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					            Strategic Science Teaching
             Grade Two – Life Science
                       Connecting Literature with the
                        California Science Standards




1   SST 2nd/Life Science
                           A model lesson for each grade
                           level:
                              • Literature selection
                              • Science Standards
                              • Literacy Strategy
                              • Science Investigation




2   SST 2nd/Life Science
                 http://www.cde.ca.gov/ci/sc/ll/
3   SST 2nd/Life Science
    Browse The Elements Of The Lesson
     Standards Alignment
     Lesson at a Glance
     Teacher Background
     Materials and Advanced Preparation
     Teacher Tips
     Common Misconceptions
     Explicit script for delivering the lesson through the
      5E instructional model
     Teacher Reflection
     Teacher and Student pages
4   SST 2nd/Life Science
    The 5E Model of Instruction




5     SST 2nd/Life Science
                              The Very Hungry Caterpillar
                                      by Eric Carle
                                 Caterpillar Capers
 Essential Question:
    How do the changes that occur in the life cycle of a butterfly compare
    with the changes in the life cycle of other living things?
 Student Outcomes:
     Students learn about the stages in a butterfly’s life cycle and recognize the
      similarities and differences to the life cycle stages of other living things.
     Students observe the life cycle of a butterfly and compare this life cycle to
      those of other living things.
     Students use “Graphic Outlining” to illustrate information from a fictional
      story and compare this information to their observations.

6      SST 2nd/Life Science
                  The 5E Learning Cycle

    Engage
              Look at a picture of an adult animal.
    What do you think the animal looked like when it was born?



7   SST 2nd/Life Science
    Examples of different animals
     A giraffe looks the same when it is born and when it
      becomes an adult.

     A panda bear is very tiny when it is born and grows to
      become a very large animal.

     A caterpillar transforms into a butterfly.




8      SST 2nd/Life Science
    Explore – Part 1

     Set up the butterfly or moth habitat in an appropriate container
      for student observation.

     Ask students to use their hand lens and observe the insect’s egg,
      then draw and write about what they see.

     Continue observation time over several weeks as butterfly or
      moth goes through different stages and have students draw and
      write to record their information.

9      SST 2nd/Life Science
     Explain –Part 1
      At each stage, share student observations with the class and
        discuss similarities and differences between observations.

      Label drawings with stage names: egg, larva (caterpillar),
        pupa (chrysalis or cocoon), adult (butterfly or moth).




10   SST 2nd/Life Science
     Explore – Part 1

        Setting up to observe a life cycle

        •Set up the butterfly or moth habitat in an appropriate container
        for student observation.
        •Ask students to use their hand lens to observe the insect’s egg,
        then draw and write about what they see. (Graphic Outlining)
        •Continue observation time over several weeks as butterfly or
        moth goes through different stages and have students draw and
        write to record their information.

11     SST 2nd/Life Science
     Graphic Outlining (it takes practice!)
      Graphic Outlining is a method of representing information from
       a text so that the organizational pattern of the text is highlighted.
      It helps students understand what they read by leading them to
       predict and organize information that they encounter.




12       SST 2nd/Life Science
     Explain – Part 1

              Tracking changes over time

      •Assist students with labeling and appropriate names for each stage
      they observe
           •Egg
           •Larva / caterpillar
           •Pupa / chrysalis / cocoon
           •Adult / butterfly / moth


13     SST 2nd/Life Science
     Explore – Part 2

          Predict what the story is about

       •Show the cover of TheVery Hungry Caterpillar and chart student’s
       predictions of what the story is about.
       •Read aloud the book, pointing out changes in the organism as
       they happen
       •Was there anything they think was not real in the story?




14     SST 2nd/Life Science
     Evaluate
      Students research in books and/or on the internet the life
       cycle of two other living things.

      Illustrate the stages of each organism’s life cycle and
       sequence the cycle. Share their drawings.




15      SST 2nd/Life Science
     Elaborate

                       Compare Life Cycles

           •Ask students to sequence the stages of a frog’s life
           cycle

           •Compare these stages with the stages of the
           butterfly.


16     SST 2nd/Life Science
     Teacher Reflection
      How does the student work provide evidence that they
       learned that all organisms have a life cycle with identifiable
       stages and can explain the four stages in the butterfly’s life
       cycle.

      What instructional strategies used in this lesson promote
       student understanding? How do you know?

      How does the literature selection support student
       understanding of the science concepts?

      How would you modify instruction to ensure understanding
       of student outcomes by all students?
17      SST 2nd/Life Science
             Strategic Science Teaching
      Provided by CISC-Science Sub-Committee
     Your presenter will provide local contact information or you may contact
     your County Office of Education Science Specialist for more information.
                         Bibliography located in the publication:
      Strategic Science Teaching Grades K-12: A Sampler of Science Lessons Connecting
                     Literature with California Standards, 2002, CDE

      http://www.ccsesa.org/index/subCommittees.cfm?cid=120
18        SST 2nd/Life Science

				
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