LEARNING STYLES - PowerPoint - PowerPoint by lonyoo

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Susan Groh, Chemistry & Biochemistry Harry Shipman, Physics & Astronomy

Session Outline
• • • • • Why worry about learning styles? Learning style models What’s your style? Experience it yourself: teaching task Examples: teaching to all types

What is a Learning Style?
The “characteristic strengths and preferences in the ways that [learners]take in and process information”
- R. Felder

Why Worry About Learning Styles?



Why is There a Gap?
One view of the education system is that it is a giant sorting system that selects out individuals who tend to: • learn in certain ways • teach in the ways that they’ve been taught • select out individuals who learn in the same way that their professors did

Goals: Using Learning Styles
• To be aware of differences in how our students take in and process information • To balance instruction so that all learning styles are addressed at least some of the time

Three Learning Style Models
• Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) • Kolb Model • Felder-Silverman Model

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)
Based on Jung’s psychological types: predictable patterns of behavior stemming from differences among people in • Perception: taking in information • Judging: organizing/evaluating information • Preferred domain: external or internal

Opposite Preferences in …..
Pe rc e tion Sensing (S) p Judgement Thinking ( T) Domain A ttitude Intuition (N ) Feeling (F)

Extr aversion ( E) Introve r sion (I) Judging (J) Per ce iving (P)

Is the person interested mostly in …..
The external world of action, people, and materials? • EXTRAVERSION The internal world of ideas and thoughts?


after G. Lawrence, “People Types and Tiger Stripes”, 1982

Does the person tend to perceive….
Actual, concrete, and tangible data, facts, and details from observation and experience?

Concepts , “big-picture” connections, and possibilities through insight and imagination?

after G. Lawrence, “People Types and Tiger Stripes”, 1982

Does the person tend to make judgments….
Impersonally, based on logic, analysis and objectivity? • THINKING Subjectively, based on values and potential impact on others? • FEELING

after G. Lawrence, “People Types and Tiger Stripes”, 1982

Is the person’s approach to life…
Organized and managed according to preconceived plans? • JUDGMENT Spontaneous, flexible, and open to new possibilities? • PERCEPTION

after G. Lawrence, “People Types and Tiger Stripes”, 1982

Myers-Briggs Types
• Type is determined by the preferred mode for each of these four areas • 16 possible combinations:
– – – – Thinking Types: ESTJ, ENTJ, ISTP, INTP Intuitive Types: ENTP, ENFP, INFJ, INTJ Feeling Types: ESFJ, ENFJ, ISFP, INFP Sensory Types: ESTP, ESFP, ISJ, ISTJ

Keirsey Temperaments
Four broader type groups sharing many common characteristics (temperament) • SP: Artisan -observing, adaptable, tolerant • SJ: Guardian -observing, ordered, detailed • NF: Idealist -sympathetic, insightful • NT: Rational -rational, theoretical, abstract

Kolb Learning Style Inventory
• Based on 4-stage learning cycle
Concrete Experience (CE)

Active Experimentation (AE)

Reflective Observation (RO)

Abstract Conceptualization (AC)

Stages in the Learning Cycle
• Concrete Experience (CE): learning from feeling and personal involvement • Reflective Observation (RO): learning by watching and listening • Abstract Conceptualization (AC): learning by thinking • Active Experimentation (AE): learning by doing

Learner Types and Strengths
• Converger (AC+AE)
• Diverger (CE+RO) • Assimilator (AC+RO) • Accommodator (CE+AE)

• Practical application of ideas • Imagination and innovation • Creation of theoretical models • Action, carrying out plans

Felder-Silverman Model
Five Learning Dimensions: • Sensing vs. intuitive perception • Visual vs. verbal input • Inductive vs. deductive organization • Active vs. reflective processing • Sequential vs. global understanding

Learning Style Dilemma
You and a friend (with an opposite learning style) buy identical build-it-yourself computer desks at Lowe’s. You get yours assembled that afternoon, just before your friend calls to report that his/her box had no instructions. Knowing your friend’s learning style, what advice would you give him or her?

Teaching to Learning Styles: M-B
• Extraverted students • Groups, think-pair-share • Introverted students • Time for reflection • Connect material • Sensing students • Structure, organization • Hands-on activities • Intuitive students • Discovery methods • Concept maps

Teaching to Learning Styles: M-B
• Thinking students • Feeling students
• Judging students • Perceptive students

• • • •

Clear objectives, fairness Collaborative groups Supportive instructor Advice on reviewing work, exam answers • Subassignments for large project • Feedback

Teaching to Learning Styles: Kolb
• Converger
• Diverger • Assimilator • Accommodator

• Decision-making, problemsolving, hands-on work • Cooperative groups, brainstorming • Model/theory creation • Design projects/experiments • Discovery learning • Activities, projects

Teaching to Learning Styles: Felder
• Active learners • • • Reflective learners • • Sensing learners • • • Intuitive learners • • Discussion, debate Group work Time for reflection, journals Real-world applications Hands-on activities Connections: concept maps Open-ended, speculative assignments

Teaching to Learning Styles: Felder
• Visual learners • • • Verbal learners • • • Sequential learners •
• Global learners

Diagrams, charts, movies Demonstrations Discussions, oral reports Writing projects Outlines, stepwise presentations • Topic overviews • Connections to other material

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