MUN 101 Speaking and Caucusing by yurtgc548


									MUN 101
Speaking and Caucusing

 Speaking and caucusing is the most
  essential aspect of Model United Nations,
  but also the most nerve-wracking. No
  matter how nervous a delegate is,
  however, they must attempt to appear as
  confident as possible.
 No matter how large the room is, and how
  many people are in it, act as though each
  and every one of them is your friend, or at
  least a familiar business associate.
 Delegates should always be attempting to speak,
  especially at the beginning of committee session. Take
  every opportunity you have to speak, even if you don’t
  necessarily have anything really new to say – elaborate
  on your previous speeches or those of your allies.
 If you are nervous, make your first speech a little shorter
  to break your nerves, or bring a few notes up with you.
  Try not to read from your position paper or an entirely
  pre-written speech.
 Half the battle is making your first speech. It becomes
  easier with every speech thereafter.
 There are a lot of tricks to speaking effectively, but what
  is most important is that delegates develop comfort with
  speaking to their committee and eventually learn to
  enjoy the process.
The Practice of Refinement

 Over the duration of their MUN career, speakers
  should work on practicing these skills:
   As mentioned before, try to avoid having your entire
    speech written word for word on a sheet of paper.
    Instead, write down key points. This allows your
    speech to sound less robotic and more genuine.
    Furthermore, try not to use filler words such “umm,”
    “uhh,” or “like.” Pause if necessary.
   Try to stand up as straight as possible, and to avoid
    fidgeting if you can. Don’t sway back and forth. Try to
    use your hands to gesture and provide emphasis.
   Project your voice without shouting. No one wants to
    be shouted at, but everyone should be able to hear
    what you say.
The Practice of Refinement
 Try to avoid repeating exactly what previous speakers have
  said. Say what you think, and what you believe should be
  done differently. If you agree with previous speakers,
  acknowledge what they’ve said, then expand and elaborate.
  The best speakers distinguish themselves from the crowd.
 Use any key words that you know of for the topic you are
  discussing, instead of saying “that agency” give the
  acronym. But as a warning, only use words that you
  understand. Spitting key words and acronyms at random will
 Expert speakers will exhibit passion in their speeches, and
  this will manifest differently from speaker to speaker,
  including variations in tone of voice, as well as various hand
  gestures. Whatever your style, passion is essential.
 Finally, try to time speeches to fill your allotted time without
  going over. This is easier said than done, and requires
  practice, but is possible with a bit of effort.

 Caucusing mostly shares its skill set with
  speaking. Important characteristics to display
  while caucusing include passion, confidence,
  and intelligence.
 As with speaking, one’s first time caucusing is
  the most difficult. If you’re nervous, try passing
  a note before caucus to allies saying that you
  would love to hear what they have to say, then
  work with them during the caucus. Once you
  have your bearings, try to involve yourself with
  other groups and bring other people into yours.
The Actual Caucus
 When caucus begins it is often hectic and
  overwhelming. There are often several large
  congregations of people scattered around the
  room, often yelling at one another.
 Delegates should stay calm and pursue at least
  one of two options:
   Delegates can make their own circle. This is done by
    asking allies to meet you before caucus, or by starting
    a regional discussion, as well as gathering wandering
   Delegates can also plunge into one of the other
    discussions. This is more difficult. Delegates will need
    to assert themselves in the ongoing discussion to
    make a difference. Try to shift the focus from the
    current caucus leader to yourself.
   A mixture of these two strategies is most effective.
Caucus Tips
 Make a connection. While it is easy to learn
  someone’s country name, try to learn their real
  names as well. The more you can connect to
  people on a intellectual and social level, the more
  they will want to work with you.
 Understand who stands for what, and what others
  want to do. Delegates can either take mental notes
  or physical ones to retain this information.
 Try not to be unnecessarily rude. Interrupt others as
  little as possible. However, if others interrupt you,
  stand up for yourself. Furthermore, if others do not
  give you a chance to speak, create one for yourself,
  even if you have to interrupt another person to do it.
Caucus Tips
 No delegate in the room is going to agree
  completely with what you believe. Rather than
  sticking exclusively to your beliefs, try instead to
  create a set of values and ideas upon which many
  nations can agree, while sticking as close to your
  own country’s beliefs as possible.
 When deconstructing another delegate's ideas, try
  not to be too blunt. Constructive criticism is key to
  bringing them around to your side. Furthermore,
  when you shoot down one plan, be sure you’re
  able to offer an alternative.
 Use your time effectively. Delegates are rarely
  given as much time as they want for unmoderated
  caucus, so stick to the point and don’t get drawn
  into arguments over minutia.

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