Agriculture in San Diego County by hcj

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									Delta Fix Affordability
San Diego Farm View

Eric Larson
Executive Director
San Diego County Farm Bureau
National Rankings

  #16 farm economy among all counties
  # 1 in nursery production
  # 1 in avocado production
  # 1 in number of small farms
  #1 in number of organic farms
  # 1 in farmers with off-farm income
San Diego’s Top Crops
 1.    Ornamental Trees and Shrubs
 2.    Indoor Plants
 3.    Bedding Plants
 4.    Avocados
 5.    Tomatoes
 6.    Eggs
 7.    Lemons
 8.    Cacti & Succulents
 9.    Herbaceous Perennials
 10.   Cut Flowers & Foliage
The Crop Profile

         Fruit
                 Vegetables
         21%
                    9%

                   Livestock & Poultry
                           4%
   Nursery &
     Floral             Other
     65%                <1%
What Farming Means to the
Community
              Economic
                Sales and inputs
                Jobs
              Environmental
                  Air quality
                  Fire suppression
                  Open space
                  Wildlife corridors
              Community Character
                History
                Local products
                Ambiance
What Farming Means to
Water Sales
  Regional value as customers
  Easy to serve volume buyer
  Source of fixed fees
  Interruptible customer
  Potential for large volume recycled
   water use
From 2001 to 2011 in San
Diego County
  Irrigated acreage down 16%
    61,000 to 51,000
  Crop value up 30%
    $1.3 billion to $1.7 billion
  Ag’s imported water use down 60%
    100,000 af to 40,000af
  Water price increased 190%
    $450/af to $1300/af
Adjustments Made by
Farmers
  Investment in conservation
  Reduction in planted acres
  Crop changes
  Increased production per acre
  More groundwater use
  Capture and reuse of irrigation water
Farm Water Challenges

  Efficiency has limits
  Crops need a level of irrigation or
   production falls off precipitously
  Poor water quality requires more irrigation
  Price of inputs has no relationship to crop
   sale price
  Every crop grown here is easily replaced
   by production someplace else
Impacts of Rising Water
Prices

 Significant reduction in
  water sales
 Tree fruit acreage taken
  out of production
 Other crops now at risk
 Reluctance to make
  new investments
Imported Water Price
Sensitivity

 #1 Citrus
 #2 Avocados
 #3 Strawberries
 #4 Vegetables
 #5 Cut Flowers
 #6 Nursery
What Farmers Must Do to
Afford the Delta Fix
    Seek differential pricing
    Invest in research
    Take full advantage of technology
    Change production practices
    Casual farmers must go all-in
    Consider alternate crops
    Diversify

								
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