Chapter 4 Federalism by yurtgc548


									Chapter 4: Federalism

✤   Federalism: The Division of Power

✤   The National Government and the 50 States

✤   Interstate Relations
Federalism: The Division of

✤   Federalism is a system of government in which a written constitution
    divides the powers of government on a territorial basis between a
    central, or national, government and several regional governments,
    usually called states or provinces.
National vs State Powers
Powers approved, or denied, of
the National Government

✤   Expressed, or enumerated, powers (spelled out; expressed)

✤   Implied powers (implied; reasonably suggested)

✤   Inherent Powers (government of a sovereign state; historically
The States

✤   Reserved Powers - powers that the Constitution does not grant to the
    National Government and does not, at the same time, deny to the

✤   Denied Powers
Exclusive & Concurrent Powers
The Supremacy Clause

                                             Acts of
                                           Congress &


           State Statues

City & County
 Charters &
4.1 Activity: Vocabulary
(page 110) - notebook
                     Tic-Tac-Toe: 3 in a row
               Choose 3 of the activities to complete
                                  Write a well-written paragraph
 Use 8 Key Terms in Original                                        Create a mini-quiz on 8 Key
                                  on Government, using 8 Key
 Sentences (underline words)                                                  Terms
                                   Terms (underline the words

                                                                   Create a comic strip about the
Choose 8 Key terms to define in
       your own words                FREE SPACE                     division powers, using 8 Key
                                                                      Terms (underline words)

                                  Create a word search for 8 of    Create a Crossword puzzle with
    Complete pg. 110 #1-10
                                   the Key Terms (provide an       8 of the Key Terms (provide an
  (write questions & answers)
                                          answer key)                        answer key)
4.2 The National Government
and the 50 states
The Nation’s Obligations to the

✤   Republican Form of Government

✤   Invasion and Internal Disorder

✤   Respect for Territorial Integrity
Representative Government
Invasion and Internal Disorder
Respect for Territorial Integrity

 ✤   The National Government MUST recognize the legal existence
     and the physical boundaries of each State.
Admitting New States
 ✤   Only congress has the power to
     admit new states

 ✤   Cannot acquire a new state or
     territory from one or more
     existing States without the
     consent of the Legislature(s) of
     the the State(s) involved

 ✤   Steps:

     1. Asks Permission

     2. Enabling Act – State            Puerto Rico: “To be or
        Constitution                         not to be?”
     3. Act of Admission – State
Conditions for Admission

✤   Congress CAN set certain conditions prior to Admission.

    ✤   Utah outlaws Polygamy

    ✤   Alaska prohibited to claim Native American land

✤   Congress CANNOT impose conditions of a political nature on the

    ✤   Oklahoma and Coyle v. Smith, 1911 – State Capital (Guthrie to
        Oklahoma City)

    ✤   Arizona recalls members of State Judiciary
Cooperative Federalism
✤   Federal Grants-in-Aid         ✤   Other Forms of Federal Aid

✤   Revenue Sharing               ✤   FBI & State/Local Police

✤   Types of Federal Grants       ✤   Army/Air Force & State
                                      National Guard
    ✤   Categorical Grants –
        specific                  ✤   State Aid to the National
    ✤   Block Grants - broad
                                  ✤   Elections
    ✤   Project Grants – State,
        localities, & private     ✤   Naturalization
4.2 Activity – Admission Process
(pgs. 99-100) notebook

✤   You are living in a new US territory that is seeking Statehood in
    the USA.

✤   Based on what you have learned, create a graphic organizer
    that illustrates the process of admission to the USA in order
    for the territory to become a state.

✤   In 3-5 sentences, compare your graphic organizer, or chart, to
    how Alaska and Hawaii gained admission to the USA and became
    a state. What was similar and what was difference.

✤   Work on Presidential Difference Paper … Due Next Week!!!

✤   Guided Reading workbook pgs. 28-30, Due next class …
Quiz: Presidential Difference

✤   Take out a ½ sheet of paper

✤   Head it: Name, Date, and Period

✤   Title it: Presidential Difference Chapters 8-9
Quiz: Presidential Difference

✤   Compare and Contrast Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter.
    Explain their strengths and weaknesses. (You should
    have at least two strengths and weaknesses for each

✤   Your answer should be between 1-3 paragraphs.
4.3 Interstate Relations
Interstate Compacts
✤   Interstate compacts are
    agreements among
    themselves and with foreign

✤   Examples:

    ✤   NY & NJ

    ✤   The Compact for the
        provision of Paroles and

    ✤   The Compact on Juveniles
Full Faith and Credit
✤   “Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each State to the public
    Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of every other State.

✤   Exceptions

    ✤   Only Civil not Criminal

    ✤   Divorce

        ✤   Williams v. North Carolina
              ✤   Article IV, Section 2, Clause 2:
                  “A Person charged in any State
                  with Treason, Felony, or other
                  Crime, who shall flee from
                  Justice, and be found in
                  another State, shall on Demand
                  of the executive Authority of the
                  State from which he fled, be
                  delivered up, to be removed to
                  the State having Jurisdiction of
                  the Crime.”

              ✤   Kentucky v. Dennison

              ✤   Puerto Rico v. Branstad
Privileges and Immunities
✤   “The Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all Privileges and
    Immunities of Citizens in the several States.” - Article IV, Section
    2, Clause 1

✤   Hicklin v. Orbeck, 1978 (Employment preferences)

✤   Saenz v. Roe, 1999 (Welfare benefits)
4.3 Activity – Create a State
notebook foldable
✤   Create a “new” state that lies within the current US boundaries

    ✤   Example, split FL, TX, or CA into 2 parts creating a “new” state

    ✤   Provide information on its location, boundaries (map), and most
        abundant resources

✤   Now, make a list of 3-5 State laws that are most important to the
    State’s people.

✤   Write 2-4 sentences discussing interstate compacts or other
    agreements that would benefit both states. How has the
    Constitution eased tension among States by promoting
    cooperation among them.

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