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#ABERNATHY, George. Treas. Intl. All. of Bill Posters * Killers of A. Address. 1012 Jones Law Bldg.,
Pittsburgh, Pa.
#ACKERMAN, Charles B. Vice- pres. and gen. org. Amal. Meat Cutters and Butcher Workmen of N. A.
Born June 3, 1879, Char- lotte, N. C. Father a pork packer. Self-educated. Formerly a sheep butcher
and meat cutter. Pro- gressive in politics. Home, 854 Perklomen St., Philadelphia, Pa.; office, 186 W.
Washington St., Chi- cago, I1l.

#ADAMES, William James. Ed., mgr., Ry. Carmen's Journal since 1903. Born Nov. 6, 1875, St. Hel-
ler's, Island of Jersey, Channel Is., British Is. Father a baker. Prim, sch., St. Heller's. Came to U. S.
1903. Went to work at age of 14 as a carpenter. Coach car- penter. Can. Pac. Ry., 1899-1902. Secy. jt.
protective bd., Bro. of Ry. Carmen of A., western divi- sion Can. Pac. Ry. 1900-2. Org. Canada, 1902-3.
Cand. for gov. of Mo. on Socialist ticket, 1916. Member Masons, K. of P., Dis- ciples of Christ.
Independent in politics. Home, 3632 Norledge Pi.; office, 512 Hall Bldg., Kansas City, Mo.

#ADAMS, Claude Anderson. Vice- pres. People's Bank & Trust Co., Los Angeles, since 1924; vice-pres.
San Bernardino Valley Bank since 1922. Born 1880, Wilson ' (4)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO N. C.
Father a farmer. High sch., Oak Ridge. N. C. Member Bro. of Ry. Trainmen since 1902 Org. Bro. Trust
& Savings Bank San Bernardino, Calif., 1922, anc br. in Barstow, and Needies; 1st Natl. Bank of
Bakersfield, 1924; People's Bank & Trust Co., 1924 Author: articles for labor periodi- cals. Non-
partisan in politics Address, 409 8. Hill St. Los An- geles, Calif.
#ADAMSKI, Albert. Exec. bd. Un. Garment W. of A.; del. A. F. of L. 1924; elected del. to British Trades
and Labor Cong. 1925. Address, 547 Doat St., Buffalo, N. Y.
#AFRICK, Julius Louis. Secy. Un. Hatters of N. A. since 1919. Born Nov. 17, 1889, New York. Gram.,
high sch., New York. Hat- ter 1906-19. Member Un. Hatters of N. A. since 1906. Member Ma- sons,
Shriners, charitable and mutual ben. organizations. Inde- pendent voter. Home, 1001 Kelly St., New
York; office, 1153 Myrtle Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y.

#AFROS, Jacob Louis. Pres. and teacher Coop. Educ. Inst., Brook- lyn, since 1924. Born Mar. 1, 1900,
Viina, Russia, Father a paper box maker. Hebrew sch. in Russia until age of 12; pub. sch. Brooklyn;
Dartmouth Coll. 1923-4; student, New York Univ. since Sept. 1924. Expelled from Boys' High Sch.,
Brooklyn, 1917, for organizing Boys' High Sch. Anti-Militarist Lg. Pres. Inter- scholastic Anti-Militarist
Lg. Feb.-July. 1917. Worked in fac- tory 1917-9. Org. Coop. Educ. Inst. 1919; registrar and ed. The
Cooperative Student, 1919-23. Del. Natl. Coop. Cong., member comt. on educ., Chicago, 1922; New
York, 1924. Member Dart- mouth Coll. Liberal Club, and Dartmouth Club for Independent Pol. Act.
1923-4. Author: article.- in The New Student; report publ. in Proceedings of the Third Con- gress of
the Coop. Lg. Home, 1505 St. Mark's Ave.; office, 400 Stone Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y.
#AINE, Kalle. Co-ed. Tyomles. Bom Apr. 8, 1882, Finland. Fa- ther a farmer. Ed. for 12 yrs.; union org.
Member Workers' P., Office W. U. Home, 1915 Wash- ington Ave.; office, 601-3 Tower Ave.,
Superior, Wis.
#AJLANNE, Vieno Severl. Dir. educ. dept., Coop. Cent. Exchange, Superior, Wis., since 1920; secy.
Northern States Coop. Lg. since 1922; bd. dir. Coop. Lg. of U. S. A. since 1922; pres. Federal Labor U.,
Superior, Wis., since 1924. Born Oct. 23. 1879, Ha- meenlinna, Finland. Father a janitor. Helsingfors
Coll., 1902. Principal chemical dept., voca- tional sch., Helsingfors, 1905-7; 1st ed. Tyokansa, 1st
Finnish So- cialist paper in Canada, 1907; pres., gen. mgr. Sampo Coal Co., Hanna. Wyo., 1909-10;
research chemist, Viscoi Co., Cambridge, Mass., 1911-3. Ed. Tyomies and pres. publ. co., 1913-4; co-
editor 1908, '19-20. Exec. comt., Mich. Socialist P., 1915. Pres. People's 'oop. Soc., Superior, 1919;
dir. 'ent. Coop. Creamery Assn., Su- perior, 1920-2; pres. Workers' Mutual Savings Bank, Superior,
1921-2. Compiled Finnish-Eng- ish Dictionary 1914-9. Cand. for Gov. on Workers' P. ticket, Wis.,
1924. Author: Finnish Coopera- tive Guide, 1922. Translator of several English and Swedish books
into Finnish. Member Workers P. Address, 1701 Win- er St., Superior, Wis.

#ALEXANDER, Charles A. Natl. rep. and vice-pres. Un. Wall Paper Crafts of N. A. 1923; vol- unteer and
label agt., A. F. of since 1924. Born June 10, 1867, Philadelphia. Pa. Father an (5)AMERlCAN LABOR
WHO'S WHO engineer. High scn., Philadel- phia, Wall paper machine printer 1884-1916; J. E. Gled-
hill Co., New York. 1916-8; Robert Graves Co., Brooklyn, 1919-21. Pres. loc. 1, Wall Paper Machine
Printers' U., 1892-6; secy. 1896-1900; loc. rep. to exec. bd. 1912-4. Member, K. of C. Republican.
Address, 212 13 St., Hoboken, N. J.
#ALEXANDER, Horace 6. Chair. bd. dir. O. of R. R. Telegraphers since 1924; member of bd. since
1917; vice-pres. Telegraphers' Natl. Bank, St. Louis, since 1923; gen. chair. Southern Ry. System div.
59. Born June 12, 1878, Swannanoa, N. C. Father a farmer. Telegrapher and station agt. Home, 200
Tate St.; office, Ameri- can Bank Bldg., Greensboro, N. C.

#ALLEN, Bernard Melzar. Exec. comt. Conn. Lg. for Civil Lib.; teacher. Born Dec. 19, 1869, Wai- pole,
Mass. Father a builder. Prim., gram., high scn., Walpole; Phillips Andover Acad.; Yale Uni- versity.
Formerly a teacher Phil- lips Andover Acad. Exec. secy. 1917, Mass. U. for Prog. Consti- tution, which
played an important part in putting initiative and ref- erendum into state constitution. Attacked and
beaten by police while visiting Lawrence in inter- est of textile strikers, 1919, and removed from
faculty of Phillips Andover Acad. Author: about a dozen articles and pamphlets on Latin grammar,
reprinted in Clas- sical Journal, Chicago, and Classi- cal Weekly, N. Y. Home. Che- shire, Conn.

#ALLEN, Devere. Ed. The World Tomorrow since 1922; chair exec. comt. Conf. of Youth Organiza-
tions 1924; lecturer Pocono Peo- ple's Coll. 1924. Born June 24, 1891, Providence, R. I. Elem. sen.,
Providence, and Westerly, R. I., New London, Conn.; Wheeler scn., North Stonington, Conn.; A. B.,
Oberlin, 1917. Farm hand; clerk; waiter; sch. teacher; play- ground dir. Exec. secy. Young Democracy
1918-9; ed. Young Democracy 1919-21. Member Lg. for Indust. Democ.; Fell, of Re- con.; Lg. for
Mutual Aid. Home, Wilton, Conn.; office, 104 E. 9 St., New York, N. Y.
#ALLEN, Lucie Waring. Vice- pres. Amer. Fed. of Teachers since 1922; teacher. Born Belle- fontaine,
Ohio. Gram. sch., Greencastle, Ind.; B.S., A.M., De Pauw Univ. Pres. Chicago Fed. of Women High Sch.
Teachers 1920-2. Member Phi Beta Kappa; Women's Trade U. Lg. Address, 4454 Magnolia Ave.,
Chicago, 11l.
#ALLISON, Andrew Jackson. Dir. Cent. Coun. of Social Agen- cies, Hartford, Conn., since 1925; exec.
comt. Conf. of Youth Organizations since 1924. Born Sept. 2, 1892, Nashville, Tenn. Father a barber.
Pub. and high sch., Nashville; B. S., Fisk Univ., 1913; studied law at Yale. 1920-1, and Harvard, 1921-
2. Was a butcher, moulder's and electric welder's helper, electri- cian. Asst. to bacteriologist, U. S.
Pure Food Research Bur., Dept. of Agriculture, Nashville, 1911-3; asst. and later principal, Albany
Normal Sch., Albany, Ga., 1913- 8; head dept. of mathematics, Ga. Indust. Coll., Savannah, 1918-20;
community and recreational dir. War Camp Community Service, Norfolk, Va., and Nashville, Tenn.,
immediately after war; indust. secy. New York Urban Lg., Inc., 1922-5; work consisted in opening up
opportunities for Negro workers in indust. and clerical fields; org. Colored Motion Picture Op. of New
York, seeking entrance to union, 1923; assisted organization of Col- ored Laundry W. and Elevator
Op. (6)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO U., 1924; instrumental in forma- tion of Trade U. Comt. to
Org. Negro Workers, New York. 1924; exec. comt. Harlem Community Forum 1924-5; scout mas- ter
Troop 773 of Manhattan, Boy Scouts of A. 1923 - 5. Author: releases to newspapers and magazines

#ALSTAD, Bjarne Haagensen. Secy.-treas. Intl. Metal Engrav- ers' U. since 1923. Born May 19, 1892,
Oslo (Christianla), Norway. Father supt. of state prison. Pub., high, and trade schs., Oslo (Chris-
tlania). Came to U. S. 1912. Worked as engraver and diesinker. Secy. loc. 39, Intl. Jeweiry W. U. Secy.
loc. 3, Intl. Metal Engravers' U. Home, 53 Alford St.; office, 49 South Ave., Rochester, N. Y.

#ALTER, S. Herman. Secy. Cent. Labor U., Williamsport, Pa., since 1920; secy. Typographical U. loc.
141, 1902-8, and since '23; printer. Born Aug. 17, 1869, Mill- helm, Pa. Father a millwright and
carpenter. Country sch., Millheim, until age of 11. Mem- ber Bro. of Ry. Clerks, Freight H. E. & S. E.
1919-21; gen. rep. 1919. Assisted in organizing ry. clerics. New York. Pres. loc. 141 Intl. Typographical
U. 1910-5; special volunteer org. for A. F. of L. for last 25 yrs. Formerly Democrat, now supporter of a
3rd party. Member Knights of Malta, Labor Temple Assn. Home, 937 Memorial Ave.; office, 483 Pine
St., Williamsport, Pa.
#AI/TERMAN, William F. Gen. exec. coun. Un. Leather W. Intl. U. Born Nov. 18, 1883. Father a printer
and editor. 2 yrs. of high sch. Joined Leather W. U. 1901. Org. saddiery and tannery work- ers in
various parts of the U. S. Pres. Dallas Cent . Labor Coun., 1916. Gen. org. A. F. of L.; gen. org. Un.
Leather W. 1917-22. Del. A. F. of L. convs.; del. to many state fed. convs. Democrat. Ad- dress, 2727
Cedar Springs ltd., Dallas, Texas.
#AMDUR, Max. Vice-pres. Intl. Ladies' Garment W. of A. 1907- 20, and since 1924; member Peo-
ple's Relief Comt. since organiza- tion; vice-pres. Labor inst. of Philadelphia. Born May 2. 1882,
Dwink, Russia. Came to U. S. L901; cloakmaker 1903-5. Mem- ber Cloakmkrs'. U. since 1903; bus. agt.
loc. 2, 1905; also mgr. Oel. A. F. of L. 1922, '3. Home, 1722 N. 69 St.; office, 232 N. 9 St., Philadelphia,

#AMERINGER, Oscar. Ed. The Illinois Miner since 1922. Born Aug. 4, 1870, Achstetten, Ger- many.
Father a cabinet maker. Parochial sch., Germany. Came to U. S. 1886. Joined Knights of Labor 1886.
Worked as cabinet maker 1886-91; musician 1891- 1913. Member Amer. Fed. of Mu- sicians 1903-
13. Ed. The Labor World 1904-6; ed. The Oklahoma Pioneer 1907-9; asso. ed. The Mil- waukee
Leader 1917-9; ed. The Oklahoma Leader 1920-4. Cand. for KOV. of Wis., Socialist P., 1912. Author:
Socialism—What It Is, 1908; Life and Deeds of Uncle Sam, 1909. Home, Rhinelander, Wis.; office,
423 Illinois Mine Workers' Bldg., Springfield, I1l.
#AMES, Walter Earl. Bd. trus- tees. Union Printers' Home since 1913; printer. Born Sept. 5, 1868.
Addison, N. Y. Father a judge. Gram., high sch., Addison. Worked in drug store 1883-5; in grocery
bus. 1900-4; printer. Member Intl. Typographical U. since 1886; held offices in Savannah, Ga.. 1893;
Pittsburgh, Pa., 1895. In- (7)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO dependent voter. Home, R. 4, Box 385,
West Allls, Wis.; office, Milwaukee Sentinel, Milwaukee, * Wls.

#A M T E R , Israel. Journalist. 'Born Mar. 26, 1881, Denver, Colo. .Father a tradesman. High scn.,
'Denver. Formerly a professional musician; ed. The German Export Review 1908-14. Member cent,
exec. comt. Communist P. of A.; cent. exec. comt. Workers' P.; exec. comt. Communist Intl. 1923-4.
Author: pamphlets publ. in Rus- sia; Revolutionary Movement of the United States, publ. in U. S.;
International Negro Prob- lems; Agrarian Problem of the United States; also articles in radical press.
Member Workers' P.; former member Bookkeep- ers', Steno. & Accts.' U. 12646, expelled 1922.
Office, 108 E. 14 St., New York, N. Y.

#ANDERSON, Daniel Alpbla. Pres. Morgantown, W. Va, Cent. Labor U.; deputy org., A. F. of L. Born
Aug. 14, 1870, Mlllgrove, Ind. Father a school teacher. Prim. scn., Osceola and Black- ford Counties,
Ind. Shipping clerk 1905-7; carpenter 1907 to date. Pres. loc. assem., Knights of Labor, Hartford City,
Ind., 1891. Member Un. Bro. of Car- penters & Joiners of A. since 1908; pres. loc. 1339, 1910-1; del.
A. F. of L. 1923. Progressive in politics. Member Morgantown Welfare Soc.; United Workmen; Jr.
Mechanics. Address, 40 Edge- hill St., Morgantown, W. Va.
#ANDERSON, Harris Edward. Vice-pres. Intl. Assn. of Fire Fighters since 1920. Born Dec. 18, 1880,
Chanute, Kan. Gram. sch., Ottawa, Kan.; bus. coll. Bookkeeper 1903-13; city fireman 1913 to date.
Address, 270 W. 2 South St., Salt Lake City, Utah.

#ANDERSON, John Frederick. Vice-pres. Intl. Assn. of Machin- ists since 1913; natl. coun. Pio- neer
Youth of A. since 1924. Born Mar. 25, 1878, Stock- holm. Sweden. Father a machinist and engineer
till he lost most of hand. Came to U. S. 1887. Went to work at age of 11. Gram. sch. about 7 mos.
while working in Utah and Idaho. Ap- prenticed to machinist, Chicago, 1896. Joined Intl. Assn. of Ma-
chinists, E. St. Louis, 11l., 1900. Various offices in locals; del. Cent. Labor U., St. Louis and E. St. Louis;
del. Machinists' natl. conv. 1906. Bus. agt. in St. Louis and vicinity 1907-8; handied several -.trikes;
assisted in Mo. Pac. R. R. strike, 1910. Intl. org. 1913; intl. vice-pres. 1913; helped negotiate natl. r. r.
agreement 1919; as- isted in natl. r. r. strike, 1922. Cartoonist for trade journals, radical publications,
and organ- izing literature. Member Masons. Progressive or radical in politics. Home, 333 Tennessee
Ave. N. E.; office, Machinists' Bldg., Washing- ton, D. C.
#ANDERSON, Mary. Dir. Wom- en's Bur., U. S. Dept. of Labor. Born Aug. 27, 1872, Lidkoping, Sweden.
Educated in Sweden. Came to U. S. when 16 yrs. old. Worked in garment factory in West Pullman,
11l.; entered shoe factory, operated machine for 18 yrs. Rep. women in Boot & Shoe W. U.; pres. loc.
94; exec. bd. Intl. Boot & Shoe W. U. 11 yrs. Rep. Women's Trade U. Lg. at Trades & Labor Conf. of
Canada, 1916. Org. Natl. Women's Trade U. Lg.; appointed to Women in Industry â€sect, of Coun. of
Natl. Defense ad- visory comt., 1917; asst. Women in Industry Bur., U. S. Dept. of Labor, 1918;
appointed chief of bur. 1919, thus becoming 1st la- bor woman to head an exec. dept. of govt. Rep.
Women's Trad- Lg. at Paris Peace Conf. Chair. Labor Conf. Jagfcn Exec. comt. Ame.r«alth Club»sco. Progressive (8)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Legls. Member Natl. Fed. of Federal
Empl.; Boot & Shoe W. U.; Women's Trade U. Lg.; Con- sumers' Lg.; Coll. Club, Women's City Club,
Washington. Home, The Argonne; office, U. S. Dept. of Labor. Washington, D. C.

#ANDLER, Imclen Minor. Pres. Houston, Tex., Labor & Trades Coun. since 1919; 4th vice-pres. Tex.
Fed. of Labor since 1920, and dist. vice-pres. 1916-20; org. A. F. of L. since 1916; clerk of city corp. ct.
since Sept. 1924. Born Oct. 30, 1892, Lovelady, Tex. Gram, sen., Houston and Lovelady. Father a
traveling man. Went to work at age of 14. Moving pic- ture machine operator and theat- rical trades
1905-24. Member Intl. All. of Theatrical Stage Empl. & Moving P. M. Op. since 1912; principal org.
loc. 279, "1912-3; pres., bus. rep., 1912-22; special deputy intl. rep. 1920-2; del. intl. and 6 dist.
convs. since 1915; del. from Houston Labor & Trades Coun. to A. F. of L. 1920-4. Secy. Alld.
Amusement Crafts Coun. 1915-22. Civil Service comssr., Houston, 2 yrs. Author: special reports to
union. Member City Empl. U. since Sept. 1924. Mem- ber K. of P., Eagles, Knights of Khorassan.
Independent Demo- crat. Home, 420 W. Pierce Ave.; office, Labor Temple, or, Police Bldg., Houston,

#ANDREWS, Hiram Wells. Exec. comt. I1l. Conf. Prog. Pol. Act . since 1924; farmer since 1912. Born
Sept. 30, 1882, Geneseo, 11l. Father a farmer. Pub. sch.; Knox Coll. 1903-6; Northwestern Univ. 1906-
9. Pres. Un. Farmers' Natl. bloc 1922. Member Farmers' Natl. Coun. 1923. Address, Gene- seo, I1l.

#ANDREWS, Irene Osgood (Mrs. "- hn B.). Asst. secy., Amer. Assn. U. I*..- .., r^gls. since 1908; chair,
printer ana euu-†Ltr. of Women sch. Joined Leather » . Voters; vice-pres. Women's City Club of
New York; bd. dir. Ma- ternity Center Assn. Born Jan. 18, 1879, Big Rapids, Mich. New York Sch. of
Philanthrophy, 1903; A. B., Univ. of Wis. 1905; formerly Fellow, Univ. Settlement, Milwau- kee.
Factory inspector, Wis. 1906; agt. Asso. Charities, Minne- apolis, Minn.; special agt. for re- lief work,
Amer. Red Cross, San Francisco, 1906; head worker. Northwestern Univ. Settlement, Chicago, 1907;
secy. Women's City Club. Member Comssn. of Y. W. C. A. to study indust. conditions of women and
children in England and France. Author: Women Workers in Milwaukee Tanneries; Irregular
Employment and the Minimum Wage; The Economic Effects of the War Upon Women and Children
in Great Britain; Childbirth Protection; articles and chapters in several books. Mem- ber Women's
Trade U. Lg. Home, 24 Gramercy Park; office, 131 E. 23 St., New York, N. Y.
#ANDREWS, John Bertram. Secy. Amer. Assn. for Labor Legls. and ed. The American Labor Leg-
islation Review since 1909. Born Aug. 2. 1880, South Wayne, Wis. Father a farmer. Pub. sch., Wis.;
Warren Acad., 1ll.; 'Ok., Univ. of Wis. 1904, Ph.D. 1908; A.M. Dart- mouth, 1905. Member N. Y.
Mayor's comt. on Unemployment, 1913-4; Pres. Harding's Conf. on Unemployment 1921. Jt . author,
with John R. Commons, Principles of Labor Legislation, 1916, and History of Labor in the U. S., 1918;
asso. ed. Documentary His- tory of American Industrial So- ciety, 1910. Author: U. S. govt. reports,
History of Organization among Working Women, 1910; Phosphorus Poisoning in the Match Industry,
1910; Occupa- tional Lead Poisoning, 1911; An- thrax As an Occupational Disease, 1917, revised
1920. Member Cos- (9)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO

#AUSTIN, Thomas A. Grand secy.-treas. Bro. of R. R. Signal- men of A. since 1917; ed. Signal- men's
Journal since 1920. Born Aug. 31, 1869, Bradiey, England. Father a butcher. Came to U. S. 1880.
Gram. sen.. Ash tabula, Ohio. Telegrapher N. Y. Cent. R. R. 1890-5; signal maintainer 1905-17.
Member O. of R. R. Telegraphers 1893-1905; Bro. of R. R. Signalmen since 1908. Home, 5922 N.
Artesian Ave.; office, 4750 N. Kimball Ava- Chicago, 11l.
#BAER, Fred William. Pres. Intl. Assn. of Fire Fighters and ed. The Fire Fighter since 1919. Born Aug.
16, 1884, Kansas City, Mo. Father a night supt. in factory. High scn., Kansas City. City fire- man,
Kansas City 1908-19; fire dept. lleut. 1917-9; 2nd vice-pres. Fire Fighters 1918-9; pres. loc. 42, 1917-
9. Member Masons. Non- partisan voter. Home, 4243 Jef- ferson St., Kansas City, Mo.; of- fice, 405 A.
F. of L. Bldg., Wash- ington, D. C.

#BAKU, John Miller. Cartoonist for Labor, The Federatlonist, Cap- per's Weekly, National Farmers'
Magazine; natl. exec. comt. Conf. Prog. Pol. Act. Born Mar. 29, 1886, Appleton, Wis. Father a
hydraulic engineer. A.B., Law- rence Coll., 1909. Formerly a civil engineer. Member of Cong. 1917-21.
Started as cartoonist for farmer-labor movt. in northwest. Author: The Marketing Problem; Peace a
Food Problem; Baerfacts. Member Elks, Natl. Press Club, The Penguins. Independent in politics.
Home, 4425 17 St., N.W.; office, c/o Labor, 10 B. St., S. W., Washington, D. C.
#BAINE, Charles li. Secy.-treas. Boot & Shoe W. U.; ed. The Shoe Workers' Journal; del. A. F. of L.
1924. Office, 246 Summer St., Boston, 9, Mass.

#BAKER, Herbert P. Pres. Fanners' Natl. Coun. since 1919; member supreme coun., Ancient O. of
Gleaners, since 1920; farmer. Born Jan. 13, 1862, Dover towx- ship, Lunawee County, Mich. Father a
farmer. Adrian Coll. Lived in Dakota territory 1883-5; in Mich. since 1889. Worked as cowboy,
lumberjack, sailor. Mem- ber Mich. House of Rep., 1907-13; speaker 1911-2; state senator 1919-23.
Cand. for U. S. Senator 1922; for gov. 1924, with labor endorsement. Member Elks, K. of P., Modern
Woodmen. Pro- gressive Republican. Home, Park Hill Farm. Cheboygan, Mich.

#BAKER, Mary Cornelia. Vice- pres. Amer. Fed. of Teachers since 1922; vice-pres. Atlanta Pub. Sch.
Teachers' Assn. since 1923. Born Jan. 20, 1879, Atlanta, Ga. Father a teacher and farmer. Pub. sen.,
Polk Co., Ga.; Agnes Scott Inst., Oecatur, Ga. Teacher Atlanta pub. scn. since 1904; principal elem.
schools since 1921. Pres. Atlanta Pub. Sch. Teachers' Assn. 1921-3. Del. Atlanta Fed. of Trades since
1920. Democrat . Address, 123 Myrtle St., Atlanta, Ga.
#BAKER, Roe Hobby. 1st vice- pres. Jn. Barbers' Intl. U.; secy. Barbers' loc.; pres. Calif. Fed. of Labor
since 1924; del. A. F. of L. conv. since 1920; vice-pres. San Francisco Labor Coun. since 1924. Born
July 30, 1876, Portland. Ore. Father a r. r. employee. Gram. sch., Portland. Mill worker 1888- 91;
barber 1893. Joined Knights of Labor 1889. Vice-pres. Calif. Fed. of Labor 1919-24. Member Moose,
Commonwealth Club of San Francisco. Progressive in (10)10 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO politics.
Home, 440 28 St.; office, 112 Valencia St., San Francisco, Calif.

#BALDWIN, Roger N. Dir. Amer. Civil Lib. U. since 1917; secy. Amer. Fund for Pub. Serv- ice since
organization 1922; chair. Lg. for Mutual Aid from organiza- tion 1920 to 1925. Born Jan. 21, 1884,
Wellesley Hills, Mass. Father a manufacturer. A.B., Harvard, 1905, A.M., 1905. Head of sociol- ogy
dept. Washington Univ., St. Louis, 1906-8; chief probation of- ficer, juvenile ct., St. Louis, 1907- 10;
secy. St. Louis Civic Lg. 1910- 7; secy. Natl. Probation Assn. 1908-10; secy. St. Louis municipal
comssn. on children, 1912; pres. Mo. Conf. for Social Welfare 1914- 5; secy. St. Louis City Club, 1912-
4. Served jail sentence 1918-9 for refusal to obey the draft act. In- dicted for participation in Ameri-
can work of Kuzbas indust. Col- ony, Siberia, 1923; indictment dis- missed. Jt. author with Bernard
Flexner: Juvenile Courts and Pro- bation; author: reports, articles and pamphlets. Home, 110 Wa-
verly Pl.; office, 100 5 Ave., New York, N. Y.
#BALLENTINE, John Wiiliam. Street ry. employee since 1910. Born Nov. 12, 1887, Blythewood, 5. C.
Father a farmer. High sen., Holly Grove; Cokes-Bury prep, sch.; Amer. Corr. Sch. of Law, 1912. Secy.-
treas. loc. 590, Amal. Assn. Street & Electric Ry. Empl. of A. 1911-20. Secy.-treas. S. C. Fed. of Labor
1922-3. Democrat. Member Masons. Home, 722 Cal- houn St.; office. Liberty Natl. Bank Bldg.,
Columbia, S. C.
#BARNES, Charles Brinton. Im- partial chair. New York fancy leather goods and men's shirt in-
dustries since 1921; pres. Civic <"Uub, New York; pres. Consum- ' Coop. Services, Inc.; pres. lyside
Coop. Housing Assn. Born Dec. 28, 1868, Fairmont, W. Va. Father a merchant, lumber dealer. Prim,
sch., gram., high, normal sch., Fairmont. Learned printing bus., became proof-read- er on law; bus.
mgr. Fairmont Daily Times; secy. Marion Coun- ty, W. Va., Democratic exec. comt., 1908; New York
Charity Organization Soc. investigating staff, 6 mos.; with Wainwright Employers' Liability Comssn.
whose report brought about 1st N. Y. workmen's accident com- pensation law; Russell Sage Foun-
dation investigator 4 yrs., made studies of longshoremen and homeless men. State dir. N. Y.
Employment Bur. under civil ser- vice law 4 yrs.; asst. fedi. dir. U. S. Employment Service 1918- 9,
resigned; with Veterans' Bur., and Working Conditions Service, 1 yr. Rep. referees in Cleveland
garment industry 1918; impartial chair. Montreal men's clothing in- dustry 1 yr.; impartial chair. New
York silk ribbon industry 4 yrs. until agreement lapsed 1923. Au- thor: The Longshoreman; The
Homeless Man, not publ.; articles in U. S. Bur. of Labor Statistics, Monthly Labor Review, Survey and
other magazines and trade union papers. Member Masons, Men's City Club, Civic Club. Home, 4131
#BARNES, John Mahlon. Cam- paign mgr. Socialist P. 1924; real estate dealer. Born June 22, 1866,
Lancaster, Pa. Father a bootmaker. Soldiers' Orphan Sch., Mt. Joy, Pa., 1875-82; Chau- tauqua corr.
course 1883-5. Cigar- maker 1882-1905; bus. mgr. coop, cigar factories, Philadelphia and Chicago.
Member Knights of La- bor 1884-7. Member Clgarmkrs.' Intl. U. of A. since 1887; secy. loc. 100,
Philadelphia, 1891-3, 1896-9; (11)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO ll secy. loc. 165, 1901-4; del. to 27
convs. of A. F. of L. 1892-1921. Member Socialist Labor P. 1891-9; secy. Philadelphia loc. 1892-9;
secy. Pa. br. 1893-9. Member So- cialist P. since 1899; secy. Phila- delphia loc. 1899-1904; secy. Pa.
br. 1899-1904; natl. secy. 1905-11; originated Red Special Campaign Train 1908; campaign mgr.
1912, 1st time office was separated from that of natl. secy.; secy. Allegheny County, Pa. 1918-9;
secy. Cook County, 11l., (Chicago) br. 1921-2. Drafted natl. platform for Social- ist P. 1917, but not
the war proc- lamation. Dir. Amer. Freedom Foundation at time of organiza- tion 1919, purpose
amnesty for all political and industrial prisoners. Bus. mgr. The New Day 1920-1. Member
Workingmen's Sick & Death Ben. Fund. Home, 3400 W. Adams St.; office, 160 N. La Salle St., Chicago,

#BARNES, William Alfred. Pres. Intl. Steel & Copper Plate En- gravers' Lg. since 1919; steel and
copper plate engraver. Born Mar. 19, 1882, New York. Father a silver engraver. Prim. sch., New Tork;
Mechanics' and Trades- men's Art. Sch. Went to work at age of 16. Member Intl. Steel & Copper
Plate Engravers' Lg. since 1903; held every position in loc.; del. New York Cent. Trades & Labor Coun.
1922-3. Org. Intl. Embossers' U. 1917. Home, 348 W. 29 St.; office, 601 W. 36 St., New York, N. Y.

#BARNHART, George O. Pres. Bro. of Coop. Natl. Bank, Spo- kane, since organization 1923; chair,
exec. bd. Pacific Bro. In- vestment Co. since organization 1924; gen. chair. Bro. of Loco. Engineers,
Ore.-Wash. R. R. & Nav. Co., since 1884. Born Mar. 18, 1857, Rolla, Mo. Father a farmer. Self-
educated. Locomo- tive engineer 1880-1912. Loc. chair. O. W. R. R. & N. Co. 1890- 4. Mason. Home,
1009 W. 14 St.; office, 115 N. Wall St., Spo- kane, Wash.

#BAROFF, Abraham S. Secy.- treas. Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. since 1915; pres. Intl. U. Bank ;ince
organization, 1924; treas. Pioneer Youth of A.; treas. New York City campaign, La Follette-Wheeler,
Progressive P., 1924; pres. Workers' Unity Assn., Forest Park, Pa.; educ. comt. Intl. Ladies' Garment
W. U. Born 1870, Nickolaef, Chersonskol, Rus- sia. Father a merchant. Educ. in Russia, attended
gymnasium 1 yr. Came to U. S. 1890. News- dealer 1898. Entered garment in- dustry 1890; worked
as shirt- maker, dressmaker and waist- maker. Org. for Waist and Dress- mkrs.' U., New York, 1909;
mgr. Waist & Dressmakers' U. 1910; conducted first strike in this trade, 1909, which resulted in a
perma- nent organization; vice-pres. Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. 1914; treas. Amer. Labor All. for
Trade with Russia, 1920. Author: short stories in Jewish, articles and pamphlets on trade conditions.
Member Workmen's Circle. So- cialist. Home, 878 E. 176 St.; of- fice, 3 W. 16 St., New York, N. Y.

#BARR, Frederick. Vice-pres. Bro. of Loco. Firemen & Engine- men. Born Aug. 6, 1866, St. John, New
Brunswick, Canada. Father a master cabinet car builder. Com- mon sch. Moncton, N. B. Fire- man and
engineman. Was gen. chair. Bro. of Loco. Firemen & Enginemen on So. Pac. lines; bd. dir. since 1910;
chair, bd. dir. since 1922. Member Masons, Roy- al Arch, Knights Templar, Shrin- ers. Address, 323
Burleson St., San Antonio, Tex.
#BARRINGER, Cager Para. Pres. N. C. Fed. of Labor. Born Sept . 13, 1894, Mt. Pleasant, N. C. (12)12
AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Gram., high sch., Mt. Pleasant Collegiate Inst.; Roanoke Coll.; Intl.
Corr. Sen. Ry. clerk since 1917. Was pres. Salisbury lodge 445, Bro. of Ry. and Steamship Clerks,
Freight H. E. & S. E. 2 terms; chair, exec. comt. 2 terms. La Follette - Wheeler campaign mgr. for N. C.
1924. Free lance in politics, for the man, not the party. Member Bro. of Ry. Clerks, Moose, Sons &
Daughters of Lib- erty. Home, 721 S. Jackson St., Salisbury; office, 337 1-2 S. Elm St., Greensboro, N.

#BARROWS, George. 5th vice- pres. Intl. Jeweiry W. U. since 1921; pres. loc. 5 since 1921; jew- eler.
Born Sept. 10, 1881, Bir- mingham, England. Father a jew- eler. Prim, sen., Birmingham; came to U. S.
1909; Women's Trade U. Lg. Coll., Philadelphia, 1922. Jeweler since age of 11. Member Intl. Jeweiry
W. U. since 1916; fin. secy. loc. 5, 1919-21; reorganized loc. 5, 1919. Author: reports on organization
bus. Re- publican. Home, 1228 Johnston St., Philadelphia, Pa.

#BARTON, Edward Ignatius. Intl. rep. Intl. Bro. of Electrical W. of A. to A. F. of L. since 1920; secretary
Park Empl. Annuity and Ben. Fund since 1919; supt. of terminals, sanitary dist., Chicago, since 1923.
Born Mar. 23, 1877, Belolt, Wis. Father an iron molder. St. Ignatius high sen.; Lewis Inst., Chicago.
Chief elec- trical and heating engineer forW. Chicago Park Comssn., 1913-24. Member Intl. Bro. of
Electrical W. since 1902; K. of C.; Catholic Order of Foresters; Elect. Lg.; Civil Service Club. Republican.
Home, 5734 Race Ave.; office, 31 St. & Western Ave., Chicago, 11l.

#BASKIN, Joseph. Gen. secy. Workmen's Circle since 1916; ed. The Friend. Born Oct., 1880, Russia.
Father a mohel, Hebrew teacher. Preparatory sen., gen. educ. in Hebrew; Coll. de Geneve,
Switzerland, 1899-1900; Univ. of Lausanne, 1901; electrical sch., Univ. of Nancy, France, 1905. While
a student conducted educ. circle on Russian revolutionary movt. among Russian students; was
member interallied coun. of Bundistlsche Studenten. Returned to Russia, org. and contributed to
Volkzeltung, organ of Arbeiter- bund, until it was suppressed by Russian govt. Came to U. S. 1908.
Electrical engineer Westinghouse Electrical Co., Pittsburgh, 1908- 13. Asst. gen. secy., Workmen's
Circle, 1914-6. Active in old Jew- ish Socialist Fed. Socialist P. Home, 1574 76 St., Brooklyn; of- fice,
176 E. Broadway, New York, N. Y.

#BASKY, Louis. Ed. Elore, dally journal of Hungarian br. of Work- ers' P.; exec. comt. Hungarian sect.
Workers' P. Born Nov. 23, 1882, Hungary. Father a carpen- ter. Coll. of Budapest, Hungary. Came to
U. S., 1901. Ed. Nepaka- rat, Hungarian weekly of Social- ist Labor P., 1903-7; ed. Munkas. Hungarian
weekly, Socialist La- bor P., 1909-17. Author: Contra- dictions of Capitalism, 1905; Church and
Socialism, 1914. Workers' P. Address, 33 1 St., New York, N. Y.
#BATES, Harry Clay. 9th vice- pres. Bricklayers, Masons and Plasterers Intl. U. of A. since 1920. Born
Nov. 22, 1882, Denton, Tex. Father a printer. High sch., Denton. Pres. Bricklayers' loc. 5, 1912-6. Pres.
Tex. Conf. of Brick- layers, Masons & Plasterers, 1915- 22. Pres. Jt. Labor Legis. Bd. of Tex., 1916-22.
Special rep. Brick- layers' U., 1916-20. Democrat. Home, 418 N. Windomere Ave.; office, Labor
Temple, Dallas, Tex.
#BATT, Dennis Kliliu. Ed. The Detroit Labor News since 1922; exec. bd. Detroit Fed. of Labor since
1921; pres. lodge 82, Intl. (13)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 13 Assn. of Machinists, since 1922;
pres. dist. 60, Intl. Assn. of Ma- chinists, since 1922. Born May 2, 1886, Tekonsha, Mich. Father a
street car conductor. High sch., Detroit, 2 yrs. U. S. cavairy, 1907- 10. Worked as tool and die maker
1910-9. Natl. secy. org. comt. Communist P. 1919; ed. The Com- munist 1919. Natl. secy. Prole-
tarian P. and ed. The Proletarian, 1920-1. Attended 1st cong. of Red Intl. of Labor Unions, Moscow,
1921. Author: special report on platoon schools for Detroit Fed. of Labor 1924; report on bd. of educ.
budget for Detroit Fed. of Labor 1924. Home, 5421 Tlllman Ave.; office, Labor Temple, 274 E. High
St., Detroit, Mich. HATTY, William Ewart Glad- stone. 2nd vice-pres. Amer. Fed. of Textile Op. since
1922; secy. New Bedford Textile Coun. since 1924; secy.-treas. and bus. agt. New Bedford
Loomflxers' loc. since 1920. Born Apr. 16, 1890, Oswaldtwistle, Lancashire, Eng- land. Father a
merchant. Gram. sch. and Herrick's Bus. Coll., New Bedford, Mass.; Salvation Army Coll., New York.
Loomflxer and weaver; ins. agt.; was a Salvation Army officer. Pres. New Bedford Textile Coun. 1922-

#BEACH, Norman H. Pres. Intl. Metal Engravers' U.; pres. loc. 3, Rochester; die sinker. Born Dec. 23.
1891, Rochester, N. Y. Father an engineer. Elem. and high sch., Rcchester. Went to work 1911, as a
time clerk. Republican. Mason. Address, 1334 Norton St., Roches- ter, N. Y.
#BEA1V, Charles H., Jr. Secy.- treas. N. H. Fed. of Labor since 1919. Born Mar, II, 1890, Frank- lin, N.
H. Father a postmaster. St. Mary's gram. sch.; Franklin High sch.; St. Anselm's Coll. 1900; Concord, N.
H., bus. sch. 1912. Needie maker, 1911; pulp maker, 1912; on strike since May, 1921, against Intl.
Paper Co.; secy.- treas. Pulp W. U. Member K. of C. Non-partisan in politics. Ad- dress: 349 Central
Ave., Franklin, N. H,

#BEARDSLEY, Samuel Eli. Org. and secy. loc. 1, Intl. Jeweiry W. U. since 1917; pres. dist. coun. 1, New
York and vicinity, since 1922. Born May 13, 1875, Monroe, Conn. Father a carpenter. Elem. sch.,
Derby and Shelton, Conn. Went to work at age of 13. Silver fin- isher 1898-1911. Pres. Cent. Trades
Coun., Derby, Conn., 1905- 7; intl. pres. Silver W. U., 1905-6; del. A. F. of L. 1919, '20; pres. intl.
Jeweiry W. U. 1919-21. State org. Socialist P. of Conn. 1908-10; ^ecy.-treas. 1911-5; member natl.
comt . Socialist P. 1912-4; cand. for gov. of Conn. 1912, '14; for City Charter Comssn., Shelton, Conn.,
1914; for Sheriff, N. Y. County, 1920; for state sen., 14th sen. dist. N. Y., 1921; for assem., 6th A.D.,
New York, 1922, '23; for Cong. 18th congl. dist., New York, 1924. Instructor, Rand School of Soc.
Science, New York, 1915-18. Member Maccabees. Home, 216 3 Ave.; office, R. 713, World Bldg., 63
Park Row, New York, N. Y.

#BECK, Cleve A. Vice-pres. Intl. All. of Theatrical Stage Empl. & Moving P. M. Op. of A. since 1923.
Born Aug. 18, 1889, Sedalia, Mo. Father a raiiroad man. Gram. sch., Sedalia. Went to work at age of
16 as bill poster; stage carpenter, property man, electrician, part of time in each dept.; moving
picture opera- tor since 1903, stage employee. Pres. Fresno Op. 1917-1920; bus. agt. Fresno Stage
Empl. & Op. (14)l4 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 1908-15; exec. bd. Fresno Labor Coun. 1918-9;
bd. of control of Labor News 1918-9. Member Odd Fellows, Fresno Athl. Club. Home, 970 Thome
Ave., Fresno, Calif.; office, 110 W. 40 St., New York, N. Y.

#BECKEIIMAN, Abraham. Bus. agt. New York Amal. Clothing W. of A. since 1921. Born Sept . 27, 1890,
London, England. Father a bootmaker. Jews' Free Sch.; Whltechapel Foundation; E. London Coll.;
Univ. of London, 2 yrs. Came to U. S. 1906. Drug clerk 3 yrs.; clothing cutter 1913 to date; pres. New
York Clothing Cutters' U. 1915; exec. bd. 1916- 8. Member Socialist P. since 1913; alderman, New
York, 1918- 21. Home, 966 E. 181 St.; office, 44 E. 12 St., New York, N. Y.
#BEDACHT, Max. Writer; agi- tator; formerly ed. Soviet Russia Pictorial. Workers' P. Address, 1113 W.
Washington Blvd., Chica- go, 11l.
#BELAIR, Felix J. Secy-treas. Intl. Bro. of Bookbinders and ed. The International Bookbinder. Of- fice,
A. F. of L. Bldg., Washington, D. C.

#BEULANCA, August. Exec. bd. Amal. Clothing W. of A. since org. 1914. Born Mar. 14, 1885, Sclacca,
Sicily, Italy. Father a farmer and baker. Elem. sch., Sciacca. Went to work at age of 16, apprenticed to
tailor and to barber, Sclacca. Came to U. S. 1902. Cigarmaker, Tampa, Fla., 1904-8, San Fran- cisco,
1908-14. Gen. org. Un. Garment W. of A., 1913; partici- pated in strike of 1912-3; 1 of founders of
Bro. of Tailors, which opposed the tactics of Un. Gar- ment W. of A., and aided in org. of Amal.
Clothing W. of A., 1914; active in Chicago strike, Amal. Clothing W., Chicago, 1915; at- tacked by
gangsters in Baltimore -"â€ike, Feb. 1916; active in Bos- ton strike, 1916. Aided textile strike,
Lawrence, Mass., 1919; as- sisted in org. of Amal. Textile W. of A., 1919; aided strikes of hotel
workers, New York, 1919, '20. Active in Socialist movt. in Italy; member Socialist P., U. S., 1902- 19;
secy. Tampa Italian branch, 1902-8; secy. San Francisco Ital- ian branch, 1908-13. Secy. Uni- versita
Populare, San Francisco, 1908-13. Office, 31 Union Sq., New York, N. Y.

#BELLANCA, Frank M. Ed. 11 Lavoro, Italian organ, Amal. Clothing W. of A. since establish- ment
1914; chair. Anti-Fascista All. of A. since 1921; exec. bd. italian Chamber of Labor, N. Y., since 1916;
lecturer. Born Nov. 16, 1879. Sciacca, Sicily, Italy. Father a farmer and baker. Tech- nical sch., Sciacca;
high sch. and special science sch., 1900, Paler- mo; law corr. course, U. S. Tech- nician on staff of
govt. telegraph bureau, Italy, 1900-12. Came to U. S. 1913. Italian publicity mgr. and speaker, New
York strike, Un. Garment W. of A. 1913, one of founders, Bro. of Tailors, which opposed tactics of Un.
Garment W. Leader first strike of Amal. Clothing W., Baltimore, 1914; Boston gen. strike, 1915; Phila-
delphia, 1916-7; New York, 1920- 1. Author: The Intellectual Move- ment of Today in Italy, 1912;
Principles and Methods in the Labor Movement, 1916; The New Italian Immigration in the United
States, 1919; many articles for labor press. Member Amal. Cloth- ing W. of A. since org. 1914; Sons of
Italy. Socialist P. 1914-9; Workers' Coun., 1919; no politi- cal affiliation at present. Home, 1764 78
St., Brooklyn, N. Y.; office, 31 Union Sq., New York, N. Y.

#BELVILLE, Walter William. Exec. comt. Quarry W. Intl. U. of N. A. since 1923; vice-pres. and
(15)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO l5 trustee Lumpers', Boxers' & Der- rickmen's loc. since 1924;
lumper and boxer since 1920. Born May 9, 1878, Hyde Park, Vt. Father a carpenter and joiner. Gram.
scn., Barre, Vt. Went to work at age of 13; machinist, granite cut- ter, farmer, and teamster. Vice-
pres., exec. comt., Quarry W. Intl. U., 1923-4; member Granlteville, Vt., loc. u. 1900-20. Member
Mod- ern Woodmen. Advocate of a labor party. Address, Richardson Rd., Barre, Vt.

#BENNETT, Martin Toscan. Lawyer, editor, educator. Born Sept. 10, 1874, Hartford, Conn. Father
pres. of fire ins. co. High scn., Hartford and Andover, Mass.; Yale Coll. and Law Sch., 1894-1900.
Corporation lawyer 1900-15. Ed. Maryland Suffrage News; The Labor Leader, Bridge- port, Conn.;
The Labor Standard. Hartford, Conn. Exec. comt. Farmer-Labor P.; secy. Brook- wood Labor Coll.,
1921-4. For- merly member of Intl. Typograph- ical U. Newswrlters' loc. 18. Au- thor: Women and the
Social Com- pact, 1908. Member Amer. Fed. of Teachers, Civic Club. New York. Address, care of The
Civic Club. 14 W. 12 St., New York, N. Y.
#BENNETT, Paul. Pres. Un. Powder & High Explosive W. of A. Address, Coalmont, Ind.
#BERENBERG, David Paul. Teacher. Born Mar. 17, 1890, Brooklyn, N. Y. Father a real estate broker.
Boys' High Sch., Brooklyn; Coll. of City of New York, 1912. Teacher Franklin Sch. 1913-5; Boys' High
Sch., Brooklyn, 1915-8. Mgr. Rand Sch. of Social Science corr. dept. 1918- 21; teacher, English,
History, and Socialism. Rand Sch.; resigned from pub. sch. system 1918; re- licensed after opposition
on part of anti-liberal forces, 1923. Rhodes sch. 1924. Del. Chicago conv., Socialist P., 1919; N. Y.
exec. comt. 1920-1; cand. for N. Y. Assem. 1918; for state sena- tor 1920; for alderman 1919, '21; for
U. S. Cong. 1922, '4. Bus mgr. New Day, Chicago, 1920; contrib- utor to New York Call, New Leader,
American Labor Year Book, 1916-25. Author: The City for the Worker, 1917; Socialism. 1918;
Fundamentals of Socialism. a study course, 1918; Sarai and Glaucon, a volume of verse, 1924.
Member Amer. Socialist Soc., Teachers' U. Home, 1745 E. 7 St., Brooklyn, N. Y.; office, 7 E. 15 St.,
New York, N. Y.

#BERGEN, Mrs. Alice. Secy. Worcester, Mass. Women's Trade U. Lg.; bookkeeper, stenographer.
Born Oct. 4, 1884. Worcester, Mass. High and normal Bch., Ty- ler's Bus. Coll., Worcester. Stud- ied
English and automobile me- chanics two years in evening sch. Was treas. Worcester Women's Trade
U. Lg. Member Woman's P. and one of White House pickets during Suffrage campaign. Mem- ber
Daughters of Veterans. Ad- dress, 1 Dalton St., Worcester, Mass.

#BERGER, George Washington. Exec. Bd. Natl. Window Glass W. since 1920; trustee since 1922; dir.
Natl. Window Glass Mfg. Co., Huntington, W. Va., since 1924. Born Feb. 22, 1885, Quaker City, Ohio.
Father a window glass worker. High sch., Hartford City, Ind. Window glass cutter, 1902- 20; boss
cutter 1917-20. Dir. Berger's 16-piece concert or- chestra 1905-15;; member 2nd Regiment Band,
Ind. Natl. Guards, 1910. Mgr. Hartford City Bank. Member fin. comt. Natl. Window Glass W. 1912-23.
Mem- ber Fed. of Musicians, Pub. Own- ership Lg.; Elks, Moose. Home, 714 N. 21 St., Fort Smith, A-'
#BERGER, Victor I*. Ed. Mil- waukee Leader, Socialist daily, since 1911; first Socialist elected to Cong.,
re-elected 1924 for 5th term; Wis. state exec. bd. and natl. exec. comt., Socialist P.; rep. for America
on exec. comt. of La- bor and Socialist Intl. Born Feb. 28, 1860, Nieder Rehbach, Aus- tria-Hungary.
Father a farmer. Studied at gymnasium and uni- versities of Budapest and Vienna. Worked at various
trades; pub. sch. teacher 1882. Member Intl. Typographical U.; del. many A. F. of L. convs. Ed.
Milwaukee Dally Vorwaerts 1892-8; was ed. of Wahrhelt. Ed. Social Democratic Herald, 1900-11;
paper then be- came Milwaukee Leader. Was pioneer Socialist org.; del. Peo- ple's P. conv. 1896;
leader in or- ganization of Social Democratic P. of A., and of Socialist P. 1901. Social Democratic cand.
for may- 01 of Milwaukee and for Cong. 1904; elected alderman-at-large, Milwaukee, Apr. 1910; 1st
Social- ist elected to Cong., Nov. 1910. Author: numerous pamphlets and essays on Socialist
questions, in- cluding Berger's Broadsides, 1912. Member Masons; Assn. for Pol. & Social Science;
Geographic Soc.; Historical Soc.; Am. Forestry Atsn.; Socialist Singing Soc.; Musical Soc.; Athletic Club.
Home, 980 1st St.; office. 628 Chestnut St., Milwaukee, Wis.

#BERGSTROM, Carl. Pres. Pav- ing Cutters' U. of U. S. & Can. since 1913; ed. The Paving Cut- ters'
Journal since 1913. Born Mar. 2, 1863, Sweden. Father a farmer. Gram, sch., Sweden. Came to U. S.
1883. Began work at age of 16, as a paving cutter. Member bd. dir. Paving Cutters' U. since 1907.
Home, 976 Wash- ington St., Gloucester; office, L. Box 130, Rock port, Mass.
#BKRLYN, Bernard (Barney), Trade union and Socialist P. worker; cigarmaker (retired). Born Feb. 7,
1843, Amsterdam, Holland. Father a farmer and merchant. Prim, sch., Holland; prim., gram, sch.,
New York. Member Clgarmakrs.' Intl. U.; corr. secy. Springfield, 11l., loc., 1866; vice-pres. Detroit loc.
1865- 6; corr. secy. St. Louis, Mo., loc. 1867; secy. Chicago loc. 1867; pres. loc. 15, New York, 1870-1;
corr. secy, and provisional natl. secy. Progressive (Socialist) Ct- garmkrs.' U. 1881-2. Del. Chica- go
Fed. of Labor for more than 20 yrs. and in 1921-3. Member Socialist Labor P. 1881-99; Social- 1st P.
since 1901; natl. exec. comt. 1901-7; natl. comt. 1901-8; del. to natl. conv. 1904, '8, '12, '20; cand.
for various political offices, 1st Socialist cand. for U. S. Senator, 11l., to receive any votes in state
Legis. Ed. Chicago Socialist, 1915-6. Co-author with William Scholl McClure: Why Workers Should Join
the Socialist Labor Party; A Warning Against a Duo- decimo Edition of a New Jerusa- lem. Member
Clgarmkrs.' Intl. U.; Socialist P. Home, 956 E. 61 St., Chicago, I1l. HERMAN, Morris. Bd. Dir. Intl. U.
Bank, New York, since organization, 1924; bd. dir. and bus. comt. The New York New Leader, since
organization 1924; pres. Soc. of Commonwealth Cen- ter (People's House), New York, since 1917.

#BEKNHEIM, Alfred TJ. Dir. Labor Bur., Inc., since 1920. Born June 8, 1893, New York. Father a mfr.
Sachs Collegiate Inst., New York; A. B., Columbia Univ., 1914. Mfr. of fancy leather goods 1914- ».
Bd. of advisors, Vocational Service for Juniors, 1921; bd. of trustees, Walden Sch. 1922. Au- thor:
numerous research reports for trade unions. Member N. Y. Bookkeepers', Steno. & Accts'. U.; Civic
Club, Conf. Prog. Pol. Act. Home, 229 W. 78 St.; office, 2 W. 43 St., New York, N. Y.
#BERRES, Albert Julius. Secy.- treas. Metal Trades Dept., A. F. of L., since 1908; labor rep. Navy
Departmental Wage Bd. of Re- view since 1920; dir. Mt. Vernon Savings Bank. Born Dec. 29, 1873,
Washington, D. C. Father a car- penter. Parochial sch. Went to work at age of 13, as pattern maker's
apprentice. Elected to exec. bd. Pattern Makers' Lg., 1902, '7. Rep. labor on Ship- building Labor
Adjustment Bd. during period of war. Home, 4031 New Hampshire Ave.; office, A. F. of L. Bldg.,
Washington, D. C.

#BERRY, George Leonard. Pres. Intl. Printing Pressmen's & Assts' U. of N. A. since 1907; owner and
operator of several farms; farmer, publisher, legislator. Never at- tended sch.; learned to read and
write when 15 yrs. old. Went to work at age of 8 as printer's devil. Secy. Alld. Printing Trades Coun.,
San Francisco, Calif., 1905; secy. Labor Coun. 1906. Major, U. S. army, World War; one of org. and
natl. vice-commander Ameri- can Legion. Cand. for vice-pres- idential nomination. Democratic P.
1924. Author: Labor Condi- tions Abroad, 1912; various pamphlets. Member Masons, Elks, Odd
Fellows, Eagles, Shriners, Lambs' Club, New York. Address, Pressmen's Home, Hawkins County, Tenn.

#BEUTEIJ.J, Giuseppe. Author, lecturer. Born Oct . 23, 1870, Florence, Italy. Father a match mfr.
Gram. sch., Florence; high sch., Siena; doctor in math., Univ. of Bologna, 1892. Ed. 11 Pionlere
(Socialist) 1893; prof. Profession- al Sch., Florence, 1895-9; ed. 11 Lavoratore (Socialist), Trieste;
private teacher, 1900-5. Came to U. S. 1906. Ed. 11 Proletarlo (So- cialist) 1906-7; La Parola del
Popolo, 1908-12. Lectured on sci- entific and political questions and attended Socialist P. conf. in al-
most all U. S. since 1922. Au- thor: Essays of Thelemetry, Mi- lan, 1894; Monoteismo Christ lan- es
lmo, Florence, 1896; Chi Siamo Cosa Vogllamo, Florence, 1899; Karl Marx and Capital, Trieste, 1903;
about 25 brochures on poli- tical, economic and sociological subjects. Socialist. Home, 132 Pollfly
Rd., Hackensack, N. J.
#BETSC'II, William. Treas. Intl. Woodcarvers' Assn. of N. A., 1904- 8, 1918 to date. Working at trade.
Born Dec. 29, 1874, New York. Father a woodcarver. Gram. sch., (18)18 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S
WHO New York. Went to work at age of 14; joined Woodcarvers' U. at expiration of apprenticeship,
1894. Vice-pres. New York Woodcarv- ers' and Modelers' Assn. 1900-1; rec. and corr. secy. 1901-4.
Mem- ber Masons, Workmen's Sick & Death Ben. Fund, Jr. Mechanics. Home, 309 Dodd St., West
Hobo- ken, N. J.

#BEYER, Otto Sternoff, Jr. Con- sulting engineer, Ry. Empl. Dept., A. F. of L., since Feb. 1924; for Labor
Bur., Inc., and various trade unions since 1919. Born Sept . 18, 1886, Woodridge, N. J. Prim., gram,
sen., Carlstadt; M. E., Stevens Inst. of Tech., 1907; special studies N. Y. Univ., Univ. of Pa. Worked as
machinist and draughtsman, 1902-7; mechanical engineer, steel and r. r. industries, 1907-15; in
charge of ry. exper- imental engineering, Univ. of 11l., 1915-7. Capt. in U. S. Army dur- ing World
War. Dir. Labor Bur., Inc., 1922. Author: articles and pamphlets on engineering, eco- nomics, and
labor. Member Intl. Assn. of Machinists; Amer. Soc. of Mechanical Engineers; Amer. Ry. Assn. Home,
3208 Highland Pl., Washington, D. C.

#BICKFORD, Charles William, Exec. bd. Intl. Bro. of Steam Shovel & Dredgemen since 1900; secy. loc.
26, Spokane, since 1915. Born April 7, 1870, Osage, Iowa. Father a farmer. Gram, sen., Rudd. Left
farm at age of 18; learned engine erector's trade, Minneapolis; steam shovel worker several yrs.;
contractor's supt. on ry. constr. work. Dist. rep. Intl. Bro. of Steam Shovel & Dredge- men 1915-24;
del. Chicago conv. 1916, '8; Denver, 1921. Demo- crat. Member Masons, United Workmen, Amer.
Yeomen. Home, 2603 W. Euclid Ave.; office, 307 Hutton Bldg., Spokane, Wash.
#BIGELOW, Herbert Seely. Cler- gyman, Independent Church, Cin- cinnati, Ohio; secy. Ohio Conf.
Prog. Pol. Act. Born Jan. 4, 1870, Elkhart, Ind. Father a merchant. Gram, sch., Elkhart; Oberlin Acad.;
Oberlin Coll.; A. B., West- ern Reserve Univ. 1894. Pres. Ohio Constitutional conv., 1912; member
Ohio Legls., 1913-4; worked for initiative, referendum and home rule in Ohio constitu- tion; now
trying to secure old age pensions in Ohio, city mgr. plan and proportional representation in
Cincinnati. Author: Religion of Revolution, and many pamphlets. Member Conf. Prog. Pol. Act. Home,
55 Parker St.; office. 211 Odd Fellows' Temple, Cincinnati, Ohio. Arnold. Secy. Ohio Coun. of
Carpenters since 1917; vicc- pres. Ohio Fed. of Labor since 1921. Born Apr. 13, 1874, Switzer- land.
Father a carpenter. Pub. sch., Switzerland, and Cleveland, Ohio. Came to U. S. 1882. Went to work at
age of 10. Carpenter from 1902 to date; member Un. Bro. of Carpenters & Joiners of A. since 1906;
pres. a number of terms. Secy. loc. selective service bd.; member advisory comt. to fedi. dir. of
Employment during World War; labor rep., jt. comt. which formulated code of safety standards for
workers in bldg. trades, 1921-3; comt. to draw up amendments for workmen's com- pensation law,

#BILLINGS, Warren K. Past pres. San Francisco Shoe W. U.; was del. to San Francisco Labor Coun.;
active in labor unions for yrs.; shot by "scab" in shoe strike, 1912; assisted Edward D. Nolan in
machinists' strike, San Francisco. Born 1894. Now in Folsom Penitentiary, serving life (19)AMERlCAN
LABOR WHO'S WHO l9 sentence for alleged complicity with Thomas J. Mooney in throw- ing bomb
into Preparedness Day parade, San Francisco, July 22, 1916, which killed 10 persons and injured 50.
Evidence presented by prosecution throughout the trials was proved to be perjured. A few days
before the explosion Billings had refused a detective's offer of $5,000 to "frame up" Mooney as a
dynamiter in the street car strike in San Francisco, July, 1916.
#BINNS, Abraham. 1st vlce- pres. Amer. Fed. of Textile Op. since 1918; pres. New Bedford Textile
Coun. since 1918; secy. New Bedford Weavers' Protective Assn. since 1917. Born Apr. 11, 1874,
Burnley, Lancashire, Eng- land. Father an auctioneer. Prim. sch., Burnley. Went to work at age of 10;
weaver 1884-1917. Member New Bedford Labor P. Home, 118 Maxfield St.; office, P. O. Box 543,
New Bedford, Mass.

#BIRTHRIGHT. William C. Secy. Tenn. Fed. of Labor since 1917; exec. bd. Jn. Barbers' Intl. U. since
1924; org. since 1921; secy. Tenn. Non-Partisan political cam- paign comt. since 1920. Born May 27,
1887, Helena, Ark. Father a machinist. High sch., Nashville. Barber 1904-16. Secy. loc. Bar- bers' U.
1910-20; secy. Nashville Trades & Labor Coun. 1915-22; bd. dir. Nashville Labor Temple 1921-4.
Author: official reports for union. Home, 1102 Buchanan St.; office, 207 Polk Ave., Nash- ville, Tenn.
#BITTELMAN, Alexander. Cent, exec. comt. Workers' P.; journal- ist. Office, 1113 W. Washington
Blvd., Chicago, 11l.

#BIXLER, Cora Mae. Pa. exec. comt. Socialist P. since 1920; chair, county comt. since 1918; state
exec. comt . Women's Comt. for Prog. Pol. Act. since 1924; state comt. Conf. Prog. Pol. Act. since
1924; secy. Lancaster Coun- ty Conf. Prog. Pol. Act. since 1924. Born June 18, 1888, Lan- caster
County, Pa. Father a min- ister and farmer. Gram. sch., Lancaster. Practical nurse 5 yrs.; office work 3
yrs.; restaurateur 1916-24. Joined Socialist P. at age of 19; 1st woman Cong. cand. at large, Pa., 1918;
from Lancas- ter County, 1920. Home, 27 South Ann St., Lancaster, Pa.
#BLAKE, Will T. Ed. The Pot- ters' Journal, official organ of Natl. Bro. of Op. Potters. Office, W. 6 St., E.
Liverpool, Ohio.
#BLAND, TJ. D. Treas. Amal. Assn. of Street & Electric Ry. Empl. of A. Office, 260 E. High St., Detroit,

#BLANKENHORN, Heber. Eu- ropean corr. for Labor since 1924. Born Mar. 26, 1884, Orrville, Ohio.
Father a doctor. Sought educa- tion at Wooster, Ohio, and Co- lumbia Univ., but got nothing ex- cept
degrees of A. B., 1905, and A. M., 1910. Taught sch., 1907-9; on New York Evening Sun, 1910- 7; Bur.
of Indust. Research 1919- 23. Secy. Interchurch World Movt. Comssn. of Inquiry 1920; respon- sible
for comssn.'s Report on the Steel Strike of 1919, and Public Opinion and The Steel Strike, 1921.
Assisted Nationalization re- search comt. of Un. Mine W. of A. 1921-2. Mgr., ed. The New York
Leader, 1924. Author: The Strike for the Union, 1924. Mem- ber Press Writers' U., New York; Lg. for
Indust. Democ.; 1st Farm- er-Labor P.; Amer. Economic Assn. Address, Labor, Labor Bldg., 10 B St., S.
W., Washing- ton, D. C.

#BLANSHARD, Paul. Field secy. Lg. for Indust. Democ. since 1923. Born 1892, Fredericksburg, (20)20
AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Ohio. Father a Congregational minister. High Scn., Detroit, Mich.;
A.B., Univ. of Michigan, 1914; Harvard, 1915; Columbia, 1917. Was pastor Maverick Church, Boston,
Mass. Worked as seam presser; gen. org., Amal. Textile W., 1919-20; gen. org. and Rochester, N. Y.
educ. dir., Amal. Clothing W. of A., 1920-3. Au- thor: The Open Shop Movement, 1921; How to Run a
Union Meet- ing, 1922; An Outline of the Brit- ish Labor Movement, 1923; and various pamphlets
and articles in The Nation, Outlook. Member loc. 1200, Amal. Clothing W. of A. Home, 3705 Alabama
St., San Diego, Calif.; office, 70 5 Ave., New York, N. Y.
#BLASE, Oscar Henry. 1st vice- pres. Kan. Fed. of Labor; Wichita Labor Temple educ. comt.; city
election comssnr. Born April 30, 1885, Wichita. Father a shoe- maker. Gram. sch. and bus. coll.
Wichita. Trunkmaker 2 yrs.; shoemaker 2 yrs.; lather 21 yrs. Formerly 2nd vice-pres. Kan. Fed. of
Labor, 3 yrs.; 1st vice-pres. 2 yrs.; secy, loc., Wood Wire & Metal Lathers' Intl U., about 10 yrs.; local
org. A. F. of L.; del. Wichita Trades Assem., 1921; del. from Trades Assem. to A. F. of It. conv. 1921.
Was asso. ed. Plaindealer, a labor paper So- cial service comt., Wichita Fed. of Churches, 1922.
Democratic cand. for state Legis. 1922. Mem- ber Woodmen of the World, Odd Fellows. Home, 1411
S. Mosley St.; office, City Bldg., Wichita, Kan.
#BLASEY, Joseph. Secy.-treas. Jn. Stonecutters' Assn. of N. A. Office, 324 American Central Life Bldg.,
Indianapolis, Ind.

#BLATCH, Harriot Stanton. Writer, lecturer. Born Jan. 20, 1856, Seneca Falls, N. Y. Father a lawyer
and ed. The New York Sun. Mother Elizabeth Cad: Stanton, pres. Natl. Woman Suf frage Assn., 1867-
93, lecturer, ed The Revolution. Private sch. Englewood, N. J.; A. B., Vassa Coll., 1878; studied at the
Sor bonne, Paris, 1880. Tutor, her and abroad, 1878-82. Membe exec. comt. Fabian Soc., London
about 1890. Exec. comt. Women' Trade U. Lg., N. Y., about 1903 5; pres. Women's Pol. U., mil Han
suffrage organization, 1907-15 Exec. comt. Conf. Prog. Pol Ac1 1924; vice-chair., New York C»t
comt.; exec. comt. women's nat

and state comts., Conf. Prog. Po: Act., 1924. Author: Report o: Villages in England for Charle Booth,
1896; Mobilizing Womai Power, 1917; A Woman's Point o View, 1919; Life of Elizabet
Cady Stanton, 1922. Membe Women's Univ. Club. Address, 10 E. 52 St., New York, N. Y.

#BLOCH, Louis. Statistician, re search worker in economics; sta tlstician Calif. Bur. of Labor Sta tistics
since 1922. Born Nov. 3( 1890, Viina, Russia. Father rep. of Hebrew Immigrant Al Soc., New York. A.
B., Univ. o Wls., 1916; A. M., 1917; Ph. D Columbia, 1921. Special investi gator for Amer. Assn. for
Labo Legis. 1916; asst. chief, div. o documents, Library of Cong 1917-8; asst. statistician, Carnegl
Americanization study, 1918-9; in vestlgator, Russell Sage Founda tlon, 1919-21; statistician Inst. o
Social and Religious Research New York, 1921; dir. of research San Francisco Labor Bur., Inc. May-
Aug., 1923. Author: Th Coal Miners' Insecurity, 1922; ar ticles in publications of Amei Statistical
Assn.; Amer. Labo Monthly, Monthly Labor Review Home, 522 S. St. Louis St., Lo Angeles; office, 603
State Bldg. San Francisco, Calif. (21)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 2l

#BLOCK, S. John. Lawyer; N. Y. state chair. Socialist P. since 1916; N. Y. county chair, since 1916;
public speaker. Born March 17. 1880, Cleveland. Prim., gram., high sen., New York; A. B., Co- lumbia
Univ., 1900; A. M., 1903; grad. Columbia Univ. Law Scn. and New York Law Sch. Mem- ber Bar of
Supreme Ct. of U. S. One of attys. representing the 5 New York Socialist assemblymen in ouster
proceedings, 1920; atty. for New York Call in action against Postmaster Gen. to re- cover 2nd class
mailing privileges revoked during World War; of coun. for Scott Nearing and Amer. Socialist Soc. for
alleged violation of espionage act; atty. for vari- ous labor unions, and for Labor Secretariat, N. Y.
Del. to many local, state, and natl. Socialist convs.; cand. for justice of the supreme ct. of the state of
New York, and other offices. Author: various articles for New York Call and other publications. Mem-
ber New York Civic Club; Amer. Bar Assn.; N. Y. County Lawyers' Assn.; Amer. Assn. for Labor Legls.;
Lg. for Indust. Democ.; People's Legis. Service. Home, 41 6 Ave.; office, 198 Broadway, New York, N.
#BLOOM, John Harvey. Ed.- mgr. The North Dakota Non- partisan since 1915; receiver for The
Farmer-Labor State Record, 1924. Born Apr. 24, 1864, Rose- ville. 11l. Father a carpenter, con-
tractor, and builder. High sch., Humboldt, Neb. Went to work at age of 14, as newspaperman. Es-
tablished, conducted Devil's Lake Daily Journal, only Democratic paper in state at time, 14 yrs.; mgr.
Fargo Dally Courier-News, 1 yr. preceding sale to Tribune Co. Active in politics; never sought office;
appointed postmas- ter at Devil's Lake, confirmation defeated by personal objection of a senator
whom he had bitterly opposed for election. Member Intl. Typographical U., United Workmen.
Democrat, non-parti- san. Home and office, Bismarck, N. D.

#BLUMBERG, Benjamin. Book store proprietor since 1924. Born Apr. 1, 1880, New York. Father a
cigarmaker. Prim., night sch., Kalamazoo, Mich. Went to work at age of 14. Cigarmaker 1895- 1918;
member Clgarmkrs'. U. since 1898; pres. loc. 129, Denver, 1915; pres. Battle Creek, Mich., Trades &
Labor Assem. 1917. Org. Mich. Socialist P. 1912; secy. 1917-9. Gen. org. Un. Auto. Air- craft & Vehicle
W. of A. 1919- 21; secy.-treas. loc. 127, Detroit, 1921-2; asso. ed. Weekly Auto Workers' News,
Detroit, 1919-21. Socialist P. cand. for Cong. 1912; for gov. of Mich. 1920. Author: articles for labor
press. Office, 4650 Woodward Ave., Detroit, Mich.

#BLUMBERG, flyman. Gen. exec. bd. Amal. Clothing W. of A. since 1916; in charge of organi- zation
work in eastern dept. Born Nov. 25, 1885, Legum. Russia. Father a tailor. Came to U. S. 1889. Pub.
sch., Baltimore, Md., until age of 12. Tailor, 1898-1916. Mgr. Baltimore jt. bd., Amal. Clothing W.,
1916-22; dir. gen. strike 1916-8; lockout 1920-1; mgr. Children's Clothing jt . bd., New York, 1922;
mgr. N. Y. jt. bd. Amal. Clothing W. 1922-3; dir. strike for wage increase, May, 1923. Home, 144 B.
208 St.; of- fice, 31 Union Sq., New York. N. Y.

#BOCK, Philip. Pres. Amal. Lith- ographers of A. Born in New York. Lithographer. Del. A. F. of L. 1924.
Address, 205 W. 14 St., New York, N. Y. (22)22 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO

#BOHM, Ernest. Secy, and bus. mgr. Bookkeepers', Steno. & Accts'. U., 12646. New York, since 1921;
natl. coun. Pioneer Youth of A., 1925. Born Feb. 11, 1860. New York. Father a sallmaker and sea capt.
Gram. sch., New York; Heidenfelds Inst. Worked as com- positor, 1878, shipping and en- try clerk,
1881. Secy. Excelsior Labor Club, Knights of Labor, 1881; mgr. Cloak Operators' U. 1, 1883; secy. Ale
and Porter Brewers' U. 33. 1884; secy, jt . bd. Un. Brewery W., 1885; corr. secy. Cent. Labor U., New
York, 1882; secy, of conf. to organize a U. Labor P. when Henry George was cand. for mayor, 1886;
secy. Prog. Labor P., 1887; secy. Cent. Labor Fed., 1888-1921; secy. Cent. Federated U.; secy. New
York City Farmer-Labor P., 1919- 21. Member K. of P., Owls, Bronx U. Label Lg.; Workingmen's Sick &
Death Ben. Fund, Benevolent Soc. of U. S. for the Propagation of Cremation. Home, 1925 Cro- tona
Ave.; office, 3 W. 16 St., New York, N. Y.
#BOLLENBACHER, Peter. Exec. bd. Intl. U. of the Un. Brewery, Flour, C. & S. D. W. of A. since 1921.
Born Nov. 11, 1882, Cin- cinnati. Father a brewery worker. Gram. sch., St. Joseph's Roman Catholic
Orphanage. Went to work at age of 13 in grocery store. Worked for Pa. R. R. 2V4 yrs.; became an
apprentice in brewery 1899; worked in brewery until 1908. Secy.-treas. loc. 22 since 1908; secy.-
treas. Trade U. Liberty Lg. of Pa. since 1915. In- terested in amending Volstead act in favor of a 2.75%
beverage. Au- thor: article for the Pittsburgh La- bor Free Press on "How to Make the 18th
Amendment Workable as a Temperance Measure." Member Moose, Eagles, Elks, and for 9 yrs. pres.
of Franz Abt Lieder- kranz, Millvale, Pa. Home, 1108 North Ave., Millvale; office. 302 Wabash Bldg.,
Pittsburgh, Pa.

#BOONE, Gladys. Secy. Women's Trade U. Lg. of Philadelphia, since 1923. Born Jan. 31, 1895, Stoke-
on-Trent, England. Father an exporter. Mother a teacher and secy. loc. of Natl. U. of Teach- ers. A.
M., Birmingham Univ., England, 1917. Worked on farms during 3 summers and in employment
exchange during an- other; instr. of young employees, Bournville, and tutor for Work- ers' Educ.
Assn., 1917-9. Came to U. S. 1919 as 1st Rose Sldgwick Memorial Fellow at Columbia Univ. Worked
in textile factory and dept. store 1920; instr. in la- bor problems at Bryn Mawr Coll. 1920-2; asst.
prof. Carnegie Inst. of Tech., 1922-3; instr. Philadel- phia Trade U. Coll. 1922; del. 1st Intl. Workers'
Educ. Conf., Brus- sels, 1922. Author: report on English Poor Law, 1917, and re- port on Entrance of
Young Em- ployees into 21 Specified Occu- pations in Pittsburgh, 1923. Member Amer. Fed. of
Teachers. Home, 424 S. Carlisle St.; office, 1921 Arch St., Philadelphia, Pa.

#BORCHARDT, Selma Hunter. Vice-pres. Amer. Fed. of Teach- ers; legis. rep.; chair, legls. comt.
Washington br. Women's Trade U. Lg.; teacher Washington pub. sch. Born Dec. 1, 1895, Washington,
D. C. Washington pub. schools; A.B., B.S. in Educ. Syracuse Univ.; post grad. work at Johns Hokpins
and Univ. of Chicago. Teacher, rural sch., Md.; rural supervisor of schools, Montgomery County, Md.
Vice-pres. and legis. chair, loc. 8, Amer. Fed. of Teachers 1922-4. Del. from Women's Trade U. Lg. to
Washington Cent. Labor 1J.; member legls. comt. Rep. Amer. Fed. of Teachers on Women's Jt. Congl.
Comt., and on Natl. Coun. for Prevention of War. Author: (23)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 23
articles in Washington Trade Unionist . Home, 1741 Park Rd., N. W., Washington, D. C.
#BORDSEN, Alfred. Exec. bd. Intl. U. of Mine, Mill, & Smelter W. since 1916; amelterman. Born Feb.
9, 1878, Bergen, Norway. Father a baker. Came to U. S. 1883. Gram. sch., Great Falls, Mont. Went to
work at age of 17 as a waiter; smelterman since 1900. Member Intl. U. of Mine, Mill, & Smelter W.
since 1903. Pres. loc. 16, Great Falls, 1912. Home, 819 4 Ave. S., Great Falls, Mont.; office, 502
Mercantile Bldg., Denver, Colo.
#BOSONE, Joseph. Pres. dist. 27, Un. Mine W. of A. since 1922. Born June 29, 1886, Italy. Father a
carpenter. Gram., night sch., 4 yrs., Colo. Went to work at age of 14. Coal miner 1902-14. Sub- dist.
bd. member, dist. 10, Un. Mine W. of A. 1914-5. Org. Un. Mine W. 1915-8; pres. dist. 27, 1922.
Member LaFollette-Wheeler Club, Eagles, K. of P. Independ- ent in politics. Home, 710 N. 30 St.;
office, 303 Hart Albin Bldg., Billings, Mont.
#BOUCK, William Morley. Pres. Western Farmers' Prog. Assn. since 1921; farmer since 1902. Born
Sept . 5, 1868, Independence, Iowa. Father a farmer. Gram. sch., Independence; high sch., Princeton,
Minn. Prospector and miner, in west and northwest, 1892-1902. Master Wash. Grange 1916-20;
expelled by national body on charge of radicalism; re- sulted in organization of Western Prog.
Farmers. Yearly addresses before the Grange and Western Prog. Farmers., publ. as pamph- lets. Del.
St. Paul conv. of Farm- er-Labor P., May 17, 1924; nom- inated for Vice-Pres. at this conv., withdrew
in favor of LaFollette. Address, Route 1, Sedro-Wooley, Wash.

#BOTJDIN, Louis B. Lawyer; au- thor; lecturer; member natl. exec. comt. Lg. for Indust Democ. Born
Dec. 15, 1874, Russia. Fa- ther a shirt mfr. Private sch.: New York Law Sch. Shirtmaker. private tutor;
journalist; co-ed. New Review, Class Struggle, American Labor Monthly; mem- ber natl. comt.
Socialist P.; N. Y. exec. comt.; del. Intl. Socialist Cong., Stuttgart, 1907, Copen- hagen, 1910. Member
natl. exec. bd. Socialist Trade & Labor All. 1898-9; del. United Hebrew Trades, New York, 1898-9. Au-
thor: The Theoretical System of Karl Marx, 1907; Socialism and War, 1915; "Government by Judi-
ciary," in Political Science Quar- terly, 1911; and magazine articles. Member Civic Club. Home, 477 E.
16 St., Brooklyn; office. 110 W. 40 St., New York, N. Y.

#BOWEN, Lewis. Secy.-treas. Ala. Fed. of Labor since 1909; Ala. House of Rep. 1923-7. Born Sept. 5,
1879. Father a station- ary engineer. Gram. sch., Bir- mingham; practically self-educat- ed. Formerly a
machinist; bus. rep. Intl. Assn. of Machinists, loc. Birmingham. 1909-12; pres. Bir- mingham Trades
Coun. Deputy tax collector, Jefferson County; asst. fedi. dir. U. S. Employment Service, Dept. of
Labor, 1918-9. Active in Un. Mine W. Strike, Ala., 1921; in natl. r. r. shopmen's strike 1922. Hon.
member Intl. All. of Theatrical Stage Empl. & Moving P. M. Op. of A. Member Woodmen of the
World, Masons, Shriners. Democrat. Home, 1304 William St.; office, 910 Farley Bldg., Birmingham.
#BOWEN, William J. Pres. Bricklayers,' Masons,' and Plast. Intl. U. of A. Office, University Park Bldg.,
Indianapolis, Ind.

#BOWER, Andrew Park. Mgr. Keystone Coop. Assn., Reading, Pa., since 1916. Vice-pres. Coop. (24)24
AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Lg. of U. S. A. since 1920; vice- pres. Pa. Fed. of Labor since 1908;
secy.-treas. loc. 286, Intl. Cigar- mkrs'. U. of A. since 1906; secy.- treas. Fed. Trades Coun., Reading,
since 1912; secy.-treas. Clgar- mkrs'. Blue Label Lg. of Pa. since 1906. Born May 14, 1869, Apollo, Pa.
Father in ins. bus. Gram- night sch., Inter-State Comm. Coll., Reading. Went to work at age of 15.
Cigarmaker 1884- 1910. Pres. Berks County Tuber- culosis Soc.; mgr. Neversink Mt. Tuberculosis
Sanitarium. Labor rep. dist. Exemption lid.. 3rd U. 8. Judicial Dist. of Pa. and mem- ber U. S.
Employment Bd. of Pa. during World War. Member So- cialist P. since 1898; Knights of Malta;
Baptist. Home, 642 N. 3 St.; office, 105 N. 6 St., Reading, Pa.
#BOWERS, Joseph Alexander. Intl. ben. secy. Amal. Assn. of Iron, Steel & Tin W. of N. A. 1903-24; intl.
exec. bd. since 1912. Born June 1, 1869, Leech- burg, Pa. Father a bldg. contrac- tor. Prim., gram.
sch., Leech- burg; Oregg Shorthand Sch. corr. course; most of educ. through home study. Choreboy
on farm. 1882-7, following death of par- ents in 1882. Sheet steel heater 1896-1903; field supt. for
gas co. 1899-1911; expert pipe line op- erator 1895-7. Member Amal. Assn. of Iron, Steel & Tin W. of
N. A. since 1888; secy. Hyde Park lodge 18, 1896-1900; pres. lodge 46, Canton, Ohio, 1901-3. Pres.
loc. Amer. Ins. U. 1898-9. Expert shorthand writer; owner and teacher in Bowers' Private Bus. Sch.,
night courses 1906-22. Author: several poems, "How Often," "Harwick's Sorrow," "Friendship,"
"These Boys of Ours," "Sunny Jim" (on Secy, of Labor Davis), "On Mahlon M. "Tland's Last Visit to
Pitts- burgh"; articles on Mahlon M. Garland, and other prose and poetry. Pres. Garfield Bd. of Trade,
Pittsburgh, Pa.; active in civic work. Republican. Member Moose, Elks. Home, R. D. 1, Leechburg;
office, 510 4 Ave. Pittsburgh, Pa.

#BOYER, Will R. Secy.-treas. Intl. Broom & Whisk Mkrs'. U. Office, 853 King Pl., Chicago, 1ll.

#BRADLEY, Charles Centennial Joseph. Secy.-treas. Amer. Wire Weavers' Protective Assn. since 1916;
wire weaver. Born Apr. 20, ir'76, Brooklyn, N. Y. Father a shoemaker. Pub. and parochial sch. Went to
work at age of 11; wire weaver more than 30 yrs. Member Amer. Wire Weavers' Protective Assn.
since 1897; exec. bd. 10 yrs.; pres. and rec. secy.- treas. and trustee of loc. union since 1900.
Address, 9122 89 St., Woodhaven, N. Y.
#BRADY, Mary Helen. Secy. Telephone Op. Dept., Intl. Bro. of Electrical W., since 1918. Born May 6,
1896, Providence, R. I. High sch., Providence; Bryn Mawr Summer Sch. for Women in In- dustry,
1921. Telephone operator since 1912. Treas. Telephone Op. 1918-9; treas. loc. 65A, 1920; pres.,
chair. adjustment bd., 1921-3; ad- justment bd. for New England Coun. of Telephone Op., 1921-3;
strike comt. 1923. Home, 7 Prls- cllla Ave., Providence, R. I.; of- fice, 1108 Tremont Bldg., Boston,

#BRAGGINS, Wilbur Fist, Gen. rep. Bro. of Ry. & Steamship Clerks, Freight H., E. & S. E. since 1919.
Born Mar. 23, 1852, Byron, Wis. Father a retail gro- cer and merchant tailor. High sch., Appleton,
Wis. Entered Law- rence Coll., but forced to leave by iliness, which left him a crip- ple for 7 yrs.
Commercial and ry. telegrapher and agt. 3 yrs.; ry. (25)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 25 clerk 32
yrs.; freight and ticket agt . 5 yrs. Pres. Bro. of Ry. Clerks, ed., mgr. official journal, 1905-10.
Authorized and con- ducted the 1st legal strike of this union, 1916; resulted in increased pay, better
working conditions, l0-hr.-day; 1st of 4 adms. to leave a surplus in treasury; gained 1st system and
local con- tracts with raiiroads. Mgr. Cin- cinnati Coop. Co. since 1924. Member K. of P. Home, 2142
St. James Ave.; office, 1015 Vine St., Cincinnati, Ohio.

#BRANDON, Joseph. Secy. natl. exec. sub.-comt. Socialist Labor P. since 1920; lecturer for party;
linotype operator. Born May 25, 1836, New York. Father a cigar- maker. Gram. sch., New York; educ.
by Socialist Labor P. Went to work at age of 14. Clerk in legal dept. N. Y. Pub. Service Comssn. 3 yrs.;
P. O. clerk 1 yr.; stenographer 1 yr.; linotype op- erator until 1920. Conscientious objector during
war; sentenced to be shot by court martial, served 14 mos. in prison, released by Pres. Wilson, Sept.
8, 1919. Mem- ber Socialist Labor P. since 1914; cand. for atty.-gen. 1924; 1st org., sect. Bronx, New
York, 1916. Author: articles for Weekly Peo- ple; leafiet, Don't Throw Your Vote Away, 1924.
Member Intl. Typographical U. Home, 254 E. 174 St.; office, 626 St. Ann's Ave., New York, N. Y.
#BRANDT, William Martin. Secy. Philadelphia loc. Socialist P. since 1910; natl. exec. comt., Socialist P.
Born Sept. 21, 1868, Martins- burg, W. Va. Father a carpenter. Gram. sch., Hagerstown, Md. Went to
work at age of 11, as cigarmaker. Member Cigarmkrs'. Intl. U. since 1888; Socialist P. since 1897;
cand. for gov. 1924. Home, 3248 Texas Ave.; office, 940 Chouteau Ave., St. Louis, Mo.
#BRANHAM, Imcy Gwynne. Re- searcher in Amer. labor history since 1921; exec. bd. Washington
Trade U. Coll. since 1923; exec. comt. Women's Comt. for Recognition of Russia since 1923; exec.
comt . Inez Mllholland Memorial Comt. of Natl. Woman's P. since 1922; rep. The London New Leader
since 1923; org. for Natl. Women's P. since 1924. Born Apr. 29, 1892, Kempsville, Va. Father a public
health service doctor and in U. S. Marine hospital. Pub. sch., Louisville, Chicago, Baltimore;
Beaumont Sem.; A. B., Washing- ton Coll., 1911; A. M., Johns Hop- kins, 1914; A. M. in history, Univ.
of Chicago, summer 1916; passed Ph. D. exam., Columbia, 1920. Taught history. Friends' sch. Bal-
timore, 1912-3; head of history dept. Southland Sem., St. Peters- burg, Fla., 1914-5. Org. Natl.
Woman's P. 1916-8, 1920-1. Taught European history, exten- sion dept., Columbia Univ. 1920-1,
economic geography, Intl. Ladies' Garment W. 1921. Org. Amer. Women's Emergency Comt. for
Lifting the Russian Blockade 1921; foreign secy, for Amer. Child Welfare Soc. 1921; 4 mos. in famine
region of Russia, 1921; campaigned for Amer. Friends for Russian relief 1922, for German relief 1924.
Taught economic geo- graphy in Washington, D. C., Trade U. Coll. 1922-3; org. Women's Comt. for

#BRAWN, Harry B. Org., A. F. of L. since 1915. Born Dec. 9, 1868, Oldtown, Me. Father a saw mill
operator. Graduate high sen. Worked as a paper maker 1886- 1918; secy., pres., Androscoggin loc.
Paper Mkrs., Pejepscot, Maine; pres. of Dirlgo loc. 84, Paper Mkrs. of Augusta; secy. Maine Fed. of
Labor, 1915-23. Fedi. dir. U. S. Employment Ser- vice 1918-23; member Maine Water Power Comssn.
1921-3; Maine del. Win the War for Per- manent Peace conv., 1918. Joined Intl. Bro. of Paper Mkrs.
1900; Intl. Bro. of Pulp Sulphite and Paper Mill W. 1918. Represented Intl. Bro. of Paper Mkrs. before
Senate Finance comt. 1912, in re- gard to free pulp and paper; in regard to reciprocity with Canada,
1914. Member Foresters. Pro- gressive Republican. Address, R. F. D. 29, Belgrade, Maine.
#BRESUAW, Joseph. Vice-pres. Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. since 1922; bd. dir. Intl. Union Bank, N. Y.,
since 1924; mgr. loc. 35 since 1916. Born 1887, Odessa, Russia. Came to U. S. 1907. Shoe worker
1907-9; cloak presser 1909-14. Member Cloak Pressers' loc., Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. since 1909;
exec. bd. loc. 35, 1914; bus. agt . 1914-6. Member Work- men's Circle. Home, 2709 Hol- land Ave.;
office, 228 2 Ave., New York, N. Y.

#BRISSENDEN, Paul Frederick. Asst. prof, of economics, Colum- bia Univ. since 1922. Born Sept. 21,
1885, Benzonia, Mich. Father a farmer. Pub. sen., Denver, Colo.; A. M., Univ. of Calif., 1912; Ph. D.,
Columbia Univ., 1917. Special agt. for U. S. Comssn. on Indust. Relations 1914, and for U. S. Bur. of
Labor Statistics 1915-20. Asst. prof, of economics, New York Univ. 1920-1. Surveyor 1906-7. Author:
History of the I. W. W., 1920; Justice and the I. W. W., 1923; Employment System of the Lake
Carriers' Association, U. S. Bur. of Labor Statistics Bull. 235; co-author (with Emil Frankel) Labor
Turnover in Industry, 1922. Member Teachers' U. Auxiliary; Lg. for Indust. Democ.; Civic Club, New
York; Cosmos Club, Washington. Home, 26 Pllgrm Rd., Forest Hills, L. I., N. Y.; office, Columbia Univ.,
New York, N. Y.
#BRITTON, William Walter. Pres. Metal Polishers' U. since 1915; vice-pres. Metal Trades Dept., A. F.
of L. Born Aug. 14, 1879, Parkersburg, W. Va, Fa- ther a carpenter. Gram sch., Parkersburg. Metal
polisher; vice- pres. and org. Metal Polishers' U. 1903-11. I1l. factory inspector 1911-5; vice-pres.
Wis. Fed. of La- bor 1904. Politics independent. Home, 4059 Wiicox St., Chicago, 11l.; office, 408
Neave Bldg., Cin- cinnati, Ohio.

#BROACH, HoweU Hamilton. Vice-pres. Intl. Bro. of Electrical W. since 1920. Born Mar. 8, 1893,
Beaumont, Tex. Father a car- penter. Primary sch., Beaumont. Went to work at age of 13. Elec- trical
worker since 1906. Natl. org. Intl. Bro. of Electrical W. 1916-9; bus. agt. Electrical W. loc. 347, Des
Moines, Iowa, 1914-5. Led strikes of telephone opera- tors and mechanics 1918, '9, In Minneapolis,
St. Paul, Cleveland, Rock Island, I1l.; of bldg. trades 1917-21, Des Moines, la.; Evans- ville, Ind.; La
Salle, 11l., Mil- waukee, and Minneapolis and other places; electric and power workers 1916-24,
Indianapolis, St. Louis, Cleveland, Chicago, Gary, Hammond, Omaha, Detroit, Mil- waukee, Sioux City,
St. Paul, Min- (27)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO neapolia, and numerous others. Author: A Short
Simple Course in Speaking; Scrap Book for Speak- ers; Speech and Scrap Book for Speakers. Home,
2409 Coif ax Ave. 8., Minneapolis, Minn.; of- fice, Machinists' Bldg., Washing- ton, D. C.
#BROAD, Thomas. (See Can- ada.)
#BROCK, James F. Pres. Laun- dry W. Intl. U. Office, P. O. Box 11, Lans, Troy, N. Y.
#BRODSKY, Joseph R. Lawyer. Pub. scn., New York; Coll. City of New York; New York Univ. Atty. for
Workers' P., Friends of Soviet Russia, Ben Gitlow, Harry Winitsky, I. E. Ferguson, C. E. Ruthenberg, in
their prosecution for violation of criminal anarchy statute in N. Y. Home, 715 W. 172 St.; office, 799
Broadway, New York, N. Y.
#BROENING, Henry. Pres. Md. Fed. of Labor. Formerly mayor of Baltimore. Office, American Bldg.,
Baltimore, Md.

#BROOKHART, Smith Wildman. U. S. Senator from Iowa. Born Feb. 2, 1869, in log cabin, Scot- land
County, Mo. Father a farm- er. High sch.. Southern Iowa Normal Sch., Bloomfield, Iowa. Was farmer;
teacher. Read law in lawyer's office, 1889-92, Bloom- fleld and Keosauqua, Iowa. Ad- mitted to the
bar 1892. County atty., 1894-1900. Made world- wide study of cooperative move- ment,
investigating it in 15 coun- tries; attended coop. cong., Chi- cago, and Edinburgh, Scotland. Fought in
Span.-Amer. War; was in Mexican border mobilization 1916; lt.-col. in World War; chief instr. in small
arms firing sch., Camp Perry, Ohio; dir. of marks- manship infantry sch. of arms, Ft. Benning, Ga.;
special instr. in marksmanship for 88th div. natl. army, 34th div. natl. guard, and 19th reg. div. Pres.
Natl. Rifie Assn. of A. Author: Rifie Train- ing in War, 1918. Member Farm- ers' U.; K. of P. Republican.
Home, 1203 E. Washington St., S., Washington, Iowa; office, 105 Sen- ate Office Bldg., Washington,
D. C.

#BROOKS, George P. Pres. Colo. State Coun. of Carpenters; vice-pres. Colo. Fed. of Labor; member
Colo. comt. on workers' educ.; state org. for A. F. of L. Born Feb. 15, 1868, Mt. Pleasant, Iowa. Father
a Methodist minis- ter. Gram., high sch. in various places, because of father's occu- pation; Baker
Univ. 2 yrs. For- merly a carpenter; held offices in loc for past 20 yrs. Org. Greeley Labor Coll. 1923;
active last 10 yrs. in preaching doctrine of social iustice and indust. democ. Mem- ber Un. Bro. of
Carpenters & Joiners; Masons. Progressive Democrat. Address, 1744 8 Ave. Greeley, Colo.
#BROPHY, John A. Pres. dist. 2 Un. Mine W. of A., since 1917; exec. comt. Workers' Educ. Bur. of A.
since 1921; member Labor Cooperating comt., Brook- wood Labor Coll., since 1921; vice-pres. Pub.
Ownership Lg. of A. since 1922; member Pa. comt. of Conf. Prog. Pol. Act.; exec. comt. Lg. for In-
dust. Democ. Born Nov. 6, lss«. St. Helens, Lancashire, England. Father a miner. Prim. sch., St.
Helens; pub. sch., Philipsburg, Pa. Went to work at age of 12. Miner 18 yrs., check Welshman 3 yrs.;
held various offices in local union. Author: special reports to Bitumi- nous Comssn. 1920; to U. S.
Coal Comssn. 1923; collaborated on pamphlets, Why the Miners' Pro- gram. 1921; Government of
Coal, 1921; Compulsory Information in Coal, 1922; How to Run Coal, 1922. Home. 328 Elm Ave.; of-
fice, Miners' Bldg., Clearfield, Pa. (28)28 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO

#BROWDER, Earl Russell. Ed. The Workers' Monthly, a combi- nation of The Labor Herald, The
Liberator, and Soviet Russia Pic- torial; member cent. exec. comt. Workers' P. since 1921; natl. comt.
Trade U. Educ. Lg. since 1921. Born May 20, 1891, Wichita, Kan. Father a teacher. LL. B., Lincoin
Jefferson Coll., 1912. Of- fice worker 18 yrs.; pres. Office W. U., Kansas City, Mo., 1913-7; member
Office Empl. U. 12755 since 1921. Asso. ed. The Toiler, a syndicalist magazine, 1914; con- victed of
violation of draft law, sentenced to county jail, Missouri, for 1 yr., Nov., 1917; sent to Leavenworth
Penitentiary, charged with conspiracy to vio- late draft law, Dec., 1917, for 2 yrs. Del. cong. of Red
Intl. of Labor Unions, Moscow, 1921. Member control comssn., Com- munist Intl., since 1924, and
alter- nate exec. bur. Red Intl. of Labor Unions. Ed. The Labor Herald, 1924. Office, 1113 Washington
Blvd., Chicago, 1ll.

#BROWN, Harold Zinzendorf. Exec. secy. Commonwealth Univ., Ink, Ark., since 1923; instr. in typing
and bus. English. Born July 2, 1902, Minneapolis. Father an export agt. Educ. by father and mother
through high sch. work; later was tutored in his- tory, literature, and languages at Commonwealth
Coll. Formerly stenographer, typist, private secy., salesman, manual laborer, publi- city mgr.,
reporter, investigator. Field secy. Crusade against Prison Contract Labor, May-Sept. 1924. Author:
articles for various lib- eral and radical publications. Ad- dress, Commonwealth Univ., Mena, Ark.

#BROWN, Harvey W. Vice-pres. Intl. Assn. of Machinists since 1921; vice-pres. U. Labor Bank & Trust
Co., Indianapolis, since 1924. Born Oct . 28. 1883, Schuyl- klll County, Pa, Father a farmer. Prim. sch.,
Pottsville, Pa. Went to work at age of 13; appren- ticed machinist 1900; worked at trade until 1911.
Bus. agt. Ma- chinists' U., Wilkes-Barre, Pa_ 1911-5; Intl. org. 1915-6; bus. agt. loc. Newark, N. J.,
1916-21. Del. A. F. of L. conv. 1919-21. Mason. Non-partisan in politics. Home, 93 Division St., Wilkes-
Barre, Pa.; office, Machinists' Bldg., Washington, D. C.
#BROWN, James. Org. Tobacco W. Intl. U. since 1909. Born in Richmond, Va. Prim. sch., Rich- mond.
Org. A. F. of L. 12 yrs. Address, 1006 20 St., Richmond. Va.
#BROWN, Seth. Vice-pres. Intl. Typographical U. Formerly Pres. Calif. Fed. of Labor. Office, 1323 W.
70 St., Los Angeles, Calif.
#BROWN, Thomas William. Vice-pres. O. of R. R. Telegraph- ers since 1915. Born Aug. 2, 1872,
Walkerville, W. Va. Father a farmer and blacksmith. Gram, sch., Whiting, Kan.; Campbell, Univ., 1892.
Station agt. 1894- 1905; telegrapher. Gen. chair. O. of R. R. Telegraphers, Rock Is. lines, 1905-15.
Republican. Mem- ber Masons, Modern Woodmen, Izaak Walton Club, Chicago. Home, 885 S. High
St., Denver, Colo.
#BROWN, William H. Secy., 6th vice-pres. Intl. Seamen's U. of A.; secy. Fishermen's U. of the Atlantic;
secy. dist. comt. of At- lantic. Born March, 1879, Jarrow- on-Tyne, England. Prim. sch. Hebburn-on-
Tyne, England. Deep sea fisherman. interested in co- operative marketing of flsJi through the union.
Member Elks. Home, 26 Elder St., Dorchester; office, 288 State St., Boston, Mass. (29)AMERlCAN

#BROWN, William M. Pres. R. R. Yardmasters of A. since June, 1924. Born Mar. 14, 1888, Hun-
tington, W. Va. Father a ry. con- ductor. Gram. sch., Columbus, Ohio. Studied with special teach- ers;
prep, course; corr. schools, Scranton and Chicago. Went to work at age of 13, in ry. service. Clerk,
1901-6; trainman, 1908-16; switchman, 1906-7; yardmaster, 1916-20. Member Bro. of Ry. Trainmen
1909-18; secy. 1914-6. Secy.-treas. R. R. Yardmasters 1918-24. Home, 2633 Sullivan Ave.; office, 1st
Natl. Bank Bldg., Columbus, Ohio.

#BROWN, William Samuel. Pres. Natl. Marine Engineers' Ben. Assn. of U. S. A. since 1916. Born Nov.
6, 1865, Hazardville, Conn. Father a machinist and musician. Gram. sch., Hazardville. Went to work at
age of 12. Served in all posi- tions in engineering depts. on steamships; subordinate to chief engineer
22 yrs. Member Marine Engineers' Ben. Assn. of U. S. A. since 1890; Great Lakes dist. rep. 1911-6.
Author: articles on ma- rine engineering. Member Odd Fellows, Elks, Moose, Marine En- gineers'
Beneficial Assn. Repub- lican. Home, Dist. 4, Lyons Rd., Geneva, N. Y.; office, 311 Ma- chinists' Bldg.,
Washington, D. C.

#BROWNSTEIN, Abraham. Mgr. jt. bd., Furriers' U., New York, since 1891. Born Dec. 20, 1878,
Yedinetz, Bessarabia, Russia. Father a merchant. Came to U. S. 1891. Russian and Hebrew sch.;
special student Univ. of Maine Law Sch. 1913-6. Went to work at age of 14 as fur worker, cigar-
maker, bookkeeper. Boston Coop. Soc., 1900; mgr. coop, store 1900- 1. Bus. agt. loc. 26, Intl. Ladies'
Garment W. U. 1902-4. Member Voice of Labor, 1894. Socialist La- bor P. 1895; Socialist P. since
1908. Home, 200 Wellesley St., Hempstead, N. Y.; office, 22 E. 22 St., New York, N. Y.
#BRUBAKER, Howard. Dir. Conn. Lg. for Civil Lib. & Prog. Legis. since 1924; writer. Born June 26,
1882, Warsaw, Ind. Father a lawyer. Pub. sch., War- saw; A. B., Ind. Univ., 1902. Fin. secy., Univ.
Settlement Soc., New York, 1902-6; secy. Friends of Russian Freedom 1906; Bur. of Municipal
Research 1906. Asso. ed. Success Magazine 1907-11; asst. ed. Collier's Weekly 1914-9; contrib. ed.
The Masses, and The Liberator 1913-24; The New York Leader 1923. Author: Ranny, 1915. Member
The Players, Au- thors' Lg. of A., Lg. for Indust. Democ., Amer. Civil Lib. U. So- cialist. Home, Green's
Farm. Conn.
#BRUCE, John William. (See Canada.)
#BRUCK, James. Ed. The Fed- eration News, Chicago, since 1924; asso. ed. The Butcher Workman
since 1917. Born Oct. 18, 1873, Dresden, Germany. Father a bookkeeper. Gram., high sch., Germany.
Came to U. S. 1885; attended pub., high sch., Chicago. P. O. clerk 1893-1920; ed. The Union Postal
Clerk 1906-16; pub- licity agt. for Fed. of P. O. Clerks 1919-20. Del. Chicago Fed. of Labor. Author:
The Postal Review, a reference book for pos- tal employees, 1916. Democrat, supported LaFollette
1924. Mem- ber O. of Mutual Protection. Home, 2610 Leland Ave.; office, 166 W. Washington St.,
Chicago, 11l.
#BRUNET, George Raonl. (See Canada.)
#BRUNSON, Hartwell Leonard. Field secy. Workers' Educ. Bur.; asst. to pres. of Intl. Assn. of Ma-
chinists since 1921; lawyer. Born June 27, 1875, Kingstree, S. C. (30)30 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S
WHO Father a turpentine distiller. Country sen., S. C. and Waycross, Gii., to 6th grade; eve. high sch.
and Benton Coll. of Law, St. Louis. Went to work at age of 13 after death of both parents. Worked as
clerk in store, in saw- mill, as track laborer, and station agent's asst. until age of 16; then became
machinist's apprentice; studied drafting and allied sub- jects in eve. sch.; machinist in va- rious r. r.
shops in U. S. 1895-9; in Mexico 1899-1905, engaged in raiiroading, mining, was gen. fore- man,
master mechanic. supt. of Central Mejicano R. R., then the largest in Mexico, erected mining
machinery. Returned to U. S. 1905, employed in various r. r. shops, and in constr. and erection of ele-
vators and escalators for Otis El- evator Co., until 1918; attended high sch. and law sch. nights;
engaged in rehabilitation and placement of soldiers and sailors disabled in the World War, 1915- 21,
aiding in establishment of 146 offices for Fedi. Bd. of Vocational Educ. Member Intl. Assn. of Ma-
chinists since 1895; pres. loc. 308, 1909-11; pres. Federated Shop Crafts 1911-5, secy. 1915-8; spe-

#BRUNTON, Frank. Exec. bd. Un. Auto., Aircraft & Vehicle W. of A. until union disbanded, 1925; secy-
treas. loc. 127; auto- mobile trimmer. Born Jan. 25, 1891, Guelph, Ontario, Canada. Father a
blacksmith. Gram. sch. Home, 1044 2 Ave.; office, 55 Ade- laide St., Detroit, Mich.

#BRYAN, William E. Gen. pres. ~rn. Leather W. Intl. U. since 1910. n Nov. 30, 1858, Middieport, Ohio.
Father a harness and sad- die maker, dealer. High sch., Middieport, and Eastman's Bus. Coll.,
Poughkeepsle, N. Y., 1877. Employed 1878-95 as steamboat clerk, r. r. passenger agt., trav- eling
salesman, then entered har- ness trade with father; harness maker 1895-1907. Secy.-treas. Kan. Fed.
of Labor 1907-9; chief clerk State Labor Dept. 1909-10; Harness and Saddiery Adjust- ment Comssn.
during World War. Has written in connection with official position on economic. in- dust. and bus.
subjects. Condition- al Democrat, votes for men and measures. Home, 1053 Minnesota Ave., Kansas
City, Kan.; office, 610 Walsix Bldg., Kansas City, Mo.

#BUCK, Robert Morris. Journal- ist; reporter on The Washington Post. Born Oct. 6, 1882, Chicago,
11l. Father a street car conduc- tor. Gram. sch., Chicago. Went to work at age of 13 as office boy;
library page and shelver; news- paper reporter 1903-13, '24. Al- derman 1915-7. Examiner for Fedi.
Trade Commsn., beef trust investigation, 1918, and for Natl. War Labor Bd. 1918. Ed. The New
Majority, official organ of Chicago Fed. of Labor and Farm- er-Labor P. of U. S. 1919-24. Au- thor:
Analysis of Cost of Hydro- Electric Current Generated by the Sanitary District of Chicago, 1913; Burns'
and Daugherty's At- tack Upon Labor and Liberty, 1922. Home, R. F. D. 1. Ballston, Va.; office,
Washington Post, Washington, D. C.
#BUCKLEY, John Wurburtou. (See Canada.)
#BUCKLEY, Mark Anthony. Asso. ed. Labor Free Press, Pitts- burgh, Pa.; linotype operator. Born June
7, 1881, Galway, Ire- land. Father a tailor. Self-edu- cated. Member Intl. Typographl- (31)AMERlCAN
LABOR WHO'S WHO 3l cal U.; del. from loc. 7 to Fa. Fed. of Labor conv. at Altoona, 1920; appointed
member organiza- tion comt.; del. from Pittsburgh Cent. Labor U. to Pa. Fed. of La- bor Conv. at
Scranton, 1922. Home, 3133 Raleigh Ave., Dor- mont, Pittsburgh; office, 210-212 Grant St.,
Pittsburgh, Pa.
#BUDENZ, Louis Francis (Sul- livan). Ed. Labor Age. Born July 17, 1891, Indianapolis, Ind. Father a
bank cashier. Pub. and parochial sch. 1897-1906; Jesuit Coll. 1906-10; Indianapolis Law Sch. 1910-2.
Admitted to bar, 1912. Natl. org. Young Men's Inst. 1909-10; ed. The Carpenter, journal of Un. Bro.
of Carpenters & Joiners of A. 1912-4; asso. dir. Cent. Bur., St. Louis, 1914-5; secy. St. Louis Civic Lg.
1915- 20; Fed. Electric Ry. Comssn. 1920; publicity dir. Amer. Civ. Lib. U. 1920-1. Cooperated in org.
St. Louis street ry. strike 1917; one of leaders of St. Louis dept. store strike, 1917, in which 4,000 girls
took part; dir. fight for pub. ownership of street rys. and other utilities in St. Louis, culminating in
campaign for recall of mayor, 1915-9; secy. Rahway Municipal Milk Comssn. 1922-4; secy. N. J. Conf.
Prog. Pol. Act. 1924. Au- thor: several reports on valua- tion and public utilities; Refer- ences for the
Study of Social Questions, 1914; Traveling Library on the Study of the Social Ques- tion; cooperated
with Delos F. Wlicox in preparing report for Federal Electric Rys. Comssn. Home, 31 Bryant Ter.,
Rahway, N. J.; office, 91 7 Ave., New York, N. Y.
#BUDISH, Jacob M. Ed. The Headgear Worker, journal of Cloth Hat, Cap & Millinery W. Intl. U. of N.
A., since 1916; dir. Headgear W. Credit U. since 1924; N. Y. dist. comt. of Bryn Mawr Summer Sch. for
Women in Industry since 1922; secy. Labor Publication Soc., N. Y., since 1923; advisory comt.
Workers' Educ. Bur. since 1921. Born Apr. 30, 1886, Vassilikov, Kiev, Russia. Father a merchant.
Attended Kiev Univ. of Commerce, Economics, and Law. Came to U. S. 1912. Dir. Headgear W. Inst.
1917-8; chair. Un. Labor Educ. Comt., 1918-21; Mayor's comt. on Unemployment, 1921; cent. comt.
Farmer-Labor P., N. Y., 1920-1; Natl. Trade U. Comt. for Russian Relief, 1922; Amer. comt. Relief of
Russian Children, 1923-4. Co-author with George Soule: The New Unionism. 1920; author: The War
and the Jews, 1916; reports on Art, Labor, and Science, on Mass Education, and Methods of Mass
Education, for Civic Club, in The Survey; paper on "Workers' Education," and on "The Tentative Plan
of President Wilson's Industrial Conference," 1919; pamphlet Zu der Frage fon Shop Delegaten,
1921. Member Newswriters' U., Un. Cloth Hat & Cap Mkrs., Farmer-Labor P., Workmen's Circle, Civic
Club, New York. Home, 1137 Grant Ave.; office, 621 Broadway, New York, N. Y.

#BUGNIAZET, G. M. Secy. Intl. Bro. of Electrical W. and ed. The Journal of Electrical Workers and
Operators since Feb. 1925. Born 1878. Member Bro. of Electrical W. 25 yrs.; formerly member New
York local 419; bus. agt. 5 yrs.; now member Philadelphia loc. 98; del. almost every intl. conv. since
1909; intl. vice-pres. 1911-25; natl. legis. rep. 1918; asst. to Pres. Noonan until Nov. 1924; asst. to
former secy. Ford, Nov. 1924-Feb. 1925. Member Adjust- ment Bd. of U. S. R. R. Adm. during World
War. Office, Ma- chinists' Bldg., Washington, D. C. (32)32 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO

#BUNKER, Milton Newman. Pres. People's Coll., Kansas City, Mo., since 1922; ed. staff Health and
Life, Sports Afield, Strong Man (London), Mall Order Ad- vertising, Salesman's News, Com- mercial
Education, Business Edu- cator, How to Sell, Boy Citizen, Boys' Magazine, Keal Detective Tales. Born
June 4, 1892, Colby, Kan. Father a farmer and mer- chant. Most of educ. acquired by home study; A.
B., Oskaloosa Coll., 1918; D. C. S., Milton Univ.; degrees from other colleges. Supt. of instruction,
Dague Univ., 1917; org. 1st resident classes, People's Coll. and member bd. of trustees, 1917-8. U. S.
Army, 1918-9. Cir- culation mgr. Salesman's Maga- zine 1919; supt. Sch. of Commerce, Palmer Coll.
1919-20; principal, Brown Coll. 1920-1; dean Oska- loosa Coll. 1921-2. Author: Your Memory, 1914;
Physical Training for Boys, 1916; children's books and magazine articles. Member Un. Accts'. &
Bookkeepers' Assn. of A. Office, Interstate Bldg., Kansas City, Mo.
#BURCH, Frank. Pres. loc. 18, Un. Hatters of N. A. since 1923; trustee Producers' & Consumers' Bank,
Philadelphia, since 1923; gen. org. and label agt., A. F. of L., since 1904. Born Mar. 22, 1867,
Bamberg, Germany. Father a merchant tailor. Gram, sch., high sch., Germany. Came to U. S. 1885.
Worked as hatter 1886-9. Org. Un. Hatters of N. A. 1902-3, 1913-4; secy.-tr'eas., bus. rep. Cent.
Labor U., Philadelphia, 1904-22; vice-pres. Pa. Fed. of Labor 1905- 11; secy.-treas. Label Trades dept.,
A. F. of L., 1908-13; corr. secy. Cent. Labor U., Philadelphia, 1919-22. Helped org. Producers' &
Consumers' Bank 1921. Secy.- treas. and mgr. labor political campaign, Philadelphia, 1921; ac- tive in
loc. Conf. for Prog. Pol. Act. 1924. Home, 1823 N. 11 St.; office, 927 Chestnut St., Philadel- phia, Pa.

#BURGESS, Frederick Alexan- der. Asst. grand chief, Bro. of Loco. Engineers since 1906. Born Sept.
13, 1861, Brooklyn, N. Y. Father a farmer. Prl. sch., Brook- lyn; gram, sch., New Haven, Conn. Went to
work at age of 12. Lo- comotive engineer 1885-1906. Gen. chair, engineers, Louisville Nashville R. R.
1905-6. Chair, ry. adjustment bd. 1, 1919-21, dur- ing period of fedi. control of r. r. Member Lane
Comssn. appointed to bring about a temporary ad- justment of wages, Jan.-May 1918. Author:
reports to Bro. in con- nection with official activities. Member Masons. Democrat. Home, 840 Liberty
St., Franklin, Pa.; of- fice, R. 406, 1319 F St., Washing- ton, D. C.
#BURGIN, John M. Pres. Intl. Broom & Whisk Mkrs'. U.; treas. loc. 44, Pittsburgh; foreman, broom co.
Born Feb. 16, 1882, Pittsburgh. Father a tailor. Gram. sch. Went to work at age of 11 as broom
maker; instruc- tor of the blind, 1912-23. Active in Un. Presbyterian Church. Member Masons, Mystic
Shrine, Odd Fellows, Knights of Malta, Independent Americans, Tariff Club. Address, 1503 Federal St.,
N. S., Pittsburgh, Pa.

#BURKE, John Patrick. Pres.- secy. Intl. Bro. of Pulp, Sulphite, and Paper Mill W. since 1916. Born Jan.
21, 1884, North Dux- bury, Vt. Father a farmer. St. Mary's parochial sch., high sch., Franklin, N. H.;
Rand Sch. of So- cial Science, New York, 1912-3. Textile worker, carpenter, paper mill worker. Vice-
pres. N. H. Fed. of Labor, 1914; 4th vice-pres. Pulp, Sulphite, and Paper Mill W., 1914-6; 1st vice-
pres., 1916-8. Member Hibernians; Fort Edward (33)AMER1CAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Club; Labor
Research comt., Rand Sch. Home, P. O. Drawer V; of- fice, 163 Broadway, Fort Edward, N. Y.

#BURKE, Thomas E. Gen. secy.- treas. Un. Assn. of Plumbers & Steam F. of IT. 8. & Can. since 1909;
mgr. and ed. Plumbers', Gas and Steam Fitters' Journal since 1909; re-elected Sept. 1924 for 4 yr.
term. Born in Ireland. Fa- ther in iron bus. Prim. scn., Ire- land; Illinois Coll. of Law. Ap- prenticed to
plumber 1882, work- ed as journeyman throughout N. America and other countries. Member Un.
Assn. of Jn. Plumb- ers & Steam F. since 18S6; pres. Plumbers' U., Chicago, 1896, and bus. agt. for
several yrs.; held many loc. offices while working at trade on travels. Gen. org. cov- ering U. 8. and
Canada 1902-9; volunteer org. Supports which- ever political party is best for workers. Home, 6443
Wayne Ave.; office, 1138 N. Dearborn St., Chicago, 11l.
#BURKE, Walter A. Pres. Intl. Plate Printers & Die Stampers' U. of N. A., formerly 1st vice-pres.
Address, 162 Eustis St., Roxbury, Mass.

#BURKHARDT, August. Secy.- treas. Amal. Food W. since 1921. Born Aug. 6, 1872, Germany. Father a
cooper. High sch., Ger- many. Came to U. S. 1886. Went to work at age of 14; worked as a baker 28
yrs. Member Bakery W. Intl. U. 1890-1913, when Jn. Bakers' Intl. U. was organized; secy. Jn. Bakers'
Intl. U. 1913-21, when it united with Amal. Food W. Member Workmen's Sick & Death Ben. Fund.
Home, 769 St. Ann's Ave.; office, 81 K. 10 St., New York, N. Y.
#BURMAN, Fable. Secy.-treas. Finnish Fed., Workers' P. of A.; exec. comt. Workers' P. since 1923, bd.
dir. The Daily Workers' Publ. Co. since Jan. 1924. Born Feb. 14, 1882, Ekfors, Sweden. Fa- ther
foreman of lumbermill. Gram. sch., Sweden. Came to U. S. 1903. Worked as miner, carpenter, la-
borer. Secy.-treas. Iron disk u. 15, Western Fed. of Miners, 1911- 4. Org. Western Fed. of Miners
1910. Del. convs. of Western Fed. of Miners 1908, '10, '1; Socialist P. 1920; Farmer-Labor P., St. Paul,
Minn., 1924, rep. Lake Coun- ty Cent. Labor U., Waukegan, 11l. Member Un. Bro. of Carpenters &
Joiners of A. 1914-24. Active in coop. organizations and work- ers' independent political movt. 1903-
24. Org., speaker, and cand. for various offices. Home, 622 Cummings Ave., Waukegan; of- flce, 1113
W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, 11l.
#BURNS, Matthew J. Secy.-treas. Intl. Paper Mkrs. Realty Corp. since 1921; secy. Intl. Bro. of Pa- per
Mkrs.; ed. The Paper Makers' Journal since 1921. Born Nov. 6, 1887, Appleton, Wis. Father a farmer.
Gram. sch., Appleton, Thorpe; studied in Funk & Wag- nails Corr. sch. Went to work at age of 13 in
pulp and paper mills, Kaukauna, 1901; worked as a pa- per maker in Maine, Minn., N. Y., and Ontario,
1912-9. Gen. org. Intl. Bro. of Paper Mkrs. 1919-21. Home, 138 Jay St.; office, 25 S. Hawk St., Albany,
N. Y.
#BURNS, Patrick Benjamin. Vice-pres. Brick & Clay W. of A. since 1922; bus. agt. dist. 6 since 1922.
Born Feb. 19, 1888, Glous- ter, Ohio. Father a miner. Gram. sch., Glouster. Went to work at age of
14. Miner 1902-21; brick and clay worker 1921-4. Parti- cipated in clay workers' strikes at New
Lexington, Somersett, Grove- port, Nelsonville, Glouster, Hay- denville. Black Lick, all in Ohio;
Frostburg and Finzee, Md. Mem- ber Eagles, K. of C. Home, East- ern Ave., New Lexington, Ohio.
#BURR, Harry W. Secy.-treas. Dist. 14 Un. Mine W. of A. since 1922. Born Oct. 7, 1888, Burton
County, Mo. Father a carpenter. Prim., gram, sen., lantha; high sch., Lamar; Mo. Univ. Coal miner;
member Un. Mine W.; held various loc. offices until 1920; exec. bd. Dist. 14, 1920-2. Mem- ber
Masons. Home, 223 W. Kansas St.; office, Pittsburg, Kansas.

#BUTTERWORTH, John Charles. Natl. exec. comt. Socialist Labor P. since 1910; org. Passaic Coun- ty
sect, since 1915; exec. bd. As- sociated Silk W. U. since 1924. Born Jan. 13, 1870, Macclesfield,
Cheshire, England. Father a silk enterer and twister. Came to U. S. 1883. Gram, sch., Macclesfield and
Paterson, N. J.; night sch., New York. Went to work at age of 10. Shirt ironer 1886, barber 1891.
Active in Knights of La- bor, 1886. Paterson Silk W. loc., A. F. of L., 1890-1; del. trades coun.,
Progressive Silk W. U., Pat- erson, 1893-4. Secy.-treas. Silk W. loc. Paterson Socialist Trade & Labor
All. 1905; dist. coun. I. W. W. 1906-8; loc. 25, W. Intl. In- dustrial U. 1913; treas. 1921-3. Member
Socialist Labor P. since 1893. Arrested for activity in de- mands for right of free speech and free
assembly under auspices of Amer. Civil Lib. U. for consti- tutional rights of associated silk workers'
unions, Paterson, 1924, Member Masons, Macclesfield Provident Assn., (past pres.). Paterson.
Address, 110 Albion Ave., Paterson, N. J.
#BUTTIS, Vittorlo. Secy. Italian Fed. of Socialist P. of A. since Oct. 1924. Born July 24, 1866, Venice,
Italy. Father a valet. Elem. sch., Venice. Went to work at age of 11, Formerly a commercial agt.; r. r.
employee, Venice. Formerly ed. La Nuova Idea, ed. L'Aurora, Intra; secy. Chamber of Labor, Novara,
Italy. Arrested and im- prisoned on Ventotene Is. 1894-7 for offense against monarchy. Vice-secy.
Chamber of Labor, Lu- gano, Switzerland; and with the Federazione d e 11 e Cooperative Hal lane,
Winterthur, Switzerland; mgr. sewing machine co., Bra- zil. Ed. Avante, Sao Paulo, Brazil, 1911. Came
to U. S. 1915. Ed. Parola Proletaria, Chicago, 1915; La Flaccola, Chicago, 1916; Avanti, Chicago, 1920-
1. Author: Dialogue among Workmen, and 2 other pamphlets. Member and org. Columbiana Fed.;
member and agt. Golden Seal. Home, 3248 W. Wainut St.; office. 1011 Blue Island Ave., Chicago, I1l.
#BYRNE, James Matthew. Ed. The Citizen, Los Angeles, since Feb. 1924. Born May 19, 1879, Dublin,
Ireland. Father ed. of Freeman's Journal, Dublin. Gram., sch.; Christian Brothers' Coll., Dublin. Came
to U. S. 1901. Com- positor, proofreader, linotype op- erator, 1897-1923. Member Eagles, Alld.
Printing Trades Club. Los Angeles. Progressive in politics. Home, 418 E. 57 St.; office, 540 Maple Ave.,
Los Angeles, Calif.

#OAHAN, Abraham. Ed. The Jewish Daily Forward since 1897. Born July 7, 1860, Podberzie, Poland.
Father a merchant. Jew- ish. Hebrew, high sch., Viina, Poland. Taught sch. in Russia 1881-2;
participated in Russian revolutionary movement. Came to U. S. 1882, refugee from political
persecution. Organized 1st Jew- (35)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 35 ish trade union. Founded
Neue Zeit, Socialist paper, 1885. One of founders of Arbeiter Zeitung. Ed. Zukunft. 1893-7. Wrote in
Yiddish: Raphael Neritzcho. 1897; Fanny's Beau, and Big Souled; History of the Discovery of Amer- ica
by Columbus; History of Dis- covery of Central and South America; English works: Yekel, 1896;
Imported Bridegroom and Other Stories, 1898; Red Terror and White, 1903; Rise of David Levinsky,
1917. Home, 201 W. 92 St.; office, 175 E. Broadway, New York, N. Y.

#CALPERAHA, Angelo Carlo. Exec. bd. Granite Cutters' Intl. Assn. since 1923; bus. agt. and fin. secy.,
Barre br. Born Nov. 4, 1883, Bisuschio, Italy. Father a stone mason. High and trade sch. Came to U. S.
1904. Worked as sculp- tor and carver in granite and marble 1898-1922. Treas., Barre, Vt., br.
Granite Cutters' Intl. Assn. 1920-1. Member Masons, Odd Fel- lows, Modern Woodmen, Barre
Welfare Club. Republican. Home, 327 N. Main St.; office, Scam pini Bldg., Barre, Vt.
#CALDWEUL, Bert. Trustee Amal. Assn. of Iron, Steel, & Tin W. of N. A. since 1922; fin. secy, loc. 10
since 1920; busheler in steel works since 1901. Born in Centralia, 11l. Father a farmer. High sch. 2
yrs.; 1 yr. at Wash- ington Univ., 1898. Formerly an iron worker. Member Amal. Assn. Iron, Steel, &
Tin W. since 1899; vice-pres. Boiling Div., dist. 9, 1917. Fought in Span.-Amer. War. Address, 5922
Thekla St., St. Louis, Mo.
#CALHOUN, Arthur Wallace. Teacher, Brookwood Labor Coll. since 1923; dir. of studies since 1924.
Born Jan. 29, 1885, Dayton, Pa. Father a physician. A. B., Univ. of Pittsburgh, 1906; A. M., Univ. of
Wisconsin, 1913; Peabody Coll. for Teachers 1915; Ph. D., Clark University, 1916. Prof. Eng- lish, New
Windsor Coll., 1906-7; history, St. Petersburg, Fla,, high sch. 1907-9; instr. history, Fla. State Coll.,
1910-1; prof, social science, Lenox Coll., 1912-3; Mary- vine Coll., 1913-5; asst. prof, so- cial science,
Clark Coll., 1916-8; Univ. of Ky. 1918-9; prof, so- ciology, Ohio State Univ., summer 1919. Org. Trl-
State Coop. Assn. 1919-20. Instr. cooperation. Rand Sch. of Social Science, 1920-2; prof, economics,
Grove City Coll., 1921-2; teacher Orlando Fla., high sch. 1922-3; prof, social science, Alabama Coll.,
summers 1923, '4. Author: Social History of the American Family, 3 vols., 1917- 9. Member loc. 189,
Amer. Fed. of Teachers; Amer. Sociological Soc.; Amer. Acad. Political and Social Science. Address,
Brook- wood, Katonah, N. Y.

#CAMPOS, John Leite. Exec. bd. Un. Textile W. of A. since 1924; pres. Fall River Cent. Labor U. since
1922; secy.-treas. Fall River Doffers' U. since 1919; chair. Cent. Labor U. and Textile Coun. re- lief
comt. since 1924; trustee Fall River Gen. Hospital since 1923. Born Sept. 6, 1898, St. Miguel, Azores
Is. Father a farmer and mill hand. Gram., high sch., Fall River, Mass. Formerly a farm hand, laborer,
spinner, janitor, doffer. Member Un. Textile W. of A. since 1916; pres. loc. 1057, 1919; secy. Fall
River Textile Coun. 1922-4; chair, strike comt., in successful strike of Doffers' U., 1917; org. Doffers'
U. 1920. Vice- pres. Fall River Cent. Labor U. 1920-2. Member Tennessee Boys' Athl. Club since 1914;
vice-pres. 1915; pres. 1916-7. Member Alli- ance Liberty Club; vice-pres. 1916; pres. 1916. Member
Eagles, Acorians, Don Carlos. Home, 1643 Bay St.; office, 58 Pleasant St., Fall River, Mass. (36)36
#CANAVAN, William F. Pres. Intl. All. of Theatrical Stage Empl. & Moving P. M. Op. of A. Born July 28.
1887, St. Louis, Mo. Father a decorator. High sch., St. Louis, Mo.; Jones Coll. Mov- ing picture
machine operator. Vice-pres. of u., 1912-23; bus. agt., St. Louis loc. 143, 1909-23. Member Theatrical
Mutual Assn. Home, 7918 Woodslde Ave., Elm- hurst, N. Y.; office, Suite 701, 110 W. 40 St., New
York, N. Y.

#CANNING, Thomas Henry. Gen. master workman, Knights of La- bor, since 1910. Secy.-treas., dist.
30, since 1915. Born Oct. 14, 1860, Halifax, Yorkshire, England. Father a glazier. High sch., Hall- fax.
Came to U. S. 1883. Worked as whitesmith 5 yrs., painter 2 yrs., carpet worker 7 yrs., collec- tor 2
yrs. Master workman, Bos- ton loc., Knights of Labor, 1885- 9; dist. exec. bd. 1889-90; state master
workman 1890-2; dist. mas- ter workman 1893-6, 1906-14; dist. secy.-treas. 1897-1902; gen. secy.-
treas. 1902-7; gen. org. 1908-10. Member Un. Workmen of A.; K. of C., Hibernians. Home, 12 Hew-
ins St., Dorchester; office, 228 Tre- mont St., Boston, Mass.

#CANNON, James P. Asst. exec. secy. Workers' P. of A.; chair, cent. exec. comt. since organiza- tion
1921; political comt. since or- ganization 1921. Born Feb. 11, 1890, Kansas City, Kan. Father a
foundry worker. Pub., high sch., Kansas City; Kansas City Law Col- lege. R. r. worker; hotel worker;
agitator; labor org.; lecturer; ed. Member Hotel & Rest. Empl. Intl. All. & Bartenders' Intl. Lg. of A.
Cent. exec. comt. Commun- ist P. 1920 till merger with Work- ers' P. Rep. Workers' P. on exec. comt.
of Communist Intl. 1922. Author: The Fifth Year of The Russian Revolution, pamphlet, 1923. Office,
1113 W. Washington d., Chicago, 11l.
#CANNON, Joseph D. Exec. secy. Socialist P., local New York, since 1924. Born Oct. 26, 1871, Locust
Gap, Pa. Father a miner. Prim. sch. Miner, lecturer, org. Exec. bd. Intl. U. of Mine, Mill, & Smelter W.
1911-2; org., 1907- 20; exec. bd. Mining Dept. A. F. of L. 1914-2Q; org. steel workers, 1919; box
makers, 1922. Con- ducted strike in Jerome, Ariz., 1917; jt. strike of copper miners in Globe and
Miami, Ariz., 1917, and forced settlement through Pres. Wilson's indust. comsan. headed by Secy, of
Labor William B. Wilson; conducted successful strikes in iron mines at Wharton and Oxford, N. J.,
1913-20; after 33 yrs. of effort on part of others, succeeded, with associates, in or- ganizing miners
of Bisbee, Ariz., and conducted 9 mos. strike with- out loss or jailing of a man; helped in org. steel
workers and conducting strike of 1919; took charge of raising funds in New York for steel strikers,
1919, and with cooperation of unions and progressive individuals, raised $750,000. Mailed cirulars to
every voter in Morgan County, W. Va., just prior to trial of Pres. Keeney of Dist. 7, Un. Mine W. of A.,
charged with murder in connec- tion with W. Va. miners' march; helped force state to discontinue
case, 1922. Exec. bd. Coop. Lgr. of U. S. A. 1916-8. Active in peace movt. and in agitation for Irish
#CAPPELLINI, Rlnaldo. Pres. dist. 1, Un. Mine W. of A., since 1923. Born Feb. 5, 1897, Nocer, Italy.
Father a miner. Pub. sen., Pa. Went to work in mines at age of 9; lost arm in mine acci- dent Aug. 12,
1910; miner 1907- 20. Member Un. Mine W. of A. since 1912; intl. org. 1921 to 1923. Socialist.
Home, Hllldale, Pa.; office, 512 Miller Bldg., Scranton, Pa.

#CARDWELIi, John Cornelius, Jr. Vice-pres. in charge of Bro. of Ry. Clerks' Natl. Bank, Cin- cinnati,
since 1923. Born Nov. 27, 1891, Leltchfield, Ky. Father a banker. Gram., high sch., Louis- ville, Ky.;
Staunton Military Acad.; corr. courses Alexander Hamilton Inst. Asst. cashier 1st Natl. Bank,
Greenville, Ky., 1919- 20; asst. cashier and vice-pres. Bro. of Loco. Engineers' Natl. Bank, Cleveland,
1919-23. Demo- crat. Home, Brookline and Lud- low Sts.; office, 1001 Vine St., Cin- cinnati, Ohio.

#CARLIN, Fay li. Deputy, Boot & Shoe W. U. Pres. Edgemakrs.' Loc., Boot & Shoe W. U. Born Mar. 10,
1886, Windsor, Vt. Fa- ther a shoemaker. Gram., high sch., Haverhlll, Mass. Shoemakr., foreman;
receiver and shipper; of- fice mgr. Del. A. F. of L. 1923. Active in strikes of 1918, '23, Brockton, Mass.
Member Elks, Eagles, Moose, B. V. F. A. Home, 22 Maitland Ave.; office, 28 Main St., Brockton, Mass.

#CARNEY, Jack. Ed., Labor Unity, San Francisco, since 1924. Born in Liverpool, Eng. Father a chemist.
Worked as chemist, ship steward, art director, dish- washer. Wrote, Memoriam of Mary Marcy.
Member Office W. U., loc. 12755. Home, 3959 17 St.; office, 1470 Valencia St., San Francisco, Calif.

#CARR, Harry J. Machinist; gen. exec. bd. Intl. Assn. of Ma- chinists since 1918; Bait. & Ohio R. R.
Agreement Comssn. since 1922. Born Jan. 4, 1879, Con- nersville, Ind. Father a flour miller. Gram.
sch., Ind. and N. C.; Intl. Corr. Sch. Loc. shop committeeman 1902-4; secy, of loc. 1904-5; exec. bd
dist. 36, Intl. Assn. of Machinists 1904-10; vice- pres. 1907-10; pres. and gen. chair. 1910-8. Member
Bd. of Ad- justment 2, U. S. R. R. Adm. 1918-21. Independent in politics. Home, 5719 McGee St.,
Kansas City, Mo.; office, 708 Machinists' Bldg., Washington, D. C.

#CARROLL, Thomas Claude. Secy, grand exec. bd., since 1922, gen. chair. Dixie Fed., Bro. of Maint. of
Way Empl. & Ry. Shop Laborers since 1919. Born May 22, 1894, Donalds, S. C. Father a ry. official.
High sch., Piedmont, Ala. Ry. track and constr. fore- man 1913-9. Member Masons, Elks, Knights
Templar. Home, 116 E. 8 St.; office, R. 19, Cohen Bldg., Covington, Ky.
#CARRUTH, Oliver E. Asst. ed. Intl. Labor News Service, Wash- ington; ed. labor news service, ed-
itorial and publicity worker, A. F. of L. Born Sept. 20, 1885, Lake City, Minn. Father an au- thor, ed.
Prim., gram. sch., Poughkeepsie, high sch., New York. Letter carrier, 1905-7; tree surgeon 1908-9;
reporter for news and trade papers, copy reader, proof reader since 1910, except 1918, in U. S.
army. Asst. city ed. New York Call 1911-4; city ed. 1915-7. Secy.-treas. New York Newspaper Writers'
U. 4, Intl. Typographical U., 1915-7; secy.- treas. loc. Tarrytown, N. Y. So- cialist P. 1906-10. Author:
Fam- ous Ghosts, series of 300 articles (38)38 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO publ. by Ledger
Syndicate, Phila- delphia, 1922-3. Member News- paper Club, New York. Home, R. D. Box 219,
Briarcliff Manor, N. Y.; office, A. F. of L. Bldg., Washington, D. C.
#CARTER, Oliver Paul. Pres. Natl. Bro. of Dining Car Employ- ees since 1920; secy. Natl. Legis. Coun.
of Colored Ry. Workers. Born Jan. 1, 18S0, Kansas City, Kan. Father a city flreman. Lin- coin scn.,
Lincoin High Sch., Kan- sas City, Mo. Was dining car waiter. Affiliated with Ry. Men's Intl. Ben. Indust.
Assn. Repub- lican. Member Masons, Foresters. Home, 4800 Calumet Ave.; office, 3441 Wabash
Ave., Chicago, 11l.

#CARTRIDGE, George H. Pot- ter; 1st vice-pres. Natl. Bro. of Op. Potters since 1922. Born June 8,
1875, Trenton, N. J. Fa- ther a potter. Trenton gram. sch. and bus. coll. Worked at trade for 30 yrs.;
5th vice-pres. Bro. of Potters 1917-22. Served on school board, Trenton. Vice-pres. Tren- ton
Tuberculosis & Health Lg. Pres. Social Center Lg. of Tren- ton. Health and welfare worker among
members of Bro. of Pot- ters. Member Pub. Health & Welfare Assn. Independent voter. Home, 1432
Brunswick Ave.; of- fice, 1009-11 Amer. Mechanics Bldg., Trenton, N. J.

#CARTWRIGHT, Victor I. Lawyer; corr. secy. Un. Trades & Labor Assem., Jefferson County, Ky., since
1919; dir. U. Labor Temple, Louisville, Fedi. Em- ployees U. 79. Born Dec. 15, 1885, Jefferson County,
Ky. Father in internal revenue service. Lived on farm until 14 yrs. of age; ap- prenticed to union
painter during vacations while attending Louis- ville high sch.; law dept., Univ. of Louisville;
Alexander Hamilton Inst. of Law. P. O. clerk, fore- man and distributor 1905-22. Re- moved from
postal service, 1922, for adhering to principles of union; offered promotion in June, removed on
false charges in July. Pres. br. 4, Natl. Fed. of P. O. Clerks, 1909-10; treas. 1911-5; del. to Louisville
and Chicago natl. conv. of P. O. Clerks; del. to natl. conv. Natl. Fed. of Federal Empl., Chicago, 1918;
vice-pres. Un. Trades & Labor Assem. previous to present office; del. Ky. Fed. of Labor conv.
Henderson, 1920. Ed. Labor News Letter of Un. Trades & Labor Assem. Member Masons. Usually
Republican; in 1924 La Follette Progressive. Home, 1018 S. 28 St.; office, 507 Realty Bldg., Louisville,

#CASEY, James B. Ed., bus. mgr. Boilermakers' & Iron Ship- builders' Journal since 1910. Born Apr. 14,
1868, Burlington, N. C. Father a r. r. worker and merchant. Pub., private sch., Bur- lington; night sch.,
Roanoke, Va., 1887; Newport News, 1892; Nor- folk, 1900. Went to work at age of 18; worked at
boilermaking until 1891, quit to become mer- chant 1891-2; sold business, re- turned to
boilermaking 1892. Pres. Cent. Labor U., Norfolk and Portsmouth, Va. 1896-9. Pres. Va. Fed. of Labor,
1899-1901. Pres. Cent. Trades & Labor Coun., Rich- mond, Va. 1908-10. Member Va. Legis., 1909-11.
Org. Unionist Publ. Co.; pres. Unionist, Nor- folk, Va., 1901-2. Home, 730 Tauromee Ave.; office,
Suite 524, Brotherhood Block, Kansas City, Kan.
#CASHEN, Thomas C. Intl. pres. Switchmen's U. of N. A. since 1921. Born Sept. 15, 1879, S.
Thompson, Ohio. Father a farm- er. High sch., Cleveland. Worked as switchman; chair, for Switch-
men's U. of western div. N. Y. C. lines 10 yrs.; grand bd. of dir. Switchmen's U., 1918-21; acting
(39)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 39 vice-pres. 1919-21. Home, 66 Rug- by Rd.; office, 39 North
St., Buf- falo, N. Y.

#CASS, Henry E. Pres. Pacific Bro. Investment Co., Tacoma; exec. vice-pres. the Brotherhood's
Cooperative Natl. Bank of Spo- kane; exec. vice-pres. Bro. Coop- erative Natl. Banks of Portland; fin.
rep. Bro. of Loco. Engineers in northwest. Born 1885, Albion, Iowa. Father U. S. Postal service
employee. Gram., high sch., Min- neapolis. Farmer; banker 20 yrs. Active in coop. movt. since 1916.
Member Masons. Progressive. Address, Washington Bldg., Ta- coma, Wash.
#CASSIDY, Edward Francis. Exec. comt. Amer. Labor P., New York, since 1922; vice-pres. Pioneer
Youth of A. since org. 1924; 1st vice - chair. New York br.; printer. Born June 22, 1868, New York.
Father a wheelwright. Gram. sch., New York, Mass., and Calif. Went to work at age of 15; learned
print- ing trade. Org. Typographical U. loc. 6, 1912-3; traveling rep. pro- moting a boycott against non-
union magazines and publications, 1908- 9; del. Intl. Typographical U. 1920; vice-pres. 1908-10. Mem-
ber of comt. directing New York traction strike, 1916; leader of "vacation movement" to estab- lish
44-hr.-week in printing in- dustry, New York, 1919. Active in campaign to elect Henry George mayor
of New York, 1886. Mem- ber Father McGlynn's Anti-Pov- erty Soc. 1887-9. Active in Social Reform
Club 1893-6, and agita- tion leading to present tenement house law. Helped org. Indep. Bryan
Democ., when secy, of 17th Assem. dist., 1896. Joined Social- ist P., 1900; cand. for mayor of New
York, 1909; for pres. bd. of aldermen, 1917; org. Socialist P., N. Y. County, 1910-11; trav- eling rep.
1915; cand. for alder- man, 1919, and after a recount, declared elected, 22 mos. later; cand. for gov.,
1922, Amer. La- bor P. Member Irish Prog. Lg. 1918-9. Has written for labor movement and Socialist
#CAWKER, William J. Vice- pres. 2nd dist. Intl. Assn. of Fire Fighters; chief Fire Prevention Bur. of
Topeka, Born Mar. 16, 1882, Topeka, Kan. Father a car- penter. Self-educated beyond grade schools.
Was a cigarmaker. Member Masons, K. of P., S. B. A. No political affiliation. Home, 1247 Plass Ave.;
office, City Hall, Topeka, Kansas.

#CEASE, Daniel I;. Ed. Rail- road Trainmen since 1891. Born 1864, Phillipsburg, N. J. Elem., high sch.
Entered ry. shop ser- vice 1881; car record dept. 1882; switchman 1882. Joined Bro. of R. R.
Trainmen 1884; member of grand lodge 1884-8. Member Fedi. Compensation Comssn. 1909-11; bd.
of arbitration. Eastern Assn., Order of Ry. Conductors and Bro. of R. R. Trainmen 1913-4; hon. secy.
Natl. Civic Fed. 1907-23. Of- fice, B. R. T. Bldg., 820 Superior Ave. W., Cleveland, Ohio.

#CHADWICK, George W. 2nd vice-pres. Natl. Bro. of Op. Pot- ters since 1916; potter since 1890. Born
Aug. 6, 1879, E. Liverpool, Ohio. Father a potter. Prim. sch., E. Liverpool. Went to work at age of 11.
Member Natl. Bro. of Op. Potters since 1896. Pres. Cent. Labor U. 1913-6; pres. loc. Pot- :ers' U. 1910-
6. Exec. comt. War Chest during World War. Home, 802 Bank St., E. Liverpool, Ohio.,
#CHAMBERLAIN, Ernest Rog- ers. Mng. ed. The Oklahoma Leader since 1923. Born Aug. 18, 1892,
Topeka, Kan. Father cir- (40)40 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO dilation mgr. The Topeka Dally
Capital. Gram., high sch., bus. coll., Topeka; Washburn Coll.; A. B., George Washington Univ., 1916;
LL. B., 1918; Certiflcat d'Etude, Univ. of Paris, Academie Francaise, 1919. Stenographer, govt. clerk
Dept. of Agriculture, 1913-8. U. S. Army in France 1918-9. Publicity for Gov. Allen, Kan., 1919. Head
of law dept., People's Coll., Ft. Scott, Kan. 1919-20; ed. sch. paper, Success- ful Cooperation, 1919-
20. Opened law office Oklahoma City, 1920. Played flute in movie theatres, 1920. Reporter The
Oklahoma Leader 1920-1; city ed. 1922; ed. publications Okla. A. & M. Coll. 1923. Member Amer.
Fed. of Mu- sicians; Oklahoma City Symphony orchestra. Farmer-Labor P. Home, 1004 Bath St.;
office, 17 W. 3 St., Oklahoma City, Okla.

#CHANIN, Nathan. Secy. Jew- ish Socialist Verband, New York. Born Nov. 27, 1884. Capmaker; gen.
bd. Un. Cloth Hat & Cap- mkrs. of N. A. Natl. exec. comt. Workmen's Circle. Author: week- ly articles
in Der Wecker. So- cialist P. Home, 57 E. 100 St.; office, 175 E. Broadway, N. Y.

#CHAPLIN, Ralph Hosea. Com- mercial artist. Born Aug. 30, 1887, Ames, Kan. Father a farmer. Gram.
sch. to 7th grade. Went to work at age of 14. Studied in Chicago Art Inst. evenings. Bd. dir. Charles H.
Kerr Publ. Co., 1908-13; asst. ed. Socialist and Labor Star, Huntington, W. Va., 1912-3; ed. Solidarity,
I. W. W. paper, 1916. One year in Cook Co. jail, awaiting trial; sentenced to 20 yrs. under espionage
act, 1918; entered Leaven worth prison Aug. 30, 1918; sentence commuted June 25, 1923. Attended
trial of Centralia I. W. W. 1920; dir. pub- licity, Gen. Defense Comt., Chi- -ago, 1923-4. Author: When
the Leaves Come Out, poems, 1917, suppressed; Bars and Shadows, prison poems, 1919; Centralia
Conspiracy, 1924. Home, Lom- bard, 11l.

#CHASE, Stuart. Dir., Labor Bur., Inc., since 1921; treas. Lg. for Indust. Democ. since 1922. Born Mar.
8, 1888, Somers- worth, N. H. Father an en- gineer and accountant. Mass. Inst. of Technology 1907-
8; S.B., Harvard Univ. 1910. Jr. Ac- countant 1910-5; C. P. A. 1915. Mass, investigator for Fed- eral
Trade Comssn. 1917-21. Treas. Boston Fabian Club 1914- 7; pres. Chicago Fabian Club 1918-9.
Helped organize Techni- cal All. 1920-21. Investigated Chi- cago packers and prepared Vol. V on
Packers' Profits for Federal Trade Comssn. Dir. Coop. Laun- dry 1922-3. Author: A Honey- moon
Experiment, 1915; three books on accounting; The Chal- lenge of Waste, 1925; pamphlet, The
Challenge of Waste, 1923; ar- ticles for The Century, The Na- tion, The Forum. The New Re- public.
Labor Age, The Search- light, The World Tomorrow. Member Bookkeepers', Steno. & Accts'. U.
Home, 136 W. 16 St.; office, 2 W. 43 St., New York.
#CHEEL, Mabel Watson (Mrs. E. C.) Speaker and adviser for Coop. Lg. of U. S. A. Born June 27, 1880,
Brooklyn, N. Y. Father a painter. High sch., Brooklyn. Teacher Brooklyn pub. sch. 2 yrs. Stenographer
10 yrs. Secy.-treas. Coop. Lg. of U. S. A. 1917-22. 1st vice-leader Woman Suffrage P., Assem. dist. 11,
Brooklyn; org., speaker, house comt. secy. Women's Trade U. Lg. about 1915. Organized Coop.
Women's Guilds 1921-4 in various parts of U. S. Member Bookkeepers', Steno. & Accts'. U. Author:
How to Or- ganize Women's Guilds, 1921, and (41)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 4l articles on
cooperation for maga- zines. Home, Ontario, Calif.; of- fice, Cooperative Lg., 167 W. 12 St., New York,
N. Y.
#CHLOPEK, Anthony J. Pres. Intl. Longshoremen's Assn. since 1921. Born June 10, 1880, Toledo, Ohio.
Father a bricklayer. St. Hedwig's Roman Catholic paro- chial sch. Went to work at age of 15 as
longshoreman until 1916. 1st vice-pres. Intl. Longshoremen's Assn. 1909-21. Member Intl. Transport
W. Fed., Canadian Trades & Labor Cong.; K. of C. Independent in politics. Home, 2615 Cherry St.,
Toledo, Ohio; of- fice, 702-4 Brisbane Bldg., Buf- falo, N. Y.

#CHRISTENSEN, Parley Parker. Lawyer, speaker, writer; member natl. comt., Conf. Prog. Pol. Act.
Born in Weston, Idaho; over 45 yrs. old. Father a farmer and freighter. LL.B., Cornell Univ. Farmer,
teamster, r. r. worker, sch. teacher, sch. supt. Secy. Constitutional conv.; member 11l. Legis. Dist.
atty. 2 terms. In legislature voted for all of labor's demands; voted against appropri- ations for state
militia; as prose- cuting atty. enforced 8 hr.-day in municipal works and underground mines. Del. to
Chicago Fed. of Labor 1 yr. Cand. for Pres., Far- mer-Labor P., 1920. Made trip around the world,
60,000 miles in 800 days, 1921-2. Member News 'Writers' U. Address, Morrison Hotel, Chicago, 11l.

#CHRISTMAN, Elisabeth. Secy.- treas. Natl. Women's Trade U. Lg. since 1922; secy.-treas. Intl. Glove
W. U. since 1915. Born in Chi- cago. Father a musician. German Lutheran gram. sch., Brookwood
Labor Inst. 1924. Went to work at age of 13, as a glove maker. Shop chair., Glove W. loc., treas. 1905-
11; pres. 1912-7; exec. bd. 1904 to date. Chief field rep.. Women's div. War Labor Bd., 1918. Exec.
bd. Chicago Women's Trade U. Lg. since 1911. Del. Cong, of Intl. Fed. of Working Women, Vienna,
1923. Member Woman's City Club, Chicago, 11l. Lg. of Women Voters. Home, 1634 Mango Ave.;
office, 311 S. Ashland Blvd., Chicago, 11l.
#CHRYSSOS, Ellis. Ed. Em- pros, weekly organ Greek Fed. of Workers' P.; secy. Greek Fed. of Workers'
P.; mechanical den- tist. Born Jan. 7, 1897, Keras- sunde, Turkey. Father a merch- ant, now a refugee
in Greece. High sch., Greece. In Russia 1916-7. Author: many politi- cal articles in Empros. Office,
1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chi- cago, 11l.

#CHUBB, Irene Sylvester (Mrs. Walston Chubb). Field rep. Amer. Assn. for Labor Legls. since 1915.
Born Oct. 15, 1890, Passaic, N. J. Father an assayer. Gram., high sch., Passaic; A. B., Mt. Holyoke,
1911; Bryn Mawr, 1911-2; A. M., Columbia, 1915. Author: articles on workmen's compensation in
American Labor Legislation Re- view. Member Lg. of Women Voters, Consumers' Lg. Home, 4533
Westminister Pl., St. Louis, Mo.; office, 131 E. 23 St., New York, N. Y.

#CHtTMLEY, Leland Stanford. Ed. The Hotel Worker, official or- gan of Hotel & Restaurant W. U.,
since 1923; exec. comt., Lg. for Mutual Aid since 1922; cartoon- ist. Born Jan. 22, 1885, Chatta-
nooga, Tenn. Father a civil en- gineer. Art Institute, Chicago, 11l. 3 yrs. Went to work at age of 9;
migratory hotel worker 1905- 17. Ed. The Labor Defender, 1918; The Rebel Worker, 1919- 20; The
Industrial Unionist, 1922; contributed series of drawings of labor leaders to The Labor Age, 1924;
publicity work for gen. de- (42)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO fense comt. 1917-8. Member I. W. W.
1909-23; Amal. Food W. since 1923. Author: Hotel and Restaurant Workers, 1914, for I. W. W.;
numerous leafiets. Home, 134 W. 15 St.; office, 133 W. 51 St., New York, N. Y.
#CLAESSENS, August. Instr. pub. speaking, sociology, and So- cialism, Rand Sch. of Social Sci- ence,
New York, since 1916; lec- turer for Socialist P. since 1910; for Workmen's Circle since 1923. Born
June 17, 1885, Berne, Swit- zerland. Step-father a house- painter. Parochial and gram, son., New
York; studied elocution at Cooper Union, New York; Rand Sch., 1908-10. Worked as news- boy;
shipping clerk; grocery clerk; house-painter; street as- tronomer; pantomimist and elo- cutionist.
Hon. member Cloth Hat, Cap, & Millinery W. Intl. U. and Un. Auto, Aircraft & Vehicle W. Socialist
member N. Y. Assem. 1918-9; re-elected 1920 but was refused seat with 4 other Social- ist
assemblymen because of mem- bership in Socialist P.; re-elected again in same year (1920) and again
refused seat; re-elected 1922 and seated. Cand. for Cong., N. Y., 1914, '24. Frequent del. to natl. and
N. Y. Socialist P. conv. Author: Logic of Socialism, 1921; Is Socialism Inevitable?, 1922; The Trinity of
Plunder, 1922. Member Workmen's Circle. Home, 3209 E. Tremont Ave., New York, N. Y.

#CLARK, Eugene Eustace. Chair, exec. bd. Bro. of Maint. of Way Empl. & Ry. Shop Labor- ers since
1922; chair. Santa Fe Ry. div. since 1919. Born Oct. 25, 1867, Lincoin, Ohio. Deacend- ent of Abraham
Clark of N. J., signer of Declaration of Inde- pendence; father a farmer and stock grower. Gallia Acad.,
Qal- lipolls, Ohio. Studied law and fruit growing in corr. sen. Farm- er, contractor, tool dresser, driller
in oil fields, train and water ser- vice, Santa Fe Ry. since 1902. U. S. Army, 1899, participated in Fil-
ipino insurrection. Member Elks, K. of P., Knights of Khorasan. Home, 829 E. St., San Bernardino.
Calif.; office, 300 Manhattan Bldg., Kansas City, Mo.
#CLARK, Evans. Economist, newspaperman. Exec. comt. Lg. for Indust. Democ. since 1924; Labor
Research comt., Rand Sch. of Social Science since 1923; staff of New York Times since 1924. Born
Aug. 9, 1888, Orange, N. J. Father a physician. A.B., Amherst, 1910, Harvard Univ. 1910-1, Co- lumbia
Law Sch. and Univ. 1911- 4; A. M., 1912. Instr. in govern- ment, Princeton Univ. 1914-7. Dir. research,
Socialist delegation N. Y. bd. of Aldermen. 1917-9. Asso. ed. Utilities Magazine, 1917- 9. Asst. dir.
commercial dept., Russian Soviet Govt. Bur., 1919- 20; vice-pres. Lg. for Indust. Democ. 1921-4; dir.
Labor Bur., 1923, engaged in economic and statistical research and newspaper publicity for labor
organizations; acted as eco- nomic counsel to unions in wage arbitration cases; ed. Facts for
Workers, a monthly review of industrial conditions for labor press. Bus. mgr. The New York Leader,
1923. Asso. ed. Adver- tisers' Weekly, 1923-4. Member Bookkeepers', Steno. & Accts'. U. Author:
Woman's Suffrage in Par- liament, 1913; Municipal Owner- ship in the U. S., 1914; co-author with W.
E. Walling and H. W. Laidier, Facts and Fabrications about Soviet Russia, 1919. Con- tributor to
various periodicals. Member Civic Club, Harvard Club, Amer. Statistical Assn., Al- pha Delta Phi.

#CLARKE, William Patrick. Pres. Amer. Flint Glass W. U. of N. A. since 1916. Born Aug. 20, 1874, Elm
Grove, W. Va. Father a laborer and drayman. Attended Muncie, Ind., bus. coll. 1900-3; Toledo Univ.
at intervals. Went to work at age of 10 in glass fac- tory. Asst.-secy. Flint Glass W. U. 1903-7; secy.
1907-9; secy.-treas. 1909-16. Influential in re-election of Samuel Gompers over John Lewis as pres. of
A. F. of L. 1921. Active in liberty loan drives, and for Irish freedom. Author: My Travelogue, a review
of a journey through 14 countries of Europe in interest of Flint Glass W. U.; Europe's Flint Glass
Industry; Speeches and addresses; many ar- ticles on various subjects. Mem- ber K. of C., Knights of
St. John. Elks, Moose, Toledo Rotary Club. Democrat. Home, 2022 Forest Ave.; office, 337-347 Ohio
Bldg., Toledo, Ohio.
#CLOSSER, William Howard. Dir. Soo Coop. Mercantile Assn., Sault Ste. Marie, since organiza- tion,
1913; rec. secy. loc. 32, Amer. Fed. of Federal Empl., since 1922; deputy collector and inspec- tor, U.
S. Customs, since 1908. Born Oct . 28, 1865, La Porte, Ind. Father a farmer, grain, and livestock
buyer. High scn., La Porte. P. O. clerk and custom service since 1905. Pres. loc. 32, Amer. Fed. of
Federal Empl., 1920-1; bd. dir. Coop. Lg. of U. S. A. 1918-20. Author: reports on coop. movt.
Republican. Address, 521 Bingham Ave., Sault Ste. Ma- rie. Mich.

#COATES, William J. Ed. Labor World, Spokane, since 1915. Born Jan. 4, 1880, Durham. England.
Father a machinist. Came to U. S. when 3 yrs. old. Gram. sen., Pueblo, Colo. Went to work at age of
17. Pressman 1905 to pres- ent time. Member of Intl. Print- ing Pressmen's & Assts'. U. of N. A. since
1903; state org. 1912. Exec. coun. and vice-pres. Wash. Fed. of Labor 1909-19. Secy. Ap- peal Bd.,
eastern dist., Wash., during World War. Author: ar- ticles for labor press. Home, 309 S. Wall St.;
office, 311 Sprague Ave., Spokane, Wash.

#CODY, Michael Patrick. Weekly People peddier for 11 yrs., at practically every important politi- cal
meeting in New York. Born Aug. 15, 1863, Ballaghmuty, County Longford, Ireland. Father a gardener.
Came to U. S. 1867. Gram. sch. New York. Began work at 12 yrs. of age in wall- paper shop; was
fireman on r. r., in machine shop, ice machine, and iron worker, housesmith, street laborer for gas
company. Mem- ber loc. 224, Knights of Labor, transferred to House Smiths' Iron W. U., 1886-92; in
house smiths' strike of 3,000 men, 1891. Pre- viously member Greenback Labor P. from boyhood to
1886; Single Tax P. 1886; People's P. 1892; joined Socialist Labor P. 1897, still member; made
political speeches for several yrs. in New York. Office, 45 Rose St., New York, N. Y.
#COEFIELD, John. Pres. Un. Assn. of Plumbers & Steam F. of U. S. and Can.; 3rd vice-pres. Metal
Trades Dept., A. F. of L. Office, 1138 N. Dearborn St., Chi- cago, 11l.

#COFFEY, S. H. Secy.-treas. Farm Labor U. of A. Born Oct. 7, 1872, Alanthus, Mo. Father a physician.
Normal sch., Stanber- ry, Mo.; Okla. Univ. summer sch. Teacher, farmer. Secy.-treas. Ark. Farm Labor
U. 1922-3. Author: articles for country newspapers. Member Masons. Progressive Democrat. Home,
1115 Pecan St.; office, 1526 1-2 Texas Ave., Tex- arkana, Ark. (44)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO

#COHEN, Joseph E. Asso. ed. The New York New Leader since foundation, 1924; compositor. Born
Dec. 13, 1882, Baltimore, Md. Father a cigarmaker, active in his union and in Socialist P. High sch.
and Industrial Art Sch., Philadelphia. Member Intl. Typo- graphical U. since 1902; one of org. of
Philadelphia printers' 8- hr.-strlke, 1905-6. Ed. Forty- Four in 44-hr.-strike, 1921-3. Member Socialist
P. since 1903; del. Socialist conv. since 1905; intl. del. 1922-3. Organized Phila- delphia Sch. of Social
Science; one of org. of Philadelphia Labor Coll. Member Mayor's food comssn. 1917-8. Author: Social-
ism for Students, 1908. pamph- lets and leafiets for Socialist P. Home, 1950 Godfrey Ave., Phila-
delphia, Pa.
#COHN, Fannla Mary. Vice- pres. Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. since 1916; exec.-secy. educ. dcpt. Intl.
Ladies' Garment W. U. since formation 1917; co-founder Work- ers' Educ. Bur. 1921, vice-pres. since
that date; exec. comt. Labor Cooperating comt., Brookwood Labor Coll.; exec. comt. Pio- neer Youth
of A. since for- mation 1924; exec. comt. Manu- mit Sch. since foundation 1924; co-ed. Workers'
Education; secy. Labor Textbook Comt.; natl. comt. Conf. Prog. Pol. Act.; writer and lecturer on labor
and work- ers' educ., economics, and labor problems. Born Apr. 5, 1885, Kletzk, Minsk, Russia. Went
to private schools, Russia. Member Social. Revolutionary P. 1901-4. Came to U. S. 1904. Began work
in garment industry 1905; active in strikes since 1906; joined Intl. Ladies' Gar- ment W. U. 1909;
exec. bd. loc. 41. 1909-14; chair. 1913-4; prominent in strikes 1912-3; org. Intl. Ladies' Garment W.
U. Chi- cago, 1915; led Chicago waist, dress, and housedress makers' strike 1915-6; later mgr. locals
59, 60, Chicago; gen. org. 1916- 7. Author: articles "Review of First International Conference on
Workers' Education, Brussels, 1922"; "What Workers' Education Really Is"; "Why Workers' Edu-
cation under Trade Union Aus- pices?"; "The Educational Acti- vities of the International Ladies'

#COHN, Hymaii I. Pres. and mgr. Consumerized Homes Coop., Inc.; pres. Consumers' Coop. Credit U.;
dir. State Assn. of Credit Unions; treas. Workmen's Circle Credit U. Born Sept. 22, 1870, Kovna,
Russia. Father a merchant. Talmudical Univ., Dvinsk, Russia. Came to U. S. 1895. Was a dealer in silk
and cotton fabrics. 1 of organizers Coop. Lg. 1909; pres. 1909-13. Org. 1st New York Tenants' Lg.,
1912; pres. 1915-6; led tenants' strike 1915-6. 1 of org. Coop. Lg. of A., pres. 1909-13, member of
exec. comt. several yrs.; org. Coop. Credit U 1915, vice-pres. 1915-9; Consumers' Coop. Credit U. in
Community Church, New York, 1920; Workmen's Circle Credit U. 1920; Consumers' Coop. Housing
Assn. 1923, 1st vice-pres. 1923-4; Consumerized Homes Coop., Inc., 1924; 1 of organizers
Cooperative Consumer, now Co- (45)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 45 operation, official organ of
Coop. Lg. of U. S. A.; dir. 1914-6. Au- thor: pamphlets, Cooperation in City Blocks, 1917; Principles of
Cooperative Shops and How to Organize Them (Yiddish), 1919; Cooperative Stores and Insurance,
1919. Member Workmen's Circle. Address, 1884 Belmont Ave., New York, N. Y.

#COLBY, Josephine. Vice-pres. Amer. Fed. of Teachers since 1919; pres. loc. 189 since 1922; del. New
York Cent. Trades & Labor Coun. since 1922; teacher Brookwood Labor Coll. since 1922. Born Apr.
14, 1878, Colby's Land- ing, Calif. Father a farmer, pres. Grangers' Bank. Tutored at home; high sch.,
Berkeley; B. L., Univ. of Calif., 1899; Amer. Con- servatory of Music. Chicago. Instr. English, history
and theory of music. Oakland, Fresno, 1915-9; org., field secy., Amer. Fed. of Teachers, 1920; dir.
publicity, Chi- cago office, 1921; instr. Chicago Labor Coll., 1921; New York Cent. Trades & Labor
Coun. Coll. 1923- 4; Bryn Mawr Summer Sch. for Women in Industry, 1924. Mem- ber Women's
Trade U. Lg.; Pub. Ownership Lg.; Proportional Rep- resentation Lg.; Federated Press Lg., Amer. Assn.
of Teachers of Journalism. Address Brookwood, Katonah, N. Y.

#COLEMAN, Frank 3. Ed. The Plate Printer since 1917; secy. Md. and D. C. Fed. of Labor since Apr.
1924; legis. rep. Intl. Plate Printers' and Die Stampers' U. of N. A. since 1918. Born Oct, 25, 1882,
Washington, D. C. Father a machinist. High sch., Washing- ton; Georgetown Law Sch. 1920. Plate
printer U. S. Bur. of En- graving and Printing 1900-17; del. Md. and D. C. Fed. of Labor 1917- 24; del.
Washington Cent. Labor U. 1917-24; del. A. F. of L. conv. 1921-2. Chair, legis. comt, Wash. Cent.
Labor U. 1920-3. Secy. Trade U. legis coun. 1922-3. Member K. of C.; Elks; Natl. U.; Natl. Press Club.
Republican. Home, 116 6 St., N. E.; office, 414 Washington Loan and Trust Bldg., Washington, D. C.
#COLiEMAN, James Covington. Educ. dir. Ukrainian Farming & Machinery Corp. since 1924; lec- turer.
Born Feb. 29, 1884, Cyn- thiana, Ky. Father a farmer. Gram. sch., Harrison County; Athens sch.; A. B.,
Univ. of Chat- tanooga, 1911; post-grad, study, Univ. of Boston. Asso. dir. Peo- ple's Inst., Los Gatos,
Calif, 1920- 1; advisory bd. Sun Maid Raisin Growers' Assn., Fresno, Calif., 1923. Lecturer, org., and
dir. for groups of farmers, workers, and children, and for progressive and radical movts. Office, R.
1013, 70 5 Ave., New York, N. Y.

#COLEMAN, McAlister. New York corr. for Illinois Miner since 1923; exec. comt., Comt. of 48, since
1919; bd. of dir. Labor Age since 1920. Born July 4, 1888. New York. Father a lawyer. Col- legiate Sch.,
New York; A. B., Columbia Univ., 1909. Newspaper reporter for New York Sun, 1909- 13; advertiser
with Amer. Tel. & Tel. Co., 1913-4; with Frank Pres- brey Adv. Agency, 1914-5; copy writer for
Berrien Adv. Agency 1916-22. Corr., asst. ed. Illinois Miner 1922-3; secy. Pub. Comt. on Coal 1922;
corr. Oklahoma Leader 1923; reporter New York Leader, 1923. Author: The Truth About the Lusk
Committee, pamphlet, 1919; The Last Mile, a novel, 1920; articles in The Survey, The Na- tion, The
New Republic. Labor Age, Labor, Illinois Miner, Okla- homa Leader. Member Amer. Civil Lib. U.; Lg.
for Indust. Democ.; Conf. Prog. Pol. Act.; Civic Club, New York. Home, 18 E. 9 St.; office, 19 W. 44 St.,
#COIJSMAN, William. State secy. Socialist P. of Wis. since 1923; exec. bd. Wis. Fed. of Labor since
1916; exec. bd. Milwaukee Fed. Trades Coun. since 1908, excepting 2 yrs., painter 1893-1911. Born
July 6, 1878, Sioux City, Iowa. Fa- ther a farmer, later a r. r. em- ployee. Gram. scn., Fond Du Lac. Wis.
Went to work at age of 12. Apprenticed to printer; painter 18 yrs. Pres. Milwaukee loc. 781, Bro. of
Painters, Decorators, & Pa- perh. of A., 1911, '3, '20-1. Del. A. F. of L. 1911. Exec. bd. Wis. Fed. of
Labor 1916-24; org. Mil- waukee Fed. Trades Coun. 1919- 22; secy. exec. bd. 1917-22; rec. secy. 1915-
7. Rep. Wis. Fed. of Labor before jt. conf. comt. in Washington, D. C., in opposition to Esch-
Cummings r. r. act. Mem- ber Socialist P. since 1898; Social- ist alderman-at-large, Milwaukee, 1910-
4, 1916-22; introduced reso- lution which resulted in present system of state employment offi- ces.
Cand. for gov. on Socialist ticket 1920. Member Citizens' comt. on Unemployment, Mil- waukee,
1911-24. Author: articles on Socialism and trade unionism. Member Eagles, K. of P., Bahn Frel
Turners, Socialist Maenner- chor. Home, 1425 22 St.; office, R. 310, 528 Chestnut St., Mil- waukee,

#COLIJNS, George Tiukens. Field secy. Fell, of Recon. since 1923; vice-pres. Farmer-Labor summer
scn. of Colo, since 1924; lecturer. Born Mar. 16, 1892, Riv- erside, Calif. Father an oil op- erator. Pub.
scn., Riverside and Santa Ana; A. B., Univ. of Calif., 1915. Indust. secy. Y. M. C. A. 1919-20; college
pastor, Berkeley, Calif., 1915-7, Golden, Colo., 1920- 3; 2nd lieut. U. S. Army in France, 1918-9. Bd.
trustees, Labor Lg. of Ex-Service Men, Oakland, 1 1920; Cent. Labor Coun., Oakland, 1920; faculty
Denver Labor Coll. 1922-3; faculty Farm- er-Labor summer scn. of Colo. 1923, '4; bd. dir. Des Moines
La- bor Coll. 1924. Travelled in Europe 1922, studying labor movt., labor educ., and causes of war.
Politics Progressive, supported LaFollette 1924. Home. 87 Bed- ford St.; office, R. 806, 396 Broad-
way, New York, N. Y.
#COLLINS, John J. Secy.-treas. Tunnel & Subway Constr. Intl. U. Born in Boston, Mass. Common sch.
Member Bro. of Painters, Decorators & Paperh. of A.; pres. loc. 848, 6 terms, bus. rep. 5 terms; pres.
dist. coun. 2 terms; secy. 2 tejms; del. 4 convs.; del. A. F. of L. conv., El Paso, 1924. Address, 324 E.
116 St., New York. N. Y.
#COLLINS, John Murphy. Natl. exec. comt. Socialist P. since 1901; machinist, shop chair, for lodge
478, Intl. Assn. of Machinists, Chi. & N. W. Ry., 1917-9, '24. Born Feb. 14, 1864, Newery, Ire- land.
Father a blacksmith. Model sch., Ireland. Apprenticed as ma- chinist at age of 16. Joined Amal. Soc.
of Engineers 1883. Came to U. S. 1884. Member Intl. Assn. of Machinists since 1900; pres. lodge 478,
1918; org. 1908-10. Member Socialist Labor P. 1894-1901, So- cialist P. since then. Org. for Socialist
P. 1902-8; county chair. 1918-24. Cand. for gov. of 11l. 1904; for mayor of Chicago 1905; for Cong.
1924. Author: pamph- let, The Power and Weakness of Trades Unions, 1910. Home, 839 N. St. Louis
Ave., Chicago, 1ll.

#COLLINS, William M. Pres. Ry. Mail Assn. since 1921. Born Apr. 23, 1876, Verona, Wis. Father a
farmer. High sch. Formerly a teacher, ry. postal clerk, 1901-18. Indust. secy. Ry. Mail Assn. 1918- 21.
Member Masons, Congl. Coun- try Club. Progressive Republican. (47)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO
Home, 3002 25 St., N. E.; office, 901 Massachusetts Ave., N. W., Washington, D. C.
#COMMONS, John Rogers. Prof, economics, Univ. of Wis., since 1904; chair. Unemployment Ins. Bd.,
Chicago clothing trades, since 1924; pres. Natl. Consumers' Lg.; Wis. Minimum Wage Bd. since 1919.
Born Oct. 13, 1862, Hollandsburg, Ohio. Father an editor. Gram. sch., high sch., Winchester, Ind.; A.
B., Oberlin Coll., 1888; LL. D., Oberlin, 1915. Printer and member Intl. Typo- graphical U., loc. 53,
1883-7. Instr. political economy, Wes- leyan Univ., 1890; prof, sociology Oberlin Coll. 1892, Ind. Univ.
1893-5, Syracuse Univ. 1895-9. Expert, U. S. Industrial Comssn., 1901; asst. secy. Natl. Civic Fed.
1902. Member Wis. Industrial Comssn. 1911-3, helped to draft law creating indust. comssn., 1st
workmen's compensation law. Member Wis. Minimum Wage Bd. since 1910. Pres. Amer. Econ. Assn.
1917. Assoc. eel., Documen- tary History of American Indus- trial Society. Author: Social Re- form and
the Church; Propor- tional Representation; Regulation and Restriction of Output by Em- ployers and
Union; Distribution of Wealth; edited Trade Unionism and Labor Problems, 1905; Races and
Immigrants in America, 1907; Labor and Administration, 1913; with John B. Andrews, Principles of
Labor Legislation, 1916; His- tory of Labor in the U. S. (with others), 1918; Industrial Good- will, 1919;

#CONTAIN, Peter J. Vice-pres. Intl. Assn. of Machinists since 1921. Born Sept. 23, 1869, Brooklyn, N.
Y. Father a loco- motive engineer. Gram. sch. Studied by corr. with Speakers' Service Bur. Went to
work at age of 14. Worked 2 yrs. as appren- tice plumber; served apprentice- ship as machinist for
Cotton Belt r. r. at Pine Bluffs, Ark.; ma- chinist 1885-1901. Exec. bd. Intl. Assn. of Machinists 1895-
1901; 1st vice-pres. 1901-16; gen. rep. 1916-21. In charge of organizing dept. since 1921. During
federal control of r. r. in World War, asst. to Pres. B. M. Jewell of the Ry. Empl. Dept., A. F. of L. Has
written many articles for Machin- ists' Journal. Vice-pres. Non-Par- tisan Voters' Lg. of Arlington
County, Va. Member K. of C., Foresters, Private Soldiers & Sail- ors Legion, chair. Progressive P. of Va.
Progressive in politics. Home, Mt. Ida, Alexandria, Va.; office, Machinists' Bldg., Washing- ton, D. C.

#CONNEMi, George CardweU. Treas. Natl. Window Glass W. U. since 1923. Born Aug. 18, 1890,
Findiay, Ohio. Father a window glass worker. Gram., high ach., Findiay. Window glass worker 1909 to
date. Independent voter. Member Masons, Kiwanis Club. Home, Pennsboro, W. Va.; office, 1103-4
Ulmer Bldg., Cleveland. Ohio. (48)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO
#CONNOLLY, John Joseph. Vice- pres. Intl. Assn. of Machinists since 1921; volunteer org. A. F. of L.
since 1899. Born June 1, 1867, London, England. Father a jn. tailor. Came to U. S. 1872. Gram, sch.,
Boston. Went to work at age of 15. Machinist since 1886. Joined Knights of Labor 1886-9; member N.
E. Machinists U. 1891- 3. Charter member Boston lodge 264, Intl. Assn. of Machinists, 1893; pres.
1896-8. Pres. N. E. dist. lodge 1893-6; 1902-4. Intl. exec. bd. 1899. Worked in shop, 1901-14. Bus.
agt. for Boston lodge 1914-6; for dist. 1916-9. Gen. org. 1919-21. Non-partisan in politics. Home, 8
Hallam St., Boston, Mass.; office, Machinists' Bldg., Washington, D. C.

#CONNORS, James Bartholo- mew. Vice-pres. Switchmen's U. of N. A.; 2nd vice-pres. 11l. Fed. of
Labor; switchman. Born Aug. 14, 1858, Watertown, N. Y. Fa- ther a r. r. builder. Gram. sch. Author:
reports and letters for Journal of Switchmen's U. and other labor press. Member K. of C. Votes for
men and measures. Address, 5441 S. Halstead St., Chi- cago, I1l.
#CONWAY, H. J. Secy.-treas. Retail Clerks' Intl. Protective Assn.; ed. and mgr. Retail Clerks'
International Advocate. Office, Levering Bldg., LaFayette, Ind.

#COOK, Harry Herman. Natl. asst. secy. Amer. Flint Glass W. U. since 1916. Born Feb. 28, 1882,
Wheeling, W. Va. Father a glass worker. Sch. a few yrs. before going to work at age of 10. Never
worked outside glass industry. Member Amer. Flint Glass W. U. since 1901; pres., secy. loc. 13, Bella
ire, Ohio; natl. exec. bd. 1912-6. Del. Bridgeport, Ohio, Trade Coun.; Ohio Valley Trade Coun.,
Wheeling, W. Va., 1906-7; all of Flint Glass W. conv. since 1906; A. F. of L. convs., 1913, '23. Auditing
comt. A. F. of L. 1923. Independent voter. Member Elks, Moose, Eagles. Home, 247 Michi- gan St.;
office, 337-348 Ohio Bldg., Toledo, Ohio.

#COOK, Inez Irene. Pres. Fed. of Federal Empl. loc. 261, since 1922; secy. Women's Trade U. Lg., D.
C., since 1922; del. Cent . Labor U., Washington, since 1922; steno- grapher since 1918. Born Oct. 8,
1884, Providence, R. I. Father a carpenter. Gram., high, night commercial sch., Providence; Trade U.
Coll., Washington, D. C. 1923. Jewelry carder 1899; locket maker 1900-3; printer's asst. 5 yrs. Asst to
legis. secy. Women's Trade U. Lg. 1923. Home, 1840 Vernon St.; office. War Dept., Washington, D. C.

#COOK, Walter Moore. Pub. ac- countant for Labor Bur. Inc. Born Mar. 19, 1893, Chester Coun- ty, S.
C. Father a farmer and livestock dealer. High sch., Rock Hill, S. C.; Southern Commercial Sch.,
Charleston, S. C., 1910-1; Rand Sch. of Social Science 1912- 3. Went to work as newspaper devil
1909; cigar packer 1910; ham wrapper 1910; stenographer and bookkeeper 1911. Secy. So- cialist P.,
Charleston, 1911. So- cialist P. org., Ga., and S. C. 1914-7. U. S. Employment Ser- vice 1918-9; secy.
Socialist P., N. Y., 1919-20; secy. natl. conv. 1920. Office mgr. Natl. Lead Co. 1920- 1. Accountant for
many New York unions since 1922. Designed Dawico accounting system for lo- cal trade unions 1923.
Cand. for S. C. supt. of educ. 1912; for N. Y. Assem. 1918. Secy. Workers' Coun. 1921. Member
Bookkeep- ers', Steno & Accts'. U. Home, 174 State St., Brooklyn; office, 2 W. 43 St., New York, N. Y.
#COOMBS, Cam Dallas. Secy. N. Y. Assn. of Credit Unions since 1922; secy. div. of Remedial
(49)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Loans, in charge of credit unions, Russell Sage Foundation, since
1918. Born Oct. 7, 1892, Chelsea, Mass. Father a broker. Prim. scn., Pittsburgh; gram. sch., New York;
Normal Coll.; Pratt Inst.; Kell's Bus. Coll. Teacher of Eng- lish and shorthand 1914-5; pri- vate secy.,
1915-6; org. and pub- licity worker, Natl. War Savings Comt. 1916-7. Chair, comt. on economics,
1917-8. Author: Mod- ern Magic (a household budget and account book), 1920; The Credit Union
and the Cooperative Bank, pamphlet, 1922; A Study of Savings and Loan Associations Among
Employees, 1925. Home, 527 W. 124 St.; office, 130 E. 22 St., New York, N. Y.
#CORMACK, John Joseph. Rec. secy. Quincy, Mass., Cent. Labor U. since 1922; vice-pres. loc. 253,
Amal. Assn. of Street & Elec. Ry. Em pi. of A. since 1921; street ry. conductor. Born Aug. 6, 1894,
Quincy, Mass. Father a granite mfr. Gram., high sch., Quincy. Went to work at age of 14. Con- ductor
since 1916. Home, 18 New- ton Ave., Quincy, Mass.
#CORWIN, William David. Secy. N. Y. Fed. of Rural Letter Car- riers since 1923; pres. Ulster and
Orange County br. since 1922. Born June 5, 1888, New Paltz, N. Y. Graduate of New Paltz Nor- mal
sch.; Eastman Bus. Coll.; Intl. Corr. Sch. Formerly a book- keeper, cashier, and P. O. clerk; rural letter
carrier since 1913. Member Masons, Highland Cham- ber of Commerce. Republican. Address,
Highland, Ulster Coun- ty, N. Y. OOSTIGAN, Mabel Cory (Mrs. Edward P.) Chair. Women's div.
LaFollette - Wheeler Progressive Campaign, 1924; vice-pres. Natl. Consumers' Lg. since 1919; vice-
pres. D. C. Lg. of Women Voters since 1924. Born Patch Grove, Wis. Father a physician. Pub. sch.,
normal sch., De'nver. Kin- dergartener in Denver public sch. 8 yrs.; lecturer in summer sch. at
Boulder, Colo., Omaha, Neb., and other places. Pres. Woman's Club of Denver, 1913-6; chair. Living
Cost comt., Natl. Lg. of Women Voters 1919-23. Author: pamphlets, Consuming the Con- sumers,
1920; The Food Problem â€Undernourishment, Speculation, Monopoly, and the High Cost of Living,
1921; The Food Problem and Federal Legislation, 1921; Living Costs and Agriculture, 1923; Coal and
the Consuming Public. 1923; Congress and Muscle Shoals, 1923; The Packers and the Public. 1923;
Cooperative Societies †Way Out for the Consumer, 1924. Member Women's Trade U. Lg. Home,
#COTE, Louis J. Org. A. F. of L.; org. Intl. Printing Pressmen's & Assts.' U.; pres. Waterbury loc.; Amer.
Fed. of Musicians; press- man and musician. Born Sept. 12, 1882. Father a laborer. Elem. sch., St.
Jacinthe, Quebec. Can. Was a carpenter; painter; sales- man. Pres. Alld. Trade Coun., Waterbury,
Conn.; secy. Water- bury Theatrical Stage Empl. & Moving P. M. Op. U. Member Moose, Odd
Fellows, Asterisk Soc., Knights of Golden Eagle. Home, 24 La Fayette Ave.; office, 50 Bank St.,
Waterbury, Conn.

#COTTERILL, A. E. Dir. Farm- ers' U. Exchange, Leon, Iowa; secy.-treas. Farmers' Educ. and Coop U.,
Iowa div.; dir. Farm- ers' U. Mutual Life Ins. Co.; dir. Farmers' U. Livestock Comssn., Chicago and St.
Paul; dir. Farm- ers' U. Credit Assn. Born Mar. 9, 1867, Yorkshire, England. Father a farmer. Gram.
sch., Yorkshire- (50)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Came to U. S. 1887. Author: The Organization of
Cooperative Ship- ping Associations, 1923. Repub- lican. Address, Leon, Iowa.

#COVCHEH, Beatrice Victoria. Exec. bd. dist. 8; Telephone Op. Dept., Intl. Bro. of Electrical W. Born
Mar. 17, 1901, Montrose, Colo. Father a carpenter. Prim. scll., Montrose; gram, sch., Hamil- ton,
Mont.; high sch., Missoula, Mont. Telephone operator; for- merly vice-pres., now pres. Mis- soula
Cent. Trades & Labor Coun.; Member Women's Trade U. Lg. Socialist. Home, 233 East Pine St.; office,
120 E. Main St., Mis- soula, Mont.
#COUGHLIN, John Patrick. Secy. Cent. Trades & Labor Coun. of Greater New York, since 1922; secy.
Labor Coll., New York, since 1922; secy. N. Y. Metal Trade Coun. Born Oct. 27, 1883, Pitts- burgh, Pa.
Father a bricklayer. Elem., high sch., Pittsburgh; technical engineering, Catholic Univ., 7 mos. Went to
work at age of 10 in glass house; entered machine shop at age of 13; safety engineer 7 yrs. Dist. pres.
Intl. Assn. of Machinists 2 yrs.; for- merly pres. loc. 401, Brooklyn. Pres. Brooklyn Cent. Labor U. 1915-
21, when organization amal- gamated with Cent. Trades & La- bor Coun. of Greater New York; vice-
pres. Cent. Trades & Labor Coun. 1921-2. One of authors 1st safety code (Comt. on Dangerous
Machinery) N. Y., 1911; Prison Survey 1917 in connection with prison labor. Member Intl. Assn. of
Machinists. Home, 25 Yale St., Hempstead, L. I.; office, 287 Broadway, New York, N. Y.
#COULTER, J. L. Secy.-treas. Oil Field, Gas Well & Refinery W. of A. Office, 208 1-2 W. 12 St., Ft.
Worth, Tex.

#COUTTS, Gordon. Bd. dir. Pav- ing Cutters' U. of U. S. A. & Can. since 1921; dir. dist. 6 since 1921;
paving cutter since 1894. Born July 8, 1876, Augusta, Me. Father a paving cutter and game keeper.
Gram, sch., Aberdeenshire, Scot- land. Returned to U. S. 1889. Went to work at age of 13.
Blacksmith's helper 1918-21. Member Intl. Bro. of Blacksmiths, Drop Forgers, and H. 1921; Pav- ers'
and Rammermen's U. 1914- 20; Paving Cutters' since 1903. Del. Santa Rosa Labor Coun., 1905; secy.
loc. 31, 1913-23; fln. secy. loc. 82, Blacksmiths' U., Val- lejo, Calif. 1921, dir. Paving Cut- ters' at same
time; del. Vallejo Labor Coun. 1921. Home, Box 385, Route 5, Santa Rosa, Calif.; office, 156 Tahema
St., San Fran- cisco, Calif.
#COXON, John Howard. Exec. Bd. Quarry Workers' Intl. U. of N. A. Born 1885, Kinnear Mills. Quebec.
Can. Father a farmer. Attended primary in model sch. Worked as farmer, quarry man. Corr. secy.-
treas. br. 12 Quarry W. U. Favors a labor party. Mem- ber Masons, Odd Fellows, Orange Men,
Canadian Club. Address, Graniteville, Vt.

#COYLE, Albert Freeman. Ed. The Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers' Journal since 1922; exec.
secy. All-Amer. Coop. Comssn. since 1920; dir., secy. City Coop. Dairy Co. and Cleve- land Coop. Coal
Co. since 1922; member state and county exec. comts. Ohio Conf. Prog. Pol. Act. 1924; ed. Coop.
News Service since 1920. Born Nov. 6, 1891, Fortuna, Calif. Father a book dealer and Justice of
peace. Prim, sch., For- tuna; gram., high sch., San Jose, Calif.; A. B., Stanford Univ., 1916; B. D., Yale,
1920. Staff of San Jose Times 1907-11; asst. to city atty. Palo Alto, Calif., 1912-5; rec. secy. Amer.
Comssn. on Con- ditions in Ireland 1920-1. Pro- gressive cand. for Congl. 22nd Ohio dist., 1924.
Author: Ethics. (51)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 5l of the Minimum Wage, 1913; Our Future
Trade with Russia, 1920; Allied Intervention in Russia, 1920; Evidences on Conditions in Ireland,
1921; Brief History of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engi- neers, 1924; magazine articles on
cooperation, labor, and industrial problems. Member Phi Beta Kap- pa, Delta Sigma Rho. Home, 3306
Kenmore Rd.; office, B. L. of E. Bldg., Cleveland, Ohio.

#CRAIN, Kate O. Exec. bd. Tele- phone Op. dept., Intl. Bro. of Electrical W., since 1921; vice- pres. 11l.
br. Women's Trade U. Lg. since 1923; field rep. Natl. Women's Trade U. Lg. since 1924. Born Mar. 4,
1896, Carterville, 11l. Father a farmer. Educ. Women's Trade U. Lg. special class, 3 weeks; Bryn Mawr
Sum- mer Sen. for Women in Industryi 1921, '2. Org. for Telephone Op. U. 1920-4. Rep. Herrin, 11l.,
loc. in strikes and wage confs. 1919, '20, Worked for women's 8-hr.- day in 11l., 1921, '2. Democrat.
Home, Carterville, 11l.; office, 1109 Tremont Bldg., Boston, Mass.
#CRISPIN, Andrew H. Secy. Somerville, Mass., Cent. Labor U. since 1915; secy. Bldg. Trades' U.,
Constr. and Housing conn., Bos- ton, since 1920. Born Feb. 28, 1845, Plymouth, England. Father a
builder. Gram. sch., Devon- shire, England; Yealmpton Acad., a labor coll., England. Came to U. S.
1872. Went to work at age of 14; served 7 yrs'. apprentice- ship with father; designer and builder
1873 to date. Pres. loc. Carpenters' U. 1903-7; fin. secy. 1907-20. Treas. relief comt. for 8
consolidated locals in Boston 1921-3. Member Odd Fellows. Democrat. Address, 31 Chandier St.,
Somerville, Mass.

#CRONIN, Mark J. Steam en- gineer; pres. N. Y. br. Intl. U. of Steam and Op. Engineers since 1919;
pres. loc. 17, H. & P. En- gineers since 1909. Born Feb. 25, 1880, Buffalo, N. Y. Father a supt. of
markets. Gram. and tech. high sch., Buffalo. Chief engineer, Dredge 44, Great Lakes Dredge & Dock
Co., 1910-24. Member Steam & Op. Engineers. Del. to A. F. of L. 1920-4. Mem- ber K. of C., Eagles.
Home, 65 Richfield Ave.; office, 48 Eagle St., Buffalo, N. Y.
#CROSSWAITH, Frank Rudolph. Socialist speaker; org., exec. comt. Socialist P.; exec. comt. Amer.
Labor P. Born July 16, 1892, Frederichstad, St. Crolx, Virgin is. Father a painter. Came to U. S. 1910.
Rand Sch. of Social Sci- ence, New York, 1917-8. Went to work at age of 13. Was an ele- vator
operator. Org. for Elevator Op. & Starters' U., loc. 67, Intl. U. of Elevator Constr. 1923-4. Cand. for
Cong., Socialist P. 1922; and for Secy, of State, Socialist and Amer. Labor P., 1924. Author: several
articles in newspapers and magazines on Negro labor and Socialism. Home, 2427 7 Ave., New York,
N. Y.
#CROUCH-HAZLETT, Mrs. Ida. Socialist lecturer, teacher, news- paper writer; student. Born Chi- cago,
1ll. Father a teacher, banker. Elem. sch., Monmouth, 11l.; Monticello Seminary, God- frey, 11l.; State
Normal Sch., Bloomington, 11l. (class valedic- torian); Leland Stanford, Jr., Univ., specialized in
economics; studied physical culture and elo- cution at Chicago Musical Coll.; Chicago Sch. of Social
Science, 1904; student for Ph. D., New York Univ., 1925. Newspaper writer, Chicago, Denver, Lead-
ville, Colo., St. Louis, 1894-1900; natl. org. Woman Suffrage Assn., 1896-1901; natl. and state org.
and lecturer, Socialist P., 1901- 21; ed. Montana News organ of (52)52 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S
WHO Socialist P., 1905-10; reported Moyer-Haywood and other trials of Western Fed. of Miners for
New York Call, Milwaukee Leader, Pittsburgh Evening Leader, Oregon Journal, and other labor and
Socialist papers, 1906-7. Formerly member Knights of Labor; American Labor Union; Prohibition P.
Cand. for county supt. of schools, Populist P.; cand. for county treas., Socialist P.; cand. for Congress
from Colo., 1902, 1st woman parliamentary cand. in world. Author: numer- ous stories, poems, and
articles. Home, 105 Joralemon St., Brook- lyn, N. Y.

#CUNXiIFFE, William Andrew. Rep., org. Pattern Mkrs'. Lg. of N. A. since 1906; pattern maker. Born
Apr. 8, 1872, Allegheny, Pa. Father a machinist. Prim., gram., high sen., Paterson, N. J.; New- ark
night drawing sen. Worked in law office, Paterson, 1888-9; apprenticed to pattern maker 1890-4;
engaged in manufactur- ing a few years; pattern maker 1901-6. Joined Pattern Mkrs'. Lg. of N. A.
1901. Cooperated with organizers in all parts of the U. S. and Canada in conducting cam- paigns to
organize labor. Con- tributor to Pattern Makers' Jour- nal. Member Exempt Firemen's Assn. of
Kearny, N. J.; life mem- ber N. J. Firemen's Relief Assn. Independent voter. Home, 95 Johnston Ave.,
Kearny, N. J.; of- fice, 1009 2nd Natl. Bank Bldg., Cincinnati, Ohio.

#CURLEY, John F. Pres. Amer. Wire Weavers' Prot. Assn. Ad- dress, 203 Beach St., Holyoke, Mass.
#CURSI, Aldo. Mgr. New York jt. bd., Shirt & Boys' Waist W. U., Amal. Clothing W. of A., since 1924.
Born Jan. 10, 1881, lesl, Italy. Father a carpenter. At- tended school in Italy until 12 yrs. old. Came to
U. S. 1902. Night sch., Italy and New York; Rand Sch. of Social Science, 1912- 3; studied law and
public speak- ing. La Salle Corr. Sch. Men's tailor 1892-1903; cloakmaker, 1903-10. Participated in
cloak- makers' strike, New York, 1910. Bus. agt. Cloak & Suit Mkrs'. U. 1911; secy. Italian br. 1911-3.
Del. Intl. Ladies' Garment W. conv.; A. F. of L. conv., Rochester, N. Y. 1912. Org. Jn. Tailors' U. (then
Tailors' Industrial U.) 1913-6; Amal. Clothing W. of A. 1916. While mgr. Philadelphia jt. bd. 1917-8,
helped establish uniform dept. of Amal. Clothing W. of A. and Cloak Mkrs'. U. in which all workers on
soldiers' uniforms were admitted regardiess of union affili- ations; org. Rochester, N. Y., 1918- 22.
Del. Amal. Clothing W. conv. 1922. Mgr. jt. bd. Shirt Mkrs'. U., New York, 1922-3. Price adjudi- cator,
Rochester, Amal. Clothing W. 1923-4. Home, Rochester, N. Y.; office, 621 Broadway, New York, N. Y.

#CURTIS, E. P. Secy.-treas. O. of Ry. Conductors of A. Office, Masonic Temple, Cedar Rapids, Iowa.
#CURTIS, Thomas J. Pres. Intl. Tunnel and Subway Constr. U. since 1912; vice-pres. New York Fed. of
Labor since 1914; gen. mgr. Bldg. & Alld. Trades Com- pensation Bur., New York, since 1921; exec.
bd. New York Cent . Trades & Labor Coun. since 1918. Born Feb. 4, 1875. Father a la- borer. Pub. sch.
Went to work at age of 12, operating steam drill in constr. of tunnels. Machinist 15 yrs. Pres. New
York Cent. Trades & Labor Coun. 1918. Dep- uty compensation comssnr. N. Y., 7 yrs. Chair. Bronx,
New York, (53)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 53 ooun. in A. F. of L. non-partisan political
campaigns. Author: pamphlets on Workmen's Com- pensation. Home, 3067 Hull Ave.; office, 128
Lexington Ave., New York, N. Y. D'ALESSANDRO, Domenico. Pres. Intl. Hod Carriers, Bldg. & Com. Lab.
U. of A., since 1908. Born Feb. 7, 1867, An- versa, Aqulla, Italy. Pub. sch., Italy. Member Elks, Boston
City Club. Home, 33 School St.; of- fice, 25 School St., Quincy, Mass. DANA, Henry Wadsworth Long-
fellow. Lecturer, New Sch. for Social Research; Boston Trade U. Coll.; Rand Sch. of Social Science;
Brookwood Labor Coll.; ed. bd. Workers' Bookshelf; exec. comt. Lg. for Indust. Democ.; exec. comt.
U. of Dem. Control, Boston; bd. of control, Boston Trade U. Coll. Born Jan. 26, 1881, Boston, Mass.
#I> ARROW, Clarence Seward. Lawyer; lecturer. Born Apr. 18, 1857, Kinsman, Ohio. Ohio pub.
schools. Admitted to bar 1875. Was atty. for Chicago Northwest- ern Ry. in case against gas trust,
Chicago; chief counsel for anthra- cite miners in coal strike arbitra- tion, Scranton and Philadelphia,
1902-3; appointed by Pres. Roose- velt on comssn. to settle strike* (54)54 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S
WHO counsel in Debs strike case and in many injunction and labor con epiracy cases; counsel for
McNa mara brothers in Los Angelei Times dynamite case 1911, in dieted for alleged bribery of a juror
in this case, but acquitted after trial May 15-Aug. 17, 1912 atty. for defense in Moyer-Hay- wood-
Pettibone case. Elected to 11l. Legls. 1902. Participated in many debates on labor questions Author:
The Rights and Wrongs of Ireland, an address, 1895; Re- alism in Literature and Art, 1899; argument
in Woodworkers' Con- spiracy Case, 1900; Persian Pearl essays, 1904; Parmington, a novel, 1904, 3rd
ed. 1920; An Eye for an Eye, 1905; Argument in case of State of 11l. vs. Steve Adams, 1907; Crime
and Criminals, 1907; argument in John Turner Case before Supreme Court; Open Shop, 1909; Marx
vs. Tolstoy, a debate with A. M. Lewis, 1911; Speech in Defense of Haywood; Industrial Conspiracies,
1912; Plea in Own Defense, 1912; Re- sist Not Evil, 1912; War in Europe, 1915; The War, an ad-
#DAUGHERTY, Harry P. 2nd vice-pres. Bro. of Loco. Engineers since 1924; in charge of ins. and
pension depts.; active in banking and investment enterprises. Born May 16, 1872, Saltsburg, Pa.
Father a r. r. conductor. Pub. â€h., Saltsburg, Myersdale, Rock- wood; Intl. Corr. Sch. Went to work at
age of 14. Locomotive flreman and engineer 1889-1908. Chief clerk Bro. of Loco. Engi- neers 1908-
18; asst. grand chief 1918-24. Asst. dir. of labor, U. S. R. R. Adm., 1919-20. Rep. Bro. of Loco.
Engineers on West- ern Train Service Bd. of Adjust- ment, 1921-4. Active in Progres- sive campaign in
Wis., Iowa, 11l., 1920-4. Member Masons; Cleve- land City Club; Chicago Liberal Club; Pub.
Ownership Lg. Home, Park Lane Villa, E. 105 St.; of- fice, 1136 Bro. of Loco. Engine-era' Bldg.,
Cleveland, Ohio.

#DAVIS, Ben I. Mng. ed. Amal- gamated Journal, organ of Amal. Assn. of Iron, Steel & Tin W. of N. A.
since 1899. Born Apr. 24, 1861, Dowlais, Wales. Father an iron and steel worker. Came to U. S. 1863.
Gram, sch., Calkins Corr. sch., Cleveland Ohio. Went to work at age of 14 in a rolling mill; hot mill iron
and steel worker 1876-99. Trustee Amal. Assn. of Iron, Steel & Tin W. of N. A. 1898-9; asst. pres.
1899- 1900. Active as speaker for labor and church. Member Masons. Baptist. Home, 1465 Tolma
Ave., Dormont, Pittsburgh; office, 510 4 Ave., Pittsburgh, Pa.
#DAVIS, David John. Secy.- reas. Amal. Assn. of Iron, Steel, & Tin W. since 1922; pres. Coop, -abor
Bank of Pittsburgh since 'une, 1924. Born Dec. 27, 1869, lostershire, England. Father a machinist.
Gram. sch., Aberdare, Glamorganshire, Wales. News- >oy, Aberdare, at age of 11. Came o U. S. 1895.
Worked in mines, ilacksmith shops, in Wales; sheet teel and tin plate rolling mills in Dover, Ohio, and
New Castle, Pa., 898-1909. Member bd. of educ., ew Castle, 1909-10. Dir. and ice-pres. Pittsburgh
Labor Bank, 923-4. Address, 418 Lorenz Ave.; ffice, 510 4 Ave., Pittsburgh, Pa. (55)AMERlCAN LABOR
#DAVIS, Horace Andrew. Vice- pres. Empire Trust Co., New York, since Jan. 1924; rep. Bro. of Loco.
Engineers in banking oper- ations. Born July 16, 1870, New Brighton, Staten Is., N. Y. Father an
historical writer. A. B., Har- vard, 1891. Lawyer 1894-1911; advertising 1911-7; shoe dealers'
specialty bus. 1917-23. Eastern rep. Bank of N. D. in charge of sales of state bonds, 1922. Au- thor:
The Judicial Veto; Market- ability of Title in the State of New York. Home, 260 W. 11 St.; office, 120
Broadway, New York, N. Y.
#DAVISON, Emmett O. Secy.- treas. Intl. Assn. of Machinists since 1917; vice-pres. Mt. Vernon
Savings Bank since 1920; vice- pres. Dist. Securities Co. since 1921; bd. dir. Commercial Natl. Bank
since 1918; secy.-treas. Hampton Roads Ship Repair Corp. since 1922; pres. Potomac Hold- ing Corp.
since 1923. Born Feb. 24. 1878, Chesterfield County, Va. Father a machinist. Gram., high sch.,
Richmond; Va. Mechanics Inst. 1896-7. Went to work at age of 16; newspaper reporter 1894-5;
machinist 1896-1900; r. r. worker 1901-4; steam engineer 1904-5; mechanical engineer 1906- 8.
Legis. rep. Va. Fed. of Labor and farmers' unions. Secured in- creased appropriation for primary
schools; active in movt. to elim- inate child labor and to control convict labor. Bus. agt. Machin- ists'
U., Richmond, Va., 1911-3. Secy.-treas. Richmond Athl. Assn. 1903-4. Author: reports on Child Labor;
Contract Convict Labor System, Coordinate Education; Safety Laws; Trade Union Fin- ances; Labor
Banks and Credits; fin. reports of Intl. Assn. of Ma- chinists; Trade Union Business Dealings with
Foreign Countries; Trade Union Insurance. Member K. of P., Elks, Masons, Va. Vet- erans' Assn.,
Machinists' Club, Richmond; Gavel Club, Washing- ton; Spanish-Amer. War Veterans. Independent
#DAY, Albert I*. Secy. Mich. So- cialist P.; pres. Mich. Broker div., Com. Telegraphers' U. of A., lat- est
term beginning 1924. Born Aug. 15, 1876, Borden, Ind. Father a telegrapher. Gram. sch. New Albany,
Ind. Went to work at age of 10. Farmer; real estate salesman 1922; commercial tele- grapher 1888-
1924. Secy.-treas. Detroit loc. 11, Com. Telegraph- ers, 1907-8; participated in strike against Western
U. Telegraph Co., Postal Telegraph Co., and Asso- ciated Press, 1907; pres. Detroit Cent. Trades U.
Assn. several terms. Socialist cand. for various offices; for U. S. Senate 1924. Home, 248 Windmere
Ave., High- land Park; office, 1767 W. Fort St., Detroit, Mich.

#DEACON, Granville Woolman. Treas. Minneapolis Typographical U. since 1913; secy.-treas. Minn.
Fed. of Typographical Unions since 1917; printer. Born Aug. 26, 1851, Lumberton, Ohio. Father a
cabinet maker. Self-educated. Ap- prenticed to printer, Iowa City, 1867. Publ. country newspaper in
Texas 1880-5. Member Intl. Typo- graphical U. since 1874; vice-pres. St. Paul Typographical U. 1893-
6; secy.-treas. Cent. Pol. comt., Minn. Fed. of Labor, 1906-11. Del. Intl. Typographical U. conv. 1907.
Author: reports of labor and political conventions for va- rious newspapers. Member Farm- er-Labor
P., Moose, Odd Fellows, Elks. Office, 3014 20 Ave., S, Min- neapolis, Minn.

#DJEAMER, Pierce H. Exec. bd. Upholsterers' Intl. U.; bus. agt., loc. 108. Born 1880, in Mass. (56)56
AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Gram, sch., Millbury, Mass. At age of 15 learned upholstering trade
in Worcester, Mass.; charter member Worcester loc.; pres.; del. Worcester Cent. Trade Coun.
Charter member Boston loc.; pres.; del. Boston Cent. Trade Coun. Charter member New York loc.;
pres.; del. New York Cent. Trade and Labor Coun. Org. Upholsterers' Intl. U. Home, Mulligan Place,
Bergenfield, N. J.; office, 230 E. 58 St., New York, N. Y.
#DEAR, Donald. (See Canada.)
#DEBS, Eugene Victor. Socialist speaker and organizer; chair, natl. exec. comt. Socialist P. since 1923.
Born Nov. 5, 1855, Terre Haute, Ind. Father a grocery store keeper. Attended sch. in Terre Haute
until 14 yrs. old; clerked in father's store. Went to work in r. r. paint shop for $3 a week; fireman, 16-
19 yrs. of age; with wholesale grocery firm 5 yrs. Joined Bro. of Loco. Firemen 1875 and was secy.
Terre Haute local; grand secy., treas. of Bro. 1880-92; ed. and mgr. Locomo- tive Firemen's
Magazine, 1880- 94; served as city clerk (Demo- cratic) 2 terms of 2 yrs. each, 1879-83; elected to
Indiana Legls. on Democratic ticket 1885. In spite of other bus. never missed meeting of local in 10
yrs. Org. Bro. of Ry. Brakemen 1884; with others org. Bro. of Ry. Carmen; org. Switchmen's Mutual
Aid Assn. 1885. Became acquainted with liberals of the day, including Robert G. Ingersoll and
Wendell Phillips. After 16 yrs. with Bro. of R. R. Firemen, resigned $4,000 salary to org. Amer. Ry. W.
at $900 a year; pres. 1897. In 1st strike, Gt. Northern Ry., 1894, won 97% per cent of union de-
mands, a monthly increase in wages of $146,000. Defeated in Pullman strike by fedi. ct., reg- ular
troops, and 3,600 deputy marshals; indicted on charge of conspiracy to murder; charge dropped,
#DECHEND, Harry. Ed. Labor Record and bus. mgr. Labor Rec- ord Publ. Co., Youngstown, Ohio. Born
Feb. 23, 1875, Buffalo, N. Y. Father a printer. Gram, sch., Buffalo. Former compositor, mgr.
commercial job press. Member Intl. Typographical U. since 1894. Secy. Un. Labor Cong, of Mahon-
ing City, Ohio, 1918-23. Activities chiefly in promoting Labor's econ- omic and political program lo-
cally, and as rep. on civic comts. Member Masons, Odd Fellows, (57)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO
57 Shriners. Home, 3935 Southern Blvd.; office P. O. Box 61. 208 K. of C. Bldg., Youngstown, Ohio. I>e
FORD, Miriam Allen (Mrs. Maynard Shipley). Staff corn. Federated Press since 1921; con- trlb. ed.
Labor Unity, San Fran- cisco, since 1923. Born Aug. 21, 1888. Philadelphia. Father a phy- sician.
Gram., high sch., bus. coll., Philadelphia; Wellesley Coll., 1907-8; A. B., Temple Univ., 1911; Univ.
scholar in Eng- lish, graduate sch., Univ. of Pa., 1911-2. Formerly stenographer, ins. claim adjuster,
newspaper staff writer, advertising copy- writer, official reporter Ford Hall Open Forum. Boston,
1913-5; clerk Ford Hall Town Meeting, 1913-5; reporter 1st Sagamore So- ciological Conf., 1914.
Speaker for Woman Suffrage, Mass, and Pa., 1910-5; speaker for Mooney Defense, 1917. Author:

#DellOMJ, John C. Vice-pres. Fed. Bank & Trust Co., Birming- ham, Ala.; secy.-treas. div. 436, Bro. of
Loco. Engineers since 1914; del. natl. conv. Born Jan. 28, 1876, Texel, Netherlands. Father a druggist.
Gram., naviga- tion sch., Netherlands. Came to U. S. 1898; naturalized 1902. Or- dinary and able
seaman, mate in merchant marine; locomotive fireman; engineer. Member Bro. of Loco. Firemen;
Master of lodge 104, Louisville, Ky., 1902. Member Masons, Elks, Grotto Club. Home, 1701 16 Ave.,
S.; office. Federated Bank & Trust Co., Birmingham. Ala.
#DE LEE, Patrick Edward. Natl. exec. comt. Socialist Labor P. since 1916. Born Feb. 22, 1860, Troy, N.
Y. Father a teamster. Prim. sch. Formerly a butcher and grocer. Member Socialist La- bor P. since
1900. Address, 152 4 St., Troy, N. Y.
#DE LEON", Solon. Research worker, teacher, lecturer; dir. la- bor research dept., Rand Sch. of Social
Science, since 1923; instr. trade unionism. labor legislation, Rand Sch., since 1919; instr. eco- nomics,
Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U., since 1920; instr. econom- ics, trade unionism. Workers' Sch., since
1923; exec. comt. New York chapter Lg. for Indust. Democ. since 1922; exec. comt. Lg. for Mutual
Aid since 1923; exec. comt. N. Y. br. Pioneer Youth of A. since foundation 1924. Son of Daniel De
Leon; born Sept. 2, 1883, New York. Pub. sch., New York; A. B., Coll. City of N. Y., 1902; A. M.,
Columbia, 1912; grad. N. Y. Sch. of Social Work, 1913. Formerly factory hand, carpenter, house
painter, country sch. teacher. Ed. staff Dally and Weekly People 1905-11; research asst. An^er. Assn.
for Labor Legls. 1912-20; asso. ed. American La- bor Legislation Review 1916-20; asso. ed. The
Advance, official or- gan Amal. Clothing W. of A., 1920-22. Translator: The Brass Bell, 1902, The
Sword of Honor, 1910 (sections of Eugene Sue's Mysteries of the Peopleâ€Story of a Proletarian
Family Across the Ages; bulk of work translated by Daniel De Leon); Antlpatriotlsm. pamphlet by
Herve, 1907; author: articles for labor and Socialist (58)58 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO press; ed.
#DEUD, Floyd. Author. Born June 28, 1887, Barry, 11l. Father a butcher. Prim, sch., Barry; gram, sch.,
Quincy, 11l.; high sch., 2 yrs., Davenport, Iowa; most im- portant part of education gained in Socialist
loc. and pub. library. Went to work at age of 18. Em- ployed in candy factory, printing plant, 1905-6;
newspaper reporter 1906-8, Davenport; literary critic Chicago Evening Post 1909-13; asso. ed. The
Masses, 1914-17; The Liberator, 1918-24; contrlb. ed. The New Review, 1915-6. In- dicted, 1918,
with other editors of The Masses for Socialist and edi- torial propaganda activities; jury disagreed,
and indictment dis- missed. Author: "Socialism and Anarchism," a chapter in Chica- go, Its History
and Builders, by J. S. Currey, 1912; Women as World Builders, 1913; Were You Ever a Child? 1919,
'20; Moon- Calf, 1920; The Briary-Bush, 1921; King Arthur's Socks and Other Village Plays, 1922;
Janet March, 1923; Looking At Life, 1924; This Mad Ideal, 1925. Mem- ber Press Writers' U. Address
Mt. Airy Rd., Croton-on-Hudson, N. Y.

#DEMPSTER, George R. Dlst. rep. Intl. Bro. of Steam Shovel & Dredgemen since 1913; pres. Dempster
Constr. Co., largest em- ployers of union steam shovel men in the south; pres. Dempster Coal Co.
and Dempster Equip- ment Co. since 1921; pres. Pan- ama loc. of Intl. Bro. of Steam Shovel &
Dredgemen, 1910-1; secy. Knoxville loc. since 1912; also member gen. exec. bd. Born Sept. 16, 1887,
Knoxville, Tenn. Father a grist mill owner. En- gaged in constr. work since age of 14, except for 2 yrs.
while fin- ishing high sch. Member Shrin- ers, Masons, Royal Arch Masons, Elks, Knoxville Bd. of
Commerce, Kiwanis Club. Home, Whittle Springs Rd.; office, 712 Wainut St., Knoxville, Tenn.

#DENNIS, Thomas B. 5th vice- pres. Bro. of Op. Potters. Born June 7, 1870, England. Father mgr. of a
pottery. Gram, sch., England. Potter; rep. Potters at many natl. A. F. of L. and N. J. Fed. of Labor
convs. and wage confs. Member Sons of St. George; K. of P.; Moose; Work- ingmen's Sick & Death
Ben. Fund. Address, 1410 Brunswick Ave., Trenton, N. J.

#DENT, Mary C. Secy. bd. dir., Washington Trade U. Coll. since establishment, 1919, and teacher of
English; exec. bd. loc. 8, Amer. Fed. of Teachers, since 1921; del. Washington Cent. Labor U. since
1919; member educ. comt. since 1919; high sch. teacher of Eng- lish, Washington. Born June 5, 1891,
Washington, D. C. Father a mechanical engineer. Elem,, and high sch., Washington; grad. Washington
Normal Sch.; A.B., George Washington Univ., 1919. Joined loc. 16, Amer. Fed. of Teachers,
Washington Univ., 1918: exec. bd. 1918-21. Del. Workers' Educ. Conf. 1922, '3, '4; (59)AMERlCAN
LABOR WHO'S WHO 59 attended Brookwood conf. of teachers of Workers' Educ. classes 1924; frat .
del. Coming of Age Cel- ebration, Workers' Educl. Assn., Oxford, England, July, 1924; del. Intl. Conf.
on Workers' Educ., Oxford, Aug. 1924. Member: Penguins, Washington; Natl. Wo- men's Trade U.
Lg.; Lg. for In- dusL Democ. Home, 1503 30 St., N. W.; office, Machinists Bldg., Washington, D. C.

#DESPETE, W. G. Pres. Retail Clerks' Intl. Protective Assn. Of- fice, Drawer 248, LaFayette, Ind.
#DETLEF, Frank. Secy. Intl. Woodcarvers' Assn. of N.A.; ed. The International Woodcarver. Born Feb.
26, 1856, Germany. Prim. scn., Germany and New York; gram. sch., New York. Woodcarver since age
of 15. Bus. agt., New York loc. Woodcarvers' U., 1902-4; secy.; prea.; treas. and secy. exec. comt. Del.
from loc. to conv.; del. A. F. of L. convs. Address, S605 85 St., Woodhaven, L. I., N. Y. THEBJLi, Herman
C. Metal pol- isher and plater; org, for A. F. of L. since 1911; del. Chicago Fed. of Labor since 1910;
Calumet Jt. Labor Coun. since 1909; Chi- cago Trades U. Label Lg. since 1910; A. F. of L. conv. every
yr. since 1915. Born Aug. 27, 1877, Dolton, 11l. Father propri- etor of a general store. Gram. sch. to
8th grade, Dolton. Went to work at age of 12. Left home when 15 yrg. old. Union man since age of
17; joined Metal Polishers' Intl. U. 1908. Held many offices in loc. and intl. union, and in city cent.;
pres. Chicago Trades U. Label Lg. 2 yrs. Author: articles for Metal Polishers' Journal. Member Odd
Fellows. Home, 11523 Harvard Ave.; office, 11212 Michigan Ave., Chicago, 11l. I>IIiL, Augustus
Granville. Bus. mgr. The Crisis; church organist and lecturer on music. Born Nov. 30, 1881,
Portsmouth, Ohio. Fa- ther a porter. Gram., high sch., Portsmouth; A. B., A. M., Atlanta Univ.; A. B.,
#DOBSOV, William. Secy. Brick- layers', Masons' & Plast. Intl. U. of A. Office, University Park Bldg.,
Indianapolis, Ind.
#DOHORTY, T. M. Pres. Intl. U. of Pavers, Hammermen, F. L., B. & S. C. S. Office, 2430 High- land Ave.,
Cincinnati, Ohio.

#DONICHT, Carl F. W. Pres. Idaho Fed. of Labor since 1924; pres. loc. 501, Op. Plasterers' & Cement
Fin. Intl. Assn. of U. S. & Can. Born Dec. 23, 1873, Portage, Wls. Father a lumber grader. Gram. sch.
Went to work at age of 13 in cooper shop; learned plastering 1893-7; bought hides and furs 1898-
1906; sold butter 1907-9; sold soldering flux 1909-10; plasterer 1910 to date. Helped organize local
unions of building trades. Secy. Pocatello Bldg. Trades Coun. 1914-5; chair. 1915-18; chair. Cent.
Labor U. 1915-9. Rep. Idaho Fed. of Labor at conf. on allocation of prison industries 1924. Progres-
sive. Address, 1410 E. Clark St., Pocatello, Idaho. (60)60 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO
#DONAHUE, Edward J. Ed. and mgr. Panther Creek News, dally newspaper owned by Dlst. 7, Un.
Mine W. of A. Born Sept. 14, 1885, Philadelphia. Father a ma- chinist. Catholic and gram. scn. Printer;
ed. dally labor page, Al- toona, Pa., Times; foreman Har- rlsburg Patriot; foreman Johns- town
Tribune; adv. mgr. Altoona Times-Tribune. Member Intl. Typographical U.; del. natl. convs. Scranton,
Albany, Atlantic City. Secy. Blair County Cent. Labor U. Secy. Altoona Cent. Labor U. 3 yrs.
Independent voter. Mem- ber Elks. Home, 306 W. Bertsch St., Lansford; office, 148 East St., Coaldale,

#DONLIN, John. Pres. Bldg. Trades Dept., A. F. of L., until 1924; refused re-election. Mem- ber Bldg.
Trades Comt., A. F. of L., 1923-5; member Op. Plaster- ers' Intl. Assn. of U. S. & Can- ada. Address,
c/o Op. Plasterers' Intl. Assn. of U. S. & Canada, 401-03 Castell Bldg., Mlddietown, Ohio.
#DONOVAN, Daniel Rice. Pres. Worcester, Mass., Cent. Labor U. since 1923; secy. loc. 339, Intl. Assn.
of Machinists since 1923. Born Dec. 20, 1881, N. Brookfield, Mass. Father a shoe-shop worker. High
sch., N. Brookfield; corr. courses, Rand Sch. of Social Sci- ence, and law, La Salle Extension Univ.
Machinist by trade. Offi- cial activities in labor and So- cialist movts. began after return from 10 yrs.
in Calif., Nev., Wyo., and other far and middie west states, as baseball player and ath- letic promoter,
along with work in r. r. machine and automobile shop, and as ranch hand, miner, prospector, and
adventurer; radi- cal sympathies through western xperlences. Leader Rand Sch. idy classes in
Springfield and lyoke. Mass. Cand. auditor for Mass, on Socialist P. ticket, 1913. Pres. loc. 24, Intl.
Assn. of Ma- chinists, Springfield, 1912; fired by employer; blacklisted; bus. agt., 1914; org. 1916-21.
Chair. Labor Forward campaign, Springfield, 1915, which secured 48-hr, wk. in nearly all plants.
Organized and led 1st strike of all workers at Gen. Electric Co., Pittsfield, Mass., 1916; unionization of
plant suc- cessful. Del.-at-large to Mass. Constitutional conv. 1917-9; comt. on social ins. Placement
officer, Veterans' Bur. 1921-2. Back to machine shop 1923. Del. 1st Mass. Conf. Prog. Pol. Act. 1923.

#DONOVAN, Frank. 4th vice- pres. Laundry W. Intl. U.; pres. loc. 25. Born Dec. 23, 1888, Tor- onto,
Canada. Father a farmer. Gram. sch., Canada. Was a miner, farmer, soldier, laundry worker. Secy.
Cent. Labor Coun. of Butte several terms; prominent in controversy of loc. 25 on wage scale 1923.
Helped org. Dye House Empl., Butte, 1924. Ad- dress, 2600 Harvard Ave., Butte, Mont.

#DORMAN, DeWitt C. Dlst . org. and natl. bd. Conf. Prog. Pol. Act. Born in 1877, Des Moines, Iowa.
Father a farmer. Gram. sch., Boone, Iowa. Worked on farm; learned machinist's trade; owned and
operated a garage and gen- eral repair shop and sales agency in Minot, N.D. Mgr. Non-Par- tisan Lg.,
Mont., 1916-9; gen. mgr. Natl. Non-Partisan Lg., 1919-22. Exec. comt. Socialist P. of N. D.; Socialist
member city coun., Minot, N. D. Home, 210 7 Ave., N.E., Minot, N.D.; office, Montana Bldg., Helena,

#DOUGLAS, Ferdinand Ii. Exec. bd. Natl. Assn. of Letter Carriers since 1923; pres. New York Let- ter
Carriers' Assn. since 1923; chair. Postal Empl. jt. comt. of New York since Jan. 1924; del. New York
Cent. Trades & Labor Coun. since 1922. Born June 22, 1889, New York. Father a drug- gist. Gram.
scll.; studied law while working as law clerk, 1907- 9; letter carrier since 1909. N. Y. Letter Carriers'
Assn. 1919-20; secy. 1920-2; vice-pres.; corr. for Postal Record, 1920-1; chair. jt. comt. affiliated
Federal Empl. or- ganizations furthering legislation for retirement of Federal em- ployees, 1923 to
date. Home, 707 E. 181 St.; office, 110 E. 125 St., New York, N. Y.

#DOUGLAS, Paul Howard. Asso. prof, of industrial relations, Univ. of Chicago, since 1920. Born Mar.
26, 1892, Salem. Mass. Father a traveling salesman. A. B., Bow- doin Coll., 1913; A. M., Columbia,
1915; Ph. D., 1921; Harvard, 1915-6. Instr. Univ. of 11l. 1916- 7; instr., asst. prof., Reed Coll., 1917-8.
Industrial relations div., Emergency Fleet Corp., 1918-9. Asst. prof. Univ. of Wash. 1919- 20. Taught
in trade union classes in Seattle 1919-20; Chicago 1920- 4; Holyoke 1924. Lecturer Bryn Mawr
Summer Sch. for Women in Industry 1921. Economic advisor printing trades, Chicago, 1921. Author:
American Apprenticeship and Industrial Education; co-au- thor: What Can a Man Afford, with
Dorothy Douglas; The Work- er in Economic Society, with C. N. Hitchcock and W. E. Atkins; Political
Theory of Recent Times, with C. E. Merriam and others; numerous articles in economic journals.
Home, 1232 E. 57 St.; office, Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, 11l.
#DOWD, Mollie. Secy. Ala. Women's Trade U. Lg. since 1921; stenographer; member Ala. Trades
Coun. since 1921; Alld. La- bor Comt. since 1922; vice-pres. Ala. Lg. of Women Voters since 1923.
Born Feb. 16, 1885, Nash- ville, Tenn. Father in civil serv- ice dept., Post Office. Pub., hierh sch.,
Cincinnati; bus. coll., Bir- mingham. Ala.; special course?. Formerly a saleswoman. Active in political
life of Birmingham. Chair, women in industry comt., Ala. Lg. of Women Voters; had industrial survey
made in state; presented bill for 8-hr.-day in last 2 sessions Ala. Legis., defeated. Asst. supt.
Loveman, Joseph & Loeb, 3 yrs., employee 13 yrs. Member Bus. & Prof. Women's Club; Axis Club.
Home, 820 Princeton Ave.; office, 910 Farley Bldg., Birmingham. Ala.
#DOWING, Mortimer. Ed. In- dustrial Worker, Seattle. Born Aug. 27, 1862, Newark, N. J. Member
General Constr. W. In- dust. U. 310, I.W.W. Disfran- chised by occupation. Office, 1925 Western Ave.,
Seattle, Wash.
#DOWNIE, Thomas Richard. Mng. ed. The Galesburg Labor News since 1918; adv. mgr. 1916- 7; chair.
exec. bd. Federated Press since 1923; secy. Galesburg; Trades & Labor Assem. since 1917; chair.
Knox County comt. for Prog. Pol. Act. since 1923; volunteer org. for A. F. of L. since 1918. Born Mar.
12, 1884, Taunton, England. Father in metal trades and govt. service. Gram. sch., Glasgow; studied
economics and politics in English trade schools; Hamilton Coll. of Law, Chicago, 1913-4. Worked as
coal miner, trade union and coop, lecturer, coal salesman. Served in various loc. offices of Miners'
Assn., Durham. England (62)62 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO until 1910. Took active part in
formation of British Labor P. 1906; in miners' 8-hr.-movt . in northern England, 1908. Came to U. 8.
1910. Transferred to dist. 12, Un. Mine W. of A. Pres. loc. 730, 1911-2; del. natl. conv. 1911-2; dist.
wage scale comt. 1912. Helped introduce Rochdale coop. in 11l. and organized store in Gllleapie, 11l.
One of organizers of 11l. Farmer-Labor P.; del. conv. 1920. One of organizers of Feder- ated Press;
exec. bd. 1920; treas. 1922-3. Speaker in shopmen's strike, 1922. Has written pam- phlets on coop.
movt. in England, and trade unionism. Honorary member Un. Bro. of Maint. of Way Empl. Member

#DOYLE, Peter Aloyslus. Medi- ator N. Y. Dept. of Labor, since 1923. Born June 5, 1887, New York, N.
Y. Father a stone cut- ter. Gram. sch., New York; Coll. City of New York; Chicago Tech- nical Corr. Sch.
Went to work at age of 15. Bricklayer 1902-19; bldg. supt. 1919-23. Member Bricklayers', Masons' &
Plast. Intl. U. of A. since 1902; exec. bd. New York U. 1919-23; del. A. F. of L. conv. 1911, '20, '3, '4.
Mem- ber K. of C., Miami Club, Smeezer Club, Mule Club, pres. Hop Blos- soms, Inc.; pres. Miami
Glee Club. Democrat. Home, 1859 3 Ave.; office, 124 E. 28 St., New York, N. Y.
#DOZENBERG, Nicholas. Bus. mgr. Liberator 1924; dir. litera- ture dept . Workers' P. since 1923. Born
Nov. 15, 1882, Riga, Latvia. Father a farmer. Gram. sch., Jalsen, Latvia. Came to U. S. 1904; Boston
Labor Coll. 1918-9. Went to work at age of 10. Ma- chinist 1906-20. Member Intl. Assn. of Machinists
since 1908: treas. lodge 391. 1917; pres. 1918; del. to System Fed. N. Y. N. H. & H. R. R. 1918. Bus.
mgr. The Voice of Labor 1921-3; The Worker (weekly) 1923. Office, 1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chi-
cago, 11l.

#DREIER, Mary E. Exec. bd. Natl. Women's Trade U. Lg.; New York Women's Trade U. Lg.; chair.
Outlawry of War Comt. Father an iron broker, New York and London. Pres. New York Women's Trade
U. Lg., 1906-15; member N. Y. Factory Investigat- ing Comssn., 1911-5; New York Bd. of Educ. 1915
to resignation; chair. N. Y. Jt. Legin. Conf., 1918-22; chair. indust. sect. N. Y. Woman's Suffrage P.;
indust. comt., Y. W. C. A. Natl. Bd. Home, 3 University Pl., New York, N. Y.
#DREIFUSS, Adolf. Chair, bd. dir. Arbelter Zeltung Publ. Assn. since 1915; cigar store proprietor since
1923. Born Feb. 16, 1873, Ihringen, Germany. Father a cattle dealer. Gram., high sch., Germany.
Came to U. S. 1904. Ed. Arbeiter Zeltung, Chicago, 1906-24. Socialist P. 35 yrs.; secy. German Fed.,
Socialist P. 1917-22. Member Workingmen's Sick & Death Ben. Fund. Home, 5209 Woodiawn Ave.;
office, 126 N. Wells St., Chicago, 11l.

#DUBINSKY, David. Vice-pres. Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. since 1922. Mgr. Amal. Ladies' Gar- ment
Cutters' loc. New York, since 1922. Born Feb. 22, 1892. Brest-Litovsk, Poland. Father a baker. Zionist
seh., Poland. Went to work at age of 14. Joined Bakers' U. 1906 in Russia. Ar- rested in 1907 for
political activi- ties, and forced to leave town. Rearrested in 1908 for partici- pating in bakers' strike;
served 18 mos. in prison. Exiled to Si- (63)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 63 berla 1909; escaped
after 5 mos. Came to U. 8. 1911. Worked as ladies' garment cutter; member of union since 1911;
exec. bd. loc. union, 1919; vice-pres. 1920; pres. 1921. Active in Socialist P. Del conv. Jewish Socialist
Fed. Ac- tive in coop. movt. until 1920. Member Social Democratic P. of Poland previous to 1911;
Jewish Socialist Verband, U. S. Home, 882 Crotona Parkway; office, 231 E. 14 St., New York, N. Y.
#DuBOIS, W. E. Burghardt. Bd. The Crisis; author; lecturer. Born Feb. 23, 1868, Great Harrington,
Mass. Father a barber. Pub. sen.; Fisk Univ.; Harvard Univ.; Univ. of Berlin. Prof. Atlanta Univ. 1896-
1910. Author: Souls of Black Folk, 1903; Darkwater, 1920; Gift of Black Folk, 1924. Member Natl.
Assn. for Advance- ment of Colored People; Civic Club, New York. Home, 606 St. Nicholas Ave.;
office, 69 5 Ave., New York, N. Y.

#DUFFY, Charles David. Pres. Chicago Letter Carriers' Assn. since 1898; treas. Natl. Assn. of Letter
Carriers since 1919; dir. Chicago Postal Empl. Loan Bank & Service Relations Coun. since 1921; dir.
Chicago P. O. Canteen since 1921; letter carrier since 1894. Born Dec. 13, 1870, Castle- bar, Ireland.
Father a farmer. Came to U. S. 1883. Gram. sch. Castlebar, and Y. M. C. A. night sch., Chicago, 1ll.
Shipping clerk 1885-7; car repairer 1890-4; join- ed Electrotypers' U. 1887; electro- typer 1887-90.
Master Workman, loc. 1460, Knights of Labor, 1898-1901. Member Natl. Assn. of Letter Carriers
since 1894; vice-pres., del. state and natl. conv. since 1898. Del. A. F. of L. since 1917. Home, 834 S.
Elm- wood Ave., Oak Park; office, Union Trust Bldg., Chicago, 1ll.
#DUFFY, Frank. 2nd vice-pres. and exec. coun. A. F. of L.; secy.- treas. Un. Bro. of Carpenters &
Joiners of A. Office, A. F. of L. Bldg., Washington, D. C.
#DUTJiCTT/L, Pant Intl. exec. secy. Asso. Actors A Art. of A. since 1923; asst. exec. secy. Actors' Equity
Assn. since 1920. Born June 13, 1888, Boston. Father an artist . Self-educated. Actor and stage dir. 35
yrs. Office, 115 W. 47 St., New York, N. Y.

#DUNCAN, James. Pres. Gran- ite Cutters' Intl. Assn. of A. since 1895; 1st vice-pres. A. F. of L. since
1894. Born May 5, 1857, Stonehaven, Scotland. Father a farmer. Pub. sch., Scotland; Ken- sington
Sch. of Science & Art, England; night drawing sch., Baltimore, Md. Came to U. S. 1880. Granite cutter
and carver since 1873. Member Granite Cut- ters' U. since 1880. Author: La- bor Phases, report of
Intl. Fed. conv., Budapest, Hungary, 1911; Practical Efficiency, 1911; Labor Features, U. S. Mission to
Russia, 1917; Labor Features, Mission to London and to Paris, re the Peace Conference of Paris,
1919. Mem- ber Masons, Elks, Mass. Peace Soc., Natl. Geographic Assn., Social Science Club,
Philadelphia. Independent voter. Address, 25 Gilmore St., Quincy, Mass.
#DUNCAN, Thomas M. Socialist assemblyman Wis. legis. since 1922; trustee 1st Civic Founda- tion,
Milwaukee; dir. Wisconsin Players; ed. writer, The Milwau- kee Leader; secy, to Mayor Daniel Hoan
since 1920. Born Mar. 5, 1893, Westboro, Wis. Father operated a tannery. Pub. sch., Milwaukee; A.
B., Yale Univ. 1915. Dir. Citizens Loan & In- vestment Co.; Olsen & Enzinger Co.; Milwaukee Pension
Comssn. (64)64 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 1920-2; Milwaukee County Pen- sion Comssn. 1922-
3. Drafter of bill passed by Wis. Legis. for elimination of public debt by providing for accumulation of
public funds; also org. 1st Civic Foundation, a trust fund of gifts made for purpose of payment of pub.
debt. Member Phi Beta Kappa; Delta Kappa Epsilon. Home, 1369 Humboldt Ave.; of- fice, City Hall,
Milwaukee, Wis.

#DUNN, Robert Williams. Exec. comt. Amer. Civil Lib. U.; labor research worker. Born June 1, 1895,
Huntingdon, Pa. Father a lawyer. Elem. and high sch., Huntingdon; A. B., Yale, 1918; fellow, New
School for Social Re- search, New York, 1921. Pres. Collegiate Anti-Militarism Lg. 1916-8; pres. Yale
chap. I. S. S. 1917-8; secy. U. of Dem. Con- trol, Boston, 1918; gen. org. Amal. Textile W. of A. 1919-
20; secy. New England Civil Lib. U. 1920; research work, Amal. Tex- tile W., 1921; publicity dir. in
Russia, Amer. Friends Service Comt., 1921-3; publicity for Rus- sian-Amer. Indust. Corp., 1923; acting
dir. Amer. Civil Lib. U. June-Oct. 1923. Author: To- wards Industrial Democracy, pamphlet, 1918; co-
author, with Sidney Howard, The Labor Spy, 1924; pamphlets for Amer. Civil Lib. U. Member Lg. for
Mutual Aid. Home, Huntingdon, Pa.; of- fice, 100 5 Ave., New York, N. Y.
#DUNN, William P. Pres. Coop. Bank and Trust Co., Tucson, Ariz., since 1921. Born Apr. 2, 1882,
Colquitt, Ga. Father a farmer. Gram. sch., Colquitt; Stanley Bus. Coll., Macon, Ga. Worked in bank;
pres. San Simon Valley Bank, 1917-21; justice of the peace, 1917-21; cashier 1st Natl. Bank, Colquitt,
Ga. Member Ma- ins, Elks, Tucson Chamber of immerce, Tucson Sunshine Club. Democrat, Home,
248 E. 2 St.; office, 46 N. 5 St., Tucson, Ariz.

#DUNNE, William P. Cent, exec. comt. Workers' P.; co-ed. The Daily Worker since founda- tion, 1924.
Born in Canada. Studied law. Was member B. C. Workingmen's Compensation Bd. Member Mont.
Legis. 1918 - 20. Former member Un. Bro. of Carpenters & Joiners of A.; del. A. F. of L. 1923, expelled
for membership in Workers' P. Ed. Butte Bulletin, Butte, Mont., until 1924. Chair. Amer. delega- tion
5th Communist Intl. Cong., Moscow, 1924. Office. 1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, 1ll.

#DUNWODY, Thomas Edgar. Ed. The American Pressman, of- ficial organ Intl. Printing Press- men's &
Assts.' U. of N. A.; dir. technical trade sch. since 1916. Born Aug. 1, 1887, La Fayette, Ga. Father an
architect. Thorn- well Coll. for Orphans. Press- man 1909-16; pres. loc. union 2 yrs.; instr. of printing
1912-6. Au- thor: technical articles and pam- phlets on printing. Member Masons, Odd Fellows.
Democrat. Address, Pressmen's Home, Term.

#DTTBANT, William James. Dir. Labor Temple Sch., New York, since 1914. Born Nov. 5, 1885, North
Adams, Mass. Father a factory supt. St. Peter's Coll.; Ph. D., Columbia Univ., 1917. Teacher Seton Hall
Coll., 1911-4; Columbia Univ., 1917. Author: Philosophy and the Social Prob- lem. 1917; A Guide to
Plato, 1922. Home, 973 E. 13 St., Brooklyn; office, 239 E. 14 St., New York, N. Y.
#DUROCHER, Leon. Deputy city assessor, Minneapolis; lec- turer, organizer. Born Apr. 16, 1885, St.
John, N. D. Father a farmer. Univ. of N. D., 1906-8. Lecturer, org., Socialist P., 1911- 5; Non-partisan
Lg. 1915-8. Aast. (65)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 65 bank cashier 1919. Author: So- cialism and
Social Problems, 1911; How Laws Are Made in N. D., 1912; Life and Exploits of A. C. Townley, 1923;
Betrayed, a scenario, 1924. Address, 2645 Columbus Ave., Minneapolis, Minn.
#KAMES, Thomas B. Exec. bd. Glass Bottle Blowers' Assn. of U. S. & Can.; 2nd vice-pres. N. J. Fed. of
Labor. Born 1882. Wil- liamtown, N. J. Father a painter. Gram. scn., Millville, N. J. Glass bottle blower.
Home, 517 N. 2 St., Millville, N. J.
#EXERT, Justus. Glassblower, lithographer and writer. Born Feb. 27, 1869, New York. Father a boss
barber. Gram. scn., New York; mainly self-educated. Went to work at age of 10 yrs.; 9 mos. as
newsboy, lapidary's helper, 1879-80; glassblower 1880-6; lith- ographer 1886-1924. Rec. secy. N. Y.
Subordinate Assn. Litho. Artists' and Engravers' Lg. 1893- 4; del. Chicago conv. 1893, De- troit, 1894.
Press comt. Lith- ographers' Journal, 1917-9. Cand. for various offices on Socialist Labor P. ticket,
1894-1906. Soap- boxer, lecturer, reporter, contrib- utor in labor movt. Asst. ed. Dally and Weekly
People 1901-7. Publicity mgr. Ettor-Giovannitti defense comt., Lawrence, Mass., 1912. Ed. Industrial
Solidarity 1922-3; ed. Industrial Pioneer, Chicago, 1922-4. Author: The History of American Trades
Unionism. 1902; American Indus- trial Evolution, 1907; The Trial of a New Society, 1912; The I. "W.
W. in Theory and Practice, 1919; revised 1923; Member I. W. W., Amal. Lithographers of A., Litho.
Credit Union, Lg. for Mutual Aid, New York. Home, 1624 55 St., Brooklyn, N. Y. KCKROTH, George C.
Secy.- treaa. Amer. Fed. of Raiiroad W.; ed. The Raiiroad Worker. Office, 315 S. Ashland Blvd.,
Chicago, 1ll.

#EDELMAN, Oscar K. Bus. Mgr. The Miami Valley Socialist since 1919; secy. Ohio Socialist P. since
1923; ex. secy. Socialist P., Dayton. Born Apr. 9, 1897, Day- ton, Ohio. Father a cabinet maker. High
sch. Dayton; Rand Sch. of Social Science, New York, 1918-9. Cand. Bd. of Educ. 1921-3. Del. natl.
Socialist convs. 1923-4. Home, 152 Ashley St.; office, 124 S. Jefferson St., Day- ton, Ohio.

#EDWARDS, George Clifton. Lawyer. Born Dec. 23, 1877, Dal- las, Tex. Father a lawyer. Pub., high
sch., Dallas; A. B., Univ. of the South, 1898; LL. B., Harvard Univ., 1899. Was a high sch. teacher; ed.
The Laborer, a union labor and Socialist weekly paper, 1901. Secured establishment of Dallas pub.
night schools; active in initiative, referendum and re- call movts. in Dallas; counsel for unions in wage
and contract arbi- trations. Socialist nominee for gov. of Tex., 1906. Edited sch. classics, wrote for
Sewanee Re- view 1899-1901; wrote most of liberal provisions of Dallas city charter, 1907. Hon.
member Ste- reotypers' & Web Pressmen's Unions. Socialist. Home, 2603 Shelby St.; office, 502 N.
Texas Bldg., Dallas, Tex.
#EISENBERG, J. Secy.-treas. Intl. Jeweiry W. U. Office, 111 W. 110 St., New York, N. Y.
#ELDRIDGE, J. L. Pres. R. R. Yardmasters of A. Address, Room 305, 431 S. Dearborn St., Chicago, 11l.

#ELLENPORT, Harry. Regis- trar, Coop. Educ. Assn., Inc. Brooklyn, since 1923; ed. Co- operative
Student since 1923 Born Oct. 20, 1901, Kiev, Russia Father a knee pants ironer Gram., high sch., New
York. Shirt cutter 1919-23. Vice-pres Coop. Educ. Assn. 1920; pres, 1921; org., treas. Alumni Assn. of
Coop. Educ. Assn. Member Inter- Coop. Comt. of three coop, schools 1920-2. Member Amal.
Clothing W. of A. 1919-23. Socialist. Home, 171 Alabama Ave.; office, 400 Stone Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y.
#EMERSON, John. Pres. Ac- tors' Equity Assn. of A. since 1920; bd. dir. Lg. of Nations Non- Partisan
Assn. since 1923. Born May 29, 1874, Sandusky, Ohio. Father a newspaper ed. Pub., high sch., Clyde,
Ohio; Oberlin Coll., 1897-8; Adelbert Coll., 1899- 1900; Univ. of Chicago, 1900-2. Formerly actor;
stage director; writer and director of plays and motion pictures. Author: How to Write Photoplays,
1921. Inde- pendent voter. Member Players, Lambs', Green Room, Coffee House Clubs; Coldstream
Golf & Country Club; Lake Success Country Club; Assn. against the Prohibition Amendment. Address,
130 W. 44 St., New York, N. Y.

#ENDRES, Otto L. Pres. Utica Coop. Soc. since organization, 1915. Born Aug. 22, 1871, Stutt- gart,
Germany. Father a restaur- ateur. Real gymnasium, Stutt- gart, until 1885. Came to U. S. 1891.
Worked as a tool maker; bicycle, motor cycle, and sporting goods dealer since 1896. Joined Socialist
P. 1902; org. and city chair, in Utica and Oneida Coun- ties, N. Y.; del. state and natl. conv. 1912. Org.
Utica Coop. Soc. 1914-5. Author: pamphlets on Socialism and consumers' coop. Member
Workingmen's Sick and Death Ben. Fund, Soc. for the Propagation of Cremation, Turner Soc. Home,
134 Herkimer Rd.; office, 513 Varick St., Utica, N. Y.

#ENGDAHL, John Louis. Co-ed. The Dally Worker since founda- tion 1924; member cent. exec. comt.
Workers' P. of A. Born Nov. 11, 1884, Minneapolis, Minn. Univ. of Minn. 1903-4. City ed. and
telegraph ed. Min- neapolis Dally News; ed. Chi- cago Daily Socialist: mng. ed. Chicago Dally World;
labor ed. and field corr., Milwaukee Lead- er; ed. American Socialist 1914. Del. Intl. Socialist Cong.,
Copen- hagen, 1910; Socialist nominee for Cong., 11l., 1916; 1 of leaders in left wing split 1919;
joined Workers' P. Author: Saving the Nation's Bread; The Trade Unions and The Social Crisis. Home.
1400 N. Kedzie Ave.; office, 1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, 11l.

#ENSLEN, William Frederick. Secy.-treas. Ind. Conf. of Typo- graphical U. since 1917; printer. Born
Apr. 25, 1866, Morocco, Ind. Father a merchant. Printer since 15 yrs. of age, now foreman Marlon
Leader-Tribune. Member Intl. Typographical U. since 1890; secy.-treas. Marion loc. 1912-3; pres.
Marlon Trades & Labor As- sem. 1914. Republican. Member Workmen's Civic Club. Home, 612 E.
Swayzee St.; office, Leader- Tribune, Marion, Ind.

#ERNST, Morris li. Exec. comt. . for Indust. Democ. since 1924; exec. coun. Amer. Assn. for Labor gis.
since 1920; treas. Amer. Fund for Pub. Service since 1922; trustee City Club of New York since 1920;
chair. New York ivic Club comt. on legls. since 1924; atty., member Greenbaum, Wolff & Ernst;
counsel for trade unions, liberal organizations. Born Aug. 23, 1888, Uniontown, (67)AMERlCAN
LABOR WHO'S WHO 67 Ala. Father a real estate oper- ator. High sch., New York; A. B., Williams Coll.,
1909. Former mgr. retail furniture store and shirt mtg. co. Atty. since 1912. Trustee Civic Club of New
York 1922-3. Dip. Coop. Laundry, New York, 1922-3. Author: arti- cles for The Survey, Columbia Law
Review, The Weekly Review, on labor, industrial relations, un- employment. Member Racquet Club
of Washington; Bar Assn. of New York, New York County Lawyers' Assn., Williams Club, Civic Club,
City Club. Home, 410 W. 24 St.; office, 1 Dey St., New York, N. Y.
#ERVIN, Charles W. Journalist. Born Nov. 22. 18«5, Philadelphia. Father a banker and mfr. Pub. sch.
educ. Active bus. career and then newspaper work. Ed. writer, Daily News-Post, Philadelphia; feature
writer several publica- tions; ed. and mgr. New York Call, 1917-22. Organizing work in needie trades
since 1907. Speaker in Socialist political cam- paigns; active 18 yrs. in platform work; cand. for cong.
and sen. in Pa., for gov. and cong. in N. Y. Author; campaign pamphlets; "U". Member Civic Club,
New York; The Penguins, Washington, D. C. Home, 444 Bronxville Rd., Bronxville; office, 31 Union
Sq., New York, N. Y. KTT0U, Joseph James. Born Oct. 6, 1885, New York. Father a laborer. Prim. sch.,
Chicago. Be- gan work at age of 12 selling newspapers. Worked as waterboy on r.r.; apprenticed as
saw flier in lumber mill; cooper 1898-1900; steel shipbuilder 1900-4; stripper boy in cigar factory
1904; sliver man in hotel 1905-6; in ship yard 1906. Org. for I. W. W. 1906-16, member gen. exec. bd.
1908-14; gen. org. and asst. gen. secy.-treas. 1915-6. Arrested in Lawrence tex- tile strike 1912 on
charge of acces- sory to murder, in jail 10 mos., ac- quited 1912. Active in Portland, Ore., lumber
strike, 1907; McKees Rocks, Pa., steel strike, 1909; South Bethlehem steel strike 1909;

#EVANS, Dave. Secy.-treas. Intl. U. of Steam & Op. Engineers since 1908; mng. ed. International
Steam Engineer since 1916. Born Dec. 14, 1886, Oak Hill, Ohio. Father a merchant. Gram., high sch.,
Oak Hill. Formerly a sta- tionary engineer. Member Intl. U. of Steam & Op. Engineers since 1909; bus.
rep. loc 18, 1912- 6. Home, 7305 La Fayette Ave., office, 6334 Yale Ave., Chicago, 11l.

#EVANS, E. Lewis. Secy.-treas. Tobacco W. Intl. U. since 1894. Born July 16, 1865, Huron County,
Canada. Father a farm- er. Sch. 18 mos.; many yrs. in school of hard knocks, with mid- night oil, poor
light, good books, and a dictionary. Went to work at tender age. Tobacco worker 1890. Member
Masons. Home, R. R. 4, New Albany, Ind.; office. Our Home Life Bldg., Louisville, Ky.

#EVANS, Edward Joseph. Vice- pres. Intl. Bd. of Electrical W. since 1922. Born Apr. 20, 1871, Chicago,
1ll. Father a bridge builder. Gram. sch. Went to work at age of 13. Electrician 1889-1924. Held
various offices in loc. 134. Del. conv. Bro. of Electrical W. 1915; rep. on natl. (68)68 AMERlCAN
LABOR WHO'S WHO comt. for organizing Iron & Steel W. 1918-9; del. Metal Trades Dept. and A. F. of
L. conv. since 1918. Labor rep. on secretaries comt. of jt. labor adjustment comt., shipbuilding
industry, 1919. Member exec. coun. of Ry. Empl. Dept., A. F. of L., as alter- nate to pres. of Electrical
W. since 1920. Civil service comssnr, Chicago, since 1923. Secy.-treas. 11l. Conf., Intl. Bro. of
Electrical W. since 1923. Exec. bd. Public Ownership Lg. of A. since 1922. Elected del. British Trade U.
Conf. at A. F. of L. Conv. 1924. Member K. of C., Liberal Club of Chicago. Usually Demo- crat. Home,
6831 S. Sangamon St.; office, 610 City Hall, R. 1505, 127 N. Dearborn St., Chicago, 11l.

#EVANS, Fred S. Vice-pres. Bro. of Loco. Engineers' Natl. Bank since 1924; dir. Bro. of Loco. Engineers'
Natl. Bank, Boston, since May, 1924. Born July 16, 1855, Bow, N. H. Father a farmer. Gram, sch.,
Bow. Went to work at age of 16. Made or- gan key boards 1872; locomotive fireman 1873-80;
locomotive engi- neer 1880-1904. Chair. Engineers* gen. comt. of Adjustment 1904- 21; master of
Loco. Firemen's U. 1876. Member Bro. of Loco. Engineers since 1884; chief en- gineer 1890; del. natl.
conv. 1891; gen. chair. Engineers' comt. 1904- 21. Salesman, stocks and bonds, 1923; helped to org.
Bro. of Loco. Engineers' Natl. Bank, Boston. 1924. Active in town and city charity work. Independent
voter. Member Masons, R. R. Masonic Club, New England Masonic Club. Home, 96 Winter St.,
Norwood; office, 60 Devonshire St., Boston, Mass.
#FARRINGTON, Frank. Pres. dist. 12, Un. Mine W. of A., since 1914. Born 1873, Fairburg, 11l. Father a
miner. Never attended sch. Started to work in mines at Streator, 11l., when 9 yrs. old. Joined Knights
of Labor, 1886. Vice-pres. Un. Mine W. 2 yrs.; natl. exec. bd. 5 yrs. Elected by A. F. of L. conv. to go to
Europe dur- ing war, and appointed by Pres. Gompers on mission to Europe during war, but could
not go on either occasion due to emergen- cies in union. Member K. of P., Elks, Moose, Redmen.
Home, 4450 College Ave., Indianapolis, Ind.; office. 11l. Mine Workers' Bldg., Springfield, I1l.

#FEAR, Charles W. State print- er; ed. and publ., 19 yrs., Mis- souri Trades Unionist, Jefferson City,
Mo. Born Mar. 23, 1873, Scranton, Pa. Father a mine supt., tinsmith. Prim., gram., high, coll., and
trade sch. Began work at age iS as printer and pressman. Printer and pressman, 10 yrs.; ed. labor
papers, 19 yrs.; ed. and publ. Missouri Trades Unionist, Joplin, Mo., 15 yrs., Jefferson City, 4 yrs. Del.
5 A. F. of L. convs.; intl. pres. Labor Press Assn.; has held official positions for many yrs. in Mo. Fed. of
Labor. Active in typographical union. Member Intl. Typographical U.; 9 social soc.; State Good Roads
Club; Presbyterian Bro.; Methodist. Republican. Address, Room 1, Central Hotel, Jefferson City, Mo.

#FECHNER, Robert. Exec. bd. Intl. Assn. of Machinists 1913-6, 1918 to date. Born Mar. 22, 1876,
Chattanooga, Tenn. Father a carriage trimmer. Prim, sch., Macon, Ga.; gram, sch., Griffin, Ga, Went
to work at age of 16. (69)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 69 Machinist from 1896 to date. Member
Intl. Assn. of Machinists since 1898; gen. chair, dist. 49, 1908-13. Secy.-treas. Georgia Fed. of Labor
1910-6. Member Masons, K. of P., Eagles, Wood- men, Boston City Club. Indepen- dent voter. Home,
167 Fenno St., Wollaston; office, 5 Park Sq., Boston, Mass.

#FEENEY, Frank. Pres. Intl. U. of Elevator Constr.; publ. Pro- gressive Labor World, Philadel- phia;
exec. comt. Natl. Civic Fed. Born Apr. 22, 1870, New York. Father a bricklayer. Prim. sch., New York.
Elevator constructor; org.; chief of Bur. of Elevator In- spection, Philadelphia, 1908-11; appointed as
supervising compen- sation referee for Pa. 1919. Org. Intl. U. of Elevator Constr., Op. 6 Starters; del.
A. F. of L. since 1896; del. Bldg. Trades Dept., A. P. of L.; del. from A. F. of L. to Canadian Trades &
Labor Cong. 1905. Was pres. Philadel- phia Bldg. Trades Coun. 7 yrs.; pres. Philadelphia Cent. Labor
U. 7 yrs. Member Coun. of Natl. De- fense during World War; Intl. All. of Theatrical Stage Empl. &
Moving P. M. Op. of A.; Phila- delphia Yacht Club. Republican. Home, 708 S. 52 St., Philadelphia, Pa.;
office. Borough Hall Bldg., Brooklyn, N. Y.
#FEIGENBAtTM, Benjamin. As- so. ed. New York Jewish Dally Forward since 1904. Born Aug. 12,
1860, Warsaw, Poland. Father a Talmudic teacher. Educ. in Talmudic schools, and in similar subjects.
Came to U. S. 1891. Asso. ed. The Workers' Friend, London, 1888-91; Arbeiter Zei- tung, New York,
1891; Abend Blatt, New York, 1893. Gen. secy. Workmen's Circle, 1900; ed. Zukunft, 1906. In
Socialist movt. in Belgium. 1884-9, one of org. of Jewish sect, of Socialist movt.; in Gt. Britain 1888-
91, and in U. S.; active in Socialist Labor P., U. S., 1891-9; Socialist P. since then; lecturer, stump
speaker; gen. org. Lecturer for Workmen's Circle, New York Bd. of Educ. Author: How a Jew Becomes
a Socialist, 1889; The Mosaic Law, 1895; Cosmogony, 1900; Life of Wash- ington, 1901; Jewish
Dietary Laws, 1909; The Labor Laws of the Talmud, 1914; and many pamphlets used for Socialist
propaganda. Translated: Bebel's Woman and Socialism; Engel's, Origin of Private Property, The
Family and The State. Former contributor to Weekly Worker, New York; Volkszeitung; Flem- ish and
Dutch Socialist papers. Member Workmen's Circle, So- cialist P. Home, 318 Lenox Rd., Brooklyn;
office, 175 E. Broad- way, New York, N. Y.
#FEIGENB AUM, William Morris. Ed. English dept., Jewish Daily Forward, since 1924; con- trib. ed.
The New York New Leader since Dec., 1924; mem- ber N. Y. exec. comt. So- cialist P. since 1922.
Born Dec. 25, 1886, Antwerp, Belgium. Came to U. S. 1891. Father asso. ed. Jewish Dally Forward,
New York. A. B., Columbia Univ. 1907; A. M., 1908; studied at Univ. of Wis. 1908. Delivered news-
papers as a boy and while in col- lege; taught elem. night, high sch.; statistician for fedi. and state
govts. Asso. ed. The Na- tional Socialist, 1912-3; asso. ed. The New York Call, 1915-23; ed. The Eye
Opener; The Official Bulletin, The Socialist World, The New Day, The Young Social- ist, publ. by
Socialist P., 1919-21; asso. ed. The New York New Leader from foundation to Dec., 1924. Dir.
publicity, Natl. So- cialist P. 1919 - 21, during presidential and amnesty cam- (70)70 AMERlCAN
LABOR WHO'S WHO palgns. Active as Socialist speak- er since 1902. Member state comt. Socialist P.
of Md., 1910-2; comt. Kings County, New York, almost continuously since 1914; del. many city, state,
natl. convs.; several times cand. for Cong, and other offices; Socialist member N. Y. Assem. 1918. Del.
conv. which organized American Labor P. 1922. Member of comt. which notified Eugene V. Debs in
#FEINBERG, Israel. Vice-pres. Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. since 1920; mgr. Cloak, Suit, Dress & Reefer
Mkrs'. U. since 1920; natl. coun. Pioneer Youth of A. since 1924. Born Dec. 25, 1885, Berdi- chev,
Russia. Father a tailor. Primary sch., Russia. Went to England 1904; cloakmaker in England 8 yrs.
Organized Jewish Tailors' U., Manchester, 1909. Came to U. S. 1912. Exec. bd. loc. Cloak Mkrs'. U.,
1914-6; jt. bd. 1917-9; pres. jt. bd. Member Workmen's Circle. Socialist. Home, 981 Union Ave.;
office, 130 E. 25 St., New York, N. Y.

#FEINSTONE, Morris. Secy.- treas. Un. Hebrew Trades; exec. bd. Cent. Trades & Labor Coun. of
Greater N. Y.; natl. coun. Pio- neer Youth of A. since 1924. Born Dec. 28, 1878, Warsaw, Po- land.
Father an umbrella maker. High sch., Warsaw. Architectural and furniture woodcarver, London,
England; pres. Woodcarvers' U., London, 1895. Active in Labor P. movt., Birmingham, 1900. Came to
U. S. and was gold and silver inlayer on umbrella handies and canes; wood turner. Secy. Umbrella
Handie & Stick Mkrs.' U., New York. Author: articles for New York Call and Jewish Daily Forward.
Member Work- men's Circle. Supporter of a labor party. Home, 604 Howard Avenue., Brooklyn;
office, 175 E. Broadway, New York, N. Y.

#FERGUSON, Isaac Edward. Lawyer; counsel for Labor De- fense Coun. since 1922. Born Nov. 23,
1888, Winnipeg, Mani- toba, Canada. Father an ortho- dox rabbi. Ph. B., Univ. of Chi- cago, 1910;
J.D., 1912. Lawyer for defendants, Debs espionage, act appeal case, 1918; Rose Pastor Stokes appeal
case 1918; Gabriel case, N. J., 1920; Mich- igan criminal syndicalist cases, 1923; New York criminal
anarchy cases, 1919-22; Pa, sedition cases, 1924; many deportation cases and others. Active in
Socialist movt. 1918-9; natl. secy. Left Wing in Socialist P. June-Sept. 1919; ex- ec. comt. Communist
P. 1919-20; ed. The Communist, 1919-20. Im- prisoned in N. Y. under criminal anarchy statute Oct.
1920; in prison l%yrs.; decision reversed by N. Y. Ct. of Appeals, July 1922. Home, 6750 Newgard
Ave.; office, R. 600, 108 S. LaSalle St., Chicago, I1l.

#FICHANDLER, Alexander. Educl. dir. Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U., since 1920; principal pub. sch.,
Brooklyn, since 1909. Born Nov. 29, 1879, Odessa, Russia. Came to U. S. 1890. Elem. sch. New York;
Coll. City of New York; A. B., N. Y. Univ. 1905; A. M., Columbia Univ. 1913. Pub. sch. teacher since
1897. Lecturer for Socialist and labor groups, and for New York Bd. of Ecluc. Author: many articles on
political, (71)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 7l social and educl. subjects, in School and Society,
Journal of Education, Advocate of Peace, Public Arbitrator, New York Call, Socialist Review, Justice,
and others. Member Teachers' U. So- cialist. Home, 1072 Park Pl.; of- fice, Public School 189, E. New
York Ave. and E. 96 St., Brook- lyn, N. Y.
#FIELD, Mrs. Anna B. Secy.- treas. Women's Intl. U. Label Lg. and Trades' U. Aux. since 1906. Born
Feb. 29, 1860, Waretown, N. J. Father a carpenter and member of Knights of Labor. Gram., high scn.,
Toms River, N. J. Sch. teacher, Ind. Asst. in fire ins. bus. since 1916. Vice- pres., Women's Intl. U.
Label Lg., 1899; treas. 1901; trustee, 1902-3. Pres. Cent. Labor Coun., Elwood, Ind., 1904. Member
Department Club, Pythian Sisters, Pocahon- tas. Republican. Home, 933 Main St.; office, Citizens'
State Bank Bldg., Elwood, Ind.
#FIELDING, Lincoln. Vice- pres. Intl. Bro. of Blacksmiths, Drop Forgers, & H. of A. since 1890. Born
Feb. 22, 1870, Clith- eroe, Lancashire, England. Fath- er an iron moulder. Common sen., England.
Came to U. S. 1887. Went to work at age of 10, half time in textile trades at 13; apprenticed
blacksmith 1883. Bus. agt . Seattle loc. Blacksmiths' U. 1916; pres. 1917, during strike of shipyard
workers. Member parliamentary comt. Socialist P. 1912-4, during Socialist adm. in Butte, Mont .
Member Odd Fel- lows. Home, Townsend & Wa- bash Aves.; office, 211 Labor Temple, Los Angeles,

#FINCKE, Helen Hamlin. Co- dir., Manumit Sch., Pawling, N. Y., since 1924; secy.-treas. Ma- numit
Associates since 1924; exec. comt. Pioneer Youth of A. since org. 1924. Born Apr. 11, 1879, Buffalo,
N. Y. Private sch., Farmington, Conn. Secy. Brookwood Sch., 1919-21. One of founders of Brookwood
Labor Coll. 1921. One of found- ers of Manumit Sch., 1924. Cand. for N.Y. comptroller, 1st Farmer-
Labor P., 1920. Member Amer. Fed. of Teachers. Address, Manumit School, Pawling, N. Y.

#FINCKE, William Mann. Co- dir. Manumit Sch., Pawling, N.Y., since 1924; natl. comt. Amer. Civil Lib.
U. Born Jan. 1, 1878, New York. Private sch.; Hill sch.; Scientific Sch., Yale, 1901. Office mgr. at coal
mine 1901-2; gen. mgr. operating car ferry, Lake Erie, 1902-8. Pastor Greenwich Presbyterian
Church, New York, 1912-7; dir. Labor Temple, Pres- byterian Church, New York, 1918-9. One of
founders of Brookwood Labor Coll. 1921; one of founders of Manumit Sch. 1924. Participated in
steel strike, Duquesne, Pa., 1919, in behalf of free speech; was arrested and jailed. Member Amer.
Fed. of Teachers; 1st Farmer-Labor P. Address, Manumit School, Paw- ling, N. Y.
#FINE, Nathan. Asso. Labor Research Dept. Rand Sch. of So- cial Science since 1923; secy. Farmer-
Labor P. of N. Y. since 1920. Born Feb. 13, 1893, Riga, Russia. Father a small mfr. Came to U. S. 1893.
Gram., high sch., coll., Chicago; 3 yrs. grad. work; since world war unlearning as much as possible of
17 yrs.' schooling. Newsboy; messenger; office worker; store clerk; sales- man; foundry worker;
machin- ist's helper; instructor. Org. Labor P. of Cook Co., 11l., 1919; org. Amer. Labor P. Greater
New York, 1920; helped to org. Farmer-Labor P. of N. Y. 1920; del. to Farmer-Labor natl. cor 1920, '3,
'4; del. to Conf. P (72)72 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Pol. Act. 1924; former del. Brook- lyn and
New York Cent. Labor U.'s. Farmer-Labor cand. for Assem. New York, 1924. Author: The Business
Agent of the Build- ing Trades of Chicago, 1914, 1st prize, undergraduate section, Hart, Schaffner &
Marx natl. competition; co-ed, with Mrs. R. F. Hoxie, Trade Unionism in the United States, by Robert
F. Hoxie, 1917; co-author, with So- lon De Leon and others, Ameri- can Labor Year Book, 1923-4, '25.
Member Bookkeepers', Steno. & Accts.' U. 12646, A. F. of L.; Civic Club, N. Y. Home, 329 W. 22 St.;
office, 7 E. 15 St., New York, N. Y.
#FINEMAN, Haylm. Cent. comt. Jewish Socialist Labor P. (Poale Zion); chair, city comt. for Peo- ple's
Schools; member many la- bor comts. engaged in Jewish natl. activities; professor of Eng- lish
literature, Temple Univ.; Philadelphia; lecturer Jewish Teachers' Seminary, New York; lecturer
People's Univ. of Browns- ville, Brooklyn, New York; writer. Born Feb. 12, 1886, Philadelphia. Elem.
and high sen. Philadelphia; Univ. of Pa. Secy. Jewish Social- ist Labor P. (Poale Zion) 1919- 21; secy.
Labor Comssn. for Pal- estine 1920. Contributor to Der Yiddisher Arbeiter; Der Yiddisher Kampfer.
Author: The Poetry of John Davidson, 1914; Imperial- istic Education in the Philippines, 1910; Poale
Zion, 1918; Report of Labor Comssn. for Palestine, 1921. Member Jewish Natl. W. All. Home, 1924 N.
13 St.; office, Temple Univ., Philadelphia, Pa.

#FINLEY, Ira M. Pres. Okla. Fed. of Labor since 1923; 3rd vice chair. Maint. of Way Empl. Mo. Kan. &
Topeka Ry. since 1923; member state legis. Born Dec. 7, 1886, Poplar Bluff, Mo. Father a farmer.
Gram. sch. Worked on farm; at age of 21 worked as r. r. timekeeper and track foreman. Assisted in
or- ganizing Maint. of Way men. Re- signed from position as yard foreman on the Mo. Kan. & To-
peka Ry. 1922. As pres. of Okla. Fed. of Labor, helped to establish a dept. of Labor Educ. through
extension dept. of Okla. Univ. Org. for Broom Corn Growers, Okla., Tex., N. Mex., Kan.; sum- mer of
1923. Author: articles for labor periodicals. Indepen- dent Democrat. Member Macca- bees, Elks,
Modern Woodmen, Odd Fellows. Home, 100 East G St.; office 521H W. Main St., Ok- lahoma City,

#FINNAN, Michael Thomas. Secy. Natl. Assn. of Letter Car- riers; ed. The Postal Record. Born Feb. 6,
1866, Springfield, Pa. Father a tanner and r. r. em- ployee. Bloomington bus. coll. Worked as
cigarmaker; was on r. r. and street cars; letter car- rier. Vice-pres., asst. secy., exec. bd. Natl. Assn. of
Letter Carriers; exec. bd., vice-pres., 11l. Fed. of Labor. Member K. of C.; Hiber- nians. Home, 405 S.
Lee St., Bloomington, 11l.; office, A. F. of L. Bldg., Washington, D. C.

#FINNSON, Finiiur. Ed. Rail- way Maintenance of Way Em- ployees Journal since 1914; Un. Bro. Print
Shop since 1914. Born Sept. 24, 1881, Mandal, Norway. Father a marine officer. Gram, sch., night
high sch., Mandal. Came to U. S. 1901. Printer 1895-1901; ry. foreman 1901-14. Secy. Ry. Maint. of
Way Empl. 1905-14; asst. to pres. 1916-9. Del. A. F. of L. 1919; del. Cana- dian Trades & Labor Cong.
1921. Member Masons. Home, 239 Worcester Pl.; office, 61 Putnam Ave., Detroit, Mich.

#FISCH, Maurice O. Rec. secy. Chicago Jt. Bd., Amal. Clothing W. of A. since 1915; clothing cut- ter.
Born Sept. 18, 1893. Com- pleted high Bch. at night. Went to work at age of 13; clothing cutter 1908-
23; member Un. Gar- ment W. of A. until formation of Amal. Clothing W. 1914; rep. Hart, Schaffner
& Marx cutters on Trade Bd. 1918-23; del. to Chicago Fed. of Labor from loc. 61, 1919-24; del. from
loc. 61 to dist. coun. 6 (later the Chicago jt. bd.) since 1913. Office, 409 S. Halsted St., Chicago, 11l.

#FISCHER, Jacob. Pres. Intl. Piano & Organ W. U. of A. since 1921. Born June 17, 1866, New York.
Father an iron worker. Gram. scn. New York. Went to work at age of 14 in piano in- dustry. Held
every office in loc. 1901-9; intl. vice-pres. 1911-20. Connected with the Trade U. movt. since 1888.
Home, 1206 Brook Ave.; office, 260 E. 138 St., New York, N. Y.
#FISCHER, Jacob. Secy.-treas. Barbers' Intl. U. since 1904; vice- pres. A. F. of L. since 1918; vice- pres.
U. Label Trades Dept., A. F. of L. since organization. Born Apr. 11, 1871, Osborn, Ohio. Father a
butcher. Gram. scn., Osborn. Went to work at age of 12. Baker, printer, and barber 1885-1904. Vice-
pres. Barbers' U. 1894; pres. 1898; org. 1900. Member Elks. Home, 426 N. Ar- senal Ave.; office, 222
E. Mich- igan Ave., Indianapolis, Ind.

#FITCH, John Andrews. Teach- er, writer. Born Apr. 20, 1881, Cumberland, Wis. Father a farmer. A.
B., Yankton Coll 1904; Univ. of Wis. grad. student 1906-7, '8-9. New York Dept. of Labor 1909-10. Ed.
staff The Survey, 1910-9. Head of in- dustry dept., New York Sch. of Social Work since 1917. Member
Amer. Fed. of Teachers. Author: The Steel Workers, 1911; The auses of Industrial Unrest, 1924.
Home, 414 W. 118 St.; office, 105 E. 22 St., New York, N. Y.
#FITZGERALD, Edward H. Pres. Bro. of Ry. & Steamship Clerks, Freight H. E. & S. E. since 1920. Born
Aug. 31, 1877, Rochester, Minn. Father a r. r. man. Gram., high scn., Roches- ter. R. r. clerk 1898-
1917. Mem- ber Bro. of Ry. Clerks since 1916; gen. chair. Southern Pacific R. R. Co. system bd. of
adjustment 1917; sr. grand vice-pres. 1919- 20. Home, 172 Kinsey Ave.; of- fice, 701 Brotherhood
Bldg., Cin- cinnati, Ohio.

#FITZGERALD, John Brian. Ed. Four L Bulletin since 1921. Born May 4, 1889, Lincoin, 11l. Father a
farmer and Civil War veteran. St. Patrick's Parochial Sch., high sch. 2 mos., Lincoin; short corr. course
in journalism. Went to work at age of 16. For- merly a lumberjack, laborer, salesman, hotel worker,
and executive. Member Loyal Legion of Loggers & Lumbermen, a jt. assn. of employees and
employers in lumber industry of Pacific northwest for study and action in matters of mutual interest.
Address, 500 Concord Bldg., Port- land, Ore.

#FITZPATRICK, John. Pres., Chicago Fed. of Labor. Born Apr. 21, 1871, Ireland. Gram. sch., Ireland.
Came to U. S. 1882. Jn. horseshoer since 1886. Member Intl. Jn. Horse- shoers' U. 30 yrs. Served as
pres., Irens., and bus. agt. of Chicago loc. for many yrs., also del. to the intl. union conv. and rep. the
intl. union at the A. F. of L. Ap- pointed org. of Chicago Fed. of Labor in 1902, elected pres. Jâ„¢
(74)74 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 1906; still org. and pres.; org. for A. F. of Li. for many yrs.
Helped develop progressive policies in Chicago Fed. of Labor. Aided in building up garment workers'
unions; active in Tom Mooney de- fense; assisted in organizing packing house and steel workers; one
of leaders in steel strike 1919; one of org. of 11l. and Natl. Farmer-Labor parties. Active in work for
Irish republic and for amnesty for political and indus- trial prisoners. Home, 3421 Par- nell Ave.;
office, 166 W. Wash- ington Ave., Chicago, I1l.
#FITZWATER, W. Pres. Natl. Farm Labor U. Farmer. Del. Democratic conv. 1924; del. Conf. Prog. Pol.
Act. 1924. Home, Bon- ham, Tex.

#FLAHERTY, Thomas Francis. Secy.-treas. Natl. Fed. of P. O. Clerks since 1913; ed. Union Pos- tal Clerk
since 1916. Born Aug. 13, 1880, Napa, Calif. Father a machinist. LL. B., Wash. Coll. of Law, 1920; LL.
M., 1921. Ad- mitted to bar of D. C. Post office clerk 1900-12. Del. all annual convs. A. F. of L. since
1912. Member Native Sons of Golden West, K. of C., Moose, Natl. Press Club. U. Labor P. of San Fran-
cisco. Home, 401 Somerset Apt.; office, 300 A. F. of L. Bldg., Washington, D. C.
#FLANNERY, James H. Secy, and bus. mgr. Seattle loc. of Bridge & Struct. Iron W. Intl. Assn. since
1922; secy.-mgr. La- bor Temple Assn. since 1923; secy. bd. of bus. rep. and chair, law and legis.
comt., Seattle Bldg. Trades Coun. Born Jan 13. 1886, Louisville. Ky. Father a r. r. man. Gram., high
sch., Seattle, Wash. Teamster from 1902-12; was one of comt. that unsuccessfully attempted to get
laundry wagon drivers accepted by Teamsters when teamsters were 1st organized in Seattle. Steam
shovel man 1918-22; bridge, structural and ornamen- tal iron worker, rigger and ma- chinery mover
since 1909. Mem- ber Intl. Bro. of Steam Shovel & Dredgemen; while secy. Seattle loc. 1918-22,
increased member- ship from 10 to 160. Contributed articles to labor periodicals. Non- partisan in
politics. Member Eagles. Home, Georgian Annex Hotel; office. Labor Temple, 6 & University Sts.,
Seattle, Wash.
#FLATLEY, Bernard. Pres. and gen. org. Intl. U. of Jn. Horse Shoers of U. S. & Canada. Office, 92 Brill
St., Newark, N. J.

#FLEMING, Denis M. Exec. bd. Un. Textile W. of A. since 1920; member state Legls. Born Oct. 24,
1873, County Kerry, Ireland. Father a landholder. Attended Irish Natl. Sch. Came to U. S. 1889. Went
to work at age of 16 as dyer; wool sorter; pres. Man- chester Wool Sorters' loc., 1916- 23; pres.
Manchester Textile Coun., 1918-22; pres. Cent. Labor U. 1920. Leader of textile strike in Manchester,
1922. Member Foresters. Democrat. Address, 169 Green St., Manchester, N. H.

#FLJOZDAL, Fred Herman. Pres. Bro. of Maint. of Way Empl. since 1922. Born Dec. 19. 1868, Iceland.
Father a laborer. Came to U. S. 1876. Self-educated. Went to work at age of 12 yrs. Laborer,
foreman, 1888-91. Farmer, comssnr., justice of the peace, 1892-8; r. r. constr. fore- man 1898-1901;
sect, foreman 1901-15; chair, of Gen. Chair- men's Assn. of Bro. for U. S. & Can. 1910-4; gen.
maintenance foreman 1907-12; gen. foreman and supervisor Can. North. R. R. 1919-22. Gen. chair.
Can. North. R. R. System Dlv. 1905-18; secy. (75)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 75 Intl. exec. bd.,
1914-6; chair, exec. bd., 1916-8; legls. rep. Washing- ton, D. C. 1918; member Natl. Wage and Rules
comt. 1917-8; vice-pres. 1918-9; chair, comt. on amalgamation of rival brother- hood, 1918, and
chair, constitu- tional comt. after amalgamation, 1918. Member of Canadian comt. creating
adjustment boards, 1915. Home, 210 Cedarhurst St., office, 61 Putnam Ave., Detroit, Mich.

#FLORE, Edward. Pres. Hotel & Rest. Empl. Intl. All. & Bar- tenders' Intl. Lg. of A. since 1911. Born
Dec. 5, 1877, Buffalo, N. Y. Father a hotel keeper. Gram. sch., Buffalo. Went to work at ag-e of 16.
Culinary worker 1893-1911; beverage dispenser. Member Hotel & Rest. Empl. since 1899; vice-pres.
1905-9. Democrat. Member Eagles, Elks, Orioles. Home, 426 Woodbridge Ave., Buffalo, N. Y.

#FLOYD, Mrs. Louise Adams. Exec. comt. Lg. for Indust. Democ. since 1917; vice-pres. New York Civic
Club. Born Chelsea, Mass. Father a woolen merchant. Gram, sch., Chelsea; high sch., Newton. Secy.,
org. Boston Sch. of Social Science 1912-7. Socialist cand. for Secy. of State, Mass., 1916. Chair. New
York Cameraderle, br. of Lg. for Indust. Democ., 1917-24. Author: Steel Facts, (New York chap. In-
tercoll. Socialist comt. report on steel strike), 1919. Home, 114 E. 31 St., New York, N. Y.
#FLYNN, Elizabeth Gurley. Lec- turer, and natl. comt. Amer. Civil Lib. U. 1924; natl. comt . Labor
Defense Coun.; bd. dir. Amer. Fund for Pub. Service since Dec. 1924. Born Aug. 7, 1890, Con- cord, N.
H. Father a civil engi- neer. High sch., New York. Org., lecturer for I. W. W., 1906-16; org. Workers'
Defense U., New York, 1918-24. Arrested in New York, 1906, free speech case, dis- missed; active in
Spokane, Wash. free speech fight, 1909; arrested, Missoula, Mont., 1909, in free speech fight of I. W.
W.; Spo- kane, Wash., free speech fight of I. W. W., hundreds arrested; in Philadelphia, arrested 3
times, 1911, at strike meetings of Bald- win Locomotive Works. Active in Lawrence textile strike,
1912; hotel workers strike 1912, New York; Paterson textile strike, 1913. Defense work for Ettor-
Oiovannitti case, 1912; Mesaba Range strike, Minn., 1916; Ever- ett I. W. W. case, Spokane, Wash.
1916; Joe Hill defense, 1924. Ar- rested Duluth, Minn., 1917, charged with vagrancy under law
passed to stop I. W. W. and paci- fist speakers; case dismissed. In- dicted in Chicago I. W. W. case
1917. Arrested Philadelphia, 1920, at Sacco-Vanzetti meeting, no police permit. Active in Sacco-
Vanzetti defense 1921-4. Author: Sabotage, suppressed during war. Home, 511 E. 134 St.; office, 81
#FLYNN, John J. Vice-pres. Metal Polishers' U. 1892-1906, 1908 to date. Born Nov. 1, 1866,
Poughkeepsle, N. Y. Father a bricklayer. Gram. sch. Went to work at age of 11, in iron foun- dry;
metal polisher and buffer 1884-1900. Bus. agt., New York loc. 12, Metal Polishers' U. 1900- 6, 1908-
12. Instrumental in passage and enforcement of laws affecting metal polishers; brought first widow's
pension bill to N. Y. Legis. Independent voter. Home, 558 53 St., Brooklyn, N. Y.; office, Neave Bldg.,
Cincinnati, Ohio.

#FLYNN, Joseph. Secy.-treas. Intl. Bro. of Boiler Mkrs., Iron Ship Bldrs. & H. of A. since 1921; pres.
Bro. State Bank, Kansas (76)76 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO City, since 1924. Born Oct. 1, 1878,
Louisville, Ky. Father a carpenter. Parochial sen., Louis- ville; high sen., Gethsemane, Ky. Went to
work at age of 16. Boilermaker since 1900. Member Boilermakers' U. since 1901; pres. dist. 5, 1905-
14; pres. Little Rock, Ark., Cent. Trades Coun. 1912-7; intl. vice-pres. 1917-21. Democrat. Member K.
of C. Home, 2105 W. 2 St., Little Rock, Ark.; office, Suite 504, Brother- hood Bldg., Kansas City, Kan.

#FLYNN, Michael J. Secy. Bos- ton Newspaper Writers' U. 17662; del. Alld. Printing Trades Coun.; del.
Cent. Labor U. Born Mar. 2, 1885. Newspaper writer; secy. and org. Boston Newspaper Writ- ers' U.
1, Intl. Typographical U.; del. A. F. of L.; del. Intl. Typo- graphical U. state conv.; del. Mass. Fed. of
Labor. Independ- ent voter. Home, 2 Dean Ave., Winthrop; office, 306 Old South Bldg., Boston, Mass.

#FLiYNN, Thomas Emmett. Secy. Mont. Typographical Conf. since 1920; printer. Born Mar. 4, 1894,
Olyphant, Pa. Father an electrical and steam engineer. Gram., high sch. Red Lodge, Mont. Deputy
county treas., Carbon County, Mont., 1912-3; printer 1913 to date. Exec. comt. Billings, Mont.,
Typographical U. 1915-6. Exec. comt. Great Falls Typographical U. 1917; secy. 1918-22. Secy. Great
Falls Alld. Printing Trades Coun. 1918-23. Del. Cascade County Trades & Labor Assem. 1919-22; del.
Mont. Fed. of Labor 1922. Ed. Montana Conference Bulletin 1921. Democrat. Home, Ham- mill Hotel;
office, Great Falls Tribune, Great Falls, Mont.
#FOLEY, Lawrence. Member exec. coun., Granite Cutters' Intl. Assn. since 1923. Burn 1880,
Waterford, Conn. Father a lab- orer. Common sch. Went to work at age of 12. Granite cut- ter since
1900. Pres. New York loc., Granite Cutters' U., 1912; pres. Westerly, R. I., loc. 1919; pres. Westerly
Cent. Labor U. 1919; vice-pres. R. I. Fed. of La- bor, 1919. Independent voter. Address, k526
Amsterdam Ave., New York, N. Y.
#FORD, Charles P. Bd. of Trus- tees, Electrical W. Benefit Assn.; vice-pres. U. Coop. Ins. Assn. Secy.-
treas. Intl. Bro. of Electrical W. of A. and ed. Journal of Elec- trical W orkers and Operators, 1912 until
resignation, Feb. 1925, due to ill health. Address, Intl. Bro. of Electrical W. of A., Ma- chinists' Bldg.,
Washington, D. C.

#FORRESTER, James Joseph. Natl. legls. counsel, Bro. of Ry. & Steamship Clerks, Freight H. & S. E.
since 1921. Born Oct. 28, 1867, Fulton County, Ohio. Father a farmer. Prim, sch., Fulton County;
gram, and high sch. Wauseon, Ohio; taught sch. 1884-7 to secure funds to attend coll. Northwestern
Ohio Normal 1884; Univ. of Mich. 1885-6. Law Clerk, 1887-9; admitted to bar 1888. Letter carrier
1889-99. Secy legis. comt. Natl. Assn. of Letter Carriers 1896-8. Ry. clerk 1899-1908; practiced law
eve- nings. Org. for Bro. of Ry. Clerks 1907-8; deputy grand-pres. 1908- 10; vice-grand pres. 1910-5;
grand pres. 1915-20. Member U. S. Ry. Labor Bd. 1920-1. Del. A. F. of L. conv. every yr. since 1915,
excepting 1920. Del. from A. F. of L to British Trades U. Cong, and to Ireland 1921. Mem- ber Roman
Catholic Church; K. of P.; Congressional Country Club. Democrat, sometimes inde- pendent. Home,
4100 4 St., N. W.; office, 310 Labor Bldg., Washington, D. C. (77)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 77
#FOSTER, William Z. Chair. Workers' P. since 1924; secy.- treas. Trade U. Educ. Lg. since organization
1920. Born Feb. 25, 1881, Taunton, Mass. Father a cab washer. Went to work at age of 10 after
attending sch. for 3 yrs. Worked as a sculptor's apprentice, type founder, factory worker, steam
engineer, steam fitter, r. r. brakeman, r. r. fire- man, logger, salesman, street car motorman,
longshoreman, farmer, deep water sailor, r. r. car in- spector. Joined Socialist P. 1900; expelled 1909
and joined I. W. W. Member Bro. of Ry. Carmen. Ar- rested for participation in free speech fight,
Spokane, Wash., 1909. Del. from I. W. W. to Budapest meeting of Trade Unions Secretariat, 1910,
but seat was awarded to A. F. of L. del. During 13 mos.' study of Euro- pean labor movt., became con-
vinced that policy or dual unionism was wrong; after return to U. S. took part in formation Syndicalist
Lg. of N. A., 1911. Helped to org. Intl. Trade U. Educ. Lg. 1916; secy, of comt. which org. 200,000
packing house workers, 1917; secy, of comt. or- ganizing 250,000 steel workers, 1918; conducted
strike of 400,000 steel workers. Went to Russia, 1921; attended Congresses Com- munist Intl. and
Red Intl. of La- bor Unions; joined Communist P. Cand. for U. S. Pres. in 1st Com- munist election

#FOX, James Edwin. Chair, exec. comt., coop. purchaser Natl. Fed. of Rural Letter Carriers since 1923.
Born Dec. 2, 1882, Man- kato, Minn. Father a farmer, country sch., ManKato high and normal sch.
Worked as a farmer, photographer, drayman, truck gardener, plant nurseryman; ru- ral letter carrier
since 1914. Secy. Hardin County Iowa Rural Letter Carriers' Assn., 1915-8; pres. Iowa Fed. of Rural
Letter Carriers, 1921-2; state org. 1922- 3. Member Amer. Yeoman, M. E. Church. Republican. Ad-
dress, R. L. C. 1, Alden, lowa.
#FRALJEY, Fred J. State pres. Non-Partlsan Lg., Kan.; mng. ed. Th« Kansas Leader. Born Dec. 30,
1868, in Ohio. Father a farm- er and miner. Country sch.; at- tended coll. 4 mos. Farmer, min- er.
Pres. loc. Farmers' U.; coun- ty pres.; dir. Farmers' U. Ins. Co.; del. Conf. Prog. Pol. Act. 1924. Home,
680 S. 11 St.; office, 117 S. 5 St., Salina, Kan.
#FRANCK, Charles H. Pres. Mobile, Ala., Cent. Trades Coun. since 1922; bus. rep. Mobile dist. coun.,
Un. Bro. of Carpenters & Joiners of A., since 1922; trus- tee loc. 89 since 1920; org. A. F. of L. Born
Nov. 5, 1877, Kanka- kee, 11l. Father a carpenter and contractor. Gram., corr. sch., Chicago. Went to
work at age of 14. Carpenter 10 yrs.; fore- man, supt. and mgr. for constr. companies until 1914;
farmer, 1914-7 in southern Miss.; gen. org. in U. S. and Canada for Intl. U. of Timber W. 1920-2. Ed.
Southern Unionist 1920. Chair. Southern Shipyard W. Wage Comssn. 1917-9; gen. rep. ship- yard
trades, 1917-9. Exec. bd. U. S. Employment Bur., Miss., 1917-9. 1st vice-pres. Miss. Fed. of Labor
1917-20. Author: arti- cles on wage adjustments; bid' (78)78 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO
proposals to provide employmen presented to President's Un- employment Conf. 1922. Member
Odd Fellows. Independent Re- publican. Home, 306 Chatham St.; office, R. 16, Mobile Labor Temple,
Mobile, Ala.

#FRANKLIN, Henry LaFayette. Secy. W. Va. Fed. of Labor; state committeeman W. Va. Farmer- Labor
P. Born Aug. 13, 1881 Martinsville, Va. Father a plan- ter. Gram. sch. Worked as coal miner,
merchant, ins. salesman; active since 1901 in labor movt. Pres. Cent. Labor U., Huntington, W. Va.,
1913; pres. Barbers' loc., Huntington, 1915; pres. Cent. Labor U., Fairmont, W. Va., 1919- 20; vice-
pres. Barbers' loc., 1919- 20. State secy, and state comt. Socialist P., 1917-8. Home, 401 Columbia
St.; office, 208 Main St., Fairmont, W. Va.
#FRANKLIN, J. A. Pres. Intl. Bro. of Boiler Mkrs., Iron Ship Bldrs. & H. of A.; exec. coun. Ry. Empl.
Dept., A. F. of L. Office, 522 Brotherhood Bldg., Kansas City, Kan.
#FRAYNE, Hugh. Org. A. F. of L. since 1901; trustee and vice- pres. Natl. Comt. on Prisons & Prison
Labor; dir. Natl. Tubercu- losis Assn.; dir. Natl. Bur. of Eco- nomic Research; vice-chair, educ. coun.
and advisory comt. Port Authority of New York; dir. War Camp Community Service, Inc.; bd. dir.
Playground & Recreation Assn. of A.; advisory comt. In- dust. Aid. Bur., speakers' bur. Natl. Coun. for
Reduction of Armaments; advisory comt. Near East Relief; advisory comt. New York State Assn. Born
Nov. 8, 1869, Scranton, Pa. Worked as breaker in coal mines from age of 8-12, then learned sheet
metal trade; worked as journeyman un- til 1900; joined sheet metal work- ers' union when
organized, 1892; vice-pres. and chair, exec. bd. Amal. Sheet Metal W. Natl. Assn., 1901. Traveled
throughout U. S. and Canada as org. for A. F. of L. 1901-7; gen. org. Philadel- phia 1907-10; in charge
New York office since. Former mem- ber New York State Hospital Comssn.; Citizens' Comt. of A.;
exec. coun. Natl. Soc. for Voca- tional Educ.; labor rep. War In- dustries Bd.; comt. on pub. rela- tions;
Motion Picture Producers & Distributors of A., Inc.; exec. bd., Natl. Amer. Coun.; Clvio Forum;
trustee, Town Hall Soc.; coun., Lg. of Nations Non-Partisan Assn.; advisory comt., Merchants' Assn. of

#FRAZIER, Lynn Joseph. 17. S. Senator from N. D.; farmer. Born Dec. 21, 1874, Steele County, Minn.
Father a farmer. A. B., Univ. of N. D., 1900. Governor of N. D. 1917-21, endorsed by Non-Partlsan Lg.
Member Mod- ern Woodmen. Republican. Home, Hoople, N. D.; office. Sen- ate Office Bldg.,
Washington, D. C. (79)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 79
#FREEMAN, Joseph. Journal- ist; publicity dir. Amer. Civil Lib. U. since 1924; publicity agt . for
Workers' Health Bur. since 1924. Born Oct. 7, 1897, Piratin, Pol- tawa, Ukrainia. Father a real es- tate
dealer. Came to U. 8. 1904. Gram., high sch., Brooklyn, N. Y.; A. B., Columbia Univ., 1919. Was a
telegraph clerk; waiter, 1916; clerk, 1917; ed. Young Ju- daean, 1918; staff Harper & Bros. World War
History, 1919; staff Women's Wear, 1919-20; staff Paris edition New York Herald, 1920; staff Paris
edition Chicago Tribune, 1920, London staff, 1920; staff Garment News, New York, 1922; teacher for
Amal. Clothing W. U. 1922; staff American Heb- rew, 1922; staff Liberator, 1922, asso. ed. 1923.
Lecturer for la- bor groups. Contributed to "Mak- ers of America" for 1924 Amal- gamated Almanac.
Co-author, with Scott Nearing: American Im- perialism. not yet published. Home, 61 5 Ave.; office,
100 5 Ave., New York, N. Y.
#FREMMING, Harvey C. Ed. The California Oil Worker, organ of Oil Field, Gas Well & Refinery W. of A.
Address, Box 13, 1260 Cherry Avenue, Long Beach, Calif.

#FREY, J. Fremont. Pres. In- dianapolis Stereotypers' U. since 1898 except 1 yr.; special rep. Intl.
Stereotypers' & Electro. U. since 1902; supt. stereotype dept. Indianapolis News since 1900; dlr.
Indianapolis News Glee Club since 1914. Born Sept. 6, 1862, Cincin- nati, Ohio. Father a teacher, ed.,
publ. Prim. sch., 6 yrs.; self- educated. Began work at age of 12 as page in Indianapolis civil courts.
Became apprentice in ste- reotype dept. and press room of Indianapolis Journal, 1878, only
apprentice at time in Ind.; worked at trade since that date. Vice- pres. Intl. Stereotypers' & Electro.
U. 1905-9, Aug.-Dec. 1924. Coun- sel for loc. unions and Intl. Stereo- typers' & Electro. U. in arbitra-
tion cases. Zither soloist since 1880; music critic Journal 1898- 1900. Author: more than 100 songs
and musical compositions, poems, essays, and articles, publ. in loc. papers and International
Stereotypers' and Electrotypers' Journal. Republican. Home, 1319 Broadway; office, c/o The News,
Indianapolis, Ind.
#FREY, John P. Ed. Iron Molders' Journal since 1903; pres. Ohio Fed. of Labor since 1924; member of
A. F. of L. comt. on educ. since 1918; secy. comt. on resolutions, A. F. of L. convs. 1908-22; member
exec. bd. Work- ers' Educ. Bur. since 1921; chair. bd. dir. Natl. Bur. of Economic Research since 1923.
Born Feb. 24, 1871, Mankato, Minn. Father a mfr. and military officer. Went to work at age of 9.
Received a little schooling until age of 12, when supported self and mother. Iron molder 1887-1900.
Pres. Iron Molders' loc. Worcester, Mass., 1896-1900; treas. New England conf. bd. of Molders' U.,
1898-1900; vice-pres. Mass. Fed. of Labor, 1899; 4th vice-pres. Intl. Molders' U. 1900-3. Del. A. F. of
L. since 1906; del. from A. F. of L. to British Trades U. Cong. 1909; to Inter-Alld. Labor and Socialist
conf., London, 1918; to Pan-Amer. Fed. of Labor 1921. Member of both A. F. of L. comts. sent to
Europe 1918. Special lecturer on trade union economics, Univ. of Chicago, 1908; lecturer at other
colleges. Pres. Norwood, Ohio, Bd. of Educ. 1918-22. Author: An American Molder in Europe, 1910;
Scientific Management and Labor, 1915; The Labor Injunc- tion, 1923; numerous pamphlets. (80)80
AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Member Cincinnati Athl. Club and Gymnasium. Independent in
#FRIEDMAN, Esther. Lecturer, org. for Socialist P. since 1920. Born Feb. 18, 1880, Hungary. Father a
clgarmaker. Pub. sch., night high sch., New York; ex- tension courses Coll. of City of New York 1909-
10, and Teachers' Coll., Columbia Univ., 1911-2; Rand Sch. of Social Science 1912-4. Worked as a
cigarmaker 1893-9; factory inspector since 1919. Active in commissary dept., shirt waist makers'
strike, New York, 1910. Speaker during sev- eral garment workers' strikes, carmen's strike, 1914,
embroidery workers' strike, cigarmakers' strike, 1918. Lecture dir. Bronx Socialist P., New York, 1911-
3; educ. comt. 1913-5; county exec. and cent. comt. 1915-7. Woman's org. during Suffrage campaign
1917; state exec. comt. 1920. Cand. for Assem. 1916, '7; for state Senate 1918. Toured U. S. to
secure release of political pris- oners 1920. Mgr. Debs mass meetings, Buffalo, Youngstown, Denver,
Pueblo, Cheyenne, and other cities. Member Cigar- mkrs' Intl. U. of A. Home, 1895 Walton Ave., New
York, N. Y.

#FRISINA, Ettore. Bus. mgr. and asso. ed. 11 Veltro, publ. by New York Italian Chamber of Labor since
Feb. 1924; active in antl-Fasclstl campaign since 1920; journalist. Born Mar. 3, 1899, Tresllico, Italy.
Elem., high sch.; Univ. of Rome. Came to U. S. 1921. Press agt. Amal. Clothing W. of A. during gen.
strike, Philadelphia, 1922; org. Amal. Food W. 1922-4; ed. 11 Ri*veglio, organ of Hotel W. U. 1922-4.
Home, 1275 Bay Ridge Ave., Brooklyn; office, 231 E. 14 St., New York, N. Y.
#FRUCHTER, Henry I. Mgr. Naturalization Aid Lg. since 1923. Born Sept. 4, 1891, Lemberg. Austria.
Father a banker. Gram. sch., New York. Went to work at age of 7. Stenographer 1911- 7; multlgraph
business 1917-23; secy. Brooklyn loc. Socialist P., 1919-21. Cand. for Assem., 6th Dist., Brooklyn,
1921; for Cong., 14th Dist., Brooklyn, 1922; for Assem., 8th Dist.. New York, 1923. Member
Bookkeepers', Steno. & Accts.' U. 12646; Work- men's Circle. Home, 200 Wav- erly Pl.; office, 175 E.
Broadway, New York, N. Y.

#FUULER, Paul Wllbert. Dir. Workers' Educ., dist. 2, Un. Mine W. of A. since May, 1924; secy.- treas.
Pa. Farmer-Labor P. since 1920; lecturer, teacher. Born Feb. 3, 1882, W. Elizabeth, Pa. Father a coal
miner. Never at- tended sch.; taught by mother, self-educated. Went to work at age of 9. Coal miner
1891-8; clerk 1899-1906. Speaker in la- bor movt. since 1907. Speaker for Pa. Socialist P. 1910-20;
for Farmer-Labor P. and coop. movt. Pa. 1920. Home, R-330 Horner St., Johnstown, Pa.; office, Un.
Mine Workers' Bldg., Clearfield, Pa.
#FUNDERBURK, Walter L. Pres. Stovemounters' Intl. U. since 1912; del. A. F. of L.; stove mounter and
range maker. Born Oct . 22, 1879, Atlanta, Ga. Father a carriage painter. Self-educated. Served as
volunteer in Cuba with 3rd Ga. Regiment, Span.-Amer. War. Member Stove-Mounters' Intl. U.; held
all offices in loc.; secy. Cent. Labor U., Rome, Ga.; pres.; intl. auditor; vice-pres. Non-partisan in
politics. Home, 201 Howell St., Rome, Ga.; office, (81)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 8l 6466
Jefferson Ave., E., Detroit, Mich.

#FURBEK, James B. Lawyer. Born Oct. 14. 1868. Allegan, Mich. Father a merchant. Gram., high sch.,
Allegan; Olivet Coll. 1 yr., bus. coll. Publ., ed. Rah way News-Herald 1908-11; Socialist city comssnr.
of Rahway, N. J. 1917-9; mayor 1921-4. Rep. la- bor unions in strike litigation. Member K. of P.,
Moose, Masons, Elks, Newark Athl. Club, Colonia Country Club. Home, Furber Ave., Linden; offices,
Natl. Bank Bldg., Linden; Woodruff Bldg., Rahway; Union Bldg., Newark, N. J.
#FURUSETH, Andrew. Pres. Intl. Seamen's U. of A. since 1908; secy. Sailors' U. of the Pacific. Born
Mar. 12, 1854, Hedemarken, Norway. Pub. sch. Went to sea 1873; sailor until 1887, '9-91. First came
to U. S. 1880. Author- ity on Amer. merchant marine; helped to draft La Follette sea- men's law
enacted by Cong. after 21 yrs'. effort, 1915. Protestant. Home, 59 Beaver St., San Fran- cisco, Calif.;
office, R. 409 A. F. of L. Bldg., Washington, D. C.

#GADSBY, Margaret (Mrs. Paul Brissenden). Dir. of research and secy. to pres. Intl. Ladies' Garment
W. U. since 1924. Born June 9, 1889, Pitcher, N. Y. Father a bldg. trades contractor. Gram., high sch.,
Cortland, N. Y.; Syra- cuse Univ.; Natl. Univ. Teacher, 1910-1; investigator, U. S. Bur. of Labor
Statistics, 1913-24; libra- rian, 1913. Author: articles in Monthly Labor Review; Bull. 341, U. S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics. Home, 26 Pilgrim St., Forest Hills, L. I.; office, 3 W. 16 St., New York, N. Y.

#gAFNEY, Thomas M. Publ. The Industrial Weekly; pres. Syracuse Advertising Men's Club since Jan.
1924. Born Jan. 1, 1870, Lyons, N. Y. Father a r. r. man. Lyons Union sch. Began work at age of 15.
Printer 1885- 1924. Pres. Typographical U. 55, 1892-3. Pres. Syracuse Trades Assem. 1894-1900.
Member ad- visory coun. N. Y. Indust. Comssn. 1918-21. Member Intl. Typo- graphical U., Elks,
Eagles, Moose, Turn Verein, K. of C., Alhambra, Leiderkranz, Chamber of Com- merce, Syracuse
Forum. Syracuse Safety Coun., Future Syracuse Comt., Mystic Krewe, Hiawatha Legion, Bus. Men's
Credit Assn. Democrat. Home, 119 Kirk Ave.; office, 117 E. .Washington St., Syracuse, N. Y.

#GAINOR, Edward Joseph. Pres. Natl. Assn. of Letter Car- riers since 1914; asso. ed. The Postal
Record since 1919. Born Aug. 1, 1870, Greencastle, Ind. Father a r. r. roadmaster. Gram., high sch.,
Greencastle. Puddier and heater in iron rolling mill 1889-97; letter carrier 1897-1917. Secy, lodge 4,
Amal. Assn. Iron & Steel W., Muncie, Ind., 1S90-2. Exec. bd. Natl. Assn. of Letter Carriers 1901-2; vice-
pres. 1905- 13. Del. A. F. of L. conv. since 1917. Del. Democratic natl. conv. 1920. Fraternal del. Brit-
ish Trades U. Cong. 1924. Home, Muncie, Ind., and 2426 19 St., Washington, D. C.; office, A. F. of L.
Bldg., Washington, D. C.
#GANIARD, J. N. Bus. agt. Trades & Labor Coun., Salem. Ore.; treas. loc. 72*, Painters, Decorators &
Paperh. of A. Born Sept. 15, 1876. Father a cabinet maker. High sch. Painter; del. (82)82 AMERlCAN
LABOR WHO'S WHO A. F. of L. 1923. Independent voter. Home, 2396 N. Front St.; office, 457 Court
St., Salem, Ore.

#GARRETSON, Austin Bruoe. Advisory coun. O. of Ry. Conduc- tors since 1919. Born Sept. 14, 1856,
Winter-set, Iowa. Father a lawyer. High ach., Osceola, Iowa. Ry. conductor 1880-8. Member O. of Ry.
Conductors since 1884; asst. grand chief conductor 1888- 9; grand senior conductor 1890-9; asst.
grand chief 1899-1906; grand chief and pres. 1906-19. Labor member U. S. Comssn. on Indust.
Relations 1913-6. Inde- pendent Progressive in politics. Member Elks. Home, 1534 3 Ave.; office, O.
of Ry. Conductors' Bldg., Cedar Rapids, Iowa. CARVER, William Lincoln. State secy. Socialist P. of Mo.
since 1917; architect. Born June 5, 1867, Martinsburg, W. Va. Father a carpenter. Pub sch. and
Westminster Coll., Fulton, Mo. Cand. for lieut.-gov. of Mo. on Socialist ticket 1904; for gov. 1908; for
judge of supreme ct. 1912; for state supt. of schools 1916. Author: Freeland Univer- sity (in the
Arena), 1890; Asso- ciated Communities and Propor- tional Industry, 1892; Brother of the Third
Degree, 1894; Socialism in Brief, 1905; Abolish Rent, 1913; Labor Power and Man Power, 1920; The
Modern Trinity, 1922; The New Order, 1922. So- cialist. Address, 952 Hovey St., Springfield, Mo.
#GASSMAN, Fred Conrad. Vice- pres. Un. Bro. of Maint. of Way Empl. and Ry. Shop Lab. since 1920.
Born Jan. 4, 1884, Middie- brook, Mo. Father a jeweiry worker. Prim. sch., Middlebrook. Entered Mo.
Pac. Ry. service 1900; track foreman 1908; acting gen. chair. Mo. Pac. Ry., rep. Maint. of Way Empl.
1918; natl. â€omt. to negotiate natl. rules and working conditions, 1914; gen. chair. 1919; grand
exec. bd. 1919. Member Odd Fellows. Home, 3337 Bales Ave.; office, 600 Man- hattan Bldg., Kansas
City, Mo.
#GAVLAK, Joseph M. Secy.- treas. Un. Tile, Slate & Compos. Roofers' D. & W. W. Assn.; del. A. F. of L.
1924. Office, 3091. Coleridge Rd., Cleveland, Ohio.
#GEIGES, Gnstave. Bus. rep., pres. Full Fashioned Hosiery Knitters of Philadelphia, loc. 706, Un.
Textile W. of A. since 1918; trustee Producers' & Consumers' Bank of Philadelphia since 1922. Born
Jan. 22, 1884, Philadelphia. Father a dyer. Gram. sch., Philadelphia. Treas. Full Fash- ioned Hosiery
Knitters 1912-8. Non-partisan in politics. Home, 3447 N. Water St.; office, 2530 N. 4 St., Philadelphia,

#GEL1JEBTER, Philip. Exec. secy. Workmen's Circle since 1915; mng. ed. its official organ, The Friend,
since 1924. Born Feb. 1, 1886, Zamostzch, Poland. Father a merchant. Pro-gymnasium, Zamostzch,
1903; teacher's diplo- ma, Cholm Sem., Poland, 1905; Univ. of Pittsburgh, 1912-3; Co- lumbia, 1913-
4. Active in Jewish sect, of labor movt. since 1910, and in Bund in Russia; exec. comt. Jewish Socialist
Fed. 1914- 5. Contrib. to Jewish Labor World, 1909-11; ed. Freie Arbelter Stlmme, 1914-5; ed. Kamf,
1918; ed. Funken und Ernes, 1919-20. Transl. into Yiddish, Leon Trot- sky's Our Revolution, 1919; S.
Prshyblshewsky's The Devil's Children; assisted in compiling- a book on The History of the Jew- ish
Labor Movement, 1915, and on Karl Marx, 1918. Home, 1504 Eastern Parkway, Brooklyn; of- fice,
174 E. Broadway, New York, N. Y. (83)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO

#GKLLERT, Hugo. Painter, il- lustrator, cartoonist, asso. ed. The Liberator since organization, 1918.
Born May 3, 1892, Buda- pest, Hungary. Father a tailor. Gram. sch. Budapest; Natl. Acad. of Design,
New York. Came to U. 8. 1906. Went to work at age of 14. Apprentice in machine shop 1906-8.
Cartoonist, illustra- tor for Elore, Hungarian Social- ist dally, 1915-23. Contributor to Masses, 1916
until suppression 1918. Teacher Ferrer Modern Sch., Stelton, N. J. 1920-2; ar- ranged art exhibit of
pupils' work, New York Civic Club, 1921. Held exhibition of own paintings, New York, 1923. Address,
Silver Lake, Lake St., White Plains, N. Y.

#GENIS, Sander D. Mgr. Twin Cities jt. bd. Amal. Clothing W. of A. since 1919. Born Mar. 4, 1895.
Koteinla, Russia. Father a tanner. Gram. sch.; high sch. 2 yrs.; law sch. 2 yrs.; St. Paul Labor Coll.
Sewing machine op- erator 1906-19. Member Amal. Clothing W. since 1915; helped organize Amal.
loc. in Twin Cities 1915. Active in Socialist P. 1913- 8; chair. English loc. St. Paul. Member Workmen's
Circle, Farmer-Labor P. Home, Pied- mont Apts.; office, 504 Baltimore BIdg., St. Paul, Minn.
#GENTZLER, Edwin. Gen. secy. Un. Wall Paper Crafts of N. A. since 1923; dir. York Labor Advocate;
wall paper printer. Born Jan. 25, 1889, Thomasville, Pa. Father a farmer. Rural sch., gram. sch., York,
studied in Baltimore Charcoal Club; Jullen Acad., Paris, 1912. Abandoned pursuit of art during World
War, when nearly all artists became war propagandists, to turn ener- gies into labor movt. Wall
paper printer 1907 to present time. Secy. Alld. Wall Paper Trades of U. S. which disbanded in 1921
under pressure of a lockout. Natl. secy, and org. Machine Printers and Color Mixers of U. S. 1920-3.
Initiated movt. to merge Natl. Assn. of Machine Printers & Color Mixers, and Natl. Print Cutters'
Assn., which resulted in organization of Un. Wall Paper Crafts, 1923. Sup- porter of Labor P. Member
York Art Club. Address, 935 W. King St., York, Pa.

#GEORGE, Harrison. Ed., journalist for Workers' P., since 1923. Born June 27, 1888, Oak- ley, Kan.
Ancestors settled in U. S. before Revolutionary War. Father a farmer, and stock raiser. Attended
country sch. Went to work in factory, Portland, Ore. when 15 yrs. of age; postal mes- senger, clerk
and carrier 10 yrs. Discriminated against on account of radical beliefs; left postal service 1913;
became migratory manual laborer, salesman, solici- tor, shipping clerk. Joined So- cialist P. 1910;
expelled with left wing, 1913. Joined I. W. W., 1914; org. Mesaba Range miners' strike 1916; arrested
as ed. of I. W. W. paper, on anti-war charges 1917; in Leaven worth prison 1918-20, when released
on appeal bond. Joined Un. Com- munist P.; became ed. Industrial Unionist; returned to prison Apr.
1921, and released Feb. 1923, having served full term. Del. from Red Intl.of Labor Unions to I. W. W.
1924. Author: The Red Dawn, 1918; The I. W. W. Trial, 1918. Office, 1113 W. Washington Blvd.,
Chicago, 11l.
#GEORGE, Leo E. Pres. Natl. Fed. of P. O. Clerks since 1923. Born Jan. 13, 1888, Medford, Wis. Father
a farmer. High sch., Westfield, Pa. Fin. secy. Chicago P. O. Clerks' U. 1918-21; vice-pres. Natl. Fed. of
P. O (84)84 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Clerks 1921-3. Home, 3225 New- ton St., Mt. Rainier,
Md.; office, 305 A. F. of L. Bldg., Washing- ton, D. C.

#GERBER, Julius. N. Y. state exec. comt. Socialist P. at irregu- lar intervals since 1900; New York
County exec. comt. since 1923; printing salesman since 1923; treas. Soc. of Common- wealth Center
since 1924; secy. The New Leader Publ. Assn. since 1924; secy. Workingmen's Coop. Publ. Assn. since
1907. Born Dec. 24, 1872, Riga, Latvia. Father a tradesman. Night sch., New York. Came to U. S. 1886.
Went to work at age of 14. Sheet metal worker to 1911. Rec. secy. Amal. Sheet Metal W. loc. 11,
1905; bus. agt. 1907-8. Org. New York loc. Socialist P., 1899- 1902; org. Kings County loc. 1908-9;
exec. secy. New York loc. 1911-22; natl. exec. comt. Socialist P. 1921-2. Member Amal. Sheet Metal
W.; Socialist Coop. Publ. Assn., New York; Amer. Socialist Soc.; Working- men's Sick & Death Ben.
Fund; Cremation Soc.; Forward Assn.; Workingmen's Coop. Publ. Assn. Home, 979 Hegeman Ave.,
Brook- lyn; office, 48 New Chambers St., New York, N. Y.
#GERMER, Adolph F. Org. for Socialist P. Born Jan. 15, 1881, Welan, Germany. Father a miner. Came
to U. S. 1888. Pub. sch., Braceville, 11l.; Lutheran Parochial sch.; Intl. Corr. Sch.; La Salle Extension
Univ. Went to work in coal mines, Staunton, 11l., at age of 11. Joined Un. Mine W. of A. 1894; loc.
union dissolved after unsuccessful strike; rejoined 1895 in Mount Olive, 11l.; union again dissolved;
rejoined 1897, when general strike was called; paid up mem- ber since then. Secy. loc. 728, 1906;
state legis. committeeman 1907; sub-dist. vice-pres. 1907; sub-dist. secy.-treas. 1908-12. Rep. of Un.
Mine W. of A. to World Miners' Cong. Amsterdam, 1912. Intl. org. 1913-4; partici- pated in Colo, coal
strike. Vice- pres. 11l. coal miners 1915. Joined Socialist P. 1900. Natl. secy. Socialist P. 1916-9; natl.
org. 1919-20; loc. org. New York 1920-2; state secy. Mass. 1922. Oil worker, Calif. 1923; member Oil
Field, Gas Well & Refinery W. U. since 1923; intl. org. since 1923. Co-author with Eugene V. Debs and
Victor L. Berger of re- port on W. Va. coal strike for natl. comt. of Socialist P., 1913. Active in La
Follette-Wheeler campaign 1924. Member K. of P.; Iowa State Travelling Men's Assn.; Automobile
Club of S. Calif. Home, Mount Olive, 11l.

#GHIZZONI, John Louis. Intl. exec. bd. Un. Mine W. of A. since Jan., 1920. Born June 22, 1892,
Beechtree, Pa. Father a coal miner. Gram, sch., Brockway- ville, Pa. Coal miner 1904. Travelling
auditor for Un. Mine W., dist. 2, 1917-20. Member Moose, Sons of Italy. Home, Box 494, Homer City;
office, Clear- field, Pa., and 1102-8 Merchants' Bank Bldg., Indianapolis, Ind.
#GIANANDREA, Gaetano. 9th vice-pres. Intl. Piano & Organ W. U. of A. since 1923; member New
York jt. bd. since 1921. Born May 9, 1873, Italy. Father a cabinet maker. Gram, sch. Italy. Went to
work at age of 12. Cabinet maker, 12-26 yrs. of age; piano maker from 27 yrs. to date. Org. Intl.
Piano & Organ W. 1919-21. Member Independent Sons of Italy, Socleta Saicitana and Provincia
Campobello, For- esters. Socialist. Home, 354 E. 119 St., New York, N. Y. (85)AMERlCAN LABOR

#GIBB, David Davidson. Exec. coun. Granlte Cutters' Intl. Assn.; corr. secy. Chicago loc.; member loc.
adjustment comt. Born May 28, 1885, Aberdeen, Scotland. Father a landscape gardener. Robert
Gordon's Coll., Gray's Sch. of Art, Scotland. 1st came to U. S. 1904. Granite cutter in Aberdeen,
Scotland, 1904; in Glasgow, 1906; in London, 1910; member union in each city. Re- turned to U. S.
Painter, photog- rapher, 1916-21; steel tape maker 1922. Served on strike adjust- ing comts. 1923.
Writer of monthly special trade reports for Granite Cutters' Journal. Inde- pendent voter. Member
Masons, Englewood Scottish Club. Ad- dress, 6448 Langley Ave., Chi- cago, 11l.

#GILL, Peter BIlx. Bus. agt. Sailors' U. of Pacific since 1895; treas. Deep Sea Fishermen's U. of Pacific
since 1912. Born Oct. 1, 1863, Frederlkstad, Norway. Father a seaman. Prim. sch., Norway. Came to
U. S. 1886. Be- gan work at age of 15. Seaman since 1879. Joined Sailors' U. of Pacific 1886; rep.
Seattle Labor Coun. 1896-1921, and Wash. Fed. of Labor 1900-21. Member Intl. Seamen's U. of A.
Home, 6503 27 Ave., N. W.; office, 84 Seneca St., Seattle, Wash.
#GILLMORE, Frank. Exec.-secy, treas. Actors' Equity Assn. since 1918; treas. Chorus Equity Assn. since
1919. Born May 14, 1867, New York. Father an author and naturalist. Chiswick Colle- giate sch.,
England. Actor 1884- 1918. Has edited and written for Equity. Member Players' Club, Lambs' Club,
Green Room Club, Coffee House Club, Sankaty Head Golf Club, Masons. Demo- crat. Home, 20
Beekman Pl.; office, 115 W. 47 St., New York, N. Y.
#GILLOOLY, Michael Joseph. Vice-pres. Amer. Flint Glass W. U. since 1914; ed. American Flint. Born
Jan. 1, 1881, Cleveland, Ohio. Father a puddier in steel mill. Prim. sch. Bridgeport, Ohio. Joined Tin
W. U., now part of Amal. Iron Steel & Tin W. at age of 15; chair, exec. bd. of Pressed Ware W. loc.
1910-2; natl. org. 1912-4. Author: re- ports on A. F. of L. conv. 1921, '3. Member Elks, Moose, K. of C.
Home, 607 Nicholas Ave.; office, 337 Ohio Bldg., Toledo, Ohio.

#GILMAN, Elisabeth. Chair. Md. Civil Lib. Comt.; secy. Baltimore Open Forum; secy.-treas. Chris- tian
Social Service Fund, Inc. Born Dec. 25, 1867, New Haven, Conn. Father a teacher, later pres. Johns
Hopkins Univ. Edu- cated at home; Springside sch., Philadelphia; Johns Hopkins Univ.; Home Study
Soc. Canteen worker in France 1917-9. Was treas. W. Va. Miners' Relief Comt.; member Jt. Amnesty
Comt.; Md. Chair. Women's Div. La Follette-Wheeler Campaign. Was pres. Women's City Club,
Baltimore. Home, 513 Park Ave., Baltimore, Md.

#GIOVANNITTI, Arturo. Gen. secy. Italian Chamber of Labor, New York; gen. org. Intl. Ladies' Garment
W. U.; secy. Anti-Fasclst All. of N. A.; ed. 11 Veltro; ed. French dept. of Advance, official organ of
Amal. Clothing W. of A. Born Jan. 7, 1884, Rlpabot- toni, Italy. Father a physician and chemist.
Campobasso Coll., Italy; Columbia Univ. Was ed. 11 Proletarlo; 11 Fuoco; Vita. During past 15 yrs. has
taken part in practically every strike of importance in which Italian workers were involved. Tried and
acquitted as accessory to murder in Salem. Mass., 1912, following Lawrence strike. Ran (86)86
AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO for Parliament in Italy on Social- ist ticket during incarceration in
Lawrence, but withdrew candi- dacy after acquittal. 1 of found- ers of The Liberator. Author:
pamphlets on indust. subjects, several books of poems, maga- zine articles. Hon. member loc. 48,
Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U.; member Poets' Club, P. E. N. Home, 2746 Holland Ave.; office, 231 E. 14
St., New York, N. Y.

#GFTLiOW, Benjamin. Cent, ex- ec. comt. Workers' P. Born 1891, Elizabeth, N. J. Mother an active
communist. Studied law. Clerk in dept. store, Newark. N. J.;helped org. Retail Clerks' U.; pres.;
discharged from position and blacklisted by Merchants' Assn.; testified before U. S. Comssn. on
Indust. Relations on depit. store conditions 1914. Clothing cutter, member Amal. Clothing W. of A.
Joined Social- ist P. 1909; del. to N. Y. conv. 1910; elected to N. Y. Legis. 1917, removed from office
as a Social- ist 1918. Joined left wing of Socialist P. and helped org. Com- munist Labor P.; bus. mgr.
Revo- lutionary Age; ed. and mgr. Voice of Labor after John Reed left for Russia; ed. Freiheit; arrested
1919 under anti-sedition laws for articles published in Revolution- ary Age; sentenced to 3 yrs.; 1st
American Communist sent to prison; case on appeal to U. S. Supreme Ct. 1925. Home, 46 Greenwich
Ave.; office, 108 E. 14 St., New York, N. Y.
#GTVAH, Leslie W. Vice-pres. Bro. of R. R. Signalmen of A. since 1920. Born May 2, 1887, Hardin
Springs, Ky. Father a physician. Gram sch., Hodgins- ville, Ky. Entered signal dept. 11l. Cent. Ry. 1904;
telegraph dept. 1906-11; on leave 1911-4; â€<gnal, maintenance dept. 1914-8. Gen. chair. Bro. of Ry.
Signalmen 1918-20. Member Masons, Wood- men of World. Independent in politics. Address, 637 86
St., Louisville, Ky.
#GLEESER, Carl Henry. Ed. Llano Colonist since 1921. Born Aug. 11, 1855, Verden, Hanover, Germany.
Father a shoemaker. Pub. sch., Germany. Came to U. S. 1872. Went to work at age of 14. Formerly
compositor, farmer, waiter, prospector, miner, raiiroader, dairyman. Ed. Living Issues, San Francisco,
1894-5; New Charter, San Jose, 1896. Pub
., ed. Missouri Staatszeltung, Kansas City, Mo., 1908-19. Secy, loc. assem. Knights of Labor, Grand
Junction, Colo., 1885-7; secy. Farmers' loc. 1888; org. la- bor exchange, Calif, Mo., 1894- 1900. Secy.
Turnverein, Kansas City, 1909-12. Secy. German- Amer. Alliance of Mo. 1912-3. Bd. dir. Llano Colony,
1921-2. Author: pamphlets on coopera- tion, mutual credit. Former member Amer. Ry. U. Indepen-
dent in politics. Address, New- llano, La.

#GLUSKI, Hipolft. Ed. Glos Robotniczy since 1923. Born Oct. 2, 1884, Lublin, Poland. Father a farmer.
Pub. sch., Lublin; commercial high sch., Warsaw; Amer. Corr. Sch. of Law, Chi- cago. Came to U. S.
1906. Office worker 1910-5; member Office Empl. & Steno. U., Chicago, 1912- 5. P. O. clerk; member
Pedi. Empl. Assn., Detroit, 1916-9. Machinist, 1922-3; member Intl. Assn. of Machinists since 1923.
Member Social Democratic P. in Poland; Socialist P., U. S., 1907- 20; translator-secy. Polish sect .
Socialist P. 1910-5; campaign speaker 1912; co-ed. Polish Voice of the Workers 1920-1. Member Sick
Benefit Assn. Progressive (87)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 87 Voter. Home, 5038 Casper Ave.;
office, 5937 Michigan Ave., De- troit, Mich.
#GMEIXER, Charles. 2nd vice- pres. Intl. Fur W. U. of U. S. & Can. since 1916; mgr. Twin City jt. bd. of
Fur W. Home, 534 Forest St.; office, 206 Dakota Bldg., St. Paul, Minn.
#GOEBEL, George H. Org., speaker, writer, for Socialist P. for last 25 yrs. Born July 15, 1876,
Philadelphia, Pa. Father an in- ventor. Went half-way through gram. sch. Was office boy to John
Wanamaker at age of 11; car- penter; traveling salesman 8 yrs. Pioneer org. Socialist P.; traveled
over half-million miles in service of Socialist and labor movts., on everything from a mule to a dog-
sled, including every r.r. and most of stage routes of U. S., Canada and Brit. Columbia; spoke in
practically every town of 5,000 or more inhabitants in America, and many smaller ones. some 200
miles from a r.r.; in every camp or town in Alaska clear across Arctic circle; induced more peo- ple to
buy Socialist books and papers than perhaps any other person. in 1 yr. securing over 13,- 000 yearly
subscriptions to Social- ist papers; in charge of drive to purchase The People's House in New York,
housing the Rand Sch. of Social Science, and for 2 yrs. chief of The New York Call De- pendable Army.
Companion speaker to Benson, Socialist P. cand. for Pres. U. S. 1916, Eugene V. Debs, Jean Longuet,
and oth- ers. Charter member Socialist P.; chair. 1st. N. J. conv.; cand. for gov. N. J.; del. 1st and all
sub- sequent natl convs.; natl. exec. comt. many yrs., including those of war. Exec. secy. Essex
#GOERKE, John D. Speaker and lecturer for Socialist Labor P.; farmer. Born Jan. 22, 1870,
Marienburg, Germany. Father a farm laborer. Gram., apprentices' sch., Germany. Came to U. S.
1887. Went to work at age of 14. Shoemaker 1884-1920. Ohio org. Socialist Labor P. 1902; natl. exec.
comt. 1914-23; rep. at Cong. of 3rd Intl. Moscow, 1921; natl. org. 1922. Author: Taxation, pamphlet.
Home, R. F. D. 23, Garretsville, Ohio.

#GOFF, Carl Jerome. Vice-pres. Bro. of Loco. Firemen & Engine- men since 1919; locomotive fire-
man. Born Apr. 2, 1883, DeKalb County, Ga, Father a lumber dealer. Gram., private sch., Cull- man,
Ala. Went to work at age of 17. Locomotive fireman 1904- 11. Member Bro. of Loco. Fire- men &
Enginemen since 1905; del. intl. conv. 1906, '8, '10, '13; gen. chair. Southern Ry. System 1911-9; bd.
dir. 1914-9. Member Masons, Shriners. Address, 1402 N. 20 St., Birmingham. Ala.
#GOLBY, William Cuthbert. (See Canada).

#GOLD, Joseph. Mgr. New York Children's Clothing W. jt. bd., Amal. Clothing W. of A. Born 1883, in
Austria. Father a vest presser. Prim. sch. Was a coat operator. Mgr. Bro. of Tailors 1915-8. Asst . gen.
mgr. New York jt. bd., Amal. Clothing W. of A. 1918-21. Member Socialist Labor P. Home, 1741
Sterling Pl., Brooklyn, N. Y.; office, 799 Broadway, New York, N. Y.
#GOLD, Michael. Journalist; foreign corr. for Daily Worker since 1924. Born Apr., 1893, New (88)88
AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO York. Father a suspender maker and peddier. Gram, sen., New York.
Went to work at age of 13. Night porter, clerk, driver Adams Express Co., 4 yrs.; carpenter's helper,
section gang laborer; of- fice boy; factory worker; shipping clerk. Copy reader New York Call 1917-9;
ed. The Liberator 1920-2. Wrote poetry, short stories, and labor articles for The Liberator, The
Masses, The New York Call, and others. Author: 3 one-act plays of proletarian life produced by
Provincetown Play- ers; The Last Revolution, an op- eretta, with M. Gomez, produced in Chicago,
1922; John Brown, pamphlet, 1923; an unpubl. novel of East Side Jewish life; A Damned Agitator,
short stories, published by Mospollgraph House, Moscow, Russia, 1924; La Fiesta, drama of Mexico,
1925. Address, 1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chi- cago, 1ll,
#GOLDEN, Christ. Pres. Dist. 9, Un. Mine W. of A. Office, 504 Dime Trust & Safe Deposit Co. Bldg.,
Shamokin, Pa.
#GOLDEN, Clinton Strong. Field agt. Brookwood Labor Coll. since Dec. 15, 1924; gen. org. Amal.
Clothing W. of A. since 1923; one of founders, and vice- pres. Philadelphia Labor Coll. since 1923; dir.
Amer. Fund for Pub. Service since May 1924; bd. dir. Philadelphia Health Coun. and Tuberculosis
Comt. since 1924; Philadelphia comt., Amer. Civil Lib. U., since 1922. Born Nov. 16, 1884, Pottsville,
Pa. Father a gunsmith and a Baptist minister. Prim, sen., New York; received educ. in trade union
movt. Went to work at age of 11 as mule driver in iron mines to help support mother and sister.
Apprenticed to machinist, but de- sire to become locomotive engi- neer led to work as a (ire cleaner
and wiper in round-house; loco- motive fireman 1904-16; machin- ist 1916-20. Joined Bro. of Loco.
Firemen & Enginemen 1904; N. Y. state legls. bd. 1912-4; gen. chair, jt. protective bd., N. Y. Ont. &
W. Ry., 1912-6; honorary withdrawal card 1923. Member Intl. Assn. of Machinists since 1917; dist.
rep. Philadelphia, 1920-3; del. Pa. Fed. of Labor 1923; trustee, Amer. Fund for Pub. Service 1922-4.
New York state exec. comt. Socialist P., 1911-4. Resigned from gen. org. Amal. Clothing W. of A. to be-
come field agt. for Brookwood. Author: articles on Workers' Edu- cation in Machinists' Journal and

#GOLDMARK, Josephine. Mem- ber exec. jt. adm. comt. and instr. comt. Bryn Mawr Summer Sen. for
Women in Industry since 1922; member nursing comt. Henry St. Settlement, New York, since 1923;
member comt. on le- gal defense of labor laws, Natl. Consumers' Lg., since 1908. Born Oct. 13, 1877,
Brooklyn. Father a physician and scientist. A. B., Bryn Mawr Coll. 1898. Publica- tion secy. Natl.
Consumers' Lg. 1903-19; special expert U. S. Pub. Health Service 1918-9; secy. Comt. for Study of
Pub. Health Nursing Educ. 1919-22. Chair, comt. on legal defense of labor laws, natl. Consumers' Lg.
1908- 19. Author: Fatigue and Effici- ency, 1912; Comparison of an 8- hour and a 10-hour plant. Bulle-
tin 106 of U. S. Pub. Health Service, 1919; Nursing and Nurs- ing Education in U. S. 1922; co-
(89)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO author with Louis D. Brandeis of brief on Ore. 10-hour law for
women, 1908; co-author of other briefs defending the constitution- ality of women's labor laws be-
fore U. S. Supreme Ct. and lower ets. Home, Hartsdale, N. Y.
#GOI'DMABK, Pauline. Bd. dir. Natl. Consumers' tig. since 1922; dir. N. Y. Child Labor Comt. since
1910; operating and engineering dept. Amer. Tele- phone & Telegraph Co. since 1921; dir. Bryn
Mawr Coll. since 1922. Born Feb. 21, 1874, New York. Father a scientist and physician. Exec. secy.
New York Consumers' Lg. 1911-3; member indust. bd., N. Y. Dept. of Labor, 1913-5; research secy.
Natl. Con- sumers' Lg. 1915-8; mgr. women's service sect., U. S. R. R. Adm. 1918-20. Author: Child
Labor in America, 1910; Industrial Survey in Respect to Sanitary Conditions in Factories, 1912;
Employment of Women in Mercantile Estab- lishments, 1913; Westside studies, carried on under
direction of Pauline Goldmark, 1915; annual reports while mgr. of women's service sect., U. S. R. R.
Adm. 1919, '20. Home, Hartsdale; of- fice, 195 Broadway, New York, N. Y.

#GOLDSMITH, Isadore. Mng. ed. Cleveland Federationlst since 1908. Born Sept. 20, 1875, Cleve-
land. Father a real estate broker. Gram. sch. Went to work at age of 12. Printer 1897-1908. Asso. ed.
of Federationist, promoted arbitration and conciliation in la- bor controversies and opposed radical
moves in any shape or form. Non-partisan in politics. Member Intl. Typographical U., loc. 53. Home,
9108 Hough Ave.; office, 307 Superior Ave. W., Cleveland, Ohio.

#GOLDSTEIN, Samuel. Gen. secy. Jewish Natl. W. All. of A. since 1922; ed. Jewish Workers' Voice;
cent. comt. Jewish Social- ist Labor P. (Poale Zion); exec. comt. Amer. Jewish Cong.; civil engineer.
Born Jan. 18, 1889, Nysoko-Litensk, Grodno, Russia. Elem. sch., Russia; high sch. equivalent, New
York; Coll. City of New York. Came to U. S. 1906. Clothing cutter 1906-10. Student 1910-4, worked as
bookkeeper during vacations; civil engineer 1914-22. Author: articles on vari- ous social topics.
Home, 1247 Grant Ave.; office, 228 E. Broad- way, New York, N. Y.
#GOMPERS, Samuel.1 Pres. A. F. of L. since 1882, except 1894; ed. American Federationist; pres. Pan-
American Fed. of Labor since org. 1918. Born Jan. 27, 1850, London, England. Came to U. S. 1863.
Cigar maker; trade union- ist since 14 yrs. of age. Helped develop Cigarmkrs'. Intl. U.; pres. loc. 144,
New York, 1876-81; 2nd vice-pres. Cigarmakers' Intl. U. 1887-96. 1st vice-pres. since 1896. For short
time after arrival in America was member Socialist Labor P. 1 of founders of Fed. of Organized Trades
& Labor Unions of U. S. & Canada, 1881; pres. 1882-6 when organization became A. F. of L. Pres. N.
Y. State Workingmen's Assn. 1886. Del. from A. F. of L. to British Trades U. Cong., 1895, 1909, '18. 1st
vice-pres. Natl. Civic Fed. since 1900; advisory comt., Comt. of Natl. Defense, 1917-9; rep. A. F. of L.
at Peace Conf., Paris, 1918-9; pres. Intl. Commsn. on Labor Legls. at Peace Conf.; chair, delegates
from A. F. of L. >Mr. Gompers died Dec. 13, 1924, at San Antonio, Texas, at conclusion of the 44th
annual convention of the A. F. of L. at El Paso, and of the 4th convention of the Pan.-Amer. Fed. of
Labor at Mexico City. (90)90 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO to conv. of intl. Fed. of Trade Unions,
Amsterdam, 1919; mem- ber President's 1st Indust. Conf. 1919; President's Unemployment Conf.
#GOODYEAR, James E. Secy.- treas. Plate Printers' & Die Stampers' U. of N. A. since 1914. Born Mar.
10, 1882, Philadelphia. Father a painter. Gram, sch., Hancock, Pa. Went to work at age of 17. Plate
printer 1899- 1924. Address, 1630 W. Lowden St., Philadelphia, Pa.

#GORDON, Abraham. Exec. bd. Un. Garment W. of A.; gen. rep. Born Jan. 15, 1877, Koenigsburg,
Germany. Father capt. of trad- ing vessel. Primary sch., Ger- many; gram, sch., Baltimore. Clothing
cutter. Pres. Baltimore Fed. of Labor, 1904-7; pres. Md. and D. C. Fed. of Labor, 1908- 10; member
Clothing Cutters' & Trimmers' loc. 15, Elks; inde- pendent voter. Home, 1610 N. Bentalou St.,
Baltimore, Md.; office, 116 Bible House, New York, N. Y.
#GORDON, Ersle Lloyd. Secy.- treas. S. D. Fed. of Labor. Born 1886, Winterset, Iowa. Father a
plasterer. Gram. sch. until age of 14. Worked as a cigarmaker 1901-3; bricklayer 1912-24. Mem- ber
Bricklayers', Masons', & Plast. Intl. U. since 1916; deputy since 1921. Org. Natl. Non- Partisan Lg.
1917-20. Campaign secy. S. D. Non-Partisan Lg., 1920-1. Secy.-treas. S. D. La Follette-for-Pres. comt.,
org. S. D. Conf. Prog. Pol. Act. 1924. Org. for S. D. of Un. Buyers' Service Bur. since 1922. Asso.
member of comt. for Merit System in Christian Economics. Co-author: Outline for the Organization
of Public Service Purchasing and Service Bureau. Member Masons. Home, 965 Utah St., Huron; of-
fice, P. O. Box 955, Huron, S. D.

#GORMAN, Daniel Anthony. Bd. dir. Un. Hatters of N. A. since 1922; vice-pres. Hat Finishers' loc. 11
since 1922; vice-pres. Conn. Fed. of Labor since 1922; hatter. Born Dec. 4, 1870, Beth- el, Conn.
Father a hatter. Pub. sch., Bethel. Went to work at age of 15. Bartender 1901-19; hatter since 1919.
Member Un. Hatters of N. A. since 1885. Pres., secy. Bartenders' U. 1901- 19. Member K. of C.,
Hibernians, Foresters, Moose. Democrat. Home, 3 Triangle St., Danbury, Conn.

#GORMAN, Patrick Emmett, Pres. Amal. Meat Cutters & Butch- er Workmen of N. A. since 1923.
Born Nov. 27, 1892, Louisville, Ky. Father a tanner. Parochial sch. and Univ. of Louisville. Atty. 1917-
20. Pres. Louisville Un. Trades and Labor Assern. 1917-9. Vice-pres. Ky. Fed. of Labor 1918-9. Vice-
pres. Amal. Meat Cutters 1920-3. Member K. of C., Hibernians, Knights of St. Charles the Great,
Supreme Tribe of Ben Hur, Elks. Politics independent. Home, 900 Fehr Ave., Louisville, Ky.; office, 166
W. Washington St., Chicago, 11l.

#GOSS, Albert S. Master Wash. State Grange since 1922; ed. Ag- ricultural Grange News since 1922.
Born Oct. 14, 1882, Roch- ester, N. Y. Father a hardware merchant, and mining engineer.
(91)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 9l Prim., gram. sch., Spokane, Wash.; high sch., Portland, Ore.
Flour and cereal miller, store- keeper, telephone line worker and mgr., farmer, mgr. coop. whole-
sale, operated by Grange Coop. stores, 1920-2. Member Odd Fel- lows, Woodmen of the World.
Home, 9366 56 Ave. S.; office, 1007 Weller St., Seattle, Wash.

#GRABHAM, Charles Henry. Bd. dir. Guernsey Valley Bulletin; treas. Guernsey County Cent. Labor U.;
secretary loc., Un. Mine W. of A. Born May 7, 1883, Wellington, England. Father a tile worker. Gram.
sch., Har- mony, Pa., and Intl. Corr. Sch. Worked in coal mines all his working life except for 3 yrs.
spent producing amateur theat- ricals, and 5 yrs. in grocery bus.; now a check welghman in coal
mine. Mng. ed. Guernsey Valley Bulletin, 3 yrs.; secy. Guernsey County Cent. Labor U., 1918-23.
Volunteer org. A. F. of L., active in forming locals and conducting strikes. Advocate of a labor party.
Address, Byesville, Ohio.

#GREEN, Richard J. Secy.- treas. Intl. All. of Theatrical Stage Empl. & Moving P. Op. of A. Self-
educated. Bus. agt. loc. 2, Chicago, Intl. All. of Theatri- cal Stage Empl. & Moving P. Op. of A. 1st intl.
vice-pres. Mem- ber Masons. Home, 1975 David- son Avenue; office, 110 W. 40 St., New York, N. Y.
#GREEN, William. Pres. A. F. of L. since Dec. 19, 1924. Born Mar. 3, 1872, Coshocton, Ohio. Father a
coal miner. Pub. sch., Coshocton. Went to work at age of 16. Coal miner 1888-1908. Pres. sub.-dist.
6, Un. Mine W. of A., 1900-6; pres. Ohio dist. 1906- 10. Secy.-treas. Un. Mine W. of A. 1913-24; 3rd
vice-pres., exec. conn. A, F. of L. 1914-24. Mem- ber Ohio Senate 1911-5; del.-at- large from Ohio to
Democratic natl. conv. 1912, '20, '4. Drafter of Ohio workmen's accident com- pensation law. Chair,
comt. on educ., A. F. of L., 1923, '4. Mem- ber Amer. Acad. Pol. & Social Science, Odd Fellows, Elks,
Bap- tist. Home, 1602 E. Chestnut St., Coshocton, Ohio; office, A. F. of L. Bldg., Washington, D. C.
#GREEN, William H. Member presidium (presiding comt.) World's Intl. Peasants' Cong., Moscow;
secy. Progressive P. of Neb.; journalist. Born Apr. 12, 1870, Scranton, Pa. Father an iron puddier, and
member Knights of Labor. Prim. sch., Scranton; gram. sch.; Creighton Univ. Former merchant,
publisher, farmer, stockman. Mayor of Creighton 1894-6. Del. to Demo- cratic natl. conv. 1904, '8,
'12, '6. Del. St. Paul conv. Farmer-Labor P., June 1924. Prepared report on Harvester Trust for U. S.
Cong., 1912. Member Modern Wood- men, K. of C. Home, 3024 Cass St.; office, 201 Lyne Bldg.,
Omaha, Neb.

#GREENBATTM, Albert Abra- ham. Exec. bd. Amer. Fed. of Musicians since 1920; secy. loc. 6 since
1917; musician. Born July 5, 1877, Oakland, Calif. Father a merchant. Polytechnic high sch., San
Francisco. Played clarinet in several San Francisco theatrical orchestras. Pres. San Francisco
Musicians' U. 1911-2, '15; bd. dir. 1906-10. Indepen- dent Democrat. Member Masons, Odd Fellows.
Home, 10 San Benito Way; office, 68 Haight St., San Francisco, Calif.
#GREENBERG, Harry. Children's Dress, Bathrobe & Housedress Mkrs'. U., loc. 91, Intl. Ladies'
Garment W. U., since 1915. Born Mar. 15, 1890, Yassy, (92)92 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO
Rumania. Father a tailor. Prim. sch., New York. Went to work at age of 11. Ladies' garment op- erator
1906-13. Member Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. since 1910; bus. rep. loc. 25; 1913-6; asst. ed. Our Aim.
pub. weekly by loc. 50, 1917-9. Member Workmen's Circle. Home, 561 Bristol St., Brooklyn; office, 7
E. 15 St., New York, N. Y.

#GREENE, Michael F. Natl. pres. Un. Hatters of N. A. since 1918. Born Jan. 1, 1884, County Clare,
Ireland. Father a hatter. Came to U. S. 1887. Prim., St. Peter's Parochial sch., Danbury, Conn. Went to
sea at age of 13. Worked at various occupations until age of 17, when became hat maker's
apprentice. Pres. loc. 17, Un. Hatters of N. A., 1910-2; secy. 1912-8. Member U. S. Labor Mission to
Italy, Aug., 1918. Del. A. F. of L. 1911-6, '24. Member Elks, Hibernians. Home, 534 Lincoln Ave.,
Orange, N. J.; of- fice, 420 Bible House, Astor Pl., New York, N. Y.

#GREENFIELD, Jean. Vice- pres. Actors and Asso. Actors & Art. of A.; pres. Hebrew Actors' XT.; stage
director. Born Feb. 6, 1876, Wassy, Rumania. Father a bus. man. Gram., high sch., Wassy. Bd. dir.
Hebrew Actors' U.; fin. secy.; bus. mgr.; bd. dir. Asso. Actors & Art. of A.; bd. dir. White Rats' U. of A.
Del. New York Cent. Trade & Labor Coun. Home, 208 W. 1ll St.; office, 31 E. 7 St., New York, N. Y.

#GREER, Thomas J. Pres. La. Fed. of Labor since 1912; member Shreveport Water & Sewerage Bd.
Born Oct. 15, 1875, Triplett, N. C. Father a farmer. Prim. sch., Triplett. Raised on farm; worked on
cattle ranges in In- dian Terr.; r. r. fireman; barber. Member Jn. Barbers' Intl. U.; State Coun. of
Defense during World War. Fedi. dir. U. S. Em- ployment Service for La. during latter war period and
demobiliza- tion; asst. state labor comssnr. 2 yrs. Member Odd Fellows, Woodmen of the World.
Inde- pendent Democrat. Address, 1028 Market St., Shreveport, La.
#GRIFFING, Lewis Gllaon. Grand chief engineer, Bro. of Loco. Engineers since 1924; vice- pres. Bro. of
Loco. Engineers' Coop. Trust Co., New York, since 1923; dir. Bro. of Loco. En- gineers' Coop. Natl.
Bank, Cleve- land, since 1920. Born July 20, 1867, Jamesport, N. Y. Father a blacksmith. Gram. sch.,
James- port, E. Marion. Went to work at age of 9. Engineer 1891-1912. Member Bro. of Loco.
Engineers since 1893; member loc. comt. div. 269, 1902-4; gen. chair. 1904-12; Long I. R. R. asst.
grand chief engineer 1912-July 1924. Independent in politics. Home, 114 Ryder Ave., Patchogue, N.
Y.; office, 116 B. of L. E. Bldg., Cleveland, Ohio.
#GRIFFITH, Grant. Grand exec. bd. Bro. of R. R. Signalmen of A. since Jan. 1, 1925; gen. chair.
Southern Ry. since 1920; signal maintainer since 1917. Born Aug. 29, 1882, Glen Mary, Tenn. Father
a farmer. Prim, sch., Glen Mary; gram., high sch., Huntsville. Taught sch. 1899- 1904; miner 1902;
lineman, Western U. Telegraph Co. 1906- 12; mgr. telephone co. 1912-7. Member Bro. of R. R.
Signalmen of A. since 1918; chief signalman most of time since 1918. Re- publican. Member Masons.
Home, 138 Cotter Ave., Somerset, Ky.
#GRIMSHAW, Frank. Secy.- treas. Stovemounters' Intl. U. Office, 6466 Jefferson Ave., E., Detroit,

#GROPPER, William Victor. Artist for The New York Tribune; free lance artist for various poli- tical
magazines and newspapers; contributor to The Liberator, Revolutionary Age, Rebel Work- er,
Pearson's, Advance, The Dial, The Bookman, Vanity Fair, Shadowland, Smart Set, Medical Quip, New
York Evening Post, Brooklyn Eagle, Spur, National and Financial News, and other periodicals. Born
Dec. 3, 1897, New York. Father a theatre man. Elem. and high sch., Fer- rer Modern Sch., New York;
Natl. Acad. of Design; New York Sch. of Fine and Applied Arts. One of org. and secy. Printers' & Publ.
U. 1919. Author: Bats in Belfry, 1919; The Literary Spot- light, 1924. Illustrated The Diary of a
Physician, 1923; Munchau- sen, M. D., 1924. Home, 737 Cro- tona Park N.; studio, 10 St. Luke's Pl.,
New York, N. Y.
#GRUBB, George A. Secy.-treas. Natl. Marine Engineers' Ben. Assn. Office, 313 Machinists' Bldg.,
Washington, D. C.

#GUERIN, Theabold M. Exec. bd. Un. Bro. of Carpenters & Joiners of A. since 1912. Born Dec. 13,
1867, Troy, N. Y. Father a carpenter. Gram. sch. Began work at age of 12. Worked 1 yr. in cotton mill,
iron works 3 yrs. making horse shoes; and in sash and door factory 2 yrs.; started to learn carpenter's
trade at 18 yrs. of age. Gen. vice-pres. Un. Bro. of Carpenters 1900-9. Fol- lowed trade 1909-12.
Negotiated 18 mos.' agreement and estab- lished bd. of arbitration for all Boston bldg. trades 1920,
thus preventing strikes during this period. Democrat. Address, 290 2 Ave., Troy, N. Y. H
#HA HERMAN, Roberto. (See Mexico.)

#HAESSLER, Carl. Mng. ed. Federated Press since 1922. Born Aug. 5, 1888, Milwaukee, Wis. Father a
contractor in builders' hardware. Worked as farm hand summers 1901-10. Teacher Univ. of 11l. 1914-
7. Reporter 1917-8, 1920-1, Milwaukee. Del. from News Writers' U. to Milwaukee Fed. Trades Coun.
1917-8. In stockades Ft. Leavenworth and Aicatraz Military Prisons as poli- tical objector to war, June
1918- Aug. 1920. Spokesman for gen. strike comt. while in prison 1919. Member Intl. Typographical
U. Home, Ravinla, 11l.; office, 511 N. Peoria St., Chicago, 11l.
#HAINES, George T. Plumber; vice-pres. Un. Assn. of Plumbers, Steam F. & S. F. H. of U. S. & Can.;
vice-pres. and chair, exec. bd. loc. 121; secy. N. J. Plumb- ers' Assn. Born Feb. 13, 1887, Atlantic City,
N. J. Father an operator, dept. of pub. safety. Self-educated after gram. sch., At- lantic City. Newsboy;
special de- livery boy, post office; plumber; teacher of trade. Secy. loc. 121, Un. Assn. Plumbers,
Steam F. & S. F. H. of U. S. & Can. 1910; pres. 1911; bus. mgr. 1919-23. Home, 101 E. Park Ave., Pleas-
antville; office, R. 2, Maharba Bldg., Atlantic City, N. J.
#HALBMEIER, Carl. Ed. Lith- ographers' Journal and Statis- tician, Amal. Lithographers of A., since
1915. Born Mar. 2, 1870, Bavaria. Org. Socialist P. 1909- 12. Home, 1875 Harman St., Brooklyn;
office, 205 W. 14 St., New York, N. Y. (94)94 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO

#HALL, Covington. Farmer- Labor P. publicity writer, speak- er. Born Aug. 25, 1871, Wood- ville, Miss.
Father a Presbyte- rian minister and educator. Too many occupations to relate, an "intellectual
hobo." Took active part in every struggle for indust. freedom on side of farmers and workers since
1890, and hopes to die a rebel. Author: book of poems, "The Songs of Love and Rebellion," 1915.
Politics non- partisan. Address, Mentone, Ala.

#HALL, Emanuel George. Pres. Minn. Fed. of Labor since 1911; 5th vice-pres. Cigarmkrs.' Intl. U. since
1909. Born Aug. 13. 1S65, Bowmansville, Ontario, Canada. Father a painter. Gram. sch. To- ronto.
Went to work at age of 10. Formerly shoe maker; be- came a cigarmaker 1884. Fin. secy.
Minneapolis Cigarmkrs.' loc. 1903-10; held practically every office in loc. Fraternal del. from Minn.
Fed. of Labor to convs. of state federations, Iowa, 11l., Mo., N. D., S. D., Wis.; del. A. F. of L. 1915, '7-
9, '21-3. Asst. comssnr. of labor, Minn., 1909-11. Labor rep. on 2nd dist. exemption bd. during World
War. Member Elks, K. of P., Modern Woodmen, Moose. Home, 4124 Bryant Ave., S., Minneapolis,
Minn.; office, Labor Temple, St. Paul, Minn.

#HALL, Florence Slocum. Teacher; ed. Chicago Socialist since 1923; Cook County exec. comt., Socialist
P. Born Apr. 22, 1878, Grand Rapids, Mich. Father a postal clerk and asst. post- master. High sch.,
Grand Rapids; A. B., Univ. of Mich., 1899; Art Inst. of Chicago, 1903, '6. Taught Ionia and Muskegon,
Mich., and Chicago. Charter member and secy. Chicago Fed. of Women High Sch. Teachers 1913;
exec bd. 1914-6; secy. 1917-8. Del Chicago Fed. of Labor 1913-5; 11l. Fed. of Labor 1913, '5, '7, 22-3.
Member Art Students' Lg., Fell, of Recon., Lg. for Indust. Democ., I1l. Lg. of Women Vo- ters. Socialist
since 1917. Home, 751 Rush St.; office, 1501 Warren Ave., Chicago, 11l.
#HALL, Lee. Pres. dist. «. Un. Mine W. of A. since 1920; 1st vice-pres. Ohio Fed. of Labor. Born June
18, 1877, Coshocton, Ohio. Father a miner. Prim, sch., Coshocton. At age of 13 began work in coal
mines. Char- ter member loc. 515, Un. Mine W. 1893; attended all dist. and natl. convs. since 1908,
and all jt. meetings of cent, competitive field since 1912; pres. sub-dist. 6 of dist. 6, 1911-3; vice-
pres. dist. 6, 1913-20. Member Red Men, Moose, Eagles. Home, 175 Rich- ardson Ave.; office, 77
Ruggery Bldg., Columbus, Ohio.

#HALL, Tobias. Exec. bd. Un. Textile W. of A. since 1922. Born Oct. 3, 1855, England. Father a warper.
Came to U. S. 1864. Prim, sch., England and Philadelphia; night sch. Went to work at age of 8 as a
hander-in and bobbin winder; weaver at 12; brass molder at 16; life ins. agt. 1890-2; asst. supt. 1892-
7; deputy factory inspector, Philadelphia, 1905-7. Held almost every office in loc. 25, Un. Textile W.;
del. conv. Pa. Fed. of Labor 14 yra. 2nd vice-pres. Un. Textile W. 1909-13; del. to A. F. of L. conv.
1914, '20. Socialist. Address, 1675 E. Hunting Park Ave., Philadelphia, Pa.
#HALONEN, Yrjo (George). Ed. Tyomies since 1923. Born Dec. 15, 1891, Helsingfors, Fin- land. Father
a laborer. Gram high sch., college, Finland. Came to U. S. 1912. Ed. Raivaaja, Sa- kenla (monthly) until
1920; Tyo- mies 1921. Trade rep. in U. S. of (95)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 95 Karelian Soviet
Republic 1922-3. Author: English-Finnish Diction- ary, 1924. Member Fedi. Labor Union. Workers' P.
Address, Box 553, Superior, Wis.
#HALPERIN, Jacob. Vice-pres. Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. since 1914; mgr. out-of-town dept. since
1922. Born Nov. 2, 1884, Babroesk, Russia. Came to U. S. 1905; cloakmaker until 1912. Member
Cloakmkrs'. loc. 9, Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U., since 1908; was member exec. bd.; pres. New York jt.
bd. 1911-4; mgr. loc. 9, 1914-9; mgr. loc. 25, 1921-2. Home, 1477 Longfellow Ave.; of- fice, 3 W. 16
St., New York, N. Y.

#HAMILTON, Walton Hale. Economist; author; ed. bd. Workers' Book Shelf since 1922; educ.
advisory comt. Brookwood Labor Coll. since 1920; prof, eco- nomics, Robert Brookings Grad. Sch. of
Economics & Govt. since 1923; staff Inst. of Economics, Washington, D. C., since 1923. Born Oct. 30,
1881, Hlwassee Coll., Tenn. Father a minister. High sch., Bellbuckle, Tenn.; A. B., Univ. of Texas 1907;
Ph. D., Univ. of Mich., 1913. Author: Current Economic Prob- lems, 1915; co-author, with Sta- cey
May, Control of Wages, 1923. Home, 2065 Park Rd.; office, 1724 Eye St., N. W., Washington, D. C.
#HAM LIN, Isaac. Gen. secy. Jewish Socialist Labor P. (Poale Zion) since 1921. Born Sept. 15, 1891,
Komarin, Minsk, Russia. Father a Hebrew teacher. Elem. sch. Russia; Eastern Preparatory Sch.,
Boston, Mass. Came to U. S. 1909. Employed in needie trades 1903-16. Member Un. Garment W.;
exec. secy. loc. 25, Boston 1911-2. Member Poale Zion; New England org. 1917-21. Gen. exec. bd.
Jewish Natl. W. All. Was del. to Amer. Jewish Cong. and to Jewish Labor Cong, for Palestine. Author:
reports for Poale Zion. Supporter of Amer. Labor P. Home, 2054 77 St., Brooklyn; of- fice, 133 2 Ave.,
New York, N. Y.
#H AMMEKS3IARK, Samuel Tel- icfson. Adv. mgr. Workers' Monthly and Dally Worker since 1924;
exec. comt. of Trade U. Educl. Lg. since organization. 1920. Born Feb. 13, 1872, Chris- tiansand,
Norway. Father a car- penter. Came to U. S. 1872. Elem. sch., Chicago; went to work in book store at
age of 13; dis- continued work to study for the ministry at Chesboro Sem., 1889- 93; studied law 2H
yrs. Pres. Hammersmark Publ. Co., which published some of works of Clar- ence Darrow, Edgar Lee
Masters, Altgeld, Tolstoy; org. and pres. Coop. Printing Co., Chicago, 1919- 20. Member and gen. org.
Retail Clerks' Intl. Protective Assn. 1917-9; pres. Dept. Store Work- ers' Jt. Coun., Chicago, 1919;
exec. bd. Chicago Fed. of Labor, 1921; secy. Youngstown dist. of Steel W. during strike, 1919. Secy.
Cook County, 11l., Farmer- Labor P. during its 1st year, 1919- 20. Member Workers' P. since 1923;
cand. for Cong, from 7th Congl. dist., Chicago, 1924. Chi- cago secy, and natl. org. Labor Defense
Coun. 1923; org. Chicago Vacant Lot Assn. 1905. 1st ed. and compiler of Chicago Fed. of Labor
Official Directory, 1922. Author: magazine and newspaper articles. Member Chicago Liberal Club.
Home, 4827 N. Sawyer Ave.; office, 1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, 11l.
#HANDLEY, John J. Secy.- treas. Wls. Fed. of Labor since 1912; member Milwaukee bd. of Park
Comssnrs. since 1918. Born Aug. 5, 1876, Horicon, Wis. Father a farmer. Gram. and high sch.,
Horicon. Formerly a (96)96 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO machinist. Bus. rep. dist. 10, Intl. Assn. of
Machinists. 1904-10. Supt . Milwaukee Pub. Works, 1910-1. Cashier Union Bank, Milwaukee, 1912-9.
Appeared before Legls. on measures affect- ing labor. Home, 1021 Muskego Ave.; office, 306 Pereles
Bldg., Milwaukee, Wls.
#HANKY, George Robinson. Rec. secy. Portland Cent. Labor U. since 1919; pres. loc. 974, Un. Bro. of
Carpenters & Joiners of A. since 1922; del. Maine Fed. of Labor since 1923. Born Dec. 11, 1869,
Perry, Me. Father a car- penter. Gram, sch., Chocolate Cove, N. B.; normal sch., Freder- icton, N. B.
Worked as a cook 1887-95; marine officer, 1st mate, captain 1895-1909; carpenter 1910 to date;
foreman. Trustee loc. 974. Author of articles in loc. and labor papers. Member Redmen, Calumet
Club. Repub- lican. Home, 511 Cottage St., S. Portland; office, Box 121. Port- land, Me.

#HANNAH, Edward I. Secy.- treas. Intl. U. of Pavers, Rammer- men, F.L., B. & S.C.S. Born in New York.
Father a stone setter and mason. Gram, sch., New York. Formerly a stone cutter, curb setter, flagger,
paver, ram- merman. Lecturer in pub. schools and pub. meetings. Former member Knights of La- bor;
Pres. Amal. Bluestone Cut- ters, Flag Layers & Curb Setters of N. Y.; pres. Cent. Federated U. of
Greater New York; Secy. dist. coun. Intl. U. of Pavers, Hammer- men, F. L., B. & S.C.S. Exec. bd.
Victory Hall Assn. of New York City. Author: articles on organ- ized labor for labor press. Home, 2939
Ericsson St., E. Elmhurst, L. I.; office, 336 E. 59th St., New York.

#HANNON, William Patterson. Exec. bd. Intl. Asso. of Machin- ists since 1916; secy.-treas. exec. coun.
of natl. and intl. organiza- tions in the steel industry. Born Apr. 26, 1878, El Paso, Tex. Father an oil
driller and pros- pector. Gram, sch., 2 yrs., Brad- ford, Pa. Worked as a machin- ist; bus. agt., Intl.
Asso. of Ma- chinists, Chi., Rock Is. & Pac. R.R., 1905-7; dist. 38, Iowa, 1906; machinist on Chi., Burl. &
Qulney R.R., 1906-7; intl. vice-pres. 1908-16. In charge of shorter workday movt. for machinists on
Pacific coast, 1909-11, New Or- leans 1916, St. Louis 1917, Peoria. 11l., 1918. Successfully conducted
10 mos. strike of shopmen on Denver & Rio Grande Western R.R., 1908. Authors: pamphlets on labor
matters. Member Elks. Home, 3116 16 St., San Francisco, Calif.; office, 608 S. Dearborn St., Chicago,

#HAXSEN, Charles Alfred. Ed. The Message, official organ of Natl. Fed. of Rural Letter Car- riers, since
1923. Born July 15, 1884, Mokane, Mo. Father a farmer and plasterer. Left sch., in Lamar, Colo.,
when 14 yrs. of age. Worked as printer 1898- 1909, '11-5 (19 mos. of last period as owner of weekly
country news- paper); laborer 1907; steam fire- man 1907-8; ry. sect, hand 1909: asst. postmaster
1909-11; rural mall carrier 1918 to present time. in addition to editing and doing mechanical work on
The Message. Secy. Colo. br. Natl. Rural Let- ter Carriers' Asso. since organiza- tion 1919-20, secy,
new organiza- tion 1920-4. Helped orjg. farmers' coop, exchanges. Member Intl. Typographical U.,
Moose, Amer. Yeomen. Home, 410 N. 8 St.; office, 112<4 S. Main St., Lamar, Colo. (97)AMERlCAN

#HANSOMK, Mariiis. I,abor educator and writer; lecturer and member adm. staff, Rand Sch. of Social
Science since 1924. Born Mar. 15, 1887, Rlbe, Den- mark. Father a farmer. Prim. scn., Soenderjylland,
Denmark; gram. scn., Chinook, Wash.; normal sch., Beliinsham, Wash., teacher's life certificate; B.
Ed., Univ. of Wash., 1920; grad. stu- dent, Columbia, 1921-4. Former- ly an able-bodied seaman; lum-
berjack; fisherman; organizer for the Socialist P.; indust. dir. Al- askan native village; supt. pub. sch.,
Outlook, Wash. Rep. Rand Sch. at Intl. Workers' Educ. Cong., Oxford, England, 1924. Member Amer.
Fed. of Teachers, Pioneer Youth of A., Workers' Educ. Bur., Lg. for Indust. Democ. Socialist P. Home,
417 W. 118 St.; office, 7 E. 15 St., New York, N. Y.
#HAPGOOD, Powers. Writer, coal miner. Born Dec. 28, 1899, Chicago, 11l. Father part owner
Columbia Conserve Co., Indian- apolis. Gram. sch., Indianapolis; Shortrldge high sch.; Phillips Acad.,
Andover, Mass.; A. B., Harvard Univ. 1920. Worked on a farm. in factory, on r. r.. in iron and coal
mines. Went to England and Wales to work in coal mines, 1924. Investigator for Bur. of Indust.
Research 1921. Org. dist. 2, Un. Mine W. of A., 1922-3. Author: In Non- Unlon Mines, 1922; magazine
ar- ticles. Address, Route D, Box 263, Indianapolis, Ind.

#HARDMAN, J. B. Salutsky. Journalist; founder and ed. The American Labor Monthly since 1923, and
Amalgamated Almanac since 1923; educl. dir. Amal. Clothing W. of A. since 1920. Born Aug. 25,
1882, Grodno, Rus- sia. Father a bus. man. Pub. sch., Viina, Russia; Univ. of Len- ingrad, 1908;
Columbia Univ., 1910-2; grad. work in economics, political science, constitutional law. Active in labor
movt. in Rus- sia, 1900-8. Came to U. S. 1909. Ed. Naye Welt, 1914-20; secy. Jewish Fed. Socialist P.
1912-3; member Workers' P. 1922-3. Member Amal. Clothing W. of A.; Workmen's Circle. Home,
1533 Morris Ave.; office, 31 Union Sq., New York, N. Y.
#HARGEST, William. Secy.- treas. dist. 5, Un. Mine W. of A. since 1916. Born July 17, 1879, Liangorse,
Wales. Father a miner. Prim. sch. Worked in coal mines in South Wales, 1892- 3. Came to U. S. 1903.
Teller, dist. 5, Un. Mine W., elected by rank and file vote, 1909-10; dist. exec. bd. 1911-6. Member
Elks, Moose. Republican. Home, 3480 Simon Ave., N.S.; office, 407 Col- umbia Bank Bldg., Pittsburgh,

#HARKINS, L,eo Michael. Natl. exec. comt. Socialist P. since 1923; secy. Philadelphia loc. since 1920;
org. Southern States Dist. since 1922. Born Oct. 28, 1881, New Bedford, Mass. Father a salesman,
master stevedore. Gram. sch., Philadelphia. Work- ed as a steamfitter 1897-1918; machinist, pres.
and twice secy, of loc., Natl. Assn. of Plumbers, Steam F. & S. F. H. of U. S. & Can., 1900; del. natl.
conv. 1902. Joined Socialist P. 1908; secy. Camden, N. J., loc., 1909-11; cand. for Cong. 1910; org. for
southern N. J. 1909-13; state exec. comt. 1914-5; state org. 1916-8; del. natl. conv. 1920, '3, '4.
Nominated for political offices in N. J., varying from dog catch- er to U. S. senator. Member Women's
Trade U. Lg. of Phila- delphia, Intl. Assn. of Machinists. Home, 935 Beiderman Ave., Cam- den, N. J.;
office, 1325 Arch St., Philadelphia, Pa (98)98 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO

#HARMON, Ralph Le Verne. Secy.-treas. Farmer-Labor Fed. of Minn.; ed. its official organ Farmer-
Labor Advocate since 1924; farmer. Born May 4, 1882. Grove Lake, Minn. Father a school teacher,
farmer. Moved with parents to Red River Valley in pioneer wheat-raising days, and at age of 6 to
western Mont. moving to Flathead Valley 100 miles from r. r. by stage and steamer, 1890. Educated
by par- ents at home; worked on farms, in lumber camps, and a store, un- til Kalispell was founded
and a sch. opened. Grad. Univ. of Mont., 1907; worked during vaca- tions. Formerly ins. agt.; report-
er Spokesman-Review, Spokane, Wash, 1907-16; asso. ed. Non- Partisan Leader, Fargo, N. D. 1916-8;
ed. Minnesota Leader, and Idaho Leader, 1918. Pub- licity dir. Equity Coop. Exchange, and ed.
Cooperators' Herald, St. Paul, 1919-22. Secy. cent. comt. Farmer-Labor P. of Minn. 1922-4. Home, R.
F. D. 1, S. St. Paul; office, 158 3 St., St. Paul, Minn.
#HARRIMAN, Job. Lawyer. Born Jan. 15, 1861, Clinton County, Ind. Lived on farm until 18. Butler
Univ., 1884. Entered ministry but views changed so that could not conscientiously re- main in church.
Member law firm Harriman & Ryckman. Dissatis- fied with Democratic P. of which previously a
member; joined So- cialist Labor P.; cand. for gov. of Calif., 1898. State org. for So- cial Democratic P.
1889; cand. for vice-pres. of U. S. 1900; cand. for mayor, Los Angeles, 1911. Home, Newllano,
Leesville, La.
#HARRINGTON, Robert H. Dir., 1st vice-pres. People's Coop. State Bank, Hammond, Ind.; senior dir.
Mutual Savings & Loan Assn.; dir. People's Bldg. & Loan Assn.; vice-chairman and rep. Bro. of Loco.
Engineers' legis. bd., Ind. Born Jan. 29, 1883, Jacltson, Mich. Father a farmer. Gram., high sch., Jack-
son; courses in banking and finance. La Salle Corr. Sch., Chi- cago; studied law nights for 3 yrs.
Locomotive fireman; mem- ber Bro. of Loco. Engineers since 1905; loc. and gen. chair. N. Y. Cent. R.
R. and I. H. Belt R. R. 1914-24. Member Masons. Re- publican Home, 186 Detroit St.; office, 627
Hohman St., Ham- mond, Ind,

#HARRIS, Emerson P. "Writer and lecturer for coop. movt. Born Dec. 30, 1853, Kennedy, N. Y. Father
a mechanical en- gineer. Jamestown Union Sch. and Collegiate Inst. Publ., broker in publ. bus. 1888-
1920. Founded Harris-Dibble Publ. Co. 1898; pres. several other publ. com- panies. Ed. Grape Belt,
Dunkirk, N. Y. 1893-7; Street Railway Journal 1884-8; Selling Magazine 1900-2. Founder of Montclalr
Coop. Soc. 1913; pres. 1913-8. Author: Cooperation, The Hope of America, 1919; The Com- munity
Newspaper 1922. Mem- ber Coop. Lg. of U. S. A. Home, 2600 Hudson Blvd., Jersey City, N. J.; office,
345 Madison Ave., New York, N. Y.

#HARRISON, George McGregor. Vice-pres. Bro. of Ry. & Steam- ship Clerks, Freight H., E. & S. E. since
1922. Born July 19, 1891, Lois, Mo. Father a ry. watchman. Gram. sch., St. Louis. Worked as r. r.
storekeeper, car clept. foreman, clerk, valuation clerk, asst. chief clerk mechanical dept. Chair, lodge
554, Bro. of Ry. & Steamship Clerks 181S-S: vice-gen. chair. 1919-20; chair. 1920-2. Aided in securing
control of Mo. Pac. Ry. Hospital Assn., in interests of workers who finance it, 1919-22. Del. Conf. for
(99)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 99 Prog. Pol. Act. 1924. Democrat. Member Masons, Eastern
Star. Home, Heege and Oak Sts.; of- fice, 502 Rialto Theatre Bldg., St. Louis, Mo.
#HARRISON, William L. City Comssnr. since 1920. Mine work- er; member Un. Mine W. of A.; intl.
exec. bd. from Ala. 6 yrs. Pres. Ala. Fed. of Labor 3 terms; del. A. F. of L. several convs. Democratic
member Ala. Legis. 3 terms; del. to Democratic conv. Home, 1420 4 Terrace W.; office, R. 207, City
Hall, Birmingham. Ala.

#HARVEY, Samuel Ralph. Vice- pres. Bro. of R. R. Trainmen since 1922. Born Nov. 6, 1884, Greenville,
11l. Father a Baptist minister. Gram., high scn., Ot- tawa, Kan. Seaman, U. S. Navy, 1902-6; brakeman
A. T. & S. F. R. R., Chanute, Kan., 1906-17, conductor 1917-20. Vice-chair, gen. grievance comt. B. of
R. R. Trainmen, for A. T. & S. F. R. R., 1917-8. secy. 1919, chair. 1920-2. Member Scottish Rite Shrine.
Home and office, 3347 Euclid St., Kansas City, Mo.

#H A R W O O D, Fred. Chair. house comt., Mohegan Colony; carpenter and builder. Born Feb. 14,
1864, Tyrone County, Ireland. Father a textile worker. Prim. scn., half-time in Ireland; gram. night
sch., Hamilton, Canada; Mechanics' Inst., Rochester, N. Y. Came to U. S. 1888. Went to work at age of
8 yrs., as textile worker. Was a cornice maker, machinist. Org. br. 5, New York Socialist P. 1906-10;
org. Law- rence County, Pa., 1911-2; state secy. N. J., 1916-7. Secy. loc. Weavers' U., Un. Textile W.
of A., Paterson, N. J., 1912-3. Natl. org. Amal. Textile W. of A., 1914- 6. Home, Newark, N. J., and Mo-
hegan Colony, Peekskill, N. Y.
#HASSEL, Alfred B. Mgr. La- bor Temple Assn., Los Angeles, since 1918; vice-pres. Hotel & Rest. Empl.
Intl. All. & Bar- tenders' Intl. Lg. of A. since 1916. Born Aug. 10, 1873, Burlington, Iowa. Father a
saloon keeper. Gram. sch. Went to work at age of 13. Candy maker 1889-99; bartender 1900-11.
Exec. bd. Los Angeles Labor Coun. 1909-24; vice-pres. 1912-5; pres. 1915, '20-4. Bus. agt. Los Angeles
Bar- tenders' loc. 1911-8. Author: re- ports and pamphlets on prohibi- tion, articles for year books
and labor papers. Republican. Mem- ber Eagles. Home, 230 N. Towns- end St.; office, 540 Maple
Ave., Los Angeles, Calif.

#HATHAWAY, Clarence Albert. Org. Workers' P. dist 9, since July, 1924; secy. natl. Farmer- Labor P.
since June, 1924; state comt. Minn. Farmer-Labor P. since July, 1924; del. St. Paul Trades & Labor
Assem. from Ma- chinists' U. since 1922. Born Jan. 8, 1892, St. Paul, Minn. Father a carpenter. High
sch. 3 yrs., Hastings, Minn.; St. Paul Labor Coll. 1922-3; mechanical en- gineering dept. Amer. Corr.
Sch. Apprenticed as machinist 1911; worked at trade in U. S. and Eng- land until 1922. Joined Intl.
Assn. of Machinists, 1913; served in every loc. and dist. office; secy. Mich. machinists dist. 1920-1;
bus. agt. dist. 77, 1922-4; vice- pres. Minn. Fed. of Labor, 1923. Helped org. Farmer-Labor P. of Mich.
1920; served on 1st state comt.; secy. of comt. on arrange- ments, Farmer-Labor P. conv., St. Paul,
June 17, 1924; secy. Ramsey County, Minn., Farmer- Labor P. 1923. Home, 410 N. E. 5 St.; office, 617
4 Ave., S., Min- neapolis, Minn.
#HAWKINS, George Wilbur. Secy.-treas. Un. Powder & High Explosive W. of A.; powder (100)100
AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO worker. Born July 3, 1888, Calla- way County, Mo. Father a farmer.
Country sen., Callaway and Cherokee Counties, Kan. Farmer until 21 yrs. of age. Mem- ber Un.
Powder & High Explosive W. of A. since 1909; member exec. bd. Member Masons, K. of P. Democrat.
Address, P. O. Box 294, Columbus, Kan.

#HAWLEY, Albert Henry. Secy.- treas. Bro. of Loco. Firemen & Enginemen since 1909. Born May 13,
1866, Davenport, Iowa. Father a painter. Left trade sch. at age of 13. Formerly a clerk in hotel,
grocery store. Locomotive fireman, engineer, 1886-1901. In- spector for Interstate Commerce
Comssn. 1901-8. Trustee Bro. of Loco. Firemen & Enginemen, 1895-1909. Member Odd Fellows,
Masons, Cleveland Athl. Club, Lakewood Country Club, Dover Bay Country Club. Home, 129- 10
Clifton Blvd., Lakewood; of- fice, 901 Guardian Bldg., Cleve- land, Ohio.

#HAYDEN, Albert Courtney. Natl. exec. bd. Amer. Fed. of Musicians since 1910; pres. bus. mgr. loc.
161, since 1908. Born May 25, 1871, Leonardtown, Md. Father a farmer. Gram. sch. Worked on farm
until 20 yrs. of age. Studied music in Washing- ton; played professionally 30 yrs. Author: reports
pertaining to govt. of loc. unions. Home, 1011 B St., S. E.; office, 1006 E St., N. W., Washington, D. C.
#HAYDON, John Alfred Pope. (See Canada.)
#HAYES, Alvar John. Ed. Tyo- mies since 1923. Born Mar. 9. 1896. Jyvaskyla, Finland. Father a steel
worker. Gram., high sch., Monessen, Pa.; Pittsburgh Univ. 1 yr.; grad. Pa. Normal Sch. 1917. Pub. sch.
teacher, machine shop worker, office worker. Secy. So- viet Karelian Relief comt., N. Y., 1922-3.
Member Fedi. Labor U. 17642; Young Workers' Lg. of A. Workers' P. Home, 407 Hughltt Ave.; office,
603 Tower Ave., Superior, Wis.
#HAYES, Max & Ed. The Cleveland Citizen, organ of Cent. Labor U. since 1890. Born May 25, 1866,
Havana, Ohio. Father a farmer. Sch. through 4th grade. Went to work at age of 14. Formerly a
printer. Mem- ber Intl. Typographical U. since 1884. Held almost all offices in loc. union, and in Cent.
Labor U.; gen. org. 15 yrs. Del. from Typo- graphical U. to A. F. of L. 22 yrs.; several times del. to A. F.
of L. from Cleveland Cent. Labor U.; del. from A. F. of L. to Brit- ish Trades U. Cong. 1903. Aided in
establishing The Cleveland Citizen, 1890. Member Populist P. until 1896; Socialist Labor P. until 1899;
Socialist P. 1899-1919. Nominated for vice-pres. of U. S. 1900, but resigned from nomina- tion when
Socialist P. united with Social Democrats. Cand. for Cong. 1900; for Ohio secy, of state, 1902. Chair,
exec. comt. Natl. Labor P. 1919; nominee of Farmer-Labor P. for vice-pres. 1920. Member K. of P.,
Masons, several coop, societies. Home, 2829 Coventry Rd.; office, Oregon and E. 12 Sts., Cleveland,
#HAYS, Arthur Garfield. Law- yer, active in Amer. Civil Lib. U.; chair. N. Y. campaign comt. Progressive
P. 1924. Born Dec. 12, 1881, Rochester, N. Y. Father a mfr. A. B., Columbia Univ. 1902; A. M., LL. B.,
1905. Took part in fight for free speech in Pa. coal regions 1922, and in Lo- gan, W. Va, 1923.
Obtained in- junction on behalf of Un. Mine W. of A. preventing interference with meetings by coal
and iron police June, 1922. Member Comt, of 48, Civic Club. Amer. Civil Lib. (101)AMERlCAN LABOR
WHO'S WHO l0l U. and other liberal organizations. Home, 24 E. 10 St.; office, 43 Exchange PL, New
York, N. Y.
#HAYS, John W. Secy.-treas. Intl. Typographical U. since 1909; pres. U. Label Trades Dept., A. F. of L.;
secy-treas. bd. of governors Intl. Alld. Printing Trades Assn. since 1909; secy.-treas. bd. of trustees, U.
Printers' Home since 1909. Born Mar. 18, 1860, Van Kleek Hill, Canada. Father a carriage maker.
Common scn. Went to work at age of 12, in woods and mills. Printer 1878- 1909. Member Intl.
Typographi- cal U. since 1882. Member Elks, Masons. Home, 317 E. North St.; office, 642 Bankers'
Trust Bldg., Indianapolis, Ind.
#HAYWOOD, William D. (See U. of Soviet Socialist Republics.)

#HEALY, Timothy. Pres. Intl. Bro. of Stationary Firemen and Oilers. Born Mar. 25, 1863, Ire- land.
Father a farmer. Com- mon sch., Ireland. Stationary and marine fireman; del. from A. F. of L. to
British T. U. Cong. 1920; del. to Cong, of Intl. Trans- port W., Hamburg, 1924. Coroner New York
County, 1914-8. Pro- gressive in politics. Home, 50 E. 89 St.; office, 229 E. 47 St., New York, N. Y.

#HEAPHY, Richard A. Vice- pres. Metal Polishers' Intl. U. since 1923. Born Aug. 4, 1885, Rochester, N.
Y. Father an elec- troplater. Gram. sch., Chicago; Rochester Labor Coll. Went to work at age of 15.
Polisher and buffer 1908-23. Pres. Rochester loc. 113, Metal Polishers' U. 1913; chair, exec. bd. 1914-
5; rec. secy. 1920-3; secy.-treas. dist. coun. 3, N. Y. Metal Polishers, 1920-1; secy.-treas. dist. coun. 1,
N. Y. and New England states, 1922-3. Del. N. Y. Fed. of Lab. 1917-24; intl. conv. Metal Polishers
1913. Author: reports of dist. convs. and appeals for change of union laws. Member Eagles. Advocate
of a labor party. Home, 70 Rey- nolds St., Rochester, N. Y.; office, Neave Bldg., Cincinnati, Ohio.

#HEDGES, Marlon Hawthorne. Dir. Speakers' Service Bur., Min- neapolis, since June 1924. Born Sept.
14, 1888, Winamac. Ind. Father a printer. Prim., gram. sch., Winamac; A. B., DePauw Univ., 1910; A.
M., Harvard, 1912. Prof. English, Belolt Coll. 1913-20; teacher Labor Sch. 1920-2; ed. writer
Minneapolis Daily Star 1920-3. Attended 1st Third P. conf., St. Louis, 1919. Author: Iron City, 1919.
Co- author with H. H. Broach, vice- pres. Intl. Electrical Workers' U., of Speech and Scrap Book for
Speakers, 1924. Contributor to The Nation, The World Tomor- row, and other periodicals. Farmer-
Labor P. Home, 4815 Dupont Ave., S.; office, 303 Duley Bldg., Minneapolis, Minn.
#HEDRICK, George F. Pres. Bro. of Painters, Decorators & Paper H. of A. since 1910; pres. Bldg.
Trades Dept., A. F. of L., since 1925. Born Buffalo, N. Y. After serving apprenticeship as painter, joined
Painters' U. in Buffalo, 1889; moved to Albany, 1897, and elected del. to intl. conv. 1901; vice-pres.
Bro. of Painters, Decorators & Paper H. of A. 1901- 10; 1st vice-pres. Bldg. Trades Dept., A. F. of L.
1908-24. Office, A. F. of L. Bldg., Washington, D. C.

#HEFFERN, Joseph Laurence. Secy. Intl. Assn. of Siderograph- ers since 1923. Born July 4, 1890,
Philadelphia, Pa. Father an electrician. High sch., Philadel- phia. Siderographer since 1905. 2nd vice-
pres. Intl. Assn. of Slde- rographers 1917-23. Home, 2232 Decatur Pl. N. W.; office, Bur. of Engraving
& Printing, Washing- ton, D. C. (102)102 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO
#HEINI/, Rudolph. Prea. Un. Wall Paper Crafts of N. A. since 1923; wall paper print cutter. Born Aug.
10, 1886. Jersey City, N. J. Father mfr. of meerschaum pipes. Wall paper print cutter since 1904.
During 1920-3 secy. Natl. Print Cutters' Assn., which amalgamated with Un. Wall Pa- per Crafts 1923.
Address, 124 North St., Jersey City, N. J.

#HEI/T, Daniel Webster. Grand- pres. Bd. of Ry. Signalmen of A. since 1917. Born Sept. 24, 1883,
Shamokin, Pa. Father a r. r. man. Gram. sch. Shamokin. Went to work at age of 9 as slate picker. Coal
miner 1900-9; jn. carpenter 1909-10; signal dept. mechanic 1910-7; r. r. fireman since 1917. Member
Pa. Legis. 1917, '9. Home, 3118 Wilson Ave.; office, 4750 N. Kimball Ave., Chicago, I1l.

#HENRY, Alice. Writer; lec- turer. Born Melbourne, Australia. Private, pub. sch., Melbourne. Taught in
Melbourne; on staff of Argus and Australasian, Mel- bourne, and contributed exten- sively to other
Melbourne and Sydney papers. Went to Eng- land and Belgium, 1905, as rep. of Charities
Organization of Melbourne. Came to U. S. 1906; lectured on woman suffrage and other subjects.
Joined Women's Trade U. Lg. 1907; in charge of ed. and publicity work until 1910; helped found and
for 5 yrs. edited Life and Labor; became staff lec- turer and secy, of educ. dept. of Lg., giving lectures
on living wage, organization of women in industry, use of the vote. Dir. Training Sch., Natl. Women's
Trade U. Lg., Chicago, 1919-23; on leave of absence, studying workers' education in Europe, 1924.
Author: The Trade Union Woman, 1915; Woman and the Labor Movement, 1923. Office, 311 S.
Ashland Blvd., Chicago, 11l.

#HENUY, Emma. Secy. Social- ist P. of Ind. 1921-2, '4; secy.- treas. House of Debs Assn., Inc., 1923;
state comt. La Follette Progressive organization, 1924. Born Nov. 21, 1879, Madison, Ind. Father a
farmer. High sch. Madison, Ind. Office asst. since 1911; asst. The Bulletin, 1914-20. Member Socialist
P. since 1902; treas. Marion Co., loc. 1914-20; state exec. comt. 1920. Active in fight for woman
suffrage, free speech, release of political pris- oners. Cand. on Socialist P. ticket of Ind. for state
treas., state rep., secy of state, 1924. Member Women's Intl. Lg. for Peace & Freedom. Home, 1112
Central Ave.; office, 411 Holliday Bldg., Indianapolis, Ind.
#HERMAN, Emil. Secy, north- west dist. Socialist P. since 1923. Natl. org. since 1922. Born Aug. 22,
1879, Camnltz, Germany. Father a farmer. Gram, sch., Kansas City, Mo.; left at age of 11 to go to
work; Wilson's Mod- ern Bus. Coll. 3 mos. 1901; studied English in Intl. Corr. Sch. Came to U. S. 1882.
Worked in shingle mill as lumberjack; baker; farmer. Member Socialist Labor P. 1897-1900; joined
Socialist P. 1900; served in almost all offices; secy. Wash. 1916-8; natl. exec. comt. 1917-9; del. natl.
conv. 1908, '17, '23, '4. Convicted un- der espionage act, 1918; sen- tenced to 10 yrs.; released Dec.
24, 1921. Writer for Socialist and labor press. Member Bakers' U. since 1922; I. W. W. 1910-24; left
because of its opposition to political action and other reasons. Address, 4420 Evanston Ave., Seattle,

#HERP, Frank. Exec. bd. Amal. Food Workers; fln. secy, and of- fice mgr. Bakers' loc. 164 since
(103)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO l03 1920. Born Dec. 1, 1871, Offen- burg, Germany. Father a
baker. High sch., Offenburg. Baker to 1920. Joined New York bakers' loc. 1900; org. Yonkers loc.
1900; fin. secy. 1900-23. Member Mod- ern Woodmen, Workingmen's Sick & Death Ben. Fund.
Home, 314 E. 155 St.; office, 3468 3 Ave., New York, N. Y.

#HERSTEIN, Lillian. Teacher; del. Chicago Fed. of Labor from Fed. of Women High Sch. Teach- ers;
chair, schools comt. Chicago Fed. of Labor; rep. women in in- dustry group in jt. administrative comt.
of Bryn Mawr Summer Sch. for Women Workers in Industry. Born Apr. 12, 1886, Chicago, 11l. Gram.,
high sch., Chicago; North- western Univ. Clerical worker during vacations after the age of 17; teacher
since 1907; teacher Crane Junior Coll., Chicago; in- vestigator in legal dept. of Jew- ish Charities of
Chicago, 1911-2. Member natl. comt. Farmer-La- bor P. 1922; active in all Farmer- Labor P.
campaigns and in La Follette-Wheeler campaign, 1924. Member Woman's City Club of Chicago;
Chicago Hadassah chap- ter; Farmer-Labor P. of 11l. Home, 5302 Woodiawn Ave.; of- fice. Crane
Junior College, Oakley & Jackson Blvds., Chicago, 11l.
#HESKETH, Robert Bruce. Cook; city councilman, Seattle. Wash., since 1911; vice-pres. Hotel & Rest.
Empl. Intl. All. & Bartenders' Intl. Lg of A. since 1904; asso. ed. The Mixer and Server since 1904; pres.
jt. coun. Culinary Crafts, Seattle, since 1912; pres. Wash. Culinary Crafts since 1920; del. Cent. Labor
U. almost continually since 1890; member bd. trustees since 1904; org. A. F. of L. since 1904; bd. dir.
Seattle Union Record since 1904; chair. 1924. Born Mar. 28, 1870, Lancashire, England, of Scotch
parentage. Father a coal mine engineer. Wesleyan prim. sch., Lancashire; high sch. and Fernandez
Priv. Coll., Liverpool, England. Miner 2 yrs.; composi- tor 3 yrs., England. Cook, 1889- 1901, Seattle.
Pres. cent. Labor U. 1902-3; treas. several yrs. Secy, and bus. agt. Cooks' and Walters' U. 239, 1901-4,
'5-7; org. Hotel & Rest. Empl. Intl. All. 1904; del. A. F. of L. conv. 1905; bus. agt. Cooks' U. 33, 1907-
11. Legis. agt. for labor unions; led successful fight for 6-day-wk. and 8-hr.-day. Member Charter Re-
vision comt., Seattle, 1909-11; pres. city coun. and acting mayor several times. Helped build Seattle
Labor Temple. Author: articles for labor press. Republi- can, although city elections are non-partisan.
Member Elks, Eagles, Woodmen of the World, Kind Words Club, Univ. Commer- cial Club. Home,
#HESSEUUXTH, Frank Edwin. Rural letter carrier; exec. comt. Natl. Fed. of Rural Letter Car- riers since
1919; secy. Minn. Fed. of Rural Letter Carriers since 1919. Born Sept. 11, 1879, Stanchfield, Minn.
Father a farmer, homesteaded in Stanch- fleld 1869, one of first settlers; re- tired from farming 1902
and lived at Braham until death 1922. Self-educated. With 3 brothers, built 1st bus. house in Braham
when Gt. Northern R. R. was built, via Minneapolis and Duluth. State secy. Rural Letter Carriers of A.
1910-7. Secy. Masonic lodge 295; clerk lodge 6951 Mod- ern Woodmen; secy. Braham Auto Club;
secy. Braham Fire dept.; secy. Braham Pioneer Club; pres. O. Vasa; del. Modern Woodmen head
camp, Chicago, 1917, '9. Address, Braham. Min- (104)104 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO,
John. Pres. dlst. I1, Un. Mine W. of A., since 1921. Born Apr. 26, 1886, Homberg, Germany. Father a
coal miner. Prim. scn., Germany. Left Ger- many 1892 for Scotland; left Scotland for Canada 1914.
Came to U. S. 1906. Went to work at age of 12, as coal miner. Mem- ber Un. Mine W. of A. since
1906; exec. bd. dist. 11, 1915-7. Was a member Lanarkshire loc. union, Provincial Workmen's Assn.
in Canada. Member Masons, Mys- tic Shrine. Home, 2517 N. 13 St.; office, 210-214 Odd Fellows

#HEWITT, Fred. Ed., mgr. Machinists' Monthly Journal since 1915. Born Jan. 11, 1875, Paterson, N. J.
Father a ma- chinist. Gram., high sch., Sus- quehanna, Pa.; Cooper Union, New York; Intl. Corr. Sch.;
Amer. Corr. Sch. of Law. Served 4 yr.-apprenticeshlp on Brie R. R.; worked 14 yrs. at trade in many
shops; 3 yrs. at Smith- sonian Inst. on Langley flying machine; aero-dynamic experi- mental work at
Catholic Univ. Member Intl. Assn. of Machinists since 1894. Del. Amal. Soc. of Engineers,
Manchester, England, 1919; instrumental in obtaining jurisdiction over all machinists of N. A.
Member Natl. War La- bor Bd. during World War. Member Masons, City Club, Washington, D. C. Non-
partisan voter. Home, 58 U. St., N. W., office, 204 Machinists' Bldg., Washington, D. C.
#HEWSON, Austin. 2nd vice- pres. Intl. Typographical U. since 1924. Born 1889, Brooklyn. Gram. sch.,
New York. Was a compositor, New York World; member Intl. Typographical U., loc. 6, since 1910;
chair. N. Y. legation, Intl. Typographical conv., 1918. Member labor conf. of Cent. Federated U., New-
York, 1915-6. Contributor to labor papers. Home, P. O. Box 53, Waldwick, N. J.; office, 611- 650
Bankers' Trust Bldg., In- dianapolis, Ind.

#HI ATT, Edwin A. Lawyer; judge of municipal ct., Piqua, Ohio, since 1921. Born May 11. 1868, in
Ohio. Father a con- tractor and stock raiser. High sch., Winchester; Univ. of Mich. Member City Coun.
1893-5; bd. of educ. 1902-8; bd. of tax revi- sion, Miami County, 1914-6. Atty. for Socialist city adm.
1918-21; always a sympathizer with wage- earners in efforts to better condi- tions; rep. them
professionally in legal matters wherein their con- tentions were at issue. Socialist since 1917. Home,
716 W. Greene St.; office, City Bldg., Piqua, Ohio.

#HILUARD, Andrew Martin. Pres. Tex. br., Farm Labor U. of A., since 1923; pres. N. Tex. Mutual Life
Assn.; county chair. Democratic P.; farmer. Born Sept. 4, 1881, Van Zandt County, Tex. Father a
farmer. Gram, sch., Van Zandt County; high sch., Grand Saline; Robinson's Bus. Coll., Dallas. Taught
sch. 10 yrs. County chair. Farmers' Educ. and Coop. U. 1905-6; rep. State and natl. conv. County
chair. Farm Labor U. of A. 1922; rep. in Washington, D. C., Jan. 1924. Member Odd Fellows. Home,
Canton; office, 1610 V4 Commerce St., Dallas, Texas.
#HILLMAN. Sidney. Pres. Amal. Clothing W. of A. since organiza- tion, 1914. Pres. Russian Amer.
Indust . Corp. since 1922. Dir. Amal. Trust & Savings Bank, Chi- cago, since 1922; dir. Amal Bank of
New York since 1923. Born 1887, Zagare, Lithuania. Father a merchant. Jewish seminary in Zagare.
Came to U. S. 1907. Cutter, men's clothing industry. (105)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO l05
Chicago, 1908. Deputy and chief deputy Amal. Clothing W., under agreement with Hart, Schaffner &
Marx, 1911-4; chief clerk. Cloak- makers' U., New York, 1914. Au- thor: Reconstruction of Russia and
the Task of Labor, 1922. Member New York Civic Club, Chicago Liberal Club, Lg. for Mu- tual Aid.
Home, 2724 Holland Ave.; office, 31 Union Sq., New York, N. Y.

#HELLQUIT, Morris. Lawyer; natl. exec. comt. Socialist P. at different times since 1900; intl. secy.
Socialist P. since 1904; natl. comt. Conf. Prog. Pol. Act. since organization 1922. Born Aug. 1, 1870,
Riga, Russia. Fath- er a teacher. Alexander Gym- nasium, Riga. Came to U. S. 1886. LL. B., N. Y. Univ.
Law Sch. 1893. Lecturer Rand Scn. of Social Science, New York, since organization 1917. Rep. Socialist
P. at Intl. Socialist Cong., Am- sterdam. 1904; Stuttgart, 1907; Co- penhagen, 1910; Hamburg, 1923.
Author: History of Socialism in the United States, 1903; Socialism in Theory and Practice, 1909; So-
cialism Summed Up, 1912; So- cialism-Promise or Menace, 1913; From Marx to Lenin, 1921. Mem-
ber Bar Assn. of New York; New York County Lawyers' Assn. Home, 214 Riverside Drive; office, 19 W.
44 St., New York, N. Y.
#HINE, Lewis W. Photograph- er; indust. portraiture. Teacher in Ethical Culture Sch., New York;
investigator and staff pho- tographer, Natl. Child Labor Comt., New York; staff photog- rapher, The
Survey; staff photog- rapher for Amer. Red. Cross, in Europe and U. S. Address, 170 Edgars Lane,
Hastings-on-Hud- son, N. Y.

#HTNES, Edward John. Owner, ed. Denver Labor Bulletin since 1916. Born Dec. 8, 1875, Lara- mle,
Wyo. Father a machinist. Catholic scn., high sch., Laramie; attended Univ. of Wyo. 1889. Printer's
apprentice 1892-7. Mem- ber Intl. Typographical U. since 1897; purchased paper 1914; conducted
job printing plant since. Pres. Denver Trades & La- bor Assem. 1914-5; served in all offices during
past 25 yrs. Del. from loc. 49, Intl. Typographical U., to Colo. Fed. of Labor 1911-2. Independent in
politics. Member Woodmen of the World. Home, 525 Ogden St.; office, 1824 Curtis St., Denver, Colo.
#HIRSCHBERG, Adolph. Pres. Philadelphia Cent . Labor U. since 1922; state officer Amer. Fed. of
Musicians since 1920; dir. Pro- ducers' & Consumers' Bank since 1921; musician. Born Apr. 15, 1878,
Riga, Russia. Father a bookbinder. Gram. sch., New York. Went to work at age of 12. Bookbinder;
pocketbood maker; insurance and stock salesman; vice-pres., agent, and flnaneial rep. Elberfeld
Chemical Co. Musician since 1894 with Phila- delphia Symphony, Victor Her- bert's and
Hammerstein's or- chestras, Sousa's and Pryor's Bands and others. Member Amer. Fed. of Musicians
since 1902; pres. loc. 77, 1914-5, '7, '9. Del. A. F. of L. since 1914. Pres. Musicians' Club of
Philadelphia 1916-22; vice-pres. Cent. Labor U., 1920-2. Non-partisan in poli- tics. Member Masons.
Address, 1533 N. Natrona St., Philadelphia, Pa. KITCHENS, Edwin Lockhart. Pres. Cincinnati Alld.
Printing Trades Coun. since 1923; printer since 1877; del. Cent. Labor oun. Born June 2, 1859, Bar-
rington Passage, Nova Scotia. father a fisherman. Prim. sch., Barringten; gram. sch., Exeter, N. H.
Went to work at age o' (106)106 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 14. Member Intl. Typographical U.
since 1881; del. intl. conv. 3 times. Pres. Cincinnati Typo- graphical U. 1900-1; vice-pres. Ohio Fed. of
#HOAGE, Earl Richard. Pres. Colo. Fed. of Labor since 1922; pres. Denver U. Label Lg. since 1918;
pres. Trades U. Promotion Lg. since 1923; city treas., Den- ver, since 1923. Born Nov. 4, 1888,
Leavenworth, Kan. Father an auto painter. Gram, sch., To- peka, Kan.; Denver Labor Coll., 1923.
Went to work at age of 14. Printing press asst., litho- graphic transferer 4 yrs.; training officer, U. S.
War Veterans' Bur. 3 yrs; examiner U. S. Employ- ment Service 1 yr.; traveling salesman 1 yr.
Member Amal. Lithographers of A. since 1915. Pres. Press Assts.' U. 14, 1911; pres. Denver Trades &
Labor Assem. 1913; pres. Federal Empl. U. 102, 1917-23; vice-pres. Colo. Fed. of Labor 1918-9; dist.
org. A. F. of L. 1910-24. Del. Colo. Fed. of Labor 14 times; Intl. Printing Pressmen's & Assts.' U. conv.,
Pressmen's Home, Tenn., 1911; St. Paul and Denver conv., A. F. of L., 1918, '21; Federal Empl. conv.
New York, 1922. Member City Empl. U. 16427 since 1924. Non-partisan in poli- tics. Author: articles
for trade union periodicals. Member Ma- sons, Eagles, Informa Club. Home, 2624 W. 34 St.; office.
301 American Natl. Bank Bldg., Den- ver, Colo.

#HOAN, Daniel Webster. So- cialist mayor of Milwaukee since 1916; re-elected for 4 yr. term, 1924.
Born Mar. 12, 1881, Wau- kesha, Wis. A. B., Univ. of Wis. 1905; Chicago Kent Coll. of Law, 1906-7.
Worked as a cook 1895- 1901 and while student in Univ. Practised law in Milwaukee since 1907.
Atty. for Wis. Fed. of La- bor 1908-10. Dir. fight for Wis. Workmen's compensation law, the first
enacted by any state. City atty. 1910-6. Member gov. bd. Milwaukee Auditorium 1910- 24. Member
Milwaukee Bar Assn.; K. of P.; Elks; Eagles. Author: The Failure of Regula- tion, 1913. Home, 3322
Cedar St.; office, City Hall, Milwaukee, Wis.

#HOCHSTEIN, Chair. Madison, Wis., Comt. Women's Trade U. Lg. since 1920; rep. of
Employees, Wis. Minimum Wage Advisory Bd., since 1918; libra- rian Wis. Legls. Reference Li- brary
since 1914. Born June 10. 1887, Milwaukee. Father a job- ber. Gram., high sch., Milwaukee;
Milwaukee-Downer Coll. 1905-7; A. B., Univ. of Wis., 1907-9; graduate student 1913-4. Teacher 1909-
13; librarian since 1914. Gen. asst. Wis. Fuel Administra- tion 1918; exec. comt. Madison Fed. of
Women W. 1917-8. Mem- ber Stenographers' & Office W. U. since 1918. Author: A Progres- sive
Printer, 1922. Member Amer. Assn. of Univ. Women; Women's Intl. Lg. for Peace & Freedom. Home,
604 E. Gorham St.; office, Wis. Legislative Reference li- brary, Madison, Wis.
#HOEHN, Gottlieb A. Ed. St. Louis Labor since 1899; ed. Ar- beiter Zeitung since 1898. Mem- ber cent.
comt. Amer. Labor P. of St. Louis since 1922. Born Apr. 1, 1865, Presseck, Upper Franconia, Germany.
Father a carpenter. Pub., high sch., Pres- seck; private English sch., Balti- more, Md.; private French
sch., Baltimore, Chicago, St. Louis. (107)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO l07 Apprenticed to shoe
maker 1879. Came to U. S. 1884. Joined Cus- tom Shoe W. U., Baltimore, 1885; secy. 1886-7. Del.
Baltimore Fed. of Labor 1886-8. Ed. work 1888- 91 on Chicago Arbeiter-Zeitung, of which August
Spies and Mi- chael Schwab were editors up to Hay market tragedy; ed. work, St. Louis, 1891-9. Del.
A. F. of L. 1888, '94. 1905. In 1891 elected del. Intl. Socialist Cong., Brussels, by Intl. Labor Cong.
Assn., com- posed of delegates of Chicago Trades & Labor Assem., Socialist Labor P. and 30 other
progressive organizations. Del. St. Louis Trades & Labor Assem. 1893-1905. Attended practically
every conv. of Mo. Fed. of Labor for 25 yrs. Joined Socialist Labor P. 1888; held various official
positions in party in St. Louis and Mo. 1891-6. Went to France to study Socialist movt. 1888. One of
organizers of Amer. Social Democratic P. at Chicago, 1898; org. 1st English speaking party br.
#HOGAN, Dan. Co-ed. Okla- hama Leader and asst. mgr. its gen. publ. bus. Born Oct. 21, 1870, Fort
Smith, Ark. Father a machinist. Grain. sch., Scott County, Ark. Printer, editor, lawyer, lecturer for
Socialist P. Socialist nominee for gov. of Ark. 3 times; secy. Socialist P. of Ark 4 yrs.; natl. exec. comt.
Socialist P. 2 yrs. Member Intl. Typo- raphical U.; Farmer-Labor P. Home, 812 W. 8 St.; office, P. O.
Box 777, 17 W. 3 St., Oklahoma ity, Okla.

#HOGAN, Freda. Asst. ed. The Illinois Miner since 1922. Born Nov. 17, 1892, Huntington, Ark. Father
an editor. Gram. sch. Worked on The Herald, Hun- tington, 1908-17. Helped raise money to publ. The
Okla- homa Leader, and for The Milwaukee Leader, winter 1918-9, when it was being persecuted by
Burleson. State secy. Socialist P. of Ark. 1914-7. Member women's natl. comt. of Socialist P. 1915.
Member Intl. Typographical U. since 1918. Farmer-Labor P. 1924. Home, 812 W. 8 St.; office,
Oklahoma Leader, Oklahoma City, Okla.
#HOGAN, Stephen C. Gen. pres. and secy.-treas. Intl. Assn. of Marble, Stone & Slate Polishers, R. & S.,
T. & M. S. H. & T. W. H. Address, 406 E. 149 St., New York, N. Y.

#HOGAN, W. A. Treas. Intl. Bro. of Electrical W. of A. Ad- dress, 647 S. 6 St., Mt. Vernon, N. Y.

#HOGUE, Richard Wallace. Dir. dept. of educ., Pa. Fed. of Labor since 1923. Born July 17, 1876,
Marlon, Ala. Father a lawyer. A. B., Univ. of the South, 1898; post grad., Univ. of N. C. 1910. Episcopal
rector 1900-16. Foun- der and chair. Baltimore Open Forum. 1915-7. Dir. Personal Service dept.,
Prison Aid Assn. of Md. 1916, '8. Exec. secy. Church Lg. for Indust. Democ. 1918-22. Author: The
Church and the Crowd, 1915; Aspects of Gen- eral Education and Workers' Education in America,
1924. Ed. British Labor Speaks, 1924. Member Amer. Fed. of Teachers; one of 10 hon. members Intl.
(108)l06 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Assn. of Machinists. Address, 430 North St., Harrisburg, Pa.

#HOHMANN, Charles Frederick. Secy. Bakery & Conf. W. Intl. U. of A. since 1924; ed. The Bakers'
Journal since 1908; advisory comt. of Intl. U. of W. in the Food & Drink Trades, Zurich, since 1923.
Born Jan. 23, 1880, Leipzig, Germany. Father a brick mfr. Gram. scn., Leipzig. Came to U. S. 1894.
Went to â€work at age of 14. Bakery work- er 1894-1901. Labor reporter New York Volkszeltung
until 1908. Member Bakers' U. since 1897, with exception of 1904-5 when member of New York
Newspaper Writers' U., now de- funct. Exec. bd. New York Cent. Fed. U. 1906-7. Member Work-
ingmen's Sick & Death Ben. Fund; German-Amer. Press Club; Amer. Gymnastic U.; Socialist Coop.
Publ. Assn. Socialist. Home, 1454 Rosemont Ave.; of- fice, 2719 Best Ave., Chicago 1ll.

#HOHMANN, William P. P. O. clerk since 1915; lawyer. Born Dec. 31, 1883, Cincinnati. Father a
machinist. Gram., high sch., Cincinnati; LL. B., Y. M. C. A. Law Sch., 1907. Shoe cutter 1898-1904;
letter carrier 1904-15. Member Natl. Fed. of P. O. Clerks since 1915; pres. loc. 164, 1919-20; del.
natl. conv. 1919, '21. Rep. P. O. clerks and laborers at Congl. wage hearings 1920. Del. A. F. of L.
1922, '3; secy. comt. on shorter workday, 1923. For- merly member Boot & Shoe W. U.; Natl. Assn of
Letter Carriers. Prepared brief on post office con- ditions which was submitted to jt. Congl. comt. and
printed in Congressional Record 1920. Home, 847 Oliver St.; office, 309 Southern Ohio Bank Bl<Jg.,
Cin- cinnati, Ohio.
#HOLDER, Arthur Ernest. Secy. Conf. Prog. Pol. Act. since 1923. Born Apr. 13, 1860. Pontypridd,
Wales. Father a bldg. contractor and carpenter. Pub. sch. to 8th grade, Wales and England; learn- ed
much from acquaintance with trade unionists and Chartists. went to work at age of 14 as machinist's
apprentice; tool maker; marine engineer; deputy comssnr., Iowa Bur. of Labor; 1st labor inspector in
Iowa, 1900-4; salesman, statistician. Admitted to Amal. Soc. of Engineers 1875; Knights of Labor
1883; secy. dist. assem. 212, 1886-90; del. Amal. Soc. of Engineers, Cardiff, Wales, 1889; Amer. Labor
U. 1893. Mem- ber Intl. Assn. of Machinists since 1894. Pres. Iowa Fed. of Labor 1900-4. Asso. ed.
Machinists' Journal 1904-6. Legis. comt. A. F. of L. 1906-17. 1st rep. of labor on Fedi. Bd. for
Vocational Educ. 1917-21. Chief of legis. div., People's Legis. Service, 1921- 2. Acting secy. Conf. Prog.
Pol. Act. 1922-3. Helped draft 1st fedi. empl. workmen's compensa- tion law 1908; 1st vocational
educ. law 1917; 1st fedi. rehabil- itation law for ex-service men 1918; 1st fedi. indust. rehabilita- tion
law 1920; aided in writing Clayton anti-trust law 1914; en- actment of seamen's law 1915, and many
other labor statutes. Author: articles for American Federatlonist, Machinists' Jour- nal and other

#HOUHAN, Edd Henry Hiram. Ry. clerk. Born Feb. 3, 1867, Sergeant Bluffs, Iowa. Father a pioneer
farmer. High sch., Sioux City, Iowa. A. B., Univ. of Iowa, 1892. Worked as ry. clerk, St. Paul, since
1913. Formerly a teacher. Chair. Twin City dist. (109)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO l09 coun. Bro.
ot Ry. Clerks comt on educ. 1922-3; secy. Workers' Coll. of Minneapolis 1920-3; instr. in labor
economics, St. Paul La- bor Scn., 1923-4. Member Bro. of Ry. & Steamship Clerks. Mem- ber People's
Church, St. Paul. Has written handbills, pamphlets, and articles publ. in loc. labor press and The
Railway Clerk. Address, 1964 Marshall Ave., St. Paul, Minn.

#HOLMES, John Haynes. Min- ister, Community Church, New York, since 1907; ed. Unity; asso. ed.
The World Tomorrow; chair. Amer. Civil Lib. U.; vice-pres. Natl. Assn. for Advancement of Colored
People; natl. coun. Pi- oneer Youth of A. since 1924. Born Nov. 29, 1879, Philadelphia, Pa. Father in
wholesale furniture bus. Pub., high scn., Maiden, Mass.; A. B., Harvard Coll., 1902; S. T. B., Harvard
Theological Seh., 1904. Minister 3rd Religious Soc. of Dorchester, Mass. 1904-7. Author: The
Revolutionary Func- tion of the Modern Church, 1912; Marriage and Divorce, 1913; Is Death the End,
1915; New Wars for Old, 1916; Religion for Today, 1917; The Life and Letters of Robert Collyer,
1917; The Grail of Life, an Anthology, 1919; New Churches for Old, 1922; sermons, pamphlets,
magazine articles. In- dependent radical in politics. Member of Phi Beta Kappa, Delta Upsilon. Home,
26 Sidney Pl., Brooklyn; office, 12 Park Ave., New York, N. Y.
#HOI/TSCHULT, Leonard. Pres. Intl. Bro. of Foundry Kmpl. Ad- dress, 418 Calumet Bldg., St. Louis,

#HOIYWEMi, Raymond Vergil. Dir. workers' educ., Colo. Fed. of Labor, since 1923; dir. Denver Labor
Coll. since 1923; dir. re- ligious educ. and social work, Grace Community church, P«n- ver, since
1923; Methodist min- ister. Born Nov. 25, 1889, Urich, Mo. Father a farmer. High sch., Adrian; Cent.
Teachers' Coll., Warrensburg; Univ. of Denver; 11l. Sch. of Theology. Principal Amoret, Mo. high sch.
1910-2, Martin City sch. 1912-3, Cass County Consolidated high sch. Pastor 1st M. E. Church, Seneca,
Mo., 1915-6; Castle Rock, 1918- 21; Collins Memorial Church, Denver, 1921-3. Aided in estab- lishing
labor colleges in Greely, Colorado Springs, and Pueblo. Leader in opposition to war. Member
Masons, Odd Fellows, pres. Iliff Alumni Assn. Home, 1146 Delaware St.; office, 210 W. 13 Ave.,
Denver, Colo.
#HOOK, Archie. Treas. Intl. Bro. of Paper Mkrs. since 1924. Born Apr. 29, 1870, Kirkcaldy, Fifeshire,
Scotland. Father a blacksmith. Prim. sch. Edin- burgh. Went to work at age of 11. Came to U. S. 1899.
Ap- prenticed as baker in Edinburgh, Scotland, 1881-6. Soldier in Brit- ish army 1887-99; road constr.
laborer 1899; lumberjack 1900; fireman in paper mills 1901; paper maker 1902 to date. Mem- ber
Intl. Bro. of Paper Mkrs. since 1913; 6th vice-pres. 1922-3. Formerly member Socialist P. 1912-7.
Member Masons. Pro- gressive. Home, 2907 Van Buren St., Chicago, 11l.; office, 25 South Hawk St.,
Albany, N. Y.

#HOOPES, Darlington. Lawyer; exec. secy.-treas. Socialist P. of Pa. since 1923; org. Montgamery
County loc. Socialist P. since 1917; member Labor P. state comt. 1924; chair. 9th Cong. dist. (Pa.)
Labor P. campaign comt. 1924. Born Sept. 11, 1896, Vale, Md. Father a farmer. Gram. sch., Hartford
County, Md., and George, Pa.; Coll. of Agriculture Univ. of Wls., 1914-5; corr. cov (110)110
AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO in public speaking and law, People's Coll., Ft. Scott, Kan.; studied in
law office Norristown, Pa., evenings and part time 5 yrs. Farmer 1915-21. Joined Socialist P.,
Madison, Wis., 1914; trans- ferred to N. Wales, Pa. 1915, and to Norristown, Pa. 1921; secy, of each
loc. Member Harmony Grange; Inter-State Milk Pro- ducers' Assn. N. Wales loc.; Montgomery
County Bar Assn. Home, R. D. 2, Box 55; office, 415 Swede St., Norristown, Pa.
#HOOVER, Fred A. (See Can- ada.)
#HOPCRAIT, Edward John. (See Canada.)

#HORN, John S. Secy. Los Angeles Cent. Labor Coun.; secy, bd. of publishers, Citizen; exec. comt. and
bd. dir. People's Bank & Trust Co.; corr. secy. Beer Drivers' & Stablemen's U., loc. 227. Born Mar. 7,
1881, St. Louis. Father a silver and gold plater. Prim, sch., St. Louis; studied evenings. Was a clerk,
teamster, photographer, butler, brewery worker. Member Intl. U. of Un. Brewey, Flour, C. & S. D. W.
of A. Pres. Beer Drivers' & Stable- men's U., br. 6, 1914. Exec. bd. Los Angeles Cent. Labor Coun. 1913-
7; vice-pres. 1917-21. Ac- tive in civic movts. and World War organizations, 1918-24; mem- ber bd. of
freeholders which wrote the city charter adopted 1924; chair, civil service and pen- sion comt., bd. of
freeholders. Republican. Member Span. War Veterans, Eagles. Home, 124 E. 59 Pl.; office, 538 Maple
Ave., Los Angeles, Calif.

#HORN, Roy. Blacksmith; gen. vice-pres. Intl. Bro. of Black- smiths, Drop Forgers & H. of A. since
1909; union rep. on Balti- more Agreement Comssn. since 1922. Born Mar. 10, 1872, War- saw, 11l.
Father a carriage build- er. Gram, sch., Warsaw. Went to work at age of 14. Member Intl. Bro. of
Blacksmiths, Drop Forgers & H. of A. since 1901; bus. mgr. St. Louis loc. 1907-8; del. meeting then
known as the Fed. of Federations at Kansas City, which organized the Ry. Empl. Dept. of A. F. of L.
1912; since then del. all conv. of Ry. Empl. Dept. Assisted in organiz- ing shop crafts of r. r. in all parts
of country. Alternate rep. for gen. pres. on exec. coun. of Ry. Empl. Dept. since 1921. Author: reports
and articles for Black- smiths' Journal for 18 yrs. Inde- pendent voter. Member K. of P., Moose.
Home, 1524-a N. Taylor Ave., St. Louis, Mo.; office, 2922 Washington Blvd., Chicago, I1l.
#HORROCKS, Charles Henry. 3rd vice-pres. Intl. Photo En- gravers' U. of N. A. since 1918; photo
engraver since 1902. Born June 18, 1882, Renton, Wash. Father a coal miner. Gram, sch., 1 yr.; high
sch., Wash. Went to work at age of 16 as messenger for Western Telegraph Co., be- came clerk and
telegrapher. Ap- prenticed to engraving dept. of Post Intelligencer, Seattle, 1902. Member Intl. Photo
Engravers' U. of N. A. since 1907; secy., pres., 1913-9. Home, 1502 N. 40 St.; office. Seattle Daily
Times, Seattle, Wash.
#HOSKINS, Edward. Pres. Fed. of Raiiroad W. Office, 315 S. Ashland Blvd., Chicago, 11l.
#HOTCHKISS, Edward Chester. Bus. rep. Intl. Assn. of Machin- ists, dist. 22, since 1917; secy. Conn.
Lg. for Civil Lib. and Pro- gressive Legls. since 1924. Born Nov. 24, 1879, Woonsocket, R. I. Father a
civil engineer. Gram, sch. 1 yr.; high sch., Woonsocket. Went to work at age of 15. Ma- chinist since
1898. Member Intl. Assn. of Machinists since 1914. (111)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO lll One of
org. of New Haven Labor Coll. 1924. Lecturer at open forums in Conn. Independent voter. Home,
1224 Forest Rd.; office, 99 Temple St., New Haven, Conn.

#HOUSTON, Clinton Craig. Asso. ed. Labor since 1918. Born Dec. 22, 1865, Atlanta, Ga. Father a
minister. High scn., Atlanta. Printer 1887-1908; newspaper â€writer since 1908. Member Intl.
Typographical U. since 1887; rep. 1906-12. Secy. Ga. Fed. of Labor 1900-7; secy. Atlanta Fed. of
Trades 1899-1907; pres. 1908-10. Secy. Atlanta Typographical U. 1896-1904; pres. 1904-6. Member
Ga. Legls. 3 terms, 190fr-«; org. labor cand. Author: numerous pamphlets on labor subjects, in-
cluding How to Organize a Union; Significance of Labor Day; Evolu- tion of the Shorter Work-Day.
Member Elks, Natl. Press Club. Progressive Democrat. Home, Burlington Hotel; office, Labor Bldg.,
Washington, D. C.
#HOUSTON, Harold W. Lawyer; counsel for Un. Mine W. of A., dlst. 17, since 1912; in charge of
defense in prosecutions growing out of indust. disturbances in W. Va. Born Mar. 10, 1872, Free-
dom. Ohio. Father a lumberman. Attended W. Va. Univ. Socialist. Home, 1633 Virginia St.; office,
Kanawha Natl. Bank Bldg., Charleston, W. Va.

#HOWARD, C h.a ties Perry. Printer. Born Sept. 14, 1879, Harvel, 11l. Father a lawyer. Prim. sch., 11l.;
gram. sch., Kan. Went to work at age of 13. Miner 1900-3; r. r. worker 1897-9; mem- ber Intl.
Typographical U. since 1907; pres. loc. 58, Portland, Ore. 1914-5. Pres. Portland Cent. La- bor Coun.
1916-8. Comssnr. of Conciliation, U. S. Dept. of La- bor 1918-9. Ed. Maintenance of Way Journal 1919-
22. Del. A. F. of L. conv. 1920-2. Pres. Intl. Typographical U. 1923-Nov. 1924. During war lectured
before in- dust. workers in ship yards, oil fields, and army constr. camps. Republican. Home, 4903
Wash- ington Blvd.; office, 611 Bankers' Trust Bldg., Indianapolis, Ind.

#HOW, James Eads. Org. Intl. Bro. Welfare Assn.; teacher; phy- sician. Born Sept. 30, 1868, St. Louis,
Mo. Father an engineer and bridge builder. Attended coll. a while. Practised medicine a little;
laborer; org. Hobo Bro. of Migratory, Casual and Unem- ployed. Helped org. Intl. Bro. Welfare Assn.
and Hobo Coll. at St. Louis, and at Chicago, where is a prof. Address, 119-a N. 13 St., St. Louis, Mo.

#HOWE, Ben. Exec. comt. Farmer-Labor P. since org.; exec. comt. Amer. Labor P. since org.; publicity
dir. of Natl. Assn. of Fur Industry. Born June 17, 1868, Sacramento, Calif. Father 1849 gold miner,
Calif. Lived on frontier among Indians, taught by mother and later by tutor. Went to work at age of
16 as sch. teacher. Clerk in hardware store at 19, there 4 yrs.; bank clerk; mgr. of estates in a Trust
Co. 5 yrs.; pres. of mfg. co. 10 yrs.; city buyer for Louisville, Ky. Since 1914 engaged in social work,
trying to bring about com- munity and coop. organization. Still striving for a Labor P. Home, 291
Eastern Parkway, Brooklyn; office, 370 7 Ave., c. o. Natl. Assn. of the Fur Industry, New York, N. Y.
#HOWE, Frederic Clemson. Author: dir. Sconset Tavern and Sconset School of Opinion since 1921;
natl. comt. Conf. Prog. Pol. Act. since 1922; Single Tax Lg. since 1896. Born Nov. 21, 1867, Meadville,
Pa. Father a furniture mfr. A. B., Allegheny Coll., 1889; (112)112 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO M.
A., 1890; Ph.D., Johns Hop- kins, 1892; studied at Halle, Ger- many; Univ. of Md. Law Sen.; N. Y. Law
Sch. Admitted to bar 1894, practised in Cleveland until 1909. Member Cleveland City Coun. 1901-3;
pres. Finance Comssn. 1904-5; Ohio Senate 1906-9; U. S. comssnr. to investi- gate municipal
ownership in Great Britain 1905. Prof, of law, Cleveland Coll. of Law; lecturer on taxation, Western
Reserve Univ.; lecturer, municipal admin- istration and politics, Univ. of Wis. 1906-9. Dir. People's
Inst., New York, 1911-4. Comssnr. of immigration. Port of New York, 1914-9. Ed. Labor 1920-2.
Helped in La Follette - Wheeler campaign. Author: Taxation and Taxes in U. S. under Internal
Revenue System 1791-1885; The City, the Hope of Democracy, 1905; The British City, the Be-
ginnings of Democracy, 1907; The Confessions of a Monopolist, 1907; Privilege and Democracy in
America, 1910; Wisconsin, an Ex- periment in Democracy, 1912; European Cities at Work, 1912;

#HOWE, William Oliver. Secy.- treas. Kan. Fed. of Labor. Born Feb. 10, 1887, Clinton, Mo. Father a
barber. Gram, sch., Rich Hill, Mo.; Intl. Corn Sch. Miner. Member Un. Mine W. of A. Non-partisan
voter. Mem- ber Woodmen of the World. Of- fice, Lock Drawer 428, Topeka, Kan.

#HOWELL, Clarence V. Dir. Harlem Forums, New York, since 1919; dir. Reconciliation Trips, supported
by Bd. of Home Mis- sions of M. B. Church since 1921; minister. Born Mar. 21, 1885, near Cass City,
Mich. Father a farmer. Gram, sch., Huron County, Mich.; Natl. Corr. Inst., Washington, D. C., 1903-4;
high sch., Cass City; A. B., Albion Coll., 1911; Boston Univ. Sch. of Theology, 1917-9. Formerly a
farmer, con- crete mason and builder, book agt., carpenter, painter, machine worker. Campaign mgr.
Good- hue County, Minn., for Prohibi- tion P., 1910. Minister since 1912; pastor Stltesville and
Bowne, Mich., Circuits, 1912-5; in charge of intermediate dept. of Morgan Memorial Church Sch.,
Boston, 1917-8; in charge of Mor- gan Memorial Forum and Radical Labor Discussion Group, 1918-9.
Author: "Meeting Labor Radi- cals," in Christian Advocate, 1924. Socialist. Address, 403 W. 115 St.,
New York, N. Y.
#HUBERT, James H. Exec. secy. New York Urban Lg., Inc., since 1920. Born July 17, 1885, White
Plains, Ga. Father a farmer. Prim., gram, sch., White Plains; Atlanta Sem.; A. B., Morehouse Coll.;
corr. courses, Potomac Univ.; New York Sch. of Social Work. Dir. welfare activities. Gay Head, Mass.,
3 yrs.; exec. secy. Brooklyn, N. Y., Urban Lg., 4 yrs. Author: pamphlet. Negro Dance Halls in New York
City; articles, on The Negro and Labor. Home, 23 High view Ave., Ja- maica; office, 202 W. 136 St.,
New York, N. Y.

#HUDDELL, Arthur Mclntire. Pres. Intl. U. of Steam & Op. En- gineers since 1919. Born June 15, 1869,
Danvers, Mass. Father a shoemaker. Gram. sch. Salem. Went to work at age of 13. For- merly an
engineer. Member Intl. U. of Steam & Op. Engineers (113)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO ll3 since
1898; 1st vice-pres. 1908-19. Prepared minority report Mass. Old Age Pension Comssn., 1910. Mass.
Civil Service Comssn. 1919- 22. Member Masons, Boston City Club. Home, 8 Murray St., Chel- sea,
Mass.; office, 6334 Yale Ave., Chicago, 11l.

#HUDSON, Ward. Secy. Wyo. Fed. of Labor since 1922; exec. bd. Cheyenne Cent. Labor U. since
1923. Born Sept. 24, 1894, Fremont, Ohio. Father a stage carpenter. Gram., 6 mos. high scn.,
Fremont. Went to work at age of 14% yrs. Spent 1 yr. at machinists' trade; printer 1910-2; linotype
operator since 1912. Member Intl. Typographical U. since 1913. Independent voter. Member Elks, K.
of P., Woodmen of the World. Home, 3019 Pio- neer Ave.; office, P. O. Drawer 892, Cheyenne, Wyo.
#HUGGINS, Arthur. Vice-pres. Intl. Bro. of Paper Mkrs. since Jan. 1924; gen. org. since 1920; gen. org.
A. F. of L. since 1921; dir. Paper Mkrs. Realty Assn. since Jan. 1924. Born May 21, 1892, Orange,
Texas. Father a stationary engineer. Gram. sch. to 6th grade, Orange; Rand Sch. of Social Science,
New York, 1920. Went to work at age of 14. Plumber 3 yrs.; sheet metal worker 1 yr.; paper maker
since 1910. Member Intl. Bro. of Paper Mkrs. since 1915; secy. Miami Valley loc. 1916-20; dir. many
paper mill strikes since 1920. Dist. org. A. F. of L. 1919-20. First sergeant 50th Field Artil- lery during
World War. Member Masons, Shriners, Odd Fellows, Natl. Geographic Soc. Home, 106 Newton St., S.
Hadiey Falls, Mass.; office, 25 S. Hawk St., Al- bany, N. Y.
#HUGHAN, Jessie Wallace. Teacher; exec. comt. Lg. for In- dust. Democ. since about 1909; secy. War
Reslsters' Lg. since its foundation; exec. comt. N. Y. group, Fell, of Recon. since 1923; vice-chair.
Women's Peace Soc. since 1922. Born Dec. 25, 1875, Brooklyn. N. Y. Father an ac- countant.
Northfield Sem.; A. B., Barnard Coll., 1898; A. M., Co- lumbia, 1899; Ph. D. 1910. Taught in private
and pub. sch., since 1899. Socialist cand. for secy, of state, N. Y. 1918; for lieut. gov. 1920. On coun.
and N. Y. exec. comt. Fell, of Recon. 1920-3. Member Teachers' U. since 1923. Author: American
Socialism of the Present Day, 1910; The Facts of Socialism. 1914; A Study of International
Government, 1923; co-author: The Socialism of To- day, 1916. Member Phi Beta Kappa; one of
founders of Alpha Omicron Pi. Home, 132 W. 12 St.; office, Textile High School, 124 W. 30 St., New
York, N. Y.
#HUGHES, Thomas L. Secy.- treas. Intl. Bro. of Teamsters, Chauffeurs, S. & H. Office, 222 E. Michigan
St, Indianapolis, Ind.

#HtTLL, J. Frank. 7th vice- pres. and exec. bd. Natl. Bro. of Op. Potters. Born Mar. 3, 1888, E.
Liverpool, Ohio. Father a potter. Prim. sch., E. Liverpool. Rubber worker, caretaker, mill worker. Dist.
org. A. F. of L.; pres. E. Liverpool Cent. Labor U.; dist. chair, in charge of steel strike, 1919-20. Active
in protec- tion of Ohio workmen's compen- sation law against attack from ins. companies. Rep. of
labor on County Fair Price Comssn. dur- ing World War. Chair. County Non-Partisan Lg. 1916-20. In-
dependent voter. Home, 117 Thompson Ave., E. Liverpool, Ohio.
#HUNTER, Charles. Pres. Elas- tic Goring Weavers' Amal. Assn. Address, 19 W. Ashland St., Brockton,
#HURLEY, Joseph. Secy. El- astic Goring Weavers' Amal. Assn. Office, 19 W. Ashland St., Brockton,

#HUTCHESON, William L. Pres. Un. Bro. of Carpenters and Join- ers. Born Feb. 7, 1874, Saginaw
County, Mich. Father a ship carpenter, caulker, and joiner. Prim. sch. Saglnaw County. Member
Masons, Elks, Odd Fel- lows. Home, 5216 College Ave.; office, 222 E. Michigan Ave., In- dianapolis,
Ind. 1TUTCHINS, Grace. Secy. Fel- lowship Press, Inc., since 1924; member coun. and exec. comt. Fell,
of Recon. since 1921. Born Aug. 19, 1885, Boston, Mass. Father a lawyer. Private sch., Boston; A. B.,
Bryn Mawr Coll., 1907. Teacher and principal girls' sch., Wuchang, China, 1912-6; secy. Fell, of Recon.
1922-4. Co- author with Anna Rochester: Jesus Christ and the World To- day, 1922. Member Civic
Club; Bryn Mawr Club, N. Y. Socialist. Home, 85 Bedford St.; office, 104 E. 9 St., New York, N. Y.
#HYATT, Gilbert Elliott. Asst. ed. Bro. of Loco. Firemen & Enginemen's Magazine since 1923. Born
Aug. 30, 1881, Howard Lake, Minn. Father a hunter, farmer, contractor, and builder. Gram., high
sch., Minneapolis. P. O. clerk 1907-17. Locomotive fireman 1901-6; lecturer, Speak- ers' Bur., Dept.
of Labor, during World War. Member Natl. Fed. of P. O. Clerks since 1915; pres. 1917-23. Member
Bro. of Loco. Firemen & Enginemen 23 yrs.; secy, lodge 704, Bro. of Loco. Firemen & Enginemen;
pres. Minneapolis loc. 125, Natl. Fed. of P. O. Clerks. Home, 1909 E. 70 St.; office, 2112 E. 46 St.,
Cleveland, Ohio.

#HYNES, John J. Pres. Sheet Metal W. Intl. Assn. 1913; vice- pres. Bldg. Trades Dept., A. F. of L.; vice-
pres. Ry. Empl. Dept., A. F. of L.; vice-pres. Metal Trades Dept., A. F. of L. Born Oct. 25, 1872, St.
Johns, Newfoundiand. Gram., high sch., Boston. For- merly a sheet metal worker; member Sheet
Metal W. Intl. Assn.; gen. org. 1909-13. Pres. Boston Cent. Labor U. 1906-7. Del. from A. F. of L. to
British Trades U. Cong., Glasgow, and Intl. Trade U. Cong., Amsterdam, 1919. Member Elks. Home,
32 Long Ave., Boston, Mass.; office, 642 Transportation Bldg., Wash- ington, D. C. I

#INGRAM, Frederick Fremont. Pres. and underwriter, Ingram Inst. of Adult Educ. since 1922; dir.
Natl. Forum Coun. since 1920; dir. Detroit, Mich., .Open Forum since 1915; chair. Mich. Coun. for
World Peace since 1924; mfr. Born May 9, 1856, Barry County, Mich. Father a farmer, drover. Pub.,
high sch., Hastings: Olivet Coll., 1871. For brief period in youth a r. r. tele- graph operator. Was
member Mich. constitutional conv. 1907-8, headed liberal-progressive group; Detroit charter
comssn.; pres. Detroit pub. lighting comssn., rep. Mich. Grange at Cong, commt. meetings in
Washington, D. C. Author: newspaper and magazine articles. Member Amer. Acad. of Political
Science; charter member Detroit Bd. of Commerce. Home, 1051 Hubbard Ave.; office, 1565
Lafayette Blvd., Detroit, Mich.

#IGI/ESIAS, Santiago (Pantin). Founder, pres., Free Fed, of Workingmen of Porto Rico
(115)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO ll5 1899; gen. org. A. F. of Ii, since 1901; ed. Justicia, labor
paper, since 1914; senator in Porto Rican Legis. since 1917; re-elected 1924. Born Feb. 26, 1872,
Coruna, Spain. Father a carpenter; mother a clgarmaker. Prim. scn., Coruna. Went to Cuba and began
work as carpenter at age of 12. Member Un. Bro. of Carpenters & Joiners of A. since 1900. Ed. La
Alarma. Socialist paper, Havana, Cuba, 1895; ed. El Porvenir So- cial, Socallst paper, Porto Rico, 1900.
Gen. secy. Labor Circle, Havana, Cuba, 1890-5; founded Socialist P. of Porto Rico 1898; pres. & gen.
org. from its founda- tion; arrested, 1901, for illegal conspiracy in organizing workers to raise price of
labor; sentenced to 4 yrs. and 1 day, released after 7 mos. Author: pamphlets print- ed in Spanish,
1900-14; Self-Gov- ernment in Porto Rico for Whom?, 1911; Organization or Death, 1912; From
Carpenter to Senator, 1917; Labor and Eman- cipation. Member Labor and So- cialist P. Home, Stop
43, Park St., Santurce, Porto Rico; office, 7 Allen St., San Juan, Porto Rico.

#JABLONOWER, Joseph. Secy.- treas. Teachers' U., New York, since 1920; lecturer Rand Sch. of Social
Science since 1919; lec- turer Coll. of City of New York since 1923; teacher mathematics, Ethical
Culture Sch., since 1919. Born Sept. 15, 1888, Wizniz, Aus- tria. Father a clothing worker. Prim.,
gram., high scn., New York; B. S., Coll. of City of New York, 1910; Pd. M., N. Y. Univ. 1913. Teacher
city high sch. 1914-9. Member Amer. Fed. of Teachers since 1916. Author: Yiddish English Lessons,
1915; "Academic Freedom." an article in School and Home, 1923; re- views of books, American
Review, Advance, New York Call, Leader. Home, 5 W. 65 St.; office, 70 5 Ave., New York, N. Y.
#JACOBSON, Charles. Rep. jt. bd. and complaint clerk, New York Cloak & Dress Makers' U., Intl.
Ladies' Garment W. U., since 1923. Born Apr. 23, 1882, Russia. Father a tailor. Prim. sch., Rus- sia.
Came to U. S. 1898. Went to work at age of 11 as a men's tailor, in Russia; skirt maker in U. S. 1898-
1910. Secy. Cloak & Skirtmakers' U., Boston, 1900-7. Pres. Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. 1907-8; rep.
Ladies' Waist & Dress Mkrs.' U., New York, 1913- 20; exec. secy. Trade U. Immi- gration Bur. 1920-1.
Secy.-treas. Ladies' Waist Mkrs.' U. 1921-3. Member Workmen's Circle, For- ward Assn., Un. Hebrew
Trades. Socialist P. Home, 1157 Inter- vale Ave.; office, 130 E. 25 St., New York, N. Y.

#JACOBSON, John. Pres. N. D. Fed. of Labor since 1924; con- gressman since Nov. 1924. Born Nov. 8,
1889. Father a farmer. Was a farmer, miner; member Un. Mine W. of A. Vice pres. N. D. Fed of Labor
1920-3. Re- publican. Home, Wilton, N. D.; office, House Office Bldg., Wash- ington, D. C.
#JENKINS, Harry. Secy. Glass Bottle Blowers' Assn. of U. S. & Can. Office, R. 1006-8 Colonial Trust Co.
Bldg., Philadelphia, Pa.

#JEWELL, Bert Mark. Pres. Ry. Empl. Dept., A. F. of L., since 1918. Born Feb. 5, 1881, Brocks, Neb.
Father a general constr. contractor and farmer. Gram. sch., Omaha, Neb., and Ocala, Fla. Went to
work at age of 16. (116)116 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Boilermaker 1900-16; employee of
various raiiroads and contract shops. Member Intl. Bro. of Boiler Mkrs., Iron Ship Bldrs., & H. of A.
since 1905. Author: re- ports of official activities. Ad- dress, 4750 Broadway, Chicago, I1l.

#JILVIN, John. Pres. Intl. All. of Bill Posters & Blllers of A. Of- flce, Garrick Theatre Bldg., Chi- cago, I1l.
#JIMERSON, Earl W. Intl. vice-pres. Amal. Meat Cutters and Butcher Workmen of N. A. Born Sept. 2,
1888, E. St. Louis, I1l. Father a union carpenter and contractor. Gram, sch., E. St. Louis. Meat Cutter;
secy. Meat Cutters' loc., St. Louis, 1914-20. Member Ben Hur, Eagles, Moose. Home, 1100 Gaty Ave.;
office, 206 Metropolitan Bldg., E. St. Louis, I1l.

#JOHANNSEN, Anton. Mill car. penter. Born Apr. 28, 1872, Nord- strand Is., Germany. Father a
roofer. Self-educated. Came to U. S. 1881. Went to work at age of 11: carpenter since 1899. Mem-
ber Tin. Bro. of Carpenters & Joiners of A. since 1899; state org. Calif, bldg. trades 1909-14; natl. org.
1914-7. War Labor Bd. investigator 1918. Gen. org. Amal. Clothing W. of A. 1919-22. Can- vassed U.
S. in defense of Mc- namara, Tom Mooney, Caplan, Schmidt, Ford, and Suhr. Co- author with
Hutcbins Hapgood; The Spirit of Labor, 1902. Home, 831 Waveland Ave., Chicago, I1l.

#JOHNS, Frank T. Carpenter; org. Portland, Ore., sect. Socialist Labor P. since 1920. Born Feb. 23,
1889, Sunbury, Pa. Father a sch. teacher, farmer, janitor. Gram, sch., Sunbury; high sch., Spokane,
Wash., educ. in Socialist Labor P. Farmer 3 yrs.; postal clerk 1 yr.; letter carrier 4 yrs.; ship builder 3
yrs.; shoemaker 1% yrs.; laborer 2 yrs.; carpenter 5 yrs. Member Socialist Labor P. since 1915;
travelling org. Wash.; cand. for Pres. of U. S. 1924. Author: articles tor Weekly People; contributed to
campaign pamphlets, 1920, '2. Home, 735 E. 40 St.; office, 419 Worcester Bldg., Portland, Ore.

#JOHNSON, Agnes Gentry. Tele- phone operator; exec. bd. Tele- phone Op. Dept., Intl. Bro. of
Electrical W., since 1919. Born May 27, 1890, Gray's River, Wash. Father a teamster. Gram, sch.,
labor coll., Portland, Ore. Went to work at age of 15. Mem- ber Telephone Op. Dept., Intl. Bro. of
Electrical W., since 1917; bus. rep. 1918-21; pres. 1919-22; rep. Telephone Op. loc. 4 4 A, 1918-21.
Home, 85 Holland St.; office, 306 City Hall, Portland, Ore.
#JOHNSON, James Weldon. Secy. Natl. Assn. for Advancement of Colored People since 1920; dir.
Amer. Fund for Pub. Service since 1922; trustee Atlanta Univ. since Apr. 1924. Born June 17, 1871,
Jacksonville, Fla. Father a clergy- man. Prim., gram., high sch., Jacksonville; Atlanta Univ., 1894; post-
grad, work, Columbia Univ., 3 yrs. U. S. Consul to Puerto Cabello, Venezuela, 1906; U. S. Consul to
Corinto, Nicaragua, 1909-12. Author: The Autobiog- raphy of an Ex-Colored Man, 1912; Fifty Years
and Other Poems, 1917; Self-D'etermining Haiti, 1920; The Book of Amer- ican Negro Poetry, 1921; a
num- ber of songs; contributed poems to the Century, Independent, Crisis; English version of libretto
of opera "Goyescas," produced at Metropolitan Opera House 1915. Member New York Civic Club.
Acad. of Political Science, Soc. for Ethical Culture. Home, 187 W. 135 St.; office, 69 5 Ave., New York,
#JOHNSON, Magnus. Farmer; vlce-pres. Equity Coop. Exchange since 1916. Born Sept. 19, 1871,
Varmland, Sweden. Father a sea- man. Gram. sch., 2 yrs.; high sch., Sweden. Came to U. S. 1891.
Apprenticed to glass blower from age of 16 to 20, Sweden; lumber- man 1891; farmer since 1894;
jus- tice of peace, 1896. Active in coop. enterprises; pres. State U. of Amer. Soc. of Equity 1911-3.
Elected Assemblyman, Minn., 1914, '6; state senator 1919, '21; defeated by small margin for gov.
1922; elected to U. S. Senate on Farmer-Labor ticket, 1983, to fill vacancy; defeated for re-election
1924. Address, Kimball, Minn.

#JOHNSON, Olive Malmberg. Ed. Weekly People since 1918; lecturer and speaker for Socialist Labor
P. since 1898. Born Mar. 14, 1872, Lund, Sweden. Father a merchant. Gram. sch., Sweden; high sch.
Minneapolis, Minn.; A. B., Hunter Coll., 1916; grad. student, Columbia, 1916; N. Y. Univ., 1919 and
since. Worked in shop, store, restaurant, office; housekeeper, teacher. Member Socialist Labor P.
since 1895; natl. exec. comt. 1904-12; del. natl. convs. 1904, '12, '20; del. Intl. Socialist cons:.,
Copenhagen, 1910; lectured in Sweden on American labor movt. 1910-1. In- formal rep. of Socialist
Labor P. (not affiliated) to 3rd Cong, of Communist Intl., 1922, but was refused passport. Author:
Woman and the Socialist Movement, 1906; Americanism. 1920; Daniel De- Leon, Our Comrade,
1920; Serf- dom on the Horizon, 1922; Rev- olution, 1923; Daniel DeLeon 1923; Karl Marxâ€49 Years”
After, 1924; The Cooperative Movement, 1924; numerous pamphlets and translations. Home, 432
W. 124 St.; office, 45 Rose St., New York, N. T.
#JOHNSON, Roscoe Hilton. Intl. pres. Com. Telegraphers' U. of A. since 1919. Born Jan. 5, 1885,
Boston. Father a telegrapher. First 3 grades gram. sch., Wor- cester. Went to work at age of 11.
Telegrapher. Capt. Co. B., 311 Field Signal Battalion in France during World War. Office, 113 S.
Ashland Blvd., Chicago, 11l.
#JOHNSON, Swan M. Lawyer. Pres. Roseland Coop. Assn. since 1918. Born Oct. 31, 1888, New- aygo,
Mich. Father a farmer and merchant. Gram., high sch., Newaygo; A. M., Loyola Univ., 1916. Farmer,
sch. teacher, org. Rochdale consumers' coop. So- cialist since 1908; La Follette- Wheeler elector
1924. Member Masons; K. of P.; Vikings. Home, 10841 Prairie Ave.; office, 139 N. Clark St., Chicago,
#JOHNSON, Theodore. Legal advisor San Francisco Labor Coun. since 1912; secy, law and legis. comt.
since 1907; trustee of label sect, and secy. San Francisco Trades U. Promotional Lg. Born May 13,
1859, Ledinge, Upland, Sweden. Father an agricultural engineer. Elem. sch. and gym- nasium.
Stockholm; passed en- trance exams, to Upsala Univ. 1878; bus. coll. 1878-9. Came to U. S. 1880.
Secy, assem. 2999, Knights of Labor, San Francisco, 1884-6. Bus. coll., Sacramento, 1889-90; studied
law, Sacramento, 1890-7; admitted to bar 1897. Member Hotel & Rest. Empl. Intl. All. since 1903;
secy. Walters' loc. 30, San Francisco, 1905-7. Legis. agt., San Francisco Labor Coun. in 1911, '3, '5
sessions of state Legis. Author: articles, usually on legal topics, for labor press. Member Calif. Bar
Assn. Home, 7290 Natoma St.; office, 2940 16 St., San Francisco, Calif.

#JOHNSTON, William Hugh. Intl. pres. Intl. Assn. of Machin- ists since 1911; chair, natl. Conf. (118)ll8
AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Prog. Pol Act. since its organiza- tion; vice-pres. since 1920, and 1 of
org., Mt. Vernon Savings Bank, Washington, D. C. Born Dec. 30, 1874, Westville, Nova Scotia. Father
a carpenter. Prim. scn., Westville; gram. scn., Prov- idence, R. I. Apprenticed to ma- chinist;
journeyman machinist. Member Knights of Labor. Pres. New England dist. Intl. Assn. of Machinists
1905; bus. agt. Provi- dence loc. 1906; pres. dist. 44 1909. Member Natl. War Labor Bd. during World
War. Mem- ber Masons, Shriners, Odd Fel- lows. Home, 3515 New Hamp- shire Ave.; office,
Machinists' Bldg., Washington, D. C.

#JONES, Albert E. Viee-pres. Amal. Assn. Street & Elec. Ry. Empl. of A. Born Dec. 7, 1874, in Ohio.
Common scn. Street ry. conductor. Democrat. Home, 1639 Danner Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio.
#JONES, George W. Pres. Un. Slate, Tile & Comp. Roofers, D. & W. W. Assn. Del. Bldg. Trades Dept.,
A. F. of L., 1923. Address, 24 S. Lincoin St., Chicago, 11l.
#JONES, Harry. Secy.-treas. Intl. Assn. Bridge, Struct., & Or- namental Iron W.; ed. Bridge- men's
Magazine. Office, 1615 Syndicate Trust Bldg., 915 Olive St., St. Louis, Mo.

#JONES, Paul. Secy. Fell, of Recon. since 1920; exec. comt. Lg. for Indust. Democ. since 1923; contrlb.
ed. The World Tomorrow since 1924; chair. Reconciliation Trips since 1923. Born Nov. 24, 1880,
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. Father a minister. Henry Hlllman Acad., Wilkes-Barre; A. B., Yale Univ. 1902; B. D.,
Episcopal Theologi- cal Sch., Cambridge, Mass., 1906. Minister; Bishop of Utah, Protes- tant Epis.
Church, from 1914 un- til resigned under pressure be- cause of radical pacifism in 1918. Author: The
New Orthodoxy, 1918; Hidden from the Prudent, 1921; The Philosophy of a Mad- man, 1922.
Socialist. Home, 459 Lincoin Pl., Orange, N. J.; office, 104 E. 9 St., New York, N. Y.

#JONES, William Emerson. 1st vice-pres. Brotherhoods' Natl. Bank of Spokane since 1923. Born Oct.
22, 1882, Marlon, Iowa. Father a contractor. Prim. sch., Sewanee, 11l.; gram., high sch., Lanark, 11l.;
Hamilton Coll. of Law. Locomotive engineer 1906- 18. Lieut. U. S. Army 1918-9. Member Bro. of
Loco. Engineers since 1909; loc. chair. Member Masons, Veterans of Foreign Wars. Progressive voter.
Home, 2407 Morton St.; office, 115 Wall St., San Francisco, Calif.
#JOYCE, John Joseph. Secy.- treas. Intl. Longshoremen's Assn. since 1907. Born Apr. 18, 1876,
Jamestown, N. Y. Father a woodsman. Elem., high sch., St. Joseph's Coll. Freight handier; grain
scooper; time keeper. Mem- ber Intl. Longshoremen's Assn.; pres. Grain Scoopers' loc. 109; 4th intl.
vice-pres. 1901; 2nd vice- pres. 1902; 1st vice-pres. 1904-7. Supported La Follette 1924. Member
Eagles, Moose, Stags. Home, 64 Hamper St.; office., 702-4 Brisbane Bldg., Buffalo, N. Y.
#KAHN, Alexander. Lawyer; vice-pres. Forward Assn., publ. Jewish Dally Forward, since 1914; chair.
The New Leader Assn., publ. New York New Lead- er, since 1923; exec. comt. Conf. Prog. Pol. Act.
since 1924; bd. dir. Rand Sch. of Social Science since 1923; chair. People's Relief Comt. (war relief
comt. which raised $7,000,000 for war suffer- ers in Europe) since 1916; exec. comt. Hebrew
Sheltering & Imi- grants' Aid Soc. since 1919; natl. exec. comt. Jewish Socialist All. since 1922. Born
May 31, 1881, Smolensk, Russia, Father a mer- chant. Pub. scn., New York; LL. B., N. Y. Univ., 1903.
For- merly a bookkeeper. Active in Socialist P. and in trade union movt. as worker and speaker since
1897. Author: articles in Jewish Daily Forward and Jewish Worker. Member Workmen's Circle,
Penguin Club. Home, 130 W. 16 St.; office, 320 Broadway, New York, N. Y.

#KAISER, Edwin William. Vice- pres. Stove Mounters' Intl. U. since 1920; secy. loc. since 1910. Born
Nov. 5, 1886, St. Louis, Mo. Father a stove molder. Gram. sch., St. Louis. Formerly a sea- man; loc.
ed. Stove Mounters' Journal. Member K. of P. Poli- tics independent. Home, 1513 Hogan St., St.
Louis, Mo.; office, 6466 Jefferson Ave. E., Detroit, Mich.

#KAPLAN, Nat. Natl. exec. comt. Young Workers' Lg. since 1923; founder and secy. jr. sect. Young
Workers' Lg.; chair, rural dept., Young Workers' Lg. since 1923. Born Nov. 26, 1903, New York. Father
a tinsmith. Gram. sch., New York. Went to work at age of 13. Laborer since 1924. Asst. org., dist. 2,
Workers' P., 1922-3. Road lecturer Friends of Soviet Russia 1921. Sub-dist. org. Young Communist Lg.
of A. 1921. Home, 12 E. Walton Pl.; office, 1113 W. Washington St., Chicago, 11l.

#KARAPETOFP, Vladimir. Prof, electrical engineering, Cor- nell Univ., since 1904; writer; consulting
engineer; vice-pres. Lg. for Indust. Democ. since 1924. Born Jan. 8, 1876, Leningrad, Russia. Father a
mechanical en- gineer. Prim., gram. sch., Baku; high sch., Tlflls, 1892; C. E., Inst. of Ways of
Communications, Len- ingrad, 1897; M. M. E., 1902; Darmstadt Polltechnicum. Ger- many, 1900.
Came to U. S. 1902. Ran for state engineer and other offices on Socialist P. ticket, N. Y., since 1910.
Author: several books and numerous articles on en- gineering; a number of articles on Socialism.
Member several professional electrical societies. Politics Socialist P. Home, 607 E. State S.; office,
Cornell Univ., Ithaca, N. Y.

#KARLIN, William. Lawyer; N. Y. comt. Socialist P. since 1912; New York cent. comt. since 1909. Born
Mar. 29, 1882, Kiev, Russia. Father a merchant. Pub., high sch., New York; licensed pharmacist 1903;
N. Y. Univ. Law Sch., 1906-8; numerous academic courses, Cooper Union and other places in New
York. Speaker, exec., or cand. in over 20 politi- cal campaigns; pres. Drug Clerks' Circle, 1904; org.
Greater New York Drug Clerks' Assn. 1905; helped in org. of over a score of trade unions, 1912 to
date. Del. several natl. convs., Socialist P. since 1919; lectured in various parts of the country on
labor, So- cialist and legal topics; secy, comssn. in Men's Clothing In- (120)l20 AMERlCAN LABOR
WHO'S WHO dustry after settlement of grea strike 1913; legal advisor fo about a score of labor
organiza tlons. Member N. Y. Assem. 1918 one of the attorneys for Soclalis Assemblymen in ouster
proceed ing, Albany, 1920. Member So clalist P. since 1900; Amer. So ciallst Soc., Lg. for Indust. De-
moc., N. Y. County Lawyers' Assn. Workmen's Circle. Home 141 W 110 St.; office, 291 Broadway N. Y.
#KASNER, Pauline. Secy. Cleve- land jt. bd. Amal. Clothing W. of A.; welfare worker. Born Aug. 9,
1901, Tetiev, Russia. Gram., night high sch. and bus. coll., Cleveland. Went to night high sch. and bus.
coll. while working days as ticket sewer. Became office mgr. of knitting factory where worked in
conjunction with employees. Author: weekly re- ports to Advance. Member Phi Sigma Gamma.
Home, 9212 Pier- pont Ave.; office, 2536 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, Ohio.

#KASTEN, Frank. Gen. pres. tin. Brick & Clay W. of A. since 1916. Born Jan. 13, 1878, Dalton, 11l.
Father a brickmaker. Prim., gram, sch., Dalton. Brickmaker since leaving sch. at 15 yrs. of age. Aided
in building up Brickmkrs'. U.; attended all convs. in 11l. since 1908; all A. F. of L. convs. since 1913;
active in labor movt. gen- erally in central west. Pres. loc. 3, Brickmkrs'. U., 1907-12; bus. agt. dist. 1,
Chicago, 1912-6. Member Eagles. Politics inde- pendent. Home, 278 Desplaines St., Blue Island;
office, 327 S. La- Salle St., Chicago, 1ll.

#KAUFMAN, Morris. Pres. Intl. Fur. W. U. of U. S. & Can., since 1918; dir. Intl. Union Bank, N. Y. since
1924. Born Sept. 1884; David Horodok, Minsk, Russia. Father a slaughterer of cattle or poultry
according to the rituals of the Jewish religion. Self-edu- cated. Began work at age of 14 as grocery
clerk; bank clerk. 1900-2; came to U. S. 1902; cigar- maker 1 yr.; fur worker 1904-16. Member Intl.
Fur. W. U. since 1913; exec. bd. old Fur Workers' U. in N. Y. 1905-7; secy, of old N. Y. Furriers' U. in
1907; bus. agt. New York jt. bd. 1916-7; mgr. New York jt. bd. 1917-21; intl. vice-pres. 1917-9; act.
pres. 1 yr.; ed. The Fur Worker, 2V4 yrs. Secy. Pinsker Landsmen Verein. 1905-7; secy. N. Y. br., The
Bund. 1906-7. Member Workmen's Cir- cle. Socialist P. Home, 1368 Sheridan Ave., New York; office,
9 Jackson Ave., Long Island City N. Y.

#KAZAN, Abraham Eli. Mgr. Employment Bureaus, N. Y. jt. bd. Amal. Clothing W. of A., since 1924;
treas. Amal. Credit U. of N. Y. since 1923. Born Dec. 15, 1888, Kiev, Russia. Father a business man.
Pub., high sch., Russia; special courses N. Y. Univ. and Brooklyn Polytechnic Inst. Formerly a clerk.
Treas. Union Health Center, 1919; secy.- treas. loc. 35, Intl. Ladies' Gar- ment W. U. 1914-9; dir.
record dept. Amal. Clothing W. 1919-22; secy.-treas. N. Y. jt. bd. 1922-3. Member Workmen's Circle.
Home, 824 E. 181 St.; office, 31 Union Sq., New York, N. Y.

#KEARNEY, John Joseph. lecy.-treas. Mass. Coun. Hotel & Rest. Empl. Intl. All. & Bar- tenders' Intl. Lg.
of A. since 1918; secy. and bus. agt. loc. 34 since L909. Born Mar. 14, 1883, Boston. Mass. Father a
master mariner. Pub. sch., Boston; Boston Univ., 1919. Formerly in hotel indus- ry; del. 18 yrs., and
vice-pres. i yrs., Mass. Fed. of Labor; del. 18 yrs., and chair, comt. on for- sign relations, and vice-
pres. Bos- on Cent. Labor U.; pres. New (121)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO l21 England br., Hotel &
Restauran Ernpl.; del. several convs.; del. A F. of L. Member Mass. House o Rep. 3 yrs., Senate 2 yrs.
Pre: Cleveland Club; member K. of C. Elks; past pres. Eagles. Home 1 Lamson St., K. Boston; office
184 W. Canton St., Boston, Mass.
#KEATING, Edward. Ed. La bor, since the paper was founded 1919. Born July 9, 1875, Kansa. City,
Kan. Father a cabine maker, employed in r. r. shops Pub. scn., Colo., until 14 yrs. o age. Entered
employ of Denve Republican as copyholder; clt> ed. Denver Times, 1902-5; mng ed. Rocky Mountain
News, 1906 11; purchased Pueblo Leader 1912. Disposed of paper when elected to Congress. City
auditor Denver, 1899-1901; member Den- ver's 1st charter conv. 1903 which framed most
progressive charter of period; pres. Colo, bd of Land Comssnrs. 1911-3; mem- ber 63rd Cong. 1913-
5; re-elected 64th and 65th Cong., 1915-9 Pres. Intl. Lg. of Press Clubs 1906-7; member Democratic
Club Denver, Colo., Natl. Press Club, Wash. D. C. Politics Democratic but supported La Follette 1924,
and always reserves right to vote as he sees fit. Home, Pueblo, Colo.; office, Labor Bldg., 10 B St., S.
W., Washington, D. C.
#KEATING, Joseph Patrick. Ed. Toledo Union Leader since 1917; del. Toledo Cent. Labor U. since
1897. Born Apr. 5, 1869, Corn- ing, N. Y. Father a laborer. Gram. school, Corning. Formerly a printer.
Del. Intl. Typographical U., 1892, 1912, '22; chair, comt. on laws, 1912; pres. Ohio Typograph- ical
Conf. 1909-10; del. Ohio Fed. of Labor 1914. Home, 46 Veron- ica St.; office, 1103 Cherry St., Toledo,

#KEEGAN, Winfleld T. Pres. Intl. Stereotypers & Electro. U. of N. A. since Jan. 1925; stereo- typer.
Born Mar. 15, 1869, New York. Gram. scn., New York. Went to work at age of 15 as a clerk in
lawyer's office. Electro- typer and stereotyper since 1887. Pres. New York Stereotypers loc. 1; fin.
secy. loc. 1; del. every intl. conv. of union since 2nd. Ad- dress, 78 Lincoin St., Jersey City, N. J.

#KELIiEY, Charles. 2nd vice- pres. Coopers' Intl. U. of N. A. since 1923. Born Aug. 4, 1883,
Philadelphia. Father a sail- maker. Pub. scn., Philadelphia. Went to work as cooper at age of 16. Pres.
loc. 108, Coopers' Intl. U., 1920-2. Socialist. Home, 1325 S. 32 St., Philadelphia, Pa.
#KEI/LEY, Mrs. Florence. Secy. Natl. Consumers' Lg. since 1899; bd. dir. N. Y. State Child Labor Comt.
since 1904; bd. dir. Natl. Assn. for Advancement of Colored People; member Women's Jt. ongl.
Comt., Washington, D. C. Born Sept. 12, 1859, Philadelphia, 'a. Father a lawyer, judge and
congressman. B. Lit., Cornell Univ., 1884; Zurich and Heidel- berg Univs., 1883-5; LL.B., North-
western Univ., 1894. Resident in Hull House, Chicago, 1891-9; U. 3. special agt. in charge of Chi- ago
division of investigation of lums of great cities, 1892; Amer- can ed. Archlv fur Sozialegeset- gebung,
Berlin, Germany, 1897- ; chief state inspector of fac- orles, 11l., 1893-7; member Gov. tughes' state
comssn. on conges- on of population, N. Y.; pres. louse on Henry Street, Henry treet Settlement,
New York, 899-24; bd. dir. Natl. Child La- or Comt. 1904-20; secy. U. S. Bd. f Control of Labor
Standards for rmy Clothing, 1917-8. Author: ome Ethical Gains through Leg- (122)l22 AMERlCAN
LABOR WHO'S WHO islation, 1905; Modern Industry, 1913; trans. Frederick Engels' Condition of the
Working Class in England, published in N. Y. 1886, in England, 1890; edited Edmund Kelly's Twentieth
Cen- tury Socialism. 1908. Member Women's Trade U. Lg., Phi Beta Kappa; Town Hall Club, New
#KELLOGG, Paul Underwood. Ed. Survey since 1912; ed. Survey Graphic since 1921. Born Sept. 30,
1879, Kalamazoo, Mich. Father member of firm of lumbermen. Graduated from high scn., Kala-
mazoo, 1897; special courses in political science, Columbia Univ., 1901-6; hon. A. M., Amherst Coll.,
1911. Folded circulars, worked at soda fountain, as a reporter, and as a secy, after school hours;
clerked in book and stationery store 1897; reporter, city ed. Daily Telegraph, Kalamazoo, 1898-1901;
on staff of Charities and the Com- mons (later The Survey) 1902. Dir. Pittsburgh survey, investiga-
tion of life and labor in American steel district, 1907-8 and ed. of 6 vol. findings, Russell Sage
Foundation; this was 1st of American community surveys, and included several original features such
as 1st inductive study of work accidents in American in- dustry; was 1st challenge to 12- hour day in
steel mills. Chair. comt. on occupational standards, Natl. Conf. of Charities and Cor- rection, 1910;
secy, of comt. to secure creation of U. S. Comssn. on Indust. Relations 1911-2; American Red Cross,
France, Bel- glum. Italy, 1917-8. Member bd. of mgrs. Cabot Fund; exec. comt. Foreign Policy Assn.;
exec. comt. Foreign Press Service. Co-author, with Arthur Gleason, British La- bor and the War, 1918.

#KELLY, Harpy. Pres. Mohegan Colony; chair. Mohegan Mod- ern Sch. Assn.; exec. comt. Lg. for
Mutual Aid. Born Jan. 19, 1871, St. Charles County, Mo. Father a mining and ry. engineer, explorer.
Elem. scn., St. Louis. Went to work at age of 9 as a cash boy in dept. store; printer 1886-97; printer in
England, 1894; introduced American printing ma- chinery in England 1898-1904. Member Intl.
Typographical U., 1893-1904; secy. Job Pressmen's U. 3, St. Louis, 1892; del. Chicago Trades & Labor
Assem. 1893-4; fin. secy. Boston Cent. Labor U. 1896; member Printing Trades Coun., Boston, 1896;
del. from Platen Machine Minders Assn., London, to London Trades Coun. 1899-1900. One of
founders of Francisco Ferrer Assn. and Sch., Ferrer Colony and Sch., Stelton, N. J., also chair, and org.
7 yrs.; one of founders Mohegan Colony, Mohegan Modern Sch. Pub. monthly journals, publ. The
Rebel, and The Match, Boston, 1896-7; associated with Kropotkin, Tcher- keskov, A. Marsh, John
Turner, and others in publishing Freedom, London, 1898-1904; ed. Modern School Magazine, and
Freedom (anarchist) 1912-20. Anarchist 30 yrs. Member Civic Club, New York. Home, Stelton, N. J.,
or Mohegan Colony, Peekskill, N. Y.; office, 70 5 Ave., New York, N. Y.

#KENNEDY, George L. Dentist; pres. Villa Grove Coop. Soc.; bd. dir. Cent. States Coop. Wholesale
Soc.; comt. Bur. of Coop. Societies, 11l. Fed. of Labor; ed. Villa Grove Cooperator. Born Dec. 13,
1879, Carp, Ontario, Can. Father a. farmer. Prim., gram. sch., Carle- ton City, Ontario; high sch., Al-
monte, Ontario, and Brandon, Manitoba; D.D.S., Chicago Coll. of Dental Surgery. Formerly a pub. sch.
teacher and farmer; member bd. of educ. 10 yrs.; city coun. 6 (123)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO
l23 yrs. Author: Report of Commit- tee on Coal Distribution, Third Coop. Congress, Chicago; "History
of Villa Grove Cooperative So- ciety," in The United Consumer, May, 1924. Member Masons, Odd
Fellows, Eastern 11l. Dental Soc., 11l. Dental Soc., Amer. Dental Soc. Politics, Conf. Prog. Pol. Act.
Home, 10 Vine St.; office, State Bank Bldg., Villa Grove, 11l.

#KENNEDY, John Curtis. Secy. Farmer-Labor P. of Washington; educ. dir. Seattle Labor Coll. Born
1884, Brookton, Me. Father a tan- ner. Pub. and high sch., Buffalo, N. Y.; Cornell Univ.; Univ. of Chi-
cago; Univ. of Calif. Was instr. in economics, Univ. of Chicago; dir. Chicago Stockyards and Packing-
house Survey, 1900-1; secy. 11l. So- cialist P.; Socialist member Chica- go City Coun. Author: Labor
and Social Conditions in Chicago stockyards, 1911; The Housing Problem. 1912. Home, 5010 52 Ave.
S.; office. Union Record Bldg., Seattle, Wash.
#KENNEDY, Olin A. Secy. Mountain states dist., Socialist P., since 1922; real estate agt. Born Sept. 11,
1861, Tennessee, 11l. Father a Methodist preacher. Gram. sch., Palmyra, and Lucas County, Iowa; A.
B., Simpson Coll., 1889. Formerly a farmer, sch. teacher, printer, editor. Secy. Utah Socialist P. 1920-
4. At- tended natl. Socialist conv. 1921, '3, '4. Member Socialist P. since 1912. Home, 2910
Washington Ave.; office, 431 24 St., Ogden, Utah.

#KENNEDY, Thomas. Secy.- treas. Un. Mine W. of A., since 1924; del. A. F. of L. since 1916; member
Pa. Welfare Comssn. since 1923; Authracite Concilia- tion bd. since 1910. Born Nov. 2, 1887,
Lansford, Pa, Father a miner. Prim. sch., Lansford. Started work as breaker boy at 11 yrs. of age;
inside mule driver and miner. Joined Un. Mine W. 1900; secy. loc. 1738 1903-10; exec. bd. dist. 7,
1908-10; pres. dist. 7, 1910-24; through all strikes since 1902 as member and official. Jt. author:
reports to U. S. Coal Comssn., 1923, rep- resenting Un. Mine W. of A. Ad- dress, 122 S. Pine St.;
office, Amer. Bank Bldg., Hazelton, Pa.

#KENNEDY, William Parker. Gen. chair., Bro. of R. R. Train- men. Chi. Mil. & St. Paul Ry. Co., since
1921; vice-pres. Transporta- tion Brotherhoods' Natl. Bank, Minneapolis, since 1922. Born Apr. 3,
1891, Huttonsville, On- tario, Can. Father gen. mgr. Lindsay Light Co., Chicago, 11l. Country sch.,
Ontario. Formerly switchman, Chi. Mil. & St. Paul Ry. Co. Secy. gen. comt., Bro. of R. R. Trainmen on
that road, 1919-20. Author: reports of union activities, 1921. Politics Farmer-Labor P. Home, 3855 10
Ave S.; office, 828 Metropoli- tan Bank Bldg., Minneapolis, Minn.
#KENNELXi, Charles Oscar. Pa- per ruler; exec. coun., Intl. Bro. of Bookbinders, since 1918. Born Mar.
9, 1879, Nashville, Tenn. Father a fireman. Prim., gram. sch., Nashville. Author: reports to trade
journals on conditions in Southeast. Member Masons, Shriners. Politics Democratic. Home, 66
Carrera St.; office, The Record Co., St. Augustine, Fla.
#KEOUGH, Michael J. Pres. Intl. Molders' U. since 1924. Vice- pres. 1895-1924. Office, Box 699,
Cincinnati, Ohio.

#KERCHEN, John Lawrence. Org. of workers' educ. fer Calif. Fed. of Labor, and extension div. of Univ.
of Calif, since 1921. Born Apr. 16, 1878, Olympla, Wash. Father a farmer. Gram. sch., Alpha; high
sch., Centrail5' (124)124 AMERICAN LABOR WHO'S WHO and private acad.; A. B., Univ. of Calif.,
1917; Bradiey Polytechnic. summer, 1913; Stout Inst. sum- mer, 1914; post-grad, work, Univ. of
Calif., 1920-2. Formerly lum- ber-jack, cabinet maker, teacher. Dir. vocational educ., Spokane, Wash.,
1906-11; Portland, Ore. 1911-6; also instr.; student Univ. of Calif. 1916-8; instr. Tech. High sen.,
Oakland, Calif., 1918-20. Author: numerous short articles on labor and economic subjects; Master's
thesis on Relation of Organized Labor to Vocational Education. Member Amer. Fed. of Teachers,
Masons. Politics in- dependent. Home, Cottage 5, All- ston Way; office, 301 California Hall, Berkeley,

#KERNGOOD, William J. Secy. Amer. Fed. of Musicians since 1919. Born June 25, 1876, Balti- more,
Md. Father a painter. Pub. sch., Baltimore. Pres. loc. 310, Amer. Fed. of Musicians, New York 1910-2.
Politics inde- pendent. Home, Newark Athl. Club; office, 239-241 Halsey St., Newark, N. J.
#KIEHN, Charles. Ed. Free Voice of the Amalgamated Food Workers since 1921; treas., since 1923,
Relief Fund for Children of Communists in distress in Ger- many, Austria and Hungary, raised through
German groups of Workers' P. and New York Volkszeitung. Born Oct. 30, 1868, Hamburg, Germany.
Father a master wheelwright. Pub. sch., Hamburg. Formerly ' a sailor, longshoreman, rigger, cook,
ship- yard worker; worked on farms in Australia and New Zealand, sheep shearing. Helped org.
Seamen'? and Firemen's U. in New York, 1890; also Longshoremen's U. in Hoboken, N. J., 1896; secy,
loc., 1900-8, with short interruptions; helped org. English br., Socialist P., Hoboken, 1901-3; secy.
Hobo- ken city comt., Socialist P., 1902-18; gen. org. Intl. Long- shoremen's Assn., 1903; del. 1st I. W.
W. conv., 1905; pres. Amer. Coop, of Hoboken, 1910 to dis- solution, 1913; mgr. coop, store in
Hoboken, 8 mos. Author: leaf- lets and articles on current sub- jects; trade union and political ed.
Hudson County Socialist, 1910 to suspension, 1915; also, translations. Member Amal. Food W.,
Workingmen's Sick & Death Ben. Fund, Longshoreman's Sick Ben. Fund, Cremation Soc., So- cialist
Relief Soc., Lg. for Mutual Aid. Workers' P. Home, 307 Washington St., Hoboken, N. J.: office, 81 B. 10
#KELP, Frederick Joseph. Gen. chair. Bro. of Loco. Engineers, Soo Line Ry. since 1916; pres.
Transportation Brother- hoods' Natl. Bank, Minneapolis, since 1923. Born June 24, 1866, Jamesville,
Wis. Father a yard- master. Pub., high sch., Osh- kosh. Locomotive fireman, 1888- 90; locomotive
engineer since 1898. Gen. chair., Bro. of Loco. Firemen, Wis. Cent. Ry., 1900-3; gen. comt. of
adjustment, Bro. of kosh. Locomotive fireman, 1888- 30; locomotive engineer since 1898. Gen.
chair., Bro. of Loco. Member K. of C. Politics inde- pendent. Home, 3420 19 Ave. S.; office, 623
Boston Block, Minne- apolis, Minn.

#KING, A. E. Gen. secy.-treas. Bro. R. R. Trainmen since 1897. Born Stept. 17, 1860, Norwich, N. Y.
Train service, D. L. & W. R. R., 1880-97. Office, B. R. T. Bldg., Cleveland, Ohio.

#KING, Cameron Haight. Clerk; ed. Labor World, (Socialist weekly), San Francisco, Calif., since 1920;
chair. Calif, exec, comt. Socialist P. since 1918; vice-pres. Proportional Represen- (125)AMERlCAN
LABOR WHO'S WHO 125 tatlon Lg. Born July 4, 1877, San Francisco. Father a lawyer. Prim. scn.,
Brooklyn, N. Y.; gram., high scn., San Francisco; Leland Stanford Univ., 1898. Pres. San Francisco bd.
of election comssnrs. 1909; Office Empl. Assn. 13188. 1910-11; vice-pres. San Francisco Labor Coun.
1911-2. Member La Follette Calif, cam- paign comt., 1924. Socialist P. Home, 117 Buchanan St.;
office, 1212 Market St., San Francisco, Calif.

#KING, Carol Weiss. Lawyer. Born Aug. 24, 1895, New York. Father a lawyer. Private, high sch., New
York; A. B., Barnard Coll., 1916; J. D., N. Y. Univ. Law Sch., 1920. Formerly economic researcher,
teacher. Cand. for presidential elector, Farmer- Labor P., 1920; for city judge, 1921. Author: monthly
law bul- letins for Amer. Civil Lib. U.; "Court Decisions Affecting La- bor" in American Labor Year
Book, 1923-4, '5. Home, 323 W. 22 St.; office, 80 E. 11 St., New York, N. Y.
#KIN«, Murray Edwin. Writer; Socialist speaker. Born Aug. 6, 1874, Fillmore, Utah. Father a farmer.
Pub. sch., Kingston; high sch., Fillmore Acad.; Provo Coll. Sch. teacher, 1893-8; volunteer in Span.-
Amer. War, newspaper re- porter, ed. Utah Labor Journal, 1898-1904. Org. and speaker for natl.
Socialist P. and for Salt Lake City br., campaign mgr. Salt Lake City Socialist P.; news- paper reporter
and publicity writer, 1904-11. Org. Inter-moun- tain Worker, official organ of Salt Lake Fed. of Labor,
Ogden Trades & Labor Assem., and Socialist P. of Utah, 1912; ed. 1912-5; mining publicity writer,
1916. Org. natl. Non-Partisan Lg., Colo., 1917; ed. Non-partisan League Publicity Bur.; ed. writer,
Grand Forks American, feature writer Courier- News, Fargo, N. D., 1918-9. Org., Farmer-Labor P.,
New York; campaign mgr. Farmer-Labor P., Baltimore, 1920-1; ed. writer, Minnesota Dally Star, 1922-
3. Farmer-Labor campaign mgr. 5th Cong. dist. Minn., 1924. Author: Socialism and Human Nature,
1902; Why Cooperatives Have Failed, 1902; Socialism and New Zealandism. 1902; "Debs", a poem.
1908; "Back to the Front," a war- poem. 1916; "Apocalypse of the Desert," article on Utah in "These
United States" series in The Na- tion, 1921; poems, pamphlets and magazine articles. Member Min-
#KINSELL, S. Tyson. Vice-pres. Natl. Fed. of Federal Empl. since 1918; pres. loc. 23, since 1919; pres.
Producers' and Consumers' Bank since 1924; member 3rd dist. U. S. Civil Service Bd. since 1923;
registered U. S. patent atty. since 1902. Born Feb. 7, 1876, Montgomery County, Pa. Father a farmer.
Pub. and high sch., Montgomery County; bus. coll. Member sch. bd., Borough of Yeadon, Pa. 1902;
ed., publ. The Delaware County Tribune, 1902- 3; U. S. Navy dept., 1903-4; U. S. Treasury dept., 1904-
24; bd. of health, Lansdowne, 1907-8. Or- ganized Federal Empl. U. of Philadelphia, 1916; assisted in
organizing Fed. of Federal Empl., 1917. Assisted in organizing Trade U. Coll. of Philadelphia, 1920. 1st
pres., 2 yrs.; org. various locals of Federal Empl. in Pa., N. J., Ohio, and Del.; del. Cent. Labor U. of
Philadelphia, 1918-24; assisted in organizing 1st Coop. Bank of Philadelphia, (126)136 AMERlCAN
LABOR WHO'S WHO 1921. Author: verse, "The Con- vict," "Cry of the Innocents," "The Cross in
Flanders Fields," "Penelope"; ed. writings. Mem- ber Elks. City Club of Philadel- phia, Soc. for Ethical
Culture; life member Pen & Pencil Club of Philadelphia, life member Amer. Natl. Red Cross.
Republican. Home, Philadelphia; office, 927-9 Chestnut St., Philadelphia, Pa.

#KIKIW, Joseph Aloyslus. 8th vice-pres. Intl. Assn. of Fire Fighters since 1920; secy.-treas. Assn. of
Ohio Fire Fighters since 1919; fire dept. dist. chief since 1923. Born July 10, 1872, Day- ton, Ohio.
Father a city fireman. Pub. and high sch., Dayton. Locomotive engineer until 1908. Formerly legls.
agt. for firemen of Ohio; org. for Intl. Assn. of Fire Fighters. Member Bro. of Loco. Engineers, Eagles.
Re- publican. Home, 224 Hartford St.; office, Fire Station 2, Dayton, Ohio.
#KIRKPATRICK, George Ross. Writer. Born Feb. 24, 1867, W. La Fayette, Ohio. Father a far- mer.
Country sch.; Allegheny Coll. Prep. Sch.; Ohio Wesleyan Univ.; A.B., Albion Coll.; grad. student,
Vanderbilt Univ. and Univ. of Chicago. Formerly a teacher, Southwestern Coll.; Ripon Coll. 4 yrs.;
Rand Sch. of Social Science 3 yrs. Lecturer for So- cialist P. 20 yrs.; cand. vice-pres. of U. S. on Socialist
P. ticket, 1916. Author: Mental Dynamite, pamphlet, 1906; War, What For? 1910; Thinkâ€Or        ”
Surrender, 1916. Socialist P. Home, 4206 W. Mon- roe St.; office, 2653 Washington Blvd., Chicago,
#KLE1BKR, Victor. Secy. Intl. Molders' U. of N. A. since 1909; asst. secy. 1904-9; iron molder. Born
Nov. 19, 1857, Buffalo, N. Y. Father an iron molder. Parochial sch.; Milwaukee, 1863- 72. Joined
Molders' U. 1879. Master Workman, Knights of La- bor, Keokuk, Iowa, 1886; bus. agt., Holders' U., St.
Louis, 1901- 4. Politics independent. Home, 4530 Forest Ave., Norwood; office, 530 Wainut St.,
Cincinnati, Ohio.
#KLEIN, Gertrude Well. Ed. Free Youth since foundation 1924; secy, to mgr. New York jt. bd. Amal,
Clothing W. of A. since 1920; org. and dir. Young People's Socialist Lg. intermit- tently since 1914; dir.
Socialist Sunday Sch. of Williamsburg since 1914, though not consecu- tively. Born Aug. 25, 1895,
Brooklyn. Father an ins. sales- man. Pub., high sch., Brooklyn; Rand Sch. of Social Science. Formerly
exec. secy, and research worker with New York Socialist Aldermanic Delegation Research Bur.;
feature writer, New York Evening Journal, and New York Call; social worker with Prison Assn. of N. Y.;
educ. work with health clinic of U. Health Center of Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. Street corner speaker
for Socialist P.; worked with women's peace groups; gave poetry readings and talks on modern
tendencies in poetry before various radical and conservative groups. Author: re- ports on housing
and milk inves- tigations by Socialist Aldermanic Research Bur., 1919, in New York Call. Member
Office W. U., Bookkeepers', Steno. & Accts.' U., Lg. for Indust. Democ. Socialist. Home, 88 Harman
St., Brooklyn; office, 621 Broadway, New York, N. Y,

#KLINE, James Waller. Gen. pres., Intl. Bro. of Blacksmiths, Drop Forgers & H. since 1905; mng. ed.
Blacksmiths' Journal since 1919. Born Mar. 1, 1860, Luzerne County, Pa, Father a blacksmith and
horseshoer. Pub. sch., Columbia County, Pa. R. r. (127)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO l27 and
general machine smith for 30 yrs. Trustee Intl. Bro. of Blacksmiths, Drop Forgers & H., 1901-3; vice-
pres. 1904-5. Corr. for Labor Record, Kansas City, Kan., 1902-5; active in Knights of Labor; member
assem. 3694. Ed. Blacksmiths' Journal 1905-19. Member Masons, Knights Tem- plar, Shriners,
Moose, Un. Work- men; Methodist Church, Fed. Coun. of Churches of Christ in A. Politics non-
partisan. Home, 1225 Rowland Ave., Kansas City, Kan.; office, 2922 Washington Blvd., Chicago, 11l.
#HUNKER, George P. Secy. Natl. Fed. of Rural Letter Car- riers. Address, La Fayette, Ind.

#KI/UEG, Grace Bntler. 2nd vice- pres. Machinists' Auxiliary since 1919; exec. bd. Women's Trade U.
Lg. since 1922; exec. bd. Pio- neer Youth of A. since formation 1924. Born May 25, 1874, Black- burn,
Lancashire, England. Father a machinist. Parochial sch. until 10 yrs. of age. Came to U. S. 1886. Began
work at age of 10, as a weaver attendant; worked in thread mills until marriage at 19. Has 5 children.
Has always tried to give the machinists' children a trade union outlook, realizing that the struggle of
the fathers would be successful only temporarily unless the children were edu- cated in unionism.
Home, 1816 Stanhope St., Brooklyn, N. Y.

#KNOFF, Ralph A. Chair, gen. grievance comt., Pa. Lines West, Bro. of R. R. Trainmen, since 1920; dir.
Bro. Savings and Trust Co., Pittsburgh, Pa,, since 1923; conductor Pa. R. R. since 1923. Born Oct. 5,
1881, Pemberville, Ohio. Father a civil engineer. High sch., Decatur, Ind. Member K. of P. Politics
independent. Home, 505 Fairywood Ave., Graf- ton br.; office, General Forbes Hotel, Pittsburgh, Pa.
#KNUDSEN, William Ross. Calif, exec. comt., Socialist Labor P. since 1915; lecturer, San Fran- cisco
Labor Coll. and Socialist Labor P. classes, 1924; cand. vice-pres. Intl. Assn. of Machin- ists, 1925; bus.
agt. San Francisco loc. 1924; machinist. Born Sept. 30, 1892, Petaluma, Calif. Father a chicken
rancher. Gram., high sch., San Jose; A. B., Univ. of Calif., 1914. Del. San Francisco Iron Trades Coun.
1913-8, 1923-5; active in 4 4-hr.-strike of San Francisco machinists, 1918; pres. Cent. Labor Coun.,
San Jose, 1918-9; led Akron, Ohio, strike of 3,000 machinists, 1919; intl. org. Intl. Assn. of Machinists,
1919-21; led 10,000 machinists in 7-mos.- strike in Cincinnati, 1920; un- successful opposition cand.
for intl. pres. 1922; natl. tour in be- half of Soviet Russia, 1921-2. Del. Red Trade Unions Intl. Cong,
and Communist Intl., Moscow, 1922; delivered address to gradu- ating officers of Red Army in
Petrograd, on 5th anniversary of Soviet Republic. Nov. 6, 1922. Org. Machinists, San Francisco;
Socialist Labor P. cand. for mayor 1923; presidential elector Socialist Labor P. of Calif. 1924. Author:
articles on economics, labor movt., psychology, eco- nomic geography, science, history. Home, 2307
Greenwich St.; office. Room 208, Labor Temple, 16 & Capp St., San Francisco, Calif.

#KNUTSON, Alfred. Dist. org. Workers' P., N. and S. Dakota, and Eastern Mont, since 1923; exec.
comt. Farmer-Labor P., N. D., since May, 1924. Born Aug. 28, 1880, Skaanevik, Nor- way. Father a
newspaper ed. Pub. sch., Norway. Came to U. S. 1889; gram., high sch., coll., Concordia Coll.; A. B.,
Univ. of S. D. 1912. Formerly a r. r. track worker, farm hand, lumber jack, clerk, sch. teacher, carpen-
(128)l28 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO ter, org. Wash. Non-partisan Lg Principal Leola 8. D. pub.
sch. 1912-3. Mgr. Idaho and Wash Non-Partisan Lg. 1916-8. Ad- dress, Bismarck, N. D.
#KOCH, Anton. Secy.-treas dist. 21, Un. Mine W. of A., since 1923. Born Aug. 15, 1894, Le- high, Okla.
Father a coal miner Self-educated. Formerly a coal miner. Home, 1606 Callahan St.; office, 713 Ry.
Exchange Bidg., 2 St., Muskogee, Okla.

#KOElir/EK, George M. Exec. bd. Bakery & Conf. W. Intl. U. of A.; bus. agt. loc. 218. Born in
Winchester, Mo. Father a r. r. worker. Prim. sch., Kansas City, 4 yrs. Worked in spice mills 6 yrs.;
baker. Home, 423 S. W. Blvd., Kansas City, Kan.; office, Labor Temple, Kansas City, Mo.

#KOHN, William. Pres. Uphol- sterers' Intl. U. of N. A. since 1921. Born Dec. 14, 1874. Self-educated.
Natl. org. Upholsterers' Intl. U. 1908; bus. rep. 1909-21; pres. New York Cent. Fed. U., 1918-9; del.
New York Bldg. Trades Coun. 1909-21. Active in independent political movts.; nominated for La
Follette elector, 1924. Office, 230 E. 58 St., New York, N. Y.

#KOPALD, Sylvia. Teacher, Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U., New York, since 1922; economics dept.,
Columbia Univ., since 1922; con- trib. to Justice and Nation. Born Apr. 22, 1899, Brooklyn. Father a
pharmacist. Pub., high sch., New York; A.B. Barnard Coll.; Ph.D., Columbia, 1924; courses in New Sch.
of Social Research. Teacher, Amal. Clothing W. of A., 1922-3; asst. economics dept., Barnard Coll.,
1921-2; statistician Fedi. Reserve Bank. Author: Re- bellion in Labor Unions, 1924; Economics and the
Labor Move- ment, publ. by Intl. Ladies' Gar- ment W. U., 1924. Member Amer. Fed. of Teachers, Phi
Beta Kappa. Home, 492 Quincy St.; mailing address, 629 Gates Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y.

#KRAMER, William F. Gen. secy.-treas. Intl. Bro. of Black- smiths, Drop Forgers & H. since 1909. Born
Dec. 28, 1866. Father a comssn. auctioneer. Pub. sch., Pittsburgh, Pa,; night sch., Duff Business Coll.
Formerly a news- boy; blacksmith. Gen. exec. bd., 1907-9; bus. agt. Pittsburgh dist., 1908-9; asso. ed.
Blacksmith's Journal, 1909-19; del. A. F. of L. 1914-9. Politics non-partisan. Home, 426 N. Lombard
Ave., Oak Park; office, 2922 Washington Blvd., Chicago, 11l.
#KRAUS, William Alphonse. Pres., gen. mgr., North Jersey Coop. Soc. since 1918; valuation engineer.
Born July 7, 1886, Ant- werp, Belgium. Father a me- chanic. Prim. sch., in Belgium and Germany.
Came to U. S. 1898. Gram. sch., Mechanics' Inst., New York. Formerly a machinist, draftsman,
purchasing agt. Helped organize Coop. Lg. of U. S. A.; org. Coop. conv. of Eastern State Societies, New
York, 1914; pres. W. New York Coop. Soc., 1912-5; org. bus. mgr. The Cooperative Consumer now
Cooperation, 1914-8; dir. Coop. Lg. of U. S. A., 1918-9; org. vari- ous coop. dist. groups; chair, su-
pervisory comt., Twin Borough Credit Soc., Bergenfield, N. J. Author: articles on coop, in The New
York Call and other labor papers, 1912-4. Home, 123 W. Clinton Ave., Bergenfield, N. J.
#KREPPS, Forrest M. Secy.- treas. Coopers' Intl. U. of N. A. and ed. Coopers' International Journal.
Office, Meriweather Bldg., Kansas City, Kan.

#KREUTZLAN, Dora Victoria. Power machine operator on men's garments; pres. Minneapo- is
Women's Trade U. Lg. since (129)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO l29 r~ -1922; pres. Women's Club
of La- bor Temple Assn. 1924; del. Min- neapolis Trades & Labor Assem. from loc. 27, Un. Garment
W. of A., since 1921. Born May 9, 1890, Chaska, Minn. Father a farmer. Gram. scn., Chaska; 2
summer courses at Bryn Mawr Summer Sch. for Women in Industry. Formerly a domestic worker.
1st secy.-treas. Hennlpen County Women's Non-Partlsan Clubs, 1919; pres. 9th ward, 1919; 1st
woman member Minn. exec. bd. of Working People's Non-Partl- san Political Lg. 1921. Del. Minn.
Fed. of Labor from loc. 27. Un. Garment W. of A., 1921, '4; chair, R. R. Strikers' Aid Lg., Minneapolis;
one of comt. of 5 women who raised $1,000 to buy clothing for wives and children of striking r. r.
shopmen, 1922; has addressed labor groups on various subjects. Member Minn. comt. La Follette-
Wheeler cam- paign, 1924. Politics Farmer- Labor Fed. Home, 2207 Polk St . N. E., Minneapolis, Minn.

#KBIEGHOFF, William Lewis. Retired contractor. Born Apr. 22, 1853, Montreal, Canada. Father an
upholsterer. Prim. sch., Zurich, Switzerland; gram. sch., Toronto, Canada. Cigar maker until 1894;
salesman, ma- son, 1909-18. Cand. for gov. of Mich. on Socialist P. ticket 1924. Author: A few
librettos, poems; translated songs from English in- to German and vice versa. Mem- ber Cigarmkrs.'
Intl. U., 22; Workingmen's Sick & Death Ben. Fund; Socialist Mannerchor & Harmonle Singing Soc.
Socialist since 1874. Home, 1102 Wayburn Ave., Detroit, Mich.

#KRUMBEIN, Charles. Org. dist. 2, Workers' P. of A., since 1923. Born Feb. 10, 1889, Chi- cago, 11l.
Father a painter. Prim. sch. to 4th grade; mechanical course, corr. sch.; Workers' high sch., evenings.
Formerly a steam- fitter. Active in Chicago Trades U. movt. 16 yrs., especially in Landis award fight
and unem- ployment conf., 1920-1; in Social- ist and Communist movt. last 15 yrs.; org. dist. 8,
Workers' P. 3 yrs. Del. Chicago Fed. of Labor during amalgamation and Labor P. fights. Member Un.
Assn. of Plumbers, Steam F. & Steam F. H. of U. S. & Can. Office, 108 E. 14 St., New York, N. Y.

#KRZYCKI, Leo. Gen. exec. bd. Amal. Clothing W. of A. since 1922; gen. org. since 1920. Born Aug. 10,
1881, Milwaukee. Father a laborer. Prim. sch., Milwaukee. Formerly a lithographer. Officer in various
labor organizations since 1904; alderman, Milwaukee, 1912-6; undersherlff, 1918-20. Socialist P.
Home, 1023 Becher St., Milwaukee, Wis.; office, 31 Union Sq., New York, N. Y.
#KUCHARSKA, Staiiislava. Ed. Przemyslowa Demokracja, Polish organ of Amal. Clothing W. of A. Born
Dec. 23, 1894, in Poland. Father a physician. Pub. sch.; Lublin Coll., Poland. Formerly a teacher; ed.
Bicz Bozy, publ. by Polish Socialist P. of A.; lecturer and labor educator. Active in left wing Socialist P.
in Poland. Politics, Polish Socialist Alliance of A. Home, 424 E. 9 St.; office, 31 Union Sq., New York, N.

#KUULIK, Alexander. Tool- maker; natl. exec. comt. Socialist Labor P. of A. since 1923. Born June 27,
1888, Budapest, Hun- gary. Father a shoemaker. Sch. to 6th grade, Budapest; trade sch. Formerly a
type-setter, ma- chine hand. Exec. comt. Young Workers' Socialist Lg. of Buda- pest, 1905-6; shop
del. of Printers' U., 1907-9. Came to U. S. 1912. Natl. secy. Hungarian Socialist Labor Fed., 1918-9; ed.
Mun- kas, 1919-22. Translator into Hun- (130)l30 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO garlan: Daniel
DeLeon's Two Pages from Roman History, 1918; Henry Kuhn's The Mines to the Miners

, 1919; preface to Wilhelm Bohm's Origin and Downfall of the Hungarian Soviet Republic. 1920; Olive
M. Johnson's Woman and the Socialist Movement, 1922; Christ Anastasoff's Is the Socialist Labor
Party Justified, in Hun- garian, 1924, all publ. by the Hun- garian Socialist Labor Fed.; Eugene Sue's
Branding Needie, not published. Author: The American Labor Movement, A Study, 1924. Was
member Work- ers' Intl. Indust. U. Home, 35 Princeton St., Bridgeport, Conn.
#KUOLEIl, Albert J. Org. Intl. U. of Brewery, Flour, C. & S. D. W. of A.; del. A. F. of L. 1924. Office, 2347
Vine St, Cincinnati. Ohio.
#KVALE, O. J. Congressman, 7th Dist., Minn., since 1917. Born Feb. 6, 1869, Decorah, Iowa. Fa- ther a
farmer. Rural scn., Luther Coll. Acad.; A. B., Luther Coll., 1890; C. T., Luther Theological Seminary
1893; A.M., Univ. of Chicago, 1914. Formerly instr. in English and Latin, Bruflat Acad., 1 yr.; pastor in
Lutheran Church 29 yrs. Member Farmer-Labor P. of Minn. Home, Benson, Minn. Maurice. (See

#LACKLAND, George S. Pres. Denver Labor Coll.; pres. Denver Open Forum; minister Grace
Community Church, Denver. Born Oct. 11, 1891, Weston-Sur-Mare, England. Father a minister. Prim.,
gram., high sch., Ontario, Canada; Toronto Univ. Member Bro. of Ry. Carmen of A.; west- ern rep.
Workers' Educ. Bur. Home, 1257 Bannock St.; office, 210 W. 13 Ave., Denver, Colo.

#LA FOLLETTE, Robert Marlon. U. S. Senator from Wis. since 1905. Born June 14, 1855, Prim- rose,
Wis. B. S., Univ. of Wis. 1870; LL.D., 1901. Admitted to bar 1880; dist. atty. Dane County 1880-4.
Congressman from Wis. 1885-91; member Ways and Means comt., took part in framing Mc- Kinley
tariff bill; del. Republican Natl. Conv. 1896, 1904. Gov. of Wis., 1901-7; resigned 1906 after election
to U. S. Senate. Received 25 votes for presidential nomina- tion at Republican Natl. Conv. 1908;
Progressive cand. for Pres. of U. S. 1924. Led movt. for di- rect primary, for taxation of rail- roads,
control of railway rates; sponsored seamen's law in Senate. Author: magazine articles; Auto-
biography, A Personal Narrative of Political Experiences, 1913. Home, Maple Bluff Farm. Madi- son,
Wis.; office. Senate Office Bldg., Washington, D. C.

#LA FRANCE, Ernest. Cloth- ing store mgr. Born Feb. 27, 1884, Troy, N. Y. Father a bar- ber. Gram.
sch., La Salle Corr. Sch. Went to work at age of 16. Clerk and salesman 1900-20. Member Socialist
Labor P. since 1909; gen. secy.-treas. Workers' Intl. Indust. U. 1922 until dis- banding of organization
1924. Home, 1710 7 Ave.; office, 329 River St., Troy, N. Y.
#LaGUARDIA, F1 o r e 11 o H. Lawyer; congressman 1916-20, re- elected 1924 on LaFollette ticket .
Born Dec. 11, 1882, New York. Father a musician. Gram., high sch., Prescott, Ariz.; New York Univ.
Truck driver, stenographer, teacher. Amur. Consul at Flume (131)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO l3l
1904-6; interpreter, immigration service, Ellis Is., 1907-10. Depu- ty atty.-gen., New York, 1915-7.
Pres. New York Bd. of Aldermen 1920-2. Wrote editorials for New York Evening Journal, June-Oct.
1922. Lawyer for Amal. Clothing W. of A. Progressive Republican. Home, 1852 University Ave.; of-
fice, 233 Broadway, New York, N. Y. IjAIDLER, Harry Wellington. Exec. dir. Lg. for Indust. Democ.
since 1910; ed. bd. Labor Age since 1921; member Labor Re- search comt., Rand Sch. of Social
Science, since 1923; member N. Y. Bar since 1911; bd. dir. Natl. Bur. of Economic Research since
1920. Born Feb. 18, 1884, Brook- lyn. Father a salesman. Gram., high sch., Brooklyn; A. B., Wes- leyan
Univ., 1907; LL. B., Brook- lyn Law Sch., 1910; Ph. D., Col- umbia, 1914. Reporter, Brooklyn Dally
Eagle, 1907-10. Secy. Inter- coll. Socialist Soc. (since 1921 Lg. for Indust. Democ.) 1910-21; ed. The
Intercollegiate Socialist 1913- 9; ed. Socialist Review 1919-21. Author: Boycotts and the Labor

#LAMBKIN, Cyril. Pres. Work- ers' Educ. Assn., Detroit, since 1921; gen. mgr. House of the Masses,
Detroit, since 1920. Born Apr. 2, 1891, Popelyany, Lithu- ania-Russia. Father a merchant. Came to U.
S. 1906. High sch., New York; LL. B., Detroit Coll. of Law 1915. Cand. for atty.- gen. 1924, on Workers'
P. ticket. Home, 1474 Hazel wood Ave.; of- fice, 2646 St. Aubin Ave., Detroit, Mich.
#LAMMERT, Charles J. Secy.- treas. Intl. Bro. of Painters, Dec- orators & Paperh. of A.; del. A. F. of L.
1924. Office, Painters' & Decorators' Bldg., LaFayette, Ind.

#LANDSMAN, Hyman Harry. Accountant; fin. secy., Chelsea, Mass., Labor Lyceum Assn. since 1922.
Born Sept. 15, 1895, Viina, Russia. Father a shoemaker. Gram. high sch., Russia. Night sessions, B.
Com. S., Northeastern Coll., Sch. of Commerce & Fin,. 1914-9. Shipper; salesman; book- keeper.
Assisted Socialist P., Workmen's Circle, coop, stores, and other organizations in book- keeping
methods and fln. affairs. Member Socialist P. 1909-19; Workmen's Circle. Home, 56 Evelyn St.,
Mattapan; office, 453 Broadway, Chelsea, Mass. (132)l32 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO
#LANE, Dennis. Secy.-treas Amal. Meat Cutters & Butche Workmen of N. A.; del. A. F. o L. 1924;
member comt. on laws Office, 166 W. Washington St. Chicago. 11l.

#LANE, Wlnthrop David. Writer journalist. Born May 29, 1887 Fort Wayne, Ind. Father a teach er.
Gram., high sch., Fort Wayne A. B., Univ. of Mich. 1910. Asso ed. The Survey, 1911-20; ed. an special
writer The New York Eve ning Post 1920-1; staff The New York Leader, 1923. In charge o field
investigation, wrote repor for Comt. of Inquiry on Coal, and Civil Liberties, of which Prof Zechariah
Chaffee, Jr. was chair man, 1923; made report to U. S Coal Comssn. Performed specia services in
connection with Her- rin trial of coal miners and meai packers' strike in New York City in 1922-3 for
Labor Bur. Author: pamphlets. Civil War in West Virginia, 1920, and The Denial of Civil Liberties in the
Coal Fields, 1924; Revised Punishment and Reformation. Home, 78 Bedford St., New York, N. Y.
#LANGDON, P. E. Secy.-treas. Intl. Bro. of Steam Shovel & Dredgemen; ed. and mgr. Steam Shovel
and Dredge. Address, 306 Machinists' Bldg., Washington, D. C.
#LANSDON, William Clarence. Farmer; natl. lecturer and org. for Farmers' U. since 1920; vice- pres.
Kan. Farmers' U. since 1922; ed. Kansas Union Farmer since 1922; member of U. S. Bd. of Tax
Appeals since July, 1924. Born May 6, 1863, Linn County, Kan. Father a farmer, frontiers- man and
soldier. Rural sch.; Normal sch.; Univ. of Kan.; Kan. Teachers' Coll. Express messen- ger 1881-2;
country sch. teacher 1882-6; teacher of history and political economy, Kan. Normal Coll. 1886-93;
ed. and mgr. Ft. Scott Dally Monitor 1893-6; prin- cipal Ft. Scott High Sch. 1896- 1905; faculty, Univ.
of Kan. 1905- 11; ed., mgr. Salina Daily Union 1911-8; supervisor of census, 5th Kan. dist. 1920.
Author: Labor- atory Manual of U. S. History, 1888; A Demagogue Unmasked, 1912; Cooperation,
History, Meth- ods, and Necessity, 1913; Coopera- tive Business, 1915. Member Farmers' Educ. &
Coop. U. of A., Elks, K. of P., Odd Fellows, Mod- ern Woodmen. Democrat. Home, Salina, Kan.; office,
410 Invest- ment Bldg., Washington, D. C.

#LARGE, William J. Treas. Bro. of Loco. Engineers' Coop. Bank, New York. Born Nov. 24, 1885,
Brooklyn. Father an upholsterer. Gram., eve. sch., New York. Worked at every position in a bank
from messenger to cashier; bank examiner U. S. govt. 1916- 20; acting cashier Natl. Butchers' &
Drovers' Bank, New York; cashier 1st Natl. Bank, Rockville Center, N. Y. Author of reports to govt. on
investigation of bank defaications in all parts of the U. S. Member Masons. Supported iaFollette-
Wheeler, 1924. Home, 409 Macon St., Brooklyn; office, 208 W. 33 St., New York, N. Y.
#LARGER, B. A. Gen. Secy. Un. Garment W. of A. and ed. The arment Worker. Office, 116-7 Bible
House, New York, N. Y.
#LARKIN, James. (See Ire- and.)
#LARKIN, Walter. Vice-pres. \.mal. Assn. of Iron, Steel & Tin W., sheet and tin div. Born Dec. 8, 1865,
Nanty Glo, Monmouth- hire, England. Father a pud- ler. Elem., high sch:, coll., tockton-on-Tees,
Durham. Eng- and; trade sch., labor coll., Eng- and. Has been a puddier, tin late roller, tin plate
heater, tin late doubler. Author: annual (133)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO l33 reports to convs.
since 1887. Member Masons, Moose. Demo- crat. Home, 322 N. 6 St., Mar- tin's Ferry, Ohio; office,
510 4 Ave., Pittsburgh, Pa.

#LARSEN, Carl. Natl. secy.- treas. Amal. Metal W. of A. since 1924; machinist. Born Sept. 19, 1885,
Brooklyn, N. Y. Father a machinist. Primary sch., Brook- lyn. Began machinists' trade at age of 13.
Org. for Bro. of Metal W., N. J. dist., 1912-7. Office, 81 E. 10 St., New York, N. Y.

#LAUNER, S. Edward. 4th vice- pres. Intl. Bro. of Pulp, Sulphite & Paper Mill W. of U. S. & Can. since
1918. Born Aug. 28, 1876, Carmi, 11l. Father a minister. B. L., La Fayette Coll. 1898. Taught sch. in
mountains and in high schs.. Ore., 1896-1914. Mem- ber Intl. Bro. of Pulp, Sulphite & Paper Mill W.
since 1916; worked in mill 1914-7. Active in educ. work in Yamhill County, Ore.; lecturer, assisted in
county insti- tutes. Ed. page in Oregon Labor Press 1917-8, during paper mill strike on Pacific coast.
Author: pamphlet, Proud of Being a Scab, 1918. Member Woodmen of World. Independent voter.
Home, Box 460, Green Bay, Wis.

#LAVANEER, Frank Jacob. Plumber; treas. Ky. Socialist P. since 1918. Born Dec. 6, 1876, Cincinnati.
Father a carpenter. Roman Catholic elem. sch., Cov- ington, Ky. Went to work at age of 13. In
plumbing bus. 25 yrs. Member Socialist P. since 1899; org. for Ky. 1899-1901; cand. for counsel 1899,
1901, '3, '4, '6; for alderman 1908, '10, '3. Address, 113 W. 10 St., Covington, Ky.
#LAWLOR, Martin. Secy.-treas. Un. Hatters of N. A. since 1903. Born Nov. 27, 1868, in Ireland. Father
a laborer. Elem., high sch., Ireland. Came to U. S. 1886. Apprenticed to hatter 1896; worked at trade
until 1903. Secy. Hat Makers' U., Bethel, Conn., 1889-1903. Democrat. Home, 310 Classon Ave.,
Brooklyn; office, 418 Bible House, New York, N. Y.

#LAWSON, George William. Secy. Minn. Fed. of Labor since 1914; member gen. exec. bd. of Boot &
Shoe W. U. Born July 4, 1876, Chicago. Father a clerk. Gram. sch., St. Paul, Minn. Went to work at age
of 16 as office clerk. Shoe maker 1900-14. Mem- ber Boot & Shoe W. Intl. U. since 1901; loc. fin.
secy. Member Elks, K. of C., Moose. Home, 648 Laurel St.; office, Labor Temple, St. Paul, Minn.

#LEE, Algernon. Educ. dir. Rand sch. of Social Science, New York since 1909. Born Sept. 15, 1873,
Dubuque, Iowa. Father a millwright and carpenter. Prim. sch. Fishkill, N. Y.; gram., high sch.,
Minneapolis; Univ. of Minn., 1892-7. Ed. Socialist papers, The Tocsin, Minneapolis, 1898-9; The
Worker, New York, 1899-1908; The Call, New York, 1908-9. Member Socialist Labor P. 1895- 9;
Socialist P. since 1899. Del. Intl. Socialist cong., Amsterdam. 1904; Stuttgart, 1907; The Hague, 1916;
Frankfort, 1922. Socialist alderman. New York, 1918-21; counted out at 1919 election, but after
court proceedings and re- count seated for last 2 mos. of term. Member Amer. Fed. of Teachers.
Home, 1186 Madison Ave.; office, 7 E. 15 St., New York, N. Y.

#LEE, William Granville. Pres. Bro. of R. R. Trainmen since 1909. Born Nov. 29, 1859, La Prairie, 1ll.
Father a carpenter and contractor. High sch., Bow- en, 1ll. R. r. brakeman, switch- man, and
conductor, 1879-1895. Member Bro. of R. R. Trainmen since 1891; vice-pres. 1895-1909. Republican.
Member Masons, (134)134 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Cleveland City Club, Civic Lg. Home,
1230 Belle Ave., Lake- wood; office, B. R. T. Bldg., Cleveland, Ohio.
#LEFEVER, Thomas. Pres. La- bor Natl. Bank, Three Forks, Mont., since 1923; electric loco- motive
engineer. Born Apr. 1, 1887, Townsend, Mont. Father a farmer. Gram, sch., Townsend. Engineer on
Mont. R. R. at age of 20; engineer of passenger train since age of 21; engineer of electric locomotive
since 1914. Home, 3 St., E. Three Forks, Mont.

#LEFKOVTTS, Samuel. Vice- pres. Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. since 1912; gen. org. 1916-20, '22-4.
Born June 19, 1881, Ujhely, Hungary. Father a tailor. Prim, sch., Hungary. Came to U. S. 1903. Went
to work at age of 12. Ladies' tailor and cloak maker 1896-1911. Org. and chair, of New York
Cloakmkrs. in I. W. W. 1905-7. Member Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. since 1903; bus. agt. New York
Cloakmkrs' jt. bd. 1911-3; dist. mgr. 1913-6; secy.- mgr. loc. 3, 1920-2; del. intl. conv. since 1912; del.
and translator for Intl. Clothing W. Fed. Cong., Copenhagen, 1920. Travelled on foot from Budapest
to Paris, and through Austria, Germany, France, England, Switzerland, Tyrol, Denmark, and Belgium.
Author: reports to union. Mem- ber Workmen's Circle. Home, 1324 Lexington Ave.; office, 3 W. 16
St., New York, N. Y.
#LEFKOWITZ, Abraham. Teach- er, ed., lecturer; vice-pres. Amer. Fed. of Teachers since 1919; legis.
rep. New York Teachers' U. since 1917, and chair, pension and grievance comt. since 1917; chair,
comt. on educ. and Labor Coll., member comt. on banking. New York Cent. Trades & Labor Coun.
since 1922; comt. on educ. N. Y. Fed. of Labor since 1920; co-ed. The New York Teacher since 1922;
dir. Natl. Urban Lg. since 1909; advisory comt. Manumit Sch. since formation 1924; exec. comt.
Brookwood Labor Coll. since formation 1921; natl. and loc. exec. comt. Amer. Labor P. since its
organization 1922, and chair. state platform comt. Farmer-Labor P. since 1920; natl. coun Pioneer
Youth of A. since 1924. Born Oct. 27, 1884, Revish, Hungary. Father a cloak presser and butcher.
Prim., gram, sch., New York; A. B., Coll. City of New York, 1904; A. M., N. Y. Univ., 1910; Ph. D., 1914.
Was shipping clerk, cashier, newsboy, candy store clerk, teacher. Member Amer. Fed. of Teachers
since 1917. Ed. Teachers' Bulletin 1919-22; co-ed. American Teacher 1918; secy. 1st platform comt.
Farmer-Labor P., Chicago, 1920. Author of thesis. Executive and Legislative Attempts at Emanci-
pation, 1914; The Committee on Rules, 1907; pamphlet. Super- vision and Rating, 1924. Mem- ber
#MJHMAN, Wiiliam. 8th vice- pres. Hotel & Rest. Empl. Intl. All. & Bartenders' Intl. Lg. of A. since
1923; secy.-treas. Waiters' & Waitresses' U. loc. 1 since 1918; waiter. Born Nov. 28, 1869, Flushing, L.
I., N. Y. Father a merchant. Gram., high sch., Berlin, Germany. Returned to U. S. 1884. Waiter 1885-
92. Member Hotel & Rest. Empl. Intl. All. of A. since 1891; pres. loc. 1, 1912-3, bus. agt. 1907-10,
1915-8; secy. loc. 4, 1892-6, when locals 1 and 4 were amalgamated. Member Walters' Sick Ben.
Soc.; Liberty, West Side Waiters' Sick (135)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO & Ben. Soc.; hon. member
Man- hattan Walters' Assn. Indepen- dent voter. Home, 914 Hoe Ave.; office, 162 B. 23 St., New
York, N. Y.
#IJEHNERT, Henry Matthew. Secy. Corvallis Typographical U. since 1917; volunteer org. A. F. of L.
since 1917; speaker; printer since 1907. Born Mar. 27, 1893, Clarissa, Minn. Father a farmer. Elem.,
high scn., Minto, N. D. Went to work at age of 14; r. r. worker, summers 1910-2 as station and round
house helper and wrecking crew. Member Intl. Typographical U. since 1913; pres. Cent. Labor Coun.,
Corvallis, 1920; pres. Willamette Valley Typo- graphical Conf. 1923; ed. and mgr. Labor Press,
Corvallis, 1920-2; member label comt. typographical and trades councils; member legls. comt. Ore.
Fed. of Labor, 1924. Handy man in labor cause, im- promptu speaker, and arbitrator in labor disputes
in city and coun- ty. Member Maccabees. Repub- lican. Home, 211 N. 12 St., Cor- vallis, Ore.
I/EISKRSON, William Morris. Chair, bd. of arbitration, men's clothing industry, Chicago, since 1923;
Baltimore, since 1921. Born Apr. 15, 1883, Reval, Esthonia. Father a tailor. Prim., gram. scn., New
York; A. B., Univ. of Wis. 1908; Ph. D., Columbia, 1911. Supt. Wis. employment bu- reaus, 1912-4;
prof. pol. science, Univ. of Toledo, 1915-8; chief, div. of labor adm., U. S. Dcpt. of Labor, 1918-9.
Chair, bd. of ar- bitration, men's clothing industry, Rochester 1919-21; New York 1920-2. Author:

#LESLIE, Mabel. Secy. Wom- en's Trade U. Lg. of New York since 1922; member New York Cent.
Trades & Labor Coun. since 1922, and member educ. comt. since 1923. Born Jan. 20, 1893,
Schenectady, N. Y. Gram. scn. to 7th grade, Scotia, N. Y.; Boston Trade U. Coll. 4 yrs. Electrical worker
1910-7. Member Intl. Bro. of Electrical W. since 1912; secy. Electrical W. U. 247, Schenec- tady; secy.
Schenectady dist. coun. of Electrical W.; vice-pres. Schenectady Trades Assem.; intl. secy. Telephone
Operators' Dept., Intl. Bro. of Electrical W., 1919- 22. Member wage bds. and price comts. in
Electrical W. U. Mem- ber bd. of control, Boston Trade U. Coll.; secy. Student Assn. Chair, indust.
sect. Schenectady Suffrage Assn. Home, 59 W. 10 St.; office, 247 Lexington Ave., New York, N. Y.
#LEVER, Emit John. Secy. La- bor Coll. of Philadelphia since 1923; bus. rep. Intl. Assn. of Machinists
since 1923; Pa. exec. comt. Farmer-Labor P. since May, 1924. Born Jan. 21, 1894, Cherson, Russia.
Father a farmer and town secy. Prim., gram. scn., Russia; gram. scn., Philadelphia; Intl. Corr. scn.;
Spring Garden Inst.; Brookwood Labor Coll. 1923. Went to work at age of 14. Machinist 1908-23.
Member Intl. Assn. of Machinists since 1914; org. dist. 1, 1920; volun- teer organizer. Author: The
Story of the Metal Workers (un- published); Organizing the Metal Workers (unpublished); articles for
Labor Age, Machinists' Jour- nal, and other labor periodicals. Member Conf. Prog. Pol. Act.,
Brookwood Labor Coll. Alumni. Home, 1315 N. 26 St.; office, R. 308, 929 Chestnut St., Philadel- phia,

#LEVERING, Noah Lee. Labor banker; vice-pres. and gen. mgr. San Bernardino Valley Bank; dir. 1st
Natl. Bank, Bakersfield, Calif., helped take over both banks for labor; dir. Rediands Bldg. & Loan
Assn.; half-owner L. & L. Paving Co., San Bernardino. Born 1869, Mechlin, Mo. Father a lawyer who
studied in Abraham Lincoin's office. Gram., state normal sen., Los Angeles. Taught school 1891- 6;
owner Rediands News & Sta- tionery Co., 1900-12; pres. 1st Natl. Bank of Highland, 1912-6. Member
Masons, Woodmen of the World, San Bernardino Country Club. Democrat. Home, 129 Pearl St.,
Rediands; office, 466-468 3 St., San Bernardino, Calif.
#LEVT, George S. Secy.-treas. of Bro. of Ry. & Steamship Clerks, Freight H., E. & S. E. since 1920; pres.
Bro. of Ry. Clerks' Natl. Bank, Cincinnati, since 1924. Born Apr. 3, 1884, Cynthia, Ky. Brown Inst. R. r.
accountant 1910-8. Member Bro. of Ry. & Steamship Clerks since 1913. Home, 2889 Romana Pl.,
Hyde Park; office, B. R. C. Bldg., Cin- cinnati, Ohio.

#LEVIN, Max. Lawyer; lec- turer on economics and labor movt. for Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U., Amal.
Clothing W. of A., Workmen's Circle, and other la- bor organizations since 1919. Born Mar. 15, 1890,
Viina, Rus- sia. Father a teacher. Gram., high sen., Russia; Coll. City of New York, 1911-3; LL. B., New
York Law Sen., 1916. Home, 67 7 Ave.; office, 1 Madison Ave., New York, N. Y.

#LEVIN, Samuel. Gen. exec. bd. Amal. Clothing W. of A.; mgr. Chicago jt. bd. since 1913; chair, bd. of
dir. Amal. Trust & Sav- ings Bank, Chicago. Born Dec. 25, 1884, in Russia. Father a merchant. High
sen., Moghileff, Russia, Was a clothing cutter; deputy loc. 61, Clothing Cutters & Trimmers, Un.
Garment W. of A., 1911-3. Active in formation of Amal. Clothing W. of A., 1914. Member Workmen's
Circle. So- cialist. Home, 3241 Thomas St.; office, 409 S. Halsted St., Chicago, 11l.
#LEVINE, Louis. Writer; re- search worker. Born Dec. 4, 1883, near Kiev, Russia. Prim,, gram, sen.,
New York; Classical Gymnasium, Russia; A. B., Col- umbia Univ., 1903; Ph. D., 1912. Special agt. U. S.
Bur. of Census, 1910; economic expert, N. Y. State Dept. of Labor 1912-5; instr., Columbia Univ.,
1914-5; lecturer Wellesley Coll., 1916; prof, economics, Univ. of Mont. 1916-9; special writer on
econom- ics, New York World, 1919-20; prof, economics, Beloit Coll., 1920-1; ed. staff, The Freeman,
1920. Russian corr., Chicago Daily News, 1921-2. Helped found Coop. Lg. of U. S. A.; member
advisory coun. for some time. Author: The Labor Move- ment in France, 1912; Develop- ment of
Syndicalism in the United States, 1913; The Taxation of Mines in Montana, 1919, for pub- lication of
which he was dis- missed from Univ. of Mont., though reinstated after 3 mos.' fight; The Women's
Garment Workers, 1924. Prepared special report on labor conditions in Europe for War Labor
Policies Bd. 1918-9. Member Teacher's U. of N. Y. 1914-6; Civic Club; Amer. Economic Assn.; Amer.
Assn. Univ. Professors; Amer. Assn. for Advancement of Science; Amer. Fed. of Teachers. Home, 168
Waverly Pl., New York, N. Y.
#LEVINSON, Edward. Ed. staff The New York New Leader since 1924. Born Nov. 15, 1901, Brook-
(137)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO l37 lyn. Father a tailor. Gram., high sch., Brooklyn. Reporter for
San Francisco Call 1921-2. Denver Express 1921; Oakland, Calif., Post Enquirer, 192S; night city ed.
New York Call 1923; la- bor ed. 1923; org. Young People's Socialist Lg., Brooklyn, 1917-8; publicity
dir. N. Y. Socialist cam- paign, 1917; secy. cent. comt. Kings County Socialist P. 1919; publicity dir.
Norman Thomas' campaign for gov. of N. Y., 1924; ed. The Facts About LaFollette and Wheeler,,
campaign hand- book, 1924. Author: "Russia in Recent Years," in Amer. Labor Year Book, 1922-3;
articles and reports on indust. subjects for New York Call and New York Leader. Member Socialist P.,
Workmen's Circle, Assn. of City Hall Reporters, New York. Home, 1894 Walton Ave., New York, N. Y.;
office, 7 E. 15 St., New York, N. Y.

#LEWIS, Alfred Baker. Teach- er; bd. dir. Philadelphia Labor Coll. since 1923; state exec. comt.
Socialist P. of Pa. since 1922; exec. comt. Philadelphia Young Democracy since 1921; New Eng- land
dist. org. Socialist P. since 1924. Born May 20, 1897, Phila- delphia. Father a lawyer. De- lancy sch.; A.
B., Univ. of Pa., 1917. Asst. instr. Univ. of Pa. 1917-9; lawyer since 1920. Treas. Socialist P. of
Philadelphia 1921-4. Contributor to Socialist papers. Member Amer. Fed. of Teachers; Lg. for Indust.
Democ.; Workers' Educ. Bur.; Fell, of Re- con.; Women's Trade U. Lg. Home, 1914 Spruce St., Philadel-
phia, Pa.; office, 64 Pemberton Sq., Boston, Mass.

#LEWIS, Austin. Lawyer for labor organizations; lecturer. Born Apr. 7, 1865, Garston, Lan- cashire,
England. Father a teacher. Archbishop Holgate's sch.; A. B., Univ. of London, 1888. Came to U. S.
1890. Teacher 1890-8; journalist, San Francisco Examiner and other papers 1900-6; lawyer since
1899. Socialist cand for gov. of Calif. 1906; for Cong., for other offices. Attorney for defendants in
Ford and Suhr case and others under espionage and criminal syndical- ism laws. Author: The Church
and Socialism. 1906; Rise of American Proletariat, 1907; Pro- letarian and Petit Bourgeois, 1911;
Militant Proletariat, 1912; translation of Engels' Antl-Dueh- ring, Feuerbach, and other articles and
essays. No political affilia- tions. Member San Francisco Press Club. Home, Oakland; of- fice, Mills
Bldg., San Francisco, Calif.

#LEWIS, John C. Pres. Iowa Fed. of Labor since 1920. Born in Wales. Came to U. S. at age of 5. Elem.
sch., Brookfield, Ohio; Pittsburgh, Pa.; Zenorsville, Iowa. Went to work at age of 11 in mines, Boone
County, 11l.; miner 25 yrs. Member Un. Mine W. of A.; pres. dist. 13, Fireman, Chi. & N. W. R. R.
Member of Labor Advisory Bd. during World War. Office, 109 W. 8 St., Des Moines, Iowa.

#LEWIS, John Llewellyn. Pres. Un. Mine W. of A. since 1920; pres. Un. Labor Bank & Trust Co.,
Indianapolis, since 1923. Born Feb. 12, 1880, Lucas, Iowa. Pub. sch. Legls. agt. Un. Mine W. of A.
1909-11; field rep. A. F. of L. 1911-7; vice-pres. Un. Mine W. 1917-20; acting pres. 1919-20. Member
Coal Production Comssn., Natl. Coun. of Defense, 1917; co- operated with Fuel Administra- tion
during War; member Natl. Unemployment conf. 1921; comssn. for investigation of govt. agen- cies
for relief of war veterans, 1921; advisory comt., Limitation (138)l38 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO
of Arms Conf., 1921. Republican. Mason. Member Amer. Acad. of Pol. & Social Science. Home, 1132
W. Lawrence Ave., Spring- field, 11l.; office, Merchants' Bank Bldg., Indianapolis, Ind.
#LEWIS, Lena Morrow. Natl. org., lecturer, Socialist P., since 1902. Born Monmouth, 11l. Father a Un.
Presbyterian minis- ter. High sch., Paxton, 11l.; B. S., Monmouth Coll., 1892. Natl. lec- turer Women's
Christian Temper- ance U. 1892-8. Lecturer and org. for woman suffrage 1898- 1901; 1st woman to
enlist support of Chicago labor unions for suf- frage 1899. Member Alaska La- bor U. 1916-8, during
constr. of govt. r. r. in Anchorage; vice- pres. 1916-7. Del. Intl. Socialist & Labor Cong. 1910. 1st
woman member natl. exec. eomt. Socialist P. 1900-11; lecturer and org. in 47 states and in Alaska.
Member Seattle Office Empl. U. 1920-1. Ed. Alaska Labor News 1916-7; Jun- eau Sunday Morning
Post 1914-6; Seattle Daily Call 1917-8. Au- thor: articles for The New York Call, The New York New
Leader. Member Women's Clubs of Jun- eau, Anchorage, Alaska, and Los Angeles. Home, 3141
Glassell Ave., Los Angeles, Calif.; office, 2653 W. Washington Blvd., Chi- cago, 11l.

#LEWIS, Marx. Secy. Socialist Congressman Victor L. Berger since 1923; lawyer. Born Dec. 28, 1897,
Brooklyn. Father a merchant. Gram., high sch., Brooklyn; LL. B., Washington, D. C., Coll. of Law, 1924.
Secy. Socialist delegation in N. Y. Legis. 1917; secy. Socialist Con- gressman Meyer London 1917-9,
1921-3. Socialist news ed. The New York Call, 1919-21. Social- ist cand. for N. Y. Senate 1920; for
Cong. 1924. Washington corr. for Federated Press, 1923. Del. Natl. Socialist P. conv. 1924. Secy, state
comt. Progressive P. of Va, 1924. Member Workmen's Circle; Lg. for Indust. Democ.; Penguin Club,
Washington, D. C.; Amer. Socialist Soc. Home, 1640 Fulton St., Brooklyn, N. Y.; office, 188 House
Office Bldg., Washing- ton, D. C.

#LEEBERMAN, Joshua. Exec. secy. Pioneer Youth of A. since formation 1924. Born Nov. 11, 1894,
Minsk, Lithuania. Fa- ther a Hebrew teacher. Pub. sch. in Lithuania; evening schools. Rand Sch. of
Social Science, New Sch. for Social Research. Began working nights at age of 11 in bakery, while going
to sch. days. Came to U. S. 1905. Was errand boy, shipping clerk, salesman, stenographer, comb
polisher, wood and paper boxmaker; ry. clerk, weigh-master, 1906-16. Social work with boys,
Richmond Hill House, 1916-8. Bus. agt. Knit Goods W. U. 1918-9; dir. Un. La- bor Educ. Comt. 1919-
20; mgr. Trimming W. U., 1920-2. Exec. secy. Socialist P. loc. New York 1922-4. Home, 1816 Clinton
Ave., Bronx; office, 70 5 Ave., New York, N. Y.
#LINDGREN, Edward Ivar. Printing pressman. Born Apr. 26, 1879, Chicago, 11l. Father a black- smith.
Prim., trade sch., New York. Formerly org. for Social- ist P., Communist P., Workers' P.; org. Kings
County, New York Socialist P., 1908-13; N. Y. exec, comt.; Kings County exec. comt.; New York exec.
comt., 1910-9; del. natl. conv. 1912. Made 14 mos. tour with team of horses and wagon through N.
Y., Pa., Ohio, Ky., Va., Tenn., Ga., Fla., for Socialist P., holding 250 meetings and selling $1,500 of
literature in places where no other Socialist speaker had been, 1913-4. Ed. Jamestown, N. Y., Free
Press, (139)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO l39 May-Oct., 1915. Cent. exec. comt. Communist Labor
P., Un. Com- munist P., Communist P., Work- ers' P.; disk exec. comt., Com- munist P., Workers' P.,
1919-22; del. 2nd Cong. Communist Intl. at Moscow for Un. Communist P. of A. 1920; del. to all natl.
convs. of Communist Labor P., Un. Com- munist P., Communist P. Author: helped prepare Left Wing:
Mani- festo of Socialist P., programs of Communist Labor P., and Un. Communist P.; numerous Social-
ist and Communist pamphlets. Member Intl. Printing Pressmen's & Assts'. U. of N. A., Working- men's
Sick & Death Benefit Fund. Workers' P. Home, 141 Halsey St., Brooklyn, N. Y.
#LINDQUIST, Charles E. Gen. seoy. Bro. of Loco. Engineers since 1924; gen. chair, on Termi- nal R. R.
Assn. of St. Louis since 191S; 5th vice-chair. Intl. Assn. R. R. Y. M. C. A. since 1923; bd. mgrs. St. Louis
R. R. Y. M. C. A. Born Jan. 12, 1873. Prim. sch., St. Louis; Genesco, 11l.; 2 yrs. Genesco Coll. 1888-90.
Was a lo- comotive engineer. Member Mo. legis. bd. of Bro., 1912; chair. 1923. Office, 1136 B. of L.
E. Bldg., Cleveland, Ohio.
#LINDSAY, Matilda. Org. since 1922, and exec. bd. Natl. Women's Trade U. Lg. since 1924; asst. dir.
Bryn Mawr Summer Sch. for Women in Industry since 1924. Born Nov. 18, 1892, Burnt Mills, Md.
Father a r. r. worker. Pub. sch., Washington, D. C.; Bryn Mawr Summer Sch., 1921-2. Went to work at
age of 18; employed in U. S. Bur. of Engraving & Printing 1911-20. Member Fedi. Empl. U. since 1911;
rec. secy. loc. 105. 1918-20. Legis. dept. Natl. Women's Trade U. Lg. 1920- 2; secy. Washington, D. C.
br. Exec. bd. Trade U. Coll., Wash- ington, D. C. Home, 24 Chest- nut St., Clarendon, Va.; office, 311 S.
Ashland Blvd., Chicago, 11l. UNVILLE, Henry Richardson. Teacher; pres. Teachers' U. of the City of N.
Y. since 1916; vice- pres. Amer. Fed. of Teachers since 1916. Born Aug. 12, 1866, St. Joseph, Mo.
Father a country merchant. Rural sch.; coll. prep, dept., Univ. of Kan.; A. B., Univ. of Kan., 1893; A. B.,
Harvard, 1894; A. M., 1895; Ph. D., 1897. Teacher 1897-1922. Author: text books in biology, 1906,
'23; pam- phlets on teaching of biology; Education in Bondage, 1925; re- ports in connection with
Teach- ers' U. Socialist. Home, 36 Terrace Ave., Jamaica; office, 70 5 Ave., New York, N. Y. IIUKKU,
Jacob. Mgr. Coop. Trading Co., Waukegan, 11l., since 1919. Born Oct. 6, 1889, Finland. Father a

#LLOYD, Caro (Mrs. G. H. Stro- bell). Writer; teacher. Born 1859, Pekin, 11l. Father a min- ister in
Dutch Reformed Church. Gram. sch., New York; Vassar Coll. 1881. Teacher 1881-91; re- sided London
and Paris 1892- 1907; exec. comt. London Fabian Soc. 1906; was member exec. comt. Intercollegiate
Socialist Soc.; exec. comt. Socialist P. Con- tributor to Chicago Tribune, Springfield Republican,
Brooklyn Standard-Union, The Outlook, The New York Call, Intercolle- giate Socialist, New Review,
Mem- ber Socialist P. since 1906. Au- thor: Biography of Henry De- marest Lioyd (her brother), 1912.
Home, 358 W. 22 St., New York, N. Y. (140)l40 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO

#LOCHRAY, Joseph A. Publ. and eci. The Midwest News since 1920; exec. bd. Federated Press since
1921. Born Mar. 19, 1883, Fort Dodge, Iowa, Father a miner. High sch., Fort Dodge. Salesman 1905-
15; office worker 1915-20. Member Office W. U., Omaha, Neb., since 1917; secy.- treas.
Stenographers' U. Helped organize Farmer-Labor P. in Neb., and Progressive P. 1924, but later
supported Coolidge. Home, 3331 Ames Ave.; office, 306 Crounse Block, Omaha, Neb.
#LOEB, Morltz Julius. Bus. mgr. Dally Worker since 1924; treas. and mgr. Daily Worker Pub. Co. since
1924. Born Jan. 27, 1896, Chicago. Gram., high sch., Chicago; Cornell Univ., 1918. Draftsman 1920-1.
Secy. Chicago br., Friends of Soviet Russia, 1921-2; natl. secy. Labor Defense Coun. 1922-3. Member
Workers' P.; Draftsmen's U. Home. 638 Groveland Park; of- fice, 1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chicago,
#LOGAN, William Addington. Pres. Un. Auto., Aircraft & Vehi- cle W. of A. from 1914 until un- ion
disbanded 1925. Born Nov. 16, 1878, Sheboygan, Wis. Father a furniture worker. Gram. sch.,
Sheboygan. Went to work at age of 16. Upholsterer 1894-1906; automobile trimmer 1906-14. Au-
thor: Organizing the Workers, publ. serially in Auto Worker, 1924. Home, 1281 Fairview Ave.; office,
4620 Beaubien St., Detroit, Mich.
#LONDON, Meyer. Lawyer; Socialist speaker. Born Dec. 29, 1871, in Russia. Came to U. S. 1891.
Admitted to New York Bar 1898. Active in Socialist and labor movts. 30 years. Socialist Congressman
from New York 1915-9, 1920-2. Author: articles for Socialist press. Home, 508 West 122 St., New
York, N. Y.
#LONG, Cedrlc. Secy. Coop. Lg. of U. S. A. since 1921; pres. Con- sumers' Coop. Housing Assn. since
1923; mng. ed. Cooperation since 1923; exec. comt. Lg. for Indust. Democ. since 1922. Born Apr. 21,
1889, Medford, Mass. Father a printer. Gram., high sch., Med- ford; A. B., Harvard, 1913; Union
Theological Sem., 1918. Laborer 1 yr.; minister lipping, N. H. 1918-9. Org. Amal. Textile W. 1919-20.
Ed. Consumers' Co- operative Societies, by Charles Glde, 1922. Author: articles on coop. movt.
Member Amer. Fed. of Teachers; Consumers' -iCoop. Services; Consumers' Credit U.; Consumers'
Coop. Housing Assn.; Coop. Furniture Ins. Soc.; Coop. Life Ins. Assn. Home, 66 Bar- row St.; office,
167 W. 12 St., New York, N. Y.
#LORE, Ludwig. Ed. New York- er Volkszeitung, organ of German Fed. of Workers' P., since 1919;
cent. exec. comt. and dist. comt. Workers' P. since 1922; natl. exec. secy. German Fed. of Workers' P.
since 1922; exec. secy. Socialist Relief Soc. (Socialist old people's home) Cotteklll, N. Y., since 1908;
lecturer. Born June 26, 1875, Frledeberg, Germany. Gym- nasium. Hirschberg, Germany. Employed in
textile industry 1892-1903. Active in German So- cial Democratic P.; held many offices in P.; cand. for
various po- litical offices. Came to U. S. 1903; worked in Colo.; later in various industries New York,
until 1919. Was member of I. W. W. in Colo.; member Socialist P. until 1919; exec. secy. German
Socialist Fed. until 1919; held many offices in Socialist P.; was member natl. exec. comt.; del. many
convs. Sentenced with other Commun- ists, Chicago, 1919, to 5 yrs. 1m- (141)AMERlCAN LABOR
WHO'S WHO 14l prisonment; pardoned by Gov. Small after serving 10 days in jail; member left wing
groups, 1919-22; member Workers' P. since 1922; lecturer in Workers' Sch. Author: political pamph-
lets in U. S. and Germany. Mem- ber Workmen's Sick & Death Ben. Fund. Home, 243 55 St.,
Brooklyn; office, 15 Spruce St., New York, N. Y. IX5VEJOY, Owen Reed. Secy. Natl. Child Labor Comt.

#LOVEI/L, Arthur John. Vice- pres. Bro. of Loco. Firemen & Enginemen since 1913; natl. legis. rep.
since 1922. Born May 13, 1880, near Southampton, Ontario, Canada. Commenced sch. at age of 5,
but after 8 attended sch. irregularly in winter. Worked on father's farm until 16; enlisted in Canadian
military forces; sail- ed on Great Lakes 1 summer and worked 2 winters as lumberjack; went to
Chicago, 1897, secured job driving team; later worked in boiler shop; joined Boilermakers' Helpers'
U. Locomotive fireman 1901-8; engineer 1908-13. Mem- ber Bro. of Loco. Firemen & En- ginemen
since 1902; loc. chair. 1902-8; gen. chair, of Pa. lines west, 1908-13; bd. dir. grand lodge, 1910-13.
Naturalized 1904. Formerly Republican, now Pro- gressive. Member Masons. Of- fice, R. 312 Labor
Bldg., Wash- ington, D. C.
#LOVELY, Collis. Pres. Boot & Shoe W. U.; del. A. F. of L. 1924. Offlce, 246 Summer St., Boston, 9,

#LOVESTONE, Jay. Research Dept., Workers' P. since 1923; editorial writer Daily Worker since 1924;
cent. exec. comt. Workers' P. since 1921. Coll. City of New York, N. Y. Univ., Columbia, 1912-21.
Formerly statistician. Member cent. exec. comt. Communist P. 1919-23. Author: The Government
Strike- breaker; What's What About Coolidge; Blood and Steel; Amer- ican Imperialism. Home, 912
Bronx Park S., New York, N. Y.; office, 1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, 11l.
#LOVETT, Richard Ballentine. Pres. Fla. Fed. of Labor since 1916; legis. rep. since 1920; dist. agt.
Mass. Protective Assn. since 1921. Born Mar. 8, 1889, Caulks- ville, Ark. Father a farmer and Baptist
minister. Country sch., Ark. Worked on farm until 1907; ry. fireman 1907-8; U. S. Army 1908-11,
corporal lllth Ar- tillery; U. S. Artillery Sch., Fort Monroe, 1911-2. Ry. car inspec- tor and asst.
foreman 1911-23. Member Bro. of Ry. Carmen since 1912; shop chair., pres. loc. 540, 1913-7; gen.
vice-chair., Sea (142)142 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Board Ry. 1917-20. 6th vice-pres. Fla. Fed.
of Labor 1915. Chair. Labor Bur., Tampa Bd. of Trade, 1917, and bd. of gov. 1917-8. La- bor member
State Labor Bd. dur- ing World War; given medal by U. S. Treasury Dept. for service in sale of Liberty
Bonds; ap- pointed by gov. to rep. Fla. at conv. of Govt. Labor Officials, 1917-8. Member Masons,
Odd Fellows, Maccabees. Independent voter. Home, 807 Washington St.; office, Southern Bldg.,
Tampa, Fla.
#LOWDERBACK, Ray Earnest. Bus. agt., treas., corr. secy., Bak- ery & Conf. W. U. loc. 26 since 1910;
secy. Denver Trades & La- bor Assem. since 1919; bd. dir. Colorado Labor Advocate since 1923; exec.
comt. of Labor and County cent, comt., since 1922; bd. dir. Trades' U. Promotional Lg. of Denver
since 1923. Born Mar. 28, 1886, Lebette County, Kan. Father a carpenter and cabinet maker. Prim,
sen., Den- ver. Went to work at age of 13. Journeyman baker 1903-10. Mem- ber Bakery & Conf. W.
U. since 1903; del. loc. 26 to Intl. convs. 1911, "i, '20, '3; intl. exec. bd. 1920-3. Vice-pres. Colo. Fed.
of Labor 1922-3. Secy.-treas. feder- ated coal comt. of Denver, 1922. Non-partisan voter. Home,
3104 Elizabeth St.; office, 303 Amer. Bank Bldg., Denver, Colo. I/UTHER, Archie Evarts. Secy.- treas.
dist. 44, Intl. Assn. of Machinists since 1912, asst. to pres. since 1918; pres. Washing- ton, D. C.,
Trade U. Coll. since 1921. Born June 20, 1878, Provi- dence, R. I. Father a carpenter. Prim., gram,
sen., Providence. Went to work at age of 15. Machinist since 1895. Member Intl. Assn. of Machinists
since 1904; org. 1916. Secy. Cent. La- bor U., Newport, R. I., 1907-15. Assisted in organizing People's
Coop. Assn. of Newport 1915; 1st pres. 1915-7. Member Soc. of Friends. Home, 3909 13 St., N. W.;
#LYDAY, Arthur Wendall. Secy. Indianapolis Cent. Labor U. since 1924; bus. agt. loc. 194. Intl. All. of
Theatrical Stage Empl. & Mov- ing P. M. Op. of A. since 1920. Born Dec. 3, 1897, Indianapolis. Father
an ice cream maker. Prim., gram, sch., Indianapolis. Went to work at age of 14. Mov- ing picture
machine operator 1912-20. Member Intl. All. of Theatrical Stage Empl. & Moving P. M. Op. of A.
since 1915. Home, 420 N. Riley Ave.; office. 102% S. Illinois St., Indianapolis, Ind. I/YNCH, James
Mathew. Pres. Intl. Typographical U. 1900-14, '24. Born Jan. 11, 1867, Manllus, N. Y. Father a farmer
and laborer. Received educ. Manllus graded sch.; composing room; by studying. Went to work at age
of 15. Compositor 1887-1900. Member Intl. Typographical U. since 1887; rec. secy., vice-pres., pres.
loc. 55, Syracuse, before the age of 22; del. intl. conv. and member laws comt. Louisville, 1894; del.
many other labor convs.; intl. vice-pres. 1898-1900. Pres. Syracuse Trades & Labor Assem. 7 terms;
brought about org. of 18 new locals. Active in building up U. Printers' Home. Colorado Springs; union
old age pension fund; mortuary fund; ar- bitration of wage disputes. Ap- pointed comssnr. N. Y. Dept.
of Labor, 1913, and ex-officio mem- ber Workmen's Compensation Comssn.; after merging of these
#LYNCH, T. P. Secy. Un. Shoe W. of A. Address, 683 Atlantic Ave., Boston, Mass.
#LYONS, Thomas Joseph. Fres. jt. coun. 16, Intl. Bro. of Team- sters, Chauffeurs, H. & S. M. of A.;
secy.-treas. and bus. rep. Ry. Express Empl. since 1919. Born Feb. 17, 1894, Brooklyn. Father a
watchmaker. Holy Name pa- rochial scn.; Brooklyn Coll. Chauffeur; legls. rep. N. Y. dist. Intl. Bro. of
Teamsters, Chauf- feurs, H. & S. M. of A. Member K. of C. Democrat. Home, 572 16 St., Brooklyn;
office, 1416 Broadway, N. Y. M
#MacARTHtTR, Neil. Musician. State secy. Farmer-Labor P. of Colo. Born Oct. 18, 1883, Kinar- dine,
Ontario, Can. Father a blacksmith. High sch., E. Den- ver. Worked as coal heaver, mov- ing van
helper, foreman of elec- tion comssn., city paymaster, mu- sician in loc. theaters. Dist. secy.
Progressive P. 1912. Member Amer. Fed. of Musicians, K. of P. Home, 4339 Winona Ct.; of- fice, 715
E. & C. Bldg., Denver, Colo.

#MacDONALI>, Marie Bruck- mutiii. Org. and exec. secy. Amer. Labor P. Born June 1, 1875, Altona,
Germany. Father a cigarmaker. Gram. sch.; Rand Sch. of Social Science, New Sch. for Social Research.
Worked as a designer, dressmaker, theatrical costumer, bonnaz embroiderer. Member Intl. Ladies'
Garment W. U.; org., 1st mgr. Unity House, union vacation home, Forest Park, Pa. Spoke and toured
the coun- try for woman suffrage; 1st wom- an to run for Cong. in New York. Home. 1280 Clay Ave.;
office, 231 E. 14 St., New York, N. Y.

#MacKHNZIE, Frederick William. Dir. of publicity, Amer. Assn. for Labor Legls. since 1916; asso. ed.
American Labor Legislation Re- view since 1919. Born July 11, 1883, Black Earth, Wis. Father a r. r.
station agt. A. B., Univ. of Wis., 1906. R. r. laborer 1900; station agt., telegrapher 1901-2; political
reporter Milwaukee Journal 1906; asst. secy. Mil- waukee Merchants' & Mfrs.' Assn. 1907; ed. Univ.
of Wis. 1908; mng. ed. La Follette's Weekly Magazine 1909-17. Home, Har- mon-on-the-Hudson, N.
Y., office, 131 E. 23 St., New York, N. Y.

#MADSEN, Christian Moeller. Secy. loc. 194, Bro. of Painters, Decorators & Paper H. of A. since 1918;
ed. loc. 194's monthly Bul- letin; painter, interior decorator. Born Sept. 5, 1869, Grurup, Den- mark.
Father a farmer. Came to U. S. 1892. Country sch., Gru- rup. Member 11l. House of Rep., 1912-3, '4-
5; rep. Chicago Fed. of Labor at A. F. of L. conv., Den- ver, 1921; del. from Bro. of Painters,
Decorators & Paper H. of A. to A. F. of L. conv., Cin- cinnati, 1922, Portland. 1923. Winner
Championship of Chicago Chess Club, 1907; rep. club in various telegraphic matches. Au- thor:
newspaper articles, pam- phlets, poems, campaign litera- (144)l44 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO
ture. Home, 1320 N. Kedzle Ave., Chicago, 11l.

#MAfJllJi, Ross. Secy. Kan. Socialist P. since 1920; rug mfr. part time; manual laborer part time. Born
Mar. 2, 1880, Garnett, Kan. Father a farmer. Rural and town scn., Garnett; Kansas City Bus. Coll.;
Scranton Intl. Corr. Sch., Hanson Sch. of Pen- manship; Natl. Salesman's Train- ing Assn. Formerly
stenographer and clerical worker. Exec. comt. Kan. Socialist P., 1918-9; acting secy, until election;
del. natl. conv. New York 1920; Detroit 1921; Cleveland 1922; New York 1923. Secy. Wichita meeting
of Kan. Conf. Prog. Pol. Act. 1924. Author: article on Socialist posi- tion on state bonus for war vet-
erans, publ. with state platform. 1922. Home, 401 W. 1 St., Gar- nett, Kan.

#MAGNANI, Peter. Vice-pres. Op. Plasterers' & Cement Fin. Intl. Assn. of U. S. & Can. since 1920;
pres. Casters' & Model Mkrs.' (now Ornamental Plas- terers') loc. 460 since 1914; or- namental
plasterer. Born May 24, 1874, Carrara, Italy. Father a merchant. Gram. sch. Italy. Came to U. S. 1900.
Joined union 1902. Worked on Cathedral of St. John the Divine, New York, as model maker; cast all
the sculptured statuary, 1902-11; still working at trade. Democrat. Member Odd Fellows, Moose. Ad-
dress, 2569 Clay St., San Fran- cisco, Calif.
#MAGNES, Judiih Leon. Hebrew Univ., Jerusalem. Palestine, 1924; pres. Amer. Fund for Pub. Serv- ice
1923-4; leader Soc. for Ad- vancement of Judaism 1912-7; exec. comt. Jewish Community (Kehillah)
of New York 1909-22. Born July 5, 1877, San Francisco, Calif. Father a merchant. Pub., high sch.,
Oakland; A.B., Univ. of Cincinnati, 1898; rabbi Hebrew U. Coll., 1900; post-grad, studies Berlin; Ph.D.,
Heidelberg, 1902. Instr., librarian, Hebrew U. Coll., 1903-4; rabbi Temple Israel, Brooklyn, 1904-7;
secy. Fed. of Amer. Zionists, 1905-8; rabbi Temple Emanu-JEl, New York, 1906-10; rabbi
Congregation B'nal Jeshurun, New York, 1911-12. Chair. Conf. for Democ. & Terms of Peace, New
York, May 30, 1917; gen. comt., People's Coun. of A.; impartial chair, in milli- nery, cap making, and
fur work- ers' disputes, 1922. Author: Rus- sia and Germany at Brest-Litovsk, 1919. Home, P. O. Box
30, Jeru- salem. Palestine.

#MAHON, William D. Pres. Amal. Assn. of Street & Elec. Ry. Empl. of A. since 1893; exec. comt. Natl.
Civic Fed. Born 1861, Athens County, Ohio. Pub. sch. a few mos. Entered street car service as
motorman, Columbus, Ohio, 1888, and assisted in or- ganizing co-workers. Member Amal. Assn. of
Street & Elec. Ry. Empl. of A.; loc. pres., Colum- bus; loc. secy, and bus. agt.; pres. Trades & Labor
Coun., 2 terms; assisted in organizing union in Indianapolis, Ind., 1892; loc. pres. indianapolis, 1893.
Ed. The Mo- torman and Conductor; appointed presiding judge of State Ct. of Arbitration, 1898-
1900; member Street Ry. Comssn. Detroit; inves- tigated, for A. F. of L., municipal ownership and
operation of street rys. in Europe, and effect upon the workers. Del. British Trades U. Cong.,
Birmingham. 1916; member exec. coun. A. F. of L. 1917; member Federal Elec. Ry. Comssn.; member
Pres. Wilson's 1st Indust. Comssn. Office, 260 E. High St., Detroit, Mich.

#MAHOMCY, Charles Joseph. Chair. Mass. Legis. Bd., Bro. of R. R. Trainmen, since 1918; con-
(145)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO l45 ductor, Bost. & Me. R. R. since 1910. Born Aug. 22, 1879,
Rut- land, Vt. Father a farmer. Gram. sch., Rutland. Formerly vice-chair, gen. grievance comt., Bost. &
Me. R. R.; later gen. secy.; member Cleveland Com- pact comt.; Old Age Pension comssnr. of Mass.
Member Elks. Republican. Address 26 Temple St., Boston, Mass.

#MAHONEY, Thomas J. Pres. Intl. Glove W. of A. Address, 4173 26th St., San Francisco, Calif.
#MAHONEY, William. Ed. Min- nesota Union Advocate since 1920; pres. Farmer-Labor Fed. of Minn,
since 1924; org., pres. Working People's Non-Partisan Political Lg. since organization 1919; chair. St.
Paul Farmer- Labor conf. 1924. Born Jan. 13, 1869, Chicago, 11l. Father a farmer and raiiroader.
Gram. scn.; Indianapolis Coll. of Law. Went to work at age of 12. Worked as printer since 1884;
journeyman, foreman and supt. Member Intl. Printing Pressmen's & Assts.' U. of N. A. since 1893.
Member Intl. Typographical U. 1888-93; transferred with Chi- cago loc. 1893, to Intl. Printing
Pressmen's & Assts.' U. of N. A., of which still a member; pres. Galveston, Nashville, and St. Paul
locals; del. Mobile and Press- men's Home convs. Pres. St. Paul Trades & Labor Assem. 1919-23.
Joined Socialist P. 1896. Org. and pres. Working People's Non-Partisan Political Lg., Minn. 191S-24.
Active in labor political movt. in Kansas City, Galveston, Chicago, Nashville, Terre Haute, Indianapolis.
Cand. for mayor of St. Paul on labor ticket, 1920, '2. Helped organize Bldg. & Loan Assn., and Trade
U. Bldg. Co., St. Paul, 1921. One of organizers of Farmer-Labor P. of Minn. Home, 1852 Dayton Ave.;
office, 158 E. 3 St., St. Paul, Minn.
#MAHONEY, William Vinton. Natl. comt. Farmer-Labor P. since 1920; natl. exec. comt. Farmer-Labor
P. since July, 1924; exec. secy. D. C. br. since 1920; exec. secy. Natl. Unity Comt. since 1923; exec.
comt. Non-Partisan Lg. of Nations Assn. since 1923. Born Aug. 2, 1876, Washington, D. C. Father a
painter. Gram. scn., night commercial high sch. Went to work at age of 15; paperhanger 1895-7; in
bus. for self 1897-1912; real estate since 1912. Org. and pres. of Bellamy Soc., Washing- ton, D. C.,
1901; secy. 1902; org. Socialist P., D. C, 1903; held various offices until resignation in 1918; initiated
movt. which led to organization of Conf. Prog. Pol. Act.; as acting secy. of vol- unteer comt. for conf.
of Pro- gressives wrote original call and secured endorsement of promi- nent Progressives for conf.
Nov. 12, 1919, which resulted later in permanent organizations of Conf. Prog. Pol. Act; helped
organize Natl. Farmer-Labor P., 1920; secy. Anti-War Lg. and ed. "Crisis" 1917-8; exec. secy. D. C. Non-
Partisan Lg. of Nations Comt., 1918-9. Ed. Bulletin, or- gan of Natl. Unity Comt. 1923-4. Member Lg.
for Indust. Democ. Home, 1639 W St., S. E.; office, 710 14 St., N. W., Washington, D. C.

#MAILLY, Bertha Howell. Exec. secy. Rand School of Social Sci- ence, New York since 1910; treas. and
bd. dir., People's Educ. Camp Soc., Inc., since 1921; dir. Camp Tamiment since 1922; exec. secy. Soc.
of the Commonwealth Cen- ter since 1917. Born Feb. 2, 1869, Chicago. Father a miller (146)146
AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO and grain broker. Ph.B., Cornell 1894. Teacher 11 yrs.; librarian in
New York library 1907-9. Ed children's page, New York Call, 1912. Natl. exec. comt. Socialist P., 1920;
N. Y. exec. comt. 1921 Member Teachers' U. Home, 230 E. 15 St.; office, 7 E. 15 St., New York, N. Y.
#MATTLAND, Samuel Hayes Vice-pres. Amal. Lithographers of A. since 1918. Born Dec. 18 1876,
Cincinnati, Ohio. Father a carpenter. Gram., night sen Went to work at age of 13 as lithographic
transferer; lithog- rapher, 1890. Rec. secy. loc. 8 Lithographers, 1892-8, 1900-2. Member Masons, K.
of P., Eagles. Active in Norwood Presbyterian Church. Author: articles for Lithographers' Journal.
Address, 4018 Carter St., Norwood, Ohio.

#MAKELA, George Armas. Asst. ed. Raivaaja (Pioneer), Finnish Socialist Daily. Born Sept. 11, 1884,
Uleaborg, Finland. Father a tenant farmer. Pub. sch., bus. coll., Finland; Working People's Coll.,
Smithville, Minn. Formerly clerk, fireman, miner, ed. labor papers since 1909; asst. ed.-in- chief,
Tyokansa, Socialist daily, Port Arthur, Ontario, Can.; ed.- in-chief Vapaus, Socialist semi- weekly,
Sudbury, Ontario; asst. ed. Tyomies, formerly Socialist, now Communist dally, Superior, Wis.; ed-in-
chief Raivaaja, Fitchburg, Mass. Speaker and lecturer on social topics for Fin- nish workers in U. S.
and Canada. Formerly member Un. Mine W. and Western Fed. of Miners. So- cialist P. Home, 82
Marshall St.; office, 48 Wallace Ave., Fitchburg, Mass.

#MALONEY, James. Pres. Glass Bottle Blowers' Assn. of U. S. & Can. Born Sept. 1870, Scranton, Pa.
Pub. sch., Scranton. For- merly a glass blower. Address, 1006-8 Colonial Trust Bldg., Philadelphia, Pa.

#MALOY, Thomas E, Bus. mgr. loc. 110, Intl. All. of Theatrical Stage Empl. & Moving P. M. Op. of A.
since 1916. Born Oct. 14, 1891. Chicago, 11l. Father a plumber. Pub. sch., Chicago; De LaSalle Inst.
Formerly electri- cian and moving picture machine operator; political advertiser. Member K. of C.,
Elks, Odd Fel- lows, T. M. A. Home, 4501 Grand Blvd.; office, 422 S. Wabash Ave., Chicago, I1l.
#MANEE, James Theodore. Secy. Hartford Cent. Labor U. since 1922; fin. and corr. secy, loc. 42,
Cigarmkrs'. Intl. U. of A. since 1915; cigarmaker. Born May 3, 1866, Blanford, Mass. Father a
carpenter and joiner. Pub. sch., Westfield. Formerly legls. agt. for Hartford Cent. La- bor U.; for Conn.
Liberty Lg., 1917-9; coun. Comssn. of Pub. Welfare 1917; publicity comt. of Conn. Coun. of Defense
during war. Member Cigarmkrs.' Intl. U. of A., Foresters, Moose, dir. Hartford Get-Together Club,
pres. Hartford Labor Temple Assn., Inc. Farmer-Labor P. Home, 32 Asylum St.; office, 23 Central Row,
Hartford, Conn.

#MANION", Edward Joseph. Pres. O. of R. R. Telegraphers since 1919; ed. The Raiiroad Telegrapher
since 1921; pres. Telegraphers' Natl. Bank since 1923. Born Jan. 21, 1872, Derby, Conn. Father a r. r.
man. Prim, sch., Derby. R. r. telegrapher 1892-1913; vice-pres. O. of R. R. Telegraphers 1913-9.
Member Elks, K. of C., City Club of St. uls. Home, 5568 Pershing Ave.; office, 3673 West Pine St., St.
Louis, Mo. (147)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO l47

#MANXiEY, Joseph. Eastern dist. org. Trade U. Educ. Lg. 1923, and since Nov. 1924. Born July 26,
1887, Dublin, Ireland. Father a physician and African explorer. Elem. scn., Dublin. Came to U. S. 1908.
Bridge and structural iron worker 1909-18. Active in organization of pack- ing house workers,
Chicago, 1917. Gen. org. Intl. Assn. of Bridge & Structural Iron W. 1918-22; rep. on natl. comt. for
organizing iron and steel workers 1918-9. Secy. Trade U. Natl. Comt. for Rus- sian Relief 1922-3.
Member So- cialist P. 1908-9. Secy. Fed. Farmer-Labor P. 1923-4. Cam- paign mgr. Workers' P. 1924.
Author: articles in labor and radical press. Member Workers' P. Office, 108 E. 14 St., New York, N. Y.

#MANIA', Basil Maxwell. Dir. People's Legis. Service since 1921. Born Mar. 14, 1886, Greenville, S. C.
Father a Baptist clergy- man. Univ. of Mo.; A. B., Wash- ington & Lee Univ., 1906; Univ. of Chicago. U.
S. Bureau of La- bor Statistics, 1908-12. Dir. re- search and investigation, U. S. Comssn. on Indust.
Relations 1913-5. Economic expert. News- paper Enterprise Assn. 1915-7. Asst. to Francis J. Heney,
atty. for Fedi. Trade Comssn., 1918. Jt. chair. Natl. War Labor Bd., 1918-9. Dir. Scripps Economic Bur.,
1919-20. Natl. Comt., Conf. for Prog. Pol. Act. since 1922. Author: Wages and Working Conditions in
the Steel Industry, 1912; Increase in Prices of An- thracite Coal, 1913; Report of U. S. Commission on
Industrial Relations, 1915; Report on Meat Packing Industry, 1918; Are Wages Too High? 1922; The
Bread Tribute, 1924. Member Phi Gamma Delta; Phi Beta Kap- pa; Cosmos Club, Washington; Indian
Spring Golf Club; Mount Pleasant Citizens' Assn. Home, 1853 Irving St.; office, 605 Fen- dall Bldg.,
Washington, D. C.

#MANNING, Alexander A. Exec. Bd. Ore. Fed. of Labor; secy. loc. 1776, Un. Bro. of Carpenters &
Joiners of A.; del. A. F. of L., El Paso, 1924; contractor and build- er. Born Oct. 19, 1875, Pilot Rock,
Ore. Father a laborer. Prim. scn., Pilot Rock; gram. sch., Pendieton Acad.; Eastern Ore. Normal Sch.
Formerly sch. teach- er, justice of the peace, chief of police, non-commissioned officer in 2nd Ore.
regiment in Philip- pines 1898-9. Del. A. F. of L., 1923. Author: reports on convs. Member Woodmen
of the World, Odd Fellows, Span. War Veterans, Parent-Teacher Assn. Progressive. Address, 612 W.
Webb St., Pen- dieton, Ore.
#MANNING, John J. Secy.-treas. U. Label Trades Dept., A. F. of L. Office, R. 202, A. F. of L. Bldg.,
Washington, D. C.
#MANSON, Edwin H. Secy.- treas. Mont. Fed. of Labor since 1922; coal miner. Born Mar. 4, 1872,
near Rugby, Va. Father a merchant. Gram. sch., Yadkin Valley Inst., almost wholly self- educated.
Formerly a teacher, coal miner, ins. agt. Member Wyo. Legis. 1913-5; chair, comt. on coal mines and
coal mining; secured passage in lower house of compulsory wash-house law, a miners' qualification
law, and an amendment to the constitution enabling legis. to enact a work- men's compensation
law; the first two defeated in Senate; the lat- ter approved at 1914 election, and compensation law
was enact- ed by 1915 Legis. Author: ar- ticles for press; editorials for a labor paper. Member loc.
858, Un. Mine W. of A., Odd Fellows, K. of P., Moose, Conf. Prog. Pol. (148)l48 AMERlCAN LABOR
WHO'S WHO Act., La Follette-Wheeler Club. Presidential elector, La Follette- Wheeler ticket 1924.
Formerly Republican; Taft administration cured him. Home, 1306 Wilder Ave.; office. Rooms 27-29,
Mon- tana Bids., Helena, Mont .

#MARCOVITZ, Lazarus. Gen. exec. bd. Amal. Clothing W. since 1918; mgr. Montreal Jt. bd. since
1923. Born Nov. 3, 1882, Boto- shani, Rumania. Father a labor- er. Gram. sch., Rumania. Came to U.
S. 1903. Went to work at age of 12 as cabinet maker. Vest maker since 1906. Rec. secy. Boston Vest
Mkrs.' loc. Un. Gar- ment W. 1907; pres. 1908-9, '13; fin. secy., 1910-2, '4. Mgr. Boston jt. bd. Amal.
Clothing W. 1915- 18; secy.-treas. 1918. Mgr. Mont- real jt. bd. 1919-22; mgr. Phila- delphia jt. bd.
1922-3. Author: articles for Jewish publication. Home, 2251 N. 33 St., Philadel- phia, Pa.; office, 37
Prince Arthur St., E. Montreal, Canada.
#MARGOLIN, Louis. Exec. bd. Cloth Hat, Cap & Millinery W. Intl. U.; exec. bd. loc. 24, Millinery U.
since Jan. 1924. Born Mar. 15, 1880, Viina, Russia. Father a cloakmaker. Came to U. S. 1895. Went to
work at age of 15 as shirt maker. Cap and millinery cutter since 1903. Rec. secy. Cap Cutters loc. 2,
1905-8; fin. secy. 1908-15; pres. 1918-22. Org. jt. coun. Cap Mkrs. U. 1923-4. Au- thor of reports for
Headgear Worker. Socialist. Member Work- men's Circle. Home, 290 Brad- ford St., Brooklyn; office,
210 E. 5 St., New York, N. Y.

#MARIANELLI, Einilio Cham- berlain. Atty. for Un. Mine W. of A. dist. 21, since Mar. 1924; for
Oklahoma Leader since 1922. Born Sept. 29, 1887, Iron Moun- tain, Mich. Father a baker. Went '^
work as a miner at age of 14. Worked in mines as driver, en- gineer, laborer and coal miner, while
attending prep. sch. and Dickinson Law Sch., Carlisle, Pa. Atty. since 1912. Ed. Dickinson Law Review,
1911-2. Member Un. Mine W. 1902-6; interpreter for loc. union. Active in Social- ist P. for many
years beginning 1909; cand. for atty.-gen. 1918; for justice of Supreme Ct. 1920. Registered as
Democrat since So- cialist P. lost official standing in state. Member Theta Lambda Phi, Amer. Legion.
Home, 6 and Comanche Sts.; office, 314-5 Ar- note Bldg., McAlester, Okla.

#MARIMPIETRJ, Anzulno Do- menico. Gen. exec. bd. Amal. Clothing W. of A. since 1914; dir. Amal.
Trust & Savings Bank, Chicago, since 1922; dir. Russian Amer. Indust. Corp. since 1922. Born Aug. 28,
1881, Barete, Aqui- la, Italy. Father a road constr. foreman and small farmer. High sch., Italy. After
that studied with a tutor and by corr. Came to U. S. 1903. Tailor 1906-12. Secy.-treas. loc. 39, Un.
Garment W. of A. 1911-2; pres. 1912-4; pres. Chicago jt. bd., Un. Gar- ment W. 1912-4. Pres. loc. 39,
Amal. Clothing W. 1915-8; pres. Chicago jt. bd. 1915-7; deputy and price maker for loc. 39, 1913- 8;
deputy for loc. 144, 1916-7. Participated in Chicago clothing strikes 1910, '5. Made investiga- tion of
clothing industry in New York, 1919. Conducted adminis- tration of clothing industry agree- ment,
Rochester, N. Y., at its beginning through Apr., May, June, 1919. Author: articles for labor papers and
yearly reports. Home, 1108 S. Mason Ave.; office, 409 S. Halsted St., Chicago, 1ll.
#MARQUARDT, Louis PhllUp. Sscy.-treas. Ga. Fed. of Labor since 1921; del. Atlanta Fed. of
(149)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 149 Trades 1903-24; del. Ga. Fed. of Labor since 1911; asst.
solicitor- gen, since 1917. Born Mar. 23, 1875, Havana, 11l. Father a mer- chant tailor. Gram. sch., 2
yrs.; Atlanta Law Sch. 1917-8. Tailor 1890-1910; pres. Atlanta Tailors' U. 1909-10; secy. 1904-8; del.
A. F. of L. 1910, '9; secy. Atlanta Fed. of Trades 1912-6; opened A. F. of L. conv., Atlanta, 1911; pres.
Ga. Fed. of Labor 1916-8. Took part in textile strike Atlan- ta, 1912-3, and street ry. men's strike 1916-
7. Member state Democratic comt.; del. from Ga. to Natl. Democratic conv. 1924. Member Junior
Order. Home, 46 Briarcliff Pl.; office. 315 Court House, Atlanta, Ga.

#MARSH, Benjamin C. Mng. dir. Farmers' Natl. Coun. since 1921; exec. secy. Peoples' Re-
construction Lg. since 1920; exec. comt. Conf. Prog. Pol. Act. since organization. Born Mar. 22, 1877,
Ezki Zaghra, Turkey, (now Bul- garia). Father an Amer. mis- sionary. A. M. Grinnell Coll. 1898. Secy.
Lg. for Municipal Ownership for New York 1915-8; secy. New York Lower Rents Soc. 1911-8; secy.
New York Conges- tion comt. 1907-18. Author: An Introduction to City Planning, 1908; Taxation of
Land Values in American Cities, 1910; Report of New York City Commission on Congestion of
Population, 1911. Contrib. to Review of Reviews, Forum. Survey, Railway Men's Journal, farm and
labor papers. Member Penguins, Phi Beta Kap- pa. Home, 532 20 St., N. W.; office, 35 B St.,
Washington, D. C.
#MARSHALL, Hubert S. Secy, treas. Intl. U. of Jn. Horseshoers of U. S. & Can. Born in London,
England. Horseshoer. Pres. Cin- cinnati Cent. Labor Coun. 1901-8. Pres. Intl. U. of Jn. Horseshoers,
1904-10. Member K. of P., Ben Hur. Home, 6527 Corbly St., Mt. Washington, Cincinnati; office, 1101
2nd Natl. Bank Bldg., Cin- cinnati, Ohio.
#MARTEL, Prank Xavier. Pres. Detroit Fed. of Labor since 1924; pres. Labor Temple Co. since 1923;
exec. comt. Intl. Typo- graphical U. loc. 18 since 1924; printer. Born Oct. 19, 1888, Mer- rill, Mich.
Father a marine en- gineer. Pub. sch., Merrill. Trustee Detroit Fed. of Labor 1912-6; secy. 1919; bus.
rep., 1920-4; treas. Labor Temple Co. 1913-7. Member Union Lg. Home, 6922 Congress St. E.; office,
274 High St. E., Detroit, Mich.

#MARTIN, Marshall William. Ed. Journal of Intl. Bro. of Blacksmiths, Drop Forgers & H. since 1919.
Born Sept. 25, 1873, Paris, Ky. Father a newspaper printing pressman. Gram. sch. and studied at
night with mother and other relatives who were teachers. Worked with father as newspaper
pressman and press builder 1889-92; later hydraulic pressman in steel mill. Reporter on
Commonwealth, Covington, Ky., 1893-4; on Cincinnati Ga- zette, 1895-6; on Press, Dayton, Ohio,
1897-90. Charter member News Writers' U., Dayton, 1900. Intl. rep. Blacksmiths' U.; special org.
1917-8. Author: New York Bank Control of Raiiroads and Equipment Companies in special
Blacksmiths' Journal, Feb. 1922; The Land Octopuses of America, 1924; Yellow Dogs, 1924. Home,
5565 Quincy St.; office, 2922 Washington Blvd., Chicago, 1ll.

#M A S S A RI, Vincent. Ed. L'Unlone since 1920. Born Nov. 30, 1898, Luco nei Marsi, Italy. Father a
miner. Educ. in Italian colleges. Came to U. S. 1915. Formerly printer; secy.-treas. (150)150
AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Pueblo Smeltermen's U., Intl. U. of Mine, Mill & Smelter W., 1916- 8;
org. 1918-20. Active for a few yrs. in Italian Fed. of Socialist P. and held offices; not connected now.
Author: The History of the Colorado Strikes, in Italian. Member Columbian Fed. of italian-A mer.
Societies; Intl. Typographical U. Politics inde- pendent. Home, 205 Block I; office, R. 318-20-22 S.
Victoria Ave., Pueblo, Colo.
#HATES, John J. Exec. bd. of Un. Mine W. of A. since 1918. Born 1884, in England. Father a coal
miner. Went to work at age of 9 in the coal breakers at Centrally,, Pa. Pres. loc. 1550, Un. Mine W.
1914-8. Organized coop, stores on Rochdale plan in Wil- liamstown and Lykens, Pa., 1917. Address,
125 Tunnel St., Williams- town, Pa.
#MAURER, George. Secy. La- bor Defense Coun. since 1923, Born Oct. 28, 1894, Oakland, Calif.
Father a bus. man. Elem., high sch., Oakland; Univ. of Calif., 1 yr. Formerly retail and shipping clerk;
tree surgeon. Member Socialist P. 1917-8; member I. W. W. 1914-9. Mem- ber Workers' P. since
1921; secy. Chicago loc. 1922-4. Member Of- fice Em pi. Assn. 12755, A. F. of L. Office. R. 307. 166 W.
Washington St., Chicago, I1l.

#MAUKER, Jacob P. Pres. Coopers' Intl. U. of N. A. Ad- dress, 6223 S. Paulina St., Chi- cago, I1l.

#MAURER, James Hudson. Pres. Pa. Fed. of Labor since 1912; natl. exec. comt. Socialist P. « terms;
pres. Labor Age Publ. Co., since 1922; pres. Workers' Kduc. Bur. of A. since 1921; member Labor
Cooperating comt. Brookwood Labor Coll. since 1921; natl. comt. Conf. Prog. Pol. Act. since 1922;
chair. Pa. Old Age Assistance Comssn. since 1917. Born Apr. 15, 1864, Read- ing, Pa. Father a
shoemaker. Prim. sch. 13 mos. Went to work at age of 9; machinist's appren- tice at 16. Member Un.
Assn. of Plumbers and Steam F. & S. F. H. of U. S. & Can. since 1901. Joined Knights of Labor, 1880;
Socialist Labor P., 1899; Socialist P., 1902. Member Pa. Legis. 1911-2, '5-8. Member Irish Comssn. on
Condi- tions in Ireland, 1920-1. Author: The Far East, The American Cos- sack, and various articles for
magazines. Home, 1335 N. 11 St., Reading; office, 430 North St., Harrisburg, Pa,
#MAUTNER, Bertram H. Asso. prof, sociology, Colo. Coll., since 1922; bd. dir. and exec. comt.
Colorado Springs Labor Coil. since 1923; 1st vice-pres., Com- munity Open Forum, Colorado Springs,
since 1924; co-dir. Colo, child labor study, in conjunction with Natl. Child Labor Comt., 1924-5. Born
May 18, 1892, New York. Father an importer. Pri- vate, hlgii sch., New York; Litt. B., Princeton, 1913;
LL. B., Col- umbia Univ. Law Sch., 1916. Practised law, New York, 1916-8; member staff U. S. Housing
Cor- poration, Washington, D. C. 1918; staff War Labor Policies Bd., 1918; mgr. clearing house, U. S.
Employment Service, New York. Instr. educ. dept. Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. 1919; indust. re-
searcher and investigator for. j t. arbitration bd., silk ribbon in- dustry, 1920; pres. and chair, bd. dir.,
Our Cafeteria, Consumers' Coop., 1919-21; dir. child health survey, Colorado Springs, 1922-3.
Author: Child Welfare from the Health Standpoint, report on child health survey, Colorado Springs,
1924. Member Bar of (151)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO l5l New York. Civic Club, City Club, Natl.
Conf. of Social Work, Colo. Conf. of Social Work. Politics, Indep. Labor P., Glasgow, Scot- land, br.
Home, 1724 Wood Ave.; office, Colorado College, Colorado Springs, Colo.

#McANDREW, James. Secy.- treas. dist. 9, Un. Mine W. of A., since 1912. Born July 28, 1879, Locust
Gap, Pa. Father a coal miner. Prim. scn., Locust Gap. Went to work at age of 11 yrs. Member Un.
Mine W. of A. since 1900; exec. bd. dist. 9, 1910-2; defeated for re-election and ap- pointed intl. org.
1912-22; ap- pointed secy.-treas. dist. 9, 1913. Active in all strikes of Un. Mine W., having become
officially con- nected with it in 1910. Supporter of a labor party. Home, Bridge St., Locust Gap; office,
502 Dime and Safe Deposit Co. Bldg., Sha- mokin, Pa.
#McBRIDE, Jonas A. Vice- pres. Bro. of Loco. Firemen & Enginemen since 1922. Born Jan. 4, 1885,
Lisbon Center, N. Y. Father a horse trainer. Gram. sen., New York; Coll. of City of New York 1900-1;
Intl. Corr. Sch., La Salle Extension Univ. Freight brakeman and locomo- tive fireman on N. Y. Cent. R.
R. 1901-12. Gen. org. grand lodge, Loco. Fireman, 1910-4; secy. bd. dir. 1913; asst. to pres. 1914-6;
gen. org. 1914-21; bd. dir. 1920-2; special rep. of pres. 1920-2. Member Conf. Prog. Pol. Act.,
Masons, Elks. Home, 434 E. 157 St., New York, N. Y.; office, 901 Guardian Bldg., Cleveland, Ohio.
#McCALEB, Walter Flavins. One of org. San Bernardino Valley Bank, pres. since 1922; dir. and org. 1st
Natl. Bank, Bakersfield, Calif., since 1924; pres. and org. People's Mortgage Co., Los An- geles, since
1923; pres. and org. People's Bank & Trust Co., Los Angeles, since 1924. Born Oct. 17, 1873, Benton,
Texas. A. B., Univ .of Tex., 1896; A. M., 1897; Ph. D., Chicago, 1900. Ed. on staff of New Intl.
Encyclopedia 1901-3; asso. ed. The Public Led- ger, Philadelphia, 1904; reviewer for The New York
Times, The Nation, American Historical Re- view, 1903-24. Pres. Dimmitt County, Tex., State Bank,
1905-9; pres. W. Texas Bank & Trust Co. 1909-14; dir. Artesian Belt R. R. 1912-3; vice-pres. and dir.
San Antonio Life Ins. Co., 1909-13; treas. Crystal City and Uvalde Ry., 1913; treas. Globe Fire Ins. Co.
1910-4; dir. and vice-chair. Fedi. Reserve Bank, Dallas, 1914-6; mng. dir. Mass. Credit U. Assn., 1918-
9; secy. natl. comt. on Peo- ple's Banks, 1918-9; mgr., org., and vice-pres. Bro. of Loco. En- gineers'
Natl. Bank, 1920-2; chair. Federation Bank, New York, 1923. Lecturer on money and banking,
Columbia Univ., 1918. Author: The Aaron Burr Conspiracy, 1903; Winnowings of the Wind, 1910;
         ”                                ”
Happyâ€The Life of a Bee, 1917; Busyâ€The Life of an Ant, 1919; co-author with Eugene P. Lyle†   ”A

#MCCARTHY, William. Secy.- treas. Intl. All. of Bill Posters & Billers of A. Office, R. 821, Long- acre
Bldg., 42 St. and Broadway, New York, N. Y. (152)l52 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO
#McCLEIJiAND, J. A. (See Canada.)

#McCORMICK, William Eben. Ed. Intl. Stereotypers' and Elec- trotypers' Journal since Nov., 1924; rec.
secy. loc. 13; chair. Costello Home Assn. (Stereotypers' & Electrotypers' home for tuberculars);
foreman stereotype dept., Western News- paper U., Denver. Born Sept. 19, 1888, Dodge City, Kan.
Father a tinner and farmer. Dist scn., Klowa, Kan.; bus. coll., King- fisher, Okla., 1 yr. Worked on
father's farm from age of 8 to 18; worked in lumber yard as yard man and later as mgr. 1908-10;
stereotyper since 1911. Author: several stories; Folks Down on the Farm; Rabbit Tracks. Re- publican,
supported La Follette 1924. Home, 446 S. Ogden Ave.; office, 1824-30 Curtis St., Denver, Colo.

#McCOY, Robert Turner. Vice- pres. Intl. Molders' U. of N. A. since 1924; vice-pres. Pa. Fed. of Labor
since 1920. Born Feb. 28, 1872, Rutherford County, Tenn. Father a carpenter. County prim. sch.;
practically self- educated. Was iron molder's ap- prentice; worked at trade con- tinuously 1899-1918,
except for 18 mos. while learning brick- laying. Joined Molders' U. 1895; held many loc. offices; intl.
exec. bd. 1912-24. Org. for Molders' conf. bd. of Pittsburg and vicinity 1918; bus. agt. 1919-24.
Progres- sive in politics. Home, 6814 Kelly Blvd.; office, 508 Penn Bldg., Pittsburg, Pa.
#McCOY, William Taggart. Vice- pres. Amer. Fed. of Teachers since 1920. Born Nov. 7, 1874, Clark
County, Ind. Father a Pres- byterian minister. A. B., Han- over Coll., 1895; A. M., Hanover, 1898; grad.
student, Univ. of Chi- cago, 1900-16. Principal high sch., Rensselaer, Ind.; teacher of Latin, Chicago
high sch. Exec. coun. Chicago Fed. of Men Teach- ers, 1914-24; pres. 1918-21. Exec. coun. Amer. Fed.
of Teachers, 1921-4. Chair. 1ll. Fed. of Labor comt. on educ. 1920; chair. Chi- cago Schools comt.
1919-21. Dir. Better Schools Service, Amer. Fed. of Teachers, 1921-2. Co- author with T. L. Harley,
Studies in Secondary Education, 1914; with G. L. Tanner, Better Schools Service Report of Amer. Fed.
of Teachers, 1920; report of 11l. Fed. of Labor comt. on educ., 1920. Member Masons, Chicago Classi-
cal Club, Classical Assn. of Middie West and South, Chicago Liberal Club, Phi Gamma Delta.
Independent in politics. Home, 1118 E. 54 St.; Englewood High School, 62 & Stewart Ave., Chi- cago,

#McCREERY, J. F. Vice-pres. Bro. of Ry. Carmen of A. since 1913. Born May 23, 1877, Union Town, Ky.
Father a car builder and repairer. Practically self- educated. Worked as collar mak- er; member Bro.
of Leather W. until 1899. Car builder and re- pairer; member Ry. Carmen since 1900; chair, loc. 14,
1900; system comt. to 1911; chair. 11l. System Fed. of Shop Crafts 1911-3. Par- ticipated in many
strikes and im- portant movts. 1 of organizers Kansas City, Mo., Fed. of Federa- tions, composed of r.
r. trades of the country, which merged with Ry. Empl. Dept. of A. F. of L., 1912. Attended every Ry.
Empl. Dept. conv. since its organization. Member of Macy Bd. of Concilia- tion, Natl. Defense Coun.
1917-8. Member K. of C., Elks. Formerly Democrat, now votes for man and principles regardiess of
party. Home, 1225 Jefferson St., Padu- cah, Ky.; office, 503 Hall Bldg., Kansas City, Mo.

#McCULLOUGH, Theodore Wil- son. Printer; editorial writer. Born Sept. 26, 1861, Kirksvllle, Iowa.
Father a physician and surgeon. Pub. scn., Ottumwa. Formerly locomotive fireman. Del. A. F. of L. 18
yrs. Member Excess Profits Tax Advisory Bd., 1917-8. Author: articles on eco- nomic and labor topics.
Member Masons, Omaha Chamber of Commerce, Omaha Athl. Club. Republican. Home, 2005
Mander- son St.; office, Omaha Bee Edi- torial Room. Omaha, Neb.

#McDERMAND, Joseph Clifton. Pres. Labor Natl. Bank, Great Falls, Mont., since Apr. 1924. Born May
11, 1874, Port Burwell, Ontario, Canada. Father a farm- er. Gram. sch., St. Thomas, On- tario. Went
to work at age of 9; on farm until 1897; foreman on Gt. Northern Ry. to 1899; locomotive engineer
1899 to 1924. Member Bro. of Loco. Engineers since 1900; loc. chair. for div. 504 3 yrs.; secy. 2 yrs.
Progressive in politics. Home, 714 3 Ave., N.; office, 200 Central Ave., Great Falls, Mont.
#McDEVTTT, William John. (See Canada.)

#McDONALD, Duncan. Speaker for Farmer-Labor P. Born Nov. 25, 1873, Ore Bank, near Youngs-
town, Ohio. Father a coal miner. Prim. sch., Oglesby, 1ll.; studied law by corr. for a short time. Went
to work at age of 11. Worked in mines during winter, and on farm in summer 1889- 1903. Member
Un. Mine W. of A. since 1898; exec. bd. 11l. Miners 1904-8; intl. exec. bd. 1908-9; pres. 11l. Miners,
1909; secy.-treas. 1910-7. Pres. 11l. Fed. of Labor 1919-20. Active in coop. movt. 1914-20. Publ.
Illinois Industrial Review, Springfield, 11l., now dis- continued. Gen. org. Federated Press. Nominated
by Farmer- Labor conv., St. Paul, 1924, for Pres. of U. S.; withdrew in favor of La Follette. Connected
with Socialist P. 15 yrs. Author: pamphlet, Suggestions for Start- ing Cooperative Stores. Member
Odd Fellows, Masons, Shriners, Court of Honor, Iowa State Trav- eling Men's Assn. Home, 1434 Bates
Ave.; office, 727 E. Adams St., Springfield, 11l.
#MCDONNELL, Arthur. Exec. bd. Un. Textile W. of A. since 1911; rep. Philadelphia dist. since 1922;
chair, bd. of trustees, Pro- ducers & Consumers' Bank, Philadelphia, since organization 1922. Born
Sept. 21, 1857, Bel- fast, Ireland. Father a spinning master. Natl. Sch. and Coll. in Ireland until 19 yrs.
of age. Joined Flax W. U. 1878. Came to U. S. 1881. Worked in wholesale groc- ery, Philadelphia,
1881-2; dyer since 1882. Pres. and agt. Dyers' & Mercerizers' U. loc. 702, 1909- 22. Del. Cent. Labor
U. since 1909. Del. dist. coun. of Textile W. of Philadelphia 1909. Author: poems and articles
pertaining to labor. Member Hibernians, K. of C. Democrat. Home, 2958 N. 3 St.; office, 152 W.
Lehigh Ave., Philadelphia, Pa.

#McGILLIVRAY, John Donald. Secy.-treas. Natl. Bro. of Op. Pot- ters since 1921. Born Dec. 20, 1885,
Salineville, Ohio. Father a coal miner. Gram. sch.; Ohio Valley Bus. Coll. night course. Potter, cup
handier 1903-21. Member Bro. of Potters since 1906; secy. Turners & Handiers loc. 10, 3 yrs.; natl.
vice-pres. 1920. Home, 413 Vine St.; office, Box 6, E. Liverpool, Ohio.

#McGIVERN, Edward J. Pres. Op. Plasterers & Cement Fin. Intl. Assn. of U. S. & Can. Born Nov. 29,
1871, Boston, Mass. (154)l54 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Father a laborer. Gram. sch. 3 yrs.
Worked as plasterer 1889- 1908. Bus. agt. Plasterers' loc. 10, Boston, 1908-12. Member Elks. Home,
17 Robbins Rd., Arlington Heights, Mass.; office, Castell Bldg., Mlddietown, Ohio.

#McGOWAN, Patrick Aloysius. Pres. Willlamsport, Pa., Labor Temple Assn. since 1920; state exec.
comt. Socialist P. since 1918; chair. Lycoming County and 16th Congl. dist., Conf. Prog. Pol. Act., since
1924; merchant. Born Mar. 15, 1884, Silswirth, England. Father a coal miner and laborer. Prim. sch.,
Williams- port; W11iiamsport Commercial Sch. 1902-3; Pa. State Coll. 1912- 4. Went to work at age
of 11. Formerly a coal miner, steel worker, laborer, merchant. Mem- ber Un. Mine W. of A. 1897-
1905; rec. secy. loc. Bitumen, Pa., 1904. Member Amal. Assn. of Iron, Steel & Tin W. of N. A. since
1905; rec. secy. loc. 1910-2. Member Socialist P. since 1908; secy.- treas., org., loc. campaign mgr.
since joining; del. state conv. 1918-20, '4; del. natl. conv. 1920- 4; cand. for state Assem., mayor,
Cong, and other offices. Author: The Home Garden, 1915; articles for newspapers. Member Moose,
Eagles, Central, Pa. Bee Keepers' Assn, Pa., State Horticultural Assn. Home, 1002 Louisa St.; office, 39
E. 3 St., Williamsport, Pa.

#McGOWAN, R A. Asst. dir. Social Action Dept., Natl. Catholic Welfare Conf.; secy.-treas. Cath- olic
Conf. on Industrial Problems; bd. dir. Coop. Lg. of U. S. A.; Catholic priest. Born June 23, 1892,
Brookfield, Mo. Pub., pa- rochial and high sch., Brookfield; St. Benedict Coll., Atkinson, Kan.; St.
Bernard's Sem., Rochester, N. Y.; American Coll., Rome, Italy; Catholic Univ., Washington, D. C.,
ordained 1915. Asst. pastor St. Patrick's Parish, St. Joseph, Mo.; pastor, Kahoka, Mo.; research
worker Natl. Catholic War. Coun. Author: Bolshevism in Russia and America; Catechism of the Social
Question (with Rev. John A. Ryan). Member Washington Penguin Club. Home, 2400 19 St. N. W.;
office, 1312 Massachusetts Ave. N. W., Washington, D. C.
#McGRADY, Edward F. Legls. rep. A. F. of L. at Washington, D. C. Born 1874, Jersey City, N. J. Father
asst. foreman, street dept, Boston. Prim., gram., eve. high sch., Boston. Was a press- man; foreman
Boston Traveller press room; state supt. U. S. Em- ployment Service, Mass.; acting fedi. dir. U. S.
Employment Ser- vice, Mass. Member Printing Pressmen's & Assts.' U. of N. A.; pres. Web
Pressmen's loc.; secy.; natl. org. Pres. Boston Cent. La- bor U. Vice-pres. Mass. Fed. of Labor.
Member Boston Common Coun. and Mass. Legis. In charge of organized labor div. of Liberty Loan
drive in Mass. during World War; member comt. on Priorities, Boston Coun. Natl. Defense. Au- thor:
pamphlets. Right of the Workers to Stop Working; Fit- ting the Man for the Job; articles on Efficiency
and Economy in a Modern Newspaper Press Room. Non-partisan voter. Home, 12 Chamblet St.,
Boston, Mass.; of- fice, A. F. of L. Bldg., Washing- ton, D. C.

#McGRATH, Patrick Joseph. Natl. vice-pres. Amal. Assn. Street & Electric Ry. Empl. of A. since 1916;
secy.-treas. loc. 85, Pitts- burgh, since 1906. Born Mar. 21, 1873, Wales. Father a laborer. Sch. to 4th
grade, Wales. Came to U. S. 1893. Went to work at age of 10. Formerly a mill work- er, miner,
laborer, street car con- (155)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO l55 ductor. Member Hibernians, Eagles.
Republican. Home, 3335 McClure Ave., N. S.; office, Labor Temple, Pittsburgh, Pa.

#McGUIRE, Albert Jackson. Pres. dist. 15, Un. Mine W. of A. since 1922. Born Jan. 28, 1884, Rice
County, Kan. Father a fanner and carpenter. Sch. to 4th grade. "Went to work at age of 12. Miner
1905-22. Member Un. Mine W. of A. since 1912; held all loc. office. Member K. of P., Moose.
Democrat. Home, Agullar, Colo.; office, 444 Thatch- er Bldg., Pueblo, Colo.
#McELVEEN, Joseph. Ed. The Plasterer, organ of Op. Plasterers' Intl. Assn. of U. S. & Can. Office, R.
22, Jackson Bldg., 6. St. & Penn Ave., Pittsburgh, Pa.

#McKEON, James Philip. Secy.- treas. Natl. Fed. of Federal Empl. since 1922, and natl. legis. rep. since
1921; asso. publ. The Fed- eral Employee since 1922. Born Mar. 4, 1878, St. John, New Brunswick,
Canada. Father a molder. Prim., gram. sch., Mass.; Tech. high sch., Washington, D. C. Went to work
at age of 14. Steam fitter 1900-10; foreman of skilled tradesmen for U. S. govt. 1910-22. Member
Intl., later Un. Assn. of Steam & Hot Water Fitters, 1900-19. Member Natl. Fed. of Federal Empl.
since 1918. Home, 3541 13 St.; office, Labor Bldg., Washington, D. C.
#McKILLIPS, Build U Asso. ed. Minneapolis Labor Review iince 1916; pres. loc. 477, Intl. Assn. of
Machinists since 1922; North-west corr. for Federated Press 1921-3. Born May 13, 1892, Oelwein,
Iowa. Father a painter. Gram. sch., Oelwein. Gt. Western Indust. Sch.; Minneapolis Labor Coll. 1920.
Went to work at age of 14. Machinist 1910-4; corporal in U. $. Army 1917-9; newspaper man on
various papers. Author: a book of poems, After the Raid, and others, 1921; short stories; a novel,
unpubl. Member Eagles, Farmer-Labor P. Home, 1033 27 Ave. N. E.; office, 427 6 Ave., S.
Minneapolis, Minn.
#McLACGHMN, Albert Cen- tenial. Exec. bd. Glass Bottle Blowers' Assn. of U. S. & Can. since 1918;
glass blower since 1892. Born Mar. 10, 1876, Sandy Creek, Pa. Father a coal miner. Pub. sch.,
Allegheny, Pa. Went to work at age of 12. Member Glass Bottle Blowers' Assn. of U. S. & Can. since
1897; held of- fices in loc.; org. 1ll. and Pa. since 1919. Member Eagles. Repub- lican. Home, 25
Ludiow St., Parker's Landing, Pa.
#McLEAN, Samnel Gerald. Vice- pres. Amer. Fed. of Teachers since 1921; vice-pres. Calif. Fed. of
Teachers since 1923; sub-head, Commercial dept., Oakland Tech. High sch., since 1919. Born Oct. 8,
1881, Greenock, Scotland. Father a builder and contractor. Natl. sch., Ireland; Educational Inst.,
Dundalk; Municipal Tech. Inst., Belfast; King's Coll., Univ. of London, 1899-1901. Founder and
principal Civil Service Inst., Ballymena, Ireland, 1901-5; prin- cipal civil service and commercial depts.,
Mercantile Coll., Belfast, 1905-10; head of commercial dept. Municipal Tech. Sch., Bally- mena, 1910-
2. Lecturer in com- merce and head of commercial dept., Sacramento, Calif., high sch. 1913-9. First
pres. Sacra- mento High Sch. Teachers' U. 1919; org. and pres. Calif. Fed. of Teachers, 1919-23.
Member Ath- ens Club of Oakland; Masons. Address, 5572 Lawton Ave., Oak- land, Calif.
#McLEOD, Anestos Francis. (See Canada.) (156)l56 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO

#McUNDON, William R. Secy. Trades & Labor Assem. of Kenton and Campbell Counties, Ky., since
1914; treas. loc. 238, Bro. of Painters, Decorators & Paperh. of A. since 1910; house painter since
1894. Born Apr. 17, 1870, Mobile, Ala. Father a baker. Prim. scn., Omaha, Neb. Went to work at age
of 18. Member Moose. Democrat. Address, IB4 Van Voast Ave., Bellevue, Ky.

#McMAHOJf, Martin Joseph. Exec. bd. Intl. Assn. of Machin- ists since 1922; natl. org. since 1915.
Born Mar. 17, 1873, Sus- quehanna, Pa. Father a machin- ist. Parochial sch., Susquehanna. Went to
work at age of 15; ma- chinist 1890-1915. Member Intl. Assn. of Machinists since 1893; rec. secy,
lodge 305, 1894; org. lodge 1895; chair. Rock Is. R. R. system. 1904; 1st to secure rec- ognition from
Rock Is. R. R. as system organization; helped to org. dist. 36, Rock Is. R. R. 1903; org. in Kan., Mo.,
Okla., Tex., Ark.; legis. agt. Ark. Fed. of La- bor 1910-2. Took active part and rep. labor in forming
constitution for Okla. 1902-3. While legis. agt. in Ark. assisted in securing adoption of initiative and
referen- dum and child labor law. Asst. labor comssnr.. Ark., 1913-5. Au- thor: articles for
newspapers and magazines. Independent voter. Address, 515 Olive St., Scranton, Pa.

#McMAHON, Thomas F. Pres Un. Textile W. of A. since 1921. Born May 2, 1870, Ballybay, Coun- ty
Monaghan, Ireland. Father a flax buyer. Attended Irish natl sch. until age of 17. Was a cloth folder;
member Cloth Folders' loc 505, Un. Textile W. of A.; bus. agt. loc. 505, 1904-12; natl. org 1912-7;
natl. vice-pres. 1917-21 Active member Knights of Labor 1889. Member Owls, Hibernians {. of C.
Home, 10 Denver Ave., Sdgewood, Providence, R. I.; of- fice, 610 Bible House, New York, N. Y.
#McMANUS, Herbert Wallace. Secy.-treas. Natl. Fed. of Federal Empl., loc. 7, since 1920; printer.
Born Oct. 15, 1881, Ft. Pierre, 3. D. Father a merchant. Elem., high sch., Rapid City, S. D.; S. D. State
Sch. of Mines, 1902; studied music in corr. sch. Printer; musician. Member Musicians' U. 1900; del.
Portland, Ore., Cent. Labor Coun. 1902-24; exec. coun. 2 yrs. Member Natl. Fed. of Federal Empl.
since 1917. Mem- ber Woodmen of World. Home, 448 Larrabee St.; office, 221 Cus- tom House,
Portland, Ore.

#McNALLY, Gertrude. 2nd vlce- pres. Natl. Fed. of Federal Empl. since 1918; secy.-treas. loc. 105
since organization 1906; 2nd vice- pres. Md. and D. C. Fed. of Labor since 1919; state chair, women
in industry comt., Md. Lg. of Women Voters since 1921. Born Oct. 20, 1887, Baltimore, Md. Father a
lawyer. High sch., St. Cather- ine's Normal Inst., and St. Mary's Acad., Notre Dame, Ind.; Holy Cross
Acad., Washington, D. C. Operative in U. S. Bur. of En- graving & Printing 1906-18. Pre- pared report
on Women in Gov- ernment Services for jt . Congl. comt. on reclassiflcatlon of sal- aries, 1919. Home,
Berwyn, Md.; office, Labor Bldg., Washington, D. C.
#McNAMARA, Thomas J. Secy.- treas. Intl. Assn. of Heat and Frost. Ins. & Asbestos W. Office, 803
United Home Bldg., St . Louis, Mo.
#McNAMEE, John Felix. Ed. and mgr. Brotherhood of Loco- motive Firemen and Enginemen's
Magazine since 1904. Born Oct. 29, 1867, Stamullen, County (157)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO

#Meath, Ireland. Natl. sch., Ire- land, until age of 16. Came to U. 8. July 1884. Worked in groc- ery
store 3 yrs.; factory and other employment Columbus, Ohio, 2H yrs. Fireman, Pa, R. R. 1890-8;
activities in union made it diffi- cult to secure employment in r. r. service after connection with Pa. R.
R. was severed, forced to do other work 1899-1901; elected to Ohio Legls. 1901. Treas. lodge 9, Bro.
of Loco. Firemen & Engine- men 1891-7, and del. natl. conv. 1896. Org. lodge 445 in 1897; pres. and
del. to Natl. comt. 1898- 1900, '2, '4. Intl. grand exec. bd. 1898-1903; chair, of bd. 1902-3; ed. and
mgr. 1902. Member Mac- cabees, Woodmen of the World, Travel Club, Citizen's Lg. of Cleve- land.
Formerly Democrat; now member Conf. Prog. Pol. Act., supported La Follette 1924. Home, 10708
Orville Ave.; office, 2112 E. 46 St., Cleveland, Ohio.

#MoSOKLEY, William Joseph. Pres. Wood, Wire & Metal Lath- ers' Intl. U. since 1904; vice-pres. Bldg.
Trades Dept., A. F. of L. 1908-12, '14 to date; exec. coun. Amer. Constr. Coun. since 1922; member
plastering conf. comt. U. S. Bur. of Standards, since 1922. Born Dec. 13, 1876, Philadelphia, Pa.
Father a lather. Prim. sch., Philadelphia. Went to work at age of 14. Lather 1889-1903; member
Wood, Wire & Metal La- thers since 1899; held all offices in loc. 53, Philadelphia; bd. of gov- ernors,
Structural Bldg. Trades All., 1905-8. Member Labor Comt., Coun. of Natl. Defense, during World War.
Author: articles in official magazine, and reports to organization. Member Elks, K. of C. Non-partisan
in politics. Home, 1474 Lincoin Ave., Lake- wood; office, 401 Superior Bldg., Cleveland, Ohio.

#MEADE, James Sylvester. Secy., bus. agt., loc. 98, Intl. Bro. of Electrical W. of A. since 1914; chair,
exec. bd. Coun. of Asso. Bldg. Trades, Philadelphia, since 1920; exec. comt. Philadelphia Bldg. Cong,
since 1922; secy. Elec- trical Mechanics' Assn. of Phila- delphia, Inc., since 1921. Born Mar. 2, 1874,
Philadelphia. Father a marine steam engineer. Prim. sch., Philadelphia; when 4 yrs. old, father died;
at 11 mother died; left sch. to go to work. Un- til 16 was employed as telegraph messenger, errand
boy, helper in various factories; electrical work- er and inspector; salesman. Treas. Intl. Bro. of
Electrical W. of A. 1923. Member Elks, Eagles, Bro. of America, Electric Club of Philadelphia. Politics
indepen- dent Republican. Home, 2627 N. 24 St.; office, 1807 Spring Garden St., Philadelphia, Pa.

#MEITZEN, Ernest Richard. Ed.-mgr. Farm Labor Union News since 1920. Born May 3, 1881, Cistern,
Tex. Father a na- tive Texan, surveyor, farmer. Pub. sch., Hallettsville to 8th grade; quit sch. at 13 yrs
of age; mostly self-educated. Printer 1893-1904; owner-ed. Halletsville S. W. New Era 1904-16; secy.
Tex. Socialist P. 1911; nominee for gov., 1914, '6; 1 of 5 natl. lec- turers of Non-Partlsan Lg. 1917- 20;
ed. N. D. Leader, organ N. D. Non-Partisan Lg., 1921. Active since 21 yrs. of age in promoting dirt-
farmer organizations and other political and indust. movts. toward coop, commonwealth. Au- thor:
newspaper articles and a few leafiets. Member Intl. Typo- graphical U., Odd Fellows. Poli- tics
independent until further notice. Address, Box 766, Texar- kana, Tex. (158)158 AMERlCAN LABOR
#MELMS, Edmund T. Member natl. exec. comt., Socialist P. of A. since 1919; secy. Socialist P.,
Milwaukee County, Wis., since 1908; org. since 1904. Born Mar. 11, 1874, Greenfield, Wis. Father a
farmer. Prim. scn., Greenfield; self-educated. Formerly a news- paper writer. Councilman, Mil-
waukee bd. of aldermen, 1904-12; sheriff, Milwaukee, 1916. Author: pamphlets. What Every
Socialist Should Know; The Two Johns; Socialism and the Women. Mem- ber Newspaper Writers' U.
9, Maccabees, D. A. Club of Mil- waukee. Home, 579 8 Ave.; of- fice, 528 Chestnut St., Milwaukee,

#MELNIKOW, Henry P. Dir. San Francisco ofHce, Labor Bur., Inc., since 1921. Instr. extension courses
for Workers in Industry, Univ. of Calif, since 1922. Born 1892, Kiev, Russia. Father a storekeeper.
Came to U. S. 1905. Milwaukee Normal Sch., 1913; A. B., Univ. of Wis., 1914-6; Sor- bonne, Paris,
1919; Univ. of Calif., 1921-3. Rep. numerous labor unions in arbitration pro- ceedings, submitted a
case for San Francisco Typographical U. before bd. presided over by Judge Frank R. Devlin, decision
of board recognizing, so far as is known for 1st time, that wages must be increased if worker is to
share in increased productivity of industry resulting from improve- ments in machinery and tech-
nique. Home, 2123 Stuart St., Berkeley; office, 525 Market St., San Francisco, Calif.

#MENENDEZ, Joseph F. Hat- ter; bd. dir. Un. Hatters of N. A.; gen. exec. bd.; del. New York Cent.
Trades & Labor Coun.; comt. on educ. Born Dec. 25, 1882, Pravia, Oviedo, Spain. Fa- ther a city dairy
farmer. Gram. sch., Pravia; high sch., Oviedo; New York; Rand Sch. of Social Science. Formerly a clerk;
mem- ber of Grupo Tierra, Havana, Cuba; secy. Gremlo de Depen- dientes de Cafe during gen. strike
1902. Secy. Straw & Panama Hatters' loc. 2 (independent), 1914-5; org. and secy. Straw, Pan- ama &
Ladies' Hatters' loc. 3, Un. Hatters of N. A., 1916-20; pres. 1921-2. Member Workmen's Circle.
Politics Single Tax P. Home, 739 E. 182 St., Bronx; office, 88 Bible House, New York, N. Y.
#MERRICK, Herman Albert. Secy.-treas. Pacific Bro. Invest- ment Co., Seattle, Wash-, since June,
1924. Born July 10, 1890, Mt. Erie, 11l. Father a farmer. Gram. sch., Hidalgo; labor coll., Ft. Scott,
Kan. Formerly a teleg- rapher, accountant, banker for 10 yrs. with various banks and financial
enterprises connected with coop. movt. Secy.-treas. Natl. Non-Partisan Lg. 1920-2; bus. mgr.
National Leader, Min- neapolis, 1920-3; secy. Natl. Pro- ducers' All., 1922-3; cashier Bro. Coop. Natl.
Bank of Spokane, 1923-4. Member conv. Teleg- raphers' U. of A. Progressive. Address, 811 Dexter
Horton Bldg., Seattle, Wash.

#MERRILL, Herbert Marcellus. Secy. N. Y. comt., Socialist P., since 1922; secy. Schenectady County
comt. since 1923; fin. secy. Cent . N. Y. dist. coun. Intl. Bro. of Electrical W. of A. since 1913; secy. loc.
247, since 1917; chair, legis. comt. Schenectady Trades assem. since 1916. Born Sept. 13, 1871,
Campion, N. H. Father a farmer. Prim. sch., Campton, and Boston, Mass.; gram. sch., Bos- ton; high
sch., Plymouth, N. H. Farmer until 1900; armature winder to 1922, except 1913-9, when bus. agt. for
trades union; secy. Plymouth Grange, Patrons (159)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 159 of
Husbandry, 1896-1900; mem- ber N. Y. Assem., 1912; bus. agt. N. Y. dist. coun., Intl. Bro. of Electrical
W., 1913-9. Interested in electrical inventions, birth con- trol rnovt. Author: occasional re- ports and
articles in newspapers. Home, 228 Liberty St., Schenec- tady; office, R. 213-4, 467 Broad- way,
Albany, N. Y.
#MESEROLE, Darwin James. Lawyer; pres. Natl. Unemploy- ment Lg. Inc., since organization 1922.
Born May 27, 1868, Brook- lyn. Father a banker. Gram. sch., Adelphl Acad., Polytechnic Inst.,
Brooklyn; LL. B., N. Y. Law Sch., 1900. Employed in Wall St., 1886-91; member N. Y. Stock Exchange
1890-1; mgr. Home of Industry for unem- ployed, Brooklyn, 1892-1900; ad- mitted to bar, 1900;
practiced law since. Author: articles and pam- phlets on unemployment; Un- employment Comssn.
bill in Cong., 1923-4. Member Brooklyn Chamber of Commerce, New York Civic Club. Socialist. Home,
Bellport, L. I.; office, 190 Mon- tague St., Brooklyn, N. Y.

#METCALFE, Frank Burnett. Exec. bd. Wis. Socialist P.; Mil- waukee County Bd. of Super- visors;
Citizens' Comssn. on Un- employment, representing Bd. of Supervisors; pres. Milwaukee Mo- tion
Picture Comssn., representing labor; secy.-treas. Perl-O-Dent Chemical Co. Born Dec. 26, 1874,
Streator, 11l. Father a tailor. Self-educated. Formerly a glass bottle blower. Secy.-treas. Trades U.
Liberty Lg. of Wis.; gen. org. Milwaukee Fed. Trades Coun.; secy. Milwaukee Workers' Coll. Member
Wis. Legis., 1911, '5, "i, '9; introduced Legis. Conf. which meets during sessions of Wis. Legis. Served
on exec. bd. of Wis. Fed. of Labor and Milwaukee Fed. Trades Coun. Member Glass Bottle Blowers'
Assn. of U. S. & Can.; Theosophical Soc. Address, 647 Dover St., Milwaukee, Wis.
#METCAXF, Richard Henry. Financier, Intl. Molders' U. of N. A. since 1895. Born Aug. 10, 1855,
Uxbrldge, Ontario, Can. Father a farmer. Prim. sch., Ashburn, Ont. Formerly an iron molder. Member
exec. bd., bd. of trustees, 1886-95; chair. 1890-5. Author: Book of Instruction; re- ports to
conventions, circulars to organization. Home, 29 Park Apts., Park Ave.; office, Lock Box 699,
Cincinnati, Ohio.
#MEYER, Andries. Pres. Dia- mond W. Protective U. of A. Ad- dress, 132 Joralemon St., Brook- lyn, N.

#MEYER, Fred. Baker; special org. for Bakers' U. 3, Amal. Food W. 1924. Born Dec. 12, 1889,
Neuwark, W. Prussia. Father a blacksmith. Pub. sch., Neuwark; self-educated in English. Bus. agt.
Brooklyn Bakers' U. 3, 1917- 21; gen. org., Amal. Food W., 1921-3. In charge of 2 important strikes in
Brooklyn 1917-8; gen. strike of all bakery workers in Greater New York 1919; Brook- lyn, 1920.
Author: a score of pamphlets for agitation pur- poses among unorganized bakers. Workers' P. Home,
143 Tesla Pl., Glendale, L. I.; office, 949 Wil- loughby Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y.

#MIKOL, David. Mgr. N. Y. jt . bd. Fur Cap & Trimming Mkrs.' U., Intl. Fur W. U. of U. S. & Can., since
1921; exec. secy. Intl. Fur W. U. educ. dept. since 1922; natl. exec. comt. Pioneer Youth of A. since
1924. Born June 5, 1870, Cracow, Poland. Father a mer- chant. Secondary sch., Paris, France; courses
at the Sorbonne, Paris. Formerly designer of cloth- ing. Assisted in organizing all needie trades unions
in Boston, (160)l60 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Mass., for past 28 yrs.; gen. org. Intl. Fur W. U.
1919-21. Author: articles in The Fur Worker; educ. reports; corr. for French publica- tions abroad, in
U. S. and Can- ada. Member Workingmen's Sick & Death Ben. Fund; bd. dir. and treas. Rand Sch. of
Social Science. Socialist P. Home, 815 W. 179 St.; office, 22 E. 22 St., New York.
#MILLER, Abraham. Secy.- treas. New York jt. bd. Amal. Clothing W. since 1923. Born Jan. 12, 1887,
Dublecko, Galicla, Austria (now Poland), Father a baker. Baron DeHirsch Inst., Austria, 1897-1900.
Came to U. S. 1903. Went to work at age of 12. Apprentice in baker shop and other trades. Joined
Pants Mkrs. New York, loc. 8, 1906. Active in New York Clothing strike 1913. Secy. dist. coun. 1,
Garment W. 1914-5; del. Nash- ville conv., 1914. Participated in org. Amal. Clothing W. of A., 1914;
gen. exec. bd. since 1920. Took charge of lockout of cloth- ing workers in Boston, 1920. Mgr. Boston
jt. bd. 1920-1. Mgr. Pants Mkrs. loc., New York, 1915-20. Member Socialist P. 1905-12; Workmen's
Circle. Home, 1416 Bryant Ave.; office, 621 Broad- way, New York, N. Y.

#MTLLER, Hugo. Secy. German- Amer. Typographla and ed. Buch- drucker Zeitung since 1886; vice-
pres. Intl. Typographical U. since 1894. Born July 28. 1856, Frei- berg, Saxony. Father a jeweler. High
sch., Freiberg. Came to U. S. 1873. Worked as a printer 1886. Introduced R-hr.-label in printing
trades, July 1886. Au- thor: Zu Schutz und Trutz, 1898; annual reports of German Amer. Typographla.
Socialist all his lifetime. Home, 629 Hamilton Ave.; office, 606 Bankers' Trust Bldg., Indianapolis, Ind.

#MILLER, Jasper Franklin. Bd. dir. O. of R. R. Telegraphers since 1915; gen. chair. Pa. Div. since 1910;
bd. dir. and vice-pres. Telegraphers' Natl. Bank since 1922. Born Aug. 30, 1882, Park- ton, Md. Father
a farmer. Prim. sch., Parkton. Went to work at age of 15, on farm. Worked as a telegrapher 1900-12.
Chair. R. R. Telegraphers' loc., Baltimore div., 1909-12, legis. rep. for Md. 1915-7. Member Masons;
Pittsburgh Te- legraphers' Club; Monumental Telegraphers' Club, Baltimore. Home, 2916 Huntington
Ave.; of- flce, 71-2 Gunther Bldg., Balti- more, Md.
#MLLUER, Spencer, Jr., Secy. Workers' Educ. Bur. of A. since establishment, 1921; ed. Workers'
Education Quarterly since 1923; ed. Workers' Bookshelf since 1921. Born July 2, 1891, Worcester,
Mass. Father an engineer, in- ventor, in pub. service. Private, high sch., S. Orange, N. J., 3 yrs.;
Bordentown Military Inst. 1 yr.; A.B., Amherst Coll., 1912; A.M., Columbia Univ., 1914; grad. re-
search Dept. of Political Science, and Mechanical Engineering Dept., Columbia; Fellow in Pub. Law,
Columbia, 1914-5. Special investigator, N. Y. Factory Inves- tigating Comssn., 1913; research staff, U.
S. Comssn. on Indust. Relations, 1915; asst. warden Sing Sing Prison, 1915-6; special rep. U. S. Dept.
of Labor, 1917; indust. dept., U. S. Navy, 1917-9. Asst., Dept. of Govt., Columbia Univ., 1919;
instructor, 1920; lec- turer, New York Workers' Univ. of Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U., 1920-2; Trade U.
Coll., 1920; La- bor Temple Sch., New York, 1922- 4; Brookwood Labor Coll. 1919- 21; Intl. Summer
Sch., Vienna, 1924, and Oxford, England, 1924. Author: special reports, for N. Y. Factory Investigating
Comssn., on (161)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO l6l Department Stores, 1913; U. S. Comssn. on In
dust. Relations, on Injunction in Labor Disputes, 1915; Department of Justice, on Use of Prisoners for
#MILLMAN, Elmer Edward. Secy.-treas. and supt . of Provi- dent Dept., Un. Bro. of Maint. of Way
Empl. & R. R. Shop Lab. since 1922. Born Nov. 22, 1890, Mt. Morris, N. Y. High scn.; Me- chanic's
Inst., Rochester, N. Y. Foreman ry. constr. and mainten- ance 1910-9. Gen. chair. Del. Lack. & W.
System div. of Bro. 1919-22; secy.-treas. natl. gen. Chairmen's Assn. 1919-22; pres. Eastern dist. gen.
Chairmen's Assn. 1919-22. Secy.-treas. natl. comt. of Brotherhoods in nego- tiations with fedi. govt.
on wages and working conditions. Home, 2922 Philadelphia Ave. W.; office, «1 Putnam Ave.,
Detroit, Mich.
#MILLNER, George W. Vice- pres. Intl. Longshoremen's Assn.; org. Born May 30, 1879, Danville, Va.
Father a farmer, ins. agt. Prim. sch.; night gram. scn., Presbyterian High & Industrial Sch.; Va. Normal
& Industrial Inst., 2 terms. Formerly a bar- ber; timekeeper and paymaster for longshoremen empl.
by Vir- ginian R. R. Co., 1912-7. Mem- ber Y. M. C. A., Masons, K. of P., Elks, Shriners. Republican.
Home, 838 Ave. C.; office, 1118 Church St., Norfolk, Va,

#MILLS, Ernest. Secy.-treas. Intl. U. of Mine, Mill & Smelter W. Office, Clayton Block, Denver, Colo.

#MILLS, Walter Thomas. Teach- er, lecturer, author. Bora May 11, 1856, Duane, N. Y. Father a
farmer. Pub. sch.; A. M., Oberlin Coll., and Wooster Univ.; Christian Biblical Sch., Stanfordville, N. Y.
Preliminary del. for A. F. of L. to British Trades U. Cong., 1891; special comssnr. to Great Britain from
World's Cong. Auxiliary to Columbian Exposition 1891, '3; indust. comssnr., Milwaukee, Wis., 1909-
14; toured world for purpose of investigation; natl. lecturer and org. Farmers' Non-Partisan Lg. 1917-
24. Author: The Science of Politics, 1887; The Product-Shar- ing Village, 1894; Evolutionary Politics,
1897; The Struggle for Existence, 1904; Democracy or Despotism. 1914. Member Soc. of Friends.
Home, Route 1, Box 8, Berkeley, Calif.

#MILLS, Worden Horst. Jour- nalist; realtor. Born Feb. 18, 1864, Bainbridge, Pa. Father a farmer.
Elem. sch. Bainbridge; Normal sch., McAlisterville, Pa. Writer on labor topics for more than 30 yrs.;
foreign corr. for Socialist Labor P. Translated considerable labor literature from (162)162 AMERlCAN
LABOR WHO'S WHO Spanish and French to English. Cand. Socialist Labor P., for lieut.- gov. of Tex.
1902; for gov. 1904, '6; and for various other offices. Author: Evolution of Society from Primitive
Savagery to the Indus- trial State, publ. in Weekly Peo- ple, 1912. Member Socialist La- bor P.
Address, 44 N. Bentalou St., Baltimore, Md.

#MLLNER, Lucille Bernhelmer. Field secy. Amer. Civil Lib. U. since 1920. Born June 9, 1888, St. Louis,
Mo. Father a mer- chant. Gram., high sen., St. Louis; New York Sen. of Social Work. Secy. Mo.
Children's Code Comssn. 1916-9; lobbied in Mo. Legis. 1917, '9 sessions. Member Bookkeepers',
Steno. & Accts'. U. Home, 17 W. 71 St.; office, 100 5 Ave., New York, N. Y.
#MINOR, Robert. Political writer, cartoonist; exec. comt. Workers' P., Chicago dist. Born July 15,
1884, San Antonio, Tex. Father a sen. teacher and lawyer. Attended sen. 4 yrs. Worked as sign
painter, carpenter, r. r. and farm laborer, journalist. Member Un. Bro. of Carpenters & Joiners of A.,
1902 - 5; Press Writers' U.; cent. comt. Socialist P., St. Louis, 1910. Aided in organization of Intl.
Workers' Defense Lg., 1916; publicity dir. for Tom Mooney and co-de- fendants in San Francisco
"bomb case" prosecutions growing out of 1916 street car strike. Arrested in Paris, 1919, after
advising French r. r. unionists to strike against shipment of munitions to S. Russia. Confined in Amer.
military prison at Coblenz, Ger- many, for several weeks. Released after signing of treaty at Paris. Ed.
The Liberator from 1918 until magazine was merged in Workers' Monthly, 1924. Exec. comt.
Communist P. 1921-2; cent. exec. comt. Workers' P. 1922-3. Indict- ed for attending conv. of Com-
munist P., Bridgeman, Mich., 1922. Exec. comt. Friends of So- viet Russia, 1923-4. Author: The Frame-
Up System; Sted- man's Red Raid. Member Trade U. Educ. Lg. Address, 1113 W. Washington Blvd.,
Chicago, I1l.
#MITCH, William A. Secy.- treas. Un. Mine W. of A. dist 11 since 1915. Born Apr. 10, 1881,
Minersville, Ohio. Father a miner. Miner. Traveling auditor Un. Mine W. 1913-4. Home, 1727 Ohio
St.; office, 214 Odd Fellows Bldg., Terre Haute, Ind.
#MITCHELL, M. W. Pres. Jn. Stonecutters' Assn. of N. A. Ad- dress, 324 American Central Life Bldg.,
Indianapolis, Ind.

#MOEKTH, Peter. Mgr. Cent. States Coop. Wholesale Soc. since 1923; treas. Consumers' Mutual Aid
Guild since 1924. Born Feb. 11, 1876, St. Prlmos, Austria. Fa- ther a farmer. Gram sen., Aus- tria.
Came to U. S. 1900. Went to work at age of 13. Coal miner 1889-1910. Secy. Un. Mine W. of A. loc.,
West Newton, Pa, 1903-4; secy, loc., Staunton, I1l., 1908-9. Coop. org. 1910-1; mgr. coop, re- tall
societies 1912-23. Member Workingmen's Sick & Death Ben. Fund, Un. Commercial Travelers, Odd
Fellows, and K. of P. Ad- dress, 1750 State St., E. St. Louis, 11l.

#MOILANEN, Liturl. Asst. ed. Ralvaaja, Finnish labor dally, since 1919. Born Apr. 15, 1892. Puolanka,
Finland. Came to U. S. 1907. Pub. and other sens., Fin- land and U. S. Worked on farms, docks, in
copper mines. Attended Socialist P. conv. in Ore. and Mass.; natl. conv. 1919, '20, '3. Has taken part
in trade union movt. Ed. Finnish labor dallies in U. S. and Canada since 1911. Ad- dress, Box 468,
Fitchburg, Mass. (163)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 163

#MOLiEK, John. Asso. ed. Pros- veta, Slovenian dally labor paper. Chicago, since 191$. Born June 8.
1882, Metlika, Slovenia, Jugosla- via, Father a peasant. Prim., gram, sen., Metlika. Formerly a farmer,
fruit and wine grower in Slovenia; laborer in steel mills and copper mines in U. S.; com- mercial corr.;
meantime wrote po- litical articles, stories, plays and poems for labor papers and peri- odicals; ed. of
Glasnlk, 1904-5; Proletarec. 1907-9. Secy. loc. fra- ternal societies; exec. comt. of Slovenian Natl.
Ben. Soc.; educ. comt. Jugoslav Socialist Fed.; dir. Slovenian Dramatic Soc. Au- thor: The Parasites, in
Slovenian, 1917; many stories and poems published in Slovenian labor al- manac and in different
papers and magazines; six 1 to 3 act plays; translated from English into Slovenian several large and
many shorter works, among them Upton Sinclair's Jlmmie Higgins, 1922; Jack London's stories, 1914-
20; Moore's Law of Biogenesis. Member Slovenian Natl. Ben. Soc. Socialist. Home, 2236 S. 60 Court,
Cicero; office, 2657-9 S. Lawndale Ave., Chicago, I1l.

#MONAT, Peter. Gen. exec. bd. Amal. Clothing W. of A. since 1920; trade mgr. Vest Mkrs. br. New
York jt. bd. Amal. Clothing W. since 1922; bd. dir. Amal. Cen- ter, New York since 1919; bd. dir. Amal.
Bank, New York, since 1923. Born June 18, 1883, Petra- wodsk, Olonetskoy Gubernia, Rus- sia. Father
a coppersmith and master plumber. Prim, sch., Rus- sia. Came to U. S. 1896. Night gram, and high
sch., New York. Went to work at age of 14, as a vest operator. Rec. secy. Vest Mkrs. loc., Garment
W., 1899-1903. Helped to organize vest makers in Brooklyn, 1903-7. Chair. Vest Mkrs. loc., 1907-15.
Secy.-treas. trade bd. Vest Mkrs. U., 1916-8. Secy.-treas. New York jt. bd. Amal. Clothing W., 1918-
22; tin. secy. Amal. Center 1918-22. Mem- ber Workmen's Circle. Home, 462 Willoughby Ave.,
Brooklyn; office, 175 E. Broadway, New York. N. Y.

#MONOSSON, Fred. Vice-pres. Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. since 1920. Born Feb. 22, 1893, Moscow,
Russia. Father a cementer. Came to U. S. 1904. Gram, sch., 2 yrs. high sch. Raincoat maker 1911-8.
Member Raincoat Mkrs'. U., loc. 7, intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. since 1911; mgr. loc. 7, 1918-24. Mem-
ber independent Workmen's Cir- cle. Home, 6 Segel St., Roxbury; office, 15 Essex St., Boston, Mass.
#MOONEY, Fred. Coal miner. Born Jan. 23, 1888, Kanawha County, W. Va. Father a coal miner and
timber worker. Gram, sch. to 6th grade. Went to work as a coal miner when 12 yrs. old. Secy.-treas.
dist. Un. Mine W. of A., 1917-24. Member Odd Fel- lows, Moose, K. of P. Republican. Address, R. F.
D. 1, Box 37, Charleston, W. Va.
#MOONEY, Rena Herman (Mrs. Thomas J. Mooney). Music teacher. Arrested with Thomas J.
Mooney, charged with complicity in throwing of bomb into Pre- paredness Day parade in San
Francisco, Calif., July 22, 1916, 10 killed and 50 injured. Ac- quitted on 1 count on same evi- dence
used to convict her hus- band and Warren K. Billings, except Oxman's perjured testi- mony, which
was omitted. Imme- diately put in jail and held on other murder counts. Freed on $15,000 cash ball
after 22 mos. in prison, Judge Dunne refusing to accept ball in Liberty Bonds. 1 of directors of
Mooney defense cam- paign. Address, Box 334, San Francisco, Calif. (164)164 AMERlCAN LABOR
#MOONEY, Thomas J. Labor leader and agitator; paid-up mem- ber of Intl. Molders' U. 15 yrs.;
trustee of Molders' U. 164, del San Francisco Labor Coun. 1912; Intl. Holders' conv., Milwaukee; org.
Amal. Assn. of Street Car Men. In San Quentin Peniten- tiary, Calif., serving sentence of life
imprisonment on charges of murder growing out of the throw- ing of a bomb into Preparedness Day
parade, San Francisco, July 22, 1916. Bomb killed 10 people and injured 50. Arrested July 27, 1916,
and charged with the crime with his wife, Rena, Warren K. Billings, Israel Weinberg, and Ed- ward P.
Nolan. In spite of con- tradictory testimony †much of which was later proved perjured, and in spite
of a photograph showing a street clock, which proved that the Mooneys were on the roof of the
house where they lived, a mile away from the scene of the explosionâ€was convicted in Feb. 1917
and sentenced in May to be hanged; later a reprieve was granted until Dec. 13, 1918. Sen- tence
stayed by Pres. Wilson's in- tervention on grounds of "effects on international affairs which his
execution would greatly compli- cate," changed to life imprison- ment. Earlier death sentence nul-
lified because of appeal pending when date of execution arrived. Because of labor agitation, Pres.

#MOORE, L. H. Ed. Union La- bor Bulletin, Little Rock, Ark.; secy.-treas. Union Publ. Co.; secy.- treas.
State Labor Temple Assn.; secy.-treas. Retail Clerks' Intl. Protective Assn. loc.; secy.-treas. loc. Credit
U.; secy.-treas. Coop. Laundry Co.; chair, trustees Lit- tle Rock Cent. Trades Conv. Worked as farmer,
retail clerk. Secy.-treas. Ark. Fed. of Labor 1904-18. For several yrs. secy. Ark. Farmers' All.; Secy.
People's P. of Ark. Home, 512 E. 8 St.; office, 519 Scott St., Little Rock, Ark.

#MOORE, Sheldon M. 4th vice- pres. Natl. Bro. of Op. Potters since 1913; sanitary presser. Born Oct.
12, 1896, New Matamoras, Ohio. Father a cooper. Gram. (165)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO l65
sch., New Matamoras. 4th vice- pres. Natl. Bro. of Op. Potters 1902-5; 5th vice-pres. 1906; mem- ber
jt. western standing comt. governing disputes in gen. ware br. of trade; sanitary standing comt.
composed of manufacturers and operatives, adjusting all dis- putes arising in several branches of
pottery industry. Was member of Knights of Labor; charter member of loc. 4, Natl. Bro. of Op.
Potters; charter member of Sanitary Pressers of A. Politics independent. Home, 1027 Bruns- wick
Ave.; office, Natl. Bro. of Operative Potters, Trenton, N. J.
#MOOTY, William Percival. Secy.-treas. Fla. Fed. of Labor; pres. Alld. Printing Trades Coun. since
1920; secy. Miami Cent. La- bor U. since 1915; secy.-treas. Miami loc. Printing Pressmen's and Assts.'
U. Born 1890, Gains- ville, Fla. Father a painter. Grad. high. sch. Has always worked at trade of
pressman. Member Ma- sons, Elks, Miami Chamber of Commerce. Democrat. Home, 420 S. W. 5
Ave.; office, 35 S. W. 1 St., Miami, Fla.
#MORAN, Albert. Secy.-treas. Baltimore Labor Coll. since 1923; rec. secy. Un. Bro. of Carpenters &
Joiners of A. loc. 101 since 1923. Born Oct. 24, 1886, Oakville, Md. Father a farmer. Pub. sch., St.
Mary's County. Orphan at age of 13. Worked on farm until 18 yrs. old. Carpenter since 1904. Helped
to organize Md. br., Farm- er-Labor P. Member K. of P. Socialist. Address, 336 St. Helena Ave.,
Baltimore, Md.
#MORAN, Edward J. Mng. ed. Nebraska Craftsman, trade union weekly; secy. Bldg. Trades Coun.,
Lincoln, Neb. Born Aug. 6, 1881, Dumbarten, Scotland. Father a coal miner. Pub. sch. to 8th grade.
Formerly a coal miner; did restaurant work when other jobs were few; advertising solici- tor;
advocate of union label; painter and decorator. Bus. agt., org., and rep. of locals of Bro. of Painters,
Decorators & Paper H. of A.; ed. Great Falls, Mont., Town Topics, 1918-20. Time prin- cipally devoted
to cause of the worker, regardiess of pay. Au- thor: articles in labor journals. Member W. I. U. L. Lg.
472, Moose. Politics La Follette, 1924, Progressive P. Home, 140 N. 11 St.; office, 217 N. 11 St.,
Lincoln. Neb.

#MORAN, William F. 5th vice- pres. Intl. All. of Bill Posters & Sillers of A.; advertising agt. Born Feb.
19, 1872, Jersey City, N. J. Father a boilermaker. At- tended gram. sch. Formerly a sawyer in box
factory; deck hand on ferry boat; K. of C. secy. dur- ing war. Member Moose, Elks, T. M. A. Democrat.
Home, 303 Armstrong Ave.; office, Majestic Theatre, Jersey City, N. J.
#MORGAN, Fred. Gen. chair., Bro. of Loco. Engineers, N. Pac. Ry., since 1906; locomotive engi- neer.
Born Jan. 15, 1869, John- son, Vt. Father a hatter. Home, 1765 Dayton Ave.; office, 413 Natl. Bank,
Cedar St., St. Paul, Minn.

#MORGAN, James. Secy.-treas. dist. 22, Un. Mine W. of A., since 1905; secy.-mgr. Wyo. Labor Journal
Publ. Co.; Wyo. Bd. of Educ. Born Nov. 8, 1876, Vienna, Ohio. Father a coal miner. Reached 4th grade
in pub. sch., then went to work in coal mines; corr. courses at Scranton sch. One of charter delegates
to conv. June 1903, which org. dist. 22; assisted in organizing Wyo. Fed. of Labor; 1st secy.-treas.
1907-10. Member Wyo. exemption bd. 1917-8. Home, 3210 Dillon St.; office. Box 904, Cheyenne,
#MORTNG, Albert Earl. Rec secy. Fort Wayne Fed. of Labor since 1921. Born May 4, 1890 Fort
Wayne, Ind. Father a black- smith. Prim. sch. Went to work at age of 15 as painter and paper hanger.
Progressive in politics Member Moose, St. Joseph's Athl Club. Home, 3315 Smith St.; office, 120 W.
Berry St., Fort Wayne, Ind.

#MORRIN, Paul J. Pres. Intl Assn. Bridge, Struct. & Orna- mental Iron W. since 1918; re- elected for 4
yr. term, 1924; ed. and mgr. Trades Coun. Union News, St. Louis, since 1917. Born Aug. 21, 1879,
Williamsburg, Iowa. Father a farmer. Elem. sch. Went to work at age of 12; structural and
ornamental iron worker 1897-1909. Previous to 1909 pres. of loc. union, asst. bus. rep. St. Louis loc.
1909-17; del. A. F. of L., Bldg. Trades, and Metal Trades convs. almost con- tinuously since 1909.
Pres. and 1 of organizers of St. Louis br. Amer. All. for Labor & Democ. during war period. Author:
arti- cles for Bridgemen's Magazine and for St. Louis Trades Council News. Home, 5054 Grand Blvd.;
office, 1616 Syndicate Trust Bldg., St. Louis, Mo.

#MORRISON, Frank. Secy. A. F. of L. since 1897; exec. comt. Fedi. Coun. of Churches of Christ in A.;
natl. bd. of trustees, Near East Relief. Born Nov. 23, 1859, Franktown, Ontario, Canada. Father a
farmer and sawyer. Elem. sch., 1 yr. high sch., Walk- ertown, Ontario; LL.B., Lake For- est Univ. Law
School, Chicago, 1894. Began work as printer 1873. Member Chicago Typo- graphical U. 16 since
1886; del. from Chicago Typographical U. to Intl. Typographical U. conv., 1886; elected del. from Intl.
Typo- graphical U. to A. F. of L. convs., 1896 to 1926. Home, 1216 Deca- tur St., N. W.; office, A. F. of
L. Bldg., Washington, D. C.
#MORRISSON, Harry Lawrence. Secy.-treas. Laundry W. Intl. U. since 1913. Born Aug. 21, 1882,
Melbourne, Australia. Father a livery stable proprietor. St. Fran- cis Xavier's Coll., Melbourne, and
Melbourne Univ. Come to U. S. 1901. Worked as marker, distrib- utor, salesman, bookkeeper, sea-
man, teamster, machinist's help- er, raiiroader, laundry worker. Del. San Francisco Labor Coun. 1910-
3. Exec. bd. Laundry W. loc. San Francisco, 1908-13. Del. Calif. Fed. of Labor conv. 1911-2. Del. A. F.
of L. 1915, '18, '20; del. N. Y. Fed of Labor conv. 1914. Independent in politics. Member Masons.
Address, 799 Second Ave., Troy, N. Y.

#MOSELEY, Charles Arthur (Biil Lloyd). Writer, Federated Press. Born Jan. 23, 1874, Poult- ney, Vt.
Father a manufacturer. High sch., Clinton, Iowa. Writes "Dinner Pall Epics." Member Office Em pi.
Assn. Home, 4554 Maiden St.; office. 511 N. Peoria St., Chicago, 1ll.

#MOUNTFORD, Harry. Writer; playwright; actor; lecturer; exec. secy. Amer. Artistes' Fed. since 1917;
secy-treas. White Rats (act- ors' union) since 1907; pres. White Rats Realty Co. since 1916. Born
1871, Dublin, Ireland. Father a clergyman. Educated Oxford Univ., Kings Coll., London. Actor
(legitimate and vaudeville) since 1894; 1 of organizers Actors' Assn. and Variety Art. Fed., Eng- and,
1905; Intl. Artlsten lodge, Germany. Came to U. S. 1907. Ed. Vanity Fair, New York, 1911- 2. Ed. The
Player 1910-5. Org. Asso. Actors and Art. of A. 1917; ntl. exec. secy. 1917-22; 1 of (167)AMERlCAN
LABOR WHO'S WHO 167 founders Amer. Artistes' Fed. 1917. Served in Boer War and in British
Imperial Army 1914-5. invalided home. Author: Plays, including My Uncle's Niece, The Minister's
Bride, The Cat and The Kittens, Adaptations of East Lynne and Tom Jones, The Greater Love, Customs
and Cos- tumes, When the Cat's Away, Tess of the D'Urbervilles. Mem- ber Masons. Home, 673
Broad- way; office, 245 W. 47 St., New York, N. Y.

#MOUNTS, George Franklin. Vice-pres. Bro. of Ry. Carmen of A. since 1918. Born Aug. 23, 1874, New
Amsterdam, Ind. Father a farmer and minister. Left sch. at age of 14. Worked as carpenter, r. r. shop
worker, car inspector, r. r. repair track foreman. Mem- ber exec. bd. Bro. of Ry. Carmen 1905-7; secy.
exec. bd. 1907-13. Member Bro. of Carpenters & Joiners of A. 1911-2. Bus. agt., Ry. Carmen, Kansas
City, Mo. 1916-7; grand lodge deputy org. 1917-8. Member Woodmen of the World, Masons.
Independent voter. Address, 4011 Hubbard St., Los Angeles, Calif.
#MOYER, Charles H. Pres. Intl. U. of Mine, Mill & Smelter W. Del. A. F. of L. several yrs., including
1924; elected del. to Canadian Trades & Labor Cong., 1925. Formerly miner; 1 of org., and pres.
Western Fed. of Miners, 1893 until organization joined A. F. of L. 1912; arrested Dec. 1905 with
Haywood and Pettibone, charged with complicity in death of ex-Gov. Steunenberg of Idaho; case
dropped 1907. Office, Clay- ton Block, Denver, Colo.
#MULLANEY, Joseph A. Pres. Intl. Assn. of Heat & Frost Ins. & Asbestos W. Address, 15 Ben- ham St.,
Elmhurst, L. I., N. Y.

#MULLEN, Carl Henry. Secy. Lake County Cent. Labor U.; loc. fin. secy. Bro. of Painters, Decor- ators
& Paperh. of A.; secy. Ind. Conf., Bro. of Painters; secy. Ind. br. Farmer-Labor P. Born May 18, 1886,
Boone County, Ind. Fa- ther a painter. Gram, sch., Le- banon. Worked as a laborer, har- vest hand, in
a circus, carnivals and pub. constr. camps. Tramped throughout U. S. Helped to or- ganize steel
workers 1919. Org. loo. unions of retail clerks, gar- ment workers, and janitors. Ac- tive in labor
politics. Home, 247 Stbley St.; office. Labor Temple, Hammond, Ind.
#MULLEN, James William. Ed. Labor Clarion, San Francisco, since 1911; trustee Intl. Typogra- phical
U. 21 since 1911; del. Cent. Labor Coun. of San Francisco since 1906; pres. San Francisco Labor coun.
hall assn. since 1911; member exec. comt. San Fran- cisco Pub. Educ. Soc., Bay Coun- ties Vocational
Guidance Soc. Born March 1, 1875, Homestead, iowa, Father a farmer. Gram, sch., Cedar Rapids,
Iowa. Worked as delivery boy, teamster, r. r. switchman, sawmill worker, printer. Member Intl.
Typogra- phical U. since 1896; secy. Typo- graphical U., Cedar Rapids, 1899- 1900; del. Cedar Rapids
Fed. of Labor 1899-1900. Member San Francisco bd. of health 1908, '10. During World War, member
of Fair Trade comt. draft bd.; exec. comt., Amer. All. for Labor and Democ. and pres. of San Fran-
cisco br. 1917. Democrat. Mem- ber bd. of gov., Commonwealth Club of Calif.; Moose. Home, 75
Santa Marina St.; office. Labor Temple, 2940 16 St., San Fran- cisco, Calif. (168)158 AMERlCAN LABOR
#MURPHY, Ira A. Vice-pres. Intl. U. of Elevator Constr. since 1920, re-elected until 1929; fln. secy. loc.
31 since 1918. Born Nov. 4, 1S74, on farm near Springfield, Minn. Corr. course Minn. Sch. of Bus.
Went to work at age of 12. Worked as farmer, elevator erector, farm machinery expert, ornamental
iron worker. Pres. loc. 9, Intl. U. of Elevator Constr. 1906. Rec. secy., Bridge Struc- tural &
Ornamental Iron W. 1915-6. Member Odd Fellows, Masons. Home, 6825 Ave. C., Cen- tral Pk.; office,
Box 428, Central Pk. Sta., Houston, Tex.
#MURPHY, Joseph. Secy.-treas. Intl. U. of Elevator Constr. and ed. The Elevator Constructor. Office,
391 Fulton St., Brooklyn, N. Y.

#MURPHY, Parker Ferguson^ Secy. Lowell, Mass., Trades & La- bor Coun., since 1923; pres. lodge
138, Intl. Assn. of Machinists, since 1919; pres. dist. lodge 60 since 1921; secy. Lowell br. of
Constitutional Liberty Lg. since 1924. Born Nov. 16, 1894, Lin- coin, R. I. Father a textile work- er.
Prim, sch., Saylesville, R. I.; gram, sch., Lowell, Mass.; Lowell Vocational Sch. Machinist since 1910.
During war period was labor member of Lowell Housing bd. org. by city to prevent exces- sive rents.
Democrat. Home, 74 Commonwealth Ave.; office, 235 Central St., Lowell, Mass.

#MURPHY, W. O. Secy.-treas. O. of Sleeping Car Cond. Office, 360 Union Station, Kansas City, Mo.
#MURRAY, John. Secy.-treas. dist. 24, Un. Mine W. of A., since 1919. Born Dec. 16, 1868, Glas- gow,
Scotland. Attended prim., gram., high sch. Coal miner. Member Masons, Grotto. Address, 1503 Lyon
St., Saginaw, Mich.
#MURRAY, Philip. Vice-pres. Un. Mine W. of A.; acting pres. during absence of Pres. Lewis, summer
1924. Office, 1116 Mer- chants' Bank Bldg., Indianapolis, Ind.

#MUSTE, Abraham John. Chair, of faculty and instr. in history, Brookwood Labor Coll., since 1921; bd.
ed. Labor Age since 1923; and The World Tomorrow since 1921; exec. bd. Fell, of Recon. since 1919;
vice - pres. Pioneer Youth of A. since for- mation 1924; vice-pres. Arner. Fed. of Teachers. Born Jan.
8. 1885, Zierlkzee, Netherlands. Fa- ther a laborer in a furniture fac- tory. Prim., gram, sch., Grand
Rapids, Mich.; prep, dept., and A. B., Hope Coll. 1905; A. M., 1909; New Brunswick Theological Sem.
1909; Union Theological Sem. 1913; N. Y. Univ. 1906-8; Columbia, 1908-9. Clergyman, pastorates in
New York and Bos- ton, 1909-18; gen. secy. Amal. Textile W. of A., 1919-21. Leader in Lawrence
textile strike for 48- hr.-week 1919; Paterson 44-hr.- week strike 1919. Member Amer. Fed. of
Teachers. Address, Brook- wood Labor Coll., Katonah, N. Y.
#MYERS, Mack. Secy.-treas. Ark. Fed. of Rural Letter Car- riers since 1922; rural letter car- rier since
1915. Born Jan. 18, 1880, near Paris, Tenn. Father a r. r. laborer. High sch., Cush- man, Ark.; corr.
courses Inter- state Sch., Chicago. Formerly a teacher in pub. sch. Asst. secy.- treas. Ark. Fed. of Rural
Letter Carriers 1921-2. Address, Newark, Ark. (169)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO l69 N
#NAPPER, Marshall Henry. Secy, grand exec. bd. of R. R. Signal- men of A. since 1922; pres. loc. 21,
Bro. of R. R. Signalmen since 1921; r. r. signal maintainer since 1910. Born Jan. 20, 1890, Ozark, Mo.
Father a cooper. High sch., Kansas City, Mo. Member Ma- sons. Progressive. Home, 4121 Roanoke
Rd., Kansas City, Mo.

#NASON, Bert Elwood. Secy. bd. dir. O. of R. R. Telegraphers since 1924; gen. secy, and treas. North.
Pac. Ry. System div. 54 since 1917; vice-pres. since 1923 and bd. dir. since 1923. Telegra- phers' Natl.
Bank of St. Louis. Born Mar. 6, 1877, Norwood, Iowa. Father a farmer. High sch., Ackley, Iowa.
Formerly a farm laborer; r. r. sect, laborer and shop worker; entered telegraph and station dept. in
1898, engaged there until 1917. Gen. chair. O. of R. R. Telegraphers, Iowa Cent. Ry. 1903-7; loc.
chair. North. Pac. Ry. 1908-16; chair, bd. dir. O. of R. R. Telegraphers 1921-3; secy. bd. of dir. 1917-
20. Twice Social- ist cand. for Idaho Legis. from Kootenal County. Member Ma- sons, K. of P., Modern
Woodmen, Twin City Telegraphers' Club, Weequah Club of St. Paul. Pro- gressive; for LaFollette
1924. Home, 1338 Nlles St.; office, 720 Pittsburgh Bldg., St. Paul, Minn.

#NEARING, Nellie Marguerite Seeds. Asso. educ. dir., Rand Sch. of Social Science, New York, since
1922; natl. bd. dir. Lg. for Indust. Democ. since 1924. Born Apr. 4, 1886, Germantown, Pa. Father a
real estate operator and contractor. Pub. sch., German- town; high sch., Philadelphia; A. B., Bryn
Mawr, 1908; A. M., Univ. of Pa., 1910; Ph.D., Univ. of Pa., 1915; Univ. of Grenoble, 1920. Formerly a
tutor; active in suffrage rnovt., 1908-18; publ. Bars and Shadows, Ralph Chap- lin, 1922; The Next
Step, Scott Nearing, 1922; Oil and the Germs of War, Scott Nearing, 1923. Co- author with Scott
Nearing: Wom- an and Social Progress,, 1911; au- thor: Education and Fecundity, Journal Amer.
Statistical Assn., July 1915. Member Amer. Fed. of Teachers, Lg. for Mutual Aid, Fell, of Recon.,
Pioneer Youth of A., New York Civic Club, So- cialist P. Home, Ridgewood, N. J.; office, 7 E. 15 St.,
New York, N. Y.
#NEARING, Scott. Economist, teacher, writer. Born Aug. 6, 1883, Morris Run, Pa. Father a broker.
Pub. and high sch., Phil- adelphia; Univ. of Pa. Law Sch. 1901-2; B. S., Univ. of Pa., 1905; Ph.D., 1909;
Bachelor of Oratory, Temple Univ., 1904. Secy. Pa, Child Labor Comt., 1905-7; instr. economics, Univ.
of Pa., 1906-14; asst. prof., 1914-5; also instr. ec- onomics Swarthmore Coll., 1908- 13; prof, social
science and dean Coll. of Arts and Sciences, Toledo Univ., 1915-7; teacher and lec- turer, Rand Sch. of
Social Science, New York, since 1916. Chair. People's Coun. of A., 1917-8. In- dicted under espionage
act with Amer. Socialist Soc., Apr. 1918, for publication of pamphlet The Great Madness; acquitted
Feb. 1919 on all 4 counts, Amer. So- cialist Soc. held guilty on 2 counts. Socialist cand. for Cong., New
York, 1919. Author: Eco- nomics (with F. D. Watson), 1908; Social Adjustment, 1911; Solution of the
Child Labor Prob- lem. 1911; Wages in the United States, 1911; Woman and Social Progress (with
Nellie Seeds Nearing), 1912; The Super Race, 1912; Social Religion, 1913; Social (170)170 AMERlCAN
LABOR WHO'S WHO I Sanity, 1913; Elements of Eco- nomics, 1913; Financing the Wage Karner's
Family, 1914; Re- ducing the Cost of Living, 1914; The New Education, 1914; In- come, 1915;
#NELliES, Walter. Lawyer, counsel Amer. Civil Lib. U. since 1917; counsel Amer. Fund for Pub. Service
since 1922. Born Apr. 21, 1883, Leavenworth, Kan. Father a civil engineer. Philips- Exeter Acad.; A. B.,
Harvard, 1905; A. M., 1908; LL.B., 1911. Instr. Univ. of Wis. 1905-7, Low- ell Inst. and Radcliffe Coll.
1907- 11. Of counsel for defendants in prosecutions under espionage act, 1917-9, including cases of
Scott Nearing, Amer. Socialist Soc., Max Eastman and others; for conscientious objectors in ct.
martial proceedings in same pe- riod, including the case of Ernest Gellert; for N. Y. Socialist as-
semblymen in the legislative ex- pulsion proceedings, 1920; in de- portation cases, including those of
Alexis Georgian, Roberto Ella, Gaspare Cannone, and Mahler v. Eby, 1918-24; in so-called "crim- inal
anarchy" and sedition prose- cutions, including those of Tihon Sinchuk (Supreme Ct. of Errors of
Conn. 1922) and Benjamin Git- low (New York cts., 1919-22, and U. S. Supreme Ct., 1922-4). Au-
thor: Espionage Act Cases, 1918; In the Wake of the Espionage Act, The Nation, 1920, and other
articles and book reviews; ed. Law and Freedom Bulletins for Amer. Civil Lib. U., covering ct.
decisions affecting civil liberties and rights of labor organizations. Member Lg. for Indust. Democ.

#NELSON, Arvid. Ed. farm and coop, depts. Tyomies since 1920; on Tyomies ed. staff since 1917;
secy. Workers' Mutual Savings Bank, Superior, Wis., since 1920; secy. Coop. Cent. Exchange, Su-
perior, since 1920. Born May 19, 1890, Whitesboro, Calif. Father a rancher and woodsman. Coun- try
sch. to 8th grade, Mendocino County, Calif.; Intl. Corr. Sch., Scranton, Pa. Formerly a rancher,
teamster, woodsman, surveyor, corr. for Finnish labor press; asst. ed. Toveri in Astoria, Ore., 1915-6;
dir. of Workers' Mutual Savings Bank and of Coop. Cent. Exchange for number of yrs.; clerk and
trustee of loc. sch. bd. 1911-3; secy, of farmers' mutual fire ins. co., 1913-14; Wis. exec. comt.,
Socialist P., 1919; secy, and treas. Superior City cent, comt., 1917-20; interpreter for Finns in cases
and in night sch. work. Member Fedi. Labor U. 17642, Office Empl.; formerly member and officer of
Calif, loc. Timber- workers' U. of Seattle, Wash.; Finnish Labor Soc. & Northern States Coop. Lg.
Home, 1011 Broadway; office, 603 Tower Ave., Superior, Wis.
#NELSON, Walter Morrow. Lawyer. Born Aug. 26, 1887. Canon City, Colo. Father a phy- sician. Prim,
sch., Columbus, Ohio; gram, and high sch., Albla, Iowa; LL.B., Univ. of Mich., 1912. Formerly a coal
miner and mem- ber loc. 1799, Un. Mine W. of A., 1908-9. Contributed services to conscientious
objectors, 1917; to Amer. Civil Lib. U. since 1913; handied scores of cases for per- sons arrested
during Palmer (171)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 171 raids, 1919-20; rep. Nicolal Man- sevich and
others attempted to be deported for opinions; repeatediy argued Mich. Fed. of Labor de- mands for
improvement of state workmen's compensation act; rep. Detroit Bldg. Trades coun. in in- junction
case in federal ct., strike of 1920; rep. Edwin Cornish, ed. of a labor paper sentenced for contempt in
a federal ct., in a successful appeal to Circuit Ct. of Appeals; rep. Russians in prop- erty and personal
suits when newspaper propaganda had in- flamed public opinion; contribut- ed Services to Russian
Famine Re- lief and to Russlan-Amer. Indust. Corp., also to representatives of Soviet Russia in
negotiations with Detroit mfrs.; org. and rep. co- operatives; assisted in organiza- tion of Ethical Soc.
in Detroit, 1919. Member Masons; Detroit Bar Assn.; Mich. Bar Assn.; Univ. of Mich, Club. Home,
1800 Strath- cona Drive; office, 616 Moffat Bldg., Detroit, Mich.

#NELSON, William. Mgr. Coop. Glove Assn. since 1920. Born June 23, 1878, Helsingborg, Swe- den.
Father a foreman in a fac- tory. Came to U. S. 1909. Self- educated. Went to work at age of 14 as a
factory worker. Glove- worker 1917 to date. Member Intl. Glove W. U. of A. since 1917. Member
Odd Fellows. Socialist. Home, 1142 Cornelia St.; office, 1710 N. Winchester Ave., Chi- cago, 11l.
#NESBIT, Walter. Secy.-treas. dist. 12, 11l., Un. Mine W. of A., since 1917. Born May 1, 1878,
Belleville, 11l. Father a coal miner. Pub. sch. to 14 yrs. of age; night sch. Secy.-treas. of Belleville sub-
dist., Un. Mine W. of A., 1912-5; traveling auditor 1915-7; held official positions in various miners'
loc. unions and in Cent. Labor U., Belleville; del. Intl. Mining Cong., Prague, 1924. Author: annual
reports to miners' conv. since 1912. Politics independent. Home, 120 S. Lin- coln St., Belleville; office,
11l. Mine Workers' Bldg., Springfield, 11l.

#NESTOR, Agnes. 1st vice-pres. Intl. Glove W. U. since 1915; pres. Chicago Women's Trade U. Lg.
since 1913; exec. comt. Natl. Wo- men's Trade U. Lg. since 1904; chair, legls. comt. since 1916. Born
in Grand Rapids, Mich. Father a machinist. Parochial, pub. sch. Was a glove worker, Chicago, 1897-
1906; member Intl. Glove W. U. since 1902; secy.- treas. 1906-13; pres. 1913-5. Mem- ber Labor
Mission to Great Bri- tain and France 1918. Del. from Natl. Women's Trade U. Lg. to Cong, of Intl.
Fed. of Working Women, Vienna, 1923. Member Fedi. Comssn. to consider fedi. aid for vocational
educ. 1914; Indust. Survey Comssn., 11l., 1918; Women's Comt. of Natl. Coun. of Defense, and chair.
Women in In- dustry Dept., 1917-8; advisory coun. to Secy, of Labor for war labor adm. Jan.-Mar.
1918. Mem- ber of gen. advisory bd. of 11l. Free Employment Office, appoint- ed by Governor in
1923. Member Woman's City Club, Chicago. Home, 1911 Winnemac Ave.; of- fice, 311 S. Ashland
Blvd., Chi- cago, 11l.

#NEWDICK, Edwin. Arbitrator; chair. Haverill Shoe Bd. of Arbi- tration since 1924. Born Aug. 9, 1883,
Scituate, Mass. Father a fireman. Prim., gram., high sch., Scituate; B. S., Dartmouth, 1905. Formerly a
tutor, social worker, newspaperman, publicity dir., economic adviser. Reporter Springfield
Republican 1906-11; asst. secy. Springfield Bd. of Trade 1912; asst. secy. New York Tenement House
Comssn. 1912-4. Reporter and special writer Bos- ton Journal 1915; Christian Scl- (172)172
AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO ence Monitor, 1916; Washington corr. for Monitor, 1916-7; investi-
gator and publicity asst., U. S. Comt. on Pub. Information, 1917-8; judical examiner. War Labor Bd.,
1918-9; publicity dir. War Dept. 1919; mgr., ed. Okla- homa Leader 1920-1; dir. Boston Office Labor
Bur., Inc., 1921-4. Home, 21 Columbia Pk.; office, 3 Washington Sq., Haverhill, Mass.

#NEWMAN, Pauline M. Adm. mgr. U. Health Center of Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U., New York, since
1923. Born Oct. 18, 1887, Russia. Self-educated. For- merly a garment worker. Gen. org. for Intl.
Ladies' Garment W. U. 1909-13; org. and lecturer for Socialist P. in N. Y., Pa., New England, 11l., 1913-
5; inspector and educ. dir. of Jt. Bd. of Sani- tary Control in women's garment industry, New York,
1915-8; cam- paigned for Woman Suffrage P.; pres. and org. of Women's Trade U. Lg. of Philadelphia,
1918-23; del. Intl. Cong, of Working Wom- en, Vienna, 1923. Author: articles in New York Call,
Justice, New Nation (not publ. now), Bridge- port Herald, Progressive Woman, Advance, Jewish Daily
Forward, Cleveland Federatlonlst, other la- bor papers and journals; pam- phlet on Child Labor.
Member Women's Trade U. Lg., Socialist P. Home, 129 W. 11 St.; office, 31 Union Sq., New York, N.

#NICHOLL, Robert. Pres. Intl. Assn. of Slderographers. Address, 402 Union Ave., Mt. Vernon, N. Y.
#NICKERSON, Hurley Franklin. Machinist; vice-pres. Intl. Assn. of Machinists since 1922; chair. Wis.
Conf. Prog. Pol. Act. since organization. May 1924. Born Apr. 29, 1879, Whitewater, Wis. Father a
carpenter. Gram, sen., Milwaukee. Formerly a salesman; supt. city street constr. 2 yrs.; gen. shop
foreman, 4 yrs., Mil- waukee. Org. Wia. Fed. of Labor, 1 yr.; org. 6 yrs., and chair. 4 yrs., law comt.,
Intl. Assn. of Ma- chinists. Member Masons. Ad- dress, 481 Hanover St., Milwau- kee, Wis.
#NIEM.EJ.iA, Waldemar. Treas. and gen. mgr. Un. Coop. Soc. since 1916. Born Aug 13, 1889 in Fin-
land. Father a farmer. Pub. sen.; bus. course. Socialist. Home, 30 Elm St.; office, 56 Main St.,
Maynard, Mass.

#NINFO, Salvators. 1st vice- pres. Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. since 1920; deputy clerk protocol dept.,
jt. bd. Cloakmkrs' U. 1910- 7; mgr. Italian Cloakmkrs' U. loc. 48 since 1917. Born May 13. 1883, Santo
Stefano, Camastra, Messina, Italy. Gram, sch., 5 yrs., Santo Stefano, Camastra, Italy; otherwise self-
educated. Was a tailor; member Cloakmkrs' U. since 1903. Gen. org. A. F. of L. 1905-7. Gen. org. Intl.
Ladies' Garment W. U. 1908-10; jt. bd. 1910-2; bus. agt. 1912-7; vice- pres. 1916-20; temporary pres.
6 weeks, Jan.â€Feb. 1923, between resignation of Benjamin Schlesin- ger and election of Morris Sig-
man. Treas. Italian Labor Cen- ter, Italian Chamber of Labor, Anti-Fasclsta All. of N. A. Au- thor:
articles on indust. and trade subjects in Giustlzia, official organ of union. Member Sons of Italy, Amer.
Labor P. Home, 766 E. 226 St.; office, 231 E. 14 St., New York, N. Y.

#NOCKEIJS, Edward N. Secy. Chicago Fed. of Labor. Office. 166 W. Washington St., Chicago, 11l.

#NOLAN, Edward D. Secy.- treas. Intl. Defense Lg., dir. Mooney defense since release from prison.
Former pres. Machinists' lodge 68, Los Angeles, Calif. In- dicted without evidence on pros-
(173)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO l73 ecuting attorney's request, with Thomas J. Mooney,
Warren K. Billings, and Israel Weinberg, on charge of murdering 10 persons by throwing a bomb into
the Pre- paredness Day parade, San Fran- cisco, July 22, 1916. Spent 9 mos. in jail and 2 yrs. under
bail; po- lice and dist. atty. then confessed they had no evidence against him; 5 indictments still
pending, in- cluding charge of constructing bomb in San Francisco at a time when he was in
Baltimore as del. from lodge 68 to Natl. Conv. of Intl. Assn. of Machinists. Del. to Los Angeles Labor
Coun. 1904, '10-2; to San Francisco Labor Coun. 1913-4; San Francisco Iron Trades Coun., 1914; capt.
of pick- ets in Los Angeles Metal Trades strike 1910.
#NOLAN, Kit-ran B. Secy.- treas. Intl. Seamen's U. of A. Born July 15, 1887, Woonsocket, R. I. Father
an ins. agt. Pub., high sch. Seaman; union dele- gate, bus. agt.; dist. secy. Home, 4415 N. Paulina St.;
office, 359 N. Wells St., Chicago, 1ll.

#NOU)A, Henry. Exec. bd. Up- holsterers' Intl. U. of N. A. since 1923; gen. org. Born May 6, 1858,
Baltimore. Father a shoe- maker. Prim., gram. sch., Balti- more; 1 yr., Washington, D. C., Trade U.
Coll. Began work as upholsterer's apprentice 1871; worked at trade until 1916. Ac- tive in labor
movt.; held offices in Washington Cent. Labor U.; org. for Upholsterers 1916-7; went back to work at
trade; org. during war. Author: articles for Upholsterers' International Jour- nal. Progressive. Home,
648 Hobart Pl., Washington, D. C.; office, 230 E. 58 St., New York, N. Y.
#NOONAN, James P. Intl. pres. Intl. Bro. of Electrical W. since 1919; exec. coun. A. F. of L, since 1924;
exec. coun. Bldg. Trades Dept., A. F. of L., since 1922; member jurisdictional bd. of awards for Bldg.
Trades Industry since 1924; ed.-in-chlef Electrical Workers' Journal since 1919; member Amer.
Comssn. St. Law- rence Waterway Improvement since 1924. Born Dec. 15, 1878, St. Louis, Mo.
Father an agri- culturist. Gram. sch. Began work at age of 14 as mill worker. Was itinerant worker at
various trades; journeyman electrical worker un- til 1905. Private 8th U. S. Cav- airy during Span.-
Amer. war. Intl. vice-pres. Intl. Bro. of Elec- trical W. 1905-7; acting intl. pres. 1917-9. Was member
U. S. comt. Seasonal Employment in Bldg. Industry 1924; U. S. comt. Pub. Safety 1924; Pa. Giant
Power Comssn. 1924; labor del. on Amer. comt. World Power conf., London, July, 1924; Indust.
Lighting comt., Natl. Research Soc. 1924. Author: Labor's Part in Power Production, submitted to
World Power conf., London, 1924. Life member Elks; active member Congl. Country Club,
Washington, D. C. Office, Machinists' Bldg., Washington, D. C.

#NORDBY, Harold Ingvald. Pres. Franklin Coop. Creamery Assn. since 1919; ed. Minneapolis
Cooperator since Feb. 1924. Born Apr. 13, 1893, Christiania, Nor- way. Father a contractor. Pub., high
sch., Christiania; Univ. Farm Sch., St. Paul, Minn. 1917-8. Formerly a milk operator. Mem- ber
Minneapolis Milk Wagon Drivers' & Creamery W. U. Poli- tics Progressive. Home, 2737 10 Ave. S.;
office, 2108 Washington Ave. N., Minneapolis, Minn.
#NORRIS, Lyman Edgar. Asst. cashier, Bro. of Ry. Clerks Natl. Bank, Cincinnati, since 1923. Born Jan. 6,
1892, Madisonville, Ohio. Father a carpenter. Prim. ar " (174)l74 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO
gram, sch., Hamilton County; high sch., Madisonville; Johnson Bus. Coll., Cincinnati. In banking bus.
since leaving sch.; began as office boy; asst. secy. Union Trust Co., Cincinnati, 1919; Security Br.
Union Trust Co., 1920. Member Masons. Politics Republican. Home, 3870 Marburg St.; office, Court
& Vine Sts., Cincinnati, Ohio.
#NORTINE, Harry. Secy-treas. Intl. Steel & Copper Plate En- gravers' Lg. Address, 4111 N. Franklin St.,
Philadelphia, Pa.

#NOVIK, Morris. Mng. ed. Free Youth since 1923; exec. secy. Greater New York Young Peo- ple's
Socialist Lg. since 1920; chair, natl. exec. comt. since or- ganization, 1923. Born Nov. 15, 1902, Nevel,
Russia. Father a merchant. Gram. sch., New York; full time student, Rand Sch. of Social Science 1923-
4. Worked at all stages in development of white collar slave, from elevator boy to salesman. Led in
reorganizing Young People's Socialist Lg. 1919; fraternal del. from Young Peo- ple's Socialist Lg. to
natl. convs. of Socialist P. 1920-4; del. Natl. Conf. Prog. Pol. Act. 1924. Ac- tive in Socialist P. of N. Y.;
held offices from platform carrier dur- ing campaigns to member city cent, and exec. comts.; del.
from loc. New York to natl. conv. 1924. Home, 332 E. 4 St.; office, 7 E. 15 St., New York, N. Y.

#NOVOTNY, Tony. Ed. Prace, Czechoslovaklan official organ Amal. Clothing W. of A., since 1920. Born
Aug. 30, 1886, Krai Mestec. Bohemia. Father a black- smith and peasant. Self-educated. Came to U.
S. 1906. Originally a bakery worker. Volunteer speaker in Chicago Clothing W. strike 1910. Ed.
American Working- men's News, Cleveland, 1911-6. Secy. Bohemian sect. Socialist P. 1917-8; ed.
Spravedinost, Bohe- mian Socialist daily, Chicago, 1918-9. Member Amer. Working- men's Sokol,
Socialist P. Home, 212 Laconia St., Elmhurst, L. I.; office, 31 Union Sq., New York, N. Y.
#NURMI, Henry Victor. Vice- pres. Northern States Coop. Lg. 1923-4; dir. auditing dept. Coop. Cent.
Exchange since 1921. Born May 29, 1886, Lahtl. Finland. Fa- ther a farm tenant. Pub. and commercial
sch., Finland; attend- ed Valparaiso Univ., 1909-10; corr. course, Walton Sch. of Commerce, Chicago.
Formerly a pub. accountant, clerk, bookkeep- er; devised special accounting sys- tem for coop,
stores; instr. in Fin- nish Coop, courses, Superior, Wis., 6 yrs.; 1st Coop. Training Sch.; Minneapolis,
1923; 2nd Coop. Training Sch., Minneapolis, 1924. Author: numerous articles in la- bor papers in
Finland and in Finnish papers in U. S.; also, on cooperation in Finnish papers, and Cooperation,
official organ of the Coop. Lg. of U. S. A. Trade unionist in Finland. Formerly member Socialist P. of
Finland; member Socialist P. of A. 1909. until organization of Workers' P., 1921, when joined latter.
Home, 214 4 St. S., Virginia, Minn.; office, Cooperative Central Ex- change, Superior, Wis. Charles
Richard. Exec. bd. Rock Is. lines, Bro. of Ry. Carmen of A., since 1922; secy. Cent . Labor U., Kansas
City, Kan., since 1918; carman. Born July 30, 1890, Glen dale. Kan. Father a farmer. Prim. sch.,
Glendale; gram., 3 yrs. high sch., Ft. Scott; night sch., 3 yrs., Kan- sas City; entered Kansas City Sch. of

#NYSTROM, Conrad F. 5th vice-pres. and org. Un. Brick & Clay W. of A. Born Oct. 12, 1884,
Galesburg, 11l. Father a farmer, carpenter. Country scn.; gram. scn., E. Galesburg; Hedding Coll.;
LaSalle Extension Univ. Form- erly a farmer, clay worker, and org. for Brick & Clay W.; pres. loc. 242;
bus. agt., dist. 2; rep. Brick & Clay W. as loc. and natl. officer since 1910; acting ed. Galesburg Labor
News for short time. 2nd Lieut. Infantry, U. S. Army, 1917-9. Author: articles for labor and dally
press. Mem- ber Masons. Politics Farmer- Labor. Home, 432 E. 2 St., Gales- burg; office, Suite 309,
327 S. LaSalle St., Chicago, 11l.
#OBERGFELL, Joseph F. Gen. secy.-treas. Intl. U. of of the Un. Brewery, Flour, C. & S. D. W. of A. since
1915; 5th vice-pres. U. Label Trades Dept. A. F. of L. Born July 26, 1881. Father a carpenter. Pub. scn.,
Indianapo- lis. Formerly a bottler. Bus. agt. Brewery W. U., Indianapolis, 1903-15; held various offices
in Cent. Labor U.; active in all wage and strike movts. 1900-15; org. number of locals; del. from Ind.
Fed. of Labor to A. F. of L. Member Elks, Eagles. Home, 1219 Paxton Ave.; office, 2347 Vine St.,
Cincinnati, Ohio.

#OBERMEIKR, Michael. Exec. bd. Intl. W. in the Amal. Food Industries since 1918; exec. bd. of Trade
U. Educl. Lg. since 1923; New York Un. Labor Coun. since 1922. Born Nov. 13, 1892, Mun- ich,
Germany. Father a restaur- ant keeper. Pub. scn., Bavaria; clerical seminary, 4 yrs., Frelsing.
Germany; learned French, Span- ish, Italian, and English while working in hotels and restaurants in
Switzerland, Italy, France, Eng- land, S. America and U. S. Held every job in restaurants from
dishwasher and cook to head waiter; steward on various ocean steamers. Secy.-treas. of Hotel W. br.
Intl. W. in Amal. Food Ind. 1921-4. Author: History of Hotel Workers Union of New York, in answer to
injunction in strike against Salvin Thompson Co., 1924. Member Workers' P. Home. 71 W. 108 St.,
New York, N. Y.
#O'BRIEN, Simon P. Vice-pres. Intl. Longshoremen's Assn. since 1920; pres. Gt. Lakes dist. Long-
shoremen's Assn. since 1915; pres. loc. 109, Grain Shovelers' U. since 1910. Born Nov. 24, 1880,
Buffalo, N. Y. Father a grain elevator man. Pub. sch., Buffalo. Fin. secy. Cent. Labor coun. of Buffalo 8
yrs. Member Modern Woodmen, Eagles. Politics independent. Home, 187 Kingston Pl.; office, 60
Main St., Buffalo, N. Y.

#O'CONNELL, James. Pres. Metal Trades dept. A. F. of L., since 1911. Born Aug. 22, 1858, Minersville,
Pa. Father a ma- chinist. High sch., Oil City, Pa. Formerly a machinist. Rep. A. F. of L. at British Trade
U. Cong, at Plymouth, Eng., 1889; pres. Intl. Assn. of Machinists 1893-1911; vice-pres. A. F. of L. 1896-
1912. Home, 2126 1 St., N. W.; office, A. F. of L. Bldg., Washington, D. C.
#O'CONNEUL, John P. Secy. Amer. Fed. of Textile Operatives^ Address, P. O. Box 272, Salem, Mass.

#O'CONNOR, Harvey. Asst. ed. Brotherhood of Locomotive Engi- neers' Journal since 1924. Born Mar.
29, 1898, Minneapolis, Minn. Father a railway cook. Fub. scn., St. Paul, Minn.; high sch., Ta- coma,
Wash. Formerly a lumber worker; managing ed. Seattle Daily Call, 1917-8; ed. Interna- tional Weekly
of Seattle, 1919; ed.-mgr. Farmer Labor Call of Centralla, Wash., 1920-1; city, news and labor ed.
Seattle Union Record, 1921-4. Indicted for criminal anarchy as result of leaf- lets preceding Seattle
general strike of 1919; indictment dis- missed when state lost test case. Member Newswrlter loc. 12,
now defunct. Home, 3306 Kenmore Rd.; office, Bro. of Loco. Engi- neers Bldg., Cleveland, Ohio.

#O'CONNOR, James M. Secy.- treas. Amal. Lithographers of A. Office, 205 W. 14 St., New York, N. Y.

#O'CONNOR, Julia Sarsfleld. Pres. Telephone Op. Dept., Intl. Bro. of Electrical W., since 1919. Born
Sept. 9, 1890, Woburn, Mass. Father a leather currier. Paro- chial sch., Woburn; high sch., Woburn,
and Medford; special courses in economic and labor problems, Univ. of Chicago; Trade Union Coll.,
Boston. Telephone operator 1908-19; officer continu- ously since organization, 1912, of Boston
Telephone Op. U., loc. 1 A, 1st permanent trade union orga- nization of telephone operators in the
country. Workers' rep. Mass. Minimum Wage Bd. 1914-6; exec. bd. Natl. Women's Trade U. Lg. 1917
to date; rep. org. labor on U. S. Comssn. on Telephones and Telegraphs during period of war control.
Home, 64 George St., Medford; office, 1109 Tremont Bldg., Boston, Mass.

#O'DWYER, Donagh F. Tool maker and machinist; del. Chi- cago jt. bd. Amal. Clothing W. of A.; vice-
pres. and exec. comt. loc. 272; natl. org. Irish-Amer. Labor Lg. Born Jan. 19, 1872, in Ire- land. Father
a farmer. Natl. sch.; high sch. 2 yrs.; Rand Sch. of Social Science. Secy. Albany County, N. Y., loc.,
Socialist P.; state committeeman; city ed. The Citizen, Waterbury, Conn.; con- trib. ed. Waterbury
Examiner; secy. Irish Socialist Fed.; mem- ber Socialist Labor P.; secy. Amer. Mechanics; ed. The
Weekly Buzz Saw; contributor to The Harp. With Rudolph Katz org. I. W. W. in Schenectady, N. Y.;
corr. Schenectady Citizen; The New York Call; blacklisted after strike; pres. Connolly Club of St. Louis,
Mo.; teacher in various economic schools run by Irlsh- Amer. Labor Lg. Author: Strug- gle for an Irish
Republic. 1923; Story of Garibaldi's Struggle in Italy, 1914: When the O'Reillys Came Over in the
Mayflower, 1896; many short articles pub- lished in various papers. Member James Connolly Club.
Address, 2540 W. Adams St., Chicago, 11l.
#O'HANLEY, John. (See Can- ada.)
#O'HANLON, John Martin. Secy.-treas. and legis. agt. of N. Y. Fed. of Labor since 1921; ap- pointed
labor rep. to N. Y. Indust. Coun. by Gov. Smith, 1924; elect- ed to State Regents' Coun. on In- dust.
Educ. by Bd. of Regents of Univ. of State of N. Y. 1912. Born July 18, 1869, Dublin, Ireland. Father a
mfg. watch maker, and ed. Horological Journal. Prim., gram., high sch., Dublin. For- merly a book and
newspaper com- positor; legis. corr.; city ed. Troy Observer, Sunday paper; publ. of 2 labor
newspapers, merged in Legislative Labor News of N. Y.; confidential agt. of N. Y. Food Comssn. during
1918-9, while late (177)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO l77 John Mitchell was chair. Pres. Troy Cent.
Labor Coun. 1893; vice- pres. Troy Typographical U. 1894; pres. Troy Fed. of Labor 1896; legis. comt.
N. Y. Fed. of Labor 1898-1916; rep. N. Y. Fed. of La- bor before N. Y. constitutional conv. 1915; del.
Nashville conv. Intl. Typographical U.; life member of Intl. Typograph- ical U. Dir. educ. bur. of N. Y.
Fed. of Labor 1919- 20, established loc. bureaus and self-culture study classes through city cent,
bodies and loc. educ. authorities. Appointed by various N. Y. governors to represent state at natl.
gatherings for factory in- spection, labor laws, vocational confs. and study of farm needs, 1904-19.
#O'HARJE, Frank Peter. Gen. dir. Crusade against Prison Con- tract Labor since 1924; one of org. of
Commonwealth Coll., Newllano, La., trustee and faculty member. Born Apr. 23, 1876, New Hampton,
Iowa. Gram., high scn., St. Louis. Student and teacher Intl. Sch. of Social Econ- omy, Kansas City, 1902-
3. Lec- turer, org. Socialist P. 1902-7. Ed. and mgr. National Rip Saw Mag- azine, now American
Vanguard, 1911-7, '20, and 1 of org. Chil- dren's Crusade for Amnesty, 1922. Author: magazine and
newspaper articles on political and economic subjects. Address, Commonwealth Community, Mena,
#O'HARE, Kate Richards. Lec- turer, author, teacher; dean of women. Commonwealth Coll. since
1923; ed. The American Vanguard since 1920; field dir. of campaign against contract convict labor
since 1923. Born Mar. 26, 1877, Williamsburg, Kan. Father a stockman-farmer. Dist. sch., Ot- tawa
County, Kan.; gram. sch., Minneapolis, Kan.; high sch., Burchard, Neb.; Intl. Sch. of So- cial Economy.
Formerly sch. teacher, social worker, housewife. Joined Soc. Labor P. 1899; trans- ferred to Socialist
P. 1900; per- haps covered more territory and delivered more Socialist lectures than any other
person in the country; has worked in every state, Canada, Mexico, and Gt. Britain; active in women's
suf- frage movt., 1900-16; natl. wom- an's comt. Socialist P. 1910-2; asso. ed. The National Rip-Saw,
1911-7; intl. secy, of Socialist P. 1912-4, only woman in any coun- try to hold that position in 2nd
International; natl. exec. comt. Socialist P. 1912-6; chair, of comt. which wrote Socialist War
Manifesto, Apr. 1917; led Chil- dren's Crusade for Amnesty for Political Prisoners to Washing- ton
1922; with William Edward Zeuch and Frank P. O'Hare founded Commonwealth Coll. 1923. One of
1st persons convict- ed under espionage law, sen- tenced to 5 yrs. In prison; served 14 mos. in Mo.

#OJlL, Henry, Jr. Pres. and gen. org. Wis. Fed. of Labor since 1917; member exec. bd. since 1915; Wis.
org. for A. F. of L. since 1916; del. Milwaukee Fed. Trades Coun. since 1909, ed. The Bulletin since
1921. Born Mar. 16, 1873, Milwaukee, Wis. Father a laborer. Gram, sen., Milwaukee. Went to work
in foundry at age of 12; took up printing at 13. Member Intl. Typographical U. since 1901; secy. Alld.
Printing Trades Coun., Milwaukee, 1903; org. Milwaukee loc. 23, 1905-9; special intl. rep. 1906-7; ed.
The Typo 1906-9; ed. The News Let- ter 1917-21. Del. many convs. of A. F. of L., Intl. Typographical
U., and state feds. of labor. Mem- ber Socialist P. since 1901; dep- uty city clerk, Milwaukee, 1910- 2;
member Wis. Legls. 1917-8; del. state and natl. convs. Social- ist P.; Conf. Prog. Pol. Act. Au- thor:
The Labor Movement; re- ports of political and indust. convs. publ. in proceedings of Wis. Fed. of
Labor. Member K. of P. Home, 940 49 St.; office, 516 Metropolitan Block, 290 3 St., Milwaukee, Wis.
#OLANDER, Victor A. 2nd vice- pres. Intl. Seamen's U. of A. since 1902; natl. legis. comt., Intl. sea-
men's U. of A.; secy.-treas. Ill. Fed. of Labor. Born 1873, in 111. Formerly a sailor; bus. agt. Sail- or's
U. of Great Lakes, 1901-3; asst. secy., 1903-9; gen. secy., 1909-20. Member Moose, Odd Fellows.
Home, 1336 N. Mason Ave.; office, 166 W. Washington St., Chicago, I1l.

#OLDS, Lelancl. Indust. ed. Federated Press since 1922. Born Dec. 31, 1890, Rochester, N. Y. Father
George Daniel Olds, pres. Amherst Coll. Pub., high sch., Amherst, Mass.; A. B., Amherst Coll., 1912.
Columbia Univ. Instr. history, Amherst, 1917; examiner Natl. War Labor Bd., 1918; statis- tician Ry.
Empl. Dept., A. F. of L., 1920-22. Author: Combination in the Anthracite Industry, prepared for
presentation by Un. Mine W. of A. before U. S. Anthracite Coal Comssn., 1920; Problem of Piece
Work, 1921; Human Standards and Raiiroad Policy, 1912, pre- pared for Ry. Empl. Dept., A. F. of L.,
for presentation before R. R. Labor Bd. Home, Western Ave., Northbrook; office, 156 W. Washington
St., Chicago, 11l.

#OIX3IJT, Moissaye Joseph. Writer, lecturer. Born Mar. 24, 1878, Kiev, Russia. Father a lumber camp
employee. Studied at Univ. of Kiev, 1900-4; studied at Univ. of Heidelberg, 1907-10; Ph.D., Columbia,
1918. Ed. many radical and labor publications in Russia until 1914; in U. S. since 1915; lecturer on
social and po- litical problems before labor au- diences and forums. Cand. for N. Y. Assem. on
Workers' P. Ticket, 1924. Author: The Soul of the Russian Revolution, 1917; (179)AMERlCAN LABOR
WHO'S WHO l79 A Guide to Russian Literature, 1920; a series of books and pam- phlets in Yiddish
and Russian. Member Writers' U. Home, 154 W. 75 St., New York, N. Y.

#OLIVER, Eli Ij. Org. Tri-City Clothing W. Assn. Born May 4, 1899, Walker, Minn. Father a newspaper
owner. Prim., gram. scn., Walker; high sch., Akeley, Minn.; Univ. of Minn. Formerly statistician, ed.
country paper; org. Non-Partisan Lg. 1919; ex- aminer Fedi. Trade Comssn., Washington, 1920. Instr.
Phila- delphia Trade U. Coll., and Whar- ton Sch., Univ. of Penn., 1920-1; instr. Brookwood Labor
Coll., Katonah, N. Y., 1921-2; staff Labor Bur., Inc., 1922-3. Home, c/o Labor Bur., Inc., 440 S.
Dearborn St., Chicago; office, 204 Ind. Home Bldg., Rock Island, 1ll.

#ONEAlj, James. Ed. The New York Leader since foundation, 1924. Born Mar. 13, 1875, Indian- apolis.
Father an iron puddier. Pub. sch. to 6th grade; mostly self-educated. Formerly iron and steel worker.
Asst. in natl. office Socialist P. 1903-5; speaker for Socialist natl. office and many state organizations
since 1905. Asso. ed. The New York Worker, 1906-8; secy. Socialist P. of Ind. 1911-3; Mass. Socialist
P. 1915-7; ed. Staff of the New York Call 1918-23. Author: The Workers in American History, revised
1923; pamphlets. Militant Socialism. 1910; Socialism vs. Syndicalism. 1911; Socialism and Woman,
1914; Socialism and Religion, 1915; Labor and the Next War, 1922; The Next Emancipation; Labor in
England and America, 1924. Member Socialist P. Home, 9516 111 St., Richmond Hill, office, 7 E. 15
St., New York, N. Y.
#OPPENHEIMER, Moses. So- cialist writer and speaker. Born Nov. 19, 1848, Aub, Bavaria, Ger- many.
Father a peasant. Elem. sch. Was sch. teacher; corr. clerk in wholesale bus., Mann- heim. Germany, 8
yrs. Converted to Socialism through hearing trial of Bebel and Liebknecht for trea- son, 1872;
Socialist cand. for Reichstag. Ed. Bergische Arbel- terstimme, Barmen-Elberfeld, 1878; ed. Valerian d,
Stuttgart, 1880-2; corr. for Sozialdemokrat, Zurich, 1880-2. Came to U. S. 1883. Mgr. foreign news
dept. New York Call 1919-23. Chair, exec. comt. Moyer-Haywood De- fense 1906-8; chair, exec.
comt. Jan Jouren Defense (for right of Asylum), 1907-9; defeated tramp colony bill, N. Y. Legis. Joined
Knights of Labor, 1886; master workman, L. A. 1522 in 1887-8; participated in Henry George
campaign. New York, 1886. Au- thor: article on Socialism in New York Herald, Nov. 17, 1886; many
other newspaper articles; several pamphlets. Member Sunrise Club. Socialist P. Home, 1841
Marmion Ave., New York, N. Y.

#ORCHARD, Dorothy Johnson. Research worker, Amal. Clothing W. of A. since Jan. 1924. Born Mar.
20, 1897, Alexandria, Va. Father a bookkeeper. Prim., gram. sch., Alexandria; high sch., Washington,
D. C.; A. B., Swarth- more Coll., 1918. With Natl. Bur. of Economic Research 1920-2, on study of natl.
income; Russell Sage Foundation, 1922-4, on study of money lending. Author: Money-Lending in the
United Kingdom. not yet published, pre- pared for Russell Sage Founda- tion. Member Phi Beta
Kappa. Home, 8919 Sutphin Blvd., Ja- maica, L. I.; office, 31 Union Sq., New York, N. Y. (180)180

#ORNBURN, Ira M. Vice-pres. Cigarmakers' Intl. U. of A.; secy. Conn. Fed. of Labor. Born in Moberly,
Mo. Father a farmer. Gram, sen., Moberly. Formerly a cigar maker. Pres. New Haven, Conn., Trades
Coun. 1919-23. Member Conn. Coun. of Defense during the war, and U. S. Em- ployment Service
advisory comt. for Conn. Member Masons, Elks, Moose. Democrat but non-par- tisan in practice.
Home, 334 Howard Ave.; office, 148 George St., New Haven, Conn.

#O'ROTRKE, Thomas Patrick. 3rd gen. vice-pres. Un. Assn. of Plumbers & Steam F. & S. F. H. of U. S. &
Can. 1908-13, '17 to date; bus. mgr. loc. 438 since 1906. Born May 29, 1875, Balti- more. Father a
laborer. Sch. at St. Mary's Star of the Sea, Balti- more. Formerly pres. Baltimore Bldg. Trades Coun. 8
yrs.; vice- pres. Baltimore Fed. of Labor 1913-4. Del. 6 natl. convs. of the Un. Assn. of Plumbers &
Steam F.; del. Amer. All. for Labor & Democracy, St. Paul, Minn. 1917. Home, 406 Mt. Holley St.;
office, 1222 St. Paul St., Baltimore, Md.
#ORR, Joseph C. Secy.-treas. Intl. Printing Pressmen's & Assts' U. of N. A. since 1911; secy.-treas.
Printing Pressmen's & Assts.' Union Home, Inc.; secy.- treas. Technical Trade Sch., Intl. Printing
Pressmen's & Assts.' U. Address Pressmen's Home, Tenn.
#OSBORN, Jay Miller. Vice- pres. Hotel and Rest. Intl. AH. & Bartenders' Intl. Lg. of A. since 1923;
pres. bd. dir. Colo. Labor Advocate since Jan. 1924; bus. agt. and secy.-treas. Waiters' & Waitresses'
U. since 1916; pres. Denver Trades & Labor Assem. since Jan. 1924; rec. secy, and treas. Denver
Label Lg. since 1919. Born May 2, 1884, Winn, Mich. Father a farmer. Prim. sch. Winn; Denver Labor
Coll. Worked on father's farm until 21 yrs. of age. Vice-pres. Colo. Fed. of Labor, 1922-3. Member
Knights of Golden Eagle, Eagles, Masons. Home, 2959 California St., office, 1923 Curtis St., Denver,
#OTTE, William. 4th vice-pres. Natl. Fed. of P. O. Clerks since 1908; exec. bd. since 1922. Born Nov.
12, 1883, Wabash, Neb. Fa- ther a farmer. Pub. sch., Wabash, and Chicago, 11l.; bus. coll., Lin- coin,
Neb. Formerly a farmer; piano and organ tuner and mfr.; office clerk; state and natl. org. of P. O.
Clerks 15 yrs.; org. 1st state fed. of affiliated p. o. clerks in U. S. 1918. Home, 3826 Ran- dolph St.,
Lincoin, Neb.
#OWEN, Chandler. Mng. ed. The Messenger. Born Apr. 5, 1889, Warrenton, N. C. Father a govt.
employee. Attended Va. Un- ion Univ., 1912; Columbia Univ. Formerly a painter. Organized with A.
Philip Randolph the 1st Elevator Operators & Starters U. in New York and affiliated with A. F. of L.;
lectured for Rand Sch. of Social Science and other labor, radical and liberal schools and forums.
Collaborated with A. Philip Randolph in writing pam- phlets on Terms of Peace and The Dark Races,
1918, and The Truth About Lynching, 1918. So- cialist. Home, 215 W. 139 St.; office, 2311 7 Ave.,
New York, N. Y.

#OWENS, Edgar. Org. Work- ers' P., dist. 7, Mich. and Ind., since 1922. Born Nov. 9, 1879, Moline,
11l. Father a blacksmith. Pub., high sch., Moline. Formerly a carriage and auto worker. Org. in 11l. for
Socialist P. until party split in 1919; dist. secy. Com- munist Labor P. for Miss. Valley States 1919-20.
Arrested in Red raids, Jan. 1920, at Moline; tried in (181)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 18l
Communist Labor P. case in Chi- cago, May 1920; found guilty with other defendants and was among
those sentenced to peni- tentiary; in spite of appeals went to prison Nov. 21, 1922; all par- doned by
Gov. Small, Nov. 29, 1922. Dir. Natl. Defense comt. 1920-2, in charge of defense of Communist
victims of Red raids; of defendants in Mich. Commu- nist case. Member loc. 127, Un. Auto. Aircraft &
Vehicle W. of A. Home, 433 16 Ave., Moline, 11l.; office, 2646 St. Aubln Ave., De- troit, Mich.
#OWENS, Gordon Washington. Org. Chicago South Side English br. Workers' P. since 1922; gen.
worker. Born Nov. 21, 1895, Chi- cago, 11l. Father an elevator op- erator. Elem. sch. 1911. Went to
work at age of 15 as messenger boy; later worked in stockyards. Joined I. W. W. 1914, and was
discharged from Swift's. Joined Workers' P. 1920; cand. for Cong, from Chicago, 1924; party adviser
for propaganda among Negroes. Home, 460 Bowen Ave.; office, 1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chi-
cago, 11l.

#PAUMER, Frank La Verne. Ed. The Colorado Labor Advocate since 1922. Born. Dec. 9, 1893, Corning,
N. Y. Father a freight conductor. Gram. sch., Guthrie, Okla.; high sch., Binghamton, N. Y.; Univ. of
Denver, 1914-5; Denver Labor Coll. 1922-4. Print- er 1912-22; member Intl. Typo- graphical U. since
1922. Indepen- dent in politics. La Follette- Wheeler 1924. Office, 1715 Cali- fornia St., Denver, Colo.

#PALMER, Russell. Weaver; trade union org. Born Dec. 3, 1893, Paterson, N. J. Father a musician;
mother a silk weaver. St. John's Parochial sch., gram. sch. Paterson; less than 1 yr. high sch.; night
high sch. one term; educated by reading in connection with work in political and indust. labor movt.
Went to work at age of 16. Broadsilk weaver 1908-11, '18. Ed. asst. Daily and Weekly People 1912-8.
Org. Socialist La- bor P., Passaic County, several yrs. prior to 1918. Exec. secy. Silk W. Intl. Indust. U.,
Paterson, 1918. Rec. secy. 1st conv. Amal. Textile W. of A. 1919. Asso. ed. The New Textile Worker
1919-21; ed. 1921- 4. Secy.-treas. Amal. Textile W. of A. 1921 until organization dis- banded, end of
1924. No po- litical affiliations at present. Mem- ber New York Civic Club. Home, 56 Genesee Ave.,
Paterson, N. J.
#PANKEN, Jacob. Jurist; judge of municipal ct. New York, elect- ed on Socialist ticket 1917. Born Jan.
13, 1879, Kiev, Ukrainia. Father a merchant. Came to U. S. 1890. Law grad. N. Y. Univ., 1905. Went to
work at age of 12. Purse and pocket book maker 1895-9; farm hand 1891-5; book- keeper 1899-
1900; accountant 1901; lecturer since 1897. Org. Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. 1901; lecturer 1902.
Org. Purse & Bag Mkrs.' U. 1903. Active in organiz- ing trade unions and as a publi- cist. Exec. comt.
People's Coun. 1917; chair. Workers' Coun. 1917; natl. comt. on appeals, Socialist P., 1919-20. Del.
Intl. Socialist Cong. Socialist cand. for U. S. Senate, for mayor of New York City, for justice of Ct. of
Appeals, for N. Y. Assembly, for dist. atty. Member Leather Goods W. U.; Forward Assn. Home, 156 2
Ave.; office, 264 Madison St., New York, N. Y. (182)182 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO

#PARKER, Aarne John. Natl. dir. Young People's Dept. of Socialist P. since 1925; natl. and intl. secy.
Young People's Social- ist Lg. since 1925; draftsman. Born Aug. 5, 1901, Oulu, Finland. Father a
carpenter. Came to U. S. 1902. Prim., high sen., Fitch- burg, Mass.; corr. sch. Worked part time from
age of 16 until graduation from high sch.; job printing and mechanical engineer- ing for a few
months; draftsman in steam power boiler factory, 1919, worked up to designer and field engineer.
First org. and later secy. Young People's Social- ist Lg. of Mass.; resigned to ac- cept position of secy,
of Eostern States Fed. of Young People's Lg., which later became part of natl. organization; member
natl. exec. comt.; secy. New England dist. 1923; attended all natl. convs. since 1921. Member New
Eng- land dist. exec. comt. Socialist P. 1922-3; del. to convs. since 1923. Del. Conf. for Prog. Pol. Act.
1924-5. Author of articles for party press, reports, etc. Home and office, 23 Townsend St., Fitch-
burg, Mass.
#PARKER, Matthew H. Pres. Intl. Bro. of Paper Mkrs. since 1924. Born Apr. 22, 1879, Hills- dale, W.
Va. Father a professor of music. Gram, sch., Buena Vis- ta, Va. Went to work at age of 16.
Papermaker 1901-16. Mem- ber Intl. Bro. of Paper Mkrs. since 1904; 4th vice-pres. 1914; 3rd vice-
pres. 1915; 2nd vice-pres. 1917; 1st vice-pres. 1920; org. 1916-24. Progressive in politics. Home, 17
Chestnut St.; office, 25 South Hawk St., Albany, N. Y.

#PASSAGE, William Wallace. Bd. dir. Rand Sch. of Social Sci- ence, New York, since Jan. 1924; bd. dir.
People's House since foundation 1917; dept. mgr. of a publ. house since 1924. Born Nov. 28, 1867,
Duanesburg, N. Y. Fa- ther a farmer. Gram, sch., Duanesburg, high sch., Schenec- tady; bus. coll.,
Albany. Former- ly a farmer; teacher; stenogra- pher. Bd. dir. Workingmen's Coop. Publ. Assn. 1908-
23. Del. natl. conv. Socialist P. 1908-24; cand. for Cong., and for borough pres. Author: articles and
pam- phlets on Socialism. Member Bro. of the Commonwealth, Lg. for Indust. Democ., Popular Govt.
Lg., People's Legis. Service, Amer. Socialist Soc. Home, 716 Rugby Rd., Brooklyn; office, 354- 60 4th
Ave., New York, N. Y.
#PASSONNO, Frank Edward. Socialist Labor P. worker; build- er. Born Aug. 25, 1875, Sandy Hill, N. Y.
Father a boat builder and officer in Civil War; family of revolutionary French stock. Montreal Univ.
Formerly a dec- orator, restaurant worker. Mem- ber Socialist Labor P.; cand. for gov. of N. Y. 1908,
'24. Home, 643 Prospect Pl., Brooklyn, N. Y.
#P A U li S E N, Paul Jasper. Mgr. Wyo. Labor Journal Publ. Co. since 1918. Born Oct. 20, 1870, Hover,
Denmark. Father a farmer. Prim, sch., Denmark, 1 yr.; Donneburg, Neb., 6 mos.; Amer. Sch. of Corr.;
Intl. Corr. Sch. Went to work at age of 9. Electrician, stationary fireman and engineer, 1896-1911;
worked in non-union territory till 1907; member Un. Mine W. of A. sines' 1907; intl. exec. bd. dist.
22, 1911-8. Secy. Socialist P. of Wyo. 1908-12. Treas. La Follette- Wheeler Club, Cheyenne, 1924.
Member Masons, Odd Fellows, Modern Woodmen. Address, Box 997, Cheyenne, Wyo.

#PEASE, Frank H. Ed. Tke Railway Conductor since 1909. Born Oct. 18, 1853, Columbus, Ohio. Father
a ry. official. Gram, sch., Centralla, Ill. Went to work (183)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO l83 at age
of 14. Ry. conductor 1872- 1904. Member O. of Ry. Conduc- tors of A. since 1882. Home, 1720 A
Ave.; office, O. of Ry. Conduc- tors' Bldg., Cedar Rapids, Iowa.

#PEPPERCORN, Benjamin. Mgr. Cleveland jt. bd., Amal. Clothing W. of A. since 1924. Born Apr. 25,
1889, Stryg, Austria. Father a tailor. Came to U. S. 1901. Gram. sch., Louisville, Ky. Went to work at
age of 15. Operator on men's clothing 1904-24. Member Amal. Clothing W. since 1918; chair, loc.
112, 1921-2; chair. Cleveland jt. bd. 1922-3. Org. Douglas Tailoring Co. 1920, and took active part in
strike 1921; shop chair. 1920-3. Author: weekly reports to Advance. Home, 3694 E. 140 St.; office,
2536 Eu- clid Ave., Cleveland. Ohio.
#PERKINS, George W. Pres. Cigarmakers Intl. U. of A., and ed. Clgarmakera' Journal. Office, 508 S.
Dearborn St., Chicago, 11l.
#PERLSTEIN, Meyer. Vice- pres. Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. since 1916; dist. mgr. and gen. org. since
1914. Born Sept. 15, 1884, Cartyz Bereza, Grodno, Russia. Father a tailor. Gram. sch., Russia. Come to
U. S. 1904. Went to work at age of 12. Skirt maker 1903-11. Member Intl. La- dies' Garment W. U.
since 1908; secy. Cloak & Skirt Mkrs.' jt. bd., New York, 1911-3. Established agreement with
employers in Cleveland 1919, promoting scien- tific methods of production and guaranteeing 41
weeks' employ- ment during yr. Home, 12507 Ed- man ton Rd., Cleveland, Ohio; office, 328 W. Van
Buren St., Chi- cago, 11l.

#PERKY, Mrs. Fannie Hamilton. Secy. Seattle Labor Coll., Inc., since 1921; secy. Women's Mod- ern
Study Club since 1919; treas. Legis. Fed. of King County, Wash., since 1922; secy. Seattle br.
Women's Trade U. Lg. since 1922; secy.-treas. Farmer-Labor P., King County, since 1920; del. Seattle
Cent. Labor Coun. from Women's Trade U. Lg. since 1922. Born Sept . 25, 1873, Geneseo, 11l. Father
an inventor and a stove infr. Gram. sch.; 1 yr. high sch., Geneseo; graduated from musical dept.,
Geneseo Collegiate Inst. 1890, and from German scientific course 1891; business coll. 2 terms,
Seattle, Wash. 1895. Secy. The Trade Register 1900-10; secy. Dewey, Wash., Socialist P. loc. 1915-6;
secy. Dewey Grange 1914-7; corr. The Anacortes American. With Un. Artisans, Seattle, 1906-10,
secy, part of that time; secy., chair. Friends of So- viet Russia, B. C., Ore., and Wash. 1920-2. Farmer-
Labor P. Home and office 3805 Aurora Ave., Se- attle, Wash.
#PERRY, John M. Vice-pres. and field rep. Switchmen's U. of N. A. since 1921, re-elected 1924-7. Born
Apr. 19, 1887, Waverly, Minn. Father a farmer. Worked for board in an effort to obtain educ.;
practically self-educated. Worked on father's farm 1 yr.; r. r. switchman 5 yrs.; brakeman 2 yrs.;
conductor 4 yrs.; merchant 3 yrs. Twice discharged for ac- tivities in labor union, once dur- ing a
period of depression forced to open a small bus. stand; later re-employed and signed contract
between union and company. Member, loc. chair. Switchmen's U. of N. A., 1912-6; org. and loc. pres.
1916-21; gen. chair. 1916-21; chair. Twin City dist. coun. 1919- 21; del. to Intl. conv., 1921. Au- thor:
many official reports. Pro- gressive voter. Home, 1299 Ed- mund St., St. Paul, Minn.
#PERSION, Achilles. Secy.- treas. Intl. Hod Carriers, Bldg. & 'om. Lab. U. of A. since 1911; bldg.
laborer. Born Sept. 2, 1882, (184)184 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Cocullo, Italy. Father a
physician and surgeon. Gram, sch., An- versa; private tutoring. Vice- pres. Intl. Hod Carriers 1909-11.
Member Odd Fellows, Moose. Re- publican. Home, 123 Madison Ave.; office, 25 School St., Quincy,
#PETERS, Claude F. Secy.- treas. Bldg. Service Empl. Intl. U. Office, 166 W. Washington St., Chicago,

#PETERS, Martin Jj. Rep. Intl. Printing Pressmen's & Assts. U. of N. A.; press foreman. Born Apr. 18,
1879, Columbus, Ohio. Father a newspaper ed. Prim, sch., Columbus; gram., high sch., Beatrice, Neb.
Was a pressman; newspaper reporter. Member or- ganized labor since 1900; prea. Lincoin, Neb.,
loc., Intl. Printing Pressmen's & Assts.' U. of N. A. 1904; pres. Portland, Ore., loo. 43, 1922-3; as chair,
wage scale comt. concluded agreements and Printing Pressmen's & Assts.' U. secured 10 per cent
wage increase for pressmen. Del. A. F. of L. 1923. Member Span. War Vet- erans of Foreign Wars,
Apollo Club. Democrat. Home, 255 12 St.; office, Ivy Press, 382 Stark St., Portland, Ore.
#PETERSEN, Arnold. Natl. secy. Socialist Labor P. Born Apr. 16, 1885, Odense, Denmark. Father a
tailor. Commercial coll. in Den- mark. Sold books; bookkeeper. journalist. Author: numerous re-
ports, pamphlets, articles and translations on Socialist and labor questions. Home, 824 Washing- ton
St., Brooklyn; office, 45 Rose St., New York. N. Y.
#PETERSON, Leroy. Cashier Amal. Bank of New York 1923- 4; exec. comt. Lg. for Mutual Aid. Born
Feb. 28, 1891, Kane, Pa. Gram., high sch., Kane; A. B., Allegheny Coll., 1913; Columbia 1914-5. Bur. of
Municipal Re- search, New York, 1914-6. Au- thor; report for Bur. of Crime Prevention, 1914-8, police
dept., New York; articles on labor banks for Bankers' Magazine, New York Times. Member Civic Club
of New York. Home, 64 Bank St.

#PFEIFFER, John Joseph. Secy.-treas. Un. Leather W. Intl. U. since 1902. Born May 21, 1870, St. Louis,
Mo. Father a cooper. Gram, sch., St. Louis. Went to work at age of 12. Harness mak- er 1886-1902.
Joined Knights of Labor 1889. Secy. Harness & Saddiemkrs.' Assn. br. 4, Chicago, 1892-8; secy.-treas.
br. 17, Un. Leather W. Intl. U., 1899-1901; 1st vice-pres. Un. Leather W. Intl. U., 1899-1902. Secy. bd.
of dir. Kansas City Labor Temple Assn. 1908-15. Independent Democrat. Member Columbian Circle.
Home, 1217 E. 41 St.; office, 610 Walsix Bldg., Kansas City, Mo.
#PHILLIPS, James. Vice-pres. O. of Ry. Conductors of A. since 1918. Elem. sch. Louisville, 1ll. Was a r.
r. brakeman, switchman, conductor. Loc. chair. O. of Ry. Conductors St. Louis Div., Rock Is. R. R. 15
yrs.; gen. chair. Rock Is. R. R. 3 yrs. Socialist P., Pro- gressive P. Home, 7162 Water- man Ave., St.
Louis, Mo.; office, O. R. C. Bldg., Cedar Rapids, Iowa.
#PICKENS, William. Field secy. Natl. Assn. for Advancement of Colored People since 1920; chair, bd.
dir. Harlem Community Cen- ter since 1923. Born Jan. 15, 1881, Anderson County, S. C. Father a
farmer, mechanic. laborer. Prim,, gram, sch., N. Little Rock, Ark.; high sch., Little Rock; valedicto- rian
of class, Talladega Coll., 1902; A.B., Yale Univ., 1904. Was a teacher, forum speaker, lecturer. Prof, of
languages, Talladega Coll., 1904-14; prof, of Greek and J (185)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO l85
sociology, Wiley Univ., 1914-5; dean, Morgan Coll., 1915-8; vice- pres., 1918-20. Author: The Heir of
Slaves, 1911; The New Negro, 1916; The Vengeance of the Gods, 1922; Bursting Bonds, 1923. Mem-
ber Amer. Negro Acad., Phi Beta Kappa, Omega Psi Phi, Amer. Civil Lib. U., Lg. for Indust. De- moc.,
Civic Club, New York. Poli- tics independent, Progressive. Home, 260 W. 139th St.; office, 69 6 Ave.,
New York, N. Y.

#PICKETT, Austin Jacob. Gen. chair. Mo. Kan. & Tex. R. R. sys- tem bd. of adjustment Bro. of Ry. &
Steamship Clerks, Freight H., E. & S. E., since 1920; bd. dir. Mo. Kan. & Tex. R. R. Empl. Hospital Assn.
since 1923; r. r. clerk. Born Dec. 1, 1892, Hanni- bal, Mo. Father a constr. supt. Gram. sch., Hannibal;
studied law nights while working in r. r. office. Went to work at age of 12%; messenger boy, delivery
boy; r. r. clerk since 1909. As chair, for ry. clerks, Mo. Kan. & Tex. system. prepared and pre- sented
1st case before U. S. R. R. Labor Bd. calling for recognition of right of collective bargaining; case
sustained. Del. A. F. of L. 1923. Member Masons. Progres- sive liberal. Home, 5536 Pershing Ave.;
office, 269 Field Bldg., St. Louis, Mo.
#PIERSON, Thomas Morton. Vice-pres. O. of R. R. Telegraph- ers since 1893; natl. legis. rep. since July
1924; ed. staff of Labor since Aug. 1924. Born in a log house, Putnam County, Ind., Oct. 25, 1861.
Father a farmer, r. r. man, and mechanic. Common sch. educ.; attended sch. at Coates- ville in
winter, worked on farm in summer. Went to work at age of 16. Telegraph operator, 1880; mgr. jt.
gen. relay telegraph office, E. St. Louis, 1883; train dispatch- er Vandalia R. R., Terre Haute, 1891.
Acquainted with Eugene V. Debs. Charter member, O. of R. R. Telegraphers, 1886; and last of original
officers., Gen. chair. Van- dalia R. R. sect. 1891; secured 1st agreement on rules and wages, 1892.
Particlpatad in many struggles for recognition of organ- ization; Can. Pac. Telegraphers' strike, 1896;
Southern Ry. strike 1899; Santa Fe Ry. strike 1899; in "Debs' strike" 1894, opposed amalgamation of
r. r. unions. Member Masons. Independent Republican; assisted in election of Senator Brookhart,
Iowa. 1922; spoke in Wis. 1922, for pro- gressives; managed campaign for re-election of
Congressman John J. Casey, in 12th Congl. Dist., Pa., 1924. Home, Central Square, N.Y.; office, 10 B
St. S. W., Wash- ington, D. C.

#PINSKI, David. Playwright and author. Born April 5, 1872, Mohilev on Dneiper, Russia. Father a
business man. Elem., high sch., Russia; Berlin Univ.; Columbia Univ. Came to U. S. 1899. Asso. ed.
Abendblat and Der Arbeiter (discontinued) organs of Socialist Labor P., 1899-1910; ed. Yiddischer
Kempfer and Die Zeit (discontinued) organs of PoaleZion, 1917-22. Author: Isaac Sheftel; The Last
Jew; The Dumb Messiah; Three Plays; Ten Plays; The Treasure. Member Socialist Zionist P. of A.
(Poale Zion); Jewish Natl. Workers' Alliance. Home, 773 Beck St., New York, N. Y.

#PODtTLSKI, Joseph. Asst. secy. Polish Fed., Workers' P.; exec. bd. loc. 104, Intl. Ladies' Garment W.
U.; del. Chicago Fed. of La- >or; needie trades worker. Born n 1889, Austrian Poland. Went to work at
age of 14. Joined Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. 1914; loc. exec. bd.; jt. bd.; secy. loc. 104, 1923.
Member Socialist P. in Po- (186)186 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO land and U. S.; joined Workers'
P.; cand. for Cong., Chicago, 1924. Office, 1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, 11l.
#POGANY, Willy (William An- drew). Artist. Born Aug. 24, 1882, Szeged, Hungary. Father a bus. man.
Univ. of Budapest 1 yr.; art sch., Budapest, for a short time; studied in Munich and Paris. In London,
1907-14; was member Indep. Labor P.; helped organize British Agricultural Laborers, 1913; with Keir
Hardie assisted in establishment of Daily Herald and Daily Citizen; made cartoons and covers for
labor papers and magazines, posters for labor, suf- frage and peace movts.; one of suffrage posters
ordered removed from display by British govt. Came to U. S. 1914; decorated Debs Auditorium,
People's House, New York; illustrated more than 70 books; directed pageants at Camp Tamiment; is
a stage deco- rator, costume designer, mural painter. Received gold medals in Budapest, Leipzig,
Panama Pacific Expositlon 1916; silver medal, New York Soc. of Architects. Member Bro. of Painters,
Decora- tors, & Paperh of A. since 1922; Natl. Arts Club; Salmagundi Club; pres. The Nest. Home, 256
Sea- man Ave.; studios, 1947 Broad- way and 152 W. 46 St., New York, N. Y.

#POGLIANO, Felix. Secy.- treas. dist. 15, Un. Mine W. of A., since 1920. Born July 31, 1888, Colonia
Carolina, Argentina. Fa- ther a miller and miner. Went to Italy 1890; came to U. S. 1894. Prim. sch. in
coal camps, Fre- mont County, Colo., commercial course, night sch. Started to work in coal mines as
trapper boy when 11 yrs. old. Member Un. Mine W. since age of 12. U. S. Army 1917-9; served
overseas 11 mos. Arrested duing coal strike, 1913-4, just after Ludiow dis- aster; acquitted with 6
others af- ter 7 weeks' trial. Canon City, Colo. Secy. loc. u. 1903-13; org. dist. 15, 1917, 1919-20.
Member K. of C., Foresters, Amer. Legion. Independent Democrat. Home, 221 Madison St.; office,
444 Thatcher Bldgo Pueblo, Colo.

#POGORELiEC, Charles. Secy.- translator, Jugoslav Socialist Fed. since 1923. Born Nov. 2, 1886,
Zimarice, Slovenia, Jugoslavia. Father a small bus. man. Prim, sch., Sodrazica, Jugoslavia. Came to U.
S. 1903. Went to work at age of 14. Laborer 1901-9. Mem- ber Western Fed. of Miners, now Intl. U.
of Mine, Mill & Smelter W., since 1911; secy.-treas. and org., loc. 43, 1912-7; org. 1919-20. Member
Socialist P. since 1909; secy. Pueblo, Colo. Member Slo- venian Natl. Ben. Soc.; Slovenian Singing
Soc., Lira. Home, 2405 S. Hamiln Ave.; office, 3639 W. 26 St., Chicago, 11l.
#POJjAKOFF, Sol. Bus. mgr. Baltimore jt. bd. of Cloak & Skirt Mkrs.' U., Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U.
since 1924. Born Jan. 4, 1876, Tainey, Kiev, Ukrainia. At age of 14 ran away from home to Nikolaief,
1500 miles; became tailor's apprentice; after several years started on tour through southern
Ukrainia; worked in dif- ferent shops until 1895, when compelled by military duty to re- turn to
native town; organized strike in large shop, arrested, pa- roled on father's guarantee, draft- ed into
army. Went to England, 1895, joined Mantlemkrs.' U.; exec. bd., secy., joined Anarchist group. Came
to U. S. 1897. Joined Un. Bro. of Cloakmkrs.; was secy., pres., del. jt. bd. of Cloakmkrs. until 1910.
Active in many sh»p strikes until blacklisted and com- pelled to search for work as far as San
Francisco. Took part in (187)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO l87 organizing Intl. Ladies' Garment W.
U., 1899; del. 2nd conv., and on to 1914; vice-pres. 1906-14; 1st vice-pres. 2 yrs. Sympathized with L
W. W.; later fought dual unions; through fight member- ship of loc. 9 of Cloakmkrs. was reduced to
mere handful, known as "Local Polakoft," 1907-9. Be- came leader of Cloakmkrs.' U. on condition of
calling gen. strike; strike called July 7, 1910; assisted in framing protocol of peace in women's

#POLLICOTT, Charles Henry. (See Canada.) fOOLE, James. Exec. bd. and dlr. dist. 2, Paving Cutters' U.
of U. S. and Can. since 1923; paving cutter. Born Mar. 6, 1864, Cree- town, Scotland. Father an in-
spector of fisheries. High sch., Newton Stewart, Scotland. Came to U. S. 1883. Paving cutter 1881-
1924. Member Paving cutters' U. since 1890. Democrat. Home, 160 Grant Ave., Bast Newark, N. J.
#PORTER, H. Secy. Amal. Soc. of Carpenters and Joiners. Office, R. 74, Bible House, Astor Place, New
York, N. Y.

#POTOFSKY, Jacob S. Asst. secy.-treas. Amal. Clothing W. of A. since 1916; vice-pres. Amal. Bank of
New York sinc« 1923; secy.-treas. Russian-Amer. Indust. Corp. since 1922. Born Nov. 16, 1894,
Radomisl, Russia. Father a bus. man. Gram., high sch., Rus- sia, and Chicago, 11l. Went to work at age
of 15. Clothing worker, Hart, Schaftner and Marx, Chicago, 1908-14. Secy.- treas. Chicago jt. bd.
Amal. Clothing W. of A. 1914-6. Author: articles for Advance, Fortschrltt, The American Labor
Monthly, and other labor periodicals. Home, 2724 Helland Ave.; office, 31 Union Sq., New York, N. Y.

#POTTS, John Holmes. Exec. bd. Un. Bro. of Carpenters & Joiners of A. since 1910. Born Feb. 9, 1864,
Liverpool, England. Father a brick maker. Self-edu- cated. Came to U. S. 1884. Went to work at age of
12. Carpenter 1876-1910. Member Un. Bro. of Carpenters & Joiners of A. since 1910; pres. loc. 667,
1901-2; treas, 1902-10; pres. Cincinnati dist. coun. 1908-9. Member Masons, Elks. Republican.
Home, 646 Melish Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio; office, 222 Michigan Ave., Indian- apolis, Ind.
#POWELL, Alfred Ken-some. Pres. Trl-State Rural Letter Carriers' Assn. since 1916; exec. comt . Natl.
Fed. of Rural Letter Carriers since organization 1919; rural letter carrier since 1905. Horn Aug. 20,
1861, Haywood County, Tenn. Father a farmer. Prim. sch. Haywood; Univ. of Tenn. 1878; Lebanon
Law Sch, 1881. Stock dealer and farmer 1888-1905; justice of the peace 1899-1904. Pres. Tenn. Rural
Let- (188)l88 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO ter Carriers' Assn. 1909-11. Mem- ber Masons.
Democrat. Address, Stanton, Tenn.

#POWERS, Frank Bernard. Intl. secy.-treas. Com. Telegraph- ers' U. of A. since 1921. Born May 13,
1888, Clear Lake. Minn. Fa- ther a r. r. station agt. and teleg- rapher. Gram. sch., 2 yrs. high sch.,
Morris, Minn. Went to work at age of 15. Telegrapher 1903-21. Gen. chair. Un. Press system div. 47,
1915, '20; member gen. exec. bd. Com. Telegraphers' U. of A. 1919; gen. chair. Universal Serv- ice
system div. 97, 1921. Home, 1643 N. Menard Ave.; office, 113 S. Ashland Blvd., Chicago, 11l.

#POYNTZ, Juliet Stuart. Lec- turer, educator. Born Nov. 25, 1886, Omaha, Neb. Father a law- yer. A.
B., Barnard Coll.; A.M., Columbia Univ.; Oxford Univ., England; London Sch. of Eco- nomics. Special
agt. of U. S. Im- migration Comssn. 1908-10. Eng- lish Fellowship, American Fed. of Women's Clubs,
1910-2. Lecturer in history, Columbia Univ., 1910-3. Research staff Amer. Assn. for Labor Legis. 1910-
3. Dir. Bur. of Labor Research, Rand Sch. of So- cial Science, 1914-5. Founded and directed educl.
work of Intl. La- dies' Garment W. U. 1915-9; in- troduced Unity House, Unity Cen- ter, and Workers'
Univ. Lec- turer for Socialist P. 1912-9; bd. dir. Rand Sch. of Social Science, 1914-5. Dir. Workers' Sch.,
New York, 1924; Workers' P. cand. for Cong. 1924. Co-author: Seasonal Trades, London, 1912. Hon.
mem- ber Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. Home, 10 Barrow St., New York, N. Y.

#PRECHTEL, John. Un. Brew- ery. Flour, C. & S. D. W. of W. Address, 243 W. 84 St., New York, N. Y.
#PRENTER, William Black- wood. 1st vice-pres., treas., Bro. of Loco. Engineers since 1904; 1st vice-
pres., treas., Pension & Ins. Assns.; vice-pres., cashier, Bro. of Loco. Engineers' Coop. Natl. Bank,
Cleveland, since 1920; pres. Nottingham Savings and Banking Co. since Jan. 1924; vice-pres. Bro. of
Loco. Engineers' Trust Co., New York, since 1923; vice- pres. Bro. of Loco. Engineers Natl. Bank,
Boston, since 1924; bd. of dir. and exec. comt. Empire Trust Co., New York, since 1923; bd. dir.
People's Coop. State Bank, Hammond, Ind., since 1922; secy.- treas. Bro. Holding Co. since 1922;
secy.-treas. Bro. Investment Co. since 1923; trustee rep. Bro. of Loco. Engineers' inter- ests,
Transportation Brotherhoods' Natl. Bank, Fed. Bank and Trust Co., Birmingham. Ala. Born May 17,
1855, Philadelphia. Model sch., Belfast, Ireland. Began work as r. r. fireman, Toronto, Canada;
member Bro. of Loco. Firemen; fln. secy. Toronto, 1876-8. Loco- motive engineer 1878-96. Member
Bro. of Loco. Engineers since 1878; org. Canadian Ry. Accident ins. Co. 1894; chair. natl. conv., 1896;
elected secy.-treas. Loco. Engineers' Mutual Life & Acci- dent Ins. Assn. Home, 14111 Larchmere
Blvd.; office, 1120 En- gineers' Bldg., Cleveland, Ohio.

#PRICE, George Moses. Physi- cian; founder and dir. U. Health Center, New York, since 1920; dir. Jt.
Bd. of Sanitary Control in cloak, suit, skirt, dress, and waist industries, New York, since 1910. Born
May 21, 1864, Poltava, Russia. Father a farmer. Real gymnasium. Poltava. Connected with Nihilist
propaganda in Rus- sia. Came to U. S. 1882; worked in factories and at a dozen other occupations.
M.D., New York Med. Coll., 1895. Dir. of invest4- (189)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO l89 gallon, N.
Y. Factory Investiga- ting Comssn., 1911-2; investiga- tor, U. S. Dept. of Labor, 1913. Joined Socialist
Labor P. 1884; org. Amer. sect., 1885-6; natl. exec. comt. 1886; org. Socialist Labor sect., Buffalo,
1887; ed. Buffalo Arbeiter Zeltung, 1887; temporary chair. Buffalo conv. 1887; cand. for supt. of
educ., Buffalo, 1887. Author: The Hy- giene of Occupations, 1904; The Modern Factory, 1914;
Factory Inspection in Various Foreign Countries; many monographs on bakeries, chemical trades.
Mem- ber N. Y. Tuberculosis Assn. Home, 355 New York Ave.; office, 131 E. 17 St., and 31 Union Sq.,
New York, N. Y.

#PROBERT, William Thomas. Exec. bd. Intl. Molders' U. since 1907; chair, since 1914; molder and
coremaker since 1896. Born July 30, 1877, New York. Father a bookkeeper. Gram. sch., New York.
Went to work at age of 13, as bookbinder. Del. Brooklyn Cent. Labor U. 1905-15; del. metal trades
1908-24. Member Intl. Molders' U. since 1903. Chair, exec. bd. Intl. Core Mkrs.' U. 1902-3. Active for
many yrs. in securing better wage rates for govt. employees in navy yards. Member Woodmen of the
World. Home, 9122 92 St., Woodhaven, L. I., N. Y.; office, 528 Wainut St., Cincinnati, Ohio.

#PRUSEIKA, Leo. Ed. Darbas, Amal. Clothing W. of A. Lith- uanian paper; pres. Amer. Lith- uanian
Workers' Literary Assn.; publisher of books of prominent Socialists and Marxists. Born in Lithuania.
Father a farmer. Petrograd University 2 yrs.; ex- iled to Siberia for revolutionary activities against the
Tsarist govt. Came to U. S. 1912. Started lit- erary work in 1905. Ed. Laisve, Lithuanian radical paper,
1912-7; later connected with Russian pa- per Novy Mir. Author: Karl Marx and His Work, 1919; trans-
lation of Hillquit's History of So- cialism in U. S., and of Ransome's Russia in 1919, and others. Home,
251 Morningside Ave., Cliffside, N. J.; office, 31 Union Sq., New York, N. Y.

#PRYOR, Percy John. Secy. Eastern & Gulf Sailors' Assn., Inc., since 1913; 5th vice-pres. Intl. Seamen's
U. of A. since 1914; treas. Fishermen's U. of the At- lantic since 1915. Born Oct. 5, 1875, Milbridge.
Me. Father a traveling salesman. Gram. sch., Boston. Went to work at age of 15. Seaman 1890-1907.
Del. for Atlantic Seamen's U. 1908-12. Member Masons, Elks, Masonic Club, Orient Heights Yacht
Club, Point Shirley Club. Home. 1024 Bennington St., E. Boston; office, 1% Lewis St., Boston, Mass.
#PURCELLi, John Joseph. Exec. bd. Natl. Window Glass W.; dir. Natl. Window Glass Mfg. Co.,
organized and owned by union for mfr. of hand-made window glass. Born Dec. 31, 1881, Streator,
1ll. Father a coal miner. Gram. sch., Streator. Rig builder in oil fields of Tex. and La.; window glass
blower; laborer while not em- ployed at trade. Secy. Clarksburg, W. Va., loc. Natl. Window Glass W.
1913-4; chair. Shreveport, La., loc. 1916-7, and pres. 1918-9; chair. Twin City loc., Texarkana, Tex.,
1920; member natl. wage comt. 1921. La Follette supporter, 1924. Home, 2222 N. 14 St., Fort Smith,
Ark.; 1103 Ulmer Bldg., Cleve- land, Ohio.
#PURDY, Victor Stanley. Secy.- treas. Okla. Fed. of Labor since 1920; ed. The Oklahoma Federa-
tionist since 1920; secy.-treas. Okla. Farmer-Labor economic conf. since 1923; secy. jt. Labo- (190)l90
AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Legls. Bd. since 1920; treas. Okla- homa City Trades & Labor Coun.
Labor Temple Fund since 1923. Born Oct. 26, 1888, Dunlap, Kan. Father a physician. Prim. sch., Okla.
and Kan.; corr. course, Pal- mer Photo Play Corp., Holly- wood, Calif. Went to work at age of 11.
Worked in cigar factory 1899; in plant nursery 1901-3; linotype operator 1906-20; publ. The Herald,
Hominy, Okla., 1911. Member Intl. Typographical U. since 1905; seoy.-treas. Shawnee loc. 490, 1906,
'10. Del. Okla. Fed. of Labor 1906. '19; pres. Okla- homa City loc. 283, 1917; del. Mo. Valley
Typographical conf. 1918; del. Oklahoma City Trades & La- bor Coun. 1919-24; vice-pres. 1920. Chair,
credential comt. Farmer-Labor Reconstr. Lg. 1921-2; secy.-treas. Oklahoma County br. 1922-3; jt.
mgr. state br. 1922. Org. civic assn. with 1,000 members for purpose of eradicating "death trap"
caused by immense hole left by brick manufactory. Joined Socialist P. 1913; cand. for state Legls.
1914; resigned membership 1915. Ap- pointed by gov. as del. to Child Welfare Conf., Washington,
#QUESSK, William F. Pres. Bldg. Service Empl. Intl. U.; del. A. F. of L. 1923, '4. Office, 166 W.
Washington St., Chicago, 1ll.
#QUINLAN, (Arthur) Patrick L. Writer. Born Feb. 23, 1883. Lim- erick, Ireland. Father a dry goods
merchant, farmer and horse trader. Elem., high sch., Ireland and England. Was a coal miner 1901,
steel worker 1902, longshoreman 1903-4, teamster, farm hand, steamfltter, machin- ist, grocery
clerk, window cleaner, structural iron worker, sailor, fireman, trade union lecturer, org. Member
Amal. Assn. of Iron, Steel and Tin W.; Progressive Lodge of Ste«l W., Buffalo, 1923-4; Intl.
Longshoremen's Assn. 1917-9; at- tended Intl. Transport Cong., Oslo (Chrlstianla), Norway, 1920, and
Communist Intl. Cong., Mos- cow, 1920. Org. I. W. W. 1912-3; Socialist P. for Pa., Mass, and N. Y.
1910-1, 1914; ed. Buffalo New Age, 1921-3. Visited north- ern and cent. Europe and Russia, 1919-21.
Active in 3 dock strikes and strikes of machinists, hotel and restaurant workers, team- sters, grocery
clerks, textile work- ers; arrested several times. Served 2 yrs. in N. J. state prison for participation in I.
W. W. textile strike, Paterson. Instrumental in appointment of comssn. to inves- tigate prison
conditions, N. J., which achieved some reforms, among them abolition of prison contract labor;
assisted in draft- ing labor legislation, N. Y.; as- sisted in prison reform confs. Socialist. Home, 46 W.
#QUINJT, Arthur Leo. Fireman, 5th vice-pres. Intl. Bro. of Sta- tionary Firemen & Oilers since 1924.
Born Apr. 8, 1888, Stuart. Iowa. Father a locomotive fire- (191)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO l91
man. Prim., gram., high sch., Stuart, Iowa. 9th vice-pres. Intl. Bro. of Stationary Firemen and Oilers,
1921-4; gen. chair, on Chi. Rock Is. & Pac., Chi. Burl. & Quincy, and Mo. Pac. Rys. 1922. Progressive.
Home, 620 5 St., Valley Junction, Iowa.
#RADER, John. Gen. corr. fin. secy. Intl. U. of the Brewery, Flour, C. & S. D. W. of A., since 1914. Born
Feb. 24. 1881, Milwau- kee County, Wis. Formerly a gro- cery clerk; brewery wagon driver; bottle
beer salesman. Del. exec. bd. of Fed. Trades Coun. of Mil- waukee, 1901-3 and 1905-14; fin. seoy.
Brewery & Soft Drink W. loc. 228, and del. Trades & Labor Coun., Spokane, Wash., 1903-5; corr. secy.
and bus. agt. Brewery Engineers' & Firemen's loc. 25, Beer Drivers' loc. 72, Maltsters' loc. 89, and
secy. jt. exec. bd. of Milwaukee Brewery W., 1909-14. Bd. dir. Commonwealth Mutual Savings Bank
of Milwaukee, 1912- 4; bd. dir. The Milwaukee Leader, 1912-4; member state free em- ployment
bur. of Milwaukee, rep. labor for Fed. Trades Coun. 1912-4. Member Intl. U. of Brew- ery W. since
1901; Workingmen's Sick & Death Ben. Fund. So- cialist P. Home, 1083 Hopkins St., Milwaukee, Wis.;
office, 2347 Vine St., Cincinnati, Ohio.

#RADLEY, Martin Ezra. Pres. Pueblo, Colo., Trades & Labor Assem. since 1921; fin. secy. Pue- blo
lodge 18, Bro. of Ry. Carmen of A.; bd. dir. Pueblo Community Chest; Pueblo chapter American Red
Cross. Born Oct. 16, 1871, Iroquois County, 11l. Father a farmer. Country sch.; Pueblo La- bor Coll.
Formerly a mill man; lived on farm until 1888; in retail mercantile bus. until 1305; City clerk,
Pittsburg, Kan., 1905-6, resigned to go to Colo. In bus. to 1909; with A. T. & Santa Fe R. R. to 1922; on
strike with ry. shop men since then. Cand. for county assessor, Democratic ticket, 1924; defeated.
Member Modern Wood- men. Democrat. Address, 624 W. 12 St., Pueblo, Colo.
#RALSTON, Jackson Harvey. Retired lawyer, writer. Born Feb. 6, 1857, Sacramento, Calif. Father a
lawyer. High sch., San Fran- cisco; LL.B., Georgetown Univ. Law sch., 1876. Formerly a com- positor;
commenced practice of law in Quincy, 11l., 1878; del. Intl. Typographical U. to Europe, 1878. In
Washington, D. C., 1881- 1924; successfully defended Sam- uel Gompers, John Mitchell, and Frank
Morrison in Bucks Stove & Range proceedings before U. S. Supreme Ct.; prevailed in Callan v. Wilson
in Supreme Ct., involv- ing jury trial in conspiracy cases; argued successfully in Michaelson v. U. S.,
involving constitutionality of Clayton Act granting jury trial in contempt cases. Amer. agt. Pious Fund
case at The Hague in 1902; umpire at Caracas, Vene- zuela, of Italian-Venezuelan Mixed Claims
Comssn. 1903; counsel IT. 8. in Landreau case, U. S. v. Peru at London, 1922. Pres. Hyattsville bd. of
comssnrs. when 1st attempt was made in U. S. to establish single tax for municipal purposes. Author:
Ve- nezuelan Arbitrations of 1903; In- ternational Arbitral Law and Pro- cedure 1910; Democracy's
Inter- national Law 1922; drafter Fed- eral Employers' Liability Act, which was held constitutional;
prepared report to A. F. of L. on Judicial Review of Legislative Acts, 1919; revised and enlarged

#RANDOLPH, Asa Philip. Ed. The Messenger. Born Apr. 15, 1889. Crescent City, Fla. Father a minister.
High sch., Cookman Inst., Jacksonville; Coll. City of New York. Formerly an unskilled worker; org. with
Chandier Owen, 1st union of elevator operators and starters in New York; lec- tured for Rand Sch. of
Social Sci- ence and other labor, radical and liberal schs. and forums. Collab- orated with Chandier
Owen on pamphlets; Terms of Peace and the Dark Races; the Truth about Lynching. Member
Teachers' U. Aux. of New York. Socialist. Home, 148 W. 142 St., office, 2311 7 Ave., New York, N. Y.

#RANKIN, John Phillip. 3rd vice-pres. Bldg. Service Empl. Intl. U. since 1921; secy, and bus. agt. loc. 6,
Seattle, since 1918; janitor since 1912. Born Nov. 28, 1883, London, England. Father a schoolmaster.
Elem. sch. and Teachers' Normal, London. Worked at London Daily Chron- icle 1906-8, as copy-
holder and proof puller. Came to U. S. 1908. Pupil teacher, London, 1899-1901; sailor 1901-6. Home,
3730 Bran- don St.; office, 203 Labor Temple, Seattle, Wash.
#RAPPAPORT, Harpy. Pub- licity dir. Coop. Lg. of U. S. A. since 1920; secy. Consumers' Coop. Housing
Assn. since 1923. Born Dec. 12, 1893, New York, N. Y. Father a cabinet maker. Elem. sch., New York;
George Washington Univ.; LL.B., Ford- ham Univ. Law Sch., 1921. Form- erly research worker and
secy. All-Amer. Coop. Comssn., "Wash- ington, D. C.; govt. clerk; law clerk; stenographer. Assisted in
drafting model coop, state law, 1922; drafted amendment to Wis. coop, law, 1923. Author: articles
on coop. movt. in Encyclopedia Americana, 1923, and New Inter- national Year Book, 1922, '3; re-
ports of comts. on icgis., coop, taxation, and spurious coopera- tion in proceedings of 3rd Coop.
Cong., 1922; articles for maga- zines. Home, 134 State St., Brook- lyn; office, 167 W. 12 St., New
York, N. Y.

#RAUSHENBUSH, Hihnar Ste- phen. Research worker. Born May 12, 1896, New York. Father Walter
Rauschenbusch, theolo- gian, teacher and writer on phi- losophy and Christian ethics. Prim., gram.,
high sch., Roches- ter, N. Y.; A. B., Amherst, 1917. Served in army in World War; oil worker; in U. S.
consular serv- ice, S. A. labor mgr.; indust, re- searcher; special writer, author; economics asst. to
anthracite mi- ners, 1922-3; coal mine worker, 1923; staff member Bur. of In- dust. Research, New
York, 1922-4. Author: The Anthracite Question, 1924; Union Community Control (in preparation).
Home, 4 Ports- mouth Ter., Rochester.; office, Natl. Child Labor Committee, 215 4 Ave., New York, N.

#REAGAN, Patrick Henry. Bar- ber; 6th vice-pres. Jn. Barbers' Intl. U. of A. since 1900; secy.- treas. N.
Y. Jn. Barbers' Assn. since 1921; secy.-treas. and bus. agt. loc. 246 since 1906. Born May 7, 1873,
Frankford, Ontario. Can. Father a farmer. Active Republican worker in ward and city for 17 yrs.
Author: Year Book for Local 246, containing history of barber's profession dat- (193)AMERlCAN
LABOR WHO'S WHO l93 ing back to 10th century. Mem- ber Modern Woodmen, Eagles. Home, 509
Seward St.; office, 86 State St., Rochester, N. Y.

#REARDON, John Henry. Street ry. conductor; gen. exec. bd. Amal. Assn. of Street & Elec. Ry. Empl.
of A. since 1911. Born Feb. 18, 1873, Ayer, Mass. Fa- ther a wheelwright. Gram. sch., Worcester.
Formerly wire worker; pres. Worcester div. 22, 10 yrs. Member K. of C.. Elks, Boston City Club.
Democrat. Home, 55 Downing St., Worcester, Mass.; office, 260 E. High St., Detroit, Mich.

#REDD, Raymond. Printer; secy.-treas. Tenn. - Ky. Typogra- phical Conf. since 1921; vice-pres. Blue
Grass Typographical U. 189 since 1924; member Lexington Cent. Labor U. educ. comt., since 1924.
Born Feb. 20, 1891, Rena- ker, Ky. Father a farmer. Country sch., Harrison County. Formerly farmer
and oil wagon driver; rec. secy. Blue Grass Typographical U. 1915; chair, exec. comt. 1916; secy.-
treas., 1920-2. Del. Intl. Typographical conv. 1922-3; member laws comt., 68th conv. Pres. Blue Grass
loc. 1923-4; member various loc. comts. such as apprentice, scale, label and non-partisan political.
Member Masons, Baptist Church. Demo- crat. Home, 431 W. 4th St.; office, 423 Johnson Ave.,
Lexington, Ky.

#REDDICK, Walter If. Pres. Intl. Bro. of Bookbinders. Office, A. F. of L. Bldg., Washington, D. C.
#RKDHEFFER, R. li. Pres. Amal. Trust & Savings Bank, Chicago; pres. Amal. Bank of New York. Born
Dec. 17, 1880, Philadelphia, Pa. Father a law- yer. Gram. sch., Chicago. Vice- pres. Security Bank; vice-
pres.i 2nd Security Bank, Chicago, 1918-22. Home, 95 South Ave., Glencoe; office, 371 W. Jackson
Blvd. Chicago, 11l.
#REED, Fred. E. Rural mall carrier, treas. Nafl. Fed. of Rural Letter Carriers. Born Mar. 24, 1891,
Springdale, Ark. Father a farmer. Prim., gram., high sch., Springdale. Farmer until 1912; teacher, 1912-
7; rural carrier since 1918; city clerk 2 terms; justice of peace 1 term. Author: special articles in farm
papers and weeklies on service and or- ganization. Democrat. Home, Springdale, Ark.

#REED, Joseph. Pres. Metal Trades Coun. of Portland, Ore., since 1914; secy, and bus. rep. lodge 72,
Bro. of Boiler Mkrs., iron Ship Bldrs. & H. of A. 1912-3, 1920 to date. Born Mar. 29, 1878, Sunderland,
England. Father a coal miner. Gram. sch., Sunder- land. Went to work at age of 14. Boilermaker 1892-
1912. Intl. vice-pres. and org. Boiler Mkrs., iron Ship Bldrs. & H. of A. 1914- 21; asst. examiner, Ship
Bldg. Labor Adjustment Bd., Steel div., 1918-9. Rep. shipbuilding organi- zations and metal Trades
Dept., A. F. of L., during shipbuilding strikes, 1917, Tacoma, Seattle, and Portland; participated in
gen. strike in Seattle, 1919; metal trades strike, San Francisco, 1919-20. Member Moose. Demo- crat.
Home, 1123 E. Madison St.; office, 505 Labor Temple, Port- land, Ore.

#REEVE, Karl Marx. Ed. staff Daily Worker since 1923. Born Oct. 12, 1900, E. Orange, N. J. Father mgr.
of ins. co.; mother Ella Reeve Bloor, Communist lec- turer. Elem. sch., Waterbury, Conn., and
Philadelphia; High sch., Boston; Columbus, Ohio; New York; Boston Univ. 1 jr.; Columbia Univ. 1 yr.;
Coll. City of New York 1 yr. special courses. (194)194 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO While in ooll.
was newspaper copy boy, waiter, shipping clerk Worked on dairy and truck farm 3 yrs. Formerly
reporter on The Brooklyn Eagle, Brooklyn Times, New York Tribune, Syndicate; tea and brush
salesman; ship fitter's helper, linerman, and 2nd class ship fitter during war; publicity work for
Columbia Univ. and Coll. City of New York. Did pub- licity for Ukrainian-Amer. Farm Corp.; 8 mos.
speaking tour through U. S. to raise funds for Russian famine victims. Former member Young
People's Socialist Lg. in Columbus, Ohio; Socialist P., New York. Author: report for Columbia Univ.
publicity dept. on shifts in steel industry; special articles for New York Tribune and other
publications. Former member Boilermakers' U. Mem- ber Workers' P. Home, 1011 N. Rush St.; office,
1113 W. Wash- ington St., Chicago, 11l.
#R EI M E R, Arthur Elmer. Lawyer and lecturer. Born Jan. 15, 1882, Boston, Mass. Father a machinist.
Prim., gram., high sen., Boston; LL.B., Northeastern Coll., 1912. Formerly a ladies' tailor; various
offices in labor and political organizations; active in Socialist Labor P., 1898 to date; in I. W. W., 1905-
8; N. J. silk workers' strike, 1912; Socialist Labor P. presidential cand. 1912, '6. Member
Workingmen's Sick & Death Ben. Fund, Elks. Home, 124 Willow St., W. Rox- bury; office, 43 Tremont
St., Bos- ton, Mass.

#REISBERG, Elias. Vieo-pres. Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. since 1922; gen. mgr. Waist & Dress- makers'
U., loo. 50, Philadelphia, since 1920. Born Mar. 12, 1886, Novogradvalynsk, Russia. Prim., gram. sen.,
Novogradvalynsk. Came to U. S. 1906. Began union activity in 1909; was shop chair. in waist &
dressmakers' strike; exec. bd. loo. 25, 1910-3; bus. agt. 1912-9; mgr, 191'9-20; active in several gen.
strikes in New York; led 26-week-strifce in Philadel- phia. Member Workmen's Circle. Home, 4206
Parkside Ave.; office, 1018 Cherry St., Philadelphia, Pa.

#RJEISvS, George John. Publ. Union Labor Advocate since 1900; secy. Union County Cent. Labor U.
since 1897. Born Apr. 4, 1866, Newark, N. J. Father a silver- smith. Educ. mostly in printing office;
formerly a linotype opera- tor. Pres. Typographical U. 150, 2 yrs.; secy.-treas. 6 yrs.; pres. Union
County Cent . Labor U., 6 yrs.; twice del. to N. J. Fed. of Labor. Hon. member Theatrical Stage Empl.
loc. 80; member K. of P. Address, 1038 Grove St., Elizabeth, N. J.
#REIVO, William Nlkoll. Trans- lator-secy, of Socialist P., Finnish Fed., since 1922. Born Sept. 16, 1883,
Laitila, Finland. Father a blacksmith. Pub. sen., Finland. Coal miner for 12 yrs.; carpenter and
fisherman; active in min- ers', carpenters' and fishermen's unions; secy, miner's loc. in Dietz, Wyo.;
org. Tlmberworkers' union in Wash., 1913; ed. Toverl, in Astoria, Ore., 1914-20; sen- tenced to 2 yrs.
in McNeil peni- tentiary for alleged opposition to war while ed. Toverl; served 11 mos., then released
uncondition- ally. Translated Robert Hunter's Labor in Politics. Member Social- ist P. Home, 380 Elm
St.; office, 48 Wallace Ave., Fitchburg, Mass.

#REMPFKR, Wiiliam Christian. Lawyer, banker; state's attorney, Hutchtnson County, S. IX, since 1922;
member bd. of educ., Park- ston, S. D. Born Apr. 28, 1886, Hutchinson County, S. D. Father a farmer,
grain dealer, banker. Prim., gram., high sch., Parkston; A. B., Dakota Wesleyan Univ., (195)AMERlCAN
LABOR WHO'S WHO l95 1907; LL.B., cum laude, Harvard, 1910. Asst. secy, of S. D. senate 1903-5;
judge Hutchinson County 1918-22; del. natl. Conf. Prog. Pol. Act., 1924; prominent in S. D. Labor P.
Politics Farmer-Labor. Home, Parkston, S. D.

#REYNOLDS, Thomas. Pres. Natl. Window Glass W. Assn. since 1925; pres. Natl. Window Glass Mfg.
Co. since Feb. 1924. Born May 3, 1872, Pittsburgh, Pa. Father an iron molder. Gram. scn., Pittsburgh;
corr. courses Scranton Intl. Sch. Formerly a window glass blower, gatherer. Trustee Natl. Window
Glass W. Assn., 1911; treas., 1914-5; secy. 1916-24. Member Jr. Amer. Me- chanics. Independent in
politics. Home, 1545 Robin wood Ave., Lakewood; office, 3 Ulmer Bldg., Cleveland, Ohio.

#REYNOLDS, Thomas P. Vice- pres. Intl. Stereotypers' & Electro. U. of N. A. since 1922. Born Mar. 24,
1872, Wiota, Iowa. Father a farmer. Prim. scn., Cass County; gram. scn., Atlantic. Labor media- tor in
trades union questions in Neb. for past 17 yrs.; pres. Stereotypers' and Electro. U. 24, 8 terms in
period 1907-20; intl pres. Aug. 1924 to Dec. 1924. Pres. Omaha Cent. Labor U. 1913-21; pres. Neb.
Fed. of Labor, 1913-21. Member Neb. Coun. of Defense during war; served on 14 war comts.;
handied S. Omaha pack- ing house strike in coop, with govt. mediator 1917, settlement basis used
for all other settle- men ts. Author: reports on labor and strike situations; yearly re- ports on labor
conditions and govt. investigations. Address, 3822 Sherman Ave., Omaha, Neb.

#REZNICEK, William. Tailor; asst. gen. secy. Jn. Tailors' U. of A. Born Aug. 16, 1882, Svihov, Bohemia.
Father a bricklayer and musician. Prim. scn., Svihov. Came to U. S. 1895. Night scn., Bryant & Stratton
Sch., St. Louis, Mo. 1905; Benton Coll. of Law, 1910-1. Socialist cand. for alder- man, 7th Ward, St.
Louis, 1906; for Mo. House of Rep. 1908. Bus. agt. loc. 11, Jn. Tailors' U., St. Louis, 1906; pres. several
yrs.; gen. exec. bd. of Jn. Tailors' U. 1912. Member Masons, Bohemian Slavonian Ben. Soc. No
political affiliations at present. Home, 7140 Ellis Ave.; office, 6753 Stony Isl- and Ave., Chicago, 11l.

#RHODE, Charles. Secy.-treas. Mo. Valley Typographical Conf. sin.ce 1916; linotype operator. Born
Oct. 30, 1873, Flensburg, Germany. Father a brickmason. Prim. scn., Denison, Iowa; gram., high. scn.,
Plattsmouth, Neb.; student Neb. State Univ. 1891-4. Linotype operator since 1897. Member Intl.
Typographical U. since 1894; pres. St . Joseph, Mo., loc. several terms between 1910-5; secy.-treas.
1917-22; del. to natl. conv. 1908. '14. Home, 1015 S. 8 St., Chickasha, Okla.
#RICHARDSON, George James. Secy.-treas. Intl. Assn. of Fire Fighters since 1920. Born Nov. 25, 1893.
Father a blacksmith. High scn., Winchester, Mass. Org. 1st tire fighters in Canada affiliat- ed with A. F.
of L.; toured Can- ada during One Big Union strike in Winnipeg to advise firemen not to take any part
in it. Secy. loc. 18, Vancouver, B. C., Fire Fight- ers, 1916-7; pres., 1917-8; vice- pres. Intl. Assn. 1918-
20. Home, 5007 Jewett St.; office, R. 105-6, A. F. of L. Bldg., Washington, D. C.
#RICHBERG, Donald Randall. Lawyer and writer; special coun- sel for Chicago in gas litigation since
1915. Born July 10, 1881, Knoxville, Tenn. Father a lawyer. Mother a physician. Pub., high scn.,
Chicago; A. B., Univ. of Chi- (196)196 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO cago, 1901; LL.B., Harvard Law
Sch., 1904. Special asst. state's atty. Cook County 1913-5; dir. Natl. Legls. Ref. Bur., Progres- sive P.,
1913-4; Republican nomi- nee for judge of circuit ct. 1915. Master in chancery, circuit ct. of Cook
County, 1916-9; chief coun- sel for ry. unions in Daugherty injunction case 1922; chief coun- sel in
Michaelson case in which U. S. Supreme Ct. sustained right of trial by jury in contempt cases; gen.
counsel for Natl. Conf. on Valuation of Amer. R. R. 1923; chair, resolutions comt., Conf. Prog. Pol.
Act., Cleveland, 1924. Author: The Shadow Men, 1911; in the Dark, 1912; Who Wins in November?,
1916; A Man of Pur- pose, 1922; contributor to The New Republic. Outlook, Atlantic Monthly, Yale
Law Journal, Har- vard Law Review. Member Phi Gamma Delta; Amer., 11l., and Chicago Bar Assns.;
Law, Univer- sity, City, Quadrangle, and Olym- pia Fields Country Clubs of Chi- cago; Harvard Club of
New York; Cosmos and Racquet Clubs of Washington, D. C. Politics inde- pendent. Offices, 360 N.
#RICHMOND, Dan Webster. Natl. comt. Farmer-Labor P. since 1919; pres. loc. 142, Intl. Hod Carriers,
Bldg. & Com. Lab. U. of A. since 1923; laborer. Born Apr. 3, 1863, Chicago. Father a cooper. Gram,
sen., Chicago. For- merly ry. clerk, street car con- ductor. Pres. intl. Assn. of Ry. Clerks 1902-3; secy.
1903-4. Gen. org. Bro. of Ry. Clerks 1912-20. Labor cand. for mayor, Topeka, 1923. Home, 315
Madison St., office P. O. Box 254, Topeka, Kan.

#RICKERT, Thomas A. Pres. Un. Garment W. of A. since 1904; vice-pres. exec. coun. A. F. of L. since
1918; 3rd vice-pres. A. F. of L. since Dec. 1924. Born Apr. 24, 1876, Chicago, 11l. Was member of War
Labor Conf. Bd. and of War Labor Bd. Address, 175 W. Washington St., Chicago, I1l.

#ROACH, Dominick. Migratory worker; natl. pres. Intl. Bro. Wel- fare Assn. since 1924. Born Feb. 15,
1875, Ft . Wayne, Ind. Father a sen. teacher. Gram, sen., Ft. Wayne, Ind. Formerly a constr. worker.
Natl. org., Intl. Bro. Wel- fare Assn. 1923. Contributor to Hobo News, 1921-3; Hobo World, 1923.
Disfranchised by occupa- tion. Home, 410 Clinton St., Cin- cinnati, Ohjo.
#ROANEY, Charles Elroy. Fin. secy, and bus. agt. loc. 247, Amal. Meat Cutters & Butcher W. of A.
since 1920; org. for A. F. of L. since 1922; meat cutter. Born Oct. 31, 1868, Saginaw, Mich. Fa- ther a
farmer. Klein. sch. Wol- verine, Mich.; Benzionia Coll., Mich. Went to work at age of 12; farmer;
worked in mill; meat cut- ter since 1908. Pres. Bellingham Cent. Labor Coun. 1920-4; del. A. F. of L.
conv. 1923. Prog. Re- publican. Member Chamber of Commerce. Home, 1212 W. Holly St.,
Bellingham, Wash.

#ROBEL, Carl B. Chair, gen. exec. bd. Jn. Tailors' U. of A. since 1922; treas. loc. 5 since 1921. Born
Mar. 25, 1873, Ger- many. Father a farmer. Pub. sch. Gen. exec. bd., Jn. Tailors' U., 25 yrs.; gen.
treas., 1918-22. Member Masons, Odd Fellows, K. of P. Home, 4443 N. Kimball Ave., Chi- cago, 11l.
#ROBERTS, Charles. (See Can- ada.)
#ROBERTS, John Henry. (See Canada.)
#ROBERTSON, Charles Hendry. Print cutter; 3rd vice-pres. Un. Wall Paper Crafts of N. A. since 1923.
Born Dec. 4, 1863, Kllmar- (197)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO l97 nock, Scotland. Father a print
cutter. Prim., gram. scn., New York. Began trade in 1880; worked at it around New York 20 yrs.;
worked for York Card & Paper Co., York, Pa., 23 yrs. Secy. of Print Cutters' loc. 1, New York, 5 yrs.;
secy. loc. 5, York, Pa., 15 yrs. Member Eagles. Republican. Home, 900 W. Princess St., York, Pa,

#ROBERTSON, David Brown. Pres. Bro. of Loco. Firemen & Enginemen since 1922. Born May 13,
1876, Austintown, Ohio. Fa- ther a merchant. Pub. scn., Austin town, and Youngstown; night scn.;
Intl. Corr. Sch. Began work at age of 12; employed in trick works; machine shop; en- gine wiper on
Pa. R. R., 1895; hostler, fireman, engineer on Erie R. R. 1898-1913. Gen. chair, for Bro., Erie System.
1905-13; vice- pres. 1913-22. Member Masons, K. of P. Progressive. Home, 3115 Scarborough Rd.;
office, 901 Guardian Bldg., Cleveland, Ohio.
#ROBERTSON, Gideon Decker. (See Canada.)

#ROBERTSON, James Turner. Textile weaver; exec. coun. Un. Textile W. of A. since 1924; secy, loc.
1221 since organization 1919; vice-pres. N. C. Fed. of Labor since 1923; pres. Jt. Coun. of Textile W.
of N. & S. C. since 1924. Born Aug. 17, 1891, Stokes County, N. C. Father a farmer. Gram. scn.,
Greensboro, and Coo- leemee, N. C.; otherwise self-edu- cated. Began work at age of 9 as textile
worker; remained in in- dustry except 1913-8. Del. N. C. Fed. of Labor, 1919, '21-4; del. Textile W. of
A. 1922-4. Active in Presbyterian Church. Member Jr. Mechanics, Red Men, Sons & Daughters of
Liberty, Patriotic Order Sons of A. Independent Democrat. Home, 70 S. Main St., Mooresville, N. C.

#ROBERTSON, William Thomas. Blacksmith; exec. bd. Intl. Bro. of Blacksmiths, Drop Forgers & H. of
A. since 1911. Born Aug. 12, 1868, De Soto, Mo. Father a farm- er. Joined Intl. Bro. of Black- smiths,
Drop Forgers & H. 1900; secy.-treas. System coun. 2, 1907- 15; held other loc. offices as pres. and
chair. of shop comts. Mem- ber Modern Woodmen. Republi- can. Home, De Soto, Mo.
#ROBINS, Margaret Dreier, (Mrs. Raymond Robins). Hon. pres. Natl. Women's Trade U. Lg. since
1922; exec. comt. to form a permanent organization to continue work of Citizenship Conf. Born in
Brooklyn. Father an iron broker, New York and London. Private scn., tutors. Founder of Woman's
Municipal Lgf., New York; chair, legls. comt. 1903-4; pres. N. Y. Assn. for Household Research, 1904-
5; pres. New York Women's Trade U. Lg. 1905; pres. Chicago Women's Trade U. Lg. 1907-14; pres.
Natl. Women's Trade U. Lg. 1907-22; chair, in- dust. comssn. 111. Fed. of Wo- men's Clubs 1907-8;
exec. bd. Chicago Fed. of Labor 1908-17; Comssn. on Indust. Education, A. F. of L.; exec. comt. 11l.
sect., Amer. Assn. for Labor Legis.; Amer. Acad. of Political and So- cial Science; Cook County cent,
comt. Progressive P. and state exec. comt.; appointed to Unem- ployment Comssn. by governor,
1915; Advisory Comssn. of 1ll. Free Employment offices; dir. of Training Sch. for Active Workers in
the labor movt.; Leslie Suf- frage Comssn.; chair. Dept. of Women and Children in Indus- try; 11l. div.
of State and Natl. Coun. of Defense; chair. of comt. on Women in Industry, Lg. of Women Voters,
1920; Republican natl. exec. comt.; Women's div. 1918-20; pres. 1st Intl. Cong. of (198)196
#ROBINSON, Boardman. Car- toonist, instr. Art Students' Lg., New York, since 1919. Born Sept. 6,
1876, Somerset, Nova Scotia. Father a ship master. Came to U. S. 1894. Went to work at age of 17 as
elevator boy. Pub. sch., Canada and England; Mass. Normal Art Sch.; Aca- demic Colorossi and Ecole
des Beaux Arts, Paris. After paint- ing 6 yrs. in Paris and San Fran- cisco, located in New York, illus-
trated for magazines and news- papers; staff New York Tribune, 1910-4; Metropolitan Magazine,
1914-7; New York Call, 1917-23; The Masses; The Liberator. Went to the Balkans and Russia to make
drawings, 1915. Author, with John Reed: The War in Eastern Europe, 1916; cartoons of the war, publ.
1915. Member Painters' & Gravers of A., Players' Club. Address, 48 E. 34 St., New York, N. Y.

#ROCHESTER, Anna. Ed. The World Tomorrow since 1922; coun. Fell, of Recon. since 1922; exec.
comt. Lg. for Indust. Democ. Born Mar. 30, 1880, New York. Father treasurer Western U. Tele- graph
Co. Private sch.; 2 yrs. Bryn Mawr Coll. Formerly pub- licity and research worker, Natl. Child Labor
Comt. 1912-5; publi- cation and research worker for U. S. Children's Bur. 1915-21. Au- thor: Report
on Infant Mortality in Baltimore, Md., for U. S. Chil- dren's Bur. 1922; co-outhor (with Grace
Hutchins), Jesus Christ and the World Today. Member Teach- ers' U. Aux.; Fell, of Recon. since 1916.
Member Socialist P. 1910- 22. Home, 85 Bedford St.; office, 104 E. 9 St., New York, N. Y.

#RODRIGUEZ, William E. Law- yer. Born Sept. 15, 1879, Naper- ville, Ill. Father a laborer. Pub. sch.,
Aurora; private night sch., Chicago; LL.B., John Marshall Law Sch., 1912. Painter and dec- orator,
1896-1912; active in Chi- cago labor movt. and in Bro. of Painters, Decorators & Paperh. of A. 1902-
12; del. A. F. of L. conv. 1912-3; pres. Painters' loc. and bus. agt. Chicago dist. coun. of Painters 1910-
1. Active in Social- ist P. 1905-19; alderman, Chi- cago, 1915-8. Member Bro. of Painters since 1899;
Masons, Elks, Odd Fellows; Chicago and 11l. Bar Assns. Home, 843 N. Sacramento Blvd.; office, R.
1100, 160 N. La Salle St., Chicago, 11l.

#ROEWER, George Edward, Jr. Lawyer; natl. exec. comt. Social- ist P. since 1919, except one year;
(199)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO l99 exec. comt. New England dist., since 1921; counsel for
Amal. Clothing W. of A., Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U., and other labor organizations in Boston. Born
Jan. 8, 1885, Syracuse, N. Y. Fa- ther a cigar packer. Pub. scn., Syracuse; high sen, Onelda, N. Y.; Coll.
City of N. Y., 2 yrs., forced to go to work; LL.B., Northeastern Univ. Law Sch. 1909; admitted to Mass,
bar same year; LL.M., Boston Univ. Law Sch. 1914. Member Mass. and Amer- ican Bar Assns.
Formerly a stenographer, private secy. Del. from Mass, to every natl. conv. of Socialist P. since 1910;
secy, to Chicago natl. conf. 1910; secy. St. Louis conv. 1917. Atty. for Ettor and Giovannlttl in famous
trial at Salem. Mass, 1912; for textile strikers at Lawrence, Mass. 1912, '9. Member Socialist P. since
1901. Mass. campaign mgr. for LaFollette, 1924. Home, 1737 Cambridge St., Cambridge; office, 20
Pemberton Sq., Boston, Mass.

#RONN, Eskel Otto. Gen. mgr. Coop. Cent. Exchange since 1922; bd. dir. Workers' Mutual Savings
Bank, Cooperators' Ltd. Mutual Fire Ins. Co., Northern States Ooop. Lg. Born Feb. 16, 1894, Re-
posaarl, Finland. Father a miner. Came to U. S. 1901. Pub. scn.; 1 yr. high scn., Ishpeming, Mich.; bus.
coll. 1 yr. Worked 4 yrs. as stenographer; discharged for So- cialistic activities. Mgr.'s asst. for
Tyomles Pub. Co., Superior, Wis., 1914-7; U. S. army, until May 1918; stenographer, bookkeeper,
sales manager, Coop. Cent. Ex- change. Member Fed. Labor U. 17642 of Office W. Workers' P. Home,
1019 Broadway; office, 1701 Winter St., Superior, Wis.
#ROOD, Florence. Pres. Amer. Fed. of Teachers since 1923; secy.-treas. St. Paul Teachers' Re-
tirement Fund Assn. since 1921; chair, educ. comt . St. Paul Trades & Labor Assem. 1924. Born Sept.
25, 1876, Mitchell County, Iowa. Father a farmer. Pub. sen., Os- age; high sch. and city normal, St.
Paul, Minn.; special courses in sch. methods, Univ. of Chicago; course in industrial economics and
labor history, Chicago Sch. of Civics. Asst. prim. supervisor St. Paul schools, 1917; conducted
woman's page of Minn. Union Ad- vocate 1920-2; exec. secy. St. Paul Fed. of Women Teachers, 1922-
4; vlce-pres. St. Paul Trades & La- bor Assem. 1923-4. Author: Kin- dergarten and Primary Program
for Use in St. Paul Public Schools, 1917. Member St. Paul Woman's City Club, Y. W. C. A., House-
wives' U., Women's Trade U. Label Lg. Politics Farmer-Labor. Home, 1710 Hague Ave.; office, 328
Cedar St., St. Paul, Minn.
#ROOT, Ralph Arnold. Moving picture machine operator; treas. Birmingham. Ala., Trades Coun. since
1923. Born Oct. 18, 1895, Chicago, 11l. Father an electrical engineer. Pub. and high sch., Birmingham.
Formerly electri- 3ian; bus. rep. loc. 236, Intl. All. of Theatrical Stage Empl. & Mov- ing P. M. Op. of U.
S. & Can. 1922-3. Author: articles on mo- tion picture projection for trade journals. Member Masons,
Elks, Grotto. Independent in politics. Home, 7812 Walker Ave.; office, Trianon Theatre, Birmingham.

#ROSEBURY, Aaron. Writer; asso. ed. The Fur Worker since 1917. Born Jan. 6, 1866, Lublin, Russian
Poland. Father a glazier. Self-educated. Began work at age of 10; cigaret maker, clerk, book- keeper,
metal worker. Secy. in Tailors' and other trade unions, London, England, 1893-1900; la- bor corr.
Jewish Chronicle, Lon- don, 1901-9; secy. Brit. sect. Jew- (200)200 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO
ish Territorial Organization Fed., 1907-9; fin. secy. Reefermkrs'. U., loc. 17, Intl. Ladies' Garment W.
of A., 1910; asst. secy. Intl. La- dies' Garment W. U., 1910-4; ed. The Ladies' Garment Worker, 1914-
8. Author: Short History of British Labor Movement, publ. by Jewish Socialist Verband, 1924.
Member Socialist P. Home, 5716 18 Ave., Brooklyn; office, 9 Jack- son Ave., Long Island City, N. Y.
#ROSEMUND, C. li. Pres. Intl. Fed. of Tech. Engineers, Arch. & Draftsmen's Unions. Office, A. F. of L.
Bldg., Washington, D. C.

#ROSEN, Morris. Carpenter; del. New York Cent. Trades & Labor Coun. since 1924; exec. bd. loc. 376,
Un. Bro. of Carpenters & Joiners of A. since 1923. Born May 18, 1896, New York. Father a shoe
operator. Prim, sch., New York; gram, sch., Woodridge, N. Y. Pres. Centreville Sta. Co- op. Credit U.
1920. Active in bldg. trades movt. for job control in industry, wrote and introduced job control
resolution to 21st conv. of Bro. Ran for intl. pres. of Bro. in Nov. 1924 elections. Workers' P. Address,
748 Herk- imer St., Brooklyn, N. Y.
#ROSENBLUM, Frank. Gen. exec. bd. and gen. org. western dept. of Amal. Clothing W. of A. since
1914. Born May 15, 1888, New York. Father a jobber. Prim., gram, sch., Philadelphia. For- merly a
clothing cutter. Held offices in local unions. Active in Socialist P. until 1911. Home, 1515 S. Hamiin
Ave.; office, 409 S. Halsted St., Chicago, I1l.
#ROSHER, Harry Earl. Treas. R. R. Yardmasters of A. since June 1924. Born Oct 19, 1887, Ft. Wayne,
Ind. Prim., gram., high sch., Milwaukee, Wis. Formerly in transportation dept. of r. r. Member Bro. of
R. R. Trainmen. Home, 2819 Bowser Ave., Ft. Wayne, Ind.; office, 312 1st Natl. Bank Bldg., Columbus,
#ROSS, Leonard Jackson. Vice- pres. and cashier of Telegraphers' Natl. Bank of St. Louis, Mo., since
opening 1923; grand secy.- treas. of R. R. Telegraphers since 1921. Born July 4, 1881, Milford, Del.
Father a drayman. Prim,, gram., and high sch., Milford. Formerly express messenger, and express
agt.; r. r. telegrapher, agt. and towerman; loc. and gen. chair, on N. Y., N. H. & H. R. R.; intl. vice-pres.
O. of R. R. Teleg- raphers. Author: numerous re- ports, including report in 24th regular session of O.
of R. R. Telegraphers. Votes for Progres- sives and those helpful to wage earners. Member Masons,
Elks. Office, O. R. T. Bldg., 3673 W. Pine Blvd., St. Louis, Mo.
#ROSS, R. E. Secy.-treas. Ry. Mail Assn. Office, A. F. of L. Bldg., Washington, D. C.
#ROUSE, Leon H. Pres. loc. 6, Intl. Typographical U. Born Dec. 29, 1868, Pontiac. Mich. Father a
pattern maker. Pub. sch., De- troit. Was a compositor. Chair. New York World office, 1910-2; del. to
Intl. Typographical U. conv. 1911; vice-pres. loc. 6, 1914-5; participated in "vacation movt.," New
York, 1923. Mem- ber Masons, Elks. Home, 111 Sanford Pl., Jersey City, N. J.; of- flce, 24 W. 16 St.,
New York, N. Y.
#ROY, Albert. (See Canada.)

#RUDOW, Samuel. Mgr. Phila- delphia jt. bd., Amal. Clothing W. of A. Born Mar. 26, 1886, Kiev,
Russia. Father a contrac- tor of meats for Russian govt. un- til 1911. Prim., gram., and 2 yrs. high sch.,
Russia; self-educated in Amer. language. Came to U. S. 1908. Taught Hebrew; entered
(201)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 201 men's clothing industry in 1908; became chief deputy for
Sonne- born plant, Baltimore, represent- ing Amal. Clothing W. 1918-21; elected mgr. Baltimore jt.
bd., 1921; assigned to Buffalo jt. bd. as mgr., 1923; Philadelphia jt. bd. 1924. Author: articles for
Jewish dailies on economic and political problems and labor movt. Member Workmen's Circle. So-
cialist P. member until 1922. Home, 102 N. Milton Ave., Balti- more, Md.; office, 431 Pine St.,
Philadelphia, Pa.

#RUTHENBERG, Charles Emil. Exec. secy. Workers' P. of A. since 1922. Born July 9, 1882, Cleveland.
Father a longshore- man. Prim. sch., German Luther- an; bus. coll. Cleveland. Former- ly a factory
worker, clerk, mgr. sales and collection, newspaper corr., supt. maintenance and sup- plies. City org.
and secy., Social- ist P. 1909-19; Ohio exec. comt. 1911-6; natl. comt. 1915-6; ed. The Cleveland
Socialist, 1911-3; ed. Socialist News, 1914-9; exec. secy. Communist P. of A. 1919-20. Author:
pamphlets, Are We Growing Toward Socialism? 1917; After the Warâ€What? 1918; The Farmer-
Labor United Front, 1924. Home, 8606 Clark Ave., Cleve- land, Ohio; office, 1113 W. Wash- ington
Blvd., Chicago, 11l.
#RYAN, John Augustine. Clergy- man; prof, moral theology and industrial ethics. Catholic Univ.,
Washington, D. C., since 1915; dir. Social Action dept. of Natl. Catholic Welfare Conf. since 1920.
Born May 25, 1869, Dakota Coun- ty, Minn. Dist. sch.; Christian Brothers' sch., St. Paul; 1886-7; St.
Thomas Coll. 1887-94; St. Paul Sem. 1894-8; postgrad, student, Catholic Univ. 1898-1902; 0. D.,
1906. Prof, moral theology and economics, St. Paul Sem., 1902- 15; founder and for some years ed.
The Catholic Charities Re- view; pioneer advocate of mini- mum wage legis. in U. S.; drafter of Minn,
law on that subject; lecturer on industrial and labor subjects and frequent contribu- tor to periodicals
in those fields; most active and authoritative ex- ponent in U. S. of Catholic social teaching; regarded
by many as "radical," but admitting himself to be radical only in the sense of going to the roots of
social con- ditions and forces and standing upon the traditional foundation of Catholic social
philosophy. Au- thor: A Living Wage, 1906; Al- leged Socialism of the Church Fa- thers, 1913;
Socialism:â€Promise or Menace, (debate with Morris Hillquit), 1914; Distributive Jus- tice, 1916;
Social Reconstruction, 1919; The Church and Socialism and other Essays, 1919; The Church and
#RYAN, Martin F. Pres. Bro. of Ry. Carmen of A. since 1909; gth vice-pres. A. F. of L. since 1923; exec.
coun. Ry. Empl. Dept.; vice-pres. and chair, bd. dir., Fedi. Trust Co., Kansas City, Mo. Born Oct. 23,
1874, Cold- water, W. Va. Entered service, So. Pac. Ry. at Ft. Worth, Tex., 1894. Joined Bro. of Ry.
Carmen of A. as charter member, Ft. Worth lodge 23, 1899; elected member of intl. exec. bd., 1903;
vice-pres. 1905; re-elected 1907; elected gen. pres. 1909; re-elected 1913, '7, '21. Was one of 12
trade unionists appointed by Pres. Gompers as 1st Amer. Labor War Mission to Europe, 1918. Mem-
ber Woodmen of the World; Elks Office, A. F. of L. Bldg., Washing- ton, D. C. (202)202 AMERlCAN
#RYCKMAN, James Harvey. Lawyer. Born Oct. 6, 1858, Arm- strong County, Pa. Father a horse dealer.
Self-educated. Instr. in normal s*h., Ind., 1880; high sen. teacher at Cheyenne, Wyo., 1885-6;
practised law at Evans- ton, Wyo., and Salt Lake City, Utah, until 1910; since at Los Angeles. Law
practice has been in labor cases in all courts, in- cluding fedi. in Wyo., Utah, Gallf. Writer for labor
press on consti- tutional law and indust. problems, free lance contributor to Tomor- row, publ. at Los
Angeles, and Labor Age, New York. Severed all connections with clubs during world war, except
Severance Club of Los Angeles. Home, 4707 Bud- long Ave.; office, 540 Wiicox Bldg., Los Angeles,
Calif. SACCO, Nicola. In Dedham, Mass., prison, awaiting new trial on charges of murder and payroll
robbery at South Braintree. Mass., Apr. 15, 1920. Born in Italy, 1890. Came to U. S. 1908. Began work
in U. S. for $1.15 a day, saved enough to become edge-trimmer apprentice in shoe factory where he
was guard at night; worked there at intervals 7 yrs. Active in advancing conditions of work- ers, aided
in strikes. Arrested at Brockton, Mass., May 5, 1920, with Bartolomeo Vanzettl, on charge of murder
of a paymaster and a guard and theft of $15,000 payroll, at South Braintree. Con- victed of 1st
#SAIDMAN, Sol. Vice-pres. Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. since 1916; intl. org. Born Dec. 3, 1882, War-
saw, Poland. Went to England, 1900, U. S. 1906. Cloak, waist and dressmaker, 1900-16. Mem- ber
loc. 25, Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. since 1907; chair, exec. bd. 1913; mgr. 1916. Office, 16 Essex St.,.
Boston, Mass.
#SAI/TUS, Freeman M. Printer and publ., ed. and proprietor The Labor News, since 1906, and New
England Journal of Labor since 1920; dir. Worcester Cent. Labor Credit U., since 1916; del. since
1904, and fin. rec., and corr. secy, since 1922, Worcester Cent. Labor U. Born Nov. 13, 1866, Burling-
ton, Vt. Father a r. r. man. Paro- chial sen.; bus. coll. 1 term. Went to work at 11 yrs. of age in dept.
store; 3 yrs. in lumber bus.; learned printer's trade, asst. fore- man of Burlington Free Press at 20
yrs.; grocer; ins. and real estate salesman; letter carrier 3 yrs.; shipping clerk; travelling salesman lor
books and library supplies. Ac- tive in labor movt. since 1886, (203)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO
203 with Knights of Labor; secy, and charter member Typographical V., Burlington, 1898; vice-pres.,
Springfield, Mass., Typographical U., and del. Cent . Labor U., 1900-3; pres. Worcester Typogra-
phical U. 1904-6, del. to Cent. La- bor U. since 1904; now fin., rec. and corr. secy. Worcester Cent.
Labor U. Del. Intl. Typographical U. conv., Toronto, 1905; del. of Worcester Cent. Labor U. to
Philadelphia couv. of A. F. of L., 1914; vice-pres. Intl. Labor Press of A., 1913-5; pres. Un. Labor
Temple Associates, 1919-22; ac- tive in Liberty Loan drives during war. Corr. for Typographical
#SAMJTSKY, J. B. (See Hard- man.)
#SANDERS, Frank. (See Can- ada.)

#SANDERSON, Henry. Chair. Intl. Pocketbook W. U. since 1922; membership comt . since 1922. Born
Sept. 18, 1884, Stuchin, Rus- sia. Father a bookkeeper. Self- educated. Came to U. S. 1903. Leather
goods worker since age of 18; chair, framers' sect. Intl. Pocketbook W. U. 1920-4; chair, in shop in
Crescent; conducted strike there, 1916. Home, 640 Fox St.; office, 62 University Pl., New York, N. Y.
#SANFORD, Mary Robinson. Exec. comt. Lg. for Indust. Democ. since 1908; exec. comt. Conf. Prog.
Pol. Act., since 1924. Born Apr. 20, 1859, Troy, N. Y. Father a mfr. Emma Willard Sem.; A. B., Vassar
Coll., 18-82. Secy. Vt Socialist Soc. 1910-1; member governing bd. Consumers' Lg., 1898. Member
Socialist P.; Amer. Socialist Soc.; Cosmopoli- tan Club; Soc. of Mayflower De- scendants. Home, 90
Grove St., New York, N. Y.

#SANIAJi, JJucien Delabarre. Author, editor, economist, statis- tician. Born Sept. 12, 1835, in France.
Father a doctor, scien- tist, artist. High scn., Fontaine- bleau; Coll. of France; Univ. of Charlemagne,
Ecole Polytech- nique. Ed. The Toiler, The Is- sue, International Institute of So- cial Science, The
People, Daily Telegraph. Del. Intl. Socialist Cong, and several times pres.; lecturer at Rand Sch. of
Social Science. War corr., Paris Temps, 1862. Author: Genesis of Reli- gion, 1885; 10th annual report
of Bur. of Statistics of Labor, 1893; Socialist Labor P. platform 1894; The Public Domain, 1894; May
Day, 1896; Socialist Almanac. 1898; Taxation, 1898; report to U. S. Indust. Comssn., The New Trusts,
1899; Growth of So- cialism in America, 1899; Com- mune of Paris, 1911; Introduction and
annotations to Value, Price and Profit, Marx; General Bank- ruptcy of Socialism. 1912. Home, 59 Stan
ton St., Northport, L. I., N. Y.

#SANTORA, Mamie. Gen. exec. bd. Amal. Clothing W. of A. since 1920; gen. org. since 1920. Born
June 25, 1893, Baltimore, Md. Fa- ther a tailor and merchant. Prim. and gram., St. James Sch., Balti-
more; Y. W. C. A. high sch. course; economic credits, Johns' (204)204 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO
Hopkins, 1921. Went to work at 15 yrs. as buttonhole maker for Strouse & Bros. Helped org. fac- tory
for Amal. Clothing W. of A. 1914; chair, representing women workers; presided at trade boards,
wage adjustments, disputes; secy.- treas. Baltimore jt. bd., 1922-3. Author: "Women in Industry,"
Advance, 1922; "The Spirit and Achievements of the Amalga- mated," Advance, May 1923. Pro-
gressive in politics. Home, 2233 E. Monument St., Baltimore, Md.; office, 31 Union Sq., New York, N.

#SAPOSS, David Joseph. Educa- tor and consulting economist; resident faculty member Brook- wood
Labor Coll. since 1922; instr. Workers' Univ. of Intl. La- dies' Garment W. U.; co-founder and dir.,
Labor Bur., Inc.; co- founder and ed., The American Labor Monthly. Born Feb. 22, 1886. Kiev,
Ukraine. Father a peddier. Univ. of Wis., 1907-11; Columbia, 1923-5; extension div., Univ. of Wis.;
bus. coll., Milwau- kee. Research asst. to John R. Commons 1913-7; investigator, U. S. Comssn. on
Indust. Relations 1913-4; expert, N. Y. Dept. of Labor 1917-8; indust. investiga- tor, Carnegie
Americanization study 1918-9; investigator, Inter- church World Movt . Steel Strike Inquiry, 1919-20;
educ. dir., New York jt. bd. Amal. Clothing W. of A. 1920-1; mgr. Chicago office. Labor Bur., Inc., 1921-
2. Co-au- thor: History of Labor in the United States, 1918; Public Opin- ion and the Steel Strike,
1921; The American Federation of La- bor, 1923. Author: An Outline of Trade Union Policies and
Tactics, 1924; Readings in Trade Union- ism, 1925. Member Amer. Fed. of Teachers, loc. 189; New
York Civic Club. Address, Brookwood Labor Coll., Katonah, N. Y.

#SARAOEFP, Stoyou Stoyeff. Ed. Rabotnicheska Prosveta, So- cialist Labor P. Bulgarian weekly. Born
July 15, 1882, Killfarevo, Bulgaria, Father a carpenter and fur-dresser. Pub. sch., Killfarevo. ome to U.
S. 1904. Formerly a waiter, packer. Secy.-treas. Bul- garo-Macedonian Socialist Fed. in A., 1911-2;
member Bulgarian parliament, rep. Social-Demo- cratic Labor P., 1913. Member Socialist Labor P.
Home, 3901 N. Taylor Ave., St. Louis, Mo.; office, 1404 Madison Ave., Granite City, I1l.
#S A U Ij, William Thompson. Gen. chair. O. of Ry. Conductors of A., Pa, Lines West, since 1920; vice-
pres. and dir. Bro. Savings & Trust Co., Pittsburgh, Pa., since 1923. Born Feb. 3, 1875, St. Joe, Butler
County, Pa, Pub. sch., Sharpsville. Formerly r. r. con- ductor. Pa, System. Member Knights of Malta.
Politics, free voter. Home, 120 Laurel Ave., New Castle; office, General Forbes Hotel, 6 & Penn St.,
Pittsburgh, Pa.

#SCANNELL, John James Jo- seph. Secy.-treas. Mich. Fed. of Labor, since 1919; Mich. secy.
Progressive Voters' Lg., state bd. Conf. Prog. Pol. Act., 1922; pres. loc. 16, Natl. Fed. of Federal Empl.,
since 1920. Born Apr. 22, 1875, Detroit. Father a shoemak- er. Pub. sch., Detroit. Went to work at
age of 14 as shoe-cutter. In Fedi. Employment Service, U. S. Dept. of Labor, during war;, gen. rep.
Boot and Shoe W. If. 1909-18; pres. Detroit Fed. ot Labor, 1909. Active 29 yrs. in trades union,
including 115 conv., natl., intl., state, and dist. Au- thor: special legis. reports for Mich. Fed. of Labor
since 1920. Member Boot and Shoe W. U since 1895; Office W. Assn.; Mac- cabees. Address, 1586
Dickerson Ave., Detroit, Mich. (205)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 205

#SCHAD, Herman J. Gen. exec bd. rep. 4th (list., Bakery & Conf. W. Intl. U. of A., since 1923; pres.
Bakers' U. 35, New Orleans, since 1922. Born Dec. 25, 1878, Rom- merz, Krels Fulda, Hesse-Cassel,
Germany. Father a miller. Came to U. S. 1882. Prim., St. Joseph's Parochial Sch., St. Louis; South-
western Bus. Coll., St. Louis. Pres., rec. and nn. secy. Bakers' U. 4, St. Louis, 1900-17. Contrib- utes
occasionally to Bakers Journal. Member St. Louis Baecker Unterstutzungs Verein. Socialist. Home,
719 Camp St.; office, 136 Exchange Pl., New Or- leans, La.
#SCHARRENBERG, Paul. Vice- pres. Intl. Seamen's U. of A.; secy. Calif. Fed. of Labor until 1924. Office,
Underwood Bldg., 525 Mar- ket St., San Francisco, Calif.

#SCHHiDRQTH, Conrad. Brick maker; 6th intl. vice-pres. Un. Brick & Clay W. of A. since 1908; treas.
loc. 16, since 1899; mem- ber city coun. since 1918. Born July 17, 1871, Belleville, 11l. Father a
carpenter. Pub. and night sch., Belleville. Coal mine laborer; del. every brickmakers' conv. since 1902;
del. Belleville Trades & Labor Assem. 1911-24. Always votes for friends of labor. Mem- ber
Workmen's Ben. Soc.; Evan- gelical Bro.; Glendale Pleasure Club. Home, 613 W. E St., Belle- ville, 11l.

#SCHILLING, George A. Writer; pres. Chicago Single Tax Club. Formerly a journeyman cooper; joined
union at 17 yrs. of age. Master Workman of Coopers' Assn., Knights of Labor; exec. bd., D. A. 24,
Chicago; dist. Master Workman, 1 yr. Del. Chi- cago Trades Assn. 17 yrs.; mem- ber 8-hr, comt., 1886.
Aided elec- tion of John P. Altgeld as gov. of 11l.; was appointed by him secy. of 11l. Dept. of Labor,
1892-7, Was intimate friend of Henry George and Louis F. Post. Author: ar- ticles in Illinois Weekly
News Let- ter and other labor papers. Mem- ber Women's Trade U. Lg. Of- fice, c/o 1ll. State Fed. of
Labor. 166 W. Washington St., Chicago, 1ll.

#SCHUEIFER, Ernst. Grand lodge rep. Intl. Assn. of Machin- ists. Born Apr. 28, 1888, Buffalo. Father a
cabinet maker. Pub. sch., Elm Vocational, Buffalo; marine engineering course at Tu- lane Univ. 1919.
Journeyman machinist; asst . bus. agt., Ma- chinists, Buffalo, 1913; bus. agt. Detroit, Mich., 1916-7.
Org. Non- Partisan Lg. in N. and S. D., Kan., Neb., Okla., Tex., 1918; handied many strikes of craft,
notably Cramps Shipyard and the Bes- semer & Lake Erie R. R. Arrest- ed Nov. 23, 1922, for speech to
striking r. r. shopmen, New Ha- ven; appeal pending at end of 1924. Author of newspaper con-
tributions, pertaining to strikes or disclusures of labor spies and de- tectives. Progressive, Farmer-
Labor. Home, 261 Woltz Ave., Buffalo, N. Y.; office, Machinists' Bldg., Washington, D.C.
#SCHLKSINGER, Benjamin. Mgr. Chicago Jewish Daily For- ward since 1923. Born Dec. 25, 1876,
Krakai, Lithuania. Father a rabbi. Came to U. S. 1891. Sew- ing machine operator on cloaks and suits;
bus. mgr. Chicago Cloakmakrs.' U., 1902-3; gen. pres. Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U., 1903-4; gen. mgr.,
New York Cloakmkrs.' U., 1904-7; mgr. New York Jewish Daily Forward, 1907- 12; gen. pres. Intl.
Ladies' Gar- ment W. U., 1914-23; pres. Needie Trades W. All., 1920; member gen. exec. bd. Intl.
Clothing W. Fed., 1919-23; del. A. F. of L. to British Trades U. Cong. 1922; ac- tive in Socialist Labor P.,
1895-9; (206)206 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO People's Relief Comt., 1917-22 Author: Several
pamphlets on garment trades questions; ed. Th< Ladies' Garment Worker 1914-7 Member
Workmen's Circle; For- ward Assn., Socialist P. Home 110 E. 176 St., New York, N. Y. office, 1128 Blue
Island Ave., Chi oago, 11l.

#SCHLOSSBERG, Joseph. Gen secy.-treas. Amal. Clothing W. o: A. and ed. Advance and Fort- schrltt,
official organs, since 1914 Born May 1, 1875, Russia. Father a tailor. Pub. sch. 1 yr., New York;
Columbia Univ. Sch. for Pol. Science, 1905-7. Was cloak- maker; ed. Das Abendblatt 1900- 2; Der
Arbelter 1904-11. Author: Documentary History of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America;
Reports to convs.; pamphlets. Rise of the Clothing Workers, 1921; Problems of Labor Organization,
1921; Message of Internationalism. 1922. Member Workmen's Circle. Home, 768 S. Oak Drive;
office, 31 Union Sq., New York, N. Y.

#SCHMAJLL,, Henry F. Secy.- treas. Intl. Photo Engravers' U.; photo-engraver. Born Aug. 28, 1879, St.
Leuis. Father a clerk. Parochial and pub. sch. 2nd vice- pres. Intl. Photo Engravers' U., 1912-7; rec.
secy., bus. agt. and pres. St. Louis Photo Engravers' U., loc. 10; del. A. F. of L., 1921- 3; del. Cent.
Labor Coun. and Alld. Printing Trades' Coun. of St. Louis. Participant in various confs. and other labor
movt. ac- tivities. Member Mo. Auto Club. Politics independent. Home, 4610 S. Grand Blvd.; office,
3136 S. Grand Blvd., St. Louis, Mo.

#SCHNEIDER, George Jolin. U. S. House of Rep. since 1923; 4th vice-pres. Intl. Bro. of Paper Mkrs.
since 1909; exec. bd. Wis. Fed. of Labor, since 1921. Bbrn Oct. 30, 1877, Appleton, Wis. Fa- ther a
farmer. Gram. sch., Apple- ton. Speeches in Cong. on tax- exempt securities, Mellon Tax Bill. Member
Moose. La Follette Progressive. Home, 941 State St.. Appleton, Wis.

#SCHNEIDER, Joseph Peter. Carpenter; bus. rep. Lincoin, Neb. loc. Intl. Bro. of Carpenters & Joiners of
A. since 1924; secy.- treas. Lincoln Cent. Labor U., since 1922; pres. Bldg. Trades Coun. since 1924.
Born Aug. 3, 1893, Seneca, Kan. Father a farm- er. Prim. sch., Seneca; gram., high sch., Axtell.
Formerly clerk, baker. Member K. of C. Home, 1825 J St.; office, Labor Temple, Lincoin, Neb.
#SCHNEIDERMAN, Rose. Preg. Women's Trade U. Lg. of N. Y. since 1917; vice-pres. Natl. Wom- en's
Trade U. Lg. Born Apr. 6, 1884, Savin, Russian-Poland. Pub. sch., 6th grade, T^ew York. Helped
organize br. of Un. Cloth Hat & Cap Mkrs. of N. A., 1.903; served as secy.-treas.; member. exec. bd.
and volunteer org.'-. dur- ing noon and evening hrsi. for union while employed in factory 10 hrs.
during day; servedN on natl. exec. bd.; del. to convs.; Ac- tive in open-shop fight of 190&J joined
Women's Trade U. Lg\ 1905; vice-pres. 1906; became ; part-time org. 1908; took part in strike of
30,000 shirt waistmakers, \ speaking and collecting funds for \ strikers, 1909-10; became full- y ;ime
org. for Women's Trade U. <†Lg. 1910, organization activities argely in neejJle trades; in charge * of
gen. strike of White Goods W. U. 1913. Gen. org. Intl. Ladies' Jarment W. U. 1914-6. Returned o
Women's Trade U. Lg. as org-. and pres. 1917. Chair. New York ndust. dept. of Woman Suffrage i".
campaign, 1917. Was sent by Vatl. Women's Trade U. Lg. with ilary Anderson, chief of Women's Bur.
of Dept. of Lab'~ (207)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 207 ber of Mission to Peace Conf. at Paris, to
present recommenda- tions of Amer. working women, 1919; del. to Intl. Cong, of Work- ing Women,
#SOHNTTR, Paul Frederick. (See Canada.)
#SCHOENHOI/TZ, Islilor. Vice- pres. Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. since 1924. Born Sept. 18, 1889,
Bilcze Zlote, Galicia, Poland. Father a small merchant. Pub., high sch. Went to work at age of 14; gave
private lessons in German and Polish in Poland. Came to U. S. 1906; walstmaker 1906-15. Member
loc. 25 Intl. La- dies' Garment W. U. since 1909; rec. secy., exec. bd. 1915; secy.- treas. waist and
dressmakers' U. 1919-24. Member Workmen's Circle. Socialist P. Home, 2321 Southern Blvd.; office,
3 W. 16 St., New York, N. Y.

#SCHOOLMAN, Hyriian A. Dir. record dept. Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. since 1923; bus. mgr.
Serechtigkelt, Justice, and Guisti- Ijsia, official organs of Intl. Ladies' garment W. U. Born May 1, |886,
Zeludok, Viina, Russia. Fa- faer a physician. Hebrew scholar. Jember loc. 5, Intl. Ladies' Gar- \ent W.
U., 1912; reo. secy. 1913; joy.-treas. 1913; gen. secy.-treas. r bd. Cloak, Skirt, Dress & Rain- >at Mkrs.'
U. Chicago, 7 yrs.; ic-pres. Intl. Ladies' Garment U., 1916, re-elected 1918, '20, 2. Author: Guaranty,
or Unem- loyment Insurance, 1922. Mem- Jewish Natl. W. All. Home, Union Sq. Hotel; office, 3 W. 16
St., New York, N. Y.
#SOHREMPF, August. Wood- carver; bus. agt., N. Y. Wood Car- vers' Assn. Born Mar. 18, 1859,
Stuttgart, Germany. High sch., Stuttgart. Pres. and fin. secy. N. Y. Wood Carvers' Assn. Member
Workingmen's Sick & Death Ben. Fund; Cremation Soc. Home, 446 E. 89 St.; office. Labor Temple,
243 E. 84 St.. New York, N. Y.
#SCHWARTING, Frederick Adolph. Painter; notary public. Born June 28, 1888, Hoboken, N. J. Father a
gardener. Prim., gram, sch., Hoboken, self-edu- cated in economics and law. As a boy started to learn
nickel plat- ing trade, gave it up as unhealthy; started printing trade, but pay was too low; active in
politics since age of 19. In labor movt. since age of 21, when became charter member loc. 372,
Marine Paint- ers; fin. secy. 4% yrs.; del. dist. coun. 7, 4V4 yrs.; del. Marine Trades Coun. of Port of
New York, 1 yr.; pres., vice-pres., rec. secy, of dist. coun. 7, 2 yrs. Org. Socialist P., Hoboken, 3 yrs.;
exec. secy. Hudson County loc. 3 yrs.; state comt. and exec. comt. So- cialist P., N. J., 12 yrs.; state
exec. secy. 2 yrs.; trustee, pres. and vice-pres. Socialist Educl. Club of Hudson County, 12 yrs.; asso.
ed. and treas. Hudson Coun- ty Socialist 3 yrs.; chair. Hudson County McNamara Defense Comt. 4
mos.; natl. control comt. Work- ingmen's Sick & Death Ben. Fund 2 yrs. Drafted in World War, served
7 mos., including service in France. Nominated for pub. office many times, once for re- corder;
assisted strikes, almost branded as arch traitor and sedi- tionist in court, Dec. 1920. Au- thor
newspaper articles. Member Bro. of Painters, Decorators & Paperh. of A. Home, 913 Willow Ave.,
#SOHWARZTRAUBER, Ernest Edward. Teacher; head history dept., Lincoin high sen.; educ. dir.,
Portland Labor Coll.; pres. Portland Teachers' U., 11l. Born Dec. 25, 1884, Greenbush, Ohio. Father a
farmer. Rural dist. sch., Greenbush; high sch., West Elk- ton, Ohio; A. B., Miami Univ., 1912; A. M.,
Columbia, 1913. Home, Route 5, Box 16; office, La- bor Temple, Portland, Ore.

#SCOTT, John. Secy.-treas. Ry. Empl. Dept., A. F. of L. Ad- dress, 4750 Broadway, Chicago. 11l.
#S C U D D 13 II, Silas Downer. Banker; dir. Labor Coop. Natl. Bank of Paterson, N. J., since or-
ganization, 1924. Born Jan. 1, 1862, Vellore, India. Father an Amer. medical missionary to In- dia.
Taught by mother up to 12 yrs.; Hastings, England 1 yr.; Kornthal Coll.; Stuttgart, Ger- many, 5 yrs.
Clerk Bank of Mon- treal, N. Y., 1879-84; member banking firm, Dyckman & Scud- der, Sleepy Eye,
Minn. 1884-7; mortgage banker at San Antonio, Tex., and agt. for Scottish-Amer. Mortgage Co. of
Edinburgh, Scot- land, 1888-95; southern mgr., Germanla Fire Ins. Co. of N. Y., 1896-1901; treas.
Trust Co. of A., New York, 1902-11; vice-pres. and dir. Richmond Trust Co., Va., 1912-3; special
receiver for failed banks, U. S. Treasury Dept., Washington, D. C., 1913-6; vice- pres. and treas. City
Trust Co. of Passaic, N. J., and vice-pres. Se- curity Mortgage Co. of Passaic, 1916-23; vice-pres. Bro.
of Loco. Engineers' Coop. Natl. Bank, Cleveland, Ohio, 1923; vice-pres. Loco. Engineers' Bank, New
York, 1924; active in organizing labor banks. Resigned as operat- ing vice-pres. Bro. of Loco. En-
gineers' Coop. Trust Co. of N. Y., Dec. 1924, to work with union la- bor to establish labor banks. Poll-
ics independent, for La Follette and Wheeler in 1924. Member Ma- sons, Knights Templar, Shriners,
#SCUDDER, Vlda Button. Prof. English literature, Wellesley Coll. since 1910; chair. Church Lg. for
indust. Democ.; vice-pres. Lg. for Indust Democ.; comt. on Aca- demic Freedom of Amer. Civil Lib. U.
Born Dec. 15, 1861, Madura, India. Father a mission- ary. Private sch., America and Europe; A. B.,
Smith Coll., 1884; A. M., 1889; Ph. D., 1920; grad. study Oxford and Paris. Formerly a social worker,
connected with formation coll. settlements; asso. prof. English literature, 1892- 1910. Author: The
Life of the Spirit in the Modern English Poets, 1895; The Witness of De- nial, 1896; Social Ideals in
Eng- lish Letters, 1898; Introduction to the Study of English Literature. 1901; A Listener in Babel,
1903; Selected Letters of St. Catherine of Siena (translated and edited) 1905; The Disciple of a Saint,
1907; Socialism and Character, 1912; Church and the Hour, 1917; Morte d'Arthur of Sir Thomas
Malory, Introduction to Arthurian Romance, 1917. Ed. Introduction to the Writings of John Ruskin,
1890; Shelley's Prometheus Un- bound, 1892; Works of John Woolman, 1910; Bede's History of
England, 1911. Member Modern Language Assn. Progressive (So- cialist). Home, 45 Leighton Rd.,
Wellesley, Mass.
#SCULLY, T. A. Secy.-treas. Op. Plasterers & Cement Fin. Intl. Assn. of U. S. & Can. Office, 401 Castell
Bldg., Middietown, Ohio.

#SEARLES, Eilis. Ed. United Mine Workers' Journal, official organ of Un. Mine W. of A. Of- fice, 1103
Merchants' Bank Bldg., Indianapolis, Ind. (209)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 209

#SEAVER, Edwin. Writer; pub- licity dir. Comt. for Philippine Independence, Fell, of Recon., since Jan.
1925; Comt. for Intl. Political Prisoners since Jan. 1925; ed., publ., "1924," maga- zine of
contemporary expression. Born Jan. 13, 1900, Washington, D. C. Pub. sen., Philadelphia; Worcester
Acad.; A. B., Harvard, 1922. Publicity dir. Amer. Civil Lib. U.; assoc. literary ed. The New York Call,
1923; assoc. liter- ary ed. and music critic, The New York Leader, 1923; contrlb. ed. The American
Labor Monthly. Author: stories, poems, articles in contemporary periodicals. Mem- ber Lg. for
Mutual Aid. Home, 20 W. 10 St.; office, R. 1504, 100 5 Ave., New York, N. Y.
#SEEGERT, Charles J. Banker; secy.-treas. Nottingham Savings 6 Banking Co. (labor bank); pres. Euclid
Civic Assn. Born July 8, 1889, Lehe, Germany. Fa- ther a machinist. Pub., high. sch., Cleveland.
Messenger in Cleve- land Trust Co., 1905; auditor, Pearl St. Savings & Banking Co., 1920-2; chief clerk
Fedi. Reserve Bank, 1918-20; org. Liberty Loan accounting dept. for 4th Fedi. Reserve dist.; amateur
middie- weight boxing champion of U. S. and Canada, 1913-4. Asso. ed., and author "Pep Talks" in
Fedi. Reserve Notes, 1918; items on current events and assoc. ed. Junior Banker, 1918-9. Member K.
of P., Masons. Home, 114 Shore Haven Drive, Euclid; office, 18802 St. Clair Ave., Cleveland, Ohio.
#SEGAL, Ix>nls. Exec. secy. Jewish Natl. W. All.; People's Relief Comt.; capmaker since 1912. Born July
1, 1894, Lowltz, Poland. Father a teacher. Elem. sch., Lowitz, and St. Paul, Minn.; 1 yr. high sch., St.
Paul. Came to U. S. 1911. Went to work as clerk in store at age of 13. Mem- ber Cloth, Hat, Cap &
Millinery W. Intl. U.; gen. exec. bd. 1919- 23; gen. org. 1922. Member Jew- ish Natl. W. All.; Jewish
Social- ist Labor P. (Poale Zion). Home, 461 Bristol St., Brooklyn; office, 228 E. Broadway, New York,

#SEIDEL, Emit. Socialist lec- turer, writer. Born Dec. 13, 1864, Ashland, Pa. Father a cabinet maker.
Elem. sch. until 13. Learned woodcarving, modeling and designing in Germany, 1886- 92; returned to
U. S. 1892. As- sisted in German exhibit, World's Fair Exposition, Chicago, 1893. 1 of org. of Wood
Carvers' U., Milwaukee, 1884; secy. 1884-5. Co-founder of Socialist P. organ- ization, Milwaukee,
1898; cand. for gov., Social Democratic P. of Wis., 1902; alderman, Milwaukee, 1904-8; declined
renomination 1908; mayor, 1910-2; cand. for Vice-Pres. of U. S. 1912; cand. for mayor 1908, '10, '12;
natl. P. lec- turer and org. 1912-6; Alderman- at-Large, Milwaukee, 1916-20; secy, of Socialist P. of
Wis. 1920- 4. On farm since 1924. Home, Florence, Wis.

#SELEKMAN, Ben M. Research in indust. problems, Russell Sage Foundation. Born Mar. 26, 1893,
Bethlehem. Pa, Prim., gram. sch., Baltimore; high sch., Latrobe, Pa.; B. S., Univ. of Pittsburg, 1915; A.
M., Columbia, 1917. Au- thor: Industrial Disputes and the Canadian Act, 1917; forthcoming books on
employees' representa- tion. Office, 130 E. 22 St., New York, N.Y.

#SHACHTMAN, Max. Journal- ist; ed. The Young Worker since 1923; The Young Comrade since 1923;
natl. exec. comt., Young Workers' Lg. of A., since 1923. Born Sept. 10, 1903, Warsaw, Po- land.
Father a tailor. Came to U. S., 1904. Pub., high sch., New (210)2l0 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO
York; Coll. City of New York, 1920. Formerly machine assem- bler. Workers' P. Home, 322 B. 100 St.,
New York, N. Y.; office, 1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chi- cago, 11l.

#SHAKESPEARE, Philip Chaii- dler. Rep. Intl. Coun. Amal. Li- thographers of A. since 1915; fin. secy.
loc. 14 sine* 1913; lithogra- phic prover. Born Nov. 12, 1875, Newcastle County, Del. Father a farmer
and machinist. Gram. sch., Philadelphia. Went to work at age of 16 as printer's finisher; started at
lithographing trade at 19. Vice-pres. and pres. Amal. Lithographers of A., loc. 14, 1907-8. Advocate of
a Labor P. Home, 3536 Mantua Ave., W. Philadelphia, Pa.
#SHALVOY, Hugh C. Secy.- treas. Danbury Hat Finishers' Assn., since 1894. Born Aug. 24, 1862,
Danbury, Conn. Father a hatter and farmer. Pub. sch., Danbury. Hatter to 1894. Secy.- treas. Hat
Finishers' Assn., 31 yrs.; appointed by Gov. Baldwin on State Bd. of Mediation and Conciliation, 1912-
20; on 3rd dist. Exemption Bd. during war; del. several political and labor convs., state and natl.
Member Forest- ers, Eagles, Elks, K. of C. Demo- crat. Home, 4 Homestead Ave.; office. 303 Main St.,
Danbury, Conn.
#SHAMP, Chauncey Lester. Intl. secy.-treas., Intl. Bro. of Station- ary Firemen & Oilers since 1898.
Born July 30, 1869, Fairfield, Iowa. Father a bldg. contractor. Prim., gram. sch., Fairfield. For- merly a
stationary fireman. Home, 3615 N. 24 St.; office, 3611 N. 24 St., Omaha, Neb.

#SHANESSY, James Colmer. Gen. pres. Jn. Barbers' Intl. U. of A. since 1922. Born July 1, 1870, New
York. Father a switchman. Self-educated; 6 mos. prim. sch., night sch. Went to work at age of 8.
Barber, 1884-1902; bus. agt. Barbers' loc. 102, St. Louis, Mo., 1902-9; gen. org. Jn. Barbers' Intl. U.
1909-22. Instrumental in bringing about Sunday closing of barber shops in several states. Author:
pamphlets, The Barber Who Carried a Lantern; A Close Shave. Politics independent. Mem- ber
Eagles, Maccabees. Home, 4544 Winthrop Ave.; office, 222 E. Michigan St., Indianapolis, Ind.

#SHANKS, Roy. Mgr. Cleveland Coop. Coal Co. since Mar. 1924. Born Jan. 24, 1890, Covington, Ind.
Father a carpenter. Gram. sch., Danville, 1ll.; Home Corr. Sch.; Cleveland Advertising Sch.; Sheldon
Sch. of Bus. English. For- merly locomotive fireman; adv. mgr.; coop. org. Author: articles on
cooperation. Member Bro. of Loco. Firemen and Enginemen; Advertising Club. Independent in
politics. Home, 4122 Windsor Ave.; office, 308 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, Ohio.

#S II A K T S, Joseph William. Lawyer; author; ed. Miami Valley Socialist since 1912; natl. exec. comt.,
Ohio exec. comt., Socialist P.; natl. exec. comt. Conf. Prog. Pol. Act. Born Sept 14, 1875, Hamilton,
Ohio, Father a lawyer. Pub., high sch., Dayton; A. B., magna cum laude, Harvard, 1897. Atty. for
defendants in anti-draft cases, U. S. v. Ruthenberg et al., U. S. v. Debs, U. S. v. Hammer- schmidt et
al., all of which went to Supreme Ct. and involved free- dom of speech and assemblage during war;
for plaintiff in prose- cution in oivil courts of Amer. Legion of Cincinnati for raiding headquarters of
Communist La- bor P., 1920; for Bishop Brown in Cleveland heresy trial, 1924, charged with writing
Communism and Christianism. Author: Ezra Caine, 1900; The Romance of a (211)AMERlCAN LABOR
WHO'S WHO 211 Rogue, 1902; The Hills of Free- dom. 1904; The Black Sheep, 1909; The Vintage,
1911; The King Who Came, 1913. Member Masons, Span. War Vts., Military O. of Serpent, Harvard
Club of Dayton, Harvard Alumni Assn., Harvard Law Bch. Assn. Home, 1230 Phillips Ave.; office, 805-6
Commercial Bldg., Dayton, Ohio.
#SHAW, William A. Upholsterer; gen. exec. bd. Upholsterers' Intl. U. of N. A.; bus. rep. loc. 48. Born
Mar. 17, 1872, Cleve- land. Father a bookbinder. Pub., high sch., Cleveland; Western Reserve Univ.
Pres. loc. 48, 1917-8. Politics independent. Home, 1582 Elbur Ave., Lake- wood; office, 310 Labor
Temple, 2536 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, Ohio.

#SHEPLAB, Charles Madison. Mechanical engineer; natl. exec. comt. Natl. Marine Engineers' Ben.
Assn. since 1919; secy. loc. 30 since 1915; engineer in charge Union Natl. Bank Bldg. Born Aug. 23,
1873, W. Bridgewater, Pa. Father a marine engineer. Prim. sch., Elizabeth; gram. sch., Pittsburgh;
Plersol'a Acad., 1890. Formerly marine, steam and elec- trical engineer. Member Odd Fel- lows,
Masons, Universal Crafts- men's Coun. of Engineers. Home, 545 Marie Ave., Avalon Sta.; office,
Garrison Bldg., 246 3 Ave., Pittsburgh, Pa,
#SHEPPARD, Lucius Elmer. Pres. O. of Ry. Conductors of A. since 1919. Born Feb. 10, 1863, Bridgeton,
N. J. Father a horse- man. Brief period country sch. Former freight and passenger brakeman,
conductor, baggage- master, and gen. yardmaster, W. Jersey & Sea Shore and Pa. R. R. Grand junior
conductor, O. of Ry. Conductors, 1901-6; asst. grand chief conductor, 1906-7; sr. vice- pres. 1907-19;
member Pres. Wil- son's 1st Indust. Comssn.; chair. Hawaiian Labor comssn. Pro- gressive. Member
Masons, Odd Fellows, Bro. of A., Elks, Kl- wanls, Cedar Rapids Country Club. Home, 1639 1 Ave.;
office, Order of Ry. Conductors' Bldg., t St. & 1 Ave., Cedar Rapids, Iowa.
#SHIELDS, Thomas Arthur. Newspaperman; New York corr. Federated Press. Born Oct. 31, 1888,
Barbadoes, Brit. W. Indies. Father a clergyman. Prim. sch., W. Salem. 11l.; gram. sch., Leban- on and
York, Pa.; high sch., York; A. B., Moravian Coll., 1912. For- merly a teacher, metal worker. Author: Are
They Doomed (on Sacco-Vanzettl case), 1921. Home, 187 Columbia Heights, Brooklyn; office,
Federated Press, 799 Broadway, New York, N. Y.

#SHIPLEY, Joseph Twadell. Teacher and writer; instr. Stuyve- sant High Sch., New York, since 1914;
exec. bd. New York Teach- ers' U.; ed. bd., The New York Teacher. Born Aug. 19, 1893, New York.
Father a law book salesman. Pub., high sch., N. Y.; A. B., Coll. City of New York, 1912; A. M.,
Columbia, 1914. Transl. from French, Baudelaire, 1920; Geraldy's You and Me, 1923; Ades*, A Naked
King, 1924. Author: articles in The Freeman; reviewer, The Nation; dramatic critic and reviewer, The
New Leader. Member Civic Club. Home, 277 W. 4 St., New York, N. Y.
#SHIPLEY, Maynard. Pres. and gen. org. Science Lg. of A., since founding by him in Aug. 1924, to fight
"Fundamentalism" and all t implies; writer, lecturer. Born Dec. 1, 1872, Baltimore, Md. [father a
wholesale liquor dealer. Prim. sch., Baltimore; Leland Stanford Univ. 1901-2; almost :ntirely self-
educated. Was a farm worker, shoe clerk, music teacher. (212)212 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO
Active as lecturer on evolution for 18 yrs., largely before work- ing-class organizations and labor
colleges; founded Seattle Acad. of Sciences 1898; was its 2nd pres. Ed. The World, Oakland, Calif.,
1908-10, '19-20; ed. The North- west Worker 1913-6 and The La- bor Journal, Everett, Wash., 1915-
6; assoc. campaign mgr. for Eu- gene V. Debs, 1916; ed. Public Ownership, Baltimore, Md., 1917- 8;
all except The Labor Journal, official organ of the Everett Cen- tral Trades Coun., were Socialist P.
papers. Del. St. Louis conv., Socialist P. 1917; member comt. which drafted anti-war and anti-
militarism resolution; cand. Cong. Alameda County, Calif., 1920. Toured U. S. for Political Prison- ers'
Defense Fund, 1918. Author: 18 scientific articles in Halde- mann-Julius Little Blue Book Series; also
numerous scientific articles in various periodicals, and over 30 articles in legal and crim- inological
#SHIPMAN, Charles J. Secy.- treas. Am. Flint Glass W. Intl. U. Office, R. 337-46, Ohio Bldg., Toledo,
#SHIPSTEAD, Henrik. U. S. Senator, Farmer-Labor P., since 1922. Born Jan. 8, 1881, Bur- bank, Minn.
Father a farmer. Northwestern Dental Scn., 1903. Formerly dentist, farmer. Home, 1113 E. Capitol
St.; office, Senate Office Bldg., Washington, D. C.
#SHORR, Isaac. Lawyer. Born Vug. 7, 1884, Kiev, Russia. Fa- ther a merchant. Private tutors in Russia;
LL.B., N. Y. Univ. Law Sch., 1913. Came to U. S. 1904; naturalized 1912. Suspender mak- er 1904-5;
cigarmaker 1905-13; studied law at night. As atty., rep. numerous I. W. W.'s convict- ed with William
Haywood under espionage and selective service laws in Chicago, 1918; rep. prac- tically all aliens
deported before the Buford sailed, 1919; rep. group of 30 radicals brought from Mich. to Ellis Is.
immediately after sailing of the Buford; rep. Rus- sian People's House, 1919; rep. majority of radicals
arrested in Conn, and held for deportation in Hartford jail, 1919-20; rep. radi- cals brought from
Seattle, Wash., and held at Deer Is., Me., 1920. Home, 2077 Cedar Ave.; office, 80 E. 11 St., New
York, N. Y.

#SHORT, William Mackie. Pres. Wash. Fed. of Labor since 1918; ed. Washington State Labor News,
since June 1924; legis. agt. at Wash. Legls. Born Feb. 14, 1887, Dailly, Scotland. Pub. sch., 6 grades,
Dailly; mining course Scranton Corr. Sch. Worked in coal mines; logging camps in Brit. Columbia,
1907. Served on War Labor Mission, named by Gompers and sent by Pres. Wilson to Gt. Britain,
France and Belgium, 1918; mission brought agreement between European and Amer. la- bor unions
on war policy, follow- ing disagreement at preceding In- ter-Allied Labor Conf. in London. State secy.,
dist. 10, Un. Mine W. of A., 1913-8. Author: reports on organization activities to conv. and articles for
labor press. Home, 4710 Wallingford Ave.; office, 508-9 Maynard Bldg., Seattle, Wash.

#SHTJRTLEFP, Wade. Org. and secy. Ohio Fed. of Bro. of Ry. & Steamship Clerks, Freight H., & S. E.
since 1918; del. A. F. of L., (213)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 2l3 since 1918. Born July 22, 1868,
Lock Haven, Pa. Father a saw mill worker and lumberman. Gram. sch., Cleveland, Ohio. For- merly a
saw mill worker, machine hand, molder, ry. clerk for 19 yrs. Master Workman, dist. 47, Knights of
Labor; org. had charge of Berea Stone Quarry strike and others in Knights of Labor. Org. for Amer.
Labor U. Was 3rd signer of I. W. W. Manifesto calling 1st convention 1905; org. for 1. W. W., led
several strikes. Org. for A. F. of L. and Bro. of Ry. Clerks; 1st org for Natl. Ry. Clerks, preceding Bro. of
Ry. Clerks; natl. rep. at Washington of Bro. of Ry. & Steamship Clerks 1922. 1st American-born
member of Cleveland Soc. Labor P. Org. Coop. Laundry, and one of org. Franklin Club, Cleveland; 1st
pres. of Cleveland Ry. Clerks. Author: pamphlets, including An Interest- ing Letter, After the War
What?; ed. Bulletin of Ohio Fed. of Bro. of Ry. & Steamship Clerks. Mem- ber K. of P. Progressive,
1924. Home, 18219 Canterbury Rd., Cleveland, Ohio.

#SIGMAN, Morris. Pres. Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. since 1923. Born 1880, Russia. Went to Eng- land
at age of 21; worked in men's clothing shop 1 yr.; came to New York 1903; presser in a cloak shop.
Within a yr. org. independent cloakmakers' union which joined Socialist Trade & Labor All. 1904. Org.
loc. 59, I. W. W., 1905. Org. New York jt. bd. of Cloakmkrs.' U., Intl. Ladies' Garment W., 1908. Active
in strike 1910, chair, of picket comt., mem- ber jt. conf. which worked out protocol agreement
signed Sept. 2, 1910. Mgr. New York jt. bd., vice-pres. Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. 1910-3; mgr. loc.
35; intro- duced system of benefits and financial organization 1913; gen. secy.-treas. Intl. U., 1914.
Indicted and arrested and committed to Tombs, New York, in connection with strike, 1914; released
as not guilty, 1915; resigned as secy. 1915; mgr. New York jt. bd. of Cloakmakrs.' U. 1917; active in
carrying through policy of week work in cloak trade 1921; 1st vice-pres. Intl. U. 1920-2; retired from
union activities 1922; lived on farm in Iowa until 1923, when elected pres. after resignation of
Benjamin Schlesinger. Office, 3 W. 16 St., New York, N. Y.
#SIUJNS (SrUJJTSKY), Mai Julius. Secy. Cleveland loc. Jn. Tailors' U. of A., since 1917. Born Aug. 20,
1883, Podherezia, Viina, Russia. Father a merchant. Pub. sch., Viina; high sch., Kovna; Toynbee Hall
(labor coll.), Eng- land. Formerly a tailor; org. for Jn. Tailors 6 yrs.; chair, of Tail- ors' U., London, Eng.,
1905-8; led big strike of tailors, 1907. Secy. New York Custom Tailors' loc. 162, 1910-1; org. Jn. Tail-
ors' U., 1911-6; instrumental in uniting Jn. Tailors and Amal. Clothing W. 1914; amalgamation lasted
1 yr. As del. to A. F. of L. conv., held out for all progres- sive measures and introduced res- olutions
for amalgamation, Rus- sian recognition; presented reso- lutions to convs. of Jn. Tailors' U. of A.,
which abolished piece work system in favor of week work; led several strikes success- fully; ed.
Jewish Custom Tailor, 6 mos. Pres. Cleveland Farmer- Labor P. 1919-21; cand. Cong. 1920; vice-pres.
and chair, or- ganizing comt. Cleveland Fed. of Labor several terms. Pub. speak- er on labor issues for
last 20 yrs. Author: What Every Man Should Know, and other pamphlets on custom tailoring. Home,
489 E. 127 St.; office 2536 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, Ohio. (214)214 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO

#SIMISTER, James Michael. Fire flghter; vice-pres. Intl. Assn. of Fire Fighters since 1921; cleri- cal
worker in fire marshal's of- fice. Born July 15, 1880, Phila- delphia. Father a metal molder. Prim. sch.,
Philadelphia, Pa. For- merly metal molder in charge road work; pres. loc. 15410 City Fire Fighters'
Protective Assn., A. F. of L. 1917-20; attended all its convs.; bus. rep., 2^4 yrs.; pres. loc. 22, City Fire
Fighters' U., Intl. Assn. of Fire Fighters, 1923- Jan. 1924; worked on all salary increases given to
firemen since 1916. Del. Cent. Labor U. 1917- 24. Campaign mgr. Welfare Coop. Assn. of Firemen,
Police- men and Park Guards, 1923-4. Reporter on Fire and Police News, Philadelphia, 2 mos. Mem-
ber Eagles, State Firemen's Assn. Republican. Home, 5230 Beau- mont Ave.; office, 352 City Hall,
Philadelphia, Pa.
#SIMS, James Elmer. (See Can- ada.)
#SINCLAIR, Upton. Author. Born Sept. 20, 1878, Baltimore, Md. Father a traveling sales- man. Gram.
sch., N. Y.; A. B. Coll. City of New York, 1897; 4 yrs. grad. study, Columbia, As- sisted in U. S. govt.
investigation of Chicago stock yards, 1906; founded Helicon Home Colony, Englewood, N. J., 1906-7.
Social- ist cand. for Cong, from N. J., 1906; from Calif. 1920; for U. S. Senate from Calif. 1924. Helped
found Intercoll. Socialist Soc., 1905, now known as Lg. for In- dust. Democ. Helped found S. Calif, br.,
Amer. Civil Lib. U., 1923. Publ. Upton Sinclair's Mag- azine, 1918-9. Author: Spring- time and Harvest.
1901; King Midas, 1902; Prince Hagen, 1902; The Journal of Ar- thur Stirling, 1903; Manassas, 1904;
The Jungle, 1906; The In- dustrial Republic. 1907; The Overman, 1907; A Captain of In- dustry, 1907;
The Metropolis, 1908; The Money Changers, 1909; Samuel the Seeker, 1909; The Fasting Cure, 1911;
Love's Pil- grimage, 1911; Plays of Protest, 1911; Sylvia, 1912; Sylvia's Mar- riage, 1913; Damaged
Goods, 1913; The Cry for Justice, 1915; King Coal, 1917; The Profits of Religion, 1919; Jimmie Higgins,
1919; The Brass Check, 1920; 100%, 1920; The Book of Life, 1922; They Call Me Carpenter, 1922; The
Goose-Step, 1923; Hell, 1923; The Goslings, 1924; Singing Jailbirds, 1924; Mammonart, 1925.
#SISSMAN, Peter. Lawyer; dir. Amal. Trust & Savings Bank, Chi- cago, since 1922. Born May 1, 1868,
Harrodishtch, Russia. Fa- ther a grain merchant and broker. Private tutors; LL.B., Chicago Coll. of Law.
Formerly operator on ladies' garments; clerk, Chica- go P. O., 1894-7; secy. Cloak Mkrs.' U., 1889-93;
org. Jewish br. Socialist Labor P., 1890-3; Cook County comt., Socialist P., 1904-7. Successfully
resisted ex- tradition to Russia in Christian Rudovitch case, 1908-9; atty. in Cunea-Hoyne election
contest for state's atty., 1912-3; in Fratisse et al v. Wisconsin, Brief on ap- peal of 11 Milwaukee
anarchists reversed conviction of 9, and 2 were pardoned; rep. Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. and Amal.
Cloth- ing W. of A. in numerous cases. Author: special report on Social- ist Labor P. conv., 1893;
sketch of beginnings of labor organiza- tion, among Jews in Chicago; articles to Jewish and English
Socialist publications. Member B'nai Brith; City Club of Chicago; Chicago Bar Assn.; 11l. Bar Assn.;
Covenant Club. Socialist P. (215)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 215 Home, 1623 Hyde Park Blvd.;
office, 140 N. Dearborn St., Chi- cago, I1l.
#SKALA, Stephen. Gen. exec, bd., Amal. Clothing W. of A., since 1920; deputy, Chicago jt. bd., Amal.
Clothing W. of A. Born Jan. 3, 1894, Bohemia. Father a tailor. Came to U. S. 1901. Gram, sch.
Formerly a journeyman tail- or. Reporter for Spravedinost, 1908; org. for Amal. Clothing W., 1915;
member org. bd., loc. 5, Jn. Tailors of A.; del. natl. coun. 1913. Home, 1900 68 Ave., Ci- cero; office,
2343 S. Kedzie Ave., Chicago, I1l.

#SLATER, George Henry. Exec. secy. Tex. Fed. of Labor, since May, 1924. Born Sept. 10, 1876,
Brooklyn, N. Y. Father a sad- dier and harness maker. Pub. sch., Clay County, Kan. For- merly printer;
secy.-treas. Tex. Fed. of Labor, 1914-9; pres., 1919-24. Member Intl. Typo- graphical U. since 1900;
Galves- ton Typographical U. since 1902. Home, 1014 Browder St.; office, Labor Temple, Dallas, Tex.
#SMALLWOOD, Joseph Roberts. (See Newfoundiand.)

#SMTLEY, James Lawrenson. Secy. Socialist P. of Md. since 1923; pastor St. Luke's Prot. Epls. chapel.,
Eastport, Md. Born Oct. 9, 1864, Baltimore. Father a tin- ner. Pub., high sch., Baltimore; A. B., Johns
Hopkins, 1891. For- merly clerk in wholesale proprie- tary medicine house, Baltimore. Pastor
churches in Md., Mass., and Philippine Is. Author: Maud Muller's Ministry, 1907; Now Is the Day of
Judgment, 1920. Mem- ber Masons; Jr. Mechanics; Prot. Epis. Bro. of Md.; Universal Es- peranto
Assn.; Esperanto Assn. of N. A.; Church Socialist Lg. Ad- dress, 130 Prince George St., An- napolis, Md.

#SMITH, Clwrk* N. Srd vice- pres. Intl. Typographical U. since 1909; dlst. pres. Mailers' Trade U. since
1909; mailer. Born Jan. «, 1877. New York. Father an engineer. Prim, sch., Brooklyn, N. Y.;
otherwise self-educated. Began work as mailer at 16 years of age. Del. Alld. Printing Trades Coun.
and Cent. Fed. Trades Coun. 1908-10; state Alld. Print- ing Trades convs. 1903, '7. Mem- ber U. Label
Trades Dept., A. F. of L. 1913-20; bd. govs. Intl. Alld. Printing Trades Coun. 1910-22, '4. Republican.
Home, 681 Gates Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y.; office. Bankers' Trust Bldg., Indian- apolis, Ind.
#SMITH, Ethel M. Legis. secy., Natl. Women's Trade U. Lg.; rep. Natl. Women's Trade U. Lg. on
Women's Jt. Congl. Comt., Wash- ington, D. C.; member natl. comt. Conf. Prog. Pol. Act.; exec. comt.
women's div., La Follette-Wheeler campaign comt.; exec. comt. Natl. Coun. for Prevention of War.
Born Sangamon County, 11l. Fa- ther a farmer, sch. teacher, county official. Prim., gram, sch., high
sch., Springfield, I1l.; George Washington Univ., special cours- es; Columbia summer course;
Brookwood Labor Coll. summer 1924. Stenographer, Div. of Manufacturers, U. S. Census Bur., 1900;
dir. of Scientific Inquiry, U. S. Bur. of Fisheries, 1901; prlv. secy, to deputy comssnr. of Fish- eries
1902-4; ed. for Bur. of Fish- eries 1904-14; ed. for Bur. of Foreign and Domestic Commerce 1915-16;
field agt. Bur. of Labor Statistics 1917; legls. and exec. secy., Washington headquarters, Natl. Amer.
Woman Suffrage Assn. 1917-8; legis. secy, and publicity dir., Natl. Fed. of Fedi. Empl. and Natl.
Women's Trade U. Lg., 1919-23; labor member Washington, D. C. Minimum (216)216 AMERlCAN
LABOR WHO'S WHO Wage Bd., 1918-23. Member Fedi. Empl. U. 89; Lg. of Women Vot- ers;
Consumers' Lg. Politics in- dependent. Home, 2852 Ontario Rd.; office, 532 17 St., N.W., Washington,
#SMITH, Lee Russell. Vice-pres. Bro. of R. R. Signalmen of A. since Jan. 1925; r. r. signalman since
1908. Born Jan. 22, 1887, Wisner, Neb. Father a farmer. Rural sch. Farmer, common la- borer, 1902-
8. Charter member Oakland Lodge 92, Bro. of R. R. Signalmen; union chair. Southern Pacific
Grievance comt., 1920-2; chair, grand exec. bd. 1922-3; act- ing intl. vice-pres. 1923-4. Home, 3739
Nevil St., Oakland, Calif.
#SMITH, Morgan Allen. Retired farmer, teacher, preacher, lawyer, secy. Socialist P. of Tex. since
1920. Born Apr. 11, 1856, Mason, 11l. Father a physician. Pub. sch., 11l.; D. D., Southwestern 11l.
Coll., 1901. Former pastor and presiding elder in Meth. Epis. Church, 20 yrs.; missionary to Choctaw
and Chickasaw Indians. Practised law 1 yr.; left to organ- ize for Socialist P. of Tex.; asst. natl. org.
with J. Mahlon Barnes; several times nominee for atty.- gen. of Tex. on Socialist ticket. Author: Christ
as a Social Refor- mer; Ownership of Land; Capital- ism Exposed; Socialism in Song; constitution and
by-laws of Far- mers' U. Member Masons, Odd Fellows. Address, 3016 Pennsyl- vania Ave., Dallas,

#SMITH, Vern Ralph. Ed. In- dustrial Solidarity, since 1923; ed. Industrial Pioneer, since 1924. Born
May 8, 1892, Allla, Calif. Father a dairy farmer. Pub., high sch., Tulare County, (valedictor- ian); B. S.,
Univ. of Calif. 1916; worked way through coll. wash- ing dishes and waiting on table "and it wasn't
worth the effort." Farm hand, constr. worker. mucker, storekeeper in mines. Formerly ed. The Argus,
Tulare high sch. paper; secy. Inter-Coll. Socialist Soc.; secy., pres. Calif. Intl. Cosmopolitan Club. Lec-
turer on Marxian economics, Seattle Labor Coll., 1922; ed. In- dustrial Worker, 1922-3; asst. mgr. I.
W. W. Educational Bur., June, 1924. Author: leaflets; treaties on Marxian Economics, in industrial
Worker. Member Ag- ricultural W. Indust. U. 110, I. W. W. Home, 1106 E. 62 St.; office, 1001 W.
Madison St., Chi- cago, 11l.
#SNOW, W. R. Secy. Socialist P. of I1l. since 1922; secy. Cook County loc. since 1923; mgr.-ed.
Chicago Socialist. Born July 30, 1880, Parthenon, Ark. Father a farmer. Prim, sch., Lamar, Ark. Left
home at age of 20; r. r. worker 6 yrs.; common laborer; lost limb in accident 1906; secy. Socialist P.
of Ark. 1908; org. and lecturer in U. S. since 1907, ex- cept 4 mos. with .$ coop, society. Member
state comL &T<6 state exec. comt., La Follette-Wheetef†campaign, 1924. Author: numer- ous
articles for press. Member Pittsburgh, Pa., Office Empl. Assn. Home, 1531 W. Adams St.; office, 1501
Warren Ave., Chi- cago, I1l.
#SOLEM, Edward. Mgr. City Coop. Dairy Co., o/f Cleveland since Feb. 1924; mgr. Franklin Coop.
Creamery Assn., Minne- apolis, since 1920; dir., Coop. Lg. of U. S. A., since Jan. 1924. Born Sept. 22,
1875, Norway. Father a farmer. Prim, sen., military coll., Norway. Formerly milk wagon driver; bus.
agt., Milk Wagen Drivers' U. 471, Minneapolis; held all offices in Milk Wagon Drivers' U. 1912-20.
Author: several pamphlets on cooperation, artistes for newspapers and other publi- cations; publ.
monthly paper and (217)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 2l7 handied publicity for Franklin Coop.
Creamery Assn. Former member Socialist P. Home, 2108 Washington Ave., N. Minneapolis, Minn.;
office, 9004 Woodiand Ave., Clevelani, Ohio.

#SOLOMON, Charles. Lawyer; member firm Goldberg & Solo- mon, counsel for several labor unions.
Born Oct. 29, 1889, New York. Father a tailor. Prim. scn., Brooklyn; prepared self for coll. entrance
while married and supporting family; LL.B., Brook- lyn Law Sch., 1922. Formerly office worker,
journalist, publicity man, secy, to Socialist congress- man; exec. secy, to Socialist dele- gation in New
York Bd. of Alder- man; active as lecturer and de- bater since joining Socialist P. at age of 21;
member N. Y. Legis. 1919; re-elected 1919, ousted 1920; re-elected in special election 1920 over
combination of Repub- lican and Democratic Parties in 23rd Assem. Dist., Kings County; ousted in
special session that year; re-elected in regular elec- tion of 1920, seated 1921; cand. for lieut . gov.
on Socialist ticket, N. Y. 1924. Author: The Social- ists in the Board of Aldermen; The Albany Trial;
Socialist prop- aganda literature. Home, 1293 E. New York Ave., Brooklyn; of- fice, 291 Broadway,
New York, N. Y.

#SOLOMON, Usher. Bus. mgr. New York New Leader since 1924: del. cent, comt., Socialist P., New
York County. Born Nov. 8, 1877. Father a merchant. Prim., gram., high sch., Coll. of Commerce,
Yassy, Rumania. Formerly ac- countant, exec. secy. New York County Socialist P.; fin. secy. 15th-16th
Assem. Dist., Socialist P., New York, 1923-4; state secy., N. Y.; bus. mgr. New York Call; natl. comt.
Socialist P. Member Workmen's Circle. Home, 301 E. 83 St.; office, 7 E. 15 St., New York, N. Y.
#SONNICHSEN, Albert. Writer. Born May 5. 1878, San Francisco, Calif. Father consul for Den- mark,
Norway and Sweden in San Francisco. Pub. sch., San Fran- cisco and Oakland. Formerly sail- or;
newspaper man; correspon- dent . Founded The Cooperative Consumer now Cooperation, 1914; one
of founders of Coop. Lg. of U. S. A. 1916. Author: Ten Months a Captive among Filipinos 1901; Deep
Sea Vagabonds, 1903; Confessions of a Macedonian Ban- dit, 1908; Consumers' Coopera- tion, 1919.
Home, Willlmantic. Conn.

#SOULE, George Henry, Jr. Economist and writer; dir. Labor Bur., Inc., since 1920; dir. Natl. Bur. of
Economic Research since 1922; one of editors The New Re- public since Jan. 1925. Born June 11,
1887, Stamford, Conn. Father a shoe mfr. High sch., Stamford; A. B., Yale Univ., 1908. Adv. mgr.,
1908-14; ed. staff, The New Republic. 1914-8; ed. writer, The New York Evening Post, 1919; The
Nation, 1920; econom- ist, Nautical Gazette, 1920; field investigator for Interchurch World Movt.
investigation of steel strike, 1919. Co-author with J. M. Bud- ish: The New Unionism in the Clothing
Industry. Author: chap- ter on "Radicalism" in Civiliza- tion in the' United States; on "Economics,
Science and Art" in The Trend of Economics; many reports and articles, papers in scientific journals.
Home, 278 W. 4 St.; office, 2 W. 43 St., New York, N. Y.
#SOYSTER, George Edward. Asst. chief clerk O. of R. R. Telegraphers, since 1921; bd. dir. since 1915;
vice-pres. and dir. Telegraphers' Natl. Bank of St. Louis since instituted 1923. Born (218)2l8
AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Sept . 3, 1869, Elkport, Iowa. Fa- ther a merchant and banker. Prim.,
gram., high seh., Elkport; Epworth Sem., Epworth, Iowa, 1884; Upper Iowa Univ., 1885-6. Formerly r.
r. telegrapher, sta- tion agt., owner of newspaper. Loc. chair. Chi. Mil. & St. Paul R. R. System. Div. 23,
1903-6; gen. secy. and treas., 1906-9; gen. chair., 1909-21. Author: pamph- lets and reports; survey
and re- search of mutual benefit dept. of Order, 1923; special report, 1924. Member Elks, K. of P.,
Knights of Khorasan. Democrat. Home, 4351 Itaska St.; office, 3673 W. Pine Blvd., St. Louis, Mo.
#SPANN, Frank D. Rural let- ter carrier since 1895; exec. comt. Natl. Fed. of Rural Letter Car- riers
since 1921. Born June 24, 1874. Father a farmer. Gram. scn., Jefferson County, Ind. Went to work at
age of 16 as a farmer. Vice-pres. loe. Rural Letter Car- riers 1917-8; pres. 1919. Active in organizing
rural letter carriers since 1906. Member Masons, Odd Fellows, Red Men. Republican. Home, Wirt,

#SPEOTOR, Nathaniel. Mgr. Millinery & Ladies' Straw Hat W. U. since 1912; gen. exec. bd., Cloth Hat,
Cap, & Millinery W. Intl. U. since 1915. Born July 28, 1890, Bratziaw, Podolsk, Russia. Father a clerk.
Came to U. S. 1909. Eron Manhattan Prep, sch., New York. Worked at cap makers' trade in Russia;
active in Russian labor movt.; sewing machine op- erator, hats and caps, 1909-11; operator millinery
trade, 1911-2; exec. bd. Millinery W. U., 1911; org. for union, led strikes. So- cialist cand. for N. Y.
Assem. 8th â€list. 1916. Author: annual statis- tical reports. Member Work- men's Circle, Forward
Assn., So- cialist P. Home, 1983 Bryant Ave.; office, 210 E. 5 St., New York, N. Y.
#SPEI/TS, John Harrison. Gen. vice-pres. Bro. of Ry. Carmen of A. since 1907. Born Mar. 21, 1860,
Green County, Ind. Father a farmer. High sch., Brownstown, Jackson County, Ind. Began work at age
of 10 as farmer. Taught sch. in Ind., 1882-5; in Neb. 9 yrs. Station seal clerk, Denver & Rio Grande R.
R., 1898-1900; car repairer 1900-1; car inspector 1901-7; foreman of laborers at Denver shops 1907.
4th vice- grand chief carman of Bro. 1907- 9, when title changed to gen. vice- pres. Deputy treas.
Perkins County, Neb., 1 yr. Member Elks. Democrat. Home, 4034 Agnes Ave.; office, 504 Hall Bldg.,
Kan- sas City, Mo.

#SPROUSE, Ixrals Franklin. Stationary engineer; trustee Intl. Bro. of Stationary Firemen & Oil- ers.
Born June 14, 1883, Parkers- burg, W. Va. Father an engineer. Prim., gram. sch., Parkersburg.
Formerly stationary fireman; took prominent part in steel strike, 1919; assisted in settling labor
disputes all over U. S.; helped se- cure 1st injunction in U. S. against employers in Cleveland, and es-
tablished right of workers to go into ct. to enforce contract, to prevent cut in wages; intl. vice- pres.
Stationary Engineers, 1910- 24. Member K. of P. Politics in- dependent. Home, 2104 Lincoln Ave.,
Lakewood; office, 14 & Cen- tral Ave., Cleveland, Ohio.
#SQUIBB, Samuel. Intl. pres. Granite Cutters' Intl. Assn. of A. since 1923. Born Aug. 13, 1876,
Lancaster County, Pa. Father a blacksmith. Prim. sch., Chester County, Pa, Went to work as tool
sharpener at age of 12; worked at trade continuously un- til 1915. Corr. secy. N. Y. loc. Granite
Cutters, 1910-5; bus. agt., 1915-23. Home, 24 Adams St.; office, 25 School St., Quincy, Mass.
#STAGGENBURG, J. C. 6th vice-pres. Hotel & Rest. Empl. Intl. All. & Bartenders' Intl. Lg. of A. since
1921; fln. secy. Chi- cago Cooks' & Pastry Cooks' Assn., loc. 365, since 1921; secy.- treas. loc. jt. exec.
bd.; del. Chi- cago Fed. of Labor since 1908. Born Mar. 8. 1873, Covington, Ky. Father a merchant
tailor. Gram. and 1 yr. high sch. Joined union 1889; was then working beside Eugene J. Bufflngton,
since be- come a steel magnate; secy.-treas. Cook's loc. 459, 1903-5; pres., 1914-5; 1919-20. Author:
articles on cookery in various culinary magazines. Member several fra- ternal orders, but not K. K. K.
Politics independent. Home, 4457 W. Monroe St.; office, 166 W. Washington St., Chicago, 11l.

#STARK, Sidney. Bus. man; exec. comt. Socialist P. Born Jan. 1, 1893, Stanislaw, Austrian Poland.
Father a tailor. Gram. sch., 3 yrs.; studied Marx and Spencer in Harry Waton's class, New York, 1911-
4. Began work at age of 9; led store apprentices in strike at 10. Came to U. S. when 13 yrs. old.
Charter mem- ber Young People's Socialist Lg. 1907; Socialist P. 1910; org. 3rd- 10th Assem. Dlst., N.
Y., 1911-3; member New York exec. comt., 1912-4; New York cent, comt., 1912-4; Queens County
cent. comt. 1914-5; stump speaker since 1910; Allegheny Cty., Pa., cent . comt., 1916-24; Allegheny
County exec. comt. 1917-24; del. natl. conv., Socialist P., 1923-4. Cand on So- cialist ticket for pub.
office from dog catcher to auditor-gen. Mem- ber Odd Fellows, Eagles, Persian Shriners. Home, 503
Center St.; office, 869 Braddock Ave., Brad- dock, Pa.

#STARR, James. Vice-pres. Un. Textile W. of A. Born Feb. 13, 1868, in Ireland, Father a job- ber. Prim.
sch., Derry County, Ireland; courses Scranton Corr. Sch. Formerly a horizontal warper; connected
with labor movt., 35 yrs.; bus. agt., Warp- ers' U., Paterson, N. J., 12 yrs. Member Masons, Odd
Fellows. Politics non-partisan Home, 472 Ellison St., Paterson, N. J.

#STECKER, Freeland George. Secy.-treas. Amer. Fed. of Teach- ers since 1918; ed. American Fed-
eration of Teachers' Bulletin since 1921; del. 11l. Fed. of Labor since 1917; del. A. F. of L. 1924. Born
Jan. 20, 1881, Croswell, Mich. Father a farmer, teacher, fire ins. agt. Rural, high sch., Lexington,
Mich.; A. B., Albion Coll., 1902. High sch. teacher since 1902; secy. Chicago Fed. of Men Teach- ers
1912-8; pres. 1923-4; helped org. into A. F. of L. 1912; helped org. Amer. Fed. of Teachers, 1916; fin.
secy., 1916-8. Home, 1618 Lake Ave., Wilmette; office, 327 S. La Salle St., Chicago, 11l.

#STEEL, Charles Campbell. Freight conductor, Chi. Mil. & St. Paul Ry.; vice-pres., bd. dir. Labor Natl.
Bank of Mont, since organization. Born Dec. 13, 1884, Vernon County, Mo. Father a physician. Prim.,
gram., high sch., Stotesbury, Mo. Member Bro. of R. R. Trainmen, Masons. Politics for La Follette-
Wheeler, 1924. Home, 105 Adams St., Three Forks, Mont.
#STEELE, Andrew. Member intl. exec. bd., Un. Mine W. of A. since 1915; miner. Born Mar. 15, 1879,
in Scotland. Father a miner. Principally self-educated. Held offices in miners' local unions many yrs.;
vice-pres. dist. 25, 1913-5. Home, Navinger, Mo.
#STEINER, Robert. Asso. ed. St. Louis Labor and St. Louis Arbeiter Zeltung since 1921. Born Mar. 29,
1863, Stuttgart, Ger- many. Father a pub. official. Cit- (220)220 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO izens'
sch. Stuttgart, Germany. Came to U. S., 1882. Ed. Chicago Arbeiter Zeltung, 1890-5; Belle- ville
Tageblatt, 1895-1900; Arbei- ter Zeitung, Buffalo, N. Y., 1900- 16; The New Age, Buffalo, 1919- 21.
Member Freethought Soc. of N. St. Louis. Socialist P. Home, 3306 Vista Ave.; office, 940 Chou- teau
Ave., St. Louis, Mo.
#STEWARD, Luther Corwin. Pres. Natl. Fed. of Federal Empl. since 1918. Born June 10, 1877,
Chattanooga, Tenn. Father a constr. engineer. Prim. sch., Nashville, Tenn., Columbus, Ohio,
Washington, D. C.; gram. and high sch., Washington; Fordham Law Sch. Employed by U. S. govt. since
age of 18 until resig- nation 1919; 1st vice-pres. Natl. Fed. of Federal Empl., 1917-8. Member
Masons, Natl. Press Club, Civitan, Congressional Country Club. Home, 1630 Irving St.; of- fice, 10 B
St., S. W., Washington, D. C.

#STEWART, Bryce Morrison. Dir. Chicago employment ex- change, Amal. Clothing W. of A., since
1922. Born Nov. 24, 1883, Lyn, Ontario, Canada. Father a farmer. Collegiate Inst., Brock- ville, Ont.;
A. M., Queens Univ., 1911; grad. work, Columbia, 1911- 4. Formerly teacher, researcher; ed., Labor
Gazette and chief sta- tistician, Dept. of Labor, Canada, 1915-8; dir. Employment Service of Can.,
1918-22; pres. Intl. Assn. of Pub. Employment Services, 1919-22. Author: Preliminary Social Surveys
of Hamilton, Ft. William and Port Arthur, Ont., and Sydney, Nova Scotia, 1913; The Employment
Service of Can- ada, bulletin of depts. of history and political and economic sci- ence, Queens Univ.,
1919; Unem- ployment and Organization of the Labor Market, reprint from An- nals of Amer. Acad.
of Pol. & So- cial Science, 1923. Member City Club of Chicago, Amer. Economic Assn., Amer. Assn. for
Labor Le- gis., Royal Economic Soc. of Gt. Britain. Home, 727 Hinman Ave., Evanston; office, 409 S.
Halsted St., Chicago, 11l.

#STEWART, Ethelbert. Statis- tician; U. S. Comssnr. of Labor Statistics. Born Apr. 22, 1857, Chicago,
11l. Special agt. of Bur. of Labor Statistics and other govt. organizations since 1887. Joined Knights of
Labor. Author: re- ports and special articles pub- lished by U. S. Bur. of Labor Statistics. Home, 1210
Delafield Pl., N.W.; office, Bur. of Labor Statistics, Dept. of Labor, Wash- ington, D. C.

#STEWART, Frank A. Painter; natl. del. Buildings Trades Dept. of U. S. and Can.; pres. loc. 6, Painters'
dist. coun. 1, Allegheny county, Pa. Born Oct. 8, 1881, Pittsburgh. Father a stone carv- er. Prim. sch.;
night sch., St. Joseph's Proctory, Pittsburgh. Painter since 9 yrs. of age, and went to sch. nights. Pres.
Bro. of Painters, Decorators & Paperh. of A., loc. 6; trustee Painters' dist. coun. 1; del. Iron City. Cent.
Trades Coun.; del. U. Label Coun.; del. loc. Bldg. Trades Coun.; del. Pa. Fed. of Labor; rep. Bro. of
Painters in A. F. of L. conv.; del. 1st Farmer-Labor P. conv., Chi- cago; active in fighting Landis award
in Chicago, as chair. Bldg. Trades comt., A. F. of L. Mem- ber Eagles. Home, 57 Pride St.; office, 42
Isabella St., N. S., Pitts- burgh, Pa.

#STEWART, James Robert. Pres. Va, Fed. of Labor; exec. bd. Portsmouth, Va., Metal Trades Coun.;
pres. loc. 303, Un. Bro. of Carpenters & Joiners, 1916-21 and since 1924; boatbullder Norfolk Navy
Yard since 1889; chair. jt. shop comt. Norfolk Navy Yard; (221)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 221
member Portsmouth city coun. Born Sept. 23, 1873, Portsmouth, Va. Father in U. 8. Navy. Prim.,
gram. sch., Portsmouth. Exec, bd. Va. Fed. of Labor 1919-23, 1st vice-pres. 1922-3; pres. Cent. Labor
U., Portsmouth 1921-2; chair. jt. wage comt . Norfolk Navy Yard, 1923-4; rep. craft be- fore Bd. of
Review, Washington, D. C., last 15 yrs.; organized all wood working trades in ship building industries
of tidewater region, Va.; member tidewater dist. coun. 1 yr. Active in water- front strike, Norfolk; in
street car strike and in ry. shopmen's strike while pres. of Cent. Labor U. Portsmouth, 1921-2.
Democrat . Home, 212 Dinwlddie St., Ports- mouth, Va.

#STICKEIi, R. H. Pres. Oil Field, Gas Well, and Refinery W. of A. Address, Box 1779, Fort Worth, Texas.
#STOKES, Helen Olivia Phelps. Portrait painter; treas., Amer. Civil Lib. U. since 1917, excepting
several mos.' absence in Europe, 1922-3; exec. comt. and bd. dir. Lg. for Indust. Democ. since or-
ganization 1921. Born June S, 1870. New Brighton, Staten Is., N. Y. Father a business man, bank- er.
Was taught at home until 14 yrs. of age; Miss Porter's Sch., Farming-ton, Conn.; Brearley Sch., New
York. Formerly vice-pres. New York City Consumer's Lg.; chair, finance comt., Natl. Con- sumer's Lg.;
exec. comt. Inter- coll. Socialist Soc. from 1908 re- organization into Lg. for Indust. Democ. Treas.
College Settle- ment many yrs.; chair, exec. comt. several yrs. Member Wom- en's Trade U. Lg.;
Amer. Social- ist Soc.; Fell, of Recon.; New York Women's City Club; Civic Club; Cosmopolitan Club;
Prot. Epls. Church. Socialist P. since 1911. Address, 90 Grove St., New York, N. Y.
#STOKES, Rose Pastor. Writer, speaker, organizer. Born July 18, 1879, Augustova, Suwalk, Russian
Poland. Father a shoemaker. Prim, sch., 1% yrs., London, Eng- land; otherwise self-educated. Cigar
maker, sales girl, shirtwaist maker, 1890-1902; ed. and news- paper worker, 1902-5; led New York
hotel workers' strike, 1912; active in shirtwaist and garment workers' strikes; lectured for So- cialist
P. 1905-16; lectured in numerous colleges and universi- ties for Intercoll. Socialist Soc., 1910-6. Hon.
and active member exec. comt. Hotel W. U.; chair, press comt., 1911-2; org.-dir. Peo- ple's
Playhouse, 1918-9; indicted and sentenced to 10 yrs., Kansas City, Mo., 1918, for opposing World
War, (1st case under es- pionage act), indicted 1919 in Chi- cago, 11l., charge growing out of
participation in 1st conv. Com- munist P.; exec. comt. Commun- ist P. of A., 1919. '21-2; indicted
1922 in Mich. on charge of parti- cipating in Communist P. conv.; exec. comt., Workers' P. 1923; del.
from Un. Coun. of Working class Women to St. Paul Farmer- Labor conv., 1924. Author: Songs of
Labor, transl. from Morris Rosenfeld, 1914; The Woman Who Wouldn't, 3-act play, 1917; In April,
Saving of Martin Greer, and On the Day, 1-act plays; much uncollected matter in dally press and in

#STOLBERG, Benjamin. Writer; lecturer on labor problems in un- iversities, colleges and labor col-
leges; contributor, mostly on la- bor problems, to The New Re- (222)222 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S
WHO public. The Nation, The Survey, Independent, Atlantic Monthly, Hearst's International, New
York World, Amer. and Brit, academic journals. Born Nov. 30, 1891, Munich, Germany. Real Gym-
nasium. Munich, 1908; A. B., Har- vard Coll. 1918; completed work for A. B., Feb. 1918; grad.
student, Univ. of Chicago, 1920-1. Instr. in sociology, Univ. of Okla., 1919- 20; in charge Vocational
Guid- ance, Chicago high sch. system. 1921-2; asst. ed., Locomotive En- gineers' and Firemen's
Journal, 1922; lecturer in labor problems. Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U., 1923. Author: The Social Evil,
1912. Member New York Teachers' U.; Civic Club. Home, 132 W. 13 St., New York, N. Y.

#STOLINSKY, Aaron. Journal- ist, medical student. Born July 4, 1894, Lodz, Poland. Prep, sch.; B. S.,
Columbia Univ., 1924; Univ. of N. D. Formerly printer; cash- ier; secy, of Indust. & Agricultur- al Coop.
Assn., 1913-21; gen. secy. Jewish Coop. Fed., 1916-21. Au- thor: The Cooperative Movement, in
Yiddish, publ. by Workmen's Circle, 1918; The Cooperative Movement in Soviet Russia, pamphlet,
publ. by Jewish Social- ist Fed.; other pamphlets on Co- operation; ed. The Cooperative World,
Yiddish periodical of Jew- ish Coop. Fed., 1916-21; contrib. to Jewish Worker's Press. Mem- ber
Socialist P., Workmen's Cir- cle, Coop. Lg. of U. S. A. Home, 40 E. 3 St., New York, N. Y.
#STONE, Rufus William Henry. Farmer; pres. N. C. Farmers' U. Born Oct . 27, 1861, near States- ville,
N. C. Father a farmer. High sch., Oak Ridge Inst. Began work at age of 9, farming. Went into leaf
tobacco bus. 1882, con- tinued for 20 yrs. but operated own farm during that time. Home, Route 1,
Greenboro, N. C.
#STONE, Warren Sanford. Grand chief Intl. Bro. of Loco. Engineers since 1903; pres. Bro. of Loco.
Engineers' Coop. Natl. Bank of Cleveland, (1st of kind in U. S.); bd. dir. Empire Trust Co. of New York
since 1923; treas. Natl. Conf. Prog. Pol. Act. Born Feb. 1, 1860, Ainsworth. Iowa. Washington Acad.;
West- ern Coll. Began work in r. r. service as fireman with Rock Is. System 1879, promoted to engi-
neer 1884. Appointed grand chief of Intl. Bro. of Loco. Engineers on death of Grand Chief Arthur,
1903; elected at Los Angeles meeting, 1904; re-elected 1912 and 1918 for 6 yr. terms. Mem- ber
Indust. Peace Comssn., cus- todian of Noble Peace Prize. Ac- tive in coop. movt. and labor banking.
Home, 9511 Euclid Ave.; office, B. of L. E. Bldg., Cleveland, Ohio.
#STOUT, Albert Frederick. Grand vice-pres. Un. Bro. of Maint. of Way Empl. & Ry. Shop Lab., 1904-
18; 1922 to date. Born Apr. 23, 1875, Madoc. Ontario. Father a farmer. Prim. sch., Ivanhoe, Ont.;
Ontario Bus. Coll., 1893. Formerly maintenance of way employee; secy. Can. Pac. System Div., during
strike of 1901; gen. org. 1902-4; vice-chair. 11l. Cent. System Div. 1919-22. Home, 4649 Maiden St.;
office, 608 S. Dearborn St., Chicago, 11l.
#STRACHAN, Alexander S. (See Canada.)
#STRICKLAND, H. W. Indust. Secy. Railway Mail Assn. Office, 901 Massachusetts Ave., N. W.,
Washington, D. C.
#STROBELL, George H. Vice- pres. Russian Reconstruction Farms, Inc., since 1924. Born Dec. 2, 1854,
Germany. Came to U. S. 1858. Father served in Civil War and secured citizenship re- (223)AMERlCAN
LABOR WHO'S WHO 223 ward. Left school, Marmaroneck, N. Y., at age of 11 to work at hat making;
learned jeweler's trade; jeweiry mfr. 1880-1916. Joined Gov. St. John's Prohibition P. campaign 1884;
lecturer, writer, county and state chairman until 1896; member state exec. comt. Anti-Saloon Lg., N.
J., 1896-1919. One of founders of Direct Legis- lation Lg., 1893, was exec. secy. and ed. The Direct
Legislation Record. Joined Socialist P. 1896; attended many conventions; was member and chair,
state exec. comt.; with Weeks and Ghent or- ganized Collectivist Soc. 1902; or- ganized, with Upton
Sinclair, In- tercollegiate Socialist Soc., 1903- 4, and was exec. secy. 2 yrs.; car- ried on Socialist
Forum in 3rd Presbyterian Church, Newark, N. J. and was elder of church. Was active member N. J.
Men's Lg. for Women's Suffrage. Mgr. People's House, 7 E. 15 St., New York, 1916-22. Published
Italian Social- ist paper, Newark, 1908-10. Au- thor: A Christian View of Social- ism. Home, 358 W. 22
St.; office, 70 5 Ave., New York, N. Y.

#STUMP, John Henry. Mgr. and treas. Reading Labor Advocate since 1917; pres. Reading Fed. Trades
Coun. since 1916; pres. People's Printing Co. since 1920; org. Socialist P. since 1920; vol- unteer org.
A. F. of L. since 1918. Born June 4, 1880, Reading, Pa. Father a cigarmaker, Gram, sen., Reading.
Formerly a cigarmak- er; freight handier; assisted in or- ganizing workers' study classes, cooperatives
and labor unions. Member Cigarmkrs.' Intl. U. of A. since 1908, E. Reading Coop. Assn., Keystone
Coop. Assn., Home Builders' Coop. Home, 820 Douglas St.; office, 27 Reed St., Reading, Pa.
#SUFRIN, Abraham. (See Can- ada.)

#SUITOR, Fred W. Secy.-treas. Quarry W. Intl. U. of N. A. since 1910; corr. secy. Vt. Fed. of La- bor
since 1922; treas. Barre Cent. Labor U. Born Feb. 3, 1879, Leeds, Quebec. Father a farmer and miner.
Leeds Model sch., Leeds, Quebec; Tilton Sem., Til- ton, N. H. Went to work in cop- per mine at age of
9 as breaker boy; at 11 was tool boy in gran- ite quarry; later quarry man and quarry blacksmith. Fin.
secy. and bus. agt., br. 12, Quarry W., 1908-10; pres. vt. Fed. of Labor 1912-8. Politics independent.
Home, 222 Washington St.; of- fice, Scampini Bldg., Barre, Vt.
#SULGROVE, Leslie B. Lawyer; atty. in charge of Legal Bur. of Tacoma Cent. Labor Coun. since Mar.
1924. Born July 18, 1889, Helena, Mont. Father a news- writer. Prim., high sch., Helena; LL.B. Ind.
Law Sch. Spent 1920 in defense in criminal syndical- ism and other labor cases in Wash., Mont., and
Idaho. Chief deputy county atty., Butte, Mont. 1921, to resignation for present office. Member
Masons, Elks. Home, 208 N. Tacoma Ave.; of- fice, 300 City Hall Annex, Tacoma, Wash.

#SULLIVAN, Herbert William. Vice-pres. Intl. Bro. of Pulp, Sul- phite & Paper Mill W. of U. S. & Can.;
org. since 1917. Born Sept. 20, 1870, Chatham. N. B. Father a shoemaker. Gram. sch. Chat- ham.
Formerly carpenter, mill- wright, shipping foreman. Came to U. S. 1892. Member A. F. of L. since
1901. Member Pulp, Sul- phite & Paper Mill W. of U. S. & Can. since 1902. Treas. Berlin, N. H. Cent.
Labor U. 1910-6. La Follette-Wheeler elector, 1924; ac- tive in campaign. Member Moose. Home, 2
Courtland St., Worcester, Mass. (224)224 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO

#SULLIVAN, Jere 1J. Gen. secy.- treas. Hotel & Rest. Empl. Intl. All. & Bartenders' Intl. Lg. of A. since
1899. Born Jan. 3, 1863, Willamansett, Mass. Father a civil engineer, in paper industry- Pub.,
parochial sch., Willamansett. 2nd vice-pres. Hotel & Rest. Empl. Intl. All. & Bartenders' Intl. Lg. of A. 1
term. Politics independent. Office, 528 & 530 Wainut St., Cincinnati, Ohio.

#SULLIVAN, John Andrew. 2nd vice-pres. Intl. Bro. of Steam Shovel & Dredgemen since 1922;
excavating contractor. Born July 21, 1874, Forestville, Wis. Fa- ther a farmer. Gram. sch., For- estville.
Formerly a steam shovel engineer. Member of Intl. Bro. of Steam Shovel & Bredgemen since 1904;
bus. agt. dis Francisco, 1918-20. Member of C., Elks. Politics Progressive. Home, 521 S. Figueroa St.;
office, 1361H Sunset Blvd., Los Angeles, Calif.
#SULLIVAN, Michael Patrick. Exec. bd. Quarry W. Intl. U. of N. A. since 1915; vice-pres. Vt. Fed. of
Labor 1917-22, '23 to date; pres. Barre Cent. Labor U. since 1920; pres. br. 12, since 1912; granite
worker. Born Apr. 29, 1873, Fitchburg, Mass. Father a granite worker. Gram. sch., Fitchburg. Went to
work at age of 15 as a granite worker. Pres. Vt. Fed. of Labor 1922-3. Poli- tics progressive. Address,
Gran- iteville, Vt.

#SULLIVAN, Rose Sherry. Vice- pres. Telephone Op. Dept., Intl. Bro. of Electrical W. of A.; gen. org.
since 1918. Born June 1, 1896, Boston, Mass. Father a molder. Prim., gram., high. sch., Boston;
courses Boston Univ.; Univ. of Chicago; Bryn Mawr Summer Sch. Formerly telephone op.; exec. bd.
and officer loc. 1 a, Boston Telephone Op U.; pres. Boston Women's Trade U. Lg †del. Boston Cent.
Labor U. Con- ducted strikes and negotiated wage agreements for telephone operators in all parts of
U. S.; campaigned for various political candidates approved by labor; lobbied for 8-hr.-law, child
labor, and other legis. in Mass.; org. workers' educ. classes in Mont. Author: articles for official pub- '
lication of telephone operators, and newspaper articles for organ- ization work and strikes. For La
Folletteand Wheeler, 1924. Home, 8 Anderson St.; office, 1109 Tre- mont Bldg., Boston, Mass.

#SULLIVAN, William L. Sheet- metal worker; gen. secy.-treas. Amal. Sheet Metal W. Intl. since 1919.
Born Oct. 21, 1883, Taun- ton, Mass. Father a plumber. Prim., gram. sch., Taunton. Bus. agt. loc. 16,
1912-7; pres. Port- lafid.i Ore., Bldg. Trades Coun., 1915-&; Ben. org. Sheet Metal W. 1917-9.
Member Moose. Home, Boston, Mas?.: office, 642 Trans- portation Bldg.,, Washington, D. C.
#SUMNER, Charles' £»-^_ treas., Intl. Stereotypers' & tro. U. of N. A., since 1916. Born Apr. 12,
1873, Lawrence, Kan. Father a carpenter. Prim. sch., Kansas City, Mo., and Leaven- worth, Kan.;
gram. sch. to 6th grade, Kansas City; LL.B., Kansas City Sch. of Law, 1899. Worked as stereotyper 20
yrs.; vice-pres dist. union, 1898; secy.-treas

 1899; vice-pres. Intl. Stereotypers' & Electro. U. 1909-16. Secy. City Club of Kansas City, 1910-5; Pub.
Utilities Comssn., Kansas City 1910-1; cand. for Cong, from 5th Mo. dist. on Bull Moose ticket, 1912;
Draft Appeal Bd. for west- ern dist. of Mo.; Bd. of Free- holders of Kansas City to frame new city
charter, 1924. Member Masons, Knights Templar, Shrm- ers. Democrat. Address. 3110 Olive St.,
Kansas City, Mo. (225)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 225

#SWABECK, Ante. Dist. org. Workers' P. since 1922. Born Sept. 4, 1890, Hillerod, Denmark. Father a
preacher. Gram, sen., Hillerod; trade sch., Copenhagen, and Munich, Germany. Painter, 1905-20; ed.
Social Demokraten, Chicago, I1l., 1920-1; ed. The Voice of Labor, 1921; del. from Painters' loc. 300 to
Seattle Cent. Labor Coun. 2 yrs. and from Painters' loc. 194 to Chicago Fed. of Labor, 2 yrs. Home,
1751 N. Troy St.; office, R. 303, 166 W. Washington St., Chicago, Hl.
#SWARTZ, Liuther Endsley. Chief collector Natl. Assn. of Let- ter Carriers since 1917; del. A. F. of L.
conv. since 1917; letter car- rier. Born May 11, 1871, Henry County, 11l. Father a Meth. min- ister.
Prim, sch., Marlboro, Ohio, and La Bette, Kan.; gram, sch., Moran, Kan.; high sch., Nappanee, Ind.
Formerly a newsboy, farm- er, sch. teacher. Secy. Chicago br. Natl. Assn. of Letter Carriers 1905-10;
vice-pres. 1914-7. Ac- tive in publicity for enactment of law retiring U. S. Civil Service employees on
annuity. Republi- can. Home, 1540 Pratt Blvd., Chi- cago, I1l.; office, 325 Stahlman Bldg., Nashville,

#SWART7, Maud. Pres. Natl. Women's Trade U. Lg. since 1922; workingwomen's compensation
adviser, N. Y. Formerly a proof- reader. Secy, and vice-pres. Intl. Fed. of Working Women 4 yrs.
Employed by N. Y. Women's Trade U. Lg. to advise and repre- sent women injured in industry, before
the workingmen's compen- sation comssn.; only woman not a lawyer doing this work in U. S.
Member Intl. Typographical U., loc. 6. Office, 247 Lexington Ave., New York, N. Y.

#SWEENEY, Thomas. Secy.- treas. Jn. Tailors' U. of A. since 1888; ed. The Tailor since 1915. Was
member of Amal. Soc. of Tailors, England, for about 10 yrs.; pres. several yrs. After com- ing to U. S.
joined Knights of Labor; was Master Workman. Member Jn. Tailors' U. of A. since organization, 1883;
gen. org. for several yrs.; organized locals in Toronto, Detroit, and Grand Rap- ids, and conducted
strikes in those cities. Socialist. Office, 6753 Stony Island Ave., Chicago, 11l.
#SYLVESTER, John Henry. Sr. vice-grand-pres. Bro. of Ry. & Steamship Clerks, Freight H., E. & S. E.
since 1922; vice-grand- presi western dist. 1919-22; ry. clerk. Born Apr. 22, 1883, Pasco, Wash.
Father a r. r. blacksmith. Gram, sch., Pasco, Wash. Began tending switch lights at age of 16; worked
in ice house; extra gang laborer; cableman on work train; pitman, steam shovel watchman, fireman
on steam- shovel; work-train brakeman; proprietor of r. r. eating house 1902; call boy and yard clerk
1903-8; cigar and tobacco bus. 1909-14; pres. Sylvester Realty Co., Pasco, 1912-5. Justice of Peace,
Pasco, 4 yrs.; twice mayor of Pasco on organized labor ticket, 1912-3; secured passage of minimum
wage ordinance on all pub. work, and repeal of $3 poll tax on workers; labor cand. for state senator,
indorsed by Wash. Fed. of Labor, 1912; defeated in state by small majority but car- ried home
county; deputy county assessor in 1914. R. r. yard clerk 1917-7. Pres. Pasco Cent. Labor Coun. 1917;
asst. car distributor North. Pac. Ry.; gen. clerk in supt.'s office 1918-9; sr. vice-gen.- chair., North.
Pac. System Bd. of Adjustment, 1917-9; assigned to represent Bro. of Ry. Clerks be- chair. grand div.
3, 1923-4. Joined fore U. S. R. R. Labor Bd. 1922; Bro. of Ry. Clerks, Pasco lodge 372, 1st lodge in

#TANSEY, James. Pres. Amer. Fed. of Textile Op.; pres. Fall River, Mass. Textile Coun.; secy., bus. agt.,
Card Room Protective Assn. Born 1864, Rochdale, Lan- cashire, England. Father a cot- ton mill
operative. Prim, sch., Rochdale. Formerly a cotton mill operative in weaving, spinning, picking, and
carding depts. Pres. Un. Textile W. of A. 1901-3; 1st vice-pres. 1903-15. Represented labor on several
comts. during war, dealing with Liberty bonds, and Fuel Comssn.; loc. comts. for city's welfare.
Author: annual report of pres. Un. Textile W. of A. 1900-3; of investigations of conditions in southern
mills 1905, '23; of pres Amer. Fed. of Textile Op. 1916 to date. Member Amer. Fed. of Textile Op.,
Fed. Textile U. Home, 76 Warren St.; office, 142 2 St., Fall River, Mass.

#TAYLOR, Claude Othello. Pres. Mich. Musicians' Assn. since 1916; secy. loc. 56, Amer. Fed. of Musi-
cians; rec. secy. loc. 415, Hotel & Restaurant Empl. Intl. All. & Bar- tenders' Intl. Lg. of A.; ed. The
Observer since 1908; publ. and musician. Born Sept. 5, 1875, Tal- madge, Mich. Father a carpenter.
Dist. sch., near Grand Rapids, Mich. Engine oiler at 10 yrs. of age, during vacations; messenger boy,
cash boy in dry goods store, inker in shoe factory, waiter in summer resort, porter, barber. Pres. Jn.
Barbers' Intl. U. loc. 8, 1906-10; secy. 1911; secy. Grand Rapids Trades & Labor Coun., 1908-9; pres.
1910-5, 1923-4; pres. Mich. Fed. of Labor, 1912-6; org. locals for Bartenders at Saginaw and
Escanaba, Mich.; for Plaster- ers, Bldg. Laborers and Fed. of Labor at Muskegon; Musicians' U. at
Battle Creek; Women's U. La- bel Lg. at Grand Rapids. Mem- ber K. of C., Hibernians, Moose. Home,
325 Ann St. N. E.; office, 130% Lyon St. N. W., Grand Rap- ids, Mich.
#TAYLOR, C. U. 12th Intl. vice- pres. Amal. Assn. of Street & Elec. Ry. Empl. of A. since 1921; pres. loc.
757 since 1921; vice- pres. Ore. Fed. of Labor. Born Mar. 20, 1880, Warrick County, Ind. Father a
farmer. Pub. sch., Warrick County until 1896. Went to Ore. 1907. Home, 675 Rex Ave.; office, 821
Electric Bldg., Port- land, Ore.

#TAYLOR, James A. Vice-pres. Intl. Assn. of Machinists since 1921. Born Sept . 15, 1875, Wash-
ington, Ind. Father a stationary engineer. Gram, sch., Washing- ton, Ind. Machinist 1888-1909. Bus.
agt. dist. 26, Intl. Assn. of Machinists, 1909-14; intl. org., 1914-21. Del. A. F. of L. 1913-8. Member
exec. bd. Pacific Coast Metal Trades; pres. Seattle Metal Trades Coun. 1917-20; rep. Metal Trades U.
of northwest on U. S. Ship Bldg. Labor Adjustment Bd. 1917. Rep. Ship Yard Empl. of U. S. on Bd. of
Appeals, Washing- ton and Philadelphia, 1918; as- sisted in settlement of shipyard and gen. strike
1919. Participated in all wage adjustments for ship- yard employees on Pacific Coast during World
War. Home, 1207 E. 55 St., Seattle, Wash.; office, Machinists' Bldg., Washington, D. C.
#TAYIX>R, John Tyler. Pres. Alld. Printing Trades Coun., De- troit, since 1920; pres. Web Pressmen's
U. 13, 1917-21, and since 1924; exec. bd. Detroit Fed. of Labor since Mar. 1924; mem- ber natl.
comt. Labor Defense Coun. since 1923; recorder's court clerk since 1924. Born Oct. 12, 1893,
Omaha, Neb. Father a hotel proprietor. Com. scn., Kansas City, Mo.; special courses in Eng- lish,
history and composition, De- troit. Apprenticed as pressman at age of 15, Kansas City Star; worked at
trade 15 yrs. Pres. De- troit Fed. of Labor 1920-3. Joined Socialist P. 1910; Farmer-Labor P. 1918;
now progressive Repub- lican. Member Intl. Printing Pressmen's & Assts'. U. of N. A.; Odd Fellows.
Home, 2931 Ward Pl.; office. Municipal Courts Bldg., Detroit, Mich.
#TAY1iOR, William C. Legls. rep. Bro. of R. R. Trainmen for Ala.; engine foreman. Born in McKenzie,
Ala. Father a farmer. Elem. and high sch., McKenzie; Univ. of Ala.; Ala. Law Sch. 2 yrs. Mason. Home,
204 Emman- uel St.; office, c/o L. & N. R. R. Co., Mobile, Ala.

#TEIGAN, Henry George. Secy, to U. S. Senator Magnus John- son 1923-5. Born Aug. 7, 1881, Forest
City, Iowa. Father a farm- er. High sch., Luther Acad., Min- neapolis; A. B., Valparaiso Univ., 1908.
Teacher; ed.; secy. Natl. Non-Partlsan Lg., 1916-23; mgr. campaign which resulted in elec- tion of
Magnus Johnson to U. S. Senate. Author: many articles for newspapers and magazines on po- litical
movt. of farmers and work- ers of northwest; contributed articles on Natl. Non-Partlsan Lg. to
American Labor Year Book. Member Amer. Fed. of Musicians; Farmer-Labor Fed. of Minn. Farmer-
Labor P. Home, 905 6 St., S. E., Minneapolis, Minn.; office, 125 Senate Office Bldg., Washington, D. C.

#TENHVNEN, Mattl. Gen. bus. mgr., Tyomies Soc. since 1914; gen. bus. mgr. Tyomies Foreign
Exchange Co., Workers' Banking Inst.; pres. Coop. Cent. Exchange, wholesale and educ. organiza-
tion; pres. Workers' Mutual Sav- ings Bank, Superior, Wis.; mem- ber Federated Press Bd.; member
Daily Worker Pub. Co. bd. Born Dec. 1, 1887, Kiuruvesi, Finland. Father a lumberman. Pub. sch. 4 yrs.
Finland. Came to U. S. 1905. Went to work as lumber jack at 11 yrs. of age; from 17 to 20 a miner;
driver for grocer un- til 23 yrs. old; mgr. Tyomies Soc. to 1914. Member Fed. Labor U. 17642, A. F. of
L. Workers' P. Home, 1114 Cummings Ave.; of- fice, Box 553, Superior, Wis.
#TESAR, John W. Tailor; gen. exec. bd. Jn. Tailors' U. of A.; bus. agt. loc. 11, St. Louis, Mo. Born Nov.
27, 1887, St. Louis, Mo. Fa- ther a cooper. Gram. sch., St. Louis. Rec. secy. loc. 11, 1922-4. Home,
1118 Lafayette Ave.; office, 14 S. 9 St., St. Louis, Mo.
#TESSITORE, Alphonse. Wood- carver; trustee of cent. comt. of Intl. Wood-carvers' Assn. of N. A.
Born Jan. 24, 1878. Gissl, (Chieti) Italy. Father a merchant. Pub. sch., Italy. Clerk in registry and tax
collections office in Gissi and Breno, Italy, 6 yrs. Came to U. S. 1900. Home 4590 Park Ave.; of- fice.
Labor Temple, 84 St. & 2 Ave., New York, N. Y.

#THOMAS, Henry. Secy. Des Moines Trades & Labor Assem.; secy.-treas. Iowa Conf. of Paint- ers
since 1921. Born Aug. 20, 1879, Winneconne, Wis. Father a painter. Prim. sch., Emmetsburg, Iowa;
gram. sch., Ruthven, Iowa; high sch., Newton, Iowa. Painter and decorator. Secy. Bro. of (228)228
AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Painters, Decorators & Paperh. o A., loc., 246, 1914-24. Membe:
Maccabees. Home, 218 Astor St. office, 106 6 Ave., Des Moines Iowa.
#THOMAS, Lewelyn R. Pattern maker; draftsman; comssnr. o conciliation, U. S. Dept. of Labor since
1917; gen. exec. bd., Pat- tern Mkrs.' Lg. Of N. A. since 1912. Born July 21, 1859, Catas- qua, Pa.
Father a pattern maker and foundry mgr. Prim. sch. Mauch Chunk; gram, sch., Pitts- burgh. Gen.
pres. Pattern Mkrs. Lg., 1894-1902; secy.-treas. Metal Trades Fed., 1904-6; ed. Iron City Trade
Journal, 1908; bus. agt. Pattern Mkrs.' Assn., 1906-7; ar- bitrator in labor controversies; helped in
miners' and street ry. men's strikes, and in others since 1917. Author: numerous pamph- lets on
labor subjects, reports of Comssn. of Conciliation, and edi- torials in Pattern Makers' Jour- nal and
Iron City Trade Journal. Member K. of P., Moose. Home, 11 10 St., Ocean City, N. J.; of- fice, Dept. of
Labor, Washington, D. C.

#THOMAS, Norman M. Exec. dir., Lg. for Indust. Democ. Born Nov. 20, 1884, Marlon, Ohio. Fa- ther a
clergyman. Pub. and high sch., Marion; A. B., Princeton, 1905; B.D., Union Theological Sem. 1911.
Asso. pastor Brick Presbyterian Church; minister E. Harlem Presbyterian Church and dir. Amer.
Parish; ed. The World Tomorrow; asso. ed. The Nation; ed. The Leader. Socialist and Amer. Labor P.
cand. for gov. of New York, 1924. Author: The Conscientious Objector in Ameri- ca, 1923; The
Challenge of War, 1923, a pamphlet; numerous leafiets on various questions. Mem- ber Press
Writers' U. Socialist. Home, 206 E. 18 St.; office, 70 5 Ave., New York, N. Y.

#THOMPSON, Carl Dean. Ed. Public Ownership; secy. Pub. Ownership Lg. of A. Born Mar. 24, 1870,
Berlin, Mich. Father a farmer. A.B., Gates Coll., 1895; B.D., Chicago Theological Sem., 1898; A.M.,
Chicago Univ., 1900. Congregational minister; in Wis. Legis., 1907-9; city clerk of Mil- waukee, 1910-
2; dir. Information and Research Dept., Socialist P., 1912-6; Chautauqua and Lyceum lecturer; pub.
ownership adviser, pub. utility expert and magazine writer. Author: Public Owner- ship, 1925;
Municipal Electric Light and Power Plants in the U. S. and Canada, 1922; Public Ownership of
Raiiroads, 1918; Public Ownership, 1924; various leafiets. Member Office Empl., A. F. of L. Politics
independent. Home, 4131 N. Keeler Ave.; office, 127 N. Dearborn St., Chicago, 11l.
#THOMPSON, James Calvin. Pres. Ark. br. Farm Labor U. of A. since organization 1922. Born Dec. 17,
1867, Conway, Ark. Fa- ther a farmer. Self-educated. Made r. r. crossties from age of iS to 30, then
bought and sold ties and lumber for about 12 yrs.; ed. 2 labor papers; American Manhood, 1908-9,
and The Tex- arkana Socialist, 1910-5; lectured for labor movt.; farmed from 1919 until elected to
present office. Member Socialist P., 1900-22; for- mer member Knights of Labor, Bro. of Timber W.
Address, Nashville, Ark.
#THOMPSON, Willard H. Ed. Journal of Switchmen's Union of V. A. since 1909. Born Jan. 27, 1859,
Momence, 11l. Father a wa- â€on and buggy maker and farm- er. Country sch., 11l.; A.B., Ew- ng
Coll., 1886. Farmer; bridge carpenter on r. r.; country sch. eacher; brakeman; conductor; iwitchman;
asst. yard master. Home, 23 Victoria Ave., office, 39 W. North St., Buffalo, N. Y. (229)AMERlCAN

#THORNTON, George Edward. Printer; pres. Iowa Alld. Print- ing Trades Coun. since 1921; del. Trades
Assem., Des Moines, since 1920. Born Nov. 17, 1875, Jeffer- son, Iowa. Father a laborer. High sch.,
Minden, Neb. Helped org. state Printing Trades Coun., Burlington, 1921. Member Intl. Typographical
U. loc. 118. Pro- gressive. Home, 1727 10 St.; of- fice, Labor Temple, Des Moines, Iowa.
#THORPE, John T. Vice-pres. Intl. Assn. of Machinists since 1921. Born in Hamilton, Canada, Father a
blacksmith. Prim, sch., Hamilton and Stratford, Can.; gram, sch., Albuquerque, N. M. Apprenticed as
machinist at 13 yrs.; 1st strike with Amer. Rail- way U. in 1894; helped in many since in "West. Bus.
agt. Machin- ists' lodge 68, 1915; grand lodge org., 1916. Author: reports and articles for Machinists'
Journal. Member Intl. Assn. of Machinists for 23 yrs. Politics non-partisan. Home, 1429 Hyde St.;
office, 752 Pacific Bldg., San Francisco, Calif.

#TTERNAN, George Francis. Ry. express worker; chair, org. comt. and publicity comt., Ry. Ex- press
Workers. Born Nov. 2, 1882, New York. Father a res- taurant keeper. Pub. sch., New York. Advertising
mgr.; chief claim adjuster; realtor. Treas., Lcng Island Express lodge 2147, Bro. of Ry. & Steamship
Clerks, Freight H., E. & S. E. 1920-3; gen. chair. Alld. Express lodges, N. Y. dist. bd. of Adjustment,
1921-2; chair, grand exec. bd., 1923-4; member bd. dir. Ry. Clerks' Bldg. Co., 1923-4; chair, of intl.
exec. bd. which handied 5 R. R. strikes; helped in express and ry. strikes and walkouts in N. Y. and N.
J. Charter appli- cant Bro. of Ry. Clerks' Natl. Bank. Home, Rockaway Park, L. I.; office, 149 5 St., Long
Island City, N. Y.

#TIGHE, M. F. Pres. Amah Assn. of Iron, Steel & Tin W. of N. A. Office, 510 4 Ave., Pitts- burgh, Pa.

#TINGLE, S. S. Instr. mechan- ical drafting; pres. St. Paul Men Teachers' Fed.; secy. St. Paul La- bor
Coll. Born 1891, Waldron, Mich. Father a farmer. Prim, sch., Montpelier, Ohio; gram, sch., Colorado
Springs, Colo.; high sch., Battle Creek, Mich.; Univ. of Mich. Mechanical draftsman; member civic
comt., Trades & Labor Assem. Author: Cost of Living Report, 1920; nu- merous newspaper articles.
Mem- ber Men Teachers' Fed. 43, Ma- sons, Minn. Farmer-Labor P. Home, 1229 Lincoin St.; office,
Labor Temple, Franklin St., St. Paul, Minn.
#TEPPETT, Thomas. Corr. and bus. mgr. Federated Press. Born Oct. 27, 1894. Peoria, 11l. Fathef a
minister. Pub. and high sch., Peoria. Coal miner; org. Amal. Clothing W. of A., steel strike, and Farmer-
Labor P., 1920; held several offices in Un. Mine W. of A.; spoke all over U. S. in behalf of a new trial in
Mooney case. Member Un. Mine W. of A. Home, 1238 Judson St., Highland Park, Ravinla; office, 511
N. Peoria St., Chicago, 11l.
#TOBIN, Daniel Joseph. Pres. Intl. Bro. of Teamsters, Chauf- feurs, S. & H. since 1907; treas. and exec.
coun. A. F. of L. dnce 1917; exec. comt. Natl. Civic Fed. 1907 until resignation, 1923. Born 1875,
Ireland. Father a storekeeper. Elem. sch., Ireland. Came to U. S. 1890. Night sch., Cambridge, Mass.
Went to work at age of 12 yrs. Worked in tin shop, as a street car employee, as a teamster. Member
Intl. Bro. of Teamsters, Chauffeurs, S. & J* (230)230 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO since 1901;
officer of loc. 25, Bos- ton, 1902-7. Del. from A. F. of L. to British Trades U. Cong., 1911; del. Intl. Fed.
of Trade U. Cong., Amsterdam. 1918. Aided in vari- ous labor adjustments during war; member Pres.
Wilson's In- dust. Conf. 1919. Rep. A. F. of L. to 3rd Pan-Amer. Labor Conv., Mexico City, 1921. Office,
222 E. Michigan St., Indianapolis, Ind. 'TODD, Laurence. Dir. Wash- ington Bur., Federated Press,
since 1921; staff corr. since 1920. Born Dec. 15, 1882, Nottawa, Mich. Father a civil engineer and
farmer. Prim. sch., Nottawa; gram. sch., Colon; high sch., Ann Arbor; student, literary dept., Univ. of
Mich. 1905-8. Farm worker, newswriter; labor ed., San Francisco Daily News, 1909- 12; state capitol
corr. for Scripps papers of Calif., 1912; member Senate staff of United Press, 1913; member staff Intl.
#TOKOI, Oskarl. Ed. Raivaaja, Finnish newspaper. Born May 15, 1873, Kannus, Finland. Father a
farmer. Pub. sch., 1881-5, Kan- nus. Miner, 1891-1900; farmer, 1900-12; member Finnish Diet, 1907-
18; speaker, 1913; vice- speaker, 1914; prime minister, 1917; minister of food in revolu- tionary
govt., 1918; pres. Gen. Fed. of Trades Unions of Fin- land, 1912-8. Came to U. S. 1st time 1891-1900;
2nd time 1921. Member Stone Cutters' U. of Fin- land, 1910-8. Socialist. Home, 24 Goodwin St.;
office, 48 Wallace Ave., Fitchburg, Mass.

#TORKA, John M. 3rd vice- pres. Natl. Fed. of P. O. Clerks; fin. secy. N. Y. P. O. Clerks' U. loc. 10. Born
July 31, 1892, Brook- lyn, N. Y. Father a cooper. St. Antony's parochial sch. Brooklyn. Rec. secy., N. Y.
P. O. Clerks' U., 1916-7; trustee, 1918-9; helped in- crease membership of N. Y. loc. from few in 1916
to 3,000 to date; appeared before U. S. Senate comt. on Post Offices and Post Roads, 1922, urging
reduction of night work in postal service; be- fore jt. sub-comt., U. S. Senate and House of Rep.,
1924, for in- crease of salary for P. O. clerks; del. natl. conv. Natl. Fed. of P. O. Clerks, Memphis,
Tenn., 1917; Washington, D. C., 1919; Minne- apolis, Minn., 1921; El Paso, Tex., 1923. Member
Woodmen of the World. Home, 596 Humboldt St., Brooklyn; office, 12 St. Mark's Pl., New York, N. Y.
#TRACHTENBERG, Alexander. Statistician and educl. worker. Born Nov. 23, 1885, Odessa, Rus- sia.
Father a bus. man. Prim, and gram. sch., Odessa. Emigrat- ed to U. S. for political reasons, 1906.
Trinity Coll., Yale Univ. While in coll., active in radical student activities; pres. Trinity Socialist Soc.
1910-1; pres. Yale Socialist Soc., 1911-3; pres. Yale Cosmopolitan Club, 1913-4; secy. Yale Grad.
Economics Club, 1914- 5; org. and treas. Collegiate Anti- Militarist Lg., 1914-5; del. to Intl. Cong, of
Students "Corda Fra- tres," 1913; del. to annual Inter- coll. Socialist Soc. confs., 1909-15; active in
Amer. Socialist movt. since 1906; secy. Russian Social- Democrats of N. Y., 1907-8. Mem- ber Socialist
P. 1906-20; Workers' Coun., 1920-1; Workers' P. since 1921; secy. Amer. Labor A11. for Russian
Recognition, 1921-2. In- (231)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 23l str. and dir. Research dept. Rand
Sch. of Social Science, 1915-21; member bd. dir. Rand Sch., 1920- 1; dir. dept. of Records and Re-
search, Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U., 1920-2; member bd. mgrs. New York Call, 1916-20; del. natl.
conv. Socialist P., 1919-20; mem- ber Conn, and N. Y. comt., Social- ist P. 1913-20; cand. for pub. of-
fice on Socialist ticket in N. Y. 1915-20; member cent. exec. comt. Workers' P., 1921-3; del. 4th Cong.
#TRACY, William. Secy.-treas. Un. Brick & Clay W. of A.; ed. The Union Clay Worker. Office, 327 S.
LoSalle St., Chicago, 11l.

#TRACY, William J. Secy.-treas. Bldg. Trades Dept., A. F. of L., since Jan. 1925. Active in trade union
movt. 25 yrs.; member Un. Assn. of Plumbers & Steam F. of U. S. & Can.; held every office in loc. 123,
Philadelphia; was pres. of Philadelphia Bldg. Trades Coun. Magistrate in Municipal Court,
Philadelphia, 1911-8; was chief of Pa. State Bur. of Mediation and Arbitration; comssnr. of concilia-
tion, U. S. Dept. of Labor, 1924. Office, 500-5, A. F. of L. Bldg., Washington, D. C.

#TRAPP, John W. Exec. coun. Un. Leather W. Intl. U.; trunk- maker. Born Oct. 3, 1874, Louis- ville, Ky.
Father a cooper. Elem. scn., Louisville. Went to work at harness and saddiery trade at age of 11;
trunkmaker 1888-92, and since 1899; longshoreman 1892-9. Served 9 mos. in Span.-Amer. War. Fin.
secy. loc. 1, Travelers' Goods and Leather W. Intl. U. 1900-4; 1st and 2nd intl. vice- pres. 1911-7;
Pacific coast org. for Un. Leather W. Intl. U. dur- ing World War. Socialist or in- dependent voter.
Member Mod- ern Woodmen; Odd Fellows; Royal Neighbors of A.; Un. Span- ish War Veterans.
Home, 1042 Byram St., Los Angeles, Calif.
#TREAT, Miner Selden. Printer; secy. Bridgeport, Conn., Cent. La- bor U.; pres. Intl. Printing Press-
men's & Assts.' U. of N. A. loc. 175 since 1919; secy. Alld. Print- ing Trades Coun. of Bridgeport, since
1922. Born Sept. 15, 1891, Middietown, Conn. Father a mold- er. Gram. and high scn., Middie- town.
Secy. Pressmen's loc. 175, 1915-7; pres. Cent. Labor U., 1919-22; pres. Alld. Trades Coun., 1919-22.
World War Veteran; wounded in Argonne drive. So- cialist P. Home, 65 East Ave.; office, 27 Cannon
St., Bridgeport, Conn.
#TRESCA, Carlo. Ed. 11 Mar- tello, and lecturer. Born Mar. 9, 1879, Sulmona, Italy. Father a
landowner. Prim., gram., high sen., Italy. Came to U. S., 1904. Secy. Italian Fed. of Raiiroad W., 1898-
1902; secy. Italian Socialist Fed. of N. A. 1904-7; ed. 11 Germe, Socialist weekly, Abruzzi, Italy; ed. 11
Proletario, 1904-7; ed. La Plebe, 1907-9; ed. L'Avvenire, 1909-17, suppressed under espion- age act.
Unofficially took part in Westmoreland, Pa., strike of Un. Mine W. of A., 1908; Lawrence, Mass,
textile strike, 1912; hotel workers' gen. strike, New York, 1912; Little Falls textile strike, 1912;
Paterson, N. J., textile strike, 1912-3; Calumet Copper Miners' strike, 1912; Iron Range, (232)232
AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Minn., general strike, 1916; ar- rested many times during Pater- son
strike; tried for treason and acquitted; arrested during New York hotel workers strike; tried for
disorderly conduct and ac- quitted; arrested many times in Minn., imprisoned for 9 mos., charged
murder 1st degree, re- leased without trial; arrested in I. W. W. espionage case, 1917, re- leased;
arrested Aug. 1923, on charge of printing advertisement of birth control pamphlet; tried Oct. 1923,
found guilty, sentenced to Atlanta for 1 yr. and 1 day; sentence confirmed Nov. 10, 1924; entered

#TROTTER, William Robert. 2nd vice pres. Intl. Typographical U.; printer. Born May 26, 1870,
Morpeth, Northumberland Coun- ty, England. Father a stone ma- son and sculptor. Elem. scn.,
Northumberland. Went to Can- ada. Del. A. F. of L., Norfolk, 1907. Immigration rep. Trades & Labor
Cong, of Canada 1907-18; immigration comssnr. to Great Britain 1907-9. Labor cand. for British
Columbia Legls., Van- couver City. Member Fed. Labor P. of Vancouver; Canadian fra- ternal del. to
British Labor P., Hull, 1908, Portsmouth, 1909. Au- thor: two special reports on "Mis- representation
to Intending Immi- grants to Canada," following in- vestigations in Great Britain and Ireland, 1908, '9.
Home, 959 11 Ave. E., Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; office, 611 Bankers' Trust Bldg.,
Indianap- olis, Ind.

#TULLOCH, Ethel Kssolstyn. Writer and church worker; 2nd vice-pres. Natl. Fed. of P. O. Clerks' since
1921; ed. Woman's Page of Union Pos- tal Clerk, since 1917; del. San Diego County Fed. Trades and
Labor Coun. Born Aug. 11, 1885, Rockville, Md. Fa- ther a bookkeeper. Natl. Park Sem., Forest Glen,
Md. Secy. loc. 197, Natl. Fed. of P. O. Clerks, 1916-9; Southern Calif. org. 1918- 9; 5th vice-pres.,
1919-20. Au- thor: several pamphlets for Natl. Fed. of P. O. Clerks; Our Inheri- tance in the. Miracles,
1924. Mem- ber Soc. of the Nazarene. Ad- dress, 2243 Front St., San DiegOi Calif.

#TURNER, Glenn Patterson. Lawyer; secy. Wis. Conf. for Prog. Pol. Act. since 1924; treas. Madi- son
loc., Intl. Assn. of Machin- ists. Born May 4, 1889, Stock- bridge, Wis. Father a Meth. clergyman.
Gram. sen., W. Allis, Wis.; high sch., Milwaukee; at- tended Univ. of Wis., 1909-11; LL.B., Univ. of
Wis. Law Sch., 1916. Salesman, machinist; So- cialist assemblyman, 10th dist., Milwaukee, 1916-7;
1st org. for Wis. Non-Partisan Lg., 1917-9; legis. rep. Wis. Fed. of Labor, 1919; del. natl. Conf. Prog.
Pol. Act., 1923-4. Law thesis, Free Speech, 1916. Member Intl. Asan. of Machinists, Moose, K. of P.,
Woodmen of the World, Phi Del- ta Phi, Meth. Epis. church. Poli- tics progressive, formerly Social- ist
P. Home, 155 Brittingham Pl.; office, 119 W. Main St., Madi- son, Wis.
#TURNER, Jennie Willing (Mc- Mullin), (Mrs. Glenn Turner). Itinerant teacher trainer, Wis. Bd. of
Vocational Educ. Born Jan. 4, 1885, Sullivan County, Ind. Fa- ther a farmer. Gram. sch., Farm- ersberg;
high sch., Terre Haute; Ind. Normal, 1905; Ph.B., Univ. of Chicago, 1907; A. M., Univ. of Wis., 1913;
Ph.D., Univ. of Wis., (233)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 233 1922. Helped in boarding house and
with sewing from factory while in high sch.; clerical work in office of county auditor; teacher in
grades, high, and state normal, Terre Haute, 1903-13; asst. in Wis. Legis. Reference Library, 1914- 20;
research asst., Wis. Bd. of Educ. 1921-3; asst. in teacher training, Wis. Bd. of Vocational Educ., 1923-
4; one of 4 reps. of labor on Wis. Minimum Wage Bd. since 1918; also on state comt. advisory to U.
S. Employment Ser- vice during the war; asst. org. Madison women workers during war, and of
Madison Teachers' Fed. Jt. author: with McCarthy, Swan and McMullin, of Elemen- tary Civics, 1923;
with John R. Commons and others, Industrial Government, 1922; Survey of Wis- consin's Part Time
Schools, 1921- 3. Author: Apprentice Educa- tion, Fedi. Bd. of Vocational Educ., Bulletin 87, 1923;
various magazine and newspaper articles on educ., labor, legal status of women; Doctor's thesis. The

#TTJVTM, Abraham. Promotion dept., ORT Reconstruction Fund since Jan. 1925. Born May 10, 1894,
New York. Father in fruit and produce bus. Gram. sch., Brooklyn. Socialist P. loc. campaign mgr. 2
yrs.; dir. Am- nesty demonstrations in Washing- ton, 1920-1; Socialist lecture tour, natl. office, 1920;
org. Natl. Debs Defense Fund, Chicago, 1920; exec. for Comt. to Combat Reac- tion in ouster of New
York So- cialist assemblymen, 1920; exec. to Jean Longuet's Amer. tour, 1923; connected with Intl.
Ladies' Garment W. U., gen. office. New York, 1919-24; bus. mgr. Justice; field org. and publicity agt.;
pro- motion mgr. Intl. U. Bank, New York, 1924; asst. dir. finance, onf. Prog. Pol. Act., New York div.,
1924. Member Socialist P. since 1910. Home, 2076 Bryant Ave.; office, 7 E. 15 St., New York, N. Y. U
#UMSTADTER, Philip. Pres. Pressmen's U. 51, Intl. Printing Pressmen's & Assts.' U. of N. A., 1917-8,
'22 to date; del. New York Cent. Trades & Labor Coun. since 1915; secy.-treas. Interstate Press- Eoom
Coun. since 1921; chair., Westchester County, N. Y., Farm- er-Labor P. since 1920; exec. comt. Amer.
Labor P. since 1922. Born Sept. 8, 1877, New York. Father a bricklayer. Pub. sch., New York. Learned
mechanic's trade; a printing pressman in magazine and printing concerns; in bldg. bus. 1903-4;
printers' ink sales- man, 1919. Wrote special articles dealing with 44-hr.-movt. in print- ing trades;
drew up resolutions for 44-hr.-week introduced in all convs. of printing trades, 1914-6; fathered
movt. for 44-hrs. in all printing trades, beginning Oct. 1, 1919. Initiated fund that bought building for
Pressmen at 22 W. 16 St., New York. Served in Span- ish-Amer. War; N. Y. Natl. Guard. 8th Regiment,
8 yrs.; active in Pastime Athl. Club 1894-1910, as athlete and capt. of track team; afterwards
member and official of A. A. U.; active in promoting athl (234)234 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO
games. On N. Y. exec. comt. Pro- gressive P. 1924; cand. for Cong. Member Yonkers Volunteer Fire-
men, Printers' Square Club, Workingmen's Sick & Death Ben. Fund. Home, 61 Vernon Ave., Yonkers;

#UNTERMANN, Ernest. Foreign affairs ed., The Milwaukee Lead- er, since 1921. Born Nov. 6, 1864,
Soldin, Brandenburg, Ger- many. Father an imperial privy councillor. High scn., Buch- sweiler, Colmar,
Berlin, 1870-80; univ. of Berlin, 1888; attended Chicago Art Inst., 1916-7. For- merly a navigator,
mining geolo- gist; had charge of geological sur- veys in western states; gathered animals and plants
for Darwin- ian research in Africa, S. Ameri- ca, W. Indies, Florida, and South Seas. Natl. exec. comt .
Socialist P. 1908-10; Socialist P. cand. for gov. of Idaho, 1910; for U. S. Senator from Calif. 1912.
Author: The World's Revolutions, 1906; Science and Revolution, 1906; Marxian Economics, 1908;
Marx- ism and Logic. 1910; translator, Capital, 3 vols., by Karl Marx, 1908-9; works of Frederick En-
gels, Josef Dietzgen, Wilhelm Boelsche, Enrico Ferri, and An- tonio Labriola. Home, 1496 9 St.; office,
R. 214, Brisbane Hall, 528 Chestnut St., Milwaukee, Wis.
#VACLAV, Abraham. Ed. Ob- rana (Defense), Workers' P. Czechoslovak weekly; pres. Ob- rama Publ.
Assn., Inc.; ladies' tailor. Born Mar. 8, 1890, Osvra- cin, Czechoslovakia. Father a la- borer. Gram. scn.,
Osvracin; trade sch., Vienna, Austria. Mem- ber Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U.; Workers' P. Home, 602
E. 140 St., Bronx; office, 326 E. 73 St., New York, N. Y.

#VALENTI, Girolamo. Org. Amer. Shoe W. Protective U. since Sept. 1924. Born Apr. 16, 1892,
Valguarnera, Italy. Father a sul- phur mine owner. Elem. sch., Val- guarnera; high sch., coll., Cata- nia,
Italy. Began work in office 1910. Came to U. S. 1911. Org. Italian Socialist Fed. 1913-6; org. Amal.
Clothing W. of A. 1916-7; ed. Avanti, organ of Italian So- cialist Fed., 1917-9; ed. La Folia 1919-20;
org. Italian Chamber of Labor 1920-1; secy. Italian Social- ist Fed. and ed. La Parola del Popolo 1921-
3. Participated in a number of strikes and Socialist Campaigns. Author: Deba†Po- litical Prisoner,
1920; Third In- ternational, 1920; Italian Socialist Labor Year Book, 1923; Italian- American Labor
Year Book, 1924. Member Socialist P. Address, 132 Cumberland St., Brooklyn, N. Y.

#VALENTINE, Edgar Cleveland. Fin. secy. loc. 177, Intl. Bro. of Electrical W., since 1919; secy. Cent .
Trades & Labor Coun. S. Jacksonville, Fla., since 1922; electrician. Born Sept. 18, 1888. Corning, Kan.
Father a machin- ist. Prim. sch., Nemeha County; gram. sch., Corning; corr. courses Scranton Intl.
Corr. Sch. Secy. Jacksonville Metal Trades Coun. 1918-9; bus. agt . Intl. Bro. of Electrical W. 1919-20;
secy. Bldg. Trades Coun. 1921; secy. Labor Temple Assn. 1921-3; bd. dir. 1920-3. Member Modern
Wood- man of A. Progressive Democrat . Home, P. O. Box 475, S. Jackson- ville, Fla.

#VALENTINE, Joseph. Retired trade union leader. Pres. Intl. Molders' U. 1903-24; vice-pres. A. F. of L.
1905-24 . Member Intl. Molders' U. since 1879. Del. from (235)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 235
San Francisco loc. to Intl. Hold- ers' U. conv. 1886, '8; del. to all convs. since 1892. Led molders'
strike, 1890 arrested on charge of having caused explosions in non- union foundries; released almost
immediately through intercession of Tom L. Johnson, mayor of Cleveland. Address, c/o Intl. Holders'
U., Box 699, Cincinnati, Ohio.
#VAUENTINO, John Gabriel. Supt. water dept., Savannah, Ga., since 1923. Born Apr. 3, 1888,
Brunswick, Ga. Father a mer- chant. Pub. sch., to 6th grade, Macon, Ga. Formerly a machin- ist. Vice-
pres. Ga. Fed. of La- bor 1920; pres., 1921-2; secy.- treas. dist. lodge 16, Intl. Assn. of Machinists,
1921-2; secy. Forest City lodge 23, 1922. Member Ga. Legls. as labor rep. 1921-2. Home, 613 E. 36
St.; office. City Hall, Bay & Bull Sts., Savannah, Ga.

#VANDEGRIFT, Frederick. Window glass blower; pres. Natl. Window Glass W. since 1923. Born Jan. 2,
1876, New Castle, Pa. Father a window glass worker. Prim. sch., New Castle. Member Elks, Non-
Partisan in politics. Home, Suite 11, 4122 Windsor Ave.; office, 712 Park Bldg., Cleveland. Ohio.

#VANDERVEER, George Fran- cis. Lawyer; mgr. Legal Bureaus, Seattle, Tacoma & Everett Cent. Labor
Councils since 1921. Born Aug. 2, 1875, Grinnell, Iowa. Fa- ther a grain merchant. Gram., high sch.,
Grinnell; Leland Stan- ford Univ. 1896; Columbia Univ. Law sch., 1899. Deputy prosecut- ing atty.,
King County, Wash., 1905-9; prosecuting atty., King County, 1909-11, atty. I. W. W. 1917-20; org. of
bur. above, the only law depts. owned and oper- ated by organized labor anywhere; defended
Haywood et al in Chi- cago, and many conspiracy, syndi- calism and criminal anarchy cases. Farmer-
Labor P. Home, Lake Burien, Wash.; office, 405 Collins Bldg., Seattle, Wash.
#VAN KLEKCK, Mary. Labor research worker; dir. dept. indust. studies, Russell Sage Foundation, New
York. Born June 26, 1883, Glenham. N. Y. Father a clergy- man. Pub. sch., Flushing, L. I., high sch.
diploma, Regents of New York; A. B., Smith Coll., 1904. Dir. Woman in Industry Service, U. S. Dept. of
Labor, (subsequently Women's Bur.) 1918-9; teacher labor problems New York Sch. of Social Work.
1914-7; member President's Un- employment Conf. 1921, and comt. on Business Cycle, 1922.
Author: Women in the Bookbinding Trade, 1913; Artificial Flower Makers, 1913; Working Girls in
Evening Schools, 1914; A Seasonal Indus- try, 1917; "Women and Ma- chines," in The Atlantic
Monthly, Feb., 1921; other articles in The Survey; reports N. Y. Factory In- vestigation Comssn.
Member Natl. Fed. of Federal Empl., Women's City Club of N. Y., Natl. Arts Club, Women's Trade U.
Lg. (Natl. & N. Y.), Consumers' Lg. (Natl. & N. Y.), Amer. Econ. Assn., Amer. Assn. Labor Legls., Amer.
Statistical Assn., and chair, its comt. on Governmental Labor Statistics, Taylor Soc. Home, 107 E. 39
St.; office, Russell Sage Foundation, 130 E. 22 St., New York, N. Y.

#VAN LEAR, Thomas. Vice- pres. Minneapolis Dally Star Co. since June 1924; pres. Northwest Publ.
Co. since 1921. Born Apr. 26, 1869, Frostburg, Md. Father a r. r. track foreman. Pub. sch., Frostburg.
Formerly a machin- ist; member of union since 1891; org. in trades union and labor political movts.
since then; pres. Minneapolis Trades & Labor Assem. 1904; bus. agt.. Machin (236)236 AMERlCAN
LABOR WHO'S WHO iats, 1905-16; del. A. F. of L. 1906-16. Mayor on Socialist ticket, Minneapolis,
1917-8; secy.- treas. Working People's Non-par- tisan Political Lg. 1919-23. Or- ganized Minnesota
Daily Star, Farmer-Labor paper, 1919; was vice-pres., later pres.; paper now Minneapolis Daily Star.
Member Masons, Odd Fellows, Eagles, Spanish War Veterans. Politics Socialist, Farmer-Labor. Home,
4717 Blaisdell Ave.; office. Daily Star Bldg., 427 6 Ave. S., Minne- apolis, Minn.

#VAN VAERENEWYCK, John. Clgarmaker; pres. Cigarmkrs.' New England Label Lg. since 1920; vice-
pres. Mass. Fed. of La- bor, since 1920; clerk Boston Cent . Labor U.; vice-pres. and exec. bd.
Workers' Educ. Bur. since 1922. Born Jan. 23, 1888, Antwerp, Belgium. Father a clgarmaker. Came to
U. S. 1891. Prim. scn., Philadelphia; gram., high sch., Suffleld, Conn.; student and field lecturer,
Boston Trade U. Coll. Pres. Boston Cigarmkrs.' U., loc. 97, 1922-3. Author: re- ports of union activities
and arti- cles relating to trade conditions. Member Cigarmkrs.' Intl. U. of A. since 1907;
Workingmen's Sick & Death Ben. Fund. Socialist P. Home, 47 Sheridan Ave., Med- ford; office, R. 660,
Little Bldg., Boston, Mass.

#VAN VECHTEN, Hawley B. Ed., bus. mgr., The Citizen; treas. Citizen Publ. Co., since 1916; rec. and
corr. secy. loc. Schenectady, Socialist P. Born Nov. 18. 1885, Milton, N. Y. Father a painter-
contractor. Pub. sch., Johns- town, N. Y.; Teachers' training sch., Johnstown, 1905; Oneonta Normal
sch., 1908. Asso. ed. The Citizen, 1914-5; city clerk, Schen- ectady, 1913-4; reporter, 1910-2; teacher
1906-7, '9; clerical work- er, 1910. Author: Municipal Sta- tics and Street Directory, 1913; "History of
American Locomotive Works" in Locomotive Magazine, 1910. Member Workingmen's Sick & Death
Ben. Fund. Social- ist P. Home, 115 1-2 Clinton St.; office, 156 Barrett St., Schenec- tady, N. Y.
#VANZETTI, Bartolomeo. Sen- tenced to prison at Charleston, Mass., for 15 yrs., on charge of
attempted payroll robbery at Bridgewater, Mass., Dec. 24, 1919. Awaiting new trial on charges of
murder and payroll robbery at South Braintree, Mass., Apr. 15, 1920. Born June 11, 1888, Villa-
falletto, Italy. Sch. from 6 until 13 yrs. of age. Apprenticed as baker, worked at trade 6 yrs. Came to
U. S. 1908. Worked at dish-washing, brick furnace tend- ing, 10 mos., in stone pits 2 yrs., pastry chef,
r. r. construction worker, cordage worker 18 mos., construction worker for Ply- mouth; fish peddier.
Arrested, with Nicola Sacco, at Brockton, Mass., May 5, 1920, on charge of murder of a paymaster
and a guard and theft of $15,000 pay- roll, at South Braintree. Convicted of 1st degree murder July
14, 1921. Five motions for aew trial were filed on basis of perjured testimony; 1st motion denied
Oct. 1921; other 4 denied by Judge Webster Thayer in Norfolk Supe- rior Ct., Oct. 1, 1924. Fight for
freedom to be carried to Mass. Supreme Ct. by radicals and fel- low-countrymen who believe jus-
tice has miscarried through pre- judice against the defendants' avowed radical beliefs. If denied, may
be carried to Supreme Ct. of U. S. Sent to Bridgewater Hos- pital for Insane Jan. 5, 1925. Cost of
#VARGAS, Canuto A. Spanish language secy. Pan - American Fed. of Labor since 1919; labor attache
of Mexican Embassy, Washington, D. C., since 1925. Member Miners' U., Ariz. Office, R. 207, A. F. of
L. Bldg., Wash- ington, D. C.

#VICKEBY, William O. P. O. clerk; 2nd vice-pres. Natl. Fed. of P. O. Clerks. Born Aug. 27, 1889,
Hartwell, Ga. Fa- ther a farmer. Rural scn., Jack- sonville; normal sen.; agricultural sen. Took active
part in org. of P. O. clerks in Ala., Fla., Ga., N. C., S. C., Tenn., La.; teacher, miner, farmer. Member
Ala. Fed. of Labor. Mason. Address, 8308 Caldwell Ave., Birmingham, Ala.

#VLADECK, Baruch Charney. Mgr. JeWish Daily Forward, New York; Natl. Coun. Pioneer Youth of A.
since 1924. Born Jan. 1886, Minsk, Rusaia. Father a merchant. Came to U. S. 1988. Univ. of Pa.
Librarian, teacher, lecturer, jour- nalist. Socialist alderman. New York, 1918-21. Hon. member Amal.
Clothing W. of A.; member Workmen's Circle, Civic Club, New York. Socialist P. Home, 5117 Tilden
Ave., Brooklyn; of- fice, 175 E. Broadway, New York, N. Y.

#VOJJZ, Edward John. Photo- engraver; 1st vice-pres. Intl. Photo-Engravers' U. of N. A. since 1922;
pres. N. Y. Photo-En- gravers' U. since 1916. Born Aug. 22, 1879, Cincinnati. Father a cigarmaker and
grocer. Paroch- ial and pub. sch., Cincinnati. Member K. of C.; Holy Name Soc. Democrat. Home,
2298 Creston Ave.; office, 502 World Bldg., New York, N. Y. W

#WADE, Frank. Pres. Mich. Fed. of Labor; secy.-treas. Mich. conf. Bricklayers, Masons & Plast. Intl. U.
of A.; secy. loc. 12, Brick- layers, Masons & Plast. of Flint, Mich.; exec. bd. of Progressive Voters' Lg.
of Mich.; brick ma- son. Born Feb. 4, 1886, Boonville, Oneida County, N. Y. Father a mason. Left sch.
at 14 yrs.; courses at Chicago Technical Coll. 3rd vice-pres. of Mich. Fed. of Labor, 1920; 1st vice-
pres. 1921. Pres. Flint Fed. of Labor 1920-3. Member Masons, Elks, Eagles, Genesee County Sports-
men's Assn., Flint Auto Club. Politics non-partisan, votes Re- publican at primaries. Address, 1374
Cleveland Ave., Flint, Mich.
#WAGENKNECHT, Alfred. Dir., special campaigns. Workers' P., since Aug. 1924. Born Aug. 15, 1881,
Goerlitz, Schlesien, Ger- many. Father a shoemaker. Came to U. S. 1884. Gram, sch., Cleveland.
Employed for last 33 yrs. in revolutionary movt.; secy., org., Washington Socialist P.; natl. org., exec.
comt., org. dir., Socialist P. of A., 1900-19. Natl. secy., exec comt, Communist La- bor P., 1920. Natl.
secy., exec. comt., Un. Communist P.; natl. secy. Friends of Soviet Russia; dist. org. Workers' P.; del.
Intl. Workers' Aid confs. in Europe, 1921. Exec. comt. Communist P., Workers' P., 1922-3. Office,
1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, I1l.

#WAGGONER, John Elmer. Gen. chair. Burlington System Fed., Un. Bro. of Maintenance of Way Empl.
& R. R. Shop Lab. since 1919. By trade millwright and sheet metal worker and ex- pert in
manufacture of lime and stone quarry operations. Born Apr. 5, 1875, Colton, O. Father a physician.
Educ. Ohio Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home; grade and rural sens.; Intl. corr. course; sheet metal
pattern draft- (238)238 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO ing and sheet metal apprentice to
completion. Belonged to unions since 18 yrs. old. Foreman, mill- ing dept., Ohio & Western Lime Co.,
1909-14; supt., Riverside Lime & Stone Co., 1914-6. Mem- ber exec. bd. of grand lodge of Un. Bro.,
1922. Mason. Home, 3419 Wenonah Ave., Berwyn, 11l.; office, 307 Karbach Block, 15 & Douglas Sts.,
Omaha, Neb.

#WAGNER, Joseph (loan Ro- tariu). Carpenter. Born Mar. 8, 1879, Braila, Rumania. Father a
carpenter. Gram. scn., Braila. Gen. secy. Carpenters' TT. of Ru- mania, 1898; asst. ed. Lumea Noua,
Bucharest, 1899. Banished from native country at 19 yrs. of age for Socialist and trade union
activities. Came to U. S. at age of 21; became secy. Socialist P. for Madison County, 1ll.; helped
organize I. W. W., 1905; ed. Des- teptarea, official organ Rumanian Socialist Fed. of A. in Detroit,
Mich., 1919; founder, ed., mgr., Muncitorul, Rumanian organ of I. W. W., 1920-4. Author: pamph-
let, To the Industrial Workers of the World, 1906; serial, "Ameri- canism and Socialism." publ. in
Desteptarea, 1918-9. Member Un. Bro. of Carpenters & Joiners of A.; I. W. W. Address, 1044 Web-
ster Ave., Chicago, 11l.
#WALDEN, W. R. Pres. Tobacco Workers' Intl. U. Del. A. F. of L. 1923. Office, 50-53 Our Home Life
Insurance Bldg., Louisville, Ky.

#WALDMAN, Louis. Lawyer. Born Jan. 5, 1892, Yoncherudnia, Ukraine, Russia. Father a mer- chant.
Prim., gram. scn., New York; East Side evening high sch.; B. S., Cooper Union, 1916; LL. B., N. Y. Law
School, 1922. Civil Engineer; cutter on ladies' hats and cloaks. Elected Social- ist assemblyman, 1918;
                                            ¢ ¢
elected 1920 and ousted; exec. secy. Un. â€â€bor Educ. Comt., 1918; active in trade union movt.
1915 to date. Author: Albanyâ€The Crisis in Government, 1920; The Great Collapse; Higher Fares or
Public Ownership; pamphlet, Food and the People, 1918. Member Cut- ters' loc., Intl. Ladies'
Garment W. U.; Masons; Giondiezer Assn.; Civic Club. Socialist P. Home, 201 2 Ave.; office, 302
Broadway, New York, N. Y.
#WALINSKY, Osslp. Gen. mgr. and act. pres. Intl. Pocketbook W. U. since 1923; natl. exec. bd.
Workmen's Circle; gen. exec. bd. Amer. Labor P., N. Y.; bd. dir. Intl. Union Bank, New York; natl. exec.
Russian ORT; bd. dir., Labor Age. Born June 25, 1886, Grodno, Russia. Came to U. S. 1912. Father a
cabinet mak- er. High sch., Grodno. Joined la- bor and Socialist ranks in Grodno, 1901. Several times
arrested for Socialist activity; escaped to Lon- don, July, 1904; bus. agt. and org. for Mantle Mkrs.'
Men's Clothing W., Bakers, and others, in Lon- don; ed., (in Yiddish) The Jew- ish Trade Unionist,
London. Came to New York, 1912; worked at reed furniture; organized union of workers of the
trade; mgr. jt. bd. Cloak, Suit & Reefer Mkrs.' U. of Canada, where stayed 2 yrs.; came back to New
York, worked at bench until 1915, then made mgr. Bonnaz Embroiderers' U., N. Y.; active in all its
strikes in New York. Lectured in many cities on trade unionism and Socialism. Org. and mgr. Fancy
Leather Goods W. U.; helped form present Intl. Pocketbook W. U. Former- ly natl. exec. bd. Jewish
People's Relief of A.; natl. exec. bd. Jew- ish Workers' Cong, for Palestine; exec. trade union comt. for
He- brew Immigrants' Aid Soc.; exec. comt . People's Coun. against War; bd. dir. New York Call and

#WALKER, John H. Pres. Ill. Fed. of Labor; bd. dir. Coop. Lg. of U. S. A. Address, Springfield, 11l.

#WALKER, Ryan. Artist. Dir. Art Dept., Evening Graphic. also cartoonist and illustrator. Father a
farmer, lawyer. Prim, sch., Kansas City. Was cartoonist on Kansas City Times, St. Louis Re- public.
Boston Globe, New York Times, Call and Leader, Appeal to Reason, Coming Nation and other papers
and magazines; mag- azine and book ed. New York Call and New Leader; made 1st Social- ist
cartoons in U. S. in Appeal to Reason; cartoonist-lecturer. Au- thor: Adventures of Henry Dubb; New
Adventures of Henry Dubb; Social Hell. Home, Little Falls, N. J., R. F. D.; office, N. Y. Even- ing Graphic.
25 City Hall Pl., New York, N. Y.

#WALLING, William English. Writer; contributor to American Federationlst since 1905; 1 of founders
and bd. dir. Natl. Assn. for Advancement of Colored Peo- ple since foundation; 1 of founders of
Women's Trade U. Lg. Born Mar. 14, 1877, Louisville, Ky. Fa- ther a physician. B. S., Univ. of Chicago,
1897; grad. study, eco- nomics and sociology, 1899-1900. Factory inspector, 11l., 1900-1; res- ident
Univ. Settlement. N. Y., 1902-5. Author: Russia's Mes- sage, 1908, '17; Socialism As It Is, 1912; The
Larger Aspects. of Socialism, 1913; Progresslvism and After, 1914; Socialists and the War, 1915; The
Socialism of Today, 1916; Whitman and Trau- bel, 1916; State Socialism, Pro and Con, with Harry W.
Laidier, 1920; Sovietism, 1920; Out of Their Own Mouths, with Samuel Gompers, 1921. Member: Phi
Beta Kappa; Amer. Academy of Political and Social Science; Amer. Economic Assn.; Amer. Po- litical
Science Assn.; Sociological Soc.; City Club, New York. Ad- dress, Greenwich, Conn.
#WALSH, Edward James. Ed., mgr. and publ. of Labor Herald, Rochester, N. Y., since 1913; printer.
Born Jan. 17, 1876, De Witt, N. Y. Father a r. r. conduc- tor and hotel keeper. Secy. loc. 15, Intl.
Typographical U., 1900-1; pres. 1908-10. Home, 123 Aber- deen St.; office, 23 S. Water St.,
Rochester, N. Y.
#WALSH, Frank Patrick. Atty.- at-law. Born July 24, 1864, St. Louis, Mo. Father a grain mer- chant.
Prim, sch., St. Louis; studied law in office of Gardner Lathrop at Kansas City, Mo. For- merly member
Tenement Comssn. Kansas City; gen. counsel Bd. of Pub. Welfare, Kansas City; pres. Bd. Civil Service
Comesn., Kansas City; chair. U. S. Comssn. Indust. Relations, 1913-5; jt. chair. U. S. War Labor Bd.,
1917. Author: many reports and pamphlets. Member of K. of C., Elks, Eagles. Kansas City Athl. Club,
Kansas City Club; National Arts Club, Catholic Club, Civic Club, Natl. Democratic Club, Produce Ex-
change Club of New York; Cos- mos Club, Racquet Club, Pen- guins, and Congressional Country Club
of Washington. Independent Democrat. Home, 30 5 Ave., New York; offices, 55 Liberty St., New
(240)240 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO York, N. Y.; 1215 Commerce Bldg., Kansas City, Mo.; 704 Ed-
monds Bid?., Washington, D. C.

#WANBAUGH, Ldmvood But- torff. Secy.-treas. Eastern Pa, dist.. Typographical U. Born July 8, 1869,
New Kingston, Pa, Fa- ther a cabinet maker, sch. teach- er, bookkeeper. High sch., Har- rlsburg.
Linotype operator; held every office in Harrlsburg Typo- graphical U.; pres. 7 yrs.; held every office in
Harrlsburg Cent. Labor U.; del. State Fed. of La- bor 2 yrs.; rep. Intl. Typographi- cal U., 1903, '12. '6;
secy, laws comt . at Intl. Typographical U., 1916. Member Harrlsburg Typo- graphical U. 14; Masons,
Shrin- ers, K. of P., Tall Cedars, Red Men, Modern Woodmen, O. Indep. Americans, Sons and
Daughters of A. Independent Democrat. Home, 2140 Penn St.; office, Eve- ning News, Harrlsburg, Pa.

#WANDER, Harry. Vice-pres. Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. since 1916; mgr. jobbing dept., New York jt.
bd. of cloakmakers since 1923; chair, bd. of dir. Union Health Center since 1914. Born Mar. 22, 1879,
Sasow, Poland. Fa- ther a merchant. Pub. sch. Sa- sow. Came to U. S. 1898. Skirt maker 1898-1914.
Member loc. 23, Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. since 1905; bus. agt. 1914-6; mgr. 1916-23. Socialist P.
Home, 2294 Grand Ave.; office, 130 E. 25 St., New York, N. Y.

#WANDER, Paul. Labor re- search worker and author, free lance. Born Oct. 13, 1887, Leip- zig,
Germany. Father a mer- chant . Prim, sch., Leipzig, gram, sch., Berlin, Germany, and Chi- cago; Ph.B.,
Univ. of Chicago, 1908. Came to U. S. 1899. Teach- er; researcher in sociology, pen- ology,
criminology, criminal psy- chology, trade unionism. Instr. in labor economics, Leland Stanford Univ.,
1913-5; special investiga- tor Calif. Bd. of Charities and Corrections, 1915-6; institutional Inspector
New York City Dept. of Pub. Charities, 1916-7; sociolo- gist and psychologist to Psychia- tric Clinic.
Sing Sing Prison, 1917-8; lecturer, New York Sch. of Social Work, 1918; exec. secy. Social Service Bur.,
Sing Sing Prison, 1918; research asst . to Dr. Felix Adier, 1919; research in col- lective bargaining for
Amal. Clothing W. of A. 1920; Research Fellow at New Sch. for Social Re- search, 1920-1; asso. in
prepara- tion of History of International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union, 1923-4. Author: report on
So- cial Service Bur., Sing Sing Prison, 1919; part 3 of Clothing Workers of Chicago, 1922; chap. 2â€6,”
Poli- cies of American Trade Unions, 1924, (forthcoming). Address, 350 W. 18 St., New York, N. Y.
#WANGERIN, Otto H. Secy, intl. comt. for Amal. in R. R. In- dustry; secy. Minn. R. R. Shop Crafts legls.
comt.; secy. Ramsey County div., Farmer-Labor P. of Minn.; mgr. Stenographic Bur., a union concern
handiing work of r. r. gen. chairmen. Born St. Paul, Minn. Father a carpenter. Prim. sch., St. Paul;
country sch. for short periods, Scott County; night sch., Rasmussen Bus. Coll.; had no opportunity for
systematic scll, educ. Lived on farm in Minn. 15 yrs.; worked in shoe factory 1 yr.; with printing co. 2
yrs.; machin- ists' helper 1 yr.; ry. clerk for St. Paul Union depot 5 yrs.; Omaha Ry. 2 yrs.; N. Pac. Ry. 2
yrs. Active in movt. to organize ry. clerks at gen. office of N. Pac. Ry., 1916; movt . failed when co.
discharged a number of leaders. Secy. St. Paul city cent. comt. of Socialist P. 1912-7; asst. secy.
Minn., 1916-7; held several other positions in party. Ed. The Rail- (241)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S
WHO 24l road Amalgamation Advocate. Home, 800 Como Blvd.; office, 411 Dakota Bldg., 54 W. 7 St.,
St. Paul, Minn.

#WARBASSE, Agnes Dyer. Educl. secy. Coop. Lg. of U. S. A. Born Apr. 4, 1877, Brooklyn, N. Y. Father a
merchant and mfr. Packer Collegiate Inst., Brooklyn. Volunteer worker in labor and peace
organizations and mother of 6 children; has done public speaking for coop. movt. Author: many
coop, pamphlets, including Story of Cooperation, 1919; How to Start and Run a Cooperative Store,
1919; Coopera- tive Homes for Europe's Home- less, 1921; Cooperative Housing†The People's
Business, Coop. Farms, Banks, Stores, Factories, Houses, Restaurants, Insurance, 1923. Member of
Teachers' U. of New York, Civic Club, New York, Clvitas Club, Brooklyn. Home, 384 'Washington Ave.,
Brooklyn, N. Y.; office, Cooperative League, 167 W. 12 St., New York, N. Y.
#WARBASSE, James Peter. Pres. Coop. Lg. of U. S. A.; mem- ber cent. comt. Intl. Coop. All.; ed.
Cooperation; lecturer on coop- eration, Brookwood Labor Coll. Born Nov. 22, 1866, Newton, N. J.
Father a farmer, merchant, artist. Newton, N. J. high sch.; Columbia Univ.; Univ. of Gottin- gen,
Germany; Univ. of Vienna, Austria. Fellow: Amer. Medical Assn., Amer. Acad. of Medicine, Amer.
Coll. of Surgery, New York Acad. of Medicine. Pres. Associ- ated Physicians of Long Island, Brooklyn
Pathological Soc., Brooklyn Surgical Soc. Del. 10th Intl. Coop. Cong., Basel, Switzer- land, 1921; llth
Intl. Coop. Cong., Ghent, Belgium. 1924. Au- thor: pamphlets, The Economics of Medicine, Poverty as
a Cause of Disease, The Healing Power of Social Justice, The Ethics of Sab- otage, The Red Cross and
the War, The Effects of War, Mili- tary Surgery, and about 100 oth- ers on scientific subjects, 1892-
1916, and about 25 on coopera- tion, 1915-24; books, Samuel Johnson and his Court, 1903; Medical
Sociology. 1908; The Conquest of Disease, Surgical Treatment in 3 vols. including economics of
surgery, 1918; Co- operative Democracy, 1923; Work- ers' Cooperation, 1924. Travelled and studied
cooperation in all U. S. and Canada, England, Scot- land, Wales, France, Belgium. Holland, Denmark,
#WARD, Harry Frederick. Secy. Meth. Fed. for Social Service; chair. Amer. Civil Lib. U. Born Oct. 15,
1873, London, Eng. Came to U. S. 1891. Father a merchant. Univ. So. Calif. 1893-4; A.B.,
Northwestern Univ., 1897; A.M., Harvard, 1898. Clergyman Meth. Epis. church; prof. Christian ethics.
Union Theological Sem., one of founders of Meth. Fed. for Social Service, 1907; toured for Laymen's
Missionary movt. in its last campaign; speaking tour of colleges and universities for stu- dent Y. M. C.
A., 1918; contrib- uted to The Nation, Christian (242)242 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Century.
Locomotive Engineers Journal, Biblical Review, Homile- tic Review, Journal of Religion American
Review, Annals o< Academy of Political and Social Science; prepared social interpre- tation of lessons
in Sunday School Journal 1915-20; while in Chica- go, active in movt. for social prog- ress; chair,
comt. on labor con- ditions of City Club; org. indust. comt. of churches, and chair. comssn. on Church
and Labor, Chicago; as chair, of Meth. Fed. for Social Service, called conf. on Christianity and
Economic Order. Evaoston, 11l., May, 1922; pre- sented paper on Repression of Civil Liberties in the
U. S., 1918- 23, before Amer. Sociological Soc., 1923. Author: Social Creed of the Churches, 1913;
#WARE, Edward Morgan. Gen. vice-pres., Bro. of Ry. Carmen of A. Born Dec. 9, 1874, Pickens County,
Ala. Father a farmer. Common sch. educ., Leon County, Tex. Worked as car builder. As- sisted in
organizing campaign of Bro. in 1918, when roads were under govt. control; helped handle strike of
17 standard r. r. or- ganizations on Atlanta, Birming- ham. and Atlantic Ry., 1921, and nation-wide
strike of the shop crafts, 1922; gen, chair. jt. pro- tective bd., Bro. of Ry. Carmen of A. on Intl. & Gt.
North. Ry. System. 1909-18; chair. Carmen's Leg-ls. Bd., Tex., 1912-8; chair. System Fed. 14, Intl. &
Gt. North. Ry. System. Member Masons, Knights Templar, Shriners, K. of P., Odd Fellows, Woodmen
of the World, Maccabees. Home, 1112 N. Conrad St., Palestine, Tex.

#WARE, Robert Morgan. Pat- ternmaker; secy. Midiand lodge 171, Bro. of Ry. Carmen of A., Terrell,
Tex., since 1923; del. A. F. of L. conv. 1925-6. Born Feb. 17, 1897, Tucker, Tex. Father gen. vice-pres.
Bro. of Ry. Car- men of A. Pub. and high sch., Palestine, Tex.; Intl. Corr. Sch., Scranton, Pa. Laborer,
clerk, sol- dier; pres. Sycamore lodge 459, Bro. of Ry. Carmen, 1918; trus- tee, Coach Builders' lodge
180, 1919; sec. 1920-2; dir. publicity, federated shopmen's strike, Intl. & Gt. North. Ry. 1922. Del. Tor-
onto conv., Bro. of Ry. Carmen, 1921; A. F. of L. convs., Cincin- nati, 1922; Portland, 1923; El Paso,
1924. Rep. Palestine high sch., on debating team in 15th dlst., Tex. Interscholastic Lg., 1912-5; in U. S.
army, 1918-9. Au- thor: 6 articles on "Restriction of Immigration" in Railway Car- men's Journal,
1915. Member Pattern Mkrs.' Lg. of N. A.; Bro. of Ry. Carmen of A.; K. of P., Knights of Khorasan,
Amer. Le- sion. Normally Democratic; 1924, La Follette-Wheeler. Home, 311 Greenwood Ave.; office,
Texas Midiand R. R., Terrell. Tex.

#WARFIELD, Myles Blandish. Pres. O. of Sleeping Car Conduc- tors; ed., The Sleeping Car Con- ductor,
official organ of Order. Born Dec. 29, 1878, Chicago, 11l. Father a capitalist. Prim. and gram. sch., De
La Salle Inst., Chi- cago; Northwestern Univ. prep. ;ch.; Northwestern Univ. Sleep- (243)AMERlCAN
LABOR WHO'S WHO 243 ing car conductor, real estate. ins. and bond brokerage. Founder, org. and
proa. O. of Sleeping Car Conductors, since founding 1918; active in cooperating with U. S. R. R. Adm,
during fedi. control of r. r., and in connection with leg-is. in Cong, regulating terms under which
carriers were re- turned to private operation. Au- thor: many editorials and pamph- lets on indust.
and economic sub- jects. Member of Masons, Phi Delta Theta. Politics non-parti- san. Home, 3519
Wyandotte St.; office, 360-361 Union Station, Kansas City, Mo.

#WARREN, John Elbcrt. State pres. Farm Labor U. of A.; farm- er. Born May 1, 1881, Troy, Miss.
Father a farmer. Country sch., Houlka high sch.; agricultural & mechanical coll. Starkville, Miss. Rep.
Farm Labor U. at natl. conv; lecturer for Farm Labor U.; del. Jackson Conf. Prog. Pol. Act. Formerly
clerk, merchant, carpen- ter, salesman, timber worker, cen- sus enumerator, member Miss. Legis.
1920-4. Member Masons, Woodmen of World. Presbyter- ian. Democrat. Address, Troy, Miss.

#WARRIJTER, Allen Woodson. Educ. dir. Cent. States Coop. Wholesale Soc.; ed., The United
Consumer; member bd. dir. and field dist. adviser, Coop. Lg. of U. S. A.; vice-pres., Consumers' Mu-
tual Aid Guild. Born June 24, 1881, Ray county, Mo. Father a physician and surgeon. Prim., gram,
sch., Woodson Inst., Rich- mond, Mo. Telegraph operator, train dispatcher, printer, photog- rapher,
coop, store technical ad- viser. Former secy.-treas., St. Louis Assem. of Amer. Train Dis- patchers'
Assn.; vice-pres., Brook- field, Mo., Cent. Trades & Labor Assem.; secy. Socialist P., loc. Brookfield;
member bd. dir. Coop. Societies and Coop. Lg. of U. S. A. Politics independent. Home, 1752-a State
St.; office, 1750-52 State St., E. St. Louis, 11l.
#WEAVER, Chauncey Allen. Natl. exec. comt. Amer. Fed. of Musicians since 1915; pres. loc. 75 since
1922; asst. City Solicitor, Des Moines, Iowa, since 1919; lawyer and musician. Born May 17, 1868,
Arkwrlght, N. Y. Father a farmer. High sch., Webster City, Iowa. Gen. musical dir. for theatrical
enterprise at Des Moines 8 yrs. Del. from Amer. Fed. of Musicians to 7 A. F. of L. convs. Contrib. ed.
to Inter- national Musician, official organ of Fed. Member Masons, Knights Templar. Republican.
Home, 706 W. 43 St.; office, City Legal Dept., Des Moines, Iowa.
#WEBKK, Joseph N. Pres. Amer. Fed. of Musicians since 1899. Born June 27, 1863, Hun- gary. Former
secy. Denver, Colo. Musical U.; vice-pres. Portland, Ore. Musical U.; pres. Cincinnati, O. Musical U.
Home, 716 W. 177 St.; office, 110 W. 40 St., New York, N. Y.

#WEEKS, Edwin William. Gen. secy.-treas. Bro. of Ry. Carmen of A. since 1907; dir. Bro. State Bank,
Kansas City, Kan. Born June 28, 1873, Lockerley, Romsey, Hampshire, England. Father a farmer. Came
to U. S. 1891. At- tended church sch. in native vil- lage; left to work on farm at 11 yrs. Painter, r. r.
worker. Corr. secy, for 11 terms of Jubilee lodge 6, Bro. of Ry. Carmen of A., Win- nipeg, Canada; del.
to 9th conv. at Buffalo, N. Y., 1905; secy. Law comt., 10th conv. Chicago, 1907. Author: monthly
letter in official publication for 17 yrs. Member Odd Fellows, Masons, Meth. Epis. Church,
Geographical Soc. Wil- (244)244 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO sonlan Democrat. Home, 1021
Haskell Ave., Kansas City, Kan.; office, 500-14 Hall Bldg., Kansas City, Mo.

#WEFAJLD, Knud. Member Cong, since 1922; re-elected to serve until Mar. 1927. Born Nov. 3, 1869,
Krager, Norway. Father a farmer, surveyor, and quarter- master-sgt. in army of Norway. Pub., high
sch., Norway. Came to U. S. in 1887. Farmer, country store clerk; entered independent concern of
retail lumber bus. and fought lumber trade combination. 1st Farmer-Labor P. man sent to Cong.;
pres. village coun. Home, Hawley, Minn.; office, House Of- fice Bldg., Washington, D. C.

#WEINBERG, Israel. Jitney 'bus driver; exec. bd. Jitney Bus Operators' U.; member Un. Bro. of
Carpenters & Joiners loc. 483; org. Jewish Carpenters' U., Cleve- land, 1902. Acquitted on 1 count of
charges of murder in San Fran- cisco Preparedness Day parade bomb explosion, July 22, 1916; 8
other indictments still pending. Twice refused $5,000 bribe to tes- tify against Thomas J. Mooney in
street car strike, San Francisco, July, 1916, and later refused to accept liberty and $5,000 to per- jure
away Mooney's life. Had never even met Warren K. Bil- lings and Edward D. Nolan, also held in
Mooney case, until intro- duced to them in jail as "fellow conspirators."

#WEINBERGER, Harry. Lawyer. Born Jan. 5, 1886, New York. Fa- ther a comssn. merchant. Prim.,
gram., high sch., New York; LL. B., N. Y. Univ. Law Sch., 1908. Stenographer and sch. teacher. Former
special deputy atty.-gen. of N. Y., 1910. Argued against conscription law before U. S. Su- preme Ct. in
Goldman & Berk- man v. U. S., against espionage law in U. S. Supreme Ct. in Ab- rams v. U. S.; other
cases for free speech, free press, and rights of labor; cand. for N. Y. Supreme Ct., Amer. Labor P.,
1922. Au- thor: Free Speech and Free Press, pamphlet, 1917; The First Casu- alty of War, 1917;
Constitutional Rights in War Time, 1917. Mem- 1)«r Provincetown Players, Inc., Civic Club, New
York, Farmer- Labor P.; Amer. Labor P. Home, 920 Shore Blvd., Manhattan Beach, New York; office,
32 Union Sq., New York, N. Y.
#WEINBERGER, Milton. Org. Bronx County, New York Social- ist Labor P. since Jan. 1924; clerk. Born
Feb. 15, 1887, New York. Father a shoemaker. Prim,, gram., sch., New York. Form- erly a bookkeeper,
cashier. N. Y. state comt. and N. Y. state exec. comt. Socialist Labor P. 1922-3; special org. in
Milwaukee and De- troit, May-Nov., 1923. Most of spare time devoted to spreading message of
party by street meet- ings, lectures, and less conspicu- ous forms of work. Author: re- ports and
letters in Weekly Peo- ple, Member K. of P. Home, 893 Trinity Ave.; office, 45 Rose St., New York, N.
#WEINGARTEN, Aaron. Gen. exec. bd. Cloth Hat, Cap & Milli- nery W. Intl. U.; exec. bd. loc. 1 and jt.
coun. of New York. Active in Cap Mkrs. U. over 30 yrs. Member Workmen's Circle. Home, 883
Southern Blvd.; of- fice, 621 Broadway, New York, N. Y.
#WEINSTEIN, Murray. Mgr. N. Y. Clothing Cutters' U.; member gen. exec. bd. Amal. Clothing W. of A.
Born July 15, 1890, Kali- novka, Russia. Gram, sch., New York. Bus. agt. New York Cloth- ing Cutters'
U. 3 yrs. Home, 2527 Valentine Ave.; office, 44 E. 12 St., New York, N. Y. (245)AMERlCAN LABOR

#WEINSTONE, William Wolf. Secy. Intl. Workers' Aid (Form- erly Friends of Soviet Russia) since 1923;
member educ. comt. Workers' sch., New York, since 1923; lecturer on. Commun- ist movt. and
Marxism since 1920. Born Dec. 15, 1897, Viina, Russia. Father a carpenter. Elem., high sch., Brooklyn;
Coll. City of New York 1916-9. Member Socialist P. 1915-9; active in formation of left wing and
Communist P. 1919. Member exec. comt. Communist P. 1921-3; natl. secy, 1921-2. Org. loc. New
York, Workers' P., 1921-2; asat . natl. secy. Workers' P. 1922-3; cent . exec. comt. 1921- 3; dist. comt.
N. Y. 1923-4. Cand. for Assem. 1924. Arrested in Eridgman, Mich., Communist case 1922; still under
bond. Office, 208 E. 12 St., New York, N. Y.

#WEINZWEIG, Irving. Asso. ed. The Advance, English official organ of Amal. Clothing W. of A. Horn
Mar. 22, 1892, Rovno. Rus- sia. Came to U. S. 1905. Father a worker. DeWitt Clinton High sch.; N. Y.
Univ. Sch. of Journal- ism; Columbia Univ. Extension. Labor ed., The New York Leader (successor to
New York Call) dur- ing its short life, Oct. 1 to Nov. 12, 1923; labor ed. Fairchild Dally Publications,
1920-3; newspaper- man on various New York dail- ies, 1914-20. Member Press Writers' U. Home,
183 Congress St., Brooklyn; office, 31 Union Sq., New York, N. Y.

#WEISBORD, Albert. Org., teacher, lawyer. Born Dec. 9, 1900, New York, N. Y. Father a mfr. Prim.,
gram. and high seh., Brooklyn; A.B., Coll. City of New York, 1921; LL.B., Harvard Law Sch., 1924.
Formerly newsboy, grocery clerk, clothing factory worker, soda dispenser; instr. re- habilitation
work, Coll. City of New York; teacher for Rand Sch. of Social Science, N. Y.; taught English to
foreigners, New York evening schools; natl. dir. Young People's Dept. of Socialist P. 1921-4; natl.
secy. Young People's Socialist Lg, 1922-4; New England dist. Socialist P. June-Nov. 1924.
Resigned from Socialist P. and joined Workers' P. Nov. 1924. Member Phi Beta Kappa. Author:
unpubl. manu- script on History of Non-Official Education Agencies in England and America for the
Past 300 Years. Address, 150 Chandier St., Boston, Mass.

#WELCH, John Fleming. Ed. mechanical and fraternal sections of Locomotive Engineers Journal. Born
June 24, 1887, Atlanta, Ga. Father a locomotive engineer and gen. chair, of engineers on N. C. and St.
L. Ry. Gram. sch., At- lanta, Ga. Began work as ma- chinist's apprentice at age of 16; locomotive
fireman at 17 and lo- comotive engineer at 19 yrs. of age. Member Masons. Politics non-partisan.
Home, 8210 Hough Ave.; office, 1113 Bro. of Loco. Engineers' Bldg., Cleveland, Ohio.
#WELCH, Maurice R. Grand secy.-treas. Switchmen's U. of N. A. Born Aug. 16, 1852, Xenia, O. Father
a farmer. Self-edu- cated. Member grand bd. dir. Switchmen's U. of N. A. 1894- 1901. Member
Exempt Firemen, Hamburg, N. Y.; United Work- men; Fraternal Ins. U.; Foresters of Toronto; K. of C.;
Moose; Conf. Prog. Pol. Act. Home, 292 15 St.; office, 39 North St., Buffalo, N. Y.

#WELCH, William F. Member gen. exec. bd. Amal. Assn. Street & Elec. Ry. Empl. of A. Born Apr. 21,
1869. Terra Alta, W. Va. Father a r. r. laborer. Common sch., Terra Alta. Began work as laborer at 14
yrs. of age. R. r. and platform laborer; telegraph (246)246 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO operator;
r. r. fireman, brakeman, lineman and street ry. conductor, retail store clerk. Formerly pres. Wheeling
Street Ry. Men, 1901-7; pres. Wheeling Cent. Labor Coun. 1906; intl. vice-pres. Street & Elec. Ry.
Empl. 1911-7; member gen. exec. bd., 1917-24; member old Knights of Labor and R. R. Telegraphers.
Member K. of C.; Hibernians, Elks, Carroll Club, Fern-dale Club, Over-Seas Club. Independent
Democrat. Address, 189 15 St., Wheeling, W. Va.
#WELINDEK, Pete Johnson. Gen. secy.-treas. I. W. W. since 1924; logger. Born Feb. 25, 1884,
Teekomatorp, Skane, Sweden. Father a shoemaker. Prim. sch., 4 yrs. Came to U. S. 1909. Be- gan
work at age of 9 as an agri- culturist. Office clerk 1898-1909. Secy. Portland, Ore., br. I. W. W. 1921;
bus. mgr. The Industrial Worker, July-Dec. 1923; did spe- cial organizing, publicity and de- fense work
for I. W. W. at vari- ous times. Contributor to I. W. W. press since 1921. Member I. W. W. since 1917.
Home, 100 Lomis St.; office, 1001 W. Madi- son St., Chicago, 1ll. â€WELLS, Hulet Kartell. Natl. comt.
Labor Defense Coun. since 1923; builder. Born May 4, 1878, La Conner, Wash. Father a farmer.
Gram. sch., La Conner; law course, Univ. of Wash., 1905- 7. Was a farmer, laborer, gold miner,
timber worker, sch. teacher, P. O. clerk, municipal lighting rate clerk, shipyard worker. Admitted to
bar, 1907, but deterred from practice by scruples. Expelled from postal service by Postmaster-Gen.
Hitchcock for organizing union, 1908. Ed. Seattle Socialist Voice 1911. Socialist cand. for mayor,
Seattle, 1912; state chair. Social- ist P. of Wash. 1913. Pres. Seattle "'ent. Labor Coun. 1915-6; fra-
ternal del. to Red Intl. of Labor Unions 1921. Member strike comt. Seattle gen. strike 1919; secy.

#WELLS, James Green. Exec. bd. Bro. of R. R. Trainmen since 1920; legls. rep. for loc. lodge on Tex.
legls. bd. 1910-23, and since 1925; warrant officer, Houston police dept. Born Feb. 12, 1884,
Mineola, Tex. Father a mill- wright and carpenter. Elem. sch., Houston. Went to work at age of 15 as
telegraph messenger; call boy and clerk for r. r. 1899-1904; switchman, brakeman, conductor, and
yardmaster 1904-23. Member Bro. of R. R. Trainmen since 1906; held offices in loc. lodge since 1908;
alternate del. to convs. 1911, '3. del. 1916, '9; member special appeals bd. 1916; member grievance
comt. 10 yrs. Democrat. Member Woodmen of the World; K. of P. Home, R. F. D. 3, Box 697,
Houston, Texas.
#WELSH, W. M. Pres. Intl. Bro. of Steam Shovel & Dredgemen. Office, R. 305 Machinists' Bldg.,
Washington, D. C.

#WENDELE, H. W. Intl. vice- pres. and gen. chair. Intl. Bro. Firemen and Oilers, since 1919. Born Sept.
24, 1871, Corning, Mo. Father a farmer. Fairfax, Mo. (247)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 247 high
sch. Org. for A. F. of L.; real estate and ins. agt.; store- house employee on r. r.; traveling salesman;
sch. teacher. Republi- can. Address, 1410 Jenkins St., Marysville, Kan.
#WENNEIS, Andrew William. Gen. secy.-treas. Intl. Fur W. U. of U. S. and Can. Born Mar. 29, 1883,
New York, N. Y. Father a cabinet maker. Brooklyn high sch. Fur dresser; bookkeeper; fin. secy. Fur
Dressers' U., 1908- 10; vice-pres., 1911-2; bus. agt. and vice-pres. Intl. Fur W. U. of U. S. and Can.,
1913-6; gen. secy.- treas., 1916-24. Socialist P. Home, 9417 215 Pl., Queens Village, L. I.; office, 9
Jackson Ave., Long Isl- and City, N. Y.

#WENTWORTH, Edward Chl- chester. Treas. Federated Press Lg. and chair. Labor Defense Coun.; real
estate broker. Born Nov. 6, 1859, Charlestown, N. H. Skinner high sch., Chicago, 11l. Father a r. r.
official. Author: 2 vols. of poetry, Scattered Leaves, 1920, and Tuscan Stars, 1921, and Valley of Enna,
and other poems and plays, 1922; a novel, The Education of Ernest Wilroerding, 1923. Member City
Club and Liberal Club of Chica- go. Politics progressive. Home, 1408 Jarvia Ave., Chicago; office, 8 S.
Dearborn St., Chicago, 11l.

#WERLIK, John. Bus. agt. Metal Polishers', Buffers' and Platers' U. loc. 6, since 1925; del. Chicago Fed.
of Labor since 1910; del. Chicago Metal Trades Coun. since 1910. Born May 11, 1885, in
Czechoslovakia. Came to U. S. 1889. Self-educated. Apprenticed metal polisher 1902; immediately
joined Metal Polishers' Intl. U.; rec. secy. loc. 6, 8 yrs.; fin. secy. 9 yrs. Del. 11l. Fed. of Labor 1913, '5;
chair, unemployment comt. 1916. Del. Metal Polishers' Intl. U. convs. 1917, '9. Joined Socialist P.
1912; withdrew at time of split, 1919. Member Trade U. Educl. Lg. Home, 1426 S. Keeler Ave.; office,
119 S. Throop St., Chicago, 11l.
#WHARTON, Arthur Orlando. Member U. S. R. R. Labor Bd. Born Nov. 9, 1873, Waubaunsee County,
Kan. Father a farmer. Prim. sch., Topeka, Kan.; Scran- ton, Pa., corr. sch. Apprenticed machinist at
age of 13; div. fore- man; engineer city water and light plants at Crawfordsville, Ind.; Ft. Madison,
Iowa. Dist. gen. chair. Intl. Assn. Machinists, 1902-12; pres. Ry. Employees' Dept., A. F. of L., 1912-20;
ad- visor U. S. R. R. Wage Comssn., 1918-20; member, vice-chair, and chair., Bd. of R. R. Wages &
Working Conditions, U S. R. R. Adm. Natl. del. Intl. Assn. Ma- chinists to A. F. of L. 1912-9; secy.-treas.
Southwest Consolidat- ed dist. 1907-11; del. Intl. conv., 1905-18; served on comt. on La- bor and on
Govt. Regulations of Labor comt., Coun. of Natl. De- fense, from organization to end of war; placed
in charge of negotia- tions on 24 Southwestern rail- roads; strikes resulted on 4, all settled in 3 days
to 8 mos. and all won by organization; chair. comt. Southwestern R. R. which nego- tiated jt.
agreement affecting 13 raiiroads, 6 Fed. shop crafts, ap- proximating 40,000 men, 1st agreement of
kind negotiated by this organization. Author: spe- cial reports and number of pam- phlets for use of
men in field; wrote original draft of constitu- tion of Ry. Employees' Dept., A. F. of L., establishing

#WHEELER, Burton Kendall. U. S. Senator (Democrat) from Mont. 1923-9; lawyer. Born Feb. 27,
1882, Hudson, Mass. Hudson high scn.; LL. B., Univ. of Mich. 1905. Admitted to Mont, bar 1906;
practiced in Butte, Mont.; appointed U. S. Dist. Atty. 1913, resigned 1917. Member Mont. Legis.
1911-3. Progressive cand. for Vice-Pres. of U. S. 1924. Member Mont. Bar Assn.; Ma- son; Methodist.
Home, Butte, Mont.; office, Senate Office Bldg., Washington, D. C.

#WHITAKER, Marion H. 2nd vice-pres. Jn. Barbers' Intl. U. of A.; secy.-treas. Wis. Fed. of Bar- bers;
secy, treas. Jn. Barbers' U. B0, Milwaukee; secy.-treas. Label dept., Milwaukee; volunteer org. A. F. of
L.; Wis. org. Jn. Bar- bers' Intl. U. Born June 21, 1859, Bell Center, Wis. Father a farm- er. Country sch.
5th vice-pres. Jn. Barbers' Intl., 1894-6; 2nd vice-pres., 1896-8; traveling org. 1912; secy. Barbers'
State Bd. of Examiners, 1903-11. Publ. and ed. The Janesville (Wis.) Inde- pendent, 1902-3, a labor
paper. Author: articles for Barbers' journals. Member Odd Fellows. Socialist P. Home, 1236 36 St.;
office, Brisbane Hall, 528 Chestnut St., Milwaukee, Wis.
#WHITE, Bertha Hale. Exec. secy. Socialist P. of U. S. since Feb. 1924. Born in Nashville, 11l. Father a
farmer. Prim. sch., Golden City, Mo.; high sch., Fort Smith, Ark.; Buckner Normal sch., Salem. Ark.;
Univ. of Chi- cago corr. courses. Teacher, writer, newspaper worker; asst. natl. secy. Socialist P., 1913-
24. Member Office Empl. Assn. Home, 3808 Washington Blvd.; office, 2653 Washington Blvd.,
Chicago, 11l.
#WHITE, James Madison. Ed. Tnternational Stereotypers' & Electrotypers' Union Journal, 5
consecutive terms, 1915 to retire- ment Jan. 1, 1925. Born Oct. 27, 1872, Lincoin, Neb. Father a la-
borer. Apprenticed stereotyper; joined Omaha, Neb., U. 24, 1900; served loc. in all executive offices.
Member Denver Stereotypers' & Electro, loc. 13; Masons, Un. Workmen. Democrat. Home, 1200
California St.; office, 1733 Welton St., Denver, Colo.

#WHITE, Walter Francis. Asst. secy. Natl. Assn. for Advancement of Colored People. Born July 1,
1893, Atlanta, Ga. Father a mall carrier. Prim., private sch.; gram, sch., Atlanta; high sch. and coll., A.
B., Atlanta Univ., 1916. Cashier, Standard Life Ins. Co., Atlanta, 1% yrs. Author: novel, The Fire in the
Flint, 1924; contributor ar- ticles to The Nation, Century, Forum. Outlook, New Republic. World
Tomorrow, Freeman, Sur- vey, Liberator, Smart Set, Crisis, Literary Review, Bookman, Chi- cago Daily
News, New York Times, Evening Post, World, Bos- ton Transcript. Politics independ- ent. Home, 90
Edgecombe Ave.; office, 69 5 Ave., New York, N. Y.

#WHITNALL, Charlie Byrner. Secy.-treas. Commonwealth Mu- tual Savings Bank since 1912; secy.
Milwaukee Pub. Land Comssn.; secy. Milwaukee County Park Comssn. and Rural Plan- ning Bd. Born
Jan. 21, 1859, Mil- waukee, Wis. Father a florist. Milwaukee Acad. gram. sch. Be- gan work at
childhood as florist. City treas. Milwaukee 1910-11; Milwaukee Bd. of Sch. Comssns.; chair, draft bd.
of 10th div. during period of war; 1 of founders of The American Florist, a weekly magazine. While
city treas. worked out and secured passage of law permitting city to extend payment of taxes to Aug.
1, with interest at 6 per cent instead of (249)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 249 tax sharks buying
unpaid taxes after June 1, and charging 15 per cent, interest; latter and banks opposed passage of
law, but in- come accruing to city has more than paid entire cost of maintain- ing treasurer's office.
Author: What Prosperity Has Cost Mil- waukee, 1911; City Planning, 1911; other pamphlets on city
and regional planning and parkways. Member Masons, Milwaukee City Club, Amer. Inst. of Park
Execu- tives, Soc. of Amer. Florists. Charter member Socialist P. Home, 026 Locust St.; office, 407
Broadway, Milwaukee, Wis.
#WHITNEY, Alexander P. Vice- pres. Bro. of R. R. Trainmen since 1907. Born Apr. 12, 1873, Cedar
Falls, Iowa. Father a min- ister. Prim., gram., high. scn., Cherokee, Iowa. Began work at age of 16 as
brakeman, on 11l. Cent. R. R.; on Fremont, Elkhorn & Mo. Valley R. R.; on U. Pac. R. R., Chic. &
Northwestern Ry., 1889-1907. Chair. Gen. Grievance Comt., Bro. of R. R. Trainmen. 1901-7; bd.
Grand Trustees 1905- 6. Member Masons, Elks, Modern Woodmen, Inform Club, Denver, Colo.
Address, 524 Lake St., Oak Park, 11l.
#WHITNEY, Charlotte Anita. Treas. Labor Unity and Co-Oper- ators Press, San Francisco, since 1919.
Born July 7, 1867, San Francisco, Calif. Father a lawyer. Private and pub. scn., Oakland; Normal sch.,
San Jose; B. S., Wel- lesley, 1889. Teacher; exec. secy. Asso. Charities, Oakland, 1901-8; org. Natl.
Coll. Equal Suffrage Lg., 1911-3; treas. People's Coun. of Calif., 1917-9; treas. Calif. La- bor Defense
Comt., 1919-21; exec. comt. Calif. Farmer-Labor P., 1920-4; chair. Calif, comt. for Compulsory
Physical Educ. in Schools; pres. Calif. Coll. Equal Suffrage Lg., 1911-2; pres. Calif. Civic Lg., 1912-4.
Arrested Nov. 1919 under criminal syndicalism law of Calif.; case carried to U. S. Supreme Ct. in
effort to have such state laws declared unconsti- tutional; case still pending, Dec. 1924. Author:
special report, Unemployment of Women in San Francisco, publ. by Calif. Comssn. of Housing &
Immigration, 1915. Member Amer. Assn. of Univ. Women. Home, 2069 Webster St., Oakland, Calif.
#WHITNEY, Lee Rankin. Vice- pres., Natl. Fed. of Federal Empl.; chief clerk, U. S. Steam-boat In-
spection Service, Milwaukee, Wis. Born Sept. 10, 1871, Niniva, N. Y. Father secy, and mgr.,
Merchants' & Mfrs. Assn. Prim., gram., high sch., Milwaukee. Began work as freight cashier, Pere
Marquette Ry. & Steamboat Line at age of 20; entered U. S. govt. service 1893. Member Masons.
Votes for best man. Home, 384 E. Mil- waukee Ave., Wauwatosa; office, 330 Federal Bldg.,
Milwaukee, Wis.
#WICKS, Harry Moore. Journal- ist and lecturer. Born Dec. 10, 1889, Arcola, 11l. Father an elec- trical
engineer. Prim. sch., Ar- cola; gram. sch., Algona and Des Moines, Iowa. Journeyman com- positor,
org. for Socialist P. 1915; pres. Coun. of W., Soldiers & Sailors, Portland, Ore., 1919; natl. exec. comt.
Socialist P., 1919; ed. Western Socialist, Portland, Ore., 1919; org. comt. for Communist P., 1919;
cent. exec. comt. and cent. exec. coun. of Communist P. when org. in Chicago, Sept., 1919; asso. ed.,
The Communist, 1919 until "Red" raids; natl. exec. comt. Proletarian P., 1922; ed. The Workers'
Challenge, New York, 1922; cent. exec. comt. Workers' P., and 1 of ed. The Worker, 1922-3. Leader
left wing in printing trades union; chair. (250)250 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 44-hr.-strike comt.
at Atlantic City conv. of Intl. Typographical U., 1922; org. Six-Hour Day Club of Typographical U. 6 (Big
Six), to fight for 6-hr.-day in newspa- pers of city. Leader of Paterson Broad Silk strike beginning Aug.
12, 1924. Author: Minority Mani- festo and Program of Communist Party of America, 1919; The Ex-
ploitation of Labor, 1924; pamph- let, Labor Banking, 1923; many party theses, political articles. Of-
fice, 108 E. 14 St., New York, N. Y.

#WILDER, Harry L. Deputy county collector, Marlon County, Mo. since 1918. Born July 28, 1876,
Hannibal, Mo. Father a locomotive engineer. Pub. sch., Hannibal, and Denver, Colo.; 1 yr. manual
training high sch., Denver. Locomotive fireman and machinist; secy. Intl. Assn. of Machinists, loc.
537, 1916; pres. 1917; vice-pres. Hannibal Trades and Labor Assem., 1917-8; pres. 1919-23; 3rd vice-
pres. Mo. Fed. of Lab., 1922-3. Member Intl. Assn. of Machinists, Woman's Label Lg.; Masons, Elks,
Eagles, Moose, Lions. Democrat. Home, 2029 Kingshighway; office, Court House, Hannibal, Mo.
#WILEY, Alonzo. Pres. Inter- mountain Typographical Conf. 1923; secy.-treas. Denver Alld. Printing
Trades Coun. since 1923; dir. Denver Trades Promotional Lg., since 1923. Born May 11, 1872, near
Franklin, Ind. Father a farmer. Prim., gram. sch., Mil- roy, Ind. Printer, linotype oper- ator, 36 yrs.
Formerly vice-pres. Denver Typographical U. 49, 1917- 8; doorkeeper 7 yrs.; pres. Alld. Printing
Trades Coun., 5 yrs.; del. Trades & Labor Assem., Label Lg., Colo. Fed. of Labor; Intl. Typo- graphical
U. con vs. Active for yrs. in union matters, working for union label, union made goods. organization;
corr. for Intl. Typo- graphical Journal 3 yrs.; and oth- er labor papers. Member Masons, K. of P., secy.-
treas. Mulligan. Fishing & Gun Club, 4 yrs.; Cent. Christian Church. Democrat. Home, 1463 University
Blvd.; of- fice, 1914 Curtis St., Denver, Colo.

#WILEY, John Benjamin. Vice- pres. Amal. Assn. of Street & Elec. Ry. Empl. of A.; fin. secy, and bus.
agt. loc. 441, since 1909; pres. Iowa Legis. Assn. of Street Ry. Empl.; secy.-treas. Iowa Fed. of Labor.
Born July 24, 1879, Vi- enna, 11l. Father a carpenter. Dist. sch., Arkworth; bus. course, Arkworth
Acad. Street ry. con- ductor, painter; exec. bd. Amal. Assn. of Street & Elec. Ry. Empl. of A., loc. 441,
1906-24. Member Masons, Odd Fellows, Red Men, Moose, Eagles, Modern Woodmen. Republican,
generally non-parti- san. Home, 1327 W. 32 St.; of- fice, 109 W. 8 St., Des Moines, Iowa.

#WILLIAMS, Enoch. Secy.-treas. dist. 1, Un. Mine W. of A. since 1921. Born Aug. 25, 1875, Cwm-
amam. Aberdare, South Wales. Father a miner. Left common sch. at 12 yrs. of age; worked in bakery
shop until 14 yrs. old; then in mines of Wales. Came to U. S., 1890; worked in Taylor, Pa., mines until
1921, as nipper, driver, laborer, 1890-8, miner 1898-1916, check docking boss em- ployed by miners
1916-21. Mem- ber K. of P.; McKinley Hall Assn. Generally Republican. Home, 305 W. Taylor St.,
Taylor Borough; office, R. 512, Miller Bldg., Spruce St., Scranton, Pa.

#WILLIAMS, James H. Gen. secy, and treas., div. 15, O. of R. R. Telegraphers. Born Apr. 12. 1873.
Father a merchant, farmer, lumberman. Pub. sch., Elm City, N. C. R. r. telegrapher and agrt.; active in
organizing and promot- (251)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 251 ing welfare of O. of R. R. Teleg-
raphers since 1902; del. all Teleg- raphers' convs. since 1905; del. A. F. of L. conv. 1921-3; member A.
F. of Li. comt. on legislation, 1922-3; assisted in legls. work in Ga., B. C., N. C. and Va.; active in
getting 8-hr.-law for agents and telegraphers in N. C., 1907; assisted in organizing telegra- phers on
Charleston & West Car- olina Ry., Savannah U. Station Co., Charlotte Harbor and North. Ry.; secured
2nd labor contract in U. S. from an express co., and the 1st ever secured from South- ern Express Co.,
1904; gen. chair. O. of R. R. Telegraphers, 1903-4. Member Presbyterian Church. Progressive
Democrat; for La Follette & Wheeler, 1924. Home, 3222 Maryland Ave.; office, 404 Lyric Bldg., 9 &
Broad Sts., Rich- mond, Va.

#WCL1JAMS, James William. Gen. exec. bd. 5th dist. Un. Bro. of Carpenters & Joiners of A. Born Aug.
27, 1869, Miller Csunty, Mo. Father a carpenter. Pub. sen., St. Louis. Carpenter, ship carpenter, ship
joiner and caulker, musician, supt. of constr. work. Bus. rep. Carpenters' dist. coun. of St. Louis, 1915-
6; secy. 1916-20; treas. St. Louis Cent. Trades & Labor U., 1916-20. Chair, labor div., St. Louis
Chamber of Com- merce and asst. recruiting officer U. S. navy, during war. Member Tin. Bro. of
Carpenters & Joiners of A. loc. 5, St. Louis, Amer. Fed. of Musicians. Member Masons, Shriners,
Knights & Ladies of Se- curity, Modern Woodmen. Home, S948 S. Grand Blvd., St. Louis, Mo.; office,
222 E. Michigan St., Indianapolis, Ind.
#WmLIAMS, Robert Garfleld. Ed. and mgr. Decatur Weekly News, since 1923; org. A. F. of L. since
1919. Born July 26, 1890, Cynthiana, Ind, Father a carpen- ter and contractor. Prim, sch., Mt. Vernon,
ind.; gram., high sch., Clinton, 11l.; bus. coll., Decatur, 11l.; corr. course Lincoin-Jeffer- son Univ. Law
sch. Worked as carpenter 14 yrs.; bus. agt. Un. Bro. of Carpenters & Joiners of A. 4 yrs.; exec. bd. I1l.
Coun. of Carpenters, 3 yrs.; secy. Decatur Trades & Labor Assem., 1920-2; fin. secy. Carpenters' U.
742, 1921- 3. Member Women's U. Label Lg., Moose, Modern Woodmen. Poli- tics independent.
Home, 527 S. Boyd St.; office, 716 Eldorado St., Decatur, 11l.

#WILLIAMSON, John. Natl. secy. Young W. (Communist) Lg. of A., since 1924; natl. exec. comt. since
1923; member exec. comt. Young Communist Intl. Born June 23, 1902, San Francisco. Fa- ther a
marine engineer. Prim., gram., night high sch., Seattle. Formerly a woodworker. State secy. Wash.
Socialist Labor P., 1921-2; exec. comt. Seattle Labor Coll., 1922-3. Member Office W. U.; Trade U.
Educl. Lg. Workers' P. Office, 1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, 11l.
#WILLS, Herman E. Asst. grand chief since 1904 and natl. legis. rep., Bro. of Loco. En- gineers; bd. dir.
Bro. of Loco. Engineers' Coop. Natl. Bank, Cleveland, Ohio; bd. dir. Empire Trust Co., New York; bd.
dir. Bro. of Locomotive Engineers' Trust Co., New York; bd. dir. Bro. of Loco. Engineers' Invest- ment
Co., Cleveland; bd. dir. Bro. of Loco. Engineers' Holding Co., Cleveland; chair, exec. comt. La- bor
Coop, and Publ. Soc., Wash- ington, D. C.; chair, ed. comt. La- bor; acting treas. and member jt. natl.
exec. comt., Conf. Prog. Pol. Act. Born July 16, 1848, Ran- dolph, Vt. Father a contractor and builder.
No formal sch. Lo- comotive engineer on Chi. & N. W (252)252 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Ry.
36 yrs.; dist. deputy grand master, Intl. U. of Loco. Firemen, 1873; secy, grand asst. engineer, Bro. of
Loco. Engineers, 1882; elected asst. grand chief for 6-yr. term in 1921, after 4 reelections previously;
sent to Europe by the four transportation Brotherhoods for information from beneficiaries of
workmen's accident laws. Since 1912 reported to Bro. on Congl. activities of interest to r. r. em-
ployees, on safety appliance laws, locomotive boiler inspection, standardization of cars for pro-
tection of employees and others coming in contact with them. and on 16-hr, service law. Member
#WILLS, Joseph James. Vice- pres. and gen. exec. bd. Un. Wall Paper Crafts of N. A. since 1923. Born
Jan. 2, 1890, Joliet, 11l. Fa- ther a marble cutter. Pub. and parochial sch., Joliet. Wall pa- per color
mixer, wood pattern maker; treas. loc. 8, Machine Printer & Color Mixers, Un. Wall Paper Crafts,
since 1922; del. to Chicago Trades U. Label Lg. since 1921. Member Eagles. Address, 1610 S. Lombard
Ave., Berwyn, 11l.
#WILSON, Birch. Speaker and org., Socialist P.; member natl. exec. comt. since 1923. Born Feb. 7,
1883, Reading, Pa. Father a molder. 1 yr. high sch., Reading. Exec. secy. Socialist P. of Pa. 1918-23;
secy.-org., Socialist P., Reading, 1910-5. Member Work- men's Circle. Home, 521 S. 15 St., Reading,
#WILSON', James. Gen. pres. Pattern Mkrs.' Lg. of N. A. since 1902; 7th vice-pres. A. F. of L. since Dec.
1924. Born Apr. 23, 1876, Erie, Pa. Father a black- smith. Gram. sch., Erie, Pa. Held offices in loc.
union; pres. of Cent. Labor U., Erie, 1900; legis. agt. Pa. Fed. of Labor when organ- ized. 8th vice-pres.
A. F. of L., Aug.â€Dec. 1924. Member Pat- tern Mkrs.' Lg. of N. A. Office, 2nd Natl. Bank Bldg.,
Cincinnati, Ohio.
#WINBERG, Andrew. Secy.- treas. Aberdeen, Wash., Cent. La- bor Coun. since 1920; pres. loc. 82,
Bakery & Conf. W. Intl. U. of. A., since 1918; dir. South West- ern Washington Labor Press since 1922.
Born Oct. 26, 1885, Nord- fjordeid, Norway. Father a car- penter. Gram. sch., Norway. Or- phaned at
age of 6 yrs.; went to work at age of 6; in bakery trade at age of 14. Came to U. S. 1903. Baker since
1900; foreman since 1907. Member Bakery & Conf. W. Intl. U. since 1909; helped to or- ganize loc.
82; secy.-treas. 1910- 6; del. natl. conv. 1923. Del. from Aberdeen Cent. Labor Coun. to Wash. Fed. of
Labor 1924; del. A. F. of L. 1923. Member union comt. on 4th Liberty Loan Drive and Red Cross
during World War. Member Sverre lodge 4, Sons of Norway; secy.-treas. since 1909; dist. treas. since
1921; del. to natl. conv. 1924. Moose; Odd Fellows. Republican; cand. for city coun. 1924, defeated
by 14 votes. Home, 302 W. 3 St., Aberdeen, Wash.

#WINES, J. L. Gen. exec. bd. Un. Garment W. of A. since 1922. Born Feb. 17, 1885, Grant City, Mo.
Father a stockman. Prac- tically self-educated. Began work in boot and shoe trade; shirt and overall
worker. Pres. loc. 104, Un. Garment W. of A., St. Joseph, Mo., 1908-15; gen. org., 1914-5; secy.-treas.
Mo. Fed. of Labor, 1916-7; pres. St. Joseph, Mo. Cent. Labor Coun., 1916-7; bus. rep. loc. 104, and
bus. rep. St. Joseph, Mo. Cent. Labor Coun., 1918-9; gen. org. Un. Garment W. of A., 1920;
(253)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 253 secy.-treas. Mo. Fed. of Labor, 1921. Served on pub. comt.
dur- ing war; org. 23 locals while rep- resenting St. Joseph Cent. Labor Coun. Home, 1107 S. 12 St., St.
Joseph, Mo.; office, Room 621, Bible House, New York, N. Y.

#WINITSKY, Harry Mordical. N. Y. campaign mgr. Workers' P. 1924. Born Jan. 25, 1898, New York.
Father a painter. Pub. sch., New York; Columbia, 1917; special courses Coll. City of New York, 1918.
Active in Socialist P.' 1913-9; 1 of group which formed Communist P. 1919; con- victed of criminal
anarchy in N. Y., 1919, sentenced 5 to 10 yrs.; pardoned May 1922. Served 10 days in jail, West New
York, N. J., for strike activities, 1918; 30 days in jail Perth Amboy, N. J., for strike activities; active in
Workers' P., Farmer-Labor movt. and Trade U. Educl. Lg. Mgr. Freiheit 1922-3; org. Fed. Farm- er-
Labor P., 1923-4. At present under indictment in Mich., charged with criminal syndical- ism. Author:
series of articles on labor movt. in New York Call, Jewish Dally Freiheit. Home, 953 Prospect Ave.;
office, 208 E. 12 St., New York, N. Y.

#WINSTAICLEY, John Edward. Vice-pres. Ala. Fed. of Labor; rep. A. F. of L. Mobile, Ala.; exec. bd.
Mobile Cent. Trades Coun.; fin. secy. Painters' U.; volunteer org. A. F. of L. since 1906; painter and
decorator. Born Dec. 15, 1881, Liverpool, England. Father a painter and decorator. Prim, sen.,
Liverpool; gram, sch., Wau- kegan, 11l. Natl. org. Retail Clerks' Intl. Protective Assn. 1918- 9; gen.
org., Bro. of Ry. and Steamship Clerks, Freight H., S. & E. S. 1917; gen. org. Intl. U. of Timber W., 1920-
2. Author: spe- cial report on organization work and labor litigation for women in industry and retail
stores, timber workers in saw mills and woods. Member Bro. of Painters, Decora- tors & Paperh. of
A.; Odd Fel- lows, Praetorians. Politics non- partisan. Home, 1212 Kentucky St.; office, P. O. Box 818,
Mobile, Ala.
#WOLFSON, Theresa. Teacher of trade unionism and economic problems for the intl. Ladies' Gar-
ment W. U. at Workers' Univ., N. Y. Born July 19, 1897, Brook- lyn, N. Y. Pub. sch., Brooklyn; high
sch., Far Rockaway, L. I.; A.B., Adelphl, 1917; A.M., Colum- bia, 1922; Ph.D., 1924. Former field
investigator, Natl. Child La- bor Comt.; research worker for Jt. Bd. Protocol Standards of Garment
Industry; exec. secy. Consumers' Lg. of N. Y.; instr. Barnard Coll.; educl. supervisor U. Health Center
of Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U.; lectured at Brookwood Labor Coll.; member labor educ. comt. of Civic
Club, New York; teacher workers' classes for Un. Labor Educ. Comt. of Un. Neckwear W. U. and Cap
Mkrs.' U. Now making special study of women in trade unions. Author: special reports, Child La- bor
in North Carolina, 1919-20; People Who Go to Beets; pamph- let. Study of Posture and Light- ing in
Garment Industry, 1923; special articles in Labor Age, The Nation's Health, Justice. Mem- ber
Teachers' U.; Civic Club, New York; Amer. Assn. of Social W. Home, 15 Willow St., Brooklyn, N. Y.

#WOLL, Matthew. Pres. Intl. Photo-Engravers' U. of N. A. since 1906; 5th vice-pres. A. F. of L.; ed.
Photo Engraver; vice- sres. U. Label Trades Dept. A. ?. of L.; pres. Intl. Labor Press of A.; chair, bd.
dir., Workers' duc. Bur. of A.; writer and speaker on labor and economic (254)254 AMERlCAN LABOR
WHO'S WHO topics. Born Jan. 25, 1880, in Luxemburg. Came to U. S. 1891. Pub. scn., Chicago;
student, Coll. of Law, Lake Forest Univ., 1901- 4. Apprenticed to photo-engrav- er's trade at 15 yrs. of
age; pres. bd. govs. Intl. Alld. Printing Trades Assn. Served on War Labor Bd. and as aast. to Samuel
Gompers; chair, comt. on Labor of Coun. of Natl. Defense. Asso. ed. American Federatlonist. Fra-
ternal del. British Trade U. Cong., Birmingham. 1915-6; trustee Pub. Educ. Assn., Chicago; Chicago
Tuberculosis Inst.; member Pres. Harding*a Unemployment Conf. Member Acad. of Pol. Science,
Modern Woodmen, K. of C. Ad- dress, R. 701, 166 W. Washing- ton St., Chicago, 11l.

#WOLMAN, Ix*>. Chief, re- search dept., Amal. Clothing W. of A. since 1920; staff Natl. Bur. of Econ.
Research; lecturer, New Sch. for Social Research; contrib. ed., The New Republic; bd. dir. l-yr.-term
Amer. Fund for Pub. Service since May, 1924. Born Feb. 24, 1890, Baltimore, Md. Fa- ther a clothing
contractor. Bal- timore pub. sch.; A.B., Johns Hop- kins, 1911; Ph.D., 1914. Prof, economics, Hobart
Coll., 1915; in- str. economics, Univ. of Mich., 1916-7; asso. instr. insurance, Johns Hopkins, 1917;
special agt., U. S. Comssn. on indust. Rela- tions, 1914-5; in charge of produc- tion statistics, War
industries Bd., 1917-8; attached to Amer. Peace Mission, Paris, 1919; ed. The Clothing Workers of
Chicago, 1922. Author: Extent of Labor Organization in the U. S., 1916; Boycott in American Trade
Unions, 1916; "Unemployment In- surance" in Unemployment and the Business Cycle, 1923; The
Growth of American Trade Unions 1880-1923. Home, 472 W. 24 St.; office, Amal. Clothing Workers,
31 Union Sq., New York, N. Y.

#WOOD, John Thomas. Pres. Natl. Bro. of Op. Potters since 1921; member E. Liverpool, Ohio, Sinking
Fund Comssn. Born July 16, 1868, Oldham. Lancashire, England. Father a steel worker. Pub. sch. in
Oldham. When 10 yrs. of age attended sch. half days and worked in cotton mills as a "little spinner"
half days; at age of 13 left sch. and worked all day in cotton factories from 1881 un- til came to U. S.
1882. Potter; treas., Natl. Bro. of Op. Potters, 1900-7; 7th vice-pres., 1907-11; secy.-treas., 1911-21.
Member E. Liverpool Pub. Service Bd., 1907- 9. Member Moose, Protected Home Circle. Republican.
Home, North- side Ave., Pleasant Heights; of- fice, Natl. Bro. of Op. Potters' Bldg., W. 6 St., E.
Liverpool, Ohio.
#WOODCOCK, Leslie E. Pub- licity and educl. dir., Consumers' Coop. Services, Inc., (formerly Our
Coop. Cafeteria, Inc.,) since 1921; asst. secy. since 1921. Born May 13, 1893, Wilson, N. Y. Fa- ther a
farmer and factory hand. High sch., Niagara Falls, N. Y.; A.B., Univ. of Rochester, 1914; A.M., 1915.
Investigator; various positions from bottom up in pub. employment office. Bd. dir., Our Coop.
Cafeteria, Inc., 1920-1; chair, organizing comt. and tem- porary bd. 1920. Jt. author: Pub- lic
Employment Offices:â€Their Purpose, Structure, and Methods, 1924. Home, 64 Barrow St.; of- fice,
54 Irving Pl., New York, N. Y.

#WOODS, Roy Horace. Rec. secy. loc. 902, Intl. Bro. of Elec- trical W., since 1920; legis. rep., since
1921; vice-chair. Intl. comt. for amalgamation in the r. r. in- dustry since 1922; electrician. Born Sept.
3, 1879, Le Sueur, Minn. Pillsbury Acad., Owatonna, Minn.; trade sch., Dunnwoody Inst.,
Minneapolis; St. Paul Labor Coll.; self-educated in economics (255)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO
255 and sociology. Formerly a loco- motive fireman, switchman, brake- man. Pres. loo. 902, June
1920, to resignation Oct. 1921. En- gaged in labor educ. work as member of educ. comt. of St. Paul
Trades & Labor Assem. 2 yrs. Politics Minn. Farmer-Labor P.; interested in real natl. 3rd party movt.
Home, 97 Smith Ave. N.; office, 411 Dakota Bldg., 54 W. 7 St., St. Paul, Minn.
#WOODSIDE, Howard Cary. Secy, of Maine Fed. of Labor since 1923; legis. agt., Maine Fed. of Labor,
pres. Portland, Me., loc. 714, Amal. Assn. of Street & Elec. Ry. Empl. since 1922; exec. bd. since 1917.
Born Jan. 18, 1880, South Portland, Me. Father a traveling salesman. Gram, sch., 8. Portland.
Shipper, street ry. employee. Secy. loc. 714, 1918- 22. Independent Republican. Ad- dress, 44 C St., S.
Portland, Me.
#WOODWARD, Graham Cox. Secy, and counsel for Producers' & Consumers' Bank, Philadelphia; atty.
Born Sept. 6, 1880, Wash- ington, D. C. Father a physician and surgeon. Prim., gram, sch.,
Washington; German town Acad.; Ph.B., Univ. of Pa., 1902. Repub- lican. Home, 1304 Pine St.; of-
fice, 1201 Chestnut St., Philadel- phia, Pa.
#WORK, John McClelland. As- so. ed. Milwaukee Leader since 1917. Born Jan. 3, 1869, Washing- ton
County, Iowa. Father a farm- er. Country sch. and worked on farm until 1886; Washington Acad.,
Washington, Iowa, 1889; A.B., Monmouth Coll., Monmouth, I1l., 1891; LL.B., Law Sch., Co- lumbian
(now George Washing- ton) Univ., Washington, D. C., 1882; special courses. Practised law, Des
Moines, Iowa, 1892- 1900. Del. 1901 conv. at which Socialist P. was born, and to later con vs.;
member natl. exec. comt. Socialist P., 1903-10, 1916-9; natl. lecturer and org., Socialist P., 1904-10;
Socialist cand. for elec- tor-at-large, Iowa, 1900-4; for mayor of Des Moines, 1902; for gov. of Iowa,
1903, '10; for U. S. Senator, 1908; for alderman, Chi- cago, in spring of 1914; for Cong, in fall of 1914;
for judge of su- perior ct., Chicago, 1917; natl. secy. Socialist P., 1911-3. Teacher of law, La Salle
Extension Univ., 1913-7. Writer of articles since 1902, many syndicated to Social- ist and other labor
papers. Au- thor: What's So and What Isn't, 1905; Where You Get Off, 1913; The Key to the Mystery,
1914; Why Things Happen to Happen, 1919; also 6 legal booklets for use of students; wrote 4 or 5
anti- war editorials for which Victor L. Berger was indicted; testified to same at Chicago trial.

#WOULF, John Albert. Ed. and mgr. The Labor Bulletin, owned by Cent. Labor U., Kansas City, Kan;
carpenter. Born Jan. 22,1881, Engelholm, Sweden. Father a carpenter. Came to U. S. 1882. Gram,
sch., 6th grade, Kansas City. Carpenter; pres. Un. Bro. of Carpenters & Joiners of A., Kansas City loc.
168, 1916-7; pres. Cent. Labor U., 1917-9; 1st vice- pres. Kansas Fed. of Labor, 1919-22; loc. org. A. F.
of L. since 1918; pres. dist. coun. of Carpen- ters, 1918. Home, 3094 N. 18 St.; office. Suite F,
Portsmouth Bldg., 607 Minnesota Ave., Kansas City, Kan.
#WRIGHT, Chester Maynard. Asst. ed., American Federationist since 1922; dir. A. F. of L. I' (256)256
AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO formation and Publicity Service since 1920; ed. International La- bor
News Service until 1925; Eng- lish language secy. Pan-American Fed. of Labor since 1922. Born Jan.
29, 1883, Milwaukee, Wis. Fa- ther a farmer. High sch., IVt yrs., Milwaukee. Publicity dir. Amer. All.
for Labor and Democ. through war period; member 1st Amer. Labor Mission to England, France and
Belgium during war, 1917; ed. New York Call, 1914-6; rep. New York Tribune at Paris Peace Conf. as
expert on labor phases of conf. and treaty. Au- thor: special reports on war sit- uation in Europe,
conditions in Mexico, and domestic subjects. Member Com. Telegraphers' U. of A., and New York
Newspaper Club. Home, Takoma Park; of- fice, A. F. of L. Bldg., Washing- ton, D. C.
#WYATT, Fred. (See Canada.)
#YANOFSKY, Saul. Ed. Justice weekly organ Intl. Ladies' Gar- ment W. U., since 1890; ed. Ar- better
Freund, London, 1890-5; ed. Freie Arbeiter Stimme, New York, 1899-1920. Lecturer on an- archism,
Socialism, and other so- cial topics. Born Apr. 1864, Pinsk, Russia. Father a cantor. High sch.,
Bialystock. Author: several books and pamphlets in Yiddish on anarchism and Socialism, some of
them translated. Member Intl. Ladies' Garment W. U. Home, 1320 Teller Ave.; office, 3 W. 16 St.,
New York, N. Y.
#YODER, Arthur David. Gen. secy.-treas. Wood, Wire & Metal Lathers' Intl. U. since 1923. Born Sept.
27, 1883, Kansas City, Mo. Father a carpenter. Gram, sch., Blackwell, Okla. Be- gan work as a lather.
Bus. agt. loc. 74, Lathers' Intl. U., Chica- go, I1l., 1916-20; vice-pres. Lath- ers' Intl. U. 1920-3. Politics
inde- pendent. Home, 14214 Potomac Ave., E. Cleveland; office, Lath- ers' Bldg., W. 26 & Detroit Sts.,
Cleveland, Ohio.

#YOUNG, Art (Arthur Henry). Cartoonist for The Liberator, Life, The Nation, and other magazines.
Born Jan. 14, 1866, Orangeville, 11l. Father a fruit farmer and storekeeper. Gram, sch., Monroe, Wis.
Began to work at age of 19 as advertising illustrator for wholesale grocery house, Chicago, and
studied at Chicago Art Inst. Reporter and cartoonist for Chi- cago Inter-Ocean, Tribune, Daily News,
until 1892. Came to New York 1895; contributor to Life, Colliers, Saturday Evening Post, The Nation,
Judge. Studied a short time at New York Art Stu- dents' Lg., and at Julien's, Paris. Helped to start The
Masses (later The Liberator) 1910. Indicted for alleged llbelous cartoon by Asso- ciated Press; case
dismissed. Ar- rested because of Masses' opposi- tion to conscription; jury disa- greed and case
dropped. Ed. Good Morning, 1919. Cand. for N. Y. State senator, Socialist P., 1916. Washington corr.
and car- toonist Metropolitan Magazine, 1912-7. Now member of no po- litical party. Home, Bethel,
Conn., studio, 9 E. 17 St., New York, N. Y.

#YOUNG, Konrad. Exec. bd. Brewery W. of A. since 1904; secy.-treas. and bus. agt. loc. 14, Brewery
W. of A., since 1904. Born June 9, 1862, Niederwelsel, Germany. Father a farmer. Gram. sch.
Niederweisel; drawing sch. Butzbach; labor coll. Came to U. S. in 1879. Began work as
(257)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 257 a carpenter in 1779. Socialist P. Home, 460 Beech St.,
Roslindale, Boston; office, 1117 Columbus Ave., Roxbury, Boston, Mass.
#YOUNG, Sam. Rec., fin. secy. Harrisburg br., Socialist P., since 1908; exec. comt. Harrisburg Com-
munity Forum since 1922. Born Oct. 24, 1862, Mount Joy, Pa. Fa- ther a stationary engineer. Pub.
sch., Harrisburg; Northwestern Univ., 1888-90; corr. courses, Rand Sch. of Social Science; study
classes Pa. Fed. of Labor 1922-4. Went to work at 12 yrs. of age in iron, steel works, brick yards,
gardening, grocery store clerk, ins. agt. until 21; in west- ern states 16 yrs.; travelled 10 yrs.;
salesman in Pa., N. J. (At- lantic City in summers), since 1900. Active in Socialist movt. 25 yrs.; paid
dues since 1904; fin. rec. secy.; org.; literature agt.; Pa. exec. comt. many yrs.; se- cured Debs as
speaker in Harris- burg when he was routed by Ap- peal to Reason; del. Pa. conv., 1908-24; trustee
coop. store, secy, of printing co., 1910-2; org. Young People's Socialist Lg., pres., 1st treas., although
beyond age limit; elected instr. in corr. courses of Rand Sch. of Social Science, by study class;
opposed to war, re- fused to support it in any way. Gets open-air speakers, introduces them; always
carries propaganda literature in grip. Author: 20 ar- ticles on "Red Flag" in The Torch, 1910-2; other
articles; edi- torials; "Sam Young Says," talks for salesmen. Member Red Men, Moose. Home, P. O.

#YOUNGS, Fred Melvin. Print- ing pressman, traveling service man. Born Jan. 5, 1861, Mil- waukee.
Invented a printing press accessory, superintended its man- ufacture. Pres. Omaha, Neb., Pressman's
U. 1888-9; vice-pres. Intl. Printing Pressmen' & Assts.' U. of N. A., 1893-4; ed., publ., American
Pressman, 1894-5; pres. Omaha Cent. Labor U. 1896-1900; active in organizing. Labor rep. at Trans-
Mississippi Exposition, Omaha, 1898; instrumental in having all buildings constructed by union labor,
and only union skilled labor and musicians em- ployed; in Neb. Senate, 1900; del. A. F. of L., 1923;
del. Intl. Print- ing Pressmen's & Assts.' U. of N. A., 1924. Author: trade articles for American
Pressman, 1894- 1900. Charter member Web Press U. 17, Portland, Ore.; Elks, Woodmen of World.
Politics in- dependent. Home, R. F. D. 1, Milwaukee; office, 518 Oregonian Bldg., Portland, Ore.

#ZAITZ, Frank. Ed. Proletarec since 1920, official organ of Yugo- slav Socialist Fed.; lecturer and
educator; member exec. comt. Yugoslav Socialist Fed.; member various political and educl. comts.
Born Aug. 18, 1888, Lublana (Laibach), Yugoslovia. Father a dairy farmer and gardener. Prim., gram.
sch., Lubiana. Miner; for- merly asst. ed. Prosveta, (The Enlightenment), Slovenian dally; bus. mgr.
Proletarec. Ed. 5 vols. The American Family Almanac. 1921, '2, '3, '4, '5. Former mem- ber Western
Fed. of Miners. So- cialist P. Home, 2439 S. Ridge- way Ave.; office, 3639 W. 26 St., Chicago, 11l.

#ZAMFIRESCC, Nicolae O. Ed Desteptarea (The Awakening). Born Vaida-Recea, Rumania. Fa- ther a
farmer. Prim. sch. Agri- cultural and indust. worker, (258)258 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO
printer. Mgr. Romanul, Ruman- ian weekly, 1906-9; ed. and mgr. America, Rumanian semi-weekly,
1910-3. Member Banateana; Workers' P. Home, 4534 Hastings St., Detroit, Mich.
#ZARITSKY, Max. Pres. Cloth Hat, Cap, & Millinery W. Intl. U.; dir. Amal. Bank, New York; dir.
Headgear W. Credit U.; secy.- treas. Needie Trades' W. All. since 1923. Born Apr. 15, 1885, Petrlkov,
Russia. Father a rabbi. High sch., Russia. Cap maker; asst. gen. secy. Un. Cloth Hat & Cap Mkrs.' 1911-
9. Member Workmen's Circle. Socialist P. Home, 1272 Grand Concourse; of- fice, 621 Broadway, New
York, N. Y.
#ZAUSNER, Philip. Secy. N. Y. dist. coun., Bro. of Painters, Dec- orators & Paperh. of A., since 1918;
bus. agt. since 1916, except 1921, when declined. Born July 13, 1884, Lemberg, Austrian-Po- land.
Father a tinsmith. Pub., high sch., Lemberg. Apprentice 4 yrs. engraving and lettering; journeyman
engraver, sign paint- er in Lemberg 5 yrs.; came to U. S., 1907; house painter. Spokes- man for 5,000
members of Intl. Painters' U., at A. F. of L. conv., Atlanta, 1912, for purpose of se- curing charter with
jurisdiction over repair work; conf. led to amalgamation with Bro. of Paint- ers, Decorators & Paperh.
of A. by 1914; active since then in New York dist.; led several important strikes of New York painters,
raised wages from $4 to $10.50 a day, and reduced working week from 5 1-2 to 5 days; helped bring
about 1st health agreement in U. S. for protection of painters against occupational diseases. Ac- tive
in Socialist and Progressive political labor movts. Home, 1018 DeKalb Ave., Brooklyn; office, 166 E.
56 St., New York, N. Y.

#ZEUCH, William Edward. Economist and educator; educl. dir. Commonwealth Univ., Mena, Ark.
Born Aug. 19, 1892, Strawberry Point, Iowa. Father a farmer and r. r. worker. Pub. sch., Hopkinton,
Iowa; high sch., Iowa City; Lenox Coll., 1915; A. B., Clark Univ., 1917; A.M., 1916; Cornell, 1920; Univ.
of Wis. 1921- 2; Ph.D., Univ. of Minn. Was a farmer, commercial photogra- pher, and in civil service;
teacher Univ. of Ind., Univ. of Wis., Univ. of 11l.; org. and founder with Kate Richards O'Hare and
Frank P. O'Hare of Commonwealth Coll., 1922. Author: pamphlet, The Truth about the O'Hare Case,
1919: "Secular Trend and Busi- ness Cycle," in collaboration with J. R. Commons and H. L. Mc-
Cracken, in Harvard Economic Review, Oct. 1922; The Passing of the Amerinds, 1924, (in hands of
publ.); numerous articles in newspapers and periodicals on ed- ucational, economic and social
questions. Member Amer. Econ. Assn., Royal Econ. Soc. of Gt. Britain, Arts & Science Club of A.
Progressive. Address, Com- monwealth Univ., Mena, Ark.

#ZIEGUER, Philip E. Ed. The Railway Clerk. Born May 27. 1886, Georgetown, Ohio. Father a salesman.
Pub., high sch., Georgetown; Univ. of Cincinnati, 1921-3. Ry. clerk; former ed. The People's Press.
Pres. Cincinnati loc. 647, Bro. of Ry. & Steamship Clerks, Freight H., E. & S. E., 1918-9. Home, 488
Crestline Ave.; office, R. 704, Bro. of Ry. Clerks' Bldg., 1015 Vine St., Cincinnati, Ohio.

#ZIMAND, Suvel. Journalist, economist, lecturer. Born 1893, Yassy, Rumania. Univ. of Berlin, 1912-
13. Worked in factories as a mechanic; ran an elevator; win- dow dresser. On staff, Economics
(259)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 259 Dept., New York Public Library, 1917-9; Bur. of Industrial
Re- search, 1919-22; special corr. Survey Graphic; responsible for "Irish," "Coal," and "Russian"
numbers. Associated as research worker with National Conference for a Christian Way of Life, 1923.
Travelled extensively in Europe and Asia. Lecturer, contributor on economic problems and intl.
affairs to N. Y. Times, Tribune, World, various magazines. Au- thor: Modern Social Movements, Open
Shop Drive; trans., ed. The Future Belongs to the People. Member Press Writers' U. Ad- dress, 52
West 11 St., New York, N. Y.
#ZIMBIUNG, Ofsha. Statis- tician; dir. Labor Bur., Inc., Chi- cago, since 1923. Born Sept. 26, 1897,
Jitomir, Russia. Father a merchant. High scn., Winnipeg, Can.; Ph.B., Univ. of Manitoba and Univ. of
Chicago. Rep. wage hearings before city coun. of Chi- cago, 1923-4, for the Firemen's Assn., and
before U. S. R. R. La- bor Bd., Mar. 1923, and other union wage hearings. Author: a number of special
reports and briefs for unions which have been used in wage negotiations and ar- bitrations, including
"Chicago Flremen-Their Efficiency and Compensation," "The American Federation of Railway
Workers v. The Philadelphia and Reading Railway." Politics independent. Home, 3620 W. 60 Pl.;
office, 440 Dearborn St., Chicago, 11l.

#ZORN, Julius. Ed. The Brew- ery Workers' Journal, organ of Intl. U. of Un. Brewery, Flour, C. & S. D.
W. of A. since 1917. Born May 2, 1853, Pforgheim Baden, Germany. Went to work at age of 14, as a
cooper and brewer. Came to U. S. 1874. Brewer 1867-99. Charter member 1st brewery workers'
union in U. S.; gen. secy. 1899-1905; refused renomination; bookkeeper in headquarters 1905-17.
Socialist. Home, 1320 Duncan Ave.; office, 2347 Vine St., Cincinnati, Ohio.
#ZUCKERMAN, Max. Gen. secy.-treas. Cloth Hat, Cap, & Mil- linery W. Intl. U.; dir. Intl. U. Bank; dir.
Headgear W. Credit U. Born Dec. 8, 1868, Winnltza, Po- dolskaya, Russia. Father a mer- chant. Gram.
sen., Russia. Came to U. S. 1891. Cap cutter. Author: biennial reports of activities of Un. Cloth Hat &
Cap Mkrs.' of N. A., 1905-23. Member Workmen's Circle. Home, 1779 Ocean Ave., Brooklyn; office,
621 Broadway, New York, N. Y. (260)OTHER COUNTRIES ABRAMOVTTCH, Raphael Rein. Member
cent. comt. of for- eign delegations of Russian Social Democratic Labor P. and of Bund; ed. of official
organ, The Courier; exec. comt. and adm. bur. Labor & Socialist Intl. since 1923; writer. Born July 21.
1880, Dina- burg, Dvinsk, Russia. Father a merchant. Polltechnlkum Univ., Riga. Was high sen.
teacher; en- gineer in patent solicitor's of Hoe; lectured in U. S. 1907-8, '25, and in Germany, Austria
and Nether- lands. Member cent. comt. of Bund, and of Russian Social Democratic Labor P. since
1905; imprisoned 1904 and 1910 by Tsarist govt.; member cent. comt. of All-Russian Soviets 1917-8;
member Provisional Coun. of Rus- sian Republic 1917; member Mos- cow Soviet 1918-20;
imprisoned by Bolshevikl for organizing All- Russlan Cong. 1918. Author: The Future of Soviet Russia,
#AHERN, William Francis. Ed. staff of Australian Worker since 1917; Australian corr. for Feder- ated
Press, U. S., since 1919; for Dally Herald, London since 1918; 1 of founders, and member exec. comt.
Australian Clerical Assn. s'ince 1908; speaker. Born Jan. 18, 1882, Newcastle, New South Wales,
Australia. Came from Irish rebel stock. Practically self- educated; in youth studied law; to know
working class problems, worked at various occupations from manual labor to finance; traveled 1909-
12, studied labor and Socialist movts. in many countries, campaigned, lectured, and wrote. Returned
to Australia prior to World War; was perse- cuted by anti-labor govt. and by military authorities
because of anti-war activities; agitated and campaigned for Australian Labor P. and for One Big
Union; secy. New South Wales Parliamentary Labor P. 1917; member campaign comt. against
conscription 1916- 7; since the war exposed in world's press the exploitation of natives in former
German terri- tories in the Pacific Ocean now mandated to British and Austra- lian govts. Former
Australian corr. for New York Call, Mil- waukee Leader, Seattle Union Record, British Columbia
Federa- tlonlst. Co-advisor to Soviet govt. Bur. at Sydney 1919-22. Author: numerous articles on
#ALBRECHT, August. Secy. German Fed. of Socialist Young W.; member bur. Socialist Youth Intl.; bus.
mgr. German Socialist Young W. printing plant and of cent, purchasing agency for So- cialist Young
W. Fed. Born July 24, 1890, Hamburg, Germany. Father a carpenter. Elem. sen., Hamburg. Formerly a
messenger; dir. young workers' information bur. for Hamburg labor office un- til 1919; formerly dir.
Hamburg Young W. movt. Author: Young People's Song Book. Member So- cial Democratic P. Home,
Koenlg- graetzerstrasse 70, Berlin S. W. 11; office, Lindenstrasse 3, Berlin S. W. 68, Germany.

#AIJjEN, Clifford. Chair. British Indep. Labor P. since 1923; dir. Dally Herald since 1923; chair. New
Leader since 1922; exec. comt. Labor & Socialist Intl. since 1922. Born May 9, 1889, New- port,
Monmouthshire, England. Berkhamsted sch.; Peterhouse; Cambridge Univ.; Univ. Coll., Bristol. Chair.
Univ. Fabian Soc. Cambridge, 1910-1; exec. comt. Fabian Soc. 1912; secy, and gen. mgr. Daily Citizen,
1st official dally of British Labor movt., 1911-5; chair. Univ. Socialist Fed. 1912-4. Chair. No-
Conscription Fellowship, 1914-8; imprisoned 3 times as conscientious objector to conscription, 1916-
7. Del. from Indep. Labor P. to Russia 1920; treas. Indep. Labor P. 1922; cand. for Parl., Glasgow,
1919. Author: reprinted speeches, Conscription and Conscience, 1916; Putting So- cialism into
Practice, 1924; intro- duction to Conscription and Con- science, by Graham, 1920. Home, 70
Overstrand Mansions, Batter- sea Park, London, S. W. 11; office, Indep. Labor P., 14 Gt. George St.,
(262)262 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Westminster, London, 8. W. 1, England.
#ALVAREZ, Salvador. Chief org. and Secy, of Interior, Mexican Fed. of Labor (Confederaclon Re-
gional Obrera Mexicana); tailor. Born 1893, Mexico City. Prim, sch. Org. Labor P. (Partldo La- borista
Mexicano). Del. 1st conv. Pan-Amer. Fed. of Labor; Social- ist P. of U. S. A. conv. 1922. Mem- ber
Tailors' U.; Grupo Accion; Casa del Obrero Mundial. Home, Belisarlo Dominguez 64, Mexico City,

#AMELINK, Herman. Secy. Netherlands Fed. of Christian Trade U. (Christelijk Nationaal Vakverbond in
Nederland) since 1916; member High Coun. of La- bor (Hooge Raad van Arbeid) since 1919. Born
Dec. 21, 1881, Lonneker, Netherlands. Father a weaver. Private sch. for Christian elem. educ.,
Lonneker; private tutoring in Dutch grammar, 1904. Went to work at age of 12; weaver 1894-1915.
Secy. Chris- tian Textile W. U. (Nederlandsche Chrlstelijke Textielarbeidersbond Unltas) 1915-6.
Author: pamph- lets, Verkorting van Arbeidsduur en Drankgebruik (The Shorter Work Day and
Temperance), 1912; De Stand der Chrlstelijke Vakbeweging (Position of the Christian Trade Union
Movement) 1920; De Vakvereenigingsactie en de Medezeggenschap der Arbeld- ers in de Bedrijven
(Trade Union Action and Representation of the Workers in Industry) 1921; De Christelijk-Sociale
Actie en de Gereformeerde Knapen-en Meis- jesvergaderingen (Christian Social Movement and the
Service for Young People), 1924. Member Christian Textile W. U.; Anti- Revolutionary P. Home,
Sering- straat 162; office, Stadhouderslaan 45, Utrecht, Netherlands.
#ANDERSEN, Alsing Kinnnucl. Secy. Social Democratic P. of Denmark since 1917; exec. comt.
Copenhagen Trade U. Fed. since 1924; exec. comt. Educl. Assn. of the Labor Movt. Born Feb. 5, 1893,
Copenhagen. Father a shoe- maker. Elem. sch.; A. M., Univ. of Copenhagen, 1917. Member Clerks' U.
Office, Roemersgade 22, Copenhagen, Denmark.
#ANDREWS, â€William Henry. Secy. Communist P. of South Af- rica since 1918; ed. The Interna-
tional since 1918; exec. comt. of Communist Intl. 1923; member South African coun. and referee,
Witwatersrand dist. comt., Amal. Engineering U., since 1923. Born Apr. 20, 1870, Leiston, Suffolk,
England. Father a machinist, fit- ter and turner. Elem. sch., Leis- ton. Went to work at age of 13;
machinist, England, 1883-93, South Africa, 1893-1905; trooper, Anglo-Boer War, 1900-1; sugar
farmer, Zululand, 1916-7. Gen. secy. South African Coun. Amal. Soc. of Engineers 1903-5; org. 1905-
11. Chair. Witwatersrand Trades & Labor Coun., 1904. Chair. South African Labor P. 1914-5; Labor
member Legis. Aa- sem., South Africa, 1911-5; chair. Intl. Socialist Lg. (Communist Anti-War Lg.) 1915-
6; del. to proposed Stockholm peace conf. 1917-8; attended Inter-Allied La- bor & Socialist Cong.
London, 1918. Author: Workers' Revolu- tion in Russia, 1918, Home, 51 Mabel St., Rossettenville, Jo-
hannesburg; office, 4-6 Trades Hall, Rissik St., Johannesburg, Transvaal, South Africa.

#ANDRIEV, Andrei. 1 of secre- taries and member cent. exec. comt. Russian Communist P. Born
1885, Smolensk, Russia, Father a house porter. Elem. sch. Mem- ber of Communist P. since 1914.
(263)OTHER COUNTRlES 263 Was active in trade union movt. among metal workers in Urals,
member Metal W. U. since 1917. Was pres. and member of prae- sidium (presiding comt.) of All-
Russlan Cent. Coun. of Trade Unions; was pres. of Railway W. U. Address, c/o Russian Com- munist
P., Moscow, U. of Soviet Socialist Republics.
#ANSKELE, Edonard. Socialist member Belgian Parl. since 1894; alderman, Ghent, since 1908; dir.
Coop. Societies since 1883; pres. mng. bd., Coop. Mills, since 1905. Born July 20, 1856, Ghent. Fa-
ther a bootmaker. Elem., high sch. Printer 1884. Minister of Public Works, 1918-21. Author: Voor't
Volk Geofferd; De Omwen- teling van 1830; pamphlets. Ad- dress, 103 Rue Baudeloo, Ghent,

#APPLETON, William Archi- bald. Gen. secy. Gen. Fed. of Trade Unions, Great Britain, since 1907;
member governing body of Ruskin Coll.; fellow of the Fac- ulty of Ins.; silver medalist, Royal Soc. of
Arts; member govt. comts.: advisory comt. on Natl. Health Ins. since 1922; comt. on Old Age
Pensions, comt. on Post-War Education for the Young; depart- mental comts. on Approved Soc.
Finance and Adm. and Post-War Trade Priorities. Born Dec. 31, 1859, Nottingham. England. Fa- ther a
lacemaker. Elem. Sch., Nottingham. Lacemaker. Sec. Lace Makers' U. 1896-1907. Pres. Intl. Fed. of
Trade U., 1920. Member Educ. Authority, 1898-1906; labor adviser, Ministry of Natl. Service, 1916;
member Nottingham City Coun., 1906. Author: What We Want and Where We Are. 1922; Trade
Unionism. 1923; Unemploy- ment, 1923; Trade Unien History and Philosophy, 1925. Member Gen.
Workers' U.; Trade Union for Approved Soc. for Natl. Health Ins. Secretaries; Amer. Acad. Pol. &
Social Science. Home, Prospect House, Ashwell, Hertfordshire; of- fice, Hamilton House, Bidborough
St., London, W. C. 1, England.

#AUFHAUSER, Siegfried. Pres. German Fed. of Salaried Empl. (Allgemeiner Freler Angestellten- bund)
since 1915; member Parl. (Reichstag) since 1921; member Natl. Economic Comt. since 1920;
member State Ct. of Justice for the Protection of the Republic since 1922. Born May 1. 1884,
Augsburg, Germany. Father a merchant. Elem. sch., advanced commercial inst., Augsburg. For- merly
a commercial employee. Author: World War and Salaried Employees; other political and social
articles. Member Techni- cians' U. (Bund der Technischen Angestellten und Beam ten). So- cial
Democrat. Home, Tile War- denbergstrasse 11; office, Werft- strasse 7, Berlin, Germany.
#AZIMONTI, Carlo. Secy. Ital- ian Confed. of Labor and dir. Bat- taglie Sindicall, its official organ, since
1921; pres. Natl. Fed. of Societies for Mutual Aid (Feder- azione Nazionale delle Socleta di Mutuo
Soccorso) since 1920; pres. People's Bank, Busto Arsizio, Mi- lan, since 1911. Born March 9, 1888,
Busto Arsizio, Milan, Italy. Father a farmer. Elem. sch. Busto Arsizio; self-educated. Went to work at
age of 10; tex- tile worker. Formerly secy. Chamber of Labor, Milan, 1911; secy. Fed. of Land
Workers, 1911; secy. Chamber of Labor, Busto Arsizio, 1906; city magistrate, Busto Arsizio, 1914-22.
Author: 11 Commune (The Town) 1921; Movimento Operai (The Trade Union Movement), pamphlet,
1909; Circoli Operai e Leghe di Resistanza (Workers' Circles and Leagues of Resistance), 1913.
(264)264 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Member: Office W. U. (Lega Im- piegati privati);
Workmen's Circle for Mutual Aid (Circolo Operal di Mutuo Soccorso); Proletarian University;
Workers' Alpine Soc. (Socleta Alpinlstica Operal); Uni- tarian Socialist P. (Partlto Soclal- ista Unitarlo).
Home, Busto Ar- slzio; office, 2 Via Manfredo, Mi- lan, Italy. B

#B.VLDVINSSON, Jon. P r e s . Icelandic Labor P. (Althyduflok- kurinn and Althydussamband Isl- ands)
since 1916; member Ice- landic Parl. since 1921; mgr. Pub- lic Bakery Coop. Reykjavik, since 1918.
Born Dec. 20, 1882, Strand- sel, Ogurhr, Iceland. Father a farmer and fisherman. Self-edu- cated,
brought up on farm; com- positor and printer 20 yrs. Chair., secy. Printers' Trade U. of Ice- land.
Member Reykjavik town coun. 1918-24. Member Socialist Club in Reykjavik; Reykjavik Coop. Bldg.
Soc. Home, Hverfls- gata 64a, Reykjavik, Iceland.

#BANG, Nina. Minister of Educ. Danish Social Democratic Cabinet, since 1924; member Senate
(Landsthing) since 1918; exec. comt. Social Democratic P. since 1903; journalist; contributor to Social
Demokraten. Born Oct. 6, 1866, Copenhagen, Denmark. Fa- ther a musical dir. A. M. in his- tory,
Univ. of Copenhagen, 1894. Member Comssn. on Housing & Customs, 1922. Author: Studies of
shipping through the Sund, 1497-1660, 1906, '22; Karl Marx, His Life, 1918. Home, 60 Oster-
brogade; office, Undervisungsmin- isteriet, 21 Frederiksholms Kanal, Copenhagen, Denmark.
#BARBUSSE, Henri. French au- thor; 1 of founders and contribu- tor to Clarte since 1917. Born May
12, 1875, Paris. Father a journalist and author. Mother English. Attended Rollin Coll. Was volunteer
private in French army; pensioned for iliness con- tracted in the war; twice cited for Croix de Guerre:
for having saved 6 wounded, and for having volun- teered for all dangerous missions, 1915; org.
Republican Assn. of Ex-Service Men (Association Re- publicaine des Anciens Combat- tants) in France;
org. Intl. of Ex-Service Men (International des Anciens Combattants) com- posed of radical ex-
soldiers re- solved to make "war on war" in all the belligerent countries; sum- moned before criminal
court, 1923, on charge of inciting dis- obedience among soldiers after speech advising French
soldiers not to march against German people; not held because speech was delivered not in France
but in Germany. Author: Pleureuses (Weeping Women), 1895; Les Suppliants (The Suppliants), 1903;
L'Enfer (Hell), 1908; Nous Au- tres (We Others), 1914; Le Feu (Under Fire), 1916, which won
Goncourt prize, 1917; Clarte (Light), 1919; La Lueur dans 1'Abime, Paroles d'un Combat- tant (The
Light in the Abyss, Words of a Combatant), 1920; Queiques Coins du Coeur (Some Corners of the

#BARKER, Ernest Herbert. Gen. secy. Australian Labor P. since June, 1924; state exec. comt.
(265)OTHER COUNTRlES 265 W. Australian Br. since 1908; secy, and org. Amal. Soc. of En- gineers in
W. Australia since 19OS; union advocate in Austra- lian Indust. Arbitration Cts. since 1911. Born Mar.
20, 1871, Hilgay Fen, Norfolk, England. Father an engine driver. Eleni. scn., Yorkshire, England, Ruskin
Coll., Oxford. Began work at age of 10 in cotton factory; later appren- ticed to engineering shop;
fitter 1888-1912. Home, 59 Clotide St., Mt. Lawley; office. Trades Hall, Perth, W. Australia.
#BAITER, Otto. Social Demo- cratic member of Parl., Austria, since 1918; secy. of the Social
Democratic Parliamentary group in the Austrian Parl. since 1907; author. Born Sept. 5, 1881, Vi-
enna. Father chief dir. of a fac- tory. Coll. of Reichenberg; Univ. of Vienna, D. C. L. Active mem- ber of
Social Democratic P. since youth; asso. dir. Arbelter Zeitung, 1918; state secy, of Foreign Af- fairs,
Nov. 1918-Aug. 1919; pres. Socialization Comssn. of Austrian Assembly, 1919; voted for law on shop
committees (betriebsraete) 1919, and for the law regulating procedure in expropriations; State Secy,
of Foreign Affairs, 1918-9; del. from Intl. Working U. of Socialist Parties to Berlin conf., 1922. Author:
Problems of Nationalities and Socialism. 1908; The High Cost of Living, 1911; The Balkan War and
German World Policy, 1912; The Russian Revolution and the European Working Class, 1917; The
Road to Socialism. 1919; Bolshevism and Social Democracy, 1921; The Austrian Revolution, 1923.
Home, Kasunengasse 2, Vienna VI, Aus- tria.
#BELL, Florence Nightingale Harrison. Adm. comt. Labor & Socialist Intl. since 1923; exec. comt.
British Labor P. since 1919; treas. Intl. Fed. of Working Women since 1921; chair, stand- ing jt. comt.
of Indust. Women's Organizations since 1921; mem- ber Oversea Settlement Comt. since 1918;
Royal Comssn. on Health Ins. since 1924; teacher; lecturer. Born Oct. 8, 1865, New- castle-on-Tyne,
England. Father a surgeon. Elem. sen., Walker- on-Tyne; Armstrong Coll., Univ. of Durham. Formerly
cook, scn. mistress. Married, 1896, J. L. Bell, who was gen. secy, of Natl. Amal. U. of Labor and who
died in 1922, shortly after election to Parl. 1st secy. of Fed. of Indep. Labor P. branches; 1st secy.
New- castle Labor Representation Comt.; secy. Northeastern Soc. for Woman Suffrage; exec. comt.
Newcastle and Northumberland Ins. Comts.; member Munitions Tribunal during World War; secy.
Cent. London br. Teachers' Labor Lg. Member govt. delegation to Canada to examine condition of
migrated children 1924. Author: articles for labor press. Member Natl. U. of Teachers; Natl. Amal. U.
of Labor; Labor P. Home, 60 Lady Somerset Rd., London, N.W. 5; office, Labor Party, 33 Eccles- ton
Sq., London, S.W. 1, England.

#BELLAMY, Byron Webster Moore. Secy.-treas. W. Canada Conf. of Typographical Unions since 1914;
pres. Medicine Hat Trades & Labor Coun. 1910, and since 1922; secy. Medicine Hat loc., Intl.
Typographical U. since 1909; supt. of printing establish- ment. Born Apr. 27, 1879, New- burg,
Ontario. Father a printer. Elem., high sch., Ingersoll, Onta- rio. Was a printer. Vice-pres. Alberta Fed.
of Labor 1916-8; secy.-treas. 1912-4. Secy. Medi- cine Hat Trades & Labor Coun. 1912-6. Del. Trades
& Labor Cong. of Canada to Hamilton, Ot- tawa, Toronto, Winnipeg; del. Intl. Typographical U. conv.
1921-2. (266)266 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Alderman Medicine Hat 4 yrs.; member sch. bd. 4
yrs.; pub. lib- rary bd. 8 yrs. Gov. Amateur Ath. U. of Can.; pres. Amateur Baseball Assn. of Can.; pres.
Al- berta Amateur Baseball Assn.; secy. Medicine Hat Amateur Ath. Assn. Home, Empress Block, 6
Ave.; office, Medicine Hat News, 6 Ave., Medicine Hat, Alberta, Canada.
#BERNSTEIN, Edouard. Social Democratic member German Reichstag, 1902-6 and 1912-8, for
Breslau; since 1920 for Potsdam; â€writer. Born Jan. 6, 1850, Ber- lin. Father a locomotive engineer.
Gymnasium. Worked in bank, 1866-78; private secy., 1878-80. Joined Social Democratic P. 1872; ed.
Die Zukunft, 1872-1923; ex- iled under exceptional laws, went to Zurich, Switzerland, 1878-88; ed.
Sozial Demokraten 1881-90; deported from Switzerland 1888; in London 1888-1901; corr. Berlin
Vorwaerts; granted amnesty and returned to Germany 1901, after publication of criticism of Marx.
Ed. Dokumente des Socialismus since 1902; ed. Welt am Montag. Town coun., Breslau, 1910-9; Ber-
lin town coun., 1920. Member In- dep. Social Democratic P. dur- ing war; Under-Secy. of State for
Finance during 1st weeks of rev- olution, 1918; rejoined majority group, 1922, after failure to es-
tablish united party. Edited speeches and writings of Ferdi- nand Lassalle, 1891-3. Author: Ferdinand
Lassalle und Seine Be- deutung fur Deutsche Socialdem- ocratie (Ferdinand Lassalle and His
Significance for German So- cial Democracy) 1891; Die Vor- aussetzungen des Socialismus und die
Aufgaben der Soclaldemocratle (Exposition of Socialism and the Lessons of Social Democracy) 1899;
Theorie und Geschaft des Socialismus (Theory and Practice of Socialism) 1900; Wie 1st Wls-

#BLUM, Leon. Socialist member French Chamber of Deputies, from the Seine, since 1919; leader of
Socialist parliamentary group; lawyer practicing in ct. of ap- peals; journalist; author. Born Apr. 9,
1872. Charlemagne Coll.; Coll. of Henry IV; Superior Nor- mal Sch. Entered State Dept. 1895;
successively auditor, chief of supplies and commissary agt.; chief of advisory comt. in Minis- try of
Pub. Works under Marcel Sembat 1914. One of founders, L'Humanite, 1904; prepared ma- jor part of
Socialist P. program. Cong. of Paris, 1919. Jt. ed., with Jean Longuet, Le Populaire, 1921- 2; ed. 1922-
4. Contrib. to Socialist press and to important Parisian magazines. Author: Les Nouvelles
Conversations de Goethe avec Eckermann (New Conversations of Goethe with Eckermann), 1901; En
Lisant (While Reading). 1906; Au Theatre (At the The- ater), 4 volumes, 1905, '7, '9, '12; Du Marlage
(On Marriage), 1907; Stendhal et le Beyllsme (Stendhal and Beyle-ism), 1914; pamphlets on the
Socialist Con- gresses, 1901; Letters on Govern- ment Reform. 1918; Pour Etre (267)OTHER
COUNTRlES 267 Socialiste (How to Be a Socialist). 1920. Member Socialist P.; Lg. of the Rights of
Man; Chevalier of Legion of Honor. Home, 126 Blvd. du Montparnasse, Paris, France.
#BONDFIELD, Margaret Grace. Trade union official, England. Born March 17, 1873, Chard, Som-
erset, England. Father a lace de- signer. Elem. sch., Chard. Teacher at age of 13; worked in
distributive trade 1885-98; shop asst. 14 yrs. Lecturer and secy, citizenship comt. Women's Coop.
Guild, 1908-15. Supt. Cent. Depot of Workrooms for Unemployed Women, 1915-6; asst. secy. Natl.
Fed. of Women W. (now Natl. U. of General W.) 1916-23. Asst. secy. Shop Assts. U. 1898-1908; 1st
woman del. Trade U. Cong. 1899; 1st woman member of gen. coun. 1915-23; 1st woman chair, of
gen. coun. 1923 until registra- tion 1924 necessitated by appoint- ment as Parliamentary secy, to
Ministry of Labor in Labor Govt. Del. Intl. Socialist & Labor Cong., Berne, 1919; to French Trade U.
Cong. 1918; labor advisor to Lg. of Nations Intl. Labor Conf., Washington, D. C., 1919, and Geneva
1920-3; del. A. F. of L. 1919; to Russia 1920. Unsuccess- ful cand. for Parl. 1921, '4; elected 1923.
Author: numerous reports and articles. Member Natl. U. for General W.; Labor P.; Indep. Labor P.;
Parliamentary Labor Club; Kings Weigh House Church, London. Office, Dilke House, Malet St.,
London, W. C. 1, Eng- land. HORDING, Krlsten. Danish Minister of Agriculture since 1924; Social
#BORGBJERG, Frederlk. Min- ister of Social Affairs, Denmark, since 1924; member Parl. (Folke-
tinget) since 1898; member cent, exec. comt. Social Democratic P. wince 1892; ed. Social
Demokraten since 1911; member Danish dele- gation to Lg. of Nations since 1920; member Intl.
Inter-Parlia- mentary U. since 1898 and mem- ber of coun. since 1922; member Scandinavfan Inter-
Parliamentary U. since 1898. Born Apr. 10, 1866, Boeslunde, Korsor, Den- mark. Father a veterinary
sur- geon. A. B., Copenhagen Univ.; grad. work in Hebrew and theol- ogy. Formerly teacher; asst. ed.
Social Demokraten 1890-1911. Member city coun. Copenhagen, 1898-1913. Member Danish-Ice-
land Comssn. 1918-24. Author: articles for numerous periodicals; ed. Socialdemokratlets Aarhun-
drede (The Century of the Dan- ish Social Democratic Party) 1901-5. Home, Blegdamsvej 10; office,
Socialminlsteriet, Slots- holmsgade 6, Copenhagen, Den- mark.

#BKACKE, Alexandra Marie (Desrousseaux). Socialist mem- ber French Chamber of Deputies, from
Paris, 1912, '4, from the Seine since 1919; exec. comt. So- cialist U. for Intl. Action; pres. G.
Plekhanoff Soc.; writer. Born Sept. 29, 1861, Lille, France. Fa- ther, Desrousseaux, a singer. Lille Coll.;
Coll. of Louis-le- Grand; unlv. fellow; superior normal sch.; French scholar at Rome. Dir. of lectures,
Univ. of Lille, 1887-91. Active in labor party since youth; disciple and friend of Guesde; member gen.
comt. of Socialist organizations 1899; later foreign secy, for (268)268 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO
French Socialist P.; member exec. comt. of P. for many yrs.; rep. Socialist P. at Hamburg Intl. Cong.
Contrlb. to Le Soclallste; Le Socialisms; 1'Human

te; Le Populaire. Compiled editions of Sophocles, Herodotus, Lucien. Translator: Humain, Trop Hu-
main (Human, All Too Human), by Nietzsche; Banhylde; Complete works of Nietzsche in preparation.
Propagandist and author of many pamphlets. Awarded Jules Janlen prize by French Acad. Address,
37 Rue Monton-Duvernet, Paris, France.

#BRAILSFORD, Henry Noel. Ed. New Leader, England, since 1922; member bur. of Labor & Socialist
Intl. since 1923. Born Dec. 25, 1873, Mirfield, Yorkshire. Dundee High sen.; A. M., Glas- gow Univ.
1894. Lecturer on logic. Glasgow Univ., 1895. Served in Greek Foreign Legion during war, 1897;
member Car- negie Comssn. in Balkans 1913. Foreign corr. and writer. Man- chester Guardian, 1898;
on staff of Nation, 1906-22. Labor cand. for Parl., Montrose Burghs, 1918. Author: Shelley, Godwin,
and Their Circle, 1913; War of Steel and Gold, 1914; A League of Na- tions, 1917; After the Peace,
1920; The Russian Workers' Re- public. 1921. Office, 24 High Hoi- born, London, W. C. 1, England.

#BRAMLEY, Fred. Secy. Brit- ish Trades U. Cong, since 1923. Born 1874, Pool, England. Edu- cation
practically self-acquired. Apprenticed to cabinet maker; became member Natl. Amal., Fur- nishing
Trades Assn.; org. secy. 1912; Bradford Trades Coun., took prominent part in High Wycombe strike
settlement; was a Clarion van lecturer. Previ- ously asst. secy. Parliamentary Comt. Trades U. Cong.;
served on most public bodies during war; member Consumers'Coun.; helped to organize
Nationalization of the Mines campaign; cand. for Par)., Aberdeen, 1907; Devonport, 1918. Member
Indep. Labor P.; Brad- ford Trades Coun. Address, 16 Westminster Palace Gardens, Vic- toria St.,
London, S. W. 1, Eng- land.
#BRAMSNAES, Carl Valdemar. Danish Minister of Finance since 1924; Social Democratic Senator
since 1918; exec. comt. Social Democratic P. since 1912; chair. Workers' Educ. Soc. since 1916. Born
June 12, 1879, Holbak, Den- mark. Father a small farmer. Askov high sch., 1889-1901; B. Pol. S., Univ.
of Copenhagen, 1914. Went to work at age of 10; printer until 1907. Member exeo. comt.
Typographical U., Copen- hagen, 1904-7; town councillor, 1909-19; asst. and later deputy chief, govt.
Dept. of Statistics, 1914-23; Housing Comssn., 1916- 8; alderman, 1919-24; lecturer on social politics,
Univ. of Copen- hagen, 1921; exec. comt. Intl. Workers' Educ., 1924. Author: Taylor System, 1917;
Economic System of Karl Marx, 1918; Con- temporary Social Problems, 1921. Home, Dalgas
Boulevard 72; of- fice, Slotsholmsgade 2, Copen- hagen, Denmark.

#BRANDLER, Helnricb. German Communist. Born July 3, 1881, Warmsdorf, Bohemia. Traveled
through Europe working at trade; after return to Germany partici- pated in formation of Spartacus
group; was Secy, of German Com- munist P.; Secy. of State in workers' govt., Saxony, Oct., 1923.
Address, c/o Communist Party, Warthestrasse 69, Berlin-Neu- koein, Germany.

#BRANTING, K. Hjulmar.1 Prime Minister of Sweden, 1920-5. Born 1860, Stockholm. Studied 1 Died
February 24, 1925. (269)OTHER COUNTRlES 269 mathematics and astronomy, Univ. of Upsala, 1877.
Official of Stockholm Observatory 1879-80, '2-4; gave up science for work on Socialist periodical
Tiden; ed. So- cial Demokraten, Stockholm, 1887-1917. Elected Parl. (Riks- dag), 1st Social Democrat
in 2nd Chamber, 1896-1925. Minister of Finance in Liberal Socialist Coali- tion govt. 1917-8: Prime
Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs 1921-3. Chair. Berne Conf. of 2nd Intl. 1919, 1st held after
war. Swedish del. Versailles Conf. Awarded Nobel peace prize 1921 by Norwegian Storthing, partly
because of promotion of possible solution of Swedish-Norwegian crisis 1905. Rep. Sweden at Eco-
nomic Conf., Genoa, 1922; Assem. of Lg. of Nations 1920-3; Coun. of Lg. of Nations. Home, 3 Norr-
tullsgatan; office, Kansllhuset, Stockholm, Sweden.
#BRESHKOVSKY, Catherine. (Breshko-Breshkovskaya, Ekat- erina Constant inovn). Russian Social
Revolutionary propagand- ist. Born 1844, Vitebsk, Russia. Father a landholder and aristo- crat.
Privately educated; also Smolin Convent, Leningrad. At age of 17 opened a sen. for peas- ants on
family estate; went Len- ingrad in 1863; attended classes in natural and political science which were
given secretly for women while classes in universi- ties were closed to them; wished to earn living
and served as gov- erness 2% yrs. When father in- sisted upon her return home, aided in opening a
boarding sch. for girls, and another sch. for peasants. At age of 25 married liberal nobleman;
established to- gether coop, bank, and agricul- tural sch. for peasants. under po- lice surveillance
because a friend â€who was a judge attempted to suppress graft; after birth of son, traveled among
peasants spread- ing propaganda; arrested 1874, sentenced to Siberia; returned to Russia 1896.
Active in Social Revolutionary P.; sympathizer of Fighting Lg., a terrorist organi- zation. Traveled in U.
S. 1904-5, raising money and creating sym- pathy for Russian Revolution. Re-arrested 1908; in Siberia
until Mar. revolution, 1917. Senior member of Russian Constituent Assem.; called upon by Premier
Kerensky to take chair, Oct. 20, 1917; left Russia after Nov. 1917 Revolution; visted and lectured in
#BROAD, Thomas. Gen. exec. bd. member for Canada, Bro. of Ry. Carmen of A., since 1917; secy.-
treas. Jt. Protective Bd., Can. Pac. Ry. since 1924; car in- spector, Can. Pac. Ry. since 1904. Born Feb.
13, 1883, Ottawa. Fa- ther a waterworks employee. Pub. sch., night sch. Member Bro. of Ry. Carmen
of A. since Apr. 1904; vice-chair. Can. Pac. Ky. Jt. Protective Bd. 1909-23. Address, 50 Meirose Ave.,
Ot- tawa, Ontario, Canada.
#BROCKWAY, Archibald Fen- ner. Gen. secy. Indep. Labor P., England, since 1923. Born Nov. 1, 1888,
Caicutta, India. Father a minister. Eltham Coll., London. Ed. Labor Leader, 1911-6; hon. secy. No-
Conscrlptlon Fellowship, 1916-20; secy. British comt., In- dian Natl. Cong.; ed. India 1920- 1; it. secy.
Prison Inquiry Comt. 1920-2; organizing secy. Indep. Labor P., 1922. Served 29 mos. in prison after
having been tried 9 times during war under defense of realm act and military service acts. Author:
Labor and Liberal- (270)270 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO lam, 1912; Devil's Business, a play
suppressed during the war, 1913 The Recruit, a play written while in prison, 1918; Non-Cooperation
1921; India and Its Government 1921; English Prisons Today with Stephen Hobhouse, 1922; How to
End War, 1922; and many other pamphlets for Indep. Labor P. Home, Keir Cottage, Thorp Bay, Essex;
office, 14 Gt. George St., Westminster, London, England.
#BROWN, John William. Jt. secy. Intl. Fed. of Trade Unions; secy. Intl. Workers' Educ. Conf. since
1922; exec. comt. British Inst. of Adult Educ. Born Dec. 15, 1886, Barnet, Hertfordshire, England.
Father a currier. Elem. sch., Barnet; Luton Technical Sch. Worked 9 yrs. as engineer; obtained Amal.
Soc. of Engineers' scholarship to Ruskin Coll. 1911- 3, Oxford Univ. diploma with dis- tinction;
obtained first exchange scholarship to Berlin to study social and industrial conditions; studied and
lectured at Vienna Univ. Imprisoned in Vienna during war; org. welfare work for fellow civilian
prisoners; took charge of repatriation and transportation of those released after close of war. Gen.
secy. Shipping Guild, Liver- pool, and lectured at Beechcroft Settlement, Birkenhead. One of org. and
1st vice-pres. Natl. Fed. of Professional, Technical, Ad- ministrative and Supervisory Workers' Fed.
Was secy. Oxford summer sch.; member extension comt. Liverpool Univ. Parlia- mentary labor cand.
for St. Al- bans div., Hertfordshire, 1919, '22. Asst. secy. Intl. Fed. of Trade Unions. Ed. Intl. Fed. of
Trade Unions' Educational Notes; con- trib. to Liverpool Express Salariat columns. Member Amal.
Engi- neering U.; British Labor P.; Austrian Alpine Club, and other athletic clubs. Home, 26 Wood St.,

#BRUCE, John William. Gen. org. and rep. Un. Assn. of Plum- bers & Steamfitters in Canada since
1910. Born Feb. 12, 1876, Melbourne, Australia. Father a bootmaker. Elem. sch. Port Mel- bourne;
Workmen's Coll., Mel- bourne. Went to work at age of 14 as plumber's apprentice; worked for 20
years as a plumber, sanitary engineer and gen. supt. Went to Canada 1906. Travelled through
Australia, South Africa, Europe, Great Britain and Amer- ica. Member Un. Assn. of Plum- bers &
Steamfitters of U. S. & Can. since 1906; treas. loc. 46, 1907-10; pres. Bldg. Trades Coun. of Tor- onto
1908-10; fraternal del. to A. F. of L. 1909, '12; fraternal del. British Trade U. Cong. 1922. Member Bd.
of Appeals in In- dust. Disputes, during war; mem- ber Royal Comssn. on Indust. Re- lations 1919;
workers' adviser to pres. of Trades and Labor Cong., of Canada at Intl. Labor Conf., Geneva, 1922.
Labor cand. for Parliament 1908, '10, '17, '21; 1st pres. of Canadian Labor P. 1921-4. Member
Masons. Home, 663 Car- law Ave., Toronto, Ontario, Can- ada; office, U. A. Bldg., 1138 N. Dearborn
St., Chicago, 11l.

#BRUCE, Malcolm U. Cent, exec. comt., org. and speaker, Communist P. of Canada since 1922. Born
Mar. 30, 1880, Prince Edward Is., Canada. Father a carpenter. Pub. sch., Seal River, Prince Edward Is.,
until age of 17. Formerly a fisherman; miner; carpenter; contractor. Member Western Fed. of
Miners, 1903-9; Un. Bro. of Carpenters & Joiners 1910-9 and since 1922; One Big U. 1919-22.
Member Socialist P. of Canada 1910-21. Member (271)OTHER COUNTRlES 271 Communist P. since
1921; ed. The Worker, official organ, 1922-4; del. to 5th Cong, of Communist Intl., and from
Canadian sect. Trade U. Educ. Lg. to 3rd Cong, of Red Intl. of Labor Unions, Moscow, 1924. Home,
179 Grange Ave.; office, R. 301, 95 King St. E.( Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
#BRUNET, George Raoul. Vice- pres. Intl. Printing Pressmen & Assts'. U. of N. A. since 1922; treaa.
Montreal Labor Temple Co., Canada, since 1923; printing pressman. Born Dec. 4. 1881, Montreal,
Canada. Father a car- penter. Prim, sen., Chicago. Went to work at age of 14. Pres. loc. 52, Intl.
Printing Pressmen & Assts'. U. of N. A. 1904-7; intl. org. 1909-12. Gen. org. A. F. of L. 1913-4. Fair
wage inspector for province of Quebec 1915-21. Member Royal Arcanum; Catholic Foresters. Home,
2084 Chateau- briand Ave.; office, R. 3, 248 St. James St., Montreal, Canada.
#BUCHARIN, Nicholas Ivano- vich. Ed. Pravda, organ of Rus- sian Communist P.; member cent, comt.
Born 1888. Father a teacher in a gymnasium. Studied law, Univ. of Moscow, 3 yrs., Vi- enna 1 yr.
Joined Bolshevist wing of Social Democratic Labor P. 1906; org. indust. and political strikes in
Moscow and Leningrad; elected to Moscow cent. comt. of the party, 1908; arrested 1910; in prison 1
yr., then sent to Si- beria; escaped across frontier; lived in Germany, Austria, Swit- zerland, Sweden,
Norway; while in U. S. ed. Novy Mir, 1916, then Socialist weekly, now Workers' P. paper. Active in
intl. congs., and in propaganda in America, Austria, and Germany; met Lenin in Switzerland. Returned
to Rus- sia 1917; 1 of editors of The So- cial Democrat, Spartacus, and The Communist; joined ed.
staff of Pravda 1918; member exec. bd. Govt. Publications Bur., 1918-21; lecturer 1st Moscow Univ.
and Sverdiov Univ. (sch, of Commun- ist P.), 1918. Author: A. B. C. of Communism (with D. Preo-
brazhensky); The Crisis of Capi- talism and the Communist Move- ment, 1923; The International
Economic Situation and Imperial- ism; The Proletarian Revolution and Culture, 1923; Theory of
Historic Materialism; The Pro- gram of Communism; From the Destruction of Tsarlsm to the Fall of

#BUCKLER, Josef. Secy. Hun- garian Social Democratic P. since 1918. Born Feb. 25, 1886. Bor-
sodnadasd, Hungary. Father a clerk. Elem., high sen., Miskoic, Hungary. Went to work at age of 14;
printer 5 yrs.; state em- ployee, 1917. Secy. Workers' As- surance Inst. 13 yrs. Took active part in
revolution, 1918-9; during the 1st and 2nd revolutions, secy, of the Social Democratic P. Im- prisoned
during World War and 2nd revolution because of paci- fism. Member Private Clerks' U. Address,
Erzsebet korut 41, Buda- pest VII, Hungary.

#BUCKLEY, John Warburton. Vice-chair. Jt . Protective Bd., Bro. of Ry. Carmen of N. A., cen- tral
divisions, Canadian Natl. Rys. since 1921; coach carpenter. Born May 27, 1882, Moss Side, Man-
chester, England. Father a mas- ter wheelwright. Prim. sch., Manchester. Came to Canada, 1906.
Went to work at age of 14; wheelwright 1896-1906; ry. (272)272 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO
carman since 1908. Del. A. F. of It. 1922, '3, '4. Secy. Labor Rep- resentation Political Assn. of To-
ronto, 1920-1; assisted in forma- tion of Farmer-Labor govt., Toronto, 1919; Labor P. cand., N. E.
Toronto, for Ontario House of Representatives, 1919; pres. and chair, of exec. comt., Indep. La- bor
P. of Ontario, 1920-2. Mem- ber Canadian Labor P. Home, 7 Victoria Blvd., Mt. Dennis, To- ronto,
Ontario, Canada.

#BUXTON, Noel Edward. La- bor Member of Parl. from North Norfolk, England, since 1922. Born
1886, London. Father Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton, landhold- er. Educ. Harrow; Trinity Coll., Cambridge.
Active advocate o( organization of agricultural work- ers, and agricultural wage bds, Chair. Balkan
Comt., which at- tempted to secure alliance of Bul- garia, 1914; shot by Turk while in Sofia. Liberal
Member of Parl. 1905-6, 1908-18. Minister of Ag- riculture and privy councillor in Labor Cabinet,
1924. Author: Europe and the Turks; With the Bulgarian Staff; Travel and Poll- tics in Armenia;
Oppressed Peo- ples. Home, 12 Rutland Gate, London, England.
#CABALLERO, Francisco Largo. Secy. Gen. U. of Workers (Union General de Trabajadores) since 1918.
Born Oct. 15, 1869. Father a journalist. Elem. sch., Madrid. Went to work at age of 8. For- merly a
plasterer. Author: ar- ticles in newspapers; reports for organization; El Presente y el Futuro de la
Union General de Trabajadores de Espana (Th^ Present and the Future of the General Union of
Workers of Spain). Member Masons; Span- ish Socialist P. Home, Dehesa de la Villa, Madrid; office,
Casa del Pueblo, Plamonte 2, Madrid, Spain.
#CACHIN, Marcel. Communist member French Chamber of Dep- uties from the Seine; ed. 1'Hu-
manlte since 1924. Born Sept. 20, 1869, Paimpol, Cotes-du-Nord, France. Formerly a teacher in
secondary sch.; was prof, of philosophy Bordeaux Univ. Mem- ber city coun. Bordeaux, 1900; asst.
mayor of Bordeaux 1904; city coun. of Paris 1912; gen. counsellor of the Seine. Elected deputy 1911;
re-elected 1919. Del. Socialist P. for many yrs.; joined Communist P. 1920. Ar- rested Jan. 1923 for
conspiracy against the state; freed 1923. Home, 4 Rue Ordener; office, 142 Rue Montmartre, Paris II,

#CALLES, Plutarco Ellas. Pres. Republic of Mexico since Dec. 1924, 1st. Labor pres. in the west- ern
hemisphere. Born 1879, Guy- mas, Sonora, Mexico. Father a farmer. Prim., gram., normal sch.,
Sonora. Taught sch. at age of 16; dist. sch. supt.; farmer, comssn. merchant. Chief of po- lice; gov. of
Sonora 1916-8; Secy, of Commerce, Industry & Labor 1918-20; gen.-in-chief of revolu- tionary army
which overthrew Carranza 1920; Secy, of War & Navy, Apr.-Dec. 1920; Prime Min- ister 1920-3.
Member Intl. Assn. of Machinists, U. S. A.; Mexican Labor P. (Partido Laborista Mexi- cano). Home,
Quinta del Lago, Nativitas; office, Natl. Palace, Mexico City, Mexico.

#CARELS, Rene. Secy. Intl. Fed. of Christian Land W. Unions since 1921; ed. Gen. Fed. of Christian
Trade Unions in Belgium since (273)OTHER COUNTRlES 273 1920. Born Mar. 21, 1897, Ant- werp,
Belgium. Father a joiner. Pub. scn., Berchem- Antwerp; higher scn. for Christian workers, Louvain.
Went to work at age of 16. Bank employee 1913-9; secy. Antwerp U. of Christian Garden- ers; officer
Antwerp Fed. of Chris- tian Trade Unions, Jan. - Dec., 1919; secy. Union of Christian Land W., 1920-1.
Author: Over Bedrijfsorganisatie (Social Organi- zation of Trades), 1920. Home, 305
Terhulpensteenweg, Bolts- fort; office, 13 Ave. de la Renais- sance, Brussels, Belgium.

#CAREY, William. Gen. secy. Australian Labor P., New South Wales, since 1917; justice of the peace.
Born Feb. 5, 1888, Syd- ney, New South Wales. Father a sch. teacher. Elem. sch., St. Ben- edict's
Roman Catholic sch., Syd- ney. In govt. service from age of 15 to 19; resigned to become or- ganizing
secy, of Govt. U. of â€which he was 1 of 10 founders. Rep. on wage bds. for Water and Sewerage
Empl. Author: annual reports of Australian Labor P. Member Australian Clerical Assn.; Rugby Lg.
Football Club; Roman Catholic Church. Home, 78 War- atah St., Haberfield, Sydney; of- fice, Trades
Hall, Goulburn St., Sydney, New South Wales, Aus- tralia.

#CARPENTER, Edward. Eng- lish author, poet. Born Aug. 29, 1844, Brighton, England. Brigh- ton Coll.;
Trinity Hall, Cam- bridge; 10th Wrangler, Fellow, and Lecturer, Trinity Hall; Bur- ney Prizeman; Lycee
Hoche, Ver- sailles. Univ. extension lecturer on music and art. Visited Amer- ica and met Walt
Whitman 1877; travelled in India. Settled on small farm near Sheffield, Eng- land, 1883, and devoted
self to literary work and Socialist prop- aganda. Author: Towards Democ- racy; Love's Coming of Age;
England's Ideal; Days with Walt Whitman; Drama of Love and Death; Angels' Wings; Civiliza- tion, Its
Cause and Cure; Pagan and Christian Creeds; The Heal- ing of Nations; The Art of Crea- tion. Socialist.
Address, Mount- side, Guilford; Holmesneld, Der- byshire, England.
#CHAKIR, Uassim. Secy. Indep. Socialist P. of Turkey since 1918; chief Bur. of Foreign Correspond-
ence of Turkish Natl. U. of Com- merce since 1924. Born Nov. 7, 1890, Constantinople, Turkey. Fa-
ther a cavairy capt. Military Coll., Tripoli; grad. Supreme Mil- itary Sch., Constantinople. For- merly
infantry officer, demoted for political offense; prof. of French and Turkish; journalist; translator; sub-
dir. Constanti- nople street railways. Author: many articles on Socialism and syndicalism in Turkish
press. Ad- dress, 57 Orta-Baghtche, Vis-a- vis Oun Fabricassi Bechik-Tache, Constantinople, Turkey.
#CHRISTIANSEN, Jens Carl Christian Marinus. Secy. Danish Social Democratic Youth since 1920;
member exec. comt. Danish Labor P. since 1922; exec. comt. intl. Socialist Youth since 1923. Born
Sept. 14, 1895, Kankboelle, Denmark. Father a blacksmith. Self-educated. Went to work at age of 7;
blacksmith until 1916. Socialist cand. for Part. 1924. Au- thor: pamphlets on the Socialist Youth
movement, 1920-2. Member Natl. Engineering U. Home, Carl Blochsgade 9; office, Oestergade 31,
Aarhus, Denmark.

#CLEMENT, Hubert. Secy. La- bor P. of Luxemberg (formerly Socialist P.) since 1920; dir. Workers'
Educ. Comt. since 1922; member Trade U. Comssn. since (274)274 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO
1923; pres. Teachers' U. since 1922; teacher since 1909; journal- ist. Regular contrib. to Journal
d'Esch; La Travallleur (formerly Republlque Sociale); Proletaire. Born Sept. 12, 1889, Paris, France.
Father a hotel keeper. Elem. Bch., Remich and Larochette, Lux- emburg; normal scn., Luxemburg.
Address, 101 Rue Victor Hugo, Esch-Aizette, Luxemburg.

#CLYNES, John Robert. Pres. Natl. U. of Gen. W.; exec. comt. Gen. Coun. of British Trades U. Cong.;
exec. comt. Labor P.; Jus- tice of the Peace for Oldham. La- bor member of Part, from North East
Manchester 1906-18; for Platting div. of Manchester, since 1918; deputy leader in Parliament, 1925.
Born Mar. 27, 1869, Old- ham. Lancashire, England. Elem. sch. eve. classes; hon. Doc. of Civil Laws,
Oxford and Durham. 1919. From age of 10 worked in cotton mill, until began work as trade union
organizer, 1891. Helped to organize Gas W. & Gen. Laborers' U.; formerly secy. Lancashire Dist. Natl.
U. of Gen. W.; was secy. Oldham Trades & Labor Coun.; chair. Fed. of Gen. Food W. 1918-9.
Parliamentary secy. Ministry of Food 1917; Food Con- troller 1918; privy councillor, 1918; deputy
lleut., County of Lancashire, 1919; chair. Parlia- mentary Labor P. 1921-2; deputy chair. Nov. 1922;
Lord of the Privy Seal and Deputy leader, House of Commons during labor govt., 1924. Home, 41 St.
Johns Rd., Putney, London, S.W. 15, England.

#COAKER, William Ford. Pres. Fishermen's Protective U. of New- foundiand since organization 1908;
gen. mgr. Fisherman's Trading, Electric. Shipbuilding, d Publ. Co. since organization 0; founder and
leader Fisher- men's U. P. since 1912; member Assem. Newfoundiand, 1913-24; member exec.
cabinet 1917-24; Minister Marine and Fisheries 1919-23. Born Oct. 19, 1872, St. John's,
Newfoundiand. Father a sea captain and carpenter. Bishop Field Coll., Newfoundiand. Form- erly
newsboy; wharf laborer; telegrapher; farmer; founder and ed. Fishermen's Advocate. Orig- inator of
loggers' and sealers' bills which revolutionized conditions in lumber camps and seal hunt- ing ships;
of fishery regulations under which govt. regulated ex- portation of fish to Europe. Knighted 1923 for
social services. Author: History of the Fisher- men's Protective Union, 1920. Address, Port Union,
Newfound- land.
#COUE, George Douglas Howard. Economist, writer; staff tutor for tutorial classes to Univ. of Lon-
don since 1922; exec. member Workers' Educl. Assn. since 1919; exec. member Natl. Guild Coun. and
Lg. since 1915; pres. Assn. of Tutorial Class Tutors. Born Sept. 25, 1889. Father a real estate agt. and
surveyor. St. Paul's sch., A. M., Oxford, Balliol Coll., Ox- ford, 1908-12; fellow, Magdalen Coll., Oxford,
1912-9. Research officer Amal. Soc. of Engineers, 1915-8; hon. secy. Labor Re- search Dept. 1916-24;
ed. Guild Socialist and New Standards 1919-24; secy, to Natl. Indust. Conf. 1919. Pres. Natl. Fed. of
Professional Workers, 1919-20. Officer of Labor P. 1918-22. Au- thor: The World of Labor, 1913; New
Beginnings, 1914; Self Gov- ernment in Industry, 1917; Labor in the Commonwealth, 1918; Pay-
ment of Wages, 1918; Social Theory, 1919; Chaos and Order in Restated, 1921; Future of Local
Government, 1921; Workshop Or- Industry, 1920; Guild Socialism (275)OTHER COUNTRlES 275
ganizatlon, 1923; Labor in the Coal Mining Industry, 1923; Out of Work, 1923; The Brooklyn Murders,
1923; The Life of Wil- liam Cobbett, 1925; contrlb. to New Statesman, left wing and labor press at
home and abroad. Member Labor P. Home, 18 Thurlow Rd., London, N.W. 3, England.

#COIJ3, Margaret Isabel. Ed. Labor Research Dept. Monthly Circular; writer; lecturer. Born May 6,
1893, Cambridge, England. Father a professor of Latin. Roe- dean Sch. and Girton Coll., Cam- bridge.
Formerly high scn. mis- tress and coll. lecturer. Gen. secy. Natl. Guilds Lg. 1920-3; co-ed., with G. D.
H. Cole, of New Stand- ards, 1923-4. Author: Poems, 1910; Wages and Prices, 1918; A Story of Santa
Claus, 1921; An Introduction to World History, 1924. Co-author with G. D. H. Cole: The Regulation of
Wages, 1919; Bobo Book, 1921; The Con- trol of Industry, 1921; Rents, Rings and Houses, 1923.
Member Natl. U. of Clerks; Labor P. Home, 18 Thurlow Rd., Hamp- stead, London; office, Labor Re-
search Dept., 162 Buckingham Palace Rd., Westminster, London, England.

#COOK, Arthur James. Gen. secy. Miners' Fed. of Great Bri- tain, and secy. Intl. Miners' Fed., since
1924. Born 1884, Wookey, near Wells, Somerset, England. Army sch. and elem. scn.; Labor Coll.,
London. Father a soldier. Brought up in army barracks; preached in Baptist pulpit when 17, turned
out of chapel because of Socialist beliefs. Miner 1900- 21. Joined Indep. Labor P. 1905. Formerly
chair. Lewis Merthyr Jt. Collieries, 1912-21; miners' agt., Rhondda Dist. South Wales Miners' Fed.
1921; treas. Haford Lodge, South Wales Miners' Fed.; miners' agt. Rhondda Dist. 1; secy.-treas.,
chair, and exec. comt. Miners' Fed. of Great Britain, 1919-23. Member Rhondda Ur- ban Dist. Coun.
1918; ex-go v. Porth County schools. Author: Miners' Unofficial Reform. 1910; Miners' Next Step,
1921. Mem- ber Port Coop. Soc. Office, 55 Russel Sq., London, W.C.I., Eng- land.

#CORTES, Jose Lopez. Secy.-gen. Mexico City; printer. Secy. Mexi- can Fed. of Labor (Confederacion
Regional Obrera Mexicana) since 1921. Treas. Mexican Labor P. since 1923. Member U. de Artes
Graficas; Grupo Accion; Casa del Obrero Mundial; Mexican Labor P. (Partido Laborista Mexicano).
Home, Belisario Dominguez 64, Mexico City, Mexico.

#CRAIK, William White. Prin- cipal, Labor Coll., London; lec- turer sociology and history. Born 1884,
Montrose, Scotland. Father a railwayman. Elem. sch., Mont- rose; Ruskin Coll., Oxford. Was a
railwayman. Author: Short History of the British Working Class Movement, published in England,
Australia, and Russia (translation); Outlines of Phil- osophic Logic; editorials in Plebs; articles in labor
and So- cialist periodicals. Member Natl. U. of Railwaymen; Labor P. Ad- dress, 13 Penywern Rd.,
Earl's Court, London, England.
#CRAMP, Concemore Thomas. Indust. Secy. Natl. U. of Railway- men, England, since 1920; chair,
exec. comt. Labor P.; member Bd. of Trade Comt. of Inquiry into British Trade, Industry and Com-
merce. Born Mar. 19, 1876, Sta- plehurst, Kent, England. Board sch., Staplehurst. Formerly gar-
dener; ry. passenger guard. Exec. comt. Natl. U. of Railwaymen 1911-6; pres. 1918-9. Formerly
(276)AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO member Consumers' Coun., War Comrade); contributor to
Socialist Emergency; Workers' Natl. Comt.; Port and Transit exec. comt.; Re- construction comt. Del.
A. F. of L. 1924. Home, 84 Harrow View, Harrow, Middiesex; office, Unity House, Euston Rd., London,
N.W.I., England.

#CRISPIEN, Arthur. Social Democratic member German Reichstag since 1920; pres. Social Democratic
P. since 1922. Born Nov. 4, 1875, Koenigsberg, Ger- many. Father a painter. Pub. sch. Painter's
apprentice 1890-4; tapestry decorator. Was ed. various Socialist journals. 1 of org. of Indep. Socialist
P. during war; Minister of State, Wuerttemberg, after revolution 1918-9; pres. Indep. Socialist P.
1919-22; del. Cong, of Communist Intl., Moscow, 1920; refused to ac- cept the 21 conditions; was
del. Bur. of Intl. Working U. of So- cialist Parties, Vienna, 1921, and to Berlin Socialist Conf., 1922;
adm. comt. Socialist & Labor Intl. 1923, Hamburg. Author, pamph- lets: Programme und Taktlk der
Unabhaengigen Sozialdemokraten (Program and Tactics of the Inde- pent Social Democrats); Ueber-
fluesslge Menschen (Surplus Men); Glossen Eines Vaterlandslosen Ge- papers and magazines. Home,
Heidekrugstrasse 56, Berlin-Coe- penick; office, Lindenstrasse 3, Berlin, S. W. 68, Germany.

#CZECH, Imdwig. Social Demo- cratic vice-pres. and member Czechoslovak Parl. since 1920; chair.
German Social Democratic P. in Czechoslovakia since 1921, previously deputy-chair.; chair, of
parliamentary group since 1920; exec. comt. Labor & Socialist Intl. since 1923; alderman, Brunn,
since 1906; pres. Natl. U. for Ger- man Youth Welfare since 1922; vice-pres. German dist. comt. for
Child Welfare in Moravia since 1917; lawyer, Brunn, since 1901. Born Feb. 14, 1870. Father a bus.
man. Studied law, Univ. of Vienna, Mng. ed. Volksfreund, Brunn, 1890-1901; chair. Moravian div.
German Social Democratic P. 1895, member town coun. Brunn 1911-8. Deprived of immunity from
arrest on account of political activities; demoted from rank of officer in Austrian army to in- fantry;
for the same reason for- bidden to practice law 1 yr. Home, Jodokstrasse 1, Brunn; office,
Rennergasse 24, Brunn, and Par- liament, (Rudolfinum) Prague, sellen (Notes of a
#D'ARAGONA, Ixjdovico. Gen. secy. Italian Gen. Confed. of La- bor (Confederazione Generale del
Lavoro) since 1918; deputy in Italian Parl. since 1919; member city coun;, Milan 1900-4 and since
1922; councillor Natl. Workmen's Compensation Fund (Cassa Naz- ionale Infortunl) since 1918;
councillor Natl. Inst. of Social Ins. (Cassa Nazlonale Assura- zioni Sociali) since 1914; coun- cillor Natl.
Inst. of Maternity (Cassa Nazionale Maternlta) since 1914; councillor Intl. Labor Office since 1919;
exec. bd. Intl. Fed. of Trade Unions since 1920. Born May 23, 1876, Cernusco sul Naviglio, Milan.
Father a breeder of silk-worm eggs. Elem., high sch., Rolecco sul Naviglio, Milan: Silvio Pellico di
Legnano Coll., Milan; Sch. of Social Legislation of the Humanitarian Soc., Milan. Formerly a mechanic;
secy. Me- chanics' U. of Milan; secy. Cham- (277)OTHER COUNTRlES 277 ber of Labor, Brescia, Pavia,
Samplerdarena; inspector, Gen. Confed. of Labor; asst. secy. Gen. Confed. of Labor 1908-18; vice-
pres. Cent. Comssn. on Placement & Unemployment Ins. (Commis- sione Centrale Collocamento e
Assicurazione); councillor, prov- ince of Milan; councillor Charita- ble Works (Opera Pie) of Milan.
Joined Socialist P. 1892. Author: publications on social ins., sick- ness ins., unemployment ins., un-
#DASZYXSKT, Ignace. Secy. Polish Socialist P. since 1919. Born Oct. 26, 1866, Zbaraz, Po- land. Father
a state clerk. Ed. of daily newspaper, Napvrod (Forward), Cracow; 27 yrs. mem- ber Austrian
Reichstag from Cra- cow, and after World War, of Polish Parl.; was leader of Polish Social Democratic
P. of Austria. Spoke in its name at Basle, Swit- zerland, at demonstration against war arranged by
special Interna- tional Socialist Cong., 1912. Vice- Premier of Poland, 1920, during struggle between
Communists anj Socialists. Address, 7 Rue Wa- recka, Warsaw, Poland.
#DEAR, Donald. Vice-pres. Intl. Assn. of Fire Fighters since 1921; legls. rep. Trades & Labor Cong. of
Canada, for Province of On- tario since 1919; exec. bd. of Cent. Trades & Labor Coun. of Ottawa since
1918; secy. Ottawa Fire Fighters Assn. since 1916; city fireman. Born Oct., 1886, Cam- bridge,
England. Father a florist. Prim, sch., Cambridge. Formerly a wholesale warehouse clerk. Went to
Canada 1907; settled in Ottawa 1908; active in labor or- ganization 1915; 1st Fire Fighters del. at
Trades & Labor Cong, of Can., 1918; rep. Trades & Labor Cong, on Fire Prevention Bd. of Can., 1922-
3. Member Labor P.; Sons of England. Home, 469 Metcalfe St.; office, 115 Sparks St., Ottawa,
#T)K BROUCKERE, Ixmls. So- cialist leader, Belgium; adm. comt. Labor & Socialist intl. since 1923;
prof. Univ. of Brussels since 1919; foreign ed. Le Peuple since 1919. Born May 31, 1870, Rou- lers,
Belgium. Father an indust. worker. D. Sc., Univ. of Brussels. Member Labor P. (Parti Ouvrler Beige);
chair, at many convs.; formerly member of Bur. of 2nd Intl. Rep. to Lg. of Nations 1922- 3. Address,
15$ Ave. Lambeau, Brussels, Belgium.

#DE BRUIJN, Adrlanus Cor- nelis. Secy. Netherlands Fed. of Roman Catholic Trade Unions (Bureau
voor de Roomsch Kath- olleke Vakorganisatie), since 1918; member High Coun. of La- bor since 1919;
advisor for Cent. Emigration Scheme for Nether- lands; rep. of Roman Catholic labor movt. in
connection with Labor Dept. and Labor Research Comt. since 1919. Born Nov. 5, 1887, Utrecht.
Elem., trade sch., Amsterdam. Went to work at age of 13; metal worker. Secy. Roman Catholic Metal
W. U., 1914-6; pres. 1916-8. Member city coun., Utrecht, 1919-23. Author: articles in various papers
and periodicals. Home, Adelaarstraat 59; office, Drift 10-12, Utrecht, Netherlands. (278)278
#DEBRUYNE, Rene. Pres. Bel- gian Gen. Fed. of Christian Trade U. since 1919; member Belgian Farl.
since 1921. Born Aug. 12, 1868, Rousbrugge-Haringhe, Flan- ders. Father a land worker. Elem. sch.
Went to work at age of 12; baker since 1884. Ed. Het Volk, Ghent, 1898-1904. Official of Gen. Fed. of
Christian Trade Unions since 1896. Author: several pamphlets and reports. Member U. of Catholic
Newspaper Editors. Christian Democratic P. Home, 49c Goezeputstraat, Bruges; office, 13
Renaissancelaan, Brussels, Bel- glum.
#DE ROODE, John J. Chief, trade union sect., Intl. Labor Of- fice, Geneva. Born, Feb. 3, 1866,
Hoogkarspel, near Amsterdam. Netherlands. Father a minister. Univ. of Leiden. Formerly jour- nalist;
was chief ed. Het Volk, organ of Social Democratic Labor P., Amsterdam. Author: pam- phlets on
social legls., educ., mili- tarism; contrib. to Socialist review of Netherlands. Member Social
Democratic P. of Netherlands since 1897. Home, 22 Rue de St. Jean; office, Intl. Labor Office,
Geneva, Switzerland.
#DIETL, Anton. Gen. secy. U. of German Economic Societies (Verband Deutscher Wirtschafts-
genossenschaften); dir. Consum- ers' Wholesale Purchasing Soc. (Grosseinkaufsgesellschaft . fur
Consumervereine); dir. Printing and Publishing Inst., Karlstadt; Social Democratic member Cze-
choslovaklan Natl. Assem.; mem- ber Consumers' Investigation Comt. (Konsumentenenquete der
Czechoslovakische Republlk); ex- ec. member Intl. Coop. Alliance. Born Oct. 13, 1868, Moediing, near
Vienna, Austria. Father was work- ers' sickness ins. official. Was dir. of Economic Bur., German Bo-
hemia; member Imperial Eco- nomic Comt. Author: Handbuch fur Genossenschaftsfunktlonare
(Handbook for Officials of Co- operatives); various year books of the U. of German Cooperatives;
articles in cooperative and politi- cal press. Member Cent. U. of Salaried Employees. Home, Krko-
nosskia ulice 12, Prague XII; of- fice, Fuegnerovo namestl 4, Prague II, Czechoslovakia.

#DOBROVOLNY, Filip. Ed. Rude Pravo (Czech Communist daily) since 1921; ed. Kronika, since 1915;
exec. comt. Commun- ist Intl. since 1924. Born Apr. 5, 1880. Borova, Czechoslovakia. Father a
weaver. Elem. sch., Bo- rova. Went to work at age of 14 yrs.; weaver at home and in the weaver's
workshop until 1909. Member Weavers' Trade U. since 1898. Member Social Democratic P. 1896-
1920; ed. of Social Demo- cratic paper Slovacko, 1909; Hlas Lidu, 1910-3; Far, 1909-19; Plameny
1913-5; Kronika 1915-9. Worked in left wing of P., 1919. Member of Communist P. since org. 1920;
member cent. comt. 1920. Author: more than 300 stories and newspaper articles; political novel,
Frantisek Kon- pieka. Home, Sudomericka St. 8, Prague XI; office, Myslikova St., Prague II,
#DOGADOV, Alexis. Secy. All- Russian Cent. Trade U. Coun.; cent. comt. Russian Communist P. Born
1888. Father a gar- dener. Elem. sch. Formerly a smelter. Member Metal W. U. since 1906; Bolshevik
P. since 1905. Author: articles on trade union movt. Address, Russian Communist Party, Moscow, U.
of Soviet Socialist Republics.

#DRAPER, Patrick Martin. Secy.- treas. Trades & Labor Cong. of Canada since 1900; dir. of print-
(279)OTHER COUNTRlES 279 ing, Govt. Printing Bur. Born 1869, Aylmer, Quebec. Canada. Elem. sch.
Formerly printer. Pres. Ottawa Alld. Trades & La- bor Assn. 2 yrs.; pres. loc. 102, Intl. Typographical
U., 13 yrs. Del. Intl. Labor Conf., Washing- ton, D. C., 1919; British Trades U. Cong.; twice del. A. F. of
L. Labor advisor to Canadian Govt., Peace Conf., 1918; member Fedi. Govt. Comssn. on Prison
Reform 1920. Author: various articles on Canadian labor movt. Home, 166 Clemow Ave.; office, 172
McLaren St., Ottawa, Canada.

#DURR, Karl. Secy. Swiss Trade Union Fed. (Schweizerische Ge- werkschaftsbund) since 1916;
member Superior Coun. of Berne since 1909. Born June 8, 1875, Freiburg, Baden. Father a ma- son.
Elem. sch. Went to work at age of 16; mechanic until 1906. Loc. secy. Swiss Metal W. U.
(Schweizerische Metallarbeiter Verband), Basel, 1906-9; gen. secy. 1909-16. Del. Intl. Labor Conf.
Author: articles for news- papers; pamphlets on economics, cooperation, economic law; profit
sharing; series of yearly reports. Member Swiss Metal & Watch Mkrs.' U. (Schweizerische Metall und
Uhren Arbelter Verband), Social Democratic P. Home, Brun- hofweg 26; office, Monbijoustrasse 61,
Berne, Switzerland.
#DUTT, Rajanl Palme. Ed. Workers' Weekly, official organ of Communist P. of Great Britain, since
1923; ed. Labor Monthly since 1921; exec. comt. Commun- ist P. of Great Britain since 1922. Born
1896, Cambridge. Father a doctor. Balliol Coll., Oxford. Hon. secy. Intl. section, Labor Research Dept.
1919; exec. member Labor Research Dept. 1921-3. Author: The Two Internationals, 1920; ar- ticles
on Communism, and The International, in Encyclopedia Britannica; ed. Labor Interna- tional
Handbook, 1921, and Labor International Year Book, 1923. Member U. of Gen. & Municipal W.
Office, 16 King St., Covent Garden, London W. C. 2, England.
#DZIERZYNSKY, Felix Ed- mnndovich. Pres. Supreme Coun. of Natl. Economy, U. of Soviet Socialist
Republics, since 1923; cent. comt. Russian Communist P. Born 1877, Viina, Poland. Father a
nobleman. Viina Gymnasium until 1896. Joined Social Demo- cratic Labor P. 1894; active in
Lithuanian Social Democratic P. 1895; professional party worker 1896; org. in Kovno, Lithuania,
1897; arrested after being re- ported to police by a spy, 1897; sent to Viatka, Siberia; escaped 1899;
went to Viina and then to Moscow. Obtained false passport to Warsaw, where organized So- cial
Democratic Labor P.; dis- agreed with Polish Socialist P., then a terrorist and nationalist organization,
the leader of which was Pilsudsky, who was pres. of Poland 1918-21. Re-arrested 1900; imprisoned
in Warsaw, and escaped, 1902. Participated in conf. of Social Democratic Labor P. in Berlin; org.
underground movt. in Russian Poland; arrested 1905; released by 1905 revolution. Member Cent.
Comt. Bolshevist wing, Social Democratic Labor P., 1906; arrested 1906; re-arrested 1908, sent to
Siberia, 1909, escaped after 7 days. Returned to War- saw; arrested 1912, sentenced to 3 yrs. penal
servitude; transferred to prisons in Oriol 1914 and to Moscow 1916; while in prison, sentenced to

#EBERT, Friedrlch.1 Pres. Ger- man republic Feb. 11, 1919-Feb. 28, 1925. Born Feb. 4, 1871, Hei-
delberg, Germany. Father a mas- ter tailor. Elem. sch. "Went to work at age of 14; saddier. Mem- ber
Social Democratic P. of Ger- many 1889-1925; exec. comt. 1905; German Reichstag 1912-25; chair.
of party and of parliamentary group 1913; chair, budget comt . of Natl. Coun. 1918; chair. Peo- ple's
Comt. of Deputies 1918-9. Ed. Burgerzeitung 1893; chair, exec. comt. Young W. Lg. (Arbei- ter
Jugend), 1905; Bremen bd. aldermen 1900-6. Address, Reich- stag Bldg., Berlin, Germany.
#ERTL, Ferdinand. Chair. Fed. of German Trade U. in Austria (Deutsche Gewerkschaftsbund fuer
Oesterreich); hon. chair. German Transport U. of Austria (Deutscher Verkehrsgewerkschaft
Oesterreich); ed., publ., and mgr. Der Deutscher Eisenbahner (The German Railroad Worker) and Das
Verkehrsyahrbuch (The Transport Year Book). Born Apr. 12, 1877, Lizharting, Upper Aus- tria. Father
an innkeeper and landowner. Pub. and high sch.; private technical studies in ry. organization; r. r.
worker 1913- 21. Capt. of r. r. regiment during World War. 1st chair. Austrian U. of German R. R. W.
(Gewerk- schaft Deutscher Eisenbahner Oesterreichs) 1907-12, '3-21; ex- ec. chair. German
Transport U. of Austria 1922; chair, exec. coun. intellectual W. of Austria (Geisti- ger Arbeiter
Oesterreichs) 1920-3. Author: Die Gesetziiche Regelung der Vertragsverhaeltinisse der Oesterreicher
Eisenbahner (The Legal Principles of the Raiiroad Workers'Agreement) 1908; Ueber die Hurden (Over
the Obsta- cles) 1909; Die Whare Deutsche Schande (The Real German Out- rage), a legal brief, 1911;
Die Zukunfts Besoldung der Ange- stellten (Future Wages of Salaried Employees) 1919; contrib. to va-
rious scientific and political pub- lications. Member Natl. Fed. of Christian Trade U. (Christllch
Natlonaler Gewerkschaftsbund) Berlin. Address, Matrosengasse 9, Vienna VI, Austria.
#FAURE, Paul. Gen. secy. So- cialist P. of France since 1919; member Chamber of Deputies from
Saone and Loire since May 1924; journalist. Born Feb. 3, 1878, Perlqueux, Dordogne. France.
Member city coun. and mayor of Grignals, 1904. Founded Le Travallleur du Perigord (later, 1 Died
Feb. 28, 1925, Berlin, Germany. Le Travailleur du Centre), 1906. Was ed. Le Populaire. 1 of lead- ers
of Labor & Socialist Intl. Au- thor: daily editorials in La Popu- laire; many propaganda pam- phlets.
including Le Bolschevisme Francais (French Bolshevism), Le Scission Socialiste (The Social- ist Split);
regular contrib. to Le Peuple, Brussels. Office, Palais- Bourbon, Paris, France. (281)OTHER
#FIMMEN, Edo. Secy. Intl. Fed of Transport W. since 1923. Born about 1875, Groningen, Nether-
lands. Pub. sch. Was a long- shoreman. Former member Socla
 Democratic Labor P.; Municipal Coun.; Provincial Estates; secy. Dutch Fed. of Trade Unions, (Ne-
derlandansch Verbond van Vak- vereenigingen). Jt. secy. Intl. Fed. of Trade Unions 1919 until resig-
nation, 1923; del. British Trades Union Cong., 1920. Author: La- bor's Alternative, 1924. Office,
Vondelstraat 61, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

#FISCHER, Richard. Social Democratic member of German Reichstag 1893-1918 and since 1920; natl.
assem. since 1919; member adm. comt. Labor & Socialist Intl.; dir. printing and publishing co. since
1902. Born Apr. 3, 1855, Kaurheuren, Ger- many. Elem., Latin sch. Went to work at age of 16;
learned print- ing trade; typesetter for a Swiss Social Democratic publishing co. Ed. Volkswille,
Ausburg, 1876; ed. Berline Freie Presse 1877-8. Deported 1878; typesetter for So- cial Democratic
publishers, Zurich and London 1880-90. Secy. Social Democratic P., Germany, 1890-3; dir. party
publishing co. 1893- 1902. Address, Dahlwitzerstrasse 35, Koepenick-Berlin, Germany.
#FISCHER, Ruth. Communist member German Reichstag since 1924; chair. Parliamentary Com-
munist group since 1924. Born Dec. 11, 1895, Vienna, Austria. Gymnasium. Vienna; Univ. of Vienna.
Office, Rosenthalerstrasse 38, Berlin, C. 54, Germany.

#FOSTER, John Thomas. Vice- pres. Trades & Labor Cong, of Canada since 1922; pres. Montreal
Trades & Labor Coun. since 1912; asst. ed. Canadian Congress Jour- nal. Born Oct. 22, 1874, Mont-
real, Can. Father a stationary engineer. Self-educated. Went to work at age of 11; machinist 1895-
1908. Bus. agt. Intl. Assn. of Machinists, Montreal Dist. 1909-22. Del. from Canadian Trades & Labor
Cong. to British Trade U. Cong., Cardiff, 1921. Member Labor P. Home, 747 Stuart Ave., Autremount,
Mont- real; office, 316 Lagauchetuere St. West, Montreal, Canada.

#FRANCQ, Gus. Ed. & mng. dir. The Labor World, Montreal, Can.; vice-pres. Intl. Labor Press of A.;
secy. Montreal Trades & Labor Coun.; chair. Quebec exec. comt. of Trades & Labor Cong, of Can.;
speaker. Born 1871, Belgium. Spent most of life in Canada. Printer; owner, mgr. printing co.,
Montreal, 30 yrs. Active in Cana- dian labor movt. 35 yrs.; del. many intl. convs., including conv. at
Berne, Switzerland, after World War. Recently sent to Europe to study labor conditions; was pres. of
Belgian Chamber of Commerce, Montreal, raised relief funds for Belgians during World War; dec-
orated by King of Belgium. as chevalier of Order of Leopold II of Belgium. Promoted propor- tional
representation; has written extensively on subject. Author: Bolshevism or Trades Unionism. and
other booklets on labor top- ics. Member Canadian Authors' Assn. Office, 11 St. Paul St. W.,
Montreal, Quebec. Canada.
#FRnS-SKOTTE, Johannes. Danish Minister of Pub. Works since 1924; Social Democratic member Parl.
since 1918. Born Dec. 1, 1874, Vordingborg, Den- mark. Father a train-guard. Middie-class sch. Went
to work at age of 15; r. r. worker 1890-5. Member^ry. union; bd. dir. 1899- 1910. Member Social
Democratic P. since 1903; bd. dir. since 1908; was alderman, Copenhagen (Frcd- eriksberg) 1908-24.
Home, C. F. (282)282 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Ricksvij 58; office, Ministry of Public Works,
Copenhagen, Den- mark.

#FROSSARD, Imdovico-Oscar (Leon). French Socialist. Born Mar. 5, 1889, Foussemange, France. Was
a teacher. Joined Socialist P., 1905. Active worker in Belfort. France, Socialist Fed.; gen. secy. Socialist
P. Oct. 1918. Joined Communist P. after Cong, of Tours, 1920; secy. 1922, re- signed 1923. Since then
organ- ized Groups of Resistance, later known as Unitarian P. and still later as Socialist-Communist U.
Member Gen. Confed. of Un. La- bor (Confederation Generale du Travail Unltarle). Address, c/o
Confederation Generale du Travail Unltarie, 35 Rue Grange aux Belles, Paris, France.
#F R V N Z E , (MICHAILOV), Michael Vasilevich. People's Commissar of War and Marine, U. of Soviet
Socialist Republics, since 1925; pres. Revolutionary Military Coun., U. S. S. R. since 1925; cent. comt.
Russian Com- munist P.; member praesldium (presiding comt.) cent. exec. comt., U. S. S. R. Born
1885, Pischpek, Turkestan. Father a soldier and physician's helper. Gymnasium. A lama l a. 1904; St.
Petersburg (now Leningrad) Poly- technical Coll., 1904. Active in Social Democratic Labor P.; ban-
ished from Leningrad; joined Bol- shevist wing of party 1903; in Mos- cow Revolution 1905; 1 of
leaders in textile workers' strike, Ivanovo- Voznessensk, 1905; del. 3rd and 4th party congs.,
Stockholm. Ar- rested in Chuia 1907, sentenced to 4 yrs. penal servitude for mem- bership in Social
Democratic La- bor P.; later condemned to death for armed resistance to police, sentence
commuted to 6 yrs. After 8 yrs. sent to Irkutsk; arrested for organizing among exiles; escaped to
Chita 1915; on staff of dally Bolshevist paper; discovered by police; escaped to Russia. Joined army
to spread propa- ganda among soldiers; on western front until 1917. After Mar. 1917 revolution
member of Minsk So- viet, and of Western Front Fight- ers' Comt.; disarmed Minsk po- lice; chief of

#GAL, Beno. Secy. Hungarian Coun. of Trade U. (Magyarorszagi Szakszervezetl Tanacs) since 1919.
Born Sept. 16, 1879, Baiskertes, Hungary (now Yugoslavia). Fa- ther a teacher. Elem. sch., aiskertes; 4
yrs. in Budapest. Went to work at age of 13 as compositor. Member Printers' U. since 1900; exec.
comt. 1902-12. Secy. Gen. Consumers' Soc., Buda- pest, 1912-9; ed. Consumers' Re- view
(Szovetkezeti Erteslto). Au- thor: The Gold of the Poor, 1920; (283)OTHER COUNTRlES 283 Trade
Union Activity During the War Years, 1921; Beno Gal's Sta- tistical Compilations, Wages and Prices,
1914-9, 1920-2, and 1923; The Standard of Living, 1914-22, '3; Wages, Standard of Living, and
Productivity of Entrepreneurs, 1923; Protective Labor Legisla- tion in Hungary, 1924; The Trade
Union Movement in Hungary from 1917-22, 1923. Member Social Democratic P. Home, Thokoly-
utca 19; office, Kertesz-utca 24-28, Budapest VII, Hungary.
#GALLAGHER, William. Mem- ber Political Bur., Communist P. of Great Britain. Born Dec. 25, 1881,
Paisley, Scotland. Klem. sch., Paisley. Formerly machin- ist, ship fireman, ship steward, general
laborer. Gen. secy. Brit- ish Bur., Red Intl. of Labor Un- ions; chair. Clyde Workers' Comt. 1915-20. Co-
author: Workshop Control; Direct Action. Member Amal. Engineering U.; Natl. Un- employed
Workers' Comt. Movt. Communist P.; Labor P. Home, 12 Well St., Paisley, Scotland; office, 38 Great
Ormond St., Lon- don, England.
#GAL/TON, Frank Wallis. Secy. Fabian Soc., England, since 1920; secy. Ry. Nationalization Soc. since
1910; journalist. Born Nov. 2, 1869, London. Elem. sch., Work- ing Men's Coll., London. Secy. London
Reform U. 1898-1916; secy, to City of London Liberal Assn. 1903-5; asst. secy. Budget Lg. 1909-10.
Asst. secy. Natl. Assn. of Volunteer Regiments and ed. of official journal, 1914-8. Ed. Municipal
Journal 1917-20. Au- thor: Workers in Their Industries, 1894; Select Documents in His- tory of Trade
Unionism in the Tailoring Trade, 1896; many arti- cles and pamphlets. Member Natl. U. of
Journalists; Parliamentary Labor Club; Labor P. Home, 109 Wentworth Rd., Golders Green, London,
N.W. 11; office, 25 Tot- hill St., London S.W. 1, England.

#GARDEN, John Smith. Secy. Labor Coun. New South Wales since 1917; Australian secy, of One Big U.
since 1918; secy, all indust. confs. in New South Wales since 1917; member Coun. of Action for
Australia since 1921; secy. Intl. Workers' Relief since 1923; vice-pres. Sallmakers' U. since 1922; ed.
Workers' Weekly since 1924. Born Aug. 13, 1882, Lossie- mouth, Scotland. Father a sea captain.
Elem. and high sch., Lossiemouth; Th. L., Melbourne Bible Coll., 1904; Sydney Labor Coll.; corr. sch.
Served appren- ticeship as sailmaker; studied theology and was preacher 7 yrs.; joined Pub. Service
Dept. as asst. supervisor of Clothing Defense Dept. Pres. Sailmakers' U. 1917- 22. Exec. officer
Australian Cler- ical Assn. 1917-21; trustee 1918- 21. Ed. O. B. U. 1919-21. Exec. member Australian
Labor P. 1919- 23. Secy. Russian Famine Fund, 1921-2. Author: yearly reports o? labor councils;
drafted all special resolutions of trade union movt. since 1918. Home, Bethcar, Coop- er St., South
Randwick, Sydney; office, Trades Hall, Goulburn St., Sydney, New South Wales, Aus- tralia.

#GEMEN, Jacobus Johannes. Secy. Intl. Fed. of Christian To- bacco W. since 1920; dir. Nether- lands
Roman Catholic Tobacco W. U. (Nederlandsche Roomsch Katholieke Tabaksbewerkersbond) since
1918. Born May 30, 1879, Hertogenbosch, Netherlands. Fa- ther a cigarmaker. Parochial sch.
Hertogenbosch; Roman Catholic sch., 4 yrs., Tilburg. Went to work at age of 17; cigarmaker 18 yrs.
Member Netherlands Tobacco W. U. since 1897; chair., secy.-treas., Hertogenbosch sect.; co-ed. De
TabaKsbewerker, 1914. Member (284)284 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Natl. Roman Catholic P.
Home, Broeksche Weg 168e; office, He- meiryken 121-123, Eindhoven, Netherlands.

#GESCHKE, Ottomar. Secy. Ger- man Communist P.; exec. comt. Communist Intl.; Communist
member Prussian Assem. (Land- tag). Born Nov. 16, 1882, Fuer- stenwald, Sprel, Germany. Elem. sch.
Member Prussian Landtag, 1921. Address, Bethanienufer 10, Berlin S. O. 26, Germany.

#GOLBY, William Cuthbert. Canadian rep. Intl. Photo-Engrav- ers' U. of N. A. since 1920; official scribe
for American Photo-En- gravers since 1923; member exec. bd. Toronto loc. 35 since 1913; photo-
engraver. Born Apr. 29, 1880, Oxford, England. Father an export clerk. Elem. sch., Church sch.,
Brighton, and Board. sch., Croyden, England. Went to work at age of 14; photo-engraver since 1894.
Came to Canada 1910. Fin. secy. Toronto Photo-Engrav- ers' loc. 35, 1913-23; leader in re-
organization of local, 1918; rep. at Canadian Cong, of Canadian Photo-Engravers' locals; del.
Canadian Trades & Labor Cong. 1919, '20, '4; served on agreement comts. for local. Author: reports
on Canadian Trades & Labor Cong., 1919, '20, '4; annual re- ports to Intl. Photo-Engravers' U conv.;
articles in American Photo- Engraver. Member Indep. Labor P. Mason. Address, 67 Day Ave.,
Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
#GONZALEZ, Soledad. Private secy, to Plutarco Elias Calles, now Pres. of Mexico, since 1917; only
woman private secy. to a natl. pres. Born Apr. 1900, Durango City, Durango, Mexico. Prim., gram.,
stenography sch., Mexico. Began work at age of 16 as private 'cy. to Gen. Alvaro Obregon, then
â€nmander-in-chief of army of revolution headed by Carranza. Org. Feminist group within Mexi- can
Fed. of Labor (Confedera- cion Regional Obrera Mexicana). Member Casa del Obrera Mun- dial;
Partido Laborista Mexi- cano; Mexican Labor P. Office, Palacio Nacional, Mexico City, Mexico.

#GOOD, William Charles. Pres. Coop. U. of Canada since 1921; member of Parl. for Brant, On- tario,
since 1921; vice-pres. Farm- ers Publ. Co. since 1923; farmer. Born Feb. 26, 1876, Brantford. Ontario.
Father a farmer. Brant- ford Collegiate Inst.; A.B., Univ. of Toronto, 1900; Ontario Agri- cultural Coll.
Pres. United Farm- ers' Coop. Co. 1914-5; vice-pres. United Farmers of Ontario 1915- 6; pres. Brant
Farmers' Coop. Soc. 1917-21. Author: Production and Taxation in Canada, 1917; articles for
magazines and news- papers. Independent progressive in politics. Home, R. R. 4, Paris, Ontario;
office. House of Com- mons, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

#GORKY, Maxim Alexey Max- imovitch Pyeshkoff. Writer. Born 1869, Nizhni Novgorod, Russia.
Orphaned early in childhood; ap- prenticed to shoemaker at age of 9; later worked as painter of
ikons; while cook's helper on Volga boat, 1880, began to read extensively; baker 1883; porter 1884;
chorister in troupe of trav- elling opera players 1886; sold apples on street 1888; attempted suicide
1890; lawyer's office 1890; after vain attempt to obtain free educ., tramped all over Russia; laborer
in ry. workshops 1892. 1st story appeared 1893. Arrested after Bloody Sunday massacre, Jan. 22,
1905, because of revolu- tionary sympathies; released but kept under surveillance. Away from Russia
10 yrs.; came to U. S. to obtain support for revolu- (285)OTHER COUNTRlES 285 tlonary cause in
Russia. Art dir. in Kerensky cabinet. Author short stories: Konovaloff; In the Steppes; The Orloft Pair;
Malva; Kain and Artem; Red Waska; novels: Foma Gordeyeff; The Peasant, 1900; The Three, 1902; A
Man, 1903; plays: The Town Dwellers, 1900; A Night's Lodg- ing, 1903; Summer Folk, 1904; Children
of the Sun, 1905; The Barbarians, 1906. Address, Ber- lin, Germany.

#GOSLING, Harry. English trade union official; Labor member of Parl. Born 1861, Lambeth, Lon- don.
Father a lighterman. Lon- don Board sen. Began work as lighterman's apprentice. Gen. secy. Amal.
Soc. of Watermen, Lightermen & Bargemen 1893- 1921; after amalgamation with Transport & Gen.
W. U. became pres. of latter, 1921. Chair. Brit- ish Trades U. Cong. 1916; del. to A. F. of L. conv. 1916.
Treas. Labor & Socialist Intl. 1922-4. Member Port of London Author- ity, 1908-24. Pres. Natl. Trans-
port W. Fed. 1910-24. During war member Ministry of Pensions Comt., Port & Transit exec. comt.,
Belgian Refugees' Comt. Form- erly justice of peace for London; member Imperial War Graves
Comssn.; London county coun. Minister of Transport, Labor govt. 1924. Labor rep., Lord Shaw's
Court of Inquiry into Wages & Conditions of Dock Laborers, 1919. Court of Inquiry into Tram- ways
Industry 1920; Lord Balfour of Burlelgh's Comt. on Indust. Policy during World War. Home, 229 S.
Lambeth Rd., London, S.W. 8, England.
#GRASSMAN, Peter Ottmar. Vice-pres. Gen. Fed. of German Trada Unions (Allgemeiner Deut- scher
Gewerkschaftsbund) since 1919; member Natl. Economic Comt. since 1923; Social Demo- cratic
member Parl. (Reichstag) since 1924; member gen. coun. Intl. Fed. of Trade Unions since 1920. Born
July 28, 1873, Munich. Germany. Father a r. r. man. Elem., Latin scn., Munich. Went to work at age of
13; compositor 1886-1903. Member Printers' U. since 1891; rep. in Rhine-West- phalian dist. 1903-8;
natl. vice- pres. 1908-19. Chair. Trade U. kartels, Rhine dist. 1903-8. Del. A. F. of L. 1924. Member
Social Democratic P. since 1894. Au- thor: numerous articles in maga- zines, newspapers; pamphlets;
various essays. Home, Marien- dorferstrasse 16; Inselstrasse 6, Berlin, Germany.

#GUDMUNDSSON, Pjetur G. La- bor leader; bookkeeper. Born Sept. 6, 1879, Dalasysla, Iceland.
Father a fisherman. Brought up on farm; was a bookbinder. Secy. Fed. of Icelandic Labor Organiza-
tions 1920-3. Founder and ed. 1st Icelandic labor paper, Althy- dubladid, 1906-7; ed. Verkaman-
nablad, 1912-3; contrib. to va- rious Icelandic journals. Member Reykjavik town coun. 1910-4; secy,
to mayor of Reykjavik 1917- 20; cand. for Icelandic Senate 1922. Member Socialist P.; Rey- kjavik
Coop. Bldg. Soc. Home, Tysgata 5, Reykjavik, Iceland.

#GUNN, James Thomas. Spe- cial org. Canadian Bro. of Ry. Employees 1924; ed. Canadian Labor
Press since 1924; lecturer in social ethics, St. Michael's Coll. since 1923. Born Feb. 21, 1884, Glasgow,
Scotland. Father a salesman. Elem. scn., Glasgow. Went to work at age of 12; elec- trician 18 yrs.
Member Royal Comssn. on Police Unions, On- tario, 1919. Secy, and bus. mgr. loc. 353, Toronto, Intl.
Bro. of Electrical W., 1919-20; secy. Canadian Electrical Trades U., (286)286 AMERlCAN LABOR
WHO'S WHO Toronto br., 1921-3; pres. Cana- dian Electrical Trades U., 1922- 3; secy. Canadian Fed.
of Labor, 1921-2. Was mgr. Bur. of Indust. Research. Active in pub. cam- paigns, debates, social
service, and welfare. Author: minority report, Royal Comssn. on Police Unions, 1919; majority and
minority re- ports, Bds. of Conciliation, 1920- 1; various newspaper and maga- zine articles. Member
Labor P. Home, 19 Frizzell Ave.; office. Canadian Labor Press, 79 Ade- laide St., Toronto, Ontario, Can-
ada. H

#HABERMAN, Roberto. Gen. del. Mexican Fed. of Labor since 1922; dir. Sch. of Social Science.
Mexico City, since 1921. Born Mar. 22, 1883, lassy, Rumania. Father a teacher. Gram., high sen.,
Rumania; B. S., New York Univ.; LL.B., St. Lawrence Univ., 1912. Licensed pharmacist, N. T. and Calif.,
since 1905; admitted to bar, Calif., 1913; lawyer 1913-4. Dir. coop. movt. in Yucatan, 1918- 9. Dir.
dept. of languages, Dept. of Educ., Mexico City, 1920-3. Since 1921 attended almost all A F. of L. and
Socialist convs. as del. from Mexican Labor P. and Mexican Fed. of Labor; del. Conf. for Prog. Pol.
Act., 1924; natl. conv. Socialist P. 1924; conv. Intl. Assn. of Machinists, 1924; A. F. of L. 1924; Pan-
American Fed. of Labor, Mexico City, 1924. Mem- ber Intl. Assn. of Machinists; Drug Clerks' U.,
Mexico City; Casa del Obrero Mundial, Mexico City; Partido Laborista Mexi- cano; Civic Club, New
York; The Penguins, Washington, D. C. Ad- dress, Apartado 1855, Mexico City, Mexico.
#HALFORD, Harry John. Vice- chair. Workmen's Compensation Bd. of Ontario, Canada, since 1921.
Born Dec. 10, 1864, Wilm- cote, Warwickshire, England. Father a quarry laborer. Worked from age of
8 to 10 as a stable boy, earning less than 1 shilling weekly. Came to Canada 1874; attended sch. 3
months, but father's low wages necessitated return to work. After father's' death, 1877, left home;
sold shoe laces on street; worked on farm: in glass factory; carpenter shop; dye house; rolling mills;
tobacco factory; seed warehouse, Chicago; freight sheds, Mich. Cent. Ry. Returned to Hamilton,
Ontario; became violinist; apprenticed to barber. Vice-pres. Hamilton loc. 293, Amer. Fed. of
Musicians 4 yrs.; pres. 6 yrs. Charter mem- ber Hamilton loc., Jn. Barbers' Intl. U. of A.; elected pres.
to fill unfinished term 1901; secy.-treas. 20 yrs.; pres. Barbers' Fed. of Ontario 8 yrs.; intl. vice-pres.
15 yrs. Fin. secy. Hamilton Cent. Labor Coun. 14 yrs.; secy. 3 yrs., pres. Labor Temple Assn. 1915-22.
Vice-pres. Trades and Labor Cong, of Canada 1919-22; member On- tario exec. comt. 1915-9 and
chair. 1916-9. Del. Intl. Fed. of Trade Unions, London, 1920; to Canadian Trades & Labor Cong, for 12
yrs.; del. many other convs.; del. Gov- erning Bd., Lg. of Nations, Geneva, Switzerland, 1920. Treas. U.

#HANSSON, Per Albin. Swedish Social Democratic Minister of De- fense since 1924. Born Oct. 10,
1885, Fosle, Sweden. Father a mason. Chair. Social Democratic Youth Lg. and ed. Fram 1905-9; exec.
comt. Social Democratic Labor P. 1908-11. Address, Min- istry of Defense, Stockholm. Sweden.

#HATJGE, Christen Nielsen. Dan- ish Minister of interior since 1924; Social Democratic member Parl.
1909-10 and since 1913. Born Sept. 13, 1870, Fur, Denmark. Father a farmer. Grad. from Askov high
scn., 1896. Cabinet maker 1884-92; travelled as jour- neyman in foreign countries 1890- 2. Journalist
on Vest Jyllands Social Democrat 1898-1902; ed. Bornholms Social Demokrat 1902- 20; ed. Fyns
Social Demokrat 1920-4. Home, Orstedgade 46, Odense, Copenhagen, Denmark.

#HAYDON, John Alfred Pope. Canadian rep. of Labor (weekly labor paper, U. S.) since 1924. Born May
22, 1890, Almonte, On- tario, Can. Father a tailor. Elem., high and night sen., Almonte. Printer 1907-
19. Ed. Canadian Labor Press, 1919-20; ed. Cana dian Congress Journal 1920-4. Member Intl.
Typographical U. since 1913; secy. Ottawa loc. 102 since 1922; pres. Ontario and Quebec Conf. of
Typographical Unions, 1923-4; asso. secy. Trades & Labor Cong. of Canada 1920-3; pres. Ottawa
Cent. Labor Coun. 1920-4; labor rep. on Canadian Coun. of Child Welfare 1920-4; Ontario
Employment Service Coun. 1923; Canadian Natl. Coun. of Health 1923. Labor cand. for Bd. of
Control, Ottawa, 1923, '4. Home, 102 Flora St.; office, R. 211, Sparks Chambers, Ottawa, Canada.
#HAYWOOD, William D. Form- er American I. W. W. leader; lec- turer for Intl. Red Aid, an organ-
ization for defense of class war prisoners, Moscow. Born 1869, Salt Lake City, Utah. Father a miner.
Went to work for a short time at age of 9 in the mines; miner 1885-1901, Nevada, Utah, Idaho.
Joined Western Fed. of Miners 1896; exec. bd., 1900-1; secy.-treas. 1901-7. Participated in Coeur
d'Alenes, Idaho, strike, 1899; arrested during Cripple Creek, Colo., strike; after murder of Gov.
Steunenberg, Idaho, arrested with Moyer and Pettibone, 1905; held in jail 15 mos., acquitted; was
Socialist and Socialist Labor P. cand. for gov. of Colo. while in jail. Spoke for Moyer and Petti- bone
after release. Helped org. I. W. W. 1905; secy.-treas. 1916- 18; arrested after speaking tj Lawrence,
Mass, strikers 1919: acquitted at trial; arrested in silk weavers' strike, Paterson; in jail 3 wks. refusing
bail while other strikers were held in jail; sen- tenced to 6 mos. imprisonment for disorderly conduct;
in Lowell, Mass. strike. Arrested under espionage act; released on bail 1920; escaped to Russia. Head
of American Kuzbas Colony, Siberia, 1922. Was asso. ed. International Socialist Review. Author: The
General Strike, 1910, and other pamphlets; co-author with F. Bohn, Industrial Socialism. 1911.
#HENDERSON, Arthur. Secy. of British Labor P. since 1911; member of Parl. for Barnard Cas- tle, 1903-
18, for Wldnes div. of Lancashire 1919-22, for East New- castle 1923, for Burnley since (288)288
AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 1924; secy. natl. Jt. Coun. repre- senting Gen. Coun. of Trades U.
Cong., Parliamentary Labor P., and exec. comt. of Labor P.; jus- tice of the peace for County of
Durham. Born Sept. 13, 1863, Glasgow. St. Mary's scn., Glas- gow. Apprenticed to ironfound- ing
trade; former Wesleyan Meth- odist lay preacher. Hon. pres. Friendiy Soc. of Ironfounders (now
amalgamated into Natl. U. of Foundry W.) 1919. Formerly member Newcastle city coun., Darlington
town coun., Durham county coun.; mayor Darlington 1903. Made privy councillor, 1915; appointed
pres. Bd. of Educ. and member of Cabinet 1915; be- came Paymaster Gen. and labor advisor to govt.
1916; member of Cabinet War Comt., without port- folio, Dec. 1916 until resignation Aug. 1917;
unsuccessfully con- tested South Parliamentary Div., East Ham. 1918; chief whip House of Commons,
1923; Home Secy, in 1st Labor govt. 1924. Formerly member of Bd. of Trade Arbitration Ct. and of
Indust. Coun.; chair. Natl. Advisory Comt. on War Output; jt. pres. Parlia- mentary Recruiting Comt.;

#HCEMSTRA, Pleter. Pres. Netherlands Landworkers' Fed. (Netherlandsche Bond van Arbel- ders in
het Landbouw, Tuinbouw, en Zuivelbedrijf) since 1904; member Parl. since 1921. Born Aug. 4, 1878,
Huins, Netherlands. Elem. scn.; scn. of modern lan- guages a few mos. Went to work at age of 13
yrs.; land worker 1891-9; dairyworker 1899-1906. Secy. Intl. Landworkers' Fed. 1920-4. City
councilman, Leeu- warden, 1917-9; state senator, province of Friesland, 1919-21. Member Social
Democratic P. Author: Grond aan Landarbeid- ers (Farmers and Agricultural Workers), 1918; Het
Pachtvraag- stuk (The Question of Farm-rent) 1924. Home, Merwedekade 200; office,
Catherinesingel 47, Utrecht, Netherlands.
#HIMJEBRAND, Oswald. Social Democratic member Czechoslo- vak Natl. Assem. since 1920; 2nd vice-
pres. German Social Demo- cratic Labor P. of Czechoslovakia 1921-4; 1st vice-pres. since 1924;
member city coun., Carls- bad, since 1905. Born Aug. 7, 1879, Hotzenplotz, Silesia. Father a master
mason. Elem. scn., Hot- zenplotz; Teachers' Sem., Trop- pau, 1894-8. Formerly member of Parl.,
Austria, 1911-8; member provisional Natl. Assem. of Ger- man Austria, Oct. 1918-Mar. 191ft;
member German Bohemian govt., Oct. 1918-Aug. 1919 until decision of Versailles Peace Conf.
Author: essays and newspaper articles. Home, Waldzeile 4, Carlsbad; office, Parliament, Prague, Cze-

#HOCHSTRASSER, Henri. Secy. Intl. Fed. of Bookbinders & Kin- dred Trades; secy. Swiss Fed. of
Bookbinders (Federation Sulsse (289)OTHER COUNTRlES 289 Ouvriere Relleurs); member city coun.,
Berne. Born Sept. 1868. Father a city employee. Elem. sch. Formerly lithographer, book- binder.
Formerly member exec, comt., pres., treas. of trade union; ed. trade union journal. Member Indust.
Relations Ct. (Tribunal des Prud'hommes), Vevey, 1906- 9; cantonal assem. Vaud, 1909-11. Author:
annual reports; special reports and statistical studies in connection with trade union movt. Socialist.
Home, 1 Murlfeldstrasse; office, 61 Monbijoustrasse, Berne, Switzerland.
#HODGES, Frank. Advisory agt. Midiand Miners Fed. of Great Britain since 1924. Born Apr. 30, 1887,
Woolaston, Gloucester, Eng- land. Father a miner. Prim. sch.; Ruskin Coll., 1909-10; corr. study,
Ruskin Coll. Went to work in mine 1901; became church worker and preacher; conducted classes in
French and political economy in Monmouthshire. Min- ers' agt., Garw Valley, South Wales Miners'
Fed. 1911-8; secy. Miners' Fed. of Great Britain 1918-24; secy. Intl. Miners' Fed. 1918-24; del.
Canadian Trades Cong. 1923; guests of Un. Mine W. of A. conv. 1923. Natl. exec. bd. Labor P. 1920-4;
Member of Parl. from Lichfield, 1923-4. Au- thor: Nationalization Df Mines, 1920; Workers' Control
in Mines, 1920; Adventures of a Labor Leader (not yet published). Mem- ber Fulwell Golf Club.
Address, Thornfield, Trafalgar Rd., Twick- enham. Middiesex, England.
#HOMiAND, Henry Edmund. Member New Zealand Parl. for Duller; leader of New Zealand
Parliamentary Labor P. since 1919. Born at Gininderra, near Canberra, New South Wales, June 10,
1868. Self-educated. Served 5 yrs. as apprentice to printing trade; later was a journalist. Founded
and edited The Socialist, which afterward became The People. Later founded and edited The
International Socialist. In 1901 led the great Sydney strike of tailoresses in which 2000 women and
girls were involved. Was imprisoned in 1896 and 1909 in New South Wales, and in New Zealand in
1913-4, the prosecu- tions arising out of his writings and speeches in connection with indust.
troubles at Newcastle, Broken Hill, and Wellington, re- spectively. Left New South Wales, 1912, went
to New Zealand for health reasons. Became ed. of The Maoriland Worker, 1913, and figured
prominently in movt. to unify forces of labor in New Zealand; as ed. of The Maoriland Worker, led
fight against con- scription during World War. Was elected to Parl. for Grey, 1918, the sitting
member, P. C. Webb, having been sent to prison as a conscientious objector; election unsuccessfully
appealed against; electorate abolished by Comssnrs. charged with redistribution of electorates;
elected for Buller, 1919, '22. Author: Armageddon or Calvary, a history of the perse- cution of New

#HOLIiOWAY, Edward James. Secy. Melbourne (Australia) Trades Hall Coun.; member Vic- torian
Coun. of Pub. Educ.; mem- ber Melbourne Univ. Extension Bd. Born 1876, Hobart, Tas- mania. Father
a stone mason. Elem. sch., Hobart. Was boot and shoe worker. Pres. Victorian Boot Trades Empl. U.
1911-2; (290)290 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO pres. Melbourne Trades Hall Coun., 1914-5; pres.
Melbourne Elght Hours Comt., 1915-6; pres. Victorian br., Australian Labor P., 1916-7; pres. fedi.
exec. comt. Australian Labor P. 1916-22; del. Intl. Labor conf., Geneva, 1923; secy. Indust. Disputes
Comt.; secy. Anti-Conscription campaign during World War. Member Boot Trades U.; Clerks' U.
Home. 68 Patterson St., Middie Park, Mel- bourne; office, Trades Hall, Mel- bourne, Victoria,

#HOOVER, Fred A. 5th intl. vice-pres. Amal. Assn. of Street & Klec. Ry. Empl. of A.; pres. loc. 101,
Vancouver; del. and exec. comt. Vancouver Cent. Labor Coun.; chair, loc. br. Canadian Labor P.;
street car conductor. Born 1878, Hastings County, On- tario, Canada, Father a farmer. Elem. scn.,
Hastings County; high scn., Sterling, Ontario. Fin. secy, and bus. agt. Street Ry. Empl. loc. 101, 1906-
20; was vice- pres. Vancouver Cent. Labor Coun. several yrs.; del. Trades & Labor Cong. of Canada
1919, '21. Active in Seattle and Tacoma street ry. strikes which compelled union recognition and
established contracts; fought secession movt. of One Big U., kept loc. union intact in spite of general
strike 1919. Labor Parliamentary cand. for Vancouver 1915. Member Street Ry. Employees Social
Club, Sick Benefit & Medical Assn.; K. of P. Home, 2409 Clark Drive, Vancouver, British Columbia,
#HOPCRAFT, Edward John. Exec. bd. and secy. bd. of trus- tees, Un. Bro. of Maint. of Way Empl. &
Ry. Shop Lab. since 1922; travelling rep. since 1911. Born May 15, 1874, near Ux- bridge, Ontario,
Canada. Father a laborer and farmer. Worked for -?es since the age of 12; worked on fancy leather
goods; on farm; in lumber camp; section work on r. r., foreman for many yrs. Member Un. Bro. of
Maint. of Way Empl. & Ry. Shop Lab. since 1897. Independent voter. Ad- dress, 621 Glebeholme
Blvd., To- ronto, Ontario, Canada.

#HORRABIN, James Francis. Ed. Plebs, organ of the British Labor Colleges, since 1914; mem- ber
exec. comt. Plebs Lg. since 1914; black and white artist. Born Nov. 1, 1884, Peterborough, England.
Elem. scn., Stamford; Sheffield Sch. of Art. Exec. mem- ber Natl. Guilds Lg. 1915-16; exec. member
Labor Research Dept. 1920-2. Illustrator H. G. Wells' Outline of History, and numerous works of
alleged humour. Author: What Does Education Mean to the Workers, 1917; An Outline of Economic
Geography, 1923; Working Class Education, 1924 (with Winifred Batho Horrabin). Member Natl. U.
of Journalists; Labor P. Address, 6 Mecklen- burgh Sq., London, W. C. 1, Eng- land.
#HOWARD, Thomas Patrick. Secy. South Australia Trades & Labor Coun. since 1920; pres. Painters' U.
and del. Trades & Labor Coun. since 1912; del. Aus- tralian Labor P. Coun. since 1918; rep. of Trades
& Labor Coun. on Advisory Coun. of Educ. on State Indust. Comssn.; secy. Trades & Labor Coun.
disputes comt. since 1920; secy, of Labor Day Celebra- tion Comt. since 1921; rep. to, and trustee of
Trades Hall mng. comt.; bd. of management, Dally Herald; secy, and member fedi. coun., Shop Assts.
& Warehouse Empl. Fed.; member Shop Asst . Wages Bd., rep. on Coun. of Arts & Crafts; del.
Workers' Educ. Assn.; bd. of industry since 1924; official visitor, Adelaide Hospital. Born Mar. 13,
1880, Adelaide, (291)OTHER COUNTRlES 29l Australia. Father a brazier. Christian Brothers' Coll.
Printer 1895-7. Del. from Painters' U. to Australian Labor P. Conf. 1907; pres. Painters' U. 1906-12;
pres. and trustee Trades & Labor Coun. 1918-20; was advocate for Painters' U. in State Indust. Ct.
and govt. Workers' Tribunal; del. interstate cong. of trade unions to deal with conscription; del. Conf.
of Trades & Labor Councils of Australia, 1916; advocate to assist in basic wage inquiries, 1921, '2.
Secy. Anti-Conscription Lg. 1916, '7. Australian Labor P. cand. for state assembly, 1918, '21, '4. Au-

#HUEBER, Anton. Secy. Aus- trian Gen. Fed. of Trade Unions (Gewerkschaftskommission Oes-
terreichs) since 1894; ed. Die Gewerkschaft since 1894; ed. Der Betriebsrat since 1920; manage-
ment comt. Intl. Fed. of Trade Unions since 1901; Social Demo- cratic member of Parl. from Vienna
since 1919; member exec. comt. of P. since 1894; mem- ber governing body Intl. Labor Office,
Geneva, since 1922. Born Sept. 26, 1861, Pllsen, Austria. Klem. sch.; technical sch. for wood workers.
Went to work at age of 11 yrs. Woodworker 1873; member of turners' union. Mem- ber Social
Democratic P. since 1880. Sentenced many times for political offenses. Address, Ge-
werkschaftskommission Oester- reichs, Ebendorferstrasse 7, Vienna I, Austria.
#HUNTER, Hiram. Trade union representative Arbitration Court of New Zealand since Mar. 1923.
Born Feb. 10, 1874, Chrlstchurch, New Zealand. E'ern sch., New Zealand. Went to work at age of 13;
storekeeper 1898-laOS; farmer 1905-8. Secy. Canterbury Driv- ers' U. 1908-23; secy. New Zea- land
Drivers' Fed. 1911-3; vice- pres. Canterbury Trades & Labor Coun. 1909-11; secy. Canterbury Timber
W. U. 1912-23; secy. New Zealand Timber W. U. 1912-23; secy. Christchurch Tramway Empl. U. 1912-
9; secy. Un. Fed. of Labor of New Zealand 1915-9. Advocate for indust. unions be- fore Ct. of
Arbitration 1908-23. Pres. Canterbury Labor Repre- sentation Comt. 1911-3. Active in New Zealand
Labor P. 1909-23; parliamentary labor cand. 1911, '4, '9; labor member Chrlstchurch city coun. 1911-
23; pres. Social Demo- cratic P. of New Zealand 1913- 5. Pres. Canterbury Indust. Coop. Soc. 1919-23.
Member Sydenham sch. comt. 1909-10; secy. Syden- ham Burgesses' Assn. 1909-11. Author: reports
of annual cong. of Un. Fed. of Labor 1915-9; of New Zealand Timber W. Fed. 1912-23. Member New
Zealand Labor P. Home, 87 Westminster St., Chrlstchurch; office, Arbitra- tion Court, Wellington,
New Zea- land.

#HUYSMANS, Camille. Labor member of Belgian Parl. since 1910; chief of educ., Antwerp
municipality; member city coun. Antwerp since 1921. Born May 26, 1871, Bilsen, prov. of Limburg,
Belgium. Dr. of German Philol- ogy, Univ. of Liege, 1891. Prof. in various colleges and academies;
prof, at New Univ. of Brussels 1896-1900. Secy. Intl. Socialist Bur. 1906-19; member city coun.
Brussels, 1905-21; secy. Stock- holm peace conf., 1917. Contrlb. to various Flemish and French
Socialist publications and Belgian journals (Le Peuple, Volksgazet). Author: several books and pamph-
lets on Socialism and regulation of home industry; book on Stock- (292)292 AMERlCAN LABOR
WHO'S WHO holm peace conf.; study on to- ponymy; book on Belgian revo- lution of 1830; book on
iliness, invalidity and old-age ins. and pensions. Address, c/o Parlia- ment, Antwerp, Belgium.

#IGLESIAS, Pablo Posse. Pres. Socialist Labor P. of Spain (Par- tido Socialista Obrera) since 1888;
founder and pres. Gen. U. of Workers (Union General de Tra- bajadores) since 1888; dir. El So-
cialista since 1886. Born Oct. 18, 1850, Ferrol, Spain. Went to work at age of 8. Printer 30 yrs. One of
founders Spanish Socialist P. 1881; org. 1st Workers' Cong., Barcelona. Member Parl. (Cor- tes) 1910-
23; was member of Madrid city coun. Member Print- ers' U. (Assoclacion del Arte de Imprlmir).
Home, Perraz 68; of- flce, Carranza 20, Madrid, Spain. ILG, Conrad. Secy. Intl. Fed. of Metal W. since
1920; pres. Swiss Metal W. & Watchmakers' Fed. since 1917; Social Demo- cratic member Pari, since
1918. Born Jan. 25, 1877, Ermatingen, Switzerland. Father a farmer. Elem., trade scn. Went to work
at age of 17; locksmith, 1894. Gen. coun. city of Berne; rep. Intl. Labor Conf., Washington. 1919.
Author: several reports and leafiets, 1920-4. Member Social Democratic P. Address, Monbi-
joustrasse 61, Berne, Switzerland.

#INKPIN, Albert Gen. secv. Communist P. of Great Britain since organization 1920. Born June 16,
1884, London. Asst. secy. Social Democratic Fed., and Brit- ish Socialist P. 1907-13; gen. secy. British
Socialist P. 1913-20. Ed. Call, 1916-9. 1 of honorary pre- siding officers of Communist Intl. together
with Lenin, Trotsky, and Brandier, at 3rd Cong., Moscow, 1921. Opposed war; imprisoned Jan.-June,
1922, for printing and circulating Communist literature. Cand. for London county coun. while in
prison. Member Natl. U. of Clerks since 1907. Home, 1C Stapleton Hall Rd., Stroud Green, London,
N.; office, 16 King St., Covent Garden, London, W. C. 2, England.
#JACQTIEMOTTE, Joseph. Exec. comt. Communist Intl.; exec. bur. Communist P. of Belgium; secy.
Salaried Employees' U. of Brus- sels (Syndicat des Employes, Techniciens, Magasinlers et Voy- ageurs
de Commerce de Brux- elles) since 1910; exec. bd. La Presse Communiste (coop.); con- trib. to
Drapeau Rouge and natl. and foreign trade union and Com- munist press. Born Apr. 22, 1883,
Brussels, Belgium. Father a po- liceman, formerly a non-commls- â€ined artillery officer. Elem. sch.
until 12 yrs. of age; until age of 16 attended army sch. for train- ing non-commissioned officers,
equivalent to high sch. educ. Commercial employee 1899-1910. Formerly asst. ed. L'Employe; asst.
ed. L'Explolte, organ of lefl wing of Belgian Labor P.; ed. Drapeau Rouge; contrib. to La Vie Ouvrlere
previous to 1914, bur. Belgian Fed. of Labor (Com- mission Syndicaie de Beige). Member Belgian
Labor P.; exec. comt. 1907-21. Author: pamph- lets on the legal status of salaried (293)OTHER
COUNTRlES 293 employees in Belgium; Le Com- plot Communiste (The Commun- ist Plot) 1923;
many articles in trade union, Socialist and Com- munist press, national and for- eign. Member
People's House, Brussels; coop. ins. soc., La Pre- voyance Social. Home, 16 Rue du Bateau; office,
Maison du Peuple, 17 Rue Joseph Stevens, Brussels, Belgium.

#JASZAI, Samuel. Gen. secy. Hungarian Coun. of Trade Unions since 1903; member Parl. since 1922.
Born Oct. 5, 1859, Jzecseny. Hungary. Elem. sch., Jzecsenj, Compositor 28 yrs.; member Printers' U.
since 1879; was mem- ber exec. comt. Author: Die Ge- werkschaftsebewegung in Ungaru (Trade
Union Movement in Hun- gary), 1900; Die Entwicklungen und Tendenzen der Gewerk-
schaftsbewegung (Developments and Tendencies of the Trade Union Movement), 1901; Weg- weiser
in den Gewerkschaftsbe- wegung (Tactics of the Trade Union Movement), 1905; Die Lage der
Bergarbeiter (Condition of the Miners), 1908; Was 1st Agi- tieren? (What Is Agitation), 1922.
Member Social Democratic P.; Social Democratic Club. Home, Elemer-utca 15; office, Keretesz- utca
24-28, Budapest, Hungary.

#JEWSON, Dorothy. Trade union org. Born 1884, Norwich, England. Trade union org. for Natl. Fed. of
Women W. 6 yrs.; teacher; social and educl. worker; organizing dir. women's sect. Natl. U. of Gen. W.
Member of Parl. 1923-4. Author: The Destitute of Norwich and How They Live, 1912. Member Indep.
Labor P. Home, 58 Bracondale St., Nor- wich, England.

#JOHNSON, Thomas. Secy. Irish Labor P. & Trade U. Cong, since 1921; chair. Labor P. in Parl. (Dail
Eireann) since 1922. Born May 17, 1872, Liverpool, England. Father a sailmaker. Went to Ireland
1892. Elem. sch. Went to work at age of 12%; clerk, 1885-1902; commercial traveler, 1902-19. Active
in labor and coop. movt. since 1896; mem- ber Belfast Trades Coun. 1906- 19; Belfast Coop. Soc.,
1902-22. Chair. Irish Labor P. & Trade U. Cong. 1916; treas. 1919-20; mem- ber Mansion House Anti-
Con- scription Conf. 1918; treas. and, member of standing exec. and mng. comt., Irish White Cross,
1920-4. Author: Handbook for Rebels, 1919; Minority Report of Irish Free State Commission on
Agriculture, 1924. Member Irish U. of Distributive W. & Clerks. Home, 63 Edenvale Rd., Rane- lagh,
Dublin; office, 32 Lower Ab- bey St., Dublin, Ireland.
#JOUHAUX, Leon. Gen. secy. French Gen. Confed. of Labor (Confederation General du Tra- vail) since
1909; 1st vice-pres. Intl. Fed. of Trade Unions since 1919; member adm. coun. Intl. Labor Office,
Geneva, since 1919; member Disarmament Comssn. of Lg. of Nations, Geneva, since 1921. Born July
1, 1879, Paris. Father a laborer. Elem. sch. Went to work at age of 13. For- merly workman in match
factory. Author: The Two Functions of Syndicalism. 1910; Syndicalism and the General Federation of
La- bor, 1919; The Workers Before Peace, 1918; White Coal, a Work- ing Man's Solution, 1917; Inter-
national Organization of Labor, 1923. Member Fed. of W. in Match Factories (Federation des
Ouvriers des Manufactures d'Al- lumettes). Independent in poli- tics. Address, 311 Rue Lafayette,
Paris, France.

#JOWETT, Frederick William. Natl. adm. coun. Indep. Labor P., England, since 1900; privy coun- cillor.
Born Jan. 31, 1864, Brad- (294)294 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO ford, England. Elem. sch., St.
Michaels; Bradford Mechanics' Inst. and Technical Sch. Worked in factory half-time from age of S to
13; continued educ. as half- time student; weaving overlooker from age of 18 to 28; later manu-
facturer's mgr. 1 of founders of Indep. Labor P.; chair. 1909-10, 1914-7; chair. British Labor P. 1922-
3; exec. comt. 9 yrs. Mem- ber Bradford city coun. 1892-5, 1901-6; alderman 1895-1901; chair.
health comt., Bradford city coun. 1897-1906. Mem- ber Parl. 1906-18, 1922-3; lost seat 1918 due to
pacifism; defeated 1923; Comssnr. of Works, Labor Govt., 1924. Ed. Bradford Pioneer 4 yrs. Author:
newspa- per articles. Home, 10 Grantham Terrace, Bradford, Yorkshire, England.

#JVSTO, Juan Bautlsta. Social- ist senator, Natl. Assem. of Argen- tine, since 1924. Born June 28,
1865, Buenos Aires, Argentine. Father a farmer and bus. man. M. D., Buenos Aires Univ. 1888.
Formerly physician and surgeon; prof, of surgery at medical fac- ulty of Buenos Aires 1890-1905.
Rep. in Natl. Assem. 1912-24. Ed. La Vanguardia, Socialist weekly, 1895-1905, daily 1905-24. Author:
En Los Estados Unldos (In the United States), 1895; El Metodo Cientiflco (The Scientific Method),
1896; Socialismo (Socialism), 1896-1910; Estudios sobre la Moneda (Studies on Money), 1903, 1923;
El Realismo Ingenuo (Candid Realism), 1903; Teoria y Practica de la Historia (The Theory and Practice
of History), 1909, 1915; El Programa Social- ista del Campo (The Socialist Land Program), 1907; La
Cues- tion Agraria (The Agrarian Ques- tion), 1917; La International Soclalista (The Socialist Interna-
tional), 1919; Program of Inter- national Socialist Action, 1921; translated 1st volume of Marx's Das
Capital, Madrid, 1898, Buenos Aires, 1918. Address, Calle Es- tados Unidos 1852, Buenos Aires,
Argentine, South America.
#K A D A LIE , Clements. Gen. secy. Indust. & Commercial W. U. of S. Africa. Office, 24 Loop St., Cape
Town, S. Africa.

#KAEPPLER, Georg Richard. Secy. Intl. Fed. of Bldg. W., and ed. of Bulletin since 1919. Born June 3,
1875, Dresden, Germany. Father a bricklayer. Elem. trade sch., Germany. Went to work at age of 14
yrs.; bricklayer 1889- 1905. Gen. secy. Building W. Fed. of Switzerland 1905-15; official of Building W.
Fed. of Germany, 1915-9. Formerly ed. Der Bau- handwerker, Switzerland; co-ed. Der Grundstein,
Germany; co- editor Year Book of the German Building W. U. (Deutschen Bau- beiterverbandes) since
1919. Member Social Democratic P. of Germany; Building W. Fed. of Germany. Office, Wallstrasse 1,
Hamburg 25, Germany.
#KAGANOVTTCH, Lazarus. 1 of secretaries of cent. comt. Russian Communist P. Born 1893, Kiev,
Russia. Father an unskilled worker. Elem. sch. education. Formerly shoemaker in factory. Member
Tanners' U. since 1915; Bolshevik P. since 1911. Author: articles on party and Soviet struc- ture.
Address, Russian Commun- ist Party, Moscow, U. of Soviet Socialist Republics.

#KAGAWA, Toyohiko. Principal of labor sch. of Japanese Fed. of Labor; exec. comt. Tenant Farm- ers'
U. of Japan; author. Born (295)OTHER COUNTRlES July 10, 1888, Kobe, Japan. Fa- ther a govt. officer
and merchant. Univ. Meiji Gakuin, Tokyo, 1914; Princeton Univ. 1916; Princeton Theological Sem.
Went to work at age of 19, as a writer; butler 1914. Lectured in U. S., 1925. Author: Psychology of
the Poor, 1912; Principles of Subjective Economics, 1916; Before the Dawn, a novel, 1925; about 30
other books, more than 20 pamph- lets. Member Japanese Fed. of Labor; Friends of Jesus Carpen-
ters' U, Tokyo; Labor P. Home, Matsukuracho, Honjo, Tokyo, Ja- pan.
#KAMNIN, Michael Ivanovich. Pres. of exec. comt. of U. of Soviet Socialist Republics (i. e., pres. of the
U. S. S. R.) since 1923; pres. exec. comt. Russian Socialist Fed. Sov. Rep. (pres. R. S. F. S. R.) since
1919; cent. exec. comt. Russian Communist P. since 1919. Born Nov. 7, 1875, Verkniaia Troitsa,
Tversk, Russia. Father a peasant. Went to sen. at age of 11; when 13 yrs. old helped fa- ther on farm;
later became do- mestic servant to a landholder; had opportunity to read in em- ployer's library.
Went to Moscow, worked as a lathe hand in Putilov Iron. Works, Leningrad; active in secret party
work, contributed to Robochiaia Mysel (Workers' Thought); joined Social Demo- cratic Labor P. 1898;
arrested with 52 comrades 1899; tried for membership in Leningrad Fight- ing U. for Freeing of
Laboring Classes; in jail 10 mos., then ex- iled to Tiflis, Caucasus, and to Reval, Esthonia. Arrested
1903 for propaganda in Reval; brought to Leningrad, held in jail for 6 mos., beaten and maltreated;
re- turned to Reval, 1903; re-arrested 1904 and sent to Siberia; released in 1905 due to Russo-
Japanese War. Active in Cent. Metal Trades U. 1906-8; member Len- ingrad Cent. Comt., Bolshevik
P.; del. Stockholm Conf. of party; under police surveillance in Len- ingrad, arrested several times; re-
#KAMENEV (ROSENFELD), Leon Borissovich. Pres. Moscow Soviet since 1918; cent. comt. Russian
Communist P. since Apr. 1917; chair. Russian Coun. of Labor & Defense since 1924; vice-pres. Coun.
of People's Commissars since 1922; vice- pres. cent. exec. comt. U. of Soviet Socialist Republics since
1923; chair. Lenin Institute. Born July 22, 1883, Moscow. Father an engineer. Moscow Univ., arrested
several times for revolutionary opinions; Leningrad Univ.; Paris Univ. Joined Social Democratic P.
1901; in jail 1H mos. in 1902 for participating in a demonstra- tion; joined Bolshevik group 1903;
active party worker in all parts of Russia; compelled to leave Russia 1908; lived abroad; took part in
Russian Social Dem- ocratic conf. in Paris; at request of cent. comt. of party returned to Russia to
lead party work; active in campaign against world war; arrested with other members of Bolshevik
bloc in Duma; banished for life to Siberia; freed by Mar. Revolution. On staff of Pravda. In Nov., 1917,
abandoned jo'- (296)296 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO nalism to devote entire time to
organization. Member of prae- sidium of Petrograd Soviet 1917; elected pres. All-Russian Exec.,
Comt. July, 1917; 1 of founders of Communist Intl. 1919. Au- thor: The Struggle for Peace, 1918;

#KATAYAMA, J. Sen. Japanese Communist; exec. comt. Commun- ist Intl.; rep. of Communist Par- ties
in the East. Founded Japan- ese Socialist Assn. 1897; org. Assn. of R. R. Mechanics 1896; founded
weekly Socialist journal, Le Kodo Sejai (The Labor World); com- pelled to leave Japan. Came to U. S.;
studied at Yale Univ.; worked as a cook; active in So- cialist movt. Del. Intl. Socialist Cong.,
Amsterdam. 1904. Joined Communist P. 1920. Del. Berlin Socialist unity conf. 1922. Con- tributed to
American Labor Year Book 1916. Author: Labor Move- ment in Japan. Address, Hotel Lux, Moscow,
U. of Soviet Social- ist Republics.
#KAUTSKY, Karl Johann. Au- thor. Born Oct. 16, 1854, Prague, Czechoslovakia. Father a scene painter.
Univ. of Vienna. Con- trib. to Socialist press since 1875; Zurich, 1880-2; Stuttgart, 1883, '90; London,
1885-9; Berlin, 1897. Member Social Democratic P. of Austria since 1875; Social Demo- -atic P. of
Germany since 1880. Founder and ed. Neue Zeit, Ger- many, 1883-1917. Secy, of State, German
Foreign Office, in 1st revolutionary govt., 1919. Con- tinued membership in 2nd Intl. after Social
Democratic P. joined Vienna Working U. of Socialist Parties at Cong, of Nuremburg 1922;
unanimously elected pres. of comssn. to work out program for a new unified party; now member of
Labor & Socialist Intl. Author: Effect of the Increase in Population on Society, 1880; In- ternational
Protective Labor Leg- islation, 1880; Economic Lessons of Marx, 1887; The Class Strug- gle in 1789,
1889; Thomas Moore, 1888; Protection of the Eight- Hour Day, 1890; The Erfurt Pro- gram. 1892;
Bernstein and the Social Democratic Program. 1899; Business Policy and Social De- mocracy, 1901;
Social Democracy and the Catholic Church, 1902; The Social Revolution, 1902; Ethics and the
Materialistic Con- ception of History, 1906? Social Democracy and the Colonial Pol- icy, 1907;

#Karl Marx, 1908; The Origin of Christianity, 1908; The Road to Power, 1909; Propagation and
Evolution in Nature and Society, 1910; Race and Judaism. 1914; The National State, The Imperial-
istic State, and the Federation of States, 1915; The Liberation of Nations, 1917; Serbia and Belgium in
History, 1917; The Rise and Fall of the Hapsburgs, 1918; So- cialist Observations on the Eco- nomic
Transition, 1918; Dictator- ship and the Proletariat, 1918; Terrorism and Communism. 1919; The
Guilt of William II, 1919; The Origin of the World War, 1919; Dictatorship or Democracy, 1919; The
International, 1920; From Democracy to State Slavery, 1921; Georgia, A Socialist Farm- er's Republic.
1921; Parliamen- tary Government and Democracy, (297)OTHER COUNTRlES 297 1922; The
Proletarian Revolution and Its Program. 1922. Home, Halzingergasse, 47, Vienna, Aus- tria.
#KEEN, George. Secy. - treas. Coop. U. of Canada and ed. Ca- nadian Co-Operator since organi-
zation, 1909. Address, 215 Keen St., Brantford, Ontario, Canada.

#KENNEDY, Thomas. Secy. So- cial Democratic Fed. of Great Britain since 1919. Born Dec. 25, 1876,
Kennethmont, Aberdeen- shire, Scotland. Elem. and Gor- don sch. Member Aberdeen scn. bd. 1903-
6; Clarion van lecturer; unsuccessful parliamentary cand. 1906, '10, '22; member of Parl. for Kirkcaldy
1921, '3, '4. Lord of Treasury in Labor Govt. 1924. Formerly Scottish org., London org., and natl. org.
Social Demo- cratic Fed. Home, 19 Belvoir Rd., E. Dulwich, London, S. E. 22; of- fice, 4-12 Palmer St.,
Westminster, London, S. W. 1, England.

#KILBOM, Karl. Ed. and mgr. Folkets Dagblad Politiken, Swe- den, Communist dally paper, since 1917;
member Stockholm City Coun. since 1921; member Parl. (Riksdag) since 1921. Born May 8, 1885,
Osterby bruk, Film. Swe- den. Father a hoofsmlth. Elem. sch., Osterby; Brunnsviks Folk- hoegskola
(labor coll.) Went to work at age of 12; formerly metal worker. : Gen. secy. Young People's Social
Democratic Lg. 1915-7; ed. Hallands Folkblad 1910-4. Author, 1912-22: Aicohol, Capitalism and Social
Democracy; Sweden in the Hands of the Trusts; Trade Unions or Class Or- ganizations?; Shall the
Union Or- ganizations Be Strangled?; The Union Movement under the Grip of Moscow; The Youth
and the Class Struggle. Member Metal W. U., Stockholm; Communist P.; Communist Young Workers'
Lg. Home, Polhemsgatan 33; office, 52 Luntmakaregatan, Stockholm. Sweden.
#KOLLONTAY, Alexandra. Min- ister Plenipotentiary from U. of Soviet Socialist Republics to Nor- way
since 1924; writer. Born Apr. 1, 1872, St. Petersburg, Russia. Father a Russian general; mother
descended from Finnish farmers. Educ. in St. Petersburg; studied economics and statistics, Zurich
Univ. 1897-8; did not take doc- tor's degree, but returned to Rus- sia 1899, to work as propagandist
and writer in underground revo- lutionary movt.; Bolshevik until 1906 and since 1915; Menshevik
1906-15. Founded 1st working women's organizations in Russia and advocated their unity with Social
Democratic Labor P.; was under indictment for organizing women textile workers, and for writing
Finland and Socialism, a pamphlet which advocated armed rebellion; escaped prison sentence by
leaving Russia; exile 1908-17. Agitator in Germany, France, Italy, Belgium. Sweden, Denmark,
Norway, Switzerland; arrested in Germany during World War and expelled to Sweden where again
arrested for anti-military propa- ganda; active in Zimmerwald Cong., Switzerland, 1915; in U. S. 1915-
6. Returned to Russia 1917; was 1st woman member of exec. comt. of Petrograd Soviet; ar- rested
by Kerensky govt., but re- leased shortly before Nov. Revo- lution on demand of Petrograd Soviet;
member of Bolshevik P. at time of Nov. Revolution 1917; Commissar of Social Welfare in 1st Soviet

#KHASSTN, Leonld. Commissar for Foreign Trade, U. of Soviet Socialist Republics; ambassador to
France since 1925; cent. comt. Russian Communist P. Born 1870, in the Urals. Father a com- moner.
Univ. educ. Was a tech- nical engineer; formerly mgr. Putilov Iron Works, Leningrad. Member
Bolshevik P. since 1891; del. 1907 conf. of Russian Social Democratic Labor P., London, and to many
intl. congresses. Author: articles on foreign economic pol- icy of Soviet govt. and on Rus- sian trade.
Address, Embassy of Union of Soviet Socialist Repub- lics, Paris, France; and Russian Communist
Party, Moscow, U. of Soviet Socialist Republics.

#KRISTENSEN, Marinus. Ed. Social-Demokraten, Copenhagen, Denmark, since 1924; exec. comt.
Danish Social Democratic P. since 1917; member Copenhagen town coun. since 1925. Born Apr. 12,
1891, Nykobing. Father a vat- man. Pub. sch.; Workers' high sch. Went to work at age of 15. Printer
1905-10. Journalist on Social Demokraten, 1911-24. Char- ter member and 1 of founders Consumers'
Coop., Copenhagen 1916. Author: The Cooperative Movement in the History of the Social
Democratic P. of Denmark; The Danish Feder- ation of Labor at its 25th Ju- bilee; Songs and Poems
for the Social Democratic Move- ment; sundry political and indust. pamphlets. Member Printers' U.
Home, Farimagsgade 45; office, Farimagsgade 49, Copenhagen, Denmark.
#KUN, Bela. Hungarian Com- munist; exec. comt. Communist Intl. Born in Transylvania, now
Rumania, formerly Hungary. At- tended sch. in Najyvarad, Ru- mania; commercial coll. Active in
Social Democratic P., Tran- sylvania, but as a member of left wing did not hold office; was dir. of
Workmen's Benevolent Soc., Kolozvar, Rumania. Was an offi- cer in World War; captured by Russians
and sent to Siberia; freed by 1917 Revolution. Went to Petrograd; wrote many articles explaining
Communist point of view. Returned to Hungary, 1918; after Karolyl revolution ed. of Voros Ujsag;
org. Hungarian Communist P. which grew rap- idiy. Beaten by policeman and arrested after a
demonstration of unemployed workers before office of Hungarian Social Democratic paper,
Nepszva; sent to jail; while in prison planned with the leader of Social Democratic P. to establish
soviet govt. in Hungary; Secy, of Foreign Affairs in work- ers' govt. established March, 1919, and
overthrown Aug. 2, 1919; in- terned in Austria, but escaped to Russia, 1919. Participated in war with
counter-revolutionists, Cri- mea; leader of March, 1921, up- rising in Germany. Author: From
Revolution to Revolution; many pamphlets and articles. Address, c/o Communist Intl., Moscow, U. of
:, and since 1922; alderman. Poplar Borough Coun.; member Poplar Bd. of Guardians; socialist writer;
speaker. Born Feb. 21, 1859, Halesworthy, Suffolk. Father a contractor. Elem. scn. Member Royal
Comssn. on Poor Law, signed minority report. Ed. Lon- don Daily Herald 1913-22. Served 2 terms in
prison for refusing to levy taxes for payment of cent, services until cost of relief for unemployment
was paid by rates levied on richer London. Member London county coun., 1909-11. Author: What I
Saw in Russia; "hese Things Shall Be; Your Tt in Poverty; several pamph- lets on social and political
sub- jects. Member Natl. U. of Gen. W.; Labor P.; Indep. Labor P. Home, 39 Bow Rd., Bow E. 3,
London; office, 2 Carmelite St., London, England. LARKIN, James. Ed. Irish Worker since 1910 except
when paper was suppressed, 1914; secy. Gen. W. U. of Ireland; exec. comt. Red Intl. of Labor Unions;
exec. comt. Communist Intl. since 1924. Born Jan. 19, 1879, County Down, Ireland. Father a farmer,
exca- vator, engineer. Elem. sch. County Down, and Liverpool. Formerly dairy worker; butcher; sailor;
sea-going fireman; French polisher; mechanical engineer; painter and paperhanger; soldier; in U. S.
navy; stowaway; docker; while in jail worked at baking, textile trade, shoemaking, tin smithing and

#M3NOIR, Raoul. Secy. French Gen. Confed. of Labor (Confed- eration Generale du Travail) since May
1, 1924; member gen. coun. Intl. Fed. of Trade U. since 1924; contrib. to Le Peuple since 1921. Born
Nov. 27, 1872; in Dept. of Somme, France. Went to work at age of 11; molder 21 yrs. Member Metal
W. U. (Federation des Ouvriers des Metaux et Slm- llaires de France); formerly secy. Independent in
politics. Home, Ave. de Belair, Sarcelles, Seine- et-Olse; office, 211, Rue Lafayette, Paris, France.

#LEVT, Paul. German Social Democrat; lawyer. Born Mar. 11, 1883, Wuerttemburg. Gymnasium,
Stuttgardt; studied law, Univ. of Berlin; Univ. of Grenoble. Law- yer in Frankfurt; defended Rosa
Luxemberg in various trials. 1 of founders, with Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemberg, of Sparta- cus
group. Was pres. Communist P.; was Communist deputy in Reichstag 1920; disagreed with 3rd Intl. in
regard to efficacy of revolution of March 1920; ex- (303)OTHER COUNTRlES 303 pelled from
Communist P. 1920; org. Communist Working U., which joined the Independent So- cialist P. and
later the Un. Social Democratic P. Address, c/o United Social Democratic Party, TJndenstrasse 3,
Berlin, N. W., Germany.

#LJNDERS, Sven. Swedish Min- ister of Agriculture since 1924. Born Feb. 14, 1873, Nevitohog,
Sweden. Father a farmer. Social Democrat since 1901; Social Dem- ocratic member of Parl. (Riks-
dag) 1909-17. Home, Nevitohog, Staffanstorp, Stockholm. Sweden.
#LJNDSTUOEM, Rickard. Secy. Swedish Social Democratic Labor P. since 1924; pres. Swedish So- cial
Democratic Young People's Lg. since 1922; ed. Frihet since 1920; member of exec. of Labor &
Socialist Intl. since 1924. Born Sept. 1, 1894, Korsnas, Dalecarlia, Sweden. Father a saw - mill worker.
Elem. sch. Went to work at age of 12; saw-mill worker 1906-18. Member Saw-Mill W. U. 1912-8.
Journalist, Dala-Demo- kraten, 1918-9, and Folket, 1919- 20. Member Social Democratic P. since
1912; asst. secy. 1920-4. Au- thor pamphlets: De Unga Inom Sozialdemokratin, 1923; Arbetar- partiet
kan Segra, 1924; Arbetar- erorelsen och Internationalismen, 1924; Den Kommunistiska Pollti- ken,
1924, and others. Member Marxian Assn., Stockholm. Home, Birgerjarlsgatan 116; office, Barn-
husgatan 16, Stockholm. Sweden. UtTVINOFF, Maxim. Deputy Commissar for Foreign Affairs, Russian
Socialist Fed. Sov. Rep. since 1921; member Chief Con- cessions Comt since 1922. Born July 17, 1876,
Russia. Father a bank mgr. High sch. Active in revolutionary movt. since 1898. Member Kiev comt. of
Russian Social Democratic P., 1900-7; member of Iskra, 1902; agt. of cent. comt. of P. 1903-5; mgr.
first legal Social Democratic pa- per, Novaia Shizu, 1905; rep. of P. in Intl. Socialist Bur. 1907-15.
Ambassador and trade rep. to London 1918; member Colleg- ium of Commissariat of State Control
#LOCKER, Berl. Secy. Jewish Socialist Labor Confed. (Poale Zlon); exec. comt. Intl. Socialist Working
Youth; member actions comt. Zionist World Organization. Born Krzywiec. East Galicia, Po- land.
Father a teacher. Attended Jewish cheder, and Baron Hirsh's Sch.; Humanistic Gymnasium. Sereth,
Bukovina; Univ. of Czer- nowitz, Bukovina. Yiddisher Ar- beiter, 1911-4, Austria; exec. comt. Poale
Zlon, Austria, 1911- 4; alternate member exec. comt. Socialist Labor Intl. Author: Die Allegemeinen
Gesetze des Assim- ilation and die Ostjuden (The General Laws of Assimilation of the Eastern Jews),
1916; Unser Sprachenfrage in Erez Israel (Our Language Question in the Land of Israel), 1920;
Moskve un Zion- ism (Moscow and Zionism), 1921; Ostgalizien (East Galicians), 1922. Home,
Berlinerstrasse 157, III; office, Mommsenstrasse 38, III, Berlin-Charlottenburg, Ger- many.
#LONGUET, Jean. Exec. coun. French Socialist P. since 1905; exec. comt. Labor & Socialist Intl. since
1905; journalist; atty. to Ct. of Appeal, Paris. Born May 10, 1876, London, England. Fa- ther a
journalist, member Paris (304)304 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO Commune, municipal councillor,
Paris, and county councillor; mother, Jenny Marx, daughter of Karl Marx. Degree of Law, Paris Univ.,
1900; London Unlv,. 1894. Admitted to Paris bar 1908. Asst. foreign ed. La Petite Repub- llque
(Socialist dally) 1899-1903; foreign ed. 1'Humanlte (then So- cialist) 1906-16; ed. and 1 of founders
Le Populaire, 1916-24. liel. all Socialist congs. in France since 1896; del. Intl. Socialist cong., 1896,
1900, P6. '7, '10, '2, '9, '20-3; leader of French minor- ity. internationalist sect. 1915-20; opposed
Moscow dictatorship and remained in Socialist P. after split, 1920. Deputy, French Parl., 1914-9;
secy. Foreign Affairs Comt. of House of Deputies 1914- 9; member Civil Legls. Reform Comt., 1914-9;
member Universal Suffrage Comt.; unsuccessful cand. for re-election Nov. 1919, May 1924. Lectured
in U. S. Nov. 1922-Jan. 1923. Author: The Sul- tan and the Great Powers, 1900; The Socialist and
Labor Move- ment in Japan, 1903; Evolution of French Socialist Movement, 1906; Russian Terrorists

#LOSOVSKY, Arnold. Secy. Red Intl. of Labor Unions since 1920. Active in Russian Social Demo- cratic
Labor P. for many yrs.; forced to leave Russia on account of political activities; lived in France; active
in French Social- ist movt.; worked with Trotsky on Nashe Slovo (Our Word), Paris. Returned to
Russia after Revolu- tion. Active in trade union movt.; was secy. Moscow coun. of Trade Unions; del.
many intl. confs.; del. Hague conf. of Intl. Fed. of Trade Unions, 1922. Office, Dvor- etz Truda,
Salianka 12, Moscow, U. of Soviet Socialist Republics.

#LTTNACHARSKY, Anatol Vas- sllievitch. People's Commissar for Educ., Russian Socialist Fed. Sov.
Rep. since 1917; cent. comt. Trade U. of Workers in Educ. and Art, lecturer. Born in Poltawa. Russia.
Father a judge. Elem. sch., Kiev; high sch., Univ., Zur- ich and Paris. After March Revo- lution, 1917,
vice-mayor of North- ern Workers' Commune, Petro- grad. In charge of preservation of art museums,
development of art, theaters, literature; establish- ment and maintenance of schools. Author: many
works on philoso- phy, history of religion, educl. problems, literature, some poetry and drama.
Home, Arbat Denejny pereoulok 9a 1; Sretensky Blvd., Moscow, U. of Soviet Socialist Re- publics. M

#Mac'IJIUDE, Morrison Mann. Labor mayor, Brantford, Ontario, Canada, 1918-20, and since Dec.
1924; member Ontario legislature since 1919; publisher Brant Her- ald; vice-pres. Ontario Municipal
Electrical Assn. Born Aug. 20, 1877, White Lake. Ontario. Fa- ther a lumberman. Elem. sch., White
Lake; high sch., Amprlor, Ontario; studied law and econom- ics. Went to work at age of 1S
(305)OTHER COUNTRlES 305 as printer. Member Intl. Typo- graphical U.; Indep. Labor P.; K. of P.;
Odd Fellows; Foresters. Home, 123 Terrace Hill St.; office, City Hall, Brantford, Ontario, Canada.
#MacDONAU), Jack. Secy. Com- munist P. of Canada; pres. Ca- nadian Labor P. since 1924; vice- pres.
Ontario sect., Labor P. since 1924; exec. comt. Toronto Cent. Labor Coun. since 1919; pres. Toronto
Metal Trades Coun. since 1920. Born Feb. 2, 1888, Falkirk, Scotland. Father a pat- ternmaker. Elem,,
2 yrs. high sch., Falkirk; won 4 yrs. free educ. and free books in high sch.; awarded medal for highest
marks among boys at clem. sch. and gold medal in junior high sch. section. Went to work at age of
14; pattern maker 21 yrs.; mem- ber Pattern Makers' Assn., Fal- kirk; pres. 1910-2; pres. Falkirk W.
Fed. 1910-2; member British Socialist P. until 1912; exec. mem- ber Scottish dist., Social Demo- cratic
Fed., 1910. Came to Can- ada 1912. Vice-pres. Metal Trades Coun., Toronto, during metal trades
strike, 1919. Vice-pres. Toronto Indep. Labor P. 1919; del. Communist Intl. Cong, from Canadian
Communist P. 1923; la- bor parliamentary cand. S. W. To- ronto, 1919, '23. Arrested and tried for
sedition during miners' strike, Nova Scotia, 1923; acquit- ted by jury- Member Pattern Mkrs'. Lg. of
N. A. Home, 54 Victor Ave.; office, 95 King St., B., Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
#MacDONALD, James Ramsay. Labor member British Parl. from Leicester 1906-18, from Aberavon
since 1922; natl. adm. coun. In- dep. Labor P.; treas. British La- bor P., since 1912; chair, and leader
Parliamentary Labor P.; author. Born Oct. 12, 1866, Los- slemouth, Scotland. Father a la- borer. Elem.
sch. Went to work in fields at age of 13; intended to go to sea but returned to school as pupil-
teacher at the instance of local school-master. Went to Lon- don 1885; worked as invoice clerk and
studied at night at Birkbeck Inst. with view to scientific career until forced to stop by nervous
breakdown; 1888 secy, to Thomas Lough, a tea merchant, later a radical member of Parl. Wrote for
liberal press. Joined Indep. Labor P. 1894; unsuccessful cand. in Southampton, 1895, Leicester, 1900,
E. Woolwich, 1921; natl. adm. coun., 1896-1908; secy. La- bor Representation Comt. 1900- 12,
succeeded by British Labor P.; elected to London county coun. 1901; chair. Indep. Labor P. 1906- 5;
chair. Parliamentary Labor La- bor P. 1911-4, '22, resigned on war issue, 1914; vice chair. Labor P.
1922, chair. 1923; acting secy. Second Intl. 1920-2, after death of Keir Hardie; exec. member Intl. U.
of Socialist Parties, Vi- enna, 1923; Prime Minister, 1st Lord of the Treasury and Secy, for Foreign

#MacLEOD, Kucn. Ed. Western Clarion, official organ Socialist P. of Canada since 1920; secy. So-
cialist P. of Canada since 1920. Born Oct. 5, 1885, Glasgow, Scot- land. Father a stonemason. Elem.
sen., Glasgow. Went to work at age of 14. Came to Canada 1908. Formerly bookkeeper; agricul- tural
worker; iron foundry and copper smelter worker; longshore- man; baker; quarry mine worker.
Home, 322 19 St. E., North Van- couver; office, P. O. Box 710, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

#MACOTJN, Franz. Secy. Fed. of German Trade Unions in Czecho- slovakia (Zentralgewerkschafts-
kommission des Deutschen Ge- werkschaftsbundes in der Tsche- choslovakel) since 1919; cent,
comt. Social Democratic P.; del. German Economic Assn. of Cze- choslovakia. Born Sept. 7, 1881,
Neundorf, Reichenberg, Czecho- slovakia. Father a brewery worker. Elem. sch. Neundorf; sch. of
Austrian Social Democratic P., Bodenbach-an-der-Elbe, 1910. Went to work in labor movt. at age of
17. Member Textile Work- ers' U. (Union der Textilarbeiter) since 1898; member Cent. U. of Salaried
Employees in Industry, Commerce & Transport (Ange- stellten in Industrie, Handel, und Verkehr).
Secy. Gen. Fed. of Trade Unions of Austria until separation of Czechoslovakia from Austria-Hungary,
1919. Author: articles in various trade union and Social Democratic newspa- pers; pamphlet, The
General Strike and Trade Unions. Mem- ber Social Democratic P.; Ger- man Economic Assn. Home,
Les- singstrasse 12, Reichenberg: office, Faebergasse l/il, Reichen- berg, Czechoslovakia.
#MACTAVISH, John Mackenzie. Gen. secy. Workers' Educl. Assn., England, since 1916; secy. Work-
ers' Educl. Trade U. Comt. since 1919; jt. secy. Oxford Univ. Tu- torial Classes, jt. comt. Born July 19,
1872, Tarbert-Lochfyne, Scotland. Elem. sch., Scotland. Worked as shipwright on Loeh- fyne, Clyde,
Tyne, Mersey, Thames, in Royal Dockyard and South Africa. Formerly vice- chair. Blackwell br.
Shipwrights' Assn.; chair. Gosport Trades Coun., Portsmouth br. and dist. comt. Shipwrights' Assn.
Labor P. agt. and parliamentary cand. for Portsmouth 1914. 1st labor town councillor, Portsmouth,
1908. Secy. Trade U. Educ. Enquiry Comt., 1920. Member: Ship- wrights' Assn.; Natl. U. of Clerks;
Labor P.; 1917 Club; Club and Institute Union. Home, 11 Coth- erstone Rd., Brlxton Hill, London, S. W.
2; office, 16 Harpur St., London, W. C. 1, England.

#MADSEN, Carl Frederik. Pres. Danish Fed. of Trade U. (De Sam- virkende Fagforbund 1 Dan mark)
since 1909; Social Democratic sen- ator since 1920; chair. Workers' Coop. Fed. in Copenhagen since
1909. Born Nov. 17, 1862, Frede- ricia, Jutland. Father a workman. Went to work at age of 14; shoe-
maker, 1883. Chair. Shoe Mkrs'. U. 1895-1903; chair. Danish Shoe Mkrs'. Fed. 1897-1903; secy. Dan-
ish Fed. of Labor 1903-9. Mem- ber Social Democratic P. since 1884; bd. member in 1909. Home,
(307)OTHER COUNTRlES 307 Elmcgade 2; office, Norrc Far- imagsgade 49. Copenhagen, Den- mark.

#MAFFI, Fabrlzlo. Exec. comt. Italian Communist P.; alternate member exec. comt. Communist Intl.;
deputy Italian Part, since 1913; physician; private tutor. Born Oct. 2, 1868, Pavia, Italy. Father a town
clerk. Elem., high sch., Pavia; Univ. of Pavia. For- merly member Superior Coun. of Pub. Health;
member Cent. Anti- Tuberculosis Comt.; founder and dir., bur. of assistance for disabled soldiers of
the Gen. Con- fed, of Labor (Confederazione Gen- erale del Lavoro); helped to se- cure anti-
tuberculosis legislation, and relief for disabled veterans. Since 1921 active in movt. to unite Italian
Communist P. and Com- munist Intl. Author: various health pamphlets; parliamentary speeches;
contrib. to Socialist and Communist journals. Address, 19 Via Bounrompagni, Rome, Italy.

#MANN, Tom. Hon. chair. Mi- nority Trade Union Movt., Eng- land; indust. union organizer; lecturer.
Born 1856, Foleshill, Coventry, Warwickshire. Father a clerk. Attended sch. for 2% yrs. Apprenticed in
Birmingham as engineer; worked for various firms in London and U. S. Active in British dockers' strike
1889. Pres. Dockers' U. 1890-3; pres. Intl. Ship, Dock, & River W. 1892-6; gen. secy., Amal. Engi-
neers' U. 1919-21. Joined Social Democratic Fed. 1885; member Labor Comssn. 1901-3; gen. secy.
Indep. Labor P. 1894-6; secy. London Reform U. 1893-6; labor org. in Australia 1902-4; ed. So- cialist,
Melbourne, 1904-9. Visited France, Belgium. Germany, Spain, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, New
Zealand, South Africa, Russia, 1921; American Indust. Colony in Kuzbas, Siberia, 1924. Affiliated with
Red Intl. of Labor U. Mem- ber Communist P. Home, 1 Ade- laide Rd., London, S. E. 4; office, 38 Gt.
Ormond St., London, W. C. 1, England.
#MANUILSKY, Dimitri. Member presidium (presiding comt.) Com- munist Intl.; cent. comt. Russian
Communist P. Born 1883, Volyn, Russia. Father an intellectual. Univ. educ. Formerly a journalist.
Member Bolshevik P. since 1903. Author: articles on questions con- nected with history of labor
movt. in Western Europe. Address, Rus- sian Communist Party, Moscow, U. of Soviet Socialist
#MARCOVTTZ, Lazarus. (See United States.)
#MAREK, Jaroslav. Secy. Cze- choslovak Social Democratic La- bor P. since 1924; member Natl.
Assem. since 1920; chair. Social Democratic Club in Assem. since 1922. Born Oct. 22, 1874, Ko-
marov, Bohemia. Father a fore- man in foundry. Pub sch., indust. sch., pub. lectures, Slany and
Prague. Went to work at age of 14; machinist 22 yrs. Member Raiiroad Men's U. since 1901. Social
Democratic member of Part. (Reichstag) in Austria since 1911-8, and of revolutionary Natl. Assem. of
Czechoslovakia. Ad- dress, Hybernska 7, Prague, Cze- choslovakia.

#McCL£LLiAND, John Alexan- der. Vice-pres. Intl. Assn. of Ma- chinists since 1913. Born Mar. 1,
1877, in England. Father a boil- ermaker. Pub. sch. Apprenticed at age of 14 to engineering trade,
Belfast, Ireland. Joined Amal. Soc. of Engineers 1896; shop. chair, and dist. chair. 1897-1900. Went to
Canada 1902; pres. br. 2, Amal. Soc. of Engineers, and secy, of dist. until 1906. Joined Intl. Assn. of
Machinists 1906; dist. rep. 1907; secy.-treas. dist. 34, 1909-12; union chair. Can. Pac. R. R. system
1904-13. Del. from Canada to A. F. of L. 1920; (308)308 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO British
Trades U. Cong. Sept. 1924; Intl. W. Educ. Conf. Aug. 1924; Intl. Labor Conf., Washing- ton, D. C.,
1919. Rep. Canadian labor movt. on Natl. Royal Comssn. of Scientific & Indust. Research 1919-24.
Participated in all machinists' strikes in Can- ada since 1908; in charge of strike operations in Eastern
Canada 1908, '11, '4-7. Home, 7 Sunny- side Ave., Valois, Quebec; office, 113-4 Coronation Bldg.,
Montreal, Canada.

#McDEVITT, William John. Rep. Dist. 7 Intl. Bro. Steam Shovel & Dredgemen since 1921. Born Sept.
19, 1880, Moncton, New Brunswick, Canada. Father a farmer. Gram, sch., Moncton. Went to work at
age of 14. Steam shovelman 1910-21. Member Intl. Bro. Steam Shovel & Dredgemen since 1912.
Contrib. to Steam Shovel and Dredge. Address, 890 Greenwood Ave., Toronto, Onta- rio, Canada.

#McLACHLAN', James Bryson. Ed. Maritime Labor Herald, Nova Scotia, since 1924; vice-pres.
Maritime Labor Herald Co. since 1924; pres. Nova Scotia br. Ca- nadian Labor P. since 1923. Born
Feb. 9, 1869, Ecclefechan, Dum- frieseshire, Scotland. Father a miner. Elem. sch. through 4th grade,
Newmains, Lanarkshire, Scotland; corr. course in arith- metic. Came to Canada 1902. Went to work
at age of 11; miner 29 yrs. Member Un. Mine W. of A. 11 yrs.; secy. dist. 26, 1909-15, when dist.
charter was withdrawn. Helped to org. Amal. Miners of Nova Scotia 1916; secy. 1916-9; Amal.
Miners taken over by Un. Mine W. 1919; secy, of new dist. 26, 1919-July 1923, when deposed by
Pres. Lewis of Un. Mine W. for calling a strike protesting against use of troops in the Sydney, Nova
Scotia, steel strike; expelled from union. Author: official reports. Member Communist P. of Can- ada;
Glace Bay Working Class Educl. Club. Home, Steelshill, Glace Bay; office, Union St., Glace Bay, Nova
Scotia, Canada.
#McI'KOJ), Anestos Francis. 2nd vice-pres. Intl. Bro. of Paper Mkrs. since 1920; pres. Voluntary Relief
Assn. of Espanola, Onta- rio, since 1919; paper maker since 1892. Born July 13, 1876, Sher- broke,
Quebec. Canada. Father a painter and paperhanger. Con- vent of Ursilines, Stanstead, Que- bec.
Went to work at age of 16. Del. Espanola Cent. Trade Coun. since 1921; pres. 1922-3; del. Trades &
Labor Cong, of Canada since 1920; del. Intl. Bro. of Pa- per Mkrs. conv. 1921, '4. Home, 1 Meade
Blvd., Espanola, On- tario, Canada.
#McMANUS, Arthur. Cent. comt. Communist P. of Great Britain and member Political Bur. since
1920; journalist. Born July 5, 1888, Glasgow, Scotland. Father a laborer. Elem. sch. Glasgow. Went to
work at age of 9; was an engineer (machinist). Ed. Social- ist, 1915-6; member exec. comt. Socialist
Labor P. several times. Helped to org. Clyde Workers' Comt., 1915-6; deported with oth- ers from
Clyde, 1916; pres. Natl. Shop Stewards' and Workers' Comt. 1917-9; arrested as 1 of 7 strike leaders
during engineers' (machinists') strike 1917. Chair. Communist P. from formation, 1920, until
organization of Politi- cal Bur., 1922; was member exec. comt. Communist Intl., member of
secretariat since 1924. Member Amal. Engineering U.; Commun- ist P.; Labor P. Home, 1 Darnley Rd.,
Royal Crescent, Holland Park; office, 16 King St., Covent Garden, London, England.
#MERTENS, Cornelius. Gen. secy. Belgian Fed. of Labor (Com- mission Syndicale de Belgique) since
1911; 2nd vice-pres. Intl. (309)OTHER COUNTRlES 309 Fed. of Trade Unions since 1919; member
Superior Coun. of Labor since 1920; member adm. comt. Bookbinders' Sen., Brussels, since 1916;
member cent. comt. of Bel- gian Printing Trades since 1912; contrib. to technical journal, Le
Travallleur du Livre (1906-23, Le Relieur Beige); exec. bur. Bel- gian Labor P. (Parti Ouvrler Beige)
since 1913; pres. adm. coun. Workers' High Scn. (1'Ecole Ouvriere Superieure), Brussels, since 1921;
adviser cent. comt. for Workers' Educ. 1914-23. Born Jan. 29, 1880, Antwerp, Bel- gium. Father a
mason. Elem. sen., Antwerp, until age of 11; from age of 11 to 15 attended eve. sch. 3 times weekly.
Book- binder, 1891-1910; adm. employee, 1910-1. Secy. Bookbinders' loc. 1911-21. Del. Intl. Labor
Conf., Washington 1919, and Geneva 1921, '2, '3, '4; vice-pres. of conf. 1924; pres. of workers'
delegation 1919-24. Author: annual and spe- cial reports to Fed. of Labor; his- torical survey of
organization of bookbinders 1913, '23; The Inter-- national Trade Union Movement (Le Movement
Syndical Interna- tional), 1923. Member several co- operative, bookbinders' and other friendiy

#MOFXIJER, Fritz G n s t a v . Swedish Minister of Social Affairs since 1924; secy. Swedish Social
Democratic P. since 1916. Born June 6, 1884, Stockholm. Sweden. Father a metal worker. Gram. sch.;
commercial sch. Went to work at age of 18; clerk until 1907. On staff of Skanska Social- Demokraten,
Helingsborg, 1907- 13; dir. of the Social-Democratic P.'s booktrade 1913-6; secy, of party 1916-24;
ed. Social-Demo- kraten 1920, '21-4. Author: sev- eral political pamphlets. Home, Kungsklippan 17;
office, Dept. of Social Affairs, Stockholm. Sweden.
#MOLOTAV, Viacbeslav M. 1 of secretaries of Russian Communist P. Born 1890. Member of Com-
munist P. since 1906. In prison 6 times; was arrested for party activities in Leningrad and Mos- cow;
deported to various cities in Russia. Address, c/o Russian Com- munist P., Moscow, U. of Soviet
Socialist Republics.

#MONEDA, Eduardo. Dir.-gen. govt. printing bur.; secy.-gen. Mexican Fed. of Labor (Confed- eraclon
Regional Obrero Mexi- cana) elected at Juarez conv. 1924; only person to have been elected twice to
this position, hav- ing served in 1923. Born in Mexico City. Prim. sch.; mostly self-educ. Began work
at age of 12, as printer. Private secy, of Pres. of Mexico, in charge of har- bor affairs 1920-2; dir. Bur.
of En- graving 1922-4. Del. Pan-Amer. Fed. of Labor 1924. Ed.-in-chief Crom. official weekly of
Mexican Fed. of Labor. Member U. de Artes Gra fleas; Grupo Accion; Casa del Obrero Mundial. Mexi-
can Labor P. (Partido Laborista Mexicano). Home, Bellsario Do- minguez 64, Mexico City, Mexico.
#MOORE, Tom. Pres. Trades & Labor Cong, of Canada since 1918; bd. of dir. Canadian Natl. Ry. since
1922; exec. coun. Lg. of Na- tions Soc. in Canada, Child Wel- fare Coun., Amer. Assn. for Labor Legls.,
Dominion Fire Prevention Assn., Canadian Natl. Safety Lg.; bd. of gov. Frontier Coll.; mem- ber
governing body, Intl. Labor Office, Geneva, since 1922. Born 1878, England. Elem. sch. Came to
Canada 1906. Went to work at age of 12 at carpenter trade. Member Un. Bro. of Carpenters &
Joiners of A., 1906; bus. agt. Niagara Falls loc. 1910-2; gen. org. 1912-8. Member Indust. R|- (310)3l0
AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO latlons Comssn., May-June 1919; workers' rep. to Intl. Labor Conf.,
Washington 1919, Geneva 1921-4. Home, 427 Sunnyslde Ave.; office, 172 McLaren St., Ottawa,
Ontario, Canada.

#MORENO, Henry William Dunn. Pres. Caicutta Port Trust Empl. Assn. since 1919; pres. La- bor Lg. of
India since 1924; vice- pres. Caicutta Tramway Empl. U. since 1920; vice-pres. Bengal Trades U. Fed.
since 1922; rep. to All-India Trade U. Cong, since 1924 and member of coun.; vice- pres. Un. Labor
Assn. since 1924; member Bengal Legis. Coun. since 1923; jt . hon. secy. British In- dian People's
Assn.; hon. magis- trate; lecturer in anthropology, Caicutta Univ. since 1923; ed. Century Review
since 1911. Born Mar. 31, 1875, Caicutta. Father a registrar, financial dept., Bengal secretariat,
Caicutta. Elem. sch., Edinburgh; St. Xavier's Coll.; A.B., Caicutta Univ. 1897. Prin- cipal Armenian Coll.,
Caicutta, 1911-21; mgr. Cent. Press, Cal- cutta 1913-23. Author: History of the Bengalee Press; Tales
and Poems; Sohrab and Rustum; etc. Member Royal Asiatic Soc., Lon- don. Address, 85 Dharamtola
St., Caicutta, India.

#MORGARI, Oddino. Deputy Italian Parl. from Turin since 1897. Born Nov. 16, 1865, Turin, Italy.
Father an artist. High sch. until 17 yrs. old. Was a civil employee, topographer for mili- tary maps,
1882-8. Member Social- ist P. since 1892; secy, of P., Turin; secy. Fed. of Piedmont; twice secy, for
natl. party org.; secy. 4 terms for Parliamentary group; propagandist of natl. org.; ed. Avanti;
member intl. comssn. created by Zimmerwald conf. dur- ing war. Office, c/o Partito So- cialista
Itallana Unltario, Casella ^pstale 460, Rome, Italy.

#MORONES, Luis N. Mexican Secy. of Commerce, Industry & Labor; Labor rep. in Cong, since 1922;
secy.-gen. Mexican Labor P. (Partido Laborlsta Mexicano) since 1923. Born 1890, Mexico City. Father
a janitor. Prim., gram. sch.; Sch. of Machinists & Electricians, Mexico City. Began work at age of 16 as
electrician. Teacher of practical electricity, Sch. of Machinists & Electricians. Gen. mgr. Mexican
Telephone Co., 1916-8; chief of military factories and munitions 1919-24. 1st gen. secy. Mexican Fed.
of Labor (Con- federacion Regional Obrera Mexl- cana) elected at Saltillo, Coahuila, 1919. Author:
History of the Mexican Labor Movement, 1922. Member Intl. Assn. of Machinists, U. S. A.; Mexican
U. of Electri- cians (Sindicato Mexicano de Electriclstas); Casa del Obrero Mundial; Grupo Acclon.
Home, Belisario Dominguez 64; office. Secy, of Commerce, Industry & Labor, Mexico City, Mexico.
#MOSHER, Aaron Alexander Roland. Pres. Canadian Bro. of R. R. Empl. since 1908. Born May 10,
1881, Cow Bay, Halifax County, Nova Scotia, Canada, Father a farmer. Elem. sch., Cow Bay. Worked
on farm; at age of 15 went to work in gold mines; freight handier 1902-8. Home, 151 Carting Ave.;
office, 189 Glou- cester St., Ottawa, Ontario, Can- ada.
#MUEL/IiER, Herman. Member German Parliament (Reichstag) since 1916; leader Social Demo-
cratic P. in Reichstag since 1919; member exec. comt. Social Demo- cratic P. since 1906. Born May
18, 1876, Mannheim. Germany. Father a factory superintendent. Common sch., gymnasium, and real
gymnasium. Commercial em- ployee, 1892-9. Ed. Goerlitzer Volkszeltung, Socialist journal,
(311)OTHER COUNTRlES 311 1899-1906. Exec. comt. of Soldiers & Workers, Berlin, Nov. 1918; exec.
comt., Cent. Coun. of Sol- diers & Workers, Germany, 1918; member Constituent Assem. for Breslau
1919-20. Minister of For- eign Affairs, Bauer Cabinet, June, 1919, until Mar., 1920; signed Treaty of
Versailles; Chancellor of Germany after coup d'etat Mar., 1920, until elections of June, 1920; after
resignation again became chair, of directing comt. and 1 of the 4 presidents of the Un. Social
Democratic group in Reichstag. Home, Nortkestrasse 3, Temple- hof, Berlin; office, Lindenstrasse 3,
Berlin S.W. 68, Germany. N NASH, Walter. Secy. New Zealand Labor P. Born Feb. 1882,
Kidderminster, England. Father a political agt. Elem. sen., Eng- land. Was a mfr's. agt. and cloth- ing
mfr. Del. 2nd Intl. Labor Conf., Geneva, 1920. Author: A State Bank and the Bank of New Zealand,
1925. Home, Day's Bay, Wellington; office, Fletcher's Bldgs., 4 Willis St., Wellington, New Zealand.
#NEWBOLD, John Turner Wal- ton. English educator; research worker; lecturer; writer; exec. comt.
Labor Research Dept., Eng- land, since 1922; lecturer in Brit- ish, colonial and American His- tory.
Born May 8, 1888, New- church, Lancashire. M.A., Univ. of Manchester, 1912. Formerly secondary
sch. teacher; research worker, economics and history. Exec. comt. Lancashire Div., In- dep. Labor P.,
1911-2; treas. Man- chester Univ. Fabian Soc. 1912-3; Friends' Service Comt. 1915-7; exec. comt.
Communist P. Dec. 1922-May 1924; substitute mem- ber exec. comt. Communist Intl. 1922-3;
resigned from Communist P. 1924. Labor cand. for Parl., Motherwell, Scotland, 1918, '21;
Communist Member of Parl., Motherwell, 1922-3; exec. comt. Plebs Lg. 1922-4. Author: How Europe
Armed for War, 1871- 1914, 1916; Capitalism and The War, 1918; Politics of Capitalism. 1917;
Bankers, Bondholders and Bolsheviks, 1919; The Power Be- hind President Wilson, 1919; The Gang
Behind Our Government, 1919; Collapse of South Wales Coal Trade, 1921; investigations for
Transport Workers' U. for Dockers' and Tramway Wages Inquiry. Member Natl. U. of Dis- (312)3l2
AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO trlbutlve & Allied Workers; Plebs Lg. tor Working Class Educ.

#NOTHIN, Torstein Karl Viktor. Swedish Minister of Justice since 1924; Social Democrat. Born Feb.
16, 1884, Voxtorp, Joenkoepengs- laen, Sweden. Father a rector. Took entrance examinations to
courts of law, 1905; revisions secy, (member King's Lower Jus- tice Revision), 1920; Swedish State
Secy., without portfolio, 1920, '1, '3. Office, Dept. of Jus- tice, Stockholm. Sweden.

#O'HANUEY, John. Pres. Intl. Jeweiry W. U. Office, 84 Glad- stone Ave., Toronto, Ontario, Can- ada.
#OLSSON, Olaf. Swedish Min- ister of Educ. & Church Affairs since 1924; Social Democrat. Born June
18, 1872, Smedstorp, Sweden. Father a master blacksmith. Grad. of Univ. of Lund, 1900. Address,
Ministry of Education, Stock- holm. Sweden.
#OUDEGEEST, Jan. Secy. Intl. Fed. of Trade Unions since 1919; vice-pres. governing body, Intl. Labor
Office, Geneva, since 1920; member temporary Comt. for Disarmament, Lg. of Nations, since 1921;
member Netherlands Comt. for Statistics since 1916. Born Aug. 5, 1870, Utrecht, Neth- erlands.
Father a woodworker. Elem. sch. Went to work at age of 11; railwayman 1881-1903. Pres. and treas.
U. of Railwayman of the Netherlands (Nederland- sche Vereeniging van Spoor-en
Tramwegpersoneel) 1898-1910; secy., pres., auditor, Netherlands Fed. of Trade U. (Nederlandsche
Verbond van Vakvereenlgingen) 1906-19. Member county coun., Utrecht, 1899-1906; county coun.,
Amsterdam. 1908-18; member Parl. 1908-22. Workers' rep. Intl. Labor Conf., Washington, 1919.
Member Advisory Comt. for Un- employment Ins.; Royal Natl. Re- lief Comt., 1914-25. Org. Home
Work Exhibition, Amsterdam. 1909. Author: Naar de Opgang (Near the Goal), 1924; pamphlets,
articles in labor and political press. Member Railwaymen's U.; Social Democratic Labor P. Home,
Reijnler Vinkeleskade 14; office, Tesselschadestraat 31, Amster- dam. Netherlands.
#PANKHURST, Estelle Sylvia. Ed. Workers' Dreadnought, Eng- land, since 1919; ed. Germinal since
1923. Born in Manchester, England. Father a barrister; mother leader of militant suf- fragettes.
Manchester high sch. for girls; Manchester Municipal Sch. of Art; Academla delll Belli Artl, Venice;
Royal Coll. of Art, South Kensington. Secy. Women's Social & Pol. U. 1906; secy. E. London Fed. of
Suffragettes 1912- 7; secy. Workers' Socialist Fed. (later the Workers' Communist Fed.); secy. Lg. of
Rights for Sol- diers' & Sailors' Wives and Rela- tives, 1914-8; organized coop, fac- tory for
unemployed workers 1914; org., secy, and founder In- fant and Maternity Clinics, and Montessorl
Sch. Nursery 1914-9; secy. London Coun. for Adult Suf- frage 1915-7; treas. People's Rus- sian
Information Bur. 1917-8. Im- prisoned 15 times, 12 hunger strikes; fined on other occasions for
woman suffrage, anti-war, and (313)OTHER COUNTRlES 313 Communist activities. Author: The
Suffragette, 1912; Russia As I Saw It, 1921; Writ on a Cold Slate, poems, 1921; India and World
Progress, 1925; many pam- phlets. Home, 400 Old Ford Rd., London E. 3; office, 152 Fleet St.,
London E. C. 4, England.

#PEIDL, Julius. Hungarian So- cial Democratic member of Parl. and parliamentary leader; chair. Coop.
Soc. since 1922. Born Apr. 4, 1873, Ravazd, Hungary. Elem. sch., Budapest. Went to work at age of
13; printer 1886-1900. Ed. Typographia, journal of Printers' U., 1900-22. Participated in revo- lution
1918; Minister of Social Welfare 3 mos.; prime minister 1 â€week, forced to abdicate by coun- ter-
revolutionary officers and Ru- manian army. Address, Rakoczy- utca 42, Budapest VII, Hungary.

#PETROVSKY, Gregory. Pres. All-Ukrainian cent. exec. comt.; 1 of presidents of cent. exec. comt. of U.
of Soviet Socialist Repub- lics; cent. comt. Russian Com- munist P. Born 1877, Kharkov, Russia. Father
a worker. Elem. sch. educ. Formerly a metal turner. Member Metal W. U. since 1905; member
Bolshevik P. since 1897; was member of 3rd and 4th Dumas; arrested for ac- tivity in Duma; sent to
Siberia. Author: articles on Soviet con- struction. Address, Russian Com- munist Party, Moscow, U. of
Soviet Socialist Republics.
#PETTIPIECE, Richard Parma- ter. Pres. Vancouver Typograph- ical U. since 1923; printer. Born Apr.
30, 1875, Wingham. Ontario, Canada. Father a farmer. Elem. sch., Essex County, Ontario. Went to
work at age of 13 on cattle ranch in northwestern Canada; printer since 1891. Joined Intl.
Typographical U., Calgary, Al- berta, 1896; has held practically every office in union; del. Trades &
Labor Cong, of Can. several yrs.; del. from Trades & Labor Cong, of Can. to A. F. of L. 1910; vice-pres.
Trades & Labor Cong, of Can. 1924. Member Canadian Labor P. since 1897; "oftenest de- feated
Labor cand. in Canada"; alderman, Vancouver, 1922-3. Ed. British Columbia Federationist 8 yrs. Labor
rep. and dir. Van- couver Gen. Hospital bd. Mem- ber Sons of Canada. Home, 621 Lakewood Drive,
Vancouver, Brit- ish Columbia, Canada.

#PHILLIPS, Marlon. Ed. The Labor Woman; chief woman offi- cer of the British Labor P. since 1918;
secy, standing jt. comt. of industrial women's organizations since 1917; consultative member exec.
bd. Intl. Fed. of Working Women; member Praesidium of Intl. Conf. of Labor & Socialist Women since
1923; justice of the peace; speaker; organizer. Born Oct. 29, 1881, Melbourne, Austra- lia. A.B.,
Melbourne Univ.; D.Sc., London Univ. Was a teacher; in- vestigator to Royal Comssn. on Poor Laws,
1908-9; secy. of suf- frage organization, 1909-10; org. secy. Women's Trade U. Lg. 1911; gen. secy.
Women's Labor Lg. 1912-5, '17-8; member govt. Re- construction Comt. 1917; mem- ber Consumers'
Coun., Ministry of Food, 1918-20. Member Coun. of Arts Lg. of Service; member Broadcasting Bd. Ed.
Woman and the Labor Party, 1918. Au- thor: A Colonial Autocracy, 1908; co-author, A Working
Woman's House, 1919; numerous pamphlets and reports since 1909. Member Natl. U. of Clerks.
Home, 14 New St. Sq., London, E. C. 4; office, Labor P., 33 Eccleston Sq., Lon- don, S. W. 1, England.

#POELS, Francois. Secy. Intl. Fed. of Lithographers & Kindred Trades since 1920; dir. municipal
employment office, Brussels, sine' (314)314 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 1919. Born Apr. 12,
1881, Ixelles, Belgium. Father a laborer. Elem. sch. until age of 13. Formerly lithographic pressman;
loc. secy., Belgian Lithographers' U. 1906; natl. secy. 1906. Member several govt. comssns. since war.
Author: articles in trade union journals; chief contrlb. to Le Bulletin, of Intl. Fed. of Lithographers,
1924; reports of Intl. Cong, of Lithog- raphers, 1923. Pres. Cent. Print- ing Trades U. (Centrale du
Livre de Belglque). Labor P. Address, 65 Rue de Midi, Brussels, Bel- gium.
#POBTL, Adolf. Gen. Secy. Miners* U. of Czechoslovakia since 1916; Social Democratic member Cze-
choslovak Natl. Assn. since 1920; exec. comt. German Social Demo- cratic P. in Czechoslovakia since
1919; member cent. comt. Ger- man Trade Union Federation of Reichenberg since 1919; Miners'
Dist. Comt. for Komotau, Bruex, and Teplltz since 1920; member of Coal Comt. in Ministry of La- bor
since 1920; member economic advisory comt. in Ministry of Commerce since 1922; member govt.
statistical comt. since 1922: chair. Workmen's Sickness Ins. Fund, Falkenau Eger, since 1910; chair.
Fed. of Workmen's Sick- ness Ins. Societies, Egerland, since 1920; chair. Natl. Fed. of Sick- ness Ins.
Societies since 1921. Born Mar. 11, 1875, Neuhammer, Czechoslovakia. Father a black- smith and
farmer. Elem. sch., Neuhammer, Neudek. Member and official of Miners' U. since 1897. Miner until
1908. Dir. Chamber of Labor, Falkenau- Eger, 1908-14; exec. bd. Miners' Fraternal Assn., Elbogen,
1900-8; exec. bd. Miners' Soc., Falkenau- Eger, 1900-8; chair. Miners' U., Muenchof, 1899-1909;
member Miners' Socialization Comssn. af- ter revolution, 1918. Member Ger- man Social Democratic
Labor P. since 1894; member City Coun., Falkenau, 1920-4. Social Demo- cratic cand., 1911, defeated
#POL/LJCOTT, Charles Henry. 9th vice-pres. Intl. Jeweiry W. U. since 1923; pres. Hamilton, On- tario,
loc. since 1922; silver worker. Born Jan. 22, 1901, Portsmouth, England. Father a brickmaker. Elem.
sch., Ports- mouth and Hamilton. Went to work at age of 12. Member Intl. Jeweiry W. U. since 1919;
mem- ber Hamilton Trades & Labor Coun 2 yrs. Member Indep. La- bor P.; Labor Representation Po-
litical Assn. Home, 12 Hunt St., Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

#POI/LTFT, Harry. Cent. comt. Communist P. of Great Britain; exec. comt. Communist Intl.; pres. Natl.
Fed. of Trades Coun.; jt. secy. Labor Defense Coun.; Boilermakers' del. Labor P. Conf., Trades U.
Cong., and Gen. Fed. of Trades Unions. Born Nov. 22, 1890, Droylesden, Lancashire, England. Father
a blacksmith's striker. Elem. sch. Formerly a boilermaker. Propagandist for Socialist movt. since age
of Org. River Thames Shop S ards' movt., 1918-9; natl. org. Hands Off Russia Movt., 1919-20; London
org. Red Intl. of Labor U. and ed. All Power. 1921-2: natl. org. Communist P., 1923. Active in
Southampton shipyard strike, 1915, London shipyard strikes, 1919, '22; dockstrlke, 1923.
Boilermakers' del. to conf., 1921-4. Was cand. for Parl. Con- trlb. to Workers' Weekly, Worker,
(315)OTHER COUNTRlES 3l5 and trade union press. Home, 85 Central Park Rd., East Ham. London E.
(; office, 38 Great Or- mond St., London W. C. 1, Eng- land.

#PURCELL, Albert Arthur. Chair. British Trades U. Cong.; Member of Parl. since 1923; chair, and
member of Bur. Intl. Fed. of Trade Unions; parliamen- tary secy, to Natl. Furnishing Trades Assn.;
chair. Natl. Coun. of Labor Colleges. Born 1872, London. Father a French polisher. Prim. sch.; self-
educated. Formerly a French polisher. Joined trade union 1889; gen. secy. Amal. French Polishers
1900-10, which combined with Furnishing Trades Assn.; org. for new organization 1910-23;
conducted furniture workers' strikes in England and northern Ireland 1897-1923; ne- gotiated
working conditions in al- most every furniture mfg. center since 1900. Pres. Manchester & Salford
Trades Coun. 1906-8, '22- 3. Member Gen. Coun. of British Trades U. Cong. 1919-24; Parlia- mentary
Comt. 1919-21. Member labor delegation to Russia, 1920, '4. Labor member Municipal Town Coun.
1904-10. Member Labor P. Home, 1 Brook Terrace, Davyhulme, Urmston, Manchester, England.
#RADEK, Karl. Ed., with Zino- vlev, of the Communist Interna- tional until 1925. Born in Galicla.
Member Social Democratic P. of Galicla until 1905; went to War- saw and took part in 1905 Revolu-
tion. Active in German Social Democratic P., 1905-14. Worked with Lenin; active in Zimmerwald
cong. 1915. Returned to Russia after Nov. 1917 Revolution. Went to Germany 1918; was active in
Communist movt.; deported 1920. Member of «xec. comt. of Com- munist Intl. until 1924; member
exec. comt. Russian Communist P. until 1924. Address c/o Communist Intl., Moscow, U. of Soviet
Social- ist Republics.
#RAKOVSKY, Christian. Asst. People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs, U. of Soviet Socialist Re- publics;
chair. Soviet mission to Great Britain, negotiating treaty, since 1924; cent. comt. Russian Communist
P. Born 1873, Katel, Bulgaria. Active in underground revolutionary, movt., Bulgaria, 1889; expelled
from college for revolutionary activity; went to Geneva 1890, joined Russian So- cial Democratic
Labor P. (com- posed of Russian emigrants); arrested in Geneva, 1892, after encounter with agent
provacateurr expelled from Berlin 1892 for participating in labor movt. Went to France, grad.
medical coll. 1897; returned to Bulgaria; went to Russia 1900, expelled and re- turned to Germany.
Joined law faculty, Univ. of Paris, but be- came interested in Russian Rev- olution, 1905, and
returned to Russia; expelled. Organized So- cial Democratic P. in Rumania; arrested there after
peasant up- rising 1907; deprived of political rights and exiled for life; govt. could not carry out
sentence due to riots in protest; re-enfran- chised 1912. Founded 10 news- papers. Imprisoned in
Rumania during World War for anti-war propaganda; released after Feb. 1917 revolution, when
Russian garrison freed political prisoners. Went to Sweden to avoid arrest by Russian Provisional
govt. Elected pres. of Ukraine, 1919, after Ukraine was freed of Deni- ken's army; commercial rep.
#RASSMUSSEN, Lauritz. Danish Minister of Defense since 1924. Social Democrat. Born Nov. 22, 1862.
Formerly a printer. Ed. Horsens Social Demokraten, 1898- 1918. Home, Bjoernsonsveg 88,
Copenhagen, Denmark.

#REGGE, Albert. Secy. Furriers' Intl. Secretariat and ed. Der Kuerschner (The Fur Worker) since 1910.
Born Jan. 24, 1866, Plllkallen, East Prussia. Father a master cooper. Elem. sch., Pillkallen. Fur worker
1881-93. Trade unionist since 1888; official since 1893. Chair., ed., 1st Ger- man Fur W. U.
(Deutschen Kuerschner Verband) ,Berlin 1894-6; now member Fur Work- ers' Dept., German
Clothing W. U. Member Social Democratic P. since 1890; opposed war, sup- ported Indep. Social
Democratic P. from split, 1914, until reunit- ing of parties, Nuremburg, 1922. Home, Thomasstrasse
34, III, Berlin-Neukoein; office, Sebastlan- strasse 37-8, Berlin, S. 14, Ger- many.

#RICO, Juan. Alderman, Mexico City; Secy, of the Interior of Mexican Labor P. (Partido Labor- ista
Mexicano); linotype operator. Born 1889, Mexico City. Prim. sch.; self-educ. Began work as a printer.
Was secy.-gen. Linotyp- ers' U. (U. de Linotlplstas); secy.- --en. Fed. of Labor of Fedi. Dist.
"^ederacion de Sindicatos del Dis- trlto Federal); chair. 6th annual conv. Mexican Fed. of Labor,
Juarez, 1924; Mexican del. Pan- Amer. Fed. of Labor. Ed. Diario Official (Official Diary), govt. bul-
letin; Socialist dally. La Lucha. Author: The History of Socialism in Yucatan, 2 vols., 1922. Member
Grupo Accion; Casa del Obrera Mundial. Home, Aquiles Serdan, 39, Mexico City, Mexico.

#ROBERTS, Charles. Exec. comt. for Quebec. Trades & Labor Cong. of Canada since 1923; dir. for
Canada of Paving Cutters' U. of U. S. & Can. since 1923; granite paving cutter. Born June 15, 1882,
Pwllhell, North Wales. Fa- ther a farmer. Elem. sch., Pwll- heli. Apprenticed to paving cut- ter and
joined Paving Cutters' U., Pwllhell, at age of 15; worked at trade in British Isles, North and South
America. Came to Canada 1905. Member Labor P. Home, Brownsburg, Quebec. Canada.

#ROBERTS, John Henry. Steam- fltter; 10th vice-pres. Un. Assn. of Plumbers, Steam F., & S. F. H. of U.
S. & Can. since 1917; chair. Canadian Natl. Ry. System Fed. western lines, since 1922; fin. secy.
Steamfitters' loc. 479, since 1907; chair. Winnipeg Coun. of Ry. Shops since 1916. Born Nov. 28,
1867, Liscwm. Holywell, Flint- shire, N. Wales. Father a lead miner. Prim. sch., Holywell. Went to
work at age of 9 as farm laborer and miner. Came to Can- ada at age of 38, steam fitter since 1906.
Vice-chair. Canadian Natl. Ry. System Fed., Western lines, 1920-2. Member Moose, Canadian
Foresters, St. David Soc. Labor P. of Can. Address, 78 Morley Ave., Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
#ROBERTSON, Gideon Decker. Vice-pres. O. of R. R. Telegraph- ers since 1914; Canadian senator
since 1917, appointed for life; (317)OTHER COUNTRlES 3l7 privy councillor since 1917. Born Aug. 26,
1874, Welland, Ontario. Father a farmer. High scn., LL. D., Queens Univ., Kingston. R. r. telegrapher.
Member O. of R. R. Telegraphers since 1897; gen. chair, for union. Can. Pac. Ry., 1908-14. Minister of
Labor for Canada 1917-21; rep. of govt. at 1st Intl. Labor Conf., Washing- ton, 1919. Served on many
bds. of conciliation; acted as sole arbitra- tor in important industrial dis- putes. Mason. Home, 14
Dela- ware Ave.; office. The Senate, Ot- tawa, Ontario, Canada.

#ROSENBERG, Arthur. Com- munist member of German Parl. (Reichstag) since 1924; exec. comt.
Communist Intl. since 1924; prof. Univ. of Berlin, since 1914. Born Dec. 19, 1889, Berlin. Fa- ther a
merchant. Ph. D., Univ. of Berlin, 1911. Member city coun. of Berlin 1921-4. Author: many books and
articles on an- cient history and sociology; ar- ticles in labor and Communist press. Member
Teachers' U. Home, Ziegelstrasse 3; office, Reichstag, Berlin, Germany.

#ROY, Albert. 5th vice-pres. and gen. org. for Canada, Intl. Fur W. U. of U. S. & Can., since 1919; bus.
agt. and rep. Montreal Fur W. U. loc. 66 and 67 since 1917. Born Mar. 28, 1875, Montreal, Quebec,
Canada. Father a bailiff. Elem. scn.; commercial sen. Went to work at age of 14; fur cutter 24 yrs.
Member Intl. Fur W. U. of U. S. & Can. since 1916; del. Montreal Trades & Labor Coun. 4 yrs. Assisted
many unions in organization work. Member Canadian Labor P.; Ca- nadian Foresters. Home, 26 Bre-
boeuf St.; office, 182 St. Cather- ine St., E., Montreal, Quebec. Canada.
#ROY, Manabendranath. Cent. comt. Communist P. of India since 1921; ed. of party papers since
1922; exec. comt. Communist Intl. since 1920; author. Born June, 1890, Bengal, India. Father a sch.
teacher. High sch., Natl. Univ., Caicutta; left sch. on account of political persecution at age of 16.
Formerly office worker; asst. in newspaper office; contributing ed. various nationalist papers in In-
dia, and China. In jail 7 times for political offenses; 1st at age of 14; leading member of Nation- alist
P. of India, 1906-14; exiled since 1915; participated in Chin- ese revolution in 1916; active in Mexican
labor and Socialist movts. 1918-9; member exec. comt., Communist P. of Mexico, ed. of party
organs. El Socialista (monthly) and El Communlsta (weekly), 1919. Author: Open Letter to President
Wilson, 1917; El Camino Para la Paz (The Way to Peace), 1918; La India, Pasado, Presente, Porvenir
(India, Past, Present and Future), 1918; India in Transition, 1922; co-author with Evelyn Roy, One
Year of Non-Cooperation, 1923; other pamphlets on politics and eco- nomics; cooperated with Lenin
in writing natl. and colonial theses adopted by Communist Intl. 1920. Home, Caicutta, India; office,
c/o Dr. C. A. Hltz Bey, Turnerstrasse 19, Zurich, Switzerland.

#RUDZUTAK, Y a n . People's Commissar of Ways and Com- munications; U. of Soviet Social- ist
Republics since 1924; cent, exec. comt. Russian Communist P. Born 1887, Latvia. Father a peasant.
Educ. at home. Was a metal worker. Joined Social Dem- ocratic Labor P. 1903; Bolshevik since 1905.
In trade union movt. during revolution. Arrested 1907; spent 10 yrs. at hard labor. Was member of
praesidium (presiding comt.) and secy, of Ail-Russian Cent. Coun. of Trade Unions; 1 of secretaries
Russian Communist P. (318)318 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO until 1924. Member Soviet W. U.
since 1917. Address, Commis- sariat of Communications, Mos- cow, U. of Soviet Socialist Re- publics.
#RUSSELL, Bertrand Arthur William. English author, mathe- matician, philosopher, lecturer. Born May
18, 1872, Trelleck, Mon- mouthshire, England. Father an author. A. M., Trinity Coll., Cam- bridge.
Fellow of Royal Society; Fellow 1895-1901, and lecturer in mathematical logic. Trinity Coll., 1910-6.
Travelled in Orient, 1920- 1; lectured in U. S. 1896, 1914, '24. Member Labor P. Author: Foundations
of Geometry, 1897; The Philosophy of Leibnitz, 1900; German Social Democracy, 1896; Problems of
Philosophy, 1912; Justice in War Time, 1916; Why Men Fight, 1916; Policy of the Entente, 1916;
Political Ideals, 1917; Mysticism and Logic, 1918; Proposed Roads to Freedom. 1919; Theory and
Practice of Bolshevism. 1920; Free Thought and Official Propaganda, 1922; The Problem of China,
1922; Prospects of Industrial Civiliza- tion (with Dora Russell), 1923; A B C of Atoms, 1923. Home, 31
Sydney St., London, S. W. 3, England.

#RUSSELL, George William (A. E.). Ed. The Irish Statesman, official organ Irish Agricultural
Organization Soc.; author, artist, economist, journalist, philosopher. Born Apr. 10, 1867, Lurgan,
County Armagh, Ireland. Father an accountant. Rathminis sch., Dublin. Went to work at age of 18 as
clerk. Founder, with Plunk- ett, Anderson, and others, and leading spirit of Irish coop. movt. Was an
agricultural org. Author: Homeward; Songs by the Way, 1894; The Earth Breath, 1897; The Divine
Vision, 1904; The Mask of Apollo, 1904; Coopera- tion and Nationality, 1912; Col- lected Poems,
1913; Imaginations and Reveries, 1915; The National Being, Some Thoughts on an Irish Polity. 1917;
The Candie of Vision, 1919; The Interpreters, 1922. Member Irish Agricultural Organization Soc.
Home, 17 Rath- gas Ave.; office, 84 Merrlon Sq., Dublin, Ireland.
#RYKOV, Aleksei Ivanovicb. Pres. Coun. of People's Commis- sars of U. of Socialist Soviet Re- publics
since 1924; pres. Coun. of People's Commissars of Russian Socialist Fed. Sov. Rep. (R. S. F. S. R.) since
1924; cent. exec. comt. Soviets of Workers, Peasants, Soldiers, Cossack Delegates since 1917; cent.
comt. Soviets of Work- ers', Peasants' and Red Soldiers' Delegates of the U. of Socialist Soviet
Republics since 1923; mem- ber cent. exec. comt. Bolshevik P. since 1905; economist. Born 1881,
Viatko, Russia. Father a peasant. Gymnasium. Saratov; Univ. of Kazan. Agitator for So- cial
Democratic P.; arrested but escaped, 1906; re-arrested 1907, sent to Southern Siberia, escaped and
went abroad; arrested on re- turn to Russia, sent to Archangel, Northern Siberia, escaped 1910;
arrested by agent provacateur 1911; in jail until 1913; sentenced to 4 yrs. imprisonment in Si- beria,
escaped 1914, but appre- hended in 1 month, and returned to Northern Siberia; remained there
until Mar. 1917 Revolution. People's Commissar for the In- terior, Russian Socialist Fed. Sov. Rep.
1917; pres. Supreme Coun. of People's Economics 1917-24; dep- uty pres. Coun. of People's Com-
missars 1917-24; Extraordinary Commissar for the Supply of the Army 1919-20; deputy pres. Coun.

#SABOKIT (COLOMER), Andres. Secy. Socialist Labor P. of Spain since 1921; chair, exec. comt. Gen. U.
of Workers (Union General de Trabajadores) since 1912; asst. dir. El Sociallsta since 1921. Born Nov.
10, 1889, Aicala de Henares, Spain. Went to work at age of 9. Printer 18 yrs.; member Printers' U.
(Assoclaclon del Arte de Imprimir) since 1903. Mem- ber Socialist P. since 1902. Mem- ber Parl.
(Cortes) 1917-23; city coun. Madrid, 1920-3. Arrested 3 times for anti-militarist propa- ganda. Home,
Prado 13; office, Carranza 20, Madrid, Spain.
#SAKASOFF, Janko. Cent. comt. Social Democratic Labor P. of Bulgaria since foundation 1891; adm.
comt. Labor & Socialist Intl. since foundation 1923; journalist. Born Sept. 24, 1861, Choumia,
Bulgaria, Father a merchant. Elem. sen., Choumia and Odessa, Russia; high sen., Leipzig, Ger- many.
Formerly a teacher. Ed. monthly reviews: Den, Sofia, 1891-7; Cause Commune, Sofia, 1900-8. Secy.
Social Democratic Labor P. from foundation 1891 until 1923; former Social Demo- cratic member
Parl. (Sobranje). Minister of Industry, Commerce and Labor 1918-9. Author: Cae- sarism or
Democracy, 1905; The Bulgarians and Their History, 1917. Home, 65 Rue Strandja; office, 22 Rue
Lomska, Sofia, Bul- garia.

#SAIiCEDO, Ezequlel. Mayor of Mexico City; ed. El Laborista, and of Acclon, weeklies. Born 1890,
Zacatecaa City, Zacatecas, Mexico. Father unknown; raised in home for abandoned children. Prim.
sen.; labor coll., Mexico City. Be- gan work at age of 10 as printer; followed trade until 1917. Pub.
printer 1919-23; labor rep. in Cong. 1922-4; gov. of state of Zacatecas, Dec. 1923-June 1924. Org.,
with Luis Morones, Mexican Fed. of Labor (Confederaclon Re- gional Obrera Mexicana) and Mexican
Labor P. (Partido Labor- ista Mexicano), also of Casa del Obrero Mundial, and of Grupo Accion.
Member U. de Artes Graficas, Intl. Assn. of Machinists, U. S. A. Home, Calle Ellseo 10. Mexico City,

#SANDERS, Frank. Exec. bd. and Canadian rep. Upholsterers' Intl. U. of A. since 1924; vice- pres. loc.
78 since 1914; uphols- terer. Born Jan. 16, 1883, Exeter, Devon, England. Father a cabi- net maker.
Elem. sen., Exeter. Apprenticed to upholsterer at age of 14, Exeter. Came to Canada 1903. Charter
member loc. 78, Upholsterers' Intl. U. of A. Mem- ber and vice-pres. Lodge Fair- mount, Sons of
England, Mon- treal, 1908-9. Address, 405 Beaumont St., Montreal, Canada.

#SANDLER, Rickard Johannes. Social Democratic Prime Minister of Sweden since Jan. 1925. Born Jan.
29, 1884, Torsoker, Sweden. Father a high sch. teacher. Up- sala Univ., 1905. Teacher Hola high sch.,
1905-6; Brunswick, 1906-17; was dir. of a labor coll. Ed. Ny Tid (New Times), 1917- 8; undersecy.
State Dept. of Fi- nance 1918; state judge 1921. Exec. comt. Social Democratic P. since 1911; leader
of parliamen- tary group until 1925; Minister without portfolio 1920, '1-3; T"~ (320)320 AMERlCAN
LABOR WHO'S WHO ister of Finance, 1920; Minister of Commerce 1924-5; resigned 1925. Address,
Dept. of State, Stockholm. Sweden.
#SASSENBACH, Johann. Secy. Intl. Fed. of Trade Unions since 1923. Born Oct. 12, 1866. Breun,
Rhineland, Germany. Father a soldier. Elem. sch. Went to work at age of 13%; saddier to the age of
26. Gen. secy. Saddiers' & Up- holsterers' U. of Germany, 1891- 1901; secy. Intl. Fed. of Saddiers &
Upholsterers, 1901-21; ed. So- cialistischer Akademiker, 1896-7; ed. Neuland, 1897-8; dir. Berlin
Trade U. House 1898-1923; gen. coun. German Fed. of Trade Unions, 1902-23; rep. to conf. of Intl.
Fed. of Trades U., Dublin, 1903. Amsterdam 1905, Christi- ania 1907, Paris 1909, Budapest 1911,
Zurich 1913, Berne 1918, Amsterdam 1919; rep. to cong. of Belgian, Danish, British, French, Dutch,
Norwegian, and Swedish trade unions; rep. to Natl. Center for Working Class Youth. Dir. of educ.
courses organized by Ger- man Fed. of Trade Unions, 1906- 13. Pres. 5th parliamentary (Reichstag)
Berlin Social Demo- cratic P. 1897-1900; Social Demo- cratic town councillor, Berlin, 1906-15;
alderman, 1915-9. So- cial attache to German embassy at Rome, 1920-2. Author: Bib- liography of
German Trade Union Literature, 1910; History of Ber- lin Trades Council, 1889-1914. Member Berlin
Divisional Social Democratic P.; Social Democratic P. of Netherlands; Saddiers' & Upholsterers' U. of
#SCHIFFERSTEIN, Jean. Secy. Intl. U. of Food & Drink Trades W. (Internationale Union der Or- i-
anisationen der Arbeiter und -belterinnen der Lebens & Ge- nussmlttelindustrle) since 1920; pres.
Swiss Commerce, Transport & Food W. U. (Verband des Han- dels, Transport, und Lebensmittel
Arbeiter der Schweiz) since 1908; gen. coun. Swiss Fed. of Trade Unions (Schweizerischer Gewerk-
schaftsbund) since 1912. Born June 28, 1878, Winterthur, Swit- zerland. Father a cooper. Elem.,
trade sch., learned cooper's trade, Bingen-on-Rhine. Joined Com- merce, Transport & Food W. U. of
Switzerland, May 1, 1908. Author: annual reports of Swiss Fed. of Trade Unions, 1910-22, and ed. of
annual programs; pamphlet, Aboli- tion of Night Work in the Print- ing Trades, 1922; protocol of the
Intl. Cong, of Printers, Cologne, 1922. Home, Fritschstrasse 3; of- fice, Koernerstrasse 12, Zurich,

#SCHMIDT, Vaslli V. Commissar of Labor, U. of Soviet Socialist Republics. Formerly painter; worked at
trade in Germany. Was secy. of All-Russian Cent. Trade U. Coun. Member BIdg. Trades U. Office,
Staraya Plotchad 6, Moscow, U. of Soviet Socialist Re- publics.
#SCHNUR, Paul Frederick. Intl. vice-pres. for Canada, Comm. Tel- egraphers' U. of A., since 1921;
telegrapher. Born Jan. 29, 1894, Borbeck, Rhineland, Germany. Father a miner. Prim. sch., Ohio;
gram. sch., 11l. Came to Can. 1921. Went to work at age of 12; miner 3 yrs; telegrapher since 1910.
Member O. of R. R. Tel- egraphers 5 yrs. Member Comm. Telegraphers' U. of A. since 1915; intl. secy.-
treas. 1919-21. Non- partisan voter. Home, 14 Ingle- wood Drive; office, 1412 Royal Bank Bidg.,
Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

#SCHUIJiEU, Richard H. Exec. comt. Communist Intl. since 1922; exec. comt. Young Communist
(321)OTHER COUNTRlES 32l Intl. since 1921. Born Apr. 30, 1901, Vienna, Austria. Father a clerk.
Gram., middie sch., Vi- enna, until 1919. Member revo- lutionary left wing Young Social- ist Lg.,
Austria, 1917. 1 of found- ers Young Communist Lg. of Aus- tria; cent, comt., secy., 1919-21. Young
Communist Intl. secy. for Southeastern Europe, 1919-21; secy. Young Communist Intl., 1922-4; was
active in French and Scandinavian Communist P. Au- thor: Economic Situation and the Struggle of
Working Youth, 1922; Fundamental Questions of the Young Communist International's Program.
1922; Young Commun- ist International's History, 1924. Member Office Workers' U. of Soviet Russia;
Communist P. of Austria; Young Communist Lg. of Austria. Home, Tverskaya 36, Hotel Lux; office,
Young Com- munist Intl., Moscow, U. of Soviet Socialist Republics.

#SELLIER, Ixrais. Secy. Com- munist P. of France since 1923; municipal coun., Paris; secy. Seine
Comssn. for Cheaper Hous- ing. Born Nov. 6, 1885, Dormes. Father a rural clerical worker. Was a r. r.
clerk. Agitated in trade union for a strike of postal employees, 1909-10. Joined So- cialist P.; elected
to city coun. of Paris 1914; specialized in finan- cial problems. Resigned from So- cialist P. 1920.
Home, 31 Rue Doudeauville, Paris; office, 37 Rue Sainte Croix de la Breton- nerie, Paris IV, France.
#SERRARENS, Petrus Joseph Servatlus. Secy. Intl. Fed. of Christian Trade Unions since 1920; ed.
Monthly Bulletin of Fed., publ. in French, German since 1923, and Dutch since 1924; member High
Coun. of Labor, Netherlands, since 1919. Born Nov. 12, 1888, Dordrecht, Nether- lands. Father a
clerk. Elem. sch., high sch., Dordrecht; Teach- ers' prep, sch.; working law stu- dent 2 yrs., Univ. of
Leyden. For- merly teacher; librarian; dir. of tuberculosis assn., workers' tech- nical advisor to Labor
Conf., Washington 1919; workers' del. Geneva, 1921. Ed. Zonnebloemen, monthly magazine for
hygiene and anti-tuberculosis movt., since 1923. Author: De Derde Interna- tionale
Arbeidsconferentie, (Third International Labor Conference), 1922. Co-author: Nazorg voor
Tuberculoselijders (Aftercare for Tuberculosis Patients), 1923; Nazorg voor Tuberculoselijders in
Engeland (Aftercare for Tuber- culosis Patients in England), 1924. Member Catholic Teachers' U.
1907-14; Catholic Clerical U. since 1915; Catholic P. Home, Rijsen- burg; office, Drift 12, Utrecht,
#SERRATI, Glacinto Menottl. Ed. 11 Sindacato Rosso, Milan, Italy, since 1924; member cent. comt.
Italian Communist P. since 1924. Born Nov. 25, 1872, Spo- torno, Genoa, Italy. Father a sea captain.
Elem. sch., Savona; high sch., Mondovi. Active in So- cialist P. 1892-1924; exiled for 12 yrs., 1897-
1910 for "inciting to hatred." Came to U. S. 1902. Ed. 11 Proletario, New York, 1902; secy. Italian
Socialist Fed. of U. S. 1902-3; secy. Italian Socialist Fed., Switzerland, 1903-11; ed. L'Avvenire del
Lavoratore, Lu- gano, Switzerland, 1904-11; secy. Chamber of Labor and ed. 11 Secolo Nuovo,
Venice, Italy, 1913- 4; member exec. comt. Socialist P., Rome, 1913-23; ed. Avanti, Milan, 1914-23;
ed. 11 Commun- ismo, 1919-22; ed. Pagine Rosse 1923-4. Imprisoned for political and anti-war
propaganda, 1893, 1895-7, 1917-8, 1923. Author: I Savoia nel Secolo XIX (Savoy Monarchy in the
19th Century), (322)322 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO 1900; Contro la Violenza (Against Violence),
1901; La Vera Dottrina di Crlsto (The True Doctrine of Christ), 1902; La Bibbla e Im- morale (The Bible
is Immoral), 1904; Dottrinetta Razlonallsta (Little Rationalist Doctrine), 1904; Chi Stamo e Che Cosa
Vogliamo (Who We Are and What We Want), 1905; Ascolta, Soldato (Listen, Soldier), 1915; Guardia
#SHAW, George Bernard. Au- thor and playwright; critic and journalist; member Academic Comt.
Royal Soc. of Lit.; member coun. Royal Academy of Dramatic Art. Born July 26, 1856, Dublin. Ireland.
Father an ex-civil ser- vant turned merchant; mother, the daughter of a country gentle- man, became
a teacher of singing late in life in London to support her son. Wesley Coll., Dublin, and other schools,
but learned nothing at them that is fit for publication. At age of 15 entered office of Irish land agent;
came to London 1876; wrote first novel. Immaturity, 1879; reviewing staff Pall Mall Gazette and art
critic The World, 1885; musical critic. The Star, 1888-90; musical Critic. The World, London, 1890-4;
dra- matic critic. Saturday Review. 1895-8. Exec. comt. Fabian Soc. 1884-1911; public speaker on So-
cialism since 1883; member South St. Pancras borough coun. 1898; unsuccessful cand. for London
county coun. 1904. Edited Fabian Essays, contributing 2 of them; The Economic Basis of Socialism
and The Transition to Social De- mocracy. Author: The Impossi- bilities of Anarchism; Socialism for
Millionaires; The Common Sense of Municipal Trading; So- cialism and Superior Brains; Fab- ianism
and The Empire; Fabian- ism and the Fiscal Question; Common Sense About the War; Peace

#SHAW, Thomas. Labor mem- ber of Parl. for Preston, England, since 1918. Born Apr. 9, 1872, C o 1 n
e , Lancashire, England. Elem., technical sch. and night sch. At age of 10 went to work as half-timer in
cotton mill. Was r.ecy. Coine Weavers; secy. North- ern Counties Textile Trades Fed.; exec. bd. Amal.
Weavers' Assn. many yrs.; secy. Intl. Cong, of Textile W. 1911-24. Jt. secy. La- bor & Socialist Intl.
1923-4. Fre- quently acts as French and Ger- man interpreter. Dir. of Natl. Service for Midiands
Region dur- ing war, 1914-8. Minister of La- bor in Labor Cabinet, 1924. Ad- dress, 12 Cardinal
Mansions, Carlisle Pl., London S. W. 1, England.
#SIMON, Josef. Pres. Intl. Fed. of Shoe & Leather W. since 1925; gen. secy. Cent. U. of Boot & Shoe
Op. of Germany since 1900; So- cial Democratic member of Parl. (Reichstag) since 1912; member
Natl. Comt. of Economics since 1920. Born May 23, 1865, Schnep- penbach, Bavaria. Father a shep-
herd. Village sch., Bavaria. Went to work at age of 12 as appren- tice; boot and shoe worker 1877-
(323)OTHER COUNTRlES 323 1900. Organized Socialist P. in Frankfurt - Offenbach 1887; de- ported.
Member Bavarian Part. 3907-19. Secy. Intl. Fed. of Shoe & Leather W. 1907-24. Visited America
1910. Member Social Democratic P. Home, Ziegelstein- 106; office, Essenwein- strasse,
Nurnberg, Germany.
#SIMPSON, James. Secy. Cana- dian Labor P. since 1921; secy, of Ontario sect, since 1918, vice- pres.
Toronto br., since 1923; vice-pres. Trades & Labor Cong, of Canada 1910-8, and since 1924; rep. on
unemployment coun. of Canada and on Ontario Safety Lg. since 1924; mgr., secy.-treas. La- bor
Temple Co., Ltd., Toronto, since 1904; lecture staff Labor P. Summer Sen. and Camp since 1924;
exec. comt. Toronto District Labor Coun. since 1912; and rep. on Canadian Natl. Exhibition Assn.
since 1918; member Indust. & Immigration Comt., Social Ser- vice Coun. of Canada, since 1923. Born
Dec. 14, 1873, Lindal-in- Furness, Lancashire, England. Father a stone mason, now a pen- sioner of
Bricklayers & Stonema- sons' Intl. U. Educ. in Anglican and Wesleyan day sens., Lindal and Ulverston,
Lancashire. Came to Canada 1888. Went to work at age of 12; printer 1892; munici- pal reporter,
Toronto Daily Star, 1900. Member Toronto loc., Intl. Typographical U., since 1897; del. A. F. of L.
1903; pres. 1906-7; del. intl. conv. 1908, '23, '4. Pres. Trades & Labor Coun., Toronto, 1904. Del.
Trades & Labor Cong, of Canada since 1903; rep. on Royal Comssn. on Indust. Train- ing and
Technical Educ. 1910-1; del. Vienna Socialist & Trades U. Cong. 1914; del. British Trades U. Cong.,

#SIMS, James Elmer. Exec. bd. Intl. Bro. of Steam Shovel & Dredgemen since 1921; rep. dist. 6 since
1921; gen. chair, for union, Canadian Natl. Ry. west- ern region, since 1920; steam shovel engineer.
Born July 20, 1885, Galesburg, I1l. Father a farmer. Elem sch., 11l. Went to work at age of 14;
machinist 7 yrs.; locomotive engineer 4 yrs. Member Intl. Assn. of Machinists until 1923. Member
Intl. Bro. of Steam Shovel and Dredgemen since 1913; pres. dist. 6, 1916-9. Address, 9819 104 St.,
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. (324)324 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO

#SKAKET, Ferdinand. Secy. Austrian Social Democratic P.; member of Parl. Born Sept. 10, 1862.
Father a weaver. Elem sch. Was carpenter's helper. Member Woodworkers' U. (Verband der
Hoizarbelter); ed. Tlschler Zelt- ung. Social Democratic member common coun. of Vienna; was rep.
to 2nd Intl. Home, Daponte- gasse 13, Vienna II; office, Rechte Wienzelle 97, Vienna V, Austria.

#SMALLWOOD, Joseph Roberts. Org. Intl. Bro. of Paper Mkrs. and Intl. Bro. of Pulp, Sulphite, 6 Paper
Mill W. of U. S. & Can. since Jan. 1925; special writer New York New Leader since 1924; speaker for
Socialist P., New York, since 1924; del. British Empire Labor Conf., London, 1925. Born Dec. 24, 1899,
Gambo, Newfoundiand. Father a lumber surveyor. Bishop Field Coll., Newfoundiand; Rand Sch. of So-
cial Science, New York, 1922-4. Printer; reporter; ed. Newfound- land Industrial Worker, St. John's,
1920; Times, 1921. Speak- er for Newfoundiand Fishermen's Protective U., Fishermen's Union P.
1922. Member Fishermen's Protective U., Newfoundiand; Newfoundiand Labor P. Author: Life of Sir
W. F. Coaker, 1922; Newfoundiand Fifty Years Hence, 1922; Nationalization of Fish Marketing, 1921.
Home, St. John's, Newfoundiand; office, (temporary), The New Leader, 7 E. 15 St., New York, N. Y.
#SMERAI;. Leader, Czechoslovak Communist P.; member of Parl.; ed. Rude Pravo, official organ of
party. Was active in Social Dem- ocratic P.; Socialist member Aus- trian Parl.; after split in ranks of
party, led majority of Social Dem- ocratic P. into Communist Intl. Address, Communist Party, Mys-
tlkova, Ul. 15, Prague, Czecho- slovakia.

#SMILLIE, Robert, Pres. Natl. U. of Scottish Mine W. since 1912; member Gen. Coun. British Trades U.
Cong, since 1919; mem- ber of Parl. from Morpeth since 1923. Born Mar. 17, 1857, Bel- fast, Ireland.
Attended infant sch. for a few mos.; short session in an evening class when a young man; most of
education by read- ing. Errand boy at 10 yrs.; half- timer in spinning mill from 11 to 12; printing office
and iron foun- dry until 15; employed in Glas- gow in brass foundry and boiler- makers' shop for a
short time; at age of 17 became a miner. Pres. Lanarkshire Miners 1890- 1912; pres. Scottish Miners'
Fed. 1890-1912, when it amalgamated under name of U. of Scottish Mine W. Pres. Miners' Fed. of
Great Britain 1912-21. Member Acci- dents in the Mines Comssn. 1910; Sankey Coal Comssn. 1918.
Re- fused cabinet office twice during war, and refused to join Labor cabinet 1924. Author: My Life for
Labor, 1924. Member Indep. La- bor P.; Labor P. Address, 29 Mil- ler St., Larkhall, Scotland.

#SMIRNOV, Alexander Petro- vich. People's Commissar of Agri- culture, Russian Socialist Fed. Sov.
Rep.; cent. comt. Russian Communist P.; member praesld- lum (presiding comt.) of cent, exec. comt.
of U. of Soviet So- cialist Republics; gen. secy. Intl. Peasants' U. Born 1887, Tversk, Russia. Father a r.
r. engineer's helper, killed in accident. For- merly a locksmith. Member Land & Forest W. U.;
Bolshevik P. since 1896. Address, Kussian Communist Party, Moscow, U. of Soviet Socialist Republics.

#SMIT, Gerrit Johan Adam, Jr. Secy. Intl. Fed. of Commercial, Clerical and Technical Empl. and ed.
News Letter since 1920; pres. Gen. Netherlands U. of Commer- (325)OTHER COUNTRlES 325 clal &
Clerical Empl. & ed. Onze Strijd, since 1910; gen. coun. Netherlands Fed. of Trade U. since 1920; gen.
coun. Intl. Fed. of Trade U. since June, 1924. Born Apr. 8, 1879, Zutphen, Neth- erlands. Father a
tailor. Blcm., high sch., at Zutphen; certificate for teacher of bookkeeping. Fac- tory bookkeeper 1898-
1910; ed. De Strijd, Social Democratic pa- per, 1909; ed. De Ambtenaar (Civil Servant), 1910. Author:
Report on Superannuation for Civil Employees, 1906; Workers' Share in Control and Works Com-
mittees, 1923. Member Social Democratic P. Home, Smaragd- straat 30; office, Plantage Fran-
schelaan 5, Amsterdam. Nether- lands.

#SMITH, Albert Edward. Lec- turer, educator and member exec. comt. Sociological Fellowship of
Canada since 1924. Born Oct. 20, 1870, Guelph, Ontario, Canada. Pub. sch., Ontario; Wesley Coll.,
Winnipeg, 1893-7; Univ. of Chi- cago, 1905, '15. Formerly book- binder 1886-90; Methodist minis- ter
29 yrs.; left church at time of general strike in Winnipeg 1919; took active part in strike; estab- lished
and edited The Confeder- ate, Brandon labor organ, 1919- 22; org. People's Church, Brandon, now
the Labor Forum. 1920; gen. secy. and speaker 1920-4; out of Labor Forum grew Labor Forum
Speakers' Bur. op- erating in many centers in W. Canada. Dir. of Educ. for To- ronto br., Canadian
Labor P. 1923-4. Labor member Manitoba Legls. 1920-22. Home, 529 Run- nymede Rd., Toronto,
Ontario, Canada.
#SNOWDEN, Philip. Member of Parl. for Blackburn, England. 1906-18, Coine Valley since 1922;
journalist. Born July 18, 1864, Cowling, Yorkshire, England. Fa- ther a weaver. Elem. sch. Went to
work at age of 15 as a clerk; formerly employed in British civil service; inland revenue service. Labor
member town coun. and sch. bd. of Keighley 1898-1901. Joined Indep. Labor P. 1894; chair. 1904-7,
1917-20; member natl. adm. coun. since 1904; exec. comt. Labor P. 1907-10. Member Privy Coun.
1924. Chancellor of the Exchequer in Labor Cabinet 1924. Before the war member of Royal Comssn.
for Civil Service; Royal Comssn. on Venereal Di- seases; Royal Comssn. on Water- ways; after the war
member of Liquor Control Bd. Supporter of constitutional movt. for woman suffrage. Opposed
conscription and militarism during war. Au- thor: Socialist Budget, 1906; So- cialism and Syndicalism.
1912; Socialism and the Drink Question, 1908; Living Wage, 1911; Wages and Prices, 1919; Labor and
the New World, 1920; many pamph- lets on social and economic prob- lems; contrib. to labor and So-
cialist press at home and abroad. Member Labor P.; Natl. U. of Journalists. Home, Tilford, Farn- ham.
Surrey; office, House of Commons, London, S. W. 1, Eng- land.
#SOKOLNIKOV, Gregory. Peo- ple's Commissar of Finance, U. of Soviet Socialist Republics; cent,
comt. Russian Communist P. Born 1888. Father a physician. Studied law at unlv. Formerly a writer.
Member Bolshevik P. since 1905. Author: articles on financial policy. Address, Rus- sian Communist
Party, Moscow, U. of Soviet Socialist Republics.

#SOLAU, Gulllaume. Chair. Bel- gian Fed. of Labor (Commission Syndicale de Belglque) since 1912;
member Superior Labor Coun. of Belgium since 1920; technical del. of Belgian govt. to Intl. La-
(326)326 AMERlCAN LABOR WHO'S WHO bor Office, Geneva, since 1919; member Belgian Senate
since 1914; member city conn., Brussels, since 1898. Born Sept. 23, 1863, Brussels. Father a
locksmith, Elem. sch., Brussels. Went to work at age of 10 yrs. as metal worker. Secy. Bronze
Workers' Fed. 37 yrs.; active in many strikes for trade unionism and for Socialism. Active in
reconstruction of Intl. Fed. of Trade Unions 1919; rep. of Belgium. Luxemburg and Nether- lands at
Intl. Labor Conf., Wash- ington, 1919. Member Metal Workers' U. of Belgium; Socialist P. Home, 10
Rue des Fabrlques; office, Malson du Peuple, 17 Rue Joseph Stevens, Brussels, Bel- glum.

#SOTO y GAMA, Antonio Diaz. Rep. in Mexican Cong., elected by Agrarian and Labor Parties; law-
yer. Born 1881, San Luis Potosl, Mexico. Prim., gram., high sch., coll., Mexico. Only intellectual with
Zapata agrarian revolution in Morelos, fought in the hills 10 yrs. Pres. Natl. Agrarian P. of Mexico
(Partido Nacional Agra- rista). Author: The History of the Agrarian Movement and Revo- lution in
Mexico. Member Revo- lutionary Authors' U. (Sindicato de Escritores Revolucionarlos). Office,
Chamber of Deputies, Mex- ico City, Mexico.

#SOUKHOMLINE, VasslU. Rep. of Russian Social Revolutionary P. in Belgium since 1918; ed. Volja
Rossi, Russian Socialist re- view, since 1920; ed. Le Peuple since 1923. Born Apr. 26, 1885, Petrograd,
Russia. Father a po- litical exile in Siberia. Member Russian Social Revolutionary P. since 1903; exiled
to Siberia, 1907; left Russia, 1908; com- pleted study of law, Univ. of Montpellier, France, 1911. Dep-
uty in Russian Constituent Assem., 917; member adm. comt. Labor & Socialist Intl., 1923-4. Con- trlb.
to Russian, French and Ital- ian Socialist press. Home, 149 Ave. du Archlducs, Floreal, Bolts- fort;
office, 25 Rue des Sables, Brussels, Belgium.
#STAEHR, George Wllhelm. Bus. mgr. German Fed. of Unions of Salaried Employees (Allge- meiner
Freier Angestelltenbund) since 1921; member Natl. Eco- nomic Comt. since 1922. Born Oct. 31, 1868,
Gorgast, Germany. Father an agriculturist. Elem. sch. Went to work at age of 15 in machine shop;
foreman 25 yrs. Member German Foremen's U. (Deutsche Werkmeister Verband). Home,
Bueschingstrasse, 13; of- fice, Werfstrasse 7, Berlin.
#STALIN (DZUGASHVILI), Joseph Vlssarionovich. Gen. secy, cent. comt. Russian Communist P. Born
1879, Tlflls, Georgia. Fa- ther a shoemaker. Studied for priesthood. At age of 17 joined Social
Democrat Labor P.; active in movt. among students in Tiflls, Batum and Baku; arrested 1902 in
Batum for organizing a dem- onstration; sent to Eastern Siberia for 3 yrs.; escaped 1904. Worked in
revolutionary movt. under many assumed names, among them "Stalin"; was member exec. comt.
Russian Social Democratic Labor P.; ed. of several legal and illegal Bolshevik papers; del. confs. of
party, Tammerfort, Fin- land, 1905, London and Stock- holm. During and after 1905 rev- olution,
active in Georgia and other sections of Caucasus; ar- rested 1908, banished to Volgada Province,
northern Russia, 1909; escaped and returned to Baku; re-arrested upon information of spies;
banished to Solvychegodosk for 6 yrs.; escaped after 1 yr. Returned to Leningrad; once more
arrested for participating in work of Social Democratic Labor (327)OTHER COUNTRlES 327 P.; again
sent to Volgada prov- ince; escaped 1911; re-arrested 1912, sent to Siberia, escaped; ar- rested
1913, sent to Turokhan in polar region of Siberia; released by Mar. 1917 revolution. 1 of editors of
Pravda, and of Zvi- ezda; became member All-Russian Cent. Exec. Comt. 1917; People's Commissar

#STALINSKY, Evsel. Ed. Volia Rosii (Russian Review) Prague, since 1921; member foreign comt.
Russian Social Revolutionary P. since 1922; alternate del. to Bur. of Labor & Socialist Intl. since 1923.
Born Oct. 27, 1880, Niko- pol, Russia. Father a merchant. Elem. sch., Nikopol and Ekate- rinoslav;
Sorbonne, Paris. Ed. Voila Naroda, Petrograd, 1917; ed. Vozrojdenie, Moscow, 1918; ed. Pour la
Russie, Paris, 1919- 21. Contrib. to Le Peuple, Paris, since 1922; Rousskoe, Bogatstvo, 1909-17;
Ejemejiatchny Journal, Petrograd, 1913-7. Author: Une Nouvelle Tendance dans le Social- isme,
1907; La Question Agraire dans 1'Internationale Sociallste, 1917; Le Socialisme Francals et la Guerre,
1917; La France et 1'Alsace-Lorraine, 1917; Le So- cialisme et les Paysans en France, 1918; Les Voles
de la Revolution Russe, 1924. Home, 17 Rue Le- riche, Paris, France; offlcs, care Volla Rosii, 1 Uteiny
Vrt, Prague, Czechoslovakia.

#STAUNING, Thorvald August Marinus. Prime Minister of Den- mark, and Minister of Industry,
Commerce & Navigation since Apr. 1924; member Parl. (Folk- etinget) since 1906; Royal Bank
Comssnr. since 1924; member exec. comt. Labor & Socialist Intl. since 1923. Born Oct. 26, 1873,
Copenhagen, Denmark. Father a coachwright. Elem. sch. Went to work at age of 10; formerly
tobacco worker. Chair. Cigar Sorters' U. 1896-1908; ed. Cigar Makers' Journal 1908-10; exec. comt.
Danish Fed. of Trade Un- ions 1910-24. Treas. Social Dem- ocratic P. 1898-1910; chair, of P. and
Parliamentary group 1910- 24; ass