GarageBand: A Guide Getting Started: Click on this link http://mtsd.k12.wi.us/MTSD/Lake_Shore/ddiener/dmp-handouts/p6-save-imovie-gbprojects.pdf. Follow the directions. Be sure to create your song in the imovie project folder. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1- This will show up for each track you add to your song. It tells you what the instrument name is, how the sound is produced (sampled or computer-generated) and gives you the ability to make changes to this track without other effecting other tracks. You can add a crescendo or decrescendo, pan the sound left or right, and control the overall volume of the track. 2- This button will bring up the loop browser. Clicking on this will bring up a menu listing instrument groups and filters. 3- These are the playback controls. From here you can play, rewind, fast forward, and loop the entire song. 4 –The time index will tell you where you are in the song. There is a red line that runs through all the tracks showing exactly where the playback is currently. This display will show you the time elapsed and tempo. You can also change the tempo here. 5- Main volume control. This slider will change the volume for the entire song. Move the knob left for to turn it down and right to turn it up. You will also see a meter above the slider. The colors should remain green and yellow during playback. If it stays red, or “pegged”, you may hear distortion in the final product. This also may be dangerous to your ears and speakers. 6- Loop browser menu. Here is where you can select an instrument type and filter results to narrow down to help you make choices of what loops to use. Click on <reset> to remove all the selections. 7- Loops will appear here when you start selecting instruments and filters. Click on a loop 1 time to preview it and click again to stop previewing. To add a loop to the song, click and drag it into the main window. Add additional loops right underneath the bottom one. Writing a song Composing, even in GarageBand, is all about making choices. Begin by knowing what you want the song to be about. Music paints a picture with sounds. Know what yours will look like when it’s done. When you do start, use filters. A Bass that comes up with the urban filter is likely to be far different than one that shows up with the country filter. When you do find a loop you want to add, click and drag it into the main screen. It should look something like this: To make the loop longer, place the mouse over the upper right-hand corner. The pointer will change from an arrow to a line and a circle. It needs to look exactly like this. If it just a line, you will be extending silence, not the loop. Loops can be extended for as long as needed. They can also end and be added later on in the same track, if you want to use the same sound again. Adding a crescendo or decrescendo To change a tracks volume over time you need to add what GarageBand calls a volume curve. First click on the triangle in the track list. What you will see should look like this: Click one time where you want the volume to begin changing. Click where you want the volume to stop changing and drag that button up for a crescendo or down for a descrecendo. You can also slide the button left or right to change where you want the change to end. The result might look like this for a decrescendo: Making the song longer: GarageBand has a default of 32 complete measures. You can easily extend that by clicking and dragging the purple bracket at the end of measure 32. It looks like this: Advanced Controls: GarageBand has a number of functions that fall into the ‘advanced’ category. These are things that may not be a requirement for a project, but can do some really interesting and fun things. Deleting Tracks: To delete a track, first click on the track you want to delete. Then, click on Track in the menu bar, then select Delete Track. Splitting Tracks: From time to time you may want to use a portion of a loop. This is an effective way of creating a drum solo or fill, for example. To split a loop, first make sure you’ve added it to the song. Then select the loop by clicking on it one time. Then, more the red playback bar to the exact spot where you want to split the track. Then click on Edit and choose Split. The track should now be in 2 pieces. Each loop may now be moved independently of the other, split again, copied, deleted, etc. Zooming in may be extremely helpful, especially if you want to split the track several times. An example of an intro for drums follows: Changing the Pitch It is easy to change the pitch for a loop. First, be sure to copy and paste the loop, don’t extend it in the normal way. Second, click on the loop whose pitch you want to change. Third, click the Track Editor. The bottom of the screen will change and show some new options. In the Region Pitch section, changing the number either to either a positive or negative number will change the pitch by that many half-steps. To move to a IV chord, change it by +5/-7, to change to a V chord, change it by +7/-5. A picture of the track editor screen is below: Real, Software and Recorded Loops: Real Instrument loops are just that, the loops were recorded, the instruments are real. You can do many of the same basic things with these loops, but there are some limitations. These loops are blue in color. Software loops are created by the computer, they aren’t recorded directly. As a result, there are more options available. If you drag and drop a software loop into the track of another software instrument track, you will hear the music of the new loop played with the instrument of the original track. This can create some very interesting sounds and allows for doubling of parts on different instruments. Software loops are green. Recorded loops are loops that are recorded by the GarageBand user. They can be voice, instrument, effects, etc. A number of effects can be used in recording or post recording to these loops. They are magenta in color. The Rest of the Story There are lots of other features in GarageBand. This guide isn’t intended to cover every available feature. For more information, check out Atomic Learning, GarageBand’s Help menu or ask your teacher.
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