10-26-05 Agenda -Character Sketch

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10-26-05 Agenda -Character Sketch Powered By Docstoc
					02/06/09
Agenda:
- Correct intro notes and
questions
-Intro notes if time
- Assign Book 1 and 5 for
Monday. Answer A-D and both
“Analyze Visuals” questions

                              Objectives:
                              -Understand
                              background
Brain Push-Up:                -Understand literary
none today                    elements of epic
                              poetry.
The Odyssey
Studying A Classic
Geography
    • No point is more than 50
      miles from the ocean
    • Over 2,000 islands
    • Mostly mountainous
    • Most cities were isolated
       – Called polis
       – Athens and Sparta
    • Only 21% of land is arable
Ancient Greece
• Influences the way we live
  today
   –   Democracy
   –   Laws of nature
   –   Science
   –   Arts
   –   The Olympics
   –   Philosophy
        • Aristotle
        • Socrates
        • Plato
A Day in the Life of an Ancient
Greek
• Men:
  – Ran the government
  – Spent a great deal of time away
    from home
  – Attended gatherings where
    women were not allowed
A Day in the Life of an Ancient
Greek
• Women
  – Very little freedom outside of the
    home
     • Although were definitely in charge
       concerning household matters
  – Couldn’t attend Olympics
  – Could compete in Olympics only
    in chariot racing events
  – Spartan women were different
A Day in the Life of an Ancient
Greek
• Slaves
  – Very important in Greek society
  – Police were slaves
  – Could become a slave
     • Captured in battle
     • Sold as child
     • Abandoned as an infant
     • Kidnapped
A Day in the Life of an Ancient
Greek
• Religion
  – All Greeks believed in the same
    gods and goddesses
     • 12 major
     • Mythology
        – Used to explain things the ancient
          Greeks didn’t understand
        – Consulted oracles (prophets) to
          whom the gods and goddess spoke
        – Many of the ruins we know today
          were built to honor these deities
The Parthenon
The Temple of Apollo




 http://historylink101.net/greece1/pic-main.htm
The Palace of King Minos
The Olympics




 http://historylink101.net/greece1/pic-main.htm
The Temple of Zeus




   http://historylink101.net/greece1/pic-main.htm
             The Gods
• Lived on Mount Olympus
• Multitudes—12 main figures
 Zeus         Hera
 Ares         Aphrodite
 Hades        Artemis
 Poseidon     Demeter
 Apollo       Athena
 Hermes       Hephaestus
 Dionysus      http://www.geocities.com/the_temple_of_ares/greekgods.html
  Homer
• Storyteller/poet
• Blind-imagery suggests
  once had sight
• Wrote Iliad and Odyssey
  1200BC
• Can’t prove Homer
  actually lived
• For more info visit:
  http://www.enl.umassd.ed
  u/InteractiveCourse/Home
  r/homer.html#JUMP23
                         Odyssey Background
                         • The Trojan War
                             – Paris (Prince of Troy) steals the Queen of
                               Sparta’s heart (Helen)
                             – King of Sparta (with help of Agamemnon—
                               his brother and King of Mycenae—and
                               allies) attacks Troy
                             – Achilles (undefeatable) and Odysseus join
                               with Agamemnon




“The face that launched a thousand
ships.”—Christopher Marlow
The Trojan Horse
    • After much fighting and many
      losses on the battlefield, Odysseus
      comes up with a plan.
       – Agamemnon's crew build a
          wooden horse and leave it at
          the gates of Troy
       – King of Troy assumes it’s a gift
          as all of Agamemnon's men
          are gone. He brings it inside
          the walls of Troy.
       – Little did he know…
               The Trojan Horse
• Odysseus had hidden his men
  inside of the hollow horse.
• At night, he and his men exited
  the horse, let the rest of the
  Greeks into the city, and
  burned Troy.
• The Odyssey is the tale of
  Odysseus’ voyage home to
  Ithaca.
                  Troy Uncovered
                  • Did Troy really
                    ever exist?
                     – Archeologists
                       digging in
                       Northern
                       Turkey have
   The golden
  earrings and
                       discovered the
necklaces found        remains of at
in Troy worn by        least levels of
     Sophia
  Schliemann.          settlement on
                       the supposed
                       Troy site.
   For more information, visit: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Troy
             So, who’s this Odysseus guy?

• King of Ithaca
• Husband of Penelope
• Father of Telemachus

When Helen was first kidnapped by Paris,
 Odysseus pretended to be insane so he
 would not have to fight.
     Agememnon’s man tricked him.
     Odysseus had to go fight.
                                        The Odyssey




• After the fall of Troy, Odysseus wandered for 10
  years and had many adventures before returning
  home. These adventures form the Epic Poem The
  Odyssey
1.   Mt. Olympus    6. Aeolia’s Island    11. Scylla & Charybdis
2.   Troy           7. Laestrygonians     12. Calypso
3.   Cicones        8. Circe’s Kingdom    13. Ithaca
4.   Lotus Eaters   9. Land of the Dead
5.     Cyclops      10. Sirens

				
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