Education statistics in Sweden

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					Education statistics in

       Josefine Lundström
  Population and Welfare Department:
          Education and jobs
• The production of education statistics regarding
  pre-school, pre-scool class, school- age childcare
  and adult education
   • Data collection process
   • Official statistics – Swedish National Agency for

• The use of Education statistics in Sweden
   • Users
   • MONA – Microdata ONline Access
Education Statistics
• The Swedish National Agency for Education (Skolverket) is
  responsible for the official statistics concerning pre-schooling,
  school-age childcare and parts of the adult education

• The Swedish Schools Inspectorate has supervisory
  responsibility for preschooling, school-age child care,
  schooling and adult education.

• Statistics Sweden collects the data upon request from The
  Swedish National Agency for Education.

• The production of the official statistics is process oriented.
  Because of the secrecy act both individual and group
  data is collected
The School register

•Owned by the National agency for education (Skolverket) and used
both for their administrative needs and our statistical needs.
•The basis for all statistical collections in ISCED 0-3
•The register is administered and collected by SCB.
•Contains all active Schools, divided by school form with unique
•Administrative classification; one “School” (building) can have
multiple entries in the register (School codes)
•One large collection and update per year, sent to all active Organizers
(huvudmän), municipal and private.
•Running updates round the year.
•Modernisation in process to adapt to the new Education Act and the
Curricula of 2011
•With the school register as a base Statistics Sweden collects data
concerning students, grades, costs and the teaching staff
Data collection
•   It takes about 5 month from the beginning of the survey to the publication of
    Official statistics.

•   The process that takes the most time is the data collection
     • Improvement in the service towards the respondent
     • Tests in the information towards the respondents
     • Meetings with companies that provides school systems
     • Participitation in school conventions

•   Upper secondary education:
     •  Students: The Swedish National Board of Student Aid (CSN)
     •  Graduates:
        Partly from National Agency for Services to Universitets and University Colleges (VHS)

•   Systems for data collection:
     •   SIV
     •   Triton
     •   Examples:
            • National tests in year 9
            • Final grades in compulsory school
Registers on individuals
•   Compulsory school, leaving certificate, , 1988-
•   National test, year 3 (2010-), 6 (2012-) and 9 (2003-)
•   Upper secondary school, leaving certificate, 1973-
•   Upper secondary school, National test, 2003- (sample)
•   Upper secondary school, applicants and admissions,
•   Swedish for immigrants, 1992-
•   Register on teaching personnel, 1978-
•   Students in pre-school class, compulsory school and
    leisure time-centers
•   Students in upper secondary school
Registers on a group level
• Preschool and other pedagogical activities
• Compulsory school:
   •   Special schools
   •   Schools for children with learning disabilities
   •   The Sami school (year 1-6)
   •   Schools with denominational education
• Municipal adult education
   • Basic adult education
   • Upper secondary adult education
   • Post-secondary training courses.
• Adult education for individuals with learning disabilities.
Data processing
•   Socio-demographic background variables get linked to the students and
    the schools, such as:
     •   Country and city (if in Sweden) of birth

     •   The biological parents educational level

     •   Date of immigration

     •   Principal organiser of the school
         (municipal, state, county or independent)

•   Statistical tables included in the Official statistics of Sweden

•   Micro-data registers
     •   Individual (de-identified, serial number used in all student registers)
     •   Group
     •   Derived variables concerning for example:
           •   If and how students commute
           •   The student’s final grade in compulsory school in the student register for upper
               secondary school

        + 181 000
        + 21 %
                    + 95 000
                    + 11 %
+ 91 000
+ 29,8 %
• Ministry of Education and Research orders every year
  2-4 surveys each year from the Population and Welfare
  Department: Education and jobs at Statistics Sweden

• Adult Education Survey is an on-going international

• Follow up on students 4 year after they’re graduation
  from higher education

• Study interest of students in upper secondary school

• PIAAC - Programme for the International Assessment of
  Adult Competencies.
The use of Education statistics
• Follow up and analysis

• Researchers

• Planning of economical resources

    Municipalities and counties
    School organizers
MONA - Microdata ONline Access
•   The MONA system provides secure access to micro data at Statistics
    Sweden from an Internet connection. Here data are processed and
    analyzed through a rich set of applications.
•   Aggregated results are automatically sent to a user’s designated mail
    account. Users can also store intermediate results on Statistics Sweden
    servers for future use.

The main goals for the MONA-system are:
• to provide a secure system for Statistics Sweden and the researcher, in
   which no micro data can leave the system and with a high availability.
• to present an easy to use front end for end users built on well known
   standardized techniques and software components.
• to have instantly upgraded data when needed without any requirements
   to produce new sets of disks or tapes for redistribution to external
• to present a complete system with powerful servers and a rich set of
   applications with no requirements on expensive equipment and
   softwarecosts for end users.
• Microdata On-line Access (MONA)
• Statistics Sweden's standard tool for making
  micro data accessible
• For research and statistical purposes after a
  harm test according to The Secrecy Act
Goals for access to microdata
• No data leaves Statistics Sweden
• Easy for the user
• Secure system for Statistics Sweden and the user
• Timeliness when changes occur
• Statistics Sweden handles all maintenance (i.e.
  servers, software, storage etc.)
• Combine your data with data from Statistics
MONA system

Users                            Log on with app
                                 or security card

        Data                                              Software
        - SQL databases          Individual               - SAS
        - Files from              Windows                 - STATA
        statistical software   remote desktop             - SPSS
        -Other formats                                    - Other statistical

Publications from Statistics Sweden

• Statistical yearbook of Sweden

• Statistical yearbook on Education
  in Sweden

• Gender statistics

• Trends and forecasts

Nationella progress reports
• The progress report by the Swedish National Agency for
      Part 1 - Descriptive data
      Part 2 - Assessment and Conclusions
International comparisons
• OECD: Education at a Glance
Documentation for in-depth studies
Basis for the government assignments
  Andel kursdeltagare med        ”Skolverket ska genom en urvalsundersökning
  betyget icke-godkänt (IG), %   kartlägga och analysera orsakerna till den låga
                                 måluppfyllelsen i kurserna Matematik A och B
                                 i den kommunala vuxenutbildningen, samt föreslå
                                 åtgärder för att förbättra resultaten. ”
Analysis by Swedish National Agency for
Statistics concerning how students in secondary school commute
Difference between the grade in the national test and final
grade of year 9 in compulsory school

       Andel elever med lägre, lika eller högre slutbetyg jämfört med provbetyg, %

             Flickor     4                     76                                       20

             Pojkar          8                      80                                       13

             Flickor 1                  69                                         30

             Pojkar 1                     74                                        25

             Flickor        6                       85                                        9

             Pojkar          10                          85                                       5

                       0%         20%        40%                  60%        80%                  100%
                                              -1              0         +1

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