Docstoc

Ministry of Science and Technology

Document Sample
Ministry of Science and Technology Powered By Docstoc
					Ministry of Science and Technology Department of Technical and Vocational Education Government Technological Colleges and Institutes B.E. (All Courses) 8:30 – 11:30 Attempt all questions. I. Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow. In considering the formulation of national policy in relation to the application of science and technology and to the increase in material wealth, it is useful to distinguish three main aspects of this question. The first is that of known and available technology. The majority of the most urgent needs of the emerging countries in the early stages of development come into this category. To set up a motor-bus service, it is necessary to have the foreign exchange to buy the vehicles and fuel, and the technical schools to train the drivers and repair personnel, but no research or development at all is needed. Nor is new research and development required to set up an airline, or a television system or an electricity supply, or a sewage system and piped water supply, or the majority of normal manufacturing plants. Though such projects do not involve any appreciable research and development, they do require a large supply of technically and scientifically trained personnel to run them. The second most important aspect of the application of science and technology to a less-developed country is that concerned with problems which are related to the special conditions of the country, and which can only be solved on the spot. Prominent among these, of course, are problems in agriculture and medicine which have specific local significance and so cannot be studied elsewhere. Then there are many problems in meteorology, geology, geophysical surveying, road building and housing, where original research and development related to local conditions are required. In addition, many new technological problems arise in the setting up of local industries, because of the special properties of the local fuels, raw materials, textiles, foodstuffs, etc. In relation to these problems, the importance of a first-rate information service is vital. It must be made as easy as possible for the research and development personnel to be kept aware of the state of general world knowledge on a particular subject, so as not to be led by ignorance into expensive researches to find out what is already well known. The opposite danger is to assume too easily that some process, technique or method, which has long been in successful use in some other country, can be transferred without modification to a new situation. The third aspect is concerned with the group of new technologies which are not yet in general use, but are still under development, mainly in the technologically advanced countries. I refer, for instance, to such things as solar heats, fuel cells, desalination of water, and a great many improved processes and manufactured goods. Though a close watch must be kept on these developments, I am convinced that the national economic and technological planning of a new country's development, over the next decade or so, should be based on what is now known. Answer the following questions in complete sentences. 1. What is the first aspect in the article? 2. What is the second aspect in the article? 3. What is the third aspect in the article? 4. Give examples of the first. 5. What is needed for it? 6. What is not required for it? 7. Give examples for the second. Please turn over to page 2 ENGLISH (E 05011) 16 October 2006 Promotion Examination

2 8. What is needed for it? Why? 9. Give examples of the third. 10. What should a new country do about that? II. Fill in each numbered blank with a word from the list given. Write down only the number of the blank and the word that fills it. of more about months machines to that their papers problems and pile three remain irritation the will become control sophisticated As more people live closer together, and as they use machines to produce leisure, they find that their leisure, and even ..1.. working hours, ..2.. spoilt by a by-product of their ..3.. – namely, noise. Noise is nowadays in ..4.. news; it has acquired political status, ..5.. public opinion is demanding, more and ..6.. insistently, that something must be done ..7.. it. So it was very appropriate ..8.. many people professionally interested in noise ..9.. should meet to discuss their common ..10.. at a large-scale conference. In the ..11.. days of the Conference at Teddington, 25 ..12.. were presented; and faced with the ..13.. of texts, whose contents range from ..14.. aerodynamics to general comments on the ..15.. expressed by neighbours, it is difficult ..16.. sort out the new ideas which ..17.. be active in one’s mind six ..18.. from now, from the big mass ..19.. valuable knowledge and fact which will ..20.. on the shelves for reference. Complete the news reports below with words from the list. You may need to modify the nouns and verbs. You may need to use some words more than once. Write down only the number of the blank and the word that fills it. forged sentence prison jury extradite suspended convict lawyer prosecution charge appeal guilty fine court innocent case A court …1… the former boss of a first division football cub to one year in …2… and another year …3… for rigging a soccer match. The sentence was harsher than the sixmonth term sought by the …4… . The former football boss is to …5… Against the sentence. The mayor of a major town was found …6… of fraud when he was finally brought to …7… last month. He fled the country two years ago when an enquiry revealed he had been using taxpayers’ money to finance personal projects. The former mayor was …8… from America in January. He received a two-year prison …9… and was …10… £ 10,000. A …11… sentenced one of Europe’s most wanted men to seven months’ jail for possession of …12… documents. After serving the sentence he is likely to be …13… to Italy where he had escaped from jail after he was …14… of murder in 1991. A 40-year-old man was found not …15… of murder by a …16… in Birmingham this week. The man had been …17… with the murder of a neighbour in May 1993 and had spent over a year behind bars before his …18… finally came to curt this month. The man was overwhelmed with relief as he left the …19… with his wife. His …20… is making a compensation claim for the months he spent in prison.

III.

A.

B.

C.

D.

IV. Read the sentences. Choose the item that has a similar meaning to that of the underlined word. Write down only the number of the statement and the letter chosen. 1. To sleep well, you need to get some peace and quiet. However, in the city, noise can shatter the peace. (a. increase b. annoy c. ruin) 2. People who live near airports often complain about sonic pollution. They say that the air traffic disturbs their sleep and prevents them from living a normal life. (a. noise b. strange c. solar) Please turn over to page 3

3 3. 4. Some people believe that talking on cellular phones while driving is so dangerous that it should be banned. (a. prohibited b. permitted c. requested) The use of the Internet at work has prompted companies to make new rules. For example, in some companies, employees can’t use the Internet for personal business during business hours. (a. reminded b. caused c. allowed) Many city noises are loud and sudden. They jolt people out of their sleep. (a. ease b. coax c. shake) I haven’t been sleeping well at night lately. As soon as I lie down, I get a nagging headache, and even though I take aspirin, it won’t go away. (a. constant b. slight c. feverish) At the end of the cowboy movie, the sheriff gathered a posse of men. He needed help to catch the gang of bad guys. (a. a group b. a couple c. hundreds) When people feel that they have been hurt needlessly, they often get angry and sometimes take retaliatory steps. They do something to hurt the person who has hurt them. (a. vengeful b. immediate c. official) Neighborhood vigilantes take the law into their own hands. Rather than call the police, they find a way to punish an offender themselves. (a. heavily armed guards b. part-time police c. self-appointed representatives) When my alarm clock goes off in the morning. I never feel like getting out of bed. I'm always too tired. (a. starts making noise b. stops making noise c. malfunctions) Last night, I heard a loud noise in my kitchen. I was so scared that I called 911. When the police came, it turned out that it was only the cat knocking down the recycling container. (a. emergency services b. the operator c. directory assistance) Some neighborhood punks found an old car and mutilated it. The front was completely destroyed. (a. damaged b. constructed c. criticized) If you park in a no-parking zone, the traffic police can tow away your car. You can't pick it up until you pay a fine. (a. remove b. destroy c. park) I think a very heavy truck just went by. I could feel the vibrations shaking the whole house. (a. sounds b. movements c. echoes)

5. 6.

7. 8.

9.

10. 11.

12. 13. 14. V.

Read the sentences. Choose the item that has a similar meaning to that of the underlined word. Write down only the number of the statement and the letter chosen. 1. How do you handle your anger? One way is to do something physical, like going for a walk. By the time you get back, you won’t feel angry anymore. (a. hide b. express c. understand) 2. Some people do not respond in a positive way to criticism. They either become angry, or depressed and sad. (a. agree b. react c. listen) 3. Some people feel that they must make a big fuss in order to get what they want. They become annoyed and complain until they get their way. (a. complain loudly b. become worried c. remain calm) 4. We must all learn to deal with setbacks. When things go wrong, we must keep going and not let the problems stop us. (a. choices b. surprises c. disappointments) 5. I love the class I am taking now. I feel very enthusiastic about it. (a. confused b. unhappy c. excited) 6. You will get depressed if you always dwell on failures. You should think about the positive things in your life instead. (a. think b. unhappy c. excited) 7. Some people always seem to take life in stride. Difficulties don’t seem to bother them, and they can keep living happily. (a. balance the positive and the negative b. worry about everything c. exercise regularly) 8. It’s a bad idea to give up when you can’t solve a problem. Instead, try looking at it in a new way, and eventually you will find a solution. (a. feel sad b. stop trying c. ask for help) Please turn over to page 4

4 9. 10. She’s a very sharp manager. She’s intelligent and perceptive abut motivating her employees. (a. smart b. reliable c. easygoing) It’s common to feel resentful when other people succeed. But instead of feeling jealous, you can study them to find out what they did to succeed. (a. strong and proud b. surprised and confused c. hurt and angry) When friends are upset, it’s important to empathize with them. By recognizing their feelings, you will be able to help your friends feel better. (a. understand b. ignore c. change) When you make a mistake, it’s best to swallow your pride and admit that you did something wrong. Then you can try to correct the problem. (a. taste b. express your anger c. forget your pride)

11.

12.

VI. Complete these sentences with the appropriate word or expression from a, b or c. Write down only the number of the statement and the letter chosen. 1. The two machines …… considerably. One has an electric motor, the other runs on oil. (a. differ b. differentiate c. different) 2. The new model of car is very …… to the old one. (a. same b. similar c. common) 3. Can you tell the …… between a good boss and a bad one? (a. differ b. differentiate c. difference) 4. Britain’s economy is largely based on its industry, …… a few hundred years ago it was an agrarian country. (a. however b. although c. whereas) 5. A nursery school is …… from a day care center. (a. differ b. different c. difference) 6. Is the picture …… as the one on your desk? (a. same b. the same c. similar) 7. My roommate’s values are …… to mine in spite of our being from different countries. (a. same b. similar c. common) 8. …… my brother likes science, his exam marks are poor. (a. However b. Although c. While) 9. Schools nowadays do not encourage memorisation. ……, pupils do more projects and investigating work than before. (a. On the other hand b. In contrast c. On the contrary) 10. …… the type writer, the word processor allows a person to insert and delete information while typing. (a. However b. On the contrary c. Unlike) VII. Study the list of words and expressions and chose the most suitable to fill the gaps in the sentences below: major traditional digital advent permanently unsatisfactory resemble corresponding amass assigned captured outsell 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Quills were the chief writing implement from the 6th century until the ………. of steel pens in the mid 19th century. The quality of sound from a …… audio tape is truly excellent. I have been …… to interview the candidates. As the course becomes more difficult and demanding, there’s usually a …… drop in attendance. The United States is a …… influence in the United Nations. All three countries seem to be …… on the brink of war with each other. It was estimated that the state had …… 100 to 200 atomic warheads. CDs soon began to …… records. The school uses a combination of modern and …… methods for teaching reading. Rebel forces …… the city after a week-long battle.

VIII. Write an essay on the following topic: “Why I love my mother”. ***********************************END**************************************

5 Ministry of Science and Technology Department of Technical and Vocational Education Government Technological Colleges and Institutes B.E.(Courses) I. 1. 2. Key (English) 16 October 2006

2 marks each (20 marks) The first aspect is that of known and available technology. The second aspect in the article is concerned with problems which are related to the special conditions of the country, and which can only be solved on the spot. 3. The third aspect is concerned with the group of new technologies which are not yet in general use, but are still under development, mainly in the technologically advanced countries. 4. Examples of the first are motor-bus service, airline, television system, electricity supply, sewage system, piped water supply and the majority of normal manufacturing plants. 5. A large supply of technically and scientifically trained personnel are needed for it. 6. Research and development is not required for it. 7. Examples of the second are problems in agriculture and meteorology, geology, geological surveying, road building and housing. 8. A first-rate information service is needed for it because it can help the research and development personnel to keep aware of the state of general world knowledge on a particular subject. 9. Examples of the third are such things as solar heats, fuel cells, desalination of water and a great many improved processes and manufactured goods. 10. The national economic and technological planning of a new country's development should be based on what is now known. II. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. III. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. IV. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. ½ mark each (10 marks) their 6. more become 7. about machines 8. that the 9. control and 10. problems ½ mark each (10 marks) sentenced 6. guilty prison 7. court suspended 8. extradited prosecution 9. sentence appeal 10. fined 1 mark each (14 marks) c 6. a a 7. a a 8. a b 9. c c 10. a

11. 12. 13. 14. 15.

three papers pile sophisticated irritation

16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

to will months of remains

11. 12. 13. 14. 15.

judge forged extradited convicted guilty

16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

jury charged case court lawyer

11. 12. 13. 14.

a a a b

6 V. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. VI. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. VII. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1 mark each (12 marks) a 7. a b 8. b a 9. a c c a 10. c 11. a 12. c

1 mark each (10 marks) a 6. b b 7. b c 8. b c 9. a b 10. c 1 mark each (10 marks) advent 6. permanently digital 7. unsatisfactory assigned 8. outsell corresponding 9. traditional major 10. captured

VIII. Essay (14 marks) “Why I love my mother” I = 20 marks II = 10 marks III = 10 marks IV = 14 marks V = 12 marks VI = 10 marks VII = 10 marks VIII = 14 marks Total = 100 marks