Civil War Test Review (Answers)
1. What happened when the South surrendered to the North at the end of the Civil War?
All ex-Confederates had to swore their allegiance to the United States and the
Preservation of the Union
2. What happened to Unionists in Texas who did not support the Confederate Army?
-Forced to join Confederate Army
-Killed if trying to escape to Mexico
3. What advantages did the North have over the South in the Civil War?
More rail lines to transport supplies and soldiers, more money, more factories to produce
Weapons and other goods for war, more population to fight in army, help from freed
Slaves to fight in war, more horses, more weapons and ammunition, a navy, the help of the
Bessemer steal making process to produce steel cheap and efficiently
4. Why did southerners fear the rise of the Republican party?
Republicans want to abolish slavery, and institution that the South depended on to make
5. What happened to captured soldier?
6. What states seceded (left) the union?
Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Tenessee, Texas, South Carolina, North Carolina, Louisiana,
Mississippi, Arkansas, Virginia, West Virginia, Misouri
7. Who are the following people and what did they do?
a. Francis Lubbock:
first confederate governor of Texas after Houston resigns.
He was so dedicated to the cause that he wore his own homespun suit to his
b. John Bell Hood:
Leader of the Confederacy’s Hood’s Texas Brigade
Most notable battle Seven Day’s Campaign. Ft. Hood in Killeen is named for him
c. John Reagan
Served in the cabinet of Confederate President Jefferson Davis as Postmaster General
d. Thomas Green
Colonel of the Fifth Texas Volunteer Cavalry which was part of the brigade led by
Sibley and invaded New Mexico to claim the territory for the Confederacy.
e. John Magruder
Commanded the Confederate forces in Texas
Retook Galveston by attacking Union ships using steamboats converted to gunboats by
lining the sides with cotton bales to protect the riflemen.
8. Why did Sam Houston resign as Texas Governor?
Didn’t believe in secession or slavery, would rather Texas be part of U.S. or Independent.
He also knew the advantages the North had over the South and knew South would not win.
9. How did Texas help the Confederate War effort?
Texas provided men, food, weapons, and horses for the war effort.
10. From whom did Texans learn the Civil War ended?
Captured Union Soldiers
11. Which Union strategy affected the south the most? Why do you think this is?
Naval Blockade: Stopped Southern Supply Lines from the Gulf (except for Galveston)
12. Describe a typical confederate soldier:
Gray Uniforms, Usually carried their own guns and wore a home-spun uniform.
13. What made Texas different from other southern states?
Their economy was not as bad as the rest of the United States because their land was not as
damaged from war as other Southern States, and many farmers began growing wheat and corn
instead of cotton as demand for food crops increased.
No major battles were fought in Texas- so the state did not suffer any major destruction
14. What was the first Battle of the Civil War in Texas? Battle of Galveston
What was the last? Battle of Palmito Ranch
15. Describe the purpose of sending Union troops to Sabine Pass.
to cut off Texas’s railroad connection to Louisiana
16. Describe women’s roles on the home front during the Civil War. Why do you think their roles
Nurses, healed the sick, owned plantations, farmed, started working in factories, managed
family businesses, sewed uniforms
They were changing because men went off to fight in the war. Someone had to handle stuff