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					 Autism
Spectrum
Disorder
  (ASD)
 Megan Bergland
 Kristen Norkus
     Ten Things Every Child
     with Autism Wishes you
     knew
1.   I am a child. I have autism. I am not primarily “autistic”.

2.   My sensory perceptions are disordered.

3.   I am a concrete thinker. I interpret language literally.

4.   Because language is so difficult for me, I am very visually oriented.

5.   Distinguish between won’t and can’t.

6.   Be patient with my limited vocabulary.

7.   Focus and build on what I can do rather than what I can’t do.

8.   Help me with social interactions.

9.   Identify what triggers my meltdowns.

10. Love me unconditionally.
                                                                             2004 Ellen Notbohm
      What is Autism?
   Autism is a developmental disorder that
   occurs in 1 out of every 166 births. This
affects a child’s ability to communicate and
     interact socially and typically becomes
evident within the first three years of life.
           The cause and cure are unknown.




                               Life Journey Through Autism: An
                                              Educators Guide
Autism Spectrum Disorders
(ASD)

•   Autism

•   Asperger Syndrome

•   Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD)



*Autism affects males more often than females (4 to
  1 ratio)




                                      Life Journey Through Autism: An Educators Guide
Characteristics of Autism

                          Social Interactions
   Challenges interpreting non-verbal language

   Rigid adherence to the rules

   Poor judge of personal space

   Trouble controlling emotions and anxieties

   Lack of eye contact

   Difficulty with pretend play

   Lack of facial expressions

   Trouble interpreting the facial expressions of others

   Difficulty understanding another persons perspective or
    how their own behavior affects others


                                                            Organization for Autism Research
Characteristics of Autism
Cont.

                   Communication Challenges

   Often delayed in expressive and receptive language (may
    not speak at all)

   Very literal understanding of speech

   Repeats phrases recently stated




                                                     Organization for Autism Research
Characteristics of Autism
Cont.

                      Behavior Differences

   Intense or restricted interest in things (maps, dates,
    coins, numbers, train schedules)

   Unusual repetitive behavior

   Sensory sensitivities

   Difficulty with transitions

   Possible aggressive, disruptive, or self injurious
    behavior




                                                         Organization for Autism Research
Sensory Snafus
Don’t overlook these…



 Flickering, glaring      Unnecessary noises
 fluorescent lights
                           Visual overload
 Wrong sized seats and
 desks                     Poorly planned seating
                           arrangements
 Long periods without
 movement




                                          Autism Asperger’s Digest
Common Misconceptions

   Children with Autism can’t establish or
    maintain meaningful relationships with
    others… FALSE !

   When children with Autism do not
    respond to the use of language, or they
    act out in class, it is because they are
    ignoring you, trying to clown around, or
    wasting class time… FALSE !

   The only word that describes me is
    Autistic… FALSE !
Ways to Help Autistic
Students in the Classroom
   Slow down transitions             Consistent routines (allow
                                       adjustment time for changes)
   Utilize alternative tasks
                                      Create positive social
   Zero in on positives               situations

   Put student in a comfortable      Avoid multitasking (clear,
    area in the classroom              concise directions)
       Low traffic area
                                      Don’t make ASD an excuse
       Away from distractions
       Avoid sensory issues          Never give up

   Focus on talents




                                                            Autism Asperger’s Digest
Skills Club
This is a place where students with Autism can learn
and practice new skills and behaviors to help them
communicate and interact socially.


   Hands to myself

   Personal space

   Giving an answer in class


In skills club, students learn by observing and
imitating the behavior of others.
Helpful Hints

 Always communicate with parents…
 they are your best resource!

 Constantly inform staff regarding a
 student with Autism

 Help the substitute teacher
   Include key information in
     substitute plans about the student
    Include a picture of the student
             •Get them moving
             •Visibly display rules and
             routines
             •Verbal and non-verbal cues
             •Individual instructions
             •Provide checklists
             •Set clear boundaries and
             directions
  In our     •Consistent classroom
             management strategies
Classrooms   •Provide warning before
             transitions
          The prevalence
       rate of Autism has
            sky rocketed!
                         No one really knows why

  Maybe, due to the broader definition of Autism

Maybe, due to the increasing awareness of Autism
                     among medical professionals




                     Life Journey Through Autism: An Educators Guide
References
Autism spectrum disorders: pervasive developmental disorders. (2004).
Bethesda, MD: National Institute of Mental Health.

Gerlach, J. (2007, September-October). 10 ways to help children on the autism
spectrum succeed in school: tips for educators. Autism Asperger's Digest, 12-
13, 21.

Life journey through autism: an educator’s guide. (2004). Arlington, VA:
Organization for Autism Research.

Notbohm, E. (2005) Ten things every child with autism wishes you knew.
Retrieved from http://www.ellennotbohm.com/article-archive/ten-things-
every-child-with-autism-wishes-you-knew/.

Notbohm, E., & Zysk, V. (2006). Help for the substitute teacher. 1001 Great
Ideas for Teaching and Raising Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders.

Robinson, K. (2011). ASD Resource Teacher at C.A. Frost Environmental
Academy.

				
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