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					REEB European strategic research Roadmap to ICT enabled Energy-Efficiency in Buildings and constructions Grant agreement no.: 224320

Lecture Notes on Energy Efficiency in Building Construction

Author(s):Raimar Scherer Tatiana Suarez

TUD TUD

Issue Date Deliverable Number Version WP Number Status

31 December 2008 (m08) D5.32 V0.3 WP5: Dissemination, best practice promotion and awarenessraising Draft

Dissemination level X PU = Public PP = Restricted to other programme participants (including the Commission Services) RE = Restricted to a group specified by the consortium (including the Commission Services) CO = Confidential, only for members of the consortium (including the Commission Services)

Lecture Notes on Energy Efficiency in Building Construction

REEB: GA no.: 224320 D5.31

Document history V Date 0.1 2008-1231

Author

Description

Raimar First draft version of the TOC of this deliverable Scherer Tatiana Suarez

0.2

2009-0228

Raimar First draft version improvement of this deliverable, general Scherer distribution and overview of the lecture notes. Tatiana Suarez Raimar Improvement with addition of partners collaboration Scherer Tatiana Suarez

0.3

2009-0330

Remark: Version o is called draft Version in the DoW.

Disclaimer The information in this document is provided as is and no guarantee or warranty is given that the information is fit for any particular purpose. The user thereof uses the information at its sole risk and liability. The document reflects only the author’s views and the Community is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.

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Summary
The Lecture Notes on Energy Efficiency in Building Construction is the public document D5.32, delivered in the context of WP5, Task 5.3: Dissemination of REEB outcomes. The objectives of task 5.3 are the dissemination of REEB outcomes. This is done through (1) website and related facilities, (2) newsletters, (3) lecture notes and (4) conferences. Accordingly task 5.3 collects the results of the others WPs and synthesizes them to lecture notes. The main and first task is to collect this input in a topic list, named Table Of Content (TOC). Based on this TOC the lecture notes are designed. This means the results of the other WP´s are structured in reasonable lecturing units, to modularize them and then to generalize them in order to be customised to different audiences, namely students, architects and engineers but also to building owners, energy suppliers and governmental people. Each of them does have another background and does have other objectives and hence needs other lecture contents and/or other presentation forms for one and the same topic. The lecture modules are described in form of Intended Learning Outcomes (ILO’S). This is the result to be presented in D5.32 version 0 (called draft version in DoW). In the next phase of work the lecture modules are designed in more detail. Each module is detailed in their individual lecture entities, where each entity is about equivalent to a lecture hour. Each unit is described by a list of bullet points. This result is presented as D 5.32 version 1. The final phase is to work out some of the lecture modules. To develop the content of all possible lectures is not feasible. Therefore we will first concentrate on the view of building design and second we will work out only selected lecture notes in PPT presentations that are in the focus of the REEB tasks and according to the preferences of the REEB partners meeting the REEB objectives. This is the result presented in D5.32 version 2. The lecture include new ICT-based concepts, technologies and practices as well as products and solutions for improving the energy efficiency in Building Design(AEC) and Operation (FM), aiming to promote and stimulate the innovative use of ICT in EE to reach the widest audience as a support for future initiatives. This document D5.32 version 0 counts with five principal parts: 1. The baseline of e-learning lectures including a description of the expected audience in chapter 1. 2. The framework of e-lecture notes, i.e. the formal structure, which is given in chapter 2 3. The table of content (TOC) as on enrolling brainstorming document, which is included as appendix. 4. The structure of the lecture modules in chapter 3. 5. As an outlook to further description of the modules, a very first draft of the detailing of each lecture module is already included in chapter 4, this is done to provide the reviewer with an outlook to version 1 of the D5.32

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Contents
SUMMARY .................................................................................................................................. 3 CONTENTS ................................................................................................................................. 4 ABBREVIATIONS ..................................................................................................................... 5 INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................................... 6 1. BASELINE OF THE E-LEARNING LECTURES ........................................................... 8 1.1 OBJECTIVES & PERSPECTIVES OF THE E-LEARNING LECTURES ................. 8 1.2 DEFINITION OF E-LEARNING COMMUNITY ........................................................ 8 1.3 CRITERIA TO CHOSE LEARNING LECTURES ...................................................... 9 1.4 E-LEARNING PLATFORM .......................................................................................... 9 2. FRAMEWORK OF THE E-LEARNING PROGRAMME ........................................... 10 2.1 COURSE AIMS AND OBJECTIVES .......................................................................... 10 2.2 COURSE PREREQUISITES ........................................................................................ 10 2.3 COURSE CREDIT HOURS ......................................................................................... 11 2.4 RECOMMENDATION GUIDELINES ....................................................................... 11 3. LEARNING MODULE STRUCTURE ............................................................................. 11 3.1 RECOMMENDATION GUIDELINES ....................................................................... 11 3.2 MODULE OVERVIEW ................................................................................................ 12 3.3 MODULE 1: PREPARATION MODULE FOR EE BUILDINGS ............................ 13 3.4 MODULE 2: ENERGY BASIC ASPECTS IN BUILDING DESIGN ....................... 14 3.5 MODULE 3: ENERGY EFFICIENT PLANNING SYSTEM .................................... 14 3.6 MODULE 4: ENERGY EFFICIENT DESIGN SYSTEM .......................................... 14 3.7 MODULE 5: ENERGY EFFICIENT CONTROL SYSTEM OPERATION ............. 15 3.8 MODULE 6: PERFORMANCE EVALUATION METHODS .................................. 15 4. LECTURE NOTES CONTENTS....................................................................................... 16 5. CONCLUSIONS ................................................................................................................... 19 6. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ................................................................................................. 20 7. REFERENCES ...................................................................................................................... 21 8. APPENDIX ............................................................................................................................ 22

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Abbreviations
AEC BIM EE FM HVAC ICT MEP REEB TOC Architecture, Engineering, Construction Building Information Modelling Energy Efficiency Facility Management Heating, ventilation and air-conditioning Information and Communication Technologies Mechanical, electrical and plumbing European strategic research Roadmap to ICT enabled EnergyEfficiency in Buildings and constructions Table of content

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Introduction
This report contains the organization of the e-learning material from base educational lessons in ICT applications for Energy Efficient Building Design, incorporating multimedia techniques to produce an authentic, online course education as a final result. The development of this course through online lessons is based on modules containing these lectures notes, targeting a wide audience of educators, students, industry and investors. These Lecture Notes are based on a shared vision investigation targeting the planning, design of buildings and the related controlling and monitoring systems concerning the ICT applications for the improvement of the Energy Efficiency of Buildings. The design of the lecture notes are based on the results of the others WP´s and are based on the experience of the authors, the institute “Construction and Informatics”, which is strong in BIM data structure, product and process modelling and the related institute of “Building Climate” which is strong in building energetic analysis and building energetic design.

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1. BASELINE OF THE E-LEARNING LECTURES
These lectures are based on the planning, organization, management and experience of previous e-learning activities combined with new subjects on the field of ICT for Energy Efficiency in Building Design.

1.1 OBJECTIVES & PERSPECTIVES OF THE E-LEARNING LECTURES
The related information and technologies about energy efficiency are growing very fast a nd getting more and more complex, to handle and disseminate the information effectively, an efficient way of information management is needed. It is important to provide the necessary information, both to the decision-maker and to the public at large, creating an e-learning environment to support education and professional training and promoting learning self-study of the subject. For all these reasons the objectives and perspectives are the following:       The lectures aims at broadening the understanding and hence the application of the use of ICT in EE of BC in AEC, FM and related communities through e-learning illustrated case studies and applications. To extend the application of the ICT in EE of BC communities to the e-learning field through illustrated case studies and applications. It is expected the learning public to receive the information knowledge effectively, promoting engaging investigation of the theory and research of new technologies aspects. To make the information more accessible to building designer, policy makers, researchers and others involved in the building life-cycle. To keep the learning public motivated and encourage them to become more aware of the potential and benefits of energy efficiency. To increase technical, economic and environmental interest in energy efficiency and ICT related applications.

1.2 DEFINITION OF E-LEARNING COMMUNITY
The participants of this e-learning programme will be confirmed by a wide audience interested in the energy efficiency and Building construction related field: experts and professionals, programmers and non programmers, students, industrials, investors, training specialists, products developers, service developers, architects, building engineers, mechanical engineers, electrical engineers and facility asset managers. They can be structures in 3 groups: 1) Basic participants 2) Intermediate participants
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3) Advanced participants It is expected that the e-learning community will be open and wide as possible.

1.3 CRITERIA TO CHOSE LEARNING LECTURES
The structure and design of these lectures integrate the main concepts which are included in the learning material. The subjects included in the learning material are the following:  ICT based solutions as an enabler for energy efficiency  ICT tools for the management of energy systems  ICT tools for the design (CAD) of Energy-efficient buildings  EE factors and challenges, planning design & control system  EE program & performance analysis. The learning modules are articulated based on the content management and on learning experience.

1.4 E-LEARNING PLATFORM
The Web-based system of the e-learning platform aims to establish a rich information network with comprehensive information made to reach a real broad audience. This platform should be held in an open system Website and it would be recommended to make a development work on the national level and language- of each member- to draw a better public attention. However in the first step English will be chosen. It is intended that the test platform will be provided and tested, at the beginning of this program with university students in the universities of the academics REEB members and in the near future will be open to the public (see 2.4) It is intended to hold the e-learning programme as a test site in collaboration with the ICT Euromaster e-learning course. http://euromaster.itcedu.net/. This platform will be adjusted to easy access and distribution for self directed lessons, and it is expected to count with a multimedia strategy to expand the public interaction.

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2. FRAMEWORK OF THE E-LEARNING PROGRAMME
2.1 COURSE AIMS AND OBJECTIVES (Learning Outcomes)
After successful completion of this course, participants will acquire awareness and competence about:          Advanced knowledge about and training in ICT for energy-efficient building design. Development of integrative energy efficiency systems. Energy life-cycle analysis of buildings. Detailing energy zones and rooms to obtain optimal climatic conditions. Detailing building elements to avoid cool bridges and moisture problems. Designing the sensor systems for optimal climatic control. Design (customize) the controlling system. Analysing gaps in the energetic behaviour of existing building and developing plans for improvement. Energy-efficient operation of buildings.

The e-learning lectures will facilitate knowledge diffusion and a new learning/ teaching experience approaches that assures    shared responsibility toward improved energy performance in buildings and through communities. to transform behaviour by educating and motivating the building transactions professionals into alters their course toward improved energy efficiency in buildings. to raise awareness of energy efficiency value by those involved in the development, operation and use of buildings.

2.2 COURSE PREREQUISITES
Due to the variable targeted public it is expected that the structured modules will include preliminary introduction to each area of study, although the participants should have basic knowledge in:    Energy resources and consumption Building elements Software applications

The curriculum is focused on:   Professionals with an academic knowledge in the building field, structural engineering, surveying, construction or architecture. Students but with basic knowledge in structural engineering, building construction or architecture.
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  

Professionals in ICT which will use their knowledge in the application to the energy efficiency field. Professionals involved in energy technology field. Designers, developers, providers related and interested in the study field.

Due to this heterogeneity of the potential audience it was felt that preparatory modules may be helpful which will offer the basic prerequisite knowledge about energy source, energy methods, climate, system capturing, system control, life-cycle analysis. However it was decided, that the development of these modules are not in the focus of this WP.

2.3 COURSE CREDIT HOURS
This credit distribution is based on the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) in order to be compatible with the academic system and can be seamless merged in academic curricula. Therefore it is based on the principle that 60 credits measure the workload of a full-time student during one academic year with around 1500 hours per year and one credit stands for around 25 working hours. The working hours are divided into direct lecture hours and in direct ones, namely pre- and post-preparation hours, i.e. to repeat the lecture material, to solve lecture-accompanying tasks and to prepare a final work. The ICT application in Energy Efficiency Building design program is a sequence of six learning modules, included in a standard learning structure for regular students, the entire programme is planned to cover one full year, divided in two semesters of 30 credits each with 25 hours/ credit per semester and 15 weeks peer semester ( in the mean).

2.4 ACCREDITATION AND CERTIFICATE
At the moment the member’s participants- TUD and UCC- can implement these learning lectures as a part of the present university lectures, those students will received the accumulative credits for taking part in this course. Free students who perform the required activities and assignments, and passed written examination will receive a personal teacher certificate. Any professional taking part in the courses is counted as a free student.

3. LEARNING MODULE STRUCTURE
3.1 RECOMMENDATION GUIDELINES
The extension of the course will depend on the learning options of every participant, the users are able to choose the lessons that best suit his/ her learning activities. The modules are divided in order of knowledge level: the basic knowledge ( module 1& 2), the main knowledge ( modules 3,4 & 5) and the evaluation and certification ( module 6). The modules one and two provide an introduction to the basic aspect of Energy efficiency application in Building design, and are recommended to non experience people in this field.
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The intermediate modules (3, 4 & 5) are considered to be the beginning of the learning modules for experienced public and will the include application technologies of interest. The final module is a practice based application that follows the preliminary modules. Each lecture within the module will include literature recommendation, reading material will include a website link to implement the learning process and free software downloads sites for practice application.

3.2 MODULE OVERVIEW First Semester:
 Number of modules: 3  Target learning public: No preliminary prerequisite, open to students and professionals in building construction, ICT or energy efficiency. However, preparatory lectures should be taken into account.  Learning Objectives: To integrate the pre-design schematics ideas and most suitable concepts for the pre-design of a new building structure or significant renovation facilities, the principal aim is to prepare the target public to recognize the key issues that should be addressed in the early pre-design stage for a more energy efficiency integrated building design. The learning public will acquire the necessary basic introduction to the design overview application and will have a better level of maturity and perception of sustainable and “green” buildings. Module 1: ICT applications in EE Building design Number of credits: 8 Lecture hours per week: 6, lecture hours in total: 90 h Working load in total: 225 h Level: Basic knowledge

Module 2: Energy Basic Aspects in Building Design. Number of credits: 12 Hours per week: 9, lecture hours in total: 135 h Working load in total: 337 h Level: Basic knowledge

Module 3: Energy Efficient Planning System Number of credits: 12 Hours per week: 9, lecture hours in total: 135 h Working load in total: 337 h Level: Intermediate knowledge

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Second Semester:
 Number of modules: 3  Target learning public: The modules 1, 2 and 3 are a mandatory prerequisite for non expert students; indeed it is open to experts with an intermediate knowledge in the energy efficiency building construction design.  Learning Objectives: These modules aim to provide the performance analysis and development tools to their application on the design process, after the culmination of the three final modules the learning public will be able to develop a strategy for an optimal energy efficiency building design from a modelling point of view and their environmental evaluation and control system. Module 4: Energy Efficient Design System Number of credits: 12 Hours per week: 9, lecture hours in total: 135 h Working load in total: 337 h Level: Intermediate knowledge Module 5: Energy Efficient Control System Operation Number of credits: 12 Hours per week: 9, lecture hours in total: 135 h Working load in total: 337 h Level: Intermediate knowledge Module 6: Performance Evaluation Methods and Best practice examples Number of credits: 8 Lecture hours per week: 6, lecture hours in total: 90 h Working load in total: 225 h Level: evaluation and certification

3.3 MODULE 1: PREPARATION MODULE FOR EE BUILDINGS
This module analyzes the energy efficiency factors variation in buildings according to geography, climate, building type and location; mapping the energy resources with regard of an energy system development to constitute an important part of the decision basis for potential measures. It includes the critical factors and challenges, awareness, training and availability of material, equipments and technologies. Basic principles of ICT support of EE of buildings. The objective of this module is to establish the basic standards and basic assessment that are needed to be known in order to apply an adequate energy efficient design.

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3.4 MODULE 2: ENERGY BASIC ASPECTS IN BUILDING DESIGN
This module includes the introduction to building design and its important aspect which will influence in the overall design:   Climatic environment and climatic design with site elements and architectural planning. Building envelope: exterior walls, windows, roof, underground slab and foundation and the factors determining the heat flow across the building envelope: Temperature differential, area of the building exposed and heat transmission value of the exposed area.

Building Energy Systems: Heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems with the proper evaluation of: Thermal comfort criteria; Load calculation methods; System characteristics; Equipment and plant operation (part-load); General design strategies for lighting design & other building services systems consuming energy: Electrical installations; Lifts and escalators; utilities supply conditions (gas and electricity). The objective of this module is to give an overview of the basic building design elements and the factors determining the heat flow across the building envelope.

3.5 MODULE 3: ENERGY EFFICIENT PLANNING SYSTEM
This module based of the preliminary data to perform the energy system plan to meet sustainable development goals by computational performance analysis, based on a statistic calculation model or a physical energy consumption calculation model for application in the building process. Also the practice of simplified planning models for the estimation of the total the energy demand, heating or lighting energy demand. The BIM design and strategy specification is included, defining building form, materialization and technical systems performance calculation at an early stage. The building design is integrated with the energy efficient plan for high-quality, sustainable residential design. In this stage the performance baselines are developed, i.e. targets physical analysis models for the precise calculation of detailed energy tasks as well as overall energy consumption and sideeffect energy supply. Statistic calculation models for the estimation of the total the energy demand, heating or lighting energy demand.

3.6 MODULE 4: ENERGY EFFICIENT DESIGN SYSTEM
This module concentrates on the sustainable building design system and energy analysis operated to maintain user comfort and functionality, a building needs and the defined amount of energy that has to be supplied. This analysis includes the energy demand that has to be supplied and additional energy input needed for lighting, ventilation and for the operation of building systems: transmission of the heat losses of the envelope; ventilation heat losses; Solar heat gains through windows and other internal energy gains caused by appliances and users as well as solar gains through openings to diminish the amount of heating energy.

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The Practical application involves the computer- based programs like DDS-CAD, RevitMEP and DesignBuilder, for a more accurate calculation design.

3.7 MODULE 5: ENERGY EFFICIENT CONTROL SYSTEM OPERATION
This module implements the monitor assessment for performance implementation, showing the interacting energy flow-paths encountered within buildings and their environmental control systems, such a system is often considered to be equivalent to an electrical network of time-dependent resistances equivalent to the heat flows encountered within and between the building's parts. Rooms and built elements are treated as finite volumes of fluid and solid material characterized by thermophysical properties such as conductance and capacitance, and possessing "variables of state" such as temperature and pressure. Since different building regions (floors, windows, floor slabs, etc.), have different thermal capacities, the problem is essentially a dynamic one; these regions responding at a different rate as they compete to capture, store and release energy. It is this dynamic behaviour that makes the building modelling problem such a complex one. Inside this control system, the use of ICT for Energy Efficiency, the lighting system, the sensor system application and other application technologies will be analyzed (i.e. active thermal wall insulation)

3.8 MODULE 6: PERFORMANCE EVALUATION METHODS
This module includes the energy design evaluation methods, the cost effectiveness of any energy conservation measures between initial, maintenance and energy costs (Total life cycle costing). Simulation techniques that provide the tools for assessing different design options based on their energy performance and life cycle costs. The computer-based building energy simulation that will provide this power and allow greater flexibility in design evaluation: EnergyPlus & Delphin programs. Energy audits identify areas where energy is being used efficiently or is being wasted, and spotlight areas with the largest potential for energy saving. These audits are useful for establishing consumption patterns, understanding how the building consumes energy, how the system elements interrelate and how the external environment affects the building.

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4. Lecture Notes Contents
Module 1:  Actual basis and scenarios of ICT applications on EE: ICT devices, components and systems application for the improvement of Energy Efficiency in Building Design and its related importance in the reduction of Energy costs. The benefits and profit interests of the applied technologies. Energy efficiency factors in buildings like the variation according to geography, climate, building type and location and assessment of environmental factors; this distinction to contrast between retrofitting existing buildings and new construction, including the different standards of the building quality.  Building Operation Concepts: The methods and conceptual approach, the analysis of failures, defects, and insufficiencies of the building found on the basis of results of the building, technology, and energy investigations. Decision-making process (multi-criteria decision-making methods)  Energy resources surveys: The mapping of energy resources to clarify the latitude with regard to development of the energy system, as an important part of the decision basis for potential measures. The useful look at the resource base in context with current production and consumption. The potential for improved energy efficiency as an energy resource normally included when projecting energy demand. The overview of the large number of Energy resources that have the potential to improve energy efficiency  Statutes, regulations and policy guidelines: The basic structure of building regulations, scope of building energy codes and regulations, calculation structure overview according to guidelines, required and minimum performance levels, building control structures.  Critical factors and challenges: The levels of energy performance and cost considerations, the optimized effectiveness by adoption of low-power technologies and design solutions, customizing the energy consumption according to the respective usage scenario, optimize energy control utilization; adapt the energy management according to the pattern of use, increasing of the ICT application in the Energy Efficiency Building design. More vertical coordination and integration between the various professionals involved in the building design plan. Module 2:  Climatic design: The major effect of the site elements in the building performance (topography, layout, shape, spacing, orientation), Thermal response of the building structure (heat transfer & thermal storage), Response of the building systems (indoor climate, lighting, HVAC systems)  Energy sources and conversions: The integration of renewable sources, local generation and energy storage (Ground heat exchanger, heat recovering ventilation system, geothermal heat pump, solar hot water system and photovoltaic cells, rainwater collection and distribution system), the demand side of buildings energy of building value change, energy generation and energy transmission.  Building envelope: Description of the building envelope elements and the factors determining the heat flow across these elements ( Temperature differential, area of the
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building exposed, heat transmission value of the exposed area, thermal mass, thermal insulation, the heat flow)  Building energy systems: Heating system, Ventilation system, Air conditioning system, lighting systems, electrical installations, utilities supply conditions (gas and electricity), passive systems, shading and sun control, solar thermal systems, photovoltaic systems, daylighting design, natural ventilation, windows and glazing systems, Insulation selection, thermal storage systems. Module 3:  Energy performance baselines: Establishment of green goals related to function, security and costs based on the environmental and energy efficiency requirements. Integrated professional working team for the green planning process and the coordination and integration between the various professionals involved in the building design plan.  Energy performance: The e efficient systems dedicated to existing buildings, The mapping of existing technical energy efficient solutions and classifications, Environmental and economic analysis, Life- cycle costing and Environmental life-cycle assessment.  Strategic energy Data management and analysis: Energy management at building scale (planning and financing, design and construction, operation and maintenance), Simulation data organization, Physical and Statistic calculation design models.  BIM design & strategy specification: Preliminary building envelope design with adapted energy efficiency technologies, green design strategies integration into conventional design criteria for building form, function, performance and cost. Module 4:  Energy calculation analysis: Indoor climate simulation, Energy demand calculation (Heating, Ventilation, Air conditioning, lighting, electrical, utilities supply conditions), the energy chain calculation; Building envelope design & Integration of Energy efficient technologies to the BIM system.  Energy performance implementation: The interacting energy flow-paths encountered within buildings and their environmental control systems. Integrated Building Design. Implemented Cost- effective energy saving.  Building energy systems design & material selection of: Heating system, Ventilation system, Air conditioning system, lighting systems, electrical installations, utilities supply conditions (gas and electricity), passive systems, shading and sun control, solar thermal systems, photovoltaic systems, daylighting design, natural ventilation, windows and glazing systems, Insulation selection, thermal storage systems. Module 5:  Innovative ICT uses toward energy efficiency: Energy efficient application technologies, Sensor system applications; Monitor assessment, wired and wireless control networks, standard architectures for domotic systems. Active thermal warm insulation.  Building information model performance assessment: Selection of green design strategies, refining the potential design and reiterating the analysis. Modelling performance between building data & energy efficient technologies application.
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Module 6:  Performance evaluation methods: Energy Audits. Computer- Based energy performance, design and process analysis: DDS-CAD, Revit MEP, and DesignBuilder, EnergyPlus, Delphin, IES, Transys.  Virtual Building Model analysis: energy use model, daylighting, computational fluid dynamics, Interpretation of the virtual result simulation analysis.

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5. CONCLUSIONS
E-learning enables better knowledge diffusion for better understanding and spreading of the energy efficiency field. The challenge is to create a work environment community that allows participants to learn, adapt, share and respond. This preliminary lecture design covers the teaching system fact and the learning basis of the structured e-learning lessons, which aims to stimulate the energy efficiency solution applied to building design, with the application of technology to achieve better learning outcomes and a more cost- efficient way of bringing the learning environment to learners.

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6. Acknowledgements
The REEB Consortium would like to acknowledge the financial support of the European Commission under the IST programme.

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7. References
Authors: Mayes , Terry & De Freitas, Sara Title: Review of e-learning theories, frameworks and models - JISC e-Learning Models Desk Study Author: Sam C. M. Hui Title: Web- based Learning for Building Energy Efficiency- A capacity Building Tool Author: Directorate General for Education and Culture Title: ECTS Users’ Guide, European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System and Diploma Supplement

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8. Appendix
In the following, the brainstorming results are summarized as potential table of potential lecture content. It is an enrolling document. The brainstorming was an internal work of TUD people and remarks of the REEB member of two circulations of the TOC.

Very first Table of Potential Lecture content
1. SUSTAINABLE ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDING DESIGN 1.1. - ACTUAL BASIS AND SCENARIOS 1.1.1. – Energy resource surveys 1.1.2. - Statutes, regulations and policy guidelines 1.1.3. - Assessment of environmental factors 1.1.4. - Critical factors and challenges 1.1.4.1 Awareness & Training 1.1.4.2 Availability of Materials, Equipment and Technologies 1.1.4.3 Sustained Savings 1.1.4.4 Codes and Standards 2. – ENERGY BASIC ASPECTS IN BUILDING DESIGN 2.1.-CLIMATIC ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATIC DESIGN 2.2. - BUILDING ENVELOPE 2.3. - BUILDING ENERGY SYSTEMS 2.3.1 Heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) 2.3.2 Lighting systems 2.3.3 Electrical installations 2.3.4 Water supply systems 2.3.5 Town gas supply system 2.3.6 Other systems
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3.- ENERGY EFFICIENT DESIGN OPTIMIZATION 3.1 COMPUTER-BASED ENERGY ANALYSIS 3.1.1 DDS-CAD integrated electrical and plumbing design 3.1.2 Revit MEP, mechanical, electrical, and plumbing (MEP) design 3.1.3 DesignBuilder, virtual building energy consumption model 4. - PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTING MEASURES 4.1 PERFORMANCE BASELINES, TARGETS AND ANALYSIS. 4.2 BIM DESIGN AND STRATEGY SPECIFICATION 4.3 ENERGY PERFORMANCE IMPLEMENTATION. 4.4 STRATEGIC ENERGY MANAGEMENT PLANNING 4.5 CONTROL ASSESSMENT 5. - ENERGY ANALYSIS 5.1 HEAT DEMAND 5.2 CALCULATION OF THE HEATING CHAIN 6. - ENERGY DESIGN EVALUATION METHODS 6.1 COMPUTER-BASED BUILDING ENERGY SIMULATION 6.1.1 EnergyPlus, energy analysis and thermal load simulation 6.1.2 Delphin, building airflow, warming and moisture transport 6.2 ENERGY AUDITS: MEASURE AND RECORD OF ENERGY EFFICIENT USE OR WASTE 7. - ENERGY EFFICIENT TECHNOLOGIES 7.1 EXISTING TECHNOLOGIES 7.2 NEW TECHNOLOGIES

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Second Modification Table of Potential Lecture content
1. SUSTAINABLE ICT APPLICATIONS IN ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDING DESIGN 1.1. ACTUAL BASIS AND SCENARIOS 1.1.1. Energy resource surveys 1.1.2. Statutes, regulations and policy guidelines 1.1.3. Assessment of environmental factors 1.1.4. Critical factors and challenges 1.1.4.1. Awareness and training 1.1.4.2. Availability of material, equipment & technologies 1.1.4.3. Sustained savings 1.1.4.4. Codes and standards 2. ENERGY BASIC ASPECTS IN BUILDING DESIGN 2.1. CLIMATIC ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE DESIGN 2.2. BUILDING ENVELOPE 2.3. BUILDING ENERGY SYSTEMS 2.3.1. Heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) 2.3.2. Lighting systems 2.3.3. Electrical installations 2.3.4. Water supply systems 2.3.5. Other systems 2.4. ICT APPLICATION ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY 3. ENERGY EFFICIENT PLANNING SYSTEM 3.1. BIM DESIGN AND STRATEGY SPECIFICATION 3.2. PERFORMANCE BASELINES, TARGETS AND ANALYSIS 3.3 ENERGY PERFORMANCE & ICT IMPLEMENTATION
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Lecture Notes on Energy Efficiency in Building Construction

REEB: GA no.: 224320 D5.31

3.4. STRATEGIC ENERGY MANAGEMENT PLANNING 4. ENERGY EFFICIENT DESIGN SYSTEM & ICT APPLICATIONS 4.1. ENERGY CALCULATION ANALYSIS 4.1.1. Heat demand calculation 4.1.2. Heating chain calculation. 4.2. COMPUTER- BASED ENERGY ANALYSIS 4.2.1. DDS-CAD integrated electrical and plumbing design 4.2.2. Revit MEP mechanical, electrical & plumbing design 4.2.3. DesignBuilder virtual building energy consumption model 5. ICT IN ENERGY EFFICIENT CONTROL SYSTEM OPERATION 5.1. MONITOR ASSESSMENT 5.2. SENSOR SYSTEM APPLICATIONS 5.3. EFFICIENT APPLICATION TECHNOLOGIES 5.3.1. Existing Technologies 5.3.2. New technologies 5.4. PERFORMANCE EVALUATION METHODS 5.4.1. Computer-based energy building simulation 5.4.1.1. EnergyPlus, energy analysis and thermal load simulation 5.4.1.2. Delphin simulation program 5.4.2. Energy audits

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Lecture Notes on Energy Efficiency in Building Construction

REEB: GA no.: 224320 D5.31

Third modification of table of Potential Lecture Contents

1. SUSTAINABLE ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDING DESIGN 1.1. - ACTUAL BASIS AND SCENARIOS 1.1.1. – Energy resource surveys 1.1.1.1 Renewable (UCC) 1.1.1.2 Non- renovable 1.1.1.3 Energy Storage (LAB) 1.1.2. - Statutes, regulations and policy guidelines 1.1.3. - Assessment of environmental factors 1.1.4. - Critical factors and challenges 1.1.4.1 Awareness & Training 1.1.4.2 Availability of Materials, Equipment and Technologies 1.1.4.3 Sustained Savings 1.1.4.4 Codes and Standards 2. – ENERGY BASIC ASPECTS IN BUILDING DESIGN 2.1.-CLIMATIC ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATIC DESIGN 2.1.1 Climatic Environment 2.1.2 Thermal / Occupational Comfort 2.2. - BUILDING ENVELOPE 2.3. - BUILDING ENERGY SYSTEMS 2.3.1 Heating 2.3.2 Ventilation 2.3.3 Air conditioning

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Lecture Notes on Energy Efficiency in Building Construction

REEB: GA no.: 224320 D5.31

2.3.4 Passive Systems (passive cooling, automatic windows, automatic shadding) 2.3.5 Lighting systems 2.3.6 Other systems 3.- ENERGY EFFICIENT DESIGN OPTIMIZATION 3.1 ZONE MODEL 3.2 BUILDING INFORMATIC MODEL (BIM) 3.3 COMPUTER-BASED ENERGY ANALYSIS 3.3.1 DDS-CAD integrated electrical and plumbing design 3.3.2 Revit MEP design 3.3.3 DesignBuilder, virtual building energy consumption model 4. - PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTING MEASURES 4.1 PERFORMANCE BASELINES, TARGETS AND ANALYSIS 4.2 BIM DESIGN AND STRATEGY SPECIFICATION 4.3 ENERGY PERFORMANCE IMPLEMENTATION 4.4 STRATEGIC ENERGY MANAGEMENT PLANNING 4.5 CONTROL ASSESSMENT 5. - ENERGY ANALYSIS 5.1 HEAT DEMAND 5.2 CALCULATION OF THE HEATING CHAIN 6. - ENERGY DESIGN EVALUATION METHODS 6.1 COMPUTER-BASED BUILDING ENERGY SIMULATION 6.1.1 EnergyPlus, energy analysis and thermal load simulation 6.1.2 Delphin, building airflow, warming and moisture transport 6.2 ENERGY AUDITS: MEASURE AND RECORD OF ENERGY EFFICIENT USE OR WASTE
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Lecture Notes on Energy Efficiency in Building Construction

REEB: GA no.: 224320 D5.31

7. – CONCEPTS FOR ENERGY CONTROL SYSTEM INSTALLATION 7.1 AMBIENT INTELLIGENCE 7.2 AMBIENT INTELLIGENT BUILDINGS 7.3 AMBIENT INTELLIGENT SYSTEM PLANNING 7.4 WIRED AND WIRELESS SENSORS AND METERS 7.5 DATA ANALYSIS 7.6 DATA MINING 7.7 DATA MANAGEMENT 8. - ENERGY EFFICIENT TECHNOLOGIES 8.1 EXISTING TECHNOLOGIES 8.2 NEW TECHNOLOGIES 9. – BUSINESS MODELS 9.1 INHAUS VERSUS OUTSOURCING 9.2 PRIVATE PUBLIC PARTNERSHIP 9.3 BUSINESS MODELS FOR BUILDING OPERATION 9.4 BUSINESS MODELS FOR FACILITY MANAGEMENT 9.5 BUSINESS MODELS FOR ASSET MANAGEMENT

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