PowerPoint Presentation - The Revolutionary Era by dffhrtcv3


									                                             The Revolutionary Era
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   Stuff to remember:
                                       • Sugar Act (1764)
                                       • Stamp Act (internal tax)
                                       • Townshend Acts (total right
                                         to search)
                                       • British East India Co.
                                       • Boston Massacre (1770)
                                       • Boston Tea Party (1773)
                                       • Battle of Lexington (1775)

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• Who pays for the F&I War?

• The colonists! GB decided the colonies should help
  pay for the war that was fought to protect them
• Up first: The Sugar Act.
• Quartering Act called for the colonists to provide food,
  fuel (wood) living space and transportation for soldiers
  in America.
• This had been the policy in Britain for some time, so
  why did the Americans react so badly?
• The colonists were not accustomed to having taxes.
  Or rules.
• The Stamp Act (internal tax)
• Britain eventually repeals the Stamp Act, but
  passes the Townshend Acts
• The Townshend Acts taxed some goods
  imported from England, but more importantly,
  gave British customs officers the power to search
  anyone’s house looking for smuggled goods w/o
  a warrant
• These laws raised such opposition in the
  colonies that troops were sent to enforce the
• Parliament partially repealed the Townshend
• In 1773 Britain gave the British East India Co. the
  near-monopoly on the tea market with the Tea
  Act, which required all tea to be purchased form
  that Co. The tax was very small…less than
  Englishmen were paying in Britian, but the
  colonists saw it as an attack on their rights
• What did the Sons of Liberty in Boston do in
  response to the Tea Act?
• The British responded to the Boston
   Tea Party with the Intolerable Acts.
• The Boston Massacre..so who was
  this Crispus Attucks guy?                          Qui ckTi me™ and a
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• In the murder trial of the soldiers who fired the
  fatal shots, John Adams, serving as a lawyer for
  the crown, reviled the "mad behavior" of Attucks,
  "whose very looks was enough to terrify any
• Although Attucks was credited as the leader and
  instigator of the event, debate raged for over as
  century as to whether he was a hero and a
  patriot, or a rabble-rousing villain.

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• In response to the British oppression, the first
  Continental Congress met in Sept, 1774
• They agreed to issue a Declaration of Rights to
  protest British actions, form a militia, boycott
  certain English goods, and meet in the spring.

  War broke out when
  the British Army was
  ordered to arrest
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  rebellion and seize
  arms and munitions
  stored in Concord.
• Paul Revere and other riders warned colonists
  that the British were approaching.
• The British faced some 70 “minutemen” on the
  green at Lexington. The “shot heard round the
  world” of unknown origin started the fight which
  left eight colonists dead.

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• May 1775, Second Continental Congress meets
• Even though many representatives felt allegiance to
  King George the delegates rejected Parliament’s
  authority to tax the colonies.
• SCC also created the Continental Army, led by
  George Washington, and other delegates sent a
  reconciliatory message to the King.
• The King refused to read the message

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• The King’s reaction to the Olive Branch Petition
  angered the colonists
• Thomas Paine wrote “Common Sense” in which
  he condemned the King and the whole system of
  monarchy. Paine advocated a declaration of
• What Enlightenment thinking did Paine base his
• Locke, Rousseau, and Hobbs
• After Virginia issued it’s own Declaration of
  Independence, a committee of the Second
  Continental congress began to draft the
  Declaration of Independence. The final draft voted
  on July 4th, 1776.
• In the eyes of the crown, the colonists were now
  rebels and traitors.
• What risk did the signers of the Declaration of
  Independence take in following this course of
• Key Battles:
• Bunker Hill- Boston: The British won, but the fight
  the 10,000 militia put up encouraged the troops
  to continue
• Dorchester Heights-Washington recaptured
  Boston in March of 1776, forcing the British to
  withdraw from the city.

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