A zoning ordinance establishes districts
or zones and creates standards that
govern how the land in that district or
zone may be used.
Euclid v. Ambler
Specifically upheld the separation of uses
including the separation of single family from
multi-family residential uses.
However, the Court also observed in Euclid
that there could be situations “where the
general public interest would so far outweigh
the interest of the municipality that the
municipality would not be allowed to stand in
Village of Arlington Heights v
The “Boulder” problem
Minimum/Maximum Lot Size
Minimum lot size: used widely to
“preserve character and open space”.
Maximum lot size: used rarely to
“provide affordable building lots”.
Southern Burlington County
NAACP v Mount Laurel Township
Set Aside Requirements
Board of Supervisors of Fairfax
County v DeGroff Enterprises
Fair Housing Act
Locally Unwanted Land Uses (LULUs)