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A Remedial English Grammar

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A Remedial English  Grammar Powered By Docstoc
					A Remedial English Grammar
CHAPTERS
 ARTICLES
 AGREEMENT OF VERB AND SUBJECT
 CONCORD OF NOUNS, PRONOUNS AND POSSESSIVE
 ADJECTIVES
 CONFUSION OF ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS
 DIFFICULTIES WITH COMPARATIVE AND
 SUPERLATIVES
 CONFUSION OF PARTICIPLES: ACTIVE & PASSIVE
 PREPOSITIONS
 NEGATIVE VERBS
 TENSES 1, 2 & 3
 THE INFINITIVE
 Comparatives & Superlatives

Rules of Usage

1. Some adjectives and adverbs are made comparative
   and superlative by adding -er and –est to the positive.
   Others use more and most before the positive.
   E.g. big-bigger-biggest; fast-faster-fastest.
         beautiful-more beautiful-most beautiful
   Never should more and most be used along with the
   suffixed positive forms.
Comparatives & Superlatives
2.   When two different things are compared with a
     third and one wishes to express that one the of the
     two is superior to the third to an even greater
     degree, then still is used.
     E.g. William is taller than John, but James
           is taller still.
3.   The word than must be preceded by a comparative
     adjective or adverb, never by a positive one, since
     than implies that two things are being compared.
     E.g. He receives a bigger salary than anyone else in
          the office.
Comparatives & Superlatives
4. Very should be followed by a a positive adjective or
   adverb, but much always takes the comparative.
   E.g. I am not feeling very well today. (p)
         I am feeling much better today. (c)
   An exception to this is the word different, though it
   is positive. The word different implies comparison.
   Hence it is always positive.
   In the construction ‘very much’ much modifies the
   comparative and very modifies much.
   E.g. My wife is very much better today.
 Comparatives & Superlatives
5.   The superlative (s) is used if the comparison goes
     beyond two.
     E.g. Geography is the most interesting subject. (s)
           Anne is the tallest of the three daughters. (s)
           Anne is the taller of the two girls. (c)
6.   If the comparison is between one thing with all the
     others of its kind that we know, then we are
     comparing amongst many things and hence we need
     a superlative.
     E.g. This is the most interesting novel I have ever
          read.

				
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posted:5/24/2013
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