25 February 2011
Introduction: STEP 1
• Hook: According to the Washington Post, “The pursuit
of Lee Shelton began the moment the convicted sex
offender was released from prison. It ended months
later with a U.S. Marshals Service helicopter hovering
near a D.C. junior high school as Shelton kissed a 14-
year-old boy” (Markon).
• This is just one example of the cases where a convicted
sex-offender released from prison and has gone back
to doing the crimes that they were sent to prison for.
Children being sexually abused is just one of the many
forms of child abuse.
Introduction: STEP 2
• LEAD-IN/NECESSARY INFO
• Any mental or physical injury, sexual abuse,
drug abuse present at birth, witnessing of
family violence, or neglect of a child under the
age of 18 is known as child abuse.
Introduction: STEP 3
• THESIS STATEMENT
• Laws that protect children should be enforced
even if they violate the privacy and rights of
BODY PARAGRAPH 1: STEP 1
• TOPIC SENTENCE: Reason #1
• First of all, there are many laws regarding the
prevention of child abuse so, even if enforcing
these laws violates the abuser’s rights or
privacy, these abusers already broke laws by
abusing children in the first place.
BODY PARAGRAPH 1:STEP 2
• Supporting Evidence #1
• For example, the Child Abuse Prevention Act of 2000,
“allowed the use of Federal grants by law
enforcement: to establish or support cooperative
programs between law enforcement and media
organizations to collect, record, retain, and
disseminate information useful in the identification
and apprehension of suspended criminal offenders”
(Child Welfare Information Gateway ).
BODY PARAGRAPH 1: STEP 3
• Connect Evidence back to
• This is an Act that is enforced to protect
children from abuse by the means of
retrieving information about suspected
abusers. Therefore organizations have the
right to get this information about these
abusers without it violating the privacy rights
of the abusers.
BODY PARAGRAPH 2: STEP 1
• TOPIC SENTENCE: Reason #2
• Next, it is not right for any child to be abused
and by being abused it can have short or long
term effects on the child mentally and
BODY PARAGRAPH 2:STEP 2
• Supporting Evidence #2
• Children who have been abused can be left with mental
or physical harm, therefore child abuse is a very serious
topic and there need to be ways of preventing it.
According to SIRS Researcher, “Victimization has
immediate and, in many cases, long-term negative
physical, psychological, behavioral, and academic effects”
(At Issue: Child Abuse). This means that even if children
are not abused any more or the bruises are no longer
visible they can still be left with abuse’s many mental
BODY PARAGRAPH 2: STEP 3
• Connect Evidence back to thesis
• If there are not laws and ways of preventing child
abuse then many children will continue to be
abused. More children being abused can result in
these children having physical damage to the
their body, depression, and could leave the
thought that abuse is okay in children's’ minds, so
the cycle of abuse will continue on to future
FROM ARGUMENT TO COUNTERARGUMENT
• Despite the evidence that child abuse needs
to end even if it violates abuser’s rights, some
still have the opinion that protecting the
abuser’s rights is more important than
stopping child abuse.
BODY/COUNTERARGUMENT 1:Step 1
• Counterargument #1
• On the other hand, some say that laws violate parents
and the abuse offender’s rights of privacy and First
Amendment rights. For example, in Illinois The US
Supreme Court is involved with the case questioning
whether actions used to examine claims of child abuse
violate the fundamental rights of parents. According to
the Washington Post, lawyers of the families in question
of abuse say, “parents have a fundamental right to raise
their children without government involvement unless
officials can show evidence of abuse” (Richey). After the
organizations, who are working to stop child abuse, have
gotten warned of a child being abused there is an
investigation and they have a safety plan where parents
have the risk of losing their children. Some people do
not think it is right for them to be able to lose their
BODY/COUNTERARGUMENT 1: STEP 2
• Response to counterargument #1
• However, according to the article which gave the opinion
that parents have the right to raise their children without
government interference later said,
“Safety plans are offered to an estimated 10,000 Illinois
families each year. There is no record that any parent has ever
refused to participate in a safety plans and risk having the state
take custody of his or her children.
“The plans are designed to provide a middle path between
taking every child into state custody or leaving children in the
presence of potential abusers during an investigations” (Richey).
• This means that as long as parents agree with the safety
plan then they are at less of a risk to lose their children
than if they refuse. Therefore, parents would not be losing
any rights because their children would not be taken away.
BODY/COUNTERARGUMENT 2: Step 1
• Counterargument #1
• Another problem people have is that some of the
abusers say they have changed or did the crime at a
young age and are “marked for life.” For example, 10
years ago a man names Anthony asked his four year
old cousin to expose herself when he was 13 years
old. According to In These Times, “Anthony was
found delinquent for assault with intent to commit
sexual abuse, sentenced to sex offender treatment,
and assigned a lifetime spot on Iowa's public sex
offender registry” (Dickinson). He claims to find it
difficult to lead a normal life because of a choice he
made a long time ago.
BODY/COUNTERARGUMENT 2: STEP 2
• Response to counterargument #1
• For every case where the abuse offender has changed,
there are many other stories of sex-offenders being on
probation and committing the same sex crimes they
were convicted of. For example, there was a case of a
man from Virginia who was on probation for having sex
with a 16-year-old girl while two younger girls were
watching. According to the Washington Post,
“authorities searched his computer, which revealed
that he was chatting extensively with teen girls on
MySpace and stalking a 17-year-old girl in person”
(Markon). This is one of many cases where sex
offenders continue doing the crimes they were
originally convicted of doing after coming out of
prison, even while on probation.
ETHOS and PATHOS
CONCLUSION: STEP 1
• Child abuse is a large problem therefore any
laws that that protect children from abuse
should be enforced even if these laws violate
rights of the abusers.
CONCLUSION: STEP 2
• Because of child abuse being such an issue and a
work in progress, the government and
organizations supporting the prevention of child
abuse should be working as hard as possible to
enforce laws such as the Child Abuse Prevention
Act of 2000 that are already in place. After any
child is abused it can lead to many serious and
bad effects. Children suffering from these effects
can be stopped by preventing child abuse so
something needs to be done now.
CONCLUSION: STEP 3
•CLINCHER Child Abuse and
Neglect Fatality Victims
•The exact number of fatalities due by Age, 2008
to child abuse or neglect is unknown,
but according to Child Welfare
Information Gateway, “The National
Child Abuse and Neglect Data System
(NCANDS) reported an estimated
1,740 child fatalities in 2008.
NCANDS defines "child fatality" as
the death of a child caused by an Younger than 1 year
injury resulting from abuse or 1 to 3 years
neglect, or where abuse or neglect 4 to 7 years
8 to 11 years
was a contributing factor.”
12 to 17 years
LOGOS and PATHOS
WORKS CITED PAGE
Child Welfare Information Gateway "Child Abuse
Prevention and Enforcement Act of 2000." Child
Welfare Information Gateway. Children's Bureau,
Administration for Children and Families, U.S.
Department of Health and Human Services. Web. 16
Dickson, Caitlin. "Barely a Teenager and Marked for Life."
In These Times. Sep 2010: 22-23. SIRS Researcher. Web.
17 Feb 2011.
Markon, Jerry. “Tracking Sex-Crime Offenders Gets
Trickier.” Washington Post (Washington, DC). 23 Nov
2009: A.1. SIRS Researcher. Web. 14 Feb 2011.
ProQuest Staff. “At Issue: Child Abuse.” ProQuest LLC. 2011
: n.pag. SIRS Researcher. Web. 15 February 2011.
Richey, Warren. “Child-Abuse Claims vs. Parents’ Rights.”
Christian Science Monitor. 12 June 2008: n.p. SIRS
Researcher. Web. 14 February 2011.