The correct way to fit your helmet
Your helmet should feel comfortable, not too tight and have a slight
amount of movement.
The helmet should always sit on top of your head.
Adjust the strap under your ears first. The buckle should be just under
the lobe of your ear.
Finally adjust the chin strap for a comfortable fit.
Try the thumb test: place your thumb under
the front of your helmet and push hard.
If the helmet moves to the back of
your head it is too loose
and will not be of any use.
Bicycle Safety Check
Rule 60 of the Highway Code
At night your cycle must have white front and red rear lights lit. It must be
fitted with a red rear reflector (and amber pedal reflectors, if manufactured
after 1/10/1985). White front reflectors and spoke reflectors will also help you
be seen. Flashing lights are permitted but it is recommended that cyclists who
are riding in areas without street lighting use a steady front lamp.
Pupils will not be allowed on the course if, in the opinion of the instructor, their
bicycle is not in a safe condition.
When sitting on the saddle you should be able to
touch the ground with the toes of both feet at the
The safety mark on the stem should not be visible.
Check the saddle nuts are fully tightened.
Cracks and fractures in the frame can be very
dangerous. If you find cracks you must not ride the
bicycle. Also make sure there is no serious rusting on
The safety mark on the stem should not be visible and
the handlebars should not move independently of the
Brakes should be checked every time you ride.
Stand by the bicycle, apply the front brake and try to
push the bicycle forwards. If the front wheel turns then
the brake is not working properly. Do this test again
with the back brake.
When sitting on the saddle you must be able to
operate the brake levers without taking your hands off
Look at the brake blocks. If they are worn down they
should be replaced. Check that the cables are not
Spin the wheels gently one at a time. They should
spin freely without rubbing against the forks or brakes
and they should not wobble from side to side. Check
that the wheel nut or quick release levers are fully
tightened before you ride.
Tyres should always be pumped up hard. Check them
before you ride by pinching the sides of the tyre
together. If they squash easily the tyres need pumping
up. If your tyre tread is worn or bald it should be
Pedals should spin freely.
Gears easily clog up with dirt so keep them clean.
Check cables are not fraying.
Check the chain to see if there is any rust. If rust is
seen oil the chain. Check especially after rain.
Make sure your chain is not too loose; otherwise it
might come off, throwing you off the bike. If the chain
is too loose it might need replacing.