1. What was the capital of the Confederacy? 13. Why was the Confederate money worthless after the war? 2. What was the capital of the Union? 14. Who was the former slave who became an abolitionist? 3. How did the Confederacy use enslaved African Americans during the war? 15. Who was the skilled Confederate general from Virginia? 4. What side did African Americans fight on during the Civil War? 16. Who urged Southerners to accept defeat? 5. How were African Americans discriminated 17. Who was offered command of the Union against during the Civil War? forces but chose not to fight against Virginia? 18. Who was the leader of the Army of 6. Who was the African American Union naval Northern Virginia? captain who became Congressman after the war? 19. Who was the Union general that defeated Lee? 7. How did the war affect family and friends? 20. Who was President of the Confederate States of America? 8. What happened to the South (ex. Atlanta and Richmond) during the Civil War? 21. What talked about preserving a government “of the people, by the people, and for the people”? 9. What was the major killer during the Civil War? 22. Who believed the United States was one nation? 10. Who started the American Red Cross? 23. Who wrote the Emancipation 11. During the war who ran businesses, farms, Proclamation? and plantations? 24. What did the Emancipation Proclamation 12. What happened to the Confederate money do? after the war? 25. Who was the President of the United States 38. What are border states? during the Civil War? 39. What are the 4 border states? 26. What event divided the South? 40. Which side supported states rights? 27. What was the turning point of the Civil War? 41. Which side had manufacturing (industries)? 28. What made freeing the slave the new focus of the war? 42. Which side believed that states had freely created and joined the union and could freely leave it? 29. What event gave the North control of the Mississippi River? 43. Which side was urban? 30. What event ended the Civil War? 44. Which side opposed slavery? 31. What was the first major battle of the Civil War? 45. Which sided was mostly agricultural? 32. What began the Civil War? 46. Which side favored tariffs? 33. What event led to the southern states 47. What side supported the idea of states seceding from the Union? having the power to declare any national law illegal? 34. What did the Union do to the southern ports? 48. What issue increasingly divided the nation and led to the Civil War? 35. What law allowed for popular sovereignty to decide the issue of slavery? 49. Why did the South not like tariffs? 36. What called for California to be a free state? 50. What side believed that the nation was a union that could not be divided? 37. What law called for Missouri to be a slave state and Maine to be a free state? 51. What rights were women denied? 52. Who were the 3 suffragist leaders? 66. What territory did the US divide with Great Britain? 53. What was the suffrage movement? 67. What was the impact of the Louisiana Purchase on the US? 54. What was an abolitionist? 68. How did the US get Florida? 55. Who were the abolitionist leaders? 69. What territory was an independent republic before it was added to the US? 56. What was the effect of the steam 70. What was the idea that expansion was for locomotive? the good of the country and the right of the country? 57. Who improved the steamboat? 71. What are the overland trails used to move west? 58. What increased farmer productivity? 72. What are the economic opportunities that 59. What connected farms in the South to attracted people west? factories in the North and territories in the West? 60. What is an inventor? 73. Who helped design Washington D.C.? 61. Who invented the reaper? 74. What are the first 10 amendments called in the Constitution? 62. What is an entrepreneur? 75. What does the Bill of Rights guarantee? 63. What increased the need for more slave labor? 76. What 2 documents was the Bill of Rights based on? 64. Who invented the cotton gin? 65. What did the US get out of the war with 77. What did George Mason write? Mexico? 78. Who wrote the Virginia Statute of Religious 89. What warned Europe not to interfere in the Freedom? Western Hemisphere? 79. What was the purpose of the Constitutional 90. Who doubled the size of the US? Convention? 91. What doubled the size of the US? 80. What issue was debated by delegates at the Constitutional Convention? 92. Who was the President during the War of 1812? 81. How was the new national government decided to be set up by those at the 93. Who was President when plans were Constitutional Convention? started for Washington D.C.? 94. What did the US get out of the War of 82. Who was elected President of the 1812? Convention? 95. Who was President when the 2 party 83. How many states were needed to ratify the system emerged? Constitution? 96. Who was President when the Federal court 84. What decided how many votes each state system was established? had in the Senate and House of Representatives? 97. Who was President when the Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution? 85. What replaced the Articles of Confederation? 98. Who was the only President that wasn’t from Virginia? 86. What did the Constitution establish? 99. What was the first constitution of the 87. What type of government was created that United States? divided the power between the national and state governments? 100. What kind of government was created under the Articles of 88. Who was the President that warned Europe Confederation? not to interfere in the Western Hemisphere? 101. What branches of government were 114. What was the reason for the Boston not created under the Articles of Tea Party? Confederation? 115. Who helped the colonist defeat the 102. What couldn’t Congress do under British? the Articles of Confederation? 116. What allowed the colonist to defeat 103. How many votes did each state get the British? under the Articles of Confederation? 104. What recognized American independence? 117. Who warned the colonists of the British arrival? 105. What ended the Revolutionary war? 118. Who helped gain France’s support for American independence? 106. What event was held to promote independence from Great Britain? 119. Who wrote poems and plays about American independence? 107. What was the turning point of the Revolutionary war? 120. Who helped write the Declaration of Independence? 108. What event were colonists shot and killed for taunting British soldiers? 121. Who said “Give me liberty or give me death”? 109. What happened on July 4, 1776? 122. Who wrote the Declaration of 110. What was the first armed conflict of Independence? the Revolutionary war? 123. Who was the commander of the 111. Where did delegates meet to discuss continental army? problems with England? 124. Who was known as the Champion of 112. What colony did not attend the First Independence? Continental Congress? 125. Who surrendered at Yorktown? 113. Who led the Boston Tea Party? 126. Who was the British king during the 137. What geographic feature is found in Revolutionary war? all 3 colonial regions? 127. What unalienable rights are found in 138. What colonial region has rocky soil the Declaration of Independence? and a jagged coastline? 139. What colonial region has coastal 128. According to the Declaration of lowlands and rich farmlands? Independence what is the job of government? 140. What colonial region is located in the Atlantic Coastal Plain? 129. Where does government get it power from? 141. What colonial region has cold winters? 130. What is the right of people to do if government does not do its job? 142. What colonial region has a humid climate? 131. Whose ideas influenced the 143. What colonial region specialized in Declaration of Independence? fishing and shipbuilding? 144. What colonial region specialized in 132. What law prohibited the movement livestock and grain? of settlers west of the Appalachian Mountains? 145. What colonial region specialized in cash crops like cotton and tobacco? 133. Who enforced the laws in the colonies? 146. Where would find few schools and cities? 134. Who appointed the colonial governors? 147. What colonial region is church the center of life? 135. Why did England tax the colonies? 148. What colonial region has diversity? 136. Why did England maintain strict control over colonial trade? 149. Where would you find town meetings? 150. Where would you find counties? 162. What was the first permanent English colony? 151. Where would find slavery and large farms? 163. Where did the religious separatist settle? 152. Where would you find market towns? 164. Where did the Puritans settle? 153. What is specialization? 165. Where did the Quakers settle? 166. What colony was settled by debtors 154. What did the New England colonies wanting economic freedom? specialize in? 167. Why was Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay established? 155. What did the Mid-Atlantic colonies specialize in? 168. Why did the Quakers come to North America? 156. What did the Southern colonies specialize in? 169. Who established Jamestown? 170. What colonies were settled for 157. What is interdependence? religious reasons? 158. What did the Southern colonies 171. What colonies were settled for depend on New England for? economic reasons? 159. What did New England colonies 172. Who relied on slaves and indentured depend on New England for? servants in the colonies? 173. Who were craftsmen that live in 160. What was the Lost Colony? small towns and plantations? 161. What were the reasons Europeans 174. Who relied on family members for established colonies? labor in the colonies? 175. Who were caretakers, house 187. Who lived in a rainy, mild climate? workers, and homemakers? 188. What geographic region did the 176. Who made a contract to work in Lakota live in? return for passage to the colonies? 189. How did the Indians meet their basic 177. Who were allowed to own land and needs of food, clothing, and shelter? have economic freedom but could not vote? 178. Who was owned as property for life with no rights? 190. Where were the Indians located before the arrival of Europeans? 179. What is archaeology? 191. What are natural resources? 180. Why is archaeology important? 192. How did the Indians use natural resources? 181. Where is one of the oldest 193. What are human resources? archaeological sites in the United States? 182. Where is Cactus Hill located? 194. How did the Indians use human resources? 183. What was found at Cactus Hill? 195. What are capital resources? 184. What Indian group lived in a freezing cold environment? 196. How did the Indians use capital resources? 185. What Indian group lived in a desert environment? 197. How did the Indians and Europeans 186. Who lived in a heavily forested cooperate? environment? 198. What created conflict between the 211. What were the problems faced by Indians and Europeans? explorers? 199. Who believed that land was to be 212. What were the accomplishments of shared or used but not owned? exploration? 200. Who conquered and enslaved Indians? 213. Why were Ghana, Mali, Songhai 201. Who established trading posts? important? 202. Who learned farming techniques 214. Where was Ghana, Mali, and from the Indians? Songhai located? 203. Who brought diseases to the 215. What did trading with West Africa Indians? do for Europe? 204. Who claimed the Southwest for Spain? 216. What did the Portuguese trade with Ghana, Mali, and Songhai? 205. Who explored eastern Canada? 217. What geographic region has old 206. Who are the 2 French explorers? eroded mountains? 218. What region has hundreds of lakes 207. Who claimed the Mississippi River carved by glaciers? Valley? 219. What region has broad lowlands and 208. Who explored West Africa? excellent harbors? 209. Who settled Quebec? 220. What region has fertile valleys? 210. Why did Europeans explore? 221. What region stretches from Alaska to Mexico? 222. What region gradually increases in 235. What provided the French and elevation westward? Spanish with exploration routes to Mexico? 223. What region has rugged mountains 236. What was the gateway to the west? along the Pacific Ocean? 237. What forms the border with 224. What region has the oldest Mexico? mountain range in North America? 238. What was explored by the Spanish? 225. What region has grasslands? 239. What was explored by Lewis and 226. What region contains Death Valley? Clark? 227. Where is the direction of rivers 240. What connects the Great Lakes to determined? the Atlantic Ocean? 228. What region has many rivers and 241. What are the water features that grassy hills? can be found on maps, globes, and diagrams? 229. What is the lowest point in North America? 242. What are geographic features that 230. What region is wrapped around the can be found on maps, globes, and Hudson Bay in a horseshoe shape? diagrams? 231. What body of water was an early exploration destination? 243. What role did geographic features 232. What body of water were play throughout history? transportation arteries for farm and industrial products? 233. Where are inland port cities located? 244. What ocean surrounds Antarctica? 234. What was the highway for 245. What is a continent? explorers?
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