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Task 8Regional Passenger-Only Ferry Strategy - Puget Sound

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Task 8Regional Passenger-Only Ferry Strategy - Puget Sound Powered By Docstoc
					Proposed Puget Sound Passenger-Only Ferry Routes

                                   Puget Sound Regional
                                                  !   Keystone
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Proposed POF Routes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Immediate
                      Port Townsend !                                                                                                                                                                                       Medium-Term


                                   Passenger-Only Ferry Study
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Long-Term
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Tourism & Recreation




                                                                      Seattle-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Existing Ferry Routes




                                                                         Vancouve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           POF Routes - Year Round

                                   Task 8 Regional
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ! !      ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                         !   !    !   !

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           POF Routes - Summer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           WSF Auto/Passenger Routes
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                                   Passenger-Only Ferry Strategy
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             J e f f e r s o n                                                                                                                                                                                                            S n o h o m i s h
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                                                                                                                                                                           !     Edmonds
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                                                                                           Kingston !
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Kenmore
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                                                           Suquamish !

                                                                                                                                                                                                       5


                                                                                           305
                                                                                                                                                                    Shilshole                                                                       Kirkland
                                                                                                                                                              !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                !

                                                                                                                                                                                                            UW
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 !

                                                                                     Bainbridge                                                                                                                                           520
                                                                                                         !

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     405
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     405
                                                                                                                                                                                                 !
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Seattle Leschi
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                                                                                                                                                                                                 !!

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                    K i t s a p
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                                                                                                                                                                     West
                                                                                                                                                  !
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                                             Bremerton Manchester                                                                                                   Seattle
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                                                      !
                                                           ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 90
                                                           ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 90
                                                           Beach!
                                                                                                                                   ! !
                                                       !




                                                       !
                                                                 !!
                                                      !




                                        Port Orchard!
                                                                                                                                 ! !




                                                       Annapolis
                                                                                                                             ! !




                                                                 Harper's Pier !                                                                                    ! Fauntelroy
                                                                                                                           ! !




                                                                      Southworth !                                                                                                                                                                             K i n g
                                                                                                                      !!




                                                                                                                     !
                                                                                                                   Vashon                                                                                                                       ! Renton
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                                   Final Report                                                                                                                                                                                                                       July 2008
      U
      V106
                                                                                                                                                                                                  ! Des          Moines
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          167

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Data Source: PSRC

 0                     5                10
                                         Miles
Table of Contents

Chapter 1.          Introduction ...................................................................................................... 1-1
Chapter 2. Route Evaluation Process .................................................................................. 2-1
  Route Identification .................................................................................................................. 2-1
  Ridership Estimation and Demand Modeling .......................................................................... 2-1
  Detailed Route Evaluation ........................................................................................................ 2-5
  Evaluation Results - Route Categories and Sequencing .............................................................. 2-6
Chapter 3. Service and Operation Plans ............................................................................. 3-1
  Immediate Term (next 3 years): ................................................................................................. 3-3
  Medium Term (4-10 years):..................................................................................................... 3-35
  Long Term (beyond 10 years): ................................................................................................. 3-53
  Tourism and Recreation-Focused Routes ................................................................................. 3-78
Chapter 4. Capital Planning .................................................................................................. 4-1
  Vessels ....................................................................................................................................... 4-1
  Terminals .................................................................................................................................. 4-4
Chapter 5. Funding & Fare Policy Options ........................................................................ 5-1
  Funding Passenger Only Ferries................................................................................................. 5-1
  Summary of Funding Sources.................................................................................................... 5-1
  Fare Policy Options ................................................................................................................. 5-14
  Farebox Recovery for Peer Systems .......................................................................................... 5-15
APPENDIX A. Route Evaluation Sheets
APPENDIX B. Detailed Route Information




                                                                                                                                                        Table of Contents




                                                                                                                                                        Page 
          Table of Figures

          Figure 2-1    All Passenger-Only Ferry Routes Evaluated .............................................................. 2-2
          Figure 2-2    Route Characteristics Overview ............................................................................... 2-7
          Figure 2-3    Proposed Puget Sound Passenger-Only Ferry Routes ............................................... 2-9

          Figure 3-1    Vashon Island - Downtown Seattle Route Overview ................................................ 3-6
          Figure 3-2    Vashon Island - Downtown Seattle Terminal Details ................................................ 3-7
          Figure 3-3    West Seattle - Downtown Seattle Route Overview ................................................. 3-12
          Figure 3-4    West Seattle - Downtown Seattle Terminal Details................................................. 3-13
          Figure 3-5    Port Orchard - Annapolis - Bremerton Route Overview ........................................ 3-16
          Figure 3-6    Port Orchard - Annapolis - Bremerton Terminal Details ........................................ 3-17
          Figure 3-7    Bremerton - Downtown Seattle Route Overview ................................................... 3-22
          Figure 3-8    Bremerton - Downtown Seattle Terminal Details ................................................... 3-23
          Figure 3-9    Kingston - Downtown Seattle Route Overview...................................................... 3-26
          Figure 3-10   Kingston - Downtown Seattle Terminal Details ..................................................... 3-27
          Figure 3-11   Southworth/Manchester Beach - Seattle Route Overview ...................................... 3-30
          Figure 3-12   Southworth - Downtown Seattle Terminal Details ................................................. 3-31
          Figure 3-13   Manchester Beach - Downtown Seattle Terminal Details ....................................... 3-32
          Figure 3-14   Port Orchard - Downtown Seattle Route Overview ............................................... 3-36
          Figure 3-15   Port Orchard - Downtown Seattle Terminal Details ............................................... 3-37
          Figure 3-16   Bainbridge Island - Des Moines Route Overview ................................................... 3-40
          Figure 3-17   Bainbridge Island - Des Moines Terminal Details .................................................. 3-41
          Figure 3-18   Kirkland - UW Route Overview ............................................................................ 3-46
          Figure 3-19   Kirkland - UW Terminal Details............................................................................ 3-47
          Figure 3-20   Suquamish - Downtown Seattle Route Overview................................................... 3-56
          Figure 3-21   Suquamish - Downtown Seattle Terminal Details .................................................. 3-57
          Figure 3-22   University of Washington - Kenmore Route Overview........................................... 3-60
          Figure 3-23   University of Washington - Kenmore Terminal Details .......................................... 3-61
          Figure 3-24   Renton - Leschi Route Overview ........................................................................... 3-64
          Figure 3-25   Leschi - Renton Terminal Details ........................................................................... 3-65
          Figure 3-26   Des Moines - Downtown Seattle Route Overview ................................................. 3-70
          Figure 3-27   Des Moines - Downtown Seattle Terminal Details ................................................. 3-71
          Figure 3-28   Shilshole - Downtown Seattle Route Overview ...................................................... 3-74
          Figure 3-29   Shilshole - Downtown Seattle Terminal Details ..................................................... 3-75
          Figure 3-30   Pt Townsend - Downtown Seattle Route Overview ................................................ 3-79
          Figure 3-31   Pt Townsend - Downtown Seattle Terminal Details ............................................... 3-80
          Figure 3-32   Vancouver - Downtown Seattle Route Overview ................................................... 3-84
          Figure 3-33   Vancouver - Downtown Seattle Terminal Details ................................................... 3-85

          Figure 4-1    The Spirit—An Example of a Double-Decked Catamaran ....................................... 4-2
          Figure 4-2    Single-Decked 149-passenger Vessel Prototype ........................................................ 4-3
          Figure 4-3    Circular Quay Terminal Sydney, Australia................................................................ 4-7

          Figure 5-1    Funding Options for Passenger Ferry Service ......................................................... 5-10
          Figure 5-2    Summary of Peer Systems’ Operating Costs and Farebox Recovery Rates ............... 5-16

          Figure A-1    Summary Route Evaluation Results Matrix..............................................................A-7

Page    Puget Sound Regonal Passenger-Only Ferry Study
 Chapter 1. IntroduCtIon
The ferry system in the Central Puget Sound             In the spring of 2006 the Puget Sound Regional
Region is currently at a critical juncture in its       Council’s (PSRC’s) Transportation Policy Board
historic evolution. The context within which the        asked for an evaluation of the current status of
existing ferry system operates is rapidly changing,     POF service in the Central Puget Sound Region
due to factors such as:                                 and the development of a regional framework to
      • Historically high fuel prices,                  guide decisions on passenger ferry system invest-
                                                        ments.
      • The recent loss of critical public funding to
        support the ferry system (due to elimina-       Over the past year, the PSRC has been working
        tion of the state motor vehicle excise tax),
                                                        in close consultation with staff from Washington
      • Forecasts of continued growth in demand         State Ferries, local and regional transit agencies,
        on Washington State Ferries’ (WSF’s) exist-
                                                        Ports, local jurisdictions, representatives from
        ing auto ferry system and existing foot ferry
        services,                                       existing and potential future ferry communities
                                                        and the Legislature’s Joint Transportation Com-
      • Forecasts of significant future population
        and employment growth,                          mittee to study this issue and develop a regional
                                                        plan for coordinated POF service. The work ef-
      • Congested roadways and residents demand-
        ing better travel choices,                      fort has included a thorough literature review, a
                                                        market analysis, ridership estimation and demand
      • The state’s departure from the passenger-
        only ferry (POF) business, and                  modeling, peer systems evaluation, evaluation of
                                                        future POF routes, and landside integration. This
      • The creation of new local funding options
        by the 2006 Legislature.                        report builds on previous tasks and presents the
                                                        study’s technical findings in support of a regional
                                                        POF strategy.




                                                                                                               Introduction




                                                                                                              Page 1-1
 Chapter 2. route evaluatIon proCess
The route evaluation process consisted of three                         service assumptions and frequencies should be
steps – (1) market analysis and route identifica-                       for the various routes. These service assumptions
tion, (2) ridership estimation and demand model-                        were used in the first round of demand modeling,
ing, and (3) more detailed route evaluation based                       and were adjusted based on PAC and project team
upon a set of adopted criteria. The analysis relied                     input, as well research conducted on POF peer
upon input from the Project Advisory Committee,                         systems currently in service.
local planning officials and staff, transit agency
staff, and ferry system operators. The evaluation                       Ridership Estimation and
also considered policy guidance contained in
                                                                        Demand Modeling
adopted local and regional plans.
                                                                        Overview
Route Identification                                                    The thirty-three original routes were analyzed us-
                                                                        ing PSRC’s regional multimodal travel demand
Thirty-three routes were identified and analyzed to
                                                                        model to arrive at the first round of ridership
varying degrees in this process. They included:
                                                                        estimates. This was done regardless of the fact
        • All existing passenger-only ferry (POF)




                                                                                                                                     Route Evaluation Process
                                                                        that some routes drew from the same markets. A
          routes
                                                                        key strength of the model is its ability to replicate
        • All of the POF routes that had been studied
                                                                        the general travel behavior found in the Puget
          previously in other planning processes,
                                                                        Sound region. The model development uses data
        • Potentially promising routes identified by
                                                                        obtained from household travel surveys, providing
          the Project Advisory Committee (PAC)
          guiding this study,                                           a statistically sound modeling suite that does well
                                                                        in replicating observed behavior.
        • Routes identified by community members,
          and;                                                          The key data inputs and assumptions in the PSRC
        • Routes that, in this study’s market analysis                  model include:
          work, appeared promising based on re-
          gional population and employment growth                             • Demographic and Economic Data:
                                                                                Future year estimates of households and
          and documented travel patterns.1
                                                                                employment are prepared by PSRC using
The identified potential POF routes primarily                                   a regional forecasting model and a land use
                                                                                model. The land use data is reviewed by lo-
connect locations between or within the four                                    cal jurisdictions to insure consistency with
counties represented by the PSRC, but several                                   local comprehensive plans.
routes were analyzed in areas outside the PSRC                                • Transportation Infrastructure: The PSRC
region where ferry trips cross from outside to in-                              regional travel demand model requires
side the PSRC region. The PAC also advised the                                  inputs that reflect the existing and future
project team on what they thought appropriate                                   transportation infrastructure. This includes
                                                                                descriptions of roads and non-motorized
    	     	See	the	Task	5	report	from	this	study	Market Analyss and           facilities, transit routes (bus, rail, and ferry)
Demand Modelng (December	2007),	located	online	at	http://www.psrc.             and service assumptions, and park and ride
org/projects/ferry/Task5-MarketAnalysis_207.pdf                              lots, with assumed capacities.




                                                                                                                                    Page 2-1
           Figure 2-1         All Passenger-Only Ferry Routes Evaluated
            Passenger-Only Ferry Evaluated
             Existing and Potential Ferry Routes
                                           Keystone
                     Existing Passenger-Only Ferry
                                         Port Townsend
                     Existing WA State Ferry Auto/Passenger Ferry                                                                     5         9
            Clallam
                     New Passenger - Only Ferry Routes Evaluated



                                        16                             To Port Townsend
                                                                                                                      Everett
                    Seattle to Vancouver B.C                                                Clinton
                   /San Juans (summer only)
                                                                                                                     Mukilteo

                                                              Hansville
                                      104
                                                                                                                    528
                                                                       Eglon                                                    SNOHOMISH
                                                 Port Gamble                                                                     COUNTY
                                                                       S'Kallum Res
                                                                                                                99

                                                                                                 Edmonds                                            522
                                                          3
                                                                     Kingston
                        101                                    307

                                                    Poulsbo            Indianola
                                                                                                                          Kenmore

                                                     Suquamish                                                                   405      202

                                                                          305                         University                Kirkland
                                                                                                       District
                                    Silverdale                                            Shilshole
                                                                                                                                                          908
                                                              Bainbridge                                South Lake Union
                          KITSAP                          303     Island                               Downtown Seattle
                          COUNTY                                                                                     Leschi
                                                                                    West Seattle
                                             Bremerton
                                                                           Manchester Beach
                                                                                                            5                   405
                                           Port Orchard        Annapolis
                                                                Southworth                     Fauntleroy
                                                                                                                                 Renton
                                      16                                           Vashon              99
                                                                                                                                           KING
                                                                                                 Burien
                                                          16                                                                              COUNTY


                                                                                                         Des Moines

              MASON
              COUNTY                                                       Tahlequah
                                                  Gig Harbor
                                                                                                                5

                                                                     Pt Defiance

                                  PIERCE                                               Tacoma
                                  COUNTY
                To Olympia
                                                                                    705                                   0               5               10
                                                                                                                                                           Miles




Page 2-2   Puget Sound Regonal Passenger-Only Ferry Study
      • Transportation Costs: A key input/as-             Service Frequencies
        sumption to the PSRC model is the cost
        associated with travel, including parking         After the last round of modeling and adjustments
        charges, transit fare, ferry tariffs and tolls.   for tourism and recreational travel were made, the
                                                          project team again adjusted the service frequencies
The project team then analyzed the results, revised
                                                          and assumed speeds on several routes, developing
some of the service assumptions, and removed
                                                          final ridership estimates based on increased or
competing service within the same market to
                                                          decreased frequencies. These adjustments were
gauge the impact (i.e. removing one of two com-
                                                          made based on commonly accepted industry
peting routes, or combining similar routes). A
                                                          standards and observed impact of service changes
second model run was then completed.
                                                          on ridership.2

Post-Modeling Adjustments                                 Reallocation of Ridership from
Recreational and Tourist Demand                           Competing Cross-Sound Routes
A weakness in the regional model is its inability         Two routes were modeled in this effort even
to predict recreational or tourist trip making (a         though they are commonly known to share




                                                                                                                                       Route Evaluation Process
common weakness in many regional models).                 markets with other proposed routes – Port Or-
To address this problem, a formula was applied            chard to Seattle and Suquamish to Seattle. The
to adjust the ridership estimates on the routes           proposed Port Orchard – Seattle route competes
with the greatest potential for this type of travel.      directly with the proposed Bremerton – Seattle
Adjustment factors were used to account for peak          and Southworth/Manchester – Seattle routes, and
season and off season tourism and to account              the Suquamish – Seattle route competes with the
for the appeal of traveling by boat; the average          proposed Kingston – Seattle route as well as exist-
weekday demand estimate from the PSRC model               ing WSF auto ferry service between Bainbridge
was multiplied by an average summer factor of             and Seattle.
1.30 and an average winter factor of 1.09. These          Although Port Orchard – Seattle and Suquamish
adjustments are based on tourist generation rates         – Seattle are routes that modeled well from a
as they relate to the various micro level land uses       ridership standpoint and could very well become
at each termini of the ferry route. It is important       viable routes in the future, in order to realize
to recognize that a commuter-oriented route will          operational and cost efficiencies, this plan rec-
not vary much from the average. A route more              ommends implementing the Bremerton-Seattle,
influence by seasonality and tourism will have a          Southworth/Manchester – Seattle and Kingston
wider variation from the average in the summer
                                                               2	     	Post-modeling	adjustments	to	service	assumptions	and	
and winter. Additionally, since these adjustments         ridership	were	adjusted	based	on	an	elasticity	of	0.07.		In	short,	every	
were applied to the model outputs, low ridership          %	increase/decrease	in	service	was	assumed	to	correspond	with	a	
                                                          0.7	increase/decrease	in	ridership.		This	is	based	on	transit	service	
routes that had a higher level of tourist and rec-
                                                          in	suburban	markets	with	relatively	inelastic	demand	(i.e.	not	many	
reational travel appeal did not see large increases       other	travel	options	are	in	place).		See	Transit	Cooperative	Research	
in estimated ridership.                                   Program’s	report	#95,	Traveler Response to Transportaton System
                                                          Changes-Chapter 9, Transt Schedulng and Frequency (2004)	 for	
                                                          more	information.


                                                                                                                                      Page 2-3
           – Seattle routes as order of first priority, and then                         1. West Seattle – Downtown Seattle
           in the medium- or long-term, if demand warrants,                              2. Vashon Island – Seattle
           implementing direct service to Seattle from Port                              3. Port Orchard – Bremerton
           Orchard and Suquamish.
                                                                                         4. Annapolis - Bremerton
           However, the demand forecasting exercise estimat-                             5. Bremerton – Seattle
           ed 2030 ridership on all the routes simultaneously,                           6. Southworth/Manchester Beach – Seattle
           and did not account for the nuances of a phased
                                                                                         7. Kingston – Seattle
           approach. Therefore, ridership on the Suquamish
                                                                                         8. Bainbridge – Des Moines
           and Port Orchard - Seattle routes was allocated to
                                                                                         9. Suquamish - Seattle
           the “Immediate-Term” Bremerton, Southworth/
           Manchester and Kingston routes. If direct service                             10. Port Orchard – Seattle
           to Seattle were implemented from Suquamish and                                11. Kirkland – University of Washington
           Port Orchard, riders would be partially drawn                                 12. Kenmore – University of Washington
           from the Bremerton, Southworth/Manchester,                                    13. Renton – Leschi
           Kingston, and WSF Bainbridge-Seattle service.
                                                                                         14. Des Moines – Seattle
           After post-modeling adjustments were made, the                                15. Shilshole — Seattle
           final estimates for average daily riders were ob-                             16. Port Townsend – Seattle
           tained, and these are the numbers that were used
                                                                                         17. Vancouver, B.C. – Seattle
           for operations and service planning (see Chapter
           3, Service and Operations Plans).                                       It is important to note that the Vancouver B.C.
                                                                                   – Seattle and Port Townsend – Seattle routes were
                                                                                   not modeled since in each case at least one termi-
           Final Filter
                                                                                   nus was outside the Puget Sound region, making it
           Based on a comprehensive review of other POF
                                                                                   impossible to evaluate these routes in the regional
           systems around the nation and world and their
                                                                                   travel demand model. Ridership estimates were
           ridership numbers3, a threshold for minimum
                                                                                   produced off model for these routes. The Vancou-
           ridership was established to pare down the initial
                                                                                   ver B.C. – Seattle route was assumed to have 500
           list of 33 routes. Any route that showed esti-
                                                                                   riders per day. This is based on the fact that the
           mated ridership of 200 riders per day or below
                                                                                   Victoria Clipper carries roughly 2,000 passengers
           was deemed infeasible and removed from the next
                                                                                   per day. Because the Seattle to Vancouver run
           round of modeling. However, several routes that
                                                                                   would take significantly more time, and because
           had ridership below this threshold were retained
                                                                                   ample alternate travel modes exist that are more
           because they have been identified as possible pilot
                                                                                   time-competitive (auto, Greyhound, Amtrak),
           runs by the King County Ferry District.
                                                                                   ridership on this route was assumed to be 25 per-
           After routes with less than 200 daily riders were                       cent of the observed Victoria-Seattle ridership.
           filtered out, the following routes remained:
                                                                                   For the Port Townsend to Seattle route, the techni-
               	     	See	the	Task	5	report	from	this	study	Market Analyss and
           Demand Modelng (December	2007),	located	online	at	http://www.psrc.
                                                                                   cal team examined known trip-making patterns
           org/projects/ferry/Task5-MarketAnalysis_207.pdf                      between Port Townsend and Jefferson County

Page 2-4   Puget Sound Regonal Passenger-Only Ferry Study
and the greater Seattle area. Using the WSF 2006     Detailed Route Evaluation
Origin and Destination survey results, it was        Ridership estimates are only one factor affecting
also determined what portion of existing WSF         the viability of future POF service. A broad range
Bainbridge-Seattle, Keystone-Port Townsend, and      of other factors will affect how well future POF
Kingston-Edmonds auto ferry users were travel-       routes perform. To assess these factors a route
ing to or from Jefferson County and the greater      evaluation framework was developed in concert
Seattle area. Layering this data with observed       with the Project Advisory Committee. The re-
ridership on the short-term season POF between       maining 17 routes were analyzed against these
Port Townsend and Seattle that operated during       criteria. The evaluation factors were as follows:
the 2007/2008 holiday season and accounting for
higher peak-season use, the team estimated 600       Demand – This set of criteria looked not only at
daily riders for the purpose of this analysis. The   what the estimated daily ridership was, but also
Port Townsend to Seattle service is assumed to       the potential for tourist and recreational use and
operate only during peak season (May – Sept).        off-peak use (i.e. to access shopping or healthcare
                                                     services).
Additionally, the West Seattle – Downtown Seattle
                                                     Modal Advantage - This evaluation factor as-




                                                                                                             Route Evaluation Process
(i.e. Elliott Bay Water Taxi); Kitsap Transit Foot
Ferry between Bremerton, Annapolis and Port          sessed whether or not other viable transportation
Orchard; and the Vashon – Downtown Seattle           modes (e.g. transit, highways, auto ferries) were
routes are already in service. They were included    available as an alternative, and what degree of time
in the travel demand model and retained for          savings could be realized on POF compared to the
evaluation to both gauge their interrelationship     next best available mode.
with other proposed POF routes and to analyze        Land Use – This criterion evaluated both existing
whether service changes to those routes might be     and planned land use and development densities
proposed as part of this study. All three of these   in both the immediate terminal area, as well as
existing routes are included in the phasing strat-   the greater area surrounding the terminal. In this
egy and service plans, as this study recommends      category the viability of terminal siting was also
increasing service on those routes.                  analyzed.

                                                     Operations & System Integration – In this cat-
                                                     egory, the following factors were assessed:
                                                           • Navigability of the waterways
                                                           • Adequacy of connecting transit service
                                                           • Quality of bicycle and pedestrian connec-
                                                             tions and facilities
                                                           • Availability of terminal area parking
                                                           • The terminal communities perceived vul-
                                                             nerability to traffic impacts




                                                                                                            Page 2-5
           Cost – This set of criteria looked at capital costs      Evaluation Results -
           associated with getting service up and running,
           ongoing operating cost per passenger mile, and
                                                                    Route Categories and
           whether the presence of POF service could help           Sequencing
           defer or eliminate significant alternative trans-        The evaluation process enabled the grouping of
           portation infrastructure investments that might          the 17 routes into four categories based on the
           otherwise be needed to meet demand.                      existing or anticipated future user markets, as
                                                                    well as the other important evaluation factors
           Environment – This final set of criteria assessed
                                                                    described previously. The routes were categorized
           the sensitivity to wake impacts generated by ves-
                                                                    as follows.
           sels on the route, and to what degree the POF
           service would allow users to avoid driving on                    • Immediate term routes of regional signifi-
                                                                              cance (existing and proposed)
           heavily congested roadways.
                                                                            • Medium term routes with potential to
           This evaluation exercise was not used to further                   develop
           screen out potential routes. Rather, it was used as              • Long term routes that may become viable
           a tool to see which routes might be more viable in                 in the future
           the immediate versus long term, to identify par-                 • Tourism and recreation-focused routes
           ticular issues and challenges associated with any
           given route, and to begin analyzing what level of        Figure 2-2 summarizes key operational charac-
           landside connections and improvements may be             teristics of the final set of routes evaluated, such
           needed to support future POF service. Although           as route length, speed, crossing time, schedule
           the service and operating plans discussed in             frequency, estimated ridership, anticipated annual
           Chapter 3 begin to identify some of these con-           operating costs, and the one-way fare that would
           nectivity issues, the next step of this study (Task      need to be charged to achieve a 40% farebox
           9) is to look in fine detail at the issue of landside    recovery rate.4
           connections (including more detail on terminal
           siting and feasibility), and to identify what specific   Immediate Term: Routes of
                                                                    	

           transit, bicycle, pedestrian and parking improve-        Regional Significance –
           ments might be needed in each terminal location          Existing and Proposed
           to support future POF service.                           The existing routes in this category are already
                                                                    in operation and planned to continue under the
           A Route Scoring Key, summary table of evaluation
                                                                    authority of either the King County Ferry District
           results and detailed Route Evaluation Sheets for
                                                                    or Kitsap Transit. This evaluation supports the
           each route can be found in Appendix A.
                                                                    continuation and expansion of services on these
                                                                    routes over the next three years (2008-2011).

                                                                        4	     	A	commonly	used	performance	metric	for	transit	and	ferry	
                                                                    systems is farebox recovery, which specifies what proportion of annual
                                                                    operating	costs	are	recovered	from	passenger	fares.		A	commonly	
                                                                    accepted	farebox	recovery	target	used	for	POF	systems	is	40%.


Page 2-6   Puget Sound Regonal Passenger-Only Ferry Study
Figure 2-2              Route Characteristics Overview
                                         Route                                                                                      40%
                             Daily      Length           Schedule Frequency                           Crossing       Annual       Recovery:
                            Riders     (nautical                                            Speed       Time        Operating     One-Way
         Route              (2030)      miles)          Weekday           Weekend           (knots)    (min.)         Cost          Fare*
 Immediate Term
     Vashon	Island	-		                                Peak:	hourly	
                              520          9.6                             2	hours              0         22        $2.6	M          $7.50	
        Seattle                                      Off-peak:	2	hrs.
     West	Seattle	-		                                 Peak:	0	min.	
                              660          .8                              Hourly              22           7       $.7	M          $2.90	
       Seattle                                       Off-peak:	hourly
     Port	Orchard	-		
                            ,77          4.8         5-0	min.          0	min.              22         4        $.	M          $.80	
      Bremerton
       Bremerton	-		
                              77          0.8         5-0	min.          0	min.              22                  $0.8	M          $2.80	
        Annapolis
       Bremerton	-		                                  Peak:	40	min.	
                            ,460        .8                              2	hours              0         0        $9.4	M          $.60	
         Seattle                                     Off-peak:	hourly
       Kingston	-		                                   Peak:	hourly	
                              920        7.4                             No	service            0         7        $4.5	M          $7.60	
        Seattle                                      Off-peak:	2	hrs.
      Southworth	-		                                  Peak:	hourly	
                            ,870          9.7                            No	service            0         22        $.7	M          $.0	
        Seattle                                     Off-peak:	90	min.




                                                                                                                                                   Route Evaluation Process
 Medium Term
      Bainbridge	-		                                  Peak:	hourly		
                              270          2                              2	hours              0         48        $4.5	M        $2.60	
      Des	Moines                                    Off-peak:	90	min.
     Port	Orchard	-		
                            ,740        4.8      Peak	only:		40	min.    No	service            0         2        $5.4	M          $6.00	
        Seattle
      Kirkland	-	UW           420           6       Peak	only:	hourly     No	service            22         20        $2.4	M          $9.40	
 Long Term
      Suquamish	-		                                                        All	day:						
                              0          5         All	day:	2	hrs.                           0         2        $2.8	M        $4.00	
        Seattle                                                             2	hrs.
                                                       Peak	only:
     Kenmore	-	UW              0          8.                            No	service            22         28        $0.8	M       $0.00	
                                                        90	min.
                                                       Peak	only:	
     Renton	-	Leschi           0          7.                            No	service            22         24        $0.7	M       $7.00	
                                                        90	min.
      Des	Moines	-		                                   Peak	only:	
                               60          6                             No	service            0         6        $.9	M        $5.0	
        Seattle                                         45	min.
       Shilshole	-		                                   Peak	only:	
                               0          8.5                            No	service            0         28        $0.7	M        $56.00	
        Seattle                                         90	min.
 Tourism and Recreation
                                                                          May-Sept:	
    Port	Townsend	-		                               May-Sept:	Friday	
                              600        42.                             4	runs	per	           5         75        $.7	M        $0.20	
         Seattle                                      only,	4	runs
                                                                              day
                                                                          May-Sept:	
    Vancouver	B.C.	-		                              May-Sept:	Friday	
                              500       29.8                             4	runs	per	           5        225          $4	M        $28.0	
        Seattle                                       only,	4	runs
                                                                              day
*	Given	the	service	assumptions,	this	is	the	fare	that	would	need	to	be	charged	to	achieve	a	40%	farebox	recovery	rate,	a	commonly	used	metric	
  for	POF	systems	(see	pages	-	and	-2	for	more	discussion).




                                                                                                                                                  Page 2-7
           These routes should be considered routes of re-        Potential Future King County Route
           gional significance.                                      Kirkland – University of Washington
           The proposed new routes in this category are
           deemed most immediately viable in terms of             Long Term: Routes That May
           market demand and ridership, and are identi-           Become Viable in the Future
           fied as routes with a high level of significance for   These routes are probably not viable within the
           meeting regional transportation needs. Existing        next decade, but have the potential to develop
           markets would provide sustainable ridership on         a viable market in the longer-term (ten+ years).
           these routes, even if they were to be implemented      However, they would require demonstration
           immediately or within the next few years:              testing, identification of feasible terminal loca-
                                                                  tions, substantially enhanced markets, improved
           King County Existing Routes                            landside connections, significant capital invest-
              Vashon Island - Downtown Seattle                    ment or operating subsidy, and/or land use and
                                                                  development changes.
              West Seattle – Downtown Seattle

           Kitsap County Existing Routes                          Potential Future Cross-Sound Route
              Port Orchard - Bremerton                               Suquamish - Seattle
              Annapolis –Bremerton                                Potential Future King County Routes
           Proposed Cross-Sound Routes                               Kenmore – University of Washington
              Bremerton – Seattle                                    Renton – Leschi
              Kingston – Seattle                                     Seattle – Des Moines
              Southworth/Manchester Beach – Seattle                  Shilshole – Seattle

           Medium-Term: Routes with                               Tourism and
           Potential to Develop                                   Recreation-focused Routes
           The routes in this category have the potential to      These seasonal routes would primarily serve tour-
           develop a viable market and operations plan in the     ist and recreation markets for ridership and are not
           medium-term, defined as within the next four to        integrated into the phasing strategy because they
           ten years. However, they would require demon-          most likely require a private rather than public
           stration testing, further enhanced markets, im-        operator to deliver service. Both routes, however,
           proved landside connections, capital investment,       do appear to have an existing market and could
           and/or land use and development changes.               likely be feasible in the short to medium term,
                                                                  depending on the interest of potential private
           Potential Future Cross-Sound Routes                    operators and other entities that might choose to
              Bainbridge – Des Moines                             subsidize the service (i.e. businesses, developers,
                                                                  or government agencies).
              Port Orchard – Seattle


Page 2-8   Puget Sound Regonal Passenger-Only Ferry Study
Figure 2-3                    Proposed Puget Sound Passenger-Only Ferry Routes
Proposed Puget Sound Passenger-Only Ferry Routes
                                                   !   Keystone
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Proposed POF Routes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Immediate
                       Port Townsend !                                                                                                                                                                                            Medium-Term
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Long-Term
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Tourism & Recreation




                                                                       Seattle-V
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Existing Ferry Routes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 POF Routes - Year Round




                                                                                ancouver
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ! !      ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                               !   !    !   !


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 POF Routes - Summer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 WSF Auto/Passenger Routes
                         U
                         V
                         20                 V
                                            U116
                                                                                                  U
                                                                                                  V 525
                                                                                                                           I s l a n d


                                                                                                                                                                                 Clinton
                                     U
                                     V
                                     19                                                     Se
                                                                                              att
                                                                                                                                                                                                       !

                                                                                                  le-
                                                                                                     Fri
                                                                                                          da
                                                                                                            yH
                                                                                                                   arb                                                                                                 !
                                                                                                                      or                                                                                                   Mukilteo
                            U
                            V 104
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       526

              J e f f e r s o n                                                                                                                                                                                                                 S n o h o m i s h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   99




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Route Evaluation Process
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             525



                                                                                                                                                                                 !     Edmonds
  £
  ¤
  101                                                                                            Kingston !
                                                   U
                                                   V
                                                   3
                                                                                                                                                                                                       99

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Kenmore
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               !


                                                            Suquamish !

                                                                                                                                                                                                             5


                                                                                                 305
                                                                                                                                                                          Shilshole                                                                       Kirkland
                                                                                                                                                                    !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      !

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  UW
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       !

                                                                                           Bainbridge                                                                                                                                           520
                                                                                                               !

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           405
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           405
                                                                                                                                                                                                       !
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Seattle Leschi
                                                                                                                                                                                                        !




                                                                                                                                                                                                       !!

                                                                                                                                                                                                                   !
                                                                                                                                                                                                        !
                                                                                                                                                                                             ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                 ! !




                     K i t s a p
                                                                                                                                                                           ! !                     !
                                                                                                                                                                                              !
                                                                                                                                                                    ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                         !
                                                                                                                                                                                     !


                                                                                                                                                                                 !
                                                                                                                                                                !
                                                                                                                                                            !




                                                                                                                                                                           West
                                                                                                                                                        !
                                                                                                                                                    !




                                              Bremerton Manchester                                                                                                        Seattle
                                                                                                                                               !!




                                                       !
                                                            ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       90
                                                            ! !




                                                            Beach!                                                                                                                                                                                                     90
                                                                                                                                         ! !
                                                        !




                                                        !
                                                                  !!




                                         Port Orchard
                                                       !




                                                     !
                                                        Annapolis
                                                                                                                                   ! ! ! !




                                                                  Harper's Pier !                                                                                         ! Fauntelroy
                                                                                                                                 ! !




                                                                       Southworth !                                                                                                                                                                                  K i n g
                                                                                                                            !!




                                                                                                                           !
                                                                                                                         Vashon                                                                                                                       ! Renton
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   599
     M a s o n                U
                              V
                              3


                                                                                                                                                                                                                 518

              V
              U300                                      16




      U
      V 106
                                                                                                                                                                                                        ! Des          Moines
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                167

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Data Source: PSRC

 0                      5                10
                                          Miles




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Page 2-9
 Chapter 3. servICe and operatIon plans
This section provides a description of the proposed     2008, are calculated in 2008 dollars. While pre-
service and operation plan for each route. Each         liminary information on landside transportation
section is standardized to provide the following        connections and access is provided, this issue will
categories of information.                              be explored in much greater depth in the next
                                                        phase of this study (Task 9).
Maps and Route Overview - Schematic GIS
maps show the path of the proposed POF route            In some POF destinations, more than one loca-
and other existing ferry services, while zoomed-in      tion is viable for a future POF terminal. Although
maps of the terminal areas show the connecting          a single such location has been selected for the
street grid, existing and planned transit service,      purposes of this analysis, this does not mean
park-and-rides, terminal area parking, and bi-          that either PSRC or the consultant team view
cycle/pedestrian facilities. The route map also         the location as the preferred site. In the case
includes a basic route overview, with information       of multiple potential terminal locations, more




                                                                                                                  Service and Operation Plans
such as the route length, estimated daily rider-        technical analysis will need to be conducted by
ship, schedule frequency, assumed vessel speed,         potential operating agencies and local jurisdic-
estimated crossing time, and estimated overall          tions in order to establish the ultimate preferred
annual operating costs. It is important to note         terminal location.
that all operating plan information, operating costs
                                                        Vessels - This section describes the vessel needs
and capital costs are conceptual and are intended for
                                                        for each proposed route, including the vessel type,
planning purposes only.
                                                        anticipated number of vessels needed, any special
Terminals - This section details existing condi-        vessel requirements (environmental, technical,
tions and proposed improvements at each termi-          performance, capacity, etc), and anticipated
nal area, or information on what elements would         capital cost to acquire vessels. Again, these costs
be necessary in the case that a brand new terminal      are planning-level estimates based on recent vessel
is needed. Terminals served by multiple POF             purchase costs and are presented in 2008 dollars.
routes are fully described under the first relevant     Changes in vessel requirements, materials costs, labor
route discussed. Other routes reference the initial     rates and contracting provisions can dramatically
description.                                            influence the costs of a vessel.

The information provided for each terminal              Operating Cost Summary – This section gives
includes: existing and planned land uses, includ-       estimated total costs for each operating element,
ing any potential land use issues or conflicts;         including fuel, maintenance and labor. As with
information on berths, waiting areas and docks;         terminal improvement and vessel costs, all operat-
and basic information on transit, bicycle and           ing costs as estimated in April 2008 are calculated
pedestrian access, as well as at-terminal parking.      in 2008 dollars, and may change dramatically
Improvements needed to support each terminal            (especially, for example, as fuel prices increase).
are identified, and estimated improvement costs
                                                        Fare Options – A commonly used performance
are given. All improvement costs, estimated in April
                                                        metric for transit and ferry systems is farebox


                                                                                                                 Page 3-1
           recovery, which specifies what proportion of an-                            Governance and Implementation - This section
           nual operating costs are recovered from passenger                           discusses potential organizational structure(s) for
           fares. Any portion of ongoing operating costs                               each route, and outlines the most likely or most
           that are not recovered by fares must be subsidized                          promising funding sources.
           through grants, taxes, or other funding sources
                                                                                       This chapter provides summary operating
           (see Chapter 5, Funding and Fare Policy Options).
                                                                                       information and service plans for each pro-
           A commonly accepted farebox recovery target
                                                                                       posed route. For more information on each
           used for POF systems is 40%.1
                                                                                       route’s operating and service plan, including
           In the service and operation plan developed for                             more detailed estimated cost breakdowns, see
           each immediate term route, the “Farebox Op-                                 Appendix B, Detailed Route Information.
           tions” section lists what the farebox recovery rate
           would be at the assumed transit fare level (i.e. if
           POF fares were set at the same rate as connect-
           ing landside transit services), as well as the fare
           required in order to achieve a 40 or 60 percent
           farebox recovery rate.2 This does not account for
           any lost ridership that may occur due to increased
           fares, which is a known potential outcome of
           raising fares. While data exists to support the as-
           sumption that ferry users may be less sensitive to
           fare increases compared to users of other modes,
           this will vary substantially based on the availability
           and quality of other travel options.

           Farebox recovery rates can be increased either by
           raising fares, or by increasing ridership on existing
           fleets while controlling costs. Many factors and ac-
           tions can increase ridership, including additional
           population and employment growth, supportive
           land uses and densities, and targeted marketing
           and promotion campaigns.
                	     	For	a	point	of	reference,	the	average	farebox	recovery	rate	
           for	urban	public	transit	systems	in	the	Puget	Sound	region	is	20%,	and	
           the	target	adopted	for	WSF’s	auto	ferry	system	is	80%.
                2	    	PSRC’s	Regional	Travel	Demand	Model	assumed	fares	
           comparable	to	the	average	regional	transit	fare,	which	may	or	may	not	
           be	the	appropriate	price	for	any	given	POF	route.		As	POF	services	
           are	more	fully	analyzed	and	brought	towards	implementation,	more	
           analysis will be needed on the appropriate fare level, given specific
           objectives	of	the	operating	entity.		See	Chapter	5,	Fare Polcy Optons,
           for	a	more	detailed	discussion	on	this	topic.


Page 3-2   Puget Sound Regonal Passenger-Only Ferry Study
 Immediate Term (next 3 years):
 Routes of Regional Significance - Existing and Proposed




                                                                                                               Immediate Term: Routes of Regional Significance
Existing routes in the “Immediate Term” category        West Seattle – Downtown Seattle
are already in operation and are planned to con-        This route, known as the Elliott Bay Water Taxi,
tinue under the authority of the King County            is operated by King County Metro and will be
Ferry District or Kitsap Transit. This study’s evalu-   under the jurisdiction of the King County Ferry
ation supports the continuation and expansion of        District. The Water Taxi serves multiple markets,
services on these routes over the next three years      including commuters, tourists, and special events
(2008-2011). Further, these routes should be            traffic. Currently only operated during the sum-
considered routes of regional significance.             mer months, the Water Taxi saw greatly increased
The newly proposed routes within this “Immedi-          ridership in 2007 and its service was extended an
ate Term” category are deemed most immediately          extra month. The route will become year-round
viable in terms of market demand and ridership,         under the King County Ferry District. This plan
and are identified as routes with a high level of       recommends adding peak-hour service Monday
significance for meeting regional transportation        through Friday, and extending the weekday eve-
needs. Existing markets would provide sustain-          ning schedule.
able ridership on these routes, even if they were
to be implemented immediately or within the             Kitsap County Existing Routes
next few years:
                                                        Port Orchard – Bremerton
                                                        Annapolis – Bremerton
King County Existing Routes
                                                        Known as the Kitsap Transit Foot Ferry, these
Vashon Island – Downtown Seattle                        two routes are operated by Kitsap Transit. The
Currently operated by WSF, this route will fully        Foot Ferry is a critical connection between Port
transition to the King County Ferry District by         Orchard and the Bremerton – Seattle ferry, and an
2009. The route co-exists with WSF auto ferry ser-      important public transit link for bringing people
vice out of Vashon, and POF docking facilities are      to Bremerton’s urban core. The Port Orchard
already in place. Vashon-Seattle is an important        – Bremerton Foot Ferry runs all day, seven days
route for commuters, and the POF service pro-           a week, while the Annapolis – Bremerton route
vides a 30% faster connection to Seattle than the       only operates during peak hours Monday through
alternative of taking WSF’s auto ferry to Fauntle-      Friday. Kitsap Transit will continue to operate
roy and driving the rest of the way to downtown.        this route.
While today there are only two peak-hour runs
Monday through Friday, this plan recommends
boosting service by adding a peak-hour run, mid-
day and weekend service.



                                                                                                            Page 3-3
           Proposed Cross-Sound Routes
           Bremerton – Seattle                                    Southworth/Manchester Beach –
           POF service connected these two urban centers          Seattle
           in the past, bringing passengers to employment,        Currently, traveling from Southworth to Seattle
           shopping, and service destinations in both. POF        requires taking the WSF auto ferry to Vashon Is-
           terminals exist on both ends, and excellent transit    land and transferring to the existing POF service
           connections are in place to bring walk-on traffic to   to Seattle. POF service running directly from
           a new POF line. This route would mirror WSF’s          Southworth would be 50% faster than these op-
           Bremerton – Seattle auto ferry, but POF service        tions. Three terminal options were considered for
           would make the cross-Sound trip in half the time       this route, at Southworth, Manchester Beach, and
           of the auto ferry.                                     Harper’s Pier. The Southworth location appears
                                                                  most promising, as it will be easier to lease and
           Kingston – Seattle                                     adapt a portion of the existing WSF terminal in
           Like Bremerton, Kingston has in the past been          Southworth, adjacent to abundant parking, than
           served by POF service to Seattle. Capital costs        to negotiate for and build a terminal in Harper’s
           for minor repairs or upgrades to the existing POF      Pier or Manchester.
           terminal should be minimal. For commuters
           today, the fastest connection from Kingston to
           Seattle is via WSF auto ferry to Edmonds, with
           a transfer to Sounder commuter rail into Seattle.
           New POF service, to be operated by the Port of
           Kingston, will shave 42% off the total travel time
           for this trip.




Page 3-4   Puget Sound Regonal Passenger-Only Ferry Study
                                      Immediate Term: Routes of Regional Significance




                                                                                        Page 3-5
This page intentionally left blank.
            Vashon Island - Downtown Seattle
            Immediate Term - King County Existing POF Service

           Figure 3-1                            Va s h o n Island - Downtown Seattle
                                                 Ro u t e Over view
           Seattle-Vashon
                                                                                                Se
                                                                                                  att
                Existing Ferry Routes                                                                le-
                                                                                                        Fri
                                                                                                           da
                                                                                                              yH
                ! !   ! !
                            POF Routes - Year Round                                                             arb                                                                                                                             5
                                                                                                                   or
                ! !   ! !

                            POF Routes - Summer
                            WSF Auto/Passenger Routes
                                                                                    Seattle-B
                                                                                             ainbridge


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Seattle




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                !

                                                                                                                                                                                                            !
                                                                                                                                                                                                        !

                                                                                                                                                                                                    !
                                                                                                                                                                                                !

                                                                                                                                                                                            !
                                                                                                                                                                                        !

                                                                                                                                                                                    !
                                                                                                                                                                                !




                                                                              ton
                                                                           mer
                                                                                                                                                                            !
                                                                                                                                                                        !




                                                                       -Bre
                                                                                                                                                                    !
                                                                                                                                                                !




                                                                   ttle                                                                                                                                                                         90
                                                                                                                                                            !




                                                               Sea
                                                                                                                                                        !

                                                                                                                                                    !
                                                                                                                                                !

                                                                                                                                            !
                                                                                                                                        !




            K i t s a p
                                                                                                                                    !
                                                                                                                                !



                                                                                                                            !
                                                                                                                West Seattle




                                                                 Route Over view
                                                           n
                                                      asho




                                                                 Route                    9.6 nmi
                                                ttle-V




                                                                 length:
                                                                 Demand:                  Daily: 520
                                                Sea




                                                                                          Annual: 155,168
                                                                 Schedule                 M-F: Peak: hourly
                                                                 frequency:                    Mid-day: 2 hours                                             K i n g

                                                                                          Sat-Sun:
                                                                                          9am-6pm, 2 hours
                                                                 Max. speed:              30 knots                                                                                                                              U
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                509

                                                                 Crossing                 22 minutes
                                                                 time:                                                                                                                                                           U         99

                                                                                                                   Fauntelroy
                                                                          Annual operational costs:
                                                                                           !

                                                                                $2.6 Million
            !
             Southworth
                                            !
                                         Vashon




                 Data Source: PSRC
                                                                                                                                    0                                                       1                                             2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Miles




Page 3-6   Puget Sound Regonal Passenger-Only Ferry Study
Figure 3-2                                                                                                                                                           Va s h o n I sland - Downtown Seattle
                                                                                                                                                                     Te r m i n a l Details
Seattle - Vashon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  e
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Pin
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     0                                                   0.25                                                           0.5




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       117th                                                                                                                                                                             Miles




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Page 3-7
            Seattle Terminal (Colman Dock)
            Location: Colman Dock Pier 50 hosts an existing POF terminal, immediately to the south of the existing
            WSF auto ferry terminal at Pier 52.
            Land Use
                  Existing:    Urban	center	(high	density,	mixed	use),	existing	POF	terminal	adjacent	to	auto	ferry	terminal.
                  Planned:     Same
                  Potential    No potential land use conflicts. On the water side, there will be a significant degree of marine
                   conflict:   traffic from the existing ferry terminal, including WSF auto ferries, Harbor Island traffic, the Elliott
                               Bay	Water	Taxi,	and	the	WSF	Vashon-Seattle	POF	service.
            Existing Facilities
                    Berths: The	current	facility	at	Pier	50	provides	only	two	side-loading	berths,	and	is	not	sized	or	designed	
                            to	handle	the	loads	anticipated	in	this	study.
             Waiting areas: Temporary	tent	terminal	adjacent	to	the	POF	slip,	no	services.	Main	WSF	terminal	building	
                            located	across	vehicle	holding	area	from	the	POF	dock,	at	Pier	52.
                  Dock and A	total	of		routes	in	this	study	end	in	downtown	Seattle,	serving	over	9,000	daily	riders.		With	
                  landside: this many passengers and vessels at a single location, significant planning and design must be
                            done to develop a new terminal facility that can accommodate the anticipated level of traffic.
            Access
                  Bicycle: Fair. No	designated	on-street	facilities	nearby.	Bicycles	must	cross	and	mix	with	auto	ferry	
                            vehicle	holding	lanes	in	order	to	reach	Pier	50.	Bike	connections	are	planned	as	high-priority	
                            projects	after	terminal	reconstruction.
               Pedestrian: Fair. Separated	walkways	outside	of	the	terminal.	The	overhead	pedestrian	bridge	from	the	main	
                            Terminal	Building	links	over	Alaskan	Way	to	st,	2nd,	and	rd	Avenues
             Park & Rides: n/a.	Theoretically,	however,	passengers	could	park	in	remote	regional	park	&	rides,	continue	
                            downtown	via	transit,	and	either	walk	the	rest	of	the	way	or	transfer	to	one	of	two	bus	routes	
                            leading	to	the	terminal
              Transit from
                     P&R: n/a.
                   Transit: Two	King	County	Metro	bus	routes	stop	adjacent	to	the	terminal,	20-0	minute	frequencies.	
                            Major	rd	Ave	transit	connections	located	0.4	mi	away,	uphill.
                 Adjacent No	terminal	parking.	Though	many	public	parking	garages	are	located	within	a	few	blocks,	many	
                  parking: are	at	or	near	capacity.
            Proposed Improvements continue on the next page




Page 3-8   Puget Sound Regonal Passenger-Only Ferry Study
Proposed Improvements
                    King	County	plans	call	for	replacement	of	the	existing	POF	terminal	at	Pier	50	with	a	new	
                    110’x40’ concrete float, which will not increase vessel or passenger capacity. While these plans
                    are adequate for the two routes that the county is taking over, it will not be sufficient to meet
                    anticipated	future	POF	demand.		King	County	should	work	jointly	with	other	potential	POF	opera-
                    tors as well as WSF, to plan for and share the cost of a new facility with sufficient capacity to
                    serve	new	routes	and	to	grow	as	more	come	online.




                                                                                                                             Immediate Term: King County Existing Routes
                    Some strategies can be taken to mitigate vessel traffic. One approach is to develop coordinated
                    schedules	for	Seattle-based	routes	that	minimize	the	number	of	vessels	using	the	Seattle	termi-
                    nal	at	a	single	time.		This	will	not	only	aid	in	reducing	the	number	of	passengers	passing	through	
                    the	terminal	at	once,	but	also	make	it	easier	and	safer	for	vessels	to	arrive	and	depart.

                    Modern	terminal	design	solutions	can	aid	in	terminal	throughput.		The	Circular	Quay	Terminal	in	
                    Sydney	is	one	of	the	most	prominent	examples	of	a	high-capacity	POF	terminal.		Color	coded	
                    routes, designated slips and clear signage and wayfinding are important considerations. Use
                    of	bow-loading	can	aid	greatly	in	reducing	vessel	turnaround	time	and	increasing	passenger	
                    throughput. On the landside, a large terminal building will be important to allow sufficient space
                    for passenger staging and to effectively manage the various passenger flows in and out of the
                    terminal.

                    The	area	between	Colman	Dock	to	the	north	and	Pier	48	to	the	south	would	likely	be	able	to	
                    handle the anticipated level of vessel traffic if it is well-planned and designed. Use of at least
                    the northern part of Pier 48 could also provide sufficient space for a landside terminal. Modifica-
                    tion	to	the	southern	end	of	Colman	Dock	is	also	a	possibility,	although	it	would	impact	the	pier’s	
                    existing	vehicle	lanes.		Additional	analysis	would	be	needed	before	moving	forward	with	these	
                    options.	
Total Proposed Improvement Costs: $5.9 Million
King	County	Ferry	District	plans	have	estimated	0-year	capital	improvement	costs	of	$5.9	Million	for	Colman	Dock.




                                                                                                                          Page 3-9
             Vashon Island Terminal
             Location: Located immediately west of the WSF auto terminal.
             Land Use
                    Existing:    Semi-rural,	rural	residential
                    Planned:     Same
                    Potential    Already being used as a ferry terminal, no land use conflicts exist. On the water side, vessel
                     conflict:   traffic may be encountered from the WSF terminal. The harbor lease is controlled by Washing-
                                 ton	State	Ferries.
             Existing Facilities
                     Berths: The	terminal	currently	provides	two	side-loading	berths.
              Waiting areas: The	location	currently	has	a	small	indoor	passenger	waiting	area	that	is	shared	between	the	
                             auto	and	passenger	terminals.		Additional	unsheltered	staging	area	is	available	on	the	trestle.
                   Dock and
                   landside: The	existing	Vashon	Island	terminal	is	already	well-equipped	for	POF	service.
             Access
                   Bicycle: Fair.	The	local	terrain	is	not	particularly	conducive	to	cycling	because	of	the	long,	steep	hills	
                             approaching the ferry terminal, although King County has identified these wide shoulders as bike
                             routes.		The	terminal	has	one	bicycle	rack.	
                Pedestrian: Poor.	A	rural	location,	pedestrian	access	is	unlikely.		The	terminal	does	not	appear	to	be	fully	
                             ADA-compliant	(gangplanks).	Although	pedestrian	connections	are	good	between	the	terminal	
                             and	the	commuter	parking	lot	and	transit	dropoff	point,	pedestrian	conditions	are	poor	along	
                             larger	access	arterials.
              Park & Rides: Nearby	free	County-owned	P&R	lot	has	200	spaces.	Five	additional	P&R	lots	located	farther	
                             from	the	terminal.	Free	parking	at	Southworth	(for	passengers	who	transfer	from	WSF’s	South-
                             worth	auto	ferry	to	Vashon	POF).	Kiss-and-ride	access	is	available	via	a	turnaround	on	the	pier,	
                             but	such	access	is	prohibited	during	peak	hours.
               Transit from
                      P&R: King County Metro connects with five island park-and-rides farther from the terminal.
                    Transit: Two	King	County	Metro	routes	currently	serve	the	terminal	well,	connecting	it	with	island	park-
                             and-rides	and	the	town	center.		
                  Adjacent
                   parking: There	is	no	parking	available	at	the	terminal	site	except	for	two	handicap	spaces.		
             Proposed Improvements
                                 No significant improvements are likely to be necessary to provide POF service from this location.
                                 King	County	Ferry	District	plans	call	for	the	following	improvements:
                                 • Maintenance and repair of the float, guide piles, concrete access pier deck, float fendering,
                                   topside	railings,	gangway	and	concrete	access	pier
                                 • Utilities, lighting and communications on the float
                                 • Installation	of	two	ticket	vending	machines,	four	smart	card	reader	machines	and	rider	informa-
                                   tion	rack
                                 • Installation	of	new	security	gate	closer	to	the	top	of	the	gangway
                                 • Two	new	ADA-compliant	gangplanks
                                 • Signage and wayfinding upgrades
                                 • Installation of Bosun’s locker on the terminal float
             Total Proposed Improvement Costs: $2.4 Million
             King	County	Ferry	District	plans	have	estimated	capital	improvement	costs	of	$2.4	Million	for	the	Vashon	terminal.



Page 3-10   Puget Sound Regonal Passenger-Only Ferry Study
Vashon Island - Downtown Seattle


       Vessels
       Number needed:              
       Recommended Vessel Type:    49-pax	operating	at	0kts.




                                                                                                                    Immediate Term: King County Existing Routes
       Special needs:              None
             Vessel capital costs: $3-5 Million




                              Operating Summary
                              Annual Operational Cost Components
                              Fuel:                              $900,000
                              Labor:                             $.	Million
                              Maintenance & insurance:           $40,000
                                  Annual operational costs: $2.6 Million




                                                                                Fare Options
                                                                                Fare              Recovery %
                                                                                $.5	(assumed)      8%
                                                                                $7.50                40%
                                                                                $.20               60%




Possible Future Governance and Implementation
Organizational structure     Publicly operated and tax financed: This	route	will	be	operated	by	the	King	
                             County	Ferry	District	and	funded	by	property	taxes.		Vessel	maintenance	and	
                             moorage	will	be	contracted	to	an	outside	shipyard.
Promising funding sources    In	addition	to	fares, property taxes	and	likely	FTA grants,	this	route	could	be	
                             subsidized	by	potential	joint development	ventures	in	the	vicinity	of	Colman	
                             Dock.	This	route	may	also	qualify	for	funds	from	the	State POF Grant Account.	
                             If	an	emergency	transportation	authority	were	created	(similar	to	the	Bay	Area’s	
                             Water Emergency Transportation Authority), the route may qualify for emer-
                             gency/evacuation	funds	given	the	limited	number	of	transportation	links	serving	
                             Vashon	Island.




                                                                                                                 Page 3-11
                         West Seattle - Downtown Seattle
                         Immediate Term - King County Existing POF Service

                  Figure 3-3   We s t Seattle - Downtown Seattle
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Vashon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Seattle-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ! !                                                                                                                                                             !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ! !                                                                                                                                                                                                           !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ! !                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ! !                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ! !                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     !
                                                                                                                                                                                                        ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                          ! !
                                                                                                                                                                          ! !                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            !
                                                                                                                                                        ! !
                                                                                                                                      ! !
                                                                                                                            ! !                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              !
                                                                                                                  ! !
                                                                                                    ! !
                                                                                      ! !                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                !
                                                                        ! !
                                                            ! !
                                                ! !                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      !
                                    ! !
                        ! !
              !                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            !

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  !

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        !

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    K i n g
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ttle
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     !

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Se
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         !

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 We
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             !

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             le-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           att
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 !

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Se
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     !

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       !

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         !

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           !

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 !

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        !

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  !
                                                                                                                                                                                                              !

                                                                                                                                                                                                    !
                                                                                                                                                                                                !

                                                                                                                                                                                      !
                                                                                                                                                                                  !

                                                                                                                                                                      !
                                                                                                                                                                  !

                                                                                                                                                        !
                                                                                                                                                    !

                                                                                                                                          !
                                                                                                                                      !




                                                                                                                                                                                      Route Overview
                                                                                                                                !
                                                                                                                            !

                                                                                                                        !
                                                                                                                   !

                                                                                                              !
                                                                                                          !




                                                                         West Seattle
                                                                                                !
                                                                                            !




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Route length:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       .8	nmi
                                                                                  !
                                                                              !




                                                                        !


                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Demand:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       660	daily,	240,900	annual
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Schedule
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       M-F:	6am-pm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                frequency:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       		Peak:	0	min		
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       		Mid-day: hourly
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       		Evening: hourly
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Sat:	9am-pm	hourly                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Existing Ferry Routes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       POF Routes - Year Round
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Sun:	9am-6pm	hourly
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               !!              !!




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   !

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       POF Routes - Summer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       !       !   !




                                                                                                                                                                                                          Max. speed: 22	knots                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         WA State Ferry Auto/Passenger


                                                                                                                                                                                                        Crossing time: 7	minutes                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Data Source: PSRC


                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Annual Operational costs:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             $1.7 Million



Page 3-12   Puget Sound Regonal Passenger-Only Ferry Study
Fi g u r e 3 - 4  We s t S e at t le - Downtown Seattle
                  Te r
 Seattle - West Seattle m i n a l D etails
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Pin
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     0                                                                                         0.25                                                                                                         0.5




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             7th

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hubbell
                                                                                                                                                                                                         Pi                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 n
                                                                                                                                                                                                              ke                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   rio        Miles




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Ma




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         8th
                                                                                                                                                                                         ste




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Mi
                                                                                                                                                                                            rn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ke




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Ne




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Bo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Pi




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               no
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ws




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                re




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Su
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                r
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               n
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Co




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               mm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             b
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ion




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                b




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               9th




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 it
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Un




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   8th
                                                                                                                                                       Waterfront                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            bia




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Po
                                                                                                                                                         Park                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      lum
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Co




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Immediate Term: King County Existing Routes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            st
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 7th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           99                                   ers




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               6th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              iv                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       y
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Un                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        err




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Broadway
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 a                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Ch




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         5 th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      n        ec
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Se                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              s




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         4 th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       me
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     rin
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        g                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Ja




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Sp                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          so
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               n
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       r
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ffe
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Je




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2n
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              e
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                n                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ac




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          10th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            iso                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     rr




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           d                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Te




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         1st
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ma




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Te
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Alder
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     r   ion




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    rr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Ma




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   y
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               !




         Seattle-Bainbridge                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              er
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                bia                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Ald                                  Spruce
         Seattle-Bremerton
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         lum                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ce
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      son
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       !                 ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Co                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ru
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   !       ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           fer
                                                                                                                                                                                                             ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Sp
                                                                                                                                                                                               ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Seattle                                                                                                                                                      Jef
                                                                                                                                                                               ! !                       !
                                                                                                                                                                      ! !                            !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Post
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Fir
                                                                                                                                                            ! !



                                                                             n
                                                                      -Vasho
                                                                                                                                                 ! !
                                                                                                                                   ! !                                                     !
                                                                                                                     ! !                                                               !




                             Seattle
                                                                                                       ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Pier 50                                                                                                                                                                                ce
                                                                                          ! !
                                                                                  ! !                                                                                              !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     rra
                                                                                                                                                                               !
                                                                      ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    8th
                                                        ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 10th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Te
                                          ! !                                                                                                                             !



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Yesler
                                                                                                                                                                      !
                            ! !
              ! !
 ! !                                                                                                                                                              !
                                                                                                                                                             !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Pr
                                                                                                                                                       !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        efo
                                                                                                                                                   !

                                                                                                                                             !
                                                                                                                                         !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             nta
                                                                                                       ttle                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            5
                                                                                                                               !


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Washington                                                                                                                                                                                                       Wash
                                                                                                                           !




                                                                                              ea                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     in
                                                                                                                 !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ine
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        gton
                                                                                                             !




                                                                                     S
                                                                                                       !




                                                                                  st
                                                                                                   !




                                                             We
                                                                                              !
                                                                                          !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Main
                                                         le-
                                                                                      !
                                                                                  !




                                                att
                                                                            !
                                                                       !



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Main
                                  Se
                                                                  !
                                                              !

                                                    !
                                                !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Elliott Bay Trail
                                      !
                                  !




              !
                    !
                        !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Jackson
          !

     !
 !



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               King




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          5th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       King




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Canton
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Alaskan




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                10th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Maynard
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Maynard




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        8th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Occidental




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   7th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Weller
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         4th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Ra
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ilro




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Lane
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ad




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Existing Terminal                                                                                                                                          !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          `
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ^
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Elm




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Evaluated Terminal Location
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  !

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Alki Trail
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 !



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Other Potential Terminal Locations
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             !

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        !
                                                                                                                                                                              Pa




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    !




                                                                                                                                                           Donald
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Ca
                                                                                                                                                                               lm




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Existing Ferry Routes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Harb
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           lifo




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       POF Routes - Year Round
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                rni




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    or
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    a




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ! !             ! !             ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               !
                                                                                                                                                                              42nd
                                                                                                   et

                                                                                                                           45th




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   POF Routes - Summer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     !
                                                                                                  ns




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           !   !           !   !           !   !
                                                                                          Su




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       !



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   WSF Auto/Passenger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   !

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   !

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Bus Routes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   !

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          !



                                                                                                                      Seattle                                                                                              Ed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Future Light Rail (2009)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  !


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ge
                                                                                                                                                                                   42nd




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             !


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      wo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               od
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    !



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Commuter Rail
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                !

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       !

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Trails
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     !



                                                                                                   Massachusetts
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Parks
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     !




                                  air
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             !



                              n
                                                                                                                                                                                                             rry




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Vic




                    Bo                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Parking Facility
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                !
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Fe




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           `
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ^ Seacrest Park
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            to




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Arch


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ria




                                                                                                  Holgate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Walnut
                                                                                                                                   44th




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Bronson Way
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               36




                                                                                              Hill
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hill
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 er
                                                                                46th
                                                47th




                                                                                                                         rry
 49th

                     48th




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               mn
                                                                                                   45th

                                                                                                                       Fe




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Belvidere



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Su
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Arch




                                                                                                  Walker
              Coll
                            ege
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Jack Block Park
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Lo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                36th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Walnut




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         tus




         Niesz
                                                                                                                                                                               42nd


                                                                                                                                                                                                             41st




                                                                                                       College
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              oun




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Prince                                                      Prescott
         49th
                    48th




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          m




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               37th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Fair




                                                                                                                                                                                                             Grayson                                                    Grayson
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Florida
          Waite
                                                                                                                                                 Admiral
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Waite                                                                                                                                                                            Data Source: PSRC, ESRI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   9th




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         0                                                                                         0.25                                                                                                     0.5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Walnut




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Olga
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         37th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              39th

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         38th




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         26th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  36th




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Miles
              48th




For	a	discussion	of	downtown	Seattle’s	Colman	Dock,	see	pp.	-8	–	-9.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Page 3-13
             West Seattle Terminal
             Location: The Elliott Bay Water Taxi (EBWT) currently operates from the dock at Seacrest Park. For the
             purposes of this evaluation, we analyzed Seacrest Park dock location, consistent with the King County Ferry
             District’s plans to date. If the location is changed in the future, additional analysis and study will be needed to
             evaluate the alternate locations at Jack Block Park and Bronson Way.
             Land Use
                        Existing: Park,	adjacent	to	single-family	residential,	some	commercial	and	mid-rise	residential
                        Planned: Same
             Potential conflict: Already used as a terminal, no particular land use conflicts exist. However, service growth
                                  may	present	negative	impacts	to	park	use.	Ongoing	use	of	Seacrest	is	questionable,	given	
                                  that	it	is	funded	by	state	IAC	recreational	funds,	which	may	not	allow	long	term	POF	use.
             Existing Facilities
                         Berths: The	location	currently	has	one	berth,	as	needed	in	order	to	provide	service.
                Waiting areas: There	is	currently	no	covered	waiting	area	at	this	location,	although	the	park	does	provide	
                                  some picnic table seating. EBWT passengers typically wait on the float, at the park, or seek
                                  shelter at a nearby fish and chips stand.
                      Dock and The existing facility consists of a recreational timber float that is removed seasonally. No ad-
                       landside: ditional	terminal	infrastructure	is	in	place.
             Access
                         Bicycle: Fair.	There	is	a	paved	regional	bike	trail	along	the	waterfront,	but	this	shared	use	path	has	few	
                                  street	connections	through	to	the	residential	areas.	Bike	racks	are	available.	
                   Pedestrian: Good.	With	some	apartments/condos	and	restaurants	nearby,	the	terminal	is	conducive	to	
                                  walk-on	passengers.		However,	the	current	gangplank	is	not	ADA-accessible.
                 Park & Rides: n/a.
             Transit from P&R: n/a.
                         Transit: Two	King	County	Metro	regular	bus	routes	and	one	special	ferry	shuttle	which	is	free	to	ride.
                        Adjacent No	parking	spaces	are	dedicated	to	the	ferry	terminal,	and	they	are	restricted	to	a	2-hour	time	
                        parking: limit.	A	small	parking	lot	exists	for	the	park,	which	can	be	used	as	a	kiss-and-ride	location.
             Proposed Improvements
                                  King	County	Ferry	District	plans	propose	near-term	improvements	for	the	Seacrest	Park	dock	
                                  that	include:
                                  • Replacement of the timber floats with temporary concrete floats of a similar footprint.
                                  • A	new	timber	raised	boarding	platform	and	ramp	to	accommodate	high	freeboard	vessels
                                  • A	new	ADA-compliant	gangplank
                                  • Outdoor	waiting	area	cover
                                  • Float	utilities/lighting
                                  • Rider	information	and	two	ticket	vending	machines
                                  Proposed	long-term	improvements	include:
                                  • Relocation of the float away from the fishing pier
                                  • Replacement of the float with a 40’x100’ concrete float
                                  • New	gangway	ramp
                                  • Relocation	of	covered	waiting	area	and	rider	information/vending	machines\
                                  • Installation of a Bosun’s locker on the float
                                  • Signage and wayfinding upgrades
                                  • Replacement	of	existing	gate	with	an	improved	security	gate.
             Total proposed improvement costs: $8.0 Million
             King	County	Ferry	District	plans	anticipate	a	long-term	$8.0	Million	West	Seattle	terminal	capital	cost.
            For	a	discussion	of	downtown	Seattle’s	Colman	Dock,	see	pp.	-8	–	-9.
Page 3-14   Puget Sound Regonal Passenger-Only Ferry Study
West Seattle - Downtown Seattle


Vessels
Number needed:              
Recommended Vessel Type:    80-pax	operating	at	22kts.




                                                                                                                         Immediate Term: King County Existing Routes
Special needs:              None.
     Vessel capital costs: $2-4 Million




                             Operating Summary
                             Annual Operational Cost Components
                             Fuel:               $60,000
                             Labor:              $.	Million
                             Maintenance &       $20,000
                             insurance:
                                 Annual operational costs:
                                       $1.7 Million


                                                                              Fare Options
                                                                              Fare                  Recovery %
                                                                              $.75	(assumed)           24%
                                                                              $2.90                     40%
                                                                              $4.40                     60%




Possible Future Governance and Implementation
Organizational structure        Publicly operated and tax financed: This	route	will	be	operated	by	the	King	
                                County	Ferry	District	and	funded	by	property	taxes.		Vessel	maintenance	and	
                                moorage	will	be	contracted	to	an	outside	shipyard.
Promising funding sources       In	addition	to	fares, property taxes	and	likely	FTA grants,	this	route	could	be	
                                subsidized	by	potential	joint development	ventures	in	the	vicinity	of	Colman	
                                Dock, and even along the Elliott Bay Waterfront should new development occur
                                there.		Given	the	ability	for	this	route	to	reduce	SOV	travel	to	downtown	Seattle,	
                                it	may	qualify	for	CMAQ funds.		When	the	AWV	undergoes	replacement,	the	
                                route	could	qualify	for	Transportation Mitigation Funding.		In	the	future,	
                                regional	tolling	or	congestion	pricing	may	come	into	play,	in	which	case	toll
                                revenues	collected	on	the	West	Seattle	Bridge	or	SR	99	could	potentially	help	
                                fund	this	route.




                                                                                                                      Page 3-15
             Port Orchard - Annapolis - Bremerton
             Immediate Term - Kitsap County Existing POF Service

            Figure 3-5      Po r t O r char d - Anna polis - Br emer ton
                            Ro u t e Over view
            Port Orchard - Annapolis - Bremerton Triangle
              Existing Ferry Routes
                     POF Routes - Year Round
                     WSF Auto/Passenger Routes




                                                       U
                                                       303



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                                                       304
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                                                                 Bremerton                     Bremerton-Annapolis
                                                                                               Route Overview
                                                                                                 Route length: 0.8	nmi
                                                                  Bre
                                                                   me




                                                                                                     Demand: Daily:	77		
                                                                    rto




                                                                                                               Annual:	82,8
                                                                        n-A




                                                                                                     Schedule M-F:	6am-7:45am;	
                                                                         nna




                                                                                                   frequency: :25pm-6:00pm
                                                                          pol
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                                                                              is




                                                                                                               		AM:	5	min		
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                                                                                                               		PM: 20-25	min
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                                                                                                  Max. speed: 22	knots
                                          erto




                                                                                                Crossing time: 	minutes
                                            m
                                        Bre




                                                                                   Annapolis
                                                                         Annual Operational costs:
                                                                                 $760,000
                                                Bremerton-Port Orchard Route
                                                Overview
                       Port Orchard               Route length: 4.8	nmi
                                                      Demand: Daily	,77		
                                                                 Annual:	470,022
                         U166                         Schedule M-F:	4:0am-9:00pm		
                                                    frequency: i Sat:	8:0am-9pm		 u n t y
                                                             K t s a p C o
                                                                 Sun:	8:0am-7pm
                                                                 Every 30 min. usually. 	
                                                                 Every 15 min M-F, 5:15-6:15pm
               Data Source: PSRC
                                                   Max. speed: 22	knots
                                                                                               0                     1,500         3,000
                                                 Crossing time: 4	minutes                                                            Feet
                                                          Annual operational costs:
                                                                 $3.1 Million

Page 3-16   Puget Sound Regonal Passenger-Only Ferry Study
Fi g u r e 3 - 6                                                              Po r t O r ch ar d - Anna polis - Br emer ton
                                                                              Te r m i n a l D etails
Bremerton - Annapolis - Port Orchard
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Existing Ferry Routes




                                                                                                                        Mckenzie




                                                                                                                                                                                                               Highland
                                                                                                                                                                                        Pleasant
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    POF Routes - Year Round




                                                                                                               Park
                                                                                                                                                         8th


                                                                  Broadway




                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Washington
                            7th                                                              7th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    WSF Auto/Passenger


                                                                                 Warren
                   Veneta




                                                                                                                                                                   7th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Bus Routes
                                                                                                                                                                   6th




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Immediate Term: Kitsap County Existing Route
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Parks
                                                    Chester




Kiwanis Park                                                                                                                                                       5th                                                                                                                                                                                                              ü
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Æ              Park & Ride
                                                                                                                                                                   4th                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Parking Parcel

                                      Burwell
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Existing Terminal
        Anoka



                              State




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Bremerton
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Tufts




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                                                                                                                                                           ap




                                                                                                 Kitsap                                                                                Kitsap
                                                                    Austin




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    Data Source: PSRC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Roosevelt




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Higgens




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Page 3-17
             Port Orchard Terminal
             Location: Located at the end of Sidney Avenue in downtown Port Orchard.
             Land Use
                   Existing:    Low-	to	medium-density	commercial	area
                   Planned:     Fair	to	good	likelihood	of	increased	densities	in	the	future.
                   Potential    Already being used as a ferry terminal, no land use conflicts exist. On the water side, vessel
                    conflict:   traffic may be encountered from the adjacent marina breakwater. Kitsap Transit controls the
                                harbor	lease	at	this	location.
             Existing Facilities
                     Berths: The Port Orchard terminal float provides side-loading berths for up to four vessels. The terminal
                             is	currently	being	used	by	the	Kitsap	Transit	Foot	Ferry	running	this	route,	with	departures	on	the	
                             half-hour.
              Waiting areas: The	terminal	currently	features	a	small	sheltered	waiting	area	and	a	number	of	benches	both	in-
                             side	and	outside	the	shelter.		Additionally,	a	small	park	with	additional	benches	and	picnic	tables	
                             is located on the landside. Kitsap Transit customer service offices and restrooms are available
                             at	the	head	of	the	gangway.
                   Dock and 	
                   landside: The	Port	Orchard	terminal	is	already	a	fully-operational	passenger	ferry	terminal.
             Access
                   Bicycle: Fair. Bicycle facilities for novice riders are limited in the vicinity. However, it appears that traffic
                             volumes	are	low.	Access	does	exist	from	the	terminal	to	recreational	routes,	but	these	generally	
                             consist	of	the	use	of	road	shoulders,	which	may	be	more	appropriate	for	experienced	cyclists.	
                             No	bicycle	lockers	or	racks	are	currently	present.
                Pedestrian: Good.	Located	in	a	small,	walkable	town	center,	the	terminal	is	conducive	to	walk-on	passen-
                             gers.		Some	destinations	are	located	within	/2	mile	radius	of	the	existing	Port	Orchard	foot	ferry	
                             terminal.	The	terminal	is	fully	ADA-accessible.
              Park & Rides: Existing P&R lots in town and to the south and east of town, though not to the west. A kiss-and-
                             ride	turnaround	exists	at	the	end	of	Sidney	Avenue.
               Transit from n/a,	But,	Kitsap	Transit	has	a	solid	reputation	for	providing	ferry-supportive	transit	connections	
                      P&R: via	routed	busses	and	park-and-ride	shuttles.
                    Transit: Good.	Given	current	densities	and	land	uses,	Kitsap	Transit	already	provides	good	service	to	
                             this	location,	with	four	buses	per	hour	today.
                  Adjacent 	
                   parking: A	number	of	paid,	permit	and	timed	parking	lots	are	available	near	the	ferry	terminal.
             Proposed Improvements
                                No significant improvements are likely to be necessary to provide POF service from this loca-
                                tion. However, non-critical amenities may be desirable, such as bike lockers, float-to-boat ADA
                                access,	and	additional	covered	passenger	staging	areas.
             Total Proposed Improvement Costs: Negligible




Page 3-18   Puget Sound Regonal Passenger-Only Ferry Study
Annapolis Terminal
Location: The Annapolis POF terminal is located approximately one mile east of downtown Port Orchard, on
Beach Drive.
Land Use
           Existing: Semi-rural	residential	setting,	low	density	development
           Planned: Same




                                                                                                                              Immediate Term: Kitsap County Existing Route
Potential conflict: Already	being	used	as	a	terminal,	so	the	community	is	already	accustomed	to	peak	period	
                     traffic. Located at the base of a bluff, there are no view impacts to surrounding residences.
                     There is minimal marine traffic. Kitsap Transit controls the harbor lease for this location.
Existing Facilities
            Berths: Two	berths	are	available	for	side-loading	vessel	access.
   Waiting areas: A	sheltered	passenger	waiting	area	with	bench	seating	exists	at	the	foot	of	the	pier.	However,	
                     due	to	the	pier’s	length,	passengers	are	apt	to	stage	at	the	unsheltered	end	of	the	pier.
         Dock and The	existing	pier	is	a	narrow,	concrete	structure	approximately	500	feet	in	length.	A	narrow	
          landside: gangplank connects the pier with the float, and is steep even at high tide. The existing 20’ x
                     40’ float is in poor condition.
Access
            Bicycle: Fair.	There	are	few	bike	facilities	in	Annapolis,	but	the	terminal	is	located	along	a	bike	route,	
                     and	bike	racks	are	provided	at	the	base	of	the	pier.	
      Pedestrian: Fair.	Few	nearby	destinations	accessible	by	foot.	Terminal	is	not	ADA	accessible.
    Park & Rides: Park	and	ride	lot	with	74	parking	spaces	located	near	the	terminal
Transit from P&R: Kitsap	Transit	has	a	solid	reputation	for	providing	ferry-supportive	transit	connections	via	
                     routed	buses	and	park-and-ride	shuttles	and	already	serves	this	location.
            Transit: The	location	is	served	by	one	bus	route,	connecting	service	that	is	adequate	for	a	small	town.
           Adjacent 74	spaces	located	near	the	terminal.	A	kiss-and-ride	turnaround	also	existis	along	Beach	
           parking: Drive	and	Bay	Street.
Proposed Improvements
                     Significant improvement will be necessary to provide POF service in the long term. Necessary
                     improvements include replacing the float and gangway to provide ADA access, and building
                     a	safer,	more	durable	facility.	The	existing	piles	could	possibly	be	retained,	but	this	is	unclear	
                     without	further	study.
Total proposed improvement costs: $3-6 Million
Improvement	costs	will	depend	on	the	scope	of	improvements,	particularly	if	piles	need	to	be	replaced.




                                                                                                                           Page 3-19
             Bremerton Terminal
             Location: Immediately to the north of the current WSF terminal at the Bremerton Transportation Center.
             Land Use
                        Existing: Urban	center	(high	density,	mixed	use),	adjacent	to	existing	ferry	terminal	at	the	BTC.
                        Planned: Same,	increasing	development.
             Potential conflict: Already being used as a terminal, no potential land use conflicts exist. However, on the water
                                  side, there will be a significant degree of marine traffic from the existing WSF terminal and
                                  the	new	Bremerton	marina.	Kitsap	Transit	controls	the	harbor	lease	for	the	passenger	ferry	
                                  service	at	this	location	(while	WSF	controls	the	lease	for	auto	ferry	service).
             Existing Facilities
                         Berths: Two	berths	available	for	bow-loading	vessel	access.	Two	additional	berths	on	the	B-pontoon	
                                  allow	for	tying	up	vessels,	but	have	no	passenger	access.
                Waiting areas: An	indoor	waiting	area	with	restrooms	already	exists	at	the	WSF	terminal,	and	additional	
                                  sheltered staging capacity exists on the passenger terminal float.
                      Dock and The	BTC	is	already	well-equipped	for	POF	service.	As	part	of	the	adjacent	marina	expansion	
                       landside: project, Kitsap Transit’s “A-float” and “B-pontoon” are being installed. The A-float provides
                                  bow-loading	berths	for	two	vessels	and	side-loading	for	one	vessel.	The	side-loading	berth	is	
                                  currently	being	used	by	the	Kitsap	Transit	Foot	Ferry.	The	B-pontoon	provides	additional	berth	
                                  space	for	overnight/midday	moorage.
             Access
                         Bicycle: Good.	Bicycle	storage	available.	On-street	bicycle	facilities	and	access	to	recreational	routes,	
                                  though	these	generally	consist	of	the	use	of	road	shoulders,	which	may	be	more	appropriate	
                                  for more experienced riders. Some difficult intersections for cyclists. No dedicated bike con-
                                  nection	into	the	terminal	yet,	though	a	tunnel	with	planned	bike	lane	is	under	construction.	
                   Pedestrian: Good.	Complete	sidewalk	network,	signalized	crosswalks,	many	nearby	destinations.	The	
                                  urban	nature	of	the	location	is	conducive	to	walk-on	passengers.	The	terminal	landing	is	fully	
                                  ADA	accessible.
                 Park & Rides: Two	park	&	rides	adjacent	to	the	terminal.	Kiss	&	Ride	parking	provided	across	Washington	
                                  Avenue	at	the	Kitsap	Credit	Union	building.
             Transit from P&R: n/a,	but	Kitsap	Transit	has	a	solid	reputation	for	providing	ferry-supportive	transit	connections	
                                  via	routed	buses	and	park	&	ride	shuttles.
                         Transit: Excellent. The BTC is a transit hub and a prime example of transit-oriented development.
                                  High	bus	frequencies,	schedules	coordinated	with	the	ferries,	dedicated	stop	directly	in	front	
                                  of	the	terminal.
                        Adjacent
                                  	paid	and	permit	garages	and	parking	lots	within	.5	blocks	of	the	terminal.
                        parking:
             Proposed Improvements
                                  Necessary improvements include modifying the A-float to allow for passenger access and
                                  installing	fendering.
             Total proposed improvement costs: $1 Million
             Kitsap	Transit	plans	have	estimated	capital	improvements	costs	of	$	Million	for	the	Bremerton	terminal	in	
             order to equip the A-float for extensive POF service.




Page 3-20   Puget Sound Regonal Passenger-Only Ferry Study
Port Orchard - Bremerton:

Vessels                                                            Operating Summary
Number needed:                                                    Annual Operational Cost Components
Recommended Vessel Type:         80-pax	operating	at	22kts.        Fuel:               $90,000




                                                                                                                           Immediate Term: Kitsap County Existing Route
Special needs:                   None.                             Labor:              $.8	Million
        Vessel capital costs: $2-4 Million                         Maintenance &       $7,000
                                                                   insurance:
Fare Options                                                          Annual operational costs:
Fare                 Recovery %                                             $3.1 Million
$.50	(assumed)            4%
$.80                      40%
$2.70                      60%




Annapolis - Bremerton:

Vessels                                                            Operating Summary
Number needed:                                                    Annual Operational Cost Components
Recommended Vessel Type:         80-pax	operating	at	22kts.        Fuel:               $50,000
Special needs:                   None.                             Labor:              $500,000
        Vessel capital costs: $2-4 Million                         Maintenance &       $22,000
                                                                   insurance:
Fare Options                                                          Annual operational costs:
Fare                 Recovery %                                               $760,000
$.50	(assumed)            22%
$2.80                      40%
$4.20                      60%

Possible Future Governance and Implementation
Organizational structure             Publicly operated and tax financed: This	route	is	operated	by	Kitsap	Transit,	a	
                                     Public Transportation Benefit Area Authority (PTBAA).
Promising funding sources            Current	service	is	funded	by	fares	and	sales	tax.		Any	future	expansions	to	
                                     service	would	likely	come	from	the	same	sources.




                                                                                                                        Page 3-21
             Bremerton - Downtown Seattle
             Immediate Term - Cross-Sound Routes of Regional Significance

            F i g u r e 3 - 7 B r e m e r ton - Downtown
            Seattle-Bremerton e at t l e Route Over view
                              S




                                                                                                                                        Harbor
                                                                                                                                                                            ! !
                                                                                            U




                                                                                                                                                                      ! !
                                                                                                                                  -Friday
                                                                                            305




                                                                                                                                                                ! !
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                                                                                                                           Seattle
                                                                                                                                                   ! !
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                            !



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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        !




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Seattle
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ! !!
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ! !                 !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ! !                           !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ! !                                                 !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ! !                                                         !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ! !                                                                !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ! !
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ! !                                                                      !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     90
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                !                                                                          !
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                !                                                                            !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            !

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      West Seattle
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                !


                                                                                                                                                                                                        !
                                                                                                                                                                                                    !
                                                                                                                                                                                          ! !




             Bremerton
                                                                                                                                                                                  !
                                                                                                                                                                                  !




                                                  !
                                                                                                                                                                            !
                                                  ! !
                                                  !!




                                                                                                                                                                       !




                                                                                    Manchester Beach
                                                                                                                                                                     ! !
                                             !!



                                                        ! !




                                                                                            !
                                                                                                                                                                ! !
                                       ! !




                                                              ! !




                                                                !
                                                                        Annapolis
                                 ! !




                                                                                                                                                           ! !
                                                                    !
                       ! !




                                                                                                                                                         ! !




                       !
                        Port Orchard
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   U
                                                                                                                                                    ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   509
                                                                                                                                              ! !  ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Fauntelroy
                                                                                                                                            ! !




                                                                                      Harper's Pier !                                                                                                                                                                                               !
                                                                                                                                      ! !
                                                                                                                                ! !




                                                                                                Southworth
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  U
                                                                                                                          ! !




                                                                                                             !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   99
                                                                                                                      !
                                                                                                                      !




                                                                                                                      !
                                                                                                                  Vashon
                                                                          K i t s a p                Route Overview
                                                                                                         Route length: .8	nmi
                                                                                                             Demand: Daily:	,460	weekday	
             Proposed POF Route
                  Immediate
                                                                                                                       Annual:	,02,464
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            U
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            518

             Existing POF Routes                                                                             Schedule M-F:	Peak:		40	min
                                                                                                           frequency: 								Midday:	hourly
                                      UPOF Routes - Year Round
               !!            !!




               !   !         !    !
                                       16
                                       POF ROutes - Summer
                                       WSF Auto/Passenger Routes                                                       Sat-Sun:	9am-6pm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Data Source: PSRC
                                                                                                                       								every	2	hours                                                                                                                                                                                                         0                                             1             2
                                                                                                          Max. speed: 0	knots                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Miles
                                                                                                        Crossing time: 0	minutes
                                                                                                            Annual operational costs:
                                                                                                                  $9.4 Million
Page 3-22   Puget Sound Regonal Passenger-Only Ferry Study
Fi g u r e 3 - 8  B r e m e r t o n - Downtown Seattle
                  Te
 Seattle - Bremerton r m i n a l D etails
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            e
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Pin
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Immediate Term: Proposed Cross-Sound Routes
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                                                                                                                                                                       ! !                            !




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                                                                                                                                                   ! !
                                                                                                                                     ! !                                                    !
                                                                                                                       ! !                                                              !




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                                                                                                        ! !




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                                                                                            ! !



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                                                                                  ! !                                                                                               !
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Elliott Bay Trail
                                       !
                                   !




              !
                    !
                        !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Jackson
          !

     !
 !



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          King




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         5th
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Canton
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   10th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Maynard
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Maynard




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          8th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Occidental




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       7th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Cogean




                                                                                                                                                                                            8th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Proposed POF Route
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Mckenzie




                                                                        8th                                                                                                                                                        8th
 High




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Highland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Pleasant




                                                                                                                                                               8th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Immediate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Park




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 8th
                                                                                                                                      Broadway




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Washington




                                                                        7th                                                                                                     7th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Existing Ferry Routes
                                                                                                                                                                   Warren
                                                         Veneta




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           7th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ! !   ! !    ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    POF Routes - Year Round
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           6th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    WSF Auto/Passenger
                                                                                                        Chester




         Kiwanis Park                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      5th                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Bus Routes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           4th                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Future Light Rail (2009)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Commuter Rail
                                                                                           Burwell
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Trails
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                                                                          State




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Parks
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Pacific




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ü
                                                                                  State




                                                                                                                                                                                Farragut                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Parking Parcel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Æ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ü                                                                                    Bremerton
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Existing Terminals
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Existing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                POF Terminal
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ert
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 For	a	discussion	of	the	Bremerton	terminal,	see	pp.	-20.		
 For	a	discussion	of	downtown	Seattle’s	Colman	Dock,	see	pp.	-8	–	-9.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Page 3-23
             Bremerton - Downtown Seattle

             Vessels
             Number needed:              4
             Recommended Vessel Type:    49-pax	operationg	at	0kts.
             Special needs:              Low	wake	design
                              Vessel capital costs:
                                 $9-15 Million
                                                     Operating Summary
                                                     Annual Operational Cost Components
                                                     Fuel:                       $4.	million
                                                     Labor:                      $4.2	million
                                                     Maintenance &               $.	million
                                                     insurance:
                                                        Annual operational costs:
                                                              $9.4 Million
                                                                                                                  Fare Options
                                                                                                                  Fare                                   Recovery %
                                                                                                                  $.5	(assumed)                              8%
                                                                                                                  $.60                                        40%
                                                                                                                  $5.40                                        60%

             Possible Future Governance and Implementation
             Organizational structure        Publicly operated and tax financed: One	organizational	option	is	for	a	new	
                                             PTBA	to	be	set	up	in	Kitsap	County,	allowing	Kitsap	Transit	to	deliver	service	
                                             using new sales taxes and MVET funds. A variation on this would be a public-
                                             public	partnership	between	Kitsap	and	King	Counties.		
                                             A	second	option	under	this	model	is	for	the	service	to	be	assumed	by	a	Region-
                                             al	Transportation	Authority.		This	would	require	legislative	action	and	approval.		
                                             Elements of service delivery and/or maintenance could be contracted out to a
                                             private	entity.
                                             Publicly operated, but not tax financed: Like	the	Kingston	POF	business	model,	
                                             under	this	scenario	the	Port	of	Bremerton	would	deliver	service,	relying	on	
                                             federal	and	state	grants	to	fund	capital	needs,	and	passenger	fares	to	support	
                                             the	full	cost	of	operations.
             Promising funding sources       Depending	on	the	governance	model,	this	route	would	be	funded	by	some	
                                             combination	of	fares, sales taxes, property taxes, MVET funds, Port District
                                             Funds, General Fund contributions,	and/or	FTA grants.		Given	that	the	
                                             Pessenger-only Ferry Task force identified this route as a first tier priority for the
                                             state*,	and	depending	on	the	strength	and	will	of	future	congressional	delega-
                                             tions	and	the	State	Legislature,	this	route	could	receive	earmark funds, FHWA
                                             STP funds, State POF grants, or subsidies from WSF.	This	route	could	also	
                                             be	subsidized	by	potential	joint development	ventures	in	the	vicinity	of	Colman	
                                             Dock	or	downtown	Bremerton.
                                                    *	Washington	State	Legislature,	2006.	“Passenger-only	Ferry	Task	Force’s	Report	to	the	Joint	Transportation	Committee,	pg.7.


Page 3-24   Puget Sound Regonal Passenger-Only Ferry Study
This page intentionally left blank.




                                         Immediate Term: Proposed Cross-Sound Routes




                                      Page 3-25
             Kingston - Downtown Seattle
             Immediate Term - Cross-Sound Routes of Regional Significance

            Figure 3-9                  K i n g s t on - Downtown Seattle
                                        Ro u t e Over view
              Seattle - Kingston
                                                                         ds
                            Kingston                                   on                                                                 99
                                                               dm
                                                          ton-E
                                                    Kings                                                          Proposed POF Route s h
                                                                                                                      S n o h o m i
                                                                                                                        Immediate
                                                                                                                   Existing Ferry Route
                                                                                                                   !
                                                                                                                       POF Routes - Year Round
                                                                                                                       !   !   !




                                                                                                                   !
                                                                                                                       POF Routes - Summer
                                                                                                                       !   !   !




                                                                                                                       WSF Auto/Passenger Routes




                                                                                                                                          5




                    Suquamish

                                                                                                                                                   520
                                                                                                                                                   522
                                                                                                                                                    99

                                                                                                                               K i n g
                                                                                              Route Overview
                                                                                                  Route length: 7.4	nmi
                                                                       or
                                                                   Harb




                                                                                                      Demand: 920	daily,	
                                                                                                                2,680	annual
                                                                riday




                                                                                                      Schedule M-F:	
                520
                305
                395
                 99
                                                               tle-F




                                                                              Shilshole             frequency: 		Peak: hourly	
                                                                                                                   99
                                                              Seat




                                                                                                                		Mid-day: 	2	hours
                                                                                                   Max. speed: 0	knots
                K i t s a p
                                                                                                 Crossing time: 7	minutes
                                                                                                      Annual operational costs:
                                                                                                            $4.5 Million        UW
                                                                                                                                                   520
                                                                                                                                                   520
                                                                                                                                                    99




                                Bainbridge



                0                 2                       4
                                                            Miles
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                                                                                                                                               Leschi
                                             Data Source: PSRC,
                                                                                               rton
                                             Kitsap County, ESRi                         -Breme                        on
                                                                                 Seattle               Seattle
                                                                                                               -Vash                 90




Page 3-26   Puget Sound Regonal Passenger-Only Ferry Study
  F i g u r e 3 - 1 0 K i n g s t o n - Downtown Seattle
  Seattle - Kingston Te r m i n a l Details
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0                                             0.25                                                       0.5




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For	a	discussion	of	downtown	Seattle’s	Colman	Dock,	see	pp.	-8	–	-9.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Page 3-27
             Kingston Terminal
             Location: Located immediately south of the existing WSF terminal at the Port of Kingston..
             Land Use
                    Existing:    Rural	town	center,	low-	to	medium-density	development
                    Planned:     Good	likelihood	of	increased	density	in	the	future
                    Potential    Already being used as a ferry terminal, no land use conflicts exist. Kingston has previously offered POF
                     conflict:   service	to	Seattle	from	a	terminal	located	immediately	south	of	the	existing	WSF	terminal.	On	the	water	
                                 side, vessel traffic may be encountered from the WSF terminal and the marina. The Port of Kingston
                                 controls	the	harbor	area.
             Existing Facilities
                     Berths: The	terminal	provides	side-loading	berths	for	two	vessels.
              Waiting areas: An	indoor	waiting	area	already	exists	at	the	WSF	terminal,	and	additional	sheltered	staging	capacity	exists	
                                 on	the	covered	terminal	access	walkway.
                   Dock and The	existing	Kingston	Terminal	is	already	well-equipped	for	POF	service,	although	there	are	no	ticket	sales	
                   landside: or	customer	service	areas.
             Access
                     Bicycle: Fair.	Bike	storage	is	provided.	Bike	facilities	appear	to	be	minimal	in	this	area.	Roadways	have	relatively	
                                 wide shoulders, and recreational riding is popular. However, auto speeds are high, and local “bike route”
                                 generally	consist	of	the	use	of	road	shoulders,	which	may	be	more	appropriate	for	experienced	cyclists.
                 Pedestrian: Good.	The	terminal	is	conducive	to	some	walk-on	passengers.	The	existing	ferry	terminal	is	located	in	a	
                                 walkable	rural	town	center,	but	commercial	and	residential	destinations	and	attractions	within	/2	mile	are	
                                 limited. The terminal float and gangway access are ADA-accessible.
              Park & Rides: n/a.	Kiss-and-ride	parking	available	at	the	Port	of	Kingston’s	large	parking	lot	adjacent	to	the	
                             terminal.
               Transit from n/a,	But,	Kitsap	Transit	has	a	solid	reputation	for	providing	ferry-supportive	transit	connections	
                      P&R: via	routed	busses	and	park-and-ride	shuttles.
                    Transit: Kitsap	Transit	already	serves	this	location.	Transit	service	and	access	is	fair,	as	transit	frequencies	are	
                                 relatively	low,	and	no	routes	or	P&Rs	connect	points	west.
                    Adjacent
                    parking: One	paid	parking	lot	exists	at	the	Kingston	Terminal,	with	76	spaces.
             Proposed Improvements
                                 No significant improvements are likely to be necessary to provide POF service from this location.
                                 However,	because	the	terminal	has	been	unused	for	some	time,	minor	repairs	and	maintenance	
                                 may	be	necessary	and	non-critical	amenities	such	as	a	customer	service	facility	and	ADA	vessel	
                                 access	could	be	added.
             Total Proposed Improvement Costs: $150,000
             Terminal	improvement	costs	to	provide	POF	service	to	Seattle	are	estimated	at	$50,000.




Page 3-28   Puget Sound Regonal Passenger-Only Ferry Study
Kingston - Downtown Seattle


Vessels
Number needed:              2
Recommended Vessel Type:    49-pax	operating	at	0kts




                                                                                                                                                                       Immediate Term: Proposed Cross-Sound Routes
Special needs:              None
                 Vessel capital costs:
                    $6-10 Million

                             Operating Summary
                             Annual Operational Cost Components
                             Fuel:         $.9	Million
                             Labor:        $2.	Million
                             Maintenance & $540,000
                             insurance:
                               Annual operational costs:
                                     $4.5 Million


                                                                                                    Fare Options
                                                                                                    Fare                                   Recovery %
                                                                                                    $.5	(assumed)                              8%
                                                                                                    $7.60                                        40%
                                                                                                    $.40                                       60%


Possible Future Governance and Implementation
Organizational structure      Publicly operated but not tax financed: The	Port	of	Kingston	will	deliver	service,	
                              relying	on	federal	and	state	grants	to	fund	capital	needs	and	passenger	fares	to	
                              support	the	full	cost	of	operations.
Promising funding sources     Given that the Passenger-only Ferry Task force identified this route as a first tier
                              priority	for	the	state*,	and	depending	on	the	strength	and	will	of	future	congres-
                              sional	delegations	and	the	State	Legislature,	this	route	could	receive	earmark
                              funds, FHWA STP funds, State POF grants,	or	subsidies from WSF	in	
                              addition	to	fares, property taxes	and	likely	FTA grants.		This	route	could	be	
                              subsidized	by	potential	joint development	ventures	in	the	vicinity	of	Colman	
                              Dock.
                                     *	Washington	State	Legislature,	2006.	“Passenger-only	Ferry	Task	Force’s	Report	to	the	Joint	Transportation	Committee,	pg.7.




                                                                                                                                                                    Page 3-29
             Southworth/Manchester Beach -
             Downtown Seattle
             Immediate Term - Cross-Sound Routes of Regional Significance

            F i g u r e 3 - 1 1 S o u t h wor th/Manchester Beach - Seattle
                                Ro u t e Over Beach
             Seattle-Southworth-Manchesterview




                                                                                                                   ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                         Note: Three terminal options were consid-




                                                                                                                           !
                                                                                                                               !

                                                                                                                                     !
                                                                                                                                     !
                                                                                                                                                                                         ered for this route. Analysis indicates that




                                                                                                                                               !
                                                                                                                                               !

                                                                                                                                                     !
                                                                                                                                                                                         a Southworth terminus is most promising.




                                                                                                                                                     !

                                                                                                                                                           !
                                                                                                                                                           !
                                                                                                                                                                   Se
                                       U                                                                                                                              at                 This section focuses only on the South-




                                                                                                                                                                   !
                                                                                                                                                                   !
                                       305                                                                                                                               tle
                                                                                                                                                                           !




                                                                                                                                                                             -F
                                                                                                                                                                               !




                                                                                                                                                                                rid      worth terminal rather than discussing Man-
                                                                                                                                                                                       !
                                                                                                                                                                                           !




                                                                                                                                                                                    ay
                                                                                                                                                                                                   !
                                                                                                                                                                                                       !




                                                                                                                                                                                       Hachester Beach or Harper’s Pier in depth.
                                                                                                                                                                                                           !
                                                                                                                                                                                                               !




                                             Bainbridge                                                                                                                                                                                rb
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       !




                                         !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               or
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   !



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               !


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             !


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           !




                    K i t s a p
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     !


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 !    !                           ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Seattle




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              erton
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Brem
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ! !                  !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           attle-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ! !                                                    !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Se
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ! !                                                                                !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         !!                                                                                          !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ! !                                                                                               !

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ! !                                                                                                       !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          !


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     !
                                                                                                                                                                                                               !
                                                                                                                                                                                                           !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           West Seattle
                                                                                                                                                                                                   !
                                                                                                                                                                                               !

                                                                                                                                                                                       !
                                                                                                                                                                                   !


                                                                                                                                                                           !
                                                                                                                                                                       !

                                                                                                                                                               !
                                                                                                                                                           !
                                                                                                                                                     ! !
                                                                                                                                               ! !
                                                                                                                                         ! !




                    Manchester
                                                                                                                               ! !
                                                                                                                           ! !




                      Beach
                                                                                                                         ! !




                      !
                                                                                                                     ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                K i n g
                                                                                                                 ! !
                                                                                                             ! !
                                                                                                       ! ! ! !
                                                                                                     ! !
                                                                                                 ! !
                                                                                               ! !
                                                                                           ! !
                                                                                         ! !




                  Harper's Pier    !                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Fauntelroy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                U U
                                                                                   ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      509
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 99
                                                                             ! !
                                                                         !
                                                                         !
                                                                     !




                                             !
                               Southworth
                                                                     !
                                                                 !
                                                                 !




                                                            !
                                                             !




                                                          Vashon
                                                 Route Overview                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Proposed POF Routes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Immediate
                                                   Route length: 9.7	nmi                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Potential Alignments

                                                       Demand: Daily:	,870	                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Existing Ferry Routes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         POF Routes - Year Round
                                                                 Annual:	474,980
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ! !               ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         !   !


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         POF ROutes - Summer
                                                       Schedule M-F:	Peak:		hourly	                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      WSF Auto/Passenger
               Data Source: PSRC                     frequency: 								Mid-day:		90	min
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0                                                                1                                            2
                                                    Max. speed: 0	knots                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Miles
                                                  Crossing time: 22	minutes
                                                    Annual operational costs:
                                                          $3.9 Million

Page 3-30   Puget Sound Regonal Passenger-Only Ferry Study
Fi g u r e 3 - 1 2 S o u t h wo r t h - Downtown Seattle
                   Te r m i n a l D etails
Seattle - Southworth - Manchester Beach
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              e
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Pin
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0                                                 0.25                                                                0.5




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              7th

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hubbell
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Pi                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                n
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ke                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       rio   Miles




                                                                                                                                                                                          We
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ma




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               8th
                                                                                                                                                                                             ste




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Mi
                                                                                                                                                                                                 rn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ke




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Ne




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Bo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Pi




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 no
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ws




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            re




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Su
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  r
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              n
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Co




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       mm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     bb
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ion




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            9th




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          it
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Un




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               8th
                                                                                                                                                           Waterfront                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     bia




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Po
                                                                                                                                                             Park                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 lum
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Co




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Immediate Term: Proposed Cross-Sound Routes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               st




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   7th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       rs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                99                                 ive




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       6th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Un                                                                                                                                                        err
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  y




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Broadway
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ca




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          5th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          e
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Sen                                                                                                                                                               s




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     rin
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         g                                                                                                                                        me
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Sp                                                                                                                                          Ja




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       3rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 n
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            rso
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ffe
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Je




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2n
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   e
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            n                                                                                                                                                                  ac




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     10th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      o                                                                                                                                                                    rr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  dis




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Te




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1st
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Ma




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Te
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Alder
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    n
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 rio




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          rry
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ma
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               mb                                                                                                                                     er
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              !




                                                      Seattle-Bainbridge
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          !



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            lu                                                                                                                                    Ald                  Spruce
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Co
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 !



                                                        Seattle-Bremerton                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ce
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     son
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            !              ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ru
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        !       ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 fer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Sp
                                                                                                                                                                                                    ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Seattle                                                                                                         Jef
                                                                                                                                                                                 ! !                          !
                                                                                                                                                                         ! !                              !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Post
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Fir
                                                                                                                                                               ! !
                                                                                                                                                     ! !
                                                                                                                                       ! !                                                      !




                                                            Vashon
                                                                                                                         ! !                                                                !
                                                                                                           ! !




                           Seattle-                                                                                                                                                                                                           Pier 50                                                                                                                         e
                                                                                               ! !



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ac
                                                                                  ! !                                                                                                !
                                                                                                                                                                                 !



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        rr
                                                                        ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  8th
                                                          ! !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               10th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Te
                                        ! !                                                                                                                                  !



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Yesler
                                                                                                                                                                         !
                          ! !
            ! !
! !                                                                                                                                                                  !
                                                                                                                                                                !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Pr
                                                                                                                                                           !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              efo
                                                                                                                                                       !

                                                                                                                                                 !
                                                                                                                                             !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                nta
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  5
                                                                                                                                   !


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Washington                                                                                                                               Wash
                                                                                                                               !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       in
                                                                                                                     !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ine
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              gton
                                                                                                                 !




                                                                                           le
                                                                                                           !




                                                                                        att
                                                                                                       !




                                                                                 e
                                                                                                  !
                                                                                              !



                                                                              tS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Main
                                                          es
                                                                                      !
                                                                                  !




                                                       e-W
                                                                              !
                                                                         !



                                                      l                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Main
                                         att
                                                                    !
                                                                !




                                Se
                                                  !
                                              !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Elliott Bay Trail
                                    !
                                !




            !
                  !
                      !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Jackson
        !

    !
!



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  King



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         5th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    King




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Canton
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Alaskan




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              10th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Maynard
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Maynard




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     8th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  7th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Weller
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Occidental




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               4th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Ra
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ilro




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Lane
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ad




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     0                        0.125                          0.25
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Miles

                                                                                          Olympiad
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Bean
                                                                                   Viewsound




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Rae
                                        Inlet




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     th




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Tola
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    or
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                hw
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ut
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      So
                                                                                                                                                                                         Olympic




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  n-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ho




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Cherry
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Va
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       y-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ro
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                nt




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Southworth
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 u




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Flint
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Fa
                                                                                                                                   Nokomis




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Glendale
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Existing WSF Terminal
            Harper Park                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Existing Terminal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   y




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Proposed POF Route
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Roc




                                                                                               Southworth                                                                                                                                                                                                   Sebring
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Immediate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Potential alignment
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Sedgwick




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ü
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Æ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Southworth
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Existing Ferry Routes
                                              Wilson Creek




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         er




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ! !       ! !       ! !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        POF Routes - Year Round
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    sp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Ve




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  !   !     !   !     !   !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        POF Routes - Summer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               res




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        WSF Auto/Passenger
                                                                                                                                                           Rodstal




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               c
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ge
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Rid




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Bus Routes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Future Light Rail (2009)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Commuter Rail

        Data Source: PSRC, ESRI,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Trails
        Kitsap County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Parks

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ü
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Æ                       Park & Ride
                                                                                                      Sia




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Park & Ride
                                                                                                       na




    For	a	discussion	of	downtown	Seattle’s	Colman	Dock,	see	pp.	-8	–	-9.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Page 3-31
            F i g u r e 3 - 1 3 M a n ch ester Beach - Downtown Seattle
                                Te r m i nal Details
             Seattle-Southworth-Manchester Beach
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0                              0.25                             0.5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Miles



                                                                                                                       Cornell




                                                                                                                                                   South
                                                                                                                                                             worth                                     Harper's Pier
                                                                                                                                                                                      `
                                                                                                                                                                                      ^                  Possible Third Terminal Location


                                                                                                                       Young Hill
                                                              Lasada
                      Marjorie




                                                                                                                                                              Cambridge




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Olympiad
                                                                                                                                                                                         Scatt
                                                                                                                                                                                                       erwoo                                                                         Bean




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Viewsound
                                                                                                                                                                                                            d                                                                  Rae




                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Inlet
                                                                                                                         Harper Hill




                                                                                                                                                              Harper Park                                                                                                                 Tola




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Olympic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Cherry
                                                                                                                                                                                   Harper Park
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Flint




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Nokomis
                                                                                                        Glendale                                                                                                   Harper Park                                                       Glendale




                                                                                                                  Montana
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             `
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ^
                                                                                                                                                                                                               s




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Potential Terminals
                                                                                                                                                                                                           rlis
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Co




                                                                                                Idaho
                  Washington                            Washington
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Proposed POF Routes
                                                                                                                Karen                                                                                                                            Immediate
                          Dakota
                 Nevada




                                                                                                 Dakota                                                                                                                                          Potential Alignments
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Parks
                                                                                              Wyoming
                                                                                                                                                                                             Caraway




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Bus Routes

                                                                                                                                       0                                  0.2                                      0.4
                                           California




                                                                                                                Leola                           Barsay
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Miles
                             Virginia




                                                                           Oregon




                                                                                                                                                                 Beach




                                                                                                                                                   Approx.
                                                                                                           Royal View
                                                                                                                                                  20 Parking niels
                                                                                                                                                            Da
                                                              Grandview
                                                                                                                                                   Spaces
                                                                                                                                                                       Nevada
                                                                                                                                       3rd

                                                                                                                                                2nd




                                                                                                                                                                                                          Manchester Beach
                                                                                                                                                        1st




                                        Main                           Main                                                                     Main
                                                                                                                                                                                             `
                                                                                                                                                                                             ^                 Public Pier
                                                                 Pacific




                                                                                                                                                                                 Denniston




                                                        Fir
                                                                                                      Alaska




                                                                                                                                                       Fir
                                                                                                                                                              Spring
                                                                                    Cedar




                                                                                                                     ne
                                                                                                                   ro




                                                              Maple                                                                                    Maple
                                                                                                                 ad
                                                                                                                M



                                                                                                                                       Valley




                                                                                                                                                                       Spruce
                                                                                                                                                                                    Nub




                                                                                                                                                  Spruce
                                                                           Cedar




                                                  Summit
                                                                                                                                                                                        ling
                                                                                            Bayview




                                                                                                                Hemlock
                                                                              Alder
                  Chester
                                                                                                               Alder                                                                              ll
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Page 3-32   Puget Sound Regonal Passenger-Only Ferry Study
 Southworth Terminal
 Location: Anticipated to be immediately southeast of the existing WSF ferry terminal..
 Land Use
        Existing:    Low	density	rural.	Area	currently	used	as	a	ferry	terminal	for	WSF	auto	ferry.
        Planned:     Small	likelihood	of	increased	densities	in	the	future.
        Potential    Because	the	location	is	currently	being	used	as	a	ferry	terminal,	POF	service	would	provide	
         conflict:   a	minimal	impact	on	the	local	community.		However,	the	area	is	a	view	corridor,	with	the	




                                                                                                                          Immediate Term: Proposed Cross-Sound Routes
                     potential	for	impacts	to	residential	views.		
                     Environmental issues are also a factor, as there are known eelgrass beds surrounding the
                     terminal,	particularly	to	the	south.		Any	terminal	must	be	designed	to	minimize	shading	
                     impacts	and	avoid	being	placed	over	eelgrass	beds.		Shallow	water	depths	will	require	a	long	
                     trestle. Marine traffic may be encountered due to the presence of the WSF terminal. Be-
                     cause	of	the	nature	of	the	Southworth-Vashon-Fauntleroy	triangle	route,	the	auto	ferry	must	
                     often turn around near the terminal. A POF operator must be aware of these traffic issues
                     and	plan	accordingly.
 Existing Facilities
         Berths: Because	no	POF	terminal	currently	exists,	the	number	of	berths	available	is	dependent	on	
                 the final design of the terminal float. Previous prototype terminal float designs have up to
                 four	berths	(two	side-loading,	two	bow-loading).
  Waiting areas: An	indoor	waiting	area	already	exists	at	the	WSF	terminal.		It	is	anticipated	that	this	space	
                 can	be	shared	with	a	future	POF	terminal.
       Dock and No	facilities	currently	exist	to	provide	POF	service	from	Southworth.		However,	the	existing	
       landside: WSF	terminal	could	possibly	serve	as	the	basis	for	POF	infrastructure.
 Access
        Bicycle: Fair.	The	Southworth	terminal	is	located	along	bike	paths,	and	bike	racks	are	already	pres-
                  ent.	However,	bike	facilities	for	novice	riders	are	limited.	There	is	access	from	the	terminal	to	
                  recreational	routes,	but	these	generally	consist	of	the	use	of	road	shoulders,	which	may	be	
                  more	appropriate	for	experienced	cyclists.
     Pedestrian: Poor.	The	rural	location	and	limited	destinations	make	pedestrian	access	less	attractive	and	
                  unlikely.	Many	streets	in	the	immediate	vicinity	also	lack	sidewalks,	and	shoulders	on	road-
                  ways	are	intermittent.	Previous	POF	terminal	plans	were	developed	to	be	ADA-compliant.
   Park & Rides: P&R	lot	at	a	church	located	/2	mile	away	from	the	terminal.	Kiss-and-ride	access	can	be	
                  provided	at	the	east	end	of	the	parking	lot.
    Transit from
           P&R: Yes.	Kitsap	Transit	provides	bus	service	connecting	with	park	&	rides.
         Transit: Kitsap	Transit	already	provides	routed	bus	service	to	the	Southworth	terminal.	Transit	service	
                  is	fair	given	densities	and	projected	ridership.
       Adjacent Paid	parking	is	available	in	a	large	lot	west	of	the	terminal,	with	approximately	40	parking	
        parking: spaces.
 Proposed Improvements
                     The	most	recent	terminal	design	concepts,	developed	by	Kitsap	Transit,	situate	a	new	ter-
                     minal float to the southeast of the existing terminal. An additional access walkway will likely
                     need	to	be	added	to	the	existing	pier	and	be	connected	via	a	trestle	and	gangway	to	the	
                     terminal float. The State Dept. of Natural Resources controls the site. Bus frequencies would
                     need	to	be	increased	and	P&R	lots	would	likely	be	needed	at	points	west	and	northwest	of	
                     the	terminal.
 Total Proposed Improvement Costs: $5.5 Million
 Kitsap	Transit	plans	have	estimated	capital	improvement	costs	of	$5.5	Million.
For	a	discussion	of	downtown	Seattle’s	Colman	Dock,	see	pp.	-8	–	-9.
                                                                                                                       Page 3-33
             Southworth/Manchester Beach - Downtown Seattle

             Vessels
             Number needed:              2
             Recommended Vessel Type:    49-pax	operating	at	0kts
             Special needs:              None
                              Vessel capital costs:
                                 $6-10 Million

                                                       Operating Summary
                                                       Annual Operational Cost Components
                                                       Fuel:         $.5	Million
                                                       Labor:        $.9	Million
                                                       Maintenance & $55,000
                                                       insurance:
                                                          Annual operational costs:
                                                                $3.9 Million

                                                                                         Fare Options
                                                                                         Fare                    Recovery %
                                                                                         $.5	(assumed)            4%
                                                                                         $.0                      40%
                                                                                         $5.00                      60%

             Possible Future Governance and Implementation
             Organizational structure      Publicly operated and tax financed: One	organizational	option	is	for	a	new	
                                           PTBA	to	be	set	up	in	Kitsap	County,	allowing	Kitsap	Transit	to	set	up	and	deliver	
                                           service using new sales taxes and MVET funds. A variation on this would be a
                                           public-public	partnership	between	Kitsap	and	King	Counties.		
                                           A	second	option	under	this	model	is	for	the	service	to	be	assumed	by	a	Region-
                                           al	Transportation	Authority.		This	would	require	legislative	action	and	approval.		
                                           Elements of service delivery and/or maintenance could be contracted out to a
                                           private	entity.
                                           Publicly operated, but not tax financed: Like	the	Kingston	POF	business	model,	
                                           under	this	scenario	the	Port	of	Manchester	would	deliver	service,	relying	on	
                                           federal	and	state	grants	to	fund	capital	needs,	and	passenger	fares	to	sup-
                                           port	the	full	cost	of	operations.		This,	of	course,	assumes	a	terminal	located	at	
                                           Manchester	Beach.
             Promising funding sources     Given	one	of	the	above	proposed	models	for	public	operation,	funding	for	this	
                                           route	would	derive	from	some	combination	of	fares, sales taxes, property
                                           taxes, MVET funds, Port District Funds, General Fund contributions,	
                                           and/or	FTA grants.	Depending	on	the	strength	and	will	of	future	congressional	
                                           delegations,	this	route	could	receive	earmark funds,	or	State POF Grants.	
                                           This	route	could	also	be	subsidized	by	potential	joint development ventures	in	
                                           the	vicinity	of	Colman	Dock	or	even	in	downtown	Manchester.

Page 3-34   Puget Sound Regonal Passenger-Only Ferry Study
 Medium Term (4-10 years):
 Routes with Potential to Develop

The routes in this category have the potential to     Potential Future
develop a viable market and operations plan in the    King County Route




                                                                                                        Medium-Term: Routes with Potential to Develop
medium-term, defined as within the next four to          • Kirkland – University of Washington.
ten years. However, they would require demon-              King County cited this route as
stration testing, further enhanced markets, im-            among the first for demonstration
                                                           testing, probably in 2010. Due to
proved landside connections, capital investment,
                                                           challenges with terminal siting at the
and/or land use and development changes.                   UW (partially due to ongoing light rail
                                                           construction), it would probably be
Potential Future                                           at least four years before a permanent
Cross-Sound Routes                                         terminal could be sited with good
      • Port Orchard – Seattle                             landside access.
        In the immediate-term, the Port Or-
        chard market would be served by the
        Bremerton – Seattle route, connected
        by the Kitsap Transit Foot Ferry from
        Port Orchard and Annapolis, and the
        Southworth/Manchester – Seattle ser-
        vice to the south. In the medium-term,
        direct peak-period service between Port
        Orchard and Seattle would likely be vi-
        able. If this direct service were in place,
        it would draw some ridership from both
        the Bremerton and the Southworth/
        Manchester routes to Seattle.
      • Bainbridge – Des Moines
        This route would provide Kitsap resi-
        dents a more direct connection to Sea-
        Tac Airport. Its success would rely on
        dedicated transit shuttle service between
        the Des Moines terminal and the Air-
        port.




                                                                                                     Page 3-35
             Port Orchard - Downtown Seattle
             Medium Term - Cross-Sound Routes with Potential to Develop

            F i g u r e 3 - 1 4 Po r t O r char d - Downtown Seattle
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                                                                                                           Vashon
                                               K i t s a p
                                                                                           Route Overview
                                                                                              Route length: 4.8	nmi
              Proposed POF Route                                                                  Demand: Daily:	,740		
                                      Medium-Term                                                           Annual:	44,960
              Existing Ferry Routes
                !!
                     POF Routes - Year Round
                          !!
                                                                                                  Schedule
                                                                                                frequency: M-F:	Peak:		40	min
                                    U
                     POF Routes - Summer
                !   !     !   !




                      16
                     WSF Auto/Passenger Routes
                                                                                               Max. speed: 0	knots
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Data Source: PSRC
                                                                                             Crossing time: 2	minutes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 0                                         1          2
                                                                                               Annual operational costs:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Miles
                                                                                                     $5.4 Million
            Note:	This	route	is	part	of	a	larger	catchment	area.	If	this	service	were	offered,	it	would	draw	some	riders	away	from	
            other	routes.

Page 3-36   Puget Sound Regonal Passenger-Only Ferry Study
   F i g u r e 3 - 1 5 Po r t O r char d - Downtown Seattle
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    Seattle - Port Orchard m i n a l Details
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                      ! !           ! !           ! !
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                                                                    WSF Auto/Passenger Routes



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                                                                                                                                                                                    Givens Park (p.o.)
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Æ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ü
For	a	discussion	of	the	Port	Orchard	terminal,	see	pp.	-8.		
For	a	discussion	of	downtown	Seattle’s	Colman	Dock,	see	pp.	-8	–	-9.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Page 3-37
             Port Orchard Terminal
             Location: Located at the end of Sidney Avenue in downtown Port Orchard.
             Land Use
                   Existing:    Low-	to	medium-density	commercial	area
                   Planned:     Fair	to	good	likelihood	of	increased	densities	in	the	future.
                   Potential    Already being used as a ferry terminal, no land use conflicts exist. On the water side, vessel
                    conflict:   traffic may be encountered from the Kitsap Transit Foot Ferry and adjacent marina breakwater.
                                Kitsap	Transit	controls	the	harbor	lease	at	this	location.
             Existing Facilities
                     Berths: The Port Orchard terminal float provides side-loading berths for up to four vessels. However,
                             the	terminal	is	currently	being	used	by	the	Kitsap	Transit	Foot	Ferry,	with	departures	on	the	
                             half-hour.		Negotiation	for	berthing	space	to	accommodate	additional	POF	service	to	Downtown	
                             Seattle	would	need	to	take	place	prior	to	service	implementation.
              Waiting areas: The	terminal	currently	features	a	small	sheltered	waiting	area	and	a	number	of	benches	both	in-
                             side	and	outside	the	shelter.		Additionally,	a	small	park	with	additional	benches	and	picnic	tables	
                             is located on the landside. Kitsap transit customer service offices and restrooms are available at
                             the	head	of	the	gangway.
                   Dock and
                   landside: The	Port	Orchard	terminal	is	already	a	fully-operational	passenger	ferry	terminal.
             Access
                   Bicycle: Fair. Bicycle facilities for novice riders are limited in the vicinity. However, it appears that traffic
                             volumes	are	low.	Access	does	exist	from	the	terminal	to	recreational	routes,	but	these	generally	
                             consist	of	the	use	of	road	shoulders,	which	may	be	more	appropriate	for	experienced	cyclists.	
                             No	bicycle	lockers	or	racks	are	currently	present.
                Pedestrian: Good.	Located	in	a	small,	walkable	town	center,	the	terminal	is	conducive	to	walk-on	passen-
                             gers.		Some	destinations	are	located	within	/2	mile	radius	of	the	existing	Port	Orchard	foot	ferry	
                             terminal.	The	terminal	is	fully	ADA-accessible.
              Park & Rides: Existing P&R lots in town and to the south and east of town, though not to the west. A kiss-and-
                             ride	turnaround	exists	at	the	end	of	Sidney	Avenue.
               Transit from n/a,	But,	Kitsap	Transit	has	a	solid	reputation	for	providing	ferry-supportive	transit	connections	
                      P&R: via	routed	busses	and	park-and-ride	shuttles.
                    Transit: Good.	Given	current	densities	and	land	uses,	Kitsap	Transit	already	provides	good	service	to	
                             this	location,	with	four	buses	per	hour	today.
                  Adjacent
                   parking: A	number	of	paid,	permit	and	timed	parking	lots	are	available	near	the	ferry	terminal.
             Proposed Improvements
                                No significant improvements are likely to be necessary to provide POF service from this loca-
                                tion. However, non-critical amenities may be desirable, such as bike lockers, float-to-boat ADA
                                access,	and	additional	covered	passenger	staging	areas.
             Total Proposed Improvement Costs:
             Terminal	improvement	costs	to	provide	POF	service	to	Seattle	appear	negligible.




Page 3-38   Puget Sound Regonal Passenger-Only Ferry Study
Port Orchard - Downtown Seattle




                                                                                                                       Medium-Term: Potential Future Cross-Sound Routes
Vessels
Number needed:              
Recommended Vessel Type:    49-pax	operating	at	0	kts.
Special needs:              Low	wake	design
                 Vessel capital costs:
                    $9-15 Million

                             Operating Summary
                             Annual Operational Cost Components
                             Fuel:         $2.	million
                             Labor:        $2.6	million
                             Maintenance & $706,000
                             insurance:
                               Annual operational costs:
                                     $5.4 Million




Possible Future Governance and Implementation
Organizational structure      Publicly operated and tax financed: One	organizational	option	is	for	a	new	
                              PTBA	to	be	set	up	in	Kitsap	County,	allowing	Kitsap	Transit	to	deliver	service	
                              using new sales taxes, property taxes, and/or MVET funds.
                              A	second	option	under	this	model	is	for	the	service	to	be	assumed	by	a	Region-
                              al	Transportation	Authority.		This	would	require	legislative	action	and	approval.		
                              Elements of service delivery and/or maintenance could be contracted out to a
                              private	entity.
Promising funding sources     Given	one	of	the	above	proposed	models	for	public	operation,	funding	for	this	
                              route	would	derive	from	some	combination	of	fares, sales taxes, property
                              taxes, MVET funds, General Fund contributions,	and/or	FTA grants.	De-
                              pending	on	the	strength	and	will	of	future	congressional	delegations,	this	route	
                              could	receive	earmark funds,	or	State POF Grants.	This	route	could	also	be	
                              subsidized	by	potential	joint development	ventures	in	the	vicinity	of	Colman	
                              Dock	or	even	in	downtown	Port	Orchard.




                                                                                                                    Page 3-39
             Bainbridge Island - Des Moines
             Medium Term - Cross-Sound Routes with Potential to Develop

            F i g u r e 3 - 1 6 B a i n b r idge Island - Des Moines
                                Ro u t e
            Bainbridge - Des MoinesOver view
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Route length: 2	nmi
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Demand: 270	daily,	80,568	annual
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    599
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Schedule M-F:	Peak: hourly	
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 U
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          frequency:       Mid-day: 90	min
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     U        518
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                                                    P i e r c e                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     U   509   every	two	hours
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       405

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Max. speed: 0	knots
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Crossing time: 48	minutes
              Proposed POF Route
                   Medium-Term                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Operational costs: $4.5 Million
             Existing Ferry Routes
                ! !     !!
                                POF Routes - Year Round
                !   !   !   !

                                POF Routes - Summer
                                WSF Auto/Passenger Routes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        !   Des Moines
              Data Source: PSRC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0        1       2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Miles




Page 3-40   Puget Sound Regonal Passenger-Only Ferry Study
Fi g u r e 3 - 1 7 B a i n b r i d g e Island - Des Moines
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Bainbridge - Des Moines i n a l D etails
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