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The Community Infrastructure Levy


									The Community Infrastructure Levy – what it could
mean for green spaces

  Charles Routh
  Planning and Local Government, Wiltshire
  Natural England
The Community Infrastructure Levy – Background (1)

• Government believes new development must contribute to
  mitigating the impacts which the wider community has to bear
• Grappled with ways of doing this for a number of years – Optional
  Planning Charge, then Planning Gain Supplement and now
  Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL)
• CIL predicated on the fact that the value of land rises very
  substantially on grant of planning permission to develop
• Clause placed in the Planning Bill which will empower local
  authorities to levy a proportion of this value uplift payable when
  the approved development actually starts
• CIL will be optional and not compulsory, and unlike PGS it will
  provide a funding stream flowing direct to the local authority and
  ring-fenced to supporting infrastructure
The Community Infrastructure Levy – Background (2)

• Way forward for CIL announced by Housing Minister Yvette
  Cooper on 24th January 2008: “Councils who back plans for
  new homes will be able to raise hundreds of millions of
  pounds to spend on vital infrastructure like roads, schools,
  parks and health centres”
• Will capture a contribution from small scale development
  which previously didn’t warrant a S106
• De minimis cut off point to exempt from CIL minor
  development, like house extensions
• Simplify process for Local Planning Authorities
• Clarify costs up front for developers
• Speed up delivery of housing numbers
• Enable sustainable communities
The Community Infrastructure Levy – Process for
Local Planning Authorities
• authorities must plan the infrastructure needed to support
  development in their area
• produce a draft charging schedule for consultation setting the
  rates the levy
• set out final charging schedule for the levy - land owners and
  developers will then know from the LDF how much they will have
  to pay and what infrastructure the CIL is paying for
• planning obligations (‘Section 106 agreements') will continue to
  operate alongside CIL and will deliver site-specific
  measures/infrastructure and affordable housing funding,
  complementing CIL which will serve the wider community
• CLG consultation on detailed arrangements later in the year
The Community Infrastructure Levy – what might it
• All about ‘unlocking’ development by helping provide the
  infrastructure without which it would be unsustainable
• CIL is not just about transport and strategic infrastructure,
  although they are important.
• Also about ensuring ‘quality of life elements’ in a neighbourhood
  are provided, maintained or improved when growth occurs
• Covers adequate local facilities e.g. schools, parks, health centres,
  good public transport and provision for pedestrians and cyclists.
• Also flood defences to protect development from the impact of
  climate change
• Stops short of saying ‘green infrastructure’ but this is implied as
  Government proposes a wide definition for infrastructure
  encompassing social and environmental infrastructure, such as
  schools and parks.
The Community Infrastructure Levy – what it could
mean for green spaces (1)
• Green space is therefore fair game for CIL but how do we secure
  delivery for natural environment objectives?
• We don’t want sterile green spaces
• We do want green infrastructure which functions ecologically and
  is managed to deliver multiple benefits
• Most will be familiar with the green infrastructure multi-
  functionality concept – wildlife habitats, networks for species
  movement, space for health and recreation, water quality,
  sustainable drainage, tempering heat island effect
• Will tend to be areas close to where development takes place –
  might miss the opportunities to expand more remote BAP habitats
The Community Infrastructure Levy – Politics and
• How well the CIL delivers for the natural environment is
  essentially a political decision.
• Direct political engagement
• Need to get the community on board – this will be a consultative
  process e.g. need to argue the benefits of GI vs. a town by-pass
• Wider political picture – Sustainable Community Strategy, Local
  Strategic Partnerships, Local Area Agreements may be influential
  in setting priorities and securing delivery
• Vital for all the above to produce evidence of need, and costing of
• RSS requires Local Planning Authorities to produce a Green
  Infrastructure Strategy – potential evidence base
• Natural England will be looking to work with partners to both
  garner political support for CIL to maximise benefits for the
  natural environment, and develop the evidence base and costing.
The Community Infrastructure Levy – costings

• Reality of competition between calls upon CIL
• Limited pot of money - uplift from <£1k to around £100k
  per plot. CIL might take in the region of £25-50k.
• Other sectors ahead – Swindon BC Transport Vision
  consultation is seeking £7.4k
The Community Infrastructure Levy – Conclusion

• Great opportunity to deliver natural environment objectives
• Need to take action soon to make the most of this
• Action includes activity around Green Infrastructure
  Strategy, Evidence of need, and the cost of provision.

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