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Capacity development for Education for All – The

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					UN MDG Workshop: The Final Push – Media’s Role
          MDG 2 and 3 : Education and Gender
                                                                  Ichiro Miyazawa
                     Asia –Pacific Programme of Education for All (APPEAL), UNESCO Bangkok
                                                                                     1
Main Points of Presentation


1. Too many drop-outs
2. Too little to learn
3. Large gaps in gender and
   geography


                              2
Retentions!!!
 When there are 1,000 pupils in class 1,,,,,
             1,000
    1,000


     800                ?
     600                    555
                                                                                       ?
                                      432
     400
             43%                                ?     219
     200     girl           42%                                       129
                                      42%
                                                      43%            Both

                        Enrolment   Enrolment       Enrolment     Secondary
            Enrolment
             class 1     class 5     class 6         class 10
                                                                  School Certificate
              Primary                Secondary                    Exam Passed

                                            Source: NEC 2006 and Pakistan Education Statistics 04-05
Retentions!!!


                           Children
                100                    Expected         Expected    Expected     Expected to
                          expected to
                                       to reach         to reach     to reach     complete
                         start primary
              children                  grade 2          grade 3    last grade     primary
                            school


   Mongolia                  100                                                     93




    Niger                     60                                                      17




                      Source: EFA Global Monitoring Report (2011)
Out of School Children




  26 million Out of School
  Children in Asia and Pacific
                            5
Challenges Out of School Children
 Number of Out of School Children (2008)

    Pakistan                                                                   7.2
          India                                                      5.5
 Bangladesh                               2
    Phillipine                 0.96
     Thailand              0.58
      (Millions)    0        1        2        3        4        5   6     7     8
                                                                                     6
                   Source: EFA Global Monitoring Report (2011)
Geographical and Gender Disparity
 Extreme education poverty
 % with less than 2 years of education (age 17-22)

                                                    Country average          Group average
   Nigeria , poor, Hausa, girls
         25%                           97%
   Kenya
   8%
              , rural, Somali, girls
                                      96%
                                                            57% of rural Uttar
   Ghana      , northern region, rural, girls               Pradesh girls in India (aged
      17%                      84%                          17-22) have less than 2
   Pakistan , rural, Sindhi, girls
        31%                 73%
                                                            years of education.
    India , poor, Uttar Pradesh, girls
        20%           57%                                   20 % of girls (aged 17-22)
                                                            have less than 2 years of
                                                            education throughout India

                                                                                             7
                               Source: EFA Global Monitoring Report (2011)
Challenges Marginalisation

5 key factors
  1. Poverty, vulnerability and child labour
  2. Group-based disadvantages
  3. Location and livelihoods
  4. Disability
  5. HIV and AIDs

                                         8
Challenges Poor learning

  Too many school children




         learn far too little
                            9
Challenges Poor learning
                                                                             In Indonesia, 45% of the students
                                                                             don’t reach the low international
                                                                                        benchmark
   % of students reaching the PIRLS international




                                                    100
                                                            Low benchmark
                                                    90
                                                            Below low benchmark
                                                    80
   benchmark for reading – Grade 4




                                                    70

                                                    60

                                                    50

                                                    40

                                                    30

                                                    20

                                                    10

                                                     0
                                                          Germany      France          Indonesia   South Africa   Qatar   Morocco

                                                                Low benchmark =

                                                                Basic reading skills                                                10
Reading Ability: Disparities in a country




    Source: EFA Global Monitoring Report (2010)
Challenges          Illiteracy prevails


  Still around   796
  million illiterate adults

  (518 million in Asia and Pacific)
  Women represent             2/3
                          of illiterate adults
  (63% in South and West Asia)
                                                               12
                 Source: EFA Global Monitoring Report (2011)
Challenges            Illiteracy prevails
Number of Illiterate (2008)

       India                                                                283

      China                        67

   Pakistan                    51

Bangladesh                    49

 Indonesia            12
     (Millions)   0         50         100         150          200   250    300
                                                                                   13
                  Source: EFA Global Monitoring Report (2011)
Geographical and Gender Disparity




                                    14
Requests for Media Professional



 1. Spotlight on gaps in the
   country
 2. Appeal to increase education
   budget
 3. Raise questions,,,education for
   what in 21st century?
                                      15

				
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