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Growth of Towns - Go HRW

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									CHAPTER 14
The High Middle Ages
Section 1: The Crusades
Section 2: The Revival of Trade
Section 3: The Growth of Towns
Section 4: Life and Culture in the
           Middle Ages
Section 5: Wars and the Growth of
           Nations
Section 6: Challenges to Church Power
SECTION 1
The Crusades


    Question:
    What causes and effects led
    to the First Crusade?
SECTION 1
The Crusades


     Turks gain control of    The emperor asks the
     Palestine and threaten   pope for help.
     Constantinople.




     Some 10,000              Pope Urban asks
     Europeans take up        European lords to free
     the cause.               the Holy Lands from the
                              Turks.
SECTION 2
The Revival of Trade


    Question:
    What were some reasons for
    the revival of trade in
    Europe?
SECTION 2
The Revival of Trade

                            Italian ships brought
                               goods back from
                                     Asia.          Viking ships brought
                                                       Asian goods to
    The Crusades
                                                      northern Europe.
   stimulated trade.



                             Revival of Trade



     Flanders became                                  The Hanseatic
   a meeting center of                                League set up
  different trade routes.                             trading posts.
SECTION 3
Israel and the Occupied
The Growth of Towns
Territories


    Question:
    What factors contributed to
    the decline of serfdom?
SECTION 3
The Growth of Towns

                  The Decline of Serfdom

      Serfs could leave for towns.

      Serfs could earn money by selling crops to
      townspeople.

      Changing agricultural methods pushed them off
      the land.

      The Black Death killed many people in Europe so
      the demand for workers increased.
SECTION 4
Life and Culture in the
Middle Ages


    Question:
    What are some types of
    literature that were common
    in the Middle Ages?
SECTION 4
Life and Culture in the
Middle Ages
                 Vernacular Literature in the Middle Ages
      Kind
      of Literature            Characteristics         Example

      troubadour               poems about love and    love songs
      songs                    chivalry

      romances                 fictional stories,      King Arthur and
                               sometimes of            his Knights of the
                               heroes                  Round Table
      fabliaux                 short comic stories     “Reynard the Fox”
                               written in rhymed
                               verse
      national epic            long poem about a       The Song of Roland
                               hero
      miracle, morality, and   short dramas with       “Noah’s Flood”
      mystery plays            religious or Biblical
                               themes
SECTION 5
Wars and the Growth of Nations


    Question:
    What events led to the rise of
    the Habsburgs?
SECTION 5
Wars and the Growth of Nations

   A Habsburg was elected                         The Habsburgs used their
      emperor in 1273.                               position to arrange
                                                   marriages with powerful
                                                          families.



       Through marriage the
      Habsburg family gained                           More well-planned marriages
       control of Austria and                         gave the Habsburgs control of
           nearby lands.                              much of the empire’s territory.




                                The Habsburgs became the
                                  most powerful family in
                                         Europe.
SECTION 6
Challenges to Church Power


    Question:
    In what ways were John
    Wycliffe and Jan Hus alike
    and different?
SECTION 6
Challenges to Church Power

                 John Wycliff                                Jan Hus


                   royal court
                     defended              teacher              angered
                     him                                              clergy
   promoted                    attacked
     English                        church
     Bible                                       accused of
                                    abuses          heresy        burned
              banned,                                             at the
                 not executed                                        stake
CHAPTER 14
Chapter Wrap-Up


 1. How did the Crusades promote an
    exchange of ideas and goods?
 2. How did the growth of trade and towns
    bring changes to the feudal and manorial
    systems?
 3. What groups lost power as Europe’s
    kings established strong nations?

								
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