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Hawthorne1HPPT.NicoleRyan.pptx

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        Nicole Ryan
     Mrs. Hawthorne
            1H
     25 February 2011
Introduction: STEP 1
• Hook: According to the Washington Post, “The pursuit
  of Lee Shelton began the moment the convicted sex
  offender was released from prison. It ended months
  later with a U.S. Marshals Service helicopter hovering
  near a D.C. junior high school as Shelton kissed a 14-
  year-old boy” (Markon).
• This is just one example of the cases where a convicted
  sex-offender released from prison and has gone back
  to doing the crimes that they were sent to prison for.
  Children being sexually abused is just one of the many
  forms of child abuse.
                          ETHOS
Introduction: STEP 2
• LEAD-IN/NECESSARY INFO
• Any mental or physical injury, sexual abuse,
  drug abuse present at birth, witnessing of
  family violence, or neglect of a child under the
  age of 18 is known as child abuse.
Introduction: STEP 3
• THESIS STATEMENT
• Laws that protect children should be enforced
  even if they violate the privacy and rights of
  the abusers.
BODY PARAGRAPH 1: STEP 1

• TOPIC SENTENCE: Reason #1
• First of all, there are many laws regarding the
  prevention of child abuse so, even if enforcing
  these laws violates the abuser’s rights or
  privacy, these abusers already broke laws by
  abusing children in the first place.
 BODY PARAGRAPH 1:STEP 2

• Supporting Evidence #1
• For example, the Child Abuse Prevention Act of 2000,
  “allowed the use of Federal grants by law
  enforcement: to establish or support cooperative
  programs between law enforcement and media
  organizations to collect, record, retain, and
  disseminate information useful in the identification
  and apprehension of suspended criminal offenders”
  (Child Welfare Information Gateway ).
                          ETHOS
BODY PARAGRAPH 1: STEP 3

• Connect Evidence back to
  thesis
• This is an Act that is enforced to protect
  children from abuse by the means of
  retrieving information about suspected
  abusers. Therefore organizations have the
  right to get this information about these
  abusers without it violating the privacy rights
  of the abusers.
BODY PARAGRAPH 2: STEP 1

• TOPIC SENTENCE: Reason #2
• Next, it is not right for any child to be abused
  and by being abused it can have short or long
  term effects on the child mentally and
  physically.
 BODY PARAGRAPH 2:STEP 2
• Supporting Evidence #2
• Children who have been abused can be left with mental
  or physical harm, therefore child abuse is a very serious
  topic and there need to be ways of preventing it.
  According to SIRS Researcher, “Victimization has
  immediate and, in many cases, long-term negative
  physical, psychological, behavioral, and academic effects”
  (At Issue: Child Abuse). This means that even if children
  are not abused any more or the bruises are no longer
  visible they can still be left with abuse’s many mental
  effects.
                           PATHOS
 BODY PARAGRAPH 2: STEP 3

• Connect Evidence back to thesis
• If there are not laws and ways of preventing child
  abuse then many children will continue to be
  abused. More children being abused can result in
  these children having physical damage to the
  their body, depression, and could leave the
  thought that abuse is okay in children's’ minds, so
  the cycle of abuse will continue on to future
  generations.
TRANSITION
FROM ARGUMENT TO COUNTERARGUMENT

• Despite the evidence that child abuse needs
  to end even if it violates abuser’s rights, some
  still have the opinion that protecting the
  abuser’s rights is more important than
  stopping child abuse.
BODY/COUNTERARGUMENT 1:Step 1
• Counterargument #1
• On the other hand, some say that laws violate parents
  and the abuse offender’s rights of privacy and First
  Amendment rights. For example, in Illinois The US
  Supreme Court is involved with the case questioning
  whether actions used to examine claims of child abuse
  violate the fundamental rights of parents. According to
  the Washington Post, lawyers of the families in question
  of abuse say, “parents have a fundamental right to raise
  their children without government involvement unless
  officials can show evidence of abuse” (Richey). After the
  organizations, who are working to stop child abuse, have
  gotten warned of a child being abused there is an
  investigation and they have a safety plan where parents
  have the risk of losing their children. Some people do
  not think it is right for them to be able to lose their
  children.
 BODY/COUNTERARGUMENT 1: STEP 2
• Response to counterargument #1
• However, according to the article which gave the opinion
  that parents have the right to raise their children without
  government interference later said,
        “Safety plans are offered to an estimated 10,000 Illinois
families each year. There is no record that any parent has ever
refused to participate in a safety plans and risk having the state
take custody of his or her children.
        “The plans are designed to provide a middle path between
taking every child into state custody or leaving children in the
presence of potential abusers during an investigations” (Richey).
• This means that as long as parents agree with the safety
  plan then they are at less of a risk to lose their children
  than if they refuse. Therefore, parents would not be losing
  any rights because their children would not be taken away.
BODY/COUNTERARGUMENT 2: Step 1

• Counterargument #1
• Another problem people have is that some of the
  abusers say they have changed or did the crime at a
  young age and are “marked for life.” For example, 10
  years ago a man names Anthony asked his four year
  old cousin to expose herself when he was 13 years
  old. According to In These Times, “Anthony was
  found delinquent for assault with intent to commit
  sexual abuse, sentenced to sex offender treatment,
  and assigned a lifetime spot on Iowa's public sex
  offender registry” (Dickinson). He claims to find it
  difficult to lead a normal life because of a choice he
  made a long time ago.
BODY/COUNTERARGUMENT 2: STEP 2
• Response to counterargument #1
• For every case where the abuse offender has changed,
  there are many other stories of sex-offenders being on
  probation and committing the same sex crimes they
  were convicted of. For example, there was a case of a
  man from Virginia who was on probation for having sex
  with a 16-year-old girl while two younger girls were
  watching. According to the Washington Post,
  “authorities searched his computer, which revealed
  that he was chatting extensively with teen girls on
  MySpace and stalking a 17-year-old girl in person”
  (Markon). This is one of many cases where sex
  offenders continue doing the crimes they were
  originally convicted of doing after coming out of
  prison, even while on probation.
                    ETHOS and PATHOS
CONCLUSION: STEP 1
• Child abuse is a large problem therefore any
  laws that that protect children from abuse
  should be enforced even if these laws violate
  rights of the abusers.
CONCLUSION: STEP 2
• Because of child abuse being such an issue and a
  work in progress, the government and
  organizations supporting the prevention of child
  abuse should be working as hard as possible to
  enforce laws such as the Child Abuse Prevention
  Act of 2000 that are already in place. After any
  child is abused it can lead to many serious and
  bad effects. Children suffering from these effects
  can be stopped by preventing child abuse so
  something needs to be done now.
                        KAIROS
    CONCLUSION: STEP 3
•CLINCHER                               Child Abuse and
                                        Neglect Fatality Victims
•The exact number of fatalities due     by Age, 2008
to child abuse or neglect is unknown,
but according to Child Welfare
Information Gateway, “The National
Child Abuse and Neglect Data System
(NCANDS) reported an estimated
1,740 child fatalities in 2008.
NCANDS defines "child fatality" as
the death of a child caused by an         Younger than 1 year
injury resulting from abuse or            1 to 3 years
neglect, or where abuse or neglect        4 to 7 years
                                          8 to 11 years
was a contributing factor.”
                                          12 to 17 years
  LOGOS and PATHOS
      WORKS CITED PAGE
Child Welfare Information Gateway "Child Abuse
   Prevention and Enforcement Act of 2000." Child
   Welfare Information Gateway. Children's Bureau,
   Administration for Children and Families, U.S.
   Department of Health and Human Services. Web. 16
   Feb 2011.
Dickson, Caitlin. "Barely a Teenager and Marked for Life."
   In These Times. Sep 2010: 22-23. SIRS Researcher. Web.
   17 Feb 2011.
Markon, Jerry. “Tracking Sex-Crime Offenders Gets
   Trickier.” Washington Post (Washington, DC). 23 Nov
   2009: A.1. SIRS Researcher. Web. 14 Feb 2011.
ProQuest Staff. “At Issue: Child Abuse.” ProQuest LLC. 2011
   : n.pag. SIRS Researcher. Web. 15 February 2011.
Richey, Warren. “Child-Abuse Claims vs. Parents’ Rights.”
   Christian Science Monitor. 12 June 2008: n.p. SIRS
   Researcher. Web. 14 February 2011.

				
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