Have you been outside Culture the U.S.? As you enter, write the •Values names of any countries •Norms you have visited or lived in on the board. •Assignment 3 details Use a tally mark if someone has already written it. “From my own experience, there is no question that the speed with which you are able to achieve your goals is directly related to how clearly and how often you visualize them.” –Charles Givens (best-selling author of financial literacy books) Culture Total way of life shared by members of a community 5 Characteristics of Culture • Is learned • Is taken for granted (“the last thing a fish would notice is water”) • Is symbolic • Is constantly changing • Effects how we perceive and evaluate the world around us Culture exists on 3 levels Symbolic Behavioral Concrete Our beliefs and What we do (how Artifacts, music, values we behave) food, and artistic works Non-material culture Material culture What culture is NOT Think of a typical “multicultural day” • Just artifacts or material used by a people • Biological traits such as race Values: shared beliefs about what is important • General guidelines for behavior • Ex: respect for elders • Ideas of what people should give importance to What do you we value in the United States? Values in the U.S. Sociologist Robin Williams identified the following as core values in the U.S. in 1965 • Achievement and success Do we have the • Individualism same values now? • Activity/Work • Efficiency and practicality • Science and technology • Material comfort • Love • Education • Freedom Value contradictions: two different values that can contradict each other Example: material comfort can contradict concern for the environment Value Contradictions. Do some of these values contradict each other? How so? • Achievement and success • Healthy Lifestyles • Individualism • Concern for the • Activity/Work Environment • Efficiency and practicality • Freedom • Science and technology • Self-fulfillment • Material comfort • Progress • Love • Humanitarianism • Education • Equality • Religion • Safety Example: Material comfort and concern for the environment Ideal Culture vs Real Culture: one value that a society feels is important but may not really value Example: education (free public education for K-12, but also lots of budget cuts) Ideal Culture vs Real Culture: one value that a society feels is important but may not really value Example: safety for children Ideal culture vs. Real culture Do we really value what we like to say we value? Discuss in groups of 1-4 1. Pick one value. 4 mins 2. What are 2 ways we do value this? 3. What are 2 ways we do not? Love Healthy lifestyles Freedom Environmental concern Equality Religion Work/productivity Humanitarianism (helping others) Value contradictions: two different values that can contradict each other Ideal Culture vs Real Culture: one value that a society feels is important but may not really value Culture shock Disorientation that occurs when entering an unfamiliar culture Enter with openness or Enter with suspicion or fear desire to learn Feeling confusion, tension, Feeling confusion, tension, embarrassment, frustration embarrassment, frustration Observe, listen, ask Criticize, judge, withdraw, questions focus on why your way is better Understanding Alienation, isolation Culture Shock Disorientation that occurs when entering an unfamiliar culture Have you had experiences with culture shock? Ethnocentrism • Using your own group’s ways of doing things as a measure of what is normal National Geographic-Roper Survey of Geographic Literacy Asked Americans ages 18-24 which is the world’s most spoken language? Mandarin Russian English Arabic Ethnocentrism • Has positive and negative aspects + Positive - Negative • Creates in group loyalties • Judging • Unites •Discrimination • Offensive remarks/actions, particularly when traveling Norms: shared rules of conduct • Outline what is acceptable, appropriate • Guide behavior • Based on values Value: respect for elders Norm: give up your seat on the bus if there is someone elderly standing How do we learn norms? • reinforced by positive and negative sanctions • Sanctions: reactions people get for breaking or following norms Positive Sanctions Negative Sanctions Express approval for following a Reflect disapproval for breaking a norm norm Ex: holding an elevator-smile or Ex: stand too closely to someone- thank you step back or weird look 3 Types of Norms: Folkways, Mores (more-ays), Taboo Folkways Mores Taboo Norms that are Norms that we Norms that are not strictly take seriously very strongly enforced and are part of ingrained in us core values and almost unimaginable to violate 3 Types of Norms: Folkways, Mores (more-ays), Taboo Folkways Mores Taboo Norms that are not Norms that we take Norms that are very strictly enforced seriously and are part of strongly ingrained in us core values and almost unimaginable to violate Husband and Being faithful -Open marriages wife live in the to husband/ same home wife -Multiple wives/husbands 3 types of norms Mark didn’t bring a gift to his friend’s birthday party. Mark violated a folkway ___________________________ Mark exchanged his daughter’s hand in marriage for money. In the United taboo States this is _______________________________. mos Mark was hitting his dog badly at the park . Mark has violated a _______ Folkways Mores Taboo Norms that are not Norms that we take Norms that are very strictly enforced seriously and are part of strongly ingrained in us core values (often reflect and almost unimaginable Bringing a gift to a laws) to violate (often reflect birthday party laws) Exchanging your Caring for your daughter’s hand in pets marriage for monetary compensation Subcultures • Culture within larger culture • Have own values, customs etc, • Shares many values of the larger culture Ex: Youth culture, DJ’s, surfers, doctors Counter cultures Culture of Holds values that stand in opposition to society as a those of the dominant culture whole Ex: Swingers, gangs, mafia subculture Counter culture Freeganism and dumpster diving View Info More details Quick Write: 1. Do you think Freeganism is a subculture or counter culture? 2. Why? 3. What are their values? 4. What types of norms might they follow? Subculture: • Culture within larger culture • Has some own values, customs etc, • Shares many values of the parent culture Counter culture: • Holds values that stand in opposition to those of the dominant culture Cultural Assignment #3 Due next class: Read Ch 2: p 33-44. A#3: Bring in a cultural artifact (any item that has meaning to you, not just ethnic culture) prepare to share what it means *Cannot be a picture *Cannot be car keys or cell phone *Must be in class for points Sports Race/ethnicity/nationality Religion Language Political ideology Gender Interests/hobbies Socio-economic status Experiences Age 3 Types of Norms: Folkways, Mores (more-ays), Taboo Folkways Mores Taboo Norms that are not Norms that we Norms that are strictly enforced take seriously and very strongly are part of core ingrained in us and values almost Mom and Dad unimaginable to Parents provide violate sleep in one children with a room, children safe place to Dad and teenage in another sleep daughter sleeping in the same bed Cultural relativism Examining cultures without judging its elements as superior or inferior to ones own way of life Is cultural relativism a good thing? Can it be a bad thing?
Pages to are hidden for
"Culture"Please download to view full document