Summary of the Youth Justice Intervention Framework-ag by yaofenjin



Youth Justice Policy, Performance, Programs and Practice

Youth Justice Intervention
The Youth Justice Intervention Framework was developed to support departmental staff and our
service delivery partners to develop and deliver interventions in a consistent and evidence-based
way in accordance with the assessed risk/needs of young people. When a young person is on a
youth justice order, this framework is used to ensure that all possible needs relating to why a
young person may have offended are addressed.

The purpose of this summary document is to provide a framework for non-government
service delivery partners to inform the development of programs for youth justice clients.

The framework outlines the department’s approach to intervention with young people who have
come into contact with the Youth Justice Service system. It acknowledges the multifaceted needs
of young people who enter the youth justice system and the subsequent areas that should be
addressed in a young person’s intervention plan whilst on an order.

When an external program provider is engaged by a Youth Justice Service or Youth Detention
Centre to deliver interventions to young people in the Youth Justice system there will be an
expectation that the intervention is consistent with the Youth Justice Intervention Framework. That
is, the intervention should fall within one or more of the four intervention categories outlined in this
summary and be aimed at achieving the desired outcomes as set out in the framework.

A summary of the Youth Justice Intervention Framework is attached below.

Title: Summary of the Youth Justice Intervention Framework
Author: Youth Justice Programs                         Date: March 2010   Version: 1.0        Page 2

                         Offending is reduced, communities and victims are restored and young people are integrated into their communities
      YJ GOAL

                     COURT ORDERS AND BAIL SUPPORT                                                                OFFENCE FOCUSED                          DEVELOPMENTAL INTERVENTION
                                                                     SERVICES (ideally delivered in
                       (delivered by Youth Justice Service                                                     INTERVENTION (delivered by                (ideally delivered in the community by an
                                                                      the community by an external
                                     Centre)                                                                   Youth Justice Service Centre)                          external provider)

                    Young person has completed the court order(s)
                                                                     Young person has improved stability,    Young person makes positive changes             Young person engages positively with his/her
                     and requirements imposed on him/her by the
                                                                            health and well being               to his/her offending behaviour                   peers, families and communities.

                                                                                                            Young person has insight into the

                                                                    Young person and/or their family        thinking and behaviour that contributed      Young person has skills and knowledge for
                                                                    members have increased access to        to his/her offending and has the skills to   positive social interaction and community living
                                                                    resources and support to improve        apply pro-social alternatives
                    Young person complies with the court order(s)   stability                                                                            Young person and his/her family have an
                    and requirements imposed on him/her by the                                              Young person is held accountable for         increased level of functioning and connection to
                    Court                                           Young person and/or their family        his/her offending behaviour and (where       sustainable community based support

                                                                    members have increased access to        possible) has repaired the harm caused
                                                                    resources and support to improve        by his/her offending                         Young person has increased access to positive
                                                                    health and well-being                                                                community based activity
                                                                                                            Young person has knowledge and
                                                                                                            strategies to reduce the level of his/her
                                                                                                            drug and alcohol use

                    •   Probation Order                                                                                                                  •    Social Skills Development

                    •   Community Service Order                                                                                                          •    Life Skills Development
                                                                                                            • Modifying Offending Thoughts and
                    •   Intensive Supervision Order                                                                                                      •    Family support
                                                                    • Personal and Practical Support

                    •   Conditional Release Order                                                                                                        •    Cultural Identity Development and Support
                                                                    • Health and Therapeutic Support        • Reparative Action
                    •   Detention Order/Remand                                                                                                           •    Access to Recreation/ Leisure
                                                                                                            • Substance Misuse Intervention
                    •   Supervised Release Order                                                                                                         •    Access to Education, Training and/or
                    •   Bail with departmental support                                                                                                        Employment

             Title: Summary of the Youth Justice Intervention Framework
             Author: Youth Justice Programs                         Date: March 2010         Version: 1.0                Page 3
1. Four Broad Categories of Intervention
The intervention framework captures both the accountability and rehabilitative aspects of working
in Youth Justice in the following four categories of intervention.

•   Court Orders and Bail Support: are statutory orders and directions that must be completed
    by young people and provide a context for intervention strategies to be developed. As stated
    under the Youth Justice Act 1992, the supervision of these orders is the responsibility of the
    local Youth Justice Service or Youth Detention Centre.
•   Support Services: assist young people and their families to improve their stability, health and
    well-being. The preference is that non-government services promote engagement in
    addressing issues such as homelessness, lack of financial and material resources, current or
    past experience of harm or risk of harm or neglect, psychological states such as depression,
    anxiety or trauma and substance misuse treatment. Support services include personal and
    practical support, and health and therapeutic support.
•   Offence Focused Intervention: seeks to modify the thoughts, feelings and behaviours that
    contributed to offending, and hold young people accountable for the impacts of their offending
    behaviour. Offence-focused intervention should be delivered by Youth Justice Services or
    Youth Detention Centre staff as the primary provider. Non-government specialist knowledge
    services may be engaged to continue support needs of the young person.
•   Developmental Intervention: aims to improve the capability of a young person reintegrating
    into the community either from detention and/or when exiting the Youth Justice Service
    System. The aim is to reduce the impact of risk factors and to increase the number of
    protective factors in a young person’s life.

The Youth Justice Intervention Framework suggests that, to promote sustainability of service
provision, external service providers should be engaged by Youth Justice Services to deliver
support services and developmental intervention. This enhances the inclusion of a young person in
their community and promotes sustainability of engagement beyond the period of the young
person’s order. Youth Justice Service Centres and Youth Detention Centres will maintain
responsibility for Court Order and Bail Support and primarily for Offence Focused Intervention.

2. A Range of Intervention Types and Activities
Within each of the categories there are intervention types which provide a range of activities
suitable for delivery. For example, within the category of Developmental Intervention, one
intervention type is Life Skills Development, which is constituted by activities including money
management, shopping and cooking, and time management. A comprehensive list of suitable
activities is available in the appendices to the Youth Justice Intervention Framework.

Court Orders and Bail Support includes the following intervention types:
• Probation Order
•   Community Service Order
•   Intensive Supervision Order
•   Conditional Release Order
•   Detention Order/Remand
•   Supervised Release Order
• Bail with departmental support.
The statutory requirements of Court Orders and Bail Support are set out in the
Youth Justice Act 1992 and constitute the ‘activities’ to be completed by young people.

Title: Summary of the Youth Justice Intervention Framework
Author: Youth Justice Programs                         Date: March 2010   Version: 1.0     Page 4
Support Services includes the following intervention types:
• Personal and practical support (e.g. activity: accessing housing services)
•   Health and therapeutic support (e.g. activity: accessing mental health services).

Offence-focused Intervention types include:
• Modifying offending thoughts and behaviour (e.g. activity: Aggression Replacement Training
•   Reparative action (e.g. activity: completing a conference agreement)
•   Substance Abuse Intervention (e.g. activity: drug and alcohol counselling).

Developmental Intervention types include:
• Social skills development (e.g. activity: basic communication skills training)
•   Life skills development (e.g. activity: stress management)
•   Family support (e.g. activity: family management/parenting skills)
•   Cultural identity development and support (e.g. activity: history and ancestor/family tracing)
•   Access to recreation/leisure (e.g. activity: linking with a local sporting club)
•   Access to education, training and/or employment (e.g. activity: linking with a training provider).

3. Desired Outcomes of the Intervention Types
Each of the intervention types has a desired outcome. For example, the desired outcome of Social
Skills Development is that the young person has knowledge and skills useful for positive social
interaction and community living. Therefore, any intervention or program that is for Social Skills
Development must be aimed at achieving this outcome.

Each intervention type has a set of success indicators. The success indicators will be used to
ensure the young person is moving toward the desired outcomes as a result of the intervention.

For example, to assess if the young person engaged in Social Skills Development has successfully
developed knowledge and skills useful for positive social interaction and community living, the
following indicators need to be applied:
• (Young person) has an increased awareness of how to relate to others in a positive way.
•   (Young person) can identify and demonstrate a range of positive communication skills.

For a full list of the success indicators, please contact your local Youth Justice Service Centre.

4. Intervention principles
Research indicates that best practice principles for reducing recidivism must be applied to
maximise the effectiveness of intervention. Therefore, consideration should be given to how to
incorporate the following principles into the interventions with young people from the Youth Justice

•   The Risk Principle: When young people are being supervised by a Youth Justice Service or
    Youth Detention Centre, they are assessed on their needs as well as to what risks exist in their
    life that can lead them to reoffend. This is called a Risk/Needs Assessment. Interventions
    should be delivered with a focus and intensity appropriate to the assessed level of risk. For
    example, if a young person is assessed as low risk they do not require such high intensity of
    interventions as those who are assessed as high risk. You can ask your local Youth Justice

Title: Summary of the Youth Justice Intervention Framework
Author: Youth Justice Programs                         Date: March 2010   Version: 1.0      Page 5
      Service or Youth Detention Centre to indicate which clients have been assesses as low risk
      and which clients are at higher risk.
•     The Needs Principle: In a Youth Justice Risk/Needs Assessment, the young person’s needs
      are also identified. As a matter of priority, a young person should only be participating in
      interventions that specifically address the complex needs of that young person and their family.
•     The Responsivity Principle: Young people respond better to programs that are engaging.
      Therefore, interventions should be delivered to young people and their family members in a
      culturally appropriate way that promotes participation.
•     The Program Integrity Principle: It is important to ensure that intervention is evidence based
      and linked to theory. The content of interventions should be delivered in the same way that
      they were intended to be delivered (aligned with theory).
•     The Flexibility Principle: If a young person has trouble participating in an intervention, then
      delivery is adapted to suit individual needs and local capability. For example, considering
      changing the time or location of intervention.

5. Monitoring and evaluation requirements
The Youth Justice Intervention Framework sets out a requirement that Youth Justice staff will
monitor the implementation and effectiveness of all interventions. Monitoring the implementation of
intervention is necessary to ensure that planned activities are delivered as intended and that young
people and/or family members are successfully engaged in the intervention. Monitoring the
effectiveness of intervention is necessary to establish whether the activities delivered have
contributed to the identified outcome of the intervention type.

Your local Youth Justice Service or Youth Detention Centre will assist you in collecting monitoring
data. It is essential that this data is forwarded to the Youth Justice Service Centre or Detention
Centre to ensure interventions are being effective, or to guide how interventions may be enhanced.

6. Further information
The following contact details are available for you to contact your local Youth Justice Service or
Youth Detention Centre for more information.
    Brisbane North Youth Justice Service              Brisbane South Youth Justice Service
    Bowen Hills Service Centre                        306 Ipswich Road
    41 Murray Street                                  Buranda Qld 4102
    Bowen Hills Qld 4006                              Phone: 34062801
    Phone: 3274 9911
    Caboolture Youth Justice Service                  Cairns Youth Justice Service
    10-20 Walker Street                               277 Mulgrave Road
    Morayfield Qld 4506                               Cairns Qld 4870
    Phone: 5428 8300                                  Phone: 4048 9801
    Far North Qld Youth Justice Service               Gold Coast Youth Justice Service
    277 Mulgrave Street                               Shop 13 Pacific Square
    Cairns Qld 4870                                   2540 Gold Coast Highway
    Phone: 4048 9802                                  Mermaid Beach Qld 4218
                                                      Ph: 5562 7157
    Hervey Bay Youth Justice Service                  Ipswich Youth Justice Service
    3/101 Beach Road                                  24-26 South Street
    Pialba Qld 4655                                   Ipswich Qld 4305
    Phone: 4197 9222                                  Phone: 3884 5800
    Logan Youth Justice Service                       Mackay Youth Justice Service
    18 Blackwood Road                                 41 Gordon Street
    Woodridge Qld 4114                                Mackay Qld 4740
    Phone: 3884 9777                                  Phone: 4967 2360

Title: Summary of the Youth Justice Intervention Framework
Author: Youth Justice Programs                         Date: March 2010   Version: 1.0       Page 6
 Mt Isa Youth Justice Service                         Rockhampton Youth Justice Service
 Level Ground Mt Isa House                            155 Alma Street
 Mary Street                                          Rockhampton Qld 4700
 Mt Isa Qld 4825                                      Phone: 4924 1842
 Phone: 4747 3499
 Sunshine Coast Youth Justice Service                 Toowoomba Youth Justice Service
 21 Brisbane Road                                     49 Neil Street
 Moolooloba Qld 4557                                  Toowoomba Qld 4350
 Phone: 5470 9463                                     Phone: 4615 3444
 Townsville Youth Justice Service                     Western Districts Youth Justice Service
 109 Bamford Lane                                     255 Forest Lake Boulevard
 Kirwan Qld 4817                                      Forest Lake Qld 4078
 Phone: 4799 9200                                     Phone: 3710 1242
 Brisbane Youth Detention Centre                      Cleveland Youth Detention Centre
 Cnr Aveyron and Wolston Roads                        Old Common Road
 Wacol Qld 4076                                       Belgian Gardens Qld 4810
 Phone: 3271 0777                                     Phone: 4729 9000

Title: Summary of the Youth Justice Intervention Framework
Author: Youth Justice Programs                         Date: March 2010   Version: 1.0          Page 7

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