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Bridging the Cultural Gap in African American _ Latino Communities

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Bridging the Cultural Gap in African American _ Latino Communities Powered By Docstoc
					               WHAT IS CULTURE?
 Beliefs                Smells/Taste
 Values                 Images/Stories
 Feelings               Problem Solve
 Learn                  Interpret
 Do                      information
 Spend Time             Plan for future
 Memories
            WHAT IS CULTURAL COMPETENCE?
 Acknowledge and accept culture differences exist and have and impact on service
  delivery


 Believe that diversity within the culture is as valuable as diversity between cultures


 Respect the unique defined needs of various populations


 Know that the concepts of “family” and “community” are different for various cultures
  and even for subgroups within cultures



Source: SAMHSA’s National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information (NCADI)
                    CULTURAL COMPETENCE
                          DIFFERS
 Cultural Knowledge


 Cultural Awareness


 Cultural Sensitivity
                   “NORMS” TO BE AWARE OF
 Touch
In many cultures, you must explain what will be done and why before touching.
Always be polite and have a friendly encounter
Show respect
 Eye Contact
In many cultures, a person may avoid eye contact with healthcare professionals and
people of authority as a sign of respect. In other cultures, it is impolite to make eye
contact, especially with someone you do not know well
For many, eye contact is believed to be related to bad spirits, and illness may be
attributed to an “evil eye” or “mal ojo”
-Know when to avoid eye contact
-Do not expect sustained eye contact
               CULTURAL COMPETENCE

                 *****Interactive Activity*****


African American/Americans of African Descent and Hispanic/Latino


                       Culture Compared
  BARRIERS TO ACCESS FOR MENTAL HEALTH
                SERVICES

 Services not offered in native language
 No health insurance or limited coverage
 Difficult to navigate the mental health system
 Lack of knowledge of where to get services
 Transportation
 Not sure what type of help to ask for
STIGMATIZING
   STIGMA LANGUAGE MATTERS
       *****Interactive Activity*****


Disrespectful Language vs Respectful Language
                      STIGMA – RULES OF THUMB
 Do not focus on disability
 Do not portray successful persons with disabilities as super
    humans
 Do not sensationalize disability
 Do not use generic labels
 Do not use psychiatric diagnoses as metaphors for other situations
 Do put people first
 Do emphasize abilities

Source: Adapted from SAMHSA, Center for Mental Health Services and “Removing Bias in Language – Disabilities.
                           CONCLUSION




In many ways, it is impossible to conclude this conversation.
The issues of intra- and inter-group relationships are complex, emotional in
nature and require ongoing commitment to dialogue and education
                               REFERENCES
Conklin, W., (2008). Latinos and Blacks: What Unites and Divides Us? Retrieved
   from: http://diversityfactor.rutgers.edu
SAMHSA, Center for Mental Health Services (n.d.). Retrieved from:
   http://www.samhsa.gov/about/cmhs.aspx
History of Juneteenth (n.d.). Retrieved from: http://www..juneteenth.com/history.htm
The Significiance of Cinco de Mayo (n.d.). Retrieved from:
    http://www.mexica.net/literat/Cinco.php

				
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posted:5/18/2013
language:Latin
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