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					Digitization of the academic library
              in Brazil

      A proposed model for
   successful information policy
   making in developing nations


                Sergio Chaparro Ph.D
           Candidate/LIS/Rutgers University
    Digitization of the academic library in Brazil

 The purpose of this research
 The Model: government support, library
  advocacy and library education
 Interaction between library organizations
  and government




                    Sergio Chaparro/Rutgers
                           University                2
    Digitization of the academic library in Brazil

 Why Brazil? A case              Automation in
  study                            libraries and
 Economy                          universities
 Government                      Internet user

  support                          figures for 2005,
 Electronic
                                   thirty million
  information growth
  and development


                    Sergio Chaparro/Rutgers
                           University                  3
 Digitization of the academic library in Brazil:Some
                       questions
1.   What is the influence of Brazilian government policy on
     the growth and development of electronic information
     resources in Brazilian academic libraries?
2.   What role does advocacy play here?
3.   Is there a Brazilian model of digital academic library
     development?
4.   What perception does the Brazilian information sector
     have about the government’s role in the process?
5.   What can other Latin American countries learn from the
     Brazilian experience?




                       Sergio Chaparro/Rutgers
                              University                       4
    Digitization of the academic library in Brazil

 Information policy              Education issues in
 Advocacy                         information
 The importance of
                                   society: how
  advocacy                         should we educate
                                   LIS professionals in
 Advocacy Coalition
                                   the information
  theory                           age?
                                  Policy formulation
                                   for developing
                                   countries
                    Sergio Chaparro/Rutgers
                           University                 5
      The Advocacy Coalition Framework

 Advocacy coalitions         Coalition and core
 Time perspective             beliefs
 The policy                  The ACF and

  subsystem                    developing
 Actors from within
                               countries
  the government              Agreement and

 Actors from
                               action
  outside the                 Actors

  government                  Policy innovation

                Sergio Chaparro/Rutgers
                       University                   6
                Methodology

 Subjects selected from the major entities
  involved in the discussion and creation of
  academic library digitization policy in
  Brazil
 Interview data/ Telephone/ Email

 Academic librarians/ Federal Council of
  Librarianship/ Academic Library advocates
 Legislation on information policy and
  digitization/ collection and analysis

                 Sergio Chaparro/Rutgers
                        University             7
    Digitization of academic libraries in Brazil

 IFLA members
 Brazilian Federal Council of Librarianship

 Science and Technology Ministry of Brazil

 Brazilian Information Society




                   Sergio Chaparro/Rutgers
                          University               8
 Digitization of Academic Libraries in Brazil: What
    do we expect to get from this case study?

 Academic Libraries/ government support/
  library organization advocacy
 The goal: development of an electronic
  information policy
 Government support is essential for
  developing nations
 Proposing a model not only for Brazil but
  for the rest of the world


                   Sergio Chaparro/Rutgers
                          University                  9
    Digitization of academic libraries in Brazil

 Why is this important?
 The U.S. model and the rest of the
  world
 The position of Brazil in South America
  and amongst developing nations
 The need for more in-house models

 Culture, education for librarianship, and
  infrastructure: their influences on policy


                   Sergio Chaparro/Rutgers
                          University               10
                               References

   Bastos da Cunha, M. (2000).               Da Silva, R. (2003). A sociedade
    Construindo o futuro: A biblioteca         da informacao no Brasil: Um
    universitaria brasileira em 2110.          ensaio sobre os desafios do
    Ciencia de Informacao, Brasilia,           Estado. Ciencia da Informacao,
    29 (1), pp. 71-89.                         Brasilia, 32 (1), pp. 36-41.
   Browne, M. (1997). The field of           De Boer, S. J. & Walbeek, M.
    information policy: Fundamental            M.(1999). Information technology
    concepts. Journal of Information           in developing countries: A study
    Science, 23 (4), 261-275.                  to guide policy formulation.
   Burger, R. H. (1993).                      International Journal of
    Information policy: A Framework            Information Management, 19, pp.
    for evaluation and policy                  207-218.
    research. Norwad, NJ: Ablex.              Dias, M et al. (1998). Mudancas e
                                               inovacoes: Novo modelo de
                                               organizacao e gestao de
                                               Biblioteca academica, Ciencia de
                                               Informacao, Brasilia, pp. 311-
                                               318.
                              Sergio Chaparro/Rutgers
                                     University                               11
                            References (2)

   Everett, M. (1998). Latin America         Miranda, A. (2000). Sociedade de
    On-Line: The Internet,                     informacao: globalizacao,
    development and                            identidade cultural e conteudos.
    Democratization.Human                      Ciencia de Informacao , Brasilia,
    Organization, 57 (4), 385-393.
                                               29 (2), pp. 78-88.
   Ferraz, E., Marcelino, E., and
    Kneipp, N. (2000). Web sites              Montealegre, R. (1998). Waves of
    governamentais, uma esplanada              change in adopting the Internet:
    a parte. Ciencia de Informacao,            Lessons from four Latin American
    Brasilia, 29 (1), pp. 118-125.             countries. Information
   Gomez, R. (2000). The hall of              Technology & People, 11(3), 235-
    mirrors: the Internet in Latin             260.
    America. Current History, 99              Pomim, M.L.(2002).Informacao
    (634), 72-77.                              em ciencia e tecnologia: Politicas,
   Krzyzanowski, R. & Taruhn, R.              programas e acoes
    (2000). Electronic library for             governamentais-uma revisao de
    scientific journals: Consortium
    project in Brazil. Information             literature. Ciencia da Informacao,
    Technology and Libraries, 19 (2),          Brasilia, 31 (3), pp. 99-102.
    61-65.
                              Sergio Chaparro/Rutgers
                                     University                                 12
                            References (3)

   Sabatier, P. (1999) (Ed.).                Turock, B. (1995). Who will drive
    Theories of Policy Process.                national information policy in the
    Westview: Westview Press.                  21st Century? Journal of
                                               Information, Communities and
                                               Library Science, 2 (1), 4-10.




                              Sergio Chaparro/Rutgers
                                     University                                13

				
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