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CHAPTER 14 The High Middle Ages Section 1: The Crusades Section 2: The Revival of Trade Section 3: The Growth of Towns Section 4: Life and Culture in the Middle Ages Section 5: Wars and the Growth of Nations Section 6: Challenges to Church Power SECTION 1 The Crusades Question: What causes and effects led to the First Crusade? SECTION 1 The Crusades Turks gain control of The emperor asks the Palestine and threaten pope for help. Constantinople. Some 10,000 Pope Urban asks Europeans take up European lords to free the cause. the Holy Lands from the Turks. SECTION 2 The Revival of Trade Question: What were some reasons for the revival of trade in Europe? SECTION 2 The Revival of Trade Italian ships brought goods back from Asia. Viking ships brought Asian goods to The Crusades northern Europe. stimulated trade. Revival of Trade Flanders became The Hanseatic a meeting center of League set up different trade routes. trading posts. SECTION 3 Israel and the Occupied The Growth of Towns Territories Question: What factors contributed to the decline of serfdom? SECTION 3 The Growth of Towns The Decline of Serfdom Serfs could leave for towns. Serfs could earn money by selling crops to townspeople. Changing agricultural methods pushed them off the land. The Black Death killed many people in Europe so the demand for workers increased. SECTION 4 Life and Culture in the Middle Ages Question: What are some types of literature that were common in the Middle Ages? SECTION 4 Life and Culture in the Middle Ages Vernacular Literature in the Middle Ages Kind of Literature Characteristics Example troubadour poems about love and love songs songs chivalry romances fictional stories, King Arthur and sometimes of his Knights of the heroes Round Table fabliaux short comic stories “Reynard the Fox” written in rhymed verse national epic long poem about a The Song of Roland hero miracle, morality, and short dramas with “Noah’s Flood” mystery plays religious or Biblical themes SECTION 5 Wars and the Growth of Nations Question: What events led to the rise of the Habsburgs? SECTION 5 Wars and the Growth of Nations A Habsburg was elected The Habsburgs used their emperor in 1273. position to arrange marriages with powerful families. Through marriage the Habsburg family gained More well-planned marriages control of Austria and gave the Habsburgs control of nearby lands. much of the empire’s territory. The Habsburgs became the most powerful family in Europe. SECTION 6 Challenges to Church Power Question: In what ways were John Wycliffe and Jan Hus alike and different? SECTION 6 Challenges to Church Power John Wycliff Jan Hus royal court defended teacher angered him clergy promoted attacked English church Bible accused of abuses heresy burned banned, at the not executed stake CHAPTER 14 Chapter Wrap-Up 1. How did the Crusades promote an exchange of ideas and goods? 2. How did the growth of trade and towns bring changes to the feudal and manorial systems? 3. What groups lost power as Europe’s kings established strong nations?
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