Margaret Mukahanana Sangarwe
SHARED VISION FOR LONG TERM
There was a shared vision in paragraphs 1-7 of the
The Cancun Decision requested Parties to agree on a
long term global goal to substantially reduce emissions
by 2050 and timetable for peaking to be adopted by
the COP at its 17th Session in Durban
Bangkok agenda provided for inclusion of other issues
not concluded in Cancun
SHARED VISION (CONT.)
Additional issues have been added to the shared vision
text including, Trade, Shared visions for all the Bali
building blocks, rights of Mother Earth, human rights,
Equity and equitable access to sustainable
development, historical responsibility, carbon budget,
International Climate Court of Justice, warfare, and
No shared vision and no prospects for agreement on
the Long term global goal for emissions reduction nor
timescale for peaking of emissions. There may be need
to political intervention on this issue.
An advanced text has come out of Panama but still
divergent views on: reporting relationship with the
COP, relationship with the financial mechanism and
the different funds, relationship with the TEC and the
composition of the Adaptation Committee.
There is also concern aboutlack of cohesion among the
different aspects of adaptation under various bodies
such as, programme on loss and damage, adaptation
plans, adaptation commitee and the Nairobi Work
TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT AND
Three issues are under discussion:
Governance of the Climate Technology Centre and
Network and relationship to the TEC;
Procedure for call of proposals and on criteria to be
used to evaluate and select the host of the CTCN; and
Funding for the CTCN.
Divergent views remain on all the items and options
remain on the table for further discussion in Durban.
A draft text was forwarded to Durban for further
Discussions in Panama were based on a technical
paper prepared by the Secretariat on capacity building
initiatives in other institutions and under the
Presentations were made by facilitators from other
informal groups and by GEF on capacity building
initiatives under their respective mandates followed by
a discussion among Parties on the adequacy of those
CAPACITY BUILDING (CONT.)
There are still divergent views on the adequacy of the
current initiatives to address capacity building.
A compilation text was produced by the facilitator on
ways to enhance monitoring and review of the
effectiveness of capacity building initiatives and
modalities regarding institutional arrangements and
reporting by Parties on capacity building.
MITIGATIONS COMMITMENTS OR
ACTIONS BY DEVELOPED
The Co-facilitator developed non-papers on:
Possible elements for draft guidelines for Biennial
reports for developed countries
Possible elements of modalities and procedures for
International Assessment and Review including
objectives, process and output of the review.
Summary of discussion on level of ambition and how
to increase it.
NAMAs BY DEVELOPING
There was discussion and compilation of non-papers
Possible elements for draft guidelines for biennial
update reports from developing country Parties
NAMA registry, its functions, modalities and
relationship to the financial mechanism.
Possible elements of modalities and procedures for
A co-facilitator’s paper on NAMAs by developing
POLICY APPROACHES AND
POSITIVE INCENTIVES – REDD+
The Panama discussions focused on sources of funding
for the full implementation phase of REDD+ activities.
There was a proposal to have a REDD+ window within
the Green Climate Fund
Discussions under this item depended to a greater
extend on the results of the work of the Transitional
Committee and that of SBSTA on REDD+
VARIOUS APPROACHES INCLUDING OPPORTUNITIES TO
USE MARKETS AND NON-MARKETS
Discussions centred on the mandate to discuss new
An 18-page compilation document was compiled based
on Parties views.
Parties were going to streamline the compilation
document before Durban
This is also linked with the discussion under Kyoto on
VARIOUS APPROACHES (cont.)
The possibility of adopting one or more market
mechanisms at COP 17 seems difficult given the
progress on negotiations under this item.
ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL CONSQUENCES OF RESPONSE MEASURES
There was no agreement on what to discuss under this
agenda item given that the same issues were being
discussed under SBSTA, SBI and the KP.
The main issues discussed in Panama were trade,
forum, support and just transition
There was no compilation text on this issue and
discussions will continue in Durban.
The discussion centred on two main issues:
The standing committee
Long term sources of finance
Consolidated facilitator’s texts were and on long-term
finance and on the standing committee after long
discussion on whether AWG-LCA had the mandate of
discussing long-term finance.
These will be forwarded to Durban for further
Parties were tasked to further define the scope and
develop the modalities for the review.
Non-paper was quite advanced with divergent views on
the scope of the review.
A late proposal by Australia and AOSIS on a committee
to carry out the review was not discussed in detail.
The non-paper to form the basis for negotiations in
There is general agreement that Durban cannot
produce a legally-binding outcome but that it could
agree on a process to reach that goal
Discussions result in a menu of legal options by the
facilitator setting out a number of options for the
- A mandate to conclude a legally-binding instrument
with a clear roadmap
LEGAL OPTIONS (CONT.)
-Declaration regarding a future instrument leaving the
legal form open
-Continuing discussions to identify the appropriate
form of the different elements of the agreed outcome
-Affirming the importance of a legally-binding
instrument and continuing to address the Bali Action
Discussions on this item will continue in Durban.
The following issues were under consideration:
Clarifying mitigation targets and possible nature and
content of rules for the 2nd CP
Useful discussions on transformation of pledges to
QELROS, LULUCF, and Mechanisms are reflected in a
revised CRP by the chair to be forwarded to Durban for