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					                                  Political and Economic Risk Consultancy Corruption in Asia Survey (PRC)
Data Provider   Political and Economic Risk Consultancy
Description     Commercial business information firm headquartered in Hong Kong, China
Website         www.asiarisk.com
Data Source     Corruption in Asia
Type            Survey
Respondents     Expatriate business people
Frequency       Annual since 1997
Coverage        Asian countries
Public Access   Commercially available
Description     This survey asks respondents to rate severity of corruption, attitudes towards
                corruption, and effectiveness of efforts to reduce corruption, on a 10-point
                scale.

                                                                                                 2011   2010   2009   2008
                Voice and Accountability
                NA                                                                                ..     ..     ..     ..

                Political Stability and Absence of Violence
                NA                                                                                ..     ..     ..     ..

                Government Effectiveness
                NA                                                                                ..     ..     ..     ..

                Regulatory Quality
                NA                                                                                ..     ..     ..     ..

                Rule of Law
                NA                                                                                ..     ..     ..     ..

                Control of Corruption
                To what extent does corruption exist in a way that detracts from the
                                                                                                  X      X      X      X
                business environment for foreign companies?


                Country Coverage                                                                 16      16    16     16
                Year of publication                                                              2011   2010   2009   2008
RC)




      2007   2006   2005   2004   2003   2002   2000   1998   1996


       ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..



       ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..



       ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..



       ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..



       ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..



       X      X      X      X      X      X      X      X      X


      15     15     14     13     13     13     12     12     12
      2007   2006   2005   2004   2003   2002   2000   1998   1997
                         Averaged Rescaled Data        Original Data


                                                           Political and
                                                          Economic Risk
                                                           Consultancy
                                                        Corruption in Asia
                                                           Survey (PRC)
                                         Max                             10
                                         Min                              0
                                         Orientation                      0
                                         Assigned to   CC
                          PRC11CC
CHN    China                    0.30                           7
HKG    Hong Kong SAR, China     0.74                          2.64
 IND   India                    0.13                          8.75
 IDN   Indonesia                0.15                          8.5
 JPN   Japan                    0.81                          1.9
MAC    Macao SAR, China         0.72                          2.85
MYS    Malaysia                 0.44                          5.59
PHL    Philippines              0.07                          9.35
SGP    Singapore                0.93                          0.67
KOR    Korea, South             0.31                          6.9
TWN    Taiwan, China            0.46                          5.45
THA    Thailand                 0.34                          6.57
VNM    Vietnam                  0.23                          7.75
KHM    Cambodia                 0.32                          6.83
AUS    Australia                0.87                          1.28
USA    United States            0.74                          2.59
Rescaled Data


    Political and
   Economic Risk
    Consultancy
 Corruption in Asia
    Survey (PRC)
                  10
                    0
                    0
CC

                   0.3
                0.736
                0.125
                 0.15
                 0.81
                0.715
                0.441
                0.065
                0.933
                 0.31
                0.455
                0.343
                0.225
                0.317
                0.872
                0.741
                         Averaged Rescaled Data        Original Data

                                                           Political and
                                                          Economic Risk
                                                           Consultancy
                                                        Corruption in Asia
                                                           Survey (PRC)
                                         Max                             10
                                         Min                              0
                                         Orientation                      0
                                         Assigned to   CC
                          PRC10CC
CHN    China                    0.21                          7.93
HKG    Hong Kong SAR, China     0.89                          1.1
 IND   India                    0.13                          8.67
 IDN   Indonesia                0.08                          9.25
 JPN   Japan                    0.81                          1.9
MAC    Macao SAR, China         0.53                          4.68
MYS    Malaysia                 0.43                          5.7
PHL    Philippines              0.11                          8.9
SGP    Singapore                0.96                          0.37
KOR    Korea, South             0.41                          5.9
TWN    Taiwan, China            0.44                          5.65
THA    Thailand                 0.25                          7.55
VNM    Vietnam                  0.17                          8.3
KHM    Cambodia                 0.07                          9.27
AUS    Australia                0.86                          1.39
USA    United States            0.76                          2.39
Rescaled Data

    Political and
   Economic Risk
    Consultancy
 Corruption in Asia
    Survey (PRC)
                  10
                    0
                    0
CC

                0.207
                 0.89
                0.133
                0.075
                 0.81
                0.532
                 0.43
                 0.11
                0.963
                 0.41
                0.435
                0.245
                 0.17
                0.073
                0.861
                0.761
                         Averaged Rescaled Data        Original Data

                                                           Political and
                                                          Economic Risk
                                                           Consultancy
                                                        Corruption in Asia
                                                           Survey (PRC)
                                         Max                             10
                                         Min                              0
                                         Orientation                      0
                                         Assigned to   CC
                          PRC09CC
CHN    China                    0.33                          6.7
HKG    Hong Kong SAR, China     0.83                          1.75
 IND   India                    0.18                          8.23
 IDN   Indonesia                0.09                          9.07
 JPN   Japan                    0.74                          2.63
MAC    Macao SAR, China         0.43                          5.71
MYS    Malaysia                 0.40                          6.05
PHL    Philippines              0.18                          8.25
SGP    Singapore                0.90                          0.99
KOR    Korea, South             0.51                          4.88
TWN    Taiwan, China            0.44                          5.62
THA    Thailand                 0.27                          7.33
VNM    Vietnam                  0.29                          7.13
KHM    Cambodia                 0.17                          8.3
AUS    Australia                0.85                          1.47
USA    United States            0.81                          1.89
Rescaled Data

    Political and
   Economic Risk
    Consultancy
 Corruption in Asia
    Survey (PRC)
                  10
                    0
                    0
CC

                 0.33
                0.825
                0.177
                0.093
                0.737
                0.429
                0.395
                0.175
                0.901
                0.512
                0.438
                0.267
                0.287
                 0.17
                0.853
                0.811
                         Averaged Rescaled Data        Original Data

                                                           Political and
                                                          Economic Risk
                                                           Consultancy
                                                        Corruption in Asia
                                                           Survey (PRC)
                                         Max                             10
                                         Min                              0
                                         Orientation                      0
                                         Assigned to   CC
                          PRC08CC
CHN    China                    0.27                          7.3
HKG    Hong Kong SAR, China     0.83                          1.74
 IND   India                    0.35                          6.5
 IDN   Indonesia                0.23                          7.69
 JPN   Japan                    0.74                          2.63
MAC    Macao SAR, China         0.63                          3.75
MYS    Malaysia                 0.30                           7
PHL    Philippines              0.23                          7.68
SGP    Singapore                0.91                          0.92
KOR    Korea, South             0.50                          4.97
TWN    Taiwan, China            0.42                          5.85
THA    Thailand                 0.32                          6.76
VNM    Vietnam                  0.26                          7.4
KHM    Cambodia                 0.19                          8.1
AUS    Australia                0.86                          1.40
USA    United States            0.73                          2.71
Rescaled Data

    Political and
   Economic Risk
    Consultancy
 Corruption in Asia
    Survey (PRC)
                  10
                    0
                    0
CC

                 0.27
                0.826
                 0.35
                0.231
                0.737
                0.625
                   0.3
                0.232
                0.908
                0.503
                0.415
                0.324
                 0.26
                 0.19
                 0.86
                0.729
                         Averaged Rescaled Data        Original Data

                                                           Political and
                                                          Economic Risk
                                                           Consultancy
                                                        Corruption in Asia
                                                           Survey (PRC)
                                         Max                             10
                                         Min                              0
                                         Orientation                      0
                                         Assigned to   CC
                          PRC07CC
CHN    China                    0.20                          7.98
HKG    Hong Kong SAR, China     0.82                          1.8
 IND   India                    0.28                          7.25
 IDN   Indonesia                0.20                          7.98
 JPN   Japan                    0.78                          2.25
MAC    Macao SAR, China         0.67                          3.3
MYS    Malaysia                 0.36                          6.37
PHL    Philippines              0.10                           9
SGP    Singapore                0.89                          1.13
KOR    Korea, South             0.44                          5.65
TWN    Taiwan, China            0.35                          6.55
THA    Thailand                 0.20                           8
VNM    Vietnam                  0.23                          7.75
KHM    Cambodia                 0.15                          8.5
AUS    Australia                0.90                          0.98
USA    United States            0.82                          1.83
Rescaled Data

    Political and
   Economic Risk
    Consultancy
 Corruption in Asia
    Survey (PRC)
                  10
                    0
                    0
CC

                0.202
                 0.82
                0.275
                0.202
                0.775
                 0.67
                0.363
                   0.1
                0.887
                0.435
                0.345
                   0.2
                0.225
                 0.15
                0.902
                0.817
                         Averaged Rescaled Data        Original Data

                                                           Political and
                                                          Economic Risk
                                                           Consultancy
                                                        Corruption in Asia
                                                           Survey (PRC)
                                         Max                             10
                                         Min                              0
                                         Orientation                      0
                                         Assigned to   CC
                          PRC06CC
CHN    China                    0.37                          6.29
HKG    Hong Kong SAR, China     0.81                          1.87
 IND   India                    0.33                          6.67
 IDN   Indonesia                0.20                          8.03
 JPN   Japan                    0.79                          2.1
MAC    Macao SAR, China         0.48                          5.18
MYS    Malaysia                 0.38                          6.25
PHL    Philippines              0.06                          9.4
SGP    Singapore                0.88                          1.2
KOR    Korea, South             0.37                          6.3
TWN    Taiwan, China            0.38                          6.23
THA    Thailand                 0.20                          8.03
VNM    Vietnam                  0.25                          7.54
KHM    Cambodia                 0.09                          9.1
AUS    Australia                0.92                          0.83
USA    United States            0.77                          2.28
Rescaled Data

    Political and
   Economic Risk
    Consultancy
 Corruption in Asia
    Survey (PRC)
                  10
                    0
                    0
CC

                0.371
                0.813
                0.333
                0.197
                 0.79
                0.482
                0.375
                 0.06
                 0.88
                 0.37
                0.377
                0.197
                0.246
                 0.09
                0.917
                0.772
                         Averaged Rescaled Data        Original Data

                                                           Political and
                                                          Economic Risk
                                                           Consultancy
                                                        Corruption in Asia
                                                           Survey (PRC)
                                         Max                             10
                                         Min                              0
                                         Orientation                      0
                                         Assigned to   CC
                          PRC05CC
CHN    China                    0.24                          7.58
HKG    Hong Kong SAR, China     0.69                          3.13
 IND   India                    0.32                          6.76
 IDN   Indonesia                0.18                          8.16
 JPN   Japan                    0.70                          3.01
MAC    Macao SAR, China         0.52                          4.78
MYS    Malaysia                 0.39                          6.13
PHL    Philippines              0.22                          7.8
SGP    Singapore                0.87                          1.3
KOR    Korea, South             0.46                          5.44
TWN    Taiwan, China            0.41                          5.91
THA    Thailand                 0.24                          7.64
VNM    Vietnam                  0.21                          7.91
KHM    Cambodia           ..                                    ..
AUS    Australia                0.83                          1.67
USA    United States            0.72                          2.83
Rescaled Data

    Political and
   Economic Risk
    Consultancy
 Corruption in Asia
    Survey (PRC)
                  10
                    0
                    0
CC

                0.242
                0.687
                0.324
                0.184
                0.699
                0.522
                0.387
                 0.22
                 0.87
                0.456
                0.409
                0.236
                0.209
..
                0.833
                0.717
                         Averaged Rescaled Data        Original Data

                                                           Political and
                                                          Economic Risk
                                                           Consultancy
                                                        Corruption in Asia
                                                           Survey (PRC)
                                         Max                             10
                                         Min                              0
                                         Orientation                      0
                                         Assigned to   CC
                          PRC04CC
CHN    China                    0.23                          7.68
HKG    Hong Kong SAR, China     0.65                          3.5
 IND   India                    0.14                          8.63
 IDN   Indonesia                0.09                          9.1
 JPN   Japan                    0.65                          3.46
MAC    Macao SAR, China ..                                      ..
MYS    Malaysia                 0.32                          6.8
PHL    Philippines              0.12                          8.8
SGP    Singapore                0.94                          0.65
KOR    Korea, South             0.35                          6.5
TWN    Taiwan, China            0.39                          6.15
THA    Thailand                 0.28                          7.2
VNM    Vietnam                  0.14                          8.65
KHM    Cambodia           ..                                    ..
AUS    Australia                0.78                          2.24
USA    United States            0.77                          2.33
Rescaled Data

    Political and
   Economic Risk
    Consultancy
 Corruption in Asia
    Survey (PRC)
                  10
                    0
                    0
CC

                0.232
                 0.65
                0.137
                 0.09
                0.654
..
                 0.32
                 0.12
                0.935
                 0.35
                0.385
                 0.28
                0.135
..
                0.776
                0.767
                         Averaged Rescaled Data        Original Data

                                                           Political and
                                                          Economic Risk
                                                           Consultancy
                                                        Corruption in Asia
                                                           Survey (PRC)
                                         Max                             10
                                         Min                              0
                                         Orientation                      0
                                         Assigned to   CC
                          PRC03CC
CHN    China                    0.25                          7.48
HKG    Hong Kong SAR, China     0.64                          3.6
 IND   India                    0.11                          8.9
 IDN   Indonesia                0.08                          9.25
 JPN   Japan                    0.70                           3
MAC    Macao SAR, China ..                                      ..
MYS    Malaysia                 0.27                          7.33
PHL    Philippines              0.17                          8.33
SGP    Singapore                0.95                          0.5
KOR    Korea, South             0.33                          6.67
TWN    Taiwan, China            0.39                          6.1
THA    Thailand                 0.22                          7.8
VNM    Vietnam                  0.13                          8.71
KHM    Cambodia           ..                                    ..
AUS    Australia                0.78                          2.20
USA    United States            0.76                          2.45
Rescaled Data

    Political and
   Economic Risk
    Consultancy
 Corruption in Asia
    Survey (PRC)
                  10
                    0
                    0
CC

                0.252
                 0.64
                 0.11
                0.075
                   0.7
..
                0.267
                0.167
                 0.95
                0.333
                 0.39
                 0.22
                0.129
..
                 0.78
                0.755
                         Averaged Rescaled Data        Original Data

                                                           Political and
                                                          Economic Risk
                                                           Consultancy
                                                        Corruption in Asia
                                                           Survey (PRC)
                                         Max                             10
                                         Min                              0
                                         Orientation                      0
                                         Assigned to   CC
                          PRC02CC
CHN    China                    0.17                          8.33
HKG    Hong Kong SAR, China     0.64                          3.61
 IND   India                    0.07                          9.3
 IDN   Indonesia                0.07                          9.33
 JPN   Japan                    0.55                          4.5
MAC    Macao SAR, China ..                                      ..
MYS    Malaysia                 0.40                           6
PHL    Philippines              0.23                          7.67
SGP    Singapore                0.96                          0.38
KOR    Korea, South             0.45                          5.5
TWN    Taiwan, China            0.37                          6.33
THA    Thailand                 0.13                          8.75
VNM    Vietnam                  0.12                          8.83
KHM    Cambodia           ..                                    ..
AUS    Australia                0.75                          2.50
USA    United States            0.74                          2.57
Rescaled Data

    Political and
   Economic Risk
    Consultancy
 Corruption in Asia
    Survey (PRC)
                  10
                    0
                    0
CC

                0.167
                0.639
                 0.07
                0.067
                 0.55
..
                   0.4
                0.233
                0.962
                 0.45
                0.367
                0.125
                0.117
..
                 0.75
                0.743
                         Averaged Rescaled Data        Original Data

                                                           Political and
                                                          Economic Risk
                                                           Consultancy
                                                        Corruption in Asia
                                                           Survey (PRC)
                                         Max                             10
                                         Min                              0
                                         Orientation                      0
                                         Assigned to   CC
                          PRC00CC
CHN    China                    0.21                          7.88
HKG    Hong Kong SAR, China     0.62                          3.77
 IND   India                    0.08                          9.25
 IDN   Indonesia                0.03                          9.67
 JPN   Japan                    0.75                          2.5
MAC    Macao SAR, China ..                                      ..
MYS    Malaysia                 0.40                           6
PHL    Philippines              0.10                           9
SGP    Singapore                0.92                          0.83
KOR    Korea, South             0.30                           7
TWN    Taiwan, China            0.40                           6
THA    Thailand                 0.15                          8.55
VNM    Vietnam                  0.03                          9.75
KHM    Cambodia           ..                                    ..
AUS    Australia          ..                                    ..
USA    United States      ..                                    ..
Rescaled Data

    Political and
   Economic Risk
    Consultancy
 Corruption in Asia
    Survey (PRC)
                  10
                    0
                    0
CC

                0.212
                0.623
                0.075
                0.033
                 0.75
..
                   0.4
                   0.1
                0.917
                   0.3
                   0.4
                0.145
                0.025
..
..
..
                         Averaged Rescaled Data        Original Data

                                                           Political and
                                                          Economic Risk
                                                           Consultancy
                                                        Corruption in Asia
                                                           Survey (PRC)
                                         Max                             10
                                         Min                              0
                                         Orientation                      0
                                         Assigned to   CC
                          PRC98CC
CHN    China                    0.10                           9
HKG    Hong Kong SAR, China     0.59                          4.06
 IND   India                    0.08                          9.17
 IDN   Indonesia                0.01                          9.91
 JPN   Japan                    0.58                          4.25
MAC    Macao SAR, China ..                                      ..
MYS    Malaysia                 0.25                          7.5
PHL    Philippines              0.33                          6.71
SGP    Singapore                0.85                          1.55
KOR    Korea, South             0.18                          8.2
TWN    Taiwan, China            0.31                          6.92
THA    Thailand                 0.24                          7.57
VNM    Vietnam                  0.15                          8.5
KHM    Cambodia           ..                                    ..
AUS    Australia          ..                                    ..
USA    United States      ..                                    ..
Rescaled Data

    Political and
   Economic Risk
    Consultancy
 Corruption in Asia
    Survey (PRC)
                  10
                    0
                    0
CC

                   0.1
                0.594
                0.083
                0.009
                0.575
..
                 0.25
                0.329
                0.845
                 0.18
                0.308
                0.243
                 0.15
..
..
..
                         Averaged Rescaled Data        Original Data

                                                           Political and
                                                          Economic Risk
                                                           Consultancy
                                                        Corruption in Asia
                                                           Survey (PRC)
                                         Max                             10
                                         Min                              0
                                         Orientation                      0
                                         Assigned to   CC
                          PRC96CC
CHN    China                    0.19                          8.06
HKG    Hong Kong SAR, China     0.70                          3.03
 IND   India                    0.18                          8.2
 IDN   Indonesia                0.13                          8.67
 JPN   Japan                    0.54                          4.6
MAC    Macao SAR, China ..                                      ..
MYS    Malaysia                 0.42                          5.8
PHL    Philippines              0.35                          6.5
SGP    Singapore                0.90                          1.05
KOR    Korea, South             0.23                          7.71
TWN    Taiwan, China            0.40                          5.96
THA    Thailand                 0.25                          7.49
VNM    Vietnam                  0.20                           8
KHM    Cambodia           ..                                    ..
AUS    Australia          ..                                    ..
USA    United States      ..                                    ..
Rescaled Data

    Political and
   Economic Risk
    Consultancy
 Corruption in Asia
    Survey (PRC)
                  10
                    0
                    0
CC

                0.194
                0.697
                 0.18
                0.133
                 0.54
..
                 0.42
                 0.35
                0.895
                0.229
                0.404
                0.251
                   0.2
..
..
..

				
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