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Growing Annuals

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					   Growing Annuals
     Emily Nolting, Ph.D.
K-State Research and Extension
Before
After
Full Grown
    How to Grow Them
• Start with a soil test
• Select the right plant for the right
  place
  – Sun Requirement
  – Full, Partial Sun, Partial Shade and
    Shade
        Keep Growing
• Shape, Size and Color
  – Spreading, upright, height & width
  – Plant to ultimate size; determine the
    number of plants needed
  – Specimen or massing
          So many uses
•   In beds
•   Containers
•   Hanging baskets
•   Ground covers
•   Accent Plants
     Start with Good Soil
•   Start in the Fall
•   Clean the Bed
•   Add Compost
•   Add Fertilizer as Needed
•   Till in 6-8inches deep
•   The 1/2, 1/4, 1/4 rule
      Add Good Plants
• Start Early in The Spring
• Select Plants that are:
  – Stocky; not spindly
  – Not in bloom; but you can pinch them
    off
  – Good white roots and plenty of them,
    but not root bound
         Before Planting
•   Frost Free Date??
•   Harden off a couple of days
•   Add some slow release fertilizer
•   Rake out the bed, don’t walk on it
•   Do you have a Plan??
       What about color
•   Color adds excitement
•   Color can be soothing
•   Silvers make a good transition
•   Whites add depth at night
•   All colors work with nature
•   Color schemes are a designers dream
        Combinations
• Complimentary colors
• Similar growth patterns vs. the
  takeover
• Textures and shapes
• Height awareness, or peak-a-boo
         Let’s Get Dirty
•   Trowl and knee pads
•   Add a Slow Release Fertilizer
•   Rake the bed to open up the soil
•   Get rid of the plastic; bad little
    containers
Butterfly the Roots
             Finish It up
•   Prune plant as necessary
•   Plant at container depth
•   Gently press in soil around the roots
•   Plant a section at a time
•   Apply Pre-emergent
•   Mulch
•   Water in to settle the soil
             Care
• Water Weekly after Establishment
  with a deep soaking
• Allow the plants to dry between
  soakings
• Soaker hoses are better than
  overhead
• Water in the Mornings
    Fertilize, Fertilize,
         Fertilize
• Abundant need for Nitrogen
• Liquid; water soluble
• Feed every week to 10 days for
  plants in containers
• Every Month for plants in the ground
• Follow label directions
   General Maintenance
• Pull Weeds; oh how fun!!
• Deadhead Spent Blooms
     • Geraniums, coleus, marigolds
     • Watch for Insects
            » Aphids, thrips, bud worms, grasshoppers beetles,
              spittlebug, white fly, slugs
            » Treat as necessary


            »Enjoy the Beauty

				
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posted:5/12/2013
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