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Ch 19-2 PPT - Humble ISD

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					Transportation and
Industry – Railroads
come to Texas
 Chapter 19 Section 2
I. Texans Demand Railroads
   Before 1900 most people traveled by
    wagons and buggies.

   Poor transportation slowed Texas’
    development.

   Farmers and Merchants could only
    market goods in nearby areas – not
    many opportunities to make profits.
A Network of Steel Connects Texas

   Before the Civil War, only 400 miles of
    Railroad in Texas.

   1872 – First Rail connections with other
    states made.

   Towns paid railroads to build tracks in
    their cities.
A Network of Steel
   State encouraged building through
    Land Grant Law of 1876:

 16 sections (10,240 acres) of land given
  to rail company for every mile of track
  built.
 32 million acres given until 1882.
T&P 610 – owned by TX State Railroad
A Network of Steel
   By 1900 10,000 miles of track in Texas.

   Travel times across the state went from days
    or weeks to hours.

   New towns built near railroads. Existing
    towns near railroads grew up. Towns
    located away or outside of railroads dried up.

   Towns where rail lines met became center of
    business – Houston, Fort Worth, Dallas,
    Austin, San Antonio – grew into major cities.
Downtown Dallas, TX 1900   Downtown Ft. Worth, TX 1900
Improving Transportation
   No State Road system existed in 1880s.

   Every county built and maintained its
    own roads.

   Most roads were unpaved and became
    mud pits, or were very dusty and dirty.
Improving Transportation
   More and more roads were built in
    1880s and 1890s.

   Streetcars and trolley cars appeared in
    1870s and by 1900, cars were starting
    to be seen in Texas.

   Growing popularity of cars led state to
    improve roads.
Horse-Drawn Street Car
 in Texas: late 1800s
Electric Trolley in San Angelo, TX

				
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posted:5/17/2013
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