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ASSESMENT IN OPEN AND DISTANCE LEARNING

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					ASSESMENT IN OPEN AND
DISTANCE LEARNING

  Objectives:
  1. To explain the characteristic of
     assessment in ODL
  2. To identify the problem and solution of
     assessment in ODL
  3. To develop the assessment system in
     ODL
          ASSESSMENT ….
   Is a process in gathering, processing,
    interpreting, and using the information
    of student’s learning achievement in
    order to know how the goals are attained
    objectively.
CHARACTERISTIC OF ODL ….

 Student and instructor are separated
 Instruction may be synchronous or
  asynchronous
 Self directed learning
INSTRUCTION IN ODL ….
       BASIC
    COMPETENCIES



      INDICATORS



       LEARNING:
       TUTORIALS
   SELF DIR. LEARNING



     ASSESSMENT
    BASIC STEPS IN ASSESSMENT
•   Determining the purpose of assessment
•   Developing the table of specification
•   Selecting appropriate instrument
•   Preparing relevant instrument
•   Assembling the instrument
•   Administering the assessment
•   Appraising the assessment
•   Using the result
THE PRINCIPLES OF
ASSESSMENT IN ODL …
 Include the general principles of
  assessment such as:
  * valid
  * Reliable
  * Fair
 Can be managed from distance:
  * Traditional testing
  * On line testing
ASSESSMENT ISSUES IN ODL ….
► Quality of instrument
► Large scale assessment
► On line assessment
► Administering assessment
► Scoring process
► Final examination
QUALITY OF INSTRUMENT ….

VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY




 VALID & RELIABEL   NOT VALID BUT REL   NOT VALID & NOT REL
DOMAIN OF COMPETENCY …


                     COGNITIVE



 TAXONOMY OF EDUC    AFFECTIVE
   COMPETENCIES



                    PSYCHOMOTOR
  ASSESSMENT’S INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENTS    TEST         OBJECTIVE

                            ESSAY TEST


              PERFORMANCE
               ASSESSMENT



               PORTFOLIO
              ASSESSMENT
        TEST DEVELOPMENT
•   Development of test specification
•   Writing items based on test specification
•   Reviewing test items
•   Assembling test
•   Reproduction test
•   Administering test
•   Scoring and grading
      TEST SPECIFICATION …
   Representative of material
   Type of test
   Level of cognitive
   Index of difficulty item
   The sum of items and time consuming
TABLE OF TEST SPECIFICATION

                     LEVEL OF COGNITIVE & INDEX   TOTAL
 TOPIC & SUB TOPIC                                 ITEM
                         OF DIFFICULTY ITEM
    HOW TO CONSTRUCT GOOD
          ITEM TEST ?
   Use item test specification
   Use guide line to construct good item
    (ex.: there is a key answer for
    objective test or marking scheme for
    essay test)
   Item tests should represent specific
    objectives
   The items should have highly internal
    consistency
EXAMPLE OF TEST ITEMS
     PREPARE PERFORMANCE OR
     PORT FOLIO ASSESSMENT ?

   Identify competencies
   Prepare the instructional task/
    student worksheet
   Prepare the rubric (marking scheme)
    ADMINISTERING OF PERFORMANCE
      AND PORTFOLIO ASSESSMENT
   To motivate student
   Discuss, how to do the instructional
    task
   Give the continuous feedback
    HOW TO ASSESS PERFORMANCE
         AND PORTFOLIO ?
   Use the rubric consistently
   Give chance to self assessment
    based on rubric
    EXAMPLE IN ASSESSMENT OF
        PERFORMANCE …
   Do an experiment with a rope to know the periodic of
    oscillation:
   1. Length of rope and weight are constant, angle of
       deviation varies .
   2. Length of rope varies, and weight is constant.
   3. Length of rope is constant, and weight varies.
   Write a report of your experiment and send it by e-mail
    (due-date is ….)
   Criteria of assessment:
    1. Time Precision of report submission (10%)
    2. Tidiness of report (10%)
    2. Procedure of experiment (20%)
    3. Systematic of Displaying Data (10%)
    5. Data Analysis (30%)
    6. Conclusion (20%)
        THE RUBRIC …

SCORE ASPECTS TO BE ASSESSED

   3   Report submission is on time
   2   1 day delayed
   1   2 days delayed

   3   Report is tidy
   2   Report is less tidy
   1   Report is not tidy
         THE RUBRIC …

SCORE ASPECTS TO BE ASSESSED
  3   Experiment procedure is correct
  2   A little error in experiment procedure
      Too many errors in experiment procedure
  1

  3   Systematic of displaying data is correct
  2   A little mistake in systematic of displaying data
  1   Systematic of displaying data is wrong
        THE RUBRIC …

SCORE ASPECTS TO BE ASSESSED
  3   Data analysis is very good
  2   Data analysis is good
  1   Data analysis is not good

  3   Conclusion is correct
  2   Conclusion is not too correct
  1   Conclusion is wrong
 LARGE SCALE ASSESSMENT …

• Is an assessment that is administered to a
  large number of people at one time in
  which the examinees are spread out in
  large area
ADVANTAGES OF LARGE SCALE
     ASSESSMENT ….
   It is used to measure learning outcomes
    effectively, esp. Cognitive domain
   It can be managed efficiently
   The outcomes is standardized
   It is fair
    THE LIMITATIONS OF LARGE
      SCALE ASSESSMENT ….
 It cannot be used to measure learning
  outcomes comprehensively
 It depends on well organized item bank
 It needs a large number of human and
  financial resources if it is applied manually
 The security of the item test is very
  sensitive
HOW TO MANAGE LARGE
SCALE ASSESSMENT ….
 Develop a well organized item bank
 Assembling the test
 Reproduce test books
 Distribute test books to every regional learning
  center
 Test administration
 Scoring process
 Send the examination result to every student
    POTENTIAL PROBLEMS IN
  LARGE SCALE ASSESSMENT …
• Test Quality is low
• Not enough test books at some locations
• The test administration is uncontrolled
• Bad management on score processing
• The students do not receive test result
  on time
Tips for Successful Large Scale
          Assessment
Develop a well organized item bank
Develop standard operation and procedures to
control the quality of assessment
Build networking with other institutions in
developing item tests, recruiting proctors,
delivering item booklets and having places for
the test
Make sure that every person who involved in
developing item tests is well-trained
       Tips for Successful Large Scale
             Assessment (cont)
   Make sure that all proctors are well-informed
   Be sure that item tests are secure
   Make sure that scoring process works on
    time
   Make sure that all students have the result
    on time
    ON LINE ASSESSMENT IN ODL
   Is ICT used for administrating the test ?
   The item bank should have a great number of
    items
   Computer adaptive testing
   To have on line assessment facility
  THE STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES
     OF ON LINE ASSESSMENT…
Strengths:
 Accurate
 Effective and efficient
 Long lasting
 Flexible in time and place
Weaknesses:
 Great investment
 Limited access to computer for some student
 Difficult to control students’ honesty (???)
            Scoring process
   Identity check
   Mode of process: - Manual
                       - Computerized
   Score Interpretation
   Grading
   Distribution of test result
FINAL ASSIGNMENT OR FINAL
EXAMINATION OF A PROGRAM
• Every degree program should be ended
  with a final assignment or final examination
• Final assignment can be in the form of an
  academic paper.
• The students can also be tested on their
  comprehension toward the program by
  giving them comprehensive examination
  only

				
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posted:5/11/2013
language:English
pages:35