A QuickStart Guide to... GarageBand Tigard-Tualatin School Distirct Heidi Dahlin GarageBand allows you and your students to create free music to use with classroom projects, as well as create music to tell a story, learn music theory, learn about patterns and sequences or just plain have fun. Everyone can sound like a professional musician without actually possessing an ounce of musical talent! Here are some tips to get you started: Opening a New Project By default, GarageBand will want to create a new project called “My Song” and save it to the GarageBand folder (which is in your home directory-->Music). You will want to name it something different. You can set your tempo by either using the slider bar or entering the number of beats per minute (bpm), enter what timing you want to use and they key. All of these things you can change later if needed. Floating Keyboard/Musical Keys In GarageBand 1 and 2. your only built-in choice of a keyboard input was to use the floating keyboard that automatically appears when you open a new project. With GarageBand 3, you can also choose the musical keys option, (go to Window-->Musical Typing). To work the Grand Piano, click your mouse on the keys to play notes. To use the musical keys, press they corresponding keys on your keyboard to play notes. To record what you play, click on the red record button on your control panel. When you are done, click on the red button again to stop recording. Your playhead will keep going, so you will need to click on the Play button to stop it. A green loop now exists in your Grand Piano track that you can now edit, expand, move or delete, for that matter. We will cover those skills in the next section on working with loops. Unless you are a talented musician and know how to interface your instrument with your computer, you will want to skip to the next section on using prerecorded loops Here is my rendition of “The First Noel” Working with Loops If you are not musically gifted, you still can create a song that makes you sound like a professional. To do this, you will want to use the hundreds of prerecorded loops built into GarageBand. In fact, you will quickly find yourself searching the Internet for more free loops and may want to consider buying Apple Jam Packs (http://www.apple.com/software/) to expand your loop library. To pull up your Loop Browser, click on the Eye button on the control bar. Helpful Tip: To conserve screen real estate, not all loops will be automatically visible. To show all of the choices, move your mouse over the gray control bar, so that your cursor turns into a hand. Click on the bar and pull it up, exposing all the categories. Selecting Loops With thousands of loops to choose from, it helps to understand how the system works. The Loop Library is arranged by: |-------Instruments--------| |-Genre-| |------Mood------| To select a loop, you can chose from any and all categories to help define your search. If you want to start over, click on the Reset button at the top of the left column. To specify a loop as a favorite, click the Favs check box in the far right column of the loop list. To see all your favorites, click the Favorites button. Adding Loops To add a loop to your song, click and drag it up to the song line (top of your screen). If you place it where there is no existing track, it will create a new one automatically. You can add it to an existing track as long as the colors match: Blue Loops are real instrument recordings in analog format. Green Loops are digital loops created by a computer in digital format. Here is the loop I added to my timeline. Editing Loops Repeating a Loop - You can edit loops so that they can become longer by repeating the loop. To repeat the loop, put your cursor at the right edge of the loop and hover it near the top of the loop until it changes into a line with a curved arrow. Click and pull your loop out to the desired length. You will see indents at each loop repeat (like sausage links). You do not need to add a full loop. Shortening a Loop - You can also use just a part of the loop by shortening it. Place your cursor at the right edge of the loop and hover it near the bottom of the loop until it changes into a line with a straight arrow. Click and move the arrow to the left to subtract part of the loop. Note: you can lengthen the loop with the straight arrow, too, but it will not add notes, just time at the end of the loop. There are many other things you can do to edit your loops, but they will not be covered in this brief guide. Working with Tracks Now that you have added loops to your song, there are a variety of things you can do with tracks to make your song sound better. Muting a Track You may want to experiment with your song with one of the tracks muted. To mute a track, click on the Mute Button. A muted track will be light gray. To unmute, click on the Mute button again. Adjusting the Track Volume You can adjust the volume of the entire track with the volume slider on the track control bar. To adjust a portion of the track, click on the show track volume button. To adjust the volume, click on the line where you want the adjustment to start. Now click on the line where you want the adjustment to end. Now grab one of the points and move it to the desired level. You can adjust anywhere you want on a line and have multiple adjustments. To get rid of a dot, click on it and hit the delete key. Again, there are many other effects you can add to a track, but we won’t cover them here. Editing the Song Counter - Click on the note next to the time in the lower left corner of your time clock to view your song by measure count rather than chronological time. Tempo - To change the tempo of the entire song, click on Tempo on the right side of the time and a slider bar will pop up. This changes the tempo of the entire song. Master Volume - Use the volume slider to change the master volume of your song. You want to watch as your song plays to make sure the volume does not go into the red area. This will affect the quality of your song. Sending Your Song to iTunes Your song should be sounding great by now! Give it one last listen, delete unused tracks and you are now ready to export your song to iTunes so you can use it with iPhoto, Keynote, iMovie, or listen to it on your iPod. Here is a quick look at my song. Notice that not all tracks come in at the same time and I have a variety of instruments. To export, go to the Share menu and select Send to iTunes. Notice that in GarageBand 3, you can export a movie. GarageBand 3 allows you to create a score for a movie, create a podcast or add pictures to your music to make a slideshow. iTunes will automatically open and show your new song. It is now in a format that can be used with other applications.