Chapter 5 Section 2_ Culture and Society in the by hcj


									           Chapter 5
           Section 3:

Culture and Society in the Roman
• List important Roman poets, writers, and
• Examine Roman Art and Architecture
     Roman Art and Architecture
• During the 2nd and 3rd centuries B.C., the
  Romans adopted many features of the Greek
  style of art.
  – Statues were placed in private homes, and
    reproductions of popular Greek statues were
• Roman style differed from Greek in that
  Roman sculptors produced realistic statues
  that included even unpleasant physical details.
• Romans excelled in architecture, and used Greek
  styles as well.
  – Romans also used forms based on curved lines: arch,
    vault, and dome.
  – Used large amounts of concrete.
• Romans built a network of about 50,000 miles of
• In Rome itself, almost a dozen aqueducts kept a
  population of one million supplied with water.
              Roman Literature
• The high point of Latin literature was reached
  in the Age of Augustus.
• Most distinguished poet of the Augustan Age
  was Virgil
  – From northern Italy near Mantua.
  – Wrote his greatest work, the Aeneid in honor of
     • Story of Aeneas, the ideal Roman with virtues of duty,
       piety, and faithfulness.
• Another Augustan poet was Horace, a friend
  of Virgil.
• Wrote Satires, which points out the “follies
  and vices of his age”.
  – Horace’s work often poked fun at the weakness of
• The most famous work of the Latin age was
  done by a historian named Livy, who wrote
  The History of Rome.
  – In 142 books he traced Roman history. Only 35
    have survived.
• Livy’s weakness as a historian: he was not
  concerned with factual accuracy.
Summarize the lesson:
• I learned that…
• For example…
• Therefore…
• However…
• Examine the Role of the Family
• Identify the implications of slavery
• Evaluate the daily life of Roman Citizens
            The Roman Family
• The Roman family was headed by the
  paterfamilias- the dominate male.
  – Households also included wives, sons and their wives
    and children, and unmarried daughters.
• Children were raised at home, and upper class
  children were expected to read.
  – Fathers made decisions for education: teach them
    himself, provide for a tutor, or send to school.
• Teachers were often Greek slaves.
  – This was because Romans had to learn Greek as well
    as Latin to prosper in the empire.
• Roman boys learned reading ,writing, moral
  principles, family values, law, and physical
  training to prepare them to be soldiers.
  – End of childhood was marked at age 16 with a
    special celebration of a new style of toga.
      Attitudes towards Women
• Female weakness- necessary for male
• Legal marriage age- 12, although 14 was more
  common. Male legal age- 14, but older was
  more common.
  – Marriage was meant for life, but divorce was
    introduced in the third century B.C. and was fairly
    easy for both parties.
               Changing Roles
• By 2nd century B.C. the paterfamilias no longer
  had complete control.
• Upper class woman in the early Empire had
  more rights.
  – Attend races, the theater, and events in the
    amphitheater. They were forced to sit in a
    separate female section
• Slavery was very common in the ancient world,
  and often times they were treated poorly.
  – In demand in a variety of fields, and often used in
    building roads and public buildings.
  – Some slaves revolted against their owners, causing
    them to live in fear.
• Most famous slave revolt occurred in 73 B.C.,
  under the leadership of a gladiator named
            Daily Life in Rome
• Rome was overcrowded, congested, and
• The very wealthy lived in comfortable villas
  while the poor lived in large family units in
  apartment blocks called insulae.
  – The insuale were poorly built and often collapsed.
    Fire was very common.
  – Most Romans spent much of their time outdoors
    in the streets.
             Public Programs
• There were a great deal of public buildings
  and programs.
  – Examples: temples, markets, government
    buildings and amphitheaters.
• Emperors (beginning with Augustus) provided
  food for the poor.
• Entertainment: Circus Maximus, Dramatic
  Performances, and Gladiator fights.
• What did you learn in section 3?
        Class Work/Homework
• 5-3 Worksheet
• Page 168 1,2,4,5, and 6

To top