The Persian Gulf War
In August 1990, Iraqi forces under the leadership of
Saddam Hussein invaded the oil-rich country of Kuwait.
UN demanded Iraq to leave Kuwait and threatened
economic sanctions if it refused.
US ordered that military force would be used to get
Iraqi forces out of Kuwait
Iraqi forces did not listen to UN or US
The United Nations authorized a multinational force
against an aggressor nation.
Canada contributed two destroyers, a supply ship, a
squadron of CF-18 fighter jets, a field hospital, and
hundreds of military personnel.
In January 1991, U.S. and coalition forces began
bombarding targets in an effort to drive Iraqi troops
Operation Desert Storm began
US and UN won the Gulf WAR
George Bush (George W. Bush’s father) introduced a
“new world order”
UN would participate as a global police force
Genocide in Rwanda
Ethnic rivalries existed in Rwanda and many people
were being killed
Belgium and France decided to get involved since they
used to control the area
UN peacekeepers led by a Canadian were sent to
This Canadian was Major General Romeo Dallaire
He discovered that there was mass killing taking place
He went to the UN and introduced his plan to stop the
UN needed to send a huge army to stop the killing
quickly and with the help of the US.
UN and US did not say yes to Dallaire’s plans
Because of no help, killings did not stop
Around a million people died (GENOCIDE)
The situation in Rwanda made people wonder how
effective the UN was.
1992 UN began “Operation Restore Hope” in Somalia
Somalia was experiencing a civil war and starvation
US and other countries like Canada helped to give
food and important supplies to Somalia
Canada’s involvement in Somalia cause a crisis in
Canada’s armed forces
Canadian soldiers attacked a Somalian teen and
The army tried to hide this, so one would know.
Canadians found out and were surprised
The crisis made Canadian army look bad
butchers or Peace keepers
Beledweyne, Somalia 1992 -
In 1989 tensions broke out amongst the 6 small republics
Conflict between the three main ethnic groups, the
Serbs, Croats, and Muslims, resulted in genocide
committed by the Serbs against the
Muslims in Bosnia.
United Nations peacekeeping missions, including
Canadian forces, were sent into the area, but hey were
unable to control the situation.
Eventually NATO threatened to take steps.
In 1995, NATO forces launched a series of air strikes
against the mainly Serbian forces of the Yugoslav army.
In 1999, the NATO alliance launched its first-ever military
operation against an independent country= Kosovo