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   The Persian Gulf War
 In August 1990, Iraqi forces under the leadership of
  Saddam Hussein invaded the oil-rich country of Kuwait.
 UN demanded Iraq to leave Kuwait and threatened
  economic sanctions if it refused.
 US ordered that military force would be used to get
  Iraqi forces out of Kuwait
 Iraqi forces did not listen to UN or US
 The United Nations authorized a multinational force
  against an aggressor nation.
 Canada contributed two destroyers, a supply ship, a
  squadron of CF-18 fighter jets, a field hospital, and
  hundreds of military personnel.
 In January 1991, U.S. and coalition forces began
  bombarding targets in an effort to drive Iraqi troops
  from Kuwait.
 Operation Desert Storm began
 US and UN won the Gulf WAR
 George Bush (George W. Bush’s father) introduced a
  “new world order”
 UN would participate as a global police force
Genocide in Rwanda
 Ethnic rivalries existed in Rwanda and many people
  were being killed
 Belgium and France decided to get involved since they
  used to control the area
 UN peacekeepers led by a Canadian were sent to
This Canadian was Major General Romeo Dallaire
 He discovered that there was mass killing taking place
  in Rwanda
 He went to the UN and introduced his plan to stop the
 UN needed to send a huge army to stop the killing
  quickly and with the help of the US.
 UN and US did not say yes to Dallaire’s plans
 Because of no help, killings did not stop
 Around a million people died (GENOCIDE)
 The situation in Rwanda made people wonder how
  effective the UN was.
  Somalia Debacle
1992 UN began “Operation Restore Hope” in Somalia
 Somalia was experiencing a civil war and starvation
 US and other countries like Canada helped to give
  food and important supplies to Somalia
 Canada’s involvement in Somalia cause a crisis in
  Canada’s armed forces
 Canadian soldiers attacked a Somalian teen and
  killed him
 The army tried to hide this, so one would know.
 Canadians found out and were surprised
 The crisis made Canadian army look bad

  butchers or Peace keepers
  Beledweyne, Somalia 1992 -
 In 1989 tensions broke out amongst the 6 small republics
  of Yugoslavia.

 Conflict between the three main ethnic groups, the
  Serbs, Croats, and Muslims, resulted in genocide
  committed by the Serbs against the
  Muslims in Bosnia.

 United Nations peacekeeping missions, including
  Canadian forces, were sent into the area, but hey were
  unable to control the situation.

 Eventually NATO threatened to take steps.
 In 1995, NATO forces launched a series of air strikes
  against the mainly Serbian forces of the Yugoslav army.
 In 1999, the NATO alliance launched its first-ever military
  operation against an independent country= Kosovo

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