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Letter Highlighting Progress in UN Reform and Coordination - UNDP


									Office of the United Nations

Resident Coordinator in Pakistan

United Nations

Nations Unies

7 May 2004

Dear Ms. Fegan Wyles,

Pakistan and the UN System in 2003
I am pleased to share an overview of the United Nations Operational Activities in Pakistan, with particular focus on UN system of coordination, collaboration and reform implementation. 2003 has been an eventful and substantive in terms of forging partnerships with the government and civil society towards joint planning and programming. My letter takes stock of the results of the UN system programming activities and UN system interventions with particular attention to advocacy instruments like the Millennium Development Goals Report of Pakistan and coordination and harmonization instruments such as the Development Cooperation Report, United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) and Country Program Action Plans (CPAP). Special focus is given to linkages with national planning and prioritisation processes and promising initiatives of the UN in promoting cost efficiencies and effectiveness through provision of common services.

UN – Pakistan

Achievements and lessons Learnt
Millennium Development Goals Report (May-Dec 03) The Millennium Development Goals Report provided a good opportunity for the UN system to support the government on the preparation of the MDGR for Pakistan. The formation of joint UN and government thematic working groups in the areas of Poverty, Education and Health, enabled intensive and wide ranging discussions and consultations with all the tiers (federal, provincial and local) of the government on the localisation of the MDG`s and the periodicity of their monitoring. The report is firmly based on:  National ownership of the process and product for monitoring progress towards MDGs. It helped clarify how the MDGs apply to Pakistan, and how their achievement is addressed through national development strategies, policies and programmes. It

Intensive dialogue and sensitivity to the political and governance reform processes helped contribute to increased ownership by the government of the MDGR


also situated and anchored the long-term (2015) MDG targets with the 2005-06 targets of Pakistan’s Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) and the indicative 2011 targets of the ten-year Perspective Plan. Capacity development to enable the full exercise of national ownership, the UN Country Team (UNCT) focused on collaboratively investing in country capacity for monitoring and for use of data for informed policy making and programming.

Moreover the formulation process towards the MDGR indicator data base highlighted the continuing importance and need for UN support to the government’s data base development efforts (of consistent, accurate and disaggregated data) for enhancing its relevance and usefulness in policy formulation and strategy development especially in the are of education where several contradictory sources of data surfaced prominently. The correspondence between the timing of the MDGR and PRSP development offered opportunities to anchor the PRSP in the context of the MDGR. The monitoring and evaluation of progress towards achieving the MDG`s will be tracked through the PRSP indicators. United Nations Development Cooperation Report (July 03-Dec 03) Responding to the repeated requests by the donor community on relevant and accurate information on ODA disbursements to Pakistan, the UN system decided to reinitiate the process of Development Cooperation Report (DCR) preparation. The process was led by the Resident Coordinators office and supported by the donor community particularly the World Bank. The report analyzed social and macro economic developments in the country for the period 2000-2002 and attempted to correlate these variances to the development assistance trends. The Ministry of Finance actively participated and contributed to the drafting of the DCR. Consultation meeting with the donor community provided valuable feedback and lead to the streamlining of the report to make it more substantive and analytical as well as tying it to the governments PRSP. The United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) A comprehensive five year strategic planning framework prepared jointly by the entire country team and duly approved by the Government. The UNDAF formed the basis for the elaboration of the UN agency country programmes that were finalized and signed by representatives of the government of Pakistan in January 2004. The UNDAF covered four areas of cooperation and six cross cutting issues  Health  Poverty Alleviation  Education

The need for up to date information on donor assistance trends for improved coordination and collaboration.

UNDAF Approved at
the national and sub national level signed by the UNCT and the main government coordinating ministry (Oct 02-March 03)

      

Simplification & Harmonization training process for UNCT (July 03)

Participatory Governance Cross Cutting Issues Population Gender Environment Drugs and Crime Prevention Culture Humanitarian Assistance

Following the signing of the UNDAF a training workshop was held in Lahore in order to familiarize the government ministries at the federal and provincial level, as well as the entire UNCT in the application of UN reform, and the upcoming S & H tools. Some of the results of the workshop were:  Engagement of the Government in the S&H reform dialogue  Development of a common vision and understanding on the S&H process and product  Establishment of priority areas for S&H in the areas of governance, poverty alleviation, health and education The S & H launch was followed by training event, which allowed senior UN staff to engage in discussion on joint and parallel programming opportunities. This platform provided the basis for preparation of the UNDAF Results Matrix, which highlighted individual UN agency contribution to, shared UNDAF outcomes and provided a substantive basis for joint or parallel programming.

UN Information Strategy

During 2003, the UNCT revisited its earlier information strategy. Key decisions derived out of experiences in 2003 for a more coordinated and focused approach by the UNCT to ensure visibility and advocacy. UN Days: Days such as Human Rights day and world environment day were highlighted through forums and debates on a wide range of related issues. The UN system worked with civil society organisations to focus attention on these topics. Publications such as the “Water a vital source of life” covered the facts and figures of the water situation and water management in Pakistan. Looking forward to next year a major campaign is being planned towards publicising the Millennium Development Goals through public/private partnerships that will cover print, radio and television.

Common Services

The IT platform of the UN house was strengthened through the establishment of a common IT network servicing all resident agencies. This resulted in enhanced connectivity and accelerating implementation of corporate IT platform (e.g., ERP) During 2003 the UNCT took a strategic decision to transition from a

Further evaluation in the areas of internet security and travel arrangements led to streamlining and improvement in the overall process.

conventional library to a virtual knowledge management unit reinforcing UNIC`s role as a virtual management centre. Moreover the transfer of existing library materials to the National University of Modern Languages provided an opportunity to strengthen our partnerships with national knowledge centres Initial work towards construction of UN House was started through feasibility studies on the proposed project. The Working Group on Common Premises and Services reviewed and chalked out the next steps for the feasibility study.

UN Pakistan

Key Priorities for 2004
During 2004, UN Pakistan will prioritise the following activities:       Finalisation of the Millennium Development Goals Report Increased awareness amongst the population on MDGs and their relevance to the national development agenda Advocacy towards supporting the successful conclusion of the Polio Eradication Initiative Collaborative / joint programmes emanating from the UNDAF results matrix such as joint monitoring of indicators Piloting of 15 districts (with five or more UN agencies present) for joint programming, appointment of lead agencies for each district to coordinate the process Development of National programs in areas of Polio eradication; HIV/AIDS; Natural Disaster Management and, Rehabilitation of Refugee Hosting Areas.

In conclusion the UNCT is encouraged by the Government’s commitment to the devolution process through the translation of policies into practice and progressive decentralization of national programmes. Moreover the effective realization of development cooperation hinges upon enabling implementation mechanisms and timely resource availability to allow the newly elected functionaries at the national, provincial and district levels to assume their primary responsibility for human development. We thus all seek to adapt to the dynamic complexities of community led and district managed implementation and maintain and adjust our support to better service the needs of our partners and communities. Yours sincerely

Onder Yucer Resident Coordinator

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