Effective & Positive Discipline management in Classroom & in School
‘Effective Management of the Discipline in class and in school’ is a cycle of interactive seminars for school principals, school counsellors and psychologists and teachers of all educational levels and fields. They were held in the first half of 2009 with a few hundred teachers from over a dozen schools of various levels – elementary schools, high schools, colleges and vocational schools in Sofia and around the country. In this paper we will make a short introduction into this important but rarely discussed side of school life, which according to statistics, takes up about half of the teachers’ time, and for the coping with which, they don’t have the necessary knowledge and skills. Thus they are left to rely on an intuitive approach based on trial and error. The experience of the author, derived from those seminars will be presented in the paper, along with the results and conclusions. We offer the author’s matrix from over two dozens of systematic approaches, unified in five big branches and will briefly introduce their main ideas and methods. We will present results from focus-groups with teachers and their disciplinary problems in class, along with teachers’ attitudes towards the students and the discipline. The suggested system of seminars, which is part of our bigger program ‘Effective school’ is open for implementation in all schools that find it useful.
Effective DISCIPLINE Management in Classroom & School __________________________________________ 1 SEERCP -2009, 31.10.2009, University of Sofia, Sofia Panayot Randev - Institute Re-Genesis & Human Plus foundation CONTENT of PRESENTATION ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 1. TEACHERS’ ATTITUDES TOWARD STUDENTS & DISCIPLINE 2. CLASSROOM & DISCIPLINE MANAGEMENT 3. MATRIX of the DISCIPLINE MANAGEMENT MODELS 4. TYPES of DISCIPLINE TECHNIQUES 5. IMPLEMENTATION of DISCIPLINE MANAGEMENT TEACHERS’ ATTITUDES TOWARD STUDENTS & DISCIPLINE ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 1. Attitudes toward students (pupil control ideology): 2. Attitudes toward teacher self-efficacy: 3. Attitudes toward school: Conservative vs. Humanistic Effective vs. Ineffective teacher Supporting vs. Not Supporting Teacher Self-Efficacy Educational HUMANISM Educational CONSERVATISM Teacher Self- Inefficacy * We measure these teacher attitudes using 3 well-known instruments, that are in process of adaptation CLASSROOM & DISCIPLINE MANAGEMENT ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ TEACHING Learning/Knowledge Management Classroom & Behaviour Management • • • • • • Management of Space Management of Materials & Resources Management of Administrative tasks Management of Relationships Management of Time Management of Students behaviuor & Discipline APPROACHES to DISCIPLINE Management ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 1. BASIC approaches to Discipline management (DM) 1.1. Intuitive; 1.2. Traditional; 1.3. Systematic 2. EVOLUTION of DIMENSIONALITY of DM approaches: 2.1. 0-d; 2.2. 1-d; 2.3. 2-d; 2.4. 3-d; 2.5. Multi-d 3. MAIN approaches to DM: 3.1. Mega; 3.2. Macro; 3.3. Meso; 3.4. Micro 4. BASIC MESO- approaches to DM: 4.1. RE-active, PRO-active, SYSTEMIC 4.2. 4.3. 4.4. 4.5. 4.6. CONTROLING, SUPPORTING, DEVELOPING INTERVENTIONALIST, INTERACTIONALIST, NON-INTERVENTIONALISTIC Rules & Consequences; Confrontation & Contracts; Relationships & Listening Rewards & Punishment; Group Education & Counseling; Therapeutic Behavioural, Cognitive, Humanistic, Interactionist, Mixed 5. TEACHER BEHAVIOR CONTINUUM: Looking - Naming - Questioning – Commanding – Acting/Modeling/Reinforcement MATRIX of the DISCIPLINE MANAGEMENT MODELS ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ TYPES of DISCIPLINE TECHNIQUES ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 1. PREVENTIVE techniques • • • • • • Creation of learning environment Development and establishment of rules, routines and expectations at the start of school year Demonstration of teacher assertiveness Withitness Proper use of voice and silence etc 2. POSITIVE techniques • Ignoring missbehavior • Waiting untill behavior ceases • Rewarding appropriate behavior • Conferencing privately with misbehaving student (prefrably outside the class) • etc. 3. PUNITIVE techniques • • • • • • Time out Detention Physical punishment Psychological abuse such as embarrassment Referal to school administration etc. IMPLEMENTATION of DISCIPLINE MANAGEMENT in the Classrooms & in Schools ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ During 2009 our team organize a dozen of seminars in which participate several hundred teacher from more than 25 schools from Sofia and several Bulgarian towns. The implementation steps that we offer to participants are following: 1. Initiation seminar (2-3 days) that introduces basic concepts, main approaches and spectrum of techniques of effective discipline management 2. Personal development plan of individual teacher 3. In-service meetings between teachers to discuss and coordinate their experience and plans for discipline management 4. Setting up school-wide plan and system for effective and positive discipline management 5. Implementation of the school and classroom plans during the school year 6. Periodic follow-up and re-design of classroom and school plans and activities