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Rise of Monarchies
Chapter 14, Section 4
Winds of Change

   During the Middle Ages, clergy and nobility
    believed that if everybody obeyed the feudal
    laws and the rules of the R.C. Church, the
    world would become a better place.
   This depended upon everyone accepting
    their place in society and never questioning it.
   In the 11th & 12th centuries…
       Trade began to increase between Europe & the
        East.
       A new group of people (burghers) grew in wealth
        and power.

    But burghers weren’t nobles, and they certainly
      didn’t consider themselves peasants. They began
      to challenge the feudal system.
Change

   Burghers began to challenge feudal laws like
    serving in the noble’s army.
   Burghers wanted to be independent and self-
    govern.
   Burghers wanted peace and protection
    everywhere (so they could make more $$ in
    trade).

       Who do they want to take back power?
KINGS

   As burghers demand change…
       Kings, especially in England and France began
        taking back power.
       Kings began to unite their people or subjects
        under one central government.
       Kings demanded loyalty to them, not to the feudal
        lords.
The Rise of Nation-States

   Although kings in different countries did
    different things, they all led to one thing in the
    12th & 13th centuries - the creation of nation-
    states.
   A kingdom becomes a nation-state when…
       It develops its own system of laws.
       It hires paid government officials.
       It collects taxes & enforces laws.
       It has a permanent army.

				
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posted:5/11/2013
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