presentation_4th renewable heating and cooling conference Ireland by gstec

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									         Workshop on Solar Thermal Technology
                           On the way to a
                      Solar Heating and Cooling
                        Technology Roadmap
 Pedro Dias – ESTIF
 Alex Ivancic – Aiguasol


4th European Conference on
Renewable Heating and Cooling


23 April 2013, Dublin – Ireland


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RHC-Platform: sectoral and common approach




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RHC-Platform: from a Common Vision to
        Technology Roadmaps

                      Revised SRA                Implementation




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                                             SHC TR - Timeline

                                     March             April                 May     June        July
Document production
 - document structure           14
 - priorities                   14
 - 1st draft                                            15
 - consultation (RHC-Plat AC)                                  22
1st version                                                                     20
 - consultation ESTTP SC                                                        23
 - final revision
 - inputs
Final version                                                                               30
  -approval




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       RHC-Platform: technology roadmaps
• Common approach between RHC-Platform panels
• Each panel adapting to their needs/preferences

• Cover the period 2013-2020 and be used by medium/long-
  term policy frameworks.

    2013                                                    2020


Complemented with Implementation Plan:
   2/3 year periods
   Updated periodically
   Input for R&D funding calls


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Solar Heating & Cooling Technology Roadmap


• achieve the goals set in the Strategic Research
  Priorities for Solar Thermal Technology
• serve as a basis for strategic planning and
  decision making
• master plan of the efforts needed until 2020
• done in articulation with the ESTTP
• coordination of the ESTTP Steering Committee




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                   SHC TR – Relevance
   SOCIETAL                                                  SET-
                                                             Pan
  CHALLENGES
                               EPB-D

                                                               Horizon
                     EE-D                                       2020
NREAP


                                           RES-D
   NREAP
                                                            SOLUTIONS
           NREAP



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                      Horizon 2020
• EU Framework Programme for Research and
  Innovation
• Increase the contribution of research and                 Solutions
  innovation to the resolution of key societal
  challenges
• A strong focus on creating business
  opportunities out of our response to the major
  societal challenges                                        Societal
                                                            Challenges
• Integration of research and innovation by
  providing seamless and coherent funding
  from idea to market
• Larger downstream economic and
  competitiveness impacts

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                            Solutions

Oportunities




 Competi-                  Societal
                          Challenges

 tiveness




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  Roadmap drafting process



Requirements                          Participative
                                      work to                                 Public hearing
                       TR first                                   TR first                        Final TR
Methodology                           improve and
                        draft                                     version     Incorporation of
                                      reinforce the
                                                                              suggestions
Background Analysis                   TR first draft




  Steering Committee
  +                               Steering Committee                         Steering Committee
  Aiguasol/IREC                   +                                          +
                                  Aiguasol/IREC                              Aiguasol/IREC
                                  +
                                  ESTTP Experts




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Environment
• Policy requirement for Cost Optimal (buildings- EPBD)
• Other technologies are progressing quickly
• Public budget for R&D&D are limited and shrinking

need for realistic positioning for Horizon 2020:
• Solution oriented

• Performance focused

• Sensitive to the market signals


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Wide deployment depends on:

• Being cost effective in short term
• Being cost optimal in short-mid term

The cost optimal technologies are going to be winners
   – Buildings: CO is normative requirement
   – DHC: CO is natural approach (DHC itself long term investment)
   – Industry: CO is the most promising way ST can fight – need for
     interface business player (ESCO)




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Mindset behind the Roadmap

• A strong need for deep analysis and identification of the
  technological solutions that may be winner in short and
  short-mid term.
• Means: Necessity to prioritization between priorities
• Pragmatic resource share

  Identify the     Detect the most
 most promising    important gaps                                          Construct
                                                                                        Cultivate the
   solutions                                   Focused R&D&D               marketable
                   (technological                                                         market
                                                                            products
 (to be winners)   and industrial)




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      Target setting & backcasting (KPI)
   Tech. Performance
                                      Cost
   R&D
                                      R&D                                       Market Penetration
                                      Industry                                  R&D
                                                                                Industry
                                                                                Non-technological
                                          Market                                                           Market
                                    conditions: energy                                               conditions: energy
     Tech.                           prices, status of            Tech.                               prices, status of
 performance                            competing             performance                                competing
Solar fraction…                       technologies           Solar fraction…                           technologies


                                                     2016                                                           2020
                  Cost optimal vs                                                  Cost optimal vs
                   competitors?                                                     competitors?
                                                                                     €/MWh…



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Solution vs Technology approach
                    Previously defined research priorities
                                (SRA-RHC, + check SRP-STT)


                                                                         Coating


                                                          Integration
                                                                          Glass
                                                           Collector

                                                           Energy
                                    50% ST               Management       Etc.
                                                           System


                                                               Etc.
          Solar Active
             House

                                                         Large Storage
                                                            System
                                ST+HEATPUMP

                                                               Etc.




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    Critical Path
                                                                                                                                          research
                                                                                                                 development
                                                                                demonstration
                                market deployment
NEED                 TARGETED MARKET SEGMENT          END USE SOLUTION       SYSTEM                                    COMPONENTS                 ELEMENTS
Reduced the energy New residential buildings in low
bill in new housing; density                          ‘Solar-Active-Houses’   Optimised heating systems for ‘Solar-                               containment
NZB Energy Standard neighbourhoods,availability for   concept largely adopted Active-Houses’                                                      materials -
fulfillment          20 m2 callecting area            for new built                                                                               polymer casings
                                                                                                                       Next generation of         (timeline)
                                                                                                                       Sensible Thermal           compact heat
                                                                                                                       Energy Storages            exchangers to
                                                                                                                                                  improve the
                                                                                                                                                  charging and
                                                                                                                                                  discharging
                                                                                                                                               process
                                                                                                                       (timeline)                 (timeline)
                     CONDITIONS/CONSTRAINS                                                                             collectors…
                                                                                                                       (timeline)
                     MARKET                                                                                            control…
                     climate                                                                                           (timeline)
                     space availability                                                                                etc.
                     competitors
                     etc.                                                                                                 timelines) -> critical path

                     TECHNOLOGY
                     reduced demand
                     passive solar
                                                                                                Technological requirement
                     etc.                                                                        to achieve the solution


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                                                    New surfaces, coa ngs, materials, construc on designs, and
                                                    manufacturing technologies for solar thermal collectors, including
                                                    building integra on                                                        Next genera on building integrated solar devices


                                                                            Durability; Improvement in the recycling poten al of collector
                                                                           components and materials in view of life cycle cost reduc on; service
                                                                           life enlargement by collector overhaul
                  collectors

                                                    Cost-effec ve water storages with
                                                    increased efficiency, improved insula on                                  Next genera on of Sensible Thermal Energy Storages
                                                    and simplified design

                                                                            Cost-effec ve higher energy density
                                                                            storages with increased efficiency and
                  storage                                                   reduced volume
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Next genera on of
                                                    Advancedself-learning and self-adap ng control and monitoring             Solar Ac ve House –                                                Solar Ac ve House –
                  TECHNOLOGICAL ACTIONS             strategies for solar thermal systems                                      Smart Solar Building                                               Smart Solar Building
TECHNOLOGY PUSH




                  control and syst. performance


                                                    Developing standards for the overall system design and for hydraulic
                                                    and electrical interconnec ons of different building components

                                                    Standardized integra on of solar heat into buildings and systems

                                                    Simplified calcula on methods for the
                                                    proper integra on of solar thermal into
                                                    standards related to the EPBD 2002/91
                  standards and quality
                                                                                                  Next genera on of highly integrated, compact hybrid systems

                                                     Elabora ng standards, tests, and benchmarks for system efficiency
                  cross-cutting technologies
                                                    Low-cost and stable phase change materials for therrmal                             Increased storage density using phase change materials (PCM) and thermochemical materials (TCM)
                                                    storages

                  materials                         New advanced materials for ST collectors
                  ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES
                                                    Improved, low cost Sensors, controllers
                  ICT
                                                    Standardized electrical interfaces defined for the interconnec on of different sensors and actuators to the control system

                                                    New business models for building oweners and industry

                                                    Lobbing in MS for cost op mal technlogies analisys and defini on
                  NON-TECHNOLOGICAL ACTIONS



                                                                                                                                                                                             MAINLY COST OPTIMIZATION
                  social
MARKET PULL




                                                                                                                                                                                             MAINLY PERFORMANCE OPTIMIZATION
                  SOCIO-ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT
                  business

                                                    Building stock renova on rates                                                                                                           PRIORITY 1

                  legal/administrative                                                                                                                                                       PRIORITY 2
                                                    Effec ve public support policies
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                                                                                                                                                                                             PRIORITY 3
                  financial
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                                                  2014                                 2015                  2016                    2017                      2018                   2019                              2020              2030
                    SOLUTION                              Solar-Active-House concept largely adopted for new built

                    Needs                                 Space Heatig and DHW
                    Market Segment                        New residential buildings in low density neighbourhoods ( X% market share; Y GWh/year)



                                                          Development of: compact, long life cost-effective solar hybrid heating systems including solar thermal and
                    General Objective
                                                          back-up heater, with low O&M costs with Solar fraction abowe 50%, towards 100% (mid-long term)
OBJECTIVES




                    Strategic Objective                   ST based cost optimal solution
                                                          Feasible, durable, usable, standardized components and systems
                    Industrial Objective
                                                          Components reciclyng and partially refurbishable components (life extension -> overhaul)

                    Technology Objective                  Breakthrough in collector concept and manufacturing; storage volume reduction

                                                          ✔ DIRECTIVE 2010/31/EU on energy performance of buildings
                                                          ✔ Net Zero Energy Building
                    CONTRIBUTION TO THE EU GOALS          ✔ Cost-optimal
                                                          ✔ Reduction CO2 diffuse emissions
                                                          ✔ Directive 2008/50/EC on ambient air quality and cleaner air


                    Conditions/Constrains                 Availability for 20-40 m2 collecting area and Xm3 storage per residential unit
                    LEC
                    Competitiveness ratio                 (ratio solar solution LEC vs competitors)
                    EROI
PRESENT SITUATION




                    Solution CAPEX structure              Collectors                                                                                                   X1%
                                                                                                                                                                                    identify
                                                          Storage                                                                                                      X2%
                                                                                                                                                                                    critical
                                                          Control                                                                                                      X3%
                                                          Fittings                                                                                                     X4%
                                                          Cross-cutting                                                                                                X5%

                    Degree of tech. maturity /reddiness   TRL level 1 to 9
                    Degree of dependence                  (does solar utilization depends of enabling/cross-cutting tech: HP, Chillers…)



                    Target                                Increase of the thermal performance of 30% and reduction of the cost by 50%
                    Windows of opportunity?               EPBD?
CHALLANGE




                    Stakeholders*                         Building Industry
                    * alien to the RHC Platform
                    ST Industry players

                                                                                                                                                                       PUBLIC:
                    Estimated Budget                      TOTAL: MlnEur opean
                                                                     Euro                         al
                                                                                     Sol ar Ther m Technol ogy                                                         / PRIVATE:
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                    Recommended n. of projects            Eg 5
                    OBSERVATIONS
5 SHC Solutions / Roadmaps
1.   ‘Solar-Active-Houses’ concept largely adopted for new built

1.   Multifunctional façades as common solution for building
     refurbishment

2.   Competitive solar cooling systems for both residential and non-
     residential applications

3.   Solar thermal system solutions for low and medium temperature
     industrial processes

5. Solar DH for Smart Cities


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 Participation process

• Participation organization in 3 WG
  – Solar thermal solutions for buildings
     (Gerhard Stryi-Hipp)
  – Solar cooling solutions
     (Daniel Mugnier)
  – Large scale solar thermal solutions
     (Werner Weis)
• Timing for contribution
  – 23 April – 15 May


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Expected contribution from WG




A. Target settings by backcasting

B. Table with synthesis

C. Critical path

D. Roadmap graph (including KPI & Budget)


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Discussion


•   About Process
•   About Solutions
•   Roadmap Structure
•   Work To be done




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ESTTP secretariat                          Aiguasol
c/o Renewable Energy House                 C/ Roger de Llúria, 29 3r 2a
Rue d’Arlon 63-67                          08009 Barcelona
B-1040 Brussels                            Spain
Pedro Dias
Tel. +32 2 546 19 38                       Alex Ivancic
Fax +32 2 546 19 39                        alex.ivancic@aiguasol.coop

info@estif.org


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