Each Main Section starts with red text- if you want to read more that is how you find it • Environment- nurture- refers to the sum of all external conditions that affect a child • Can seriously affect development • This is an “enriched” environment------> • Deprivation refers to a lack of normal stimulation, nutrition, comfort and love • Cambodian homeless children • --------- deprived environment • When an environment • Poverty can lead to is deliberately made lower Iqs, fearfulness, more complex, unhappiness and intellectually aggression stimulating, and • Neglecting a child emotionally may cause damage supportive because of the lack of • Proven to enhance intellectual stimulation development • Encourage exploration by stimulating play and paying attention to what holds a baby’s interest • Let the child investigate and discover • Surround babies with colors, music, people, or rearrange their rooms once in awhile. SENSORY enrichment is VERY important • The first 3 months of pregnancy is a time when a fetus is more susceptible to environmental influences and can alter development • Another example is forming a bond with a caregiver early in life • Nurture starts before birth • A baby’s heart rate and movements will increase with loud sounds • If a mother’s health or nutrition were poor the fetus may be harmed • This is from Agent Orange- a chemical used to wipe out Charlie in Vietnam • Pesticides- I assume the mother was drinking water or eating food contaminated with them • This is caused by a mother giving birth while infected with syphilis- rashes occur as well • Addiction causes babies to be born addicted • General anesthetics, cortisone, excessive amounts of vitamins A, D, K, tranquilizers, steroids, aspirin- lowers infant IQs • Excessive drinking can cause retardation, low birth weight, small head, bodily defects and facial malformations • Many suffer emotional, behavioral and mental handicaps • Smoking during pregnancy reduces oxygen supply to the fetus • Heavy smokers risk miscarriage or having premature, underweight babies who can die soon after birth • Anything capable of causing birth defects is called a teratogen • Sometimes exposure is accidental- radiations, pesticides, lead • Some are preventable- don’t smoke, drink or do drugs while pregnant • Babies learn countless bits of information like how to eat with a fork, proper manners. How to read etc. • There is nothing genetic about these activities • Heredity gives us a variety of potentials and limitations • This is affected by environmental influences • This is your current state of physical, emotional and intellectual development • These factors- heredity, environment, and your own behavior- determine it.
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