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The joints of the bones of trunk

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					The joints of the bones of trunk
Ⅰ The vertebral column
 1 The vertebral joints
                                                    nucleus pulposus
                          The intervertebral disc
    The joints of the                               annulus fibrosus
    vertebral bodies      The anterior longitudinal ligament
                          The posterior longitudinal ligament

                          Interspinal ligament
    The joints of the     Supraspinal ligament
    vertebral arches      Intertransverse ligament
                          The joint of articular process
2 The vertebral column as a whole and its movements


                                    Anterior aspect
  The vertebral column as a whole   Dorsal aspect

                                    Lateral aspect (4 curves)


                                          flexion and extension
  The movement of the vertebral column    rotation
                                          circumduction
Ⅱ The Thorax
                          The costovertebral joints
1 Costovertebral joint
                          The costotransverse joints




2 Sternocostal joints : true, false and floating rib
                                                            Superior
                                              2 openings
                                                            inferior
                                              3 walls
3 The thorax ( thoracic cage) as a whole
                                              infrasternal angle
                                              intercostal space

				
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