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Raina EMF Trace IFA 1-2006

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					FLEXIBILITY AND
  FLEXICURITY


             Presentation by
    Anna-Lena Börgö Etaat, Nordic IN
EESC seminar in Stockholm the 7 July 2009
                 SPEAKER


Anna-Lena Börgö Etaat
Nordic officer at Nordic IN (Industrianställda i
Norden), responsible for collective bargaining policy
Member of the EMF Collective Bargaining Policy
Committee and its Select Working Party
            Nordic IN and EMF
Nordic IN represents 22 trade unions within the industry
sector in the five Nordic countries
   Coordination
   Information
   Lobbying

EMF (European Metalworkers´ Federation) represents 75
trade unions within the metal sector in 34 countries across
Europe
   External representation
   Coordination
   Mandate to engage in bargaining at European level
                 Percentage who think
         it is good for people to change jobs
                    every few years




2-3 March 2007       SIMA conference, Lisbon    4
           The Traditional Flexicurity model:
                 The Golden Triangle

                         Flexibility
                        in employ-
                           ment



                                                 Active
    High level of                                labour
     unemploy-                                  market
    ment benefit                                policies

2-3 March 2007        SIMA conference, Lisbon              5
                    What is flexicurity?




                                Social
                               dialogue
                                  etc.
16.September 2007       EMF Collective Bargaining Summer   6
                                     School
             The extended flexicurity model:
              Beyond ”the golden triangle”
                                       Climate of continuous responsible social dialogue




                                  Flexibility in
                                  employment
                                   and on the
                                   workplace
           High level of                                        Effective
          unemployment                                          collective
              benefit                                          agreements

                      No exclusion             Active labour
                        from the                  market
                      social system              policies
                                                                         Training


2-3 March 2007                SIMA conference, Lisbon                                      7
                       Nordic IN
          Three flexicurity pillars

THE FIRST PILLAR
Labour market flexibility shall benefit both the employee and the
employer, and systems for the facilitation of active flexibility
should therefore be made between the partners in the labour
market. A flexible labour market, however, needs the creation of new
work opportunities. Because of that it is important to have an active
and successful economic and industrial policy.
Flexibility shall be combined with a social security system that is
always functioning, and is based on law and collective agreements.
The model for the security system shall be chosen according to the
traditions of each country, and can therefore vary from country to
country.
                      Nordic IN
          Three flexicurity pillars

THE SECOND PILLAR
The responsibility for the social protection system shall be on the
State and the employer. There is a need for strong partners in the
labour market who shall actively, among other things, work for the
social security system to be established and maintained. For
this to happen, in every country there shall be systems that give
strong rights for trade unions. This is important not least because
the trade unions must successfully be able to act to protect that
social systems are at an adequate and high level.
                       Nordic IN
          Three flexicurity pillars

THE THIRD PILLAR
An important support for all employees on a flexible labour market is
training. The employee has to take responsibility for maintaining
his own competence for the work his is doing. He also has to take
responsibility for asking for training for future changes in
employment, and profit from that training. This is also applicable on
the situation that he needs training to get another employment.
The responsibility for enough resources for training lies on the state
and the employer. Trade unions have to in an efficient way work for
better rights for training, and to convince their members of the need
to participate in training activities.
                   EMF
           Common demands


2005: The first Common demand –
TRAINING
2009: The second Common demand –
AGAINST PRECARIOUS WORK

				
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