology), Sociology and
Nursing. The direct entry students begin the programme in clinical experience which runs two days a week
throughout the two semesters. During the long vacation there is intensive clinical practice for 6 weeks.
Therefore all students undergoing the generic programme must stay back for this exercise to run shift duty.

PART III
Students take mainly Nursing courses such as (medical – surgical Nursing. Maternal and Child Health,
Psychiatric Nursing, Public health courses), Medical Jurisprudence, Pharmacology, Pathology and
Microbiology. There is supervised clinical experience, two days a week throughout the semester. The pre-part
four has to do with intensive clinical practice for the generic programme. It is mainly hospital based to prepare
the students for the Final Qualifying Examination for General Nurses.

PART IV
Students take courses in advanced Medical – Surgical Nursing, Family Health, Nursing Administration and
Teaching, Research and Medical Sociology and two elective courses in Sociology or Political Science and
Education. They also go for Teaching and Administrative Practice. Qualified candidates will sit for the final
qualifying examinations for Generic Nurses in May or November of the fourth Year. Hereafter they are
indexed for Midwifery or Psychiatric nursing option. Examination fee for General Nursing, which is
N14,000.00 is subject to up ward revision.

PART V
Courses include advanced maternity nursing/advanced psychiatric nursing, Research project and seminar, at
least two elective courses and clinical practice. Professional examination for midwifery is in March or
September of each year while that for psychiatric Nursing is in May or November,. Student midwives are
expected to have done ten (10) vaginal examinations, palpated fifty pregnant women and assisted in thirty (30)


                                                      225
deliveries before taking the Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria (N & MCN) Final Qualifying
Examinations for Midwives.


COURSE OUTLINE

                                            PART ONE (15 Weeks)

                1ST SEMESTER                                         2ND SEMESTER
   Course          Course title             Credit     Course           Courses title           Credit
    Code                                     Hr         Code                                     Hr
 BIO1101      General Biology                 3      BIO1102      General Biology II              3

 CHM1022      Introductory Chemistry          4      PHY1102      Introduction Physics II         3
 MTH1111      General Mathematics             3      CHM1022      Introductory Chemistry II       4
 PHY1101      Introductory Physics I          3      GSS1122      Philosophy and Logic            3
 GSS 1101     Use of English I                3      GSS1102      Use of English II               3
 GSS1131      History & Philosophy of         3      GSS 1112     Citizenship Education           3
              Science
 BIO2031      General Physiology             3       NCS1012      History of Nursing             2
              Total credit hours/load        22                   Total credit hours/load        21



                                           PART TWO (15 Weeks)

                1ST SEMESTER                                         2ND SEMESTER
   Course          Course title             Credit     Course           Courses title           Credit
    Code                                     Hr         Code                                     Hr
 NSC 2011     Foundation of Nursing           3      NSC 2012     Professional Nursing Care       3
 GSS 2111     Intro. to Computer      &       3      NSC 2022     Ethics & Trends in Nursing      2
              Comp. Prog
 ANA2031      General                         3      NSC 2032     Medical-Surgical Nursing I      3
              Embryology/Genetics
 ANA2041      Gen/Gross Anatomy               3      SOC 1102     Introd. To Soc. Psychology      3

 PHS 2041     Intro. & Gen. Physiology        3      ANA2042      Gross Anatomy II                3
 PHS 2051     System Physiology               3      PHS 2062     Neuro-Endocrinology             3
 BCM 2211     Biochemistry for Nurses         3      BCM2222      Biochemistry for Nurses II      3
 SOC 1201     Introduction to Social          3      GSS 2112     Computers & Comp. Prog.         3
              Antrop.                                             II
              Total credit hours/load        24                   Total credit hours/load        23


PRE-PART TWO
NSC2000    Introduction to professional Nursing (4 weeks)

                                          PART THREE (15 Weeks)

                1ST SEMESTER                                          2ND SEMESTER
   Course          Course title             Credit     Course            Courses title          Credit
    Code                                     Hr         Code                                     Hr
 NSC 3011     Concepts in Professional        3      PHM3032      Clin.            Pharmacol.     3
              Nursing                                             Chemotherapy
 NSC 3021     Med-Surg. Nursing II            3      NSC 3022     Advanced Medical Surg.           3
                                                                  Nursing I
 NSC 3031     Maternal & Child Health         3      NSC 3062     Human behaviour in health        2
              (MCH) Nursing                                       & illness
 NSC 3061     Princs./Pract.        of        3      NSC 3082     Gen Cellular Pathology           2
              Mental/Psych. Nursing
 PUH 3011     Princs. Of P.H.C                3      PUH 3012     Planning & Implementation        3
                                                     226
                                                                          of P.H.C.
 JRD 3011       Medical Jurisprudence             3       PUH 3022        Epidemiology                     3
 MMP3011        Medical       Microbiology/       3       MMP3011         Biostatistics & Research         3
                Parasitology                                              methods
 PHM3021        Clinical Pharmacol. &             3       NSC3012         Nutrition in      Health &       2
                Chemotherapy II                                           illness
                Total credit hours/load          24                       Total credit hours/load         21

 Includes Practicum


PRE-PART THREE
NSC 3000 – Concentrated clinical practice in Medical – Surgical Nursing (5 – 6 Weeks).

                                              PART FOUR (15 weeks)

                           1ST SEMESTER                                            2ND SEMESTER
   Course               Course title       Credit           Course               Courses title           Credit
    Code                                    Hr               Code                                         Hr
 NSC4011        Family Health I              2            NSC4012        Family Health II                  2
 NSC4021        Advanced Medical –Surg.      3            NSC4032        Mental & Psych. Nursing I or      3
                Nursing II
 NSC4041        Gynaecological Nursing       3            NSC4042        Midwifery I (Normal)              3
 NSC4051        Princs.                 Of   2            NSC4052        Admin. & Org. of Health           3
                Admin/Teaching                                           Services
 SOC4701        Social problems & Social     3            PUH4012        Health Education                  2
                works
 NSC4081        Systemic Pathology           2            NSC4062        Teaching Practice                 2
 HCP4011        Haematology & Chem.          3            NSC4072        Admin Practice                    2
                Pathology
 NSC4091        Research      Methods   in   3            SOC4702        Sociology in health & illness     3
                Nursing
                Total credit hours/load     22            NSC4082        Nursing Practicum                 4

                                                                         Total credit hours/load           21


PRE-PART FOUR
NSC 4000 Concentrated clinical practice in Community Health Nursing                   - 3 weeks
NSC 4001 Medical surgical Nursing (Peri-operative)                            - 3 weeks


                                               PART FIVE (15 weeks)

                   1ST SEMESTER                                              2ND SEMESTER
   Course             Course title             Credit       Course              Courses title            Credit
    Code                                        Hr           Code                                         Hr
 NSC 5011       Pub Health Nursing I             3        PHM3032         Clin.            Pharmacol.      3
                                                                          Chemotherapy
 NSC 5021       Research     Project    &         3       NSC 3022        Advanced Medical Surg.           3
                Seminar                                                   Nursing I
 NSC 5031       Midwifery II (Abnormal)           3       NSC 3062        Human behaviour in health        2
                                                                          & illness
 PUH 5011       Control of communicable           3       NSC 3082        Gen Cellular Pathology           2
                diseases in community
 NSC5311        Clinical electives I              3       PUH 3012        Planning & Implementation        3
                                                                          of P.H.C.
                One course elective               3       PUH 3022        Epidemiology                     3
                                                          MMP3011         Biostatistics & Research         3
                                                                          methods
                                                          NSC3012         Nutrition in    Health &         2
                                                                          illness

                                                         227
               Total credit hours/load        15                     Total credit hours/load          21

 Includes practicum


PRE- PART FIVE
NSC 5000 – concentrated clinical practice in the community/ primary health care facilities for 4 weeks.

NOTE:       UME students can only sit for degree examinations after passing at least the final qualifying
            examination for general nurses.
            Student at all levels (Part 1 – 5) are expected to register each semester/session in the Department
            and Faculty. Anyone not registered in the department is not a bonafide student of the department.


                                  DEPARTMENT OF RADIOGRAPHY
                               BACHELOR OF SCIENCE, RADIOGRAPHY

Historical Background
The need for a degree programme in Medical Radiography that provides a broad based education arose due to
the increasing complexity/sensitivity of the equipment handled by radiographers. The B.Sc. programme in
radiography was started in the University of Calabar in 1980/81 session. The programme hitherto covered a
period of 4 years, this was reviewed in 1990/91 Session to 5 years following the N.U.C. recommendation. The
programme was run in Radiography Department and has now been accorded a full department status –
Department of Radiography.

Radiography
Radiography is all about the art and science of application of various forms of radiation for the purpose of
promotion of health, diagnosis and treatment of various forms of diseases, carrying out of non-destructive
testing/detective scanning in industries and for research purposes. Medical radiography therefore covers the
areas of radio diagnoses with imaging modalities such as CT, MRI, ultrasonography, scintigraphy and
radiotherapy as well as personnel and environmental radiation protection and monitoring.

Radiographers are professionals that have gone through prescribed curriculum of training required to develop
the needed skill to effectively quantify and administer various forms of radiation with minimum or no damage
to the population and the environment.

In keeping with the requirements of the National University Commission (NUC) for all Nigerian Universities,
and full participation of the Radiographers Registration Board of Nigeria (RRBN) as well as the global
technological advancement in medical imaging modalities the Bachelor of Science Degree in Radiography
programme strives to produce highly skilled professionals.

Philosophy and Objectives
The department believes that Nigeria must not lag behind in the global technological advancement in medical
imaging modalities. There is the need for a broad based education in radiography as a result of increasing
complexity of the equipment handled by Radiographers and the high standard expected by the Medical
Profession. This level of University training is essential for appropriate comprehension and efficient
application of the current and sophisticated Radiographic Equipment and thus the B.Sc. in Radiography is
designed to produce highly skilled professionals to meet the expected objective.

The objective is to provide graduate with a comprehensive theoretical and practical knowledge of diagnostic
and therapeutic as well as other allied imaging techniques. In furtherance of this the programme seek to fulfill
the following specific roles.

To produce Radiographers that can hold competently clinical positions involving the use of the most complex
radio-diagnostic/therapeutic equipment and procedures in the practice of radiography in the primary, secondary
and tertiary levels of healthcare delivery.


                                                     228
To produce professionals with sufficient managerial and professional proficiency to practice in Nigeria and
satisfy international standards.

To produce professionals who will be engaged in teaching, research and development of equipment in
industries, and be eligible to pursue post-graduate studies leading to award of M.Sc. AND Ph.D degrees.

Entry Qualification
The minimum entry requirements for admission into the College of Medical Sciences are applicable. This
include five ‘O’ level (SSCE of GCE/WASC or NECO) credits in Physics, Chemistry, Biology, English
Language and Mathematics, plus a pass in the Joint Admission Matriculation Examination, provided the cut-
off point is met.

Duration of the Course and Nomenclature of the Award
The programme takes a period of five academic years leading to the award of a Bachelors of Science degree in
Radiography (B.Sc. Radiography).

Content and Training Format
The courses are covered in stages. The courses are delivered in the form of lectures, tutorials, seminars,
laboratory work/practical; clinical postings and faculty research study. Courses at the preliminary stage (100
level) are taught and examined by Faculty of Science and Department of General Studies. Courses at the
preclinical stage [200 LEVEL] are moderated by Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Health
Sciences, except Radiation Physics, Hospital Practice and Care of Patient. Courses at the clinical stage (300 –
500 levels) are moderated by Faculties of Cinical Sciences, Health Sciences as prescribed by the Department of
Radiography.

Courses at the preliminary and prelinical stages are taken in University of Campus while at the clinical stage
courses are taken in University of Calabar of Calabar Campus, University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, the
state general hospital accredited Federal Medical Centres and Teaching Hospitals in the neighboring
states/student home and a mandatory posting to National Hospital Abuja, RadMed Diagnostic Centre, Lagos,
St Nocholas, Lagos, and Teaching Hospital Nation wide with MRI and CT and MRI experience. Graduating
students are registered with the RRBN for one-year mandatory internship programme jointly monitored by the
RRBN and the Department of Radiography, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Calabar.

Examination Regulation for the Degree of B.Sc Rad (Radiography)
These regulations are made in accordance with, and subject to the general provisions of the regulations
governing First-degree Programmes in the University of Calabar.
  i.   In order to be admitted to take part in the examination leading to a degree of B.Sc. RAD, (Radiography)
       a student is required to complete satisfactorily the courses, practical, assignments or project that are laid
       down for the relevant parts of the programme of studies.
  ii. All courses are examined at the termination of the course unit and candidates are credited with the
       number of credit hours assigned to the course unit for which they have passed the examination.
  iii. In addition to the course unit examinations, students shall be required to undergo a final degree
       examination. The final examination shall be the University examination, set with a professional
       inclination and moderated by external examiners. It shall consist of THREE 3-hour written papers plus
       research project defense as well as an oral examination or viva voce.
  iv. The pass mark for the core Radiography courses shall be 50%. This is a professional requirement.
  v. To qualify for the award of a degree of B.Sc. Rad. (Radiography), the student must also satisfy the
       professional requirement of 1,000 Radio-diagnostic Examinations.

COURSE OUTLINE
                                                    YEAR ONE
                   1ST SEMESTER                                           2ND SEMESTER
   Course             Course title            Credit      Course             Courses title             Credit
    Code                                       Hr          Code                                         Hr
 BIO1101        General Biology I               3       BIO1102        General Biology II(Genetics       3
                                                                       & Citology)
 CHM1011        Basic    principles     of      3       CHM1022        Basic principles of Organic       4
                Chemistry/Practical                                    Chemistry
                                                       229
 MTH1101       General Mathematics I            3       PHY1102    Physics II                       3
 PHY1101       Basic     principles      of     3       MTH1122    General Mathematics II
               physics/practical Physics
 GSS 1101      Use of English I                 3       GSS1122    Philosophy and Logic             3
 GSS1131       History & Philosophy of          3       GSS1102    Use of English II                3
               Science
 BIO2031       General Physiology              3        GSS 1112   Citizenship Education            3
               Total Number of Credit          22                  Total Number of Credit          22
               Hours                                               Hours

200 Level Courses

                                                    YEAR TWO
                    1ST SEMESTER                                      2ND SEMESTER
   Course              Course title           Credit     Course          Courses title            Credit
    Code                                       Hr         Code                                     Hr
 ANA2011       Gross Anatomy of Upper           2       ANA2021    Gross Anatomy of thorax          2
               and lower limbs                                     and abdomen
 ANA2021       Histology of GIT                 2       ANA2022    Histology of Urogenital and      2
                                                                   Lymphatic System
 ANA2031       General Embryology and           2       ANA2032    Systemic Embryology of           2
               Genetics                                            structures of thorax and
                                                                   abdomen
 PHS2011       Introductory Physiology          2       PHS2042    Renal Physiology                 2
 PHS2021       Hematology                       2       PHS2052    Physiology        of     the     2
                                                                   Respiratory system
 PHS2031       Cardiovascular System            2       RAD2021    Radiation Physics II             2
 RAD.2011      Radiation Physics I              2       RAD2022    Hospital Procedures/Care of      2
                                                                   Patient II
 RAD.2021      Hospital and Departmental        2       RAD2032    Pathology I
               Procedures/Care of Patient
 BCM2011       Introduction             to      2       PHS2032    Nurophysiology
               Biochemistry
 GSS2111       Computer                         2       ANA2052    Nuroanatomy
                                                        GSS2112    Computer
               Total Number of Credit          20                  Total Number of Credit          22
               Hours                                               Hours

                                                    YEAR THREE
                    1ST SEMESTER                                      2ND SEMESTER
   Course              Course title           Credit      Course         Courses title            Credit
    Code                                       Hr          Code                                    Hr
 ANA3011       Gross Anatomy of head            2       RAD3092    Radiographic Photography I       4
               and neck
 ANA3021       Histology of the nervous         2       RAD3042    Radiographic Technique           4
               system and Special senses
 ANA3031       Embryology of nervous            2       RAD3102    Radiographic Equipment           4
               system
 PHS3011       GIT Physiology                   2       RAD3132    Microbiology                     2
 PHS3021       Endocrinology          and       2       PHM3022    Pharmacology                     2
               Reproduction
 RAD3011       Radiation Physics III            2       RAD3072    Radiological Health              2
                                                                   Management
 RAD3041       Radiographic Technique I         2
 RAD3051       Clinical Biochemistry and        2
               Immunology
 RAD3061       Pathology II                     2
 PHS3031       Neuro Physiology                 2
 ANA3041       Neuro Anatomy
               Total Number of Credit          22                  Total credit hours/load         18
               Hours

                                                       230
                                                YEAR FOUR
                 1ST SEMESTER                                      2ND SEMESTER
   Course           Course title          Credit     Course           Courses title          Credit
    Code                                   Hr         Code                                    Hr
 RAD4191      Clinical Posting              3      RAD4192      Clinical Posting               4
 RAD4091      Radiographic Photography      2      RAD4092      Radiographic photography       2
              II                                                & Imaging III
 RAD4101      Radiographic Equipment II     2      RAD4102      Radiographic Equipment III     2

 RAD4041      Radiographic Technique        3      RAD4042      RadiographicTechnique IV       4
              III
 RAD4081      Radiographic Anatomy          2      RAD4142      Radiobiology                   2
 RAD4121      Research Methodology          2      RAD4162      Principle of Radiotherapy      2
                                                                and Oncology
 RAD4201      Public Health                2       RAD4152      Psychology for Radiography     2
 RAD4171      Biostatistics                2                                                   2
              Tota credit hours/load       18                   Total credit hours/load       18


                                                YEAR FIVE
                 1ST SEMESTER                                      2ND SEMESTER
   Course           Course title          Credit     Course           Courses title          Credit
    Code                                   Hr         Code                                    Hr
 RAD5091      Radiographic Photography      2      RAD5192      Clinical Posting               3
              & Imaging VI
 RAD5101      Radiographic Equipment        2      RAD5092      Radiographic photography       2
              IV                                                & Imaging III
 RAD5041      Radiographic Photography      3      RAD5102      Radiographic Equipment V       2
              V
 RAD5121      Seminar                       2      RAD5212      Project                        5
 RAD5081      Radiographic Anatomy II       3      RAD5122      Seminar                        2
 RAD5081      Other Imaging Modalities      2      RAD5232      Viva voce                      2
              (USS, NMR, ECT)
 RAD5191      Clinical Radiography         4
              Tota credit hours/load       18                   Total credit hours/load       16


                                  DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH

Introduction
The Department of Environmental Health Sciences currently runs a Bachelor and Postgraduate programmes in
Public Health. However, in that Department.

Mission
The mission of the Department of Public Health, University of Calabar is
therefore to be recognized as a national centre of excellence in public health
training, research, and professional leadership.

The Department intended to achieve this through:

 i.    Provision of contemporary educational opportunities to facilitate the
       development of professional competence in public health.

 ii.   Advancement of knowledge, health research, and scholarship to
       enhance health of the people;

                                                   231
  iii. Leadership in public health advocacy, and education in partnership
       with local, national and international bodies, and

  iv. Creating enabling academic environment which promotes goals of the
      College of Medical Science and the University at large.

Vision
Our vision is to explore new opportunities and knowledge that lead to
highest standard of public health training to meet present and future
national health challenges.

Goal
Goal of the Department is to provide state of the art knowledge and
professional skills in public health for community service.


THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE PROGRAMME
  I.    Build capacity in Public Health through a sound theoretical foundation in the natural,
        social and health sciences as well as develop professional and laboratory skills for public
        health action in general disease prevention and control, control of emerging communicable
        diseases like HIV/AIDS, natural/man made of emergency and disaster
        management in Nigeria;

ii.    emphasize problem-solving, field work, community-based approach to the management of
       multidimensional public health problems;
iii.   create community awareness of the critical role of Public Health in disease prevention, control
       and management to justify the age-old maxim: “Prevention is better than cure”
iv.    upgrade the knowledge and skills of numerous Public Health professionals (i.e.,
       Environmental Health Officers, Community Health Officers, Public Health Nurses, Veterinary
       Officers, etc) to enhance their effectiveness in the field;
v.     develop future leaders in the Public health profession to provide service. Conduct research and
       teach at the Colleges of health technology and, with Post-graduate qualifications, in higher
       institutions;
vi.    train professionals who can be self-employed; and
vii.   create a learning environment that promotes creativity, hard work, merit and selfless service to
       the nation.

THE OBJECTIVEAS OF THE PROGRAMME ARE AS FOLLOWS:
  i.   To train professional health human resources in Public Health
  ii.  To provide student-centred educational experience that encourages depth, and application
       of principles and methods of Public Health;
  iii. To provide field and Community-based experience in relevant areas of Public Health;
  iv.  To build capacity in critical public private sectors where public health expertise is lacking;
       and
  v.   To provide opportunities for career advancement in Public Health.

(c) Admission Requirements
5 YEAR PROGRAMME (UME)


                                                 232
Admission into the five years BPH programme through Universities Matriculation examination
(UME) requires minimum of five(5) ordinary level (O/L) Credit in English Language, Mathematics,
Physics, Chemistry and Biology at not more than two (2) sittings.



4 YEAR PROGRAMME (DIRECT ENTRY)
Admission into the four years BPH programme through direct entry requires Higher National
Diploma (HND) in Public Health, national Diploma in Environmental Health, Public Health Nursing
from West African Health Examinations Board (WAHEB), Community Health Officers (CHO or
equivalent) in health related field with a minimum of Upper credit. In addition the candidate must
have minimum of upper credit. In addition the candidate must have minimum of five (5) ordinary
level (o/L) credits in English Language, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and Biology at not more
than two (2) sittings.
- COURSE REQUIREMENTS
   Students are required to complete a minimum of 156 Credit Hours or Maximum of 195 Credit
Hours for graduation, spread into 8 semesters for the 4 year programme and 10 semesters for the five
years programme.
PROGRAMME CONTENT
BPH – 5 YEAR PROGRAMME
YEAR ONE :           FIRST SEMESTER
Course No                       Course Title                               Credit Hours
GSS 1101                Use of English & Communication Skills                 2
MTH 1111                General mathematics and Statistics                    3
PHY 1101                Introductory Physics 1                                3
BIO 1011                Introductory Biology I                                        3
CHM 1011                Introductory Chemistry 1                              3
SOC 1111                Introduction to Sociology                             3
GSS 1121                Philosophy and Logic                                  2
GSS 1131                History and Philosophy of Science                     2_____
                                                                             21




YEAR ONE           SECOND SEMESTER
Course No.              Course Title                                         Credit Hours
GSS 1102             Use of English II Library Skills                            2
GSS 1112             Citizenship Education                                2
PHY 1102             Introductory Physics II                              3
BIO 1012             Introductory Biology II                              3
CHM 1012             Introductory Chemistry                               3
SOC 1112             Introduction to Psychology                           3
PUH 1012             Introduction to Public Health                        3__
                                                                            19

YEAR TWO              FIRST SEMESTER                              CREDIT UNIT
GSS 2111              Introduction to Computer                         2
PHS 2041              Introductory to Physiology                       3
BCM 2211              Biochemistry for Public Health                   3

                                                233
PUH 2011     Environment and Health                       3
PUH 2021     Mental Health                                3
ANA 2041     General and Gross Anatomy                    3
PUH 2031     Introduction to Demography                   3
GSS 1101     Use of English                               2
GSS 1131     History and Philosophy of Science            2___
                                                           24
YEAR TWO     SECOND SEMESTER                              CREDIT HOURS
MMP 2012     Introduction to Medical Microbiology/
             Parasitology                                 3
PUH 2012     Public Health Nutrition I                    3
PUH 2022     Biostatistics I                              3
GSS 2112     Computer Applications                        2
PUH 2042     School Health Programme                      3
PUH 2052     Family Health I                              3
PUH 2062     Principles of Health Education               3
GSS 1102     Use of English II                            2
GSS 1112     Citizenship Education                        2
GSS 1121     Philosophy & Logic                           2____
                                                          26




YEAR THREE           FIRST SEMESTER
Course No.   Course Title                              Credit Hours
PUH 3011     Biostatistics II                                 3
PUH 3021     Principles of Epidemiology                       3
PUH 3031     Water Supply and Sanitation                      3
PUH 3041     Solid waste Management                           3
PUH 3051     Public Health Nutrition II                       3
PUH 3061     Community Health Education and Promotion         3
PUH 3071     Introduction to Health Services Management3
GSS 3101     Entrepreneurship Development I                   2___
                                                              23
YEAR THREE           SECOND SEMESTER                                CREDIT UNIT
PUH 3012     International Health                             3
PUH 3022     Family Health II                                 3
PUH 3032     Occupational Health and Safety                   3
PUH 3042     Contemporary Issues in Public Health             3
PUH 3052     Health Education Practice                        3
PUH 3062     Epidemiology of Communicable Diseases            3
PUH 3072     Health Economics, Financing and Budgeting        3
GSS 3102     Entrepreneurship Development II                  2___
                                                              23
YEAR FOUR    FIRST SEMESTER                            CREDIT HOUR
Course No.   Course Title
PUH 4011     Research Methods in Public Health                3

                                      234
PUH 4021              Quality Assurance in Public Health Services        3
MMP 4011              Basic Parasitology/Medical Entomology              3
PUH 4031              Principles of Primary Health Care (PHC)            3
PUH 4041              Control of Disease Vectors                         3
PUH 4051              Epidemiology of Non-Communicable Diseases          3
PUH 4061              Disaster and Emergency Management                  3___
                                                                         21
YEAR FOUR             SECOND SEMESTER                                    CREDIT HOUR
PUH 4012              PHC Planning and Implementation                    3
PUH 4022              Public Health Law                                  3
PUH 4032              Consumer Health Education                          3
PUH 4042              Laboratory/Field Methods in Public Health
                      (Team teaching)                                    3
PUH 4052              Stress Reduction and Management                    3
PUH 4062              Sociology in Health and Disease                    3___
                                                                         18



YEAR FIVE             FIRST SEMESTER                              CREDIT HOUR
PUH 5000              Project                                          3
PUH 5011              Field Work Experience                            9
PUH 5021              Seminar                                          3___
                                                                       15
YEAR FIVE             SECOND SEMESTER
PUH 5000              Project                                           3
PUH 5022              Seminar                                           3___
                                                                        6
NOTE: Students are required to present and participate in Departmental Seminars at the 500 level.


BPH 4 –YEAR PROGRAMME
YEAR TWO        FIRST SEMESTER                                    CREDIT HOUR
Course No.      Course Title                                      Credit Hour
GSS 2111        Introduction to Computers                                2
PHS 2041        Introductory to Physiology                               3
BCM 2211        Biochemistry for Public Health                           3
PUH 2011        Environment and Health                                   3
PUH 2021        Mental health                                            3
ANA 2041        General and Gross Anatomy                                3
PUH 2031        Introduction to Demography                               3
GSS 1101        Use of English & Communication Skills I                  2
GSS 1131        History and Philosophy of Science                        2___
                                                                         24
YEAR TWO              SECOND SEMESTER                                    CREDIT HOUR
MMP 2012              Introduction to Medical Microbiology/
                      Parasitology                                       3
PUH 2012              Public Health Nutrition I                          3
PUH 2022              Biostatistics I                                    3
GSS 2112              Computer Applications                              2
PUH 2042              School Health Programme                            3
PUH 2052              Family Health I                                    3

                                                235
PUH 2062     Principles of Health Education                    3
GSS 1102     Use of English & Communication Skill II           2
GSS 1112     Citizenship Education                             2
GSS 1121     Philosophy & Logic                                2___
                                                               26




YEAR THREE           FIRST SEMESTER
Course No.   Course Title                                   Credit Hour
PUH 3011     Biostatistics II                                  3
PUH 3021     Principles of Epidemiology                        3
PUH 3031     Water Supply and Sanitation                       3
PUH 3041     Solid Waste Management                            3
PUH 3051     Public Health Nutrition II                        3
PUH 3061     Community Health Education and Promotion          3
PUH 3071     Introduction to Health Services Management        3
GSS 3101     Entrepreneurship Development I                    2___
                                                               23
YEAR THREE          SECOND SEMESTER                                   CREDIT HOUR

PUH 3012     International Health                              3
PUH 3022     Family Health II                                  3
PUH 3032     Occupational Health and Safety                    3
PUH 3042     Contemporary Issues in Public Health              3
PUH 3052     Health Education Practice                         3
PUH 3062     Epidemiology of Communicable Disease              3
PUH 3072     Health Economics, Financing and Budgeting                 3
GSS 3102     Entrepreneurship Development II                   2___
                                                               23

YEAR FOUR    FIRST SEMESTER
Course No.   Course Title                                Credit Hour
PUH 4011     Research Methods in Public Health                  3
PUH 4021     Quality Assurance in Public Health Services               3
MMP 4011     Basic Parasitology/Medical Entomology              3
PUH 4031     Principles of Primary Health Care (PHC)            3
PUH 4041     Control of Disease Vectors                         3
PUH 4051     Epidemiology of Non-Communicable Disease            3
PUH 4061     Disaster and Emergency Management                  3

YEAR FOUR    SECOND SEMESTER                                   CREDIT HOUR
PUH 4012     PHC Planning and Implementation                   3
PUH 4022     Public Health Law                                 3
PUH 4032     Consumer Health Education                         3
PUH 4042     Laboratory/Field Methods in Public Health
             (Team teaching)                                   3
PUH 4052     Stress Reduction and Management                   3
PUH 4062     Sociology in Health and Disease                   3___

                                      236
                                                                                 18



YEAR FIVE               FIRST SEMESTER                                   CREDIT HOUR
PUH 5000                Project                                              3
PUH 5011                Field Work Experience                                9
PUH 5021                Seminar                                              3____
                                                                             15
YEAR FIVE               SECOND SEMESTER
PUH 5000                Project                                                  3
PUH 5022                Seminar                                                  3_____




The Master in Public Health (MPH) Programme.
Although the name of the Department was officially changed from Department of Community Health to
Department of Public Health on 16th April, 1999, the name of the graduate program remains Master of Public
Health (MPH)

Public Health is the “Crossroads” of the disciplines of community medicine and relevant social sciences. The
existing Master of Public Health (MPH) programmes in Nigeria, owing to their professional bias, cannot fill
the gap of the dearth of need for graduates with a “core” background in Public Health, to provide a strong base
for teachers, researchers in and/or administrators of public health programmes in a developing country. The
need is even more urgent and necessary in the face of a new challenge for health professionals to make their
training and skills relevant to Public Health needs of the nation.

Objectives
   a)     To accomplish these broad purposes stated above, the following specific objectives are pursued:
   b)     To create an intellectual and professional environment for the education and training of qualified
          individuals leading to the Master of Public Health (MPH) degree.
   c)     To provide leadership and active response to community and national public health needs.
   d)     To provide opportunities for continuing education for public health professionals through learning
          and experiential situation.
   e)     To promote active research environment which includes the encouragement of innovative responses
          to health care needs.

Areas of Concentration:
    Health Education
    Public Health Nutrition
    Primary Health Care
    Epidemiology
    Health Services Management
    Environmental Health and such other areas as the Department may determine           in the future.

Admission requirements:
Admission to the programme is open to graduates of the University of Calabar and of other universities
recognized by the Senate and applicants should hold at least a second class honours (upper Division, 21)
degree (or its equivalent ) in the health sciences (including health education); adequate background in
biomedical sciences, biological sciences; M.B..B.Ch and B.D.S. (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) DVM or their
equivalents or sociology with adequate background in biomedical sciences. The department expects eligible
applicants to attend a personal interview as part of the selection process.

Curriculum Model
The curriculum is based on three components – didactic, experiential and research.
                                                     237
Didactic
        The didactic component will cover the core courses which are considered to be basic to public health
including, but not restricted to biostatistics, epidemiology, environmental health, maternal and child health.
etc?
   a) The required or core courses are basic courses that are intended for all students in the MPH program.
        These include health education, primary health care, epidemiology, nutrition, health service
        management, introductory computer course, environmental health – and other areas as may be
        determined in future by the depart