List of Short Vowel Words - Study Lounge

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					List of Short Vowel Words
The English language alone can provide a list of short
vowel words that could seem to be never ending. A
short vowel word is any word that does not allow the
vowel within it to generate that vowel’s long vowel
sound. For instance, the word bug is a short vowel
word, because there is no long U sound. A word
doesn’t necessarily have to have three letters to be a
short vowel word, but it makes for the easiest
example, and three-lettered words make up the bulk
of any list of words with short vowels a person may

List of Short Vowel Words

Words with only three letters are the easiest to make
the short vowel sound out of, due to the fact that only
having three letters typically doesn’t allow for a
second vowel to force the long vowel sound. An
obvious example of the exception would be words like
bee or tea. These words use a second vowel to force
the long vowel sound from the first one, while other
words like ant or mat use the placement of consonants
to force a short vowel sound. Some other three-
lettered words that are considered short vowel words
Short “a” Words
act, apt, ask, bat, bad, bag, cat, cap, cab, dad, dab,
Dan, fan, fat, fad, gap, gab, gal, gas, ham, has, had,
hat, jab, jam, lab, lad, lag, lap, man, mad, mat, map,
nap, pan, Pam, pad, pal, ran, ram, rag, rat, Sam, sad,
sag, sat, sap, tab, tan, tad, tag, tap, van, vat, yam, zap

Short “e” Words

Ben, bed, beg, bet, den, fed, gem, get, gel, hen, hem,
jet, Ken, keg, led, leg, let, men, met, net, pen, peg, pet,
red, set, ten, Ted, vet, yet, wed, wet
Short “ i” Words

bin, bid, big, bit, dim, did, dig, dip, fin, fig, fit, gin, gig,
him, his, hid, hit, hip, jib, Jim, jig, jip, kin, Kim, kid,
kit, lid, lit, lip, nip, pin, pig, pit, rim, rid, rig, rip, sin,
sit, sip, tin, tip, win, wit, zip, zit
Short “o” Words

bop, con, cod, cog, cot, cop, Don, dog, dot, fog, God,
got, hog, hot, jog, jot, lob, log, lot, lop, mob, mom,
mop, nod, not, pod, pot, rod, rot, son, sod, ton, Tom,
tot, top, won
Short “u” Words

bun, bum, bus, bud, bug, but, cud, cut, cup, dug, fun,
gun, gum, Gus, gut, hum, hug, hut, jug, jut, lug, mug,
nun, nut, pun, pug, pup, rub, run, rum, rug, rut, sub,
sun, sum, tug
Using Short Vowel Sounds

Though the above list of words with short vowels is
incomplete, you can use it to understand the basic
usage for the short vowel sound. These short vowel
sounds are often used in larger words as well,
including words that also contain long vowel sounds,
or even in two-lettered words, like in, it, and at.

Longer words, such as magistrate or fascinate, use
both the short vowel sound and the long vowel sound.

To Read  read (past tense):

Some words can use the short vowel sound and the
long vowel sound depending on the tense of the word
being used. Words like read, for example, are
pronounced as the long vowel sound when the tense is
present, as in “we are reading this list of short vowel
words.” However, when the tense is changed from
present to past-tense, the long vowel sound is taken
away and the short vowel sound is introduced in the
same word. For instance, we go from “reading” the list
to “I have read the list of short vowel words, and
understand much better now."
Long vowel sounds:

Word Lists: Long Vowel Final e Rule
Word families (using rimes) that include c, g, y, and w, digraphs, diphthongs, etc., are included in this list.

-age           -ale-ane
cage           bale cane gage dale Jane page                                                gale            lane

-ace rage hale mane face sage male pane lace
    wage pale sane mace stage sale crane pace
    taleplane race

-ake scale
brace bake                    stale

-ape grace cake                       whale cape place fake                                 gape space

-ame tape trace lake                                 came drape
make dame grape

-ade rake fame scrape
fade take game shape jade wake lame made
   brake name

-ate wade flake same date blade shake tame fate
glade snake blame gate grade stake flame hate
rate crate grate plate skate state

-ibe          jibe bribe scribe

-ave           wave crave shave slave
cave          tribe Dave gave pave rave

-ice  dice                  lice      mice nice brave rice   vice
grave price                 slice     splice

bide hide ride

A Final e Rule
I Final e Rule
E Final e Rule

shade spade trade
Word Lists: Long Vowel Final e Rule

frame Kate shame late
mate None! side Page 1 of 3tide file shrine sprite wide mile
    spine bride Nile swine

-ive chide pile whine dive glide tile
-ipe    five pride vile pipe hive slide smile ripe jive
snide while wipe live stride gripe drive
-ime snipe strive
 -ife   dime stripe thrive
-ole       dope dole hope hole lope mole mope pole
     nope role pope stole rope whole grope -ome
     scope dome slope home -ore Rome bore gnome
     core chrome fore
fife lime swipe knife mime tripe life time rife
     chime -ire gore
O Final e Rule
wife crime fire strife grime hire        -obe
prime tire lobe -ike slime wire robe
-one more bone pore cone sore hone tore lone
     wore tone chore zone score clone shore phone
     snore prone store shone swore
bike spire globe dike

-ine      probe hike dine
-ite like fine   bite
-ode Mike line kite code pike mine mite lode
spike nine quite mode strike pine rite
     node stone vine site rode
-ose hose cope nose pose
-ile wine white strode bile shine write

U Final e Rule

-uke rose duke nuke close puke those   fluke
-ote note vote rote quote
-ule mule* rule yule
wrote -ume fume*
flume plume hose
-une June cube* tune
-ube ube        prune tube
fuse* -ude muse
dude ruse nude rude crude
cute* flute lute mute* brute chute
* Words with an asterisk pronounce with a long u sound. Most other u-consonant-e words pronounce with the
/oo/ sound.
Word Lists: Long Vowel Final e Rule
Page 3 of 3

Exercise #1
Circle the words with long vowel sounds, then,
underline those with short vowel sounds
by Corigan Malloy
Today, my friend Tracy is going on an airplane to fly to Spain.
There, she will meet her friends at the lake. At the lake, she will
also see a baby duck, and maybe even an alligator. She hopes
that it will not rain. Later, she will go to a restaurant and use a
tray to get her food. She will go home on a plane, but not the
same plane. My friend may even bring me a gift. I can’t wait
until my friend Tracy comes back this way!

Mick and Mike will fight at five. Mike is not big, so Mike’s pal wants
Mike to quit. It is not quite five, and Mike’s pal runs to Mike.
“Quick, Mike! Go hide! You do not want to fight!
You might get hit and cry!”
“You are right,” said Mike. “I don’t want to fight.
Mick wants to fight. He is a vile tike.”
Mike and his pal will hide at the side of the dike.
They will run a mile and go back and play. Mick might not fight at five.
“Mike, did you lie?” asked his pal.
“No, I did not lie,” said Mike. “I did not want to fight. I want to play!

Jim likes to ride his bike and hide by the lake.
Today, he rides his bike five miles and stops to rest. He eats beef by a tree.
“This is not beef,” says Jim. “This is veal! That’s okay. I like veal.”
Jim sees a hive in the tree. Bees like to go in the hive.
Jim wants to see a bee, so he hits the hive five times.
Six bees fly and see Jim.
“Oh, no!” says Jim.
He runs to his bike, but he can not quite get away.
The bees are quite mad. Jim yells and cries and hides.
Jim will not hit the hive five times next time. He will just ride his bike
 and go away.

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