Ch 10 & 11
Illinois Rules of the Road
• Traffic lights at intersections usually have
three colors — red, yellow and green — from
top to bottom or from left to right
• Red light means come to a complete STOP
• Yellow warns you that the light is about to
change to red- you must yield!
• Green gives you the right away to GO but you
must look both ways before proceeding
Special Traffic Signals
• When traffic control signals are not working,
you must always treat the intersection as an
all-way stop, come to a complete stop. You
must then look and yield the right-of-way
before entering an intersection.
• If a traffic light shows both a red light and a
green arrow, a driver may turn in the direction
of the arrow until the red light has changed.
• At some intersections, there may be a single
red or yellow light.
• A flashing RED light is to be treated as a STOP
sign! You must stop, yield the right-of-way to
traffic within the intersection or crosswalk and
proceed when safe.
• A flashing yellow light requires you to proceed
with caution, which means you must slow
down and look both ways
• Solid white lanes separate traffic moving in
the SAME direction. You should not change
lanes when you see them.
• Broken white lines also separate traffic moving
in the SAME direction. Changing lanes is safer
• Solid yellow lanes separate traffic moving in
the OPPOSITE direction. You should not pass a
vehicle when you see them.
• Broken yellow lines also separate traffic
moving in the OPPOSITE direction. If safe,
passing is allowed here.
• Drivers may not pass on a two-lane roadway
marked with a single solid yellow line on their
side of the center line. The broken line must
be on your side to pass legally.
Railroad Crossbuck Sign
• Most crossings have a railroad sign. If it has
more than one track, the number of tracks is
on the sign below the crossbuck. This is a yield
sign and drivers must yield the right of way to
any oncoming trains.
• Following a vehicle too closely is called
“tailgating.” Use the three-second rule to
determine a safe following distance. Select a
fixed object on the road ahead such as a sign,
tree or overpass. When the vehicle ahead of
you passes the object, count “one-thousand-
one, one-thousand-two, etc.”
• If driving during foggy weather, a driver
should drive with his headlights set on dim or
use fog lights.
• Skidding occurs when tires lose traction. If you
skid, ease off the gas pedal or brakes. Steer
into the direction of the skid until you feel you
have regained traction and then straighten
• Avoid hydroplaning (skidding on water) by
slowing down. If you skid while hydroplaning,
try to regain control of the vehicle. Otherwise,
release the accelerator and ride out the skid.
• A thumping sound may be a warning of a
blowout. If this happens, ease your foot off
the gas pedal and keep a firm grasp on the
steering wheel. Do not brake suddenly. Pull
safely off the roadway and check your tires.
Driving off the Pavement
• If your wheels drift off the pavement onto the
shoulder, grip the wheel firmly, ease your foot
off the gas pedal and brake gently. After
checking for traffic behind you, gently steer
back onto the pavement. Do not jerk your
wheel to correct your steering. This may cause
you to drive into oncoming traffic.
• Illinois law requires you to turn on your
headlights when operating your wipers.
• Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
Carbon monoxide is a deadly poison. Symptoms
of carbon monoxide poisoning are weariness,
yawning, dizziness, nausea, headache and ringing
in the ears. To prevent it, leave the window
partially open when starting the engine, while
driving the vehicle or when running the engine
while parked. Never run the engine in your