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					                                          MD 2008       Do you have any special books at home?                 Muslim families look forward to a special time of   Ramadan lasts for a whole month. During the
                                                        Perhaps your family has a special book.                year called Ramadan
                                                                                                                           Ramadan.                                month of Ramadan, Muslims try to read the

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                                                                                                                Muslims believe that this was                      whole of the Qur’an and they
                                                         Muslim families have a

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                                                                                                                the time when Allah (God)                          must pray five times a day.
                                                         very special book called
                                                         the Qur’an It is so special
                                                              Qur’an.                                           gave his message to the

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                                                         that anyone who touches                                Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).                           They also remember some of
                                                                                                                They believe that the                              the stories about the life of

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                                                         it should make sure that

                                                              Sa                                                     Sa                                                  Sa
                                                         they have washed their                                 Qur’an is very                                     the Prophet Muhammad
                                                         hands first and when they                              special because                                    (pbuh) and try extra hard to
     Ramadan and Eid-ul-Fitr                             have finished reading it,                              it is Allah’s                                      behave in ways that they
                                                         they must wrap it in cloth                             message to                                         believe, will make them
Songs and Poems                                          to keep it clean.                                      everyone.                                          better Muslims.

The message in the Qur’an tells them that during        When it is Ramadan, Muslims fast because they are      Ramadan is the ninth month of the Muslim year.      During Ramadan many Muslims eat a large meal
the month of Ramadan they should……                      told to do so in the Qur’an. Fasting means going       Muslims are excited as they wait for a              called suhur just before it gets light in the

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                                                        without food and drink. While they are fasting,        new moon to appear at the start of                  mornings. Sometimes they are too sleepy to eat
1. Only eat when it is completely dark outside.

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                                                        Muslims only eat and drink                             Ramadan. Then all grown ups stop                    much but they have to try to eat so they can last
2. Read or listen to the Qur’an every day.              when it is dark outside.                                                                                   without food for the rest of the daytime.
3. Remember the stories in the Qur’an.                                                                         eating and drinking during the day

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                                                        During Ramadan, Muslims pray                           time and wait until it gets dark
4. Pray to Allah (God).
                                                        to Allah and think about those                         before they eat and drink again.
5. Invite people for iftar (the meal at the end of
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                                                        who don’t have enough to eat.
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        Sa                                                    Sa                                                     Sa                                                  Sa
   the day).
                                                        When they fast they know what it                       They usually break their fast
6. Not tell lies, cheat, smoke or be spiteful to each
                                                        feels like to be poor and hungry.                      each night with a sip of water
7. Give to charity and be generous to others.           At the end of each day, when it is dark, the fast is   or a date followed by prayers
                                                        broken with prayer and a meal called iftar             and the iftar meal.

                      The family in this picture        Going without food                                     Long ago the Prophet
                                                                                                                                                                   Ramadan ends when the next new moon is seen
                      have had nothing to eat or        and drink during                                       Muhammad (pbuh) and his family

                                    e                                                       e                                                         e                                                 e
                                                                                                                                                                   in the sky. This is a very happy day and it’s called
                      drink since sunrise. Now that     the day time is very                                   often ended their fast each night

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                                                                                                                                                                   Eid-ul-Fitr It is a holiday in Muslim countries and
                      it’s dark again, they are         hard so children                                       with a pinch of salt, some dates
                                                                                                                                                                   a time for prayers and sharing gifts with family

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                      ending their fast with a          who are not yet                                        or some milk and honey.
                                                                                                                                                                   and friends. In our country,

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                      meal. In the morning they         twelve years old
                                                                                                               These foods are still served                        Muslims often take time off
                      will fast again.                  don’t have to fast.
                                                                                                               when families and friends                           work for the holiday.

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                                                        Old people don’t
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        Sa                                                    Sa                                                     Sa                                                  Sa
Muslims believe that fasting, going without food                                                               end the Ramadan fast
                                                        have to fast if they                                                                                       Muslim families wake up early
and drink, teaches them about self control and                                                                 together.
                                                        are too frail and                                                                                          on Eid morning because there
helps them to understand what it’s like for those
                                                        neither do people                                                                                          are things that they are
who are poor.
                                                        who are ill.                                                                                               expected to do.

                                                        On Eid morning, Muslims must….                         On the way to prayer they must say the Takbir       Men and women go to the mosque but they sit
                                                                                                               prayer in a low voice…..                            away from each other,

                                      e                 1. Get up early in the morning.
                                                                                            e                                                         e            not together.
                               S   lid                  2.
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                                                           Brush their teeth and have a bath or a shower.
                                                           Put on their best clothes.
                                                                                                                     Alla-u Akbar, Allah-u Akbar,
                                                                                                                     Alla- Akbar, Allah- Akbar,
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                                                                                                               Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest
                                                                                                                                                                   People hug their friends
                                                                                                                                                                   and greet each other with
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                                                        4. Give away Eid Charity ( Zaka-ul-Fitr ).
                                                                                     Zaka-ul-                               La-      ill-
                                                                                                                            La-Ilaha ill-Allah
Muslim women put                                                                                                                                                   Eid blessings. They often
                                                        5. Eat something sweet before going for the Eid                There is no God but Allah                   greet each other with the
Mendhi patterns on                                         Prayer.
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                                                                                                                             Allah-u Akbar,
                                                                                                                             Allah- Akbar,
        Sa                                                    Sa                                                     Sa                                                  Sa
their hands at Eid.                                                                                                                                                        Eid Mubarak’
                                                                                                                                                                   words ‘Eid Mubarak which
                                                        6. Go to the Eid Prayer by one way                                Allah is the greatest,                   means Holiday Blessings.
                                                           and return by another way.                                       wa-lillah-il-
                                                                                                                            wa-lillah-il-hamd                      The same words are often
                                                                                                                       and all praise is for Allah                 seen on the Eid cards they
Patterns link                                                                                                                                                      send to one another.
                                                                                                                                                                  Seviyan is
 Muslims like to wear new clothes because Eid                                                                 Muslims usually give food to all visitors at Eid     roasted                                        Fruit Chaat a
                                                              The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) once said, “Give
 was when the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) wore                                                                    and presents of food, money and clothes are           sugar                                       soupy fruit salad.

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                                                              gifts to one another because gifts take away
 new clothes that had been sewn for him during                                                                given to poor people.                                noodles.

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 the month of Ramadan.
                                                                                                              The best dishes are
                                                               The Prophet (pbuh) often
                                                                                                              brought out for Eid

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                                                               gave gifts as well as
                                                                                                              and filled with sweets,
                                                               received them. Now, older
                                                                                                              nuts and dried fruit,                               Milky Seviyan is

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                                                               people give sweets and
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       Sa                                                            Sa                                             Sa                                                    Sa
                                                                                                              especially dates.                                   a milky pudding
After prayers they visit                                       money to children on Eid
friends and relatives to                                       day. The gifts show that                                  halwa,
                                                                                                              Cakes and halwa made of
wish them well. They exchange                                  Muslims are willing to                         crushed sesame seeds and
Eid cards and gifts and eat special meals together.            share with others                              honey, are very popular.
                                                                                                                                                                  Halwa Poori from India and Pakistan is a wheat pudding

                                                              Ramadan                                        I have a friend, her name is Ameena                  The holy month of Ramadan               zatkat = charity
          Ramadan Song                                        I have a friend, his name is Omar              Her family celebrates Ramadan                        for the Muslims has begun.

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                                                              His family celebrates Ramadan                  We go to school together and play,
                                                                                                                                                                  Praising God throughout the day,
                                                              The ninth month of the lunar year              Ameena prays five times a day, during
          The holy month of Ramadan (poem)

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                                                              His family celebrates Ramadan                                                                       from dawn to dusk we fast and pray.
                                                                                                                                                                  We pay zakat for those in need,
          Eid-Ul-Fitr (poem)                                  Chorus:

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                                                                                                             On the first day of the month                        trying our best to do good deeds.
                                                              Ramadan , Ramadan                              that follows Ramadan
                                                              His family celebrates Ramadan                                                                       When the sun has set, and day is done -
          Festival of fast-breaking (poem)                                                                   Their families invite us to

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                                                                                                                                                                  I’ll break this chain, but only one.

                                                                                                                    Sa                                                    Sa
                                                              Every morning they get up                      the feast that they put on, celebrating……….
                                                                                                                                                                  By the end of Ramadan,
          This is our Eid Festival (poem)
                                                              And have a big meal before it’s light
                                                              Then they don’t eat, and they don’t drink,
                                                              They fast until the dark of night, during …
                                                                                                             Ramadan , Ramadan their families celebrate Ramadan
                                                                                                             Ramadan , Ramadan, my friends celebrate Ramadan
                                                                                                             Ramadan Mubarak
                                                                                                                                                                  this whole chain will be all gone!
                                                                                                                                                                  It’s time to celebrate
                                                                                                             Ramadan                                              and share in the fun!!!

Like a sliver of lemon
In the evening sky                                            The peace of God be with you –                 A generous gift will feed him                         This is our Eid festival!
                                                              “Eid Murbarak” we say,                         Who stands beside the door –                          We have said our prayers
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The new moon rises,

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Ramadan has past,                                             “Asalama, Alaykum”                             How shall he join the fasting                         And we fasted,
The fasting is done,
                                                              On this special day.                           If he be plain and poor?                              But now it’s our Eid festival.
Tomorrow is the feast
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Of Eid-Ul-Fitr,
We will eat spicy meat                                        We wear our finest dresses                     So let us sit, rejoicing                              We eat our ladoo, our barfee

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And delicious samosas,                                        And wash and comb our hair,                    On this most holy day                                 And sawwiyan

       Sa                                                            Sa                                             Sa                                                    Sa
I will greet my neighbours,
My friends on the street,                                     And lay and spread the table –                 And welcome in our neighbour                          Because now
May the peace of God                                          Let’s all share!                               “Eid Murbarak!” we say.                               It’s our Eid festival.
And the blessings of Eid
Be upon you.                                                                                                 Festival of fast-breaking by Jean Kenward
                               Eid-Ul-Fitr by Theresa Heine

We wear our new clothes
And our bangles
because now…
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We have enjoyed decorating
our hands with mendhi

because now…..                                                    

Greetings and blessings
To all on our Eid festival.

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