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STATUS OF NEGOTIATIONS AS AT THE END OF PANAMA SESSION

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STATUS OF NEGOTIATIONS AS AT THE END OF PANAMA SESSION Powered By Docstoc
					Margaret Mukahanana Sangarwe
SHARED VISION FOR LONG TERM
COOPERATIVE ACTION
 There was a shared vision in paragraphs 1-7 of the
  Cancun Decision
 The Cancun Decision requested Parties to agree on a
  long term global goal to substantially reduce emissions
  by 2050 and timetable for peaking to be adopted by
  the COP at its 17th Session in Durban
 Bangkok agenda provided for inclusion of other issues
  not concluded in Cancun
SHARED VISION (CONT.)
 Additional issues have been added to the shared vision
  text including, Trade, Shared visions for all the Bali
  building blocks, rights of Mother Earth, human rights,
  Equity and equitable access to sustainable
  development, historical responsibility, carbon budget,
  International Climate Court of Justice, warfare, and
  response measures.
 No shared vision and no prospects for agreement on
  the Long term global goal for emissions reduction nor
  timescale for peaking of emissions. There may be need
  to political intervention on this issue.
ADAPTATION
 An advanced text has come out of Panama but still
  divergent views on: reporting relationship with the
  COP, relationship with the financial mechanism and
  the different funds, relationship with the TEC and the
  composition of the Adaptation Committee.
 There is also concern aboutlack of cohesion among the
  different aspects of adaptation under various bodies
  such as, programme on loss and damage, adaptation
  plans, adaptation commitee and the Nairobi Work
  Programme.
TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT AND
TRANSFER
 Three issues are under discussion:
 Governance of the Climate Technology Centre and
    Network and relationship to the TEC;
   Procedure for call of proposals and on criteria to be
    used to evaluate and select the host of the CTCN; and
   Funding for the CTCN.
   Divergent views remain on all the items and options
    remain on the table for further discussion in Durban.
   A draft text was forwarded to Durban for further
    consideration.
CAPACITY BUILDING
 Discussions in Panama were based on a technical
  paper prepared by the Secretariat on capacity building
  initiatives in other institutions and under the
  Convention.
 Presentations were made by facilitators from other
  informal groups and by GEF on capacity building
  initiatives under their respective mandates followed by
  a discussion among Parties on the adequacy of those
  initiatives.
CAPACITY BUILDING (CONT.)
 There are still divergent views on the adequacy of the
  current initiatives to address capacity building.
 A compilation text was produced by the facilitator on
  ways to enhance monitoring and review of the
  effectiveness of capacity building initiatives and
  modalities regarding institutional arrangements and
  reporting by Parties on capacity building.
MITIGATIONS COMMITMENTS OR
ACTIONS BY DEVELOPED
COUNTRIES
The Co-facilitator developed non-papers on:
 Possible elements for draft guidelines for Biennial
  reports for developed countries
 Possible elements of modalities and procedures for
  International Assessment and Review including
  objectives, process and output of the review.
 Summary of discussion on level of ambition and how
  to increase it.
NAMAs BY DEVELOPING
COUNTRIES
 There was discussion and compilation of non-papers
  on:
 Possible elements for draft guidelines for biennial
  update reports from developing country Parties
 NAMA registry, its functions, modalities and
  relationship to the financial mechanism.
 Possible elements of modalities and procedures for
  ICA
 A co-facilitator’s paper on NAMAs by developing
  countries
POLICY APPROACHES AND
POSITIVE INCENTIVES – REDD+
 The Panama discussions focused on sources of funding
  for the full implementation phase of REDD+ activities.
 There was a proposal to have a REDD+ window within
  the Green Climate Fund
 Discussions under this item depended to a greater
  extend on the results of the work of the Transitional
  Committee and that of SBSTA on REDD+
VARIOUS APPROACHES INCLUDING OPPORTUNITIES TO
USE MARKETS AND NON-MARKETS
 Discussions centred on the mandate to discuss new
  market mechanisms
 An 18-page compilation document was compiled based
  on Parties views.
 Parties were going to streamline the compilation
  document before Durban
 This is also linked with the discussion under Kyoto on
  market mechanisms
VARIOUS APPROACHES (cont.)
 The possibility of adopting one or more market
 mechanisms at COP 17 seems difficult given the
 progress on negotiations under this item.
ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL CONSQUENCES OF RESPONSE MEASURES




 There was no agreement on what to discuss under this
  agenda item given that the same issues were being
  discussed under SBSTA, SBI and the KP.
 The main issues discussed in Panama were trade,
  forum, support and just transition
 There was no compilation text on this issue and
  discussions will continue in Durban.
FINANCE
 The discussion centred on two main issues:
 The standing committee
 Long term sources of finance
Consolidated facilitator’s texts were and on long-term
 finance and on the standing committee after long
 discussion on whether AWG-LCA had the mandate of
 discussing long-term finance.
These will be forwarded to Durban for further
 consideration
THE REVIEW
 Parties were tasked to further define the scope and
  develop the modalities for the review.
 Non-paper was quite advanced with divergent views on
  the scope of the review.
 A late proposal by Australia and AOSIS on a committee
  to carry out the review was not discussed in detail.
 The non-paper to form the basis for negotiations in
  Durban.
Legal Options
 There is general agreement that Durban cannot
  produce a legally-binding outcome but that it could
  agree on a process to reach that goal
 Discussions result in a menu of legal options by the
  facilitator setting out a number of options for the
  Durban outcome:
  - A mandate to conclude a legally-binding instrument
  with a clear roadmap
LEGAL OPTIONS (CONT.)
 -Declaration regarding a future instrument leaving the
 legal form open
 -Continuing discussions to identify the appropriate
 form of the different elements of the agreed outcome
 -Affirming the importance of a legally-binding
 instrument and continuing to address the Bali Action
 Plan pillars
Discussions on this item will continue in Durban.
AWG-KP
 The following issues were under consideration:
 Clarifying mitigation targets and possible nature and
  content of rules for the 2nd CP
 Flexibility mechanisms
 LULUCF rules
 Potential Consequences
 Methodological issues
AWG-KP (cont.)
 Useful discussions on transformation of pledges to
 QELROS, LULUCF, and Mechanisms are reflected in a
 revised CRP by the chair to be forwarded to Durban for
 further consideration.

				
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