Docstoc

12072521026956

Document Sample
12072521026956 Powered By Docstoc
					Species List

Welcome to Harmonia, an information system dedicated to alien species threatening native biodiversity
in Belgium and in neighbour areas.


The species list presented hereafter can be sorted or filtered through different criteria including taxonomy,
habitat, introduction date or hazard categories (black and watch lists). It gives access to detailed
ecological information and references which have been used for assessing the environmental impact of
the different species (see also the ISEIA protocol). Find more information about definitions, list categories,
copyright and citation from here.


Note that the species list is far to be complete and is updated on a regular basis. Today, only vascular
plants and vertebrates have been subjected to risk assessment.


Harmonia includes 102 species (45 on the black list, 37 on the watch list and 14 on the alert list).


                                    Common
                                    Name             Taxonomic
Scientific Name                                                       Habitat        Since      Range            Category
                                                     Group
                                      EN


                                    Box-elder,
                                                     Vascular
Acer negundo                        Ash-leaved                        terrestrial    1955       restricted         B2
                                                     plants
                                    maple

                                    Red veined       Vascular
Acer rufinerve                                                        terrestrial    1990       isolated           B1
                                    maple            plants

                                    Tree of          Vascular
Ailanthus altissima                                                   terrestrial    1952       restricted         A2
                                    heaven           plants

Aix galericulata                    Mandarin duck    Birds            freshwater     1953       widespread

                                                     Vascular
Akebia quinata                      Five-leaf                         terrestrial                                  B0
                                                     plants

                                    Egyptian
Alopochen aegyptiacus                                Birds            freshwater     1984       widespread         A3
                                    goose

                                                     Vascular
Ambrosia artemisiifolia             Ragweed                           terrestrial
                                                     plants

                                    Brown
Ameiurus nebulosus                                   Fish             freshwater     1871       restricted         B2
                                    bullhead

                                                     Vascular
Amelanchier lamarckii               Juneberry                         terrestrial    1876       restricted         B2
                                                     plants

                                    Bar-headed
Anser indicus                                        Birds            freshwater     1966       isolated           B1
                                    goose

Aster lanceolatus                   Narrow-leaved    Vascular         terrestrial    1835       restricted         A2
                           Common
                           Name             Taxonomic
Scientific Name                                         Habitat       Since   Range        Category
                                            Group
                             EN


                           michaelmas       plants
                           daisy

                           Confused
                                            Vascular
Aster novi-belgii          michaelmas                   terrestrial   1865    widespread     B3
                                            plants
                           daisy

                           Common
                                            Vascular
Aster x salignus           michaelmas                   terrestrial   1861    restricted     A2
                                            plants
                           daisy

                                            Vascular
Azolla filiculoides        Water fern                   freshwater    1912    restricted     B2
                                            plants

                           Eastern          Vascular
Baccharis halimifolia                                   terrestrial   1924    isolated       A1
                           baccharis        plants

                           Large-leaved     Vascular
Bidens frondosa                                         terrestrial   1886    widespread     B3
                           beggarticks      plants

Branta canadensis          Canada goose     Birds       freshwater    1973    widespread     A3

Branta canadensis          Canada goose     Birds       freshwater    1973    widespread     A3

                                            Vascular
Buddleja davidii           Butterfly bush               terrestrial   1942    widespread     B3
                                            plants

                           Carolina         Vascular
Cabomba caroliniana                                     freshwater                           B0
                           fanwort          plants

                           Pallas's
                           squirrel,
Callosciurus erythraeus                     Mammals     terrestrial   2005    isolated       A1
                           Red-bellied
                           tree squirrel

                           Finlayson's
Callosciurus finlaysonii                    Mammals     terrestrial                          A0
                           squirrel

Carassius gibelio          Prussian carp    Fish        freshwater    1750    widespread     A3

                                            Vascular
Carpobrotus spp.           Hottentot fig                terrestrial                          A0
                                            plants

                           Canadian
Castor canadensis                           Mammals     freshwater    2009    isolated       B1
                           beaver

Cervus nippon              Sika deer        Mammals     terrestrial                          A0

                           Red-osier
                                            Vascular
Cornus sericea             dogwood, red                 terrestrial   1885    restricted     A2
                                            plants
                           willow

Cotoneaster horizontalis   Rockspray        Vascular    terrestrial   1982    restricted     A2
                           Common
                           Name              Taxonomic
Scientific Name                                           Habitat       Since   Range        Category
                                             Group
                             EN


                                             plants

                           New zealand       Vascular
Crassula helmsii                                          freshwater    1982    isolated       A1
                           pigmyweed         plants

Cygnus atratus             Black swan        Birds        freshwater    1995    isolated       B1

                           Tall flatsedge,   Vascular
Cyperus eragrostis                                        terrestrial   1896    isolated       B1
                           Pale galingale    plants

Dama dama                  Fallow deer       Mammals      terrestrial   1850    isolated       B1

                           Indian            Vascular
Duchesnea indica                                          terrestrial   1950    restricted     B2
                           strawberry        plants

                                             Vascular
Echinocystis lobata        Wild cucumber                  terrestrial                          B0
                                             plants

                           Brazilian         Vascular
Egeria densa                                              freshwater    1999    isolated       A1
                           waterweed         plants

                                             Vascular
Elaeagnus angustifolia     Russian olive                  terrestrial   1939    isolated       B1
                                             plants

                           Canadian          Vascular
Elodea canadensis                                         freshwater    1860    widespread     A3
                           waterweed         plants

                           Nuttall's         Vascular
Elodea nuttallii                                          freshwater    1939    widespread     A3
                           waterweed         plants

                           Northern          Vascular
Epilobium ciliatum                                        terrestrial           widespread
                           willowherb        plants

                           Japanese          Vascular
Fallopia japonica                                         terrestrial   1888    widespread     A3
                           knotweed          plants

                           Giant             Vascular
Fallopia sachalinensis                                    terrestrial   1924    restricted     A2
                           knotweed          plants

                           Hybrid            Vascular
Fallopia x bohemica                                       terrestrial   1924    restricted     A2
                           knotweed          plants

                           Red ash,          Vascular
Fraxinus pennsylvanica                                    terrestrial   2008    isolated       B1
                           Green ash         plants

                                             Vascular
Gaillardia x grandiflora   Blanket flower                 terrestrial   1953    restricted
                                             plants

                           Harlequin
Harmonia axyridis                            Arthropods   terrestrial   2000    widespread     A3
                           ladybird

                           Jerusalem         Vascular
Helianthus tuberosus                                      terrestrial   1893    widespread     A3
                           artichoke         plants

Heracleum mantegazzianum   Giant             Vascular     terrestrial   1938    widespread     A3
                            Common
                            Name            Taxonomic
Scientific Name                                         Habitat        Since   Range        Category
                                            Group
                              EN


                            hogweed         plants

                            Spanish         Vascular
Hyacinthoides hispanica                                 terrestrial    1882    restricted     B2
                            bluebell        plants

                            Water           Vascular
Hydrocotyle ranunculoides                               freshwater     1992    restricted     A2
                            pennywort       plants

                                            Vascular
Impatiens glandulifera      Indian balsam               terrestrial    1939    widespread     A3
                                            plants

                            Small yellow    Vascular
Impatiens parviflora                                    terrestrial    1868    widespread     B3
                            balsam          plants

                            Curly           Vascular
Lagarosiphon major                                      freshwater     1993    isolated       A1
                            waterweed       plants

                            Minute          Vascular
Lemna minuta                                            freshwater     1983    widespread     B3
                            duckweed        plants

Lepomis gibbosus            Pumpkinseed     Fish        freshwater     1884    restricted     B2

                            Japanese        Vascular
Lonicera japonica                                       terrestrial                           B0
                            honeysuckle     plants

                            Water           Vascular
Ludwigia grandiflora                                    freshwater     1983    restricted     A2
                            primrose        plants

                            Water           Vascular
Ludwigia peploides                                      freshwater     1995    isolated       A1
                            primrose        plants

                                            Vascular
Lupinus polyphyllus         Garden lupin                terrestrial    1882    restricted     B2
                                            plants

                            American
                                            Vascular
Lysichiton americanus       skunk                       terrestrial    2006    isolated       B1
                                            plants
                            cabbage

                                            Vascular
Mahonia aquifolium          Oregon grape                terrestrial    1906    restricted     A2
                                            plants

                                            Vascular    terrestrial,
Mimulus guttatus            Monkeyflower                               1953    restricted     B2
                                            plants      freshwater

                            Reeves'
Muntiacus reevesi                           Mammals     terrestrial                           A0
                            muntjac

                                                        freshwater,
Mustela vison               American mink   Mammals                                           A0
                                                        terrestrial

Myocastor coypus            Coypu, Nutria   Mammals     freshwater     1975    isolated       A1

                                            Vascular
Myriophyllum aquaticum      Parrotfeather               freshwater     1983    restricted     A2
                                            plants
                             Common
                             Name               Taxonomic
Scientific Name                                                Habitat       Since   Range        Category
                                                Group
                               EN


                             Variable           Vascular
Myriophyllum heterophyllum                                     freshwater    1993    isolated       A1
                             watermilfoil       plants

                                                               freshwater,
Neogobius melanostomus       Round goby         Fish                                 isolated       A1
                                                               brackish

Nyctereutes procyonoides     Raccoon dog        Mammals        terrestrial   2010    isolated       A1

                             Evening            Vascular
Oenothera spp.                                                 terrestrial   1792    widespread
                             primrose           plants

Ondatra zibethicus           Muskrat            Mammals        freshwater    1928    widespread     A3

Oxyura jamaicensis           Ruddy duck         Birds          freshwater                           B0

                             (false) virginia   Vascular
Parthenocissus spp.                                            terrestrial   1880    widespread     B3
                             creeper            plants

                                                Amphibians
Pelophylax ridibundus        Marsh frog                        freshwater    1975    restricted     A2
                                                and reptiles

                             Rotan, Amur                       freshwater,
Perccottus glenii                               Fish                                                A0
                             sleeper                           brackish

                             Himalayan          Vascular
Persicaria wallichii                                           terrestrial   1898    restricted     B2
                             knotweed           plants

                             American           Vascular
Phytolacca americana                                           terrestrial                          B0
                             pokeweed           plants

                             Fathead
Pimephales promelas                             Fish           freshwater    1986    restricted     B2
                             minnow

Procyon lotor                Raccoon            Mammals        terrestrial   1986    restricted     A2

                                                Vascular
Prunus laurocerasus          Cherry laurel                     terrestrial   1994    isolated       B1
                                                plants

                                                Vascular
Prunus serotina              Black cherry                      terrestrial   1890    widespread     A3
                                                plants

                             Stone moroko,
Pseudorasbora parva          Topmouth           Fish           freshwater    1989    restricted     A2
                             gudgeon

                             Ring-necked
Psittacula krameri                              Birds          terrestrial   1966    restricted     B2
                             parakeet

                                                Vascular
Quercus rubra                Red oak                           terrestrial   1950    widespread     B3
                                                plants

                             American           Amphibians
Rana catesbeiana                                               freshwater    1996    isolated       A1
                             bullfrog           and reptiles

Rattus norvegicus            Brown rat          Mammals        freshwater    1730    widespread     A3
                          Common
                          Name            Taxonomic
Scientific Name                                       Habitat       Since   Range        Category
                                          Group
                            EN


                                          Vascular
Rhododendron ponticum     Rhododendron                terrestrial   1920    restricted     A2
                                          plants

                          Staghorn        Vascular
Rhus typhina                                          terrestrial   1898    isolated       B1
                          sumac           plants

                                          Vascular
Robinia pseudoacacia      Black locust                terrestrial   1856    widespread     B3
                                          plants

                                          Vascular
Rosa rugosa               Rugosa rose                 terrestrial   1934    widespread     A3
                                          plants

                          Cutleaf         Vascular
Rudbeckia laciniata                                   terrestrial   1849    isolated       B1
                          coneflower      plants

                          Zander,
Sander lucioperca                         Fish        freshwater    1890    widespread     B3
                          Pike-perch

Sciurus carolinensis      Grey squirrel   Mammals     terrestrial                          A0

                          South african   Vascular
Senecio inaequidens                                   terrestrial   1892    widespread     B3
                          ragwort         plants

                          Canada          Vascular
Solidago canadensis                                   terrestrial   1863    widespread     A3
                          goldenrod       plants

                          Giant           Vascular
Solidago gigantea                                     terrestrial   1869    widespread     A3
                          goldenrod       plants

                                          Vascular
Spiraea alba              Meadowsweet                 terrestrial   1803    restricted     A2
                                          plants

                          Douglas'        Vascular
Spiraea douglasii                                     terrestrial   1885    restricted     A2
                          spirea          plants

                                          Vascular
Spiraea tomentosa         Steeplebush                 terrestrial   1870    isolated       B1
                                          plants

                          Billard's       Vascular
Spiraea x billardii                                   terrestrial   1895    restricted     B2
                          bridewort       plants

                          Siberian
Tamias sibiricus                          Mammals     terrestrial   1969    isolated       B1
                          chipmunk

Threskiornis aethiopica   Sacred ibis     Birds       freshwater                           A0

                          Eastern
Umbra pygmaea                             Fish        freshwater    1920    restricted
                          mudminnow

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:0
posted:5/23/2013
language:English
pages:6