Chapter 4: Federalism Date Federalism ✤ Federalism: The Division of Power ✤ The National Government and the 50 States ✤ Interstate Relations Federalism: The Division of Power ✤ Federalism is a system of government in which a written constitution divides the powers of government on a territorial basis between a central, or national, government and several regional governments, usually called states or provinces. National vs State Powers Powers approved, or denied, of the National Government ✤ Expressed, or enumerated, powers (spelled out; expressed) ✤ Implied powers (implied; reasonably suggested) ✤ Inherent Powers (government of a sovereign state; historically possessed) The States ✤ Reserved Powers - powers that the Constitution does not grant to the National Government and does not, at the same time, deny to the States. ✤ Denied Powers Exclusive & Concurrent Powers The Supremacy Clause US Constitution Acts of Congress & Treaties State Constitutions State Statues City & County Charters & Ordinances 4.1 Activity: Vocabulary (page 110) - notebook Tic-Tac-Toe: 3 in a row Choose 3 of the activities to complete Write a well-written paragraph Use 8 Key Terms in Original Create a mini-quiz on 8 Key on Government, using 8 Key Sentences (underline words) Terms Terms (underline the words Create a comic strip about the Choose 8 Key terms to define in your own words FREE SPACE division powers, using 8 Key Terms (underline words) Create a word search for 8 of Create a Crossword puzzle with Complete pg. 110 #1-10 the Key Terms (provide an 8 of the Key Terms (provide an (write questions & answers) answer key) answer key) 4.2 The National Government and the 50 states The Nation’s Obligations to the States ✤ Republican Form of Government ✤ Invasion and Internal Disorder ✤ Respect for Territorial Integrity Representative Government Invasion and Internal Disorder Respect for Territorial Integrity ✤ The National Government MUST recognize the legal existence and the physical boundaries of each State. Admitting New States ✤ Only congress has the power to admit new states ✤ Cannot acquire a new state or territory from one or more existing States without the consent of the Legislature(s) of the the State(s) involved ✤ Steps: 1. Asks Permission 2. Enabling Act – State Puerto Rico: “To be or Constitution not to be?” 3. Act of Admission – State created Conditions for Admission ✤ Congress CAN set certain conditions prior to Admission. ✤ Utah outlaws Polygamy ✤ Alaska prohibited to claim Native American land ✤ Congress CANNOT impose conditions of a political nature on the States. ✤ Oklahoma and Coyle v. Smith, 1911 – State Capital (Guthrie to Oklahoma City) ✤ Arizona recalls members of State Judiciary Cooperative Federalism ✤ Federal Grants-in-Aid ✤ Other Forms of Federal Aid ✤ Revenue Sharing ✤ FBI & State/Local Police ✤ Types of Federal Grants ✤ Army/Air Force & State National Guard ✤ Categorical Grants – specific ✤ State Aid to the National Government ✤ Block Grants - broad ✤ Elections ✤ Project Grants – State, localities, & private ✤ Naturalization 4.2 Activity – Admission Process (pgs. 99-100) notebook ✤ You are living in a new US territory that is seeking Statehood in the USA. ✤ Based on what you have learned, create a graphic organizer that illustrates the process of admission to the USA in order for the territory to become a state. ✤ In 3-5 sentences, compare your graphic organizer, or chart, to how Alaska and Hawaii gained admission to the USA and became a state. What was similar and what was difference. Homework ✤ Work on Presidential Difference Paper … Due Next Week!!! ✤ Guided Reading workbook pgs. 28-30, Due next class … Quiz: Presidential Difference ✤ Take out a ½ sheet of paper ✤ Head it: Name, Date, and Period ✤ Title it: Presidential Difference Chapters 8-9 Quiz: Presidential Difference ✤ Compare and Contrast Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter. Explain their strengths and weaknesses. (You should have at least two strengths and weaknesses for each president.) ✤ Your answer should be between 1-3 paragraphs. 4.3 Interstate Relations Interstate Compacts ✤ Interstate compacts are agreements among themselves and with foreign states ✤ Examples: ✤ NY & NJ ✤ The Compact for the provision of Paroles and Probationers ✤ The Compact on Juveniles Full Faith and Credit ✤ “Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each State to the public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of every other State. ✤ Exceptions ✤ Only Civil not Criminal ✤ Divorce ✤ Williams v. North Carolina Extradition ✤ Article IV, Section 2, Clause 2: “A Person charged in any State with Treason, Felony, or other Crime, who shall flee from Justice, and be found in another State, shall on Demand of the executive Authority of the State from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having Jurisdiction of the Crime.” ✤ Kentucky v. Dennison ✤ Puerto Rico v. Branstad Privileges and Immunities ✤ “The Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the several States.” - Article IV, Section 2, Clause 1 ✤ Hicklin v. Orbeck, 1978 (Employment preferences) ✤ Saenz v. Roe, 1999 (Welfare benefits) 4.3 Activity – Create a State notebook foldable ✤ Create a “new” state that lies within the current US boundaries ✤ Example, split FL, TX, or CA into 2 parts creating a “new” state ✤ Provide information on its location, boundaries (map), and most abundant resources ✤ Now, make a list of 3-5 State laws that are most important to the State’s people. ✤ Write 2-4 sentences discussing interstate compacts or other agreements that would benefit both states. How has the Constitution eased tension among States by promoting cooperation among them.
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